lichen planus

Summary

Summary: An inflammatory, pruritic disease of the skin and mucous membranes, which can be either generalized or localized. It is characterized by distinctive purplish, flat-topped papules having a predilection for the trunk and flexor surfaces. The lesions may be discrete or coalesce to form plaques. Histologically, there is a "saw-tooth" pattern of epidermal hyperplasia and vacuolar alteration of the basal layer of the epidermis along with an intense upper dermal inflammatory infiltrate composed predominantly of T-cells. Etiology is unknown.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Mucosal vulval lichen planus: outcome, clinical and laboratory features
    G Kirtschig
    Department of Dermatology, University Hospital Vrije Universiteit, De Boelelaan 1117, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol 19:301-7. 2005
  2. ncbi Prevalence of vulval lichen planus in a cohort of women with oral lichen planus: an interdisciplinary study
    P Belfiore
    Mother and Child Department, Gynaecology and Obstetrics Institute, Palermo, Italy
    Br J Dermatol 155:994-8. 2006
  3. ncbi Plaque psoriasis vs. atopic dermatitis and lichen planus: a comparison for lesional T-cell subsets, epidermal proliferation and differentiation
    H J Bovenschen
    Department of Dermatology, University Medical Center St Radboud, Nijmegen, René Descartes dreef 1, PO Box 9101, 6500 HB, Nijmegen, The Netherlands
    Br J Dermatol 153:72-8. 2005
  4. doi Lichen planus patients and stressful events
    L Manolache
    Cetatea Histria Polyclinic, Bucharest, Romania
    J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol 22:437-41. 2008
  5. ncbi Lichen planus pemphigoides: a case report and review of the literature
    Mandy S Harting
    Department of Dermatology, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas, USA
    Dermatol Online J 12:10. 2006
  6. ncbi Laugier-Hunziker syndrome associated with actinic lichen planus
    S Aytekin
    J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol 18:221-3. 2004
  7. ncbi Erosive oral lichen planus with genital lesions: the vulvovaginal-gingival syndrome and the peno-gingival syndrome
    Roy S Rogers
    Department of Dermatology, Mayo Clinic, 200 First Street SW Rochester, MN 55905 0001, USA
    Dermatol Clin 21:91-8, vi-vii. 2003
  8. ncbi Lichen planus-like keratosis of the face: a simulator of melanoma in situ
    Gina Raptoulis
    Skin and Cancer Associates, Plantation, Florida, USA
    Dermatol Surg 33:854-6. 2007
  9. doi Recognition and management of vulvar dermatologic conditions: lichen sclerosus, lichen planus, and lichen simplex chronicus
    Katrina Alef Thorstensen
    Dartmouth Hitchcock Medical Center, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 1 Medical Center Drive, Lebanon, NH 03756, USA
    J Midwifery Womens Health 57:260-75. 2012
  10. ncbi Exacerbation of oral erosive lichen planus by combination of interferon and ribavirin therapy for chronic hepatitis C
    Yumiko Nagao
    Research Center for Innovative Cancer Therapy, Kurume University School of Medicine, Kurume 830 0011, Japan
    Int J Mol Med 15:237-41. 2005

Research Grants

Detail Information

Publications237 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Mucosal vulval lichen planus: outcome, clinical and laboratory features
    G Kirtschig
    Department of Dermatology, University Hospital Vrije Universiteit, De Boelelaan 1117, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol 19:301-7. 2005
    Mucosal lichen planus of the vulva is a rare but increasingly recognized condition. It has potentially severe complications such as fusion of the labia and vagina; the risk of developing squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) may be increased...
  2. ncbi Prevalence of vulval lichen planus in a cohort of women with oral lichen planus: an interdisciplinary study
    P Belfiore
    Mother and Child Department, Gynaecology and Obstetrics Institute, Palermo, Italy
    Br J Dermatol 155:994-8. 2006
    b>Lichen planus (LP) is a mucocutaneous inflammatory dermatosis that frequently involves the oral and genital mucosae...
  3. ncbi Plaque psoriasis vs. atopic dermatitis and lichen planus: a comparison for lesional T-cell subsets, epidermal proliferation and differentiation
    H J Bovenschen
    Department of Dermatology, University Medical Center St Radboud, Nijmegen, René Descartes dreef 1, PO Box 9101, 6500 HB, Nijmegen, The Netherlands
    Br J Dermatol 153:72-8. 2005
    ..Interestingly, comparative analyses of the disease-specific composition of the lesional T-cell infiltrate in plaque psoriasis and other inflammatory dermatoses have only sparsely been performed...
  4. doi Lichen planus patients and stressful events
    L Manolache
    Cetatea Histria Polyclinic, Bucharest, Romania
    J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol 22:437-41. 2008
    To evaluate the possible role of stress before the onset/extension of lichen planus.
  5. ncbi Lichen planus pemphigoides: a case report and review of the literature
    Mandy S Harting
    Department of Dermatology, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas, USA
    Dermatol Online J 12:10. 2006
  6. ncbi Laugier-Hunziker syndrome associated with actinic lichen planus
    S Aytekin
    J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol 18:221-3. 2004
  7. ncbi Erosive oral lichen planus with genital lesions: the vulvovaginal-gingival syndrome and the peno-gingival syndrome
    Roy S Rogers
    Department of Dermatology, Mayo Clinic, 200 First Street SW Rochester, MN 55905 0001, USA
    Dermatol Clin 21:91-8, vi-vii. 2003
    b>Lichen planus is an inflammatory mucocutaneous disorder that may involve mucosal surfaces, such as the oral, genital, and other mucosae, and the skin including the scalp and the nails...
  8. ncbi Lichen planus-like keratosis of the face: a simulator of melanoma in situ
    Gina Raptoulis
    Skin and Cancer Associates, Plantation, Florida, USA
    Dermatol Surg 33:854-6. 2007
  9. doi Recognition and management of vulvar dermatologic conditions: lichen sclerosus, lichen planus, and lichen simplex chronicus
    Katrina Alef Thorstensen
    Dartmouth Hitchcock Medical Center, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 1 Medical Center Drive, Lebanon, NH 03756, USA
    J Midwifery Womens Health 57:260-75. 2012
    Lichen sclerosus, lichen planus, and lichen simplex chronicus are dermatologic conditions that can affect the vulva...
