philippines

Summary

Summary: A country in southeastern Asia, archipelago between the Philippine Sea and the South China Sea, and east of Vietnam. The capital is Manila.

Top Publications

  1. Polack S, Kuper H, Eusebio C, Mathenge W, Wadud Z, Foster A. The impact of cataract on time-use: results from a population based case-control study in Kenya, the Philippines and Bangladesh. Ophthalmic Epidemiol. 2008;15:372-82 pubmed publisher
    ..visual impairment from cataract with time-use in adults (aged >or= 50 years) in Kenya, Bangladesh, and The Philippines. A population-based case-control study was conducted in three countries...
  2. Cavinta L, Sun J, May A, Yin J, von Meltzer M, Radtke M, et al. A new isolate of hepatitis B virus from the Philippines possibly representing a new subgenotype C6. J Med Virol. 2009;81:983-7 pubmed publisher
    ..A genotyping analysis of 28 samples from asymptomatic HBV carriers from the Philippines gave a distribution of HBV genotypes as expected from a previous study: 54% B (15/28), C5 18% (5/28), 14% D (4/..
  3. Lucero M, Nohynek H, Williams G, Tallo V, Simoes E, Lupisan S, et al. Efficacy of an 11-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine against radiologically confirmed pneumonia among children less than 2 years of age in the Philippines: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2009;28:455-62 pubmed publisher
    ..No information is available from Asia on the impact of PCV on childhood pneumonia...
  4. Solon O, Riddell T, Quimbo S, Butrick E, Aylward G, Lou Bacate M, et al. Associations between cognitive function, blood lead concentration, and nutrition among children in the central Philippines. J Pediatr. 2008;152:237-43 pubmed publisher
    ..age 6 months-5 years) participating in the Quality Improvement Demonstration Study we are conducting in the Philippines. With data from validated psychometric instruments, venous blood samples, and comprehensive survey instruments, ..
  5. Sombrero L, Nissinen A, Esparar G, Lindgren M, Siira L, Virolainen A. Low incidence of antibiotic resistance among invasive and nasopharyngeal isolates of Streptococcus pneumoniae from children in rural Philippines between 1994 and 2000. Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis. 2008;27:929-35 pubmed publisher
    ..specimens of 3,028 children hospitalized with signs or symptoms of pneumonia, sepsis, or meningitis in rural Philippines between 1994 and 2000...
  6. Quimbo S, Peabody J, Shimkhada R, Woo K, Solon O. Should we have confidence if a physician is accredited? A study of the relative impacts of accreditation and insurance payments on quality of care in the Philippines. Soc Sci Med. 2008;67:505-10 pubmed publisher
    ..Using baseline data from the Quality Improvement Demonstration Study (QIDS) in the Philippines we measured the quality of pediatric care provided by private and public doctors working at the district ..
  7. Iwagami M, Rivera P, Villacorte E, Escueta A, Hatabu T, Kawazu S, et al. Genetic diversity and population structure of Plasmodium falciparum in the Philippines. Malar J. 2009;8:96 pubmed publisher
    In the Philippines, malaria morbidity and mortality have decreased since the 1990s by effective malaria control...
  8. de Castro A, Cabrera S, Gee G, Fujishiro K, Tagalog E. Occupational health and safety issues among nurses in the Philippines. AAOHN J. 2009;57:149-57 pubmed
    ..States, but little is known about workplace health and safety issues facing the nursing work force in the Philippines. In this article, work-related problems among a sample of nurses in the Philippines are described...
  9. Sharp H, Canady J, Ligot F, Hague R, Gutierrez J, Gutierrez J. Caregiver and patient reported outcomes after repair of cleft lip and/or palate in the Philippines. Cleft Palate Craniofac J. 2008;45:163-71 pubmed publisher
    ..during a medical mission and to identify the salient outcomes for patients and caregivers in one region of the Philippines. Prospective structured interview conducted in or near participants' homes on the island of Cebu, Philippines...

More Information

Publications62

  1. Bondy J, Thind A, Koval J, Speechley K. Identifying the determinants of childhood immunization in the Philippines. Vaccine. 2009;27:169-75 pubmed publisher
    ..Data from the 2003 Philippines Demographic Health Survey were used to identify risk factors for non- and partial-immunization...
