aborted fetus


Summary: A mammalian fetus expelled by INDUCED ABORTION or SPONTANEOUS ABORTION.

Top Publications

  1. Leyla G, Kadri G, Umran O. Comparison of polymerase chain reaction and bacteriological culture for the diagnosis of sheep brucellosis using aborted fetus samples. Vet Microbiol. 2003;93:53-61 pubmed
    ..In the study, during 3 successive lambing seasons (1998-1999, 1999-2000 and 2000-2001) 126 aborted fetus samples each from different flocks and locations were examined...
  2. Hu Y, Chen X, Chen L, Xu Z, Wang X, Cui H. Comparative genomic hybridization analysis of spontaneous abortion. Int J Gynaecol Obstet. 2006;92:52-7 pubmed
    ..To evaluate the feasibility and superiority of comparative genomic hybridization (CGH) in the genetic analysis of spontaneously aborted tissues...
  3. Vorsanova S, Iourov I, Demidova I, Kirillova E, Soloviev I, Yurov Y. Chimerism and multiple numerical chromosome imbalances in a spontaneously aborted fetus. Tsitol Genet. 2006;40:28-30 pubmed
    ..To the best our knowledge the present case is the first documented chimera in a spontaneously aborted fetus. The application of interphase fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) using chromosome enumeration and site-..
  4. Wang C, Zhai Y, Zhao X, Tan Q, Chen J, Chen A, et al. [Preliminary application of PCR-based assay for the detection of Neospora caninum in bovine aborted fetus]. Zhongguo Ji Sheng Chong Xue Yu Ji Sheng Chong Bing Za Zhi. 2009;27:140-3 pubmed
    To establish a PCR diagnostic method based on Nc-5 gene of Neospora caninum, for being used to detect Neospora in brain tissues of bovine aborted fetus.
  5. Tramuta C, Lacerenza D, Zoppi S, Goria M, Dondo A, Ferroglio E, et al. Development of a set of multiplex standard polymerase chain reaction assays for the identification of infectious agents from aborted bovine clinical samples. J Vet Diagn Invest. 2011;23:657-64 pubmed publisher
    ..The proposed set of multiplex PCR assays is, therefore, suitable for the simultaneous detection of the main infectious agents responsible for bovine abortion...
  6. Magoń T, Kluz S, Chruściel A, Obrzut B, Skret A. The PCR assessed prevalence of Chlamydia trachomatis in aborted tissues. Med Wieku Rozwoj. 2005;9:43-8 pubmed
    ..The prevalence of ChT infections in early abortions in this study was found to be surprisingly high. It implies the importance of screening of women planning pregnancy and pregnant women for this disease. ..
  7. Perron N, Tremblay E, Ferretti E, Babakissa C, Seidman E, Levy E, et al. Deleterious effects of indomethacin in the mid-gestation human intestine. Genomics. 2013;101:171-7 pubmed publisher
    ..Taken together, these data revealed that INDO directly exerts multiple detrimental effects on the immature human intestine. ..
  8. Deim Z, Szeredi L, Egyed L. Detection of bovine herpesvirus 4 DNA in aborted bovine fetuses. Can J Vet Res. 2007;71:226-9 pubmed
    ..Fungi were detected in 1 sample, and antibody to bovine viral diarrhea virus was detected in another. These results indicate that BoHV-4 could play a role in reproductive disorders of cattle, including abortion...
  9. Johnson A, Roberts J, Hagan A, Wilborn R, Dujovne G, Sells S, et al. Infection of an equine placenta with a novel mycobacterial species leading to abortion. J Vet Diagn Invest. 2012;24:785-90 pubmed publisher
    ..Mycobacteria are an uncommon and sporadic cause of placentitis and abortion, but should be suspected in cases of chronic placentitis that are not restricted to the cervical star area. ..

