gadus morhua

Summary

Summary: A species of fish in the cod family GADIDAE, known as the Atlantic cod. It is one of the most important commercial FISHES.

Top Publications

  1. Glover K, Dahle G, Westgaard J, Johansen T, Knutsen H, Jørstad K. Genetic diversity within and among Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua) farmed in marine cages: a proof-of-concept study for the identification of escapees. Anim Genet. 2010;41:515-22 pubmed publisher
    ..Identification of the 28 escapees revealed a single cage as the most likely source of origin for half of the escapees, whilst the remaining fish were assigned to a mixture of samples, suggesting more than one source of escapees...
  2. Zheng X, Leaver M, Tocher D. Long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acid synthesis in fish: Comparative analysis of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.) and Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua L.) Delta6 fatty acyl desaturase gene promoters. Comp Biochem Physiol B Biochem Mol Biol. 2009;154:255-63 pubmed publisher
  3. Furevik A, Pettersen E, Colquhoun D, Wergeland H. The intracellular lifestyle of Francisella noatunensis in Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua L.) leucocytes. Fish Shellfish Immunol. 2011;30:488-94 pubmed publisher
    ..The intracellular lifestyle involving escape to cytoplasm prior to fusion with the lysosome may have consequences for vaccine development as well as antibiotic treatment of infected cod...
  4. Hutchinson W. The dangers of ignoring stock complexity in fishery management: the case of the North Sea cod. Biol Lett. 2008;4:693-5 pubmed publisher
    ..The North Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua), a species which until recently formed a major component of the demersal fisheries, has undergone significant ..
  5. Torgersen J, Takle H, Andersen Ø. Differential spatial expression of mef2 paralogs during cardiac development in Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua). Comp Biochem Physiol B Biochem Mol Biol. 2011;158:181-7 pubmed publisher
  6. Kortner T, Rocha E, Arukwe A. Previtellogenic oocyte growth and transcriptional changes of steroidogenic enzyme genes in immature female Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua L.) after exposure to the androgens 11-ketotestosterone and testosterone. Comp Biochem Physiol A Mol Integr Physiol. 2009;152:304-13 pubmed publisher
    ..The enhanced effects of 11-KT on oocyte growth support our hypothesis that non-aromatizable androgens play significant roles in the regulation of early previtellogenic oocyte growth and development...
  7. Mittelholzer C, Andersson E, Taranger G, Consten D, Hirai T, Senthilkumaran B, et al. Molecular characterization and quantification of the gonadotropin receptors FSH-R and LH-R from Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua). Gen Comp Endocrinol. 2009;160:47-58 pubmed publisher
    ..for follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH-R) and luteinizing hormone (LH-R) were isolated from female Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua) by a RACE-PCR based strategy...
  8. Yadetie F, Karlsen O, Lanzen A, Berg K, Olsvik P, Hogstrand C, et al. Global transcriptome analysis of Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua) liver after in vivo methylmercury exposure suggests effects on energy metabolism pathways. Aquat Toxicol. 2013;126:314-25 pubmed publisher
    ..range of molecular targets and gain better insights into the mechanisms of toxicity, we prepared Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua) 135k oligonucleotide arrays and performed global analysis of transcriptional changes in the liver of fish ..
  9. Colafranceschi M, Giuliani A, Andersen Ø, Brix O, De Rosa M, Giardina B, et al. Hydrophobicity patterns and biological adaptation: an exemplary case from fish hemoglobins. OMICS. 2010;14:275-81 pubmed publisher
    ..By analyzing the set of sequences more similar to the Gadus morhua (Atlantic cod) hemoglobin beta chain, we were able to give a proof of concept of the possibility to ..
  10. Gudmundsdottir S, Magnadottir B, Bjornsdottir B, Arnadottir H, Gudmundsdottir B. Specific and natural antibody response of cod juveniles vaccinated against Vibrio anguillarum. Fish Shellfish Immunol. 2009;26:619-24 pubmed publisher
    ..p. injection as a booster method. Levels of antibodies against V. anguillarum antigens or natural antibodies in groups with the lowest mortalities show that neither could have been used to predict protection given by the vaccines tested...

