Summary: Any of various ruminant mammals of the order Bovidae. They include numerous species in Africa and the American pronghorn.

Top Publications

  1. Zhang F, Jiang Z. Mitochondrial phylogeography and genetic diversity of Tibetan gazelle (Procapra picticaudata): implications for conservation. Mol Phylogenet Evol. 2006;41:313-21 pubmed
    ..It is likely that the present populations of Tibetan gazelle exhibit a pattern reminiscent of several bottlenecks and expansions in the recent past...
  2. Bro Jørgensen J, Pangle W. Male topi antelopes alarm snort deceptively to retain females for mating. Am Nat. 2010;176:E33-9 pubmed publisher
    ..Here we report that male topi antelopes alarm snort deceptively to retain receptive females in their territories and thereby secure mating opportunities...
  3. Campos P, Kristensen T, Orlando L, Sher A, Kholodova M, Götherström A, et al. Ancient DNA sequences point to a large loss of mitochondrial genetic diversity in the saiga antelope (Saiga tatarica) since the Pleistocene. Mol Ecol. 2010;19:4863-75 pubmed publisher
    ..66-77%) following either a demographic bottleneck in the course of the Holocene or late Pleistocene, or a geographic fragmentation (followed by local extinction of one subpopulation) at the Holocene/Pleistocene transition...
  4. Milner Gulland E, Bukreeva O, Coulson T, Lushchekina A, Kholodova M, Bekenov A, et al. Conservation: Reproductive collapse in saiga antelope harems. Nature. 2003;422:135 pubmed
  5. Mesochina P, Bedin E, Ostrowski S. Reintroducing antelopes into arid areas: lessons learnt from the oryx in Saudi Arabia. C R Biol. 2003;326 Suppl 1:S158-65 pubmed
    We focus on constraints faced by antelopes reintroductions in arid environments, and propose keys to enhance their success, using the oryx project in Saudi Arabia as example: (1) Monitoring and management of reintroduced populations ..
  6. Cunningham A, Kirkwood J, Dawson M, Spencer Y, Green R, Wells G. Bovine spongiform encephalopathy infectivity in greater kudu (Tragelaphus strepsiceros). Emerg Infect Dis. 2004;10:1044-9 pubmed
    ..The distribution of infectivity in greater kudu with BSE suggests possible routes for transmission of the disease and highlights the need for further research into the distribution of TSE infectious agents in other host species...
  7. Hargreaves S, Foggin C, Anderson E, Bastos A, Thomson G, Ferris N, et al. An investigation into the source and spread of foot and mouth disease virus from a wildlife conservancy in Zimbabwe. Rev Sci Tech. 2004;23:783-90 pubmed
  8. Nijhof A, Pillay V, Steyl J, Prozesky L, Stoltsz W, Lawrence J, et al. Molecular characterization of Theileria species associated with mortality in four species of African antelopes. J Clin Microbiol. 2005;43:5907-11 pubmed
    ..The close phylogenetic relationship between members of the genera Theileria and Cytauxzoon, similarities in the morphologies of developmental stages, and confusion in the literature regarding theileriosis or cytauxzoonosis are discussed...
  9. Bro Jørgensen J, Dabelsteen T. Knee-clicks and visual traits indicate fighting ability in eland antelopes: multiple messages and back-up signals. BMC Biol. 2008;6:47 pubmed publisher
    ..We here investigate the evolutionary basis for the intricate agonistic signalling system in eland antelopes, paying particular attention to the evolutionary phenomenon of loud knee-clicking.

More Information

Publications177 found, 100 shown here

  1. Vosloo W, Thompson P, Botha B, Bengis R, Thomson G. Longitudinal study to investigate the role of impala (Aepyceros melampus) in foot-and-mouth disease maintenance in the Kruger National Park, South Africa. Transbound Emerg Dis. 2009;56:18-30 pubmed publisher
    ..This study confirmed the potential role of impala for propagating FMD in southern Africa and this factor should therefore be considered when designing control strategies where wildlife and domestic animals interact...
