epidemiology

Summary

Summary: Field of medicine concerned with the determination of causes, incidence, and characteristic behavior of disease outbreaks affecting human populations. It includes the interrelationships of host, agent, and environment as related to the distribution and control of disease.

Top Publications

  1. Fornari C, Madotto F, Demaria M, Romanelli A, Pepe P, Raciti M, et al. [Record-linkage procedures in epidemiology: an Italian multicentre study]. Epidemiol Prev. 2008;32:79-88 pubmed
    ..Otherwise, deterministic or semi-deterministic procedures imply classification errors of unknown size and direction. ..
  2. Mahmood S, Levy D, Vasan R, Wang T. The Framingham Heart Study and the epidemiology of cardiovascular disease: a historical perspective. Lancet. 2014;383:999-1008 pubmed publisher
    ..During this period, the study has provided substantial insight into the epidemiology and risk factors of cardiovascular disease...
  3. Victora C. Epidemiology and global policy in child health. Public Health. 2012;126:220-222 pubmed publisher
    ..b>Epidemiology then contributed to measuring coverage with these interventions, assessing which population groups are lagging ..
  4. Masanza M, Nqobile N, Mukanga D, Gitta S. Laboratory capacity building for the International Health Regulations (IHR[2005]) in resource-poor countries: the experience of the African Field Epidemiology Network (AFENET). BMC Public Health. 2010;10 Suppl 1:S8 pubmed publisher
    ..In this paper, we discuss some of the efforts made by the African Field Epidemiology Network (AFENET) in supporting laboratory capacity development in the Africa region...
  5. Brunner E, Hiyoshi A, Cable N, Honjo K, Iso H. Social epidemiology and Eastern Wisdom. J Epidemiol. 2012;22:291-4 pubmed
    Social epidemiology is the field of study that attempts to understand the social determinants of health and the dynamics between societal settings and health...
  6. Lessing C, Schmitz A, Albers B, Schrappe M. Impact of sample size on variation of adverse events and preventable adverse events: systematic review on epidemiology and contributing factors. Qual Saf Health Care. 2010;19:e24 pubmed publisher
    ..A contributing factor may be the method of data assessment. Further research is needed to explain the results when analysing data by types of event or terminology. ..
  7. Kellerman R, Klipstein Grobusch K, Weiner R, Wayling S, Fonn S. Investing in African research training institutions creates sustainable capacity for Africa: the case of the University of the Witwatersrand School of Public Health masters programme in epidemiology and biostatistics. Health Res Policy Syst. 2012;10:11 pubmed publisher
    ..A descriptive cross-sectional survey of the 70 students registered for the masters programme in epidemiology & biostatistics from 2000-2005 was conducted. Data were collected from self-administered questionnaires...
  8. Ogino S, Lochhead P, Chan A, Nishihara R, Cho E, Wolpin B, et al. Molecular pathological epidemiology of epigenetics: emerging integrative science to analyze environment, host, and disease. Mod Pathol. 2013;26:465-84 pubmed publisher
    ..factors, cellular molecular characteristics, and disease evolution, the field of 'molecular pathological epidemiology (MPE)' has emerged as an interdisciplinary integration of 'molecular pathology' and 'epidemiology'...
  9. Ford T. Practitioner review: How can epidemiology help us plan and deliver effective child and adolescent mental health services?. J Child Psychol Psychiatry. 2008;49:900-14 pubmed publisher
    ..Academics are beginning to explore the use of structured measures developed for epidemiological studies in clinical assessment and outcome monitoring. ..

More Information

Publications64

  1. White A, Richardson N. Gendered epidemiology: making men's health visible in epidemiological research. Public Health. 2011;125:407-10 pubmed publisher
    ..This more nuanced stance is required to ensure that the complexity of men and women can be reflected in the field of public health. ..
  2. . Abstracts of the 3rd North American Congress of Epidemiology. June 21-24, 2011. Montreal, Canada. Am J Epidemiol. 2011;173 Suppl 11:S1-331 pubmed
  3. Venkatapuram S, Marmot M. Epidemiology and social justice in light of social determinants of health research. Bioethics. 2009;23:79-89 pubmed publisher
    ..problems that also fall within the smaller domain of ethics; one set pertains to the philosophy of epidemiology, and the second set pertains to the philosophy of health and social justice...
  4. Qi L. Mendelian randomization in nutritional epidemiology. Nutr Rev. 2009;67:439-50 pubmed publisher
    Nutritional epidemiology aims to identify dietary and lifestyle causes for human diseases...