Scientific Experts

Detail Information

Publications62

  1. Glover K, Dahle G, Westgaard J, Johansen T, Knutsen H, Jørstad K. Genetic diversity within and among Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua) farmed in marine cages: a proof-of-concept study for the identification of escapees. Anim Genet. 2010;41:515-22 pubmed publisher
    ..Identification of the 28 escapees revealed a single cage as the most likely source of origin for half of the escapees, whilst the remaining fish were assigned to a mixture of samples, suggesting more than one source of escapees...
  2. Zheng X, Leaver M, Tocher D. Long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acid synthesis in fish: Comparative analysis of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.) and Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua L.) Delta6 fatty acyl desaturase gene promoters. Comp Biochem Physiol B Biochem Mol Biol. 2009;154:255-63 pubmed publisher
  3. Furevik A, Pettersen E, Colquhoun D, Wergeland H. The intracellular lifestyle of Francisella noatunensis in Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua L.) leucocytes. Fish Shellfish Immunol. 2011;30:488-94 pubmed publisher
    ..The intracellular lifestyle involving escape to cytoplasm prior to fusion with the lysosome may have consequences for vaccine development as well as antibiotic treatment of infected cod...
  4. Hutchinson W. The dangers of ignoring stock complexity in fishery management: the case of the North Sea cod. Biol Lett. 2008;4:693-5 pubmed publisher
    ..The North Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua), a species which until recently formed a major component of the demersal fisheries, has undergone significant ..
  5. Torgersen J, Takle H, Andersen Ø. Differential spatial expression of mef2 paralogs during cardiac development in Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua). Comp Biochem Physiol B Biochem Mol Biol. 2011;158:181-7 pubmed publisher
  6. Kortner T, Rocha E, Arukwe A. Previtellogenic oocyte growth and transcriptional changes of steroidogenic enzyme genes in immature female Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua L.) after exposure to the androgens 11-ketotestosterone and testosterone. Comp Biochem Physiol A Mol Integr Physiol. 2009;152:304-13 pubmed publisher
    ..The enhanced effects of 11-KT on oocyte growth support our hypothesis that non-aromatizable androgens play significant roles in the regulation of early previtellogenic oocyte growth and development...
  7. Mittelholzer C, Andersson E, Taranger G, Consten D, Hirai T, Senthilkumaran B, et al. Molecular characterization and quantification of the gonadotropin receptors FSH-R and LH-R from Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua). Gen Comp Endocrinol. 2009;160:47-58 pubmed publisher
    ..for follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH-R) and luteinizing hormone (LH-R) were isolated from female Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua) by a RACE-PCR based strategy...
  8. Yadetie F, Karlsen O, Lanzen A, Berg K, Olsvik P, Hogstrand C, et al. Global transcriptome analysis of Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua) liver after in vivo methylmercury exposure suggests effects on energy metabolism pathways. Aquat Toxicol. 2013;126:314-25 pubmed publisher
    ..range of molecular targets and gain better insights into the mechanisms of toxicity, we prepared Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua) 135k oligonucleotide arrays and performed global analysis of transcriptional changes in the liver of fish ..
  9. Colafranceschi M, Giuliani A, Andersen Ø, Brix O, De Rosa M, Giardina B, et al. Hydrophobicity patterns and biological adaptation: an exemplary case from fish hemoglobins. OMICS. 2010;14:275-81 pubmed publisher
    ..By analyzing the set of sequences more similar to the Gadus morhua (Atlantic cod) hemoglobin beta chain, we were able to give a proof of concept of the possibility to ..
  10. Gudmundsdottir S, Magnadottir B, Bjornsdottir B, Arnadottir H, Gudmundsdottir B. Specific and natural antibody response of cod juveniles vaccinated against Vibrio anguillarum. Fish Shellfish Immunol. 2009;26:619-24 pubmed publisher
    ..p. injection as a booster method. Levels of antibodies against V. anguillarum antigens or natural antibodies in groups with the lowest mortalities show that neither could have been used to predict protection given by the vaccines tested...