More Information

Publications111 found, 100 shown here

  1. Binanti D, Livini M, Riccaboni P, Sironi G. A case of umbilical cord teratoma in an aborted foal. J Vet Diagn Invest. 2013;25:173-5 pubmed publisher
    ..The mass was diagnosed as an umbilical cord teratoma, which is an extremely rare tumor in human beings and, to the authors' knowledge, has only described in the veterinary literature on one occasion. ..
  2. Todhunter K, Cawdell Smith A, Bryden W, Perkins N, Begg A. Processionary caterpillar setae and equine fetal loss: 1. Histopathology of experimentally exposed pregnant mares. Vet Pathol. 2014;51:1117-30 pubmed publisher
  3. Fletcher J. Fetal tissue transplantation research and federal policy: a growing wall of separation. Fetal Diagn Ther. 1990;5:211-25 pubmed
    ..Efforts must be made to legally dismantle this wall before it further impedes the goals of medical research. ..
  4. Grabenstein J. Where medicine and religion intersect. Ann Pharmacother. 2003;37:1338-9 pubmed
  5. Reshef A, Barash M, Voskoboinik L, Brauner P, Gafny R. STR typing of formalin-fixed paraffin embedded (FFPE) aborted foetal tissue in criminal paternity cases. Sci Justice. 2011;51:19-23 pubmed publisher
    ..As hospitals routinely prepare foetal tissue in paraffin blocks, which should be readily obtainable by forensic laboratories, these samples would appear to be the preferred choice for paternity testing. ..
  6. Wan M, Gao B, Sun F, Tang Y, Ye L, Fan Y, et al. microRNA miR-34a regulates cytodifferentiation and targets multi-signaling pathways in human dental papilla cells. PLoS ONE. 2012;7:e50090 pubmed publisher
    ..Findings from these studies suggested that miR-34a may play important roles in dental papilla cell differentiation during human tooth development by targeting NOTCH and TGF-beta signaling...
  7. Himsworth C, Hill J, Huang Y, Waters E, Wobeser G. Destructive polyarthropathy in aborted bovine fetuses: a possible association with Ureaplasma diversum infection?. Vet Pathol. 2009;46:269-72 pubmed publisher
    ..Fetal arthropathy and Ureaplasma diversum-associated joint pathology have not been previously reported in the veterinary literature; however, other Ureaplasma spp. are known to cause reproductive disease and arthritis in humans...
  8. Serb A, Schiopu C, Flangea C, Vukelic Z, Sisu E, Zagrean L, et al. High-throughput analysis of gangliosides in defined regions of fetal brain by fully automated chip-based nanoelectrospray ionization multi-stage mass spectrometry. Eur J Mass Spectrom (Chichester). 2009;15:541-53 pubmed publisher
  9. Menten B, Swerts K, Delle Chiaie B, Janssens S, Buysse K, Philippe J, et al. Array comparative genomic hybridization and flow cytometry analysis of spontaneous abortions and mors in utero samples. BMC Med Genet. 2009;10:89 pubmed publisher
  10. Rojansky N, Schenker J. The use of fetal tissue for therapeutic applications. Int J Gynaecol Obstet. 1993;41:233-40 pubmed
    ..This review presents the theoretical background and recent research and clinical advances in fetal tissue transplantation, in the light of the current debate on its ethical and moral implications. ..
  11. Bes J, Sagen J. Dissociated human embryonic and fetal adrenal glands in neural stem cell culture system: open fate for neuronal, nonneuronal, and chromaffin lineages?. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2002;971:563-72 pubmed
  12. Kim J, Kang K, Kang W, Sohn H, Jean Y, Park B, et al. Porcine abortion outbreak associated with Toxoplasma gondii in Jeju Island, Korea. J Vet Sci. 2009;10:147-51 pubmed
    ..gondii. The disease outbreak in this herd was diagnosed as epizootic toxoplasmosis. To our knowledge, this is the first report of porcine toxoplasmosis with a high abortion rate and sow mortality in Korea. ..
