Summary: Various fish of the family SALMONIDAE, usually smaller than salmon. They are mostly restricted to cool clear freshwater. Some are anadromous. They are highly regarded for their handsome colors, rich well-flavored flesh, and gameness as an angling fish. The genera Salvelinus, Salmo, and ONCORHYNCHUS have been introduced virtually throughout the world.

Top Publications

  1. Crespo D, Bonnet E, Roher N, MacKenzie S, Krasnov A, Goetz F, et al. Cellular and molecular evidence for a role of tumor necrosis factor alpha in the ovulatory mechanism of trout. Reprod Biol Endocrinol. 2010;8:34 pubmed publisher
    ..the first time the effects of TNF alpha in vitro in preovulatory ovarian follicles of a teleost fish, the brown trout (Salmo trutta)...
  2. Helbo S, Fago A, Gesser H. Myoglobin-dependent O2 consumption of the hypoxic trout heart. Comp Biochem Physiol A Mol Integr Physiol. 2013;165:40-5 pubmed publisher
    ..which inhibits Mb function, compared to inert 20% N2 on the O2 consumption and twitch force in hypoxic rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) ventricle ring preparations...
  3. Galvano P, Johnson K, Wilson C, Pitcher T, Butts I. Ovarian fluid influences sperm performance in lake trout, Salvelinus namaycush. Reprod Biol. 2013;13:172-5 pubmed publisher sperm performance traits is due to male identity, female identity, and/or male×female interactions in lake trout, Salvelinus namaycush...
  4. Lajeunesse A, Gagnon C, Gagné F, Louis S, Cejka P, Sauve S. Distribution of antidepressants and their metabolites in brook trout exposed to municipal wastewaters before and after ozone treatment--evidence of biological effects. Chemosphere. 2011;83:564-71 pubmed publisher
    This study examined the tissues distribution of selected serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) in brook trout exposed for 3 months to continuous flow-through primary-treated effluent before and after ozone treatment...
  5. Starcevich S, Howell P, Jacobs S, Sankovich P. Seasonal movement and distribution of fluvial adult bull trout in selected watersheds in the mid-Columbia River and Snake River basins. PLoS ONE. 2012;7:e37257 pubmed publisher
    ..1997 to 2004, we used radio telemetry to investigate movement and distribution patterns of 206 adult fluvial bull trout (mean, 449 mm FL) from watersheds representing a wide range of habitat conditions in northeastern Oregon and ..
  6. Park B, Palace V, Wautier K, Gemmill B, Tomy G. Thyroid axis disruption in juvenile brown trout (Salmo trutta) exposed to the flame retardant ?-tetrabromoethylcyclohexane (?-TBECH) via the diet. Environ Sci Technol. 2011;45:7923-7 pubmed publisher
    ..To elucidate this, juvenile brown trout (Salmo trutta) were fed either a control diet or diets containing low, medium, or high doses of ?-TBECH, the ..
  7. Lancien F, Mimassi N, Conlon J, Le Mevel J. Central pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide (PACAP) and vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) decrease the baroreflex sensitivity in trout. Gen Comp Endocrinol. 2011;171:245-51 pubmed publisher
    ..Consequently, the goal of this study was to examine in our experimental model, the unanesthetized rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykiss, whether PACAP and VIP are involved in the regulation of the cardiac baroreflex sensitivity (..
  8. Lancien F, Wong M, Arab A, Mimassi N, Takei Y, Le Mevel J. Central ventilatory and cardiovascular actions of angiotensin peptides in trout. Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol. 2012;303:R311-20 pubmed publisher
    ..ventilatory and cardiovascular effects of intracerebroventricular injection of picomole doses (5-100 pmol) of trout [Asn(1)]-ANG II, [Asp(1)]-ANG II, ANG III, ANG IV, and ANG 1-7 into the third ventricle of unanesthetized trout...
  9. Hove Madsen L, Llach A, Tort L. The function of the sarcoplasmic reticulum is not inhibited by low temperatures in trout atrial myocytes. Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol. 2001;281:R1902-6 pubmed
    The effect of temperature on sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) Ca(2+) uptake and release was measured in trout atrial myocytes using the perforated patch-clamp technique...

