dry socket

Summary

Summary: A condition sometimes occurring after tooth extraction, particularly after traumatic extraction, resulting in a dry appearance of the exposed bone in the socket, due to disintegration or loss of the blood clot. It is basically a focal osteomyelitis without suppuration and is accompanied by severe pain (alveolalgia) and foul odor. (Dorland, 28th ed)

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Tetracycline compound placement to prevent dry socket: a postoperative study of 200 impacted mandibular third molars
    J M Sanchis
    Valencia University, Medical and Dental School, Spain
    J Oral Maxillofac Surg 62:587-91. 2004
  2. ncbi Metronidazole for the prevention of dry socket after removal of partially impacted mandibular third molar: a randomised controlled trial
    M Bergdahl
    Department of Odontology, Faculty of Medicine and Odontology, Umea University, Umea, Sweden
    Br J Oral Maxillofac Surg 42:555-8. 2004
  3. ncbi Impacted mandibular third molars: presentation and postoperative complications at the Lagos University Teaching Hospital
    O M Gbotolorun
    Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Lagos University Teaching Hospital LUTH, Lagos, Nigeria
    Nig Q J Hosp Med 17:26-9. 2007
  4. ncbi Dry socket: a prospective study of prevalent risk factors in a Nigerian population
    Fadekemi Olufunmilayo Oginni
    Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Faculty of Dentistry, College of Health Sciences, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile Ife, Osun State, Nigeria
    J Oral Maxillofac Surg 66:2290-5. 2008
  5. ncbi Prevention of alveolar osteitis with chlorhexidine: a meta-analytic review
    Antonio Caso
    University of Washington School of Dentistry, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Seattle, WA 98195 7134, USA
    Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod 99:155-9. 2005
  6. ncbi Risk indicators of postoperative complications following surgical extraction of lower third molars
    Ziad Malkawi
    Department of Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine and Periodontology, Faculty of Dentistry, The University of Jordan, Amman, Jordan
    Med Princ Pract 20:321-5. 2011
  7. ncbi Effects of intra-alveolar placement of 0.2% chlorhexidine bioadhesive gel on dry socket incidence and postsurgical pain: a double-blind split-mouth randomized controlled clinical trial
    Afshin Haraji
    Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Islamic Azad University, Tehran Iran
    J Orofac Pain 27:256-62. 2013
  8. ncbi Clinical concepts of dry socket
    Camila Lopes Cardoso
    Department of Oral Surgery, University of São Paulo Bauru School of Dentistry, Bauru, SP, Brazil
    J Oral Maxillofac Surg 68:1922-32. 2010
  9. ncbi Chlorhexidine in the prevention of dry socket: effectiveness of different dosage forms and regimens
    María Paz Minguez-Serra
    Stomatology Unit, Doctor Peset University Hospital, Valencia, Spain
    Med Oral Patol Oral Cir Bucal 14:e445-9. 2009
  10. ncbi Factors affecting incidence of dry socket: a prospective community-based study
    Krishnan Parthasarathi
    Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Prince of Wales Hospital, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
    J Oral Maxillofac Surg 69:1880-4. 2011

Detail Information

Publications135 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Tetracycline compound placement to prevent dry socket: a postoperative study of 200 impacted mandibular third molars
    J M Sanchis
    Valencia University, Medical and Dental School, Spain
    J Oral Maxillofac Surg 62:587-91. 2004
    ..Our objective was to study whether the placement of intra-alveolar tetracycline prevents dry sockets or improves the postoperative period...
  2. ncbi Metronidazole for the prevention of dry socket after removal of partially impacted mandibular third molar: a randomised controlled trial
    M Bergdahl
    Department of Odontology, Faculty of Medicine and Odontology, Umea University, Umea, Sweden
    Br J Oral Maxillofac Surg 42:555-8. 2004
    ..Ten of the fifty-nine patients who were given metronidazole and 13 of the 60 given placebo developed dry sockets. Two variables were significantly associated with the development of a dry socket: pericoronitis and oral contraceptives.
  3. ncbi Impacted mandibular third molars: presentation and postoperative complications at the Lagos University Teaching Hospital
    O M Gbotolorun
    Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Lagos University Teaching Hospital LUTH, Lagos, Nigeria
    Nig Q J Hosp Med 17:26-9. 2007
    ..This study aims to investigate the pattern of presentation of impacted Mandibular third molars, the indications for extraction and the post operative complications after this procedure at the Lagos University Teaching Hospital...
  4. ncbi Dry socket: a prospective study of prevalent risk factors in a Nigerian population
    Fadekemi Olufunmilayo Oginni
    Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Faculty of Dentistry, College of Health Sciences, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile Ife, Osun State, Nigeria
    J Oral Maxillofac Surg 66:2290-5. 2008
    To identify major risk factors for developing dry socket in some Nigerians, and to formulate a nonpharmacologic protocol for its effective prevention.
  5. ncbi Prevention of alveolar osteitis with chlorhexidine: a meta-analytic review
    Antonio Caso
    University of Washington School of Dentistry, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Seattle, WA 98195 7134, USA
    Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod 99:155-9. 2005
    ..The objective of this study was to assess if chlorhexidine (CHX) rinse decreases the occurrence of alveolar osteitis (AO) following third molar removal...
  6. ncbi Risk indicators of postoperative complications following surgical extraction of lower third molars
    Ziad Malkawi
    Department of Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine and Periodontology, Faculty of Dentistry, The University of Jordan, Amman, Jordan
    Med Princ Pract 20:321-5. 2011
    ....