  13. Pedraza Díaz S, Marugán Hernández V, Collantes Fernandez E, Regidor Cerrillo J, Rojo Montejo S, Gomez Bautista M, et al. Microsatellite markers for the molecular characterization of Neospora caninum: application to clinical samples. Vet Parasitol. 2009;166:38-46 pubmed publisher
    ..These results highlight the usefulness of these markers for the molecular characterization of isolates of N. caninum and for isolate tracking in live vaccine development. ..
  14. Kearney W, Vawter D, Gervais K. Fetal tissue research and the misread compromise. Hastings Cent Rep. 1991;21:7-12 pubmed
    ..In addition, researchers will not want to cover the expense or controversy surrounding these records and as such will refuse to accept fetal tissue. ..
  15. Murakami S, Ogawa A, Azuma R, Ohba T, Murata R. Aborted lesions of a pig associated with Arcanobacterium abortisuis and the immunohistochemical features. J Vet Med Sci. 2011;73:797-9 pubmed
    ..This is the first case report, which showed the association of Arcanobacterium abortisuis with the aborted lesions of a pig. ..
  16. Trkova M, Hynek M, Dudakova L, Becvarova V, Hlozánek M, Rasková D, et al. Early detection of bilateral cataracts in utero may represent a manifestation of severe congenital disease. Am J Med Genet A. 2016;170:1843-8 pubmed publisher
    ..The first pregnancy was terminated in week 22. Copy number variation analysis revealed, in both the aborted fetus and the mother, a 495?kb duplication at 22q11...
  17. Rudd G. Is vaccination complicit with abortion?. Ann Pharmacother. 2003;37:1340-1 pubmed
  18. Csete K, Beer Z, Varga T. Prenatal and newborn paternity testing with DNA analysis. Forensic Sci Int. 2005;147 Suppl:S57-60 pubmed
    ..Due to our result we suggest that not only placenta but also bloody vernix caseosa is useful tissue for identifying the putative mother because vernix caseosa can be the carrier of the mother's blood...
  19. Cao X, Wei H, Xue H, Li X, Zhao W, Xu C, et al. Fecal progestin concentrations as an indicator of reproductive success in American Mink. Anim Reprod Sci. 2016;165:11-16 pubmed publisher
    ..9±6.55nM/g dry wt., respectively (P<0.05). Our findings suggest that measurement of fecal progestin concentrations during blastocyst reactivation and implantation may be a useful indicator of successful pregnancies in mink. ..
  20. Jungersen G, Jensen L, Rask M, Lind P. Non-lethal infection parameters in mice separate sheep Type II Toxoplasma gondii isolates by virulence. Comp Immunol Microbiol Infect Dis. 2002;25:187-95 pubmed
    ..gondii isolated either from adult sheep or from sheep abortions. It was not possible to characterise strains isolated from sheep abortions as being more or less virulent than strains isolated from adult slaughter sheep...
  21. Murray T. Will new ways of creating stem cells dodge the objections?. Hastings Cent Rep. 2005;35:8-9 pubmed
  22. Sadeu J, Cortvrindt R, Ron El R, Kasterstein E, Smitz J. Morphological and ultrastructural evaluation of cultured frozen-thawed human fetal ovarian tissue. Fertil Steril. 2006;85 Suppl 1:1130-41 pubmed
    ..The present culture condition leads to good survival and progressive follicular growth and differentiation that is comparable to the physiological pattern of early folliculogenesis. ..
  23. Fish L, Mazuz M, Molad T, Savitsky I, Shkap V. Isolation of Neospora caninum from dairy zero grazing cattle in Israel. Vet Parasitol. 2007;149:167-71 pubmed
    ..The inoculated gerbils developed specific antibodies to N. caninum, with end-point serum dilution of 1:4096 in the IFA assay, whereas no neurological signs or deaths were seen during 4 months of observation. ..
  24. Pham V, Nguyen T, Nguyen T, Dang L, Hoang N, Nguyen T, et al. Rubella epidemic in Vietnam: characteristic of rubella virus genes from pregnant women and their fetuses/newborns with congenital rubella syndrome. J Clin Virol. 2013;57:152-6 pubmed publisher
    ..Our results indicate an establishment of rubella prevention in this area is an urgent task in order to improve maternal and child health. ..
