environment

Summary

Summary: A course of action or principle adopted or proposed by a government, party, business, or individual that concerns human interactions with nature and natural resources.

Top Publications

  1. Burgoine T, Monsivais P. Characterising food environment exposure at home, at work, and along commuting journeys using data on adults in the UK. Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act. 2013;10:85 pubmed publisher
    ..models of behaviour suggest that dietary behaviours are potentially shaped by exposure to the food environment ('foodscape')...
  2. Mills P, Camuzeaux S, Footitt E, Mills K, Gissen P, Fisher L, et al. Epilepsy due to PNPO mutations: genotype, environment and treatment affect presentation and outcome. Brain. 2014;137:1350-60 pubmed publisher
    ..32 (close to rs72823592). We believe the reduction in PNPO activity and B6-responsive epilepsy in the patients reported here indicates that it contributes to the pathogenesis of epilepsy. ..
  3. Baniasadi H, Vlahakis C, Hazebroek J, Zhong C, Asiago V. Effect of environment and genotype on commercial maize hybrids using LC/MS-based metabolomics. J Agric Food Chem. 2014;62:1412-22 pubmed publisher
    ..GC/TOF-MS) and multivariate statistical analysis to measure biological variation of many metabolites due to environment and genotype in forage and grain samples collected from 50 genetically diverse nongenetically modified (non-GM) ..
  4. Anttila J, Ruokolainen L, Kaitala V, Laakso J. Loss of competition in the outside host environment generates outbreaks of environmental opportunist pathogens. PLoS ONE. 2013;8:e71621 pubmed publisher
    ..g., competition, predation, parasitism) in the outside-host environment and host immune system during infection...
  5. Rook G. Regulation of the immune system by biodiversity from the natural environment: an ecosystem service essential to health. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2013;110:18360-7 pubmed publisher
    Epidemiological studies suggest that living close to the natural environment is associated with long-term health benefits including reduced death rates, reduced cardiovascular disease, and reduced psychiatric problems...
  6. Kumar R, Ferry J. Prokaryotic carbonic anhydrases of Earth's environment. Subcell Biochem. 2014;75:77-87 pubmed publisher
    ..This review focuses on the physiology and biochemistry of carbonic anhydrases from prokaryotes belonging to the domains Bacteria and Archaea that play key roles in the ecology of Earth's biosphere. ..
  7. Sanz C, Morgan D. Ecological and social correlates of chimpanzee tool use. Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci. 2013;368:20120416 pubmed publisher
    ..Further, reports from other populations and species showed that tool use may occur more often in response to ecological opportunities and relative profitability of foraging techniques than scarcity of resources. ..
  8. Yu K, Wu Y, Hu Y, Zhang Q, Xie H, Liu G, et al. Neuroprotective effects of prior exposure to enriched environment on cerebral ischemia/reperfusion injury in rats: the possible molecular mechanism. Brain Res. 2013;1538:93-103 pubmed publisher
    Increasing evidence shows that exposure to an enriched environment (EE) after cerebral ischemia/reperfusion injury is neuroprotective in animal models...
  9. Gagneur J, Stegle O, Zhu C, Jakob P, Tekkedil M, Aiyar R, et al. Genotype-environment interactions reveal causal pathways that mediate genetic effects on phenotype. PLoS Genet. 2013;9:e1003803 pubmed publisher
    ..Here, we address this challenge using extensive, multi-environment gene expression and fitness profiling of hundreds of genetically diverse yeast strains, in order to identify ..