More Information


  1. Guyomard R, Boussaha M, Krieg F, Hervet C, Quillet E. A synthetic rainbow trout linkage map provides new insights into the salmonid whole genome duplication and the conservation of synteny among teleosts. BMC Genet. 2012;13:15 pubmed publisher
    Rainbow trout is an economically important fish and a suitable experimental organism in many fields of biology including genome evolution, owing to the occurrence of a salmonid specific whole-genome duplication (4th WGD)...
  2. Macqueen D, Kristj nsson B, Johnston I. Salmonid genomes have a remarkably expanded akirin family, coexpressed with genes from conserved pathways governing skeletal muscle growth and catabolism. Physiol Genomics. 2010;42:134-48 pubmed publisher
    ..The salmonid akirins epitomize the complexity linking the genome to physiological phenotypes of vertebrates with a history of tetraploidization...
  3. Parsons K, Sheets H, Skulason S, Ferguson M. Phenotypic plasticity, heterochrony and ontogenetic repatterning during juvenile development of divergent Arctic charr (Salvelinus alpinus). J Evol Biol. 2011;24:1640-52 pubmed publisher
    ..However, plasticity in the spatial trajectory of development was extensive across ecomorphs, both with and without the inclusion of allometric variation, suggesting that different aspects of shape development can evolve independently. ..
  4. Paterson R, Townsend C, Poulin R, Tompkins D. Introduced brown trout alter native acanthocephalan infections in native fish. J Anim Ecol. 2011;80:990-8 pubmed publisher
    ..2. In New Zealand, negative correlations between the presence of introduced brown trout (Salmo trutta) and native parasite burdens of the native roundhead galaxias (Galaxias anomalus) have been observed,..
  5. Jonsson B, Jonsson N. A review of the likely effects of climate change on anadromous Atlantic salmon Salmo salar and brown trout Salmo trutta, with particular reference to water temperature and flow. J Fish Biol. 2009;75:2381-447 pubmed publisher
    ..traits in light of the ongoing climate change with emphasis on anadromous Atlantic salmon Salmo salar and brown trout Salmo trutta...
  6. Jensen L, Hansen M, Mensberg K, Loeschcke V. Spatially and temporally fluctuating selection at non-MHC immune genes: evidence from TAP polymorphism in populations of brown trout (Salmo trutta, L.). Heredity (Edinb). 2008;100:79-91 pubmed
    Temporal samples of Danish brown trout (Salmo trutta) from populations representing varying geographical scales were analysed using eight putatively neutral microsatellite loci and two microsatellite loci embedded in TAP genes (..
  7. Snoj A, Marić S, Bajec S, Berrebi P, Janjani S, Schöffmann J. Phylogeographic structure and demographic patterns of brown trout in North-West Africa. Mol Phylogenet Evol. 2011;61:203-11 pubmed publisher
    The objectives of the study were to determine the phylogeographic structure of brown trout (Salmo trutta) in Morocco, elucidate their colonization patterns in North-West Africa and identify the mtDNA lineages involved in this process...
  8. Parsons K, Skulason S, Ferguson M. Morphological variation over ontogeny and environments in resource polymorphic arctic charr (Salvelinus alpinus). Evol Dev. 2010;12:246-57 pubmed publisher
    ..Thus, environmental conditions may play an important role in determining the type and amount of genetically based phenotypic variation exposed to natural selection. ..
  9. Meier K, Hansen M, Bekkevold D, Skaala Ø, Mensberg K. An assessment of the spatial scale of local adaptation in brown trout (Salmo trutta L.): footprints of selection at microsatellite DNA loci. Heredity (Edinb). 2011;106:488-99 pubmed publisher
    ..anonymous and expressed sequence tag- and quantitative trait locus-linked markers) in 15 anadromous wild brown trout (Salmo trutta L...