  7. ncbi Effects of intra-alveolar placement of 0.2% chlorhexidine bioadhesive gel on dry socket incidence and postsurgical pain: a double-blind split-mouth randomized controlled clinical trial
    Afshin Haraji
    Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Islamic Azad University, Tehran Iran
    J Orofac Pain 27:256-62. 2013
    To assess the effects of intra-alveolar application of chlorhexidine gel on the incidence of alveolar osteitis (dry socket) and the severity of postsurgical pain.
  8. ncbi Clinical concepts of dry socket
    Camila Lopes Cardoso
    Department of Oral Surgery, University of São Paulo Bauru School of Dentistry, Bauru, SP, Brazil
    J Oral Maxillofac Surg 68:1922-32. 2010
    b>Dry socket is one of the most studied complications in dentistry, and a great number of studies have searched for an effective and safe method for its prevention and treatment...
  9. ncbi Chlorhexidine in the prevention of dry socket: effectiveness of different dosage forms and regimens
    María Paz Minguez-Serra
    Stomatology Unit, Doctor Peset University Hospital, Valencia, Spain
    Med Oral Patol Oral Cir Bucal 14:e445-9. 2009
    b>Dry socket (DS) is a potential postoperative complication of dental extractions...
  10. ncbi Factors affecting incidence of dry socket: a prospective community-based study
    Krishnan Parthasarathi
    Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Prince of Wales Hospital, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
    J Oral Maxillofac Surg 69:1880-4. 2011
    b>Dry socket, or alveolar osteitis, can occur because of the removal of teeth. No clear etiology has been acknowledged; however, numerous risk factors have been proposed and tested...
  11. ncbi Influence of trans-operative complications on socket healing following dental extractions
    Wasiu Lanre Adeyemo
    Department of Oral, Plastic and Maxillofacial Surgery, University of Cologne, Germany
    J Contemp Dent Pract 8:52-9. 2007
    ..Extraction healing complications have been attributed to several factors. The influence of trans-operative complications on an extraction site wound healing was the focus of this investigation...
  12. ncbi Contemporary views on dry socket (alveolar osteitis): a clinical appraisal of standardization, aetiopathogenesis and management: a critical review
    I R Blum
    Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Sciences, University Dental Hospital of Manchester, UK
    Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg 31:309-17. 2002
    ..The aim of this critical review is to provide a better basis for clinical management of the condition. A meta-analysis of data was not done...
  13. ncbi Incidence and pattern of presentation of dry socket following non-surgical tooth extraction
    M O Ogunlewe
    Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, College of Medicine, University of Lagos, Lagos, Nigeria
    Nig Q J Hosp Med 17:126-30. 2007
    To determine the incidence and pattern of presentation of dry socket as a complication of intra-alveolar dental extraction at the Lagos University Teaching Hospital.
  14. ncbi Differences in postoperative morbidity rates, including infection and dry socket, and differences in the healing process after mandibular third molar surgery in patients receiving 1-day or 3-day prophylaxis with lenampicillin
    Takashi Yoshii
    Department of Dentistry, Hyogo Prefectural Staff Health Center, 5 10 1 Shimoyamate dori, Chuo Ku, Kobe, Hyogo 650 8567, Japan
    J Infect Chemother 8:87-93. 2002
    ..A comparative study was conducted on postoperative infection, dry socket, and the healing process in 178 healthy patients receiving 1-day or 3-day prophylaxis with lenampicillin (LAPC; ..
  15. ncbi Incidence of dry socket, alveolar infection, and postoperative pain following the extraction of erupted teeth
    Marcelo Carlos Bortoluzzi
    Department of Stomatology and Maxillofacial Surgery, Santa Terezinha University Hospital, Brazil
    J Contemp Dent Pract 11:E033-40. 2010
    The aim of this study was to determine the incidence of dry socket, alveolar infection, and postoperative pain following the routine extraction of erupted teeth.
  16. ncbi A clinical evaluation of dry socket in a Nigerian teaching hospital
    F O Oginni
    Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Faculty of Dentistry, Obafemi Owolowo University, Ile Ife, Osun, State, Nigeria
    J Oral Maxillofac Surg 61:871-6. 2003
    We sought to determine the incidence of dry socket in a Nigerian teaching hospital and to evaluate the patients' demographic pattern, predisposing factors, the treatment given, and treatment outcome.
  17. ncbi Update on dry socket: a review of the literature
    Daniel Torres-Lagares
    Departamento de Estamología, Facultad de Odontologia, Universidad de Sevilla, Spain
    Med Oral Patol Oral Cir Bucal 10:81-5; 77-81. 2005
    b>Dry socket is a postoperative complication that occurs after a dental extraction and has been defined as an inflammation of the alveolus. If this inflammation should surpass the alveolar walls, it would result in a located osteitis...
  18. ncbi The relationship of "shisha" (water pipe) smoking to postextraction dry socket
    Fouad A Al-Belasy
    Oral Surgery Department, Faculty of Dentistry, Mansoura University, Mansoura, Egypt
    J Oral Maxillofac Surg 62:10-4. 2004
    ..was undertaken to determine whether "shisha" (water pipe) smokers (SS) were at a different risk of developing dry socket (DS) than were cigarette smokers (CS) or nonsmokers (NS) and to assess the effect of preoperative and ..
