bison

Summary

Summary: A genus of the family Bovidae having two species: B. bison and B. bonasus. This concept is differentiated from BUFFALOES, which refers to Bubalus arnee and Syncerus caffer.

Top Publications

  1. Elzer P, Edmonds M, Hagius S, Walker J, Gilsdorf M, Davis D. Safety of Brucella abortus strain RB51 in Bison. J Wildl Dis. 1998;34:825-9 pubmed
    To determine the safety of Brucella abortus strain RB51 (SRB51) vaccine in American bison (Bison bison), 31 animals from a herd with brucellosis were used...
  2. Hassanin A, An J, Ropiquet A, Nguyen T, Couloux A. Combining multiple autosomal introns for studying shallow phylogeny and taxonomy of Laurasiatherian mammals: Application to the tribe Bovini (Cetartiodactyla, Bovidae). Mol Phylogenet Evol. 2013;66:766-75 pubmed publisher
    ..markers were analyzed in a phylogenetic study of the tribe Bovini (the group containing domestic and wild cattle, bison, yak, African buffalo, Asian buffalo, and saola) based on 17 taxa and 18 nuclear genes, representing a total ..
  3. Olsen S, Christie R, Grainger D, Stoffregen W. Immunologic responses of bison to vaccination with Brucella abortus strain RB51: comparison of parenteral to ballistic delivery via compressed pellets or photopolymerized hydrogels. Vaccine. 2006;24:1346-53 pubmed
    This study compared responses of bison calves to 10(10)CFU of Brucella abortus strain RB51 (SRB51) delivered by parenteral or ballistic methods...
  4. Rhyan J, Deng M, Wang H, Ward G, Gidlewski T, McCollum M, et al. Foot-and-mouth disease in North American bison (Bison bison) and elk (Cervus elaphus nelsoni): susceptibility, intra- and interspecies transmission, clinical signs, and lesions. J Wildl Dis. 2008;44:269-79 pubmed
    ..is limited information about the pathogenesis and epidemiology of foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) in North American bison (Bison bison) or elk (Cervus elaphus nelsoni)...
  5. Li Q, Sherwood J, Logue C. Characterization of antimicrobial resistant Escherichia coli isolated from processed bison carcasses. J Appl Microbiol. 2007;103:2361-9 pubmed
    To determine the phenotypic and genotypic antimicrobial susceptibility profiles of Escherichia coli from bison carcasses. The antimicrobial resistance of 138 E...
  6. Traul D, Bhushan B, Eldridge J, Crawford T, Li H, Davies C. Characterization of Bison bison major histocompatibility complex class IIa haplotypes. Immunogenetics. 2005;57:845-54 pubmed
    American bison (Bison bison) and domestic cattle (Bos taurus and Bos indicus) evolved from a common ancestor 1-1.4 million years ago...
  7. Clapp B, Walters N, Thornburg T, Hoyt T, Yang X, Pascual D. DNA vaccination of bison to brucellar antigens elicits elevated antibody and IFN-? responses. J Wildl Dis. 2011;47:501-10 pubmed
    ..Current livestock B. abortus vaccines have not proven to be efficacious in bison (Bison bison) or elk (Cervus elaphus nelsoni)...
  8. Pinard C, Weiss M, Brightman A, Fenwick B, Davidson H. Normal anatomical and histochemical characteristics of the lacrimal glands in the American bison and cattle. Anat Histol Embryol. 2003;32:257-62 pubmed
    ..lacrimal glands, superior glands of the third eyelid and Harderian glands (deep gland of the third eyelid) from 19 bison and 18 cattle free of apparent ocular disease were examined to compare the normal anatomical properties of these ..
  9. Olsen S, Jensen A, Stoffregen W, Palmer M. Efficacy of calfhood vaccination with Brucella abortus strain RB51 in protecting bison against brucellosis. Res Vet Sci. 2003;74:17-22 pubmed
    In the studies reported here, protection induced by calfhood vaccination of bison with 1.2-6.1 x 10(10)CFU of Brucella abortus strain RB51 (SRB51) against a virulent strain of B. abortus was evaluated...

