animal population groups

Summary

Summary: Animals grouped according to ecological, morphological or genetic populations.

Top Publications

  1. Shah P, Perez Iratxeta C, Bork P, Andrade M. Information extraction from full text scientific articles: where are the keywords?. BMC Bioinformatics. 2003;4:20 pubmed
    ..Several questions arise as to whether the effort of scanning full text articles is worthy, or whether the information that can be extracted from the different sections of an article can be relevant...
  2. Philip G, Creevey C, McInerney J. The Opisthokonta and the Ecdysozoa may not be clades: stronger support for the grouping of plant and animal than for animal and fungi and stronger support for the Coelomata than Ecdysozoa. Mol Biol Evol. 2005;22:1175-84 pubmed
    ..In the light of this new tree, we re-analyze the evolution of intron gain and loss in the rpL14 gene and find that it is much more compatible with the hypothesis presented here than with the Opisthokonta hypothesis...
  3. Kornberg T. Engrailed: a gene controlling compartment and segment formation in Drosophila. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1981;78:1095-9 pubmed
    ..Inactivation of the engrailed locus renders the animal incapable of maintaining the separation between the groups of cells that constitute either the compartments that subdivide each segment or the individual segments themselves. ..
  4. Jeng R, Stearns T. Gamma-tubulin complexes: size does matter. Trends Cell Biol. 1999;9:339-42 pubmed
    ..Recently, the nature of these gamma-tubulin complexes has been explored in different organisms, and this has led us closer to a molecular understanding of microtubule nucleation. ..
  5. Nebbia C, Ceppa L, Dacasto M, Nachtmann C, Carletti M. Oxidative monensin metabolism and cytochrome P450 3A content and functions in liver microsomes from horses, pigs, broiler chicks, cattle and rats. J Vet Pharmacol Ther. 2001;24:399-403 pubmed
    ..Further studies are required to define the role played by this isoenzyme in the oxidative biotransformation of the drug in food producing species. ..
  6. Blancou J. [Disease transmission between animals and humans past and present]. Hist Med Vet. 2002;27:369-79 pubmed
  7. Gering E, Opazo J, Storz J. Molecular evolution of cytochrome b in high- and low-altitude deer mice (genus Peromyscus). Heredity (Edinb). 2009;102:226-35 pubmed publisher
  8. Bowerman B, Severson A. Cell division: plant-like properties of animal cell cytokinesis. Curr Biol. 1999;9:R658-60 pubmed
    ..Recent evidence that a syntaxin is required for cytokinesis in Caenorhabditis elegans embryos suggests that the mechanism of cell division in plant and animal cells may be more similar than previously imagined. ..
  9. Vanderhaeghe C, Dewulf J, Ribbens S, de Kruif A, Maes D. A cross-sectional study to collect risk factors associated with stillbirths in pig herds. Anim Reprod Sci. 2010;118:62-8 pubmed publisher
    ..In conclusion, this study has clearly demonstrated that breed is a major factor involved in the frequency of stillbirth. Additionally, some management practices before or at parturition may reduce the number of stillborn piglets. ..

More Information

Publications109 found, 100 shown here

  1. Quinn P. Beyond prototypes: asymmetries in infant categorization and what they teach us about the mechanisms guiding early knowledge acquisition. Adv Child Dev Behav. 2002;29:161-93 pubmed
  2. Sawchuk C, Lohr J, Westendorf D, Meunier S, Tolin D. Emotional responding to fearful and disgusting stimuli in specific phobics. Behav Res Ther. 2002;40:1031-46 pubmed
    ..Implications and suggestions for continued research examining fearful and disgusting stimuli in specific phobia are outlined...
  3. Blanchard R, Blanchard D. Bringing natural behaviors into the laboratory: a tribute to Paul MacLean. Physiol Behav. 2003;79:515-24 pubmed
    ..Investigation of natural behaviors in adequate stimulus contexts does not represent an antiexperimental stance but one that supplements and enhances the generalizability of more conventional experimental laboratory approaches. ..
  4. Guinand B, Scribner K, Page K, Filcek K, Main L, Burnham Curtis M. Effects of coancestry on accuracy of individual assignments to population of origin: examples using Great Lakes lake trout (Salvelinus namaycush). Genetica. 2006;127:329-40 pubmed
    ..Additional emphasis should be placed on sampling designs (spatially and temporally) that define or minimize the potential for sampling related individuals. ..