  19. ncbi Effect estimates and methodological quality of randomized controlled trials about prevention of alveolar osteitis following tooth extraction: a systematic review
    Lennart Hedström
    Public Dental Services, Varberg, Sweden
    Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod 103:8-15. 2007
    ..To systematically review the scientific evidence derived from randomized controlled trials (RCT) about prevention of alveolar osteitis (AO)...
  20. ncbi Medicinal plants in the healing of dry socket in rats: microbiological and microscopic analysis
    E J M de Melo Júnior
    Department of Pathology, School of Dentistry, Federal University of Alagoas, Maceió AL, Brazil
    Phytomedicine 9:109-16. 2002
    ..beta-hemolytic was better than the one presented by the antibiotic currently used for the treatment of alveolitis. The extract of Schinus terebinthifolius Raddi has shown good wound-healing activity by histological analysis...
  21. ncbi Randomized, double-blind study of effectiveness of intra-alveolar application of chlorhexidine gel in reducing incidence of alveolar osteitis and bleeding complications in mandibular third molar surgery in patients with bleeding disorders
    Daniel Torres-Lagares
    Oral Surgery Department, University of Seville, Seville, Spain
    J Oral Maxillofac Surg 68:1322-6. 2010
    ..The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the effectiveness of the bioadhesive 0.2% CHX gel in reducing the incidence of impacted third molar postextraction AO in patients with bleeding disorders...
  22. ncbi Effectiveness of chlorhexidine gel versus chlorhexidine rinse in reducing alveolar osteitis in mandibular third molar surgery
    Pilar Hita-Iglesias
    Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 0018, USA
    J Oral Maxillofac Surg 66:441-5. 2008
    ..The purpose of this study was to compare the effectiveness of chlorhexidine gel versus a chlorhexidine rinse in reducing postoperative alveolar osteitis after the extraction of mandibular third molars...
  23. ncbi An evaluation of complications following dental extractions using either sterile or clean gloves
    L K Cheung
    Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Faculty of Dentistry, The University of Hong Kong, China
    Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg 30:550-4. 2001
    ..There was no difference in the incidence of an acutely inflamed socket, acutely infected socket and dry socket and also no significant predisposing factors found between the sterile and clean glove groups...
  24. ncbi Prevalence, clinical picture, and risk factors of dry socket in a Jordanian dental teaching center
    Y M Nusair
    Department of Oral Medicine and Surgery, Faculty of Dentistry, Jordan University of Science and Technology, Irbid, Jordan
    J Contemp Dent Pract 8:53-63. 2007
    The aims of this study were to determine the prevalence, clinical picture, and risk factors of dry socket at the Dental Teaching Center of Jordan University of Science and Technology (DTC/JUST).
  25. ncbi Surgical outcomes for suture-less surgery in 366 impacted third molar patients
    Peter D Waite
    Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, University of Alabama at Birmingham, AL 35294 0007, USA
    J Oral Maxillofac Surg 64:669-73. 2006
    ..The purpose of this study is to identify surgical outcomes in third molar surgery when no sutures are used for primary closure...
  26. ncbi The relationship of cigarette smoking to postoperative complications from dental extractions among female inmates
    Christine K Heng
    U S Public Health Service, Federal Correctional Institution, Danbury, CT 06811, USA
    Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod 104:757-62. 2007
    ..this study is to assess the contribution of smoking to postoperative complications, including alveolar osteitis (dry socket), after dental extractions...
  27. ncbi Influence of Surgicel gauze on the incidence of dry socket after wisdom tooth extraction
    A M Suleiman
    Faculty of Dentistry, University of Khartoum, Khartoum, Sudan
    East Mediterr Health J 12:440-5. 2006
    At a hospital in Damman, Saudi Arabia, it was noticed that many patients had developed dry socket after surgical removal of wisdom teeth...
  28. ncbi [Complications during and after surgical removal of mandibular third molars. Impact of patient related and anatomical factors]
    Thomas C Voegelin
    Klinik für Oralchirurgie und Stomatologie, Zahnmedizinische Kliniken der Universität Bern
    Schweiz Monatsschr Zahnmed 118:192-8. 2008
    ..Regarding the increase in intra- and postoperative complications for third molar removal in higher age groups, the prophylactic third molar surgery between the age of 18 and 25 seems justified...
  29. ncbi Influence of smoking upon the postoperative course of lower third molar surgery
    Carmen López-Carriches
    Universidad Europea, Madrid, Spain
    Med Oral Patol Oral Cir Bucal 11:E56-60. 2006
    ....
  30. ncbi Bilateral anesthesia into Spix's spine. Ten years' experience
    C Arcuri
    Department of Dentistry and Stomatology, Fatebenefratelli Hospital, Tor Vergata University of Rome, Rome, Italy
    Minerva Stomatol 53:93-9. 2004
    ..The aim of this study is therefore to eliminate any doubt about executing a bilateral anaesthesia to Spix's spine for the extraction, in inclusion and impacted of the inferior wisdom teeth...
  31. ncbi Postoperative prophylactic antibiotic treatment in third molar surgery--a necessity?
    Paul W Poeschl
    University Hospital for Cranio Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery, Vienna Medical School, Vienna, Austria
    J Oral Maxillofac Surg 62:3-8; discussion 9. 2004
    ..We evaluated the need for prophylactic postoperative oral antibiotic treatment in the removal of asymptomatic third molars...