  2. McDade T, Rutherford J, Adair L, Kuzawa C. Population differences in associations between C-reactive protein concentration and adiposity: comparison of young adults in the Philippines and the United States. Am J Clin Nutr. 2009;89:1237-45 pubmed publisher
    ..This study sought to investigate the predictors of C-reactive protein (CRP) in young adults living in the Philippines and to examine patterns of association with adiposity compared with young adults in the United States...
  3. Marcus J, Samoilys M, Meeuwig J, Villongco Z, Vincent A. Benthic status of near-shore fishing grounds in the central Philippines and associated seahorse densities. Mar Pollut Bull. 2007;54:1483-94 pubmed
    Benthic status of 28 near-shore, artisanal, coral reef fishing grounds in the central Philippines was assessed (2000-2002) together with surveys of the seahorse, Hippocampus comes...
  4. Natividad F, Buerano C, Lago C, Mapua C, De Guzman B, Seraspe E, et al. Prevalence rates of Giardia and Cryptosporidium among diarrheic patients in the Philippines. Southeast Asian J Trop Med Public Health. 2008;39:991-9 pubmed
    ..of Giardia and Cryptosporidium among 3,456 diarrheic patients corrected from May 2004 to May 2005 in the Philippines was determined. Of 133 (3.8%) positive samples, 69 (2.0%) were positive for Giardia and 67 (1...
  5. Domingo E, Noviani R, Noor M, Ngelangel C, Limpaphayom K, Thuan T, et al. Epidemiology and prevention of cervical cancer in Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, Thailand and Vietnam. Vaccine. 2008;26 Suppl 12:M71-9 pubmed publisher
    Cervical cancer remains one of the leading causes of cancers in women from Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, Thailand and Vietnam...
  6. Tengco L, Rayco Solon P, Solon J, Sarol J, Solon F. Determinants of anemia among preschool children in the Philippines. J Am Coll Nutr. 2008;27:229-43 pubmed
    ..Our study highlights the importance of supporting initiatives that address these issues not only for their core benefit, but also for the potential benefit to nutrition. ..
  7. Redaniel M, Laudico A, Mirasol Lumague M, Gondos A, Pulte D, Mapua C, et al. Cancer survival discrepancies in developed and developing countries: comparisons between the Philippines and the United States. Br J Cancer. 2009;100:858-62 pubmed publisher
    ..Using the SEER 13 database and databases from the Manila and Rizal Cancer Registries in the Philippines, a 5-year relative survival for 9 common cancers in 1998-2002 of Filipino-American cancer patients were ..
  8. Sakamuri R, Kimura M, Li W, Kim H, Lee H, Kiran M, et al. Population-based molecular epidemiology of leprosy in Cebu, Philippines. J Clin Microbiol. 2009;47:2844-54 pubmed publisher
    To address the persisting problem of leprosy in Cebu, Philippines, we compiled a database of more than 200 patients who attend an established referral skin clinic...
  9. Sollano J, Wong S, Andal Gamutan T, Chan M, Carpio R, Tady C, et al. Erosive esophagitis in the Philippines: a comparison between two time periods. J Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2007;22:1650-5 pubmed
    ..determine the prevalence of erosive esophagitis (EE) over a span of 10 years in a tertiary care facility in the Philippines. All patients diagnosed with EE from 1994 to 1997 (period A) and from 2000 to 2003 (period B) were included in ..
  10. Lupisan S, Ruutu P, Erma Abucejo Ladesma P, Quiambao B, Gozum L, Sombrero L, et al. Predictors of death from severe pneumonia among children 2-59 months old hospitalized in Bohol, Philippines: implications for referral criteria at a first-level health facility. Trop Med Int Health. 2007;12:962-71 pubmed
    ..children less than 5 years old admitted to a tertiary care government hospital in a rural province in central Philippines. The quality of clinical and laboratory work was monitored...
  11. Rudge J, CARABIN H, Balolong E, Tallo V, Shrivastava J, Lu D, et al. Population genetics of Schistosoma japonicum within the Philippines suggest high levels of transmission between humans and dogs. PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2008;2:e340 pubmed publisher
    Schistosoma japonicum, which remains a major public health problem in the Philippines and mainland China, is the only schistosome species for which zoonotic transmission is considered important...
