euplotes

Summary

Summary: A genus of ciliate protozoa having a dorsoventrally flattened body with widely spaced rows of short bristle-like cilia on the dorsal surface.

Top Publications

  1. Vallesi A, Giuseppe G, Dini F, Luporini P. Pheromone evolution in the protozoan ciliate, Euplotes: the ability to synthesize diffusible forms is ancestral and secondarily lost. Mol Phylogenet Evol. 2008;47:439-42 pubmed publisher
  2. Vannini C, Ferrantini F, Ristori A, Verni F, Petroni G. Betaproteobacterial symbionts of the ciliate Euplotes: origin and tangled evolutionary path of an obligate microbial association. Environ Microbiol. 2012;14:2553-63 pubmed publisher
    The Polynucleobacter-Euplotes association is an obligatory symbiotic system between a monophyletic group of ciliate species belonging to the genus Euplotes and bacteria of the species Polynucleobacter necessarius (Betaproteobacteria)...
  3. Marziale F, Pucciarelli S, Ballarini P, Melki R, Uzun A, Ilyin V, et al. Different roles of two gamma-tubulin isotypes in the cytoskeleton of the Antarctic ciliate Euplotes focardii: remodelling of interaction surfaces may enhance microtubule nucleation at low temperature. FEBS J. 2008;275:5367-82 pubmed publisher
    ..In the present study, we report the characterization of gamma-tubulin from the psychrophilic Antarctic ciliate Euplotes focardii...
  4. Vasseur D, Fox J. Phase-locking and environmental fluctuations generate synchrony in a predator-prey community. Nature. 2009;460:1007-10 pubmed publisher
    ..Tetrahymena pyriformis; however, dispersal only synchronized prey populations in the presence of the predator Euplotes patella. Both model and data indicate that synchrony depends on cyclic dynamics generated by the predator...
  5. Jarstfer M, Cech T. Effects of nucleotide analogues on Euplotes aediculatus telomerase processivity: evidence for product-assisted translocation. Biochemistry. 2002;41:151-61 pubmed
    ..The product of telomerase, telomeric DNA, is typically a G-rich repeated sequence, (TTTTGGGG)(n) in the ciliate Euplotes aediculatus and (TTAGGG)(n) in humans...
  6. Möllenbeck M, Klobutcher L. De novo telomere addition to spacer sequences prior to their developmental degradation in Euplotes crassus. Nucleic Acids Res. 2002;30:523-31 pubmed
    During sexual reproduction, Euplotes crassus precisely fragments its micronuclear chromosomes and synthesizes new telomeres onto the resulting DNA ends to generate functional macronuclear minichromosomes...
  7. Aigner S, Cech T. The Euplotes telomerase subunit p43 stimulates enzymatic activity and processivity in vitro. RNA. 2004;10:1108-18 pubmed
    ..Using this system, we show that p43, a telomerase-specific La-motif protein from the ciliate Euplotes, stimulates activity and increases repeat addition processivity of telomerase...
  8. Fouché N, Moon I, Keppler B, Griffith J, Jarstfer M. Electron microscopic visualization of telomerase from Euplotes aediculatus bound to a model telomere DNA. Biochemistry. 2006;45:9624-31 pubmed
    Binding of the telomerase ribonucleoprotein from the ciliate Euplotes aediculatus to telomeric DNA in vitro has been examined by electron microscopy (EM)...
  9. Doak T, Witherspoon D, Jahn C, Herrick G. Selection on the genes of Euplotes crassus Tec1 and Tec2 transposons: evolutionary appearance of a programmed frameshift in a Tec2 gene encoding a tyrosine family site-specific recombinase. Eukaryot Cell. 2003;2:95-102 pubmed
    The Tec1 and Tec2 transposons of the ciliate Euplotes crassus carry a gene for a tyrosine-type site-specific recombinase. The expression of the Tec2 gene apparently uses a programmed +1 frameshift...

