eye protective devices


Summary: Personal devices for protection of the eyes from impact, flying objects, glare, liquids, or injurious radiation.

Top Publications

  1. Voon L, See J, Wong T. The epidemiology of ocular trauma in Singapore: perspective from the emergency service of a large tertiary hospital. Eye (Lond). 2001;15:75-81 pubmed
    ..Data on clinical presentation, type and cause of injury and use of eye protective devices (EPD) were collected via a standardised interview and examination...
  2. Baker C, Luhana F, Thomas S. Absorbed dose behind eye shields during kilovoltage photon radiotherapy. Br J Radiol. 2002;75:685-8 pubmed
    ..The relative dose due to primary photons beneath the eye shields was found to be less than 0.1% and 0.5 (+/-0.1)% for the 150 kV and 260 kV beams, respectively. This is considerably less than the dose from backscattered radiation. ..
  3. Marshall A, Elliott R, Rolls K, Schacht S, Boyle M. Eyecare in the critically ill: clinical practice guideline. Aust Crit Care. 2008;21:97-109 pubmed publisher
  4. Mainster M. Violet and blue light blocking intraocular lenses: photoprotection versus photoreception. Br J Ophthalmol. 2006;90:784-92 pubmed
    ..Thus, pseudophakes should wear sunglasses in bright environments if the unproved phototoxicity-AMD hypothesis is valid. ..
  5. Liu Y, Bauer A, Akers W, Sudlow G, Liang K, Shen D, et al. Hands-free, wireless goggles for near-infrared fluorescence and real-time image-guided surgery. Surgery. 2011;149:689-98 pubmed publisher
    ..Our results demonstrate the feasibility of using the new device to aid surgical resection of tumors, map sentinel lymph nodes, and facilitate telemedicine. ..
  6. Tang K, Shah A, McMahon T, Weissman B. Gas-permeable contact lenses can protect against ocular trauma: two cases. Eye Contact Lens. 2005;31:244-5 pubmed
    ..Rigid gas-permeable contact lenses can have a protective effect against some types of trauma, although they are not recommended to be used for protective purposes. ..
  7. Johnson T, Stanton M, Goodlett C, Cudd T. Eyeblink classical conditioning in the preweanling lamb. Behav Neurosci. 2008;122:722-9 pubmed publisher
  8. Ma K, Chung W, Seo K, Seong G, Kim C. The effect of swimming goggles on intraocular pressure and blood flow within the optic nerve head. Yonsei Med J. 2007;48:807-9 pubmed
    ..Blood flow of the ONH did not change significantly throughout the experiment. These facts should be considered for safety concerns, especially in advanced glaucoma patients. ..
  9. Kepecs M, Boro A, Haut S, Kepecs G, Moshe S. A novel nonpharmacologic treatment for photosensitive epilepsy: a report of three patients tested with blue cross-polarized glasses. Epilepsia. 2004;45:1158-62 pubmed
    ..These preliminary data suggest that blue cross-polarized lenses may be useful in the treatment of photosensitive epilepsies and that their efficacy can be predicted in the EEG laboratory. ..

More Information


  1. Ogendo S, Awori M, Omondi M, Mulatya E, Mugo P. Risk of conjunctival contamination from blood splashes during surgery at the Kenyatta National Hospital, Nairobi. East Afr Med J. 2008;85:432-7 pubmed
    ..To determine the utilisation rate of design specific eye protection by surgeons and to assess the risk of conjunctival contamination with blood splashes during surgery...
  2. Schiffer F, Glass I, Lord J, Teicher M. Prediction of clinical outcomes from rTMS in depressed patients with lateral visual field stimulation: a replication. J Neuropsychiatry Clin Neurosci. 2008;20:194-200 pubmed publisher
    ..These correlations, across the whole group and within genders, were almost identical to those previously reported from 37 patients studied at a different site. ..
  3. Pakrou N, Casson R, Fung S, Ferdowsi N, Lee G, Selva D. South Australian adolescent ophthalmic sun protective behaviours. Eye (Lond). 2008;22:808-14 pubmed
    ..Health promotion campaigns should target the youth and consider that as a group, they are significantly influenced by the media, peers, and family attitudes. ..
  4. Elkarim I, Abdulla Z, Yahia N, Al Qudah A, Ibrahim Y. Basic infection control procedures in dental practice in Khartoum-Sudan. Int Dent J. 2004;54:413-7 pubmed
    ..There is a clear need to improve the existing situation particularly with regard to immunisation of dentists against Hepatitis B, the safe disposal of clinical waste and instrument sterilisation in Khartoum. ..
