Summary: Domesticated farm animals raised for home use or profit but excluding POULTRY. Typically livestock includes CATTLE; SHEEP; HORSES; SWINE; GOATS; and others.

Top Publications

  1. Matos F, Cunha M, Canto A, Albuquerque T, Amado A, Botelho A. Snapshot of Mycobacterium bovis and Mycobacterium caprae infections in livestock in an area with a low incidence of bovine tuberculosis. J Clin Microbiol. 2010;48:4337-9 pubmed publisher
  2. Gonen S, Ros Freixedes R, Battagin M, Gorjanc G, Hickey J. A method for the allocation of sequencing resources in genotyped livestock populations. Genet Sel Evol. 2017;49:47 pubmed publisher
    This paper describes a method, called AlphaSeqOpt, for the allocation of sequencing resources in livestock populations with existing phased genomic data to maximise the ability to phase and impute sequenced haplotypes into the whole ..
  3. Kuruti K, Nakkasunchi S, Begum S, Juntupally S, Arelli V, Anupoju G. Rapid generation of volatile fatty acids (VFA) through anaerobic acidification of livestock organic waste at low hydraulic residence time (HRT). Bioresour Technol. 2017;238:188-193 pubmed publisher
    ..pre-treatment and F/M (Food to Microorganism) ratios for the rapid generation of volatile fatty acids (VFA) from livestock organic wastes (cattle manure (CM) and poultry litter (PL)) through an anaerobic acidification process at a pH ..
  4. Métras R, Fournié G, Dommergues L, Camacho A, Cavalerie L, Merot P, et al. Drivers for Rift Valley fever emergence in Mayotte: A Bayesian modelling approach. PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2017;11:e0005767 pubmed publisher
    ..We developed the first mathematical model for RVF that accounts for climate, animal imports and livestock susceptibility, which is fitted to a 12-years dataset...
  5. Cully M. Public health: The politics of antibiotics. Nature. 2014;509:S16-7 pubmed publisher
  6. Eisler M, Lee M, Tarlton J, Martin G, Beddington J, Dungait J, et al. Agriculture: Steps to sustainable livestock. Nature. 2014;507:32-4 pubmed
  7. Nielsen R, Kemp M, Holm A, Skov M, Detlefsen M, Hasman H, et al. Fatal Septicemia Linked to Transmission of MRSA Clonal Complex 398 in Hospital and Nursing Home, Denmark. Emerg Infect Dis. 2016;22:900-2 pubmed publisher
    ..Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) clonal complex 398 septicemia in persons who had no contact with livestock. Whole-genome sequencing of the isolated MRSA strains strongly suggest that both were of animal origin and that ..
  8. Narvaez Bravo C, Taboada E, Mutschall S, Aslam M. Epidemiology of antimicrobial resistant Campylobacter spp. isolated from retail meats in Canada. Int J Food Microbiol. 2017;253:43-47 pubmed publisher
    Campylobacter is an important zoonotic pathogen found in livestock and can cause illness in humans following consumption of raw and undercooked meat products...
  9. Smith T. Livestock-associated Staphylococcus aureus: the United States experience. PLoS Pathog. 2015;11:e1004564 pubmed publisher

More Information


  1. Anukool U, O Neill C, Butr Indr B, Hawkey P, Gaze W, Wellington E. Meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in pigs from Thailand. Int J Antimicrob Agents. 2011;38:86-7 pubmed publisher
  2. Tomasz A. The use of whole genome sequencing to solve an epidemiological puzzle. EMBO Mol Med. 2013;5:486-7 pubmed publisher
  3. Ledford H. CRISPR, the disruptor. Nature. 2015;522:20-4 pubmed publisher
  4. Lee S, Gardner D, Cook D. Identification of Indole Diterpenes in Ipomoea asarifolia and Ipomoea muelleri, Plants Tremorgenic to Livestock. J Agric Food Chem. 2017;65:5266-5277 pubmed publisher
    Ipomoea asarifolia has been associated with a tremorgenic syndrome in livestock in Brazil and was recently reported to contain tremorgenic indole diterpenes...
