cryptosporidium

Summary

Summary: A genus of coccidian parasites of the family CRYPTOSPORIDIIDAE, found in the intestinal epithelium of many vertebrates including humans.

Top Publications

  1. Calderaro A, Montecchini S, Gorrini C, Dettori G, Chezzi C. Similar diagnostic performances of antigen detection and nucleic acid detection of Cryptosporidium spp. in a low-prevalence setting. Diagn Microbiol Infect Dis. 2011;70:72-7 pubmed publisher
    The diagnostic value of a real-time PCR assay for the detection of Cryptosporidium spp...
  2. Maurya P, Rakesh R, Pradeep B, Kumar S, Kundu K, Garg R, et al. Prevalence and risk factors associated with Cryptosporidium spp. infection in young domestic livestock in India. Trop Anim Health Prod. 2013;45:941-6 pubmed publisher
    ..India were collected and screened by modified Ziehl-Neelsen staining technique to determine the prevalence of Cryptosporidium spp. and its association with age, sex, season and faecal consistency in domesticated animals. Overall, 16...
  3. Sheoran A, Wiffin A, Widmer G, Singh P, Tzipori S. Infection with Cryptosporidium hominis provides incomplete protection of the host against Cryptosporidium parvum. J Infect Dis. 2012;205:1019-23 pubmed publisher
    b>Cryptosporidium hominis and Cryptosporidium parvum, which infect humans equally, are genetically/antigenically almost identical. It remains unclear, however, whether infection with C. hominis protects against C. parvum...
  4. Omoruyi B, Matongo F, Nkwetshana N, Green E, Clarke A, Ndip R. Environmental and demographic risk factors associated with the prevalence of Cryptosporidium infection in the Alice rural settlements of the Eastern Cape Province of South Africa: a pilot study. Rev Environ Health. 2011;26:127-33 pubmed
    We undertook this study to identify the risk factors and prevalence of Cryptosporidium spp. in HIV-positive and HIV-negative diarrhea patients in the Alice rural settlement in the Eastern Cape Province of South Africa...
  5. Wilkes G, Ruecker N, Neumann N, Gannon V, Jokinen C, Sunohara M, et al. Spatiotemporal analysis of Cryptosporidium species/genotypes and relationships with other zoonotic pathogens in surface water from mixed-use watersheds. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2013;79:434-48 pubmed publisher
    ..b>Cryptosporidium oocysts in water samples were enumerated, sequenced, and genotyped by detailed phylogenetic analysis...
  6. Lim Y, Iqbal A, Surin J, Sim B, Jex A, Nolan M, et al. First genetic classification of Cryptosporidium and Giardia from HIV/AIDS patients in Malaysia. Infect Genet Evol. 2011;11:968-74 pubmed publisher
    Given the HIV epidemic in Malaysia, genetic information on opportunistic pathogens, such as Cryptosporidium and Giardia, in HIV/AIDS patients is pivotal to enhance our understanding of epidemiology, patient care, management and disease ..
  7. Kurniawan A, Dwintasari S, Connelly L, Nichols R, Yunihastuti E, Karyadi T, et al. Cryptosporidium species from human immunodeficiency-infected patients with chronic diarrhea in Jakarta, Indonesia. Ann Epidemiol. 2013;23:720-3 pubmed publisher
    b>Cryptosporidium is an opportunistic parasite that manifests as chronic and severe diarrhea in the immune-compromised subject...
  8. Amer S, Zidan S, Feng Y, Adamu H, Li N, Xiao L. Identity and public health potential of Cryptosporidium spp. in water buffalo calves in Egypt. Vet Parasitol. 2013;191:123-7 pubmed publisher
    Little is known about the diversity and public health significance of Cryptosporidium species in water buffaloes. In this study, we examined the distribution of Cryptosporidium spp. in water buffalo calves in Egypt...
  9. Abu Samra N, Thompson P, Jori F, Frean J, Poonsamy B, Du Plessis D, et al. Genetic characterization of Cryptosporidium spp. in diarrhoeic children from four provinces in South Africa. Zoonoses Public Health. 2013;60:154-9 pubmed publisher
    The diversity of Cryptosporidium at species, subtype family and subtype level in diarrhoeic children was investigated in four provinces in South Africa...

More Information

Publications91

  1. Ng J, Ryan U, Trengove R, Maker G. Development of an untargeted metabolomics method for the analysis of human faecal samples using Cryptosporidium-infected samples. Mol Biochem Parasitol. 2012;185:145-50 pubmed publisher
    ..metabolite extraction method for untargeted gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) analysis using Cryptosporidium positive and negative human faecal samples...
  2. Maikai B, Umoh J, Kwaga J, Lawal I, Maikai V, Cama V, et al. Molecular characterization of Cryptosporidium spp. in native breeds of cattle in Kaduna State, Nigeria. Vet Parasitol. 2011;178:241-5 pubmed publisher
    ..in industrialized countries, there are very few studies on the diversity and public health significance of Cryptosporidium species in native cattle in developing countries...
