Summary: Epidemics of infectious disease that have spread to many countries, often more than one continent, and usually affecting a large number of people.

Top Publications

  1. Harris J, LaRocque R, Charles R, Mazumder R, Khan A, Bardhan P. Cholera's western front. Lancet. 2010;376:1961-5 pubmed publisher
  2. Mayosi B, Benatar S. Health and health care in South Africa--20 years after Mandela. N Engl J Med. 2014;371:1344-53 pubmed publisher
  3. Fitzgerald T, Moulia D, Graitcer S, Vagi S, Dopson S. 2015 Pandemic Influenza Readiness Assessment Among US Public Health Emergency Preparedness Awardees. Am J Public Health. 2017;107:S177-S179 pubmed publisher
    ..Planners must ensure readiness for POD sites to vaccinate, but should also leverage complementary sites and providers to augment public health response. ..
  4. Zablotska I. Ending the pandemic: reducing new HIV infections to zero. J Int AIDS Soc. 2013;16:18933 pubmed publisher
  5. Arduin H, Domenech de Cellès M, Guillemot D, Watier L, Opatowski L. An agent-based model simulation of influenza interactions at the host level: insight into the influenza-related burden of pneumococcal infections. BMC Infect Dis. 2017;17:382 pubmed publisher
    ..It provides a unique framework to generate in silico data for different scenarios and thereby test mechanistic hypotheses. ..
  6. Lucey D, Gostin L. The Emerging Zika Pandemic: Enhancing Preparedness. JAMA. 2016;315:865-6 pubmed publisher
  7. Drake T, Chalabi Z, Coker R. Cost-effectiveness analysis of pandemic influenza preparedness: what's missing?. Bull World Health Organ. 2012;90:940-1 pubmed publisher
  8. Peretti Watel P, Verger P, Raude J, Constant A, Gautier A, Jestin C, et al. Dramatic change in public attitudes towards vaccination during the 2009 influenza A(H1N1) pandemic in France. Euro Surveill. 2013;18: pubmed
    ..As this shift in attitude may have a significant impact on future vaccination coverage, health authorities should urgently address the vaccine confidence gap. ..
  9. Wiwanitkit V. H7N9 influenza-the laboratory presentations: a letter to editor. Asian Pac J Trop Biomed. 2013;3:584-5 pubmed publisher

More Information


  1. Chong K, Zee B, Wang M. A statistical method utilizing information of imported cases to estimate the transmissibility for an influenza pandemic. BMC Med Res Methodol. 2017;17:31 pubmed publisher
    ..method using arrival times of infected cases in different countries to estimate R 0 for influenza pandemics. A simulation was conducted to assess the performance of the proposed method...
  2. Kargarfard F, Sami A, Ebrahimie E. Knowledge discovery and sequence-based prediction of pandemic influenza using an integrated classification and association rule mining (CBA) algorithm. J Biomed Inform. 2015;57:181-8 pubmed publisher
    ..that the extracted rules can lead to the development of an efficient expert system for prediction of influenza pandemics. To this end, we used a large dataset containing 5373 HA (hemagglutinin) segments of the 2009 H1N1 pandemic and ..
  3. Kissling E, Rondy M. Early 2016/17 vaccine effectiveness estimates against influenza A(H3N2): I-MOVE multicentre case control studies at primary care and hospital levels in Europe. Euro Surveill. 2017;22: pubmed publisher
    ..7% in the influenza vaccination target group. At hospital level, IVE was 2.5%, 7.9% and 2.4% among???65, 65-79 and???80 year-olds. As in previous seasons, we observed suboptimal IVE against influenza A(H3N2). ..
  4. Lowen A. Constraints, Drivers, and Implications of Influenza A Virus Reassortment. Annu Rev Virol. 2017;4:105-121 pubmed publisher
    Influenza A viruses are constantly changing. This change accounts for seasonal epidemics, infrequent pandemics, and zoonotic outbreaks...