  11. Bradbury I, Hubert S, Higgins B, Bowman S, Paterson I, Snelgrove P, et al. Evaluating SNP ascertainment bias and its impact on population assignment in Atlantic cod, Gadus morhua. Mol Ecol Resour. 2011;11 Suppl 1:218-25 pubmed publisher
    ..Using a panel of 1641 expressed sequence tag-derived SNPs developed for northwest Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua), we examined the influence of ascertainment bias and its potential impact on assignment of individuals to ..
  12. Khan R. Influence of environmental changes in the north-western Atlantic Ocean on a parasite, Echinorhynchus gadi (Acanthocephala) of Atlantic cod ( Gadus morhua) occurring off coastal Labrador, Canada. J Helminthol. 2008;82:203-9 pubmed publisher
    ..the influence of environmental change on an endoparasite, Echinorhynchus gadi (Acanthocephala) of Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua) over a 30-year period off the coast of Labrador in the north-western Atlantic, North Atlantic Fisheries ..
  13. Jones J, Campana S. Stable oxygen isotope reconstruction of ambient temperature during the collapse of a cod (Gadus morhua) fishery. Ecol Appl. 2009;19:1500-14 pubmed
    ..The collapse of the Eastern Scotian Shelf cod (Gadus morhua L...
  14. Eydal M, Kristmundsson A, Bambir S. Pseudobranchial X-cell pseudotumors in young wild and farmed atlantic cod Gadus morhua in Iceland. Dis Aquat Organ. 2010;91:83-8 pubmed publisher
    ..Higher prevalence (2 to 15%) was noted in dead and moribund fish. Diseased farmed fish were usually emaciated, and mortality due to the disease was noticeable...
  15. Karlsen O, Puntervoll P, Goksøyr A. Mass spectrometric analyses of microsomal cytochrome P450 isozymes isolated from ?-naphthoflavone-treated Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua) liver reveal insights into the cod CYPome. Aquat Toxicol. 2012;108:2-10 pubmed publisher
    Four cytochrome P450 (CYP) isozymes were purified earlier from liver microsomes of Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua) exposed to ?-naphthoflavone...
  16. Freeman M, Eydal M, Yoshimizu M, Watanabe K, Shinn A, Miura K, et al. Molecular identification and transmission studies of X-cell parasites from Atlantic cod Gadus morhua (Gadiformes: Gadidae) and the northern black flounder Pseudopleuronectes obscurus (Pleuronectiformes: Pleuronectidae). Parasit Vectors. 2011;4:15 pubmed publisher
    ..In the present study, pseudobranchial pseudotumours from Atlantic cod, Gadus morhua, in Iceland and epidermal pseudotumours from the northern black flounder, Pseudopleuronectes obscurus, in Japan ..
  17. Hemmer Hansen J, Nielsen E, Meldrup D, Mittelholzer C. Identification of single nucleotide polymorphisms in candidate genes for growth and reproduction in a nonmodel organism; the Atlantic cod, Gadus morhua. Mol Ecol Resour. 2011;11 Suppl 1:71-80 pubmed publisher
    ..of a specific genotyping assay for 30 SNPs in 18 candidate genes for growth and reproduction in Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua)...
  18. Sundaram A, Kiron V, Dopazo J, Fernandes J. Diversification of the expanded teleost-specific toll-like receptor family in Atlantic cod, Gadus morhua. BMC Evol Biol. 2012;12:256 pubmed publisher
    ..Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua) is the first vertebrate known to have lost most of the mammalian Tlr orthologues, particularly all bacterial ..
  19. Schack H, Malte H, Madsen P. The responses of Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua L.) to ultrasound-emitting predators: stress, behavioural changes or debilitation?. J Exp Biol. 2008;211:2079-86 pubmed publisher
  20. Grabowski T, Thorsteinsson V, McAdam B, Marteinsdóttir G. Evidence of segregated spawning in a single marine fish stock: sympatric divergence of ecotypes in Icelandic cod?. PLoS ONE. 2011;6:e17528 pubmed publisher
    ..Our results indicate that isolating mechanisms, such as differential habitat selection during spawning, might contribute to maintaining diversity and fine-scale population structure in broadcast-spawning marine fishes...
