parrots

Summary

Summary: BIRDS of the large family Psittacidae, widely distributed in tropical regions and having a distinctive stout, curved hooked bill. The family includes LOVEBIRDS; AMAZON PARROTS; conures; PARAKEETS; and many other kinds of parrots.

Top Publications

  1. Doneley R, Miller R, Fanning T. Proventricular dilatation disease: an emerging exotic disease of parrots in Australia. Aust Vet J. 2007;85:119-23 pubmed
    Proventricular dilatation disease is a viral disease seen as a segmental neuropathy in parrots. It has always been believed to be a disease exotic to Australia, with the only reported case being a legally imported Green Wing Macaw (Ara ..
  2. Edling T, Degernes L, Flammer K, Horne W. Capnographic monitoring of anesthetized African grey parrots receiving intermittent positive pressure ventilation. J Am Vet Med Assoc. 2001;219:1714-8 pubmed
    To determine whether end-tidal partial pressure of carbon dioxide (PETCO2) correlated with PaCO2 in isoflurane-anesthetized African grey parrots receiving intermittent positive pressure ventilation (IPPV).
  3. Schuck Paim C, Borsari A, Ottoni E. Means to an end: neotropical parrots manage to pull strings to meet their goals. Anim Cogn. 2009;12:287-301 pubmed publisher
    Although parrots share with corvids and primates many of the traits believed to be associated with advanced cognitive processing, knowledge of parrot cognition is still limited to a few species, none of which are Neotropical...
  4. Pepperberg I, Gordon J. Number comprehension by a grey parrot (Psittacus erithacus), including a zero-like concept. J Comp Psychol. 2005;119:197-209 pubmed
    ..His results demonstrated numerical comprehension competence comparable to that of chimpanzees and very young children. He also demonstrated knowledge of absence of quantity, using "none" to designate zero...
  5. Peron F, Rat Fischer L, Lalot M, Nagle L, Bovet D. Cooperative problem solving in African grey parrots (Psittacus erithacus). Anim Cogn. 2011;14:545-53 pubmed publisher
    ..In the wild, parrots show cooperative behaviours such as bi-parental care and mobbing...
  6. Vick S, Bovet D, Anderson J. How do African grey parrots (Psittacus erithacus) perform on a delay of gratification task?. Anim Cogn. 2010;13:351-8 pubmed publisher
    ..Using a visible incremental reward procedure, we tested the ability of three grey parrots to maintain delay of gratification for an increasingly valuable food pay-off...
  7. Rinder M, Ackermann A, Kempf H, Kaspers B, Korbel R, Staeheli P. Broad tissue and cell tropism of avian bornavirus in parrots with proventricular dilatation disease. J Virol. 2009;83:5401-7 pubmed publisher
    Avian bornaviruses (ABV), representing a new genus within the family Bornaviridae, were recently discovered in parrots from North America and Israel with proventricular dilatation disease (PDD)...
  8. Brauth S, Liang W, Roberts T. Projections of the oval nucleus of the hyperstriatum ventrale in the budgerigar: relationships with the auditory system. J Comp Neurol. 2001;432:481-511 pubmed
    ..Previously described projections (Durand et al., 1997) from HVo to the NAom, NLc, and the magnicellular nucleus of the lobus parolfactorius (LPOm) were confirmed...
  9. Tavares E, Baker A, Pereira S, Miyaki C. Phylogenetic relationships and historical biogeography of neotropical parrots (Psittaciformes: Psittacidae: Arini) inferred from mitochondrial and nuclear DNA sequences. Syst Biol. 2006;55:454-70 pubmed publisher
    Previous hypotheses of phylogenetic relationships among Neotropical parrots were based on limited taxon sampling and lacked support for most internal nodes...

More Information

Publications62

  1. Joseph L, Dolman G, Donnellan S, Saint K, Berg M, Bennett A. Where and when does a ring start and end? Testing the ring-species hypothesis in a species complex of Australian parrots. Proc Biol Sci. 2008;275:2431-40 pubmed publisher
    ..and landscape/population genetics) to the data from mitochondrial and nuclear genomes of eastern Australian parrots of the Crimson Rosella Platycercus elegans complex to understand the history and present genetic structure of the ..
  2. Masello J, Choconi R, Helmer M, Kremberg T, Lubjuhn T, Quillfeldt P. Do leucocytes reflect condition in nestling burrowing parrots Cyanoliseus patagonus in the wild?. Comp Biochem Physiol A Mol Integr Physiol. 2009;152:176-81 pubmed publisher
    ..We studied leucocyte profiles in relation to body condition in nestling Burrowing Parrots (Cyanoliseus patagonus) in North-eastern Patagonia, Argentina...
