zoo animals

Summary

Summary: Animal population groups or individual animals that reside in captivity at a zoological park.

Top Publications

  1. Jang Y, Lee S, Lim J, Lee H, Kim T, Park J, et al. The rate of Salmonella spp. infection in zoo animals at Seoul Grand Park, Korea. J Vet Sci. 2008;9:177-81 pubmed
    ..findings indicate that vigilance is required for determining the presence of zoonotic pathogen infections in zoo animals and contamination of animal facilities to prevent human infection with zoonotic diseases from zoo facilities ..
  2. de Camps S, Dubey J, Saville W. Seroepidemiology of Toxoplasma gondii in zoo animals in selected zoos in the midwestern United States. J Parasitol. 2008;94:648-53 pubmed publisher
    Toxoplasma gondii infections in zoo animals are of interest because many captive animals die of clinical toxoplasmosis and because of the potential risk of exposure of children and elderly to T...
  3. Parkar U, Traub R, Vitali S, Elliot A, Levecke B, Robertson I, et al. Molecular characterization of Blastocystis isolates from zoo animals and their animal-keepers. Vet Parasitol. 2010;169:8-17 pubmed publisher
    ..Most zoo-keepers at the Perth Zoo were harbouring Blastocystis. Four of these zoo-keeper isolates were identical to the isolates from the southern hairy nosed wombat and five primate species...
  4. Debroy C, Roberts E. Screening petting zoo animals for the presence of potentially pathogenic Escherichia coli. J Vet Diagn Invest. 2006;18:597-600 pubmed
    ..coli (EHEC) or Shiga-toxin-producing E. coli (STEC) in petting zoo animals. Direct detection of these strains from rectal swabs of animals in petting zoos was developed and obviated the ..
  5. Willoughby K, Kelly D, Lyon D, Wells G. Spongiform encephalopathy in a captive puma (Felis concolor). Vet Rec. 1992;131:431-4 pubmed
    ..This is the first confirmed case of a scrapie-like spongiform encephalopathy described in a non-domestic cat in the United Kingdom...
  6. Ahmed A, Motoi Y, Sato M, Maruyama A, Watanabe H, Fukumoto Y, et al. Zoo animals as reservoirs of gram-negative bacteria harboring integrons and antimicrobial resistance genes. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2007;73:6686-90 pubmed
    ..Furthermore, the plasmid-mediated quinolone resistance genes qnr and aac(6')-Ib-cr were also identified...
  7. Ferrell S, Snowden K, Marlar A, Garner M, Lung N. Fatal hemoprotozoal infections in multiple avian species in a zoological park. J Zoo Wildl Med. 2007;38:309-16 pubmed
    ..There are no reports in the literature documenting identified fatal hemoprotozoal infections in oropendolas, green jays, or lesser flamingos...
  8. Deagle B, Tollit D, Jarman S, Hindell M, Trites A, Gales N. Molecular scatology as a tool to study diet: analysis of prey DNA in scats from captive Steller sea lions. Mol Ecol. 2005;14:1831-42 pubmed
    ..This study should be of broad interest to researchers studying diet since it highlights an approach that can accurately identify prey species and is not dependent on prey hard parts surviving digestion...
  9. Richman L, Montali R, Garber R, Kennedy M, Lehnhardt J, Hildebrandt T, et al. Novel endotheliotropic herpesviruses fatal for Asian and African elephants. Science. 1999;283:1171-6 pubmed
    ..A reciprocal relationship may exist for the African elephant disease...

More Information

Publications62

  1. Lezmi S, Bencsik A, Monks E, Petit T, Baron T. First case of feline spongiform encephalopathy in a captive cheetah born in France: PrP(sc) analysis in various tissues revealed unexpected targeting of kidney and adrenal gland. Histochem Cell Biol. 2003;119:415-22 pubmed
    ..The sympathetic innervation of these two organs was visualised and compared to the distribution of PrP(sc) deposits. Our results suggest the possibility that the infectious agent is spread by both haematogenous and nervous pathways...