  5. Ineson J, Durnell L, Ebbage J, Jarrett D, Neary C, Reed M. Speed and accuracy of head- and eye-based aiming systems at high vertical acceleration. Aviat Space Environ Med. 2004;75:420-8 pubmed
    ..Subjective ratings supported the objective data. A majority of subjects preferred eye to head as an aiming mechanism. Eye-aiming was faster and easier to use than head-aiming at all Gz levels, and particularly at high Gz. ..
  6. Baker K, Zimmerman A, Grzybowski D, McLaughlin W, Katz S, Pfriem D, et al. Optical quality and impact resistance comparisons of 2 football helmet faceshields. Optometry. 2008;79:455-63 pubmed publisher
    ..Both faceshields tested should protect football players from anticipated impacts while providing adequate optical quality for satisfactory visual performance. ..
  7. Holzmann R, Liang M, Nadiminti H, McCarthy J, Gharia M, Jones J, et al. Blood exposure risk during procedural dermatology. J Am Acad Dermatol. 2008;58:817-25 pubmed publisher
    ..Physician body-fluid contamination risk with procedural dermatology is clinically significant. Dermatologists and their assistants should wear preventive barriers during procedures to minimize the risk of viral transmission. ..
  8. Ng W, Ikeda S. Use of sun-protective items by Japanese pedestrians: a cross-sectional observational study. Arch Dermatol. 2011;147:1167-70 pubmed publisher
    ..The low use of sunglasses by Japanese pedestrians suggests a need to raise public awareness of UV-related ocular damage. ..
  9. Zarra T, Lambrianidis T. Occupational ocular accidents amongst Greek endodontists: a national questionnaire survey. Int Endod J. 2013;46:710-9 pubmed publisher
    ..Regular use of magnification and increasing years in practice were associated with a reduced risk of ocular accidents. The majority of endodontists reported using adequate eye protection. ..
  10. Hill J. Getting up to speed on laser safety. Biomed Instrum Technol. 2008;42:213-4 pubmed publisher
  11. Visentin L, Bondy S, Schwartz B, Morrison L. Use of personal protective equipment during infectious disease outbreak and nonoutbreak conditions: a survey of emergency medical technicians. CJEM. 2009;11:44-56 pubmed
    ..Reasons given for nonuse included nonavailability, judgment of nonnecessity or technical difficulties. There are important public health implications of noncompliance. ..
  12. Lin C, Tseng P, Chen C, Woung L, Liou S. Iritis and pupillary distortion after periorbital cosmetic alexandrite laser. Graefes Arch Clin Exp Ophthalmol. 2011;249:783-5 pubmed publisher
  13. Garner L. Choices, choices. Occup Health Saf. 2005;74:66-70 pubmed
  14. Verma A, Schulz M, Quandt S, Robinson E, Grzywacz J, Chen H, et al. Eye health and safety among Latino farmworkers. J Agromedicine. 2011;16:143-52 pubmed publisher
    ..Many farmworkers choose to take risks in order to save time. Interventions are needed that target farmworker knowledge and beliefs about eye safety. ..
  15. Singh A, Purohit B, Bhambal A, Saxena S, Singh A, Gupta A. Knowledge, attitudes, and practice regarding infection control measures among dental students in Central India. J Dent Educ. 2011;75:421-7 pubmed
    ..We recommend rigorous training on infection control measures prior to graduation and mandatory hepatitis B immunization of students before exposure to clinical practice. ..
  16. Orchard J. Injury surveillance in cricket. Br J Sports Med. 2013;47:605-6 pubmed publisher
  17. Roberson D, Kikutani M, Döge P, Whitaker L, Majid A. Shades of emotion: what the addition of sunglasses or masks to faces reveals about the development of facial expression processing. Cognition. 2012;125:195-206 pubmed publisher
    ..The data support a model in which a threshold level of attentional control must be reached before children can develop adult-like configural processing skills and be flexible in their use of face- processing strategies. ..
  18. Chong S, Smith C, Bialostocki A, McEwan C. Do modern spectacles endanger surgeons? The Waikato Eye Protection Study. Ann Surg. 2007;245:495-501 pubmed
    ..Our model predicts the design adequacy of currently available purpose-designed protective eyewear, which should be used routinely. ..
  19. Clarkson D. Determination of eye safety filter protection factors associated with retinal thermal hazard and blue light photochemical hazard for intense pulsed light sources. Phys Med Biol. 2006;51:N59-64 pubmed
    ..This consideration is important for providing users of IPL equipment with safety eyewear with adequate level of visual transmittance. ..