  3. Agnamey P, Sarfati C, Pinel C, Rabodoniriina M, Kapel N, Dutoit E, et al. Evaluation of four commercial rapid immunochromatographic assays for detection of Cryptosporidium antigens in stool samples: a blind multicenter trial. J Clin Microbiol. 2011;49:1605-7 pubmed publisher
    In a multicenter study, potassium dichromate-preserved stools from patients infected with Cryptosporidium parvum (n = 20), C...
  4. Feng Y, Karna S, Dearen T, Singh D, Adhikari L, Shrestha A, et al. Common occurrence of a unique Cryptosporidium ryanae variant in zebu cattle and water buffaloes in the buffer zone of the Chitwan National Park, Nepal. Vet Parasitol. 2012;185:309-14 pubmed publisher
    There are very few studies on the diversity and public health significance of Cryptosporidium species in zebu cattle and water buffaloes in developing countries...
  5. Quah J, Ambu S, Lim Y, Mahdy M, Mak J. Molecular identification of Cryptosporidium parvum from avian hosts. Parasitology. 2011;138:573-7 pubmed publisher
    b>Cryptosporidium species are protozoan parasites that infect humans and a wide variety of animals. This study was aimed at identifying Cryptosporidium species and genotypes isolated from avian hosts...
  6. Abeywardena H, Jex A, Firestone S, McPhee S, Driessen N, Koehler A, et al. Assessing calves as carriers of Cryptosporidium and Giardia with zoonotic potential on dairy and beef farms within a water catchment area by mutation scanning. Electrophoresis. 2013;34:2259-67 pubmed publisher
    In the present study, we undertook a molecular epidemiological survey of Cryptosporidium and Giardia in calves on three dairy and two beef farms within an open drinking water catchment area (Melbourne, Australia)...
  7. Elwin K, Hadfield S, Robinson G, Chalmers R. The epidemiology of sporadic human infections with unusual cryptosporidia detected during routine typing in England and Wales, 2000-2008. Epidemiol Infect. 2012;140:673-83 pubmed publisher
    ..of 14 469 isolates from human cryptosporidiosis cases between 2000 and 2008 revealed that 7439 (51·4%) were Cryptosporidium (C.) hominis, 6372 (44·0%) C. parvum, 51 (0·4%) both C. hominis and C...
  8. Richter B, Nedorost N, Maderner A, Weissenbock H. Detection of Cryptosporidium species in feces or gastric contents from snakes and lizards as determined by polymerase chain reaction analysis and partial sequencing of the 18S ribosomal RNA gene. J Vet Diagn Invest. 2011;23:430-5 pubmed publisher
    ..b>Cryptosporidium varanii (saurophilum) was detected in 17 out of 106 (16%) samples from corn snakes (Pantherophis guttatus) ..
  9. Gomez Couso H, Ortega Mora L, Aguado Martínez A, Rosadio Alcántara R, Maturrano Hernández L, Luna Espinoza L, et al. Presence and molecular characterisation of Giardia and Cryptosporidium in alpacas (Vicugna pacos) from Peru. Vet Parasitol. 2012;187:414-20 pubmed publisher
    The presence of Giardia and Cryptosporidium was investigated in 274 faecal samples of alpacas (Vicugna pacos) from 12 herds from Peru by immunofluorescence microscopy and PCR amplification and sequencing of fragments of the ssu-rRNA and ?..
  10. Zhang W, Shen Y, Wang R, Liu A, Ling H, Li Y, et al. Cryptosporidium cuniculus and Giardia duodenalis in rabbits: genetic diversity and possible zoonotic transmission. PLoS ONE. 2012;7:e31262 pubmed publisher
    b>Cryptosporidium and Giardia are the two important zoonotic pathogens causing diarrhea of humans and animals worldwide. Considering the human cryptosporidiosis outbreak and sporadic cases caused by C...
  11. Feng Y, Zhao X, Chen J, Jin W, Zhou X, Li N, et al. Occurrence, source, and human infection potential of cryptosporidium and Giardia spp. in source and tap water in shanghai, china. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2011;77:3609-16 pubmed publisher
    Genotyping studies on the source and human infection potential of Cryptosporidium oocysts in water have been almost exclusively conducted in industrialized nations...
  12. Wang R, Li G, Cui B, Huang J, Cui Z, Zhang S, et al. Prevalence, molecular characterization and zoonotic potential of Cryptosporidium spp. in goats in Henan and Chongqing, China. Exp Parasitol. 2014;142:11-6 pubmed publisher
    ..in goats in China, 1265 fecal samples from seven farms in Henan province and Chongqing city were examined for Cryptosporidium oocysts. The overall infection rate of Cryptosporidium spp. was 3.48% (44/1256)...
  13. Modry D, Hofmannová L, Antalová Z, Sak B, Kvac M. Variability in susceptibility of voles (Arvicolinae) to experimental infection with Cryptosporidium muris and Cryptosporidium andersoni. Parasitol Res. 2012;111:471-3 pubmed publisher
    The infectivity of Cryptosporidium muris and Cryptosporidium andersoni in various species of voles was studied using experimental infections. None of the experimental voles inoculated with 1 × 10(5) oocysts of Cryptosporidium spp...
