Summary: Sudden outbreaks of a disease in a country or region not previously recognized in that area, or a rapid increase in the number of new cases of a previous existing endemic disease. Epidemics can also refer to outbreaks of disease in animal or plant populations.

Top Publications

  1. Wagner B, Kahn J, Blower S. Should we try to eliminate HIV epidemics by using a 'Test and Treat' strategy?. AIDS. 2010;24:775-6 pubmed publisher
  2. Reniers G, Helleringer S. Serosorting and the evaluation of HIV testing and counseling for HIV prevention in generalized epidemics. AIDS Behav. 2011;15:1-8 pubmed publisher
  3. Wu Z, Wang Y, Detels R, Rotheram Borus M. China AIDS policy implementation: reversing the HIV/AIDS epidemic by 2015. Int J Epidemiol. 2010;39 Suppl 2:ii1-3 pubmed publisher
  4. Summers A, Nyenswah T, Montgomery J, Neatherlin J, Tappero J, T N, et al. Challenges in responding to the ebola epidemic - four rural counties, Liberia, August-November 2014. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2014;63:1202-4 pubmed
  5. Walker N, Brown C, Youkee D, Baker P, Williams N, Kalawa A, et al. Evaluation of a point-of-care blood test for identification of Ebola virus disease at Ebola holding units, Western Area, Sierra Leone, January to February 2015. Euro Surveill. 2015;20: pubmed
    ..4-93.8) and 100% (95% CI: 96.7-100), respectively. These results, if confirmed in a larger study, suggest that this RDT could be used as a 'rule-out' screening test for EVD to improve rapid case identification and resource allocation. ..
  6. Wang L, Teng Z, Tang T, Li Z. Threshold Dynamics in Stochastic SIRS Epidemic Models with Nonlinear Incidence and Vaccination. Comput Math Methods Med. 2017;2017:7294761 pubmed publisher
    ..Finally, a series of numerical examples are introduced to illustrate our main theoretical results and some conjectures are further proposed. ..
  7. Iwuji C, Newell M. Towards control of the global HIV epidemic: Addressing the middle-90 challenge in the UNAIDS 90-90-90 target. PLoS Med. 2017;14:e1002293 pubmed publisher
    ..In a Perspective, Collins Iwuji and Marie-Louise Newell discuss early findings from Richard Hayes and colleagues' PopART study on HIV testing and treatment. ..
  8. Mayrhuber E, Niederkrotenthaler T, Kutalek R. "We are survivors and not a virus:" Content analysis of media reporting on Ebola survivors in Liberia. PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2017;11:e0005845 pubmed publisher
    ..While the articles contextualised factors contributing to stigmatisation throughout the reporting, journalistic scrutiny regarding effectiveness of interventions by government and NGOs was missing. ..
  9. . Rubella vaccines: WHO position paper. Wkly Epidemiol Rec. 2011;86:301-16 pubmed

More Information

Publications107 found, 100 shown here

  1. Czarkowski M, Hallmann Szelińska E, Staszewska E, Bednarska K, Kondratiuk K, Brydak L. Influenza in Poland in 2011-2012 and in 2011/2012 and 2012/2013 epidemic seasons. Przegl Epidemiol. 2014;68:455-63, 559-65 pubmed
    ..An increase in the influenza vaccination coverage to the average observed in the EU countries should be one of the priorities for the sanitary-epidemiological stations. ..