  10. Meland S, Farmen E, Heier L, Rosseland B, Salbu B, Song Y, et al. Hepatic gene expression profile in brown trout (Salmo trutta) exposed to traffic related contaminants. Sci Total Environ. 2011;409:1430-43 pubmed publisher
    ..The present paper presents result from a transcriptional (microarray) screening performed on liver from brown trout (Salmo trutta) acutely exposed (4h) to traffic-related contaminants during washing of a highway tunnel outside the ..
  11. Apostolidis A, Stoumboudi M, Kalogianni E, Cote G, Bernatchez L. Genetic divergence among native trout Salmo trutta populations from southern Balkans based on mitochondrial DNA and microsatellite variation. J Fish Biol. 2011;79:1950-60 pubmed publisher
    The genetic structure and the phylogenetic relationships among five Balkan populations of trout Salmo trutta that have been classified earlier into five different taxa were studied, using microsatellite and mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) ..
  12. Wenger S, Isaak D, Luce C, Neville H, Fausch K, Dunham J, et al. Flow regime, temperature, and biotic interactions drive differential declines of trout species under climate change. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2011;108:14175-80 pubmed publisher
    ..model to forecast the effects of altered flows and increased temperatures on four interacting species of trout across the interior western United States (1...
  13. Jacob A, Evanno G, von Siebenthal B, Grossen C, Wedekind C. Effects of different mating scenarios on embryo viability in brown trout. Mol Ecol. 2010;19:5296-307 pubmed publisher
    ..We sampled a natural population of adult migratory brown trout (Salmo trutta), bred them in vitro in a half-sib breeding design to separate genetic from maternal environmental ..
  14. Kaspersson R, Höjesjö J, Bohlin T. Habitat exclusion and reduced growth: a field experiment on the effects of inter-cohort competition in young-of-the-year brown trout. Oecologia. 2012;169:733-42 pubmed publisher
    ..of inter-cohort competition, using habitat selection, body-size and density of newly emerged (age-0) brown trout (Salmo trutta) as response variables...
  15. O FARRELL B, Dennis C, Benzie J, McGinnity P, Carlsson J, de Eyto E, et al. Balancing selection on MHC class I in wild brown trout Salmo trutta. J Fish Biol. 2012;81:1357-74 pubmed publisher
    ..for balancing selection acting on variation at major histocompatibility complex (MHC) in wild populations of brown trout Salmo trutta...
  16. Goetz F, Rosauer D, Sitar S, Goetz G, Simchick C, Roberts S, et al. A genetic basis for the phenotypic differentiation between siscowet and lean lake trout (Salvelinus namaycush). Mol Ecol. 2010;19 Suppl 1:176-96 pubmed publisher
    In Lake Superior there are three principal forms of lake trout (Salvelinus namaycush): lean, siscowet and humper...
  17. Uchea C, Sarda S, Schulz Utermoehl T, Owen S, Chipman K. In vitro models of xenobiotic metabolism in trout for use in environmental bioaccumulation studies. Xenobiotica. 2013;43:421-31 pubmed publisher
    ..ethoxyresorufin-O-deethylation (relative to S9 protein) measured under different conditions of culture of rainbow trout hepatocytes were significantly higher than those detected in S9, in the order of freshly isolated hepatocytes > ..
  18. Stelkens R, Pompini M, Wedekind C. Testing for local adaptation in brown trout using reciprocal transplants. BMC Evol Biol. 2012;12:247 pubmed publisher
    ..Here, we reciprocally transplanted 2500 brown trout (Salmo trutta) embryos from five populations to investigate local adaptation in early life history traits...
  19. Pustovrh G, Sušnik Bajec S, Snoj A. Evolutionary relationship between marble trout of the northern and the southern Adriatic basin. Mol Phylogenet Evol. 2011;59:761-6 pubmed publisher
    Marble trout (Salmo marmoratus) populate two geographically separated areas in the northern and southern parts of the Adriatic Sea drainage...
  20. Kanno Y, Vokoun J, Letcher B. Fine-scale population structure and riverscape genetics of brook trout (Salvelinus fontinalis) distributed continuously along headwater channel networks. Mol Ecol. 2011;20:3711-29 pubmed publisher
    ..population structure and influence of stream habitat on individual-level genetic differentiation in brook trout (Salvelinus fontinalis) by genotyping eight microsatellite loci in 740 individuals in two headwater channel ..