  5. Dumiak M. Push needed for pandemic planning. Bull World Health Organ. 2012;90:800-1 pubmed publisher
  6. Weissmann G. Ebola, dynamin, and the cordon sanitaire of Dr. Adrien Proust. FASEB J. 2015;29:1-4 pubmed publisher
  7. Hosseinnezhad A, Rapose A. Cryptococccal meningoencephalitis after H1N1 influenza. BMJ Case Rep. 2012;2012: pubmed publisher
  8. Araujo P, Almeida A, Pimentel C, Silva A, Sousa A, Valente S, et al. Sexual transmission of American trypanosomiasis in humans: a new potential pandemic route for Chagas parasites. Mem Inst Oswaldo Cruz. 2017;112:437-446 pubmed publisher
    ..Additionally, the importance of a vigorous education, information, and communication program to prevent sexually transmitted Chagas disease in humans cannot be underemphasised. ..
  9. Rojas Suarez J, Paternina Caicedo A, Cuevas L, Angulo S, Cifuentes R, Parra E, et al. Maternal mortality due to pandemic influenza A H1N1 2009 virus in Colombia. J Perinat Med. 2014;42:19-26 pubmed publisher
  10. Ramanathan A, Pullum L, Hobson T, Steed C, Quinn S, Chennubhotla C, et al. ORBiT: Oak Ridge biosurveillance toolkit for public health dynamics. BMC Bioinformatics. 2015;16 Suppl 17:S4 pubmed publisher
    ..Taken together ORBiT provides a scalable and extensible platform for public health surveillance. ..
  11. Kawaoka Y. H5N1: Flu transmission work is urgent. Nature. 2012;482:155 pubmed publisher
  12. Yang P, Shi W, Cui S, Zhang Y, Liu X, Wang Q. Infection with multiple avian influenza viruses in a man without poultry-handling practices suggesting an increased probability of emergent pandemic influenza virus in general population. Clin Infect Dis. 2012;54:307 pubmed publisher
  13. Oyeyemi S, Gabarron E, Wynn R. Ebola, Twitter, and misinformation: a dangerous combination?. BMJ. 2014;349:g6178 pubmed publisher
  14. Rasmussen S, Jamieson D. 2009 H1N1 influenza and pregnancy--5 years later. N Engl J Med. 2014;371:1373-5 pubmed publisher
  15. Collin J, Hill S, Kandlik Eltanani M, Plotnikova E, Ralston R, Smith K. Can public health reconcile profits and pandemics? An analysis of attitudes to commercial sector engagement in health policy and research. PLoS ONE. 2017;12:e0182612 pubmed publisher
    ..Partnership approaches to addressing non-communicable diseases seem incapable of attracting widespread support across public health, challenging practice in many contexts. ..
  16. Chowdhury F, Nur Z, Hassan N, von Seidlein L, Dunachie S. Pandemics, pathogenicity and changing molecular epidemiology of cholera in the era of global warming. Ann Clin Microbiol Antimicrob. 2017;16:10 pubmed publisher
  17. Sands P, Mundaca Shah C, Dzau V. The Neglected Dimension of Global Security--A Framework for Countering Infectious-Disease Crises. N Engl J Med. 2016;374:1281-7 pubmed publisher
  18. Dorratoltaj N, Marathe A, Lewis B, Swarup S, Eubank S, Abbas K. Epidemiological and economic impact of pandemic influenza in Chicago: Priorities for vaccine interventions. PLoS Comput Biol. 2017;13:e1005521 pubmed publisher objective is to estimate the epidemiological and economic impact of vaccine interventions during influenza pandemics in Chicago, and assist in vaccine intervention priorities...
  19. Fauci A, Morens D. Zika Virus in the Americas--Yet Another Arbovirus Threat. N Engl J Med. 2016;374:601-4 pubmed publisher
  20. Cheung W, Myburgh J, McGuinness S, Chalmers D, Parke R, Blyth F, et al. A cross-sectional survey of Australian and New Zealand public opinion on methods totriage intensive care patients in an influenza pandemic. Crit Care Resusc. 2017;19:254-265 pubmed
    ..In an influenza pandemic, when ICU resources would be overwhelmed, survey respondents preferred that ICU triage be performed by a senior doctor, but also perceived the use of pre-determined triage criteria to be fair. ..
