sanitation

Summary

Summary: The development and establishment of environmental conditions favorable to the health of the public.

Top Publications

  1. Cairncross S, Hunt C, Boisson S, Bostoen K, Curtis V, Fung I, et al. Water, sanitation and hygiene for the prevention of diarrhoea. Int J Epidemiol. 2010;39 Suppl 1:i193-205 pubmed publisher
    Ever since John Snow's intervention on the Broad St pump, the effect of water quality, hygiene and sanitation in preventing diarrhoea deaths has always been debated...
  2. Atuyambe L, Ediau M, Orach C, Musenero M, Bazeyo W. Land slide disaster in eastern Uganda: rapid assessment of water, sanitation and hygiene situation in Bulucheke camp, Bududa district. Environ Health. 2011;10:38 pubmed publisher
    ..A comprehensive assessment of water, sanitation and hygiene was urgently needed to inform interventions by the Ministries of Health, and Relief, Disaster ..
  3. Gulati A, Ganesh Kumar A, Shreedhar G, Nandakumar T. Agriculture and malnutrition in India. Food Nutr Bull. 2012;33:74-86 pubmed
    ..In addition to agriculture, access to sanitation facilities and women's literacy were also found to be strong factors affecting malnutrition...
  4. Dreibelbis R, Freeman M, Greene L, Saboori S, Rheingans R. The impact of school water, sanitation, and hygiene interventions on the health of younger siblings of pupils: a cluster-randomized trial in Kenya. Am J Public Health. 2014;104:e91-7 pubmed publisher
    We examined the impact of school water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) interventions on diarrhea-related outcomes among younger siblings of school-going children...
  5. Scott E, Herbold N. An in-home video study and questionnaire survey of food preparation, kitchen sanitation, and hand washing practices. J Environ Health. 2010;72:8-13 pubmed
    ..S. are eaten at home. Little is known, however, about the actual application of personal hygiene and sanitation behaviors in the home...
  6. Cambero M, Cabeza M, Escudero R, Manzano S, Garcia Márquez I, Velasco R, et al. Sanitation of selected ready-to-eat intermediate-moisture foods of animal origin by E-beam irradiation. Foodborne Pathog Dis. 2012;9:594-9 pubmed publisher
    To optimize the sanitation treatment of ready-to-eat (RTE) intermediate-moisture foods (IMF), the behavior of Listeria monocytogenes Scott A (CIP 103575), L...
  7. Wolf J, Bonjour S, Prüss Ustün A. An exploration of multilevel modeling for estimating access to drinking-water and sanitation. J Water Health. 2013;11:64-77 pubmed publisher
    Monitoring progress towards the targets for access to safe drinking-water and sanitation under the Millennium Development Goals (MDG) requires reliable estimates and indicators...
  8. Dhingra R, Christensen E, Liu Y, Zhong B, Wu C, Yost M, et al. Greenhouse gas emission reductions from domestic anaerobic digesters linked with sustainable sanitation in rural China. Environ Sci Technol. 2011;45:2345-52 pubmed publisher
    ..The interaction of biogas installation programs with policies supporting improved stoves, renewable harvesting of biomass, and energy interventions with substantial health cobenefits are discussed. ..
  9. Tandir S, Huseinagic S, Sivic S. Investigation of health effects of current levels of environmental sanitation and hygienic living conditions of rural population in the municipality of Zenica. Med Arh. 2010;64:240-4 pubmed
    ..increase in the risk of and maintenance of intestinal infectious diseases such as: the level of environmental sanitation in investigated villages, sanitary and hygiene habits of families living in the villages studied, ratio of ..

Scientific Experts

More Information

Publications62

  1. Barreto M, Genser B, Strina A, Teixeira M, Assis A, Rego R, et al. Impact of a citywide sanitation program in Northeast Brazil on intestinal parasites infection in young children. Environ Health Perspect. 2010;118:1637-42 pubmed publisher
    b>Sanitation affects health, especially that of young children. Residents of Salvador, in Northeast Brazil, have had a high prevalence of intestinal parasites...
  2. Huda T, Unicomb L, Johnston R, Halder A, Yushuf Sharker M, Luby S. Interim evaluation of a large scale sanitation, hygiene and water improvement programme on childhood diarrhea and respiratory disease in rural Bangladesh. Soc Sci Med. 2012;75:604-11 pubmed publisher
    Started in 2007, the Sanitation Hygiene Education and Water Supply in Bangladesh (SHEWA-B) project aims to improve the hygiene, sanitation and water supply for 20 million people in Bangladesh, and thus reduce disease among this population...