  3. Pini E, Bertelli A, Stradi R, Falchi M. Biological activity of parrodienes, a new class of polyunsaturated linear aldehydes similar to carotenoids. Drugs Exp Clin Res. 2004;30:203-6 pubmed
    A new chemical named parrodienes has been extracted from parrots' plumage. From the chemical point of view, parrodienes are polyunsaturated aldehydes similar to carotenoids...
  4. Matsunaga E, Okanoya K. Evolution and diversity in avian vocal system: an Evo-Devo model from the morphological and behavioral perspectives. Dev Growth Differ. 2009;51:355-67 pubmed publisher
    Birds use various vocalizations to mark their territory and attract mates. Three groups of birds (songbirds, parrots, and hummingbirds) learn their vocalizations through imitation...
  5. Borsari A, Ottoni E. Preliminary observations of tool use in captive hyacinth macaws (Anodorhynchus hyacinthinus). Anim Cogn. 2005;8:48-52 pubmed
    ..Data suggest that birds of this species have an innate tendency to use objects (tools) as aids during nut manipulation and opening...
  6. Mikolasch S, Kotrschal K, Schloegl C. African grey parrots (Psittacus erithacus) use inference by exclusion to find hidden food. Biol Lett. 2011;7:875-7 pubmed publisher
    ..African grey parrots are capable of exclusion, and we here assessed if they are capable of inference by exclusion...
  7. Lee S, Lee S, Lyoo Y, Park H. DNA detection and genotypic identification of potentially human-pathogenic microsporidia from asymptomatic pet parrots in South Korea as a risk factor for zoonotic emergence. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2011;77:8442-4 pubmed publisher
    ..and identified genotypes of human-pathogenic microsporidia in fecal samples from 51 asymptomatic captive-bred pet parrots in South Korea. Microsporidia were identified in 8 samples (15...
  8. Schloegl C, Schmidt J, Boeckle M, Weiß B, Kotrschal K. Grey parrots use inferential reasoning based on acoustic cues alone. Proc Biol Sci. 2012;279:4135-42 pubmed
    ..Thus, grey parrots seem to possess ape-like cross-modal reasoning skills, but their reliance on these abilities is influenced by low-..
  9. Piasecki T, Harkins G, Chrząstek K, Julian L, Martin D, Varsani A. Avihepadnavirus diversity in parrots is comparable to that found amongst all other avian species. Virology. 2013;438:98-105 pubmed publisher
    ..All PHBV isolates display classical avihepadnavirus genome architecture...
  10. Schweizer M, Seehausen O, Güntert M, Hertwig S. The evolutionary diversification of parrots supports a taxon pulse model with multiple trans-oceanic dispersal events and local radiations. Mol Phylogenet Evol. 2010;54:984-94 pubmed publisher
    Vicariance is thought to have played a major role in the evolution of modern parrots. However, as the relationships especially of the African taxa remained mostly unresolved, it has been difficult to draw firm conclusions about the roles ..
  11. Magat M, Brown C. Laterality enhances cognition in Australian parrots. Proc Biol Sci. 2009;276:4155-62 pubmed publisher
    ..Here, we examined the influence of lateralization on problem solving by Australian parrots. The first task, a pebble-seed discrimination test, was designed for small parrot species that feed predominately ..
  12. Xenoulis P, Gray P, Brightsmith D, Palculict B, Hoppes S, Steiner J, et al. Molecular characterization of the cloacal microbiota of wild and captive parrots. Vet Microbiol. 2010;146:320-5 pubmed publisher
    ..The aim of the present study was to characterize the cloacal microbiota of apparently healthy wild and captive parrots. A total of 16 parrots, 8 wild and 8 captive, belonging to 3 different species, were used in this study...
  13. Heinsohn R. Ecology and evolution of the enigmatic eclectus parrot (Eclectus roratus). J Avian Med Surg. 2008;22:146-50 pubmed
    Eclectus parrots (Eclectus roratus) exhibit a form of reversed sexual dichromatism (plumage coloration) not found in other birds. The females are a striking vermilion and blue, whereas the males are shiny green...
  14. Nanda I, Karl E, Griffin D, Schartl M, Schmid M. Chromosome repatterning in three representative parrots (Psittaciformes) inferred from comparative chromosome painting. Cytogenet Genome Res. 2007;117:43-53 pubmed
    b>Parrots (order: Psittaciformes) are the most common captive birds and have attracted human fascination since ancient times because of their remarkable intelligence and ability to imitate human speech...