More Information

Publications32

  1. Horvath G, Reglodi D, Vadasz G, Farkas J, Kiss P. Exposure to enriched environment decreases neurobehavioral deficits induced by neonatal glutamate toxicity. Int J Mol Sci. 2013;14:19054-66 pubmed publisher
    ..The protective effects of enriched environment have been shown in traumatic, ischemic and toxic nervous system lesions...
  2. Van Dyck D, Veitch J, De Bourdeaudhuij I, Thornton L, Ball K. Environmental perceptions as mediators of the relationship between the objective built environment and walking among socio-economically disadvantaged women. Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act. 2013;10:108 pubmed publisher
    ..Targeting the built environment may be an effective strategy in this population subgroup...
  3. Luna Oliva L, Ortiz Gutiérrez R, Cano De La Cuerda R, Piédrola R, Alguacil Diego I, Sánchez Camarero C, et al. Kinect Xbox 360 as a therapeutic modality for children with cerebral palsy in a school environment: a preliminary study. NeuroRehabilitation. 2013;33:513-21 pubmed publisher
    ..Limited evidence is available about the effectiveness of virtual reality using low cost commercial consoles for children with developmental delay...
  4. Nie Y, Fang H, Li Y, Chi C, Tang Y, Wu X. The genome of the moderate halophile Amycolicicoccus subflavus DQS3-9A1(T) reveals four alkane hydroxylation systems and provides some clues on the genetic basis for its adaptation to a petroleum environment. PLoS ONE. 2013;8:e70986 pubmed publisher
    ..DQS3-9A1(T) has been sequenced and is characteristic of harboring the genes for adaption to the harsh petroleum environment with salinity, high osmotic pressure, and poor nutrient levels...
  5. Jessop T, Letnic M, Webb J, Dempster T. Adrenocortical stress responses influence an invasive vertebrate's fitness in an extreme environment. Proc Biol Sci. 2013;280:20131444 pubmed publisher
    ..The adrenocortical stress response hence appears essential in facilitating complex phenotypic performance and setting fitness trajectories of individuals from invasive species during range expansion. ..
  6. Browall M, Koinberg I, Falk H, Wijk H. Patients' experience of important factors in the healthcare environment in oncology care. Int J Qual Stud Health Well-being. 2013;8:20870 pubmed publisher
    The aim of this study was to describe what factors of the healthcare environment are perceived as being important to patients in oncology care. A qualitative design was adopted using focus group interviews...
  7. Alimi N, Bink M, Dieleman J, Magán J, Wubs A, Palloix A, et al. Multi-trait and multi-environment QTL analyses of yield and a set of physiological traits in pepper. Theor Appl Genet. 2013;126:2597-625 pubmed publisher
    ..Detection power for QTLs increased considerably and detailed study of QTL by environment interactions and pleiotropy was facilitated...
  8. Rönnegård L, Felleki M, Fikse W, Mulder H, Strandberg E. Variance component and breeding value estimation for genetic heterogeneity of residual variance in Swedish Holstein dairy cattle. J Dairy Sci. 2013;96:2627-2636 pubmed publisher
    ..The possibility to select for uniformity in Holstein dairy cattle based on these estimates is discussed. ..
  9. Ravenelle R, Byrnes E, Byrnes J, McInnis C, Park J, Donaldson S. Environmental enrichment effects on the neurobehavioral profile of selective outbred trait anxiety rats. Behav Brain Res. 2013;252:49-57 pubmed publisher
    ..The results suggest that selectively-bred trait anxiety rats show state anxiety that is influenced by rearing environments, and D2 protein levels and BDNF/TrkB signaling may differentially contribute to integrating these effects. ..
  10. Boieiro M, Carvalho J, Cardoso P, Aguiar C, Rego C, de Faria E Silva I, et al. Spatial factors play a major role as determinants of endemic ground beetle beta diversity of Madeira Island Laurisilva. PLoS ONE. 2013;8:e64591 pubmed publisher
  11. Hall A. Genotype-by-environment interactions due to antibiotic resistance and adaptation in Escherichia coli. J Evol Biol. 2013;26:1655-64 pubmed publisher
    Mutations that are beneficial in one environment can have different fitness effects in other environments...
  12. Mitchell J, Seuront L, Doubell M, Losic D, Voelcker N, Seymour J, et al. The role of diatom nanostructures in biasing diffusion to improve uptake in a patchy nutrient environment. PLoS ONE. 2013;8:e59548 pubmed publisher
