Summary: Inland bodies of standing FRESHWATER usually smaller than LAKES. They can be man-made or natural but there is no universal agreement as to their exact size. Some consider a pond to be a small body of water that is shallow enough for sunlight to reach the bottom.

Top Publications

  1. . Outbreak of cryptosporidiosis associated with a firefighting response - Indiana and Michigan, June 2011. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2012;61:153-6 pubmed
    ..The findings highlight a novel work-related disease exposure for firefighters and the need for public education regarding cryptosporidiosis prevention. ..
  2. Ranganathan P, Amal J, Savithri S, Haridas A. Experimental and modelling of Arthrospira platensis cultivation in open raceway ponds. Bioresour Technol. 2017;242:197-205 pubmed publisher
    ..Furthermore, the hydrodynamic behaviour and residence time distribution in our small raceway pond were predicted. These models can serve as a tool to assess the pond performance criteria. ..
  3. Lin G, Sun F, Wang C, Zhang L, Zhang X. Assessment of the effect of Enteromorpha prolifera on bacterial community structures in aquaculture environment. PLoS ONE. 2017;12:e0179792 pubmed publisher
    ..time, an Illumina sequencing analysis was used to investigate bacterial communities in source water, aquaculture ponds with E. prolifera, and an aquaculture pond in which E. prolifera -free...
  4. Sheu S, Liu L, Chen W. Puzihella rosea gen. nov., sp. nov., a novel member of the family Microbacteriaceae isolated from freshwater. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol. 2017;67:2383-2389 pubmed publisher
    ..nov., sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain of the type species is MI-28T (=BCRC 80688T=LMG 27848T=KCTC 29239T). ..
  5. Ogawa H, Minami K, Kawamoto T, Kanai R, Ishikawa K, Kamimura R. Inversion analysis on vertical radiocesium distribution in pond sediment from ?-ray count measurement. J Environ Radioact. 2017;175-176:158-163 pubmed publisher
    ..It was suggested that combination of the simple apparatus and MEM inversion formula gave reasonable estimates on vertical radiocesium distribution in bottom sediment of 1 kBq/kg-wet level within about 10 min. ..
  6. Saghaï A, Gutiérrez Preciado A, Deschamps P, Moreira D, Bertolino P, Ragon M, et al. Unveiling microbial interactions in stratified mat communities from a warm saline shallow pond. Environ Microbiol. 2017;19:2405-2421 pubmed publisher
    ..We identified potential biotic interactions between various high- and low-rank taxa. Notably, a strong positive correlation was observed between Lokiarchaeota and the poorly known candidate bacterial division TA06. ..
  7. Laban N, Dao A, Foght J. DNA stable-isotope probing of oil sands tailings pond enrichment cultures reveals different key players for toluene degradation under methanogenic and sulfidogenic conditions. FEMS Microbiol Ecol. 2015;91: pubmed publisher
    Oil sands tailings ponds are anaerobic repositories of fluid wastes produced by extraction of bitumen from oil sands ores...
  8. Ben Salem Z, Laffray X, Al Ashoor A, Ayadi H, Aleya L. Metals and metalloid bioconcentrations in the tissues of Typha latifolia grown in the four interconnected ponds of a domestic landfill site. J Environ Sci (China). 2017;54:56-68 pubmed publisher
    ..Plant parts and corresponding water and sediment samples were taken at the inflow and outflow points of the four ponds at the beginning and at the end of the growing season...
  9. Leon M, Sánchez Porro C, Ventosa A. Marinobacter aquaticus sp. nov., a moderately halophilic bacterium from a solar saltern. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol. 2017;67:2622-2627 pubmed publisher
    ..nov., with strain M6-53T (=CECT 9228T=LMG 30006T) as the type strain. ..

More Information


  1. Bader C, Jesudoss Chelladurai J, Starling D, Jones D, Brewer M. Assessment of in vitro killing assays for detecting praziquantel-induced death in Posthodiplostomum minimum metacercariae. Exp Parasitol. 2017;181:70-74 pubmed publisher
    ..The propidium iodide method offers an advantage over simple visualization of parasite movement and could be used to determine EC50 values relevant for comparison of praziquantel sensitivity or resistance. ..
  2. Suresh G, Sailaja B, Ashif A, Dave B, Sasikala C, Ramana C. Description of Rhodobacter azollae sp. nov. and Rhodobacter lacus sp. nov. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol. 2017;67:3289-3295 pubmed publisher
  3. Ho L, Van Echelpoel W, Goethals P. Design of waste stabilization pond systems: A review. Water Res. 2017;123:236-248 pubmed publisher
    A better design instruction for waste stabilization ponds is needed due to their growing application for wastewater purification, increasingly strict environmental regulations, and the fact that most of previous design manuals are ..