  2. Corrente M, Madio A, Friedrich K, Greco G, Desario C, Tagliabue S, et al. Isolation of Salmonella strains from reptile faeces and comparison of different culture media. J Appl Microbiol. 2004;96:709-15 pubmed
    ..To provide information on epidemiology and isolation of Salmonella strains from reptiles...
  3. Young S, Slocombe R. Prion-associated spongiform encephalopathy in an imported Asiatic golden cat (Catopuma temmincki). Aust Vet J. 2003;81:295-6 pubmed
  4. Keawcharoen J, Oraveerakul K, Kuiken T, Fouchier R, Amonsin A, Payungporn S, et al. Avian influenza H5N1 in tigers and leopards. Emerg Infect Dis. 2004;10:2189-91 pubmed
    ..This finding extends the host range of influenza virus and has implications for influenza virus epidemiology and wildlife conservation...
  5. Schrenzel M, Maalouf G, Keener L, Gaffney P. Molecular characterization of malarial parasites in captive passerine birds. J Parasitol. 2003;89:1025-33 pubmed
  6. Kirkwood J, Wells G, Wilesmith J, Cunningham A, Jackson S. Spongiform encephalopathy in an arabian oryx (Oryx leucoryx) and a greater kudu (Tragelaphus strepsiceros). Vet Rec. 1990;127:418-20 pubmed
    ..Scrapie-like spongiform encephalopathies have now been described in five species of exotic artiodactyls in Britain indicating a, hitherto inapparent, wider range of ruminant species as natural hosts for these diseases...
  7. Bauwens L, Vercammen F, Bertrand S, Collard J, De Ceuster S. Isolation of Salmonella from environmental samples collected in the reptile department of Antwerp Zoo using different selective methods. J Appl Microbiol. 2006;101:284-9 pubmed
    ..To evaluate the environmental spread of Salmonella strains in the reptile department of Antwerp Zoo and to compare different isolation methods for Salmonella...
  8. Stöbel K, Schönberg A, Staak C. A new non-species dependent ELISA for detection of antibodies to Borrelia burgdorferi s. l. in zoo animals. Int J Med Microbiol. 2002;291 Suppl 33:88-99 pubmed
    ..very few research reports have documented examinations on free-ranging wild animal populations and no study on zoo animals has been published...
  9. Bender J, Shulman S. Reports of zoonotic disease outbreaks associated with animal exhibits and availability of recommendations for preventing zoonotic disease transmission from animals to people in such settings. J Am Vet Med Assoc. 2004;224:1105-9 pubmed
    ..To assess the number of zoonotic disease outbreaks associated with animal exhibits and identify published recommendations for preventing zoonotic disease transmission from animals to people in exhibit settings...
  10. Montali R, Mikota S, Cheng L. Mycobacterium tuberculosis in zoo and wildlife species. Rev Sci Tech. 2001;20:291-303 pubmed
    ..Additionally, new guidelines for controlling tuberculosis in elephants in the United States of America, and programmes for tuberculosis prevention in animal handlers have been established...
  11. Stoebel K, Schoenberg A, Streich W. The seroepidemiology of Lyme borreliosis in zoo animals in Germany. Epidemiol Infect. 2003;131:975-83 pubmed
    We conducted the first seroepidemiological study to evaluate the exposure of zoo animals to Borrelia burgdorferi s.l. in German zoos and wildlife parks...
  12. Sedlak K, Bartova E. Seroprevalences of antibodies to Neospora caninum and Toxoplasma gondii in zoo animals. Vet Parasitol. 2006;136:223-31 pubmed
    ..Little is known about the prevalence of antibodies to this parasite in zoo animals. Sera from 556 animals, from 13 Czech and Slovak zoos were tested for antibodies to N...