More Information

Publications75

  1. Song L, Chai B, Wang W, Liang A. Identification of translational release factor eRF1a binding sites on eRF3 in Euplotes octocarinatus. Res Microbiol. 2006;157:842-50 pubmed
    ..In the present study, a variety of truncated forms of Euplotes octocarinatus eRF3 were created, and systematic analysis of the interaction between E...
  2. Wang L, Dean S, Shippen D. Oligomerization of the telomerase reverse transcriptase from Euplotes crassus. Nucleic Acids Res. 2002;30:4032-9 pubmed
    ..In the ciliate Euplotes crassus, the core telomerase ribonucleoprotein particle undergoes a developmentally programmed assembly into ..
  3. Salas Marco J, Fan Minogue H, Kallmeyer A, Klobutcher L, Farabaugh P, Bedwell D. Distinct paths to stop codon reassignment by the variant-code organisms Tetrahymena and Euplotes. Mol Cell Biol. 2006;26:438-47 pubmed
    ..For example, Tetrahymena species recognize only UGA as a stop codon, while Euplotes species recognize only UAA and UAG as stop codons...
  4. La Terza A, Papa G, Miceli C, Luporini P. Divergence between two Antarctic species of the ciliate Euplotes, E. focardii and E. nobilii, in the expression of heat-shock protein 70 genes. Mol Ecol. 2001;10:1061-7 pubmed
    ..Two ciliates which are endemic in Antarctic coastal seawater, Euplotes focardii and E...
  5. Ratti S, Knoll A, Giordano M. Did sulfate availability facilitate the evolutionary expansion of chlorophyll a+c phytoplankton in the oceans?. Geobiology. 2011;9:301-12 pubmed publisher
    ..When the same experiment was repeated in the presence of a ciliate predator (Euplotes sp.), T. suecica and T...
  6. Boscaro V, Vannini C, Fokin S, Verni F, Petroni G. Characterization of "Candidatus Nebulobacter yamunensis" from the cytoplasm of Euplotes aediculatus (Ciliophora, Spirotrichea) and emended description of the family Francisellaceae. Syst Appl Microbiol. 2012;35:432-40 pubmed publisher
    ..a novel Francisella-related bacterium inside the rich prokaryotic community harbored by a population of Euplotes aediculatus (Ciliophora, Spirotrichea)...
  7. Vallesi A, Ballarini P, Di Pretoro B, Alimenti C, Miceli C, Luporini P. Autocrine, mitogenic pheromone receptor loop of the ciliate Euplotes raikovi: pheromone-induced receptor internalization. Eukaryot Cell. 2005;4:1221-7 pubmed
    The ciliate Euplotes raikovi produces a family of diffusible signal proteins (pheromones) that function as prototypic growth factors...
  8. Xu J, Wang W, Chai B, Liang A. [Cloning and characterization of a novel trinucleotide repeat-containing gene GARP from Euplotes octocarinatus]. Yi Chuan. 2007;29:87-91 pubmed
    ..A GARP (glutamic acid-rich protein) gene was isolated from the macronuclear plasmid mini library of Euplotes octocarinatus. A micronuclear version of the GARP gene was amplified by polymerase chain reaction...
  9. Jahn C. Differentiation of chromatin during DNA elimination in Euplotes crassus. Mol Biol Cell. 1999;10:4217-30 pubmed
    In Euplotes crassus, most of the micronuclear genome is eliminated during formation of a transcriptionally active macronucleus...
  10. Trielli F, Amaroli A, Sifredi F, Marchi B, Falugi C, Corrado M. Effects of xenobiotic compounds on the cell activities of Euplotes crassus, a single-cell eukaryotic test organism for the study of the pollution of marine sediments. Aquat Toxicol. 2007;83:272-83 pubmed
    ..In this work, the possibility of utilizing Euplotes crassus, an interstitial marine ciliate, for the pre-chemical screening of estuarine and coastal sediments was ..