  12. Leonardo L, Crisostomo B, Solon J, Rivera P, Marcelo A, Villasper J. Geographical information systems in health research and services delivery in the Philippines. Geospat Health. 2007;1:147-55 pubmed
    ..geographical information systems in general, are playing an increasing role in the public health sector in the Philippines. This paper reviews currently available systems in the country in this area, emphasizing the utility in ..
  13. Sobel H, Ducusin J, De Quiroz M, Cabotaje M, Olive J. The Philippines 2004 measles campaign: a success story towards elimination. Trop Doct. 2009;39:36-8 pubmed publisher
    Prior to the 2004 Philippines Measles Follow up Elimination Campaign, measles caused an estimated 6000 deaths among Filipino children. After the campaign, cases and deaths decreased by 96.4% and 99.2%, respectively...
  14. Madsen H, CARABIN H, Balolong D, Tallo V, Olveda R, Yuan M, et al. Prevalence of Schistosoma japonicum infection of Oncomelania quadrasi snail colonies in 50 irrigated and rain-fed villages of Samar Province, the Philippines. Acta Trop. 2008;105:235-41 pubmed publisher
    ..for Schistosoma japonicum, was conducted between 2004 and 2005 in 50 villages of the Province of Samar, the Philippines. The villages were classified as rain-fed (25) or with some man-made irrigation system (25)...
  15. Rivera W, Yason J, Adao D. Entamoeba histolytica and E. dispar infections in captive macaques (Macaca fascicularis) in the Philippines. Primates. 2010;51:69-74 pubmed publisher
    ..histolytica and E. dispar among captive macaques in a primate facility in the Philippines. PCR was used to correctly identify both Entamoeba species...
  16. Sia I, Orillaza R, St Sauver J, Quelapio I, Lahr B, AlcaƱeses R, et al. Tuberculosis attributed to household contacts in the Philippines. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2010;14:122-5 pubmed
    ..of undiagnosed TB in TB households, and the demographic and socio-economic factors associated with TB in the Philippines, household contacts of adult smear-positive TB patients seen from July 2001 to June 2003 were assessed based on ..
  17. San Diego McGlone M, Azanza R, Villanoy C, Jacinto G. Eutrophic waters, algal bloom and fish kill in fish farming areas in Bolinao, Pangasinan, Philippines. Mar Pollut Bull. 2008;57:295-301 pubmed publisher
    The coastal waters of Bolinao, Pangasinan, Philippines experienced environmental changes over a 10-year period (1995-2005), the most significant effect of which was the major fish kill event in 2002 that coincided with the first reported ..
  18. Rivera W, Ong V, Masalunga M. Molecular characterization of Trichomonas vaginalis isolates from the Philippines. Parasitol Res. 2009;106:105-10 pubmed publisher
    ..vaginalis isolates from the Philippines relative to known trichomonads. In this study, 5...
  19. Quiambao B, Ruutu P, Ladesma E, Gozum L, Inobaya M, Lupisan S, et al. Pneumonia among young infants in rural Southeast Asia (Bohol Island, Philippines). Trop Med Int Health. 2009;14:1457-66 pubmed publisher
    ..Radiographic pneumonia is a common and serious infection among infants below 2 months old in the Philippines. Cyanosis, poor feeding and abnormal sleepiness are simple signs that can be used by health workers to identify ..
  20. Riddell T, Solon O, Quimbo S, Tan C, Butrick E, Peabody J. Elevated blood-lead levels among children living in the rural Philippines. Bull World Health Organ. 2007;85:674-80 pubmed
    ..investigation to introduce and evaluate the impact of health policy reforms on children in a rural area of the Philippines - the Quality Improvement Demonstration Study (QIDS)...
  21. Lee R, Nacionales L, Pedroso L. The influence of local policy on contraceptive provision and use in three locales in the Philippines. Reprod Health Matters. 2009;17:99-107 pubmed publisher
    The Philippines has a family planning programme, but modern contraceptive prevalence has been moderate. Among low-income women, fewer are using modern methods, resulting in a fertility rate among them of 5.9...
  22. Yanagihara Y, Villanueva S, Yoshida S, Okamoto Y, Masuzawa T. Current status of leptospirosis in Japan and Philippines. Comp Immunol Microbiol Infect Dis. 2007;30:399-413 pubmed
    ..In this paper, we review the current status of leptospirosis in two Asian countries, Japan and Philippines, which have quite different situations in terms of economy, environment, infrastructures and prevailing ..