  5. Yassin A, Gong J, Kelly P, Lu G, Guardabassi L, Wei L, et al. Antimicrobial resistance in clinical Escherichia coli isolates from poultry and livestock, China. PLoS ONE. 2017;12:e0185326 pubmed publisher
    Poultry and livestock are the most important reservoirs for pathogenic Escherichia coli and use of antimicrobials in animal farming is considered the most important factor promoting the emergence, selection and dissemination of ..
  6. An R, Alshalchi S, Breimhurst P, Muñoz Aguayo J, Flores Figueroa C, Vidovic S. Strong influence of livestock environments on the emergence and dissemination of distinct multidrug-resistant phenotypes among the population of non-typhoidal Salmonella. PLoS ONE. 2017;12:e0179005 pubmed publisher
    ..of non-typhoidal Salmonella (NTS) isolates associated with avian, bovine and porcine hosts, we found that the livestock environments had a specific (P < 0.005) and profound (P < 0...
  7. Aarestrup F. Sustainable farming: Get pigs off antibiotics. Nature. 2012;486:465-6 pubmed publisher
  8. Logue C, Barbieri N, Nielsen D. Pathogens of Food Animals: Sources, Characteristics, Human Risk, and Methods of Detection. Adv Food Nutr Res. 2017;82:277-365 pubmed publisher
    Pathogens associated with food production (livestock) animals come in many forms causing a multitude of disease for humans...
  9. Teimoury E, Jabbarzadeh A, Babaei M. Integrating strategic and tactical decisions in livestock supply chain using bi-level programming, case study: Iran poultry supply chain. PLoS ONE. 2017;12:e0185743 pubmed publisher
    ..This article presents livestock as a type of inventory that has been less studied in the literature...
  10. Boegheim I, Leegwater P, van Lith H, Back W. Current insights into the molecular genetic basis of dwarfism in livestock. Vet J. 2017;224:64-75 pubmed publisher
    ..In Texel sheep, chondrodysplasia is associated with a deletion in SLC13A1. This review discusses genes known to be involved in these and other forms of dwarfism in livestock.
  11. Carmo L, Schüpbach Regula G, Müntener C, Chevance A, Moulin G, Magouras I. Approaches for quantifying antimicrobial consumption per animal species based on national sales data: a Swiss example, 2006 to 2013. Euro Surveill. 2017;22: pubmed publisher
    ..Therefore, it is critical to monitor antimicrobial sales for livestock and pets...
  12. Dang Xuan S, Macdonald L, Schurer J, Nguyen Viet H, Pham Duc P. Household Exposure to Livestock and Health in the CHILILAB HDSS Cohort, Vietnam. Asia Pac J Public Health. 2017;29:72S-83S pubmed publisher
    ..The objective of this study was to characterize practices related to livestock and manure management and to measure association with 3 self-reported health symptoms (coughing, fever, and ..
  13. Thompson H. Fracking boom spurs environmental audit. Nature. 2012;485:556-7 pubmed publisher
  14. Poutaraud A, Michelot Antalik A, Plantureux S. Grasslands: A Source of Secondary Metabolites for Livestock Health. J Agric Food Chem. 2017;65:6535-6553 pubmed publisher
    ..In that context, grassland secondary metabolites (GSMs) could offer an alternative way to support to livestock health...
  15. Hollings T, Robinson A, VAN Andel M, Jewell C, Burgman M. Species distribution models: A comparison of statistical approaches for livestock and disease epidemics. PLoS ONE. 2017;12:e0183626 pubmed publisher
    In livestock industries, reliable up-to-date spatial distribution and abundance records for animals and farms are critical for governments to manage and respond to risks...
  16. Fernández Aguilar X, Cabezón O, Frey J, Velarde R, Serrano E, Colom Cadena A, et al. Long-term dynamics of Mycoplasma conjunctivae at the wildlife-livestock interface in the Pyrenees. PLoS ONE. 2017;12:e0186069 pubmed publisher
    ..Overall, independent M. conjunctivae sylvatic and domestic cycles occurred at the wildlife-livestock interface in the alpine ecosystems from the Pyrenees with sheep and chamois as the key host species for each ..