  25. Cheung G, Fan T, Fung T. Cervicovaginal fistula secondary to embedded fetal bones: a case report. J Reprod Med. 2007;52:855-7 pubmed
    ..Cervicovaginal fistula can be a complication of surgical termination of midtrimester pregnancy as fetal bones can become embedded in the cervical canal during removal. ..
  26. Barkallah M, Fendri I, Dhieb A, Gharbi Y, Greub G, Gdoura R. First detection of Waddlia chondrophila in Africa using SYBR Green real-time PCR on veterinary samples. Vet Microbiol. 2013;164:101-7 pubmed publisher
    ..This new real-time PCR assay represents a diagnostic tool that may be used to further study the prevalence of Waddlia infection. ..
  27. Rasmussen M, Ramsing M, Petersen O, Vogel I, Sunde L. A description of a fetal syndrome associated with HNF1B mutation and a wide intrafamilial disease variability. Am J Med Genet A. 2013;161A:3191-5 pubmed publisher
    ..To the best of our knowledge two non-twin siblings with a missense mutation and a severe phenotype have not been reported previously. ..
  28. Thorne E, Michejda M. Fetal tissue from spontaneous abortions: a new alternative for transplantation research?. Fetal Ther. 1989;4:37-42 pubmed
    ..This intuition may not be supported by the evidence, and there is a compelling need to focus research on these issues. ..
  29. Runge M, Binder A, Schotte U, Ganter M. Investigations concerning the prevalence of Coxiella burnetii and Chlamydia abortus in sheep in correlation with management systems and abortion rate in Lower Saxony in 2004. Berl Munch Tierarztl Wochenschr. 2012;125:138-43 pubmed
    ..However, three migrating flocks with a high intra-flock prevalence are localized in the southern parts of Lower Saxony. Spreading of C burnetii could occur, because of the large radius of grazing of all three flocks...
  30. Fletcher J. Controversies in research ethics affecting the future of human gene therapy. Hum Gene Ther. 1990;1:307-24 pubmed
    ..The conclusion is that the hope of human gene therapy and of other clinical applications of the human genome initiative is in danger because of the obstacles to research in reproductive biology and human genetics in the federal sector. ..
  31. Mero I, Mørk H, Sheng Y, Blomhoff A, Opheim G, Erichsen A, et al. Homozygous KIDINS220 loss-of-function variants in fetuses with cerebral ventriculomegaly and limb contractures. Hum Mol Genet. 2017;26:3792-3796 pubmed publisher
    ..We hence propose that the identified homozygous loss-of-function variant in KIDINS220 causes the phenotype in the presented fetuses, and that this represents a hitherto undescribed severe autosomal recessive neurodevelopmental disorder. ..
  32. Porto F, Perrault I, Hicks D, Rozet J, Hanoteau N, Hanein S, et al. Prenatal human ocular degeneration occurs in Leber's congenital amaurosis (LCA2). J Gene Med. 2002;4:390-6 pubmed
    ..Such data contrast with the late-onset ocular changes observed in animal models, indicating caution should be exercised when inferring human retinal pathophysiology from information based on other species. ..
  33. Lautrette C, Giraud S, Vermot Desroches C, Preud homme J, Jauberteau M. Expression of a functional Fas death receptor by human foetal motoneurons. Neuroscience. 2003;119:377-85 pubmed
    ..4% of spinal motoneurons underwent apoptosis, with an inhibition by Z-IETD-FMK, a caspase-8 inhibitor. Hence, Fas appears to be functional through a caspase-8-dependent pathway in a subpopulation of human foetal motoneurons. ..
  34. Galosi C, de la Paz V, Fernández L, Martinez J, Craig M, Barrandeguy M, et al. Isolation of equine herpesvirus-2 from the lung of an aborted fetus. J Vet Diagn Invest. 2005;17:500-2 pubmed
    ..The presence of EHV-2 in the lung of the aborted fetus would indicate that this virus is capable of crossing the placental barrier...
