body weight

Summary

Summary: The mass or quantity of heaviness of an individual. It is expressed by units of pounds or kilograms.

Top Publications

  1. pmc Obesity is associated with macrophage accumulation in adipose tissue
    Stuart P Weisberg
    Division of Moleuclar Genetics, Department of Pediatrics, Columbia University, New York, New York 10032, USA
    J Clin Invest 112:1796-808. 2003
  2. pmc Chronic inflammation in fat plays a crucial role in the development of obesity-related insulin resistance
    Haiyan Xu
    Millennium Pharmaceuticals, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA
    J Clin Invest 112:1821-30. 2003
  3. ncbi The disease burden associated with overweight and obesity
    A Must
    Department of Family Medicine and Community Health, Tufts University School of Medicine, Boston, MA 02111, USA
    JAMA 282:1523-9. 1999
  4. ncbi Leptin and the regulation of body weight in mammals
    J M Friedman
    Laboratory of Molecular Genetics, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Rockefeller University, New York, New York 10021, USA
    Nature 395:763-70. 1998
  5. ncbi Central nervous system control of food intake and body weight
    G J Morton
    Department of Medicine, Harborview Medical Center and University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98104, USA
    Nature 443:289-95. 2006
  6. ncbi A comparison of direct vs. self-report measures for assessing height, weight and body mass index: a systematic review
    S Connor Gorber
    Physical Health Measures Division, Statistics Canada, Ottawa, ON, Canada
    Obes Rev 8:307-26. 2007
  7. pmc Six new loci associated with body mass index highlight a neuronal influence on body weight regulation
    Cristen J Willer
    Genetic Investigation of ANthropometric Traits Consortium
    Nat Genet 41:25-34. 2009
  8. ncbi Reactive oxygen species have a causal role in multiple forms of insulin resistance
    Nicholas Houstis
    Broad Institute of MIT and Harvard, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02141, USA
    Nature 440:944-8. 2006
  9. ncbi AMP-kinase regulates food intake by responding to hormonal and nutrient signals in the hypothalamus
    Yasuhiko Minokoshi
    Division of Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center and Department of Medicine, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02215, USA
    Nature 428:569-74. 2004
  10. pmc Liraglutide vs insulin glargine and placebo in combination with metformin and sulfonylurea therapy in type 2 diabetes mellitus (LEAD-5 met+SU): a randomised controlled trial
    D Russell-Jones
    Department of Diabetes and Endocrinology, Royal Guildford Hospital, UK
    Diabetologia 52:2046-55. 2009

Detail Information

Publications337 found, 100 shown here

  1. pmc Obesity is associated with macrophage accumulation in adipose tissue
    Stuart P Weisberg
    Division of Moleuclar Genetics, Department of Pediatrics, Columbia University, New York, New York 10032, USA
    J Clin Invest 112:1796-808. 2003
    ..Adipose tissue macrophage numbers increase in obesity and participate in inflammatory pathways that are activated in adipose tissues of obese individuals...
  2. pmc Chronic inflammation in fat plays a crucial role in the development of obesity-related insulin resistance
    Haiyan Xu
    Millennium Pharmaceuticals, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA
    J Clin Invest 112:1821-30. 2003
    ..We propose that obesity-related insulin resistance is, at least in part, a chronic inflammatory disease initiated in adipose tissue...
  3. ncbi The disease burden associated with overweight and obesity
    A Must
    Department of Family Medicine and Community Health, Tufts University School of Medicine, Boston, MA 02111, USA
    JAMA 282:1523-9. 1999
    ..Overweight and obesity are increasing dramatically in the United States and most likely contribute substantially to the burden of chronic health conditions...
  4. ncbi Leptin and the regulation of body weight in mammals
    J M Friedman
    Laboratory of Molecular Genetics, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Rockefeller University, New York, New York 10021, USA
    Nature 395:763-70. 1998
    ..Leptin also signals nutritional status to several other physiological systems and modulates their function. Here we review the role of leptin in the control of body weight and its relevance to the pathogenesis of obesity.
  5. ncbi Central nervous system control of food intake and body weight
    G J Morton
    Department of Medicine, Harborview Medical Center and University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98104, USA
    Nature 443:289-95. 2006
    ..This new information provides a biological context within which to consider the global obesity epidemic and identifies numerous potential avenues for therapeutic intervention and future research...
  6. ncbi A comparison of direct vs. self-report measures for assessing height, weight and body mass index: a systematic review
    S Connor Gorber
    Physical Health Measures Division, Statistics Canada, Ottawa, ON, Canada
    Obes Rev 8:307-26. 2007
    ....
  7. pmc Six new loci associated with body mass index highlight a neuronal influence on body weight regulation
    Cristen J Willer
    Genetic Investigation of ANthropometric Traits Consortium
    Nat Genet 41:25-34. 2009
    ..Several of the likely causal genes are highly expressed or known to act in the central nervous system (CNS), emphasizing, as in rare monogenic forms of obesity, the role of the CNS in predisposition to obesity...
  8. ncbi Reactive oxygen species have a causal role in multiple forms of insulin resistance
    Nicholas Houstis
    Broad Institute of MIT and Harvard, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02141, USA
    Nature 440:944-8. 2006
    ..Together, our findings suggest that increased ROS levels are an important trigger for insulin resistance in numerous settings...
  9. ncbi AMP-kinase regulates food intake by responding to hormonal and nutrient signals in the hypothalamus
    Yasuhiko Minokoshi
    Division of Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center and Department of Medicine, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02215, USA
    Nature 428:569-74. 2004
    ..Dominant negative AMPK expression in the hypothalamus is sufficient to reduce food intake and body weight, whereas constitutively active AMPK increases both...
  10. pmc Liraglutide vs insulin glargine and placebo in combination with metformin and sulfonylurea therapy in type 2 diabetes mellitus (LEAD-5 met+SU): a randomised controlled trial
    D Russell-Jones
    Department of Diabetes and Endocrinology, Royal Guildford Hospital, UK
    Diabetologia 52:2046-55. 2009
    ..The aim of the study was to compare the efficacy and safety of liraglutide in type 2 diabetes mellitus vs placebo and insulin glargine (A21Gly,B31Arg,B32Arg human insulin), all in combination with metformin and glimepiride...
  11. pmc Comparison of weight-loss diets with different compositions of fat, protein, and carbohydrates
    Frank M Sacks
    Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, USA
    N Engl J Med 360:859-73. 2009
    ..The possible advantage for weight loss of a diet that emphasizes protein, fat, or carbohydrates has not been established, and there are few studies that extend beyond 1 year...
  12. pmc Life course variations in the associations between FTO and MC4R gene variants and body size
    Rebecca Hardy
    MRC Unit for Lifelong Health and Ageing, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, 33 Bedford Place, London, UK
    Hum Mol Genet 19:545-52. 2010
    ..Studies of the aetiology of obesity spanning different age groups may identify age-specific determinants of weight gain...
  13. pmc Genome-wide association study of body weight in chicken F2 resource population
    Xiaorong Gu
    State Key Laboratory for Agro Biotechnology, China Agricultural University, Beijing, People s Republic of China
    PLoS ONE 6:e21872. 2011
    Chicken body weight is an economically important trait and great genetic progress has been accomplished in genetic selective for body weight...
  14. ncbi A general model for the origin of allometric scaling laws in biology
    G B West
    Theoretical Division, T 8, Mail Stop B285, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM 87545, USA
    Science 276:122-6. 1997
    ..More generally, the model predicts structural and functional properties of vertebrate cardiovascular and respiratory systems, plant vascular systems, insect tracheal tubes, and other distribution networks...
  15. ncbi Genetic and environmental factors in relative body weight and human adiposity
    H H Maes
    Virginia Institute for Psychiatric and Behavioral Genetics, Richmond, Virginia 23298, USA
    Behav Genet 27:325-51. 1997
    ..These results are consistent with other studies in suggesting that genetic factors play a significant role in the causes of individual differences in relative body weight and human adiposity.