  10. ncbi Exacerbation of oral erosive lichen planus by combination of interferon and ribavirin therapy for chronic hepatitis C
    Yumiko Nagao
    Research Center for Innovative Cancer Therapy, Kurume University School of Medicine, Kurume 830 0011, Japan
    Int J Mol Med 15:237-41. 2005
    Hepatitis C virus (HCV) induces extrahepatic manifestations such as oral lichen planus (OLP) as well as chronic liver diseases...
  11. ncbi Lichen planus and dyslipidaemia: a case-control study
    J Dreiher
    Hospitals Division, Clalit Health Services, Tel Aviv, Israel
    Br J Dermatol 161:626-9. 2009
    ..Previous reports have demonstrated an association between psoriasis and dyslipidaemia...
  12. ncbi Potential human papillomavirus reactivation following topical corticosteroid therapy of genital lichen sclerosus and erosive lichen planus
    G von Krogh
    Department of Dermatovenereology, Karolinska Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden
    J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol 16:130-3. 2002
    ..repeatedly with topical mild-moderate potent corticosteroids at intervals of up to 10 weeks for penile erosive lichen planus, followed by nine clinical outbreaks of typical condylomas that consistently showed the presence of low-risk ..
  13. doi Association of oral lichen planus with thyroid disease in a Finnish population: a retrospective case-control study
    Maria Siponen
    Department of Diagnostics and Oral Medicine, Institute of Dentistry, University of Oulu, and Oulu University Hospital, Oulu, Finland
    Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod 110:319-24. 2010
    The objective of this study was to estimate the association between the history of thyroid disease and the prevalence of oral lichen planus (OLP)/oral lichenoid lesions (OLL).
  14. doi An open-label pilot study of apremilast for the treatment of moderate to severe lichen planus: a case series
    Joan Paul
    Virginia Clinical Research Inc, Norfolk, Virginia 23507, USA
    J Am Acad Dermatol 68:255-61. 2013
    Current treatments for chronic lichen planus (LP) are often ineffective and may have significant adverse side effects. An alternative safe and effective treatment for recalcitrant LP is needed.
  15. ncbi Lichen planus in 24 children with review of the literature
    Pilar Luis-Montoya
    Dermatology Department, General Hospital Dr Manuel Gea Gonzalez, Tlalpan, Mexico
    Pediatr Dermatol 22:295-8. 2005
    b>Lichen planus is a disease generally considered uncommon in children...
  16. ncbi Status of free-radical oxidation and proliferation processes in patients with atopic dermatitis and lichen planus
    S G Sapuntsova
    Department of Dermatology, Central Research Laboratory, Far Eastern State Medical University, Ministry of Health Care and Social Development of the Russian Federation, Khabarovsk, Russia
    Bull Exp Biol Med 150:690-2. 2011
    ..free radicals (by chemiluminescence method) in skin biopsy specimens from patients with atopic dermatitis and lichen planus. The index of Ki-67-positive nuclei significantly (p<0.05) increased to 28.40±2...
  17. ncbi Childhood lichen planus: a study of 87 cases
    Sanjeev Handa
    Department of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh 160 012, India
    Int J Dermatol 41:423-7. 2002
    We undertook this study to analyze the clinical profile of childhood lichen planus (LP) prevailing in north India, and to highlight differences from and similarities with adult LP.
  18. ncbi Expression of RANTES and CCR1 in oral lichen planus and association with mast cell migration
    Z Z Zhao
    School of Dentistry, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia
    J Oral Pathol Med 31:158-62. 2002
    T lymphocytes and mast cells infiltrate the lamina propria in oral lichen planus (OLP). Chemokines and their receptors are involved in T cell and mast cell migration and accumulation during the inflammatory process.
  19. doi Cardiovascular risk factors in patients with lichen planus
    Salvador Arias-Santiago
    Department of Dermatology, San Cecilio University Hospital, Granada, Spain
    Am J Med 124:543-8. 2011
    ..Recently a case-control study found that lichen planus was associated with dyslipidemia in a large series of patients...
  20. ncbi Lipid levels in patients with lichen planus: a case-control study
    S Arias-Santiago
    Dermatology Department, San Cecilio University Hospital, School of Medicine, Granada University, Granada, Spain
    J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol 25:1398-401. 2011
    ..Recently, a case-control study found that lichen planus (LP) was associated with dyslipidaemia in a large series of patients...
  21. ncbi Development of lichen planus and psoriasis on lesions of vitiligo vulgaris
    H Ujiie
    Department of Dermatology, Hokkaido University Graduate School of Medicine, Sapporo, Japan
    Clin Exp Dermatol 31:375-7. 2006
    This paper reports a unique case of coexistence of vitiligo vulgaris, lichen planus and psoriasis vulgaris in a 53-year-old man. Five years after the onset of vitiligo, lichen planus developed on his lower lip...
  22. ncbi Psychological health in patients with genital and oral erosive lichen planus
    E N Lundqvist
    Department of Dermatology and Venereology, University Hospital, Umea, Sweden
    J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol 20:661-6. 2006
    Erosive lichen planus is a severe, recurrent and recalcitrant disease that affects several mucosal areas, mostly the genital area and the mouth, but also, for example, the oesophagus and perianal area...
  23. ncbi Secondary syphilis presenting as a lichen planus-like rash
    M B Y Tang
    National Skin Centre, 1 Mandalay Road, Singapore 308205, Singapore
    J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol 18:185-7. 2004
    We describe a case of secondary syphilis in a 29-year-old man who presented with a severely pruritic lichen planus-like eruption that mimicked a lichenoid drug eruption histologically...
  24. ncbi Detection of human papillomavirus in oral squamous cell carcinoma, leukoplakia and lichen planus in Thai patients
    Siribang on P Khovidhunkit
    Department of Hospital Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand
    Asian Pac J Cancer Prev 9:771-5. 2008
    ..was to investigate the presence of HPV in Thai patients with oral squamous cell carcinoma, leukoplakia and lichen planus using the polymerase chain reaction (PCR)...
