pedicle screws


Summary: BONE SCREWS to be used in the pedicle of the vertebral arch.

Top Publications

  1. Cui G, Tian W, He D, Xing Y, Liu B, Yuan Q, et al. [Effects of robot-assisted minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion and traditional open surgery in the treatment of lumbar spondylolisthesis]. Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi. 2017;55:543-548 pubmed publisher
    ..106-1.227, P>0.05). The results of the post-operative CT showed that the pedicle screws in the robot-assisted minimally invasive TLIF group were more precisely placed than traditional open TLIF ..
  2. Chou P, Lin H, An H, Liu K, Su W, Lin C. Could the Topping-Off Technique Be the Preventive Strategy against Adjacent Segment Disease after Pedicle Screw-Based Fusion in Lumbar Degenerative Diseases? A Systematic Review. Biomed Res Int. 2017;2017:4385620 pubmed publisher
    ..However, higher quality prospective randomized trials are required prior to wide clinical application. ..
  3. Ye C, Luo Z, Yu X, Liu H, Zhang B, Dai M. Comparing the efficacy of short-segment pedicle screw instrumentation with and without intermediate screws for treating unstable thoracolumbar fractures. Medicine (Baltimore). 2017;96:e7893 pubmed publisher
    ..Furthermore, this method is helpful to restore the spinal canal and reduce the bone fragments in the spinal canal. However, more long-term follow-up studies are needed. ..
  4. Cui X, Wang G. Radiographic anatomical relationship between spinous process and pedicle in thoracolumbar and lumbar spine. Medicine (Baltimore). 2017;96:e6732 pubmed publisher
    b>Pedicle screws are widely used in spinal surgeries, but it remains technically demanding to place...
  5. Senoglu M, Karadag A, Kinali B, Bozkurt B, Middlebrooks E, Grande A. Cortical Bone Trajectory Screw for Lumbar Fixation: A Quantitative Anatomic and Morphometric Evaluation. World Neurosurg. 2017;103:694-701 pubmed publisher
    ..Moreover, detailed analysis of the anatomy of the pedicle-pars interarticularis junction via preoperative CT can aid in determining the ideal fixation method. ..
  6. Sun H, Liu C, Liu H, Bai Y, Zhang Z, Li X, et al. A novel injectable calcium phosphate-based nanocomposite for the augmentation of cannulated pedicle-screw fixation. Int J Nanomedicine. 2017;12:3395-3406 pubmed publisher
    ..The promising results for the CPN clearly suggest its potential for replacing PMMA in the application of cannulated pedicle-screw fixation and its worth of further study and development for clinical uses. ..
  7. Lee S, Seo J, Lee M, Jeon S, Roh S, Rhim S, et al. Widening of the safe trajectory range during subaxial cervical pedicle screw placement: advantages of a curved pedicle probe and laterally located starting point without creating a funnel-shaped hole. J Neurosurg Spine. 2017;27:150-157 pubmed publisher
    ..The entry point shift yielded a wider, safe trajectory and reduced the burden of making a large medial angle, similar to an anatomical cervical pedicle lateral angle, for safe CPS placement without creating a funnel-shaped hole. ..
  8. Miyaoka Y, Takeuchi M, Wakao N, Aoyama M, Hongo K, Takayasu M. Contusional Cerebellar Hemorrhage Related to Placement in the Protrusion Position After Atlantoaxial Fusion. World Neurosurg. 2017;101:818.e7-818.e11 pubmed publisher
    ..The rod length on the cranial side must be as short as possible, with careful consideration of placing the head in the protrusion position after C1LM-2PSFS surgery. ..
  9. Chenin L, Capel C, Fichten A, Peltier J, Lefranc M. Evaluation of Screw Placement Accuracy in Circumferential Lumbar Arthrodesis Using Robotic Assistance and Intraoperative Flat-Panel Computed Tomography. World Neurosurg. 2017;105:86-94 pubmed publisher
    Neuronavigation has become a common means of placing pedicle screws in vertebral arthrodesis, because it reduces the incidence of complications related to poor screw positioning...

