salmo salar

Summary

Summary: A commercially important species of SALMON in the family SALMONIDAE, order SALMONIFORMES, which occurs in the North Atlantic.

Top Publications

  1. Basrur T, Longland R, Wilkinson R. Effects of repeated crowding on the stress response and growth performance in Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar). Fish Physiol Biochem. 2010;36:445-450 pubmed publisher
    ..Overall, the relatively moderate impact on growth performance and reduction in magnitude of measured stress parameters at the end of the experiment suggests possible habituation to the applied stressor. ..
  2. Kalgraff C, Wergeland H, Pettersen E. Flow cytometry assays of respiratory burst in Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.) and in Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua L.) leucocytes. Fish Shellfish Immunol. 2011;31:381-8 pubmed publisher
  3. Ozerov M, Vasemägi A, Wennevik V, Niemelä E, Prusov S, Kent M, et al. Cost-effective genome-wide estimation of allele frequencies from pooled DNA in Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.). BMC Genomics. 2013;14:12 pubmed publisher
    ..have tested the effectiveness of DNA pooling to obtain accurate allele frequency estimates for Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.) populations using an Illumina SNP-chip...
  4. Bourret V, Kent M, Primmer C, Vasemägi A, Karlsson S, Hindar K, et al. SNP-array reveals genome-wide patterns of geographical and potential adaptive divergence across the natural range of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar). Mol Ecol. 2013;22:532-51 pubmed publisher
    Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) is one of the most extensively studied fish species in the world due to its significance in aquaculture, fisheries and ongoing conservation efforts to protect declining populations...
  5. Yousaf M, Koppang E, Skjødt K, Köllner B, Hordvik I, Zou J, et al. Cardiac pathological changes of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.) affected with heart and skeletal muscle inflammation (HSMI). Fish Shellfish Immunol. 2012;33:305-15 pubmed publisher
  6. McBeath A, Fourrier M, Munro E, Falk K, Snow M. Presence of a full-length highly polymorphic region (HPR) in the ISAV haemagglutinin-esterase does not affect the primary functions of receptor binding and esterase activity. Arch Virol. 2011;156:2285-9 pubmed publisher
  7. Raatz S, Rosenberger T, Johnson L, Wolters W, Burr G, Picklo M. Dose-dependent consumption of farmed Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) increases plasma phospholipid n-3 fatty acids differentially. J Acad Nutr Diet. 2013;113:282-7 pubmed publisher
    ..0001). The addition of farmed Atlantic salmon to the diet twice per week for 4 weeks at portions of 180 g and 270 g modifies phospholipid fatty acid proportions of n-3 and n-6 in a level associated with decreased risk for CVD. ..
  8. Niklasson L, Sundh H, Fridell F, Taranger G, Sundell K. Disturbance of the intestinal mucosal immune system of farmed Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar), in response to long-term hypoxic conditions. Fish Shellfish Immunol. 2011;31:1072-80 pubmed publisher
    ..Moreover, the effects of low DO levels on the immune factors examined were more pronounced in the 16 °C experiment suggesting additive effects of high temperatures. ..
  9. Zerihun M, Nilsen H, Hodneland S, Colquhoun D. Mycobacterium salmoniphilum infection in farmed Atlantic salmon, Salmo salar L. J Fish Dis. 2011;34:769-81 pubmed publisher
    ..in moribund and newly dead market-sized fish during a period of increased mortality in an Atlantic salmon, Salmo salar, farm in western Norway...

More Information

Publications108 found, 100 shown here

  1. Johnstone K, Lubieniecki K, Koop B, Davidson W. Identification of olfactory receptor genes in Atlantic salmon Salmo salar. J Fish Biol. 2012;81:559-75 pubmed publisher
    ..Therefore, to understand the molecular basis for imprinting and homing in Atlantic salmon Salmo salar it is important to identify and characterize the repertoire of olfactory receptors in this species...
  2. Løkka G, Austbø L, Falk K, Bjerkås I, Koppang E. Intestinal morphology of the wild Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar). J Morphol. 2013;274:859-76 pubmed publisher
    The worldwide-industrialized production of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) has increased dramatically during the last decades, followed by diseases related to the on-going domestication process as a growing concern...
  3. Gu J, Krogdahl A, Sissener N, Kortner T, Gelencsér E, Hemre G, et al. Effects of oral Bt-maize (MON810) exposure on growth and health parameters in normal and sensitised Atlantic salmon, Salmo salar L. Br J Nutr. 2013;109:1408-23 pubmed publisher
    ..Longer-term experiments and more in-depth studies on intestinal physiology and immune responses are needed to evaluate health implications. ..
  4. Song Y, Salbu B, Heier L, Teien H, Lind O, Oughton D, et al. Early stress responses in Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) exposed to environmentally relevant concentrations of uranium. Aquat Toxicol. 2012;112-113:62-71 pubmed publisher
    ..In order to understand the effect and mode of action (MoA) of U in vivo, juvenile Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) were exposed to 0.25 mg/L, 0.5 mg/L and 1...