  4. Khan S, Melville B, Khan M, Shoaib M, Shamseldin A. Effect of baffles on the hydraulic performance of sediment retention ponds. Water Sci Technol. 2017;75:1991-1996 pubmed publisher
    ..The results reported here are limited to small and narrow ponds where a large portion of the pond is batter (i.e. made up of sloping walls)...
  5. Mahmoud M, Buettner A. Characterisation of aroma-active and off-odour compounds in German rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss). Part II: Case of fish meat and skin from earthen-ponds farming. Food Chem. 2017;232:841-849 pubmed publisher
    Odorous molecules in earthen-ponds rainbow trout aquaculture farming in Germany were investigated with a special focus on musty-earthy off-odorants...
  6. Drira N, Dhouibi N, Hammami S, Piras A, Rosa A, Porcedda S, et al. Fatty acids from high rate algal pond's microalgal biomass and osmotic stress effects. Bioresour Technol. 2017;244:860-864 pubmed publisher
  7. Spyra A. Acidic, neutral and alkaline forest ponds as a landscape element affecting the biodiversity of freshwater snails. Naturwissenschaften. 2017;104:73 pubmed publisher
    ..Forest ponds belong to a specific group that varied in location, a huge amount of leaf litter, and isolation from other aquatic ..
  8. Pintar M, Resetarits W. Relative predation risk and risk of desiccation co-determine oviposition preferences in Cope's gray treefrog, Hyla chrysoscelis. Oecologia. 2017;184:423-430 pubmed publisher
    ..predation risk, we tested oviposition site preference in a natural population of treefrogs colonizing experimental ponds that varied in water depth and contained predatory larvae of two Ambystoma salamander species...
  9. Pileggi S, Jordan H, Clennon J, Whitney E, Benbow M, MERRITT R, et al. Landscape and environmental influences on Mycobacterium ulcerans distribution among aquatic sites in Ghana. PLoS ONE. 2017;12:e0176375 pubmed publisher
    ..In addition, despite the causal association between Buruli ulcer and M. ulcerans, we observed no significant statistical association between case reports of Buruli ulcer and presence of M. ulcerans in nearby waterbodies. ..
  10. Tierney K, Welsh P, Mills M, Nason S, Barreda D, Paszkowski C. Mallards (Anas platyrhynchos) and wastewater ponds, Part II: Developmental, physiological, morphological and behavioural effects of ingestion of secondary clarified effluent water. Ecotoxicol Environ Saf. 2017;143:336-343 pubmed publisher
    ..may choose to overwinter in northern cities on open-water thermal refuges, such as municipal wastewater treatment ponds, which in Edmonton, Canada, stay ?10°C during frigid winter months...
  11. Martinez Lopez E, Gómez Ramírez P, Espin S, Aldeguer M, Garcia Fernandez A. Influence of a Former Mining Area in the Heavy Metals Concentrations in Blood of Free-Living Mediterranean Pond Turtles (Mauremys leprosa). Bull Environ Contam Toxicol. 2017;99:167-172 pubmed publisher
    ..The significant correlations between Cu-Cd and Cu-Hg suggest the implication of an efficient mechanism of detoxification involving metallothioneins. ..
  12. Han J, Fang D, Xia H, Chen G, Du Z. Aquimarina rubra sp. nov., isolated from sediment of a sea cucumber culture pond. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol. 2017;67:1932-1936 pubmed publisher
    ..nov. is proposed. The type strain is SS2-9T (=KCTC 52274T=MCCC 1H00142T). ..
  13. Sheu S, Li Y, Young C, Chen W. Hymenobacter pallidus sp. nov., isolated from a freshwater fish culture pond. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol. 2017;67:2915-2921 pubmed publisher
    ..nov. is proposed. The type strain is LYH-12T (=BCRC 80919T=LMG 29171T=KCTC 42898T). ..
  14. Chavaco L, Arcos C, Prato Garcia D. Decolorization of reactive dyes in solar pond reactors: Perspectives and challenges for the textile industry. J Environ Manage. 2017;198:203-212 pubmed publisher
    ..The results seem promising; however, additional studies at pilot and semi-industrial scales should be conducted to demonstrate the potential of low-cost reactors to carry out colored wastewater treatment. ..
  15. Bello M, Abdul Raman A. Trend and current practices of palm oil mill effluent polishing: Application of advanced oxidation processes and their future perspectives. J Environ Manage. 2017;198:170-182 pubmed publisher
    ..Although there are some challenges in large scale applications of these technologies, this review offers some perspectives that could help in overcoming these challenges. ..
  16. Schwartz D, Sample D, Grizzard T. Evaluating the performance of a retrofitted stormwater wet pond for treatment of urban runoff. Environ Monit Assess. 2017;189:256 pubmed publisher
    ..Compared to the treatment credited to retention ponds built to current state standards, the retrofitted pond provided less phosphorus but more nitrogen reduction...