  2. Munyeme M, Muma J, Siamudaala V, Skjerve E, Munang andu H, Tryland M. Tuberculosis in Kafue lechwe antelopes (Kobus leche Kafuensis) of the Kafue Basin in Zambia. Prev Vet Med. 2010;95:305-8 pubmed publisher
    Tuberculosis (TB) has been reported in the Kafue lechwe antelopes (Kobus leche Kafuensis) of Zambia. However, previous reports are restricted to the southern parts in Lochinvar, where only old male animals were investigated...
  3. Muller B, de Klerk Lorist L, Henton M, Lane E, Parsons S, Gey van Pittius N, et al. Mixed infections of Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis and non-tuberculous mycobacteria in South African antelopes presenting with tuberculosis-like lesions. Vet Microbiol. 2011;147:340-5 pubmed publisher
    ..In total, 139 antelopes were randomly harvested from the game reserve and subjected to meat inspection...
  4. Bitanyi S, Bjørnstad G, Ernest E, Nesje M, Kusiluka L, Keyyu J, et al. Species identification of Tanzanian antelopes using DNA barcoding. Mol Ecol Resour. 2011;11:442-9 pubmed publisher
    ..A 470 base-pair region of the COI gene was examined in 95 specimens representing 20 species of antelopes, buffalo and domestic Bovidae...
  5. Kirkwood J, Wells G, Wilesmith J, Cunningham A, Jackson S. Spongiform encephalopathy in an arabian oryx (Oryx leucoryx) and a greater kudu (Tragelaphus strepsiceros). Vet Rec. 1990;127:418-20 pubmed
    ..Scrapie-like spongiform encephalopathies have now been described in five species of exotic artiodactyls in Britain indicating a, hitherto inapparent, wider range of ruminant species as natural hosts for these diseases...
  6. Lian X, Zhang T, Cao Y, Su J, Thirgood S. Group size effects on foraging and vigilance in migratory Tibetan antelope. Behav Processes. 2007;76:192-7 pubmed
    ..We restricted our sampling to groups of less than 30 antelopes and thus limit our inference accordingly...
  7. Staver A, Bond W, Stock W, Van Rensburg S, Waldram M. Browsing and fire interact to suppress tree density in an African savanna. Ecol Appl. 2009;19:1909-19 pubmed
  8. Li C, Jiang Z, Li L, Li Z, Fang H, Li C, et al. Effects of reproductive status, social rank, sex and group size on vigilance patterns in Przewalski's gazelle. PLoS ONE. 2012;7:e32607 pubmed publisher
    ..These findings shed light on the mechanisms underlying vigilance patterns and the tradeoff between vigilance and other crucial activities. ..
  9. Gakuya F, Ombui J, Maingi N, Muchemi G, Ogara W, Soriguer R, et al. Sarcoptic mange and cheetah conservation in Masai Mara (Kenya): epidemiological study in a wildlife/livestock system. Parasitology. 2012;139:1587-95 pubmed publisher
    ..Treatment with injectable ivermectin of the clinically affected wild and domestic animals during the first year of this study was associated with much lower incidence of sarcoptic mange during the second year...
  10. Strauss W, Hetem R, Mitchell D, Maloney S, Meyer L, Fuller A. Three African antelope species with varying water dependencies exhibit similar selective brain cooling. J Comp Physiol B. 2016;186:527-40 pubmed publisher
  11. Lorenzen E, De Neergaard R, Arctander P, Siegismund H. Phylogeography, hybridization and Pleistocene refugia of the kob antelope (Kobus kob). Mol Ecol. 2007;16:3241-52 pubmed
    ..Due to similarities in phenotype and ecology, and the joint evolutionary history of their mtDNA sequences, the taxonomic status of K. k. kob and K. k. thomasi as separate subspecies is called into question. ..
  12. Michel A, Coetzee M, Keet D, Mare L, Warren R, Cooper D, et al. Molecular epidemiology of Mycobacterium bovis isolates from free-ranging wildlife in South African game reserves. Vet Microbiol. 2009;133:335-43 pubmed publisher
    ..This finding was attributed to species-specific behaviour patterns rather than an advanced host-pathogen interaction...