  15. Pepperberg I, Koepke A, Livingston P, Girard M, Hartsfield L. Reasoning by inference: further studies on exclusion in grey parrots (Psittacus erithacus). J Comp Psychol. 2013;127:272-81 pubmed publisher
    ..The first replicated the Grey parrot study of Mikolasch, Kotrschal, and Schloegl (2011, African Grey Parrots (Psittacus erithacus) use inference by exclusion to find hidden food...
  16. Harkinezhad T, Verminnen K, Van Droogenbroeck C, Vanrompay D. Chlamydophila psittaci genotype E/B transmission from African grey parrots to humans. J Med Microbiol. 2007;56:1097-100 pubmed
    ..In the relief unit, 5 of 20 African grey parrots showed depression, ruffled feathers, loss of weight and mild dyspnoea. The birds received no antibiotic treatment...
  17. Pepperberg I. In search of king Solomon's ring: cognitive and communicative studies of Grey parrots (Psittacus erithacus). Brain Behav Evol. 2002;59:54-67 pubmed
    During the past 24 years, I have used a modeling technique (M/R procedure) to train Grey parrots to use an allospecific code (English speech) referentially; I then use the code to test their cognitive abilities...
  18. Garner J, Meehan C, Mench J. Stereotypies in caged parrots, schizophrenia and autism: evidence for a common mechanism. Behav Brain Res. 2003;145:125-34 pubmed
    ..Here we show that stereotypy in captive Orange-Wing Amazon Parrots (Amazona amazonica) is correlated with poor performance on the same psychiatric task (the 'gambling task') as ..
  19. Morelli R, Loscalzo R, Stradi R, Bertelli A, Falchi M. Evaluation of the antioxidant activity of new carotenoid-like compounds by electron paramagnetic resonance. Drugs Exp Clin Res. 2003;29:95-100 pubmed
    ..been isolated chemically as a result of studies on the pigments present in a particular species of birds, namely parrots. These novel derivatives, which are also called parrodienes, have been proved to possess interesting biological ..
  20. Iwaniuk A, Dean K, Nelson J. Interspecific allometry of the brain and brain regions in parrots (psittaciformes): comparisons with other birds and primates. Brain Behav Evol. 2005;65:40-59 pubmed
    ..We tested whether psittaciforms (parrots, cockatoos and lorikeets) have larger brains and forebrains than other birds using both conventional and ..
  21. Pepperberg I. "Insightful" string-pulling in Grey parrots (Psittacus erithacus) is affected by vocal competence. Anim Cogn. 2004;7:263-6 pubmed
    Four Grey parrots (Psittacus erithacus) were tested on their ability to obtain an item suspended from a string such that mutiple, repeated, coordinated beak-foot actions were required for success (e.g., Heinrich 1995)...
  22. Lavenex P. Lesions in the budgerigar vocal control nucleus NLc affect production, but not memory, of english words and natural vocalizations. J Comp Neurol. 2000;421:437-60 pubmed
    ..the role of various songbird vocal control nuclei, few similar functional studies have been performed in parrots, particularly with respect to NLc...
  23. Péron F, John M, Sapowicz S, Bovet D, Pepperberg I. A study of sharing and reciprocity in grey parrots (Psittacus erithacus). Anim Cogn. 2013;16:197-210 pubmed publisher
    ..in PNAS 108:13847-13851, 2011). Here, such behaviour in Grey parrots (Psittacus erithacus) was tested in two experiments, both designed to avoid possible issues involving apparatus ..
  24. Brown C, Magat M. Cerebral lateralization determines hand preferences in Australian parrots. Biol Lett. 2011;7:496-8 pubmed publisher
    ..We recorded the eye and foot preferences of 322 individuals from 16 species of Australian parrots while investigating potential food items...
  25. Pepperberg I. Vocal learning in Grey parrots: A brief review of perception, production, and cross-species comparisons. Brain Lang. 2010;115:81-91 pubmed publisher
    ..I discuss cross-species comparisons where applicable and conclude with a description of recent research that integrates issues of reference, production and perception...
  26. Russello M, Amato G. A molecular phylogeny of Amazona: implications for Neotropical parrot biogeography, taxonomy, and conservation. Mol Phylogenet Evol. 2004;30:421-37 pubmed
    Amazon parrots (Genus Amazona) are among the most recognizable and imperiled of all birds...
  27. Gajdon G, Fijn N, Huber L. Testing social learning in a wild mountain parrot, the kea (Nestor notabilis). Learn Behav. 2004;32:62-71 pubmed
    ..The results suggest a dissociation of social learning potential as assessed in laboratory animals, and social transmission of foraging techniques in natural populations...