  21. Sloman K, Baron M. Conspecific presence affects the physiology and behaviour of developing trout. Physiol Behav. 2010;99:599-604 pubmed publisher
    ..of conspecifics (from isolation to groups of 20, 50, 100 and 200) on the physiology and behaviour of developing trout was investigated with the hypothesis that a) conspecific presence would alter physiological processes and b) that ..
  22. Lamaze F, Sauvage C, Marie A, Garant D, Bernatchez L. Dynamics of introgressive hybridization assessed by SNP population genomics of coding genes in stocked brook charr (Salvelinus fontinalis). Mol Ecol. 2012;21:2877-95 pubmed publisher
  23. Sloman K. Exposure of ova to cortisol pre-fertilisation affects subsequent behaviour and physiology of brown trout. Horm Behav. 2010;58:433-9 pubmed publisher
    ..Here I demonstrate that a brief (3h) exposure of brown trout eggs to a physiologically relevant ( approximately 500 microg l(-)(1)) concentration of cortisol pre-fertilisation ..
  24. Serbezov D, Jorde P, Bernatchez L, Olsen E, Vøllestad L. Short-term genetic changes: evaluating effective population size estimates in a comprehensively described brown trout (Salmo trutta) population. Genetics. 2012;191:579-92 pubmed publisher
    ..estimates are affected by various factors in an exhaustively sampled and comprehensively described natural brown trout (Salmo trutta) system...
  25. Jørgensen A, Torp K, Bjørland M, Poppe T. Wild arctic char Salvelinus alpinus and trout Salmo trutta: hosts and reservoir of the salmonid pathogen Spironucleus salmonicida (Diplomonadida; Hexamitidae). Dis Aquat Organ. 2011;97:57-63 pubmed publisher
    ..In the present study, wild Arctic char Salvelinus alpinus and brown trout Salmo trutta were sampled from the lakes used as a water source for the smolt supplier...
  26. Tejedor J, Vela A, Gibello A, Casamayor A, Dominguez L, Fernandez Garayzabal J. A genetic comparison of pig, cow and trout isolates of Lactococcus garvieae by PFGE analysis. Lett Appl Microbiol. 2011;53:614-9 pubmed publisher
    ..Genetic comparison of Lactococcus garvieae isolated from mammals and fish...
  27. Horreo J, Ayllon F, Perez J, Beall E, Garcia Vazquez E. Interspecific hybridization, a matter of pioneering? Insights from Atlantic salmon and brown trout. J Hered. 2011;102:237-42 pubmed publisher
    ..Atlantic salmon Salmo salar and brown trout S...
  28. Pilgrim B, Perry R, Barron J, Marshall H. Nucleotide variation in the mitochondrial genome provides evidence for dual routes of postglacial recolonization and genetic recombination in the northeastern brook trout (Salvelinus fontinalis). Genet Mol Res. 2012;11:3466-81 pubmed publisher
    ..and possible routes of postglacial recolonization of the world's northernmost native populations of brook trout (Salvelinus fontinalis), which are found in Labrador, Canada...
  29. Tiira K, Laurila A, Enberg K, Piironen J. Short-term dominance: stability and consequences for subsequent growth. J Fish Biol. 2009;74:2374-85 pubmed publisher
    Dominance status was determined among groups of four fish by using individuals from eight brown trout Salmo trutta populations. Subsequent growth of the fish was later recorded in larger groups...
  30. Marco Rius F, Caballero P, Morán P, Garcia de Leaniz C. And the last shall be first: heterochrony and compensatory marine growth in sea trout (Salmo trutta). PLoS ONE. 2012;7:e45528 pubmed publisher
    ..We used scale analysis to reconstruct growth trajectories of migratory sea trout (Salmo trutta) from six neighbouring populations, and compared the size individuals attained in freshwater (before ..
  31. Urke H, Kristensen T, Arnekleiv J, Haugen T, Kjærstad G, Stefansson S, et al. Seawater tolerance and post-smolt migration of wild Atlantic salmon Salmo salar × brown trout S. trutta hybrid smolts. J Fish Biol. 2013;82:206-27 pubmed publisher
    High levels of hybridization between Atlantic salmon Salmo salar and brown trout Salmo trutta have been reported in the River Driva...