More Information

Publications86

  1. Mooring M, Patton M, Lance V, Hall B, Schaad E, Fetter G, et al. Glucocorticoids of bison bulls in relation to social status. Horm Behav. 2006;49:369-75 pubmed
    ..Both models predict that GC levels will peak during the breeding season. We tested these predictions in bison bulls (Bison bison) using fecal steroid analysis to characterize GC concentration and behavioral observations to ..
  2. Borkowski J, White P, Garrott R, Davis T, Hardy A, Reinhart D. Behavioral responses of bison and elk in Yellowstone to snowmobiles and snow coaches. Ecol Appl. 2006;16:1911-25 pubmed
    ..Most vehicles toured the central portion of the park where bison (Bison bison) and elk (Cervus elaphus) concentrate in geothermal areas...
  3. Leid J, Hunter D, Speer C. Early diagnosis of Johne's disease in the American bison by monoclonal antibodies directed against antigen 85. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2002;969:66-72 pubmed
    ..bovis and against sera from 100 bison inoculated with M. paratuberculosis and from 100 control bison from a disease-free herd...
  4. Fortin D, Fryxell J, O Brodovich L, Frandsen D. Foraging ecology of bison at the landscape and plant community levels: the applicability of energy maximization principles. Oecologia. 2003;134:219-27 pubmed
    ..We investigated whether patterns of distribution and resource use by free-ranging bison (Bison bison) in Prince Albert National Park, Saskatchewan, follow rules of energy maximization that hold across ..
  5. Miller R, Sweeney S. Mycobacterium bovis (bovine tuberculosis) infection in North American wildlife: current status and opportunities for mitigation of risks of further infection in wildlife populations. Epidemiol Infect. 2013;141:1357-70 pubmed publisher
    ..We then propose the use of integrated and adaptive disease management to mitigate these risk factors to prevent establishment of M. bovis in susceptible North American wildlife species...
  6. Janardhan K, Hays M, Dyer N, Oberst R, DeBey B. Mycoplasma bovis outbreak in a herd of North American bison (Bison bison). J Vet Diagn Invest. 2010;22:797-801 pubmed
    A disease outbreak of high morbidity and high mortality in bison (Bison bison) was investigated. Clinical signs included lameness, swollen joints, respiratory distress, and lethargy. Fifty-three of 194 animals died...
  7. Bibi F, Vrba E. Unraveling bovin phylogeny: accomplishments and challenges. BMC Biol. 2010;8:50 pubmed publisher
    ..The main big-picture accomplishments of this productive field, including two recent works, one in BMC Genomics, are reviewed with an eye for some of the limitations and challenges impeding progress. ..
  8. Dyer N, Hansen Lardy L, Krogh D, Schaan L, Schamber E. An outbreak of chronic pneumonia and polyarthritis syndrome caused by Mycoplasma bovis in feedlot bison (Bison bison). J Vet Diagn Invest. 2008;20:369-71 pubmed
    ..specific lesion, conventional bacterial culture, immunohistochemistry, and polymerase chain reaction in 2 feedlot bison found dead with severe, chronic, caseonecrotic pneumonia; polyarthritis; and laryngitis...
  9. Nishi J, Stephen C, Elkin B. Implications of agricultural and wildlife policy on management and eradication of bovine tuberculosis and brucellosis in free-ranging wood bison of northern Canada. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2002;969:236-44 pubmed
    ..for managing these reportable diseases in domestic livestock have also affected conservation and management of bison in Canada...
  10. Fortin D, Fortin M, Beyer H, Duchesne T, Courant S, Dancose K. Group-size-mediated habitat selection and group fusion-fission dynamics of bison under predation risk. Ecology. 2009;90:2480-90 pubmed
    ..We examined how habitat selection by bison (Bison bison) varied as a function of group size and interpreted these patterns by testing whether habitat ..
  11. Simon S, Li H, O Toole D, Crawford T, Oaks J. The vascular lesions of a cow and bison with sheep-associated malignant catarrhal fever contain ovine herpesvirus 2-infected CD8(+) T lymphocytes. J Gen Virol. 2003;84:2009-13 pubmed
    ..In this study, the vascular lesions in the brains of a cow and a bison with acute MCF were evaluated by in situ PCR and immunohistochemistry...
  12. Register K, Woodbury M, Davies J, Trujillo J, Perez Casal J, Burrage P, et al. Systemic mycoplasmosis with dystocia and abortion in a North American bison (Bison bison) herd. J Vet Diagn Invest. 2013;25:541-5 pubmed publisher
    The current study describes a fatal Mycoplasma bovis infection in a North American bison (Bison bison) cow and her aborted fetus in a herd suffering unusual mortality associated with dystocia and abortion...