  13. Dahroug M, Almeida A, Sousa V, Dutra V, Turbino N, Nakazato L, et al. Leishmania(Leishmania) chagasi in captive wild felids in Brazil. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 2010;104:73-4 pubmed publisher
    ..It is already known that domestic felids can act as a reservoir of L. chagasi in endemic areas, and further studies are necessary to investigate their participation in the epidemiological chain of leishmaniasis...
  14. Bartlett S, Abou Madi N, Messick J, Birkenheuer A, Kollias G. Diagnosis and treatment of Babesia odocoilei in captive reindeer (Rangifer tarandus tarandus) and recognition of three novel host species. J Zoo Wildl Med. 2009;40:152-9 pubmed
  15. Witte C, Hungerford L, Papendick R, Stalis I, Rideout B. Investigation of factors predicting disease among zoo birds exposed to avian mycobacteriosis. J Am Vet Med Assoc. 2010;236:211-8 pubmed publisher
    ..To characterize infection patterns and identify factors associated with avian mycobacteriosis among zoo birds that were housed with infected enclosure mates...
  16. Lia R, Traversa D, Laricchiuta P, Dantas Torres F, Paradies R, Alvinerie M, et al. Efficacy of an in-feed formulation containing ivermectin for the control of intestinal strongyles in captive zebras (Equus burchelli (Gray, 1824)). Vet Parasitol. 2010;169:133-7 pubmed publisher
    ..The opportunity to treat captive ungulates with an in-feed anthelmintic is discussed in relation to the fractious nature of these animals, which often impairs helminth control programs in zoo-parks...
  17. Qin Q, Li D, Zhang H, Hou R, Zhang Z, Zhang C, et al. Serosurvey of selected viruses in captive giant pandas (Ailuropoda melanoleuca) in China. Vet Microbiol. 2010;142:199-204 pubmed publisher
    ..The results of this study emphasize the need for research on infectious diseases of giant pandas and development of suitable vaccines for the species...
  18. Watters J, Margulis S, Atsalis S. Behavioral monitoring in zoos and aquariums: a tool for guiding husbandry and directing research. Zoo Biol. 2009;28:35-48 pubmed publisher
    ..We argue that the benefits of such a program, primarily increased detection of rising or potential problems, far outweigh the minor costs of implementation...
  19. Goulart V, Azevedo P, van de Schepop J, Teixeira C, Barçante L, Azevedo C, et al. GAPs in the study of zoo and wild animal welfare. Zoo Biol. 2009;28:561-73 pubmed publisher
    ..013). Little knowledge cross-over from farm animal welfare was found (only four articles) in this study. In conclusion, zoo and wild animal welfare as a science may benefit from a greater interaction with farm animal welfare...
  20. Oda S, Yamato R, Fedullo J, Leomil Neto M, Larsson M. Standardization of some electrocardiographic parameters of captive leopard cats (Leopardus tigrinus). J Zoo Wildl Med. 2009;40:414-20 pubmed
    ..Echocardiographic exams revealed normal heart cavities' function and morphology. The aim of this study was to establish some electrocardiographic parameters of captive L. tigrinus...
  21. Knauf S, Blad Stahl J, Lawrenz A, Schuerer U, Wehrend A. Plasma preparation and storage for African elephants (Loxodonta africana). J Zoo Wildl Med. 2009;40:71-5 pubmed
    ..Values for cellular component sedimentation and biochemical parameters of extracted plasma that was collected from 2 female elephants is presented. The proposal for a central plasma bank for elephants in European zoos is suggested...
  22. Wohlsein P, Schopper H, Kammerling J, Wünsch U, Schulze C. [Primary cutaneous and metastasing haemangiosarcoma in an addax (Addax nasomaculatus)]. Dtsch Tierarztl Wochenschr. 2008;115:20-5 pubmed
    ..In this communication clinical signs, morphological and immunohistological findings in a 15-year-old, female addax with a primary cutaneous, re-occurring and metastasing haemangiosarcoma of a forelimb are reported...