  32. ncbi Immediate and late mandibular fractures after third molar removal
    Philippe Libersa
    Odontology Unit, Centre Abel Caumartin, CHRU Lille, France
    J Oral Maxillofac Surg 60:163-5; discussion 165-6. 2002
    ..In this retrospective study, we analyzed immediate and late mandibular fractures after impacted lower third molar surgery...
  33. ncbi Does oral contraceptive use affect the incidence of complications after extraction of a mandibular third molar?
    A G Garcia
    Department of Maxillofacial Surgery, Complejo Hospitalario Universitario de Santiago, University of Santiago de Compostela, Spain
    Br Dent J 194:453-5; discussion 445. 2003
    This study investigated whether oral contraceptive use affects the incidence of complications (pain, trismus, dry socket) in women undergoing removal of impacted mandibular third molars.
  34. ncbi Complications in HIV-infected and non-HIV-infected haemophiliacs and other patients after oral surgery
    C Scully
    Eastman Dental Institute, University College London, University of London, London, UK
    Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg 31:634-40. 2002
    ..Although the patient groups are not large, it would appear that haemophiliacs had more postoperative complications but that the presence of HIV infection had no notable influence on treatment outcome...
  35. ncbi Quantifying the healing of dry socket using a clinical volumetric method
    Yanal M Nusair
    Department of Oral Medicine and Surgery, Faculty of Dentistry, Jordan University of Science and Technology, Irbid, Jordan
    Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod 101:e89-95. 2006
    ..To quantify the healing of dry sockets using a simple clinical volumetric method that measures the reduction in the volume of dry sockets and to study the effects of sex and smoking on socket healing...
  36. ncbi Prevalence and surgical morbidity of impacted mandibular third molar removal in the aging population: a retrospective study at the Lagos University Teaching Hospital
    W L Adeyemo
    Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, College of Medicine, University of Lagos and Lagos University Teaching Hospital, Lagos, Nigeria
    Afr J Med Med Sci 35:479-83. 2006
    ..Only 3 patients (9.7%) developed minor postoperative complications (infected socket, dry socket) which were reversible and of short duration)...
  37. ncbi Favorable effects of lacrimal plugs in patients with an anophthalmic socket
    Y Vardizer
    Department of Ophthalmology, Ha Emek Medical Center, Afula, Israel
    Orbit 26:263-6. 2007
    ..Many of those patients complain of dry eye symptoms, even when they are treated with tear replacement therapy. The authors wished to examine whether they could improve their dry socket complaints with punctal plugs.
  38. ncbi Iatrogenic mandibular fracture associated with third molar removal. Can it be prevented?
    Yitzhak Woldenberg
    Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Soroka Univesity Medical Center and Ben Gurion University of the Negev, Beer Sheva, Israel
    Med Oral Patol Oral Cir Bucal 12:E70-2. 2007
    ..It may be associated with complications, such as sensory damage , dry socket, infection and iatrogenic damage...
  39. ncbi A randomized, double-blind, celecoxib- and placebo-controlled study of the effectiveness of CS-706 in acute postoperative dental pain
    James B Moberly
    Daiichi Sankyo Pharma Development, Edison, New Jersey 08837, USA
    Clin Ther 29:399-412. 2007
    ..CS-706 is a cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2)-selective inhibitor with an in vitro selectivity ratio (COX-1:COX-2) similar to that of celecoxib. It has exhibited analgesic, anti-inflammatory, and antitumor properties in animal models...
  40. ncbi Short-term clinical outcomes of two different flap techniques in impacted mandibular third molar surgery
    Banu Ozveri Koyuncu
    Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Faculty of Dentistry, Ege University, Bornova, Izmir, Turkey
    Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol 116:e179-84. 2013
    ..The aim of this study was to estimate the influence of flap design on alveolar osteitis (AO) and postoperative side effects following third molar surgery...
  41. ncbi Effectiveness of antibiotic prophylaxis in third molar surgery: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled clinical trials
    Yan Fang Ren
    Eastman Dental Center, University of Rochester, Rochester, NY 14620, USA
    J Oral Maxillofac Surg 65:1909-21. 2007
    ..We conducted a synthetic quantitative review of the published clinical trials on the effectiveness of antibiotic prophylaxis in third molar surgery...
  42. ncbi Extraction of impacted mandibular third molars: postoperative complications and their risk factors
    Francois Blondeau
    Affiliated medical centre of the Enfant Jésus Hospital, Quebec City, Quebec, Canada
    J Can Dent Assoc 73:325. 2007
    ..The relation between these 3 complications and several clinical variables (age, sex, degree of impaction, surgical difficulty and use of oral contraceptives) was also examined...
  43. ncbi A consensus conference on management of the lower third molar. Italian Society of Odontostomatological Surgery
    S Annibali
    Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Sciences, Sapienza University of Rome, Rome, Italy
    Minerva Stomatol 60:509-27. 2011
    ..The statements made and the recommendations presented represent the consensus of the Conference, which can be considered the official statement of the SIdCO...
  44. ncbi Prognostic factors affecting the duration of disability after third molar removal
    Daniel A Bienstock
    Harvard School of Dental Medicine, Boston, MA, USA
    J Oral Maxillofac Surg 69:1272-7. 2011
    ..The purposes of this investigation were 1) to estimate the duration of disability after third molar removal and 2) to identify factors associated with prolonged recovery...