  28. Huber L, Gajdon G. Technical intelligence in animals: the kea model. Anim Cogn. 2006;9:295-305 pubmed
  29. Mercado J, Larsen R, Wack R, Pypendop B. Minimum anesthetic concentration of isoflurane in captive thick-billed parrots (Rhynchopsitta pachyrhyncha). Am J Vet Res. 2008;69:189-94 pubmed publisher
    To determine the minimum anesthetic concentration (MAC) of isoflurane in thick-billed parrots (Rhynchopsitta pachyrhyncha).
  30. Schuck Paim C, Alonso W, Ottoni E. Cognition in an ever-changing world: climatic variability is associated with brain size in Neotropical parrots. Brain Behav Evol. 2008;71:200-15 pubmed publisher
    ..Here we focus on Neotropical parrots as our model group and test the hypothesis that if relatively larger brains were favored in climatically variable ..
  31. Gartrell B, Alley M, Mack H, Donald J, McInnes K, Jansen P. Erysipelas in the critically endangered kakapo (Strigops habroptilus). Avian Pathol. 2005;34:383-7 pubmed
    ..This is the first report of erysipelas in wild parrots, and the first report of the management of erysipelas in a critically endangered wild population of birds.
  32. Hughes C, Miles S, Walbroehl J. Support for the minimal essential MHC hypothesis: a parrot with a single, highly polymorphic MHC class II B gene. Immunogenetics. 2008;60:219-31 pubmed publisher
    ..These data provide support for the hypothesis that the bird MHC constitutes a "minimal essential MHC" for responding to infectious disease...
  33. Ribas C, Moyle R, Miyaki C, Cracraft J. The assembly of montane biotas: linking Andean tectonics and climatic oscillations to independent regimes of diversification in Pionus parrots. Proc Biol Sci. 2007;274:2399-408 pubmed
    ..These results support a mechanistic link between diversification and Earth history and have general implications for explaining high altitudinal disjuncts and the origin of montane biotas...
  34. Aidala Z, Huynen L, Brennan P, Musser J, Fidler A, Chong N, et al. Ultraviolet visual sensitivity in three avian lineages: paleognaths, parrots, and passerines. J Comp Physiol A Neuroethol Sens Neural Behav Physiol. 2012;198:495-510 pubmed publisher
    ..suggest ubiquitous ultraviolet SWS1 sensitivity (UVS) in both paleognaths, including extinct moa (Emeidae), and parrots, including the nocturnal and flightless kakapo (Strigops habroptilus), and in most, but not all, songbird (oscine)..
  35. Suh A, Paus M, Kiefmann M, Churakov G, Franke F, BROSIUS J, et al. Mesozoic retroposons reveal parrots as the closest living relatives of passerine birds. Nat Commun. 2011;2:443 pubmed publisher
    ..Among these, we obtained statistically significant evidence that parrots are the closest and falcons the second-closest relatives of passerines, together constituting the ..
  36. Plummer T, Striedter G. Brain lesions that impair vocal imitation in adult budgerigars. J Neurobiol. 2002;53:413-28 pubmed
    ..Interestingly, the females that were paired with lesioned males displayed more vocal plasticity than the females in the control group, and some even imitated their male's prepairing calls...
  37. Frynta D, Lisková S, Bultmann S, Burda H. Being attractive brings advantages: the case of parrot species in captivity. PLoS ONE. 2010;5:e12568 pubmed publisher
    b>Parrots are one of the most frequently kept and bred bird orders in captivity. This increases poaching and thus the potential importance of captive populations for rescue programmes managed by zoos and related institutions...
  38. Giret N, Miklosi A, Kreutzer M, Bovet D. Use of experimenter-given cues by African gray parrots (Psittacus erithacus). Anim Cogn. 2009;12:1-10 pubmed publisher
    ..In this study, we tested the ability of three African gray parrots to use different human cues (pointing and/or gazing) in an object-choice task...
  39. Gómez Meda B, Zamora Perez A, Luna Aguirre J, González Rodríguez A, Ramos Ibarra M, Torres Bugarin O, et al. Nuclear abnormalities in erythrocytes of parrots (Aratinga canicularis) related to genotoxic damage. Avian Pathol. 2006;35:206-10 pubmed
    ..This suggests that evaluating BE and MNE in routine haematological analysis should be considered to evaluate environmental genotoxic exposure...