  23. Barnes T, Li J, Coleman G, McManus D. Development and evaluation of immunoblot-based serodiagnostic tests for hydatid infection in macropodids. J Wildl Dis. 2008;44:1036-40 pubmed
    ..Following optimization, the use of rEpC1 on sera from 51 wild eastern grey kangaroos (48 positive and 3 negative at necropsy), and from 9 captive bred macropodids, resulted in sensitivity and specificity of 48% and 92% respectively...
  24. Dik B, Uslu U. [Chewing-lice (Phtihiraptera: Amblycera, Ischnocera) occurring on birds in the Konya zoo]. Turkiye Parazitol Derg. 2009;33:43-9 pubmed
    ..C. fraterculus, D. aquilarum, C. impressum and D. fusca were found for the first time on these raptors in Turkey and information about these species were given in this paper...
  25. Wiedner E, Alleman A, Isaza R. Urinalysis in Asian elephants (Elephas maximus). J Zoo Wildl Med. 2009;40:659-66 pubmed
    ..Establishment of normal urine values provides an important tool in elephant health care...
  26. Aguirre A. Essential veterinary education in zoological and wildlife medicine: a global perspective. Rev Sci Tech. 2009;28:605-10 pubmed
    ..field at a later date, the veterinary curriculum should cover several issues that are related to wildlife and zoo animals, including conservation biology, zoology, behaviour, physiology and conservation medicine...
  27. Clauss M, Keller A, Peemöller A, Nygren K, Hatt J, Nuss K. Postmortal radiographic diagnosis of laminitis in a captive European moose (Alces alces). Schweiz Arch Tierheilkd. 2009;151:545-9 pubmed publisher
  28. Yamano K, Kanetoshi A, Goto A, Kishimoto M, Kobayashi N, Fujimoto S, et al. Japanese monkey (Macaca fuscata) with alveolar echinococcosis after treatment with albendazole for 10 years: serodiagnosis and determination of albendazole metabolites. Parasitol Res. 2009;106:69-74 pubmed publisher
    ..In this study, it was demonstrated that tests which have been used in human cases were also effective for diagnosing alveolar echinococcosis and for assessing curative effects in nonhuman primates such as M. fuscata...
  29. Dutton C, Quinnell M, Lindsay R, DeLay J, Barker I. Paraparesis in a polar bear (Ursus maritimus) associated with West Nile virus infection. J Zoo Wildl Med. 2009;40:568-71 pubmed
    ..Retrospective immunohistochemistry on spleen revealed rare antigen-positive cells, probably macrophages. Prevention of exposure to potentially WNV-infected mosquitoes or vaccination of captive bears against WNV should be considered...
  30. Kummerfeld M, Knieriem A, Wohlsein P. [Osteomyelitis and papillary renal adenoma in a red panda (Ailurus fulgens fulgens)]. Dtsch Tierarztl Wochenschr. 2008;115:421-5 pubmed
    ..Additionally, in the kidney a papillary renal adenoma was found. Immunohistochemistry revealed an expression of cytokeratins 8 and/or 19 indicating an origin from the renal tubular epithelium...
  31. Nakamura S, Hayashidani H, Iwata T, Namai S, Une Y. Pathological changes in captive monkeys with spontaneous yersiniosis due to infection by Yersinia enterocolitica serovar O8. J Comp Pathol. 2010;143:150-6 pubmed publisher
    ..enterocolitica O8. In addition, Y. enterocolitica serotype O8 was isolated from animal organs in pure culture. This is the first report of fatal cases of infection with Y. enterocolitica serovar O8 in animals...
  32. Dantas Torres F, Ferreira D, de Melo L, Lima P, Siqueira D, Rameh de Albuquerque L, et al. Ticks on captive and free-living wild animals in northeastern Brazil. Exp Appl Acarol. 2010;50:181-9 pubmed publisher
    ..variegatus are new host records for Am. rotundatum. Finally, the human parasitism by Amblyomma ticks is reported for the first time in Pernambuco, highlighting the potential of tick-borne pathogen transmission in this state...