  17. Liu Y, Ma J, Ding W, He W, Lei Q, Gao Q, et al. Temporal and spatial variation of potassium balance in agricultural land at national and regional levels in China. PLoS ONE. 2017;12:e0184156 pubmed publisher
    ..Great variation of K balance across different regions demonstrated that fertilizer application and management practices need to be adjusted to local conditions. ..
  18. Habier D. More than a third of the WCGALP presentations on genomic selection. J Anim Breed Genet. 2010;127:336-7 pubmed publisher
  19. Wang B, Sun D. Detection of NDM-1 carbapenemase-producing Acinetobacter calcoaceticus and Acinetobacter junii in environmental samples from livestock farms. J Antimicrob Chemother. 2015;70:611-3 pubmed publisher
  20. Price L, Koch B, Hungate B. Ominous projections for global antibiotic use in food-animal production. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2015;112:5554-5 pubmed publisher
  21. Sergelidis D, Angelidis A. Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus: a controversial food-borne pathogen. Lett Appl Microbiol. 2017;64:409-418 pubmed publisher
    ..Moreover, CA-MRSA, livestock-associated MRSA (LA-MRSA) and HA-MRSA (HA-MRSA) can be found in foods intended for human consumption...
  22. Dorado García A, Dohmen W, Bos M, Verstappen K, Houben M, Wagenaar J, et al. Dose-response relationship between antimicrobial drugs and livestock-associated MRSA in pig farming. Emerg Infect Dis. 2015;21:950-9 pubmed publisher
    The farming community can be a vehicle for introduction of livestock-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (LA-MRSA) in hospitals...
  23. Radke B. Towards an improved estimate of antimicrobial use in animals: Adjusting the "population correction unit" calculation. Can J Vet Res. 2017;81:235-240 pubmed
    ..Traduit par Docteur Serge Messier). ..
  24. Murray T, Schroeder B, Schneider W, Luster D, Sechler A, Rogers E, et al. Rathayibacter toxicus, Other Rathayibacter Species Inducing Bacterial Head Blight of Grasses, and the Potential for Livestock Poisonings. Phytopathology. 2017;107:804-815 pubmed publisher
    ..R. toxicus is the only recognized Rathayibacter species to produce toxin, although reports of livestock deaths in the United States suggest a closely related toxigenic species may be present...
  25. Frank J, Eklund A. Poor construction, not time, takes its toll on subsidised fences designed to deter large carnivores. PLoS ONE. 2017;12:e0175211 pubmed publisher
    ..the wolf and lynx populations have returned at the cost of an increasing number of carnivore attacks on domestic livestock. To support coexistence between carnivores and livestock production, the Swedish authorities subsidise ..
  26. Hadjirin N, Lay E, Paterson G, Harrison E, Peacock S, Parkhill J, et al. Detection of livestock-associated meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus CC398 in retail pork, United Kingdom, February 2015. Euro Surveill. 2015;20: pubmed
    b>Livestock-associated meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus belonging to clonal complex 398 (LA-MRSA CC398) is an important cause of zoonotic infections in many countries...
  27. Freidl G, Spruijt I, Borlée F, Smit L, van Gageldonk Lafeber A, Heederik D, et al. Livestock-associated risk factors for pneumonia in an area of intensive animal farming in the Netherlands. PLoS ONE. 2017;12:e0174796 pubmed publisher
    ..In 2014/15, 2,494 adults (aged 20-72 years) living in a livestock-dense area in the Netherlands participated in a medical examination and completed a questionnaire on respiratory ..
  28. Bolaños Rivero M, Carranza Rodriguez C, Rodríguez N, Gutierrez C, Pérez Arellano J. Detection of Coxiella burnetii DNA in Peridomestic and Wild Animals and Ticks in an Endemic Region (Canary Islands, Spain). Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis. 2017;17:630-634 pubmed publisher
    ..The Canary Islands (Spain) are considered an endemic territory, with a high prevalence in both humans and livestock. Nonetheless, there is no epidemiological information about the wild and peridomestic cycles of C. burnetii...