  40. Astuti D, Azuma N, Suzuki H, Higashi S. Phylogenetic relationships within parrots (Psittacidae) inferred from mitochondrial cytochrome-b gene sequences. Zoolog Sci. 2006;23:191-8 pubmed
  41. Balsby T, Bradbury J. Vocal matching by orange-fronted conures (Aratinga canicularis). Behav Processes. 2009;82:133-9 pubmed publisher
    ..This would explain the presence of convergent, divergent, and variable patterns of stimulus-response similarity seen in our experiments...
  42. Wright T, Rodriguez A, Fleischer R. Vocal dialects, sex-biased dispersal, and microsatellite population structure in the parrot Amazona auropalliata. Mol Ecol. 2005;14:1197-205 pubmed
    ..We found no evidence that ongoing habitat fragmentation has contributed to cryptic population structure...
  43. Taysom A, Stuart Fox D, Cardoso G. The contribution of structural-, psittacofulvin- and melanin-based colouration to sexual dichromatism in Australasian parrots. J Evol Biol. 2011;24:303-13 pubmed publisher
    ..yellow to red) usually involves exogenous and costly carotenoid pigments, yellow to red colouration in parrots is based on endogenously synthesized psittacofulvin pigments...
  44. Steinmetz A, Pees M, Schmidt V, Weber M, Krautwald Junghanns M, Oechtering G. Blindness as a sign of proventricular dilatation disease in a grey parrot (Psittacus erithacus erithacus). J Small Anim Pract. 2008;49:660-2 pubmed publisher
    ..Lymphoplasmacytic infiltrates in the retina, indicating proventricular dilatation disease, and subsequent retinal degeneration were found. A potential common aetiology for proventricular dilatation disease and blindness is discussed...
  45. Wolf P, Häbich A, Bürkle M, Kamphues J. Basic data on food intake, nutrient digestibility and energy requirements of lorikeets. J Anim Physiol Anim Nutr (Berl). 2007;91:282-8 pubmed
    ..Regression analysis of body weight change relative to energy intake demonstrated constant body mass (assuming no change in body composition) when the daily energy intakes were 860 (GL) or 650 (RL) kJ ME/kg BW(0.75)...
  46. Schloegl C, Dierks A, Gajdon G, Huber L, Kotrschal K, Bugnyar T. What you see is what you get? Exclusion performances in ravens and keas. PLoS ONE. 2009;4:e6368 pubmed publisher
    Among birds, corvids and parrots are prime candidates for advanced cognitive abilities. Still, hardly anything is known about cognitive similarities and dissimilarities between them...
  47. Wada K, Sakaguchi H, Jarvis E, Hagiwara M. Differential expression of glutamate receptors in avian neural pathways for learned vocalization. J Comp Neurol. 2004;476:44-64 pubmed
    ..It is found in three distantly related groups of birds-parrots, hummingbirds, and songbirds...
  48. Massaro M, Ortiz Catedral L, Julian L, Galbraith J, Kurenbach B, Kearvell J, et al. Molecular characterisation of beak and feather disease virus (BFDV) in New Zealand and its implications for managing an infectious disease. Arch Virol. 2012;157:1651-63 pubmed publisher
    ..discovery in a wild population of native red-fronted parakeets has raised concerns for the conservation of native parrots, all of which are threatened or endangered...
  49. Gilardi J, Toft C. Parrots eat nutritious foods despite toxins. PLoS ONE. 2012;7:e38293 pubmed publisher
    ..This study investigated the foods of wild parrots in the Peruvian Amazon and asked whether these foods contain dietary components that are limiting for generalist ..
  50. Brauth S, Liang W, Roberts T, Scott L, Quinlan E. Contact call-driven Zenk protein induction and habituation in telencephalic auditory pathways in the Budgerigar (Melopsittacus undulatus): implications for understanding vocal learning processes. Learn Mem. 2002;9:76-88 pubmed
  51. Aïn S, Giret N, Grand M, Kreutzer M, Bovet D. The discrimination of discrete and continuous amounts in African grey parrots (Psittacus erithacus). Anim Cogn. 2009;12:145-54 pubmed publisher
    ..We investigated the ability of three African grey parrots (Psittacus erithacus) to select the largest amount of food between two sets, either discrete food items (..
  52. Piasecki T, Chrząstek K, Wieliczko A. Detection and identification of Chlamydophila psittaci in asymptomatic parrots in Poland. BMC Vet Res. 2012;8:233 pubmed publisher
    ..We investigated the prevalence of C. psittaci from 156 tracheal swab samples from 34 different species of parrots in Poland, and determined the genotype of strains from the positive samples.
  53. Arnold K, Owens I, Marshall N. Fluorescent signaling in parrots. Science. 2002;295:92 pubmed