  3. Ziegelbauer K, Speich B, Mäusezahl D, Bos R, Keiser J, Utzinger J. Effect of sanitation on soil-transmitted helminth infection: systematic review and meta-analysis. PLoS Med. 2012;9:e1001162 pubmed publisher
    ..However, rapid reinfection of humans occurs after successful deworming, and therefore effective preventive measures are required to achieve public health goals with optimal efficiency and sustainability...
  4. Raison C, Lowry C, Rook G. Inflammation, sanitation, and consternation: loss of contact with coevolved, tolerogenic microorganisms and the pathophysiology and treatment of major depression. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 2010;67:1211-24 pubmed publisher
    ..Measured exposure to the old friends or their antigens may offer promise for the prevention and treatment of MDD in modern industrialized societies. ..
  5. Ganesh S, Kumar S, Sarkar S, Kar S, Roy G, Premarajan K. Assessment of village water and sanitation committee in a district of Tamil Nadu, India. Indian J Public Health. 2013;57:43-6 pubmed publisher
    A descriptive study was conducted among 75 members of five Village Water and Sanitation Committees (VWSCs) and 15 local residents in Tamil Nadu, India to assess committee's formation and decision making process...
  6. Siegler A, Mbwambo J, Diclemente R. Acceptability of medical male circumcision and improved instrument sanitation among a traditionally circumcising group in East Africa. AIDS Behav. 2012;16:1846-52 pubmed
    ..A geographically stratified, cluster survey of acceptability of MMC and improved instrument sanitation was conducted among 368 eligible Maasai participants in two Northern Districts of Tanzania...
  7. Kariuki J, Magambo K, Njeruh M, Muchiri E, Nzioka S, Kariuki S. Changing mother's hygiene and sanitation practices in resource constrained communities: case study of Turkana District, Kenya. J Community Health. 2012;37:1185-91 pubmed publisher
    Lack of adequate sanitation, hygiene and safe portable water are serious global health problems that contribute to deaths of many children under the age of 5 years annually, mainly due to diarrhoeal diseases...
  8. Freeman M, Ogden S, Jacobson J, Abbott D, Addiss D, Amnie A, et al. Integration of water, sanitation, and hygiene for the prevention and control of neglected tropical diseases: a rationale for inter-sectoral collaboration. PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2013;7:e2439 pubmed publisher
    Improvements of water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) infrastructure and appropriate health-seeking behavior are necessary for achieving sustained control, elimination, or eradication of many neglected tropical diseases (NTDs)...
  9. Soares Magalhaes R, Barnett A, Clements A. Geographical analysis of the role of water supply and sanitation in the risk of helminth infections of children in West Africa. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2011;108:20084-9 pubmed publisher
    Globally, inadequate water supply, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) are major contributors to mortality and burden of disease...
  10. Luh J, Baum R, Bartram J. Equity in water and sanitation: developing an index to measure progressive realization of the human right. Int J Hyg Environ Health. 2013;216:662-71 pubmed publisher
    We developed an index to measure progressive realization for the human right to water and sanitation. While in this study we demonstrate its application to the non-discrimination and equality component for water, the conceptual approach ..
  11. Greene L, Freeman M, Akoko D, Saboori S, Moe C, Rheingans R. Impact of a school-based hygiene promotion and sanitation intervention on pupil hand contamination in Western Kenya: a cluster randomized trial. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2012;87:385-93 pubmed publisher
    ..Interventions to improve hygiene and sanitation conditions in schools within low-income countries have gained increased attention; however, their impact on ..
  12. Cheng J, Schuster Wallace C, Watt S, Newbold B, Mente A. An ecological quantification of the relationships between water, sanitation and infant, child, and maternal mortality. Environ Health. 2012;11:4 pubmed publisher
    Water and sanitation access are known to be related to newborn, child, and maternal health...
  13. Isunju J, Schwartz K, Schouten M, Johnson W, van Dijk M. Socio-economic aspects of improved sanitation in slums: a review. Public Health. 2011;125:368-76 pubmed publisher
    This socio-economic review provides an overview of the sanitation crisis in slum areas, and re-emphasizes the importance of sanitation...
  14. Pickering A, Julian T, Marks S, Mattioli M, Boehm A, Schwab K, et al. Fecal contamination and diarrheal pathogens on surfaces and in soils among Tanzanian households with and without improved sanitation. Environ Sci Technol. 2012;46:5736-43 pubmed publisher
    ..known about the extent or pattern of environmental fecal contamination among households using low-cost, on-site sanitation facilities, or what role environmental contamination plays in the transmission of diarrheal disease...