  29. Herrero M, Havlik P, Valin H, Notenbaert A, Rufino M, Thornton P, et al. Biomass use, production, feed efficiencies, and greenhouse gas emissions from global livestock systems. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2013;110:20888-93 pubmed
    We present a unique, biologically consistent, spatially disaggregated global livestock dataset containing information on biomass use, production, feed efficiency, excretion, and greenhouse gas emissions for 28 regions, 8 livestock ..
  30. Spoor L, McAdam P, Weinert L, Rambaut A, Hasman H, Aarestrup F, et al. Livestock origin for a human pandemic clone of community-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus. MBio. 2013;4: pubmed publisher
    The importance of livestock as a source of bacterial pathogens with the potential for epidemic spread in human populations is unclear...
  31. Yu C, Zhang Y, Claus H, Zeng R, Zhang X, Wang J. Ecological and environmental issues faced by a developing Tibet. Environ Sci Technol. 2012;46:1979-80 pubmed publisher
  32. Lerner A, Zuluaga A, Chara J, Etter A, Searchinger T. Sustainable Cattle Ranching in Practice: Moving from Theory to Planning in Colombia's Livestock Sector. Environ Manage. 2017;60:176-184 pubmed publisher
    ..This approach can be used in other contexts across the world where there is a need to incorporate cattle production into national goals for carbon sequestration and habitat restoration and conservation. ..
  33. Li H, Wang R, Wang Z, Li X, Wang Z, Yanjun Z, et al. The research progress of genomic selection in livestock. Yi Chuan. 2017;39:377-387 pubmed publisher
    ..Genomic selection has been extensively applied to all kinds of economic livestock, due to its high accuracy, short generation intervals and low breeding costs...
  34. Wernery U, Corman V, Wong E, Tsang A, Muth D, Lau S, et al. Acute middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus infection in livestock Dromedaries, Dubai, 2014. Emerg Infect Dis. 2015;21:1019-22 pubmed publisher
    ..This syndrome constitutes an acute, epidemic, and time-limited infection in camels <4 years of age, particularly calves. Delayed social separation of calves might reduce human infection risk. ..
  35. Goldansaz S, Guo A, Sajed T, Steele M, Plastow G, Wishart D. Livestock metabolomics and the livestock metabolome: A systematic review. PLoS ONE. 2017;12:e0177675 pubmed publisher
    ..It is also being increasingly used in livestock research and livestock monitoring...
  36. Bugeza J, Kankya C, Muleme J, Akandinda A, Sserugga J, Nantima N, et al. Participatory evaluation of delivery of animal health care services by community animal health workers in Karamoja region of Uganda. PLoS ONE. 2017;12:e0179110 pubmed publisher
    ..For sustainability of animal health care services in the region continuous training and strategic deployment of paraprofessionals that are formally recognised by the traditional civil service to gradually replace CAHWs is recommended. ..
  37. Nicholson F, Bhogal A, Cardenas L, Chadwick D, Misselbrook T, Rollett A, et al. Nitrogen losses to the environment following food-based digestate and compost applications to agricultural land. Environ Pollut. 2017;228:504-516 pubmed publisher air and nitrate (NO3-) leaching losses to water following digestate, compost and livestock manure applications to agricultural land were measured at 3 sites in England and Wales...
  38. Izdebski R, Baraniak A, Bojarska K, Urbanowicz P, Fiett J, Pomorska Wesołowska M, et al. Mobile MCR-1-associated resistance to colistin in Poland. J Antimicrob Chemother. 2016;71:2331-3 pubmed publisher
  39. Steinfeld H, Gerber P. Livestock production and the global environment: consume less or produce better?. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2010;107:18237-8 pubmed publisher
  40. Lougheed T. Phosphorus recovery: new approaches to extending the life cycle. Environ Health Perspect. 2011;119:A302-5 pubmed publisher
  41. Booth B, Jones R, Turyk M, Freels S, Patel D, Stayner L, et al. Livestock and poultry density and childhood cancer incidence in nine states in the USA. Environ Res. 2017;159:444-451 pubmed publisher
    ..Although limited by the ecologic study design, some of our findings are novel and should be examined in epidemiological studies with individual level data. ..
