Summary: Devices used to support or align the foot structure, or to prevent or correct foot deformities.
Bitterman A, Alland J, Lin J, Lee S. Assessment steps and treatment tips for ankle arthritis. J Fam Pract. 2017;66:288-292 pubmed
..The tibiotalar joint's unique biomechanics and associated structures carry management implications that vary from those in knee or hip arthritis. ..
Xing F, Lu B, Kuang M, Wang Y, Zhao Y, Zhao J, et al
. A systematic review and meta-analysis into the effect of lateral wedge arch support insoles for reducing knee joint load in patients with medial knee osteoarthritis. Medicine (Baltimore). 2017;96:e7168 pubmed publisher
..An optimal LWAS treatment should provide the appropriate height of arch support and amount of lateral wedging. Further research should investigate the best combination of these 2 parameters to achieve efficacy without altered comfort. ..
Petrucci M, MacKinnon C, Hsiao Wecksler E. Modulation of anticipatory postural adjustments of gait using a portable powered ankle-foot orthosis. IEEE Int Conf Rehabil Robot. 2013;2013:6650450 pubmed publisher
..Overall, these data suggest that the mechanical assist from the PPAFO can significantly improve APA timing parameters and increase APA force production in healthy young adults. ..
Xu R, Jiang N, Mrachacz Kersting N, Lin C, Asin Prieto G, Moreno J, et al
. A closed-loop brain-computer interface triggering an active ankle-foot orthosis for inducing cortical neural plasticity. IEEE Trans Biomed Eng. 2014;61:2092-101 pubmed publisher
..38 and p = 0.15). The proposed system provides a fast and effective approach for inducing cortical plasticity through BCI and has potential in motor function rehabilitation following stroke. ..
Crossley K, Callaghan M, van Linschoten R. Patellofemoral pain. BMJ. 2015;351:h3939 pubmed publisher
Cambron J, Dexheimer J, Duarte M, Freels S. Shoe Orthotics for the Treatment of Chronic Low Back Pain: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2017;98:1752-1762 pubmed publisher
..Six weeks of prescription shoe orthotics significantly improved back pain and dysfunction compared with no treatment. The addition of chiropractic care led to higher improvements in function. ..
Rosenberg M, Steele K. Simulated impacts of ankle foot orthoses on muscle demand and recruitment in typically-developing children and children with cerebral palsy and crouch gait. PLoS ONE. 2017;12:e0180219 pubmed publisher
Passive ankle foot orthoses (AFOs) are often prescribed for children with cerebral palsy (CP) to assist locomotion, but predicting how specific device designs will impact energetic demand during gait remains challenging...
Shirai Y, Wakabayashi K, Wada I, Tsuboi Y, Ha M, Otsuka T. Flatfoot in the contralateral foot in patients with unilateral idiopathic clubfoot treated using the foot abduction brace. Medicine (Baltimore). 2017;96:e7937 pubmed publisher
..The contralateral flatfoot persisted during brace wear and improved to within normal reference ranges after brace wear. Our findings suggest that the FAB may influence the development of the contralateral foot, leading to the flatfoot. ..