  21. Spoor L, McAdam P, Weinert L, Rambaut A, Hasman H, Aarestrup F, et al. Livestock origin for a human pandemic clone of community-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus. MBio. 2013;4: pubmed publisher
  22. Razuri H, Romero C, Tinoco Y, Guezala M, Ortiz E, Silva M, et al. Population-based active surveillance cohort studies for influenza: lessons from Peru. Bull World Health Organ. 2012;90:318-20 pubmed publisher
  23. Francisci D, Labianca R, Roila F. Prevention and treatment of pandemic influenza in cancer patients. Ann Oncol. 2010;21:2301-3 pubmed publisher
  24. Fauci A, Marston H. Ending the HIV-AIDS Pandemic--Follow the Science. N Engl J Med. 2015;373:2197-9 pubmed publisher
  25. Mintz E, Tauxe R. Cholera in Africa: a closer look and a time for action. J Infect Dis. 2013;208 Suppl 1:S4-7 pubmed publisher
  26. Fauci A. AIDS: let science inform policy. Science. 2011;333:13 pubmed publisher
  27. Alam S, Chan C, Qiu X, Shannon I, White C, Sant A, et al. Selective pre-priming of HA-specific CD4 T cells restores immunological reactivity to HA on heterosubtypic influenza infection. PLoS ONE. 2017;12:e0176407 pubmed publisher
    ..This could be a potentially useful pre-pandemic vaccination strategy to promote accelerated neutralizing antibody production on challenge with a pandemic influenza strain that contains few conserved HA epitopes. ..
  28. Adam D, Magee D, Bui C, Scotch M, MacIntyre C. Does influenza pandemic preparedness and mitigation require gain-of-function research?. Influenza Other Respir Viruses. 2017;11:306-310 pubmed publisher
    ..In this commentary, we provide an overview of the background and applications of gain-of-function research and argue that the anticipated benefits have yet to materialize while the significant risks remain...
  29. Kissling E, Valenciano M, Buchholz U, Larrauri A, Cohen J, Nunes B, et al. Influenza vaccine effectiveness estimates in Europe in a season with three influenza type/subtypes circulating: the I-MOVE multicentre case-control study, influenza season 2012/13. Euro Surveill. 2014;19: pubmed
    ..In this season with many co-circulating viruses, the high sample size enabled stratified AVE by type/subtype. The low estimates indicate seasonal influenza vaccines should be improved to achieve acceptable protection levels. ..
  30. Fauci A, Folkers G. Toward an AIDS-free generation. JAMA. 2012;308:343-4 pubmed publisher
  31. von der Beck D, Seeger W, Herold S, Gunther A, Löh B. Characteristics and outcomes of a cohort hospitalized for pandemic and seasonal influenza in Germany based on nationwide inpatient data. PLoS ONE. 2017;12:e0180920 pubmed publisher
    ..Younger patients were more frequently hospitalized. Differences with respect to the presence of certain comorbidities and co-diagnoses, length of stay, time to ventilation and ventilation time could be identified. ..
  32. Silva W, Das T, Izurieta R. Estimating disease burden of a potential A(H7N9) pandemic influenza outbreak in the United States. BMC Public Health. 2017;17:898 pubmed publisher
    ..Furthermore, the full extent of possible NPIs, if deployed, could also have lowered the disease burden estimates. ..
  33. Lanari M, Capretti M, Decembrino L, Natale F, Pedicino R, Pugni L, et al. Focus on pandemic 2009 H1N1 influenza (swine flu). Minerva Pediatr. 2010;62:39-40 pubmed
    ..Rigorous attention to Standard Precautions and Droplet Precautions is required to reduce the opportunities for the transmission of the infection in the health-care setting. ..
  34. Jackson M, Yu O, Nelson J, Naleway A, Belongia E, Baxter R, et al. Further evidence for bias in observational studies of influenza vaccine effectiveness: the 2009 influenza A(H1N1) pandemic. Am J Epidemiol. 2013;178:1327-36 pubmed publisher
    ..This supports the use of preinfluenza periods as control time periods in studies of influenza vaccine effectiveness. ..
  35. Raffan E. The big problem: battling companion animal obesity. Vet Rec. 2013;173:287-91 pubmed publisher
  36. Pfister R, Kochanek M, Leygeber T, Brun Buisson C, Cuquemelle E, Machado M, et al. Procalcitonin for diagnosis of bacterial pneumonia in critically ill patients during 2009 H1N1 influenza pandemic: a prospective cohort study, systematic review and individual patient data meta-analysis. Crit Care. 2014;18:R44 pubmed publisher
  37. Lurie N, Manolio T, Patterson A, Collins F, Frieden T. Research as a part of public health emergency response. N Engl J Med. 2013;368:1251-5 pubmed publisher
  38. Acquah J, Dahal R, Sloan F. 1918 Influenza Pandemic: In Utero Exposure in the United States and Long-Term Impact on Hospitalizations. Am J Public Health. 2017;107:1477-1483 pubmed publisher
    ..Public Health Implications. To determine investments in influenza pandemic prevention programs that protect fetal health, policymakers should include long-term reductions in hospitalizations in their cost-benefit evaluations. ..
