Summary: Practical experience in medical and health-related services that occurs as part of an educational program wherein the professionally-trained student works outside the academic environment under the supervision of an established professional in the particular field.

Top Publications

  1. Leigh J, Douglas C, Lee K, Douglas M. A case study of a preceptorship programme in an acute NHS Trust--using the European Foundation for Quality Management tool to support clinical practice development. J Nurs Manag. 2005;13:508-18 pubmed
    ..results of the evaluation, assessment and effectiveness of the trust-wide clinical practice development of a preceptorship programme for newly qualified nurses at Salford Royal Hospitals NHS Trust...
  2. Hudson J, Weston K, Farmer E. Engaging rural preceptors in new longitudinal community clerkships during workforce shortage: a qualitative study. BMC Fam Pract. 2011;12:103 pubmed publisher
  3. Duke L, Staton A, McCullough E, Jain R, Miller M, Lynn Stevenson T, et al. Impact of advanced pharmacy practice experience placement changes in colleges and schools of pharmacy. Am J Pharm Educ. 2012;76:49 pubmed publisher
    ..5 minutes. APPE placements are subject to high instability. Significant differences exist between public and private colleges and schools of pharmacy as to the number and type of APPE reassignments made and associated workload estimates. ..
  4. Earle V, Myrick F, Yonge O. Preceptorship in the intergenerational context: an integrative review of the literature. Nurse Educ Today. 2011;31:82-7 pubmed publisher
    b>Preceptorship is a teaching/learning method used in many undergraduate nursing programs whereby learners are individually assigned to expert practitioners in the clinical setting...
  5. Sheets K, Quirk M, Davis A. The Family Medicine Curriculum Resource Project: implications for faculty development. Fam Med. 2007;39:50-2 pubmed
    ..In the new culture, novel teaching methods will serve as the focus of faculty development in teaching and of educational ("best practices") research. ..
  6. Single P, Jaffe A, Schwartz R. Evaluating programs for recruiting and retaining community faculty. Fam Med. 1999;31:114-21 pubmed
    ..Community faculty should not be viewed as a homogenous group. The results of this study suggest that community physicians be provided with choices regarding the incentives for and rewards associated with serving as preceptors. ..
  7. Nieman L, Velasquez M, Groff J, Cheng L, Foxhall L. Implementation of a smoking cessation counseling module in a preceptorship program. Fam Med. 2005;37:105-11 pubmed
    ..we implemented a patient-centered instructional module within the elective Texas Statewide Family Practice Preceptorship Program...
  8. Billay D, Myrick F. Preceptorship: an integrative review of the literature. Nurse Educ Pract. 2008;8:258-66 pubmed
    The preceptorship model is as an effective teaching and learning strategy most frequently employed to educate undergraduate and graduate students in the practice setting...
  9. Happell B. A model of preceptorship in nursing: reflecting the complex functions of the role. Nurs Educ Perspect. 2009;30:372-6 pubmed
    b>Preceptorship has been consistently acknowledged in the literature as a strategy to maximize the benefits of clinical nursing education in terms of knowledge and skill acquisition, confidence, and professional socialization...

More Information


  1. Ohrling K, Hallberg I. The meaning of preceptorship: nurses' lived experience of being a preceptor. J Adv Nurs. 2001;33:530-40 pubmed is aimed at illuminating nurses' lived experience of the process of preceptoring and the meaning of preceptorship in a Swedish context...
  2. Yonge O, Myrick F. Preceptorship and the preparatory process for undergraduate nursing students and their preceptors. J Nurses Staff Dev. 2004;20:294-7 pubmed
    ..research nursing students' and their assigned preceptors' views of preparation in relationship to a 340-hour preceptorship course...
  3. Ohrling K, Hallberg I. Student nurses' lived experience of preceptorship. Part 1--in relation to learning. Int J Nurs Stud. 2000;37:13-23 pubmed
    ..of a research project a phenomenological approach was applied to understanding student nurses' experience of preceptorship. The lived experience of seventeen student nurses learning within a preceptor-preceptee relationship on ..