  35. Ghalmi F, China B, Kaidi R, Losson B. Neospora caninum is associated with abortion in Algerian cattle. J Parasitol. 2011;97:1121-4 pubmed publisher
    ..One sample was found positive both by histology and by PCR, 2 samples were positive by PCR only, and 2 samples were negative in both tests. ..
  36. Liu H, Cheng B, Li J, Wu H, Li K, Sun T, et al. Characterization of angiotensin-converting enzyme expression during epidermis morphogenesis in humans: a potential marker for epidermal stem cells. Br J Dermatol. 2009;160:250-8 pubmed publisher
    ..Our results suggest that ACE may play a role in human epidermis morphogenesis during fetal life and serve as an unrecognized marker for keratinocyte progenitor cells. ..
  37. Muretto P. Immunohistochemical study of dendritic cells in foetal skin and lymph-nodes supporting the hypothesis for the neural crest origin of Langerhans cells. Ital J Anat Embryol. 2008;113:237-47 pubmed
  38. Palacios G, Wellehan J, Raverty S, Bussetti A, Hui J, Savji N, et al. Discovery of an orthoreovirus in the aborted fetus of a Steller sea lion (Eumetopias jubatus). J Gen Virol. 2011;92:2558-65 pubmed publisher
    ..Phylogenetic analysis revealed similarities between SSRV and orthoreoviruses of birds, bats and other mammals that suggests potential for interspecies transmission. ..
  39. Salogni C, Lazzaro M, Giacomini E, Giovannini S, Zanoni M, Giuliani M, et al. Infectious agents identified in aborted swine fetuses in a high-density breeding area: a three-year study. J Vet Diagn Invest. 2016;28:550-4 pubmed publisher
    ..The data can be useful to swine breeders, practitioners, and medical specialists in monitoring animal health and in supervising the breeding process. ..
  40. Pereda J, Corral E, Franchitto G. Emergence of a glomus-like body in the human yolk sac: a microanatomical analysis of its structure. Ital J Anat Embryol. 2005;110:167-74 pubmed
    ..The detailed description of the microanatomy of this vital organ is of theoretical and practical interest in order to unravel the mechanisms used by the yolk sac to transport nutrients to the embryo...
  41. Kunz J, Schoner K, Stein W, Rehder H, Fritz B. Tetrasomy 12p (Pallister-Killian syndrome): difficulties in prenatal diagnosis. Arch Gynecol Obstet. 2009;280:1049-53 pubmed publisher
    ..Termination of the pregnancy was performed. The cases of PKS karyotypically confirmed on CVS are reviewed, and cytogenetic and sonographic aspects of the prenatal diagnosis of PKS are discussed. ..
  42. Kurtoglu Z, Uzmansel D, Aktekin M. The morphological features of the mediopatellar and lateral folds of the developing knee joint: a fetus cadaveric study. Acta Orthop Traumatol Turc. 2010;44:229-34 pubmed publisher
    ..The synovial folds occupy more space between the patella and femur in the early stages of life than seen in adults. This may be a more frequent cause of unexplained knee pain in children than expected. ..
  43. Tshering C, Takagi M, Deguchi E. Detection of Torque teno sus virus 1 and 2 in tissues from stillborn piglets delivered by sows via natural farrowing. J Vet Sci. 2012;13:425-7 pubmed
    ..These results indicate that TTSuVs are commonly present but not equally distributed among the tissues of stillborn piglets. ..
  44. Laguna Goya R, Busch R, Mathur R, Coles A, Barker R. Human fetal neural precursor cells can up-regulate MHC class I and class II expression and elicit CD4 and CD8 T cell proliferation. Neurobiol Dis. 2011;41:407-14 pubmed publisher
    ..In conclusion, differentiating human NPCs are immunogenic in vitro, suggesting that they may trigger immune rejection unless transplant recipients are immunosuppressed. ..