  39. Boedeker N, Nelson M, Killian M, Torchetti M, Barthel T, Murray S. Pandemic (H1N1) 2009 influenza A virus infection associated with respiratory signs in sloth bears (Melursus ursinus). Zoonoses Public Health. 2017;64:566-571 pubmed publisher
    ..A combination of phylogenetic and epidemiological evidence strongly suggests the sloth bear was infected with a human-origin pH1N1 virus, supporting the implementation of biosecurity measures to protect human and animal health. ..
  40. Wagner R, Pfleiderer M. Reproducibility of assays for influenza vaccine immunogenicity determination: progress towards consistency. Expert Rev Vaccines. 2012;11:881-3 pubmed
  41. Richard J, Pham T, Brun Buisson C, Reignier J, Mercat A, Beduneau G, et al. Interest of a simple on-line screening registry for measuring ICU burden related to an influenza pandemic. Crit Care. 2012;16:R118 pubmed publisher
    ..An on-line assessment of Flu-OR via a simple dedicated registry may contribute to better match resources and needs. ..
  42. Piot P, Quinn T. Response to the AIDS pandemic--a global health model. N Engl J Med. 2013;368:2210-8 pubmed publisher
  43. Sambala E, Manderson L. Policy perspectives on post pandemic influenza vaccination in Ghana and Malawi. BMC Public Health. 2017;17:227 pubmed publisher
  44. Kadam A, Eutsey R, Rosch J, Miao X, Longwell M, Xu W, et al. Promiscuous signaling by a regulatory system unique to the pandemic PMEN1 pneumococcal lineage. PLoS Pathog. 2017;13:e1006339 pubmed publisher
    ..Acquisition of TprA2/PhrA2 has provided PMEN1 isolates with a mechanism to promote commensalism over dissemination and control inter-strain gene regulation. ..
  45. Molbak K, Espenhain L, Nielsen J, Tersago K, Bossuyt N, Denissov G, et al. Excess mortality among the elderly in European countries, December 2014 to February 2015. Euro Surveill. 2015;20: pubmed
  46. Fernández Villa T, Molina A, Torner N, Castilla J, Astray J, García Gutiérrez S, et al. Factors associated with acceptance of pandemic flu vaccine by healthcare professionals in Spain, 2009-2010. Res Nurs Health. 2017;40:435-443 pubmed publisher
  47. Gomersall C, Joynt G. What is the benefit in triage?. Crit Care Med. 2011;39:911-2 pubmed publisher
  48. Hick J, Einav S, Hanfling D, Kissoon N, Dichter J, Devereaux A, et al. Surge capacity principles: care of the critically ill and injured during pandemics and disasters: CHEST consensus statement. Chest. 2014;146:e1S-e16S pubmed publisher
    ..for expanding critical care surge capacity and extension of critical care service capabilities in disasters or pandemics. It focuses on the principles and frameworks for expansion of intensive care services in hospitals in the ..
  49. Viboud C, Simonsen L. Global mortality of 2009 pandemic influenza A H1N1. Lancet Infect Dis. 2012;12:651-3 pubmed publisher
  50. Kuiken T, Fouchier R, Rimmelzwaan G, van den Brand J, van Riel D, Osterhaus A. Pigs, poultry, and pandemic influenza: how zoonotic pathogens threaten human health. Adv Exp Med Biol. 2011;719:59-66 pubmed publisher
  51. Sanejouand Y. A singular mutation in the hemagglutinin of the 1918 pandemic virus. Arch Biochem Biophys. 2017;625-626:13-16 pubmed publisher
    ..Monitoring this singular mutation in viral sequences may help prevent another dramatic pandemic. ..
  52. Marcos M, Ramon S, Anton A, Martinez E, Vilella A, Olive V, et al. Clinical relevance of mixed respiratory viral infections in adults with influenza A H1N1. Eur Respir J. 2011;38:739-42 pubmed publisher
  53. Tzarum N, de Vries R, Peng W, Thompson A, Bouwman K, McBride R, et al. The 150-Loop Restricts the Host Specificity of Human H10N8 Influenza Virus. Cell Rep. 2017;19:235-245 pubmed publisher
    ..Adaptation of influenza A viruses to new hosts are rare events but are the basis for emergence of new influenza pandemics in the human population...
