Summary: A condition characterized by resonant barking cough, hoarseness and persistant stridor and caused by allergy, foreign body, infection, or neoplasm. It occurs chiefly in infants and children.
Publications159 found, 100 shown here
- Viral croup: a current perspectiveAlexander K C Leung
Department of Pediatrics, University of Calgary and the Alberta Children s Hospital, Canada
J Pediatr Health Care 18:297-301. 2004Viral croup is the most common cause of upper airway obstruction in children 6 months to 6 years of age. Parainfluenza virus accounts for the majority of cases...
- Budesonide offers no advantage when added to oral dexamethasone in the treatment of croupGary Cornelis Geelhoed
Emergency Department, Princess Margaret Hospital for Children, Perth, WA, Australia
Pediatr Emerg Care 21:359-62. 2005To evaluate the effect of adding inhaled budesonide (2 mg) to oral dexamethasone 0.15 mg/kg in children hospitalized with croup.
- Outpatient treatment of moderate croup with dexamethasone: intramuscular versus oral dosingK K Rittichier
Primary Children s Medical Center, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah, USA
Pediatrics 106:1344-8. 2000Steroid use for the treatment of croup has been supported by several studies, although few have addressed the use of oral dexamethasone for outpatient management...
- Comparison between single-dose oral prednisolone and oral dexamethasone in the treatment of croup: a randomized, double-blinded clinical trialAllison A Fifoot
Department of Emergency Medicine, Royal Brisbane and Women s Hospital, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia
Emerg Med Australas 19:51-8. 2007To compare the effectiveness of three corticosteroid regimens in children with mild to moderate croup.
- A comparison of nebulized budesonide, and intramuscular, and oral dexamethasone for treatment of croupFeyzullah Cetinkaya
Pediatrician and Pediatric Allergist in Sisli Etfal Education and Research Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey
Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 68:453-6. 2004OBJECTIVES: Croup or acute laryngotracheobronchitis is the most common cause of the upper airway obstruction. Cool mist, nebulized racemic epinephrine and steroids are commonly used for therapy...
- Effectiveness of oral or nebulized dexamethasone for children with mild croupJ W Luria
Division of Emergency Medicine, Children s Hospital Medical Center, 3333 Burnet Ave OSB 4, Cincinnati, OH 45229 3039, USA
Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 155:1340-5. 2001To assess the efficacy of oral dexamethasone or nebulized dexamethasone sodium phosphate in children with mild croup.
- The effect of epinephrine by nebulization on measures of airway obstruction in patients with acute severe croupA C Argent
Division of Paediatric Critical Care and Children s Heart Disease, Red Cross War Memorial Children s Hospital and University of Cape Town, Rondebosch, 7700 Cape Town, South Africa
Intensive Care Med 34:138-47. 2008To demonstrate that tests of pulmonary function applicable to sick infants and small children with acute severe viral croup would provide clear, objective evidence of responsiveness to therapy with nebulized epinephrine.
- Oral betamethasone versus intramuscular dexamethasone for the treatment of mild to moderate viral croup: a prospective, randomized trialLisa Amir
Unit of Emergency Medicine, Schneider Children s Medical Center of Israel, Petah Tiqva, Israel
Pediatr Emerg Care 22:541-4. 2006Intramuscular dexamethasone is an effective, but painful, treatment for croup. The effectiveness of betamethasone, an oral, palatable, and equally potent glucocorticoid has not been studied...
- The mechanics of breathing in children with acute severe croupAndrew C Argent
University of Cape Town, Division of Paediatric Critical Care and Children s Heart Disease, School of Child and Adolescent Health, Cape Town, South Africa
Intensive Care Med 34:324-32. 2008The assessment of the severity of croup and response to therapy has remained a clinical one...
- Clinical practice. CroupJames D Cherry
Division of Infectious Diseases, Mattel Children's Hospital UCLA, and the Department of Pediatrics, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, Los Angeles, CA 90095-1752, USA
N Engl J Med 358:384-91. 2008
- Nebulized budesonide and oral dexamethasone for treatment of croup: a randomized controlled trialT P Klassen
Department of Pediatrics, University of Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
JAMA 279:1629-32. 1998The effectiveness of glucocorticoids for patients with croup is well established but it remains uncertain which glucocorticoid regimen is most effective.