  5. Kortner T, Skugor S, Penn M, Mydland L, Djordjevic B, Hillestad M, et al. Dietary soyasaponin supplementation to pea protein concentrate reveals nutrigenomic interactions underlying enteropathy in Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar). BMC Vet Res. 2012;8:101 pubmed publisher
    ..Multiple gene expression profiling further characterised the inflammation and described the intestinal pathology at the molecular level. ..
  6. Cantas L, Fraser T, Fjelldal P, Mayer I, Sørum H. The culturable intestinal microbiota of triploid and diploid juvenile Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) - a comparison of composition and drug resistance. BMC Vet Res. 2011;7:71 pubmed publisher
    ..influences culturable intestinal microbiota composition and bacterial drug resistance in Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar)...
  7. Urke H, Kristensen T, Arnekleiv J, Haugen T, Kjærstad G, Stefansson S, et al. Seawater tolerance and post-smolt migration of wild Atlantic salmon Salmo salar × brown trout S. trutta hybrid smolts. J Fish Biol. 2013;82:206-27 pubmed publisher
    High levels of hybridization between Atlantic salmon Salmo salar and brown trout Salmo trutta have been reported in the River Driva...
  8. Landeira Dabarca A, Sieiro C, Alvarez M. Change in food ingestion induces rapid shifts in the diversity of microbiota associated with cutaneous mucus of Atlantic salmon Salmo salar. J Fish Biol. 2013;82:893-906 pubmed publisher
    ..and composition of mucous-dwelling microorganisms, a short-term experiment was conducted with Atlantic salmon Salmo salar. Fish were fed on three different diets: pelleted S...
  9. Wolf A, Hodneland K, Frost P, Braaen S, Rimstad E. A hemagglutinin-esterase-expressing salmonid alphavirus replicon protects Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) against infectious salmon anemia (ISA). Vaccine. 2013;31:661-9 pubmed publisher
    ..Following a single intramuscular immunization, Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) were effectively protected against subsequent ISAV challenge...
  10. Wang S, Kryvi H, Grotmol S, Wargelius A, Krossøy C, Epple M, et al. Mineralization of the vertebral bodies in Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.) is initiated segmentally in the form of hydroxyapatite crystal accretions in the notochord sheath. J Anat. 2013;223:159-70 pubmed publisher
    ..morphological and molecular biological study of the development of the vertebral bodies in Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.)...
  11. Valdes Donoso P, Mardones F, Jarpa M, Ulloa M, Carpenter T, Perez A. Co-infection patterns of infectious salmon anaemia and sea lice in farmed Atlantic salmon, Salmo salar L., in southern Chile (2007-2009). J Fish Dis. 2013;36:353-60 pubmed publisher
    ..The findings of this study suggest that certain management practices can effectively reduce the risk of SL and ISAV in the face of an epidemic and will be helpful towards creating an effective disease control programme in Chile. ..
  12. Hølvold L, Fredriksen B, Bøgwald J, Dalmo R. Transgene and immune gene expression following intramuscular injection of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.) with DNA-releasing PLGA nano- and microparticles. Fish Shellfish Immunol. 2013;35:890-9 pubmed publisher
    ..We injected Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L...
  13. Alvheim A, Torstensen B, Lin Y, Lillefosse H, Lock E, Madsen L, et al. Dietary linoleic acid elevates endogenous 2-arachidonoylglycerol and anandamide in Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.) and mice, and induces weight gain and inflammation in mice. Br J Nutr. 2013;109:1508-17 pubmed publisher
    ..Vegetable oils are recognised as suitable alternatives to fish oil (FO) in feed for Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.) but introduce high amounts of LA in the salmon fillet...
  14. Otero J, Jensen A, L Abée Lund J, Stenseth N, Storvik G, Vøllestad L. Quantifying the ocean, freshwater and human effects on year-to-year variability of one-sea-winter Atlantic salmon angled in multiple Norwegian rivers. PLoS ONE. 2011;6:e24005 pubmed publisher
    Many Atlantic salmon, Salmo salar, populations are decreasing throughout the species' distributional range probably due to several factors acting in concert...
  15. Finstad O, Falk K, Løvoll M, Evensen O, Rimstad E. Immunohistochemical detection of piscine reovirus (PRV) in hearts of Atlantic salmon coincide with the course of heart and skeletal muscle inflammation (HSMI). Vet Res. 2012;43:27 pubmed publisher
    ..Heart and skeletal muscle inflammation (HSMI) is one example of an emerging disease in farmed Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L)...
  16. Martinez Rubio L, Morais S, Evensen Ø, Wadsworth S, Ruohonen K, Vecino J, et al. Functional feeds reduce heart inflammation and pathology in Atlantic Salmon (Salmo salar L.) following experimental challenge with Atlantic salmon reovirus (ASRV). PLoS ONE. 2012;7:e40266 pubmed publisher
    ..The modulation of gene expression between fish fed the different feeds provided further insight into the molecular mechanisms and progression of the inflammatory and immune responses to ASRV infection in salmon. ..
  17. Skjesol A, Skjæveland I, Elnæs M, Timmerhaus G, Fredriksen B, Jørgensen S, et al. IPNV with high and low virulence: host immune responses and viral mutations during infection. Virol J. 2011;8:396 pubmed publisher
    ..However little is known about the rates and modes of sequence divergence and molecular mechanisms that determine virulence. Also how the host response may influence IPNV virulence is poorly described...