  54. Rolain J, Parola P, Cornaglia G. New Delhi metallo-beta-lactamase (NDM-1): towards a new pandemia?. Clin Microbiol Infect. 2010;16:1699-701 pubmed publisher
  55. Fisman D, Leung G, Lipsitch M. Nuanced risk assessment for emerging infectious diseases. Lancet. 2014;383:189-90 pubmed publisher
  56. Cassady D, Castaneda X, Ruelas M, Vostrejs M, Andrews T, Osório L. Pandemics and vaccines: perceptions, reactions, and lessons learned from hard-to-reach Latinos and the H1N1 campaign. J Health Care Poor Underserved. 2012;23:1106-22 pubmed publisher
    ..Key findings inform future emergency response activities targeting HTR Latino communities. ..
  57. Hu F, Satija A, Manson J. Curbing the Diabetes Pandemic: The Need for Global Policy Solutions. JAMA. 2015;313:2319-20 pubmed publisher
  58. Baker S. Infectious disease. A return to the pre-antimicrobial era?. Science. 2015;347:1064-6 pubmed publisher
  59. Fox S, Miller J, Meyers L. Seasonality in risk of pandemic influenza emergence. PLoS Comput Biol. 2017;13:e1005749 pubmed publisher
    Influenza pandemics can emerge unexpectedly and wreak global devastation. However, each of the six pandemics since 1889 emerged in the Northern Hemisphere just after the flu season, suggesting that pandemic timing may be predictable...
  60. Lamb R. Deadly H7N9 influenza virus: a pandemic in the making or a warning lesson?. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2013;188:1-2 pubmed publisher
  61. Kapczynski A. Order Without Intellectual Property Law: Open Science in Influenza. Cornell Law Rev. 2017;102:1539-648 pubmed
    ..Recognizing this can help us better ground this new field, and better study and support forms of knowledge production that deserve our attention, and that sometimes sustain our very lives...
  62. Widdowson M, Bresee J, Jernigan D. The Global Threat of Animal Influenza Viruses of Zoonotic Concern: Then and Now. J Infect Dis. 2017;216:S493-S498 pubmed publisher
    ..This supplement brings together select recent articles that look at the risk of emergence and transmission of and approaches to prevent novel influenza virus infections...
  63. Einav S, Hick J, Hanfling D, Erstad B, Toner E, Branson R, et al. Surge capacity logistics: care of the critically ill and injured during pandemics and disasters: CHEST consensus statement. Chest. 2014;146:e17S-43S pubmed publisher
    ..During a temporary loss of infrastructure or overwhelmed hospital resources, deployable critical care services should be considered. ..
  64. Pelat C, Ferguson N, White P, Reed C, Finelli L, Cauchemez S, et al. Optimizing the precision of case fatality ratio estimates under the surveillance pyramid approach. Am J Epidemiol. 2014;180:1036-46 pubmed publisher
    ..We illustrate these concepts with numerical examples corresponding to 3 influenza pandemic scenarios. Finally, we review the equally important issue of accuracy. ..
  65. Towers S. Sunspot activity and influenza pandemics: a statistical assessment of the purported association. Epidemiol Infect. 2017;145:2640-2655 pubmed publisher
    ..literature have claimed to find a significant association between sunspot activity and the timing of influenza pandemics. This paper examines these analyses, and attempts to recreate the three most recent statistical analyses by ..
  66. Wu J, Ma E, Lee C, Chu D, Ho P, Shen A, et al. A serial cross-sectional serologic survey of 2009 Pandemic (H1N1) in Hong Kong: implications for future pandemic influenza surveillance. Influenza Other Respir Viruses. 2011;5 Suppl 1:190-4 pubmed
  67. Su S, Wong G, Liu Y, Gao G, Li S, Bi Y. MERS in South Korea and China: a potential outbreak threat?. Lancet. 2015;385:2349-50 pubmed publisher
  68. Pang T. Is the global health community prepared for future pandemics? A need for solidarity, resources and strong governance. EMBO Mol Med. 2016;8:587-8 pubmed publisher
  69. Wain Hobson S. Pandemic influenza viruses: time to recognize our inability to predict the unpredictable and stop dangerous gain-of-function experiments. EMBO Mol Med. 2013;5:1637-41 pubmed publisher
  70. Wong J, Kelly H, Cheung C, Shiu E, Wu P, Ni M, et al. Hospitalization Fatality Risk of Influenza A(H1N1)pdm09: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Am J Epidemiol. 2015;182:294-301 pubmed publisher
  71. . Antigenic and genetic characteristics of zoonotic influenza viruses and development of candidate vaccine viruses for pandemic preparedness. Wkly Epidemiol Rec. 2015;90:561-71 pubmed
  72. . Possession, use, and transfer of select agents and toxins; biennial review. Final rule. Fed Regist. 2012;77:61083-115 pubmed
    ..In a companion document published in this issue of the Federal Register, the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) has made parallel regulatory changes. ..