- Prednisolone versus dexamethasone in croup: a randomised equivalence trialA Sparrow
Emergency Department, Princess Margaret Hospital for Children, Perth, Western Australia, Australia
Arch Dis Child 91:580-3. 2006BACKGROUND: Croup remains a common respiratory problem presenting to emergency departments. A single oral treatment of oral dexamethasone results in improved outcome...
- A randomized comparison of dexamethasone 0.15 mg/kg versus 0.6 mg/kg for the treatment of moderate to severe croupS Chub Uppakarn
Pediatric Division, Hatyai Hospital, Songkhla 90110, and Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, Prince of Songkla University, Hatyai, Thailand
Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 71:473-7. 2007Although previous studies have shown that dexamethasone is useful in croup, the optimal dosage has not been clarified yet. The aim of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of dexamethasone 0...
- Humidified air inhalation for treating croupM Moore
Three Swans Surgery, Rollestone Street, Salisbury, UK SP1 1DX
Cochrane Database Syst Rev 3:CD002870. 2006b>Croup (laryngotracheobronchitis) is a common cause of upper airway obstruction in children with a peak incidence of 60 per 1000 child years in those aged between one and two years...
- New approaches to respiratory infections in children. Bronchiolitis and croupRobert Bruce Wright
Division of Emergency Medicine, Children s Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, Ohio, USA
Emerg Med Clin North Am 20:93-114. 2002b>Croup is a disease that is commonly seen in children younger than the age of 6 years. The cause is viral, with parainfluenza viruses and RSV being the two most common pathogens...
- Croup is associated with the novel coronavirus NL63Lia van der Hoek
Department of Human Retrovirology, Academic Medical Center, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
PLoS Med 2:e240. 2005..We therefore determined its association with disease in young children with lower respiratory tract infection (LRTI)...
- A randomized trial of a single dose of oral dexamethasone for mild croupCandice L Bjornson
Department of Pediatrics, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alta, Canada
N Engl J Med 351:1306-13. 2004BACKGROUND: The benefits of dexamethasone treatment for moderate-to-severe croup are well established...
- Interactions of viral pathogens on hospital admissions for pneumonia, croup and chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases: results of a multivariate time-series analysisR E G Upshur
Primary Care Research Unit, Sunnybrook and Women s College Health Sciences Centre, Toronto, ON, Canada
Epidemiol Infect 134:1174-8. 2006..0001). The use of multivariate time series and Granger causality applied to epidemiological data clearly illustrates the significant contribution of influenza and RSV to morbidity in the population...
- The management of croupJulie C Brown
Division of General Academic Pediatrics, Department of Pediatrics, University of Washington School of Medicine, and Children's Hospital and Regional Medical Center, Seattle, Washington 98105-0371, USA
Br Med Bull 61:189-202. 2002b>Croup is a common paediatric respiratory illness involving inflammation and narrowing of the subglottic region of the larynx, frequently precipitated by viral infections...
- Effectiveness of a croup clinical pathway in the management of children with croup presenting to an emergency departmentR Chin
Department of Emergency Medicine, The Children's Hospital at Westmead, Royal Alexandra Hospital for Children, Westmead, New South Wales, Australia
J Paediatr Child Health 38:382-7. 2002OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of a clinical pathway for croup in an emergency department (ED)...
- Practice variation in the emergency management of croupLouis C Hampers
Section of Pediatric Emergency Medicine and the Children s Hospital Pediatric Urgent Care Network, Children s Hospital, Denver, Colorado 80218, USA
Pediatrics 109:505-8. 2002To explore the effect of physician training background on the emergency management of croup.
- A randomized controlled trial of mist in the acute treatment of moderate croupGina M Neto
Department of Pediatrics, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
Acad Emerg Med 9:873-9. 2002To determine whether the use of mist improves clinical symptoms in children presenting to the emergency department (ED) with moderate croup.
- A randomized comparison of helium-oxygen mixture (Heliox) and racemic epinephrine for the treatment of moderate to severe croupJ E Weber
Hurley Medical Center, Flint, Michigan, USA
Pediatrics 107:E96. 2001To compare the additive effect of a helium-oxygen mixture (Heliox) or racemic epinephrine (RE) on croup scores (CSs) in children with moderate to severe croup treated with humidified oxygen and steroids. Design...