  16. doi Inactivation of the Fto gene protects from obesity
    Julia Fischer
    Institute for Animal Developmental and Molecular Biology, Heinrich Heine University, Universitatsstr 1, D 40225 Dusseldorf, Germany
    Nature 458:894-8. 2009
    ..Taken together, these experiments provide, to our knowledge, the first direct demonstration that Fto is functionally involved in energy homeostasis by the control of energy expenditure...
  17. ncbi Pooled analysis of prospective cohort studies on height, weight, and breast cancer risk
    P A van den Brandt
    Department of Epidemiology, Maastricht University, The Netherlands
    Am J Epidemiol 152:514-27. 2000
    ..The association between BMI and breast cancer varies by menopausal status. Weight control may reduce the risk among postmenopausal women...
  18. pmc Being big or growing fast: systematic review of size and growth in infancy and later obesity
    Janis Baird
    MRC Epidemiology Resource Centre, University of Southampton, Southampton General Hospital, Southampton SO16 6YD
    BMJ 331:929. 2005
    ..To assess the association between infant size or growth and subsequent obesity and to determine if any association has been stable over time...
  19. pmc Genome-wide association scan shows genetic variants in the FTO gene are associated with obesity-related traits
    Angelo Scuteri
    Unità Operativa Geriatria, Istituto per la Patologia Endocrina e Metabolica, Rome, Italy
    PLoS Genet 3:e115. 2007
    ..common genetic variants in the FTO gene are associated with substantial changes in BMI, hip circumference, and body weight. These changes could have a significant impact on the risk of obesity-related morbidity in the general ..
  20. ncbi Role of brain insulin receptor in control of body weight and reproduction
    J C Bruning
    Klinik II und Poliklinik für Innere Medizin and Center of Molecular Medicine ZMMK der Universität zu Köln, Joseph Stelzmann Strasse 9, 50931 Cologne, Germany
    Science 289:2122-5. 2000
    ..Thus, IR signaling in the CNS plays an important role in regulation of energy disposal, fuel metabolism, and reproduction...
  21. ncbi Extended longevity in mice lacking the insulin receptor in adipose tissue
    Matthias Bluher
    Joslin Diabetes Center and Department of Medicine, Harvard Medical School, One Joslin Place, Boston, MA, 02215 USA
    Science 299:572-4. 2003
    ..Thus, a reduction of fat mass without caloric restriction can be associated with increased longevity in mice, possibly through effects on insulin signaling...
  22. ncbi Overweight in children and adolescents: pathophysiology, consequences, prevention, and treatment
    Stephen R Daniels
    Circulation 111:1999-2012. 2005
    ..In addition, treatment approaches are presented, including behavioral, pharmacological, and surgical treatment. Childhood and adolescent overweight is one of the most important current public health concerns...
  23. ncbi Acute toxicity and biodistribution of different sized titanium dioxide particles in mice after oral administration
    Jiangxue Wang
    Laboratory for Bio Environmental Effects of Nanomaterials and Nanosafety and Key Laboratory of Nuclear Analytical Techniques, National Center for NanoScience and Technology and Institute of High Energy Physics, Beijing 100080, PR China
    Toxicol Lett 168:176-85. 2007
    ..Due to the low toxicity, a fixed large dose of 5g/kg body weight of TiO(2) suspensions was administrated by a single oral gavage according to the OECD procedure...
  24. ncbi Novel adipose tissue-mediated resistance to diet-induced visceral obesity in 11 beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 1-deficient mice
    Nicholas M Morton
    Endocrinology Unit, Molecular Medicine Centre, University of Edinburgh, Western General Hospital, Edinburgh, UK
    Diabetes 53:931-8. 2004
    ..These data provide the first in vivo evidence that adipose 11 beta-HSD-1 deficiency beneficially alters adipose tissue distribution and function, complementing the reported effects of hepatic 11 beta-HSD-1 deficiency or inhibition...
  25. ncbi Bile acids induce energy expenditure by promoting intracellular thyroid hormone activation
    Mitsuhiro Watanabe
    Institut de Génétique et Biologie Moléculaire et Cellulaire, CNRS INSERM ULP, 1 rue Laurent Fries, 67404 Illkirch, France
    Nature 439:484-9. 2006
    ..The BA-TGR5-cAMP-D2 signalling pathway is therefore a crucial mechanism for fine-tuning energy homeostasis that can be targeted to improve metabolic control...
  26. pmc Diet-induced obese mice develop peripheral, but not central, resistance to leptin
    M van Heek
    Department of CNS and Cardiovascular Research, Schering Plough Research Institute, Kenilworth, New Jersey 07033, USA
    J Clin Invest 99:385-90. 1997
    ..Serum leptin increased in proportion to body weight (P < 0.00001)...
  27. ncbi Relation between consumption of sugar-sweetened drinks and childhood obesity: a prospective, observational analysis
    D S Ludwig
    Department of Medicine, Children s Hospital, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Lancet 357:505-8. 2001
    ..The rising prevalence of obesity in children has been linked in part to the consumption of sugar-sweetened drinks. Our aim was to examine this relation...
  28. ncbi Trends of obesity and underweight in older children and adolescents in the United States, Brazil, China, and Russia
    Youfa Wang
    Carolina Population Center, School of Public Health, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill 27516 3997, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 75:971-7. 2002
    ..Few studies have used the same references across countries to examine the trends of over- and underweight in older children and adolescents...
  29. ncbi Rapid rewiring of arcuate nucleus feeding circuits by leptin
    Shirly Pinto
    Laboratory of Molecular Genetics, Rockefeller University, 1230 York Avenue, New York, NY 10021, USA
    Science 304:110-5. 2004
    ..These data suggest that leptin-mediated plasticity in the ob/ob hypothalamus may underlie some of the hormone's behavioral effects...
  30. doi Fibroblast growth factor 21 corrects obesity in mice
    Tamer Coskun
    Lilly Research Laboratories, Lilly Corporate Center, Indianapolis, Indiana 46285, USA
    Endocrinology 149:6018-27. 2008
    ..report that systemic administration of FGF21 for 2 wk in diet-induced obese and ob/ob mice lowered their mean body weight by 20% predominantly via a reduction in adiposity...
  31. ncbi Leptin levels reflect body lipid content in mice: evidence for diet-induced resistance to leptin action
    R C Frederich
    Division of Endocrinology, Beth Israel Hospital Research North, Boston, Massachusetts 02215, USA
    Nat Med 1:1311-4. 1995
    The regulation of body weight and composition involves input from genes and the environment, demonstrated, for example, by the variable susceptibility of inbred strains of mice to obesity when offered a high-fat diet...
  32. ncbi Leptin receptor signaling in POMC neurons is required for normal body weight homeostasis
    Nina Balthasar
    Department of Medicine, Division of Endocrinology, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Harvard Medical School, 99 Brookline Avenue RN, Boston, MA 02215, USA
    Neuron 42:983-91. 2004
    ..In summary, leptin receptors on POMC neurons are required but not solely responsible for leptin's regulation of body weight homeostasis.
  33. ncbi Effects of the amount and intensity of exercise on plasma lipoproteins
    William E Kraus
    Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC 27710, USA
    N Engl J Med 347:1483-92. 2002
    ..However, the amount of exercise training required for optimal benefit is unknown. In a prospective, randomized study, we investigated the effects of the amount and intensity of exercise on lipoproteins...
  34. ncbi Confirmatory factor analysis of the Child Feeding Questionnaire: a measure of parental attitudes, beliefs and practices about child feeding and obesity proneness
    L L Birch
    Department of Human Development and Family Studies and Graduate Program in Nutrition, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802, USA
    Appetite 36:201-10. 2001
    ..The CFQ is designed for use with parents of children ranging in age from about 2 to 11 years of age...
  35. pmc A mouse model for the metabolic effects of the human fat mass and obesity associated FTO gene
    Chris Church
    MRC Harwell, Metabolism and Inflammation, Harwell Science and Innovation Campus, Harwell, UK
    PLoS Genet 5:e1000599. 2009
    ..Our model suggests that a search for human coding mutations in FTO may be informative and that inhibition of FTO activity is a possible target for the treatment of morbid obesity...