  18. Toenshoff E, Kvellestad A, Mitchell S, Steinum T, Falk K, Colquhoun D, et al. A novel betaproteobacterial agent of gill epitheliocystis in seawater farmed Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar). PLoS ONE. 2012;7:e32696 pubmed publisher
    ..In conclusion, this study identified a novel agent of epitheliocystis in sea-farmed Atlantic salmon and demonstrated that these cysts can be caused by bacteria phylogenetically distinct from the Chlamydiae...
  19. Munang andu H, Fredriksen B, Mutoloki S, Dalmo R, Evensen Ø. Antigen dose and humoral immune response correspond with protection for inactivated infectious pancreatic necrosis virus vaccines in Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L). Vet Res. 2013;44:7 pubmed publisher
    ..better understand the immunological basis of vaccine protection, an efficacy trial including Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L...
  20. Sun B, Skjæveland I, Svingerud T, Zou J, Jørgensen J, Robertsen B. Antiviral activity of salmonid gamma interferon against infectious pancreatic necrosis virus and salmonid alphavirus and its dependency on type I interferon. J Virol. 2011;85:9188-98 pubmed publisher
    ..However, because antiIFNa1 could not abolish the IFN-?-mediated induction of Mx and ISG15 completely, IFN-? may possibly also induce such genes directly...
  21. Grammes F, Rørvik K, Takle H. Tetradecylthioacetic acid modulates cardiac transcription in Atlantic salmon, Salmo salar L., suffering heart and skeletal muscle inflammation. J Fish Dis. 2012;35:109-17 pubmed publisher
    ..The results suggest that TTA induced cardiac growth, together with an elevated cardiac recruitment of immune cells, which might lead to increased robustness during HSMI infection...
  22. Romstad A, Reitan L, Midtlyng P, Gravningen K, Evensen Ø. Antibody responses correlate with antigen dose and in vivo protection for oil-adjuvanted, experimental furunculosis (Aeromonas salmonicida subsp. salmonicida) vaccines in Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.) and can be used for batch potency testing of v. Vaccine. 2013;31:791-6 pubmed publisher
    ..p challenge) and seems to be the best method of performing a batch potency test of furunculosis vaccines particularly when taking the 3R's principles into account...
  23. Skilbrei O, Finstad B, Urdal K, Bakke G, Kroglund F, Strand R. Impact of early salmon louse, Lepeophtheirus salmonis, infestation and differences in survival and marine growth of sea-ranched Atlantic salmon, Salmo salar L., smolts 1997-2009. J Fish Dis. 2013;36:249-60 pubmed publisher
    ..05) and equivalent to an odds ratio of the probability of being recaptured of 1.17 in favour of the treated smolts. Control fish also tended to be smaller as grilse (P = 0.057), possibly due to a sublethal effect of salmon lice...
  24. Solberg M, Kvamme B, Nilsen F, Glover K. Effects of environmental stress on mRNA expression levels of seven genes related to oxidative stress and growth in Atlantic salmon Salmo salar L. of farmed, hybrid and wild origin. BMC Res Notes. 2012;5:672 pubmed publisher
    Ten generations of domestication selection has caused farmed Atlantic salmon Salmo salar L. to deviate from wild salmon in a range of traits. Each year hundreds of thousands of farmed salmon escape into the wild...
  25. Jackson D, Cotter D, Newell J, McEvoy S, O Donohoe P, Kane F, et al. Impact of Lepeophtheirus salmonis infestations on migrating Atlantic salmon , Salmo salar L., smolts at eight locations in Ireland with an analysis of lice-induced marine mortality. J Fish Dis. 2013;36:273-81 pubmed publisher
  26. Tacchi L, Bron J, Taggart J, Secombes C, Bickerdike R, Adler M, et al. Multiple tissue transcriptomic responses to Piscirickettsia salmonis in Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar). Physiol Genomics. 2011;43:1241-54 pubmed publisher
    ..We have examined the transcriptional response of postsmolt Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) to P...
  27. Sahlmann C, Sutherland B, Kortner T, Koop B, Krogdahl A, Bakke A. Early response of gene expression in the distal intestine of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.) during the development of soybean meal induced enteritis. Fish Shellfish Immunol. 2013;34:599-609 pubmed publisher
    ..and histology were used to investigate early response mechanisms in the distal intestine of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.) during the first week of oral exposure to a diet containing 20% extracted SBM...
  28. Bystriansky J, Schulte P. Changes in gill H+-ATPase and Na+/K+-ATPase expression and activity during freshwater acclimation of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar). J Exp Biol. 2011;214:2435-42 pubmed publisher
    ..Taken together, these data suggest an important role for Na(+)/K(+)-ATPase in freshwater acclimation in Atlantic salmon...
  29. Holten Andersen L, Dalsgaard I, Buchmann K. Baltic salmon, Salmo salar, from Swedish river Lule älv is more resistant to furunculosis compared to rainbow trout. PLoS ONE. 2012;7:e29571 pubmed publisher
    ..We hypothesized that a difference in natural susceptibility to this disease might exist between Baltic salmon and the widely used rainbow trout...