  5. Cogoni C, Macino G. Post-transcriptional gene silencing across kingdoms. Curr Opin Genet Dev. 2000;10:638-43 pubmed
  6. Richards S. Drawing the life-blood of physiology: vivisection and the physiologists' dilemma, 1870-1900. Ann Sci. 1986;43:27-56 pubmed
  7. Shatalkin A. [Animals (Animalia) in system of organisms. 2. Phylogenetic understanding of animals]. Zh Obshch Biol. 2005;66:389-415 pubmed
    ..Protozoa in Cavalier-Smith's system (2002, 2004) is also an example of groups of the mixed nature. ..
  8. Eftimie R, de Vries G, Lewis M. Complex spatial group patterns result from different animal communication mechanisms. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2007;104:6974-9 pubmed
    ..However, most of the patterns have not been reported previously. We call these patterns zigzag pulses, semizigzag pulses, breathers, traveling breathers, and feathers. ..
  9. Alcaide M, Serrano D, Negro J, Tella J, Laaksonen T, Muller C, et al. Population fragmentation leads to isolation by distance but not genetic impoverishment in the philopatric Lesser Kestrel: a comparison with the widespread and sympatric Eurasian Kestrel. Heredity (Edinb). 2009;102:190-8 pubmed publisher
    ..A serious reduction of genetic diversity in Lesser Kestrels would, therefore, only be expected after severe population bottlenecks following extreme geographic isolation. ..
  10. Lawrence P, Struhl G. Further studies of the engrailed phenotype in Drosophila. EMBO J. 1982;1:827-33 pubmed
    ..These results support the hypothesis that the engrailed+ gene is required exclusively in cells of posterior compartments to specify their characteristic cell affinities and pattern. ..
  11. Joshi C, Nguyen H. 5' untranslated leader sequences of eukaryotic mRNAs encoding heat shock induced proteins. Nucleic Acids Res. 1995;23:541-9 pubmed
    ..The majority of the HSP mRNA sequences (77%) contained one or more small sequence motifs suggesting that they may function as internal ribosome entry sites for selective initiation of translation during heat stress. ..
  12. Trivedi B. Conservation science. What's in a species' name? More than $450,000. Science. 2005;307:1399 pubmed
  13. Coulson T, Benton T, Lundberg P, Dall S, Kendall B, Gaillard J. Estimating individual contributions to population growth: evolutionary fitness in ecological time. Proc Biol Sci. 2006;273:547-55 pubmed
  14. Arrindell W. Phobic dimensions: IV. The structure of animal fears. Behav Res Ther. 2000;38:509-30 pubmed
    ..Behaviour Research and Therapy, 36, 205-214.]. Findings across different studies suggest that there are at least 5 first-order dimensions of animal fears, the above 4 and predatory (fierce) animals, that may be included in such a model. ..
  15. Medina M, Collins A, Silberman J, Sogin M. Evaluating hypotheses of basal animal phylogeny using complete sequences of large and small subunit rRNA. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2001;98:9707-12 pubmed
    ..LSU sequence data reveal phylogenetic structure in a data set with limited taxon sampling. Continued accumulation of LSU sequences should increase our understanding of animal phylogeny. ..
  16. Pruyne D, Bretscher A. Polarization of cell growth in yeast. I. Establishment and maintenance of polarity states. J Cell Sci. 2000;113 ( Pt 3):365-75 pubmed
    ..Given that many of these signaling pathways are present in both fungi and animals, they are probably ancient and conserved mechanisms for regulating polarity. ..
  17. Maguire E, Frith C, Cipolotti L. Distinct neural systems for the encoding and recognition of topography and faces. Neuroimage. 2001;13:743-50 pubmed
  18. Achira M, Totsuka R, Fujimura H, Kume T. Tissue-specific regulation of expression and activity of P-glycoprotein in adjuvant arthritis rats. Eur J Pharm Sci. 2002;16:29-36 pubmed
    ..In AA rats, hepatic P-gp activity was decreased due to the reduction of expression level, but intestinal P-gp activity was not changed. Different regulation systems may be involved in liver and intestine. ..