  42. Levy S. Reduced antibiotic use in livestock: how Denmark tackled resistance. Environ Health Perspect. 2014;122:A160-5 pubmed publisher
  43. Karim S, Budachetri K, Mukherjee N, Williams J, Kausar A, Hassan M, et al. A study of ticks and tick-borne livestock pathogens in Pakistan. PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2017;11:e0005681 pubmed publisher
    ..b>Livestock farming plays a vital role in the rural economy of Pakistan, and tick infestation causes serious problems with ..
  44. Karikari A, Obiri Danso K, Frimpong E, Krogfelt K. Antibiotic Resistance of Campylobacter Recovered from Faeces and Carcasses of Healthy Livestock. Biomed Res Int. 2017;2017:4091856 pubmed publisher
  45. Mufinda F, Boinas F, Nunes C. Prevalence and factors associated with human brucellosis in livestock professionals. Rev Saude Publica. 2017;51:57 pubmed publisher
    The objective of this study is to estimate the seroprevalence of human brucellosis in livestock professionals and analyze the factors associated with brucellosis focusing on sociodemographic variables and the variables of knowledge and ..
  46. Fischer J, Rodríguez I, Schmoger S, Friese A, Roesler U, Helmuth R, et al. Salmonella enterica subsp. enterica producing VIM-1 carbapenemase isolated from livestock farms. J Antimicrob Chemother. 2013;68:478-80 pubmed publisher
  47. Hetem D, Bootsma M, Troelstra A, Bonten M. Transmissibility of livestock-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus. Emerg Infect Dis. 2013;19:1797-1802 pubmed publisher
    Previous findings have suggested that the nosocomial transmission capacity of livestock-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (LA-MRSA) is lower than that of other MRSA genotypes...
  48. Graham T, Turk J, McDermott J, Brown C. Preparing veterinarians for work in resource-poor settings. J Am Vet Med Assoc. 2013;243:1523-8 pubmed publisher
  49. Saucedo Velez A, Hinojosa Reyes L, Villanueva Rodríguez M, Caballero Quintero A, Hernández Ramírez A, Guzmán Mar J. Speciation analysis of organoarsenic compounds in livestock feed by microwave-assisted extraction and high performance liquid chromatography coupled to atomic fluorescence spectrometry. Food Chem. 2017;232:493-500 pubmed publisher
    ..the presence of the organoarsenic additives p-arsanilic acid (ASA), roxarsone (ROX) and nitarsone (NIT) in livestock feeds by high performance liquid chromatography coupled to ultraviolet oxidation hydride generation atomic ..
  50. Berckmans D. Precision livestock farming technologies for welfare management in intensive livestock systems. Rev Sci Tech. 2014;33:189-96 pubmed
    ..At the same time, livestock production is currently facing serious problems...
  51. Ochoa Rivero J, Reyes Fierro A, Peralta Pérez M, Zavala Díaz de la Serna F, Ballinas Casarrubias L, Salmerón I, et al. Levels and Distribution of Pollutants in the Waters of an Aquatic Ecosystem in Northern Mexico. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2017;14: pubmed publisher
    The availability of good quality water resources is essential to ensure healthy crops and livestock. The objective of this study was to evaluate the level of pollution in Bustillos Lagoon in northern Mexico...
  52. Kupferschmidt K. Buzz food. Science. 2015;350:267-9 pubmed publisher
  53. Chadsuthi S, Bicout D, Wiratsudakul A, Suwancharoen D, Petkanchanapong W, Modchang C, et al. Investigation on predominant Leptospira serovars and its distribution in humans and livestock in Thailand, 2010-2015. PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2017;11:e0005228 pubmed publisher
    ..Leptospirosis in humans and livestock is an endemic and epidemic disease in Thailand...
  54. Colombe S, Togami E, Gelaw F, Antillón M, Fuentes R, WEINBERGER D. Trends and correlates of cystic echinococcosis in Chile: 2001-2012. PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2017;11:e0005911 pubmed publisher
    ..indicate that echinococcosis is still an important public health burden in Chile related to interaction with livestock and climate...