  25. ncbi High prevalence of glucose metabolism disturbance in patients with lichen planus
    Muammer Seyhan
    Inonu University, Medical Faculty, Department of Dermatology, 44069 Malatya, Turkey
    Diabetes Res Clin Pract 77:198-202. 2007
    To establish the prevalence of diabetes mellitus (DM) and insulin resistance in patients with lichen planus (LP), and to examine whether diabetic status showed any relation with the type of LP.
  26. ncbi Reflectance confocal microscopy criteria of lichen planus-like keratosis
    S Bassoli
    Department of Dermatology, University of Modena and Reggio Emilia, Modena, Italy
    J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol 26:578-90. 2012
    b>Lichen planus-like keratosis (LPLK) may be difficult to differentiate from melanoma and other skin cancers on sun-damaged skin based on clinical and dermoscopic examination...
  27. ncbi Lichen planus in childhood: a report of 17 patients
    A J Kanwar
    Department of Dermatology, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India
    Pediatr Dermatol 8:288-91. 1991
    b>Lichen planus is a dermatosis of unknown origin with a very limited frequency in children. Over a period of one and a half years we observed 17 cases of childhood lichen planus...
  28. doi Hepatitis C virus and lichen planus: a reciprocal association determined by a meta-analysis
    Liu Shengyuan
    Department of Epidemiology and Statistics, School of Public Health, No 157 Xuefu Rd, Harbin 150081, China
    Arch Dermatol 145:1040-7. 2009
    To explore the association between hepatitis C virus (HCV) and lichen planus (LP) by performing a meta-analysis of observational studies of the association...
  29. pmc Lichen planus and Hepatitis C: a case-control study
    S Zahra Ghodsi
    Department of Dermatology, Tehran University of Medical Sciences Razi Hospital, Vahdat Islami Square, 11996 Tehran, Iran
    BMC Dermatol 4:6. 2004
    The association of lichen planus with hepatitis C (HCV) has been widely reported in the literature. However, there are wide geographical variations in the reported prevalence of HCV infection in patients with lichen planus...
  30. ncbi Oral lesions in patients with lichen planus
    Sanja Persić
    School of Dental Medicine, University of Zagreb, Croatia
    Acta Clin Croat 47:91-6. 2008
    Forty patients with lichen planus admitted to University Department of Dermatology and Venereology, Sestre milosrdnice University Hospital in Zagreb during the 2004-2006 period were assigned to this retrospective study...
  31. ncbi Gene expression profiling of lichen planus reflects CXCL9+-mediated inflammation and distinguishes this disease from atopic dermatitis and psoriasis
    Joerg Wenzel
    Department of Dermatology, University of Bonn, Bonn, Germany
    J Invest Dermatol 128:67-78. 2008
    ..On the basis of these results, a new skin pathology-oriented PIQOR microarray was designed. Lichen planus (LP) was chosen as a model disease to evaluate this system...
  32. doi Efficacy of sulfasalazine in the treatment of generalized lichen planus: randomized double-blinded clinical trial on 52 patients
    M Omidian
    Department of Dermatology, Imam Khomeini Hospital, Jondishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran
    J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol 24:1051-4. 2010
    Oral sulfasalazine has been reported to be effective in patients with idiopathic cutaneous lichen planus (LP).
  33. ncbi Paraneoplastic pemphigus in association with a retroperitoneal Castleman's disease presenting with a lichen planus pemphigoides-like eruption. A case report and review of literature
    C J Hsiao
    Department of Dermatology, National Cheng-Kung University Hospital, 138 Sheng-Li Road, Tainan, Taiwan 704
    Br J Dermatol 144:372-6. 2001
    A 50-year-old man presented with severe mucosal erosions of the lips, oral cavity and perianal area, a lichen planus-like eruption on the trunk and extremities and scaly plaques of the palms and soles...
  34. ncbi Childhood lichen planus: a report of fifty cases
    R Sharma
    Bishen Skin Centre, Aligarh, India
    Pediatr Dermatol 16:345-8. 1999
    b>Lichen planus is an uncommonly encountered dermatosis in children. In the present study of 50 children the limbs were the most common site of involvement (70.0%). A majority of the children (60...
  35. doi Involvement of granzyme B and granulysin in the cytotoxic response in lichen planus
    M Ammar
    Laboratoire d Immunologie, de Génétique et de Pathologie Humaine, Faculte des Sciences, Tunis, Tunisie
    J Cutan Pathol 35:630-4. 2008
    b>Lichen planus is an inflammatory dermatosis involving either skin and/or mucosal epithelial surfaces. A cell-mediated cytotoxicity response is the main suspected mechanism of this dermatosis...
  36. ncbi Pathomechanisms of lichen planus autoimmunity elicited by cross-reactive T cells
    Tetsuo Shiohara
    Department of Dermatology, Kyorin University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan
    Curr Dir Autoimmun 10:206-26. 2008
    b>Lichen planus (LP) is an idiopathic inflammatory disease of the skin and mucous membranes, characterized by an autoimmune attack on the epidermis by skin-infiltrating T cells...
  37. ncbi Lichen planus in children: a possible complication of hepatitis B vaccines
    Catherine Limas
    Department of Dermatopathology, Andreas Sygros Hospital, Athens, Greece
    Pediatr Dermatol 19:204-9. 2002
    b>Lichen planus (LP) has been reported as a complication of hepatitis B vaccination in both adults and children. According to published observations, an autoimmune reaction may be triggered by the viral S epitope...
  38. doi The association of lichen sclerosus and erosive lichen planus of the vulva with autoimmune disease: a case-control study
    Susan M Cooper
    Department of Dermatology, Churchill Hospital, Oxford, England
    Arch Dermatol 144:1432-5. 2008
    To investigate the prevalence of autoimmune disease and circulating autoantibodies in women with lichen sclerosus (LS) and erosive lichen planus (LP) of the vulva and to compare these with a control population.
  39. ncbi Lichen planus and the vulvovaginal-gingival syndrome
    M A Ramer
    Department of Pathology, The Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, NY 10029, USA
    J Periodontol 74:1385-93. 2003
    b>Lichen planus is a dermatologic disease that affects both skin and mucosa. Here we report five cases of lichen planus that presented as the oral component of the vulvovaginal-gingival syndrome...