  33. Henry P, Miquelle D, Sugimoto T, McCullough D, Caccone A, Russello M. In situ population structure and ex situ representation of the endangered Amur tiger. Mol Ecol. 2009;18:3173-84 pubmed publisher
  34. Fraser D. Assessing animal welfare: different philosophies, different scientific approaches. Zoo Biol. 2009;28:507-18 pubmed publisher
    ..If efforts to improve animal welfare are to achieve widespread acceptance, they need to strike a balance among the different animal welfare objectives...
  35. Wells D, Irwin R. The effect of feeding enrichment on the moloch gibbon (Hylobates moloch). J Appl Anim Welf Sci. 2009;12:21-9 pubmed publisher
    ..The study concluded that feeding devices may offer a viable form of environmental enrichment for captive moloch gibbons...
  36. Schmidt E, Lange R, Ribas J, Daciuk B, Montiani Ferreira F, Paulillo A. Hematology of the Red-capped parrot (Pionopsitta pileata) and Vinaceous Amazon parrot (Amazona vinacea) in captivity. J Zoo Wildl Med. 2009;40:15-7 pubmed
    ..For both Red-capped parrots and Vinaceous Amazon parrots, adult males had higher red blood cell counts than adult females. Regarding white blood cell distribution, differences due to gender were also found for both species of parrots...
  37. Duncan A, Lyashchenko K, Greenwald R, Miller M, Ball R. Application of Elephant TB STAT-PAK assay and MAPIA (multi-antigen print immunoassay) for detection of tuberculosis and monitoring of treatment in black rhinoceros (Diceros bicornis). J Zoo Wildl Med. 2009;40:781-5 pubmed
    ..The antibody levels in these rhinos continued to be significantly decreased. The findings suggest that the ElephantTB STAT-PAK and MAPIA may be useful tools to detect M. tuberculosis infection and monitor treatment in black rhinoceros...
  38. Leonardi R, Buchanan Smith H, Dufour V, MacDonald C, Whiten A. Living together: behavior and welfare in single and mixed species groups of capuchin (Cebus apella) and squirrel monkeys (Saimiri sciureus). Am J Primatol. 2010;72:33-47 pubmed publisher
    ..Our data suggest that in carefully designed, large enclosures, naturally associating monkeys are able to live harmoniously and are enriched by each other...
  39. Napier J, Hinrichs S, Lampen F, Iwen P, Wickert R, Garrett J, et al. An outbreak of avian mycobacteriosis caused by Mycobacterium intracellulare in little blue penguins (Eudyptula minor). J Zoo Wildl Med. 2009;40:680-6 pubmed
    ..The proposed mechanism of transmission is exposure to wild birds but the source has not been determined. These cases of avian mycobacteriosis caused by MIT are the first known cases reported in little blue penguins...
  40. Nakamura S, Iseda S, Une Y. Subcutaneous Leiomyosarcoma in a Common Squirrel Monkey (Saimiri sciureus). J Vet Med Sci. 2010;72:639-42 pubmed
    ..Most of the reported tumors in nonhuman primates have occurred in aged monkeys. This case was a rare tumor considering the young age of the animal...
  41. Petit E, Ouattara K, Zuberbuhler K, Vallet D, Lemasson A. Cross-amplified polymorphic microsatellites for Campbell's monkey. Folia Primatol (Basel). 2010;81:12-5 pubmed publisher
    ..These samples proved to originate from 18 free-ranging monkeys and showed that the 12 markers we developed for this species are polymorphic and suitable for future population genetic and parentage analyses...