  32. Meeuwig M, Guy C, Kalinowski S, Fredenberg W. Landscape influences on genetic differentiation among bull trout populations in a stream-lake network. Mol Ecol. 2010;19:3620-33 pubmed publisher
    This study examined the influence of landscape heterogeneity on genetic differentiation between migratory bull trout (Salvelinus confluentus) populations in Glacier National Park, Montana...
  33. Rescan P, Montfort J, Fautrel A, Ralliere C, Lebret V. Gene expression profiling of the hyperplastic growth zones of the late trout embryo myotome using laser capture microdissection and microarray analysis. BMC Genomics. 2013;14:173 pubmed publisher
    ..In trout, this process begins in the late embryo stage and occurs in both a discrete, continuous layer at the surface of ..
  34. Xu C, Letcher B, Nislow K. Size-dependent survival of brook trout Salvelinus fontinalis in summer: effects of water temperature and stream flow. J Fish Biol. 2010;76:2342-69 pubmed publisher
    A 5 year individual-based data set was used to estimate size-specific survival rates in a wild brook trout Salvelinus fontinalis population in a stream network encompassing a mainstem and three tributaries (1...
  35. Regnier T, Labonne J, Gaudin P, Bolliet V. Influence of energetic status on ontogenetic niche shifts: emergence from the redd is linked to metabolic rate in brown trout. Oecologia. 2012;168:371-80 pubmed publisher
    ..In this study, we measure energetic content and metabolic rate of individual brown trout (Salmo trutta) fry at emergence from gravel to investigate the influence of energetic status on the timing of this ..
  36. Rogell B, Dannewitz J, Palm S, Petersson E, Dahl J, Prestegaard T, et al. Strong divergence in trait means but not in plasticity across hatchery and wild populations of sea-run brown trout Salmo trutta. Mol Ecol. 2012;21:2963-76 pubmed publisher
    ..We studied divergence in means and plasticity across wild and hatchery populations of sea-run brown trout (Salmo trutta) in a common garden experiment with two rearing environments (hatchery and a nearly natural ..
  37. Carlson D, De Vault D, Swackhamer D. On the rate of decline of persistent organic contaminants in lake trout (Salvelinus namaycush) from the Great Lakes, 1970-2003. Environ Sci Technol. 2010;44:2004-10 pubmed publisher
    ..Great Lakes Fish Monitoring Program (GLFMP) show significant changes in the behavior of most contaminants in lake trout over time consistent with changes in contaminant inputs following regulation and remediation...
  38. Murray A, Hall M, Munro L, Wallace I. Modelling management strategies for a disease including undetected sub-clinical infection: bacterial kidney disease in Scottish salmon and trout farms. Epidemics. 2011;3:171-82 pubmed publisher
    ..Culling appears of little value for BKD control. BKD prevalence for rainbow trout farms is less sensitive to controls than it is for Atlantic salmon farms and so different management strategies ..
  39. Bougas B, Granier S, Audet C, Bernatchez L. The transcriptional landscape of cross-specific hybrids and its possible link with growth in brook charr (Salvelinus fontinalis Mitchill). Genetics. 2010;186:97-107 pubmed publisher
  40. Norman J, Danzmann R, Glebe B, Ferguson M. The genetic basis of salinity tolerance traits in Arctic charr (Salvelinus alpinus). BMC Genet. 2011;12:81 pubmed publisher
    ..Comparative genomics approaches allowed us to infer whether allelic variation at candidate gene loci (e.g., ATP1?1b, NKCC1, CFTR, and cldn10e) could have underlain observed variation...
  41. Zwollo P, Mott K, Barr M. Comparative analyses of B cell populations in trout kidney and mouse bone marrow: establishing "B cell signatures". Dev Comp Immunol. 2010;34:1291-9 pubmed publisher
    ..aimed to identify the frequency and distribution of developing B cell populations in the kidney of the rainbow trout, using four molecular B cell markers that are highly conserved between species, including two transcription ..