  55. Zomer T, van Duijkeren E, Wielders C, Veenman C, Hengeveld P, van der Hoek W, et al. Prevalence and risk factors for colonization of Clostridium difficile among adults living near livestock farms in the Netherlands. Epidemiol Infect. 2017;145:2745-2749 pubmed publisher
    ..or working on a farm to assess prevalence of Clostridium difficile (CD) colonization and risk factors in a livestock dense area. CD prevalence was 1·2%...
  56. Kracalik I, Kenu E, Ayamdooh E, Allegye Cudjoe E, Polkuu P, Frimpong J, et al. Modeling the environmental suitability of anthrax in Ghana and estimating populations at risk: Implications for vaccination and control. PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2017;11:e0005885 pubmed publisher
    Anthrax is hyper-endemic in West Africa. Despite the effectiveness of livestock vaccines in controlling anthrax, underreporting, logistics, and limited resources makes implementing vaccination campaigns difficult...
  57. Kohli A, Perrin N, Remy M, Alfred M, Arsene K, Nadine M, et al. Adult and adolescent livestock productive asset transfer programmes to improve mental health, economic stability and family and community relationships in rural South Kivu Province, Democratic Republic of Congo: a protocol of a randomised controlled . BMJ Open. 2017;7:e013612 pubmed publisher
    ..Our Congolese-US community academic research partnership developed two livestock productive asset transfer programmes, Pigs for Peace (PFP) and Rabbits for Resilience (RFR), to address the ..
  58. Stamer A. Insect proteins-a new source for animal feed: The use of insect larvae to recycle food waste in high-quality protein for livestock and aquaculture feeds is held back largely owing to regulatory hurdles. EMBO Rep. 2015;16:676-80 pubmed publisher
  59. Al Bayssari C, Dabboussi F, Hamze M, Rolain J. Emergence of carbapenemase-producing Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Acinetobacter baumannii in livestock animals in Lebanon. J Antimicrob Chemother. 2015;70:950-1 pubmed publisher
  60. Ferguson D. Key features of 'environmental fit' that promote good animal welfare in different husbandry systems. Rev Sci Tech. 2014;33:161-9 pubmed
    ..these dimensions can contribute substantially to the continuous improvement of animal welfare within different livestock production systems...
  61. Selby R, Bardosh K, Picozzi K, Waiswa C, Welburn S. Cattle movements and trypanosomes: restocking efforts and the spread of Trypanosoma brucei rhodesiense sleeping sickness in post-conflict Uganda. Parasit Vectors. 2013;6:281 pubmed publisher
    ..districts, the prevalence of the parasite in cattle being traded and the level of trypanocidal treatment at livestock markets...
  62. Savini L, Candeloro L, Conte A, De Massis F, Giovannini A. Development of a forecasting model for brucellosis spreading in the Italian cattle trade network aimed to prioritise the field interventions. PLoS ONE. 2017;12:e0177313 pubmed publisher
    ..Prevention of human brucellosis depends on the control of the disease in animals. Livestock movement data represent a valuable source of information to understand the pattern of contacts between holdings, ..
  63. Orisakwe O, Oladipo O, Ajaezi G, Udowelle N. Horizontal and Vertical Distribution of Heavy Metals in Farm Produce and Livestock around Lead-Contaminated Goldmine in Dareta and Abare, Zamfara State, Northern Nigeria. J Environ Public Health. 2017;2017:3506949 pubmed publisher
    ..June 2010 lead poisoning, Zamfara State, Nigeria, have focused on clinical interventions without information on livestock and other metals. Objective...
  64. Kopetz H. Renewable resources: Build a biomass energy market. Nature. 2013;494:29-31 pubmed publisher
  65. McAllister T, Meale S, Valle E, Guan L, Zhou M, Kelly W, et al. RUMINANT NUTRITION SYMPOSIUM: Use of genomics and transcriptomics to identify strategies to lower ruminal methanogenesis. J Anim Sci. 2015;93:1431-49 pubmed publisher
    Globally, methane (CH4) emissions account for 40% to 45% of greenhouse gas emissions from ruminant livestock, with over 90% of these emissions arising from enteric fermentation...