  45. de Moraes E, da Costa M, Dantas A, da Silva J, Mota R. Toxoplasma gondii diagnosis in ovine aborted fetuses and stillborns in the State of Pernambuco, Brazil. Vet Parasitol. 2011;183:152-5 pubmed publisher
    ..This study substantiates the theory that T. gondii is involved in miscarriages and stillbirths and in the placentas of naturally infected sheep in Brazil. Such findings have not previously been described in the national literature. ..
  46. Goodhart C. Embryo experiments. BMJ. 1988;297:782-3 pubmed
  47. Cohen N, Carey V, Donahue J, Seahorn J, Harrison L. Descriptive epidemiology of late-term abortions associated with the mare reproductive loss syndrome in central Kentucky. J Vet Diagn Invest. 2003;15:295-7 pubmed
    ..This report describes the pathological findings characterizing the MRLS-associated abortion. A cause of MRLS could not be determined from necropsy findings...
  48. Sreekumar C, Rao J, Mishra A, Ray D, Joshi P, Singh R. Detection of toxoplasmosis in experimentally infected goats by PCR. Vet Rec. 2004;154:632-5 pubmed
    ..Direct PCR of the lung, muscle and mesenteric lymph node of the doe and lung tissue of the aborted fetus yielded the target fragment...
  49. Robino C, Barilaro M, Gino S, Chiarle R, Palestro G, Torre C. Incestuous paternity detected by STR-typing of chorionic villi isolated from archival formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded abortion material using laser microdissection. J Forensic Sci. 2006;51:90-2 pubmed
  50. Reichel R, Mearns R, Brunton L, Jones R, Horigan M, Vipond R, et al. Description of a Coxiella burnetii abortion outbreak in a dairy goat herd, and associated serology, PCR and genotyping results. Res Vet Sci. 2012;93:1217-24 pubmed publisher
    ..MST and MLVA analysis showed the C. burnetii from this outbreak to be of a genotype previously observed in the UK and different from those recorded in the Netherlands outbreak of 2007-2011...
  51. Milos N, Bamforth S, Bagnall K. Research ethics in Canada: experience of a group operating a human embryo and fetal tissue bank. Ann R Coll Physicians Surg Can. 1999;32:161-8 pubmed
    ..These issues are discussed here in light of the present lack of legislation in Canada. We make recommendations in these areas, and suggest that the bank's operations could legally fall under the jurisdiction of the Human Tissue Gift Act...
  52. Pignatelli S, Dal Monte P, Rossini G, Lazzarotto T, Gatto M, Landini M. Intrauterine cytomegalovirus infection and glycoprotein N (gN) genotypes. J Clin Virol. 2003;28:38-43 pubmed
    ..One recently discovered polymorphic gene is ORF UL73, encoding for the envelope glycoprotein gN. Among HCMV clinical strains, it shows four distinct genomic variants denoted as gN-1, gN-2, gN-3 and gN-4...
  53. Kim J, Jung K, Chae C. Prevalence of porcine circovirus type 2 in aborted fetuses and stillborn piglets. Vet Rec. 2004;155:489-92 pubmed
    ..Viral antigen was detected in macrophages from the aborted fetuses and stillborn piglets by immunohistochemistry, and viral DNA was detected by in situ hybridisation...
  54. Deim Z, Szeredi L, Tompó V, Egyed L. Detection of bovine herpesvirus 4 in aborted bovine placentas. Microb Pathog. 2006;41:144-8 pubmed
    ..This finding is a further sign that BoHV-4 plays an active role in reproductive disorders of cattle...
  55. Luno A. Ethical reflections on vaccines using cells from aborted fetuses. Natl Cathol Bioeth Q. 2006;6:453-9 pubmed
  56. Holloway J, Thornton C, Diaper N, Howe D, Warner J. Phenotypic analysis of circulating dendritic cells during the second half of human gestation. Pediatr Allergy Immunol. 2009;20:119-25 pubmed publisher
    ..Thus, immaturity of cord blood DCs is likely to arise as a consequence of decreased ability to take up antigen (at least via IgG-mediated mechanisms) and reduced provision of co-stimulation...