  36. ncbi STAT3 signalling is required for leptin regulation of energy balance but not reproduction
    Sarah H Bates
    Research Division, Joslin Diabetes Center, Harvard Medical School, 1 Joslin Place, Boston, Massachusetts 02215, USA
    Nature 421:856-9. 2003
    ..LRb-STAT3 signalling thus mediates the effects of leptin on melanocortin production and body energy homeostasis, whereas distinct LRb signals regulate NPY and the control of fertility, growth and glucose homeostasis...
  37. pmc Loss of stearoyl-CoA desaturase-1 function protects mice against adiposity
    James M Ntambi
    Department of Biochemistry, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI 53706, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 99:11482-6. 2002
    ..These observations suggest that a consequence of SCD1 deficiency is an activation of lipid oxidation in addition to reduced triglyceride synthesis and storage...
  38. pmc Bisphenol A: Perinatal exposure and body weight
    Beverly S Rubin
    Department of Anatomy and Cellular Biology, Tufts University School of Medicine, Boston, MA 02111, United States
    Mol Cell Endocrinol 304:55-62. 2009
    ..6% of the US population examined. The potential for BPA to influence body weight is suggested by in vitro studies demonstrating effects of BPA on adipocyte differentiation, lipid accumulation, ..
  39. ncbi Size at birth and early childhood growth in relation to maternal smoking, parity and infant breast-feeding: longitudinal birth cohort study and analysis
    Ken K L Ong
    Department of Paediatrics, University of Cambridge, Addenbrookes Hospital, Cambridge, UK
    Pediatr Res 52:863-7. 2002
    ..The sequence of fetal growth restraint and postnatal catch-up growth may predispose to obesity risk in this contemporary population...
  40. ncbi Consequences of smoking for body weight, body fat distribution, and insulin resistance
    Arnaud Chiolero
    Institute of Social and Preventive Medicine IUMSP, University of Lausanne, 17 rue du Bugnon, 1005 Lausanne, Switzerland
    Am J Clin Nutr 87:801-9. 2008
    Our aim was to critically evaluate the relations among smoking, body weight, body fat distribution, and insulin resistance as reported in the literature...
  41. ncbi NPY/AgRP neurons are essential for feeding in adult mice but can be ablated in neonates
    Serge Luquet
    Howard Hughes Medical Institute and Department of Biochemistry, University of Washington, Box 357370, Seattle, WA 98195, USA
    Science 310:683-5. 2005
    ..Y (NPY) and agouti-related protein (AgRP) are thought to be critical regulators of feeding behavior and body weight. To determine whether NPY/AgRP neurons are essential in mice, we targeted the human diphtheria toxin receptor ..
  42. pmc Common variants near MC4R are associated with fat mass, weight and risk of obesity
    Ruth J F Loos
    MRC Epidemiology Unit, Addenbrooke s Hospital, Cambridge CB2 0QQ, UK
    Nat Genet 40:768-75. 2008
    ....
  43. pmc Relationship of obesity with osteoporosis
    Lan Juan Zhao
    Department of Orthopedic Surgery, School of Medicine, University of Missouri Kansas City, 2411 Holmes Street, Kansas City, MO 64108, USA
    J Clin Endocrinol Metab 92:1640-6. 2007
    ..Previous analyses, however, did not control for the mechanical loading effects of total body weight on bone mass and may have generated a confounded or even biased relationship between obesity and osteoporosis.
  44. ncbi Region-specific leptin resistance within the hypothalamus of diet-induced obese mice
    Heike Munzberg
    Division of Endocrinology, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, 330 Brookline Avenue, Boston, Massachusetts 02215, USA
    Endocrinology 145:4880-9. 2004
    ..Defects in leptin action in the ARC may play a role in the pathogenesis of leptin-resistant obesity...
  45. doi Genome-wide association yields new sequence variants at seven loci that associate with measures of obesity
    Gudmar Thorleifsson
    deCODE Genetics, Reykjavik, Iceland
    Nat Genet 41:18-24. 2009
    ..6 x 10(-7). This includes previously identified variants close to or in the FTO, MC4R, BDNF and SH2B1 genes, in addition to variants at seven loci not previously connected with obesity...
  46. pmc If started early in life, metformin treatment increases life span and postpones tumors in female SHR mice
    Vladimir N Anisimov
    N N Petrov Research Institute of Oncology, Pesochny 2, St Petersburg, Russia
    Aging (Albany NY) 3:148-57. 2011
    ..Thus, in female SHR mice, metformin increased life span and postponed tumors when started at the young and middle but not at the old age. In contrast, metformin improves reproductive function when started at any age...
  47. ncbi Leptin directly activates SF1 neurons in the VMH, and this action by leptin is required for normal body-weight homeostasis
    Harveen Dhillon
    Department of Medicine, Division of Endocrinology, Program in Neuroscience, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center and Harvard Medical School, 99 Brookline Avenue, Boston, Massachusetts 02215, USA
    Neuron 49:191-203. 2006
    ..that lack LEPRs on SF1-positive neurons, that leptin action at this site plays an important role in reducing body weight and, of note, in resisting diet-induced obesity...
  48. ncbi Oleylethanolamide regulates feeding and body weight through activation of the nuclear receptor PPAR-alpha
    Jin Fu
    Department of Pharmacology, University of California, Irvine, California 92697 4625, USA
    Nature 425:90-3. 2003
    Oleylethanolamide (OEA) is a naturally occurring lipid that regulates satiety and body weight. Although structurally related to the endogenous cannabinoid anandamide, OEA does not bind to cannabinoid receptors and its molecular targets ..
  49. pmc Fibroblast growth factor 21 reverses hepatic steatosis, increases energy expenditure, and improves insulin sensitivity in diet-induced obese mice
    Jing Xu
    Department of Metabolic Disorders, Amgen, Thousand Oaks, California, USA
    Diabetes 58:250-9. 2009
    ..The aims of the current study are to evaluate the role of FGF21 in energy metabolism and to provide mechanistic insights into its glucose and lipid-lowering effects in a high-fat diet-induced obesity (DIO) model...
  50. ncbi Gut hormone PYY(3-36) physiologically inhibits food intake
    Rachel L Batterham
    Imperial College Faculty of Medicine at Hammersmith Campus, Du Cane Road, London W12 0NN, UK
    Nature 418:650-4. 2002
    ..Thus, postprandial elevation of PYY(3-36) may act through the arcuate nucleus Y2R to inhibit feeding in a gut-hypothalamic pathway...
  51. doi Green tea (-)-epigallocatechin-3-gallate reduces body weight with regulation of multiple genes expression in adipose tissue of diet-induced obese mice
    Mak Soon Lee
    Department of Nutritional Science and Food Management, Ewha Womans University, Seoul, Korea
    Ann Nutr Metab 54:151-7. 2009
    ..The aim of this study was to investigate the antiobesity effect of (-)-epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) in diet-induced obese mice...
  52. doi The role of gut hormones in the regulation of body weight and energy homeostasis
    Efthimia Karra
    Centre for Diabetes and Endocrinology, Department of Medicine, University College London, London, United Kingdom
    Mol Cell Endocrinol 316:120-8. 2010
    ..endocrine organ in the body producing hormones that have important sensing and signaling roles in regulating body weight and energy expenditure...
  53. pmc Central role of ceramide biosynthesis in body weight regulation, energy metabolism, and the metabolic syndrome
    Guang Yang
    Torrey Pines Institute for Molecular Studies, 3550 General Atomics Court, San Diego, CA 92121, USA
    Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab 297:E211-24. 2009
    ..This study highlights a novel role for ceramide biosynthesis in body weight regulation, energy expenditure, and the metabolic syndrome.
  54. ncbi Diabetes, a new mutation in the mouse
    K P Hummel
    Science 153:1127-8. 1966
    ..Abnormal deposition of fat at 3 to 4 weeks of age is followed shortly by hyperglycemia, polyuria, and glycosuria. Accompanying morphological changes in the islets of Langerhans suggest neogenesis to compensate for insulin depletion...