  21. Zahl I, Kiessling A, Samuelsen O, Olsen R. Anesthesia induces stress in Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar), Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua) and Atlantic halibut (Hippoglossus hippoglossus). Fish Physiol Biochem. 2010;36:719-730 pubmed publisher
    ..was studied in Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar), Atlantic halibut (Hippoglossus hippoglossus), and Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua) with no concomitant stress from handling or confinement in association with anesthesia or sampling...
  22. Solstad T, Larsen A, Seppola M, Jørgensen T. Identification, cloning and expression analysis of a hepcidin cDNA of the Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua L.). Fish Shellfish Immunol. 2008;25:298-310 pubmed publisher
    ..Here we report the identification and cloning of a hepcidin cDNA from Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua L.)...
  23. Feng C, Rise M. Characterization and expression analyses of anti-apoptotic Bcl-2-like genes NR-13, Mcl-1, Bcl-X1, and Bcl-X2 in Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua). Mol Immunol. 2010;47:763-84 pubmed publisher
    ..in immune responses, we studied the sequences of these genes and their transcript expression in Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua) during innate immune responses to viral and bacterial stimuli...
  24. Beaugrand G, Edwards M, Brander K, Luczak C, Ibanez F. Causes and projections of abrupt climate-driven ecosystem shifts in the North Atlantic. Ecol Lett. 2008;11:1157-1168 pubmed publisher
    ..These findings offer a way to anticipate major ecosystem changes and to propose adaptive strategies for marine exploited resources such as cod in order to minimize social and economic consequences...
  25. Larsen A, Solstad T, Svineng G, Seppola M, Jørgensen T. Molecular characterisation of a goose-type lysozyme gene in Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua L.). Fish Shellfish Immunol. 2009;26:122-32 pubmed publisher
  26. Ruangsri J, Salger S, Caipang C, Kiron V, Fernandes J. Differential expression and biological activity of two piscidin paralogues and a novel splice variant in Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua L.). Fish Shellfish Immunol. 2012;32:396-406 pubmed publisher
    ..Moreover, the two pis paralogues have undergone structural diversification and it is likely that they play multifunctional roles in Atlantic cod...
  27. Syme D, Gollock M, Freeman M, Gamperl A. Power isn't everything: muscle function and energetic costs during steady swimming in Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua). Physiol Biochem Zool. 2008;81:320-35 pubmed publisher
    ..activity of red muscle measured at anterior (ANT) and posterior (POST) locations while Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua) swam steadily at speeds between 0.3 and 1.0 body lengths (BL) s(-1)...
  28. Caipang C, Lazado C, Brinchmann M, Kiron V. Infection-induced changes in expression of antibacterial and cytokine genes in the gill epithelial cells of Atlantic cod, Gadus morhua during incubation with bacterial pathogens. Comp Biochem Physiol B Biochem Mol Biol. 2010;156:319-25 pubmed publisher
    ..profiles of selected antibacterial genes and cytokines in the gills of a cold-water fish, Atlantic cod, Gadus morhua following in vitro infection with bacterial pathogens, Vibrio anguillarum and atypical Aeromonas salmonicida ..
  29. Zerihun M, Feist S, Bucke D, Olsen A, Tandstad N, Colquhoun D. Francisella noatunensis subsp. noatunensis is the aetiological agent of visceral granulomatosis in wild Atlantic cod Gadus morhua. Dis Aquat Organ. 2011;95:65-71 pubmed publisher
    ..This study shows that francisellosis occurred in wild-caught cod in the southern North Sea in the 1980s and 1990s and demonstrates that this disease predates intensive aquaculture of cod...
  30. Nilsson J, Kristiansen T, Fosseidengen J, Fernö A, van den Bos R. Sign- and goal-tracking in Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua). Anim Cogn. 2008;11:651-9 pubmed publisher
    ..The ecological significance of these two learning systems in cod is discussed...
  31. Knutsen H, Olsen E, Jorde P, Espeland S, Andre C, Stenseth N. Are low but statistically significant levels of genetic differentiation in marine fishes 'biologically meaningful'? A case study of coastal Atlantic cod. Mol Ecol. 2011;20:768-83 pubmed publisher
    ..We estimated the genetically effective sizes (N(e) ) of the two coastal cod populations to 198 and 542 and found a N(e) /N (spawner) ratio of 0.14...