  17. Collins S, Wahl D. Invasive planktivores as mediators of organic matter exchanges within and across ecosystems. Oecologia. 2017;184:521-530 pubmed publisher
    ..Perhaps in response to organic matter subsidies provided by fish egestion, ponds having bighead carp had higher standing crop biomass of Chironomidae larvae, as well as cross-boundary fluxes of ..
  18. ANDERSON T, Ousterhout B, Peterman W, Drake D, Semlitsch R. Life history differences influence the impacts of drought on two pond-breeding salamanders. Ecol Appl. 2015;25:1896-910 pubmed
    ..spring breeder) across an active military base landscape in Missouri, USA: We surveyed ~200 ponds for the presence of eggs, larvae, and metamorphs from 2011 to 2013...
  19. Imre K, Morar A, Ilie M, Plutzer J, Imre M, Emil T, et al. Survey of the Occurrence and Human Infective Potential of Giardia duodenalis and Cryptosporidium spp. in Wastewater and Different Surface Water Sources of Western Romania. Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis. 2017;17:685-691 pubmed publisher
    ..of wastewater treatment plants (n?=?11) and brooks (n?=?19), irrigation channels (n?=?8), lakes (n?=?16), and ponds (n?=?22). Water samples were collected through polyester microfiber filtration...
  20. Hom Diaz A, Norvill Z, Blánquez P, Vicent T, Guieysse B. Ciprofloxacin removal during secondary domestic wastewater treatment in high rate algal ponds. Chemosphere. 2017;180:33-41 pubmed publisher
    ..investigated the removal of antibiotic ciprofloxacin during the treatment of real wastewater using high rate algal ponds (HRAP)...
  21. Wakiyama Y, Konoplev A, Wada T, Takase T, Byrnes I, Carradine M, et al. Behavior of 137Cs in ponds in the vicinity of the Fukushima Dai-ichi nuclear power plant. J Environ Radioact. 2017;178-179:367-376 pubmed publisher
    sup>137Cs activity concentration in the water of four ponds, Suzuuchi (SU), Funasawa (FS), Inkyozaka (IZ), and Kashiramori (KM), that are within 10 km of the Fukushima Dai-ichi nuclear power plant were observed from April 2015 to ..
  22. Cong H, Sun F, Wu J, Zhou Y, Yan Q, Ren A, et al. Study on method and mechanism of deep well circulation for the growth control of Microcystis in aquaculture pond. Water Sci Technol. 2017;75:2692-2701 pubmed publisher
    In order to control the growth of Microcystis in aquaculture ponds and reduce its adverse effect on water quality and aquaculture, a production-scale experiment of deep well circulation treatment was carried out in an aquaculture pond ..
  23. Flores Galván M, Arellano García E, Ruiz Campos G, Daesslé L. Genotoxic Assessment of Some Inorganic Compounds in Desert Pupfish (Cyprinodon macularius) in the Evaporation Pond from a Geothermal Plant. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol. 2017;99:218-223 pubmed publisher
    ..75 (±2.09) and only 0.44 (±0.52) in captivity organisms. Dissolved As in the ponds doubles the 340 µg L-1 US-EPA acute quality criteria for aquatic life and Hg equals the 1...
  24. Huggett M, Kavazos C, Bernasconi R, Czarnik R, Horwitz P. Bacterioplankton assemblages in coastal ponds reflect the influence of hydrology and geomorphological setting. FEMS Microbiol Ecol. 2017;93: pubmed publisher
    ..In order to address this idea, we interrogated microbial community diversity at 49 sites in seven ponds in two seasons in the Lake MacLeod basin, a system fed by seawater flowing inland through underground karst...
  25. Sutherland D, Turnbull M, Craggs R. Environmental drivers that influence microalgal species in fullscale wastewater treatment high rate algal ponds. Water Res. 2017;124:504-512 pubmed publisher
    ..production did not differ between the two HRAPs when the dominant species was the same or differed in the two ponds. These results suggest that microalgal functional groups are more important than individual species for full-scale ..
  26. Milotic D, Milotic M, Koprivnikar J. Effects of road salt on larval amphibian susceptibility to parasitism through behavior and immunocompetence. Aquat Toxicol. 2017;189:42-49 pubmed publisher
    ..Through a field survey, we found a range of NaCl concentrations (50-560mg/L) in ponds known to contain larval amphibians, with lower levels found in sites close to gravel- rather than hard-surfaced ..
  27. Huo S, Shang C, Wang Z, Zhou W, Cui F, Zhu F, et al. Outdoor Growth Characterization of an Unknown Microalga Screened from Contaminated Chlorella Culture. Biomed Res Int. 2017;2017:5681617 pubmed publisher
    ..FS could reach more than 22% and C16-C18 content could reach up to 79.68%, showing that this species has the potential for the biodiesel production in the near future. ..