  2. Delamou A, Hammonds R, Caluwaerts S, Utz B, Delvaux T. Ebola in Africa: beyond epidemics, reproductive health in crisis. Lancet. 2014;384:2105 pubmed publisher
  3. Jouannic J, Friszer S, Leparc Goffart I, Garel C, Eyrolle Guignot D. Zika virus infection in French Polynesia. Lancet. 2016;387:1051-1052 pubmed publisher
  4. Samet J. Russia and human immunodeficiency virus--beyond crime and punishment. Addiction. 2011;106:1883-5 pubmed publisher
  5. Enserink M. The Ebola Epidemic. High hopes for Guinean vaccine trial. Science. 2015;347:219-20 pubmed publisher
  6. . Update on Emerging Infections: News From the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Pertussis Epidemic—California, 2014. Ann Emerg Med. 2015;65:568-70 pubmed
  7. Sasse A. Letter to the editor: New metrics to monitor progress towards global HIV targets: using the estimated number of undiagnosed HIV-infected individuals as denominator. Euro Surveill. 2016;21: pubmed publisher
  8. Castro L, Fox S, Chen X, Liu K, Bellan S, Dimitrov N, et al. Assessing real-time Zika risk in the United States. BMC Infect Dis. 2017;17:284 pubmed publisher
    ..We found that counties most likely to detect cases are not necessarily the most likely to experience epidemics, and used our framework to identify triggers to signal the start of an epidemic based on a policymakers ..
  9. Kuivanen S, Korhonen E, Helisten A, Huhtamo E, Smura T, Vapalahti O. Differences in the growth properties of Zika virus foetal brain isolate and related epidemic strains in vitro. J Gen Virol. 2017;98:1744-1748 pubmed publisher
    ..The recent foetal brain isolate FB-GWUH-2016 demonstrated enhanced infectivity and replication over the serum-origin isolates from French Polynesia and Martinique, suggesting differences in the pathogenic properties. ..
  10. Iskander J, Rose D, Ghiya N. Science in Emergency Response at CDC: Structure and Functions. Am J Public Health. 2017;107:S122-S125 pubmed publisher
    ..Prevention (CDC) Emergency Operations Center (EOC) include responses to the West African Ebola and Zika virus epidemics. Within the EOC, emergency responses are organized according to the Incident Management System, which provides a ..
  11. Samaranayake L, Scully C, Nair R, Petti S. Viral haemorrhagic fevers with emphasis on Ebola virus disease and oro-dental healthcare. Oral Dis. 2015;21:1-6 pubmed publisher
  12. Kucharski A, Eggo R, Watson C, Camacho A, Funk S, Edmunds W. Effectiveness of Ring Vaccination as Control Strategy for Ebola Virus Disease. Emerg Infect Dis. 2016;22:105-8 pubmed publisher
    ..However, in later stages of the epidemic or in outbreaks with less intense transmission or more effective control, this strategy could help eliminate the disease. ..
  13. Lind L, Lind P, Lejonklou M, Dunder L, Bergman A, Guerrero Bosagna C, et al. Uppsala Consensus Statement on Environmental Contaminants and the Global Obesity Epidemic. Environ Health Perspect. 2016;124:A81-3 pubmed publisher
  14. Paniz Mondolfi A, Rodriguez Morales A, Blohm G, Marquez M, Villamil Gomez W. ChikDenMaZika Syndrome: the challenge of diagnosing arboviral infections in the midst of concurrent epidemics. Ann Clin Microbiol Antimicrob. 2016;15:42 pubmed publisher
  15. Tang X, Geater A, McNeil E, Deng Q, Dong A, Zhong G. Spatial, temporal and spatio-temporal clusters of measles incidence at the county level in Guangxi, China during 2004-2014: flexibly shaped scan statistics. BMC Infect Dis. 2017;17:243 pubmed publisher
    ..Thus, intensifying surveillance of timeliness and completeness of routine vaccination and implementing supplementary immunization activities for measles should prioritized in these regions. ..
  16. Cheng J, Zhang H, Zhao Y, Wang L, Chen M. Mutual Impact of Diabetes Mellitus and Tuberculosis in China. Biomed Environ Sci. 2017;30:384-389 pubmed publisher
    ..This paper systematically reviewed studies conducted in China covering the mutual impact of epidemics of diabetes and tuberculosis, the impact of diabetes on multi-drug resistant tuberculosis and on the ..
  17. Ashbaugh H, Kuang B, Gadoth A, Alfonso V, Mukadi P, Doshi R, et al. Detecting Ebola with limited laboratory access in the Democratic Republic of Congo: evaluation of a clinical passive surveillance reporting system. Trop Med Int Health. 2017;22:1141-1153 pubmed publisher
  18. . Meningococcal carriage in the African meningitis belt. Trop Med Int Health. 2013;18:968-78 pubmed publisher
    ..If PsA-TT is to achieve the goal of preventing epidemics, it must be able to prevent the acquisition of pharyngeal carriage as well as invasive meningococcal disease and ..