  32. Hartviksen M, Kamisaka Y, Jordal A, Koedijk R, Rønnestad I. Distribution of cholecystokinin-immunoreactive cells in the gut of developing Atlantic cod Gadus morhua L. larvae fed zooplankton or rotifers. J Fish Biol. 2009;75:834-44 pubmed publisher
    ..CCK), was studied in order to advance understanding of the control of the digestive process in Atlantic cod Gadus morhua larvae after onset of first feeding...
  33. Borza T, Stone C, Rise M, Bowman S, Johnson S. Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua) CC chemokines: Diversity and expression analysis. Dev Comp Immunol. 2010;34:904-13 pubmed publisher
    ..Here we describe 32 distinct CC chemokine sequences from Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua) identified by analysis of approximately 206,000 ESTs...
  34. Forberg T, Vestrum R, Arukwe A, Vadstein O. Bacterial composition and activity determines host gene-expression responses in gnotobiotic Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua) larvae. Vet Microbiol. 2012;157:420-7 pubmed publisher
    ..effects of different live versus dead bacteria on the survival and gene-expression patterns in Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua) larvae were examined...
  35. Meager J, Fernö A, Skjæraasen J, Järvi T, Rodewald P, Sverdrup G, et al. Multidimensionality of behavioural phenotypes in Atlantic cod, Gadus morhua. Physiol Behav. 2012;106:462-70 pubmed publisher
    ..We investigated the behavioural and neuroendocrine responses of Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua L.), to situations reflecting critical ecological challenges: predator attacks and territorial challenges...
  36. Faucher K, Aas Hansen Ø, Damsgård B, Laukli E, Stenklev N. Damage and functional recovery of the Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua) inner ear hair cells following local injection of gentamicin. Int J Audiol. 2009;48:456-64 pubmed publisher
    ..These observations suggest that the macula sacculi of Atlantic cod can regenerate towards a near-complete functional and ultrastructural recovery within 17-21 days following ototoxic gentamicin treatment...
  37. Drivenes Ø, Taranger G, Edvardsen R. Gene expression profiling of Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua) embryogenesis using microarray. Mar Biotechnol (NY). 2012;14:167-76 pubmed publisher
    Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua) is a fish species of high importance, as a key species in a range of Northern ecosystems, in fisheries, and as an emerging species in aquaculture...
  38. Gamperl A, Busby C, Hori T, Afonso L, Hall J. Hemoglobin genotype has minimal influence on the physiological response of juvenile Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua) to environmental challenges. Physiol Biochem Zool. 2009;82:483-94 pubmed publisher
  39. Behrens J, Gräns A, Andersen N, Neuenfeldt S, Axelsson M. Recovery of gastric evacuation rate in Atlantic cod Gadus morhua L surgically implanted with a dummy telemetry device. Lab Anim. 2011;45:240-6 pubmed publisher
    ..surgically introducing dummies of a blood flow biotelemetry system into the abdominal cavity of Atlantic cod, Gadus morhua. Gastric evacuation experiments were performed two and 10 days postsurgery on surgically implanted and control ..
  40. Caipang C, Lazado C, Brinchmann M, Berg I, Kiron V. In vivo modulation of immune response and antioxidant defense in Atlantic cod, Gadus morhua following oral administration of oxolinic acid and florfenicol. Comp Biochem Physiol C Toxicol Pharmacol. 2009;150:459-64 pubmed publisher
    ..acid and florfenicol are the commonly used antibiotics for the treatment of bacterial diseases in Atlantic cod, Gadus morhua. The changes in selected innate humoral immune response of the fish, bacterial proliferation in serum and ..
  41. Harman C, Holth T, Hylland K, Thomas K, Grung M. Relationship between polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) accumulation in semipermeable membrane devices and PAH bile metabolite levels in Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua). J Toxicol Environ Health A. 2009;72:234-43 pubmed publisher
    ..Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua) and SPMD were exposed over a 4-wk period to a mixture that was designed to simulate the composition of PAH in ..
  42. Furnes C, Kileng Ø, Rinaldo C, Seppola M, Jensen I, Robertsen B. Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua L.) possesses three homologues of ISG15 with different expression kinetics and conjugation properties. Dev Comp Immunol. 2009;33:1239-46 pubmed publisher
    ..identified in a subtractive cDNA library constructed from a mixture of head kidney and spleen of Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua) stimulated with polyinosinic:polycytidylic acid (poly I:C)...