  14. Yang R, Jacobson C, Gardner G, Carmichael I, Campbell A, Ng Hublin J, et al. Longitudinal prevalence, oocyst shedding and molecular characterisation of Cryptosporidium species in sheep across four states in Australia. Vet Parasitol. 2014;200:50-8 pubmed publisher
    The prevalence of Cryptosporidium in sheep in the eastern states of Australia has not been well described, therefore a study of the prevalence, oocyst concentration, species and subtypes of Cryptosporidium were assessed from lamb faecal ..
  15. Serdarevic F, Jones R, Weaver K, Black S, Ritger K, Guichard F, et al. Multi-pathogen waterborne disease outbreak associated with a dinner cruise on Lake Michigan. Epidemiol Infect. 2012;140:621-5 pubmed publisher
    ..Stool specimens were positive for Shigella sonnei (n=3), Giardia (n=3), and Cryptosporidium (n=2). Ice consumption was associated with illness (risk ratio 2·2, P=0·011). S...
  16. Lee S, Joung M, Yoon S, Choi K, Park W, Yu J. Multiplex PCR detection of waterborne intestinal protozoa: microsporidia, Cyclospora, and Cryptosporidium. Korean J Parasitol. 2010;48:297-301 pubmed publisher
    Recently, emerging waterborne protozoa, such as microsporidia, Cyclospora, and Cryptosporidium, have become a challenge to human health worldwide...
  17. Murakoshi F, Xiao L, Matsubara R, Sato R, Kato Y, Sasaki T, et al. Molecular characterization of Cryptosporidium spp. in grazing beef cattle in Japan. Vet Parasitol. 2012;187:123-8 pubmed publisher
    Cattle are major hosts of Cryptosporidium spp. Cryptosporidiosis in neonatal calves is associated with retarded growth, weight loss and calf mortality, and zoonotic infections in humans...
  18. Silverlås C, Mattsson J, Insulander M, Lebbad M. Zoonotic transmission of Cryptosporidium meleagridis on an organic Swedish farm. Int J Parasitol. 2012;42:963-7 pubmed publisher
    We believe that we present the first evidence of zoonotic transmission of the bird parasite, Cryptosporidium meleagridis...
  19. Helmy Y, Krucken J, Nockler K, von Samson Himmelstjerna G, Zessin K. Molecular epidemiology of Cryptosporidium in livestock animals and humans in the Ismailia province of Egypt. Vet Parasitol. 2013;193:15-24 pubmed publisher
    The zoonotic potential of Cryptosporidium was studied in one of the most densely populated provinces of Egypt regarding livestock and people...
  20. Wegayehu T, Adamu H, Petros B. Prevalence of Giardia duodenalis and Cryptosporidium species infections among children and cattle in North Shewa Zone, Ethiopia. BMC Infect Dis. 2013;13:419 pubmed publisher
    Giardia and Cryptosporidium are the most common causes of protozoan diarrhea that lead to significant morbidity and mortality worldwide...
  21. Maikai B, Umoh J, Lawal I, Kudi A, Ejembi C, Xiao L. Molecular characterizations of Cryptosporidium, Giardia, and Enterocytozoon in humans in Kaduna State, Nigeria. Exp Parasitol. 2012;131:452-6 pubmed publisher
    The use of molecular diagnostic tools in epidemiological investigations of Cryptosporidium, Giardia, and Enterocytozoon has provided new insights into their diversity and transmission pathways...
  22. Mi R, Wang X, Li C, Huang Y, Zhou P, Li Z, et al. Prevalence and genetic characterization of Cryptosporidium in yaks in Qinghai Province of China. PLoS ONE. 2013;8:e74985 pubmed publisher
    The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence, species and subtypes of Cryptosporidium infecting yaks in the Qinghai Province of Northwestern China. The prevalence of Cryptosporidium spp...
  23. Wang R, Jian F, Sun Y, Hu Q, Zhu J, Wang F, et al. Large-scale survey of Cryptosporidium spp. in chickens and Pekin ducks (Anas platyrhynchos) in Henan, China: prevalence and molecular characterization. Avian Pathol. 2010;39:447-51 pubmed publisher
    Few data are available on the molecular characterization of Cryptosporidium spp. in chickens and ducks in China...
  24. Imre K, Lobo L, Matos O, Popescu C, Genchi C, Darabus G. Molecular characterisation of Cryptosporidium isolates from pre-weaned calves in Romania: is there an actual risk of zoonotic infections?. Vet Parasitol. 2011;181:321-4 pubmed publisher
    ..from 9 dairy farms located in Banat region, Romania, were microscopically examined for the presence of Cryptosporidium oocysts. Overall, 65 (25%) samples were found positive...
  25. Shirley D, Moonah S, Kotloff K. Burden of disease from cryptosporidiosis. Curr Opin Infect Dis. 2012;25:555-63 pubmed publisher
    ..The global significance of cryptosporidiosis is widespread and far-reaching. In this review, we present recent data about strain diversity and the burden of disease, along with developments in therapeutic and preventive strategies...