  19. Watts J. Haiti making good progress in health but challenges remain. Lancet. 2014;384:1413-4 pubmed publisher
  20. Cox E, Borio L, Temple R. Evaluating Ebola therapies--the case for RCTs. N Engl J Med. 2014;371:2350-1 pubmed publisher
  21. Baştuğ A, Bodur H. Ebola viral disease: What should be done to combat the epidemic in 2014?. Turk J Med Sci. 2015;45:1-5 pubmed
    Ebola virus disease (EVD) was defined first in 1976. Since then, more than 24 epidemics have been reported from Africa, predominantly with the Zaire species...
  22. Gossner C. New version of the Epidemic Intelligence Information System for food- and waterborne diseases and zoonoses (EPIS-FWD) launched. Euro Surveill. 2016;21: pubmed publisher
  23. Lilay A, Asamene N, Bekele A, Mengesha M, Wendabeku M, Tareke I, et al. Reemergence of yellow fever in Ethiopia after 50 years, 2013: epidemiological and entomological investigations. BMC Infect Dis. 2017;17:343 pubmed publisher
    ..The investigation revealed that YF outbreak was reemerged after 50 years in Ethiopia. Vaccination should be given for the affected and neighboring districts and Case based surveillance should be initiated to detect every case. ..
  24. Gao J, Shen B, Xiong J, Lu Y, Jiang Q. The measles epidemic trend over the past 30 years in a central district in Shanghai, China. PLoS ONE. 2017;12:e0179470 pubmed publisher
    ..We recommend supplemental immunization against measles in adults in order to reduce the immunity decline, especially for migrants. ..
  25. Delva W, Verguet S, Hargrove J, Williams B, Sheneberger R, Stander T, et al. Treatment-centred prevention: an integrated biomedical and social approach to HIV prevention. AIDS. 2011;25:1435-7; author reply 1435 pubmed publisher
  26. Ngugi E, Roth E, Mastin T, Nderitu M, Yasmin S. Female sex workers in Africa: epidemiology overview, data gaps, ways forward. SAHARA J. 2012;9:148-53 pubmed publisher
  27. Krim M, Johnston R. AIDS: The final chapter?. AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses. 2014;30:5-7 pubmed publisher
  28. Maurice J. WHO meeting chooses untried interventions to defeat Ebola. Lancet. 2014;384:e45-6 pubmed
  29. Farine D. The dynamics of transmission and the dynamics of networks. J Anim Ecol. 2017;86:415-418 pubmed publisher
    ..These findings highlight some of the challenges associated with studying disease dynamics in animal populations, and the importance of continuing efforts to develop the network tools needed to study disease spread. ..
  30. Bindi J, Braunstein A, Dall Asta L. Predicting epidemic evolution on contact networks from partial observations. PLoS ONE. 2017;12:e0176376 pubmed publisher
    ..model, Belief Propagation was proved to be a reliable and efficient method to identify the origin of an observed epidemics. Here we show that the same method can be applied to predict the future evolution of an epidemic outbreak from ..
  31. . Meningococcal vaccines: WHO position paper, November 2011. Wkly Epidemiol Rec. 2011;86:521-39 pubmed
  32. Sidibe M, Campbell J. Reversing a global health workforce crisis. Bull World Health Organ. 2015;93:3 pubmed publisher
  33. Martinez Palomo A. Revisiting Zika (and Rubella). J Public Health Policy. 2016;37:273-276 pubmed publisher
    ..The development and almost universal use of rubella vaccine has all but eliminated the congenital rubella syndrome in the world. Rapid development of Zika virus vaccine might well do the same for this epidemic. ..
  34. Riediger I, Stoddard R, Ribeiro G, Nakatani S, Moreira S, Skraba I, et al. Rapid, actionable diagnosis of urban epidemic leptospirosis using a pathogenic Leptospira lipL32-based real-time PCR assay. PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2017;11:e0005940 pubmed publisher
    ..identified by active hospital-based surveillance in Salvador and Curitiba during large urban leptospirosis epidemics were tested...