  5. Braude H. Clinical intuition versus statistics: different modes of tacit knowledge in clinical epidemiology and evidence-based medicine. Theor Med Bioeth. 2009;30:181-98 pubmed publisher
    ..I argue that clinical epidemiology presents a more nuanced epistemological model for the application of statistical epidemiology to the clinical ..
  6. Foxman B, Rosenthal M. Implications of the human microbiome project for epidemiology. Am J Epidemiol. 2013;177:197-201 pubmed publisher
  7. Sheehan N, Didelez V, Burton P, Tobin M. Mendelian randomisation and causal inference in observational epidemiology. PLoS Med. 2008;5:e177 pubmed publisher
  8. Gunasekara F, Carter K, Blakely T. Glossary for econometrics and epidemiology. J Epidemiol Community Health. 2008;62:858-61 pubmed publisher
    ..This glossary defines key terms used in econometrics and epidemiology to assist in bridging this gap.
  9. Broadbent A. Causation and models of disease in epidemiology. Stud Hist Philos Biol Biomed Sci. 2009;40:302-11 pubmed publisher
    ..The focus of modern epidemiology, however, is on chronic non-communicable diseases, which frequently do not seem to be attributable to any ..
  10. Ness R, Andrews E, Gaudino J, Newman A, Soskolne C, STURMER T, et al. The future of epidemiology. Acad Med. 2009;84:1631-7 pubmed publisher
    In this article, the authors discuss current challenges and opportunities in epidemiology that will affect the field's future...
  11. Aanensen D, Huntley D, Feil E, al Own F, Spratt B. EpiCollect: linking smartphones to web applications for epidemiology, ecology and community data collection. PLoS ONE. 2009;4:e6968 pubmed publisher
    ..Furthermore, such frameworks offer great potential for recruiting 'citizen scientists' to contribute data easily to central databases through their mobile phone. ..
  12. Wurapa F, Afari E, Ohuabunwo C, Sackey S, Clerk C, Kwadje S, et al. One Health concept for strengthening public health surveillance and response through Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training in Ghana. Pan Afr Med J. 2011;10 Supp 1:6 pubmed
    ..the public health surveillance, outbreak investigation and response system made the development of the Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme (FELTP) a national priority...
  13. Dominici F, Wang C, Crainiceanu C, Parmigiani G. Model selection and health effect estimation in environmental epidemiology. Epidemiology. 2008;19:558-60 pubmed publisher
    In air pollution epidemiology, improvements in statistical analysis tools can help improve signal-to-noise ratios, and untangle large correlations between exposures and confounders...
  14. Linehan C, Tellez Zenteno J, Burneo J, Berg A. Future directions for epidemiology in epilepsy. Epilepsy Behav. 2011;22:112-7 pubmed publisher
    b>Epidemiology continues to be an important research tool in the study of epilepsy and related disorders, providing a better understanding of the frequency, causes and natural history of the disorder...
  15. Deppen S, Aldrich M, Hartge P, Berg C, Colditz G, Petitti D, et al. Cancer screening: the journey from epidemiology to policy. Ann Epidemiol. 2012;22:439-45 pubmed publisher
    ..In the complex landscape for cancer screening policy, epidemiologists can increase their impact by learning from past experiences, being well prepared and communicating effectively. ..
  16. von Elm E, Altman D, Egger M, Pocock S, Gøtzsche P, Vandenbroucke J. [The Strengthening the Reporting of Observational Studies in Epidemiology (STROBE) statement: guidelines for reporting observational studies]. Rev Esp Salud Publica. 2008;82:251-9 pubmed
    ..The Strengthening the Reporting of Observational Studies in Epidemiology (STROBE) initiative developed recommendations on what should be included in an accurate and complete report of ..
  17. Ntahobakurira I, Antara S, Galgalo T, Kakoma J, Karema C, NYATANYI T, et al. The Rwanda Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Program: training skilled disease detectives. Pan Afr Med J. 2011;10 Supp 1:7 pubmed
    ..of Rwanda (GOR) as well as the United States (US) Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the African Field Epidemiology Network, and other partners embarked on a series of activities to develop a public health workforce that would ..
  18. Rocca W, Yawn B, St Sauver J, Grossardt B, Melton L. History of the Rochester Epidemiology Project: half a century of medical records linkage in a US population. Mayo Clin Proc. 2012;87:1202-13 pubmed publisher
    The Rochester Epidemiology Project (REP) has maintained a comprehensive medical records linkage system for nearly half a century for almost all persons residing in Olmsted County, Minnesota...