  20. Prins R, Dauer L, Colosi D, Quinn B, Kleiman N, Bohle G, et al. Significant reduction in dental cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) eye dose through the use of leaded glasses. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod. 2011;112:502-7 pubmed publisher
  21. Chau J, Thompson D, Lee D, Twinn S. Infection control practices among hospital health and support workers in Hong Kong. J Hosp Infect. 2010;75:299-303 pubmed publisher
    ..Thorough cleansing of commodes between patients was also lacking. Overall compliance with local and international infection control guidelines was satisfactory, but several aspects required improvement. ..
  22. Farrington T, Onambele Pearson G, Taylor R, Earl P, Winwood K. A review of facial protective equipment use in sport and the impact on injury incidence. Br J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2012;50:233-8 pubmed publisher
    ..We recommend that individual sports should have full risk assessments, and that mandatory standards should be agreed about protective devices that would be appropriate. ..
  23. Harrison A, Telander D. Eye injuries in the young athlete: a case-based approach. Pediatr Ann. 2002;31:33-40 pubmed
  24. Moos D, Lind D. Detection and treatment of perioperative corneal abrasions. J Perianesth Nurs. 2006;21:332-8; quiz 339-41 pubmed
    ..The purpose of this article is to explore the incidence, mechanism of injury, prevention, recognition, and treatment of perioperative corneal abrasion. ..
  25. Blais B, Tredici T. Keep your eye on the individual's visual function, Part 1. Occup Health Saf. 2003;72:30-2, 34-6, 38 passim pubmed
  26. Sachdev N, Wakefield D, Coroneo M. Lens dislocation in Marfan syndrome and UV-B light exposure. Arch Ophthalmol. 2003;121:585 pubmed
  27. Denion E, Dugué A, Augy S, Coffin Pichonnet S, Mouriaux F. Sunglasses with thick temples and frame constrict temporal visual field. Optom Vis Sci. 2013;90:1450-5 pubmed publisher
  28. Freeman P. UV or not UV--that is the question. Optometry. 2002;73:397-8 pubmed
  29. Nagata T. [Ocular disorders associated with occupations]. Nihon Rinsho. 2014;72:265-9 pubmed
    ..The industrial specialists have to educate the workers about the proper use of the protective gear. Then, the safety and health promoters have to remind the workers to frequently check their field site for potential hazards. ..
  30. Althunayan A, Elkoushy M, Elhilali M, Andonian S. Adverse events resulting from lasers used in urology. J Endourol. 2014;28:256-60 pubmed publisher
    ..There were no eye injuries reported with the use of Ho:YAG lasers. Caution must be exercised when using lasers in urology, including wearing appropriate eye protection when using Nd:YAG, KTP, and diode lasers. ..
  31. Woolley T, Raasch B. Predictors of sunburn in North Queensland recreational boat users. Health Promot J Austr. 2005;16:26-31 pubmed
  32. McMahon J, Beckerman S. Testing safety eyewear: how frame and lens design affect lens retention. Optometry. 2007;78:78-87 pubmed
  33. Garg A, Loosemore M. Pinguecula following psoralen and ultraviolet A therapy. J Am Acad Dermatol. 2007;57:177-8 pubmed
  34. Trojian T, Mohamed N. Demystifying preventive equipment in the competitive athlete. Curr Sports Med Rep. 2012;11:304-8 pubmed publisher
    ..Helmets to prevent head injuries are supported, but it is uncertain if that extends to concussion prevention. Soccer headgear is not supported and needs randomized control studies to show benefit. ..
  35. Benter T, Kluhs L, Teichgraber U, Riechert F, Ludwig W, Dorken B. Need for safety goggles for endoscopy. Endoscopy. 2003;35:803 pubmed
  36. Cuddihy P, Whittet H. Eye observation and corneal protection during endonasal surgery. J Laryngol Otol. 2005;119:556-7 pubmed
    ..This article describes and illustrates the use of Geliperm, a sterile, transparent, pliant hydrogel dressing, as a corneal protector allowing continuous observation of the eye during endonasal surgery. ..
  37. Parker S, Chung V. Cryosurgery pearl: use of a tongue depressor for eye protection. J Drugs Dermatol. 2007;6:226 pubmed
  38. Sorce L, Hamilton S, Gauvreau K, Mets M, Hunter D, Rahmani B, et al. Preventing corneal abrasions in critically ill children receiving neuromuscular blockade: a randomized, controlled trial. Pediatr Crit Care Med. 2009;10:171-5 pubmed publisher
    ..The additional use of a moisture chamber over the eye was no more effective than Q6H lubrication and eye closure alone in preventing corneal abrasions in this at-risk patient group. ..