  40. ncbi NF-kappaB expression in oral and cutaneous lichen planus
    Amerigo Santoro
    Department of Odontostomatology, University of Brescia, Spedali Civili Brescia, Brescia, Italy
    J Pathol 201:466-72. 2003
    b>Lichen planus (LP) is a chronic inflammatory disorder involving cutaneous and mucosal surfaces, characterized by a T-cell-mediated immune response against epithelial cells, with persistent accumulation of T lymphocytes and epithelial ..
  41. ncbi Oro-vaginal-vulvar lichen planus: report of two new cases
    Massimo Petruzzi
    Department of Odontostomatology and Surgery, University of Bari, Via Zara 1, 74100 Taranto, Italy
    Maturitas 50:140-50. 2005
    Atrophic-erosive lichen planus with oral and genital involvement is a rare condition and is often difficult to diagnose...
  42. ncbi Lichen planus and hepatitis C virus infection
    R Gimenez-Garcia
    Dermatology Section, Internal Medicine Service, Hospital del Rio Hortega, Valladolid, Spain
    J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol 17:291-5. 2003
    The association of lichen planus (LP) with liver diseases is well established. The reported prevalence rates of hepatitis C virus (HCV) antibodies in patients with LP tend to appear quite variable.
  43. doi Vaginal involvement in genital erosive lichen planus
    Anne Lise Ording Helgesen
    The National Resource Centre for Women s Health, Oslo University Hospital, Norway
    Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand 89:966-70. 2010
    ..Fifty-eight women referred to the clinic in 2003-2009 were diagnosed with genital erosive lichen planus. All patients filled out a questionnaire...
  44. ncbi Expression of matrix metalloproteinases (MMP-2, MMP-3, and MMP-9) and fibronectin in lichen planus
    Kamer Gunduz
    Department of Dermatology, Celal Bayar University
    J Cutan Pathol 33:545-50. 2006
    Keratinocyte damage and lichenoid-interface reaction are the two major pathologic findings in lichen planus (LP)...
  45. ncbi The vulvovaginal gingival syndrome: a severe subgroup of lichen planus with characteristic clinical features and a novel association with the class II HLA DQB1*0201 allele
    Jane F Setterfield
    St John s Institute of Dermatology, St Thomas Hospital, London SE1 7EH, UK
    J Am Acad Dermatol 55:98-113. 2006
    The vulvovaginal gingival syndrome is an uncommon and severe variant of lichen planus characterized by erosions or desquamation of vulval, vaginal, and gingival mucosae with a predilection for scarring and stricture formation.
  46. ncbi Influence of treatment of erosive lichen planus of the vulva on its prognosis
    Susan M Cooper
    Department of Dermatology, Churchill Hospital, Old Road, Headington, Oxford OX3 7LJ, England
    Arch Dermatol 142:289-94. 2006
    To record the clinical features, symptomatic response to treatment, and resolution of clinical signs in a large cohort of women with erosive lichen planus of the vulva.
  47. ncbi Dermoscopic features of plaque psoriasis and lichen planus: new observations
    Francisco Vázquez-López
    Department of Dermatology, Central University Hospital, University of Oviedo, Oviedo, Spain
    Dermatology 207:151-6. 2003
    ..Dermoscopic features of common inflammatory dermatoses are not well studied and previous reports on this topic are limited to the search of vascular features (capillaroscopy)...
  48. doi Oro-genital lichen planus: report of two cases
    Eliana M Minicucci
    Department of Dermatology and Radiotherapy, Botucatu Medical School, Sao Paulo State University, UNESP, SP, Brazil
    Maturitas 59:201-5. 2008
    b>Lichen planus is a common mucocutaneous disease. However, lichen planus with concomitant oral and genital involvement is a rare condition that requires multidisciplinary intervention for appropriate diagnosis...
  49. doi Bicanalicular obstruction in lichen planus: a characteristic pattern of disease
    Omar M Durrani
    Moorfields Eye Hospital, London, United Kingdom
    Ophthalmology 115:386-9. 2008
    b>Lichen planus, an idiopathic mucocutaneous inflammatory disease, has only once been reported to cause lacrimal drainage obstruction...
  50. ncbi Adalimumab in the management of cutaneous and oral lichen planus
    Tomas J Chao
    Gardner Dermatology, 2550 Windy Hill Rd, Ste 220, Marietta, GA 30067, USA
    Cutis 84:325-8. 2009
    b>Lichen planus (LP) is a common, chronic, inflammatory dermatosis that may involve the skin as well as oral and genital mucosa...
  51. ncbi Cutaneous lichen planus and squamous cell carcinoma
    G K Patel
    J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol 17:98-100. 2003
  52. ncbi Analysis of hepatitis C virus (HCV) RNA in the lesions of lichen planus in patients with chronic hepatitis C: detection of anti-genomic- as well as genomic-strand HCV RNAs in lichen planus lesions
    Motoki Kurokawa
    Department of Dermatology, Miyazaki Medical College, 5200 Kihara, Kiyotake, Miyazaki 889 1692, Japan
    J Dermatol Sci 32:65-70. 2003
    Hepatitis C virus (HCV) is a single-strand RNA virus. The association of lichen planus with chronic HCV infection has been reported, as has been cryoglobulinemic purpura, psoriasis, urticaria, and porphyria cutanea tarda...
  53. ncbi Lipid peroxidation and antioxidant status in lichen planus
    E Sezer
    Department of Dermatology, Gaziosmanpasa University School of Medicine, Tokat, Turkey
    Clin Exp Dermatol 32:430-4. 2007
    b>Lichen planus (LP) is an inflammatory skin disease of unknown aetiology. Recently, increased oxidative stress has been implicated in the pathogenesis of various skin diseases such as atopic dermatitis, psoriasis vulgaris and vitiligo.
  54. ncbi Heat shock proteins 60 and 70 expression of cutaneous lichen planus: comparison with normal skin and psoriasis vulgaris
    Dilek Bayramgurler
    Department of Dermatology, Kocaeli University, School of Medicine, Izmit, Turkey
    J Cutan Pathol 31:586-94. 2004
    ..b>Lichen planus (LP) is a relatively common papulosquamous dermatosis, and cell-mediated immunity plays an important role in ..