  19. Turci S, Guilam M, Camara M. [Epidemiology and Public Health: tendencies of the Brazilian epidemiology production regarding volume, indexation and investigation areas - 2001 to 2006]. Cien Saude Colet. 2010;15:1967-76 pubmed
    ..We conclude that the epidemiological production tends to increase in indexed publications, covering various topics and a wide spectrum of relevant issues to Brazilian health policy. ..
  20. Béhague D, Goncalves H, Victora C. Anthropology and Epidemiology: learning epistemological lessons through a collaborative venture. Cien Saude Colet. 2008;13:1701-10 pubmed
    Collaboration between anthropology and epidemiology has a long and tumultuous history...
  21. Bonneux L. Medical demography and epidemiology: dizygotic twins. Eur J Epidemiol. 2009;24:157-9 pubmed publisher
    Demography is the statistical study of populations, epidemiology of health of populations...
  22. Feigin V, Kurtzke J, Korczyn A, Beghi E, Brown A. Bridging the gap between experimental and non-experimental neuroepidemiology, and ultimately - between neuroepidemiological research and practice: round table discussion at the First International Congress on Clinical Neurology and Epidemiology. Neuroepidemiology. 2009;33:296-304 pubmed
    ..of the congress was an interactive and inclusive discussion of the existing gaps between clinical neurology and epidemiology and the ways of bridging these gaps...
  23. Adami H, Berry S, Breckenridge C, Smith L, Swenberg J, Trichopoulos D, et al. Toxicology and epidemiology: improving the science with a framework for combining toxicological and epidemiological evidence to establish causal inference. Toxicol Sci. 2011;122:223-34 pubmed publisher
    ..toxicology took on a role that was intended to anticipate or predict potential adverse effects in humans, and epidemiology, in many cases, served a role in verifying or negating these toxicological predictions...
  24. Gandon S, Day T. Evolutionary epidemiology and the dynamics of adaptation. Evolution. 2009;63:826-38 pubmed publisher
    ..As mean fitness is an easily measurable quantity in microbial systems, this analysis provides new ways to track the dynamics of adaptation in experimental evolution and coevolution studies. ..
  25. Nsubuga P, Johnson K, Tetteh C, Oundo J, Weathers A, Vaughan J, et al. Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programs in sub-Saharan Africa from 2004 to 2010: need, the process, and prospects. Pan Afr Med J. 2011;10:24 pubmed
    ..EIS has been adapted internationally to create the Field Epidemiology Training Program (FETP) in several countries...
  26. Smith G. Epidemiology, epigenetics and the 'Gloomy Prospect': embracing randomness in population health research and practice. Int J Epidemiol. 2011;40:537-62 pubmed publisher
    ..These considerations suggest that epidemiological approaches will remain fruitful as we enter the decade of the epigenome. ..
  27. Mutabaruka E, Sawadogo M, Tarnagda Z, Ouédraogo L, Sangare L, Ousmane B, et al. The West Africa Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Program, a strategy to improve disease surveillance and epidemic control in West Africa. Pan Afr Med J. 2011;10 Supp 1:10 pubmed
    The West Africa Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Program (WA-FELTP) which was established in September 2007, is an inter-country, competency-based, in-service and post -graduate training program in applied epidemiology and ..
  28. Becker K, Ohuabunwo C, Ndjakani Y, Nguku P, Nsubuga P, Mukanga D, et al. Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programs in West Africa as a model for sustainable partnerships in animal and human health. J Am Vet Med Assoc. 2012;241:572-9 pubmed publisher
    ..influenza outbreaks in West Africa, international donor support led to a unique opportunity to invest in Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programs (FELTPs) in the region that engaged the animal and human health sectors to ..
  29. Eubank S, Barrett C, Beckman R, Bisset K, Durbeck L, Kuhlman C, et al. Detail in network models of epidemiology: are we there yet?. J Biol Dyn. 2010;4:446-55 pubmed publisher
    Network models of infectious disease epidemiology can potentially provide insight into how to tailor control strategies for specific regions, but only if the network adequately reflects the structure of the region's contact network...
  30. Liao H, Lynn H. A survey of variable selection methods in two Chinese epidemiology journals. BMC Med Res Methodol. 2010;10:87 pubmed publisher
    ..This review surveys the variable selection methods reported in two high-ranking Chinese epidemiology journals...