  15. Pink R. Child rights, right to water and sanitation, and human security. Health Hum Rights. 2012;14:E78-87 pubmed
    The article explores the intersection between child rights, water scarcity, sanitation, and the human security paradigm...
  16. Mari L, Bertuzzo E, Righetto L, Casagrandi R, Gatto M, Rodriguez Iturbe I, et al. Modelling cholera epidemics: the role of waterways, human mobility and sanitation. J R Soc Interface. 2012;9:376-88 pubmed publisher
    ..We also show quantitatively how heterogeneously distributed drinking water supplies and sanitation conditions may affect large-scale cholera transmission, and analyse the effects of different sanitation policies.
  17. Fink G, Günther I, Hill K. The effect of water and sanitation on child health: evidence from the demographic and health surveys 1986-2007. Int J Epidemiol. 2011;40:1196-204 pubmed publisher
    Despite continued national and international efforts, access to improved water and sanitation remains limited in many developing countries...
  18. Stauber C, Walters A, Fabiszewski de Aceituno A, Sobsey M. Bacterial contamination on household toys and association with water, sanitation and hygiene conditions in Honduras. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2013;10:1586-97 pubmed publisher
    ..Few studies have examined, however, the impact of water treatment interventions on household-level hygiene and sanitation. This study examined the association of four water and sanitation conditions (access to latrines, improved ..
  19. Sibiya J, Gumbo J. Knowledge, attitude and practices (KAP) survey on water, sanitation and hygiene in selected schools in Vhembe District, Limpopo, South Africa. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2013;10:2282-95 pubmed publisher
    This study assessed the knowledge, attitude and practices (KAP) of learners on issues related to water, sanitation and hygiene in selected schools in Vhembe District, South Africa...
  20. Dangour A, Watson L, Cumming O, Boisson S, Che Y, Velleman Y, et al. Interventions to improve water quality and supply, sanitation and hygiene practices, and their effects on the nutritional status of children. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2013;:CD009382 pubmed publisher
    Water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) interventions are frequently implemented to reduce infectious diseases, and may be linked to improved nutrition outcomes in children...
  21. Norman G, Pedley S, Takkouche B. Effects of sewerage on diarrhoea and enteric infections: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Lancet Infect Dis. 2010;10:536-44 pubmed publisher
    b>Sanitation is inadequate in most cities in developing countries, with major effects on infectious disease burden: in this situation, is piped sewerage an appropriate solution, or should efforts focus on systems based on onsite solutions, ..
  22. Pattanayak S, Poulos C, Yang J, Patil S. How valuable are environmental health interventions? Evaluation of water and sanitation programmes in India. Bull World Health Organ. 2010;88:535-42 pubmed publisher
    To evaluate and quantify the economic benefits attributable to improvements in water supply and sanitation in rural India...
  23. Benova L, Cumming O, Campbell O. Systematic review and meta-analysis: association between water and sanitation environment and maternal mortality. Trop Med Int Health. 2014;19:368-87 pubmed publisher
    To assess whether the lack of water or the lack of sanitation facilities in either the home or in health facilities is associated with an increased risk of maternal mortality and to quantify the effect sizes...
  24. Ngure F, Reid B, Humphrey J, Mbuya M, Pelto G, Stoltzfus R. Water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH), environmental enteropathy, nutrition, and early child development: making the links. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2014;1308:118-28 pubmed publisher
    There is scarce research and programmatic evidence on the effect of poor water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) conditions of the physical environment on early child cognitive, sensorimotor, and socioemotional development...
  25. Teixeira J, Gomes M, Souza J. [Association between sanitation services coverage and epidemiological indicators in Latin America: a study with secondary data]. Rev Panam Salud Publica. 2012;32:419-25 pubmed
    To study the association between water and sanitation coverage and epidemiological indicators in Latin America, using secondary data from the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) for the period of 2005 to 2010...
  26. Rabiu M, Alhassan M, Ejere H, Evans J. Environmental sanitary interventions for preventing active trachoma. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2012;:CD004003 pubmed publisher
    ..Generally there is a dearth of data to determine the effectiveness of all aspects of environmental sanitation in the control of trachoma.
  27. Jasper C, Le T, Bartram J. Water and sanitation in schools: a systematic review of the health and educational outcomes. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2012;9:2772-87 pubmed publisher
    A systematic review of the literature on the effects of water and sanitation in schools was performed. The goal was to characterize the impacts of water and sanitation inadequacies in the academic environment...
  28. Tumwebaze I, Orach C, Niwagaba C, Lüthi C, Mosler H. Sanitation facilities in Kampala slums, Uganda: users' satisfaction and determinant factors. Int J Environ Health Res. 2013;23:191-204 pubmed publisher
    Access to improved sanitation is a key preventive measure against sanitary-related gastro-enteric diseases such as diarrhoea...