  55. ncbi Breakfast habits, nutritional status, body weight, and academic performance in children and adolescents
    Gail C Rampersaud
    Food Science and Human Nutrition Department, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida, SW 23rd Drive, FETL Building 685, Gainesville, FL 32611 0720, USA
    J Am Diet Assoc 105:743-60; quiz 761-2. 2005
    ..of 47 studies examining the association of breakfast consumption with nutritional adequacy (nine studies), body weight (16 studies), and academic performance (22 studies) in children and adolescents...
  56. pmc Polychlorinated biphenyl-77 induces adipocyte differentiation and proinflammatory adipokines and promotes obesity and atherosclerosis
    Violeta Arsenescu
    Graduate Center for Nutritional Sciences, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY 40536, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 116:761-8. 2008
    ..However, the effects of PCBs on adipocytes, obesity, and obesity-associated cardiovascular disease are unknown...
  57. pmc Fetuses of obese mothers develop insulin resistance in utero
    Patrick M Catalano
    Department of Reproductive Biology, Case Western Reserve University at Metro Health Medical Center, Cleveland, Ohio, USA
    Diabetes Care 32:1076-80. 2009
    ..The purpose of this study was to determine whether fetuses of obese women have increased obesity, insulin resistance, and markers of inflammation, supporting the concept of fetal programming...
  58. pmc Mice lacking ghrelin receptors resist the development of diet-induced obesity
    Jeffrey M Zigman
    Department of Medicine, Division of Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02215, USA
    J Clin Invest 115:3564-72. 2005
    ..ghrelin levels rise following food deprivation, and ghrelin administration stimulates feeding and increases body weight and adiposity...
  59. ncbi Beyond body mass index
    A M Prentice
    MRC International Nutrition Group, Public Health Nutrition Unit, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, 49 51 Bedford Square, London, WC1B 3DP, UK
    Obes Rev 2:141-7. 2001
    ..We argue that BMI continues to serve well for many purposes, but that the time is now right to initiate a gradual evolution beyond BMI towards standards based on actual measurements of body fat mass...
  60. doi Ghrelin in the regulation of body weight and metabolism
    T R Castaneda
    Dept of Physiology and Pharmacology, Center for Diabetes and Endocrine Research, College of Medicine, University of Toledo, Toledo, OH, USA
    Front Neuroendocrinol 31:44-60. 2010
    ..This review summarizes the current knowledge on ghrelin synthesis, secretion, mechanism of action and biological functions with an additional focus on potential for ghrelin-based pharmacotherapies...
  61. ncbi Obesity wars: molecular progress confronts an expanding epidemic
    Jeffrey S Flier
    Division of Endocrinology, Department of Medicine, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston, MA 02215, USA
    Cell 116:337-50. 2004
    ....
  62. ncbi Ghrelin causes hyperphagia and obesity in rats
    A M Wren
    Endocrine Unit, Imperial College School of Medicine, Hammersmith Hospital, London, UK
    Diabetes 50:2540-7. 2001
    ..2 +/- 3.8 g, P < 0.05) and adiposity. These data provide evidence that ghrelin is important in long-term control of food intake and body weight and that circulating ghrelin at fasting concentrations may stimulate food intake.
  63. pmc Ghrelin O-acyltransferase (GOAT) is essential for growth hormone-mediated survival of calorie-restricted mice
    Tong Jin Zhao
    Department of Molecular Genetics, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX 75390, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 107:7467-72. 2010
    ..When subjected to 60% calorie restriction, WT and Goat(-/-) mice both lost 30% of body weight and 75% of body fat within 4 days. In both lines, fasting blood glucose initially declined equally...
  64. ncbi Hypothalamic thyroid hormone catabolism acts as a gatekeeper for the seasonal control of body weight and reproduction
    Perry Barrett
    Rowett Research Institute, Greenburn Road, Buckburn, Aberdeen AB21 9SB, United Kingdom
    Endocrinology 148:3608-17. 2007
    ..ependyma of the third ventricle, prevented the onset of short-day physiology: hamsters maintained a long-day body weight phenotype and failed to undergo testicular and epididymal regression...
  65. doi Active school transport, physical activity levels and body weight of children and youth: a systematic review
    Guy E J Faulkner
    Faculty of Physical Education and Health, University of Toronto, ON, Canada
    Prev Med 48:3-8. 2009
    ..Before implementing such solutions, it is important to demonstrate that active school transport is associated with health-related outcomes...
  66. pmc Beneficial effects of subcutaneous fat transplantation on metabolism
    Thien T Tran
    Joslin Diabetes Center and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02215, USA
    Cell Metab 7:410-20. 2008
    ..The group with SC fat transplanted into the VIS cavity exhibited decreased body weight, total fat mass, and glucose and insulin levels...
  67. ncbi Bioelectrical impedance analysis--part I: review of principles and methods
    Ursula G Kyle
    Geneva University Hospital, Switzerland
    Clin Nutr 23:1226-43. 2004
    ..ESPEN guidelines for the clinical use of BIA measurements are described in a paper to appear soon in Clinical Nutrition...
  68. ncbi Long-lasting suppression of hippocampal cell proliferation and impaired cognitive performance by methotrexate in the rat
    Riejanne Seigers
    Department of Behavioral Physiology, University of Groningen, Kerklaan 30, 9750 AA Haren, The Netherlands
    Behav Brain Res 186:168-75. 2008
    ..5-300 mg/kg). Animals treated with MTX also showed a dose-dependent transient decrease in body weight gain. In the second study, the effect of MTX (250 mg/kg) on two spatial learning tasks was examined...
  69. pmc Metabolic impact of sex hormones on obesity
    Lynda M Brown
    Department of Nutrition, University of North Carolina at Greensboro, Greensboro, NC 27412, USA
    Brain Res 1350:77-85. 2010
    ..others have previously demonstrated that activation of ERalpha by estrogens reduces food intake and increases body weight. This review focuses on the relative contribution of activation of ERalpha by estrogens in the ARC and the VL ..
  70. ncbi Nocturnal hypertension in mice consuming a high fructose diet
    Vera Farah
    Boonshoft School of Medicine of Wright State University, Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Dayton, OH 45401, USA
    Auton Neurosci 130:41-50. 2006
    ..To investigate the effect of fructose consumption on the light/dark pattern of blood pressure, heart rate and autonomic neural function in mice...
  71. pmc Genome-wide effects of long-term divergent selection
    Anna M Johansson
    Department of Animal Breeding and Genetics, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala, Sweden
    PLoS Genet 6:e1001188. 2010
    ..a single trait selection experiment, where 50 generations of selection have resulted in a 9-fold difference in body weight. Analyses of nearly 60,000 SNP markers showed that the effects of selection on the genome are dramatic...
  72. pmc Increased oxidative stress in obesity and its impact on metabolic syndrome
    Shigetada Furukawa
    Department of Medicine and Pathophysiology, Graduate School of Medicine, Department of Organismal Biosystems, Graduate School of Frontier Biosciences, Osaka University, 2 2 Yamadaoka, Suita, Osaka 565 0871, Japan
    J Clin Invest 114:1752-61. 2004
    ....
  73. ncbi Relationship of physical activity and television watching with body weight and level of fatness among children: results from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey
    R E Andersen
    Division of Geriatric Medicine and Gerontology, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD 21224, USA
    JAMA 279:938-42. 1998
    ..Physical inactivity contributes to weight gain in adults, but whether this relationship is true for children of different ethnic groups is not well established...
  74. ncbi Fibroblast growth factor 19 increases metabolic rate and reverses dietary and leptin-deficient diabetes
    Ling Fu
    Genentech Inc, 1 DNA Way, South San Francisco, California 94080, USA
    Endocrinology 145:2594-603. 2004
    ..Thus, FGF19 is able to increase metabolic rate concurrently with an increase in fatty acid oxidation...
  75. ncbi Validity of self-reported height and weight in 4808 EPIC-Oxford participants
    Elizabeth A Spencer
    Imperial Cancer Research Fund Cancer Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Gibson Building, The Radcliffe Infirmary, UK
    Public Health Nutr 5:561-5. 2002
    ....