  55. ncbi Treatment of severe lichen planus with mycophenolate mofetil
    Uta Frieling
    Department of Dermatology, University of Munster, Von Esmarch Strasse 58, D 48149 Munster, Germany
    J Am Acad Dermatol 49:1063-6. 2003
    b>Lichen planus (LP) is an inflammatory skin disorder with a wide range of clinical appearances. The treatment of disseminated and especially erosive forms of LP is often difficult and disappointing...
  56. ncbi Narrowband UVB therapy in the treatment of lichen planus
    Hayriye Saricaoglu
    Department of Dermatology, Medical Faculty, University of Uludag, Gorukle, Bursa, Turkey
    Photodermatol Photoimmunol Photomed 19:265-7. 2003
    ..Narrowband UVB (NBUVB) radiation causes less erythema and carcinogenicity with lower cumulative doses than PUVA, while the treatment response remains high. Lichen planus (LP) is a cell-mediated immune response of unknown origin.
  57. ncbi Evaluation of angiogenesis in normal and lichen planus skin by CD34 protein immunohistochemistry: preliminary findings
    Mahmoud R Hussein
    Departments of Pathology, Assuit University Hospitals and Faculty of Medicine, Assuit University, Assuit, Egypt
    Cell Biol Int 31:1292-5. 2007
    ..chronic inflammatory disorders, but whether angiogenesis also occurs in inflammatory skin diseases (such as lichen planus) has yet to be established...
  58. ncbi Two case reports of cutaneous adverse reactions following hepatitis B vaccine: lichen planus and granuloma annulare
    P R Criado
    Dermatology Unit, Allergy Unit, Estadual de Sao Paulo, Brazil
    J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol 18:603-6. 2004
    ..occurred 3 weeks after the first dose of hepatitis B vaccine in a 16-year-old white girl with the onset of lichen planus lesions on her thighs and abdomen. After the second dose a disseminated lichen planus developed within 2 weeks...
  59. ncbi Congenital becker nevus with lichen planus
    Suruchi Puri
    Department of Dermatology and S T D and Pathology, Maulana Azad Medical College and Lok Nayak Hospital, New Delhi, India
    Pediatr Dermatol 22:328-30. 2005
    We report an interesting and rare association of congenital Becker nevus with lichen planus occurring in an 11-year-old boy. Both conditions were confirmed histopathologically.
  60. ncbi Lupus erythematosus and lichen planus overlap syndrome
    Hanna Kim
    Boston University Department of Dermatology, 609 Albany Street, Boston MA 02118, USA
    J Drugs Dermatol 3:311-2. 2004
    A case of lupus erythematosus (LE) and lichen planus (LP) overlap syndrome in a 71-year-old woman is presented. This disease displays characteristics of both LE and LP...
  61. ncbi Lichen planus in hepatitis C virus infection: an early marker that may save lives
    Mojca Maticic
    Clinic of Infectious Diseases and Febrile Illnesses, Ljubljana, University Medical Center, Japljeva 2, 1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia
    Acta Dermatovenerol Alp Pannonica Adriat 16:3-6. 2007
    ..some cutaneous ones such as mixed cryoglobulinemia, porphyria cutanea tarda, leukocytoclastic vasculitis, lichen planus (LP), sicca syndrome, and others...
  62. ncbi An interesting case of colocalization of segmental lichen planus and vitiligo in a 14-year-old boy
    Kabir Sardana
    Department of Dermatology and Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Lady Hardinge Medical College and Associated S S K and K S C Hospitals, New Delhi, India
    Int J Dermatol 41:508-9. 2002
  63. ncbi A case of lichen planus-lupus erythematosus overlap syndrome with eyelid involvement
    U Tursen
    Department of Dermatology, Faculty of Medicine, Mersin University, Turkey
    Eur J Ophthalmol 12:244-6. 2002
    To report a case of lichen planus-lupus erythematosus overlap syndrome with eyelid involvement. Lichen planus and lupus erythematosus infrequently coexist in the same patients. Ocular involvement has rarely been reported for both diseases.
  64. doi Hepatitis C virus infection and lichen planus: a systematic review with meta-analysis
    G Lodi
    Unita di Medicina e Patologia Orale, Dipartimento di Medicina, Chirurgia e Odontoiatria, Universita degli Studi di Milano, Italy
    Oral Dis 16:601-12. 2010
    ..manifestations including mixed cryoglubulinemia, non-Hodgkin lymphoma, diabetes, porphyria cutanea tarda and lichen planus. The aims of this study were to conduct a systematic review and a meta-analysis on the prevalence of HCV in ..
  65. ncbi Lupus erythematosus/lichen planus overlap syndrome with scarring alopecia
    H S Inaloz
    Department of Dermatology, University of Wales College of Medicine, Cardiff, South Wales, UK
    J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol 15:171-4. 2001
    Lupus erythematosus (LE) and lichen planus (LP) may occur as an overlap syndrome (LE/LP)...
  66. ncbi Demonstration of antibody to 230 kDa bullous pemphigoid antigen in lichen planus-like keratosis
    M Seishima
    Department of Dermatology, Ogaki Municipal Hospital, Minaminokawa cho 4 86, Ogaki City, 503 8502, Japan
    Eur J Dermatol 9:393-6. 1999
    We describe a 67-year-old man with lichen planus-like keratosis associated with anti-230 kDa bullous pemphigoid antigen (BPAG1) autoantibody...
  67. doi Insulin resistance and lichen planus in patients with HCV-infectious liver diseases
    Yumiko Nagao
    Department of Digestive Disease Information and Research, Kurume University School of Medicine, Asahi machi, Kurume, Fukuoka, Japan
    J Gastroenterol Hepatol 23:580-5. 2008
    ..The aims of the present study were to examine the incidence of extrahepatic manifestations including lichen planus in HCV-infected patients and to evaluate the relationship between lichen planus and insulin resistance.