  26. Zhu H, Zhao J, Wang R, Zhang L. Molecular identification of a rare subtype of Cryptosporidium hominis in infants in China. PLoS ONE. 2012;7:e43682 pubmed publisher
    Two Cryptosporidium isolates from separate infants suffering from diarrhea were obtained from a hospital in Zhengzhou, China and were genotyped by PCR amplification and sequence analysis of the small-subunit ribosomal RNA (rRNA) (SSU ..
  27. Gallas Lindemann C, Sotiriadou I, Plutzer J, Karanis P. Prevalence and distribution of Cryptosporidium and Giardia in wastewater and the surface, drinking and ground waters in the Lower Rhine, Germany. Epidemiol Infect. 2013;141:9-21 pubmed publisher
    ..Surface, ground and drinking waters (400-6400 l) were collected by filtration. Cryptosporidium oocysts and Giardia cysts were further concentrated by sucrose centrifugation...
  28. An W, Zhang D, Xiao S, Yu J, Yang M. Quantitative health risk assessment of Cryptosporidium in rivers of southern China based on continuous monitoring. Environ Sci Technol. 2011;45:4951-8 pubmed publisher
    The concentrations of Cryptosporidium in the source water of several cities of Zhejiang Province, China were determined to be in the range of 0-17 oocysts/10 L in the rainy season in 2008, with a mean value of 7 oocysts/10 L...
  29. Adell A, Miller W, Harvey D, Vanwormer E, Wuertz S, Conrad P. Individual subject meta-analysis of parameters for Cryptosporidium parvum shedding and diarrhoea in animal experimental models. Epidemiol Infect. 2013;141:1662-78 pubmed publisher
    b>Cryptosporidium is a zoonotic protozoan parasite with public health importance worldwide...
  30. Liu A, Ji H, Wang E, Liu J, Xiao L, Shen Y, et al. Molecular identification and distribution of Cryptosporidium and Giardia duodenalis in raw urban wastewater in Harbin, China. Parasitol Res. 2011;109:913-8 pubmed publisher
    ..The goals of the present study was to investigate the level of Cryptosporidium and Giardia duodenalis in wastewater from wastewater treatment plants in Harbin, China, and to understand the ..
  31. Fiuza V, Gallo S, Frazão Teixeira E, Santin M, Fayer R, Oliveira F. Cryptosporidium pig genotype II diagnosed in pigs from the state of Rio De Janeiro, Brazil. J Parasitol. 2011;97:146-7 pubmed publisher
    Pigs may represent a source of Cryptosporidium sp. infection to humans...
  32. Uehlinger F, Greenwood S, McClure J, Conboy G, O Handley R, Barkema H. Zoonotic potential of Giardia duodenalis and Cryptosporidium spp. and prevalence of intestinal parasites in young dogs from different populations on Prince Edward Island, Canada. Vet Parasitol. 2013;196:509-14 pubmed publisher
    The prevalence of Giardia duodenalis, Cryptosporidium spp. and other intestinal parasites was determined in dogs <1 year old from Prince Edward Island, Canada...
  33. Paraud C, Pors I, Rieux A, Brunet S. High excretion of Cryptosporidium ubiquitum by peri-parturient goats in one flock in western France. Vet Parasitol. 2014;202:301-4 pubmed publisher
    b>Cryptosporidium spp. is an important agent of neonatal diarrhoea in goat kids. Little is known about its molecular characterization in adult goats...
  34. Kang ethe E, Mulinge E, Skilton R, Njahira M, Monda J, Nyongesa C, et al. Cryptosporidium species detected in calves and cattle in Dagoretti, Nairobi, Kenya. Trop Anim Health Prod. 2012;44 Suppl 1:S25-31 pubmed publisher
    ..Ziehl-Neelsen staining method and an immunofluorescence assay were used to identify those samples with Cryptosporidium oocyst infection...
  35. Elwin K, Robinson G, Hadfield S, Fairclough H, Iturriza Gomara M, Chalmers R. A comparison of two approaches to extracting Cryptosporidium DNA from human stools as measured by a real-time PCR assay. J Microbiol Methods. 2012;89:38-40 pubmed publisher
    Direct extraction of Cryptosporidium DNA from 46 stools by bead-beating, guanidine thiocyanate and silica purification provided slightly lower PCR positivity (93.5% vs. 100%) and higher threshold cycle values (mean 34.93 vs. 28.03; P=0...
  36. Sato M, Galvani A, Padula J, Nardocci A, Lauretto M, Razzolini M, et al. Assessing the infection risk of Giardia and Cryptosporidium in public drinking water delivered by surface water systems in Sao Paulo State, Brazil. Sci Total Environ. 2013;442:389-96 pubmed publisher
    A survey of Giardia and Cryptosporidium was conducted in surface water used as drinking water sources by public water systems in four densely urbanized regions of Sao Paulo State, Brazil...