  35. Spencer C. Having and fighting Ebola--public health lessons from a clinician turned patient. N Engl J Med. 2015;372:1089-91 pubmed publisher
  36. Refaey S, Azziz Baumgartner E, Amin M, Fahim M, Roguski K, Elaziz H, et al. Increased Number of Human Cases of Influenza Virus A(H5N1) Infection, Egypt, 2014-15. Emerg Infect Dis. 2015;21:2171-3 pubmed publisher
    ..Among infected persons, 99% reported poultry exposure: 19% to ill poultry and 35% to dead poultry. Only 1 person reported wearing personal protective equipment while working with poultry. ..
  37. Wu S, Ma C, Peng X, Zhang D, Wang Q, Yang P. [Characteristics on the onset features of scarlet fever in Beijing, 2006-2015]. Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi. 2017;38:514-517 pubmed publisher
    ..17?????????????????????????Pearson????=0.729?P<0.001????2011?A??????????????2.14?? ??? 2011???????????????????????????????????????????A???????????????????????????. ..
  38. Watts A, Miniota J, Joseph H, Brady O, Kraemer M, Grills A, et al. Elevation as a proxy for mosquito-borne Zika virus transmission in the Americas. PLoS ONE. 2017;12:e0178211 pubmed publisher
    ..Although elevation is a crude predictor of environmental suitability for ZIKV transmission, its constancy made it a pragmatic input for policy decision-making during this public health emergency. ..
  39. Bruggink L, Catton M, Marshall J. Authors' reply: A norovirus intervariant GII.4 recombinant in Victoria, Australia, June 2016: the next epidemic variant? Reflections and a note of caution. Euro Surveill. 2016;21: pubmed publisher
  40. Oh H, Bae J. Vaccination history in elementary school children enrolled in the varicella epidemic investigations held in Jeju-si, Korea in the first half of 2017. Epidemiol Health. 2017;39:e2017053 pubmed publisher
    ..As the government of Jeju-do has supplied a single-labeled vaccine since 2011, there is a need to evaluate the type of vaccination failure such as primary or secondary. ..
  41. . Pertussis epidemic--Washington, 2012. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2012;61:517-22 pubmed
    ..Pertussis vaccination remains the single most effective strategy for prevention of infection. ..
  42. Gonsalves G, Staley P. Panic, paranoia, and public health--the AIDS epidemic's lessons for Ebola. N Engl J Med. 2014;371:2348-9 pubmed publisher
  43. Sharara S, Kanj S. War and infectious diseases: challenges of the Syrian civil war. PLoS Pathog. 2014;10:e1004438 pubmed publisher
  44. Malek R, Mitchell H, Furegato M, Simms I, Mohammed H, Nardone A, et al. Contribution of transmission in HIV-positive men who have sex with men to evolving epidemics of sexually transmitted infections in England: an analysis using multiple data sources, 2009-2013. Euro Surveill. 2015;20: pubmed
    ..of STIs in HIV-positive MSM and assessed whether transmission in HIV-positive MSM has contributed to recent STI epidemics in England...
  45. Nyenswah T, Fallah M, Sieh S, Kollie K, Badio M, Gray A, et al. Controlling the last known cluster of Ebola virus disease - Liberia, January-February 2015. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2015;64:500-4 pubmed
    ..After February 19, no additional clusters of Ebola cases have been detected in Liberia. On May 9, the World Health Organization declared the end of the Ebola outbreak in Liberia. ..
  46. Kang W, Tian Z, Li Q, Zhang L, Xu L. [Sero-epidemiological survey on hepatitis B virus in Yunnan province, between 2006 and 2014]. Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi. 2017;38:518-521 pubmed publisher
    ..12%?1.61%?1.25%?10~?15~????2014??-hbs???????2006??20~29??2014??-hbc???????2006?? ??? ??????????????????<15?????????. ..