  11. Fan Minogue H, Du M, Pisarev A, Kallmeyer A, Salas Marco J, Keeling K, et al. Distinct eRF3 requirements suggest alternate eRF1 conformations mediate peptide release during eukaryotic translation termination. Mol Cell. 2008;30:599-609 pubmed publisher
    ..We previously demonstrated that a hybrid eRF1 carrying the Euplotes octocarinatus domain 1 fused to Saccharomyces cerevisiae domains 2 and 3 (Eo/Sc eRF1) recognized UAA and UAG, but ..
  12. de Graaf R, van Alen T, Dutilh B, Kuiper J, van Zoggel H, Huynh M, et al. The mitochondrial genomes of the ciliates Euplotes minuta and Euplotes crassus. BMC Genomics. 2009;10:514 pubmed publisher
    ..Here we study the mitochondrial genomes of the hypotrichous ciliates Euplotes minuta and Euplotes crassus. These ciliates are only distantly related to Tetrahymena spp...
  13. Vallesi A, Di Pretoro B, Ballarini P, Apone F, Luporini P. A novel protein kinase from the ciliate Euplotes raikovi with close structural identity to the mammalian intestinal and male-germ cell kinases: characterization and functional implications in the autocrine pheromone signaling loop. Protist. 2010;161:250-63 pubmed publisher
    In the free-living ciliate Euplotes raikovi, we identified (and designated as Er-MAPK1) a protein kinase of 631 amino acids, that appears to be constantly phosphorylated in cells which are in growth stage and interact in autocrine fashion ..
  14. Wang Y, Chai B, Wang W, Liang A. Functional characterization of polypeptide release factor 1b in the ciliate Euplotes. Biosci Rep. 2010;30:425-31 pubmed publisher
    ..Interestingly, two class I RFs, eRF1a and eRF1b, have been identified among the ciliates Euplotes, which are variant code organisms...
  15. Jiang J, Zhang Q, Warren A, Al Rasheid K, Song W. Morphology and SSU rRNA gene-based phylogeny of two marine Euplotes species, E. orientalis spec. nov. and E. raikovi (Ciliophora, Euplotida). Eur J Protistol. 2010;46:121-32 pubmed publisher
    The living morphology, infraciliature and silverline system of two small marine Euplotes species, E. orientalis spec. nov. and E. raikoviAgamaliev, 1966, isolated from a sandy beach near Qingdao, China, were investigated...
  16. Vannini C, Ferrantini F, Schleifer K, Ludwig W, Verni F, Petroni G. "Candidatus anadelfobacter veles" and "Candidatus cyrtobacter comes," two new rickettsiales species hosted by the protist ciliate Euplotes harpa (Ciliophora, Spirotrichea). Appl Environ Microbiol. 2010;76:4047-54 pubmed publisher
    ..belonging to the "Candidatus Midichloria" clade, hosted by two different strains of the ciliate protist Euplotes harpa, are described on the basis of ultrastructural observations, comparative 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis, ..
  17. Di Giuseppe G, Erra F, Dini F, Alimenti C, Vallesi A, Pedrini B, et al. Antarctic and Arctic populations of the ciliate Euplotes nobilii show common pheromone-mediated cell-cell signaling and cross-mating. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2011;108:3181-6 pubmed publisher
    Wild-type strains of the protozoan ciliate Euplotes collected from different locations on the coasts of Antarctica, Tierra del Fuego and the Arctic were taxonomically identified as the morpho-species Euplotes nobilii, based on ..
  18. Kervestin S, Frolova L, Kisselev L, Jean Jean O. Stop codon recognition in ciliates: Euplotes release factor does not respond to reassigned UGA codon. EMBO Rep. 2001;2:680-4 pubmed
    ..Using an in vitro assay based on mammalian ribosomes, we show that eRF1 from the ciliate Euplotes aediculatus responds to UAA and UAG as stop codons and lacks the capacity to decipher the UGA codon, which ..