  13. Mackintosh C, Haigh J, Griffin F. Bacterial diseases of farmed deer and bison. Rev Sci Tech. 2002;21:249-63 pubmed
    The most important aerobic bacterial diseases of farmed deer and bison include bovine tuberculosis, Johne's disease (paratuberculosis), yersiniosis, leptospirosis, brucellosis, pasteurellosis, anthrax, salmonellosis and colibacillosis...
  14. Olsen S. Brucellosis in the United States: role and significance of wildlife reservoirs. Vaccine. 2010;28 Suppl 5:F73-6 pubmed publisher
    ..S. for almost 80 years. Wildlife reservoirs of brucellosis include bison (Bison bison) and elk (Cervus elaphus nelsonii) for Brucella abortus whereas Brucella suis is the predominant ..
  15. Li H, Karney G, O Toole D, Crawford T. Long distance spread of malignant catarrhal fever virus from feedlot lambs to ranch bison. Can Vet J. 2008;49:183-5 pubmed
    Malignant catarrhal fever (MCF) caused by OvHV-2 occurred in ranch bison herds separated by significant distances from feedlot lambs. Mortality rates correlated with distances: 17.5%, 6.1%, and 0.43% at approximately 1.6, 4.2, and 5...
  16. Roth T, Pfeiffer I, Weising K, Brenig B. Application of bovine microsatellite markers for genetic diversity analysis of European bison (Bison bonasus). J Anim Breed Genet. 2006;123:406-9 pubmed
    ..of a commercial multiplex set of 11 cattle (Bos taurus) microsatellites was tested on a panel of 35 European bison (Bison bonasus) individuals...
  17. Li Q, Sherwood J, Logue C. Antimicrobial resistance of Listeria spp. recovered from processed bison. Lett Appl Microbiol. 2007;44:86-91 pubmed
    The current study examined the antimicrobial susceptibility of 86 Listeria spp. isolated from processed bison carcasses.
  18. Cho H, Kim Y, Choi C, Lee J, Masangkay J, Park N. Malignant schwannoma in an American buffalo (Bison bison bison). J Vet Med A Physiol Pathol Clin Med. 2006;53:432-4 pubmed
    A case of a malignant schwannoma in a 20-year-old male American buffalo (Bison bison bison) from the Grand Park Zoo, Gyeonggi Province, Republic of Korea is reported...
  19. Osińska B, Demiaszkiewicz A, Lachowicz J. Pathological lesions in European bison (Bison bonasus) with infestation by Ashworthius sidemi (Nematoda, Trichostrongylidae). Pol J Vet Sci. 2010;13:63-7 pubmed
    ..It was found for the first time in Poland in European bison in 1997. To estimate the level of invasion of A...
  20. Miller L, Rhyan J, Drew M. Contraception of bison by GnRH vaccine: a possible means of decreasing transmission of brucellosis in bison. J Wildl Dis. 2004;40:725-30 pubmed
    Preventing pregnancy in brucellosis-infected bison (Bison bison) provides a potential means of preventing transmission of disease...
  21. Olsen S, Johnson C. Efficacy of dart or booster vaccination with strain RB51 in protecting bison against experimental Brucella abortus challenge. Clin Vaccine Immunol. 2012;19:886-90 pubmed publisher
    This study characterized the efficacy of the Brucella abortus strain RB51 vaccine in bison when delivered by single intramuscular vaccination (hand RB51), by single pneumatic dart delivery (dart RB51), or as two vaccinations ..
  22. Halbert N, Ward T, Schnabel R, Taylor J, Derr J. Conservation genomics: disequilibrium mapping of domestic cattle chromosomal segments in North American bison populations. Mol Ecol. 2005;14:2343-62 pubmed
    ..Hybridization between North American bison (Bison bison) and domestic cattle (Bos taurus) as a result of human activities has been recorded for over 100 ..
  23. Whittington R, Marsh I, Whitlock R. Typing of IS 1311 polymorphisms confirms that bison (Bison bison) with paratuberculosis in Montana are infected with a strain of Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis distinct from that occurring in cattle and other domesticated livestock. Mol Cell Probes. 2001;15:139-45 pubmed publisher
    Isolates of Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis from nine bison (Bison bison) from Montana, United States of America, were compared with those from other species from the United States of America...