  13. Wolf T, Wunschmann A, Morningstar Shaw B, Pantlin G, Rasmussen J, Thompson R. An outbreak of Salmonella enterica serotype Choleraesuis in goitered gazelle (Gazella subgutrosa subgutrosa) and a Malayan tapir (Tapirus indicus). J Zoo Wildl Med. 2011;42:694-9 pubmed
    ..After further investigation into the outbreak, spread of this pathogen was speculated to be associated with human movement across animal areas. ..
  14. Pitts N, Mitchell G. Pharmacokinetics and effects of succinylcholine in African elephant (Loxodonta africana) and impala (Aepyceros melampus). Eur J Pharm Sci. 2002;15:251-60 pubmed
    ..m. injection is greater for impala than elephant. No greater rate in the plasma hydrolysis of Sch in elephant compared to impala was apparent. ..
  15. Cumming D, Cumming G. Ungulate community structure and ecological processes: body size, hoof area and trampling in African savannas. Oecologia. 2003;134:560-8 pubmed
  16. Nel Themaat L, Gómez M, Pope C, Lopez M, Wirtu G, Jenkins J, et al. Cloned embryos from semen. Part 2: intergeneric nuclear transfer of semen-derived eland (Taurotragus oryx) epithelial cells into bovine oocytes. Cloning Stem Cells. 2008;10:161-72 pubmed publisher
  17. Heim B, Ivy J, Latch E. A suite of microsatellite markers optimized for amplification of DNA from Addax (Addax nasomaculatus) blood preserved on FTA cards. Zoo Biol. 2012;31:98-106 pubmed publisher
  18. Lutze G, Lutze G, Kutschmann K, Schröpel M. [Determination of clotting factor VIII activity in mammals using the one-stage clotting and the chromogenic methods]. Berl Munch Tierarztl Wochenschr. 2002;115:297-302 pubmed
    ..Determination of factor VIII activities in plasma of mammals using the chromogenic assay cannot be recommended. ..
  19. Chittick E, Horne W, Wolfe B, Sladky K, Loomis M. Cardiopulmonary assessment of medetomidine, ketamine, and butorphanol anesthesia in captive Thomson's gazelles (Gazella thomsoni). J Zoo Wildl Med. 2001;32:168-75 pubmed
    ..More invasive procedures, such as castration, can be readily performed with the additional use of local anesthetics. ..
  20. Sorokin P, Kiriliuk V, Lushchekina A, Kholodova M. [Genetic diversity of Mongolian gazelle Procapra guttorosa Pallas, 1777]. Genetika. 2005;41:1345-9 pubmed
    ..The data obtained point to high genetic diversity of Mongolian populations. There was no correlation between the distribution of haplotypes examined and geographical location of the animal tissue sampling sites. ..
  21. Meyer L, Hetem R, Fick L, Mitchell D, Fuller A. Effects of serotonin agonists and doxapram on respiratory depression and hypoxemia in etorphine-immobilized impala (Aepyceros melampus). J Wildl Dis. 2010;46:514-24 pubmed
    ..05), indicating improved oxygen diffusion. Metoclopramide and buspirone transiently improved blood oxygenation of opioid-immobilized impala, probably by improving ventilation-perfusion ratios, without reversing catatonic immobilization. ..
  22. Wronski T, Apio A, Plath M. Activity patterns of bushbuck (Tragelaphus scriptus) in Queen Elizabeth National Park. Behav Processes. 2006;73:333-41 pubmed
    ..This suggests that young-adult males shift their peak activity to phases when adult territorial males are less active. ..
  23. Roldan E, Gomendio M, Garde J, Espeso G, Ledda S, Berlinguer F, et al. Inbreeding and reproduction in endangered ungulates: preservation of genetic variation through the Organization of Genetic Resource Banks. Reprod Domest Anim. 2006;41 Suppl 2:82-92 pubmed
    ..These, together with other reproductive technologies, will offer an invaluable help in preserving the maximum of genetic diversity of these and related endangered ungulate species. ..