  47. Zhang Y, Gong Y, Wang C, Liu W, Wang Z, Xia Z, et al. Rapid deployment of a mobile biosafety level-3 laboratory in Sierra Leone during the 2014 Ebola virus epidemic. PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2017;11:e0005622 pubmed publisher
    ..The MBSL-3 Lab significantly contributed to establishing a suitable laboratory response capacity during the emergence of EVD in Sierra Leone. ..
  48. . More and better information to tackle HIV epidemics: towards improved HIV incidence assays. PLoS Med. 2011;8:e1001045 pubmed publisher
  49. Olliaro P, Lasry E, Tiffany A. Out of (west) Africa-who lost in the end?. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2015;92:242-3 pubmed publisher
  50. McQuilkin P, Udhayashankar K, Niescierenko M, Maranda L. Health-Care Access during the Ebola Virus Epidemic in Liberia. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2017;97:931-936 pubmed publisher
    ..Our results underscore the critical need to support essential health-care services during humanitarian crises to minimize preventable morbidity and mortality. ..
  51. Wen L, Behrle E, Tsai A. Evaluating the impact of Affordable Care Act repeal on America's opioid epidemic. PLoS Med. 2017;14:e1002380 pubmed publisher
    ..In this month's Editorial, Health Commissioner of the City of Baltimore Leana S. Wen and co-authors discuss why the United States needs Medicaid to address its epidemic of opioid abuse. ..
  52. Becker A, Grenfell B. tsiR: An R package for time-series Susceptible-Infected-Recovered models of epidemics. PLoS ONE. 2017;12:e0185528 pubmed publisher
    ..Also included in tsiR are a number of diagnostic tools to assess the fit of the TSIR model. This package should be useful for researchers analyzing incidence data for fully-immunizing infectious diseases...
  53. Howard N, Guinness L, Rowland M, Durrani N, Hansen K. Cost-effectiveness of adding indoor residual spraying to case management in Afghan refugee settlements in Northwest Pakistan during a prolonged malaria epidemic. PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2017;11:e0005935 pubmed publisher
    ..This study analyses cost-effectiveness of adding prevention through targeted indoor residual spraying (IRS) to case management in Afghan refugee settlements in Pakistan during a prolonged malaria epidemic...
  54. Ross R. The Newala epidemic. III. The virus: isolation, pathogenic properties and relationship to the epidemic. J Hyg (Lond). 1956;54:177-91 pubmed
  55. . CDC Grand Rounds: the TB/HIV syndemic. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2012;61:484-9 pubmed
    ..More recently, renewed attention has been given to reducing the global burden of TB, but much remains to be done. ..
  56. Arvand M, Moser V, Pfeifer Y. Prevalence of extended-spectrum-?-lactamase-producing Escherichia coli and spread of the epidemic clonal lineage ST131 in nursing homes in Hesse, Germany. J Antimicrob Chemother. 2013;68:2686-8 pubmed publisher
  57. Dalgard O, Mauss S. No strategy to meet the HCV epidemic. BMC Infect Dis. 2014;14 Suppl 6:S2 pubmed publisher
  58. Shaw J, Welch T, Milstone A. The role of syndromic surveillance in directing the public health response to the enterovirus D68 epidemic. JAMA Pediatr. 2014;168:981-2 pubmed publisher
  59. Maurice J. Too many unknowns stymie response to MERS. Lancet. 2015;386:15 pubmed publisher
  60. Marston H, Lurie N, Borio L, Fauci A. Considerations for Developing a Zika Virus Vaccine. N Engl J Med. 2016;375:1209-12 pubmed publisher
  61. Unnikrishnan R, Pradeepa R, Joshi S, Mohan V. Type 2 Diabetes: Demystifying the Global Epidemic. Diabetes. 2017;66:1432-1442 pubmed publisher
    ..Lessons learned from randomized prevention trials need to be implemented with appropriate cultural adaptations, accompanied by empowerment of the community, if the diabetes epidemic is to be slowed or halted. ..
  62. Sumi A, Toyoda S, Kanou K, Fujimoto T, Mise K, Kohei Y, et al. Association between meteorological factors and reported cases of hand, foot, and mouth disease from 2000 to 2015 in Japan. Epidemiol Infect. 2017;145:2896-2911 pubmed publisher
    The purpose of this study was to clarify the association between hand, foot, and mouth disease (HFMD) epidemics and meteorological conditions...