  37. Bouzid M, Hunter P, Chalmers R, Tyler K. Cryptosporidium pathogenicity and virulence. Clin Microbiol Rev. 2013;26:115-34 pubmed publisher
    b>Cryptosporidium is a protozoan parasite of medical and veterinary importance that causes gastroenteritis in a variety of vertebrate hosts...
  38. Mary C, Chapey E, Dutoit E, Guyot K, Hasseine L, Jeddi F, et al. Multicentric evaluation of a new real-time PCR assay for quantification of Cryptosporidium spp. and identification of Cryptosporidium parvum and Cryptosporidium hominis. J Clin Microbiol. 2013;51:2556-63 pubmed publisher
    b>Cryptosporidium is a protozoan parasite responsible for gastroenteritis, especially in immunocompromised patients. Laboratory diagnosis of cryptosporidiosis relies on microscopy, antigen detection, and nucleic acid detection and analysis...
  39. Wang A, Ruch Gallie R, Scorza V, Lin P, Lappin M. Prevalence of Giardia and Cryptosporidium species in dog park attending dogs compared to non-dog park attending dogs in one region of Colorado. Vet Parasitol. 2012;184:335-40 pubmed publisher
    ..Feces were examined microscopically for parasites after sugar centrifugation, for Giardia spp. cysts and Cryptosporidium spp...
  40. Chalmers R, Elwin K, Hadfield S, Robinson G. Sporadic human cryptosporidiosis caused by Cryptosporidium cuniculus, United Kingdom, 2007-2008. Emerg Infect Dis. 2011;17:536-8 pubmed publisher
    To investigate sporadic human cryptosporidiosis trends in the United Kingdom, we tested 3,030 Cryptosporidium spp.-positive fecal samples, submitted for routine typing in 2007-2008, for C. cuniculus. C. cuniculus prevalence was 1...
  41. Amer S, Harfoush M, He H. Molecular and phylogenetic analyses of Cryptosporidium SPP from dairy cattle in Egypt. J Egypt Soc Parasitol. 2010;40:349-66 pubmed
    b>Cryptosporidium infections in cattle result in considerable'economic loss as well as a significant source for zoonotic infection...
  42. Sevá A, Funada M, Souza S, Nava A, Richtzenhain L, Soares R. Occurrence and molecular characterization of Cryptosporidium spp. isolated from domestic animals in a rural area surrounding Atlantic dry forest fragments in Teodoro Sampaio municipality, State of São Paulo, Brazil. Rev Bras Parasitol Vet. 2010;19:249-53 pubmed
    The aim of this study was to assess the occurrence of Cryptosporidium in domestic animals in rural properties surrounding rain forest fragments within the municipality of Teodoro Sampaio, southeastern Brazil...
  43. Goñi P, Martin B, Villacampa M, Garcia A, Seral C, Castillo F, et al. Evaluation of an immunochromatographic dip strip test for simultaneous detection of Cryptosporidium spp, Giardia duodenalis, and Entamoeba histolytica antigens in human faecal samples. Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis. 2012;31:2077-82 pubmed publisher
    ..A recently developed test to detect Cryptosporidium spp, Giardia duodenalis and Entamoeba histolytica was evaluated...
  44. Wang R, Wang H, Sun Y, Zhang L, Jian F, Qi M, et al. Characteristics of Cryptosporidium transmission in preweaned dairy cattle in Henan, China. J Clin Microbiol. 2011;49:1077-82 pubmed publisher
    ..calves in China, 801 fecal samples from eight farms in seven areas in Henan Province were examined for Cryptosporidium oocysts. The overall infection rate of Cryptosporidium was 21...
  45. Christy N, Hencke J, Escueta de Cadiz A, Nazib F, von Thien H, Yagita K, et al. Multisite performance evaluation of an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for detection of Giardia, Cryptosporidium, and Entamoeba histolytica antigens in human stool. J Clin Microbiol. 2012;50:1762-3 pubmed publisher
    ..detection assay for fresh and frozen human samples that detects but does not differentiate Giardia spp, Cryptosporidium spp, and Entamoeba histolytica, the Tri-Combo parasite screen, was compared to three established enzyme-..
  46. Ye J, Xiao L, Li J, Huang W, Amer S, Guo Y, et al. Occurrence of human-pathogenic Enterocytozoon bieneusi, Giardia duodenalis and Cryptosporidium genotypes in laboratory macaques in Guangxi, China. Parasitol Int. 2014;63:132-7 pubmed publisher
    Captive nonhuman primates have been identified as common hosts of Enterocytozoon bieneusi, Giardia duodenalis, Cryptosporidium hominis, and Cyclospora spp., thus are potential reservoirs of some enteric parasites in humans...
  47. Nguyen S, Fukuda Y, Tada C, Huynh V, Nguyen D, Nakai Y. Prevalence and molecular characterization of Cryptosporidium in ostriches (Struthio camelus) on a farm in central Vietnam. Exp Parasitol. 2013;133:8-11 pubmed publisher
    This study was performed to determine the prevalence and molecular characterization of Cryptosporidium in ostriches on a farm in Khanh Hoa province, central Vietnam...