  23. Salud M, Gallardo J, Dineros J, Gammad A, Basilio J, Borja V, et al. People's initiative to counteract misinformation and marketing practices: the Pembo, Philippines, breastfeeding experience, 2006. J Hum Lact. 2009;25:341-9; quiz 362-5 pubmed publisher
    The Philippines is among 42 countries accounting for 90% of under 5-year-old deaths. Only 16% of 4 to 5 month old Filipinos exclusively breastfeed. In 2006, almost $100 million was spent advertising formula in the Philippines...
  24. Fernandez T, Tarafder M, Balolong E, Joseph L, Willingham A, Belisle P, et al. Prevalence of Schistosoma japonicum infection among animals in fifty villages of Samar province, the Philippines. Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis. 2007;7:147-55 pubmed
    In the Philippines, there is a need to understand the contribution of different domestic and wild animals in transmitting Schistosoma japonicum infection to humans better. The current study describes variation in animal S...
  25. Gill C, Mantaring J, MacLeod W, Mendoza M, Mendoza S, Huskins W, et al. Impact of enhanced infection control at 2 neonatal intensive care units in the Philippines. Clin Infect Dis. 2009;48:13-21 pubmed publisher
    ..of a simplified package of infection-control measures at 2 neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) in Manila, The Philippines. Of all 1827 neonates admitted to the NICU, 561 (30...
  26. Belizario V, Geronilla G, Anastacio M, de Leon W, Suba an A, Sebastian A, et al. Echinostoma malayanum infection, the Philippines. Emerg Infect Dis. 2007;13:1130-1 pubmed
  27. Honrado E, Tallo V, Balis A, Chan G, Cho S. Noncompliance with the world health organization-multidrug therapy among leprosy patients in Cebu, Philippines: its causes and implications on the leprosy control program. Dermatol Clin. 2008;26:221-9, vi pubmed publisher
    ..A community-based descriptive study using pretested interviews conducted in 12 leprosy endemic areas in Cebu, Philippines, showed that the noncompliance rate with the WHO-MDT regimen among 233 study subjects was 30%...
  28. Marvelle A, Lange L, Qin L, Wang Y, Lange E, Adair L, et al. Comparison of ENCODE region SNPs between Cebu Filipino and Asian HapMap samples. J Hum Genet. 2007;52:729-37 pubmed
    ..the transferability of tag SNPs chosen from HapMap panels to a cohort of 80 individuals from metro Cebu, Philippines, who participated in the Cebu Longitudinal Health and Nutrition Survey (CLHNS)...
  29. Sakamuri R, Harrison J, Gelber R, Saunderson P, Brennan P, Balagon M, et al. A continuation: study and characterisation of Mycobacterium leprae short tandem repeat genotypes and transmission of leprosy in Cebu, Philippines. Lepr Rev. 2009;80:272-9 pubmed
    To study the stability and allelic diversity of tandem repeat loci in M. leprae in leprosy patients of Cebu, Philippines, and the suitability of multilocus variable number of tandem repeat (VNTR) analysis (MLVA) typing for detecting ..
  30. Luchavez J, Espino F, Curameng P, Espina R, Bell D, Chiodini P, et al. Human Infections with Plasmodium knowlesi, the Philippines. Emerg Infect Dis. 2008;14:811-3 pubmed publisher
    Five human cases of infection with the simian malaria parasite Plasmodium knowlesi from Palawan, the Philippines, were confirmed by nested PCR...
  31. Matsuoka M, Budiawan T, Aye K, Kyaw K, Tan E, Cruz E, et al. The frequency of drug resistance mutations in Mycobacterium leprae isolates in untreated and relapsed leprosy patients from Myanmar, Indonesia and the Philippines. Lepr Rev. 2007;78:343-52 pubmed
    ..The magnitude of drug resistance in Mycobacterium leprae to dapsone, rifampicin, and ofloxacin was studied in three Southeast Asian countries with a high prevalence of leprosy...
  32. Nilles Bije M, Rivera W. Ultrastructural and molecular characterization of Balantidium coli isolated in the Philippines. Parasitol Res. 2010;106:387-94 pubmed publisher
    ..coli isolated from the large intestine of a pig in the Philippines. Based on scanning and transmission electron microscopy, this protozoon presents a dense ciliation in the oral ..