  24. Forde T, De Buck J, Elkin B, Kutz S, van der Meer F, Orsel K. Contrasting results of culture-dependent and molecular analyses of Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis from wood bison. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2013;79:4448-54 pubmed publisher
    Reduced to near extinction in the late 1800s, a number of wood bison populations (Bison bison athabascae) have been re-established through reintroduction initiatives...
  25. Hofman Kamińska E, Kowalczyk R. Farm crops depredation by European bison (Bison bonasus) in the vicinity of forest habitats in northeastern Poland. Environ Manage. 2012;50:530-41 pubmed publisher
    European bison, the largest mammal in Europe, after being exterminated in the wild and then restored during the 20th century is still listed by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN Red List of Threatened Species) as a ..
  26. Rothschild B, Martin L, Lev G, Bercovier H, Bar Gal G, Greenblatt C, et al. Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex DNA from an extinct bison dated 17,000 years before the present. Clin Infect Dis. 2001;33:305-11 pubmed
    In order to assess the presence of tuberculosis in Pleistocene bison and the origin of tuberculosis in North America, 2 separate DNA extractions were performed by 2 separate laboratories on samples from the metacarpal of an extinct long-..
  27. Derr J, Hedrick P, Halbert N, Plough L, Dobson L, King J, et al. Phenotypic effects of cattle mitochondrial DNA in American bison. Conserv Biol. 2012;26:1130-6 pubmed publisher
    ..The historical reduction in abundance and geographic distribution of the American plains bison (Bison bison bison) and their recovery over the last 125 years is well documented...
  28. Tessaro S, Clavijo A. Duration of bluetongue viremia in experimentally infected American bison. J Wildl Dis. 2001;37:722-9 pubmed
    Six yearling American bison (Bison bison bison) bulls and one yearling ewe (Ovis aries) were inoculated intradermally and subcutaneously with 2 x 10(5) plaque forming units (pfu) of bluetongue (BT) virus serotype 11...
  29. O Toole D, Li H, Sourk C, Montgomery D, Crawford T. Malignant catarrhal fever in a bison (Bison bison) feedlot, 1993-2000. J Vet Diagn Invest. 2002;14:183-93 pubmed
    A fatal enteric syndrome was identified in American bison (Bison bison) at a large feedlot in the American Midwest in early 1998. An estimated 150 bison died of the syndrome between January 1998 and December 1999...
  30. Sohal J, Singh S, Singh P, Singh A. On the evolution of 'Indian Bison type' strains of Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis. Microbiol Res. 2010;165:163-71 pubmed publisher
    ..cultural phenotypes and IS1311 PCR-REA typing, MAP strains have been genotyped as 'Cattle type', 'Sheep type' and 'Bison type'...
  31. Pertoldi C, Tokarska M, Wójcik J, Demontis D, Loeschcke V, Gregersen V, et al. Depauperate genetic variability detected in the American and European bison using genomic techniques. Biol Direct. 2009;4:48; discussion 48 pubmed publisher
    ..This result in improved possibilities for 1) estimating genetic relationships among individuals and 2) designing breeding strategies which attempt to preserve or reduce polymorphism in ecologically relevant genes and/or entire blocks...
  32. Abendaño N, Sevilla I, Prieto J, Garrido J, Juste R, Alonso Hearn M. Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis isolates from sheep and goats show reduced persistence in bovine macrophages than cattle, bison, deer and wild boar strains regardless of genotype. Vet Microbiol. 2013;163:325-34 pubmed publisher
    ..isolated from domestic (cattle, sheep, and goat), and wildlife animal species (fallow deer, deer, wild boar, and bison) to enter and grow in bovine macrophages...
  33. Rule D, Broughton K, Shellito S, Maiorano G. Comparison of muscle fatty acid profiles and cholesterol concentrations of bison, beef cattle, elk, and chicken. J Anim Sci. 2002;80:1202-11 pubmed
    ..of longissimus dorsi (LD), semitendinosus (ST), and supraspinatus (SS) muscles (n = 10 for each) of range bison (31 mo of age), feedlot-finished bison (18 mo of age), range beef cows (4 to 7 yr of age), feedlot steers (18 mo ..
