15th century history


Summary: Time period from 1401 through 1500 of the common era.

Top Publications

  1. Lev E. Reconstructed materia medica of the Medieval and Ottoman al-Sham. J Ethnopharmacol. 2002;80:167-79 pubmed
    ..Finally, our data revealed that the al-Sham region was an independent source of production and marketing of medicinal substances during the medieval and Ottoman periods. ..
  2. Lev E. Traditional healing with animals (zootherapy): medieval to present-day Levantine practice. J Ethnopharmacol. 2003;85:107-18 pubmed
    ..The use of other materials of animal origin came to an end in the course of history because of change in the moral outlook of modern societies. Among the latter we note mummy, silkworm, stinkbug, scarabees, snail, scorpion, and triton...
  3. Raoult D, Aboudharam G, Crubezy E, Larrouy G, Ludes B, Drancourt M. Molecular identification by "suicide PCR" of Yersinia pestis as the agent of medieval black death. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2000;97:12800-3 pubmed
    ..Suicide PCR avoids any risk of contamination as it uses a single-shot primer-its specificity is absolute. We believe that we can end the controversy: Medieval Black Death was plague. ..
  4. Sharma H, Tripathi B, Pelto P. The evolution of alcohol use in India. AIDS Behav. 2010;14 Suppl 1:S8-17 pubmed publisher
  5. Armstrong B, Kalmuss D, Franks M, Hecker G, Bell D. Creating teachable moments: a clinic-based intervention to improve young men's sexual health. Am J Mens Health. 2010;4:135-44 pubmed publisher
  6. Littner M, Littner D. [The history of dentistry along the tunnel of time]. Refuat Hapeh Vehashinayim (1993). 2008;25:47-56 pubmed
  7. Zhang D, Brecke P, Lee H, He Y, Zhang J. Global climate change, war, and population decline in recent human history. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2007;104:19214-9 pubmed
    ..Findings of this research may lend an additional dimension to the classic concepts of Malthusianism and Darwinism. ..
  8. Seo M, Guk S, Kim J, Chai J, Bok G, Park S, et al. Paleoparasitological report on the stool from a Medieval child mummy in Yangju, Korea. J Parasitol. 2007;93:589-92 pubmed
    ..With additional paleoparasitological investigation using feces from Korean mummies, we hope that a history of parasite infection in Korea will be reconstructed. ..
  9. Danev S. Balkan Clinical Laboratory Federation--past, present and future trends. Clin Chem Lab Med. 2007;45:937-8 pubmed

More Information


  1. De Santis I, Del Busso M. [Pharmaceutical pottery in the Museum of History of Medicine of Rome "La Sapienza"]. Med Secoli. 2006;18:313-30 pubmed
    ..Ceramics is one of the most flourishing art in Italy; a revival of its techniques arose just in relation with the 'rebirth' of spices commercial trading in Italy. ..
  2. Turgut M. Pediatric neurosurgical techniques in the 15th century. J Clin Neurosci. 2008;15:1085-90 pubmed publisher
    ..The sections on neurosurgery are still relevant to modern medicine. The book combines previous knowledge of Greek, Roman, Arabic, and Turkish surgery. Today, Sabuncuo?lu is recognized as a pioneer of pediatric neurosurgery. ..
  3. Conti A, Gensini G. Doctor-patient communication: a historical overview. Minerva Med. 2008;99:411-5 pubmed
    ..Every physician and, more in general, every health operator, must therefore learn to communicate effectively in the course of his/her medical training, and must continually refine this capacity during his/her professional career. ..
  4. Ohry A. [From the "teeth-drawer", the "quick-pistol drawer" to the "stent"--the contribution of dentists to history]. Refuat Hapeh Vehashinayim (1993). 2008;25:39-42, 55 pubmed
    ..The history of general anesthesia is also tightly connected with a few dentists. ..