  42. Ross S, Bloomsmith M, Bettinger T, Wagner K. The influence of captive adolescent male chimpanzees on wounding: management and welfare implications. Zoo Biol. 2009;28:623-34 pubmed publisher
  43. Petrie M, Pinxten R, Eens M. Moorhens have an internal representation of their own eggs. Naturwissenschaften. 2009;96:405-7 pubmed publisher
    ..This provides good evidence that birds have an internal representation of their own eggs and use this in decisions about whether to reject foreign eggs...
  44. Haridy F, Abdel Gawad A, Ibrahim B, Hassan A, El Sherbi G, El Shazly A, et al. Zoonotic hydatidosis in donkeys: post mortum examination in the Zoo, Giza, Egypt. J Egypt Soc Parasitol. 2008;38:305-12 pubmed
    ..A total of 17 out of 160 donkeys slaughtered had hepatic hydatidosis as proved macroscopically and microscopically. The epidemiology of zoonotic echinococcosis/hydatidosis was reviewed and discussed...
  45. Nelder M, Swanson D, Adler P, Grogan W. Biting midges of the genus Culicoides in South Carolina zoos. J Insect Sci. 2010;10:55 pubmed publisher
    ..Half of the collected species previously have been associated with vertebrate pathogens, indicating a potential risk to captive animals...
  46. Simova Curd S, Huder J, Boeni J, Robert N, Hatt J. Investigations on the diagnosis and retroviral aetiology of renal neoplasia in budgerigars (Melopsittacus undulatus). Avian Pathol. 2010;39:161-7 pubmed publisher
    ..Based on the current findings, it can be concluded that there is no evidence of retroviral involvement in the occurrence of renal neoplasia in budgerigars...
  47. Ganswindt A, Muenscher S, Henley M, Henley S, Heistermann M, Palme R, et al. Endocrine correlates of musth and the impact of ecological and social factors in free-ranging African elephants (Loxodonta africana). Horm Behav. 2010;57:506-14 pubmed publisher
  48. Tuttle A, Burrus O, Burkart M, Scott P, Stoskopf M, Harms C. Three cases of gastric prolapse through the gill slit in sand tiger sharks, Carcharhinus taurus (Rafinesque). J Fish Dis. 2008;31:311-5 pubmed publisher
  49. Davis L, Spackman E. Do crocodilians get the flu? Looking for influenza A in captive crocodilians. J Exp Zool A Ecol Genet Physiol. 2008;309:571-80 pubmed publisher
    ..niloticus (C. latirostris was not tested). Viable virus could not be recovered from RT-PCR-positive samples, although this is consistent with previous attempts at viral isolation in embryonated chicken eggs with crocodilian viruses...
  50. Lewis K, Shepherdson D, Owens T, Keele M. A survey of elephant husbandry and foot health in North American zoos. Zoo Biol. 2010;29:221-36 pubmed publisher
    ..81, P<0.001). African elephants seemed to experience lower rates of foot pathology and arthritis than Asian elephants; however, this was explained by differences in age...
  51. Baldy Chudzik K, Mackiewicz P, Stosik M. Phylogenetic background, virulence gene profiles, and genomic diversity in commensal Escherichia coli isolated from ten mammal species living in one zoo. Vet Microbiol. 2008;131:173-84 pubmed publisher
    ..coli from group A rather than B1 in carnivores and omnivores are "best adapted" to the host organism. The groups revealed different preferences in the acquisition and maintenance of intestinal VGs...
  52. Campolo M, Lucente M, Mari V, Elia G, Tinelli A, Laricchiuta P, et al. Malignant catarrhal fever in a captive American bison (Bison bison) in Italy. J Vet Diagn Invest. 2008;20:843-6 pubmed
    ..To the authors' knowledge, this is the first MCF case in captive ruminants in Italy and the second confirmed case in captive bison of European zoos...
  53. Remick A, Van Wettere A, Williams C. Neoplasia in prosimians: case series from a captive prosimian population and literature review. Vet Pathol. 2009;46:746-72 pubmed publisher
    ..This article should serve as a valuable reference for the types and relative frequencies of neoplasms that occur in prosimian species...