  45. ncbi To retrieve or not to retrieve the coronectomy root--the clinical dilemma
    Vinod Patel
    Oral Surgery Department, Floor 23, Guy s Dental Hospital, London Bridge, London, SE1 9RT
    Dent Update 40:370-2, 375-6. 2013
    ..General dental practitioners will be responsible for the long-term review and care of these patients and, consequently, it is important that they are aware of the technique and its sequelae...
  46. ncbi Iron and vitamin B12 deficiency anaemia in a vegetarian
    Panos Plevrakis
    Dent Update 29:515. 2002
  47. ncbi Influence of immediate post-extraction socket irrigation on development of alveolar osteitis after mandibular third molar removal: a prospective split-mouth study, preliminary report
    L Tolstunov
    Van Ness Oral Surgery and Implantology Center, 1 Daniel Burnham Court, Suite 366C, San Francisco, CA 94109, USA
    Br Dent J 213:597-601. 2012
    ....
  48. ncbi A monitoring and evaluation study of third molar surgery complications at a major medical center
    A K Herpy
    Wright Patterson AFB, OH
    Mil Med 156:10-2. 1991
    ..It also confirmed that the experience of the surgeon, patient age, and gender influence complication rates...
  49. ncbi Mandibular third molar removal: risk indicators for extended operation time, postoperative pain, and complications
    Ingibjörg S Benediktsdóttir
    Faculty of Odontology, University of Iceland, Reykjavik
    Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod 97:438-46. 2004
    ..The aim of this study was to identify risk indicators for extended operation time and postoperative complications after removal of mandibular third molars...
  50. ncbi Reduction in the incidence of alveolar osteitis in patients treated with the SaliCept patch, containing Acemannan hydrogel
    Miles R Poor
    University of Texas Southwestern Medical School, Dallas, TX, USA
    J Oral Maxillofac Surg 60:374-9; discussion 379. 2002
    ..The SaliCept Patch is a freeze-dried pledget that contains Acemannan Hydrogel (Carrington Laboratories) obtained from the clear inner gel of Aloe vera L...
  51. ncbi [Clinical study of alveolites and their treatment in multiple practice]
    B Diallo
    Service de Chirurgie buccale Département d Odontostomatologie UCAD
    Dakar Med 47:224-8. 2002
    ....
  52. ncbi Review of hemostatic agents used in dentistry
    William L McBee
    Dent Today 24:62-5; quiz 65, 61. 2005
  53. ncbi Surgical techniques for the removal of mandibular wisdom teeth
    Paul Coulthard
    Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, School of Dentistry, The University of Manchester, Coupland III Building, Oxford Road, Manchester, UK, M13 9PL
    Cochrane Database Syst Rev 7:CD004345. 2014
    ..However, surgery is frequently associated with postoperative pain, swelling and trismus. Less commonly complications include infection, including dry socket, trigeminal nerve injuries and rarely fracture of the mandible.
  54. ncbi Interventions for the prevention of dry socket: an evidence-based update
    M O Sharif
    University Dental Hospital of Manchester, Higher Cambridge Street, Manchester, M15 6FH
    Br Dent J 217:27-30. 2014
    ..paper reviews the latest evidence for local and systemic interventions for the prevention of alveolar osteitis (dry socket). Dry socket is a painful and common post-operative complication following exodontia...
  55. ncbi Clinical and histological study of a xenogenic bone substitute used as a filler in postextractive alveolus
    C Arcuri
    Operative Odontostomatologic Unit, Department of Periodontology, Tor Vergata University, Fatebenefratelli Hospital, Isola Tiberina, Rome, Italy
    Minerva Stomatol 54:351-62. 2005
    ....
  56. ncbi Clinical study on the closure of extraction wounds of partially soft tissue-impacted mandibular third molars
    Yavuz Sinan Aydintug
    Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Gulhane Military Medical Academy, Ankara, Turkey
    Quintessence Int 43:863-70. 2012
    ..We hypothesize that a blood clot preserving a surgical wound with easily cleanable surfaces by primary closure and drain application would postoperatively minimize dry socket and/or alveolitis development.
  57. ncbi [Comparison of two kinds of procedures used in the removal of horizontal impacted mandibular third molars]
    Wen Chao Li
    Dept of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Chifeng College Hospital of Inner Mongolia, Chifeng 024000, China
    Hua Xi Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi 28:71-3. 2010
    ..To compare the effect of lingual split bone technique and high speed turbine bodkin boneless technique in the removal of horizontal impacted mandibular third molars...
  58. ncbi Impacted mandibular third molars: depth of impaction and surgical methods of extraction among Nigerians
    A E Obiechina
    Dental Centre, University College Hospital, P.M.B. 5116, Ibadan, Nigeria
    Odontostomatol Trop 24:33-6. 2001
    ....
  59. ncbi Influence of estroprogestinic therapy on the postoperative course following impacted third molar extraction
    S Sivolella
    Department of Oral Surgery, University of Padua, Institute of Clinical Dentistry, Padua, Italy
    Minerva Stomatol 59:611-23. 2010
    ..therapy undergoing extraction of the third lower molar have a higher incidence of postoperative complications (dry socket -DS- pain)...
  60. ncbi Dry socket following surgical removal of impacted third molar in an Iranian population: incidence and risk factors
    M Eshghpour
    Member of Student Research Committee, Dental School, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran
    Niger J Clin Pract 16:496-500. 2013
    b>Dry socket (DS) is the most common post-surgical complication following extraction of impacted molar teeth...