  68. ncbi Diffuse esophageal stricture secondary to esophageal lichen planus
    T R Williams
    Department of Radiology, Henry Ford Hospital, 2799 West Grand Boulevard, Detroit, MI 48202, USA
    Abdom Imaging 30:355-7. 2005
    ..We report a case of esophageal stricture secondary to lichen planus. Esophageal lichen planus is rare and frequently mistaken for other more common disorders such as ..
  69. ncbi Lichen planus pemphigoides is a heterogeneous disease: a report of five cases studied by immunoelectron microscopy
    A Bouloc
    Department of Dermatology, Hopital Saint Louis, Paris, France
    Br J Dermatol 138:972-80. 1998
    b>Lichen planus pemphigoides (LPP) is a rare and controversial disease...
  70. doi Evaluation of the profile of the immune cell infiltrate in lichen planus, discoid lupus erythematosus, and chronic dermatitis
    Mahmoud Rezk A Hussein
    Department of Pathology, Faculty of Medicine, Assuit University Hospitals, Assuit, Egypt
    Pathology 40:682-93. 2008
    ..This investigation tries to test this hypothesis and to characterise immune cells in interface dermatitis...
  71. ncbi A case of lupus erythematosus/lichen planus overlap syndrome
    Kyoko Nagao
    Department of Dermatology, Ogikubo Hospital, Suginami ku, Tokyo, Japan
    J Dermatol 33:187-90. 2006
    A case of lupus erythematosus/lichen planus overlap syndrome (LE/LP overlap syndrome) was reported...
  72. doi T cells reactive with the NC16A domain of BP180 are present in vulval lichen sclerosus and lichen planus
    M Baldo
    Department of Dermatology, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK
    J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol 24:186-90. 2010
    ..Similar mechanisms may apply to vulval lichen planus (LP), an interface dermatitis, with clinical and immunological overlap with LS.
  73. ncbi Autocytotoxic T-cell clones in lichen planus
    P B Sugerman
    Oral Biology and Pathology, School of Dentistry, The University of Queensland, St Lucia, Queensland 4072, Australia
    Br J Dermatol 142:449-56. 2000
    We examined the in vitro cytotoxic activity of cutaneous T-cell lines and clones from lichen planus (LP) patients against autologous epidermal keratinocytes...
  74. ncbi Immunoelectron microscopic study of distribution of T cell subsets in oral lichen planus
    P Jungell
    Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Helsinki University, Finland
    Scand J Dent Res 97:361-7. 1989
    ....
  75. ncbi Lichen planus is associated with human herpesvirus type 7 replication and infiltration of plasmacytoid dendritic cells
    H J C de Vries
    Department of Dermatology, Academic Medical Centre, University of Amsterdam, PO Box 22700, 1100 DE Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Br J Dermatol 154:361-4. 2006
    b>Lichen planus (LP) is a common inflammatory skin disease of unknown aetiology. Viral causes have been suggested.
  76. pmc The incidence of molluscum contagiosum, scabies and lichen planus
    R S Pannell
    Birmingham Research Unit of the Royal College of General Practitioners, Birmingham, UK
    Epidemiol Infect 133:985-91. 2005
    We aimed to describe the incidence of new episodes of molluscum contagiosum, scabies and lichen planus presenting to general practitioners in England and Wales...
  77. ncbi Treatment of lichen planus and lichen nitidus with itraconazole: reports of six cases
    L F Libow
    Department of Medicine, Dermatology Service, United States Army MEDDAC, Wurzburg, Germany
    Cutis 62:247-8. 1998
    Six patients with either lichen planus or lichen nitidus were treated with itraconazole. Two of four patients with lichen planus experienced complete clearing, and the remainder showed a partial response...
  78. ncbi The basement membrane zone and dermal extracellular matrix in erosive lichen planus of the vulva: an immunohistochemical study demonstrating altered expression of hemidesmosome components and anchoring fibrils
    S M Cooper
    Department of Dermatology, Oxford Radcliffe Hospitals, Oxford, OX7 2LJ, UK
    Clin Exp Dermatol 30:277-81. 2005
    Histopathology demonstrates disruption of the basal layer of the epidermis in lichen planus (LP) and altered expression of basement membrane zone (BMZ) components occurs in cutaneous and oral LP...
  79. ncbi Alefacept for erosive lichen planus: a case series
    Anne Lynn S Chang
    Department of Dermatology, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA, USA
    J Drugs Dermatol 7:379-83. 2008
    Erosive mucosal lichen planus is thought to be an autoimmune disease mediated by increased T-cell activation and proliferation. Alefacept is a biologic agent that selectively targets memory T cells.
  80. ncbi Comparison of the distribution and numbers of antigen-presenting cells among T-lymphocyte-mediated dermatoses: CD1a+, factor XIIIa+, and CD68+ cells in eczematous dermatitis, psoriasis, lichen planus and graft-versus-host disease
    Masatoshi Deguchi
    Department of Dermatology, Tohoku University Graduate School of Medicine, 1 1 Seiryo machi, Aoba ku, Sendai 980 8574, Japan
    Arch Dermatol Res 294:297-302. 2002
    ..from a total of 51 patients with eczematous dermatitis (histologically spongiotic dermatitis), psoriasis, lichen planus, acute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD), and chronic GVHD...
  81. ncbi A study of 124 Indian patients with lichen planus pigmentosus
    A J Kanwar
    Department of Dermatology, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India
    Clin Exp Dermatol 28:481-5. 2003
    b>Lichen planus pigmentosus is a fairly common disorder of pigmentation in Indians, but reports comprising a sizeable number of patients are lacking in the literature...
  82. doi Simultaneous detection of IFN-gamma and IL-4 in lesional tissues and whole unstimulated saliva from patients with oral lichen planus
    Xiao An Tao
    Department of Oral Medicine, Guanghua School of Stomatology, Sun Yat Sen University, Guangzhou, China
    J Oral Pathol Med 37:83-7. 2008
    Although the roles of interferon (IFN)-gamma and interleukin (IL)-4 in oral lichen planus (OLP) have been described extensively in past decades, the available results are controversial...