  31. Nachega J, Uthman O, Ho Y, Lo M, Anude C, Kayembe P, et al. Current status and future prospects of epidemiology and public health training and research in the WHO African region. Int J Epidemiol. 2012;41:1829-46 pubmed publisher
    To date little has been published about epidemiology and public health capacity (training, research, funding, human resources) in WHO/AFRO to help guide future planning by various stakeholders...
  32. Bonsall M. Parasite replication and the evolutionary epidemiology of parasite virulence. PLoS ONE. 2010;5:e12440 pubmed publisher
    ..Understanding how the effects of within-host processes scale up to affect the epidemiology has importance for understanding host-pathogen interactions.
  33. MMBUJI P, Mukanga D, Mghamba J, Ahly M, Mosha F, Azima S, et al. The Tanzania Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Program: building and transforming the public health workforce. Pan Afr Med J. 2011;10 Supp 1:9 pubmed
    The Tanzania Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Program (TFELTP) was established in 2008 as a partnership among the Ministry of Health and Social Welfare (MOHSW), Muhimbili University of Health and Allied Sciences, National ..
  34. Tshimanga M, Gombe N, SHAMBIRA G, Nqobile N. Strengthening field epidemiology in Africa: the Zimbabwe Field Epidemiology Training Program. Pan Afr Med J. 2011;10 Supp 1:12 pubmed
    ..Since the launch of the program, the majority of the graduates have filled most of the key public health positions and even so the positions in most of the nongovernmental organisations. ..
  35. Barreto S, Miranda J, Figueroa J, Schmidt M, Munoz S, Kuri Morales P, et al. Epidemiology in Latin America and the Caribbean: current situation and challenges. Int J Epidemiol. 2012;41:557-71 pubmed publisher
    ..Epidemiological Association to all WHO Regions to identify global opportunities to promote the development of epidemiology. Health situations of the regions were analysed based on published data on selected mortality, morbidity and ..
  36. Phua D, Ng T, Seow E. Epidemiology of suspected elderly mistreatment in Singapore. Singapore Med J. 2008;49:765-73 pubmed
    ..This present descriptive study aims to evaluate the other types of elderly mistreatment and epidemiology of suspected victims in the local population...
  37. Little J, Higgins J, Ioannidis J, Moher D, Gagnon F, von Elm E, et al. Strengthening the reporting of genetic association studies (STREGA): an extension of the strengthening the reporting of observational studies in epidemiology (STROBE) statement. J Clin Epidemiol. 2009;62:597-608.e4 pubmed publisher
    ..Association (STREGA) studies initiative builds on the Strengthening the Reporting of Observational Studies in Epidemiology (STROBE) statement and provides additions to 12 of the 22 items on the STROBE checklist...
  38. Tang J, Griffiths S. Review paper: epidemiology, evidence-based medicine, and public health. Asia Pac J Public Health. 2009;21:244-51 pubmed publisher
    This article reviews the relation between evidence-based medicine and epidemiology and the recent evolution of the former...
  39. Kandun I, Samaan G, Santoso H, Kushadiwijaya H, Juwita R, Mohadir A, et al. Strengthening Indonesia's Field Epidemiology Training Programme to address International Health Regulations requirements. Bull World Health Organ. 2010;88:211-5 pubmed publisher
    ..Many countries are establishing or enhancing their field epidemiology training programmes (FETPs) to meet human resource needs but face challenges in sustainability and training ..
  40. Pearce N. Epidemiology in a changing world: variation, causation and ubiquitous risk factors. Int J Epidemiol. 2011;40:503-12 pubmed publisher
    We are all living in the era of globalization and, like it or not, it is going to change the way we practise epidemiology, the kinds of questions we ask and the methods we use to answer them...
  41. Ogino S, King E, Beck A, Sherman M, Milner D, Giovannucci E. Interdisciplinary education to integrate pathology and epidemiology: towards molecular and population-level health science. Am J Epidemiol. 2012;176:659-67 pubmed publisher
    In recent decades, epidemiology, public health, and medical sciences have been increasingly compartmentalized into narrower disciplines...
  42. Vineis P, van Veldhoven K, Chadeau Hyam M, Athersuch T. Advancing the application of omics-based biomarkers in environmental epidemiology. Environ Mol Mutagen. 2013;54:461-7 pubmed publisher
    The use of omics represents a shift in approach for environmental epidemiology and exposure science...