  66. Kim N, Cho T, Rhee M. Current Interventions for Controlling Pathogenic Escherichia coli. Adv Appl Microbiol. 2017;100:1-47 pubmed publisher
    ..The literature describes novel techniques used to combat pathogenic E. coli transmitted to humans from livestock and agricultural products, food-contact surfaces in processing environments, and food products themselves...
  67. Arnold C. Infectious diseases associated with livestock production: mitigating future risks. Environ Health Perspect. 2013;121:A256 pubmed publisher
  68. Voyles J, Kilpatrick A, Collins J, Fisher M, Frick W, McCallum H, et al. Moving Beyond Too Little, Too Late: Managing Emerging Infectious Diseases in Wild Populations Requires International Policy and Partnerships. Ecohealth. 2015;12:404-7 pubmed publisher
  69. Hanke W, Bohner J, Dreber N, Jürgens N, Schmiedel U, Wesuls D, et al. The impact of livestock grazing on plant diversity: an analysis across dryland ecosystems and scales in southern Africa. Ecol Appl. 2014;24:1188-203 pubmed
    ..In particular, measures of plant functional diversity that include evenness represent a promising tool to detect and quantify disturbance effects on ecosystems. ..
  70. Bijma P. Long-term genomic improvement - new challenges for population genetics. J Anim Breed Genet. 2012;129:1-2 pubmed publisher
  71. Kenyon F, Hutchings F, Morgan Davies C, van Dijk J, Bartley D. Worm Control in Livestock: Bringing Science to the Field. Trends Parasitol. 2017;33:669-677 pubmed publisher
    Parasitic roundworm infections are ubiquitous in grazing livestock. Chemical control through the frequent 'blanket' administration of anthelmintics (wormers) has been, and remains, the cornerstone in controlling these infections, but ..
  72. Gibbens N. Schmallenberg virus: a novel viral disease in northern Europe. Vet Rec. 2012;170:58 pubmed publisher
  73. San Miguel Ayanz J, Garcia Peña F, García Lunar P, Ortega Mora L, Ruano M, Alvarez Garcia G, et al. Seroprevalence of Leptospirosis, Brucellosis, and Q Fever in a Wild Red Deer (Cervus elaphus) Population Kept in a Fenced Reserve in Absence of Contact with Livestock. Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis. 2017;17:692-697 pubmed publisher
    ..fenced reserve with controlled hunting activity in central Spain with animals that did not have any contact with livestock. Sampling was performed at two time points before and 5 years after the implementation of new management ..
  74. Singh B, Mal G, Singla S. Chapter 18 Vitrification: A Reliable Method for Cryopreservation of Animal Embryos. Methods Mol Biol. 2017;1568:243-249 pubmed publisher
    ..applications to preserve cells, gametes, and embryos offer opportunities in conservation of biodiversity and dissemination of elite livestock germplasm. This chapter describes the vitrification for cryopreservation of livestock embryos.
  75. Ochirkhuu N, Konnai S, Odbileg R, Murata S, Ohashi K. Molecular Epidemiological Survey and Genetic Characterization of Anaplasma Species in Mongolian Livestock. Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis. 2017;17:539-549 pubmed publisher
    ..Few studies on Anaplasma infections in Mongolian livestock have been conducted...
  76. Brennan A, Cross P, Portacci K, Scurlock B, Edwards W. Shifting brucellosis risk in livestock coincides with spreading seroprevalence in elk. PLoS ONE. 2017;12:e0178780 pubmed publisher
    Tracking and preventing the spillover of disease from wildlife to livestock can be difficult when rare outbreaks occur across large landscapes...
  77. Herrero M, Thornton P. Livestock and global change: emerging issues for sustainable food systems. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2013;110:20878-81 pubmed
  78. Jia S, Zhang X, Miao Y, Zhao Y, Ye L, Li B, et al. Fate of antibiotic resistance genes and their associations with bacterial community in livestock breeding wastewater and its receiving river water. Water Res. 2017;124:259-268 pubmed publisher
    Large amounts of antibiotics are currently used in livestock breeding, which is the main driving factor contributing to the occurrence, spread and proliferation of antibiotic resistant bacteria (ARB) and antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs)..