More Information


  1. Liu X, Ma J, Park P, Huang X, Xie N, Ye X. Biomechanical comparison of multilevel lateral interbody fusion with and without supplementary instrumentation: a three-dimensional finite element study. BMC Musculoskelet Disord. 2017;18:63 pubmed publisher
    ..we compared the kinematic stability afforded by stand-alone lateral cages with those supplemented by bilateral pedicle screws and rods (PSR), unilateral PSR, or lateral plate (LP) fixation using a finite-element (FE) model of a multi-..
  2. Chen M, Chen J. A Novel Nonpedicular Screw-Based Fixation in Lumbar Spondylolisthesis. Biomed Res Int. 2017;2017:5619350 pubmed publisher
    ..However, further study is mandatory for proposing a novel anatomic and radiological scoring system to identify patients suitable for this treatment modality and prevent postoperative complications. ..
  3. Wang J, Lai P, Chen W, Niu C, Tsai T, Chen L. Pedicle screw versus hybrid posterior instrumentation for dystrophic neurofibromatosis scoliosis. Medicine (Baltimore). 2017;96:e6977 pubmed publisher
    ..After long-term follow-up, sagittal correction was maintained with both constructs. However, patients treated with posterior instrumentation using pedicle screw constructs had significantly less loss of coronal correction. ..
  4. Houten J, Nahkla J, Ghandi S. Image Guidance to Aid Pedicle Screw Fixation of a Lumbar Fracture-Dislocation Injury in a Toddler. World Neurosurg. 2017;105:1041.e15-1041.e17 pubmed publisher
    ..Image-guided placement of pedicle screws may be a useful aid in achieving accurate and safe fixation in the small dimensions of the infant spine.
  5. Seo D, Kim M, Roh S, Jeon S. Morphological analysis of interbody fusion following posterior lumbar interbody fusion with cages using computed tomography. Medicine (Baltimore). 2017;96:e7816 pubmed publisher
    ..Widening of the contact area between the vertebral body and cages is recommended to promote increased interbody fusion during the early postoperative period. ..
  6. Yao X, Liu S. In vitro study of accuracy of subaxial cervical pedicle screw insertion using calipers based on the gravity line. PLoS ONE. 2017;12:e0181324 pubmed publisher
    ..5%) were grade 2 (critical perforation), and 2 (2.3%) were grade 3 (critical perforation). Using our novel calipers and referring to the gravity line was helpful for locating and guiding individual cervical pedicle screw insertions. ..
  7. Bin Y, De Cheng W, Wei W, Hui L. Muscle gap approach under a minimally invasive channel technique for treating long segmental lumbar spinal stenosis: A retrospective study. Medicine (Baltimore). 2017;96:e7779 pubmed publisher
    ..It retains the integrity of the posterior spine complex to the greatest extent, so as to reduce the adjacent spinal segmental degeneration and soft tissue trauma. Satisfactory short-term and long-term clinical results were obtained. ..
  8. Liu H, Xu Y, Yang S, Wang T, Wang H, Liu F, et al. Unilateral versus bilateral pedicle screw fixation with posterior lumbar interbody fusion for lumbar degenerative diseases: A meta-analysis. Medicine (Baltimore). 2017;96:e6882 pubmed publisher
  9. Chang D, Yang J, Suk S, Suh S, Kim J, Lee S, et al. Fractional curve progression with maintenance of fusion mass in congenital scoliosis: An 18-year follow-up of a case report. Medicine (Baltimore). 2017;96:e7746 pubmed publisher
  10. Wang B, Fan Y, Dong J, Wang H, Wang F, Liu Z, et al. A retrospective study comparing percutaneous and open pedicle screw fixation for thoracolumbar fractures with spinal injuries. Medicine (Baltimore). 2017;96:e8104 pubmed publisher
    ..PPSF has a smaller incision, less intraoperative blood loss, shorter recovery time, higher safety measures on average compared with OPSF with respect to managing thoracolumbar fractures with spinal injuries. ..
  11. Rienmüller A, Buchmann N, Kirschke J, Meyer E, Gempt J, Lehmberg J, et al. Accuracy of CT-navigated pedicle screw positioning in the cervical and upper thoracic region with and without prior anterior surgery and ventral plating. Bone Joint J. 2017;99-B:1373-1380 pubmed publisher
    We aimed to retrospectively assess the accuracy and safety of CT navigated pedicle screws and to compare accuracy in the cervical and thoracic spine (C2-T8) with (COMB) and without (POST) prior anterior surgery (anterior cervical ..
  12. Cachon T, Pillard P, Odent T, Carozzo C, Viguier E. Safe corridor for the implantation of thoracolumbar pedicle screws in growing pigs: A morphometric study. PLoS ONE. 2017;12:e0184857 pubmed publisher
    ..The purpose of this study is to determine the characteristics of the optimum implantation corridors for pedicle screws in the thoracolumbar spine of piglets of different ages using computed tomography (CT) and to determine the ..
  13. Zeng Z, Wu P, Song Y, Zhang J, Tang H, Ji J. [Unilateral pedicle screw fixation combined with contralateral percutaneous translaminar facet screw fixation and lumbar interbody fusion for the treatment of lower lumbar diseases: an analysis of complications]. Zhongguo Gu Shang. 2016;29:232-41 pubmed