  30. Graham D, Fringuelli E, Rowley H, Cockerill D, Cox D, Turnbull T, et al. Geographical distribution of salmonid alphavirus subtypes in marine farmed Atlantic salmon, Salmo salar L., in Scotland and Ireland. J Fish Dis. 2012;35:755-65 pubmed publisher
    Sequence data from salmonid alphavirus (SAV) strains obtained from farmed marine Atlantic salmon, Salmo salar L...
  31. Glover K, Quintela M, Wennevik V, Besnier F, Sørvik A, Skaala Ã. Three decades of farmed escapees in the wild: a spatio-temporal analysis of Atlantic salmon population genetic structure throughout Norway. PLoS ONE. 2012;7:e43129 pubmed publisher
    ..Genetic introgression of farmed escapees in native salmon populations has been strongly population-dependent, and it appears to be linked with the density of the native population. ..
  32. Lagos L, Iliev D, Helland R, Rosemblatt M, J rgensen J. CD40L--a costimulatory molecule involved in the maturation of antigen presenting cells in Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar). Dev Comp Immunol. 2012;38:416-30 pubmed publisher
    ..This paper reports the identification and functional characterization of CD40L and CD40 from Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar)...
  33. Krasnov A, Timmerhaus G, Schiøtz B, Torgersen J, Afanasyev S, Iliev D, et al. Genomic survey of early responses to viruses in Atlantic salmon, Salmo salar L. Mol Immunol. 2011;49:163-74 pubmed publisher
    ..Apparently, a number of genes involved in antiviral responses in salmon have acquired different functional roles in higher vertebrates...
  34. Wiik Nielsen C, Løvoll M, Sandlund N, Faller R, Wiik Nielsen J, Bang Jensen B. First detection of piscine reovirus (PRV) in marine fish species. Dis Aquat Organ. 2012;97:255-8 pubmed publisher
    Heart and skeletal muscle inflammation (HSMI) is a disease that affects farmed Atlantic salmon Salmo salar L. several months after the fish have been transferred to seawater...
  35. Munang andu H, Fredriksen B, Mutoloki S, Brudeseth B, Kuo T, Marjara I, et al. Comparison of vaccine efficacy for different antigen delivery systems for infectious pancreatic necrosis virus vaccines in Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.) in a cohabitation challenge model. Vaccine. 2012;30:4007-16 pubmed publisher
    ..while nanoparticle, sub-unit recombinant and DNA vaccines fell short of the IWV vaccines in Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L...
  36. Solberg M, Skaala Ø, Nilsen F, Glover K. Does domestication cause changes in growth reaction norms? A study of farmed, wild and hybrid Atlantic salmon families exposed to environmental stress. PLoS ONE. 2013;8:e54469 pubmed publisher
    ..In order to examine whether domestication selection in Atlantic salmon Salmo salar L...
  37. Morais S, Pratoomyot J, Taggart J, Bron J, Guy D, Bell J, et al. Genotype-specific responses in Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) subject to dietary fish oil replacement by vegetable oil: a liver transcriptomic analysis. BMC Genomics. 2011;12:255 pubmed publisher
    ..Further studies are required but data suggest that it will be possible to identify families better adapted to alternative diet formulations that might be appropriate for future genetic selection programmes. ..
  38. Fredriksen B, Grip J. PLGA/PLA micro- and nanoparticle formulations serve as antigen depots and induce elevated humoral responses after immunization of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.). Vaccine. 2012;30:656-67 pubmed publisher
    ..delivery of immunogenic compounds, few studies have addressed their use as vaccine carriers in Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.)...
  39. Paley R, Andreou D, Bateman K, Feist S. Isolation and culture of Sphaerothecum destruens from Sunbleak (Leucaspius delineatus) in the UK and pathogenicity experiments in Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar). Parasitology. 2012;139:904-14 pubmed publisher
    ..destruens from cyprinid species is a potential threat to Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar). The first isolation and culture of S. destruens in the UK and from a cyprinid species is described...
  40. Xu C, Mutoloki S, Evensen Ø. Superior protection conferred by inactivated whole virus vaccine over subunit and DNA vaccines against salmonid alphavirus infection in Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.). Vaccine. 2012;30:3918-28 pubmed publisher
    ..The IWV vaccine has superior immunogenicity over sub-unit and DNA vaccines...
  41. Perrier C, Guyomard R, Baglinière J, Evanno G. Determinants of hierarchical genetic structure in Atlantic salmon populations: environmental factors vs. anthropogenic influences. Mol Ecol. 2011;20:4231-45 pubmed publisher
    ..features and stocking with non-native fish on the genetic structure and local adaptation of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) populations. We used 17 microsatellite loci to genotype 975 individuals originating from 34 French rivers...
  42. Hamre L, Nilsen F. Individual fish tank arrays in studies of Lepeophtheirus salmonis and lice loss variability. Dis Aquat Organ. 2011;97:47-56 pubmed publisher
    ..This study suggests that it is possible to maintain Atlantic salmon Salmo salar infected with L...
