self help devices


Summary: Devices, not affixed to the body, designed to help persons having musculoskeletal or neuromuscular disabilities to perform activities involving movement.

Top Publications

  1. Mann W, Ottenbacher K, Fraas L, Tomita M, Granger C. Effectiveness of assistive technology and environmental interventions in maintaining independence and reducing home care costs for the frail elderly. A randomized controlled trial. Arch Fam Med. 1999;8:210-7 pubmed
    ..Results indicate rate of decline can be slowed, and institutional and certain in-home personnel costs reduced through a systematic approach to providing AT and EIs. ..
  2. Boger J, Hoey J, Poupart P, Boutilier C, Fernie G, Mihailidis A. A planning system based on Markov decision processes to guide people with dementia through activities of daily living. IEEE Trans Inf Technol Biomed. 2006;10:323-33 pubmed
    ..Results from the study suggest that MDPs can be applied effectively to this type of guidance problem. Considerations for the development of future guidance systems are presented. ..
  3. Clegg A, Scott D, Loveman E, Colquitt J, Royle P, Bryant J. Clinical and cost-effectiveness of left ventricular assist devices as destination therapy for people with end-stage heart failure: a systematic review and economic evaluation. Int J Technol Assess Health Care. 2007;23:261-8 pubmed
    ..Although left ventricular assist devices appear clinically effective as destination therapy, it is unlikely they will be cost-effective unless costs decrease or the benefits of their use increase. ..
  4. Mathieson K, Kronenfeld J, Keith V. Maintaining functional independence in elderly adults: the roles of health status and financial resources in predicting home modifications and use of mobility equipment. Gerontologist. 2002;42:24-31 pubmed
    ..Promotion of functional adaptations among elderly people may benefit from both a proactive approach that targets elders with few limitations and a consideration of financial factors in addition to health status. ..
  5. Brandt A, Iwarsson S, Stahl A. Satisfaction with rollators among community-living users: a follow-up study. Disabil Rehabil. 2003;25:343-53 pubmed
    ..Furthermore, better rollator design is called for, and buses and the outdoor environment need to be made more accessible. ..
  6. Intille S. A new research challenge: persuasive technology to motivate healthy aging. IEEE Trans Inf Technol Biomed. 2004;8:235-7 pubmed
  7. Bewernitz M, Mann W, Dasler P, Belchior P. Feasibility of machine-based prompting to assist persons with dementia. Assist Technol. 2009;21:196-207 pubmed publisher
    ..Machine-based prompting devices could aid caregivers as well as increase independence in some tasks. ..
  8. Noll A, Owens L, Smith R, Schwanke T. Survey of state vocational rehabilitation counselor roles and competencies in assistive technology. Work. 2006;27:413-9 pubmed
    ..Without a comfort level to make this determination, benefits from the implementation of AT may be quite limited. Results suggest that intervention is needed to improve counselors' abilities to make decisions regarding AT services. ..
  9. Ming D, Wan B, Hu Y, Wang Y, Wang W, Lu D. [A new monitoring method of spacial balance during paraplegic FES-assisted walking]. Sheng Wu Yi Xue Gong Cheng Xue Za Zhi. 2007;24:196-9 pubmed
    ..Its potential clinical usefulness in evaluating and monitoring FES-assisted paraplegic walking ability may provide the foundation to enact the relevant national rehabilitation criterions for effective FES usage. ..

More Information


  1. Ryan S, Rigby P. Toward development of effective custom child restraint systems in motor vehicles. Assist Technol. 2007;19:239-48 pubmed publisher
  2. McCullagh P, Ware M, Mulvenna M, Lightbody G, Nugent C, McAllister G, et al. Can brain computer interfaces become practical assistive devices in the community?. Stud Health Technol Inform. 2010;160:314-8 pubmed
    ..g. light, television) within a smart home. The interface promotes ease of use which aim to improve the BCI communication rate. ..
  3. Repperger D, Phillips C. Haptic devices as a paradigm to enhance learning/function--theory and empirical studies. Disabil Rehabil Assist Technol. 2010;5:97-107 pubmed publisher
  4. van Roosmalen L, Paquin G, Steinfeld A. Quality of life technology: the state of personal transportation. Phys Med Rehabil Clin N Am. 2010;21:111-25 pubmed publisher
  5. Birch B, Haslam E, Heerah I, Dechev N, Park E. Design of a continuous passive and active motion device for hand rehabilitation. Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc. 2008;2008:4306-9 pubmed publisher
    ..The feedback sensing built into the device makes it capable of offering a wide and flexible range of rehabilitation programs for the hand. ..
  6. Pitsis A, Visouli A. Update on ventricular assist device management in the ICU. Curr Opin Crit Care. 2008;14:569-78 pubmed publisher
    ..Current management includes careful application of treatment protocols adjusted to recent experience, and also individualized care by a specialized team. ..