  61. ncbi Local interventions for the management of alveolar osteitis (dry socket)
    Blanaid Daly
    Dental Practice and Policy, King s College London Dental Institute, London, UK
    Cochrane Database Syst Rev 12:CD006968. 2012
    Alveolar osteitis (dry socket) is a complication of dental extractions and occurs more commonly in extractions involving mandibular molar teeth...
  62. ncbi The prevention of 'dry socket' with topical metronidazole in general dental practice
    D Reekie
    Dental School, University of Manchester, Higher Cambridge Street, Manchester M15 6FH
    Br Dent J 200:210-3; discussion 206; quiz 226. 2006
    ..The purpose of the study was to determine if the intra-alveolar application of topical metronidazole gel could reduce the incidence of alveolar osteitis (dry socket) following routine tooth extraction in molar and premolar extraction sites.
  63. ncbi Clinical evaluation of post-extraction site wound healing
    Wasiu Lanre Adeyemo
    Medical College of Dental Surgery in Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
    J Contemp Dent Pract 7:40-9. 2006
    ..The aim of this prospective study was to evaluate the clinical pattern of post-extraction wound healing with a view to identify the types, incidence, and pattern of healing complications following non-surgical tooth extraction...
  64. ncbi Etiology of dry socket: additional factors
    W L Adeyemo
    J Oral Maxillofac Surg 62:519-20. 2004
  65. ncbi Azithromycin as prophylaxis for the prevention of postoperative infection in impacted mandibular third-molar surgery
    Kohji Ishihama
    Department of Dentistry, Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Osaka Police Hospital, 10 31 Kitayama cho, Tennoji ku, Osaka 543 0035, Japan
    J Infect Chemother 12:31-5. 2006
    ..The study design was a retrospective, single-center review. One (2.2%) of all 45 patients exhibited dry socket infection...
  66. ncbi Coronectomy as the treatment of choice in wisdom teeth showing radiographic signs of close proximity to inferior dental nerve
    Yiu Yan Leung
    Faculty of Dentistry, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong
    Ann R Australas Coll Dent Surg 20:93-4. 2010
    ..It also carries less surgical morbidities when compared with total removal of lower wisdom tooth...
  67. ncbi Coronectomy practice. Paper 2: complications and long term management
    Vinod Patel
    Oral Surgery Dept, Guys Dental Hospital, Floor 23 Tower Wing, Great Maze Pond, London SE1 9RT, United Kingdom
    Br J Oral Maxillofac Surg 51:347-52. 2013
    ..The first part dealt in detail with technical aspects. This one will consider the management of common complications...
  68. ncbi Tooth loss in a sub-urban Nigerian population: causes and pattern of mortality revisited
    Fadekemi Olufunmilayo Oginni
    Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Faculty of Dentistry, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile Ife, Osun State, Nigeria
    Int Dent J 55:17-23. 2005
    ..To determine the current causes and pattern of tooth loss in Ile-Ife Nigeria...
  69. ncbi Considerations of mandibular angle fractures during and after surgery for removal of third molars: a review of the literature
    Bruno Ramos Chrcanovic
    Av Raja Gabaglia, 1000 1209 Gutierrez, Belo Horizonte, MG CEP, 30441 070, Brazil
    Oral Maxillofac Surg 14:71-80. 2010
    ..Common complications of mandibular third molar surgery include alveolar osteitis (dry socket), secondary infection, nerve dysfunction, and hemorrhage...
  70. ncbi Complications of exodontia: a retrospective study
    Gokul Parameswar Venkateshwar
    Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Padmashree Dr D Y Patil Dental College and Hospital, Dr D Y Patil University, Nerul, Navi Mumbai, India
    Indian J Dent Res 22:633-8. 2011
    ..The purpose of this study was to analyze the incidence of various complications following routine exodontia performed using fixed protocols...
  71. ncbi [Alveolitis: review of the literature]
    M Laraki
    Centre de consultation et de traitement dentaire Rabat CCTD, Maroc
    Odontostomatol Trop 35:19-25. 2012
    ..Nevertheless, treatment is mainly favorable by a sedation of the pain and the startup of a physiological healing. From this article, we are going to review their clinical forms, their etiology as well as the followed treatment...
  72. ncbi Differential diagnosis of orofacial pain and temporomandibular disorder
    Anil Kumar
    Department of Oral Medicine, Carolinas Medical Center, PO Box 32861, Charlotte, NC 28232, USA
    Dent Clin North Am 57:419-28. 2013
    ....
  73. pmc Evaluation of relative distribution and risk factors in patients with dry socket referring to Yazd dental clinics
    Hasan Momeni
    Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, School of Dentistry, Yazd University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran
    Dent Res J (Isfahan) 8:S84-7. 2011
    b>Dry socket is one of the most prevalent complications occurring after tooth extraction. The prevalence of such condition has been reported to be highly different, ranging from 0.5 to 68.4%...
  74. ncbi [Maxillary osteonecrosis caused by toxic effect of zinc-oxide-eugenol paste]
    G Jovanovic
    Stomatologiia (Mosk) 86:47-50. 2007
    ..oil and sterilized cotton is frequently used in dental practice as surgical bandage for eliminating or dry socket. Osteonecrosis of alveolar bone caused by free eugenol is rare but possible complication...
  75. ncbi [Use of "gelatamp" colloidal silver gelatin sponge to prevent dry socket after extracting mandibular impacted teeth]
    Yao Zhong Wang
    Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Qingdao Stomatological Hospital, Qingdao 266003, China
    Shanghai Kou Qiang Yi Xue 22:108-10. 2013
    To study the clinical effect of "gelatamp" colloidal silver gelatin sponge on preventing dry socket after extracting the mandibular impacted teeth.