  48. Banda Z, Nichols R, Grimason A, Smith H. Cryptosporidium infection in non-human hosts in Malawi. Onderstepoort J Vet Res. 2009;76:363-75 pubmed
    Of 1346 faecal samples from the Chikwawa and Thyolo districts of Malawi, analysed for the presence of Cryptosporidium oocysts between October 2001 and May 2003, 61.3% were from cattle (29.8% of these were from calves <6 months old)...
  49. Kvac M, Kestřánová M, Pinková M, Kvetonova D, Kalinova J, Wagnerová P, et al. Cryptosporidium scrofarum n. sp. (Apicomplexa: Cryptosporidiidae) in domestic pigs (Sus scrofa). Vet Parasitol. 2013;191:218-27 pubmed publisher
    We describe the morphological, biological, and molecular characteristics of Cryptosporidium pig genotype II and propose the species name Cryptosporidium scrofarum n. sp. to reflect its prevalence in adult pigs worldwide. Oocysts of C...
  50. Gibson Kueh S, Yang R, Thuy N, Jones J, Nicholls P, Ryan U. The molecular characterization of an Eimeria and Cryptosporidium detected in Asian seabass (Lates calcarifer) cultured in Vietnam. Vet Parasitol. 2011;181:91-6 pubmed publisher
    ..In the present study, both Eimeria and Cryptosporidium were detected by sequence analyses of fragments of the 18S rRNA gene amplified from these Vietnamese L...
  51. Li N, Xiao L, Wang L, Zhao S, Zhao X, Duan L, et al. Molecular surveillance of Cryptosporidium spp., Giardia duodenalis, and Enterocytozoon bieneusi by genotyping and subtyping parasites in wastewater. PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2012;6:e1809 pubmed publisher
    ..The high concentration of pathogens in raw sewage makes the characterization of the transmission of these pathogens simple through the genotype and subtype analysis of a small number of samples...
  52. Brasseur P, Agnamey P, Emmanuel E, Pape J, Vaillant M, Raccurt C. Cryptosporidium contamination of surface and water supplies in Haiti. Arch Environ Occup Health. 2011;66:12-7 pubmed publisher
    ..living in low socio-economic conditions is frequently due to consumption of water or food contaminated by Cryptosporidium oocysts...
  53. Slapeta J. Cryptosporidiosis and Cryptosporidium species in animals and humans: a thirty colour rainbow?. Int J Parasitol. 2013;43:957-70 pubmed publisher
    Parasites of the genus Cryptosporidium (Apicomplexa) cause cryptosporidiosis in humans and animals worldwide. The species names used for Cryptosporidium spp. are confusing for parasitologists and even more so for non-specialists...
  54. Chappell C, Okhuysen P, Langer Curry R, Akiyoshi D, Widmer G, Tzipori S. Cryptosporidium meleagridis: infectivity in healthy adult volunteers. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2011;85:238-42 pubmed publisher
    Most Cryptosporidium infections in humans are caused by C. parvum or C. hominis. However, genotyping techniques have identified infections caused by unusual Cryptosporidium species...
  55. Galván A, Magnet A, Izquierdo F, Fernandez Vadillo C, Peralta R, Angulo S, et al. A year-long study of Cryptosporidium species and subtypes in recreational, drinking and wastewater from the central area of Spain. Sci Total Environ. 2014;468-469:368-75 pubmed publisher
    A year-long longitudinal study was undertaken to evaluate the presence of Cryptosporidium spp...
  56. Alcock F, Webb C, Dolezal P, Hewitt V, Shingu Vasquez M, Likic V, et al. A small Tim homohexamer in the relict mitochondrion of Cryptosporidium. Mol Biol Evol. 2012;29:113-22 pubmed publisher
    The apicomplexan parasite Cryptosporidium parvum possesses a mitosome, a relict mitochondrion with a greatly reduced metabolic capability...
  57. Budu Amoako E, Greenwood S, Dixon B, Barkema H, McClure J. Giardia and Cryptosporidium on dairy farms and the role these farms may play in contaminating water sources in Prince Edward Island, Canada. J Vet Intern Med. 2012;26:668-73 pubmed publisher
    Cattle represent a reservoir for Giardia and Cryptosporidium and may contaminate water sources.
  58. Follet J, Guyot K, Leruste H, Follet Dumoulin A, Hammouma Ghelboun O, Certad G, et al. Cryptosporidium infection in a veal calf cohort in France: molecular characterization of species in a longitudinal study. Vet Res. 2011;42:116 pubmed publisher
    ..from stool samples, nested PCR was performed to amplify partial 18S-rDNA and 60 kDa glycoprotein genes of Cryptosporidium. The parasite was detected on all farms. One hundred out of 142 calves (70...
  59. Iqbal J, Khalid N, Hira P. Cryptosporidiosis in Kuwaiti children: association of clinical characteristics with Cryptosporidium species and subtypes. J Med Microbiol. 2011;60:647-52 pubmed publisher
    To determine the association of clinical characteristics with Cryptosporidium types and subtypes, faecal specimens from 2548 children with diarrhoea were screened by microscopy for Cryptosporidium spp...