  57. Register K, Woodbury M, Davies J, Trujillo J, Perez Casal J, Burrage P, et al. Systemic mycoplasmosis with dystocia and abortion in a North American bison (Bison bison) herd. J Vet Diagn Invest. 2013;25:541-5 pubmed publisher
    ..current study describes a fatal Mycoplasma bovis infection in a North American bison (Bison bison) cow and her aborted fetus in a herd suffering unusual mortality associated with dystocia and abortion...
  58. Uzêda R, Schares G, Ortega Mora L, Madruga C, Aguado Martínez A, Corbellini L, et al. Combination of monoclonal antibodies improves immunohistochemical diagnosis of Neospora caninum. Vet Parasitol. 2013;197:477-86 pubmed publisher
    ..Sarcocystis spp. or B. besnoiti were not detected by mAb combinations in IHC, however the pAb cross-reacted with Sarcocystis spp. cysts. These results confirm the usefulness of mAb application in IHC to N. caninum. ..
  59. Pitel P, Romand S, Pronost S, Foucher N, Gargala G, Maillard K, et al. Investigation of Neospora sp. antibodies in aborted mares from Normandy, France. Vet Parasitol. 2003;118:1-6 pubmed
    ..caninum amplification product was present while a large variation of maternal antibody titers was found. Data prompt at additional surveys of association between equine reproductive failure and Neospora sp. infection...
  60. Ghanem M, Suzuki T, Akita M, Nishibori M. Neospora caninum and complex vertebral malformation as possible causes of bovine fetal mummification. Can Vet J. 2009;50:389-92 pubmed
    ..caninum infection were 100, 113, 123, and 131 days. Twelve of the 15 mummified fetuses were male. To our knowledge, this is the first detection of N. caninum as a possible cause of bovine fetal mummification...
  61. Borgatta L, Betstadt S, Reed A, Feng K. Relationship of intraamniotic digoxin to fetal demise. Contraception. 2010;81:328-30 pubmed publisher
    ..This study was designed to evaluate the effectiveness of intraamniotic injection and the timing of fetal demise after injection...
  62. Hosmillo M, Jeong Y, Kim H, Park J, Nayak M, Alfajaro M, et al. Molecular detection of genotype 3 porcine hepatitis E virus in aborted fetuses and their sows. Arch Virol. 2010;155:1157-61 pubmed publisher
    ..These results indicate that transplacental infection of HEV with PCV2 coinfection may occur in sows with reproductive failure, which is suggestive of similarities to HEV infection in women...
  63. Njiro S, Nkosi C. Detection of the bovine viral diarrhoea/mucosal disease (BVD/MD) virus in tissues from aborted ruminant foetuses using immunohistochemistry. J S Afr Vet Assoc. 2009;80:229-32 pubmed
  64. Jeon Y, Kim J, Rah H, Kim S, Yoon T, Choi D, et al. Vascular endothelial growth factor gene polymorphisms in spontaneously aborted fetuses. Am J Reprod Immunol. 2011;66:544-53 pubmed publisher
  65. Falcon M, Pichini S, Joya J, Pujadas M, Sanchez A, Vall O, et al. Maternal hair testing for the assessment of fetal exposure to drug of abuse during early pregnancy: Comparison with testing in placental and fetal remains. Forensic Sci Int. 2012;218:92-6 pubmed publisher
    ..No evidence of any relationship between maternal/fetal exposure during this specific period of gestation has been demonstrated to date in a human model...
  66. Crook T, Benavides J, Russell G, Gilray J, Maley M, Willoughby K. Bovine herpesvirus 1 abortion: current prevalence in the United Kingdom and evidence of hematogenous spread within the fetus in natural cases. J Vet Diagn Invest. 2012;24:662-70 pubmed publisher
    ..Presence of viral antigen in endothelial cells of the placenta, brain, or heart suggest a hematogenous spread of virus from placenta to the liver, through the umbilical vein, and then to the rest of the organs via fetal blood vessels...