  39. Turkcuoglu P, Ilhan N, Kurt J, Aydemir O, Celiker U. The protective role of Visudyne eyeglass against VEGF synthesis after photodynamic therapy with verteporfin. Acta Ophthalmol. 2009;87:871-4 pubmed publisher
    ..011). Visudyne eyeglass offers full protection against VEGF increases caused by verteporfin infusion but is only partially protective in eyes exposed to sensitizing light. ..
  40. Bull N. Mandatory use of eye protection prevents eye injuries in the metal industry. Occup Med (Lond). 2007;57:605-6 pubmed
    ..09 to 0.42 injuries per million working hours after eye protection became mandatory. Mandatory eye protection among metalworkers in Norway has high potential for preventing eye injuries and should be implemented. ..
  41. Pieper B. Eye safety is everyone's business. Optometry. 2006;77:235-47 pubmed
  42. Capao Filipe J, Fernandes V, Barros H, Falcao Reis F, Castro Correia J. Soccer-related ocular injuries. Arch Ophthalmol. 2003;121:687-94 pubmed
    ..The development of laboratory models will be essential to explain the tendency for lesions to be in the superotemporal quadrant. The data support the need for protective eyewear designed specifically for soccer. ..
  43. Sherrard L. Eyes on the prize. Occup Health Saf. 2008;77:74, 76, 78 pubmed
  44. Hester E, Heilig L, D Ambrosia R, Drake A, Dellavalle R. Protective eyewear and UV tanning. Ophthalmology. 2005;112:1639 pubmed
  45. Crebolder J, Sloan R. Determining the effects of eyewear fogging on visual task performance. Appl Ergon. 2004;35:371-81 pubmed
    ..It is recommended that anti-fog coating be considered when purchasing protective eyewear, and a bench test be developed to assess the coatings applied to eyewear. ..
  46. Kubena T, Kubena K. [Effect of TLT absorptive eyeglasses on progression of myopia in children]. Cesk Slov Oftalmol. 2002;58:377-81 pubmed
    ..75 D/year and in the control group 0.77 D/year. After two years of wearing the absorption glasses the progression in the group with the absorption glasses was 0.34 D/year and in the control group 0.59 D/year. ..
  47. Hall G, Schultmeyer M. The FUBI system for solar rating nonprescription eyewear. Optometry. 2002;73:407-17 pubmed
    ..The system will provide consumers of nonprescription eyewear with more useful, comparative information about the protective qualities of eyewear against solar radiation. ..
  48. Sovelius R, Oksa J, Rintala H, Huhtala H, Siitonen S. Neck muscle strain when wearing helmet and NVG during acceleration on a trampoline. Aviat Space Environ Med. 2008;79:112-6 pubmed
    ..Helmet weight alone had a large effect on muscular workload. The additional frontal weight of the NVG caused a further increase in the activity of cervical muscles that were already subjected to high strain. ..
  49. Johnson L. Envision an injury-free workforce. Occup Health Saf. 2003;72:42-4, 107 pubmed
  50. Anselme S, Boileau S, Vedel M, Muller C, Blech M, Bouaziz H. [Assessment of hygiene practices in anaesthesia between 1998 and 2007 in Lorraine]. Ann Fr Anesth Reanim. 2009;28:28-34 pubmed publisher
    ..Promising progress has been made but some points must still be worked on. ..
  51. Silva L, da Silva F, Turiani M, Juliani C, Spiri W. Development of an eye protector for phototherapy on newborns: a technology. Rev Lat Am Enfermagem. 2008;16:47-51 pubmed
    ..The device is easy to use, economical, removable and appropriate for newborns, causing no discomfort, and its effectiveness has been proved through radiance tests. ..
  52. McNamara I, Tehrani H, Sassoon E. Ocular contamination during lesional surgery-a hazard for the plastic surgeon. J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg. 2006;59:263-5 pubmed
    ..Despite widespread recognition of the importance of eye protection, goggle use is still infrequent. Our study stresses the frequency of potential splashes to the eye and need for routine use of goggles to prevent viral transmission. ..
  53. Dain S. Sunglasses and sunglass standards. Clin Exp Optom. 2003;86:77-90 pubmed
    ..The need for eye protection from solar radiation is discussed and the provisions of the various national sunglass standards are discussed in relation to that need. ..