  34. Courant S, Fortin D. Foraging decisions of bison for rapid energy gains can explain the relative risk to neighboring plants in complex swards. Ecology. 2010;91:1841-9 pubmed
    ..spatial patterns of occurrence of Carex atherodes, a highly profitable sedge species, could control the risk of bison (Bison bison) herbivory for seven other plant species...
  35. Stabel J, Palmer M, Whitlock R. Immune responses after oral inoculation of weanling bison or beef calves with a bison or cattle isolate of Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis. J Wildl Dis. 2003;39:545-55 pubmed
    ..We designed the following study to compare host immune responses and pathologic changes in beef calves and bison calves after challenge with either a cattle or bison (Bison bison) strain of Mycobacterium avium subsp...
  36. Pruvot M, Forde T, Steele J, Kutz S, De Buck J, van der Meer F, et al. The modification and evaluation of an ELISA test for the surveillance of Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis infection in wild ruminants. BMC Vet Res. 2013;9:5 pubmed publisher
    ..Antibody Test Kit) for use with species for which it was not originally developed: elk (Cervus elaphus), bison (Bison bison) and caribou (Rangifer tarandus)...
  37. Olsen S, Holland S. Safety of revaccination of pregnant bison with Brucella abortus strain RB51. J Wildl Dis. 2003;39:824-9 pubmed
    From December 1998 through February 1999, a study was conducted in a Brucella-infected bison herd to evaluate the safety of booster vaccination of adult bison (Bison bison) with 6 x 10(9) colony forming units (CFU) of Brucella abortus ..
  38. Woodbury M, Chirino Trejo M. A survey of the fecal bacteria of bison (Bison bison) for potential pathogens and antimicrobial susceptibility of bison-origin E. coli. Can Vet J. 2011;52:414-8 pubmed
    An observational study determined the normal fecal bacterial flora of clinically healthy bison, detected the presence of common potential zoonotic pathogens, and determined the antimicrobial susceptibility of isolated E. coli strains...
  39. Nishi J, Shury T, Elkin B. Wildlife reservoirs for bovine tuberculosis (Mycobacterium bovis) in Canada: strategies for management and research. Vet Microbiol. 2006;112:325-38 pubmed
    ..Free-ranging populations of wood bison (Bison bison athabascae) in and around Wood Buffalo National Park (WBNP) and wapiti (Cervus elaphus manitobensis) ..
  40. Gailbreath K, O Toole D, Taus N, Knowles D, Oaks J, Li H. Experimental nebulization of American bison (Bison bison) with low doses of ovine herpesvirus 2 from sheep nasal secretions. Vet Microbiol. 2010;143:389-93 pubmed publisher
    ..fever (MCF), caused by ovine herpesvirus 2 (OvHV-2), is an important cause of mortality in ranched American bison and domestic cattle in North America...
  41. Lee O, Wu H, Donoghue H, Spigelman M, Greenblatt C, Bull I, et al. Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex lipid virulence factors preserved in the 17,000-year-old skeleton of an extinct bison, Bison antiquus. PLoS ONE. 2012;7:e41923 pubmed publisher
    ..A DNA report, a decade ago, suggested that a 17,000-year-old skeleton of extinct Bison antiquus, from Natural Trap Cave, Wyoming, was the oldest known case of tuberculosis...
  42. Wilson G, Strobeck C. Genetic variation within and relatedness among wood and plains bison populations. Genome. 1999;42:483-96 pubmed
    There are two recognized subspecies of bison, wood (Bison bison athabascae) and plains (Bison bison bison) bison...
  43. Halbert N, Derr J. Patterns of genetic variation in US federal bison herds. Mol Ecol. 2008;17:4963-77 pubmed publisher
    Like many wide-ranging mammals, American bison (Bison bison) have experienced significant range contraction over the past two centuries and are maintained in artificially isolated populations...
  44. Dragon D, Elkin B, Nishi J, Ellsworth T. A review of anthrax in Canada and implications for research on the disease in northern bison. J Appl Microbiol. 1999;87:208-13 pubmed
    ..Between 1962 & 1993, nine anthrax epizootics have been recorded in the bison herds of the Northwest Territories and northern Alberta resulting in the deaths of at least 1309 animals...