  76. pmc Maternal obesity is necessary for programming effect of high-fat diet on offspring
    Christy L White
    Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Louisiana State University System, Baton Rouge, LA 70808, USA
    Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol 296:R1464-72. 2009
    ..These data suggest that maternal obesity exerts an independent effect on offspring body weight that is of similar magnitude as the effect of the offspring's adult diet...
  77. pmc Genetic analysis of an F(2) intercross between two chicken lines divergently selected for body-weight
    Per Wahlberg
    Department of Medical Biochemistry and Microbiology, Uppsala University, BMC, Uppsala, Sweden
    BMC Genomics 10:248. 2009
    ..Furthermore, we utilized genotype data from ~13,000 SNPs to search the genome for potential selective sweeps that have occurred in the selected lines...
  78. ncbi Adoptive transfer of regulatory NKT lymphocytes ameliorates non-alcoholic steatohepatitis and glucose intolerance in ob/ob mice and is associated with intrahepatic CD8 trapping
    E Elinav
    Liver Unit, Department of Medicine, Hebrew University Hadassah Medical Centre, Jerusalem, Israel
    J Pathol 209:121-8. 2006
    ..The results further support a role for regulatory NKT lymphocytes in the pathogenesis of non-alcoholic steatohepatitis in the leptin-deficient murine model...
  79. doi The regulation of seasonal changes in food intake and body weight
    F J P Ebling
    School of Biomedical Sciences and Institute of Neuroscience, University of Nottingham Medical School, Nottingham, UK
    J Neuroendocrinol 20:827-33. 2008
    Seasonal rhythms of body weight, reflecting altered food intake, energy storage and expenditure, are a common feature of mammals inhabiting temperate and arctic latitudes...
  80. ncbi Epistasis and the release of genetic variation during long-term selection
    Orjan Carlborg
    Linnaeus Centre for Bioinformatics, Uppsala University, Box 598, SE 75124 Uppsala, Sweden
    Nat Genet 38:418-20. 2006
    ..The interactions in this radial network mediate a considerably larger selection response than predicted by a single-locus model...
  81. doi Extravascular lung water indexed to predicted body weight is a novel predictor of intensive care unit mortality in patients with acute lung injury
    Thelma R Craig
    Regional Intensive Care Unit, Royal Victoria Hospital, Belfast, UK
    Crit Care Med 38:114-20. 2010
    ..Traditionally, extravascular lung water has been indexed to actual body weight (mL/kg)...
  82. ncbi Effects of size and temperature on metabolic rate
    J F Gillooly
    Department of Biology, The University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM 87131, USA
    Science 293:2248-51. 2001
    ..Temperature and body size are primary determinants of biological time and ecological roles...
  83. ncbi betaAR signaling required for diet-induced thermogenesis and obesity resistance
    Eric S Bachman
    Department of Medicine, Division of Endocrinology, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center and Harvard Medical School, 99 Brookline Avenue, Boston, MA 02215, USA
    Science 297:843-5. 2002
    ..These findings establish that betaARs are necessary for diet-induced thermogenesis and that this efferent pathway plays a critical role in the body's defense against diet-induced obesity...
  84. pmc Abnormal glucose homeostasis in skeletal muscle-specific PGC-1alpha knockout mice reveals skeletal muscle-pancreatic beta cell crosstalk
    Christoph Handschin
    Dana Farber Cancer Institute and Department of Cell Biology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
    J Clin Invest 117:3463-74. 2007
    ..These data clearly illustrate a causal role for muscle PGC-1alpha in maintenance of glucose homeostasis and highlight an unexpected cytokine-mediated crosstalk between skeletal muscle and pancreatic islets...
  85. ncbi Effect of metformin on life span and on the development of spontaneous mammary tumors in HER-2/neu transgenic mice
    Vladimir N Anisimov
    Department of Carcinogenesis and Oncogerontology, N N Petrov Research Institute of Oncology, Pesochny 2, St Petersburg 197758, Russian Federation
    Exp Gerontol 40:685-93. 2005
    ..with metformin (100 mg/kg in drinking water) slightly decreased the food consumption but failed in reducing the body weight or temperature, slowed down the age-related rise in blood glucose and triglycerides level, as well as the age-..
  86. ncbi Prevalence and trends of overweight among preschool children in developing countries
    M de Onis
    Department of Nutrition for Health and Development, The World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland
    Am J Clin Nutr 72:1032-9. 2000
    ..Obesity during childhood is a matter of growing concern. Several reports show increasing rates of obesity in developed countries, whereas the extent of the problem in developing countries remains unknown...
  87. ncbi Maternal obesity at conception programs obesity in the offspring
    Kartik Shankar
    Arkansas Children s Nutrition Center, 1212 Marshall Street, Little Rock, AR 72202, USA
    Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol 294:R528-38. 2008
    ..day (15% excess calories/day) compared with 187 kcal/kg(3/4) per day for 3 wk caused substantial increase in body weight gain, adiposity, serum insulin, leptin, and insulin resistance...
  88. pmc Prenatal exposure to a low-protein diet programs disordered regulation of lipid metabolism in the aging rat
    Aml Erhuma
    School of Biosciences, University of Nottingham, Queens Medical Centre, Nottingham, UK
    Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab 292:E1702-14. 2007
    ..The data implicate altered expression of SREBP-1c and ChREBP as key mediators of the programmed phenotype, but the basis of the switch in metabolic status that occurred between 9 and 18 mo of age is, as yet, unidentified...
  89. ncbi Aerobic exercise training improves insulin sensitivity without changes in body weight, body fat, adiponectin, and inflammatory markers in overweight and obese girls
    George P Nassis
    Laboratory of Nutrition and Clinical Dietetics, Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Harokopio University, 17671 Athens, Greece
    Metabolism 54:1472-9. 2005
    ..min/mL before and after intervention, respectively; P=.03). Insulin sensitivity was improved without changes in body weight (pre-intervention, 67.9+/-14.5 kg; post-intervention, 68.3+/-14.0 kg) or percent body fat (pre-intervention, 41...
  90. ncbi Evaluation of the feasibility of international growth standards for school-aged children and adolescents
    Nancy F Butte
    USDA ARS Children s Nutrition Research Center, Department of Pediatrics, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX 77030, USA
    J Nutr 137:153-7. 2007
    ....
  91. ncbi The validity of obesity based on self-reported weight and height: Implications for population studies
    Maria Nyholm
    Skaraborg Institute, Skovde, Sweden
    Obesity (Silver Spring) 15:197-208. 2007
    ..To validate self-reported information on weight and height in an adult population and to find a useful algorithm to assess the prevalence of obesity based on self-reported information...
  92. ncbi Role for stearoyl-CoA desaturase-1 in leptin-mediated weight loss
    Paul Cohen
    Laboratory of Molecular Genetics, Center for Studies in Physics and Biology, Rogosin Institute, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, The Rockefeller University, 1230 York Avenue, New York, NY 10021, USA
    Science 297:240-3. 2002
    ..These findings suggest that down-regulation of SCD-1 is an important component of leptin's metabolic actions...
  93. ncbi An obesity-associated FTO gene variant and increased energy intake in children
    Joanne E Cecil
    Bute Medical School, University of St Andrews, St Andrews, United Kingdom
    N Engl J Med 359:2558-66. 2008
    ..Variation in the fat mass and obesity-associated (FTO) gene has provided the most robust associations with common obesity to date. However, the role of FTO variants in modulating specific components of energy balance is unknown...
  94. ncbi Programming of body composition by early growth and nutrition
    Jonathan C K Wells
    Childhood Nutrition Research Centre, Institute of Child Health, 30 Guilford Street, London WC1N 1EH, UK
    Proc Nutr Soc 66:423-34. 2007
    ....
  95. ncbi Incretin secretion in relation to meal size and body weight in healthy subjects and people with type 1 and type 2 diabetes mellitus
    T Vilsbøll
    Department of Internal Medicine F, Gentofte Hospital, Hellerup, Denmark
    J Clin Endocrinol Metab 88:2706-13. 2003
    ....