  24. Rodrigues A, Neves L, Garcia H, Viola L, Marcili A, Da Silva F, et al. Phylogenetic analysis of Trypanosoma vivax supports the separation of South American/West African from East African isolates and a new T. vivax-like genotype infecting a nyala antelope from Mozambique. Parasitology. 2008;135:1317-28 pubmed publisher
    ..vivax. This study corroborated the high complexity and the existence of distinct genotypes yet undescribed within the subgenus Duttonella...
  25. Siamudaala V, Munyeme M, Matandiko W, Muma J, Munang andu H. Monitoring the endangered population of the antelope Kobus leche smithemani (Artiodactyla: Bovidae), in the Bangweulu Ecosystem, Zambia. Rev Biol Trop. 2012;60:1631-9 pubmed
    ..In this study, we demonstrate that adverse ecological changes on wildlife species, can lead to their vulnerability and danger of extinction, and that their recovery to full carrying capacity may demand a considerable amount of time. ..
  26. Burton M, Olsen J, Ball R, Dumonceaux G. Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis infection in an addax (Addax nasomaculatus). J Zoo Wildl Med. 2001;32:242-4 pubmed
    ..Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis was isolated from four organ tissues: ileum, jejunum, colon, and mesenteric lymph node. ..
  27. Yang Q, Xia L. Tibetan wildlife is getting used to the railway. Nature. 2008;452:810-1 pubmed publisher
  28. Mama K, Uhrig S, Miller D, Harris L, Syndergaard M, Regnier M, et al. Evaluation of two short-term anesthetic protocols in captive juvenile pronghorn (Antilocapra americana). J Zoo Wildl Med. 2009;40:803-5 pubmed
    ..Mean induction times were 80 +/- 23 and 75 +/- 15 sec after K and P, respectively. Arterial pressure decreased over time, and hypoxemia was evident (PaO2 51 +/- 4 mmHg) following both treatments. ..
  29. Sensenig R, Demment M, Laca E. Allometric scaling predicts preferences for burned patches in a guild of East African grazers. Ecology. 2010;91:2898-907 pubmed
    ..Our results represent some of the first experimental evidence demonstrating the importance of body size in predicting how large herbivores respond to fire-induced changes in plant quality and quantity. ..
  30. Suryawanshi K, Bhatnagar Y, Mishra C. Standardizing the double-observer survey method for estimating mountain ungulate prey of the endangered snow leopard. Oecologia. 2012;169:581-90 pubmed publisher
  31. Penkunas M, Coss R. Rapid detection of visually provocative animals by preschool children and adults. J Exp Child Psychol. 2013;114:522-36 pubmed publisher
    ..Experiment 2 compared the visual salience of lions with that of similarly colored antelopes. This experiment tested the prediction that historically dangerous felid predators would also engender rapid ..
  32. Nel Themaat L, Gomez M, Damiani P, Wirtu G, Dresser B, Bondioli K, et al. Isolation, culture and characterisation of somatic cells derived from semen and milk of endangered sheep and eland antelope. Reprod Fertil Dev. 2007;19:576-84 pubmed
    ..In conclusion, we have developed a technique for obtaining somatic cells from semen. We have also demonstrated that semen-derived cells can serve as karyoplast donors for nuclear transfer. ..
  33. Pfitzer S, Oosthuizen M, Bosman A, Vorster I, Penzhorn B. Tick-borne blood parasites in nyala (Tragelaphus angasii, Gray 1849) from KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. Vet Parasitol. 2011;176:126-31 pubmed publisher
    ..bovis. This serves as the first report of Theileria sp. (kudu), T. buffeli, T. bicornis, Ehrlichia sp. Omatjenne, A. marginale and A. bovis in nyala, who seem to carry multiple haemoparasites without ill effect. ..
  34. Fuller A, Moss D, Skinner J, Jessen P, Mitchell G, Mitchell D. Brain, abdominal and arterial blood temperatures of free-ranging eland in their natural habitat. Pflugers Arch. 1999;438:671-80 pubmed
    ..4 degrees C), and took place only well above the mode of blood temperature. Our results do not support the concept that eland routinely employ adaptive heterothermy and selective brain cooling to survive in their natural environment. ..