  42. Timusk E, Ferguson M, Moghadam H, Norman J, Wilson C, Danzmann R. Genome evolution in the fish family salmonidae: generation of a brook charr genetic map and comparisons among charrs (Arctic charr and brook charr) with rainbow trout. BMC Genet. 2011;12:68 pubmed publisher
    ..The formation of quadrivalents during meiosis leads to pseudolinkage. This phenomenon is more prevalent within 5 of the 12 ancestral teleost linkage groups in salmonids...
  43. Polakof S, Alvarez R, Soengas J. Gut glucose metabolism in rainbow trout: implications in glucose homeostasis and glucosensing capacity. Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol. 2010;299:R19-32 pubmed publisher
    ..of the present study was to evaluate the relative contribution of the intestine to glucose homeostasis in rainbow trout. In a first set of in vivo experiments trout were subjected to oral glucose treatments alone or in combination ..
  44. Marie A, Bernatchez L, Garant D. Loss of genetic integrity correlates with stocking intensity in brook charr (Salvelinus fontinalis). Mol Ecol. 2010;19:2025-37 pubmed publisher
    ..We discuss the implications for the conservation of exploited fish populations and the management of stocking practices...
  45. Lo Brutto S, Hristovski N, Arculeo M. Genetic divergence between morphological forms of brown trout Salmo trutta L. in the Balkan region of Macedonia. J Fish Biol. 2010;76:1220-7 pubmed publisher
    The objective of this study was to characterize the genetic structure of two Balkan brown trout morphotypes, Salmo macedonicus and Salmo pelagonicus, and to test whether molecular traits support the species' status proposed by ..
  46. Durrant C, Stevens J, Hogstrand C, Bury N. The effect of metal pollution on the population genetic structure of brown trout (Salmo trutta L.) residing in the River Hayle, Cornwall, UK. Environ Pollut. 2011;159:3595-603 pubmed publisher
    ..Hayle river water is toxic to metal-naive brown trout, but brown trout are found in the upper and lower regions...
  47. Carney Almroth B, Johansson A, Förlin L, Sturve J. Early-age changes in oxidative stress in brown trout, Salmo trutta. Comp Biochem Physiol B Biochem Mol Biol. 2010;155:442-8 pubmed publisher other organisms is associated with aging as well as with periods of rapid growth, which occurs in young brown trout. We measured protein carbonyls, 20S proteosome activity and glutathione (GSH) levels in farmed Salmo trutta in ..
  48. Serbezov D, Bernatchez L, Olsen E, Vøllestad L. Mating patterns and determinants of individual reproductive success in brown trout (Salmo trutta) revealed by parentage analysis of an entire stream living population. Mol Ecol. 2010;19:3193-205 pubmed publisher
    ..of individual reproductive success under natural conditions for an exhaustively sampled stream-resident brown trout (Salmo trutta) population...
  49. Middlemas S, Stewart D, Mackay S, Armstrong J. Habitat use and dispersal of post-smolt sea trout Salmo trutta in a Scottish sea loch system. J Fish Biol. 2009;74:639-51 pubmed publisher
    Post-smolt anadromous brown trout Salmo trutta, sea trout, from two Scottish west coast rivers, the Balgy and Shieldaig, flowing into adjacent sea lochs were tracked simultaneously using arrays of moored acoustic receivers to determine ..
  50. Garseth A, Fritsvold C, Opheim M, Skjerve E, Biering E. Piscine reovirus (PRV) in wild Atlantic salmon, Salmo salar L., and sea-trout, Salmo trutta L., in Norway. J Fish Dis. 2013;36:483-93 pubmed publisher
    ..In addition, anadromous trout (sea-trout), Salmo trutta L., caught from 2007 to 2010, and anadromous Arctic char, Salvelinus alpinus (L...
  51. Butts I, Johnson K, Wilson C, Pitcher T. Ovarian fluid enhances sperm velocity based on relatedness in lake trout, Salvelinus namaycush. Theriogenology. 2012;78:2105-2109.e1 pubmed publisher
    ..The objective was to assess whether ovarian fluid enhances sperm performance based on relatedness of mates in lake trout, Salvelinus namaycush, an iteroparous salmonid...