- Croup-treatment updateCandice Leigh Bjornson
Alberta Children's Hospital/University of Calgary, Canada
Pediatr Emerg Care 21:863-70; quiz 871-3. 2005
- Acquired upper airway obstructionJürg Hammer
Division of Paediatric Intensive Care and Pulmonology, University Children s Hospital Basel, Romergasse 8, 4005 Basel, Switzerland
Paediatr Respir Rev 5:25-33. 2004..If respiratory failure is imminent, airway protection and endoscopy for definitive diagnosis may have priority over any other therapeutic or diagnostic procedure...
- How long does stridor at rest persist in croup after the administration of oral prednisolone?Robyn Parker
Department of Emergency Medicine, Northern Hospital, Cardiff, UK
Emerg Med Australas 16:135-8. 2004..at rest (SAR) after the administration of oral prednisolone (1 mg/kg) to children admitted to hospital with croup from the ED...
- Frequency of anesthesia-related complications in children with Down syndrome under general anesthesia for noncardiac proceduresLawrence M Borland
Department of Pediatric Anesthesiology, Children s Hospital of Pittsburgh, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
Paediatr Anaesth 14:733-8. 2004..Craniofacial and cardiac anomalies of Down syndrome (DS; trisomy 21) would seem to place these patients at higher risk of anesthesia-related complications (ARCs), but to date no comprehensive large-scale study has quantified this risk...
- [Croup in children--results of prospective, multicenter observation]Leszek Szenborn
Klinika Chorób Zakaźnych Dzieci, Akademii Medycznej we Wrocławiu
Przegl Lek 61:457-62. 2004b>Croup syndrome is an urgent and frequent reason for hospitalization of children.
- Viral croup in childrenJanelle Gardner
School of Nursing, California State University, Chico, CA, USA
Nursing 38:57-8. 2008
- Controlled delivery of high vs low humidity vs mist therapy for croup in emergency departments: a randomized controlled trialDennis Scolnik
Division of Pediatric Emergency Medicine, The Hospital for Sick Children, and University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario
JAMA 295:1274-80. 2006Children with croup are often treated with humidity even though this is not scientifically based, consumes time, and can be harmful...
- Dexamethasone reduces reintubation rate due to postextubation stridor in a high-risk paediatric populationIngrid M A Lukkassen
Department of Paediatrics, St Antonius Hospital, Nieuwegein, The Netherlands
Acta Paediatr 95:74-6. 2006..To study the effect of dexamethasone on postextubation stridor (PS) incidence and reintubation rate due to PS in a high-risk paediatric intensive care population...
- Fit and seal characteristics of a new paediatric tracheal tube with high volume-low pressure polyurethane cuffA Dullenkopf
Department of Anaesthesia, University Children's Hospital Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland
Acta Anaesthesiol Scand 49:232-7. 2005..Sealing pressure was assessed by auscultation. Post-extubation croup requiring therapy was noted. RESULTS: Five-hundred children were studied...
- Management of stridor in neonates and infantsJ Claes
Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Antwerp University Hospital, Belgium
B-ENT . 2005..Stridor may be congenital or acquired, acute, intermittent or chronic. Laryngotracheal inflammation (croup) is the most common cause of acute stridor...
- A prospective, randomized double-blind study in children comparing two doses of nebulized L-epinephrine in postintubation croupAroonwan Preutthipan
Departments of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, Ramathibodi Hospital, Mahidol University Bangkok, Thailand
J Med Assoc Thai 88:508-12. 2005..05 mL/kg versus 0.5 mL/kg in the treatment of postintubation croup in children...
- Managing children with croup in emergency departmentsJuliet Dykes
Royal Hospital for Sick Children, Edinburgh
Emerg Nurse 13:14-9. 2005
- Pulmonary arterial pressure in children with croup syndromeBulent Oran
Department of Pediatrics and Otorhinolaryngology, Meram Medical Faculty, Selcuk University, Konya, Turkey
Am J Otolaryngol 27:150-3. 2006b>Croup syndrome or laryngotracheitis is one of the frequent causes of transient upper airway obstruction by laryngeal and tracheal blockage in infants and children...
- Epiglottitis and croupSteven E Sobol
Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Emory University School of Medicine, 1405 Clifton Road, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
Otolaryngol Clin North Am 41:551-66, ix. 2008Infections of the upper airways are a frequent cause of morbidity in children. Viral laryngotracheobronchitis (croup) is the most common cause of stridor in children and usually has a self-limited course with occasional relapses in early ..