  35. van der Merwe J, Smit F, Durand A, Kruger L, Michael L. Acaricide efficiency of amitraz/cypermethrin and abamectin pour-on preparations in game. Onderstepoort J Vet Res. 2005;72:309-14 pubmed
    ..The pouron acaricides tested were effective against natural tick infestations and should always be used according to the manufacturer's instructions and efficacy claims. ..
  36. Bracht A, Armien A, Carrillo C, O Hearn E, Fabian A, Moran K, et al. Isolation and characterization of a Cervidpoxvirus from a goitered gazelle (Gazella subgutturosa) from a zoologic park in Minnesota. J Zoo Wildl Med. 2013;44:589-95 pubmed
    ..This report documents the premiere finding of DPV, a recently characterized virus, in gazelles and demonstrates the need for broadened investigation when diagnosing poxvirus infections in ruminants. ..
  37. Blank D, Yang W. Behavioral responses of goitered gazelle (Gazella subgutturosa) to parasitic activity of botflies. J Parasitol. 2014;100:66-72 pubmed publisher
    ..This strategy is well-known for other species of ungulates and was quite effective, because their infestation rate was relatively low. ..
  38. Horak I. Parasites of domestic and wild animals in South Africa. XLVI. Oestrid fly larvae of sheep, goats, springbok and black wildebeest in the Eastern Cape Province. Onderstepoort J Vet Res. 2005;72:315-20 pubmed
    ..All larval sages of Oestrus variolosus and Gedoelstia hässleri were present in the black wildebeest, and large numbers of 1st instar larvae of G. hässleri appeared to accumulate on the dura of the wildebeest from June to August. ..
  39. Citino S, Bush M, Grobler D, Lance W. Anaesthesia of roan antelope (Hippotragus equinus) with a combination of A3080, medetomidine and ketamine. J S Afr Vet Assoc. 2001;72:29-32 pubmed
    ..60+/-0.25 mg/kg) and atipamezole at 3 times the medetomidine dose (x = 38+/-20 microg/kg). No residual effects from ketamine were noted following reversal of A3080 and medetomidine. No mortality was associated with this protocol. ..
  40. Gikonyo N, Hassanali A, Njagi P, Saini R. Responses of Glossina morsitans morsitans to blends of electroantennographically active compounds in the odors of its preferred (buffalo and ox) and nonpreferred (waterbuck) hosts. J Chem Ecol. 2003;29:2331-45 pubmed
    ..The results lend further support to previous indications for the existence of a tsetse repellent blend in waterbuck body odor and additional attractive constituents in buffalo and ox body odors. ..
  41. Letshwenyo M, Mapitse N, Hyera J. Foot-and-mouth disease in a kudu (Tragelaphus strepsiceros) in Botswana. Vet Rec. 2006;159:252-3 pubmed
  42. Faith J. Eland, buffalo, and wild pigs: were Middle Stone Age humans ineffective hunters?. J Hum Evol. 2008;55:24-36 pubmed publisher
    ..These results need not imply cognitive differences, but are consistent with an increase in human populations from the Middle to Later Stone Age, which resulted in diminished abundances of large ungulates. ..
  43. Fogelberg K, Ferrell S. Vasculitis secondary to presumptive leptospirosis treated with long-term corticosteroids in a captive lesser kudu (Tragelaphus imberbis australis). J Zoo Wildl Med. 2010;41:542-4 pubmed
    ..This case provides evidence that corticosteroids can be used in ruminants at moderate doses for chronic treatment without clinically relevant detrimental effects. ..
  44. Huang L, Jing M, Nie W, Robinson T, Yang F. Chromosome homologies between tsessebe (Damaliscus lunatus) and Chinese muntjac (Muntiacus reevesi) facilitate tracing the evolutionary history of Damaliscus (Bovidae, Antilopinae, Alcelaphini). Cytogenet Genome Res. 2011;132:264-70 pubmed publisher
  45. Gasper D, Barr B, Li H, Taus N, Peterson R, Benjamin G, et al. Ibex-associated malignant catarrhal fever-like disease in a group of bongo antelope (Tragelaphus eurycerus). Vet Pathol. 2012;49:492-7 pubmed publisher
    ..The sequence closely matched an MCF viral DNA fragment that had been amplified from an ibex and bongo in a previous case report...