  60. Yin J, Shen Y, Yuan Z, Lu W, Xu Y, Cao J. Prevalence of the Cryptosporidium pig genotype II in pigs from the Yangtze River Delta, China. PLoS ONE. 2011;6:e20738 pubmed publisher
    b>Cryptosporidium spp. is prevalent globally, pigs are an important Cryptosporidium reservoir. In China, little data regarding rates of Cryptosporidium infections in pigs are available...
  61. Cheun H, Kim K, Yoon S, Lee W, Park W, Sim S, et al. Cryptosporidium hominis infection diagnosed by real-time PCR-RFLP. Korean J Parasitol. 2013;51:353-5 pubmed publisher
    There are approximately 20 known species of the genus Cryptosporidium, and among these, 8 infect immunocompetent or immunocompromised humans. C. hominis and C. parvum most commonly infect humans...
  62. Nazemalhosseini Mojarad E, Haghighi A, Taghipour N, Keshavarz A, Mohebi S, Zali M, et al. Subtype analysis of Cryptosporidium parvum and Cryptosporidium hominis isolates from humans and cattle in Iran. Vet Parasitol. 2011;179:250-2 pubmed publisher
    b>Cryptosporidium is an intestinal parasite associated with severe acute diarrhea in humans and animals. To investigate subtypes of Cryptosporidium spp...
  63. Castro Hermida J, García Presedo I, Almeida A, González Warleta M, Correia da Costa J, Mezo M. Cryptosporidium spp. and Giardia duodenalis in two areas of Galicia (NW Spain). Sci Total Environ. 2011;409:2451-9 pubmed publisher
    The aim of the present study was to investigate the environmental dispersal of Cryptosporidium spp. and Giardia duodenalis in two distinct areas (coastal and inland) in Galicia (NW Spain)...
  64. Qi M, Wang R, Ning C, Li X, Zhang L, Jian F, et al. Cryptosporidium spp. in pet birds: genetic diversity and potential public health significance. Exp Parasitol. 2011;128:336-40 pubmed publisher
    To characterize the prevalence and assess the zoonotic transmission burden of Cryptosporidium species/genotypes in pet birds in Henan, China, 434 fecal samples were acquired from 14 families of birds in pet shops...
  65. Feng Y, Wang L, Duan L, Gómez Puerta L, Zhang L, Zhao X, et al. Extended outbreak of cryptosporidiosis in a pediatric hospital, China. Emerg Infect Dis. 2012;18:312-4 pubmed publisher
    Four Cryptosporidium spp. and 6 C. hominis subtypes were isolated from 102 of 6,284 patients in 3 pediatric hospitals in People's Republic of China. A cryptosporidiosis outbreak was identified retrospectively...
  66. Ren X, Zhao J, Zhang L, Ning C, Jian F, Wang R, et al. Cryptosporidium tyzzeri n. sp. (Apicomplexa: Cryptosporidiidae) in domestic mice (Mus musculus). Exp Parasitol. 2012;130:274-81 pubmed publisher
    The Cryptosporidium in the small intestine of domestic mice (Mus musculus) was initially described as Cryptosporidium parvum...
  67. Budu Amoako E, Greenwood S, Dixon B, Barkema H, McClure J. Foodborne illness associated with Cryptosporidium and Giardia from livestock. J Food Prot. 2011;74:1944-55 pubmed publisher
    Waterborne outbreaks caused by Cryptosporidium and Giardia are well documented, while the public health implications for foodborne illness from these parasites have not been adequately considered...
  68. Robinson G, Chalmers R. Assessment of polymorphic genetic markers for multi-locus typing of Cryptosporidium parvum and Cryptosporidium hominis. Exp Parasitol. 2012;132:200-15 pubmed publisher
    The use of high resolution molecular tools to study Cryptosporidium parvum and Cryptosporidium hominis intra-species variation is becoming common practice, but there is currently no consensus in the methods used...
  69. Elwin K, Hadfield S, Robinson G, Crouch N, Chalmers R. Cryptosporidium viatorum n. sp. (Apicomplexa: Cryptosporidiidae) among travellers returning to Great Britain from the Indian subcontinent, 2007-2011. Int J Parasitol. 2012;42:675-82 pubmed publisher
    A novel Cryptosporidium genotype was identified, among travellers with gastro-intestinal symptoms returning to Great Britain from the Indian subcontinent, for which we propose the name Cryptosporidium viatorum n. sp...
  70. Koinari M, Lymbery A, Ryan U. Cryptosporidium species in sheep and goats from Papua New Guinea. Exp Parasitol. 2014;141:134-7 pubmed publisher
    Species of Cryptosporidium are extensively recognised as pathogens of domesticated livestock and poultry, companion animals, wildlife, and are a threat to public health. Little is known of the prevalence of Cryptosporidium spp...
  71. Bridle H, Kersaudy Kerhoas M, Miller B, Gavriilidou D, Katzer F, Innes E, et al. Detection of Cryptosporidium in miniaturised fluidic devices. Water Res. 2012;46:1641-61 pubmed publisher
    Contamination of drinking water with the protozoan pathogen, Cryptosporidium, represents a serious risk to human health due to the low infectious dose and the resistance of this parasite to chlorine disinfection...