  5. Zewail A. Micrographia of the twenty-first century: from camera obscura to 4D microscopy. Philos Trans A Math Phys Eng Sci. 2010;368:1191-204 pubmed publisher
    ..Such observations provide the means for visualizing materials behaviour and biological function, with the aim of understanding emergent phenomena in complex systems. ..
  6. Ko M, Hollier L. New World cranial deformation practices: historical implications for pathophysiology of cognitive impairment in deformational plagiocephaly. J Craniofac Surg. 2008;19:292 pubmed publisher
  7. Payette S, Filion L, Delwaide A. Spatially explicit fire-climate history of the boreal forest-tundra (Eastern Canada) over the last 2000 years. Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci. 2008;363:2301-16 pubmed
  8. Rajić Sikanjić P, Vlak D. Autoimmune joint diseases in Late Medieval skeletal sample from Croatia. Rheumatol Int. 2010;30:349-56 pubmed publisher
  9. Sperati G. Craniotomy through the ages. Acta Otorhinolaryngol Ital. 2007;27:151-6 pubmed
  10. Norko M. The death penalty in Catholic teaching and medicine: intersections and places for dialogue. J Am Acad Psychiatry Law. 2008;36:470-81 pubmed
    ..An argument is made for sufficient overlap of contemporary purpose between the goals of church and medicine to warrant further dialogue in enhanced and deliberative democratic processes. ..
  11. Smith C. NeurHistAlert 7. J Hist Neurosci. 2008;17:117-24 pubmed
  12. Papanikolaou E, Yonkov A. Historical aspects of hypospadias--a literature review. Folia Med (Plovdiv). 2006;48:29-35 pubmed
    ..It is quite apt here to quote Durham Smith on that: "There is nothing new in surgery not previously described". ..
  13. Löwenheim H. [Regenerative medicine. New therapeutic methods in otorhinolaryngology and head and neck surgery]. HNO. 2008;56:252-7 pubmed publisher
  14. Jeger I. [The repression of witchcraft in the region around Geneva before the Reformation]. Schweiz Z Gesch. 2002;52:127-32 pubmed
  15. Gonzalo Rodríguez V, Pérez Albacete M, Perez Castro Ellendt E. [The stone disease]. Arch Esp Urol. 2009;62:623-9 pubmed
    ..We reviewed books and writings of History of Urology and Endourology. To know a little of the history and treatment of lithiasis, the contributions of Spanish urologists, as well as the instruments that made it possible. ..
  16. Lapin A. [Why should Byzantium be considered as a cradle of clinical geriatrics?]. Wien Med Wochenschr. 2008;158:471-80 pubmed publisher
    ..It survived, however, only in hospitals of occidental monastic orders, which brought their experience from East-Mediterranean area. Their hospitals were than a base for modern health care and for geriatrics. ..
  17. Benazzi S, Stansfield E, Milani C, Gruppioni G. Geometric morphometric methods for three-dimensional virtual reconstruction of a fragmented cranium: the case of Angelo Poliziano. Int J Legal Med. 2009;123:333-44 pubmed publisher
  18. Cohen S. Blocking asthmatic progression and chronicity in the pre-corticosteroid era. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2008;121:787-90 pubmed publisher
  19. Silverstein T. Religion: Islamic science fading before colonialism. Nature. 2007;448:864 pubmed
  20. Murube J. Pterygium: descriptive nomenclature of the past. Ocul Surf. 2008;6:104-7 pubmed
  21. Legutko J, Pach R, Solecki R, Matyja A, Kulig J. [The history of treatment of groin hernia]. Folia Med Cracov. 2008;49:57-74 pubmed
    ..In conclusion it may be stated that history of groin hernia repair evolved from life-saving procedures in case of incarcerated hernias to elective operations performed within the limits of 1 day surgery. ..
  22. Alexander J. History of the medical use of silver. Surg Infect (Larchmt). 2009;10:289-92 pubmed publisher
    ..Silver also has played an important role in the development of radiology and in improving wound healing. Silver was the most important antimicrobial agent available before the introduction of antibiotics. ..