  46. Sichilongo K, Torto N. Determination of endocrine disruptors in Kafue lechwe (Kobus leche kafuensis) samples from the Lochinvar National Park of Zambia. Environ Int. 2006;32:718-23 pubmed
  47. Riginos C, Grace J. Savanna tree density, herbivores, and the herbaceous community: bottom-up vs. top-down effects. Ecology. 2008;89:2228-38 pubmed
    ..This, in turn, appears to have cascading effects on the herbaceous vegetation. These results shed light on one of the major features of the "landscape of fear" in which African savanna herbivores exist. ..
  48. Singh S, Sohal J, Singh P, Singh A. Genotype profiles of Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis isolates recovered from animals, commercial milk, and human beings in North India. Int J Infect Dis. 2009;13:e221-7 pubmed publisher
    ..However, non-reporting of the sheep-type genotype may not mean that it is absent in North India; the use of multiple culture media to recover MAP from clinical samples for future investigations is advised. ..
  49. Nilsson M, Klassert D, Bertelsen M, Hallström B, Janke A. Activity of ancient RTE retroposons during the evolution of cows, spiral-horned antelopes, and Nilgais (Bovinae). Mol Biol Evol. 2012;29:2885-8 pubmed
    ..short interspersed elements (SINEs) were used for resolving the phylogeny of Bovinae (cows, spiral-horned antelopes, and nilgais) and their relatives...
  50. Sutmoller P. The fencing issue relative to the control of foot-and-mouth disease. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2002;969:191-200 pubmed
    ..A regional approach to disease control is probably the only way to achieve any real progress. Here we review the positive and negative attributes of fencing as a control mechanism for disease transmission. ..
  51. Kitchen D, Bergman T, Cheney D, Nicholson J, Seyfarth R. Comparing responses of four ungulate species to playbacks of baboon alarm calls. Anim Cogn. 2010;13:861-70 pubmed publisher
    ..Ours is the first study to compare such abilities among several community members with variable natural histories, and we discuss future experiments that would more systematically examine development of these skills in young ungulates. ..
  52. Curry J, Hohl R, Noakes T, Kohn T. High oxidative capacity and type IIx fibre content in springbok and fallow deer skeletal muscle suggest fast sprinters with a resistance to fatigue. J Exp Biol. 2012;215:3997-4005 pubmed publisher
    Some wild antelopes are fast sprinters and more resistant to fatigue than others. This study therefore investigated two wild antelope species to better understand their reported performance capability...
  53. Gutiérrez Expósito D, Ortega Mora L, Ara V, Marco I, Lavin S, Carvajal Valilla J, et al. Absence of antibodies specific to Besnoitia spp. in European sheep and goats from areas in Spain where bovine besnoitiosis is endemic. Parasitol Res. 2017;116:445-448 pubmed
    Besnoitia besnoiti and B. caprae, which infect bovids (cattle and antelopes) and goats, respectively, are responsible for besnoitiosis, a chronic and debilitating disease...
  54. Beintema J, Breukelman H, Dubois J, Warmels H. Phylogeny of ruminants secretory ribonuclease gene sequences of pronghorn (Antilocapra americana). Mol Phylogenet Evol. 2003;26:18-25 pubmed
    ..Broad taxon sampling and investigation of specific sequence features may be as important for reliable conclusions in phylogeny as the lengths of analyzed sequences. ..
  55. Ostrowski S, Williams J, Ismael K. Heterothermy and the water economy of free-living Arabian oryx (Oryx leucoryx). J Exp Biol. 2003;206:1471-8 pubmed
    ..If heat storage was calculated based on the daily change in T(b) rather than on heat storage above mean T(b) then we estimated that oryx saved 0.538 litres H(2)O day(-1) animal(-1) during summer. ..
  56. Aslan K, Kürtü I, Bozkurt E, Ozcan S. Origin of the roots of the accessory nerve in the goitred gazelle and Tuj sheep. Vet Res Commun. 2006;30:839-43 pubmed
  57. Ayebazibwe C, Mwiine F, Tjørnehøj K, Balinda S, Muwanika V, Ademun Okurut A, et al. The role of African buffalos (Syncerus caffer) in the maintenance of foot-and-mouth disease in Uganda. BMC Vet Res. 2010;6:54 pubmed publisher
    ..Detailed studies should be undertaken to define further the role of wildlife in the epidemiology of FMDV in East Africa. ..