  45. Haigh J, Mackintosh C, Griffin F. Viral, parasitic and prion diseases of farmed deer and bison. Rev Sci Tech. 2002;21:219-48 pubmed
    The most important viral disease of farmed deer and bison is malignant catarrhal fever. The other herpesviruses which have been isolated from these species are briefly described...
  46. Sanderson E, Redford K, Weber B, Aune K, Baldes D, Berger J, et al. The ecological future of the North American bison: conceiving long-term, large-scale conservation of wildlife. Conserv Biol. 2008;22:252-66 pubmed publisher
    ..5 attributes of a recent range-wide vision-setting exercise for ecological recovery of the North American bison (Bison bison) that are broadly applicable to other species and restoration targets...
  47. Li H, Taus N, Jones C, Murphy B, Evermann J, Crawford T. A devastating outbreak of malignant catarrhal fever in a bison feedlot. J Vet Diagn Invest. 2006;18:119-23 pubmed
    In early 2003, an outbreak of malignant catarrhal fever (MCF) occurred in a bison feedlot in southern Idaho. The outbreak resulted in a 51.2% (n = 825) mortality rate among bison, which had been exposed to sheep for 19 days...
  48. Tomita Y, Literak I, Ogawa T, Jin Z, Shirasawa H. Complete genomes and phylogenetic positions of bovine papillomavirus type 8 and a variant type from a European bison. Virus Genes. 2007;35:243-9 pubmed
    ..from papillomas on cattle kept in Japan, and DNA of bovine papillomavirus BPV-8-EB was extracted from a European bison (Bison bonasus) born in Italy and released into the wild in Slovakia...
  49. Halbert N, Derr J. A comprehensive evaluation of cattle introgression into US federal bison herds. J Hered. 2007;98:1-12 pubmed
    ..In this study, 11 US federal bison populations were comprehensively examined for evidence of both mitochondrial and nuclear domestic cattle (Bos ..
  50. Olsen S, Boyle S, Schurig G, Sriranganathan N. Immune responses and protection against experimental challenge after vaccination of bison with Brucella abortus strain RB51 or RB51 overexpressing superoxide dismutase and glycosyltransferase genes. Clin Vaccine Immunol. 2009;16:535-40 pubmed publisher
    Vaccination is a tool that could be beneficial in managing the high prevalence of brucellosis in free-ranging bison in Yellowstone National Park...
  51. Boisvert M, Bergeron A, Lazure C, Manjunath P. Isolation and characterization of gelatin-binding bison seminal vesicle secretory proteins. Biol Reprod. 2004;70:656-61 pubmed
    ..We report here the isolation and characterization of homologous proteins from bison seminal vesicle secretions...
  52. Mooring M, Patton M, Lance V, Hall B, Schaad E, Fortin S, et al. Fecal androgens of bison bulls during the rut. Horm Behav. 2004;46:392-8 pubmed
    ..Effective conservation policies for the remaining purebred plains bison (Bison bison bison) herds require knowledge of the physiology underlying bison reproductive biology...
  53. Berezowski J, Appleyard G, Crawford T, Haigh J, Li H, Middleton D, et al. An outbreak of sheep-associated malignant catarrhal fever in bison (Bison bison) after exposure to sheep at a public auction sale. J Vet Diagn Invest. 2005;17:55-8 pubmed
    An outbreak of malignant catarrhal fever (MCF) among bison sold at an auction market was studied for an 18-month period. Forty-five of 163 bison submitted for sale from 8 different bison farms died on 7 other destination farms...
  54. Olsen S, Johnson C. Immune responses and safety after dart or booster vaccination of bison with Brucella abortus strain RB51. Clin Vaccine Immunol. 2012;19:642-8 pubmed publisher
    One alternative for management of brucellosis in Yellowstone National Park bison (Bison bison) is vaccination of calves and yearlings...
  55. Kuemmerle T, Radeloff V, Perzanowski K, Kozlo P, Sipko T, Khoyetskyy P, et al. Predicting potential European bison habitat across its former range. Ecol Appl. 2011;21:830-43 pubmed
    ..An excellent example of such conservation challenges is provided by European bison (Bison bonasus)...
  56. Czykier E, Zabel M, Surdyk Zasada J, Lebelt A, Klim B. Assessment of S100 protein expression in the epididymis of juvenile and adult European bison. Folia Histochem Cytobiol. 2010;48:333-8 pubmed publisher
    ..protein expression in the material obtained from the epididymes of 5- and 12-month-old calves, and adult European bison, and to detect any differences in S100 expression according to the animal age and size of the organ examined...