  67. Murphy T. The afterlife of embryonic persons: what a strange place heaven must be. Reprod Biomed Online. 2012;25:684-8 pubmed publisher
  68. Pelsman A, Hoyo Vadillo C, Gudasheva T, Seredenin S, Ostrovskaya R, Busciglio J. GVS-111 prevents oxidative damage and apoptosis in normal and Down's syndrome human cortical neurons. Int J Dev Neurosci. 2003;21:117-24 pubmed
  69. Leon A, Fortier G, Fortier C, Freymuth F, Tapprest J, Leclercq R, et al. Detection of equine herpesviruses in aborted foetuses by consensus PCR. Vet Microbiol. 2008;126:20-9 pubmed
  70. Vaneckova M, Seidl Z, Goldova B, Vitkova I, Baxova A, Calda P. Is it always possible to determine a diagnosis? Prenatal ultrasonography, post mortem magnetic resonance, autopsy. Neuro Endocrinol Lett. 2010;31:178-80 pubmed
    ..However imunohistochemical test did not give an unambiguous conclusion; therefore diagnosis based on MRI could not be uniquely verified...
  71. Kaur N, Bouzga M, Dørum G, Egeland T. Relationship inference based on DNA mixtures. Int J Legal Med. 2016;130:323-9 pubmed publisher
    ..The methods and their implementations are exemplified on the data from the rape case. ..
  72. Keener R. Down for the count? State regulation of aborted fetal tissue research. Wake Forest Law Rev. 2002;37:217-37 pubmed
  73. Gutierrez C, Corbera J, Juste M, Doreste F, Morales I. An outbreak of abortions and high neonatal mortality associated with Trypanosoma evansi infection in dromedary camels in the Canary Islands. Vet Parasitol. 2005;130:163-8 pubmed
    ..Massive treatment would be recommended in the entire camel population in the Canary Islands (less than 2000 animals), as therapeutic or preventive measure, in order to control and to achieve an eventual eradication of the disease...
  74. Menke L, Poll The B, Clur S, Bilardo C, van der Wal A, Lemmink H, et al. Congenital heart defects in spinal muscular atrophy type I: a clinical report of two siblings and a review of the literature. Am J Med Genet A. 2008;146A:740-4 pubmed publisher
    ..The homozygous SMN1 deletion may play a role in the development of CHD when it occurs in the presence of mutations or polymorphisms in other genes important for cardiac development...
  75. Szeredi L, Jánosi S, Tenk M. Klebsiella oxytoca as a cause of equine abortion--short communication. Acta Vet Hung. 2008;56:215-20 pubmed publisher
    ..The results indicate that K. oxytoca can cause sporadic equine abortion...
  76. Solt I, Beloosesky R, Deutsch M. The forgotten fetus. Isr Med Assoc J. 2002;4:735 pubmed
  77. Moura F, Fernandes P, de Oliveira Silva Junior G, Gomes de Souza M, Mandarim de Lacerda C. Nasal bone length in human fetuses by X-ray. Early Hum Dev. 2008;84:459-64 pubmed publisher
    ..To construct a normal range for the prenatal nasal bone length (NBL) in Brazilians irrespective to the knowledge of the ethnic genetic background...
  78. Vaneckova M, Seidl Z, Goldova B, Vitkova I, Calda P. Benefits of examination by post mortem performed magnetic resonance imaging of foetus: haemorrhage in germinal matrix. Neuro Endocrinol Lett. 2010;31:40-2 pubmed
    ..Prenatal ultrasound examination showed only hydrocephalus and absence of septum pellucidum. Pathological-anatomical autopsy of the brain was insufficient with regard to advanced autolysis and brain haemorrhage...
  79. Marques P, Souda P, O Donovan J, Gutierrez J, Gutierrez E, Worrall S, et al. Identification of immunologically relevant proteins of Chlamydophila abortus using sera from experimentally infected pregnant ewes. Clin Vaccine Immunol. 2010;17:1274-81 pubmed publisher
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    ..As such, we suggest that all three conditions may share a common etiology or pathogenetic mechanism...
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    ..To investigate the presence of growth hormone (GH) and its receptor (GH-R) in early developing follicles...
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