  58. Bar Oz G, Zeder M, Hole F. Role of mass-kill hunting strategies in the extirpation of Persian gazelle (Gazella subgutturosa) in the northern Levant. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2011;108:7345-50 pubmed publisher
  59. Weber M, Junge R. Hypophosphatemia associated with hypovitaminosis-D in Speke's gazelles (Gazella spekei). J Zoo Wildl Med. 2001;32:379-83 pubmed
    ..Hypovitaminosis D has been confirmed in multiple Speke's gazelles in this collection, indicating possible deficiencies in the diet or in the amount of ultraviolet light available to the gazelles. ..
  60. Anderson T, Hopcraft J, Eby S, Ritchie M, Grace J, Olff H. Landscape-scale analyses suggest both nutrient and antipredator advantages to Serengeti herbivore hotspots. Ecology. 2010;91:1519-29 pubmed
    ..Our study highlights the collective and simultaneous role of bottom-up and top-down factors in determining ungulate spatial distributions. ..
  61. Nersting L, Arctander P. Phylogeography and conservation of impala and greater kudu. Mol Ecol. 2001;10:711-9 pubmed
    ..m. melampus. The previously unrecognized genetic status of the South-western kudus could also imply conservation regulations. ..
  62. Tripathi V, Sehgal J, Puniya A, Singh K. Hydrolytic activities of anaerobic fungi from wild blue bull (Boselaphus tragocamelus). Anaerobe. 2007;13:36-9 pubmed
    ..Based on the results obtained, it can be stated that Piromyces sp. WNG-12 may be a promising isolate in utilizing fibre rich diets in the rumen as evidenced by the production of hydrolytic enzymes in vitro...
  63. Apanaskevich D, Horak I. Two new species of African Haemaphysalis ticks (Acari: Ixodidae), carnivore parasites of the H. (Rhipistoma) leachi group. J Parasitol. 2008;94:594-607 pubmed publisher
    ..The hosts of the immature stages of H. (R.) colesbergensis are unknown, while nymphs of H. (R.) oliveri have been collected from rodents...
  64. Georoff T, Garner M, Hoover J, Backues K. Retrospective evaluation of idiopathic hematuria and associated pathology in Grant's gazelles (Gazella granti): 10 cases. J Zoo Wildl Med. 2009;40:639-51 pubmed
    ..interrogans serovars. No exposure to any toxic agent was identified. An underlying cause for vascular lesions associated with episodic hematuria in Grant's gazelles remains to be determined. ..
  65. Wohlsein P, Lehmbecker A, Spitzbarth I, Algermissen D, Baumgartner W, Böer M, et al. Fatal epizootic equine herpesvirus 1 infections in new and unnatural hosts. Vet Microbiol. 2011;149:456-60 pubmed publisher
    ..Cross-species transmission of EHV-1 should be considered in the management of captive wild equids and ungulates, particularly with respect to fatal disease in irreplaceable species. ..
  66. Garde J, Soler A, Cassinello J, Crespo C, Malo A, Espeso G, et al. Sperm cryopreservation in three species of endangered gazelles (Gazella cuvieri, G. dama mhorr, and G. dorcas neglecta). Biol Reprod. 2003;69:602-11 pubmed
    ..cuvieri. These differences were inversely related to the average values of inbreeding of these populations. The underlying mechanism responsible for these differences may be a differential resistance to osmotic shock. ..