  43. Macé S, Cornet J, Chevalier F, Cardinal M, Pilet M, Dousset X, et al. Characterisation of the spoilage microbiota in raw salmon (Salmo salar) steaks stored under vacuum or modified atmosphere packaging combining conventional methods and PCR-TTGE. Food Microbiol. 2012;30:164-72 pubmed publisher
    ..phosphoreum and L. piscium were identified as the main bacterial groups. This study enhances the knowledge of MAP and vacuum-packed raw salmon spoilage microbiota...
  44. Spachmo B, Arukwe A. Endocrine and developmental effects in Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) exposed to perfluorooctane sulfonic or perfluorooctane carboxylic acids. Aquat Toxicol. 2012;108:112-24 pubmed publisher
    ..PFOS) and perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) on endocrine signalling, growth and development in Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) embryos and larvae...
  45. Debes P, Normandeau E, Fraser D, Bernatchez L, Hutchings J. Differences in transcription levels among wild, domesticated, and hybrid Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) from two environments. Mol Ecol. 2012;21:2574-87 pubmed publisher
  46. Wiik Nielsen J, Løvoll M, Fritsvold C, Kristoffersen A, Haugland Ø, Hordvik I, et al. Characterization of myocardial lesions associated with cardiomyopathy syndrome in Atlantic salmon, Salmo salar L., using laser capture microdissection. J Fish Dis. 2012;35:907-16 pubmed publisher
    Cardiomyopathy syndrome (CMS) in Atlantic salmon, Salmo salar L., is characterized by focal infiltration in the spongy myocardium and endocardium of the heart. The origin of the mononuclear infiltrate is unknown...
  47. Munang andu H, Fredriksen B, Mutoloki S, Dalmo R, Evensen O. The kinetics of CD4+ and CD8+ T-cell gene expression correlate with protection in Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L) vaccinated against infectious pancreatic necrosis. Vaccine. 2013;31:1956-63 pubmed publisher
    ..To elucidate the kinetics of CD4 and CD8 T-cells responses in vaccine protection, Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L) were vaccinated with a high antigen (HiAg) or low antigen (LoAg) dose vaccine and challenged by cohabitation ..
  48. Nylund S, Andersen L, Saevareid I, Plarre H, Watanabe K, Arnesen C, et al. Diseases of farmed Atlantic salmon Salmo salar associated with infections by the microsporidian Paranucleospora theridion. Dis Aquat Organ. 2011;94:41-57 pubmed publisher
    The microsporidian Paranucleospora theridion was discovered in Atlantic salmon Salmo salar suffering from proliferative gill disease in a marine farm in western Norway in 2008...
  49. Thoen E, Evensen O, Skaar I. Pathogenicity of Saprolegnia spp. to Atlantic salmon, Salmo salar L., eggs. J Fish Dis. 2011;34:601-8 pubmed publisher
    ..It was observed that strains pathogenic to salmon parr were not particularly infective towards eggs, and the isolates that gave the highest infection rates to eggs were species considered to be saprotrophs...
  50. Fredriksen B, Sævareid K, McAuley L, Lane M, Bøgwald J, Dalmo R. Early immune responses in Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.) after immunization with PLGA nanoparticles loaded with a model antigen and ?-glucan. Vaccine. 2011;29:8338-49 pubmed publisher
    ..In conclusion, this study demonstrates that PLGA NPs have potential as an adjuvant in salmon vaccines as they enhance the early pro-inflammatory responses to immunization...
  51. Di Genova A, Aravena A, Zapata L, Gonzalez M, Maass A, Iturra P. SalmonDB: a bioinformatics resource for Salmo salar and Oncorhynchus mykiss. Database (Oxford). 2011;2011:bar050 pubmed publisher
    SalmonDB is a new multiorganism database containing EST sequences from Salmo salar, Oncorhynchus mykiss and the whole genome sequence of Danio rerio, Gasterosteus aculeatus, Tetraodon nigroviridis, Oryzias latipes and Takifugu rubripes, ..
  52. Barozai M. Identification and characterization of the microRNAs and their targets in Salmo salar. Gene. 2012;499:163-8 pubmed publisher
    ..containing 102 mature sequences belonging to 46 families in an important aquatic environmental monitoring fish (Salmo salar)...
  53. Micallef G, Bickerdike R, Reiff C, Fernandes J, Bowman A, Martin S. Exploring the transcriptome of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) skin, a major defense organ. Mar Biotechnol (NY). 2012;14:559-69 pubmed publisher
  54. Mikalsen A, Haugland O, Rode M, Solbakk I, Evensen O. Atlantic salmon reovirus infection causes a CD8 T cell myocarditis in Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.). PLoS ONE. 2012;7:e37269 pubmed publisher
    Heart and skeletal inflammation (HSMI) of farmed Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.) is a disease characterized by a chronic myocarditis involving the epicardium and the compact and spongious part of the heart ventricle...
  55. Marjara I, Chikwati E, Valen E, Krogdahl A, Bakke A. Transcriptional regulation of IL-17A and other inflammatory markers during the development of soybean meal-induced enteropathy in the distal intestine of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.). Cytokine. 2012;60:186-96 pubmed publisher
    Progression of soybean meal (SBM)-induced enteropathy in Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.) distal intestine (DI) was studied to investigate pathophysiological mechanisms and immune responses...