  23. Schiffczyk D. [Hospitals in Leipzig. Origin--changes--present]. Hist Hosp. 2004;24:55-97 pubmed
  24. Manring M, Hawk A, Calhoun J, Andersen R. Treatment of war wounds: a historical review. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 2009;467:2168-91 pubmed publisher
    ..We also discuss how the lessons of history are reflected in contemporary US practices in Iraq and Afghanistan. ..
  25. Azzolini M. The political uses of astrology: predicting the illness and death of princes, kings and popes in the Italian Renaissance. Stud Hist Philos Biol Biomed Sci. 2010;41:135-45 pubmed publisher
  26. Ongaro G. [Peter of Abano and anatomy]. Med Secoli. 2008;20:567-90 pubmed
    ..The table of abdominal muscles, first published in the edition Venetiis 1496 of the Conciliator, is carefully considered. ..
  27. Guimaraes S, Ghirotto S, Benazzo A, Milani L, Lari M, Pilli E, et al. Genealogical discontinuities among Etruscan, Medieval, and contemporary Tuscans. Mol Biol Evol. 2009;26:2157-66 pubmed publisher
    ..Accordingly, genealogical continuity between ancient and modern populations of the same area does not seem a safe general assumption, but rather a hypothesis that, when possible, should be tested using ancient DNA analysis. ..
  28. Low J. Operative delivery: yesterday and today. J Obstet Gynaecol Can. 2009;31:132-41 pubmed
    ..The continuing challenge for those responsible for the delivery of the obstetric patient is to continue to examine the indications and appropriate procedures for operative intervention. ..
  29. Weisshaar E, Konig A, Diepgen T, Eckart W. [About Itching and scabies. Pruritus in medical history--from ancient world to the French revolution]. Hautarzt. 2008;59:1000-6 pubmed publisher
    ..Antiquity was dominated by observations and descriptions but during the course of medical history and particularly since the establishment of dermatology, more and more emphasis has been placed on classification and etiologic research. ..
  30. Márquez S. The paranasal sinuses: the last frontier in craniofacial biology. Anat Rec (Hoboken). 2008;291:1350-61 pubmed publisher
  31. Aarli J, Stien R. Chapter 41: the history of neurology in Scandinavia. Handb Clin Neurol. 2010;95:657-66 pubmed publisher
  32. Vernazza P. [Influenza in history to the Spanish influenza]. Ther Umsch. 2007;64:605-7 pubmed
  33. Patterson W, Dietrich K, Holmden C, Andrews J. Two millennia of North Atlantic seasonality and implications for Norse colonies. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2010;107:5306-10 pubmed publisher
  34. Radojcić B, Jokić R, Grebeldinger S, Meljnikov I, Radojić N. [History of minimally invasive surgery]. Med Pregl. 2009;62:597-602 pubmed
    ..They specially enmphasized the use of laparoscopic access in pediatric surgery which has become a new gold standard in surgical treatment of pediatric patients. ..
  35. Morea M, De Paulis R. 'Il buso' (the orifice). How much did Leonardo know of the aortic valve?. J Cardiovasc Med (Hagerstown). 2007;8:399-403 pubmed
  36. Valentinuzzi M, Leder R. The modern hospital in historical context. Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc. 2009;2009:1089-91 pubmed publisher
  37. Mattelaer J. The phallus tree: a medieval and renaissance phenomenon. J Sex Med. 2010;7:846-51 pubmed publisher
  38. IJpma F, van de Graaf R, Pierik E, van Gulik T. [A master's exam in surgical training]. Ned Tijdschr Geneeskd. 2010;154:A795 pubmed
    ..From the perspective of renewed interest in explicit quality standards and examination of surgeons, the reintroduction of a modern master's exam should perhaps be considered. ..