- CroupGraham Worrall
Family Medicine at Memorial University of Newfoundland in St John's
Can Fam Physician 54:573-4. 2008
- Respiratory viruses in laryngeal croup of young childrenHeikki Rihkanen
Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Helsinki University Central Hospital, Helsinki, Finland
J Pediatr 152:661-5. 2008To determine the viral cause of laryngeal croup by use of highly sensitive methods, and including recently recognized viruses in the analysis.
- Trends in pneumonia and empyema in Scottish children in the past 25 yearsC S D Roxburgh
Department of Child Health, Royal Aberdeen Children s Hospital, Foresterhill, Aberdeen AB25 2ZG, UK
Arch Dis Child 93:316-8. 2008..The incidence of childhood empyema, a complication of pneumonia, is increasing, and the underlying mechanisms are not understood. Whether a rise in pneumonia incidence could account for the increase in empyema remains to be seen...
- Recurrent croup presentation, diagnosis, and managementKelvin Kwong
Wayne State University School of Medicine, Detroit, MI 48201, USA
Am J Otolaryngol 28:401-7. 2007The lack of clinical insight into recurrent croup often leads to underdiagnosis of an upper airway lesion, and subsequently, inadequate treatment...
- [Seroepidemiological surveillance of human parainfluenza viruses (HPIVs) types 2 and 3 in an infantile population selected in Havana City]Lídice Palerm Caraballo
Instituto de Medicina Tropical Pedro Kouri, Ciudad de La Habana, Cuba
Rev Cubana Med Trop 57:169-74. 2005..9%). The circulation of human parainfluenza viruses was corroborated during all the months of the year and in all the analyzed age groups. It was observed an increase in the positivity percentages with age...
- Use of helium-oxygen mixtures in the treatment of croup: a systematic reviewC Vorwerk
Emergency Department Academic Unit, Leicester Royal Infirmary, Leicester LE1 5WW, UK
Emerg Med J 25:547-50. 2008To determine the effect of helium-oxygen inhalation on relieving symptoms and distress in children with croup as measured by the croup score, and to identify areas of uncertainty for future research.
- Tracheostomy in human immuno-deficiency virus infected children at the Red Cross War Memorial Children's Hospital, Cape Town, South AfricaW K Mulwafu
Department of Otolaryngology, Red Cross War Memorial Children s Hospital and School of Child and Adolescent Health, University of Cape Town, 7700 Cape Town, South Africa
Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 71:1125-8. 2007..The cause of upper airway obstruction was croup in 14 (93%) of these 15 children. Following tracheostomy all were treated with ART...
- Hospitalizations with primary versus secondary discharge diagnoses of asthma: implications for pediatric asthma surveillanceDavid G Bundy
Center for Health Care Quality, Cincinnati Children s Hospital Medical Center, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, USA
J Pediatr 150:446-9, 449.e1. 2007..Surveillance systems tracking the hospitalization burden of pediatric asthma should consider including selected hospitalizations with a secondary diagnosis of asthma...
- Paediatric airway emergencies in Northern Ireland, 1990-2003B Devlin
Otolaryngology Department, Ulster Hospital, Belfast, Northern Ireland
J Laryngol Otol 121:659-63. 2007..The most common conditions are acute viral laryngotracheobronchitis (croup), acute epiglottitis and bacterial tracheitis...
- Clinical manifestations of human coronavirus NL63 infection in children in TaiwanPing Sheng Wu
Department of Pediatrics, Buddhist Tzu Chi General Hospital, Taipei Branch, Taipei, Taiwan
Eur J Pediatr 167:75-80. 2008..HCoV-NL63 was the most common pathogen (14.7%) in children with croup and was the cause of three cases of croup in October...
- Human Coronavirus-NL63 infections in Korean children, 2004-2006Tae Hee Han
Department of Diagnostic Laboratory Medicine, Sanggyepaik Hospital, College of Medicine, Inje University, Seoul, Republic of Korea
J Clin Virol 38:27-31. 2007..Human coronavirus-NL63 (HCoV-NL63) has been isolated from children with respiratory tract infections and its prevalence in Korea has not been reported...