  67. Berger K, Gese E, Berger J. Indirect effects and traditional trophic cascades: a test involving wolves, coyotes, and pronghorn. Ecology. 2008;89:818-28 pubmed
  68. Owen Smith N, Mills M. Shifting prey selection generates contrasting herbivore dynamics within a large-mammal predator-prey web. Ecology. 2008;89:1120-33 pubmed
  69. Coghlan M, Haile J, Houston J, Murray D, White N, Moolhuijzen P, et al. Deep sequencing of plant and animal DNA contained within traditional Chinese medicines reveals legality issues and health safety concerns. PLoS Genet. 2012;8:e1002657 pubmed publisher
  70. Yaralioglu Gurgoze S, Sindak N, Sahin T, Cen O. Levels of glutathione peroxidase, lipoperoxidase and some biochemical and haematological parameters in gazelles anaesthetised with a tiletamin-zolazepam-xylazine combination. Vet J. 2005;169:126-8 pubmed
  71. Saragusty J, Gacitua H, King R, Arav A. Post-mortem semen cryopreservation and characterization in two different endangered gazelle species (Gazella gazella and Gazella dorcas) and one subspecies (Gazella gazelle acaiae). Theriogenology. 2006;66:775-84 pubmed
    ..75+/-0.38 and low activity and poorly progressive with SMI of 46.16+/-1.53. Our results indicate that PM preservation of gazelle spermatozoa with satisfactory post-thaw viability is possible and cryobanking is achievable. ..
  72. Clegg S, Turnbull P, Foggin C, Lindeque P. Massive outbreak of anthrax in wildlife in the Malilangwe Wildlife Reserve, Zimbabwe. Vet Rec. 2007;160:113-8 pubmed
    ..To the authors' knowledge, this is the first record of anthrax in wildlife in Zimbabwe. ..
  73. Hopcraft J, Anderson T, Pérez Vila S, Mayemba E, Olff H. Body size and the division of niche space: food and predation differentially shape the distribution of Serengeti grazers. J Anim Ecol. 2012;81:201-13 pubmed publisher
    ..Furthermore, diverse grazing assemblages are composed of herbivores of many body sizes (rather than similar body sizes), because these herbivores best exploit the resources of different habitat types. ..
  74. Penkunas M, Coss R. A comparison of rural and urban Indian children's visual detection of threatening and nonthreatening animals. Dev Sci. 2013;16:463-75 pubmed publisher
    ..This consistency of urban and rural children with different exposure to dangerous animals suggests that detection of some dangerous species may reflect both experience in nature and visual biases shaped by natural selection. ..
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    ..As some of the offal organs had final pH readings above 6.0, alternative measures are required to inactivate certain endogenous pathogens in edible wild game offal sourced from endemic areas. ..
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    ..Additional FISH analyses were conducted to confirm other proposed chromosome homologies and to identify nucleolar organizing regions within the nilgai complement. ..
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    ..The secretion probably plays a role in demarcation of territories by dominant bulls. ..
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    ..These data provide useful information for studying on molecular adaptation to high-altitude in humans as well as other mammals. ..
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    ..Thus, this study adds to many empirical studies that show historical and contemporary extrinsic and intrinsic processes shape the recent evolutionary history and population genetic structure of species. ..
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    ..Furthermore, Besnoitia of cattle, wildebeest and goats had identical ITS1 rDNA sequences, which questions the use of the taxon Besnoitia caprae to describe the Besnoitia found in goats...
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    ..It further indicates the probable use of enterocins or its producers in environmental biotechnology with the aim to increase the effectiveness of sanitation of animal excrements after standard treatment. ..
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    ..Suspected dietary deficiency was confirmed by marginal tissue and serum copper concentrations in some of the herd's adult animals. Dietary copper levels were corrected to prevent future cases of clinical copper deficiency. ..
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    ..The results revealed that there was no significant difference in the number ticks per square metre between the wild ungulates and the domestic animals. ..
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    ..Low concentrations of fecal progestagen in females aged less than 18 months old indicated that sexual maturity in captivity is not attained before that age. ..
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    ..g. traditional Chinese medicines). ..
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    ..Genes associated with hypoxia seem to have experienced convergent evolution. Thus, our study suggests that common genetic mechanisms might have been utilized to enable high-altitude adaptation...
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    ..We conclude that a more rapid hydrolysis of SuCh in elephant plasma is one factor that contributes to the longer time to death compared to impala. ..
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    ..5) There may be a morula-to-blastocyst block for Tibetan antelope-goat, while there may be an 8- to 16-cell block for Tibetan antelope-rabbit embryos. ..
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