  57. Hedrick P. Conservation genetics and North American bison (Bison bison). J Hered. 2009;100:411-20 pubmed publisher
    The many millions of North American bison in the mid-19th century were reduced to near extinction by the middle 1880s...
  58. Traul D, Li H, Dasgupta N, O Toole D, Eldridge J, Besser T, et al. Resistance to malignant catarrhal fever in American bison (Bison bison) is associated with MHC class IIa polymorphisms. Anim Genet. 2007;38:141-6 pubmed
    ..common causative agent of malignant catarrhal fever (MCF) in clinically susceptible ruminants including cattle and bison. American bison (Bison bison) are highly susceptible to clinical MCF...
  59. Kiewisz J, Sousa N, Beckers J, Vervaecke H, Panasiewicz G, Szafranska B. Isolation of pregnancy-associated glycoproteins from placenta of the American bison (Bison bison) at first half of pregnancy. Gen Comp Endocrinol. 2008;155:164-75 pubmed
    ..This is the first report indicating aa sequences of native AmbPAG proteins purified from placenta (CT and LCP) of bison species...
  60. List R, Ceballos G, Curtin C, Gogan P, Pacheco J, Truett J. Historic distribution and challenges to bison recovery in the northern Chihuahuan desert. Conserv Biol. 2007;21:1487-94 pubmed publisher
    Ecologists and conservationists have long assumed that large grazers, including bison (Bison bison), did not occur in post-Pleistocene southwestern North America...
  61. Ward T, Skow L, Gallagher D, Schnabel R, Nall C, Kolenda C, et al. Differential introgression of uniparentally inherited markers in bison populations with hybrid ancestries. Anim Genet. 2001;32:89-91 pubmed
    Historical hybridization between Bison bison (bison) and Bos taurus (cattle) has been well documented and resulted in cattle mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) introgression, previously identified in six different bison populations...
  62. Buntjer J, Otsen M, Nijman I, Kuiper M, Lenstra J. Phylogeny of bovine species based on AFLP fingerprinting. Heredity (Edinb). 2002;88:46-51 pubmed
    ..Tree reconstructions reveal three clusters: African buffalo with water buffalo, ox with zebu, and bison with wisent...
  63. Kiewisz J, Melo de Sousa N, Beckers J, Panasiewicz G, Gizejewski Z, Szafranska B. Identification of multiple pregnancy-associated glycoproteins (PAGs) purified from the European bison (Eb; Bison bonasus L.) placentas. Anim Reprod Sci. 2009;112:229-50 pubmed publisher
    This paper describes the first identified chorionic PAGs in the European bison (Eb), named EbPAGs, predominantly expressed during early and mid-pregnancy (45-120 day post-coitum; dpc)...
  64. Verkaar E, Nijman I, Beeke M, Hanekamp E, Lenstra J. Maternal and paternal lineages in cross-breeding bovine species. Has wisent a hybrid origin?. Mol Biol Evol. 2004;21:1165-70 pubmed
    ..phylogeny have so far been incomplete and have yielded conflicting conclusions about the relationship of American bison and wisent (European bison)...
  65. Lanevschi Pietersma A, Ogunremi O, Desrocher A. Parasitemia in a neonatal bison calf. Vet Clin Pathol. 2004;33:173-6 pubmed
    A 3-day old female bison calf (Bison bison) was presented in lateral recumbency to the Université de Montréal Veterinary Teaching Hospital. The animal was severely depressed and dehydrated (10%) and died a few hours after admission...
  66. Tokarska M, Marshall T, Kowalczyk R, Wojcik J, Pertoldi C, Kristensen T, et al. Effectiveness of microsatellite and SNP markers for parentage and identity analysis in species with low genetic diversity: the case of European bison. Heredity (Edinb). 2009;103:326-32 pubmed publisher
    The European bison (Bison bonasus) has recovered successfully after a severe bottleneck about 90 years ago but has been left with low genetic variability that may substantially hinder parentage and identity analysis...