- Detection of human bocavirus in Canadian children in a 1-year studyNathalie Bastien
National Microbiology Laboratory, Public Health Agency of Canada, 1015 Arlington St, Winnipeg, Manitoba R3E 3R2, Canada
J Clin Microbiol 45:610-3. 2007..The spectrum of illness included upper respiratory infection, croup, bronchiolitis, and pneumonia with a prominence of cough and fever.
- [Evaluation of chosen parameters of acute-phase reaction in children during pseudocroup according to their age]Beata Pucher
Klinika Otolaryngologii Dzieciecej Katedry Otolaryngologii AM w Poznaniu
Otolaryngol Pol 60:743-6. 2006..Analysis of glycosylation profile revealed acute inflammatory process during episode of pseudocroup in the oldest children (over 5 years old) and chronic inflammation in group of the youngest children...
- Changing epidemiology of life-threatening upper airway infections: the reemergence of bacterial tracheitisAmelia Hopkins
Division of Pediatric Critical Care Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Denver, Colorado, USA
Pediatrics 118:1418-21. 2006..We report our experience over 9 years with viral croup, epiglottitis, and bacterial tracheitis...
- Use of heliox in childrenTimothy R Myers
Asthma Center, Cleveland, OH 44106, USA
Respir Care 51:619-31. 2006..This article reviews the rationale and methods for heliox treatment of children with asthma, airway obstruction, bronchiolitis, and croup.
- Correlating the clinical course of recurrent croup with endoscopic findings: a retrospective observational studyMichael Hoa
Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Wayne State University, Detroit, MI 48201, USA
Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol 117:464-9. 2008We sought to correlate endoscopic findings with the clinical course of recurrent croup.
- Intramuscular versus oral dexamethasone for the treatment of moderate-to-severe croup: a randomized, double-blind trialDavid Donaldson
Department of Emergency Medicine, William Beaumont Hospital, Royal Oak, MI 48067, USA
Acad Emerg Med 10:16-21. 2003Glucocorticoids are an effective treatment for croup, although the most beneficial route of administration remains unclear...
- [Acute epiglottitis or so-called pseudocroup? Dyspnea is always a true emergency]A Klemens
HNO Klinik, Klinikum Starnberg GmbH
MMW Fortschr Med 144:38-40. 2002
- [Acute dyspnea in childhood. Croup or foreign body--bronchiolitis or asthma?]M Griese
Dr von Hauner sches Kinderspital, Munchen
MMW Fortschr Med 145:40-3. 2003..perinatal complications and infections are major causes, in infants bronchiolitis/obstructive bronchitis and croup, while in older children and adolescents acute asthmatic attacks and pneumonia predominate...
- Diagnosis of recurrent intermittent airway obstruction ("recurrent croup") in childrenT L Farmer
Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Virginia Commonwealth University School of Medicine, and Children's Hospital, Richmond, USA
Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol 110:600-5. 2001..can present with a constellation of signs and symptoms labeled by their primary care physician as "recurrent croup." Recurrent croup, however, is not a diagnosis and should alert the clinician to the potential for intrinsic ..
- Clinical courses of croup caused by influenza and parainfluenza virusesVille Peltola
Department of Pediatrics, Turku University Hospital, Turku, Finland
Pediatr Infect Dis J 21:76-8. 2002Influenza viruses have occasionally been associated with severe manifestations of croup, but no comparative studies of different viral etiologies are available...
- Pediatric pulmonary emergenciesWilliam S Krost
Emergency Medicine Special Operations Institute, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, USA
Emerg Med Serv 33:71-7; quiz 105. 2004
- Viral croupDoug Knutson
Department of Family Medicine, Ohio State University College of Medicine and Public Health, Columbus, Ohio 43201, USA
Am Fam Physician 69:535-40. 2004Viral croup is the most common form of airway obstruction in children six months to six years of age. The frightening nature of croup often prompts parents and caregivers to seek physician consultation...
- [Rare acute disease pictures of the upper respiratory tract in children]A E Oestreich
Children s Hospital Medical Center, 3333 Burnet AV, Cincinnati, OH 45229 3039, USA
Radiologe 42:217-21. 2002The radiologist should recognize dangerous uncommon conditions such as epiglottitis and membranous croup by their pattern on conventional images...
- [Heliox in pediatrics]Pascal Stucki
CHUV, BHO5, Rue du Bugnon 46 1011 Lausanne
Rev Med Suisse Romande 122:637-9. 2002..Its usefulness in the child is established in croup or in post-extubation stridor...