  13. Branchi I, Santarelli S, Capoccia S, Poggini S, D Andrea I, Cirulli F, et al. Antidepressant treatment outcome depends on the quality of the living environment: a pre-clinical investigation in mice. PLoS ONE. 2013;8:e62226 pubmed publisher
    ..However, their efficacy is variable and incomplete. A growing number of studies suggest that the environment plays a major role in determining the efficacy of these drugs, specifically of selective serotonin reuptake ..
  14. Lampron A, ElAli A, Rivest S. Innate immunity in the CNS: redefining the relationship between the CNS and Its environment. Neuron. 2013;78:214-32 pubmed publisher
    ..We also review the central role of the neurovascular unit in diseases of the CNS and how it can be targeted for novel therapeutic strategies. ..
  15. Stickler C, Nepstad D, Azevedo A, McGrath D. Defending public interests in private lands: compliance, costs and potential environmental consequences of the Brazilian Forest Code in Mato Grosso. Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci. 2013;368:20120160 pubmed publisher
  16. Coe M, Marthews T, Costa M, Galbraith D, Greenglass N, Imbuzeiro H, et al. Deforestation and climate feedbacks threaten the ecological integrity of south-southeastern Amazonia. Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci. 2013;368:20120155 pubmed publisher
    ..Maintaining forest ecosystem integrity may require significant strengthening of forest conservation on private property, which can in part be accomplished by leveraging existing policy mechanisms...
  17. Dasgupta P, Ehrlich P. Pervasive externalities at the population, consumption, and environment nexus. Science. 2013;340:324-8 pubmed publisher
    ..to reach a theoretical understanding of the socio-ecological processes at work at the population-consumption-environment nexus...
  18. Liang Y, Lin Z, Vasudevan B, Jhanji V, Young A, Gao T, et al. Generational difference of refractive error in the baseline study of the Beijing Myopia Progression Study. Br J Ophthalmol. 2013;97:765-9 pubmed publisher
    ..0 D higher than their parents. This remarkable single-generation myopic shift indicates that there are likely effects of environmental factors on myopia development in urban Chinese children. ..
  19. Lee M, Yu J, Kim J, Seo J, Park E, Kim C, et al. Alteration of synaptic activity-regulating genes underlying functional improvement by long-term exposure to an enriched environment in the adult brain. Neurorehabil Neural Repair. 2013;27:561-74 pubmed publisher
    Housing animals in an enriched environment (EE) enhances behavioral function. However, the mechanism underlying this EE-mediated functional improvement and the resultant changes in gene expression have yet to be elucidated...
  20. Tappe K, Glanz K, Sallis J, Zhou C, Saelens B. Children's physical activity and parents' perception of the neighborhood environment: neighborhood impact on kids study. Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act. 2013;10:39 pubmed publisher
    ..Many factors contribute to children's physical activity, and the built environment has garnered considerable interest recently, as many young children spend much of their time in and around ..
  21. Zhao G, Sanchez S, Schmidt O, Pumera M. Poisoning of bubble propelled catalytic micromotors: the chemical environment matters. Nanoscale. 2013;5:2909-14 pubmed publisher
    ..It is essential that the presence of such molecules in the environment be taken into consideration for future design and operation of catalytic microjet engines...
  22. Richter S, Zeuch B, Riva M, Gass P, Vollmayr B. Environmental enrichment ameliorates depressive-like symptoms in young rats bred for learned helplessness. Behav Brain Res. 2013;252:287-92 pubmed publisher
    ..However, future efforts are needed to isolate the differential benefits of environmental factors in mediating the different depression-related symptoms. ..
  23. Mehdi Y, Hornick J, Istasse L, Dufrasne I. Selenium in the environment, metabolism and involvement in body functions. Molecules. 2013;18:3292-311 pubmed publisher
    ..In growing ruminants the requirements are estimated at 100 ?g/kg dry matter and 200 ?g/Kg for pregnant or lactating females. A deficiency can cause reproductive disorders in humans and animals. ..