  4. Heidenreich C, Lye P, Simpson D, Lourich M. The search for effective and efficient ambulatory teaching methods through the literature. Pediatrics. 2000;105:231-7 pubmed
  5. Ricer R, Van Horne A, Filak A. Costs of preceptors' time spent teaching during a third-year family medicine outpatient rotation. Acad Med. 1997;72:547-51 pubmed
    ..23 hours. At $60 per hour, the cost of extra preceptor time would be $73.80 per day, or $1,254.60 per student for a typical four-week rotation. ..
  6. Walters L, Worley P, Prideaux D, Rolfe H, Keaney C. The impact of medical students on rural general practitioner perceptors. Rural Remote Health. 2005;5:403 pubmed
    ..Further studies are required to evaluate the relationship between the quality of teaching delivered to students, the type and length of student attachments and the likely impacts on rural GPs. ..
  7. Levy B, Merchant M. Factors associated with higher clinical skills experience of medical students on a family medicine preceptorship. Fam Med. 2005;37:332-40 pubmed
    ..the factors associated with students' clinical skills experience during their third-year family medicine preceptorship. We conducted an observational study of 1,419 third-year students at the University of Iowa taking a required ..
  8. Yonge O, Ferguson L, Myrick F, Haase M. Faculty preparation for the preceptorship experience: the forgotten link. Nurse Educ. 2003;28:210-1 pubmed
  9. Charleston R, Goodwin V. Effective collaboration enhances rural preceptorship training. Int J Ment Health Nurs. 2004;13:225-31 pubmed
    b>Preceptorship is a valuable strategy largely underestimated in its ability to influence nursing students' attitudes and beliefs about mental health nursing...
  10. Starr S, Ferguson W, Haley H, Quirk M. Community preceptors' views of their identities as teachers. Acad Med. 2003;78:820-5 pubmed
    ..Faculty development programs offer opportunities to strengthen teacher identity and foster relationships between teaching programs and community-based faculty. ..
  11. Magill M, Quinn R, Babitz M, Saffel Shrier S, Shomaker S. Integrating public health into medical education: community health projects in a Primary Care Preceptorship. Acad Med. 2001;76:1076-9 pubmed
    ..This report describes one course in the curriculum, the Primary Care Preceptorship (PCP), a fourth-year, six-week required rotation that assists students in learning about the health needs of a ..
  12. Levy B, Merchant M. Differences in clinical experiences based on gender of third-year medical students in a required family medicine preceptorship. Acad Med. 2002;77:1241-6 pubmed
    ..the gender of a student or preceptor affects the students' level of experience with clinical skills in a preceptorship. A total of 451 third-year medical students completed a required family medicine preceptorship during three ..
  13. Haist S, Wilson J, Fosson S, Brigham N. Are fourth-year medical students effective teachers of the physical examination to first-year medical students?. J Gen Intern Med. 1997;12:177-81 pubmed
    ..Fourth-year medical students were as successful as faculty in teaching first-year medical students the physical examination as measured by first-year student's performances on objective measures and ratings of teaching effectiveness. ..
  14. Halaas G, Zink T, Finstad D, Bolin K, Center B. Recruitment and retention of rural physicians: outcomes from the rural physician associate program of Minnesota. J Rural Health. 2008;24:345-52 pubmed publisher
    ..RPAP data suggest that the 9-month longitudinal experience in a rural community increases the number of students choosing primary care practice, especially family medicine, in a rural setting. ..
  15. Lee T, Tzeng W, Lin C, Yeh M. Effects of a preceptorship programme on turnover rate, cost, quality and professional development. J Clin Nurs. 2009;18:1217-25 pubmed publisher
    The purpose of the present study was to design a preceptorship programme and to evaluate its effects on turnover rate, turnover cost, quality of care and professional development. A high turnover rate of nurses is a common global problem...
  16. Billay D, Yonge O. Contributing to the theory development of preceptorship. Nurse Educ Today. 2004;24:566-74 pubmed
    The purpose of the study was to clarify and analyze the concept of preceptorship as experienced by the preceptor. Preceptorship is a teaching method commonly used in many professions...