- Upper airway obstructionP B Baines
Paediatric Intensive Care Unit, Royal Liverpool Children's Hospital, Liverpool L12 2AP
Hosp Med 65:108-11. 2004
- Relation of two different subtypes of croup before age three to wheezing, atopy, and pulmonary function during childhood: a prospective studyJ A Castro-Rodriguez
Respiratory Sciences Center, University of Arizona, College of Medicine, Tucson, Arizona, USA
Pediatrics 107:512-8. 2001Some retrospective evidence suggests that children with a history of croup may be at increased risk of subsequently developing asthma, atopy, and diminished pulmonary function...
- Clinical presentation as a guide to the identification of GERD in childrenM M Carr
Department of Pediatric Otolaryngology, Children s Hospital of Buffalo, 219 Bryant St, Buffalo, NY 14222, USA
Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 54:27-32. 2000..to determine if there is a correlation between common otolaryngologic symptoms and presence of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) in children...
- Respiratory syncytial virus and human rhinoviruses are the major causes of severe lower respiratory tract infections in KuwaitM Khadadah
Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Kuwait University, Kuwait
J Med Virol 82:1462-7. 2010..One hundred fifty-five (53.8%) presented with bronchiolitis, 100 (43.7%) with pneumonia, and 33 (11.5%) with croup. One hundred six (36.8%) and 99 (34...
- Suppression of pulmonary host defenses and enhanced susceptibility to respiratory bacterial infection in mice following inhalation exposure to trichloroethylene and chloroformMaryJane K Selgrade
Office of Research and Development, National Health and Environmental Effects Research Laboratory, U S EPA, Research Triangle Park, NC, USA
J Immunotoxicol 7:350-6. 2010..episodes of increased air pollution with increased incidence of respiratory disease, including pneumonia, croup, and bronchitis. Trichloroethylene (TCE) and chloroform are among 33 hazardous air pollutants identified by the U...
- The pediatric hybrid observation unit: an analysis of 6477 consecutive patient encountersMichelle Zebrack
Division of Pediatric Emergency Medicine, Primary Children s Medical Center, 100 N Medical Dr, Salt Lake City, UT 84113, USA
Pediatrics 115:e535-42. 2005....
- Pulmonary diseases and corticosteroidsG R Sethi
Department of Pediatrics Maulana Azad Medical College, New Delhi, India
Indian J Pediatr 75:1045-56. 2008..Corticosteroids are used in many pulmonary conditions. Corticosteroids have a proven beneficial role in asthma, croup (Laryngotracheobronchitis), decreasing the risk and severity of respiratory distress syndrome (RDS), allergic ..
- Respiratory syncytial virus: the virus, the disease and the immune responsePearay L Ogra
Department of Pediatrics, State University of New York at Buffalo, Children s Hospital of Buffalo, NY 14222, USA
Paediatr Respir Rev 5:S119-26. 2004..ranges from mild upper tract illness, infection in middle ear which progresses to acute otitis media, croup, to apnoea in premature infants, pneumonia and bronchiolitis...
- Membranous laryngitis in a childMichael Somenek
Rush University Medical Center, 1653 W Congress Parkway, Department of Otolaryngology, Chicago, IL 60612, USA
Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 74:704-6. 2010The most common etiologies for acute infectious airway obstruction include epiglottitis, croup, and bacterial tracheitis. We present a unique cause of upper airway obstruction in a child not previously described...
- [Evaluation of Seeplex RV detection kit for detecting rhinovirus, human metapneumovirus, and coronavirus]Heungsup Sung
Department of Laboratory Medicine, University of Ulsan College of Medicine and Asan Medical Center, Seoul, Korea
Korean J Lab Med 28:109-17. 2008..The objective of this study was to evaluate a multiplex reverse transcriptase-PCR method using Seeplex RV Detection kit (Seegene, Korea) for the detection of rhinovirus, coronavirus, and human metapneumovirus (hMPV)...
- Early respiratory infections, asthma, and allergy: 10-year follow-up of the Oslo Birth CohortPer Nafstad
Department of General Practice and Community Medicine, Medical Faculty, University of Oslo, PB 1130 Blindern, 0316 Oslo, Norway
Pediatrics 116:e255-62. 2005..We also considered birth order and attendance at a child care center as proxy measures of increased exposure to infections early in life...