  19. Petroni G, Rosati G, Vannini C, Modeo L, Dini F, Verni F. In situ identification by fluorescently labeled oligonucleotide probes of morphologically similar, closely related ciliate species. Microb Ecol. 2003;45:156-62 pubmed
    ..as an easy and fast identification method for three closely related species belonging to the widespread genus Euplotes, namely E. crassus, E. vannus, and E...
  20. Aigner S, Postberg J, Lipps H, Cech T. The Euplotes La motif protein p43 has properties of a telomerase-specific subunit. Biochemistry. 2003;42:5736-47 pubmed
    ..In addition to the RNA and catalytic protein components, telomerase from the ciliate Euplotes aediculatus contains the subunit p43...
  21. Klobutcher L, Gygax S, Podoloff J, Vermeesch J, Price C, Tebeau C, et al. Conserved DNA sequences adjacent to chromosome fragmentation and telomere addition sites in Euplotes crassus. Nucleic Acids Res. 1998;26:4230-40 pubmed
    During the formation of a new macronucleus in the ciliate Euplotes crassus, micronuclear chromosomes are reproducibly broken at approximately 10 000 sites...
  22. Turanov A, Lobanov A, Fomenko D, Morrison H, Sogin M, Klobutcher L, et al. Genetic code supports targeted insertion of two amino acids by one codon. Science. 2009;323:259-61 pubmed publisher
    ..We found that the codon UGA specifies insertion of selenocysteine and cysteine in the ciliate Euplotes crassus, that the dual use of this codon can occur even within the same gene, and that the structural ..
  23. Fokin S, Di Giuseppe G, Erra F, Dini F. Euplotespora binucleata n. gen., n. sp. (Protozoa: Microsporidia), a parasite infecting the hypotrichous ciliate Euplotes woodruffi, with observations on microsporidian infections in ciliophora. J Eukaryot Microbiol. 2008;55:214-28 pubmed publisher
    A new microsporidian species, Euplotespora binucleata n. gen., n. sp., from the brackish-water ciliate Euplotes woodruffi is described and defined on the basis of life history characteristics, light and electron microscopic features, and ..
  24. Jacobs M, Sánchez Blanco A, Katz L, Klobutcher L. Tec3, a new developmentally eliminated DNA element in Euplotes crassus. Eukaryot Cell. 2003;2:103-14 pubmed
    ..internal eliminated sequences [IESs]) are excised from the genome during the formation of a new macronucleus in Euplotes crassus. IESs include unique sequence DNA as well as two related families of transposable elements, Tec1 and Tec2...
  25. Dobri N, Oumarou E, Alimenti C, Ortenzi C, Luporini P, Vallesi A. Methionine sulfoxide reduction in ciliates: characterization of the ready-to-use methionine sulfoxide-R-reductase genes in Euplotes. Gene. 2013;515:110-6 pubmed publisher
    ..form, were characterized from the expressed (macronuclear) genome of two ecologically separate marine species of Euplotes, i.e. temperate water E. raikovi and polar water E. nobilii...
  26. Trielli F, Cervia D, Di Giuseppe G, Ristori C, Kruppel T, Burlando B, et al. Action mechanisms of the secondary metabolite euplotin C: signaling and functional role in Euplotes. J Eukaryot Microbiol. 2008;55:365-73 pubmed
    ..the acetylated hemiacetal sesquiterpene euplotin C has been isolated from the marine, ciliated protist Euplotes crassus, and provides an effective mechanism for reducing populations of potential competitors through its ..
  27. Karamysheva Z, Wang L, Shrode T, Bednenko J, Hurley L, Shippen D. Developmentally programmed gene elimination in Euplotes crassus facilitates a switch in the telomerase catalytic subunit. Cell. 2003;113:565-76 pubmed
    The primary function of telomerase is to maintain preexisting telomere tracts. In the ciliate Euplotes crassus, however, telomerase RNP structure and substrate recognition are altered during macronuclear development to facilitate de novo ..
