Summary: Process by which unwanted microbial, plant or animal materials or organisms accumulate on man-made surfaces.

Top Publications

  1. Fusetani N. Antifouling marine natural products. Nat Prod Rep. 2011;28:400-10 pubmed publisher
  2. Zhou L, Zhuang W, Wang X, Yu K, Yang S, Xia S. New insights into comparison between synthetic and practical municipal wastewater in cake layer characteristic analysis of membrane bioreactor. Bioresour Technol. 2017;244:934-940 pubmed publisher
    ..Si and Al, in PMW accumulated into cake layer and strengthened the cake layer structure, inducing severer biofouling. However, SMW promoted bacterial metabolism during cake layer formation, thus aggravated the accumulation of ..
  3. Zeriouh O, Reinoso Moreno J, López Rosales L, Cerón García M, Sánchez Mirón A, García Camacho F, et al. Biofouling in photobioreactors for marine microalgae. Crit Rev Biotechnol. 2017;37:1006-1023 pubmed publisher
    ..In photobioreactors (PBRs), the adhesion of microalgae to the transparent PBR surfaces leads to biofouling and reduces the solar radiation penetrating the PBR...
  4. Cheng B, Wang J, Liu W, Cui Z, Bi F, Jia H, et al. Membrane fouling reduction in a cost-effective integrated system of microbial fuel cell and membrane bioreactor. Water Sci Technol. 2017;76:653-661 pubmed publisher
    ..The results suggested that EMBR, as a promising wastewater treatment technology, improved effluent quality and reduced energy consumption. ..
  5. Nolte K, Schwarze J, Rosenhahn A. Microfluidic accumulation assay probes attachment of biofilm forming diatom cells. Biofouling. 2017;33:531-543 pubmed publisher
    ..As well as testing new coating candidates for their FR properties, monitoring of the adhesion process under flow provides additional information on the mechanism and geometry of attachment and the population kinetics. ..
  6. Nall C, Schläppy M, Guerin A. Characterisation of the biofouling community on a floating wave energy device. Biofouling. 2017;33:379-396 pubmed publisher
    Wave energy devices are novel structures in the marine environment and, as such, provide a unique habitat for biofouling organisms...
  7. Sweat L, Swain G, Hunsucker K, Johnson K. Transported biofilms and their influence on subsequent macrofouling colonization. Biofouling. 2017;33:433-449 pubmed publisher
    ..The methods by which organisms colonize and are transferred by ships have implications for their distribution, establishment and invasion success. ..
  8. Moodie L, Trepos R, Cervin G, Bråthen K, Lindgård B, Reiersen R, et al. Prevention of Marine Biofouling Using the Natural Allelopathic Compound Batatasin-III and Synthetic Analogues. J Nat Prod. 2017;80:2001-2011 pubmed publisher
  9. Dehwah A, Missimer T. Seabed gallery intakes: Investigation of the water pretreatment effectiveness of the active layer using a long-term column experiment. Water Res. 2017;121:95-108 pubmed publisher
    ..these key organics through the 1 m thick column, representing the active layer, will likely reduce the rate of biofouling, reduce chemical usage and minimize operating cost in SWRO systems...