  19. Raff M. Size control: the regulation of cell numbers in animal development. Cell. 1996;86:173-5 pubmed
  20. Lynch M. Mutation accumulation in nuclear, organelle, and prokaryotic transfer RNA genes. Mol Biol Evol. 1997;14:914-25 pubmed
  21. Tepass U. Genetic analysis of cadherin function in animal morphogenesis. Curr Opin Cell Biol. 1999;11:540-8 pubmed
    ..Fat-like cadherins are required for epithelial morphogenesis, proliferation control, and epithelial planar polarization. ..
  22. Nishikawa T. Comments on the taxonomic status of Ikeda taenioides (Ikeda, 1904) with some amendments in the classification of the phylum Echiura. Zoolog Sci. 2002;19:1175-80 pubmed
    ..taenioides, was abolished. Non-discovery of males and some other features in the amended genus Ikeda were noted with reference to its possible relationship with the family Bonelliidae. ..
  23. Moses D. John Trevisa's translation of Bartholomaeus Anglicus' De proprietatibus rerum. Notes Queries. 2003;50:11-3 pubmed
  24. Bass A, Epperly S, Braun McNeill J. Green turtle (Chelonia mydas) foraging and nesting aggregations in the Caribbean and Atlantic: impact of currents and behavior on dispersal. J Hered. 2006;97:346-54 pubmed
    ..In addition, our results provide evidence of juvenile homing to regional foraging grounds and highlight the difficulties of separating historical and current effects on recruitment patterns at foraging locations. ..
  25. Thorpe K, Abdulla S, Kaufman J, Trowsdale J, Beck S. Phylogeny and structure of the RING3 gene. Immunogenetics. 1996;44:391-6 pubmed
  26. Pearce J, Ferrier S, Scotts D. An evaluation of the predictive performance of distributional models for flora and fauna in north-east New South Wales. J Environ Manage. 2001;62:171-84 pubmed
    ..Particular care needs to be exercised when employing models for these types of species in conservation planning. ..
  27. Heidelberg J, Heidelberg K, Colwell R. Bacteria of the gamma-subclass Proteobacteria associated with zooplankton in Chesapeake Bay. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2002;68:5498-507 pubmed
  28. Sanchez Bayo F, Goka K. Evaluation of suitable endpoints for assessing the impacts of toxicants at the community level. Ecotoxicology. 2012;21:667-80 pubmed publisher
    ..01-1.0 ?g l(-1)) were slightly lower than predicted by SSD, whereas for etofenprox the protective concentrations in water (<0.01-0.58 ?g l(-1)) were an order of magnitude lower than SSD's predictions. ..
  29. Hudson Taylor D, Dolan S, Klotz F, Fujioka H, Aikawa M, Koonin E, et al. Plasmodium falciparum protein associated with the invasion junction contains a conserved oxidoreductase domain. Mol Microbiol. 1995;15:463-71 pubmed
    ..By virtue of its positive charge, the C-terminal domain resembles domains in some cytoskeleton-associated proteins and may mediate the interaction of MCP-1 with cytoskeleton in Plasmodium. ..
  30. Fedorov A, Merican A, Gilbert W. Large-scale comparison of intron positions among animal, plant, and fungal genes. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2002;99:16128-33 pubmed
  31. Forbes J, Thallas V, Thomas M, Founds H, Burns W, Jerums G, et al. The breakdown of preexisting advanced glycation end products is associated with reduced renal fibrosis in experimental diabetes. FASEB J. 2003;17:1762-4 pubmed
  32. Cipolotti L, Robinson G, Blair J, Frith U. Fractionation of visual memory: evidence from a case with multiple neurodevelopmental impairments. Neuropsychologia. 1999;37:455-65 pubmed
    ..These findings indicate that different domains of the visual memory system can be fractionated developmentally. In particular, it demonstrates that topographical memory can develop independently from other aspects of visual memory. ..
  33. Lerouge I, Vanderleyden J. O-antigen structural variation: mechanisms and possible roles in animal/plant-microbe interactions. FEMS Microbiol Rev. 2002;26:17-47 pubmed
    ..However, the genetic mechanisms by which the LPS epitope changes are regulated remain unclear. Finally, the possible roles of O-antigen variations in symbiosis will be discussed. ..
  34. Shatalkin A. [Animals (Animalia) in the system of organisms. 1. Typological systems]. Zh Obshch Biol. 2005;66:275-99 pubmed
    ..Evolution of plants and fungi went in a direction of development of a secondary metabolism. The secondary metabolism, concerning synthesis of protective substances, is peculiar to all sedentary organisms, including the animals. ..