  56. Aamelfot M, Dale O, Weli S, Koppang E, Falk K. Expression of the infectious salmon anemia virus receptor on atlantic salmon endothelial cells correlates with the cell tropism of the virus. J Virol. 2012;86:10571-8 pubmed publisher
    ..The pattern of virus attachment mirrored closely the distribution of infection, showing that the virus receptor is important for cell tropism, as well as for adsorption to RBCs...
  57. Nagasawa K, Fernandes J, Yoshizaki G, Miwa M, Babiak I. Identification and migration of primordial germ cells in Atlantic salmon, Salmo salar: characterization of vasa, dead end, and lymphocyte antigen 75 genes. Mol Reprod Dev. 2013;80:118-31 pubmed publisher
    ..cells (PGCs) in the super-order Protacanthopterygii, which includes the Salmonidae family and Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.), one of the most commercially important aquatic animals worldwide...
  58. Pe aloza C, Hamilton A, Guy D, Bishop S, Houston R. A SNP in the 5' flanking region of the myostatin-1b gene is associated with harvest traits in Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar). BMC Genet. 2013;14:112 pubmed publisher
    ..Although the SNP explains a small percentage of the variance, our results indicate that a variation in the 5' flanking region of the myostatin gene is associated with the genetic regulation of growth in Atlantic salmon...
  59. Grini A, Hansen T, Berg A, Wargelius A, Fjelldal P. The effect of water temperature on vertebral deformities and vaccine-induced abdominal lesions in Atlantic salmon, Salmo salar L. J Fish Dis. 2011;34:531-46 pubmed publisher
    ..Vertebra number 26 (located beneath the dorsal fin) was the most frequently affected vertebra in smolts, while vertebra number 43 (located above the anal fin) was most frequently affected in adults...
  60. Morais S, Pratoomyot J, Torstensen B, Taggart J, Guy D, Bell J, et al. Diet × genotype interactions in hepatic cholesterol and lipoprotein metabolism in Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) in response to replacement of dietary fish oil with vegetable oil. Br J Nutr. 2011;106:1457-69 pubmed publisher
    ..Finally, the presence of three different transcripts for LPL, with differential patterns of nutritional regulation, was demonstrated...
  61. Sanchez Gurmaches J, Østbye T, Navarro I, Torgersen J, Hevrøy E, Ruyter B, et al. In vivo and in vitro insulin and fasting control of the transmembrane fatty acid transport proteins in Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar). Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol. 2011;301:R947-57 pubmed publisher
    ..Overall, Atlantic salmon FA transporters are regulated by fasting and insulin on in vivo and in vitro models...
  62. Gadan K, Marjara I, Sundh H, Sundell K, Evensen Ø. Slow release cortisol implants result in impaired innate immune responses and higher infection prevalence following experimental challenge with infectious pancreatic necrosis virus in Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) parr. Fish Shellfish Immunol. 2012;32:637-44 pubmed publisher
    ..This study shows that elevated plasma cortisol level leads to an impaired innate immune response, and higher virus (IPNV) prevalence in Atlantic salmon parr...
  63. Valente L, Bower N, Johnston I. Postprandial expression of growth-related genes in Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.) juveniles fasted for 1 week and fed a single meal to satiation. Br J Nutr. 2012;108:2148-57 pubmed publisher
    ..postprandial changes in transcript abundance following a single satiating meal in juvenile Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.) (about 70 g body mass) following fasting for 1 week at 12°C...
  64. Wiik Nielsen J, Alarcon M, Fineid B, Rode M, Haugland Ø. Genetic variation in Norwegian piscine myocarditis virus in Atlantic salmon, Salmo salar L. J Fish Dis. 2013;36:129-39 pubmed publisher
    Cardiomyopathy syndrome (CMS) in Atlantic salmon, Salmo salar L., is a severe cardiac disease characterized by a necrotizing myocarditis involving the atrium and the spongious part of the ventricle...
  65. Jones P, Hammell K, Dohoo I, Revie C. Effectiveness of emamectin benzoate for treatment of Lepeophtheirus salmonis on farmed Atlantic salmon Salmo salar in the Bay of Fundy, Canada. Dis Aquat Organ. 2012;102:53-64 pubmed publisher
    ..treatment) has been used to treat infestations of sea lice Lepeophtheirus salmonis on farmed Atlantic salmon Salmo salar in the Bay of Fundy, New Brunswick, Canada, since 1999...
  66. Grove S, Austbø L, Hodneland K, Frost P, Løvoll M, McLoughlin M, et al. Immune parameters correlating with reduced susceptibility to pancreas disease in experimentally challenged Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar). Fish Shellfish Immunol. 2013;34:789-98 pubmed publisher
    ..Overall, the observed differences in immune parameters may provide important clues to the causes underlying the observed difference in susceptibility to PD...
  67. Jones P, Hammell K, Gettinby G, Revie C. Detection of emamectin benzoate tolerance emergence in different life stages of sea lice, Lepeophtheirus salmonis, on farmed Atlantic salmon, Salmo salar L. J Fish Dis. 2013;36:209-20 pubmed publisher
    ..benzoate has been used to treat sea lice, Lepeophtheirus salmonis, infestations on farmed Atlantic salmon, Salmo salar. Recent evidence suggests a reduction in effectiveness in some locations...