  83. ncbi Expression of TLR9 and its mRNA in the lesions of lichen planus
    Jiawen Li
    Department of Dermatology, Union Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, China
    J Huazhong Univ Sci Technolog Med Sci 27:203-5. 2007
    To investigate the role of toll-like receptor 9 (TLR9) in the pathogenesis of lichen planus, the expressions of TLR9 and its mRNA in the lesional skin of lichen planus were detected by immunohistochemical technique (SP) and RT-PCR...
  84. ncbi Type I interferon-associated cytotoxic inflammation in lichen planus
    Joerg Wenzel
    Department of Dermatology, University of Bonn, Bonn, Germany
    J Cutan Pathol 33:672-8. 2006
    b>Lichen planus (LP) is an inflammatory autoimmune skin disease of unknown origin. Evidence has accumulated that autoreactive cytotoxic CD8(+) T lymphocytes cause destruction of keratinocytes...
  85. pmc Lichen planus remission is associated with a decrease of human herpes virus type 7 protein expression in plasmacytoid dendritic cells
    Henry J C de Vries
    Department of Dermatology, Academic Medical Center, University of Amsterdam, P O Box 22700, 1100 DE Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Arch Dermatol Res 299:213-9. 2007
    The cause of lichen planus is still unknown. Previously we showed human herpes virus 7 (HHV-7) DNA and proteins in lesional lichen planus skin, and significantly less in non-lesional lichen planus, psoriasis or healthy skin...
  86. ncbi Assessment of depression in subjects with psoriasis vulgaris and lichen planus
    A Akay
    Department of Dermatology, Izmir Ataturk Training Hospital, Turkey
    J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol 16:347-52. 2002
    The aim of this study was to investigate the frequency of depressive symptoms in psoriasis vulgaris and lichen planus and to evaluate the relationship between the Beck depression scores and the Psoriasis Area and Severity Index (PASI) ..
  87. ncbi Lichen planus responding to efalizumab
    Markus Bohm
    Department of Dermatology, University of Munster, Germany
    J Am Acad Dermatol 56:S92-3. 2007
    b>Lichen planus (LP) is a common inflammatory skin disorder of unknown origin. When generalized and relapsing, treatment of LP can be a challenge...
  88. ncbi A case of localized lichen planus pigmentosus on the thigh
    Kyoung Jin Kim
    J Dermatol 29:242-3. 2002
  89. ncbi Colocalization of lichen planus and vitiligo associated with selective IgA deficiency
    Ulker Gul
    Second Dermatology Clinic, Ankara Numune Education and Research Hospital, Ankara, Turkey
    Skinmed 6:202-3. 2007
    ..Melanocytes were decreased in number, and in some areas they were absent at the basal layer of epidermis. Clinical and histopathologic diagnosis were consistent with lichen planus and vitiligo (Figure 2).
  90. ncbi Lichen sclerosus-lichen planus overlap in a patient with hepatitis C virus infection
    S Yashar
    Br J Dermatol 150:168-9. 2004
  91. ncbi Hepatitis C virus and lichen planus in Nigerians: any relationship?
    O O M Daramola
    Dermatology Division, Department of Medicine, University College Hospital, Ibadan, Nigeria
    Int J Dermatol 41:217-9. 2002
    The association of lichen planus with Hepatitis C virus (HCV) has been widely reported in the literature. No such association, however, has been reported amongst black Africans in whom HCV is thought to be endemic...
  92. ncbi A prospective study of findings and management in 214 patients with oral lichen planus
    S Silverman
    School of Dentistry, University of California, San Francisco 94143
    Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol 72:665-70. 1991
    The findings in this prospective study of 214 patients with oral lichen planus were similar to those found in our 1985 evaluation of 570 patients with oral lichen planus...
  93. ncbi Louis-Frédéric Wickham and the Wickham's striae of lichen planus
    Charles Steffen
    Skinmed 3:287-9. 2004
    In 1895, Louis-Fédéric Wickham described whitish streaks, now known as Wickham's striae, on the surface of lichen planus papules...
  94. ncbi Lichen planus associated with etanercept
    M Battistella
    Br J Dermatol 158:188-90. 2008
  95. ncbi Treatment of generalized lichen planus with alefacept
    David P Fivenson
    Fivenson Dermatology, Ann Arbor, Mich, USA
    Arch Dermatol 142:151-2. 2006
  96. ncbi Lichen planus and hepatitis C virus infection: an updated critical review
    M Carrozzo
    Department of Oral Medicine, School of Medical Sciences, University of Newcastle upon Tyne, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK
    Minerva Gastroenterol Dietol 54:65-74. 2008
    An association between lichen planus (LP) and liver diseases has been reported. PubMed database has been used to extract information on hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection and LP...
  97. ncbi Lichen planus pigmentosus-inversus
    L Pock
    Department of Dermatology and Venerology, Charles University 2nd Medical School, Motol University Hospital, Prague, Czech Republic
    J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol 15:452-4. 2001
    We examined seven patients with lichen planus pigmentosus (LPP) clinically and microscopically. Clinically, all patients had a striking predominance of lesions in an intertriginous location, with most of them in the axillae...
  98. ncbi Efficacy of steroid oral mini-pulse therapy in lichen planus: an open trial in 35 patients
    M Ramesh
    Indian J Dermatol Venereol Leprol 72:156-7. 2006
  99. ncbi Hepatitis C virus infection prevalence in lichen planus: examination of lesional and normal skin of hepatitis C virus-infected patients with lichen planus for the presence of hepatitis C virus RNA
    E Erkek
    Kirikkale University Faculty of Medicine, Kirikkale, Turkey
    Clin Exp Dermatol 26:540-4. 2001
    ..In recent years, a significant association between lichen planus and chronic HCV infection has been reported...
  100. ncbi Lichen planus is not associated with hepatitis C virus infection in patients from north west England
    S C Tucker
    Section of Dermatology, University of Manchester, Hope Hospital, Salford, UK
    Acta Derm Venereol 79:378-9. 1999
    It has been suggested that infection with hepatitis C virus may be associated with the development of lichen planus and that geographical area may be an important factor affecting the relative risk...
  101. ncbi Patient satisfaction after the treatment of vulvovaginal erosive lichen planus with topical clobetasol and tacrolimus: a survey study
    Jeffrey T Jensen
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Oregon Health and Science University, Portland, USA
    Am J Obstet Gynecol 190:1759-63; discussion 1763-5. 2004
    The purpose of this study was to compare patient satisfaction with the topical immune system modulator tacrolimus to topical clobetasol during treatment for vulvovaginal erosive lichen planus.