  52. Varian A, Nichols K. Heritability of morphology in brook trout with variable life histories. PLoS ONE. 2010;5:e12950 pubmed publisher
    ..In this study, we examined the heritability of morphology in three hatchery strains of brook trout (Salvelinus fontinalis), which were historically or are currently used for stocking and supplementation of both ..
  53. Elliott J, Elliott J. Temperature requirements of Atlantic salmon Salmo salar, brown trout Salmo trutta and Arctic charr Salvelinus alpinus: predicting the effects of climate change. J Fish Biol. 2010;77:1793-817 pubmed publisher
    Atlantic salmon Salmo salar, brown trout Salmo trutta (including the anadromous form, sea trout) and Arctic charr Salvelinus alpinus (including anadromous fish) provide important commercial and sports fisheries in Western Europe...
  54. Kapralova K, Morrissey M, Kristjánsson B, Olafsdóttir G, Snorrason S, Ferguson M. Evolution of adaptive diversity and genetic connectivity in Arctic charr (Salvelinus alpinus) in Iceland. Heredity (Edinb). 2011;106:472-87 pubmed publisher
    ..We conclude that contemporary and recent patterns of restricted gene flow have been highly conducive to the evolution and maintenance of adaptive genetic variation in Icelandic Arctic charr...
  55. Jensen H, Kiljunen M, Amundsen P. Dietary ontogeny and niche shift to piscivory in lacustrine brown trout Salmo trutta revealed by stomach content and stable isotope analyses. J Fish Biol. 2012;80:2448-62 pubmed publisher
    The feeding ecology and ontogeny of a large size range of brown trout Salmo trutta in Lake Fyresvatnet, southern Norway, were examined by stomach content and stable isotope analyses. According to the stomach contents, the S...
  56. Stelkens R, Jaffuel G, Escher M, Wedekind C. Genetic and phenotypic population divergence on a microgeographic scale in brown trout. Mol Ecol. 2012;21:2896-915 pubmed publisher
    ..We measured the genetic and eco-morphological diversity of brown trout (Salmo trutta) in a Swiss stream system, using multivariate statistics and Bayesian clustering...
  57. Schmidt Posthaus H, Polkinghorne A, Nufer L, Schifferli A, Zimmermann D, Segner H, et al. A natural freshwater origin for two chlamydial species, Candidatus Piscichlamydia salmonis and Candidatus Clavochlamydia salmonicola, causing mixed infections in wild brown trout (Salmo trutta). Environ Microbiol. 2012;14:2048-57 pubmed publisher
    ..In this study, we address these questions by investigating a wild brown trout (Salmo trutta) population from seven different sites within a Swiss river system...
  58. Macqueen D, Kristjansson B, Paxton C, Vieira V, Johnston I. The parallel evolution of dwarfism in Arctic charr is accompanied by adaptive divergence in mTOR-pathway gene expression. Mol Ecol. 2011;20:3167-84 pubmed publisher
  59. Norin T, Malte H. Repeatability of standard metabolic rate, active metabolic rate and aerobic scope in young brown trout during a period of moderate food availability. J Exp Biol. 2011;214:1668-75 pubmed publisher
    ..the temporal repeatability of individual SMR, AMR and AAS, as well as repeatability of body mass, in young brown trout (Salmo trutta L.) fed a moderately restricted diet (0.5-0.7% fish mass day?¹)...
  60. O FARRELL B, Benzie J, McGinnity P, Carlsson J, Eyto E, Dillane E, et al. MHC-mediated spatial distribution in brown trout (Salmo trutta) fry. Heredity (Edinb). 2012;108:403-9 pubmed publisher
    ..complex (MHC) class I-linked microsatellite data and parental assignment data for a group of wild brown trout (Salmo trutta L...
  61. Hansen M, Meier K, Mensberg K. Identifying footprints of selection in stocked brown trout populations: a spatio-temporal approach. Mol Ecol. 2010;19:1787-800 pubmed publisher
    ..We studied three brown trout populations in Denmark which have been significantly admixed with stocked hatchery trout (19-64%), along with two ..