  96. ncbi Genetics of obesity in humans
    Sadaf Farooqi
    University Departments of Medicine and Clinical Biochemistry, Box 232, Addenbrooke s Hospital, Cambridge CB2 2QQ, United Kingdom
    Endocr Rev 27:710-18. 2006
    ..obesity syndromes and discuss how far the characterization of these patients has informed our understanding of the physiological role of leptin and the melanocortins in the regulation of human body weight and neuroendocrine function.
  97. ncbi Persistent improvement of type 2 diabetes in the Goto-Kakizaki rat model by expansion of the beta-cell mass during the prediabetic period with glucagon-like peptide-1 or exendin-4
    Cécile Tourrel
    LPPN, CNRS UMR 7059, Universite Paris 7, Paris, France
    Diabetes 51:1443-52. 2002
    ..Under these conditions, GLP-1 represents a unique tool because of its beta-cell replenishing effect in spontaneously diabetic rodents. It may prove to be an invaluable agent for the prevention of human type 2 diabetes...
  98. ncbi Interleukin-10-deficient mice develop chronic enterocolitis
    R Kuhn
    Institute for Genetics, University of Cologne, Federal Republic of Germany
    Cell 75:263-74. 1993
    ..These results indicate that the bowel inflammation in the mutants originates from uncontrolled immune responses stimulated by enteric antigens and that IL-10 is an essential immunoregulator in the intestinal tract...
  99. ncbi Circulating ghrelin is sensitive to changes in body weight during a diet and exercise program in normal-weight young women
    H J Leidy
    Noll Physiological Research Center and the Department of Kinesiology, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania 16802, USA
    J Clin Endocrinol Metab 89:2659-64. 2004
    ..05). Changes in ghrelin were negatively correlated with changes in body weight (r = -0.61; P < 0.05)...
  100. ncbi Allometric scaling of maximal metabolic rate in mammals: muscle aerobic capacity as determinant factor
    Ewald R Weibel
    Department of Anatomy, University of Berne, Buhlstrasse 26, CH 3000, Berne 9, Switzerland
    Respir Physiol Neurobiol 140:115-32. 2004
    ..We conclude that the scaling of maximal metabolic rate is explained by features and mechanisms different from those determining basal metabolic rate...
  101. pmc Effects of exenatide and lifestyle modification on body weight and glucose tolerance in obese subjects with and without pre-diabetes
    Julio Rosenstock
    Dallas Diabetes and Endocrine Center at Medical City, Dallas, Texas, USA
    Diabetes Care 33:1173-5. 2010
    To assess the effects of exenatide on body weight and glucose tolerance in nondiabetic obese subjects with normal or impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) or impaired fasting glucose (IFG).

Research Grants89

  1. Hypothalamic SIRT1 and Energy Balance
    Eduardo A Nillni; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..siRNA mediated knock down of Sirt1 in the arcuate nucleus (ARC) of the hypothalamus decreases food intake and body weight gain...
  2. EFFICACY OF MOTIVATIONAL INTERVIEW TO LOWER DIABETES RISK IN AFRICAN AMERICANS
    LEWIS BLUE; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..By losing 5%-7% of their body weight and getting just 2 1/2 hours of physical activity a week, people with pre- diabetes can reduce their risk for ..
  3. Regulation of thyroid hormone levels by central and peripheral pathways
    KRISTEN RACHEL VELLA; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..nucleus of the hypothalamus (PVH) by both thyroid hormone and pathways important in the regulation of body weight. My work detailing the transcriptional regulation of TRH by thyroid hormone was published in Endocrinology...
  4. Central Action of Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor in Male and Female Rats
    Haifei Shi; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..There is increasing evidence that regulation of energy balance and body weight is not the same for both genders...
  5. The gastric X/A-like (ghrelin) cell: A peripheral regulator of food intake
    Nils Lambrecht; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..cachexia, LPS BRIEF STATEMENT OF RESEARCH OBJECTIVES (Do not use continuation sheets) Chronic changes in body weight result in significant health problems...
  6. Arcuate nucleus glutamatergic neurons modulate energy homeostasis
    Anthony N van den Pol; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..cells should give us a better appreciation of the cellular mechanisms underlying energy homeostasis and body weight regulation, and should give us new insight into the potential treatment of obesity through those neurons that ..
  7. Leptin function & resistance in midbrain VTA & SN in reward eating & obesity
    Yi Zhang; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..We further postulate that HF feeding induces leptin resistance characterized by diminished food and body weight responses to leptin within the VTA, and that this resistance is a major culprit for exacerbating dietary ..
  8. ZeroG: Dynamic Over-Ground Body-Weight Support System
    Joseph Hidler; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..2005). ..
  9. Hypothalamic SIRT1 and Energy Balance
    Eduardo A Nillni; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..siRNA mediated knock down of Sirt1 in the arcuate nucleus (ARC) of the hypothalamus decreases food intake and body weight gain...
  10. Obesity: neural control of body weight and metabolism
    Barry E Levin; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..in hypothalamic leptin receptor transcription, binding and downstream signaling pathways, food intake and body weight gain on chow and HE diet, carcass composition, expression of various mRNA and protein species will be used to ..
  11. Structural biology of enzymes in fatty acid metabolism
    Liang Tong; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..ACC2-/- mice have elevated fatty acid oxidation and reduced body fat and body weight, suggesting that an inhibitor against ACC2 may be efficacious in the control of body weight and obesity...
  12. Translational Diebetes Prevention in GDM
    Assiamira Ferrara; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The primary outcomes are the proportion of women who reach their postpartum body weight goal and the total amount of weight change...
  13. DRUGS OF ABUSE, DOPAMINE & CONTROL BY BRAIN PEPTIDES
    BARTLEY HOEBEL; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ..can be used in behaving animals to monitor dopamine (DA), serotonin (SER), and their metabolites during body weight changes, self-stimulation or injection of drugs...
  14. Maternal Hyperinsulinemia and Fetal Programming
    Mulchand S Patel; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The hypothalamic melanocortin system is considered to play a critical role in the regulation of appetite and body weight homeostasis;it is hypothesized that aberrations in this system contribute significantly towards the development ..
  15. Maternal Hyperinsulinemia and Fetal Programming
    Mulchand Patel; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The hypothalamic melanocortin system is considered to play a critical role in the regulation of appetite and body weight homeostasis;it is hypothesized that aberrations in this system contribute significantly towards the development ..
  16. The Role of Ghrelin in Cancer Cachexia
    Jose Garcia; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..mimetics will affect energy intake and energy expenditure, and the effect that these changes will have on body weight, body composition, protein accretion and functional performance in cancer patients with cachexia...
  17. Phosphodiesterase-3B signaling in the Hypothalamus and Obesity
    Abhiram Sahu; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..secreted primarily by fat cells and acts centrally, particularly in the hypothalamus, to reduce food intake and body weight (wt)...
  18. Development of Leptin-Sensitive Hypothalamic Pathways
    Richard Simerly; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Leptin signals are conveyed via the ARH to other brain regions involved in the regulation of body weight, such as the paraventricular nucleus of the hypothalamus (PVH), an important component of the final common ..
  19. Development of Leptin-Sensitive Hypothalamic Pathways
    Richard Simerly; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Leptin signals are conveyed via the ARH to other brain regions involved in the regulation of body weight, such as the paraventricular nucleus of the hypothalamus (PVH), an important component of the final common ..
  20. Development of Leptin-Sensitive Hypothalamic Pathways
    Richard Simerly; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Leptin signals are conveyed via the ARH to other brain regions involved in the regulation of body weight, such as the paraventricular nucleus of the hypothalamus (PVH), an important component of the final common ..
  21. Development of Leptin-Sensitive Hypothalamic Pathways
    Richard Simerly; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Leptin signals are conveyed via the ARH to other brain regions involved in the regulation of body weight, such as the paraventricular nucleus of the hypothalamus (PVH), an important component of the final common ..
  22. Nutritional Risk Factors for Type 2 Diabetes in the Multiethnic Cohort
    Gertraud Maskarinec; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..diabetes and Japanese-Americans also suffer a disproportionate rate of the disease despite their relatively low body weight. The importance of body weight and nutritional composition appears to differ by ethnic background...