  35. Galla T. Independence and interdependence in the nest-site choice by honeybee swarms: Agent-based models, analytical approaches and pattern formation. J Theor Biol. 2010;262:186-96 pubmed publisher
    ..In the second part of the paper we present a spatial extension, and show that transient non-trivial patterns emerge, before consensus is reached. Approaches in terms of Langevin equations for continuous field variables are discussed. ..
  36. Takahashi J. Circadian-clock regulation of gene expression. Curr Opin Genet Dev. 1993;3:301-9 pubmed
    ..This review is an updated and extended version of a review first published in Current Opinion in Neurobiology 1991, 1:556-561. ..
  37. Furuya H. Zoological Society Young Investigator Award. The biology of dicyemid mesozoans. Zoolog Sci. 2002;19:1398-9 pubmed
  38. O Toole G, Ali S. Reference to animals in medical nomenclature. Plast Reconstr Surg. 2003;112:1485-6 pubmed
  39. Boren L, Morrissey M, Muller C, Gemmell N. Entanglement of New Zealand fur seals in man-made debris at Kaikoura, New Zealand. Mar Pollut Bull. 2006;52:442-6 pubmed
    ..Our study demonstrates that while entanglement in the region is high, a successful intervention protocol may help reduce the potential for entanglement-related mortality in the region...
  40. Poppe C, Ayroud M, Ollis G, Chirino Trejo M, Smart N, Quessy S, et al. Trends in antimicrobial resistance of Salmonella isolated from animals, foods of animal origin, and the environment of animal production in Canada, 1994-1997. Microb Drug Resist. 2001;7:197-212 pubmed
    ..Salmonella isolates from turkeys were more frequently resistant than isolates from pigs, cattle, and chickens. ..
  41. Westbury K, Hahn P. Fructose-1,6-biphosphatase activity in the intestinal mucosa of developing rats. Am J Physiol. 1984;246:G683-6 pubmed
    ..This effect was no longer found for cortisone in 14-day-old animals. Weaning 18-day-old rats to a high-fat diet for 5 or 7 days delayed but did not prevent the usual decrease in activity seen at weaning...
  42. Eichler J, Tolliday N, Toker L, Silman I. Purification and characterization of HSP70 proteins from Torpedo electric organ. Comp Biochem Physiol B Biochem Mol Biol. 1995;110:409-15 pubmed
  43. Beer A. Like it and lump it. Biologist (London). 2002;49:288 pubmed
  44. Adl S, Simpson A, Farmer M, Andersen R, Anderson O, Barta J, et al. The new higher level classification of eukaryotes with emphasis on the taxonomy of protists. J Eukaryot Microbiol. 2005;52:399-451 pubmed
    ..quot; The multicellular lineages emerged from within monophyletic protist lineages: animals and fungi from Opisthokonta, plants from Archaeplastida, and brown algae from Stramenopiles...
  45. Hoffmann R, Boore J, Brown W. A novel mitochondrial genome organization for the blue mussel, Mytilus edulis. Genetics. 1992;131:397-412 pubmed
    ..2 kb. The base compositions of these are unremarkable and do not differ significantly from that of the remainder of the mtDNA. The arrangement of genes in Mytilus mtDNA is remarkably unlike that found in any other known metazoan mtDNA...
  46. Myslinski E, Branlant C. A phylogenetic study of U4 snRNA reveals the existence of an evolutionarily conserved secondary structure corresponding to 'free' U4 snRNA. Biochimie. 1991;73:17-28 pubmed
    ..In this domain, only the Sm binding site and the presence of a bulge nucleotide in the hairpin on the 5' side of the Sm site are conserved throughout evolution...
  47. Sogin M, Morrison H, Hinkle G, Silberman J. Ancestral relationships of the major eukaryotic lineages. Microbiologia. 1996;12:17-28 pubmed
    ..The molecular phylogenies suggest that multiple endosymbiotic events introduced plastids into discrete eukaryotic lineages...
  48. Wasserman E. The science of animal cognition: past, present, and future. J Exp Psychol Anim Behav Process. 1997;23:123-35 pubmed
    ..Reclaiming center stage in contemporary psychology will be difficult; planning that effort with a host of strategies should enhance the chances of success...