  76. ncbi [Modified polyurethane foam as a local hemostatic agent after dental extractions]
    M H A Selten
    Uit de afdeling Kaakchirurgie van het Universitair Medisch Centrum Groningen
    Ned Tijdschr Tandheelkd 120:378-82. 2013
    ..This study suggests that polyurethane foam has hemostatic capacity. Large scale clinical research is needed to confirm this finding, and should indicate whether this hemostatic capacity is clinically relevant...
  77. ncbi The management of dry socket/alveolar osteitis
    Denise C Bowe
    Dublin Dental School and Hospital, Dublin 2
    J Ir Dent Assoc 57:305-10. 2011
    b>Dry socket/alveolar osteitis is a very debilitating, severely painful but relatively common complication following dental extractions...
  78. ncbi Study of antibiotic prescribing among dental practitioners in Shiraz, Islamic Republic of Iran
    G Vessal
    Department of Clinical Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Islamic Republic of Iran
    East Mediterr Health J 17:763-9. 2011
    ..chronic apical infection, periodontal abscess, chronic gingivitis, chronic periodontitis, pericoronitis and dry socket). A majority correctly prescribed antibiotics for acute periapical infection (77.2%), cellulitis (75...
  79. ncbi Should removal of lower third molars be included in the pre-graduate curriculum for dental students? An evaluation of post-operative complications after student operations
    Jennifer Christensen
    Department of Oral Radiology, School of Dentistry, Aarhus University, Denmark
    Acta Odontol Scand 70:42-8. 2012
    ..To evaluate guidelines for selection of lower third molars (M3) to be removed by dental students (DS) and to compare M3 surgery performed by oral surgeons (OS) and DSs with regard to operation time and post-operative complications...
  80. ncbi Use of cone-beam computerized tomography for evaluation of bisphosphonate-associated osteonecrosis of the jaws
    Nathaniel S Treister
    Division of Oral Medicine and Dentistry, Brigham and Women s Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
    Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod 109:753-64. 2010
    ..The purpose of this study was to compare the clinical and radiographic features of a series of 7 subjects with BONJ who were evaluated by both CBCT and digital panoramic radiography...
  81. ncbi After dentoalveolar surgery, most patients are satisfied with telephone follow-up
    Srinivas M Susarla
    Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA, USA
    J Oral Maxillofac Surg 69:2099-105. 2011
    ....
  82. ncbi The cyclooxygenase-2 inhibitor celecoxib and alveolar osteitis
    Jehad Al-Sukhun
    Oral Surgery Department, Euro Oral Hammaslääkärikeskus, Fredrikinkatu 41A, 9, 00330 Helsinki, Finland
    J Ir Dent Assoc 57:50-3. 2011
    ....
  83. ncbi Alveolar osteitis and osteomyelitis of the jaws
    Peter A Krakowiak
    Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Herman Ostrow School of Dentistry, University of Southern California, 925 West 34th Street, Room Den 146, Los Angeles, CA 90089, USA
    Oral Maxillofac Surg Clin North Am 23:401-13. 2011
    ....
  84. ncbi Can flap design influence the incidence of alveolar osteitis following removal of impacted mandibular third molars?
    Afshin Haraji
    Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, School of Dentistry, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran
    Gen Dent 58:e187-9. 2010
    ..The modified triangular flap decreased the incidence of AO and expedited healing at seven days postsurgery. In addition, statistically significant differences were observed in terms of both AO and postoperative healing...
  85. ncbi [Lincomycin applied to the alveolus on TCP carrier and its effect on wound healing after surgical extraction of a third molar]
    Izabela Wiśniewska
    Zakład Chirurgii Stomatologicznej Pomorskiej Akademii Medycznej w Szczecinie al Powstańców Wlkp 72, 70 111 Szczecin
    Ann Acad Med Stetin 55:59-64. 2009
    ..This study was undertaken to determine whether lincomycin applied to the alveolus on TCP carrier can be used to accelerate wound healing and reduce inflammation after surgical extraction of a third molar...
  86. ncbi Comparison of alvogyl, SaliCept patch, and low-level laser therapy in the management of alveolar osteitis
    Göksel Şimşek Kaya
    Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Ataturk University, Faculty of Dentistry, Erzurum, Turkey
    J Oral Maxillofac Surg 69:1571-7. 2011
    ..The aim of the present randomized prospective clinical trial was to compare the effects of alvogyl, the SaliCept patch, and low-level laser therapy in the management of alveolar osteitis...
  87. pmc Alveolar osteitis: a comprehensive review of concepts and controversies
    Antonia Kolokythas
    Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, College of Dentistry, University of Illinois at Chicago, 801 South Paulina Street, MC 835, Chicago, IL 60016, USA
    Int J Dent 2010:249073. 2010
    Alveolar osteitis, "dry socket", remains amongst the most commonly encountered complications following extraction of teeth by general dentists and specialists...
  88. ncbi Osteomyelitis presenting in two patients: a challenging disease to manage
    V Patel
    Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Guy s Hospital, Great Maze Pond, London, UK
    Br Dent J 209:393-6. 2010
    ..Two cases are reported of chronic osteomyelitis in healthy individuals with no adverse medical conditions. The management of these cases are described...