  28. Vannini C, Rosati G, Verni F, Petroni G. Identification of the bacterial endosymbionts of the marine ciliate Euplotes magnicirratus (Ciliophora, Hypotrichia) and proposal of 'Candidatus Devosia euplotis'. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol. 2004;54:1151-6 pubmed
    ..reports the identification of bacterial endosymbionts that inhabit the cytoplasm of the marine ciliated protozoon Euplotes magnicirratus. Ultrastructural and full-cycle rRNA approaches were used to reveal the identity of these bacteria...
  29. Suzuki T, McKenzie M, Ott E, Ilkun O, Horvath M. DNA binding affinity and sequence permutation preference of the telomere protein from Euplotes crassus. Biochemistry. 2006;45:8628-38 pubmed
    ..of these proteins, we have characterized the DNA binding properties of the telomere end binding protein from Euplotes crassus (EcTEBP)...
  30. Schrallhammer M, Schweikert M, Vallesi A, Verni F, Petroni G. Detection of a novel subspecies of Francisella noatunensis as endosymbiont of the ciliate Euplotes raikovi. Microb Ecol. 2011;61:455-64 pubmed publisher
    ..and morphological approaches, we identified intracellular bacteria localized in a strain of the marine ciliate Euplotes raikovi, isolated from the coast of Adriatic Sea...
  31. Li Y, Kim O, Ito K, Saito K, Suzaki T, Harumoto T. A single amino acid substitution alters omnipotent eRF1 of Dileptus to euplotes-type dualpotent eRF1: standard codon usage may be advantageous in raptorial ciliates. Protist. 2013;164:440-9 pubmed publisher
    ..R128I (Dileptus eRF1 numbering) in the YxCxxxF motif converted the omnipotent recognition of Dileptus eRF1 to Euplotes-type dualpotent eRF1...
  32. Guella G, Skropeta D, Di Giuseppe G, Dini F. Structures, biological activities and phylogenetic relationships of terpenoids from marine ciliates of the genus Euplotes. Mar Drugs. 2010;8:2080-116 pubmed publisher
    ..Results on the interesting ecological and biological properties of ciliate terpenoids are also reported...
  33. Petroni G, Dini F, Verni F, Rosati G. A molecular approach to the tangled intrageneric relationships underlying phylogeny in Euplotes (Ciliophora, Spirotrichea). Mol Phylogenet Evol. 2002;22:118-30 pubmed
    The cosmopolitan genus Euplotes is remarkable among ciliates for its species richness...
  34. Vannini C, Petroni G, Verni F, Rosati G. Polynucleobacter bacteria in the brackish-water species Euplotes harpa (Ciliata Hypotrichia). J Eukaryot Microbiol. 2005;52:116-22 pubmed
    We have found a Polynucleobacter bacterium in the cytoplasm of Euplotes harpa, a species living in a brackish-water habitat, with a cirral pattern not corresponding to that of the freshwater Euplotes species known to harbor this type of ..
  35. Kloetzel J, Baroin Tourancheau A, Miceli C, Barchetta S, Farmar J, Banerjee D, et al. Cytoskeletal proteins with N-terminal signal peptides: plateins in the ciliate Euplotes define a new family of articulins. J Cell Sci. 2003;116:1291-303 pubmed
    ..The hypotrich ciliate Euplotes possesses a continuous monolayer of scales or plates, located within flattened membranous sacs ('alveoli') just ..
  36. Julian Schwarz M, Zuendorf A, Stoeck T. Morphology, ultrastructure, molecular phylogeny, and autecology of Euplotes elegans Kahl, 1932 (Hypotrichida; Euplotidae) isolated from the anoxic Mariager Fjord, Denmark. J Eukaryot Microbiol. 2007;54:125-36 pubmed
    The morphology, autecology, and molecular phylogeny of an euryhaline Euplotes isolate collected from the anoxic water column of the Mariager Fjord in Denmark were investigated...