  73. van der Tweel I, van der Graaf R. Issues in the use of stepped wedge cluster and alternative designs in the case of pandemics. Am J Bioeth. 2013;13:23-4 pubmed publisher
  74. Fouchier R, Kawaoka Y, Cardona C, Compans R, Garcia Sastre A, Govorkova E, et al. Gain-of-function experiments on H7N9. Science. 2013;341:612-3 pubmed publisher
  75. Mukerji S, MacIntyre C, Seale H, Wang Q, Yang P, Wang X, et al. Cost-effectiveness analysis of N95 respirators and medical masks to protect healthcare workers in China from respiratory infections. BMC Infect Dis. 2017;17:464 pubmed publisher
    ..In the case of a highly pathogenic pandemic, respirator use in HCWs would likely be a cost-effective intervention. ..
  76. Tabataba F, Chakraborty P, Ramakrishnan N, Venkatramanan S, Chen J, Lewis B, et al. A framework for evaluating epidemic forecasts. BMC Infect Dis. 2017;17:345 pubmed publisher
    ..Thus we call for a more nuanced approach while evaluating epidemic forecasts and we believe that a comprehensive evaluation framework, as presented in this paper, will add value to the computational epidemiology community. ..
  77. Nair H, Lau E, Brooks W, Seong A, Theodoratou E, Zgaga L, et al. An evaluation of the emerging vaccines against influenza in children. BMC Public Health. 2013;13 Suppl 3:S14 pubmed publisher
    ..limitations: annual vaccination, high production costs, and cannot respond adequately to meet the demand during pandemics. We used a modified CHNRI methodology for setting priorities in health research investments...
  78. Stein F, Sridhar D. Health as a "global public good": creating a market for pandemic risk. BMJ. 2017;358:j3397 pubmed publisher
  79. . Self-reported influenza-like illness during the 2009 H1N1 influenza pandemic--United States, September 2009 - March 2010. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2011;60:37-41 pubmed
    ..The results indicate that reported symptoms of ILI were widespread during the 2009--10 influenza season, with a substantial percentage of those reporting ILI seeking health care. ..
  80. Jiang S, Lu L, Du L, Debnath A. A predicted receptor-binding and critical neutralizing domain in S protein of the novel human coronavirus HCoV-EMC. J Infect. 2013;66:464-6 pubmed publisher
  81. Paz S, Semenza J. El Niño and climate change--contributing factors in the dispersal of Zika virus in the Americas?. Lancet. 2016;387:745 pubmed publisher
  82. Shao Q, Jia M. Influences on influenza transmission within terminal based on hierarchical structure of personal contact network. BMC Public Health. 2015;15:257 pubmed publisher
    Since the outbreak of pandemics, influenza has caused extensive attention in the field of public health. It is actually hard to distinguish what is the most effective method to control the influenza transmission within airport terminal...
  83. Saunders Hastings P, Quinn Hayes B, Smith R, Krewski D. Modelling community-control strategies to protect hospital resources during an influenza pandemic in Ottawa, Canada. PLoS ONE. 2017;12:e0179315 pubmed publisher
    ..We estimate the likely burden of future influenza pandemics through health and economic endpoints...
  84. Aoki F, Hayden F. The beneficial effects of neuraminidase inhibitor drug therapy on severe patient outcomes during the 2009-2010 influenza A virus subtype H1N1 pandemic. J Infect Dis. 2013;207:547-9 pubmed publisher
  85. Fineberg H. Pandemic preparedness and response--lessons from the H1N1 influenza of 2009. N Engl J Med. 2014;370:1335-42 pubmed publisher