  43. Meyer J, Ostrzinski S, Fredrich D, Havemann C, Krafczyk J, Hoffmann W. Efficient data management in a large-scale epidemiology research project. Comput Methods Programs Biomed. 2012;107:425-35 pubmed publisher
    ..The aim of this article is to demonstrate one possible way of establishing a Central Data Management in large-scale medical and epidemiological studies. ..
  44. Nijsten T, Stern R. How epidemiology has contributed to a better understanding of skin disease. J Invest Dermatol. 2012;132:994-1002 pubmed publisher
    b>Epidemiology literally means "the study of what is upon the people." It puts the individual's condition in a population context and is the path to disease prevention...
  45. Weissman M, Brown A, Talati A. Translational epidemiology in psychiatry: linking population to clinical and basic sciences. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 2011;68:600-8 pubmed publisher
    ..This article introduces the term translational epidemiology for psychiatry research as a bidirectional concept in which the knowledge generated from the bedside or the ..
  46. Gerberding J. Healthcare epidemiology: past and future. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 2010;31 Suppl 1:S73-5 pubmed publisher
    Healthcare epidemiology is a robust and adaptable profession with the noble mission of protecting patients and their healthcare providers from infectious diseases and other threats...
  47. Rohani P, King A. Never mind the length, feel the quality: the impact of long-term epidemiological data sets on theory, application and policy. Trends Ecol Evol. 2010;25:611-8 pubmed publisher
    ..However, the ecological perspective is increasingly recognized as essential in epidemiology. Long-term, spatially resolved reliable data on disease incidence and the ability to test them using ..
  48. Xing W, Hejblum G, Leung G, Valleron A. Anatomy of the epidemiological literature on the 2003 SARS outbreaks in Hong Kong and Toronto: a time-stratified review. PLoS Med. 2010;7:e1000272 pubmed publisher
    ..We identified and analyzed all published articles on the epidemiology of the SARS outbreak in Hong Kong or Toronto...
  49. Bremer V, Alpers K, Krause G. [Intervention epidemiology training programs in Germany and Europe. An investment in our future]. Bundesgesundheitsblatt Gesundheitsforschung Gesundheitsschutz. 2009;52:203-7 pubmed publisher
    ..The German Postgraduate training in Applied Epidemiology (PAE) at the Robert Koch Institute (RKI) and the European Programme for Intervention Epidemiology Training (..
  50. Levy J. Is epidemiology the key to cumulative risk assessment?. Risk Anal. 2008;28:1507-13 pubmed publisher
    ..b>Epidemiology can potentially include all relevant stressors, but developing and extracting the necessary information is ..
  51. Sanchez Mazas A, Vidan Jeras B, Nunes J, Fischer G, Little A, Bekmane U, et al. Strategies to work with HLA data in human populations for histocompatibility, clinical transplantation, epidemiology and population genetics: HLA-NET methodological recommendations. Int J Immunogenet. 2012;39:459-72; quiz 473-6 pubmed publisher
    HLA-NET (a European COST Action) aims at networking researchers working in bone marrow transplantation, epidemiology and population genetics to improve the molecular characterization of the HLA genetic diversity of human populations, with ..
  52. Jenkinson G, Goutsias J. Numerical integration of the master equation in some models of stochastic epidemiology. PLoS ONE. 2012;7:e36160 pubmed publisher
    ..the exact solution of the master equation--up to a desired precision--in certain models of stochastic epidemiology. We demonstrate the potential of our method by solving the master equation associated with the stochastic SIR ..
  53. Boulton M, Hadler J, Beck A, Ferland L, Lichtveld M. Assessment of epidemiology capacity in state health departments, 2004-2009. Public Health Rep. 2011;126:84-93 pubmed
    To assess the number of epidemiologists and epidemiology capacity nationally, the Council of State and Territorial Epidemiologists surveyed state health departments in 2004, 2006, and 2009...
  54. Kariuki Njenga M, Traicoff D, Tetteh C, Likimani S, Oundo J, Breiman R, et al. Laboratory epidemiologist: skilled partner in field epidemiology and disease surveillance in Kenya. J Public Health Policy. 2008;29:149-64 pubmed publisher
    Although for over 20 years the Field Epidemiology Training Programs (FETPs) have provided a model for building epidemiology capacity in Ministries of Health worldwide, the model does not address laboratory training and its integration ..
  55. Khoury M, Gwinn M, Ioannidis J. The emergence of translational epidemiology: from scientific discovery to population health impact. Am J Epidemiol. 2010;172:517-24 pubmed publisher
    Recent emphasis on translational research (TR) is highlighting the role of epidemiology in translating scientific discoveries into population health impact...