  37. Cervia D, Martini D, Garcia Gil M, Di Giuseppe G, Guella G, Dini F, et al. Cytotoxic effects and apoptotic signalling mechanisms of the sesquiterpenoid euplotin C, a secondary metabolite of the marine ciliate Euplotes crassus, in tumour cells. Apoptosis. 2006;11:829-43 pubmed
    ..The lipophilic compound euplotin C, isolated from the ciliate Euplotes crassus, is toxic to a number of different opportunistic or pathogenic microorganisms, although its mechanism of ..
  38. Klobutcher L. Sequencing of random Euplotes crassus macronuclear genes supports a high frequency of +1 translational frameshifting. Eukaryot Cell. 2005;4:2098-105 pubmed
    ..In contrast, a recent analysis of gene sequences available in GenBank from ciliates in the genus Euplotes indicated that >5% required one or more +1 translational frameshifts to produce their predicted protein ..
  39. Diederichs S, Beardsley C, Cleven E. Detection of ingested bacteria in benthic ciliates using fluorescence in situ hybridization. Syst Appl Microbiol. 2003;26:624-30 pubmed
    ..g. eubacteria, after ingestion and thereby avoids a false determination of the number of ingested bacteria. Thus this method can also be used for the study of natural ciliate bacterivory in benthic systems. ..
  40. Yim B, Kim H, Kim J, Kim H, Won E, Lee Y. Identification and molecular characterization of cytochrome P450 (CYP450) family genes in the marine ciliate Euplotes crassus: The effect of benzo[a]pyrene and beta-naphthoflavone. Comp Biochem Physiol C Toxicol Pharmacol. 2017;196:71-80 pubmed publisher
    Marine ciliate Euplotes crassus, a single-cell eukaryote, and has been considered as a model organism for monitoring of environmental pollutions in sediments...
  41. Pucciarelli S, Miceli C, Melki R. Heterologous expression and folding analysis of a beta-tubulin isotype from the Antarctic ciliate Euplotes focardii. Eur J Biochem. 2002;269:6271-7 pubmed
    ..the beta-tubulin folding in lower eukaryotes, an isotype of beta-tubulin (beta-T1) from the Antarctic ciliate Euplotes focardii, was expressed in Escherichia coli...
  42. Chen J, Yang B, Liang A. Domain motions of class I release factor induced by binding with class II release factor from Euplotes octocarinatus. Biochemistry (Mosc). 2012;77:896-900 pubmed publisher
    ..Our results suggest that the eRF1-eRF3 interaction induces the N and C domain of eRF1b to become closer to each other. ..
  43. Song L, Dong J, Zhao Y, Chai B, Liang A. GTPase activity analysis of eRF3 in Euplotes octocarinatus. J Microbiol Biotechnol. 2010;20:1283-7 pubmed
    ..Structure model and amino acids sequence alignment of potential G domains indicated these different may be due to Valine 317 and Glutamate 452 displacing conserved Glycine and Lysine, which were involved in GTP binding. ..
  44. Boscaro V, Fokin S, Petroni G, Verni F, Keeling P, Vannini C. Symbiont replacement between bacteria of different classes reveals additional layers of complexity in the evolution of symbiosis in the ciliate Euplotes. Protist. 2018;169:43-52 pubmed publisher
    ..The obligate relationship between a monophyletic group of Euplotes species ("clade B") and the betaproteobacteria Polynucleobacter and "Candidatus Protistobacter" is among the best-..
  45. Oganesian L, Moon I, Bryan T, Jarstfer M. Extension of G-quadruplex DNA by ciliate telomerase. EMBO J. 2006;25:1148-59 pubmed
    ..we investigate the ability of G-quadruplex DNA to serve as a substrate for recombinant Tetrahymena and native Euplotes telomerase...