  89. ncbi Experimental dry socket: microscopic and molecular evaluation of two treatment modalities
    Camila Lopes Cardoso
    Department of Oral Surgery, Bauru School of Dentistry, USP, Brazil
    Acta Cir Bras 26:365-72. 2011
    To evaluate two treatment modalities of dry socket in rats and to discuss the first findings of the molecular analysis in this experimental model.
  90. ncbi Evaluation of intra-alveolar chlorhexidine dressings after removal of impacted mandibular third molars
    P G Fotos
    Department of Oral Pathology, Radiology, and Medicine, University of Iowa College of Dentistry, Iowa City
    Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol 73:383-8. 1992
    ..These findings warrant further studies concerning the apparent clinical benefit of postextraction intra-alveolar CHX dressings for the reduction of postoperative alveolar osteitis...
  91. ncbi Prevalence of dry socket following extraction of permanent teeth at Kathmandu University Teaching Hospital (KUTH), Dhulikhel, Kavre,Nepal: a study
    C Upadhyaya
    Department of Dentistry, Dhulikhel Hospital, Kathmandu University, Dhulikhel, Nepal
    Kathmandu Univ Med J (KUMJ) 8:18-24. 2010
    ..the most common postoperative complications following the extraction of permanent teeth is a condition known as dry socket. Although the aetiology of dry socket is debated, it is probably multifactoral, and its pathogenesis remains ..
  92. ncbi The efficacy of a topical anesthetic gel in the relief of pain associated with localized alveolar osteitis
    Corey C Burgoyne
    Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, School of Dentistry, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, VA 23298 0566, USA
    J Oral Maxillofac Surg 68:144-8. 2010
    ..This prospective randomized clinical study assessed the efficacy of pain control for postextraction alveolar osteitis comparing the use of eugenol on a gauze strip versus a thermosetting gel containing 2.5% prilocaine and 2.5% lidocaine...
  93. ncbi Dental extraction wound management: medicating postextraction sockets
    P J Vezeau
    Division of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Southern Illinois University School of Dental Medicine, USA
    J Oral Maxillofac Surg 58:531-7. 2000
    ....
  94. ncbi Plasminogen activators and inhibitor type-1 in alveolar osteitis
    Simona Serrati
    Department of Experimental Pathology and Oncology, University of Florence, Italy
    Eur J Oral Sci 114:500-3. 2006
    ..Peri-alveolar gingival epithelium in AO showed an overall decrease of all the components of the fibrinolytic system, including the urokinase receptor, which indicates a decrease of the migration properties of epithelial cells...
  95. ncbi Clinical evaluation of an ointment with 10% metronidazole and 2% lidocaine in the treatment of alveolitis
    L J Silva
    Dentistry Post Graduate Course, Department of Surgery and Integrated Clinic Discipline, Faculty of Dentistry, UNESP, São Paulo State University Araçatuba, Brazil
    Minerva Stomatol 55:431-6. 2006
    ..In this study, the authors evaluate the use of a 10% metronidazole and 2% lidocaine ointment, using a lanolin base and mint as flavoring, to treat alveolitis in humans...
  96. ncbi CASP and CONSORT
    H Falcon
    Br Dent J 201:130; author reply 130-1. 2006
  97. ncbi Intra-alveolar chlorhexidine gel for the prevention of dry socket in mandibular third molar surgery. A pilot study
    Daniel Torres-Lagares
    Faculty of Odontology, University of Seville, Sevilla, Spain
    Med Oral Patol Oral Cir Bucal 11:E179-84. 2006
    Chlorhexidine is a good prophylactic agent for post-extraction dry socket alveolitis. The bio-adhesive 0...
  98. ncbi The American Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons Age-Related Third Molar Study
    Richard H Haug
    University of Kentucky, College of Dentistry, 80 Rose St, Changler Medical Center, Lexington, KY 40536 0297, USA
    J Oral Maxillofac Surg 63:1106-14. 2005
    ..The purpose of this investigation was to assess the frequency of complications of third molar surgery, both intraoperatively and postoperatively, specifically for patients 25 years of age or older...
  99. ncbi Are sterile gloves necessary in nonsurgical dental extractions?
    Wasiu Lanre Adeyemo
    Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Lagos University Teaching Hospital, Lagos, Nigeria
    J Oral Maxillofac Surg 63:936-40. 2005
    ..The aim of the study was to compare the incidence of healing complications of extraction socket with the use of sterile or clean nonsterile gloves during nonsurgical dental extractions...
  100. ncbi A randomised controlled clinical trial to compare the incidence of injury to the inferior alveolar nerve as a result of coronectomy and removal of mandibular third molars
    T Renton
    Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Dental Institute, Bart s and the London Hospital, Queen Mary s School of Medicine and Dentistry, Ground Floor, Turner Street, London E1 2AD, UK
    Br J Oral Maxillofac Surg 43:7-12. 2005
    ..01). The incidence of dry socket infection was similar in the three groups (10/102, 10%, 7/58, 12%, and 4/36, 11%, respectively)...
  101. ncbi [Antimicrobial photodynamic therapy for prevention of alveolar ostitis and post-extraction pain]
    J Neugebauer
    Klinik und Poliklinik für Zahnärztliche Chirurgie und Mund, Kiefer und Plastische Gesichtschirurgie, Universitat zu Koln
    Mund Kiefer Gesichtschir 8:350-5. 2004
    ..The aim of the study was to evaluate the possibility of aPDT with HELBO Blue and diode soft laser to reduce the prevalence of alveolar ostitis...