  67. Shapiro B, Drummond A, Rambaut A, Wilson M, Matheus P, Sher A, et al. Rise and fall of the Beringian steppe bison. Science. 2004;306:1561-5 pubmed
    ..We used ancient DNA and Bayesian techniques to reconstruct a detailed genetic history of bison throughout the late Pleistocene and Holocene epochs...
  68. Babik W, Kawalko A, Wójcik J, Radwan J. Low major histocompatibility complex class I (MHC I) variation in the European bison (Bison bonasus). J Hered. 2012;103:349-59 pubmed publisher
    Variation in the major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I of the European bison was characterized in a sample of 99 individuals using both classical cloning/Sanger sequencing and 454 pyrosequencing. Three common (frequencies: 0...
  69. Douglas K, Halbert N, Kolenda C, Childers C, Hunter D, Derr J. Complete mitochondrial DNA sequence analysis of Bison bison and bison-cattle hybrids: function and phylogeny. Mitochondrion. 2011;11:166-75 pubmed publisher
    Complete mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) genomes from 43 bison and bison-cattle hybrids were sequenced and compared with other bovids. Selected animals reflect the historical range and current taxonomic structure of bison...
  70. Lehnen A, Busse H, Frölich K, Krasinska M, Kampfer P, Speck S. Arcanobacterium bialowiezense sp. nov. and Arcanobacterium bonasi sp. nov., isolated from the prepuce of European bison bulls (Bison bonasus) suffering from balanoposthitis, and emended description of the genus Arcanobacterium Collins et al. 1983. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol. 2006;56:861-6 pubmed
    A taxonomic study was performed on 13 bacterial strains isolated from preputial swabs of European bison (Bison bonasus) bulls suffering from balanoposthitis...
  71. Nelson D, Davis W, Brown W, Li H, O Toole D, Oaks J. CD8(+)/perforin(+)/WC1(-) gammadelta T cells, not CD8(+) alphabeta T cells, infiltrate vasculitis lesions of American bison (Bison bison) with experimental sheep-associated malignant catarrhal fever. Vet Immunol Immunopathol. 2010;136:284-91 pubmed publisher
    ..SA-MCF is an important threat to American bison (Bison bison) due to their high susceptibility to this disease...
  72. Ungerer M, Weitekamp C, Joern A, Towne G, Briggs J. Genetic variation and mating success in managed american plains bison. J Hered. 2013;104:182-91 pubmed publisher
    The American plains bison (Bison bison) was pushed to the brink of extinction in the late 1800s but has since rebounded. Less than 5% of animals currently exist in conservation herds that are critical for maintaining genetic variability...
  73. Rhyan J, Aune K, Roffe T, Ewalt D, Hennager S, Gidlewski T, et al. Pathogenesis and epidemiology of brucellosis in yellowstone bison: serologic and culture results from adult females and their progeny. J Wildl Dis. 2009;45:729-39 pubmed
    ..to determine the natural course of Brucella abortus infection in cohorts of seropositive and seronegative, female bison (Bison bison) and their offspring in Yellowstone National Park (YNP) for 5 yr...
  74. Babin J, Fortin D, Wilmshurst J, Fortin M. Energy gains predict the distribution of plains bison across populations and ecosystems. Ecology. 2011;92:240-52 pubmed
    ..We tested whether a single foraging currency could explain bison (Bison bison) distribution in dissimilar environments: a largely forested environment in Prince Albert National ..
  75. Geremia C, White P, Wallen R, Watson F, Treanor J, Borkowski J, et al. Predicting bison migration out of Yellowstone National Park using bayesian models. PLoS ONE. 2011;6:e16848 pubmed publisher
    ..We chose the partially migratory bison (Bison bison) population in Yellowstone National Park as an example of integrating science into management ..
  76. Rothschild B, Laub R. Hyperdisease in the late Pleistocene: validation of an early 20th century hypothesis. Naturwissenschaften. 2006;93:557-64 pubmed
    ..periosteal reaction is highly suggestive of tuberculosis and the foot lesions were identical to that documented in Bison as pathognomonic for tuberculosis...
  77. Radwan J, Kawałko A, Wojcik J, Babik W. MHC-DRB3 variation in a free-living population of the European bison, Bison bonasus. Mol Ecol. 2007;16:531-40 pubmed
    ..We examined variation at the MHC II DRB3 locus in the European bison, Bison bonasus, a species that has undergone an extreme bottleneck: the current population originated from only 12 ..