  49. Katsuyama O. The result of an attempt to find the source of an old Japanese book on equine medicine. Hist Med Vet. 2002;27:249-55 pubmed
  50. Birkeland R. A short survey of the history of large animal surgery in Norway. Hist Med Vet. 2002;27:289-93 pubmed
  51. Tabuti J, Dhillion S, Lye K. Traditional medicine in Bulamogi county, Uganda: its practitioners, users and viability. J Ethnopharmacol. 2003;85:119-29 pubmed
    ..Some effort has been taken to recognise and integrate TM into the mainstream health care delivery system of Uganda...
  52. Payette S, Boudreau S, Morneau C, Pitre N. Long-term interactions between migratory caribou, wildfires and Nunavik hunters inferred from tree rings. Ambio. 2004;33:482-6 pubmed
    ..Our data also show that only exceptionally large fires may have a minor, short-lived impact on caribou migrations but not on caribou numbers...
  53. Guerrini L. [Not Available]. Nuncius. 1998;13:193-208 pubmed
    ..The commentary indicates the early circulation of Borelli's work in Florence and the special stress that Francesco Redi laid on it...
  54. Sultan S. Commentary: The promise of ecological developmental biology. J Exp Zool B Mol Dev Evol. 2003;296:1-7 pubmed
  55. Richardson M, Chipman A. Developmental constraints in a comparative framework: a test case using variations in phalanx number during amniote evolution. J Exp Zool B Mol Dev Evol. 2003;296:8-22 pubmed
    ..Thus, by looking for congruence between these various phylogenetic distribution patterns, we can test hypotheses about constraint. We critically examine this approach using a test case: variation in phalanx-number in the amniote limb...
  56. Fortuna M, Bascompte J. Habitat loss and the structure of plant-animal mutualistic networks. Ecol Lett. 2006;9:281-6 pubmed
    ..There is a destruction threshold at which the community collapses. Our model is the first attempt to describe the dynamics of whole mutualistic metacommunities interacting in realistic ways...
  57. Müller C, Jenni Eiermann S, Blondel J, Perret P, Caro S, Lambrechts M, et al. Circulating corticosterone levels in breeding blue tits Parus caeruleus differ between island and mainland populations and between habitats. Gen Comp Endocrinol. 2007;154:128-36 pubmed
    ..The switch to self-maintenance seems to be modified by the amount of body energy stores...
  58. Knopp T, Merilä J. The postglacial recolonization of Northern Europe by Rana arvalis as revealed by microsatellite and mitochondrial DNA analyses. Heredity (Edinb). 2009;102:174-81 pubmed publisher
    ..These findings add to the increasing evidence that an intraspecific genetic biodiversity founded on the existence of eastern and western clades is a common element in Fennoscandian fauna and flora...
  59. Zhou J, Eickbush T. The pattern of R2 retrotransposon activity in natural populations of Drosophila simulans reflects the dynamic nature of the rDNA locus. PLoS Genet. 2009;5:e1000386 pubmed publisher
  60. Wilber M, Weinstein S, Briggs C. Detecting and quantifying parasite-induced host mortality from intensity data: method comparisons and limitations. Int J Parasitol. 2016;46:59-66 pubmed publisher
    ..Given that these assumptions are met, our method is a new exploratory tool that can help inform more rigorous studies of parasite-induced host mortality. ..
  61. Lees Miller J, Helfman D. The molecular basis for tropomyosin isoform diversity. Bioessays. 1991;13:429-37 pubmed
    ..In multicellular animals, they exhibit extensive cell type specific isoform diversity. In this essay we discuss the genetic mechanisms by which this diversity is generated and its possible significance to cellular function...
  62. Burggren W, Fritsche R. Cardiovascular measurements in animals in the milligram range. Braz J Med Biol Res. 1995;28:1291-305 pubmed
  63. Gongal skii K, Savin F, Panchenko I, Pokarzhevskii A. Evaluation of winter activity of soil invertebrates. Dokl Biol Sci. 2003;392:416-8 pubmed
  64. Nisbet I, Paul E. Re: Ethical issues concerning animal research outside the laboratory: balancing the benefits of wildlife research against potential harm. ILAR J. 2004;45:375-7; author reply 377-8 pubmed
  65. Antoro S, Na Nakorn U, Koedprang W. Study of genetic diversity of orange-spotted grouper, Epinephelus coioides, from Thailand and Indonesia using microsatellite markers. Mar Biotechnol (NY). 2006;8:17-26 pubmed
    ..016 (L and N) to 0.086 (F and S). Mantel's test showed no correlation between genetic distance and geographical distance. The NJ tree clearly separated N from the others which comprised two subgroups, T-S and L-J-F...