  7. Tan A, Ang W. Towards an inclusive society in Asia: the invisible helping hand. Disabil Rehabil Assist Technol. 2008;3:366-80 pubmed publisher
    ..When there is money to be made, more players will enter the industry, thus providing better services and innovative products at more competitive prices and in consequence, the PWD will become the eventual winners. ..
  8. Pain H, Wiles R. The experience of being disabled and obese. Disabil Rehabil. 2006;28:1211-20 pubmed
    ..The study suggests there may be a need for training for professionals who work with obese, disabled people to ensure their needs are met in appropriate and cost-effective ways. ..
  9. Telfer S, Solomonidis S, Spence W. An investigation of teaching staff members' and parents' views on the current state of adaptive seating technology and provision. Disabil Rehabil Assist Technol. 2010;5:14-24 pubmed publisher
    ..Scope remains for improvements to be made in adaptive seating provision and technology. Although mainly descriptive, these results could be of use when developing newer systems and improving services. ..
  10. Jerome D, Dehail P, Daviet J, Lamothe G, De Sèze M, Orgogozo J, et al. Stroke in under-75-year-olds: expectations, concerns and needs. Ann Phys Rehabil Med. 2009;52:525-37 pubmed publisher
    ..In under-75 hemiplegic stroke patients, high scores on standard disability rating scales do not always mean that no help is required. ..
  11. Hemmingsson H, Lidström H, Nygård L. Use of assistive technology devices in mainstream schools: students' perspective. Am J Occup Ther. 2009;63:463-72 pubmed
    ..Children and youth need both verbal information and practical experience using devices to be able to make informed decisions. ..
  12. Luft P. Examining educators of the deaf as "highly qualified" teachers: roles and responsibilities under IDEA and NCLB. Am Ann Deaf. 2008;152:429-40 pubmed
  13. LoPresti E, Bodine C, Lewis C. Assistive technology for cognition. IEEE Eng Med Biol Mag. 2008;27:29-39 pubmed publisher
  14. Luft P, Bonello M, Zirzow N. Technology skills assessment for deaf and hard of hearing students in secondary school. Am Ann Deaf. 2009;154:389-99 pubmed
    ..Many students also did not know basic care practices or troubleshooting techniques for their own personal hearing aids (if worn), or how to access or use personal assistive technology. ..
  15. Brawley E. Enriching lighting design. NeuroRehabilitation. 2009;25:189-99 pubmed publisher
    ..The combination good interior lighting and regular daylight exposure contributes to regaining and maintaining an active and fulfilling lifestyle - greatly improving quality of life. ..
  16. Baker P, Moon N, Ward A. Virtual exclusion and telework: barriers and opportunities of technocentric workplace accommodation policy. Work. 2006;27:421-30 pubmed
    ..Policy objectives for enhancing telework for people with disabilities fall into three general categories: 1) research, 2) outreach, and 3) interventions. ..
  17. Arcelus A, Holtzman M, Goubran R, Sveistrup H, Guitard P, Knoefel F. Analysis of commode grab bar usage for the monitoring of older adults in the smart home environment. Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc. 2009;2009:6155-8 pubmed publisher
    ..The unobtrusive nature of this method provides a useful tool to be incorporated into a system of continuous monitoring of older adults within the smart home environment. ..
  18. Wolf P, van Roosmalen L, Bertocci G. Wheelchair tiedown and occupant restraint system issues in the real world and the virtual world: combining qualitative and quantitative research approaches. Assist Technol. 2007;19:188-96; quiz 197-8 pubmed publisher
    ..Additionally, the computer simulation model used in this study was originally validated for impact situations. ..
  19. Rigby P, Ryan S, Campbell K. Effect of adaptive seating devices on the activity performance of children with cerebral palsy. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2009;90:1389-95 pubmed publisher
    ..Parents indicated that their child's activity performance decreased after the seating devices were removed from their homes. ..
  20. Okoro C, Strine T, Balluz L, Crews J, Dhingra S, Berry J, et al. Serious psychological distress among adults with and without disabilities. Int J Public Health. 2009;54 Suppl 1:52-60 pubmed publisher
  21. Trovato M, Kim H, Moberg Wolff E, Murphy N, Kim C. Pediatric rehabilitation: 4. Prescribing assistive technology to promote community integration. PM R. 2010;2:S26-30 pubmed publisher
    ..The goal of this article is to modify the learner's current practice techniques to ensure that assistive technology is used to promote community integration from early childhood through transition and into adulthood. ..
  22. Rothman J. The challenge of disability and access: reconceptualizing the role of the medical model. J Soc Work Disabil Rehabil. 2010;9:194-222 pubmed publisher
    ..The bio-psycho-socio-cultural-spiritual model is suggested as the optimal model to both resolve the disability frameworks' duality and to optimally integrate social work and disability service provision. ..