  63. Sliwa K, Stewart S, Gersh B. Hypertension: a global perspective. Circulation. 2011;123:2892-6 pubmed publisher
  64. Hoofnagle J, Nelson K, Purcell R. Hepatitis E. N Engl J Med. 2012;367:1237-44 pubmed
  65. Jajou R, Wielders C, Leclercq M, van Leuken J, Shamelian S, Renders N, et al. Persistent high antibody titres against Coxiella burnetii after acute Q fever not explained by continued exposure to the source of infection: a case-control study. BMC Infect Dis. 2014;14:629 pubmed publisher
    ..We were unable to explain the cause of persistent high IgG phase I titres among possible chronic Q fever patients by being continuously exposed to the source of infection. ..
  66. Agua Agum J, Ariyarajah A, Aylward B, Blake I, Brennan R, Cori A, et al. West African Ebola epidemic after one year--slowing but not yet under control. N Engl J Med. 2015;372:584-7 pubmed publisher
  67. Dyer O. Yellow fever stalks Brazil in Zika's wake. BMJ. 2017;356:j707 pubmed publisher
  68. Shi Y, Lai S, Chen Q, Mu D, Li Y, Li X, et al. [Analysis on the epidemiological features of human brucellosis in northern and southern areas of China, 2015-2016]. Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi. 2017;38:435-440 pubmed publisher
    ..6%??????????????2.2?1?2.7?1???m?48?????????38~58?????????????86.8%????62.7%????????????????3?7?? ??? ?????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????. ..
  69. Duy N, Huong L, Ravel P, Huong L, Dwivedi A, Sessions O, et al. Valine/isoleucine variants drive selective pressure in the VP1 sequence of EV-A71 enteroviruses. BMC Infect Dis. 2017;17:333 pubmed publisher
    ..I/V variants were shown on other viruses to correlate with pathogenicity. This should be investigated in EV-A71. I/V variants are an easy and efficient way to survey and identify circulating EV-A71 strains. ..
  70. Ajelli M, Moise I, Hutchings T, Brown S, Kumar N, Johnson N, et al. Host outdoor exposure variability affects the transmission and spread of Zika virus: Insights for epidemic control. PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2017;11:e0005851 pubmed publisher
  71. Akarolo Anthony S, Ogundiran T, Adebamowo C. Emerging breast cancer epidemic: evidence from Africa. Breast Cancer Res. 2010;12 Suppl 4:S8 pubmed publisher
  72. Kasprowicz V, Achkar J, Wilson D. The tuberculosis and HIV epidemic in South Africa and the KwaZulu-Natal Research Institute for Tuberculosis and HIV. J Infect Dis. 2011;204 Suppl 4:S1099-101 pubmed publisher
  73. Mateen F, Mills E. Aging and HIV-related cognitive loss. JAMA. 2012;308:349-50 pubmed publisher
  74. Nielsen C, Kidd S, Sillah A, Davis E, Mermin J, Kilmarx P. Improving burial practices and cemetery management during an Ebola virus disease epidemic - Sierra Leone, 2014. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2015;64:20-7 pubmed
  75. Laraque F, Varma J. A Public Health Approach to Hepatitis C in an Urban Setting. Am J Public Health. 2017;107:922-926 pubmed publisher
    ..It encompasses surveillance and monitoring, case finding, linkage to care, care coordination, increasing clinical provider capacity for screening and treatment, increasing public awareness, and primary prevention. ..
  76. Haley R. Controlling urban epidemics of West Nile virus infection. JAMA. 2012;308:1325-6 pubmed
  77. Gostin L, Lucey D, Phelan A. The Ebola epidemic: a global health emergency. JAMA. 2014;312:1095-6 pubmed publisher
  78. Sharp T, Moreira R, Soares M, Miguel da Costa L, Mann J, Delorey M, et al. Underrecognition of Dengue during 2013 Epidemic in Luanda, Angola. Emerg Infect Dis. 2015;21:1311-6 pubmed publisher
    ..Behavior associated with protection from DENV infection included recent use of mosquito repellent or a bed net. These findings suggest that the 2013 dengue epidemic was larger than indicated by passive surveillance data. ..