  23. Depression, antidepressant use and risk of diabetes in the WHI
    Yunsheng Ma; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..In addition, we will explore possible mechanisms including depression and antidepressant medication use on body weight, insulin, fasting glucose, high-density lipoprotein (HDL), triglycerides, and inflammation markers...
  24. DIETARY COMPOSITION, OBESITY, AND CARDIOVASCULAR RISK
    ERNST SCHAEFER; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..to examine the effects of three diets meeting National Cholesterol Education program Step 2 diet criteria on body weight and composition and on CHD risk factors (LDL C, HDL C, remnant lipoprotein C, Lp(a) C, insulin, glycosylated ..
  25. DIETARY COMPOSITION, OBESITY, AND CARDIOVASCULAR RISK
    ERNST SCHAEFER; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..to examine the effects of three diets meeting National Cholesterol Education program Step 2 diet criteria on body weight and composition and on CHD risk factors (LDL C, HDL C, remnant lipoprotein C, Lp(a) C, insulin, glycosylated ..
  26. DIETARY COMPOSITION, OBESITY, AND CARDIOVASCULAR RISK
    ERNST SCHAEFER; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..to examine the effects of three diets meeting National Cholesterol Education program Step 2 diet criteria on body weight and composition and on CHD risk factors (LDL C, HDL C, remnant lipoprotein C, Lp(a) C, insulin, glycosylated ..
  27. DIETARY COMPOSITION, OBESITY, AND CARDIOVASCULAR RISK
    ERNST SCHAEFER; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..to examine the effects of three diets meeting National Cholesterol Education program Step 2 diet criteria on body weight and composition and on CHD risk factors (LDL C, HDL C, remnant lipoprotein C, Lp(a) C, insulin, glycosylated ..
  28. DIETARY COMPOSITION, OBESITY, AND CARDIOVASCULAR RISK
    ERNST SCHAEFER; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..to examine the effects of three diets meeting National Cholesterol Education program Step 2 diet criteria on body weight and composition and on CHD risk factors (LDL C, HDL C, remnant lipoprotein C, Lp(a) C, insulin, glycosylated ..
  29. NEURAL SUBSTRATES OF PEPTIDE INDUCED SATIETY
    Robert Ritter; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..intake and to appreciate how these substrates are involved in the physiology and pathology of food intake and body weight. CCK is a peptide hormone secreted by enteroendcrine "I cells" of the upper small intestine, while GLP-1 is ..
  30. NEURAL SUBSTRATES OF PEPTIDE INDUCED SATIETY
    Robert C Ritter; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..intake and to appreciate how these substrates are involved in the physiology and pathology of food intake and body weight. CCK is a peptide hormone secreted by enteroendcrine "I cells" of the upper small intestine, while GLP-1 is ..
  31. Role of thermoregulatory leptin action via the DMH in body weight control
    KAVON PAUL REZAI-ZADEH; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Despite the controversy surrounding the importance of BAT in the control of body weight in adult humans, BAT size has been found to correlate negatively with body mass index and thus central ..
  32. BEHAVIORAL PHYSIOLOGY OF BODY WEIGHT REGULATION
    DIANNE FIGLEWICZ LATTEMANN; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..effects of insulin and leptin are independent of their chronic effects to decrease food intake and regulate body weight. Our recent studies demonstrate that both the medial hypothalamic arcuate nucleus (ARC) and the ventral ..
  33. DNA Methylation Profiles in a Polygenic Mouse Model of Diet-Induced Obesity
    Jan Bressler; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Although the results of twin studies and adoption studies provide strong support for a genetic influence on body weight, mutations causing obesity are rare in the population and major genes contributing to common obesity have not ..
  34. PERIPHERAL AND CENTRAL INTERACTIONS IN ENERGY BALANCE
    Barbara Kahn; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..For this to occur, an increased understanding of the mechanisms controlling food intake and body weight is essential...
  35. PERIPHERAL AND CENTRAL INTERACTIONS IN ENERGY BALANCE
    Barbara Kahn; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..For this to occur, an increased understanding of the mechanisms controlling food intake and body weight is essential...
  36. PERIPHERAL AND CENTRAL INTERACTIONS IN ENERGY BALANCE
    Barbara Kahn; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..For this to occur, an increased understanding of the mechanisms controlling food intake and body weight is essential...
  37. Response to and signals of caloric restriction and intermittent feeding regimens
    Marc Hellerstein; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..First, a life-time of food deprivation and reduced body weight is not practical for most people;and, second, it has not been easy to identify the underlying metabolic and ..
  38. PERIPHERAL AND CENTRAL INTERACTIONS IN ENERGY BALANCE
    Barbara B Kahn; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..For this to occur, an increased understanding of the mechanisms controlling food intake and body weight is essential...
  39. Response to and signals of caloric restriction and intermittent feeding regimens
    MARC KOPEL HELLERSTEIN; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..First, a life-time of food deprivation and reduced body weight is not practical for most people;and, second, it has not been easy to identify the underlying metabolic and ..
  40. PERIPHERAL AND CENTRAL INTERACTIONS IN ENERGY BALANCE
    Barbara Kahn; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..For this to occur, an increased understanding of the mechanisms controlling food intake and body weight is essential...
  41. POTENTIATION OF CCK-8 ON FOOD INTAKE BY ESTRADIOL
    PETER BUTERA; Fiscal Year: 1992
    Gonadal steroids are among the numerous factors influencing food intake and body weight in rats...
  42. Neuroendocrinology of Energy Balance Control
    Matthew R Hayes; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..focuses on the neuropeptide glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) and its role in controlling for food intake and body weight through action in the central nervous system (CNS)...
  43. Brain-derived neurotrophic factor induced weight loss: neural mechanisms
    Chuanfeng Wang; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..CRHR) signaling attenuates BDNF-inhibited feeding;and 3) chronic (14 d) injection of BDNF reduces feeding and body weight long-term and increases proliferation of newborn cells in the region...
  44. PHOTOPERIODIC CONTROL OF OBESITY
    Timothy Bartness; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ..The seasonal changes in body weight in Syrian (Mesocricetus auratus) and Siberian (Phodopus sungorus sungorus) hamsters are reflected entirely as ..
  45. Brain-derived neurotrophic factor induced weight loss: neural mechanisms
    Chuanfeng Wang; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..CRHR) signaling attenuates BDNF-inhibited feeding;and 3) chronic (14 d) injection of BDNF reduces feeding and body weight long-term and increases proliferation of newborn cells in the region...
  46. PHOTOPERIODIC CONTROL OF OBESITY
    Timothy Bartness; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..The seasonal changes in body weight in Syrian (Mesocricetus auratus) and Siberian (Phodopus sungorus sungorus) hamsters are reflected entirely as ..
  47. TASTE-CALORIE CONSISTENCY AND BODY WEIGHT REGULATION
    Susan E Swithers; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..The term energy homeostasis refers to the ability to regulate energy use and body weight at relatively constant levels despite local environmental variations in food availability or intake...
  48. Food Rheology and Exercise in Aging Humans
    WAYNE CAMPBELL; Fiscal Year: 2009
    Human aging is often associated with compromised regulation of energy balance and inappropriate body weight and body composition...
  49. Food Rheology and Exercise in Aging Humans
    WAYNE CAMPBELL; Fiscal Year: 2007
    Human aging is often associated with compromised regulation of energy balance and inappropriate body weight and body composition...
  50. Food Rheology and Exercise in Aging Humans
    WAYNE CAMPBELL; Fiscal Year: 2005
    Human aging is often associated with compromised regulation of energy balance and inappropriate body weight and body composition...
  51. Food Rheology and Exercise in Aging Humans
    WAYNE CAMPBELL; Fiscal Year: 2006
    Human aging is often associated with compromised regulation of energy balance and inappropriate body weight and body composition...
  52. METABOLIC ASPECTS OF BODY WEIGHT CHANGE IN DEPRESSION
    Madelyn Fernstrom; Fiscal Year: 1991
    Antidepressant treatment is reputed to be associated with unwanted, excessive weight gain. Regulation of body weight is a complex problem and can result from increase caloric intake, decreased caloric expenditure, or both...