  17. Wolpaw T, Papp K, Bordage G. Using SNAPPS to facilitate the expression of clinical reasoning and uncertainties: a randomized comparison group trial. Acad Med. 2009;84:517-24 pubmed publisher
    ..Students can conduct case presentations using a technique that makes each step explicit and gives learners, rather than preceptors, the responsibility for expressing their clinical reasoning and uncertainties. ..
  18. Brackett P, Byrd D, Duke L, Fetterman J, Unterwagner W, Staton A, et al. Barriers to expanding advanced pharmacy practice experience site availability in an experiential education consortium. Am J Pharm Educ. 2009;73:82 pubmed
    ..Regional experiential education consortiums can provide a constructive approach to improve access to quality sites and preceptors through standardizing processes and leveraging resources. ..
  19. Sedgwick M, Yonge O, Myrick F. Rural-hospital-based preceptorship: a multidisciplinary approach. J Nurses Staff Dev. 2009;25:E1-7 pubmed publisher
    In this ethnographic study, undergraduate nursing students' experience of a rural-hospital-based preceptorship was a team effort that involved all members of the hospital staff...
  20. Schultz K, Kirby J, Delva D, Godwin M, Verma S, Birtwhistle R, et al. Medical Students' and Residents' preferred site characteristics and preceptor behaviours for learning in the ambulatory setting: a cross-sectional survey. BMC Med Educ. 2004;4:12 pubmed
  21. Elnicki D, Halbritter K, Antonelli M, Linger B. Educational and career outcomes of an internal medicine preceptorship for first-year medical students. J Gen Intern Med. 1999;14:341-6 pubmed
    ..We questioned whether participating in a preceptorship in internal medicine (PIM) resulted in better performances on subsequent clinical rotations and increased ..
  22. Kaviani N, Stillwell Y. An evaluative study of clinical preceptorship. Nurse Educ Today. 2000;20:218-26 pubmed
    ..A preceptorship programme of 100 hours duration was developed and delivered by the nurse education institute, in consultation ..
  23. Matzke G, St Peter W, Comstock T, Foote E. Nephrology pharmaceutical care preceptorship: a programmatic and clinical outcomes assessment. Ann Pharmacother. 2000;34:593-9 pubmed
    The University of Pittsburgh Nephrology Pharmaceutical Care Preceptorship (NPCP) program was conceived to acquaint health system pharmacists with the pharmacotherapeutic management of dialysis patients, enhance the delivery of ..
  24. Ferenchick G, Simpson D, Blackman J, DaRosa D, Dunnington G. Strategies for efficient and effective teaching in the ambulatory care setting. Acad Med. 1997;72:277-80 pubmed
    ..Employing these strategies in the ambulatory care setting will help educators to accomplish these two objectives while minimizing disruption to cost-effective, high-quality clinical practice. ..
  25. Myrick F, Yonge O, Billay D. Preceptorship and practical wisdom: A process of engaging in authentic nursing practice. Nurse Educ Pract. 2010;10:82-7 pubmed publisher
    b>Preceptorship is a teaching/learning approach, in which learners are individually assigned to staff nurses in the practice setting...
  26. Fernald D, Staudenmaier A, Tressler C, Main D, O Brien Gonzales A, Barley G. Student perspectives on primary care preceptorships: enhancing the medical student preceptorship learning environment. Teach Learn Med. 2001;13:13-20 pubmed
    Medical students participate in a longitudinal (3-year) primary care preceptorship to assist them in developing skills in interviewing and examining patients in an ambulatory care setting...
  27. Gleeson M. Preceptorship: facilitating student nurse education in the Republic of Ireland. Br J Nurs. 2008;17:376-80 pubmed
    ..The focus of this article is on exploring the literature on models of support for student nurses with particular emphasis on the concept of preceptorship.
  28. Udlis K. Preceptorship in undergraduate nursing education: an integrative review. J Nurs Educ. 2008;47:20-9 pubmed
    ..b>Preceptorship programs have become prevalent in nursing education as an alternative clinical teaching method, yet few ..