  79. Balmer S, Gobet H, Nenniger C, Hadorn D, Schwermer H, Vögtlin A. Schmallenberg virus activity in cattle in Switzerland in 2013. Vet Rec. 2015;177:289 pubmed
  80. Bijkerk P, Monnier A, Fanoy E, Kardamanidis K, Friesema I, Knol M. ECDC Round Table Report and ProMed-mail most useful international information sources for the Netherlands Early Warning Committee. Euro Surveill. 2017;22: pubmed publisher
    ..We concluded that using only the ECDC RT Report and ProMed-mail to identify threats from abroad maintains a sensitive Early Warning System. ..
  81. Uehara A, Tissera H, Bodinayake C, Amarasinghe A, Nagahawatte A, Tillekeratne L, et al. Analysis of Dengue Serotype 4 in Sri Lanka during the 2012-2013 Dengue Epidemic. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2017;97:130-136 pubmed publisher
    ..Sri Lanka has experienced periodic dengue outbreaks since the 1960s, but since 1989 epidemics have become progressively larger and associated with more severe disease...
  82. van der Lee S, Stoof S, van Ravenhorst M, van Gageldonk P, van der Maas N, Sanders E, et al. Enhanced Bordetella pertussis acquisition rate in adolescents during the 2012 epidemic in the Netherlands and evidence for prolonged antibody persistence after infection. Euro Surveill. 2017;22: pubmed publisher
    ..A PT-IgG concentration??50 IU/mL as indication of recent infection may overestimate these numbers in cross-sectional serosurveillance and should be used carefully...
  84. Gostin L, Friedman E. Ebola: a crisis in global health leadership. Lancet. 2014;384:1323-5 pubmed publisher
  85. Keshavan M. Culture bound syndromes: disease entities or simply concepts of distress?. Asian J Psychiatr. 2014;12:1-2 pubmed publisher
  86. Atkins K, Wenzel N, Ndeffo Mbah M, Altice F, Townsend J, Galvani A. Under-reporting and case fatality estimates for emerging epidemics. BMJ. 2015;350:h1115 pubmed publisher
  87. Annan A, Yar D, Owusu M, Biney E, Forson P, Okyere P, et al. Health care workers indicate ill preparedness for Ebola Virus Disease outbreak in Ashanti Region of Ghana. BMC Public Health. 2017;17:546 pubmed publisher
    ..Beyond knowledge acquisition, there is the need for more training from time to time to fully prepare HCWs to handle any possible EVD case. ..
  88. Soelberg C, Brown R, Du Vivier D, Meyer J, Ramachandran B. The US Opioid Crisis: Current Federal and State Legal Issues. Anesth Analg. 2017;125:1675-1681 pubmed publisher
    ..In addition to fighting for dollars to support drug treatment programs and education efforts, states are pursuing these lawsuits as a means of holding pharmaceutical companies accountable for misleading marketing of a dangerous product...
  89. Cherry J. Why do pertussis vaccines fail?. Pediatrics. 2012;129:968-70 pubmed publisher
  90. . Meningococcal disease in countries of the African meningitis belt, 2012 - emerging needs and future perspectives. Wkly Epidemiol Rec. 2013;88:129-36 pubmed
  91. . Ongoing dengue epidemic - Angola, June 2013. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2013;62:504-7 pubmed
    ..Persons returning from Africa with acute febrile illness should seek medical care, including testing for DENV infection, and suspected cases should be reported to public health authorities. ..
  92. Lebreton F, van Schaik W, McGuire A, Godfrey P, Griggs A, Mazumdar V, et al. Emergence of epidemic multidrug-resistant Enterococcus faecium from animal and commensal strains. MBio. 2013;4: pubmed publisher
    ..In response to the opportunity to fill niches associated with changes in human activity, a rapidly evolving lineage emerged, a lineage responsible for the vast majority of multidrug-resistant E. faecium infections. ..