  39. Morera B. 500 years ago, 50 years ago... Time of discoveries and foundations. Rev Biol Trop. 2004;52:XIX-XXIII, XXV-XXX pubmed
  40. Sabra A. The simple ontology of kal?m atomism: an outline. Early Sci Med. 2009;14:68-78 pubmed
  41. Charlier P. [Who was the "Dame de Beauté?" Scientific study of the remains of Agnes Sorel]. Hist Sci Med. 2006;40:255-63 pubmed
    ..The transfer from Logis Royal gave the opportunity to authenticate her ashes and to clarify the year of her birth, the cause of her death or ... the colour of her hair. ..
  42. Diamantis A, Magiorkinis E, Androutsos G. Proteinuria: from ancient observation to 19th century scientific study. J Urol. 2008;180:2330-2; discussion 2322 pubmed publisher
    ..Observations on proteinuria span approximately 2,500 years. The work of physicians during the 17th and 18th centuries led to its establishment as a separate clinical entity associated with renal disease. ..
  43. Thurston A. Paré and prosthetics: the early history of artificial limbs. ANZ J Surg. 2007;77:1114-9 pubmed
    ..What began as a modified crutch with a wooden or leather cup and progressed through many metamorphoses has now developed into a highly sophisticated prosthetic limb made of space-age materials. ..
  44. Köster D, Lichter J, Lea P, Nurse A. Historical eutrophication in a river-estuary complex in mid-coast Maine. Ecol Appl. 2007;17:765-78 pubmed
  45. Gunderman R. Idealism and realism. J Am Coll Radiol. 2006;3:710-2 pubmed
  46. Valianou L, Stathopoulou K, Karapanagiotis I, Magiatis P, Pavlidou E, Skaltsounis A, et al. Phytochemical analysis of young fustic (Cotinus coggygria heartwood) and identification of isolated colourants in historical textiles. Anal Bioanal Chem. 2009;394:871-82 pubmed publisher
    ..The effect of the latter on the morphology of the dyed silk fibres is briefly investigated by scanning electron microscopy. ..
  47. Heary R, Madhavan K. The history of spinal deformity. Neurosurgery. 2008;63:5-15 pubmed publisher
    ..The history of spinal deformity is still maturing as newer procedures continue to be performed on a daily basis. ..
  48. Churchill J. What's a dentist to do? The art of discernment. Northwest Dent. 2008;87:49-50 pubmed
  49. Gonzalez Hernandez A, Domínguez Rodríguez M. Migraine in Gilbertus Anglicus' Compendium medicinae. The cases of MS Sloane 3486 and Wellcome MS 537. J Hist Neurosci. 2008;17:147-59 pubmed publisher
    ..This work will analyze how their copyists reduced Anglicus' long theoretical dissertations on the aetiology and semiology of migraine, in order to emphasize the real therapeutic needs of a nonuniversity-trained audience. ..
  50. Aygen G, Karasu A, Ofluoglu A, Pait G, Toplamaoglu H. The first Anatolian contribution to treatment of sciatica by Serefeddin Sabuncuoglu in the 15th century. Surg Neurol. 2009;71:130-3 pubmed publisher
    ..This study aims to investigate the contribution of Anatolia to neurosurgery through Sabuncuoglu's treatment of sciatica, a problematic and common illness. ..
  51. Grunert P, Charalampaki P, Ayyad A. Concept and treatment of hydrocephalus in the Greco-Roman and early Arabic medicine. Minim Invasive Neurosurg. 2007;50:253-64 pubmed
  52. Glardon P. [Natural history in the 16th Century: historiography, methodology, and perspectives]. Gesnerus. 2006;63:280-98 pubmed
  53. Grzybowski A. [The history of cocaine in medicine and its importance to the discovery of the different forms of anaesthesia]. Klin Oczna. 2007;109:101-5 pubmed
    ..Eventually they developed the nerve and regional blocking techniques. Nowadays, due to the potential harmful effects of cocaine and the risk of addiction, the indications for the use of cocaine as an anaesthetic are strictly limited. ..