  68. Munang andu H, Sandtrø A, Mutoloki S, Brudeseth B, Santi N, Evensen Ø. Immunogenicity and cross protective ability of the central VP2 amino acids of infectious pancreatic necrosis virus in Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.). PLoS ONE. 2013;8:e54263 pubmed publisher
    ..that has been linked to high mortalities in juvenile salmonids and postsmolt stages of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.) after transfer to seawater...
  69. Larsen H, Austb L, K nig M, S rum H, Rimstad E, Koppang E. Transcription of the tyrosinase gene family in an Atlantic salmon leukocyte cell line (SHK-1) is influenced by temperature, but not by virus infection or bacterin stimulation. Dev Comp Immunol. 2013;41:50-8 pubmed publisher
    ..A pigment-producing leukocyte-like cell-line (SHK-1 cells) of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L...
  70. Petterson E, Stormoen M, Evensen Ø, Mikalsen A, Haugland Ø. Natural infection of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.) with salmonid alphavirus 3 generates numerous viral deletion mutants. J Gen Virol. 2013;94:1945-54 pubmed publisher
    ..SPDV) also referred to as salmonid alphavirus (SAV) is a virus causing pancreas disease in Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.) and rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)...
  71. Andreassen R, Worren M, Høyheim B. Discovery and characterization of miRNA genes in Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) by use of a deep sequencing approach. BMC Genomics. 2013;14:482 pubmed publisher
    ..Despite the position Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) has as an economically important domesticated animal, there has been little research on miRNAs in this species...
  72. Markussen T, Dahle M, Tengs T, Løvoll M, Finstad Ø, Wiik Nielsen C, et al. Sequence analysis of the genome of piscine orthoreovirus (PRV) associated with heart and skeletal muscle inflammation (HSMI) in Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar). PLoS ONE. 2013;8:e70075 pubmed publisher
    ..PRV) is associated with heart- and skeletal muscle inflammation (HSMI) of farmed Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar)...
  73. Dempson J, Robertson M, Pennell C, Furey G, Bloom M, Shears M, et al. Residency time, migration route and survival of Atlantic salmon Salmo salar smolts in a Canadian fjord. J Fish Biol. 2011;78:1976-92 pubmed publisher
    Atlantic salmon Salmo salar smolts (n = 181) from two rivers were surgically implanted with acoustic transmitters and released to determine migration route, residency time and survival in a 50 km long estuarine fjord located on the south ..
  74. Dempster T, Kristiansen T, Korsøen Ø, Fosseidengen J, Oppedal F. Technical note: Modifying Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) jumping behavior to facilitate innovation of parasitic sea lice control techniques. J Anim Sci. 2011;89:4281-5 pubmed publisher
  75. Eriksen M, Faerevik G, Kittilsen S, McCormick M, Damsgård B, Braithwaite V, et al. Stressed mothers - troubled offspring: a study of behavioural maternal effects in farmed Salmo salar. J Fish Biol. 2011;79:575-86 pubmed publisher
    Mature female Atlantic salmon Salmo salar were given intraperitoneal cortisol implants 1 week prior to stripping to examine the influence of simulated maternal stress on offspring boldness and social dominance...
  76. Chikwati E, Venold F, Penn M, Rohloff J, Refstie S, Guttvik A, et al. Interaction of soyasaponins with plant ingredients in diets for Atlantic salmon, Salmo salar L. Br J Nutr. 2012;107:1570-90 pubmed publisher
    ..Caution should be exercised to avoid ingredient combinations giving high saponin levels, a condition that appears to be a key factor in diet-induced enteritis together with certain plant ingredients...
  77. Timmerhaus G, Krasnov A, Nilsen P, Alarcón M, Afanasyev S, Rode M, et al. Transcriptome profiling of immune responses to cardiomyopathy syndrome (CMS) in Atlantic salmon. BMC Genomics. 2011;12:459 pubmed publisher
    ..syndrome (CMS) is a disease associated with severe myocarditis primarily in adult farmed Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L...
  78. Iliev D, Sobhkhez M, Fremmerlid K, J rgensen J. MyD88 interacts with interferon regulatory factor (IRF) 3 and IRF7 in Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar): transgenic SsMyD88 modulates the IRF-induced type I interferon response and accumulates in aggresomes. J Biol Chem. 2011;286:42715-24 pubmed publisher
  79. Hevrøy E, Waagbø R, Torstensen B, Takle H, Stubhaug I, Jørgensen S, et al. Ghrelin is involved in voluntary anorexia in Atlantic salmon raised at elevated sea temperatures. Gen Comp Endocrinol. 2012;175:118-34 pubmed publisher
    ..0 kg) and sexually immature Atlantic salmon, Salmo salar L. Groups of salmon were exposed to 19 °C while others were kept as controls at 14 °C...