  46. Yaqin Z, Jiuying F, Aihua L, Binsheng Y. The characterization for the binding of calcium and terbium to Euplotes octocarinatus centrin. Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc. 2009;71:1756-61 pubmed publisher
    ..In the present paper, we characterized properties of metal ions binding to Euplotes octocarinatus centrin (EoCen) by fluorescence spectra and circular dichroism (CD) spectra...
  47. Cristofari G, Lingner J. Fingering the ends: how to make new telomeres. Cell. 2003;113:552-4 pubmed
    ..Work by in this issue of Cell indicates that in Euplotes crassus, this is mediated through switching between different telomerase reverse transcriptase isoforms.
  48. Möllenbeck M. Genetic relationship of 32 cell lines of Euplotes octocarinatus species complex revealed by random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) fingerprinting. Mol Ecol. 1999;8:1971-9 pubmed
    ..was used in this study to determine the genetic relationship of different cell lines of the hypotrichous ciliate Euplotes octocarinatus...
  49. Chai B, Hao Y, Li C, Shen Q, Liang A. [Construction of cDNA library of protozoan ciliates Euplotes octocarinatus]. Wei Sheng Wu Xue Bao. 2010;50:316-21 pubmed
    ..We constructed the cDNA library of protozoan ciliates Euplotes octocarinatus strictly following the procedure of BD Matchmaker Library Construction & Screening kit from ..
  50. Lee J, Heuser J, Roth R, Goodenough U. Eisosome Ultrastructure and Evolution in Fungi, Microalgae, and Lichens. Eukaryot Cell. 2015;14:1017-42 pubmed publisher
    ..that eisosomes are also present in a subset of red and green microalgae as well as in the cysts of the ciliate Euplotes. Eisosome assembly is closely correlated with both the presence and the nature of cell walls...
  51. Zhao Y, Song L, Liang A, Yang B. Characterization of self-assembly of Euplotes octocarinatus centrin. J Photochem Photobiol B. 2009;95:26-32 pubmed publisher
    ..fluorescence resonance light scattering (RLS) and yeast two-hybrid assay indicate that the C-terminal domain of Euplotes octocarinatus centrin (EoCen) also contributes to the centrin self-assembly besides its N-terminal domain in vivo ..
  52. Hu M, Li L, Chao J, Zhao Y, Zhang Z, Liang A. The acidic ribosomal protein P2 from Euplotes octocarinatus is phosphorylated at its N-terminal domain. Biochem Cell Biol. 2014;92:23-32 pubmed publisher
    ..Our previous work suggested that the acidic ribosomal P proteins from Euplotes octocarinatus have a special C-terminal domain...
  53. Song L, Wang Y, Chai B, Wang W, Liang A. C-terminal 76 amino acids of eRF3 are not required for the binding of release factor eRF1a from Euplotes octocarinatus. J Genet Genomics. 2007;34:486-90 pubmed
    ..In the present study, the C-terminal of Euplotes octocarinatus eRF3 (eRF3C) and truncate eRF3C lacking 76 amino acids in C-terminal (eRF3Ct) were expressed in ..
  54. Inagaki Y, Ford Doolittle W. Evolution of the eukaryotic translation termination system: origins of release factors. Mol Biol Evol. 2000;17:882-9 pubmed
    ..thought to be "early-diverging eukaryotes," as well as those from two ciliates (Oxytricha trifallax and Euplotes aediculatus). We also determined the sequence of the eRF1 gene for G. lamblia. Surprisingly, the G...
  55. Senra M, Dias R, Castelli M, Silva Neto I, Verni F, Soares C, et al. A House for Two--Double Bacterial Infection in Euplotes woodruffi Sq1 (Ciliophora, Euplotia) Sampled in Southeastern Brazil. Microb Ecol. 2016;71:505-17 pubmed publisher
    ..In this work, two Euplotes spp...