  29. Kim K. Clinical competence among senior nursing students after their preceptorship experiences. J Prof Nurs. 2007;23:369-75 pubmed
    The senior nursing preceptorship is the culminating clinical experience in the baccalaureate nursing program and assists students in the application of their nursing knowledge and skills...
  30. Yonge O, Myrick F, Haase M. Student nurse stress in the preceptorship experience. Nurse Educ. 2002;27:84-8 pubmed
    ..b>Preceptorship is among the most stressful of student experiences...
  31. Myrick F, Yonge O. Enhancing critical thinking in the preceptorship experience in nursing education. J Adv Nurs. 2004;45:371-80 pubmed
    To date no research has been conducted to examine the process used in the preceptorship experience to enhance critical thinking at the graduate level...
  32. Ullian J, Shore W, First L. What did we learn about the impact on community-based faculty? Recommendations for recruitment, retention, and rewards. Acad Med. 2001;76:S78-85 pubmed
    ..Generalist Curriculum (IGC) Project were required to offer students significant generalist longitudinal preceptorship experiences during the first two years of medical school...
  33. Charles G, Bainbridge L, Copeman Stewart K, Kassam R, Tiffin S. Impact of an interprofessional rural health care practice education experience on students and communities. J Allied Health. 2008;37:127-31 pubmed
    ..Exposure to new ways of providing service and the impact that the introduction of teams of passionate students can have on both practitioners and small communities have greatly enriched the broader communities. ..
  34. Ashar B, Levine R, Magaziner J, Shochet R, Wright S. An association between paying physician-teachers for their teaching efforts and an improved educational experience for learners. J Gen Intern Med. 2007;22:1393-7 pubmed
    ..3, 95% CI 1.01-18.20). Salary support for teaching efforts in the time-intensive CS course coupled with the prestige of being appointed to the CF was associated with higher student evaluations. ..
  35. Rooks L, Watson R, Harris J. A primary care preceptorship for first-year medical students coordinated by an Area Health Education Center program: a six-year review. Acad Med. 2001;76:489-92 pubmed
    In 1991, the University of Florida College of Medicine established a required primary care preceptorship coordinated by the Area Health Education Center (AHEC) Program for all students in the first semester of medical school...
  36. Zilembo M, Monterosso L. Towards a conceptual framework for preceptorship in the clinical education of undergraduate nursing students. Contemp Nurse. 2008;30:89-94 pubmed
    ..A conceptual framework designed to guide preceptorship may help alleviate some of the difficulties experienced by undergraduate nurses in building relationships ..
  37. Ohrling K, Hallberg I. Student nurses' lived experience of preceptorship. Part 2--the preceptor-preceptee relationship. Int J Nurs Stud. 2000;37:25-36 pubmed
    Student nurses' experience of preceptorship was the focus of this second part of a phenomenological study. The aim was to illuminate student nurses' lived experience of the preceptor-preceptee relationship on hospital wards...
  38. Corbett E, Owen J, Hayden G. Effect of a second-year primary care preceptorship on medical students' career plans. South Med J. 2002;95:691-4 pubmed
    ..An evaluation of our preceptorship program was undertaken to determine this influence...
  39. Teherani A, O Brien B, Masters D, Poncelet A, Robertson P, Hauer K. Burden, responsibility, and reward: preceptor experiences with the continuity of teaching in a longitudinal integrated clerkship. Acad Med. 2009;84:S50-3 pubmed publisher
    ..To support and sustain the reward of LIC teaching for faculty, LIC developers should focus on targeted faculty development and resource allocation to clinical teaching. ..
  40. Scott I, Sazegar P. Why community physicians teach students (or not): barriers and opportunities for preceptor recruitment. Med Teach. 2006;28:563-5 pubmed
    ..This study provides insight into the motivators and barriers for ambulatory teachers and has implications for recruiting and rewarding community preceptors. ..
  41. Jackson M, Keen M, Wenrich M, Schaad D, Robins L, Goldstein E. Impact of a pre-clinical clinical skills curriculum on student performance in third-year clerkships. J Gen Intern Med. 2009;24:929-33 pubmed publisher
    ..Continued efforts are needed to understand how to best prepare students for clinical clerkships and how to evaluate outcomes of similar pre-clinical skills programs. ..