  43. Lokesh J, Fernandes J, Korsnes K, Bergh O, Brinchmann M, Kiron V. Transcriptional regulation of cytokines in the intestine of Atlantic cod fed yeast derived mannan oligosaccharide or ?-glucan and challenged with Vibrio anguillarum. Fish Shellfish Immunol. 2012;33:626-31 pubmed publisher
    ..yeast-derived mannan oligosaccharide product (YM) or a purified ?-glucan (BG) product were fed to Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua L.) for 5 weeks, after which they were bath-challenged with a bacterial pathogen--Vibrio anguillarum...
  44. Olsvik P, Lie K, Sturve J, Hasselberg L, Andersen O. Transcriptional effects of nonylphenol, bisphenol A and PBDE-47 in liver of juvenile Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua). Chemosphere. 2009;75:360-7 pubmed publisher
    ..Thus, all three toxicants seem to down regulate several CYPs, giving rise to distinct mRNA expression patterns suggesting that these toxicants act on the same receptors or via the same pathways...
  45. Reynisson E, Lauzon H, Magnusson H, Jonsdottir R, Olafsdottir G, Marteinsson V, et al. Bacterial composition and succession during storage of North-Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua) at superchilled temperatures. BMC Microbiol. 2009;9:250 pubmed publisher
    ..This paper presents a study where both conventional cultivation and cultivation independent approaches were used to investigate the bacterial succession during storage of cod loins at chilled and superchilled temperatures...
  46. Gisladottir B, Gudmundsdottir S, Brown L, Jonsson Z, Magnadottir B. Isolation of two C-reactive protein homologues from cod (Gadus morhua L.) serum. Fish Shellfish Immunol. 2009;26:210-9 pubmed publisher
    ..The results indicate considerable genetic variations in the cod pentraxins...
  47. Holen E, Kausland A, Skjærven K. Embryonic stem cells isolated from Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua) and the developmental expression of a stage-specific transcription factor ac-Pou2. Fish Physiol Biochem. 2010;36:1029-39 pubmed publisher
    ..developing embryonic in vitro models of the ecologically and economically important fish specie Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua)...
  48. Schrøder M, Ellingsen T, Mikkelsen H, Norderhus E, Lund V. Comparison of antibody responses in Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua L.) to Vibrio anguillarum, Aeromonas salmonicida and Francisella sp. Fish Shellfish Immunol. 2009;27:112-9 pubmed publisher
    ..salmonicida variants. Although all bacteria had induced significant antibody responses detectable in whole cell ELISA, only some had induced antibodies with specificity to linear O-polysaccharide epitopes on blot...
  49. Johansen S, Coucheron D, Andreassen M, Karlsen B, Furmanek T, Jørgensen T, et al. Large-scale sequence analyses of Atlantic cod. N Biotechnol. 2009;25:263-71 pubmed publisher
    The Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua) is a key species in the North Atlantic ecosystem and commercial fisheries, with increasing aquacultural production in several countries. A Norwegian effort to sequence the complete 0...
  50. Karlsen B, Klingan K, Emblem A, Jørgensen T, Jueterbock A, Furmanek T, et al. Genomic divergence between the migratory and stationary ecotypes of Atlantic cod. Mol Ecol. 2013;22:5098-111 pubmed publisher
  51. Morais S, Edvardsen R, Tocher D, Bell J. Transcriptomic analyses of intestinal gene expression of juvenile Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua) fed diets with Camelina oil as replacement for fish oil. Comp Biochem Physiol B Biochem Mol Biol. 2012;161:283-93 pubmed publisher
    ..Although the biological effects of these changes are unclear, given the important role of intestine in nutrient absorption and health, further attention should be given to this organ in future...
  52. Brander K. Cod Gadus morhua and climate change: processes, productivity and prediction. J Fish Biol. 2010;77:1899-911 pubmed publisher
    ..Investigation of cod Gadus morhua populations across the whole North Atlantic Ocean has shown large-scale patterns of change in productivity due ..