  80. Codabaccus M, Bridle A, Nichols P, Carter C. Restoration of fillet n-3 long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acid is improved by a modified fish oil finishing diet strategy for atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.) smolts fed palm fatty acid distillate. J Agric Food Chem. 2012;60:458-66 pubmed publisher
    ..Our results suggest that a food deprivation period prior to feeding a FOFD improves the efficiency of n-3 LC-PUFA restoration in the fillet of Atlantic salmon smolt...
  81. Herath T, Bron J, Thompson K, Taggart J, Adams A, Ireland J, et al. Transcriptomic analysis of the host response to early stage salmonid alphavirus (SAV-1) infection in Atlantic salmon Salmo salar L. Fish Shellfish Immunol. 2012;32:796-807 pubmed publisher
    ..SAV) of the family Togaviridae, is an economically important disease affecting farmed Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.) in Scotland, Norway, and Ireland...
  82. Morrison R, Young N, Nowak B. Description of an Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.) type II interleukin-1 receptor cDNA and analysis of interleukin-1 receptor expression in amoebic gill disease-affected fish. Fish Shellfish Immunol. 2012;32:1185-90 pubmed publisher
    ..Rather, it appears that IL-1RI transcription is reduced and this rate limits the effects of chronic IL-1? over-expression...
  83. Sandbakken M, Ebbesson L, Stefansson S, Helvik J. Isolation and characterization of melanopsin photoreceptors of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar). J Comp Neurol. 2012;520:3727-44 pubmed publisher
    ..Here we describe the identification of six melanopsin genes of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar), a valuable teleost model for studying nonvisual photoreception and the basis of photoperiodism...
  84. Løvoll M, Alarcón M, Bang Jensen B, Taksdal T, Kristoffersen A, Tengs T. Quantification of piscine reovirus (PRV) at different stages of Atlantic salmon Salmo salar production. Dis Aquat Organ. 2012;99:7-12 pubmed publisher
    ..be associated with the development of heart and skeletal muscle inflammation (HSMI) in farmed Atlantic salmon Salmo salar L...
  85. Gadan K, Sandtrø A, Marjara I, Santi N, Munang andu H, Evensen Ø. Stress-induced reversion to virulence of infectious pancreatic necrosis virus in naïve fry of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.). PLoS ONE. 2013;8:e54656 pubmed publisher
    ..reversion to virulence of infectious pancreatic necrosis virus (IPNV) in persistently infected Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.) fry...
  86. Anttila K, Dhillon R, Boulding E, Farrell A, Glebe B, Elliott J, et al. Variation in temperature tolerance among families of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) is associated with hypoxia tolerance, ventricle size and myoglobin level. J Exp Biol. 2013;216:1183-90 pubmed publisher
    ..Here we examined variation in temperature and hypoxia tolerance among 41 families of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar), which allowed us to evaluate the association between these two traits...
  87. Martinez Rubio L, Morais S, Evensen Ø, Wadsworth S, Vecino J, Ruohonen K, et al. Effect of functional feeds on fatty acid and eicosanoid metabolism in liver and head kidney of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.) with experimentally induced heart and skeletal muscle inflammation. Fish Shellfish Immunol. 2013;34:1533-45 pubmed publisher
    ..The results from the present study suggest that clinical nutrition through functional feeding could be an effective complementary therapy for emerging salmon viral diseases associated with long-term inflammation...
  88. Solberg M, Zhang Z, Nilsen F, Glover K. Growth reaction norms of domesticated, wild and hybrid Atlantic salmon families in response to differing social and physical environments. BMC Evol Biol. 2013;13:234 pubmed publisher
    Directional selection for growth has resulted in the 9-10th generation of domesticated Atlantic salmon Salmo salar L. outgrowing wild salmon by a ratio of approximately 3:1 when reared under standard hatchery conditions...
  89. Wagner L, Trattner S, Pickova J, Gómez Requeni P, Moazzami A. ¹H NMR-based metabolomics studies on the effect of sesamin in Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar). Food Chem. 2014;147:98-105 pubmed publisher
    ..to explore the impact of dietary sesamin on the liver and white muscle metabolic profile of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar). Fish were fed diets containing different n-6/n-3 fatty acid ratios (V0...
  90. Faizan M, Stubhaug I, Menoyo D, Esatbeyoglu T, Wagner A, Struksnæs G, et al. Dietary alpha-tocopherol affects tissue vitamin e and malondialdehyde levels but does not change antioxidant enzymes and fatty acid composition in farmed Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.). Int J Vitam Nutr Res. 2013;83:238-45 pubmed publisher
  91. Tacchi L, Bickerdike R, Secombes C, Martin S. Muscle-specific RING finger (MuRF) cDNAs in Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) and their role as regulators of muscle protein degradation. Mar Biotechnol (NY). 2012;14:35-45 pubmed publisher
    ..A proinflammatory stimulation increased expression of MuRF mRNA in muscle and other tissues indicating a role of these proteins in protein degradation during inflammation...
  92. Grammes F, Takle H. Anti-inflammatory effects of tetradecylthioacetic acid (TTA) in macrophage-like cells from Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.). BMC Immunol. 2011;12:41 pubmed publisher
    ..Atlantic salmon experiments have shown that TTA supplemented diets significantly reduce mortality during natural outbreaks of viral diseases, suggesting a modulatory role of the immune system...