  42. Callaghan D, Watts W, McCullough D, Moreau J, Little M, Gamroth L, et al. The experience of two practice education models: collaborative learning unit and preceptorship. Nurse Educ Pract. 2009;9:244-52 pubmed publisher
    ..The two models evaluated were collaborative learning units (CLU) and preceptorship. The participants described what was most important about each of these models in preparing them for graduate ..
  43. Critchley J, DeWitt D, Khan M, Liaw S. A required rural health module increases students' interest in rural health careers. Rural Remote Health. 2007;7:688 pubmed
    ..This course offers valuable rural experience to students without depending significantly on GPs, but student feedback has increased efforts to make the course more clinically focussed. ..
  44. Elnicki D, Kolarik R, Bardella I. Third-year medical students' perceptions of effective teaching behaviors in a multidisciplinary ambulatory clerkship. Acad Med. 2003;78:815-9 pubmed
    ..Involving students in a humanistic but rigorous approach to medicine and being a physician students wanted to emulate seem particularly important. These aspects appear potentially amenable to faculty development efforts. ..
  45. Myrick F. Preceptorship and critical thinking in nursing education. J Nurs Educ. 2002;41:154-64 pubmed
    Although preceptorship is being used increasingly by nursing faculty in the practice setting, little is known about how preceptors teach and even less is known about how critical thinking is being fostered in that relationship...
  46. Hashim M, Prinsloo A, Leduc C, Raasch B, Mirza D. What community-based preceptors want in teaching medical students: findings from a mixed methods study. Educ Health (Abingdon). 2010;23:366 pubmed
    ..Clerkship coordinators should ensure ongoing communication with community preceptors in these areas as well as offer recognition of teaching contribution and opportunities for professional development. ..
  47. Edwards D. Paramedic preceptor: work readiness in graduate paramedics. Clin Teach. 2011;8:79-82 pubmed publisher
    ..This article identifies the need for further research into the role of the paramedic preceptor and the work readiness of paramedic graduates to undertake this role. ..
  48. Metcalfe S. Educational innovation: collaborative mentoring for future nursing leaders. Creat Nurs. 2010;16:167-70 pubmed
    ..A structured mentoring process in which students are guided through an internship with nursing administrators and executives promotes development of a career focus, leading novices to a more mature role on their career journeys. ..
  49. Taylor E, Hasseberg C, Anderson M, Knehans A. Dietetic preceptor educational needs from the preceptor, student, and faculty perspectives. J Allied Health. 2010;39:287-92 pubmed
    ..This should improve the effectiveness of preceptors as educators, which should consequently facilitate recruitment and retention of dietetic preceptors. ..
  50. Bhayat A, Vergotine G, Yengopal V, Rudolph M. The impact of service-learning on two groups of South African dental students. J Dent Educ. 2011;75:1482-8 pubmed
    ..This program positively impacted these students and enhanced their personal growth and social responsibility by exposing them to the needs of rural and urban communities in South Africa. ..
  51. Dillon K, Barga K, Goodin H. Use of the logic model framework to develop and implement a preceptor recognition program. J Nurses Staff Dev. 2012;28:36-40 pubmed publisher
    ..The purpose of this article was to discuss how a preceptor recognition program was developed using the Logic Model. Evaluation of the program and ways for enhancement will be shared. ..
  52. Haggerty C, Holloway K, Wilson D. Entry to nursing practice preceptor education and support: could we do it better?. Nurs Prax N Z. 2012;28:30-9 pubmed
    High quality preceptorship during their first year of practice is seen as critical for new graduate nurses' development of competence and confidence...
  53. Chang A, Douglas M, Breen Reid K, Gueorguieva V, Fleming Carroll B. Preceptors' perceptions of their role in a pediatric acute care setting. J Contin Educ Nurs. 2013;44:211-7 pubmed publisher
    ..Further research is needed to explore whether additional supports or recognition tailored to level of experience and age may be beneficial. ..