  72. Chalmers R, Katzer F. Looking for Cryptosporidium: the application of advances in detection and diagnosis. Trends Parasitol. 2013;29:237-51 pubmed publisher
    The protozoan Cryptosporidium is a major public and animal health concern. Young children, immunocompromised people, and pre-weaning animals are especially vulnerable, but treatment options are limited and there is no vaccine...
  73. Zhao G, Ren W, Gao M, Bian Q, Hu B, Cong M, et al. Genotyping Cryptosporidium andersoni in cattle in Shaanxi Province, Northwestern China. PLoS ONE. 2013;8:e60112 pubmed publisher
    The present study examined the prevalence and genotypes of Cryptosporidium andersoni in cattle in Shaanxi province, China...
  74. Ruecker N, Matsune J, Wilkes G, Lapen D, Topp E, Edge T, et al. Molecular and phylogenetic approaches for assessing sources of Cryptosporidium contamination in water. Water Res. 2012;46:5135-50 pubmed publisher
    The high sequence diversity and heterogeneity observed within species or genotypes of Cryptosporidium requires phylogenetic approaches for the identification of novel sequences obtained from the environment...
  75. Nguyen S, Fukuda Y, Tada C, Sato R, Duong B, Nguyen D, et al. Molecular characterization of Cryptosporidium in native beef calves in central Vietnam. Parasitol Res. 2012;111:1817-20 pubmed
    The aims of this study were to investigate the prevalence of Cryptosporidium and to characterize the genotype distribution of Cryptosporidium isolates in native beef calves 2-6 months old in Dac Lac province, central Vietnam...
  76. Berrilli F, D Alfonso R, Giangaspero A, Marangi M, Brandonisio O, Kaboré Y, et al. Giardia duodenalis genotypes and Cryptosporidium species in humans and domestic animals in Côte d'Ivoire: occurrence and evidence for environmental contamination. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 2012;106:191-5 pubmed publisher
    Giardia duodenalis genotypes and Cryptosporidium species were studied in humans and free-ranging animals living in closed enclaves in Côte d'Ivoire...
  77. Papini R, Manetti C, Mancianti F. Coprological survey in pet reptiles in Italy. Vet Rec. 2011;169:207 pubmed publisher
    ..direct smear and faecal flotation, while direct immunofluorescence assays were used to reveal the presence of Cryptosporidium oocysts and Giardia cysts. Overall, 57.4 per cent of the reptiles were harbouring intestinal parasites...
  78. Kvac M, Hromadová N, Kvetonova D, Rost M, Sak B. Molecular characterization of Cryptosporidium spp. in pre-weaned dairy calves in the Czech Republic: absence of C. ryanae and management-associated distribution of C. andersoni, C. bovis and C. parvum subtypes. Vet Parasitol. 2011;177:378-82 pubmed publisher
    ..750 faecal samples of dairy calves at up to 2 months of age kept in various housing systems were screened for Cryptosporidium spp. infection using the aniline-carbol-methyl violet staining method...
  79. Ben Ayed L, Yang W, Widmer G, Cama V, Ortega Y, Xiao L. Survey and genetic characterization of wastewater in Tunisia for Cryptosporidium spp., Giardia duodenalis, Enterocytozoon bieneusi, Cyclospora cayetanensis and Eimeria spp. J Water Health. 2012;10:431-44 pubmed publisher
    ..specific polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assays to detect and genotype several pathogenic protists including Cryptosporidium spp., Giardia duodenalis, Cyclospora spp., Eimeria spp. and Enterocytozoon bieneusi...
  80. Sulzyc Bielicka V, Kołodziejczyk L, Jaczewska S, Bielicki D, Kładny J, Safranow K. Prevalence of Cryptosporidium sp. in patients with colorectal cancer. Pol Przegl Chir. 2012;84:348-51 pubmed publisher
    Parasitic protozoans of the Cryptosporidium genus are intracellular intestinal parasites of mammals, causing cryptosporidiosis. Clinically, cryptosporidiosis manifests as chronic diarrhoea...
  81. Allison G, Rogers K, Borad A, Ahmed S, Karim M, Kane A, et al. Antibody responses to the immunodominant Cryptosporidium gp15 antigen and gp15 polymorphisms in a case-control study of cryptosporidiosis in children in Bangladesh. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2011;85:97-104 pubmed publisher
    Although Cryptospridium hominis is the dominant Cryptosporidium species infecting humans, immune responses to cognate antigens in C. hominis-infected persons have not been reported...
  82. Abd El Kader N, Blanco M, Ali Tammam M, Abd El Ghaffar A, Osman A, El sheikh N, et al. Detection of Cryptosporidium parvum and Cryptosporidium hominis in human patients in Cairo, Egypt. Parasitol Res. 2012;110:161-6 pubmed publisher
    b>Cryptosporidium is a significant cause of diarrheal disease in developing and industrialized nations. Cryptosporidium hominis and Cryptosporidium parvum are the main agents of cryptosporidiosis in humans...