  33. Leonardo L, Rivera P, Saniel O, Villacorte E, Crisostomo B, Hernandez L, et al. Prevalence survey of schistosomiasis in Mindanao and the Visayas, The Philippines. Parasitol Int. 2008;57:246-51 pubmed publisher
    The first two phases of a national prevalence survey of schistosomiasis in The Philippines were completed in Mindanao in 2005 and the Visayas in the first quarter of 2007...
  34. Watanabe S, Ueda N, Iha K, Masangkay J, Fujii H, Alviola P, et al. Detection of a new bat gammaherpesvirus in the Philippines. Virus Genes. 2009;39:90-3 pubmed publisher
    ..the spleen of an insectivorous bat (Hipposideros diadema, family Hipposideridae) collected on Panay Island, the Philippines. PCR analyses were performed using COnsensus-DEgenerate Hybrid Oligonucleotide Primers (CODEHOPs) targeting the ..
  35. Tobiume M, Sato Y, Katano H, Nakajima N, Tanaka K, Noguchi A, et al. Rabies virus dissemination in neural tissues of autopsy cases due to rabies imported into Japan from the Philippines: immunohistochemistry. Pathol Int. 2009;59:555-66 pubmed publisher
    ..Two Japanese men, 65 and 69 years old, developed rabies in Japan around 2-3 months after dog-bite exposure in the Philippines. Laboratory diagnosis of rabies was made following the detection of rabies virus genome on reverse ..
  36. Carlos C, Inobaya M, Bresee J, Lagrada M, Olorosa A, Kirkwood C, et al. The burden of hospitalizations and clinic visits for rotavirus disease in children aged <5 years in the Philippines. J Infect Dis. 2009;200 Suppl 1:S174-81 pubmed publisher
    ..visits for rotavirus gastroenteritis are needed to support the decision to introduce rotavirus vaccine in the Philippines. From 2005 through 2006, children aged <5 years with acute diarrhea who attended 1 of 7 clinics and/or ..
  37. Kuzawa C, Gettler L, Muller M, McDade T, Feranil A. Fatherhood, pairbonding and testosterone in the Philippines. Horm Behav. 2009;56:429-35 pubmed publisher
    ..5-22.5 years) living in Cebu City, the Philippines. Bioavailable T was measured in saliva collected prior to bed and immediately upon waking the following morning...
  38. Villanueva S, Ezoe H, Baterna R, Yanagihara Y, Muto M, Koizumi N, et al. Serologic and molecular studies of Leptospira and leptospirosis among rats in the Philippines. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2010;82:889-98 pubmed publisher
    ..However, the status of leptospirosis in the Philippines regarding reservoirs and transmission remains unknown...
  39. Wu H, Qin Y, Chu K, Meng R, Liu Y, McGarvey S, et al. High prevalence of Schistosoma japonicum infection in water buffaloes in the Philippines assessed by real-time polymerase chain reaction. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2010;82:646-52 pubmed publisher
    ..Water buffaloes are a major reservoir for transmission of S. japonicum to humans in China. However, in the Philippines, reports based on microscopic examination of buffalo stool identified a low prevalence of S...
  40. Riley S, CARABIN H, Belisle P, Joseph L, Tallo V, Balolong E, et al. Multi-host transmission dynamics of Schistosoma japonicum in Samar province, the Philippines. PLoS Med. 2008;5:e18 pubmed publisher
    Among the 6.7 million people living in areas of the Philippines where infection with Schistosoma japonicum is considered endemic, even within small geographical areas levels of infection vary considerably...
  41. Su G. Correlation of climatic factors and dengue incidence in Metro Manila, Philippines. Ambio. 2008;37:292-4 pubmed
    Dengue is a serious public health problem in Metro Manila, Philippines. Increasing dengue incidence has been attributed to climate change; however, contradicting reports show inconclusive relationships between dengue and climatic factors...
  42. Kuper H, Polack S, Eusebio C, Mathenge W, Wadud Z, Foster A. A case-control study to assess the relationship between poverty and visual impairment from cataract in Kenya, the Philippines, and Bangladesh. PLoS Med. 2008;5:e244 pubmed publisher
    ..the association between visual impairment from cataract and poverty in adults in Kenya, Bangladesh, and the Philippines. A population-based case-control study was conducted in three countries during 2005-2006...