  29. Freeman M, Clasen T, Brooker S, Akoko D, Rheingans R. The impact of a school-based hygiene, water quality and sanitation intervention on soil-transmitted helminth reinfection: a cluster-randomized trial. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2013;89:875-83 pubmed publisher
    We conducted a cluster-randomized trial to assess the impact of a school-based water treatment, hygiene, and sanitation program on reducing infection with soil-transmitted helminths (STHs) after school-based deworming...
  30. Le T, Luu N, Rheinländer T, Dalsgaard A, Konradsen F. Sanitation behavior among schoolchildren in a multi-ethnic area of Northern rural Vietnam. BMC Public Health. 2012;12:140 pubmed publisher
    ..are underway to improve latrine use in rural and remote areas with particular focus on increasing coverage of sanitation in schools...
  31. Mosler H. A systematic approach to behavior change interventions for the water and sanitation sector in developing countries: a conceptual model, a review, and a guideline. Int J Environ Health Res. 2012;22:431-49 pubmed publisher
    Public health practitioners increasingly agree that it is not enough to provide people with water and sanitation hardware...
  32. Baum R, Luh J, Bartram J. Sanitation: a global estimate of sewerage connections without treatment and the resulting impact on MDG progress. Environ Sci Technol. 2013;47:1994-2000 pubmed publisher
    Progress toward the sanitation component of Millennium Development Goal (MDG) Target 7c was reassessed to account for the need to protect communities and the wider population from exposure to human excreta...
  33. Piarroux R, Barrais R, Faucher B, Haus R, Piarroux M, Gaudart J, et al. Understanding the cholera epidemic, Haiti. Emerg Infect Dis. 2011;17:1161-8 pubmed publisher
    ..001): 1 near Mirebalais (October 16-19) next to a United Nations camp with deficient sanitation, 1 along the Artibonite River (October 20-28), and 3 caused by the centrifugal epidemic spread during November...
  34. Freeman M, Clasen T, Dreibelbis R, Saboori S, Greene L, Brumback B, et al. The impact of a school-based water supply and treatment, hygiene, and sanitation programme on pupil diarrhoea: a cluster-randomized trial. Epidemiol Infect. 2014;142:340-51 pubmed publisher
    The impact of improved water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) access on mitigating illness is well documented, although impact of school-based WASH on school-aged children has not been rigorously explored...
  35. En W, Gan G. Factors associated with use of improved water sources and sanitation among rural primary schoolchildren in Pursat Province, Cambodia. Southeast Asian J Trop Med Public Health. 2011;42:1022-31 pubmed
    Access to improved water supplies and sanitation generally reduces childhood diarrhea incidence...
  36. Hutton G. Global costs and benefits of reaching universal coverage of sanitation and drinking-water supply. J Water Health. 2013;11:1-12 pubmed publisher
    Economic evidence on the cost and benefits of sanitation and drinking-water supply supports higher allocation of resources and selection of efficient and affordable interventions...
  37. Vivas A, Gelaye B, Aboset N, Kumie A, Berhane Y, Williams M. Knowledge, attitudes and practices (KAP) of hygiene among school children in Angolela, Ethiopia. J Prev Med Hyg. 2010;51:73-9 pubmed
    ..Data consisted of hygiene and hand washing practices, knowledge about sanitation, personal hygiene characteristics, and presence of gastrointestinal parasitic infection. Results...
  38. Röder M, Baltruweit I, Gruyters H, Ibach A, Mücke I, Matissek R, et al. Allergen sanitation in the food industry: a systematic industrial scale approach to reduce hazelnut cross-contamination of cookies. J Food Prot. 2010;73:1671-9 pubmed
    ..Based on those findings, this study investigated the extent and subsequent sanitation of hazelnut cross-contamination (HNCC) of cookies at the industrial scale...
  39. Freeman M, Greene L, Dreibelbis R, Saboori S, Muga R, Brumback B, et al. Assessing the impact of a school-based water treatment, hygiene and sanitation programme on pupil absence in Nyanza Province, Kenya: a cluster-randomized trial. Trop Med Int Health. 2012;17:380-91 pubmed publisher
    There has been increased attention to access to water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) at schools in developing countries, but a dearth of empirical studies on the impact...
  40. Mascarini Serra L, Telles C, Prado M, Mattos S, Strina A, Alcantara Neves N, et al. Reductions in the prevalence and incidence of geohelminth infections following a city-wide sanitation program in a Brazilian Urban Centre. PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2010;4:e588 pubmed publisher
    In the city of Salvador, a large urban centre in Northeast Brazil, a city-wide sanitation intervention started in 1997, aimed at improving the sewerage coverage of households from 26% to 80%...