  66. Kemble E, Blanchard D, Blanchard R, Takushi R. Taming in wild rats following medial amygdaloid lesions. Physiol Behav. 1984;32:131-4 pubmed
    ..All lesions produced a transient decrease in activity but had no effect on startle reactions. The results suggest a differential organization of flight and defense behavior within the medial amygdala...
  67. Ostrosky Wegman P, Gonsebatt M. Environmental toxicants in developing countries. Environ Health Perspect. 1996;104 Suppl 3:599-602 pubmed
    ..It should be emphasized that stringent regulations in developed countries will not prevent exposures in the long term because toxic substances that are released into the environment will ultimately reach all our future generations...
  68. Toliver Kinsky T, Wood T, Perez Polo J. Nuclear factor kappaB/p49 is a negative regulatory factor in nerve growth factor-induced choline acetyltransferase promoter activity in PC12 cells. J Neurochem. 2000;75:2241-51 pubmed
    ..These data indicate that p49 is a negative regulator of ChAT expression and suggest a possible mechanism for aging-associated declines in cholinergic function...
  69. Thorpe R, Stenson A. Phylogeny, paraphyly and ecological adaptation of the colour and pattern in the Anolis roquet complex on Martinique. Mol Ecol. 2003;12:117-32 pubmed
    ..These are (i). in the low-altitude regions of the northwest where the northwestern and central lineages make contact, and (ii). in the far south of the island where the southern and central lineages meet...
  70. Schmid Hempel P. Variation in immune defence as a question of evolutionary ecology. Proc Biol Sci. 2003;270:357-66 pubmed
  71. Gerdts V, Uwiera R, Mutwiri G, Wilson D, Bowersock T, Kidane A, et al. Multiple intestinal 'loops' provide an in vivo model to analyse multiple mucosal immune responses. J Immunol Methods. 2001;256:19-33 pubmed
    ..Thus, each 'loop' provided an independent site to analyze antigen-uptake and the induction of mucosal immune responses by a variety of antigen or vaccine formulations...
  72. Pfeifer M, Henle K, Settele J. Populations with explicit borders in space and time: concept, terminology, and estimation of characteristic parameters. Acta Biotheor. 2007;55:305-16 pubmed
    ..We illustrate the concept for the large blue butterfly (Maculinea nausithous) and outline insights into ecological and conservation-relevant processes that cannot be gained without the use of the concept...
  73. Gay L, Neubauer G, Zagalska Neubauer M, Pons J, Bell D, Crochet P. Speciation with gene flow in the large white-headed gulls: does selection counterbalance introgression?. Heredity (Edinb). 2009;102:133-46 pubmed publisher
  74. Zhang G, Ding F, Wang J, Dai G, Xie K, Zhang L, et al. Polymorphism in exons of the myostatin gene and its relationship with body weight traits in the Bian chicken. Biochem Genet. 2011;49:9-19 pubmed publisher
    ..05). The results suggest that the mutation G2283A, detected in exon 1, has potential as a genetic marker for body weight traits in the Bian chicken...
  75. Stefano G, Miller J. Communication between animal cells and the plant foods they ingest: phyto-zooidal dependencies and signaling (Review). Int J Mol Med. 2002;10:413-21 pubmed
  76. Pozdniakov A. [The problem of individuality in taxonomy]. Zh Obshch Biol. 2003;64:55-64 pubmed
    ..In taxonomy the idea of archaetype can be used as a shape. Superspecific taxa but not species are recognized as unitary units in taxonomy. Unitary but not integrated units can be considered as individuals...
  77. Clayton N, Bussey T, Dickinson A. Can animals recall the past and plan for the future?. Nat Rev Neurosci. 2003;4:685-91 pubmed
    ..Moreover, these birds can adjust their caching behaviour in anticipation of future needs. We suggest that some animals have elements of both episodic-like memory and future planning...