Research Grants33

  1. Short Wavelength UV Sources for Treatment of Psoriasis
    JOSEPH SMART; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..for psoriasis and possibly other skin diseases including acne vularis, atopic dermatitis, vitiligo, pruritus, lichen planus, pityriasis rosea and early cutaneous T-cell lymphoma...
  2. STRUCTURE AND REGULATION OF THE CD1 MULTIGENE FAMILY
    PAUL BLEICHER; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ..to the pathogenesis of a large number of inflammatory and malignant diseases such as lupus erythematosus, lichen planus, cutaneous T cell lymphoma, and Histiocytosis X...
  3. CYTOTOXIC MECHANISMS IN CUTANEOUS DISEASE
    David Norris; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..such as photosensitive lupus erythematosus, vitiligo, erythema multiforme, toxic epidermal necrolysis and lichen planus. We have found that the epidermis is intrinsically resistant to immunologic cytotoxicity, due in large part to ..
  4. CYTOTOXIC MECHANISMS IN CUTANEOUS DISEASE
    David Norris; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..such as photosensitive lupus erythematosus, vitiligo, erythema multiforme, toxic epidermal necrolysis and lichen planus. We have found that the epidermis is intrinsically resistant to immunologic cytotoxicity, due in large part to ..
  5. CYTOTOXIC MECHANISMS IN CUTANEOUS DISEASE
    David Norris; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..such as photosensitive lupus erythematosus, vitiligo, erythema multiforme, toxic epidermal necrolysis and lichen planus. We have found that the epidermis is intrinsically resistant to immunologic cytotoxicity, due in large part to ..
  6. CYTOTOXIC MECHANISMS IN CUTANEOUS DISEASE
    David Norris; Fiscal Year: 1980
    ..Sera from patients with lupus erythematosus, lichen planus, pemphigus vulgaris, erythema multiforme, erythroderma, vitiligo, alopecia areata and pyoderma gangrenosum ..
  7. Trials to Enhance Elders' Teeth/Oral Health (TEETH)
    Asuman Kiyak; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Mortality rates in both groups are similar, and the most common oral lesion - lichen planus - has a similar prevalence in both groups...
  8. Trials to Enhance Elders' Teeth/Oral Health (TEETH)
    Asuman Kiyak; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Mortality rates in both groups are similar, and the most common oral lesion - lichen planus - has a similar prevalence in both groups...
  9. Trials to Enhance Elders' Teeth/Oral Health (TEETH)
    Asuman Kiyak; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Mortality rates in both groups are similar, and the most common oral lesion - lichen planus - has a similar prevalence in both groups...
  10. T-CELL MECHANISMS OF PATHOLOGY IN DTH & DRUG ERUPTIONS
    Richard Kalish; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ..It is hoped that these studies will lay the groundwork for future study of T-lymphocyte mediated conditions in which the inciting antigen is not known, such as sarcoidosis, lichen planus, and scleroderma.
  11. CHARACTERIZATION AND CULTURE OF HUMAN LANGERHANS CELLS
    Vera Morhenn; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..Moreover, although their numbers are altered in a variety of skin diseases, e.g. lichen planus, mycosis fungoides, AIDS, their role (if any) in these disorders is totally obscure...
  12. CHARACTERIZATION AND CULTURE OF HUMAN LANGERHANS CELLS
    Vera Morhenn; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..Moreover, although their numbers are altered in a variety of skin diseases, e.g. lichen planus, mycosis fungoides, AID, their role (if any) in these disorders is totally obscure...
  13. World Workshop in Oral Medicine IV
    Peter Lockhart; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..concerning: Group 1: oral infections, (fungal and viral); Group 2: orai mucosal lesions (dysplasia and lichen planus); Group 3: oral, facial pain (neuropathic pain and burning mouth syndrome); Group 4: medically complex ..
  14. Salivary Biomarkers for Oral Cancer in Lichen Planus Patients
    YI SHING CHENG; Fiscal Year: 2009
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Lichen Planus (LP) is a chronic, inflammatory--and, so far, incurable--disease of unknown etiology, affecting skin and mucosa of approximately 2% of the population...
  15. Salivary Biomarkers for Oral Cancer in Lichen Planus Patients
    Yi Shing Lisa Cheng; Fiscal Year: 2010
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Lichen Planus (LP) is a chronic, inflammatory--and, so far, incurable--disease of unknown etiology, affecting skin and mucosa of approximately 2% of the population...
  16. Inhibitors of Toll-like receptors 7 & 9 for treatment of skin inflammation
    FRANCK BARRAT; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..dendritic cells in cutaneous lupus and in a series of related cutaneous autoimmune diseases, including lichen planus dermatomyositis, lichen sclerosus and cutaneous GVHD...
  17. Inhibitors of Toll-like receptors 7 & 9 for treatment of skin inflammation
    FRANCK BARRAT; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..dendritic cells in cutaneous lupus and in a series of related cutaneous autoimmune diseases, including lichen planus dermatomyositis, lichen sclerosus and cutaneous GVHD...
  18. MECHANISMS OF CUTANEOUS INJURY IN LUPUS ERYTHEMATOSUS
    Richard Sontheimer; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ..These studies might also yield insight into the pathogenesis of other related inflammatory skin diseases such as lichen planus, dermatomyositis and lichenoid drug eruptions.
  19. Vulvar Disease and Bladder and Bowel Symptoms
    Colleen Kennedy; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
  20. Vulvar Disease and Bladder and Bowel Symptoms
    Colleen Kennedy; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
  21. Hyperbaric O2 Stimulation of Salivary Flow in Radiation -induced Xerostomia
    Michael Martin; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ....
  22. Oramelts with DGL: Treatment of Minor RAU
    Michael Martin; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..If these claims are verified in clinical trials, Orahealth Corporation will take the product to market, providing health benefits to the 20% of people who suffer from minor recurrent aphthous ulcers. ..
  23. Visual outcomes & quality of life in CMV retinitis
    Jennifer Thorne; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..