    ..Abundant surgeon's surgical experience, careful operation, and rational use of imaging technique can effectively reduce the incidence of complications. ..
  14. Miller J, Fabiano A. Comparison of Operative Time with Conventional Fluoroscopy Versus Spinal Neuronavigation in Instrumented Spinal Tumor Surgery. World Neurosurg. 2017;105:412-419 pubmed publisher
    ..There was a trend toward a decrease in estimated blood loss in the neuronavigation cases. ..
  15. Czabanka M, Haemmerli J, Hecht N, Foehre B, Arden K, Liebig T, et al. Spinal navigation for posterior instrumentation of C1-2 instability using a mobile intraoperative CT scanner. J Neurosurg Spine. 2017;27:268-275 pubmed publisher
    ..2014 to February 2016, 10 consecutive patients with instability of C1-2 underwent posterior fixation using C-2 pedicle screws and C-1 lateral mass screws, and 2 patients underwent posterior fixation from C-1 to C-3...
  16. Jahangiri F, Sheryar M, Al Behairy Y. Early detection of pedicle screw-related spinal cord injury by continuous intraoperative neurophysiological monitoring (IONM). Neurodiagn J. 2014;54:323-37 pubmed
    ..Total intravenous anesthesia was used. Baseline SSEP and TCeMEP responses were present in all limbs. Eight pedicle screws were placed. After placing the last screw, TCeMEP signals were lost bilaterally in lower extremities...
  17. Tsirikos A, Mataliotakis G, Bounakis N. Posterior spinal fusion for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis using a convex pedicle screw technique: a novel concept of deformity correction. Bone Joint J. 2017;99-B:1080-1087 pubmed publisher
    ..We reviewed 191 patients with a mean age at surgery of 15 years (11 to 23.3). Pedicle screws were placed at the convexity of each curve...
  18. Darwazeh R, Liu Q, Deng L, Xia J, Elzain M, Darwazeh M, et al. Surgical Intervention for Unstable Craniovertebral Junction Anomalies with Narrow C2 Pedicle. World Neurosurg. 2017;103:647-654 pubmed publisher
    ..This novel surgical technique is safe, feasible, and effective for the treatment of unstable craniovertebral junction anomalies with a narrow C2 pedicle. ..
  19. Wu C, Huang Z, Pan Z, Luo J, Li Z, Zhong J, et al. Coronal Multiplane Reconstructed Computed Tomography Image Determining Lateral Vertebral Notch-Referred Pedicle Screw Entry Point in Subaxial Cervical Spine: A Preclinical Study. World Neurosurg. 2017;103:322-329 pubmed publisher
    ..33%. CMRI is reliable for determining subaxial cervical PS entry point. LVN is a consistent landmark for the notch-referred technique, which is a practical and easy to master technique for subaxial cervical spine PS insertion. ..
  20. Wu M, Dubey N, Lee C, Li Y, Cheng C, Shi C, et al. Application of Intraoperative CT-Guided Navigation in Simultaneous Minimally Invasive Anterior and Posterior Surgery for Infectious Spondylitis. Biomed Res Int. 2017;2017:2302395 pubmed publisher
    ..The average duration of hospital stay was 48.9 days (range, 11-76). Out of a total of 54 pedicle screws employed, 53 screws (98.1%) were placed accurately. A reduced visual analog scale on back pain (from 8.2 to 2...
    ..Attention to properly maintaining or restoring cervical sagittal lordosis alignment should be considered in preoperative evaluation of adolescent indiopathic scoliosis. ..
  22. Luo M, Li N, Shen M, Xia L. Pedicle screw versus hybrid instrumentation in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis: A systematic review and meta-analysis with emphasis on complications and reoperations. Medicine (Baltimore). 2017;96:e7337 pubmed publisher
    ..As regard to the pedicle screw construct, the most common reasons for reoperation are malposition, deep infection, pseudarthrosis, and prominent implant. ..
  23. Ringel F, Ryang Y, Kirschke J, Müller B, Wilkens J, Brodard J, et al. Radiolucent Carbon Fiber-Reinforced Pedicle Screws for Treatment of Spinal Tumors: Advantages for Radiation Planning and Follow-Up Imaging. World Neurosurg. 2017;105:294-301 pubmed publisher
    Surgical treatment of spinal tumors regularly includes spinal instrumentation with pedicle screws. Most modern pedicle screws are made of titanium alloy, which is associated with artifacts on postoperative imaging such as computed ..
  24. Lau D, Chou D. Minimally invasive instrumentation without fusion during posterior thoracic corpectomies: a comparison of percutaneously instrumented nonfused segments with open instrumented fused segments. J Neurosurg Spine. 2017;27:35-41 pubmed publisher
  25. Wang T, Wang H, Ma L, Zhang D, Ding W. Correction of sagittal imbalance in treatment for adult degenerative scoliosis with thoracic lordosis and lumbar kyphosis: A case report. Medicine (Baltimore). 2017;96:e6416 pubmed publisher
    ..Correcting sagittal imbalance is an effective treatment. The surgical outcome is satisfactory. Attention should be paid in sagittal balance for treatment of ADS. We still need further follow-up to observe change of sagittal parameters. ..