  43. Olson C, Acosta L, Hochberg N, Olveda R, Jiz M, McGarvey S, et al. Anemia of inflammation is related to cognitive impairment among children in Leyte, the Philippines. PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2009;3:e533 pubmed publisher
    ..This cross-sectional study was conducted in Leyte, The Philippines among 322 children ages 7-18 years. Blood samples were collected and analyzed at the time of cognition testing...
  44. Al Naiemi N, Zwart B, Rijnsburger M, Roosendaal R, Debets Ossenkopp Y, Mulder J, et al. Extended-spectrum-beta-lactamase production in a Salmonella enterica serotype Typhi strain from the Philippines. J Clin Microbiol. 2008;46:2794-5 pubmed publisher
    ..He had returned from travel to the Philippines a few days earlier...
  45. Samson M, Rollon R. Growth performance of planted mangroves in the Philippines: revisiting forest management strategies. Ambio. 2008;37:234-40 pubmed
    The effort toward restoring lost mangroves in the Philippines has been commendably immense, specifically during the past two decades...
  46. Hubbart S, Peng S, Horton P, Chen Y, Murchie E. Trends in leaf photosynthesis in historical rice varieties developed in the Philippines since 1966. J Exp Bot. 2007;58:3429-38 pubmed
  47. Miyashita M, Agdamag D, Sasagawa T, Matsushita K, Salud L, Salud C, et al. High-risk HPV types in lesions of the uterine cervix of female commercial sex workers in the Philippines. J Med Virol. 2009;81:545-51 pubmed publisher
    ..the prevalence of HPV infection and cervical abnormalities among 369 female commercial sex workers in the Philippines were examined...
  48. Williams J, Madad A. A new species and record of branchial parasitic isopods (Crustacea: Isopoda: Bopyridae: Pseudioninae) of porcellanid crabs from the Philippines. Exp Parasitol. 2010;125:23-9 pubmed publisher
    Branchial bopyrids infesting porcellanid crabs from the Philippines were investigated based on intertidal collections made in 1999-2000...
  49. Hengstermann S, Mantaring J, Sobel H, Borja V, Basilio J, Iellamo A, et al. Formula feeding is associated with increased hospital admissions due to infections among infants younger than 6 months in Manila, Philippines. J Hum Lact. 2010;26:19-25 pubmed publisher
    ..6, 6.5-58.6) than infants who received any breast milk. This study showed a strong positive association between the intake of formula and/or nonbreast milk supplements and the risk of hospitalization for infectious causes. ..
  50. Tupasi T, Radhakrishna S, Chua J, Mangubat N, Guilatco R, Galipot M, et al. Significant decline in the tuberculosis burden in the Philippines ten years after initiating DOTS. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2009;13:1224-30 pubmed
    The Philippines ranks ninth among the 22 high-burden countries for tuberculosis (TB). To measure the burden of pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) in the Philippines and determine the impact of the DOTS strategy...
  51. Belizario V, de Leon W, Lumampao Y, Anastacio M, Tai C. Sentinel surveillance of soil-transmitted helminthiasis in selected local government units in the Philippines. Asia Pac J Public Health. 2009;21:26-42 pubmed publisher
    ..and school performance data among public elementary school children in 6 sentinel provinces in the Philippines. Stratified cluster sampling was used to select 6 provinces, where grade 3 elementary school pupils were ..
  52. Kageyama S, Agdamag D, Alesna E, Abellanosa Tac An I, Corpuz A, Telan E, et al. Tracking the entry routes of hepatitis C virus as a surrogate of HIV in an HIV-low prevalence country, the Philippines. J Med Virol. 2009;81:1157-62 pubmed publisher
    From 2002 to 2007, 1,590 individuals were enrolled in an active surveillance program conducted in Metro Cebu, Philippines, where the anti-HCV-positive rate was significantly and constantly high among injecting drug users (83%, 793/960; ..
  53. Colchero M, Bishai D. Effect of neighborhood exposures on changes in weight among women in Cebu, Philippines (1983-2002). Am J Epidemiol. 2008;167:615-23 pubmed
    ..identify the contributions of community factors to weight change in a cohort of women from Metropolitan Cebu, Philippines, between 1983 and 2002...