  62. Seiliez I, Taty Taty G, Bugeon J, Dias K, Sabin N, Gabillard J. Myostatin induces atrophy of trout myotubes through inhibiting the TORC1 signaling and promoting Ubiquitin-Proteasome and Autophagy-Lysosome degradative pathways. Gen Comp Endocrinol. 2013;186:9-15 pubmed publisher
    ..Here, we show that treatment of cultured trout myotubes with human recombinant MSTN (huMSTN) resulted in a significant decrease of their diameter by up to 20%, ..
  63. Charlier J, Palme A, Laikre L, Andersson J, Ryman N. Census (N C) and genetically effective (N e) population size in a lake-resident population of brown trout Salmo trutta. J Fish Biol. 2011;79:2074-82 pubmed publisher
    Census (N(C)) and effective population size (N(e)) were estimated for a lake-resident population of brown trout Salmo trutta as 576 and 63, respectively...
  64. Kaspersson R, Höjesjö J. Density-dependent growth rate in an age-structured population: a field study on stream-dwelling brown trout Salmo trutta. J Fish Biol. 2009;74:2196-215 pubmed publisher
    ..aiming to examine the direct and indirect consequences of density-dependent intercohort competition in brown trout Salmo trutta...
  65. Serbezov D, Bernatchez L, Olsen E, Vøllestad L. Quantitative genetic parameters for wild stream-living brown trout: heritability and parental effects. J Evol Biol. 2010;23:1631-41 pubmed publisher
    ..Here, we estimate heritability of length-at-age for wild-living brown trout (Salmo trutta), based on long-term mark-recapture data and pedigree reconstruction based on large-scale genotyping ..
  66. Czesny S, Dettmers J, Rinchard J, Dabrowski K. Linking egg thiamine and fatty acid concentrations of Lake Michigan lake trout with early life stage mortality. J Aquat Anim Health. 2009;21:262-71 pubmed publisher
    The natural reproduction of lake trout Salvelinus namaycush in Lake Michigan is thought to be compromised by nutritional deficiency associated with inadequate levels of thiamine (vitamin B1) in their eggs...
  67. Norin T, Malte H. Intraspecific variation in aerobic metabolic rate of fish: relations with organ size and enzyme activity in brown trout. Physiol Biochem Zool. 2012;85:645-56 pubmed publisher
    ..In this study, we assessed the extent of intraspecific variation in metabolic rate within a group of brown trout (Salmo trutta L...
  68. Brockmark S, Adriaenssens B, Johnsson J. Less is more: density influences the development of behavioural life skills in trout. Proc Biol Sci. 2010;277:3035-43 pubmed publisher
    ..Brown trout were reared at three densities (conventional hatchery density, a fourth of conventional hatchery density and ..
  69. Norman J, Robinson M, Glebe B, Ferguson M, Danzmann R. Genomic arrangement of salinity tolerance QTLs in salmonids: a comparative analysis of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) with Arctic charr (Salvelinus alpinus) and rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss). BMC Genomics. 2012;13:420 pubmed publisher
    Quantitative trait locus (QTL) studies show that variation in salinity tolerance in Arctic charr and rainbow trout has a genetic basis, even though both these species have low to moderate salinity tolerance capacities...
  70. Hoogenboom M, Metcalfe N, Groothuis T, de Vries B, Costantini D. Relationship between oxidative stress and circulating testosterone and cortisol in pre-spawning female brown trout. Comp Biochem Physiol A Mol Integr Physiol. 2012;163:379-87 pubmed publisher
    ..oxygen metabolites) and circulating testosterone and cortisol in a common and widespread teleost fish, the brown trout (Salmo trutta, L.)...
  71. Miller I, Cheal A, Emslie M, Logan M, Sweatman H. Ongoing effects of no-take marine reserves on commercially exploited coral trout populations on the Great Barrier Reef. Mar Environ Res. 2012;79:167-70 pubmed publisher
    ..Using manta tow we assessed the effectiveness of the new NTMRs in conserving coral trout (Plectropomus and Variola spp.), the principle targets of the GBR reef line fishery...