  23. Brose S, Weber D, Salatin B, Grindle G, Wang H, Vazquez J, et al. The role of assistive robotics in the lives of persons with disability. Am J Phys Med Rehabil. 2010;89:509-21 pubmed publisher
    ..An understanding of the direction that assistive robotics is taking is important for the clinician and researcher alike; this review is intended to address this need. ..
  24. Petersson I, Lilja M, Hammel J, Kottorp A. Impact of home modification services on ability in everyday life for people ageing with disabilities. J Rehabil Med. 2008;40:253-60 pubmed publisher
    ..Home modifications have a positive impact on self-rated ability in everyday life, especially on decreasing the level of difficulty and increasing safety. ..
  25. Hedberg Kristensson E, Ivanoff S, Iwarsson S. Experiences among older persons using mobility devices. Disabil Rehabil Assist Technol. 2007;2:15-22 pubmed
    ..Since the participants experienced non-acceptance and obstacles related to the use of mobility devices, this highlights the needs for quality development concerning more efficient data-collecting in community-based rehabilitation. ..
  26. Lancioni G, Singh N, O Reilly M, Sigafoos J, Green V, Chiapparino C, et al. A voice-detecting sensor and a scanning keyboard emulator to support word writing by two boys with extensive motor disabilities. Res Dev Disabil. 2009;30:203-9 pubmed publisher
  27. Whipple K. Therapeutic use of assistive technology: a clinical perspective. Rehabil Nurs. 2007;32:48-50 pubmed
    ..Practical examples are provided of how typical assistive equipment can actually enhance patient rehabilitation while also preventing caregiver injury. ..
  28. Lancioni G, O Reilly M, Singh N, Sigafoos J, Oliva D, Baccani S, et al. Microswitch clusters promote adaptive responses and reduce finger mouthing in a boy with multiple disabilities. Behav Modif. 2006;30:892-900 pubmed
    ..The importance of microswitch clusters to simultaneously pursue the dual objective of promoting adaptive responses and reducing aberrant ones is underlined. ..
  29. Häggblom Kronlöf G, Sonn U. Use of assistive devices--a reality full of contradictions in elderly persons' everyday life. Disabil Rehabil Assist Technol. 2007;2:335-45 pubmed
    ..There is a need for a deeper and broader understanding of these ambivalent perspectives and an ethical discussion of subtle factors that might influence the use and experience of assistive devices. ..
  30. Stoddard S, Kraus L. Arranging for personal assistance services and assistive technology at work. A report of the rehabilitation research and training center on personal assistance services. Disabil Rehabil Assist Technol. 2006;1:89-95 pubmed
    ..What is the extent of the need for PAS in the workplace? Will an expanded PAS supply increase the employment opportunities for people with disabilities? Will better models of workplace PAS be adopted by employers? ..
  31. Ginies P. [Pain asssessment methods in otolaryngology]. Ann Otolaryngol Chir Cervicofac. 2007;124 Suppl 1:S16-22 pubmed
    ..This paper will discuss how pain can be quantified and qualified, and how to identify the status of the neurological system of perception and control of the pain process. ..
  32. Harper S. Computers and accessibility. Disabil Rehabil Assist Technol. 2008;3:1 pubmed publisher
  33. Hobson D. Reflections on rehabilitation engineering history: are there lessons to be learned?. J Rehabil Res Dev. 2002;39:17-22 pubmed
  34. Pasquina P, Pasquina L, Anderson Barnes V, Giuggio J, Cooper R. Using architecture and technology to promote improved quality of life for military service members with traumatic brain injury. Phys Med Rehabil Clin N Am. 2010;21:207-20 pubmed publisher
  35. Little R. Electronic aids for daily living. Phys Med Rehabil Clin N Am. 2010;21:33-42 pubmed publisher
    ..This article provides an overview of the utility, functionality, access, acquisition, and evaluation of EADLs. It also highlights challenges in obtaining and measuring the benefits of these devices. ..
  36. Souza A, Kelleher A, Cooper R, Cooper R, Iezzoni L, Collins D. Multiple sclerosis and mobility-related assistive technology: systematic review of literature. J Rehabil Res Dev. 2010;47:213-23 pubmed
    ..However, a paucity of studies with higher levels of evidence-based practice exists. ..
  37. Riva G, Gaggioli A. Rehabilitation as empowerment: the role of advanced technologies. Stud Health Technol Inform. 2009;145:3-22 pubmed
    ..Finally, we describe the "NeuroVR" system ( as an example of how advanced technologies can be used to support Presence and Flow in the rehabilitation process. ..