  78. Alves R, Rosa I. From cnidarians to mammals: the use of animals as remedies in fishing communities in NE Brazil. J Ethnopharmacol. 2006;107:259-76 pubmed
    ..This shows the need to integrate traditional knowledge into strategies to conserve and manage faunistic resources in Brazil...
  79. Radford P. Medicine and birds. Bristol Med Chir J. 1983;98:130-2 pubmed
  80. Leithäuser F, Trobonjaca Z, Reimann J, Moller P. In situ characterization of genetically targeted (green fluorescent) single cells and their microenvironment in an adoptive host. Am J Pathol. 2001;158:1975-83 pubmed
  81. Ingensiep H. [Not Available]. NTM. 1996;4:103-18 pubmed
    ..g., Thomasius, Kant). Finally, examples for the early considerations about animal rights (Dietler, Smith) are presented...
  82. Heckel G, Von Helversen O. Genetic mating system and the significance of harem associations in the bat Saccopteryx bilineata. Mol Ecol. 2003;12:219-27 pubmed
    ..This suggests that individual preferences of females rather than male traits associated with the ability to defend large harems are most likely to cause the detected differences between social association and genetic mating system...
  83. Bass S, Gerlai R. Zebrafish (Danio rerio) responds differentially to stimulus fish: the effects of sympatric and allopatric predators and harmless fish. Behav Brain Res. 2008;186:107-17 pubmed
    ..They will also allow us to develop fear and anxiety related behavioral test methods with which the contribution of genes to, or the effects of novel anxiolytic substances on these behaviors may be analyzed...
  84. Takayanagi T, Kawaguchi H, Yabu Y, Itoh M, Yano K. Immunological activities of monoclonal IgG1 antibody against Trypanosoma gambiense. Southeast Asian J Trop Med Public Health. 1992;23:297-303 pubmed
    ..Such an event in the presence of complement is of great advantage to the infected host in killing pathogens in vivo, as it allows more antibodies to attach to surface antigens and subsequently to initiate complement activity...
  85. Bollag G, McCormick F. Regulators and effectors of ras proteins. Annu Rev Cell Biol. 1991;7:601-32 pubmed
  86. Sasaki S, Horie Y, Nakagomi T, Oseto M, Nakagomi O. Group C rotavirus NSP4 induces diarrhea in neonatal mice. Arch Virol. 2001;146:801-6 pubmed
    ..This truncated NSP4 protein was able to induce diarrhea in 5-day-old CD-1 mice when administered intraperitoneally. Thus, group C rotavirus NSP4 acts as an enterotoxin like group A rotavirus NSP4...
  87. Smith L, Chang L, Britten R, Davidson E. Sea urchin genes expressed in activated coelomocytes are identified by expressed sequence tags. Complement homologues and other putative immune response genes suggest immune system homology within the deuterostomes. J Immunol. 1996;156:593-602 pubmed
    ..Many of the ESTs identified in this study represent the types of genes expected to be used in lower deuterostome immune functions...
  88. Leow F. Same bed, different dreams: veterinary medicine and the American Animal Protection Movement in the 19th century. Vet Herit. 2002;25:16-9 pubmed
  89. Chan E, Ho P. Preparation and characterization of immunogens for antibody production against metanephrine and normetanephrine. J Immunol Methods. 2002;266:143-54 pubmed
  90. Shatalkin A. [The problem of archetype and current biology]. Zh Obshch Biol. 2002;63:275-91 pubmed
    ..Thus, compound eyes of insects and bivalve mollusk Arca are not homological because they originated independently from forms without compound eyes...
  91. Curth L. The care of the brute beast: animals and the seventeenth-century medical market-place. Soc Hist Med. 2002;15:375-92 pubmed
    ..Although some of these people acquired their skills during an apprenticeship, traditional Galenic/astrological medical information was also disseminated orally, through vernacular medical books and through various types of manuscripts...
  92. Gallo V, Cavalcanti M, da Silva R, da Silva H, Pagnoncelli D. Panbiogeographical analysis of the shark genus Rhizoprionodon (Chondrichthyes, Carcharhiniformes, Carcharhinidae). J Fish Biol. 2010;76:1696-713 pubmed publisher
    ..Overall, the generalized tracks are associated with warm currents. The biogeographical nodes found (Caribbean and Australian) are coincident with the global distribution of mangroves...