  41. Peletz R, Mahin T, Elliott M, Harris M, Chan K, Cohen M, et al. Water, sanitation, and hygiene interventions to improve health among people living with HIV/AIDS: a systematic review. AIDS. 2013;27:2593-601 pubmed publisher
    ..This review assesses the effectiveness of water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) interventions to prevent disease among PLHIV...
  42. Mara D, Lane J, Scott B, Trouba D. Sanitation and health. PLoS Med. 2010;7:e1000363 pubmed publisher
    As one article in a four-part PLoS Medicine series on water and sanitation, David Trouba and colleagues discuss the importance of improved sanitation to health and the role that the health sector can play in its advocacy.
  43. Rehfuess E, Bruce N, Bartram J. More health for your buck: health sector functions to secure environmental health. Bull World Health Organ. 2009;87:880-2 pubmed
  44. Spears D, Ghosh A, Cumming O. Open defecation and childhood stunting in India: an ecological analysis of new data from 112 districts. PLoS ONE. 2013;8:e73784 pubmed publisher
    Poor sanitation remains a major public health concern linked to several important health outcomes; emerging evidence indicates a link to childhood stunting...
  45. Rheinländer T, Samuelsen H, Dalsgaard A, Konradsen F. Hygiene and sanitation among ethnic minorities in Northern Vietnam: does government promotion match community priorities?. Soc Sci Med. 2010;71:994-1001 pubmed publisher
    Improving sanitation and hygiene to prevent infectious diseases is of high priority in developing countries...
  46. Barnard S, Routray P, Majorin F, Peletz R, Boisson S, Sinha A, et al. Impact of Indian Total Sanitation Campaign on latrine coverage and use: a cross-sectional study in Orissa three years following programme implementation. PLoS ONE. 2013;8:e71438 pubmed publisher
    Faced with a massive shortfall in meeting sanitation targets, some governments have implemented campaigns that use subsidies focused on latrine construction to overcome income constraints and rapidly expand coverage...
  47. Cairncross S, Bartram J, Cumming O, Brocklehurst C. Hygiene, sanitation, and water: what needs to be done?. PLoS Med. 2010;7:e1000365 pubmed publisher
    In the final article in a four-part PLoS Medicine series on water and sanitation, Sandy Cairncross and colleagues outline what needs to be done to make significant progress in providing more and better hygiene, sanitation, and water for ..
  48. Tappero J, Tauxe R. Lessons learned during public health response to cholera epidemic in Haiti and the Dominican Republic. Emerg Infect Dis. 2011;17:2087-93 pubmed publisher
    ..of the epidemic and prevent deaths highlight the need for safe drinking water and basic medical care in such difficult circumstances and the need for rebuilding water, sanitation, and public health systems to prevent future epidemics.
  49. Factura H, Bettendorf T, Buzie C, Pieplow H, Reckin J, Otterpohl R. Terra Preta sanitation: re-discovered from an ancient Amazonian civilisation - integrating sanitation, bio-waste management and agriculture. Water Sci Technol. 2010;61:2673-9 pubmed publisher
    ..treatment of a former civilisation in the Amazon reveals the possibility of a highly efficient and simple sanitation system...
  50. Lin A, Arnold B, Afreen S, Goto R, Huda T, Haque R, et al. Household environmental conditions are associated with enteropathy and impaired growth in rural Bangladesh. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2013;89:130-7 pubmed publisher
    ..33 SDs decrease in HAZ (95% CI = -0.62, -0.05). These results are consistent with the hypothesis that environmental contamination causes growth faltering mediated through environmental enteropathy...
  51. Leidner A, Adusumilli N. Estimating effects of improved drinking water and sanitation on cholera. J Water Health. 2013;11:671-83 pubmed publisher
    Demand for adequate provision of drinking-water and sanitation facilities to promote public health and economic growth is increasing in the rapidly urbanizing countries of the developing world...
  52. Jensen P, Meyrowitsch D, Konradsen F. [Water and sanitation in disaster situations]. Ugeskr Laeger. 2010;172:109-12 pubmed
    When implementing water and sanitation in a disaster situation, it is of crucial importance that the intervention is grounded in the local cultural and socioeconomic context...
  53. Morestin S, Lesbre J, Grinda J, Deloche A. [Results of 17 months' surgical experience in the Cardiological Centre of Phnom-Penh (CCPP). The challenge of sanitation in a developing country]. Arch Mal Coeur Vaiss. 2004;97:285-90 pubmed