  53. Neuenfeldt S, Andersen K, Hinrichsen H. Some Atlantic cod Gadus morhua in the Baltic Sea visit hypoxic water briefly but often. J Fish Biol. 2009;75:290-4 pubmed publisher
    Individual behaviour of Atlantic cod Gadus morhua in the presence of hypoxic water was measured in situ in the vertically stratified Bornholm Basin of the Baltic Sea...
  54. Holzer A, Stewart S, Tildesley A, Wootten R, Sommerville C. Infection dynamics of two renal myxozoans in hatchery reared fry and juvenile Atlantic cod Gadus morhua L. Parasitology. 2010;137:1501-13 pubmed publisher
    ..hildae Auerbach, 1910 and Gadimyxa atlantica Køie, Karlsbakk and Nylund, 2007 in cultured Atlantic cod, Gadus morhua L...
  55. Ruangsri J, Fernandes J, Brinchmann M, Kiron V. Antimicrobial activity in the tissues of Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua L.). Fish Shellfish Immunol. 2010;28:879-86 pubmed publisher
    ..Protein profiles obtained by SDS-PAGE and two-dimensional gel electrophoresis showed that antimicrobial activity of the partially purified tissue extracts might be due to cationic, low molecular weight peptides...
  56. Nielsen E, Hemmer Hansen J, Poulsen N, Loeschcke V, Moen T, Johansen T, et al. Genomic signatures of local directional selection in a high gene flow marine organism; the Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua). BMC Evol Biol. 2009;9:276 pubmed publisher
    ..We investigated variation in 98 gene-associated single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) for evidence of selection in local populations of Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua L.) across the species distribution.
  57. Lauzon H, Magnusson H, Sveinsdottir K, Gudjónsdóttir M, Martinsdottir E. Effect of brining, modified atmosphere packaging, and superchilling on the shelf life of Cod (Gadus morhua) loins. J Food Sci. 2009;74:M258-67 pubmed publisher
    ..The shelf life of air-packed brined loins at -2 degrees C was 12 to 15 d but only 13 d under MA. The same synergistic effect did therefore not apply to brined loins as with unbrined ones...
  58. Magnadottir B, Gudmundsdottir S, Gudmundsdottir B, Helgason S. Natural antibodies of cod (Gadus morhua L.): specificity, activity and affinity. Comp Biochem Physiol B Biochem Mol Biol. 2009;154:309-16 pubmed publisher
    ..Analysis of antigen driven antibody selection showed that the natural antibody repertoire of individual cod was heterogeneous with respect to its affinity for haptenated protein...
  59. Mittelholzer C, Andersson E, Taranger G, Karlsen Ø, Norberg B. Quantification of gonadotropin subunits GPalpha, FSHbeta, and LHbeta mRNA expression from Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua) throughout a reproductive cycle. Comp Biochem Physiol B Biochem Mol Biol. 2009;153:288-95 pubmed publisher
    To elucidate the role of the gonadotropins in Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua), complete coding sequences with partially or fully un-translated regions for the three subunits GPalpha, FSHbeta, and LHbeta were determined...
  60. Xu M, Volkoff H. Molecular characterization of ghrelin and gastrin-releasing peptide in Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua): cloning, localization, developmental profile and role in food intake regulation. Gen Comp Endocrinol. 2009;160:250-8 pubmed publisher
    ..appetite-related peptides, ghrelin and for gastrin-releasing peptide (GRP) were cloned from Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua) stomach using reverse transcription and rapid amplification of complementary deoxyribonucleic acid ends...
  61. Ghigliotti L, Fevolden S, Cheng C, Babiak I, Dettai A, Pisano E. Karyotyping and cytogenetic mapping of Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua Linnaeus, 1758). Anim Genet. 2012;43:746-52 pubmed publisher
    The Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua) is an important natural resource for northern societies and is now also considered to be a promising candidate for aquaculture...
  62. Breton T, Anderson J, Goetz F, Berlinsky D. Identification of ovarian gene expression patterns during vitellogenesis in Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua). Gen Comp Endocrinol. 2012;179:296-304 pubmed publisher
    ..In Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua), gonadotropin responsiveness has been shown to be oocyte size-dependent, and only ovaries containing late-..