  53. NUTRITION, LIPOPROTEIN LIPASE AND BODY WEIGHT REGULATION
    Robert Eckel; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..in this proposal is to understand how the tissue-dependent relation of LPL by macronutrients relates to body weight maintenance...
  54. NUTRITION, LIPOPROTEIN LIPASE AND BODY WEIGHT REGULATION
    Robert Eckel; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ..in this proposal is to understand how the tissue-dependent relation of LPL by macronutrients relates to body weight maintenance...
  55. NUTRITION, LIPOPROTEIN LIPASE AND BODY WEIGHT REGULATION
    Robert Eckel; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..in this proposal is to understand how the tissue-dependent relation of LPL by macronutrients relates to body weight maintenance...
  56. Design and Evaluation of the Remote Intervention for Diet and Exercise (RIDE)
    Corby K Martin; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..An additional limitation is the quality of self-reported food intake, exercise, and body weight data that participants enter into the internet application or report to their online counselor...
  57. Design and Evaluation of the Remote Intervention for Diet and Exercise (RIDE)
    Corby Martin; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..An additional limitation is the quality of self-reported food intake, exercise, and body weight data that participants enter into the internet application or report to their online counselor...
  58. Analytical Tools for Optimizing Neurorehabilitation of Gait
    W Selbie; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
  59. Effect of exercise and weight loss on adipose tissue biology
    Anne McTiernan; Fiscal Year: 2009
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Higher levels of physical activity and lower body weight or body fat are associated with a decreased risk of several types of cancer, in particular colorectal and postmenopausal breast cancer...
  60. Cooperative Contraceptive Research Center
    Regine Sitruk Ware; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..mild toxicity of AF-2364 was detected in a recently completed sub-chronic toxicity study in male rats (50 mg/kg body weight/day for 29 days; n=20 rats with 10 males and 10 females)...
  61. Leptin in Human Energy and Neuroendocrine Homeostasis
    Rudolph Leibel; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Energy and neuroendocrine homeostastic systems are altered during the maintenance of a reduced body weight in a manner that favors the regain of lost weight; 2...
  62. Leptin in Human Energy and Neuroendocrine Homeostasis
    Rudolph Leibel; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Energy and neuroendocrine homeostastic systems are altered during the maintenance of a reduced body weight in a manner that favors the regain of lost weight; 2...
  63. Leptin in Human Energy and Neuroendocrine Homeostasis
    Rudolph Leibel; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Energy and neuroendocrine homeostastic systems are altered during the maintenance of a reduced body weight in a manner that favors the regain of lost weight; 2...
  64. Leptin in Human Energy and Neuroendocrine Homeostasis
    Rudolph Leibel; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Energy and neuroendocrine homeostastic systems are altered during the maintenance of a reduced body weight in a manner that favors the regain of lost weight; 2...
  65. Examination of mechanisms (E-MECHANIC) of exercise-induced weight compensation
    CORBY K contact MARTIN; Fiscal Year: 2010
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): High body weight is associated with increased risk for hypertension, dyslipidemia, inflammation, metabolic syndrome, stroke, and coronary heart disease...
  66. Regulation of Food Intake and Body Weight by GLP-1
    ROGER REIDELBERGER; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..In rodents, GLP-1 potently reduces food intake and body weight when given systemically or into the brain, and administration of the GLP-1 receptor antagonist exendin(9-39) ..
  67. Exercise, Breast Cancer Prevention, and Mechanisms
    Henry Thompson; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..mammary carcinogenesis and that are dependent on PA intensity and duration, and independent of differences in body weight. Three specific aims are proposed:1) How does PA intensity inhibit the carcinogenic process? A range of PA ..
  68. Regulation of Food Intake and Body Weight by GLP-1
    ROGER REIDELBERGER; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..In rodents, GLP-1 potently reduces food intake and body weight when given systemically or into the brain, and administration of the GLP-1 receptor antagonist exendin(9-39) ..
  69. Health benefits of vigorous exercise in middle-aged versus older men and women
    Paul Williams; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..age simply as a covariate, our analyses focus directly on the age-specific effects of exercise, fitness and body weight on disease rates...
  70. Regulation of Food Intake and Body Weight by GLP-1
    ROGER REIDELBERGER; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..In rodents, GLP-1 potently reduces food intake and body weight when given systemically or into the brain, and administration of the GLP-1 receptor antagonist exendin(9-39) ..
  71. INTERACTIONS OF LEPTIN AND CENTRAL SEROTONIN SYSTEMS
    Joel Elmquist; Fiscal Year: 2000
    DESCRIPTION: (Adapted from the Investigator's Abstract) In the United States today aberrant food intake and body weight regulation is prevalent and is manifested by extremes that include obesity and anorexia nervosa...
  72. ENVIRONMENTAL CONTROL OF SEASONAL WEIGHT CYCLES
    George Wade; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ..often exhibit dramatic seasonal fluctuations in a number of physiological processes, including reproduction, body weight and lipid storage, thermoregulation, and metabolic and endocrine functions...
  73. INTERACTIONS OF LEPTIN AND CENTRAL SEROTONIN SYSTEMS
    Joel Elmquist; Fiscal Year: 2001
    DESCRIPTION: (Adapted from the Investigator's Abstract) In the United States today aberrant food intake and body weight regulation is prevalent and is manifested by extremes that include obesity and anorexia nervosa...
  74. INTERACTIONS OF LEPTIN AND CENTRAL SEROTONIN SYSTEMS
    Joel Elmquist; Fiscal Year: 2004
    DESCRIPTION: (Adapted from the Investigator's Abstract) In the United States today aberrant food intake and body weight regulation is prevalent and is manifested by extremes that include obesity and anorexia nervosa...
  75. INTERACTIONS OF LEPTIN AND CENTRAL SEROTONIN SYSTEMS
    Joel Elmquist; Fiscal Year: 2002
    DESCRIPTION: (Adapted from the Investigator's Abstract) In the United States today aberrant food intake and body weight regulation is prevalent and is manifested by extremes that include obesity and anorexia nervosa...
  76. INTERACTIONS OF LEPTIN AND CENTRAL SEROTONIN SYSTEMS
    Joel Elmquist; Fiscal Year: 2003
    DESCRIPTION: (Adapted from the Investigator's Abstract) In the United States today aberrant food intake and body weight regulation is prevalent and is manifested by extremes that include obesity and anorexia nervosa...
  77. Physiologic Effects of High-Dose Gastric Antral Botulinum Toxin Injections
    Mark Topazian; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Delayed gastric emptying occurred in the group that received 300 U BTA. Body weight loss (mean -4...
  78. Physiologic Effects of High-Dose Gastric Antral Botulinum Toxin Injections
    Mark D Topazian; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Delayed gastric emptying occurred in the group that received 300 U BTA. Body weight loss (mean -4...
  79. Physiologic Effects of High-Dose Gastric Antral Botulinum Toxin Injections
    Mark D Topazian; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Delayed gastric emptying occurred in the group that received 300 U BTA. Body weight loss (mean -4...
  80. Smart Knee Brace
    Katherine Rudolph; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Currently, therapists can begin rehabilitation of walking by using lower extremity braces or body weight supported treadmill training to support the weak limb...
  81. Smart Knee Brace
    Katherine Rudolph; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Currently, therapists can begin rehabilitation of walking by using lower extremity braces or body weight supported treadmill training to support the weak limb...
  82. LEPTIN ACTION ON HYPOTHALAMIC PEPTIDES GOVERNING FEEDING
    Abhiram Sahu; Fiscal Year: 2000
    The goal of this project is to understand the neurobiological basis of food intake and body weight regulation...
  83. LEPTIN ACTION ON HYPOTHALAMIC PEPTIDES GOVERNING FEEDING
    Abhiram Sahu; Fiscal Year: 2001
    The goal of this project is to understand the neurobiological basis of food intake and body weight regulation...
  84. LEPTIN ACTION ON HYPOTHALAMIC PEPTIDES GOVERNING FEEDING
    Abhiram Sahu; Fiscal Year: 1999
    The goal of this project is to understand the neurobiological basis of food intake and body weight regulation...