  38. de Boer I, Peeters A, Ronday H, Mertens B, Huizinga T, Vliet Vlieland T. Assistive devices: usage in patients with rheumatoid arthritis. Clin Rheumatol. 2009;28:119-28 pubmed publisher
    ..The latter findings underline the need for a systematic evaluation of the outcomes of assistive devices by prescribing health professionals or suppliers in every individual case. ..
  39. Kitchener M, Ng T, Lee H, Harrington C. Assistive technology in medicaid home- and community-based waiver programs. Gerontologist. 2008;48:181-9 pubmed
  40. Wang J, Hung C, Chang B, Wang S. An assistive device for donning compression stockings. Ostomy Wound Manage. 2007;53:34-7 pubmed
    ..The design and use of this stocking aid is described. ..
  41. Bildheiser T. Emergency planning is vital. Occup Health Saf. 2006;75:10 pubmed
  42. Clarke P, Chan P, Santaguida P, Colantonio A. The use of mobility devices among institutionalized older adults. J Aging Health. 2009;21:611-26 pubmed publisher
    ..However, socioeconomic resources may provide older adults with alternate ways to manage mobility limitations in institutional settings. ..
  43. Sawatzky B, Denison I, Tawashy A. The Segway for people with disabilities: meeting clients' mobility goals. Am J Phys Med Rehabil. 2009;88:484-90 pubmed publisher
    ..However, it does have its limitations and should be considered as just one of the many mobility options offered to people with disabilities. ..
  44. Struijk L. An inductive tongue computer interface for control of computers and assistive devices. IEEE Trans Biomed Eng. 2006;53:2594-7 pubmed
    ..The interface demands little effort from the user, provides a basis for an invisible interface, and has potential to allow a large number of commands to be facilitated. ..
  45. Lancioni G, Singh N, O Reilly M, Sigafoos J, Didden R, Manfredi F, et al. Fostering locomotor behavior of children with developmental disabilities: An overview of studies using treadmills and walkers with microswitches. Res Dev Disabil. 2009;30:308-22 pubmed publisher
    ..Issues for future research were also examined. ..
  46. Babski Reeves K, Tran G. Efficacy of an assistive intervention for abdominal surgery patients in postoperative care. Disabil Rehabil Assist Technol. 2006;1:191-7 pubmed
    ..Self-assistive device usage provides significant subjective and objective improvements during at-home recovery and promotes patient independence. ..
  47. Courtney K, Demiris G, Rantz M, Skubic M. Needing smart home technologies: the perspectives of older adults in continuing care retirement communities. Inform Prim Care. 2008;16:195-201 pubmed
    ..Further exploration of the factors influencing older adults' perceptions of smart home technology need and the development of appropriate interventions is necessary. ..
  48. Demiris G. Interdisciplinary innovations in biomedical and health informatics graduate education. Methods Inf Med. 2007;46:63-6 pubmed
    ..Interdisciplinary educational models are required for health informatics graduate education. Such models need to be innovative and reflect the needs and trends in the domains of health care and information technology. ..
  49. Löfqvist C, Nygren C, Brandt A, Oswald F, Iwarsson S. Use of mobility devices and changes over 12 months among very old people in five European countries. Aging Clin Exp Res. 2007;19:497-505 pubmed
    ..More research is needed to determine outcomes of MD use in very old age, focusing on the extent to which MDs decrease disability during the aging process, not least in a European perspective. ..
  50. Brown Triolo D, Roach M, Nelson K, Triolo R. Consumer perspectives on mobility: implications for neuroprosthesis design. J Rehabil Res Dev. 2002;39:659-69 pubmed
    ..These findings should encourage clinicians to consider the needs of persons with disabilities during the development of treatment interventions. ..
  51. Ryan S, Campbell K, Rigby P, Germon B, Chan B, Hubley D. Development of the new Family Impact of Assistive Technology Scale. Int J Rehabil Res. 2006;29:195-200 pubmed
    ..Parents concurred that items on the preliminary version were relevant and clear. Further research is planned to estimate the reliability and other aspects of validity of the Family Impact of Assistive Technology Scale. ..
  52. Marschollek M, Wolf K, Plischke M, Ludwig W, Haux R, Mihailidis A, et al. People's perceptions and expectations of assistive health-enabling technologies: an empirical study in Germany. Assist Technol. 2009;21:86-93 pubmed publisher
    ..They would entrust their medical data to their physicians rather than relatives or caregivers. This study may contribute to systematic analyses of users' perceptions and preferences concerning assistive health-enabling technologies. ..
  53. Tai K, Blain S, Chau T. A review of emerging access technologies for individuals with severe motor impairments. Assist Technol. 2008;20:204-19; quiz 220-1 pubmed publisher
    ..Access methods for those without extant physical movement constitute a critical direction for future and ongoing research efforts. ..