  56. Huang J, Dunthorn M, Song W. Expanding character sampling for the molecular phylogeny of euplotid ciliates (Protozoa, Ciliophora) using three markers, with a focus on the family Uronychiidae. Mol Phylogenet Evol. 2012;63:598-605 pubmed publisher
  57. Zhou L, Li J, Lin X, Al Rasheid K. Use of RAPD to detect DNA damage induced by nitrofurazone in marine ciliate, Euplotes vannus (Protozoa, Ciliophora). Aquat Toxicol. 2011;103:225-32 pubmed publisher
    ..assay was evaluated as a potential tool to detect the ecotoxicity induced by nitrofurazone in marine ciliate, Euplotes vannus...
  58. Li J, Nie Y, Liaing A, Dang X, Wang W. [EoRab43 regulating vesicular transport around the macronucleus in Euplotes octocarinatus]. Fen Zi Xi Bao Sheng Wu Xue Bao. 2009;42:35-42 pubmed
    ..EoRab43 is an atypical Rab gene identified in Euplotes octocarinatus...
  59. Sfeir A, Chai W, Shay J, Wright W. Telomere-end processing the terminal nucleotides of human chromosomes. Mol Cell. 2005;18:131-8 pubmed
    ..In contrast, the G-terminal nucleotide was less precise than Tetrahymena and Euplotes but still had a bias that changed as a function of telomerase expression.
  60. Placzek W, Etezady Esfarjani T, Herrmann T, Pedrini B, Peti W, Alimenti C, et al. Cold-adapted signal proteins: NMR structures of pheromones from the Antarctic ciliate Euplotes nobilii. IUBMB Life. 2007;59:578-85 pubmed
    ..In species of the most ubiquitous ciliate, Euplotes, these pheromones form families of structurally homologous molecules, which are constitutively secreted into the ..
  61. Wang W, Zhi H, Chai B, Liang A. Cloning and sequence analysis of the micronuclear and macronuclear gene encoding Rab protein of Euplotes octocarinatus. Biosci Biotechnol Biochem. 2005;69:649-52 pubmed
    ..A Rab gene was isolated from the macronuclear plasmid mini-library of Euplotes octocarinatus. A micronuclear version of the Rab gene was amplified by polymerase chain reaction (PCR)...
  62. Li J, Zhou L, Lin X, Yi Z, Al Rasheid K. Characterizing dose-responses of catalase to nitrofurazone exposure in model ciliated protozoan Euplotes vannus for ecotoxicity assessment: enzyme activity and mRNA expression. Ecotoxicol Environ Saf. 2014;100:294-302 pubmed publisher
    ..In particular, dose-responses for catalase activity and mRNA expression abundance were investigated in Euplotes vannus which were exposed to graded doses of nitrofurazone for several discrete durations, and dose-response ..
  63. Di Giuseppe G, Barbieri M, Vallesi A, Luporini P, Dini F. Phylogeographical pattern of Euplotes nobilii, a protist ciliate with a bipolar biogeographical distribution. Mol Ecol. 2013;22:4029-37 pubmed publisher
    ..Fuegian (four strains), Greenland (nine strains) and Svalbard (three strains) populations of the marine ciliate, Euplotes nobilii, and analysed for their nucleotide polymorphisms...
  64. Ghosh S, Barrett D, Klobutcher L. The Euplotes crassus conjugation-specific conN1 gene encodes a transcription elongation factor TFIIS-like protein. J Eukaryot Microbiol. 2001;48:218-20 pubmed
    The Euplotes crassus macronuclear DNA molecule containing the conjugation-specific conN1 gene has been sequenced, along with a cDNA clone...
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    The hypotrichous ciliated protozoan Euplotes aediculatus possesses a characteristic C-shaped somatic nucleus (macronucleus) within the cytoplasm, which shows dynamic shape change during the cell cycle...
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    eRF1a, one of the class-I release factors from ciliate Euplotes octocarinatus, has been crystallized by the vapor-diffusion method using polyethylene glycol 4000 as the precipitant at pH 7.5...