More Information


  1. Wu H, Huang J, Liu Y. Polysulfone ultrafiltration membrane incorporated with Ag-SiO2 nanohybrid for effective fouling control. J Water Health. 2017;15:341-352 pubmed publisher
    ..The obtained membrane could be a promising material for water treatment. ..
  2. Ren Z, Xu X, Gao B, Li Y, Kong J, Shang Y, et al. Capture of perchlorate by a surface-modified bio-sorbent and its bio-regeneration properties: Adsorption, computations and biofouling. Chemosphere. 2017;185:152-161 pubmed publisher
  3. Jørgensen M, Bugge T, Larsen P, Nielsen P, Christensen M. Membrane filtration device for studying compression of fouling layers in membrane bioreactors. PLoS ONE. 2017;12:e0181652 pubmed publisher
  4. Want A, Crawford R, Kakkonen J, Kiddie G, Miller S, Harris R, et al. Biodiversity characterisation and hydrodynamic consequences of marine fouling communities on marine renewable energy infrastructure in the Orkney Islands Archipelago, Scotland, UK. Biofouling. 2017;33:567-579 pubmed publisher
    ..A major concern to marine industries is biofouling on submerged structures, including energy converters and measurement instrumentation...
  5. Silva A, Antunes S, Freitas F, Carvalho G, Reis M, Barreto Crespo M. Impact of sludge retention time on MBR fouling: role of extracellular polymeric substances determined through membrane autopsy. Biofouling. 2017;33:556-566 pubmed publisher
    The impact of sludge retention time (SRT) on the biofouling of a membrane bioreactor (MBR) by extracellular polymeric substances (EPS) was investigated. The MBR was operated at 60 and 20 d SRT...
  6. Choudhari S, Habimana O, Hannon J, Allen A, Cummins E, Casey E. Dynamics of silver elution from functionalised antimicrobial nanofiltration membranes. Biofouling. 2017;33:520-529 pubmed publisher
    In an effort to mitigate biofouling on thin film composite membranes such as nanofiltration and reverse osmosis, a myriad of different surface modification strategies has been published...
  7. Tribou M, Swain G. The effects of grooming on a copper ablative coating: a six year study. Biofouling. 2017;33:494-504 pubmed publisher
    ..The results suggest that grooming is a viable method for maintaining copper ablative coatings in a fouling-free condition without adverse increases in the total copper output. ..
  8. Thompson S, Coates J. Surface sensing and stress-signalling in Ulva and fouling diatoms - potential targets for antifouling: a review. Biofouling. 2017;33:410-432 pubmed publisher
    ..Moreover, adaptation to stress has profound effects on the biofouling capability of both types of organism...
  9. Chen M, Zhang X, Wang Z, Wang L, Wu Z. QAC modified PVDF membranes: Antibiofouling performance, mechanisms, and effects on microbial communities in an MBR treating municipal wastewater. Water Res. 2017;120:256-264 pubmed publisher
    b>Biofouling remains as a critical issue limiting the widespread applications of membrane bioreactors (MBRs). The use of antibiofouling membranes is an emerging method to tackle this issue...
  10. Muthukrishnan T, Dobretsov S, De Stefano M, Abed R, Kidd B, Finnie A. Diatom communities on commercial biocidal fouling control coatings after one year of immersion in the marine environment. Mar Environ Res. 2017;129:102-112 pubmed publisher
    ..Current results revealed the importance of exposure location and choice of biocidal antifouling coating on the relative abundance of diatom growth forms. ..
  11. Al Ashhab A, Sweity A, Bayramoglu B, Herzberg M, Gillor O. Biofouling of reverse osmosis membranes: effects of cleaning on biofilm microbial communities, membrane performance, and adherence of extracellular polymeric substances. Biofouling. 2017;33:397-409 pubmed publisher
    ..The results suggest that repeated cleaning cycles select for microbial groups that strongly attach to the RO membrane surface by producing rigid and adhesive EPS that hampers membrane performance. ..
  12. Cai X, Shen L, Zhang M, Chen J, Hong H, Lin H. Membrane fouling in a submerged membrane bioreactor: An unified approach to construct topography and to evaluate interaction energy between two randomly rough surfaces. Bioresour Technol. 2017;243:1121-1132 pubmed publisher
    ..The obtained results indicate the profound effects of surface morphology on interaction energy and membrane fouling. This study provided a basic approach to investigate membrane fouling and interface behaviors. ..
  13. Ochi Agostini V, Ritter M, José Macedo A, Muxagata E, Erthal F. What determines sclerobiont colonization on marine mollusk shells?. PLoS ONE. 2017;12:e0184745 pubmed publisher
  14. Luo J, Lv P, Zhang J, Fane A, McDougald D, Rice S. Succession of biofilm communities responsible for biofouling of membrane bio-reactors (MBRs). PLoS ONE. 2017;12:e0179855 pubmed publisher
    Biofilm formation is one of the main factors associated with membrane biofouling in membrane bioreactors (MBRs). As such, it is important to identify the responsible organisms to develop targeted strategies to control biofouling...
  15. Siddiqui A, Lehmann S, Haaksman V, Ogier J, Schellenberg C, van Loosdrecht M, et al. Porosity of spacer-filled channels in spiral-wound membrane systems: Quantification methods and impact on hydraulic characterization. Water Res. 2017;119:304-311 pubmed publisher
    ..Accurate porosity data are essential to evaluate feed spacer performance in spiral-wound membrane systems. Porosity of spacer-filled feed channels has a strong impact on membrane performance and biofouling impact.
  16. Waheed H, Xiao Y, Hashmi I, Stuckey D, Zhou Y. Insights into quorum quenching mechanisms to control membrane biofouling under changing organic loading rates. Chemosphere. 2017;182:40-47 pubmed publisher
    ..Under steady conditions the QQ consortium retarded biofouling by a factor of 3...
  17. Nagaraj V, Skillman L, Li D, Xie Z, Ho G. Control of biofouling by xanthine oxidase on seawater reverse osmosis membranes from a desalination plant: enzyme production and screening of bacterial isolates from the full-scale plant. Lett Appl Microbiol. 2017;65:73-81 pubmed publisher
    Control of biofouling on seawater reverse osmosis (SWRO) membranes is a major challenge as treatments can be expensive, damage the membrane material and often biocides do not remove the polymers in which bacteria are embedded...
  18. Avelelas F, Martins R, Oliveira T, Maia F, Malheiro E, Soares A, et al. Efficacy and Ecotoxicity of Novel Anti-Fouling Nanomaterials in Target and Non-Target Marine Species. Mar Biotechnol (NY). 2017;19:164-174 pubmed publisher
    b>Biofouling is a global problem that affects virtually all the immersed structures...