- Assessing disease burden of respiratory disorders in Hong Kong children with hospital discharge data and linked laboratory dataEdmund A S Nelson
Department of Paediatrics, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Prince of Wales Hospital, Shatin, Hong Kong
Hong Kong Med J 13:114-21. 2007..To describe the pattern of respiratory disorders in the Hong Kong paediatric population admitted to government hospitals, and to assess the reliability of the diagnoses by linkage with laboratory data...
- Risk factors associated with severe viral croup in hospitalised Malaysian childrenP W K Chan
Department of Paediatrics, University Malaya Medical Centre, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
Singapore Med J 43:124-7. 2002To determine the risk factors associated with severe viral croup in hospitalised Malaysian children.
- Transcutaneous carbon dioxide monitoring in infants and childrenJoseph D Tobias
Division of Pediatric Anesthesiology, Departments of Anesthesiology and Pediatrics, University of Missouri, 3W 27G HSC, One Hospital Drive, Columbia, MO 65212, USA
Paediatr Anaesth 19:434-44. 2009..To review the technology required for and the applications of transcutaneous carbon dioxide (TC-CO2) monitoring in infants and children...
- Influence of chromium tripicolinate on growth and glucose metabolism in yearling horsesE A Ott
Animal Science Department, University of Florida, Gainesville 32611 0910, USA
J Anim Sci 77:3022-30. 1999..weighed, measured for withers and hip height, heart girth, and body length and underwent ultrasound evaluation for croup fat thickness. The concentrate was fed for ad libitum consumption for two, 1.5-hr feeding periods daily...
- Rapid diagnosis of Mycoplasma pneumoniae infection in children by polymerase chain reactionFang Ching Liu
Department of Pediatrics, Jen Ai Hospital, Taichung, Taiwan
J Microbiol Immunol Infect 40:507-12. 2007..A rapid test would be useful to define the etiology and initiate appropriate management. We studied the usefulness of polymerase chain reaction (PCR) analysis for diagnosis in this setting...
- Development of toxicity criteria for petroleum hydrocarbon fractions in the Petroleum Hydrocarbon Criteria Working Group approach for risk-based management of total petroleum hydrocarbons in soilL E Twerdok
Health and Environmental Sciences Department, American Petroleum Institute, NW, Washington, DC 20005, USA
Drug Chem Toxicol 22:275-91. 1999The Total Petroleum Hydrocarbon Criteria Working Croup (TPHCWG) was formed in 1993 based on the observation that widely different clean-up requirements were being used by states at sites that were contaminated with hydrocarbon materials ..
- Acute upper respiratory infections in Western Australian emergency departments, 2000-2003Sharyn L Ingarfield
Emergency Medicine, University of Western Australia, R Block, Level 2, QEII Medical Centre, Nedlands, Perth, WA 6009, Australia
Aust Health Rev 32:691-9. 2008..To describe the epidemiological and other characteristics of emergency department (ED) presentations diagnosed with acute upper respiratory infection (URI)...
- Day care attendance in the first year of life and illnesses of the upper and lower respiratory tract in children with a familial history of atopyJ C Celedon
Channing Laboratory and Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women s Hospital, Boston, MA 02115, USA
Pediatrics 104:495-500. 1999..To examine the relationship between day care attendance and illnesses of the upper and lower respiratory tract in the first year of life...
- Recurrent respiratory papillomatosis: a reviewCraig S Derkay
Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Eastern Virginia Medical School, Norfolk, Virginia 23507, USA
Laryngoscope 118:1236-47. 2008..Differential diagnoses include asthma, croup, allergies, vocal nodules, or bronchitis. Reports estimate the incidence of RRP in the United States at 4...
- A comparison of parent-reported wheezing or shortness of breath among infants as assessed by questionnaire and physician-interview: The Generation R studyAshna D Mohangoo
The Generation R Study Group, Erasmus MC, University Medical Center Rotterdam, Rotterdam 3000 CA, The Netherlands
Pediatr Pulmonol 45:500-7. 2010..The aim of this study was to compare parent-reported wheezing or shortness of breath among infants as assessed by questionnaire and physician-interview...
- Sex differences in the incidence and severity of respiratory tract infectionsMatthew E Falagas
Alfa Institute of Biomedical Sciences AIBS, 9 Neapoleos Street, 151 23 Marousi, Greece
Respir Med 101:1845-63. 2007..On the other hand, males are more commonly affected with otitis media, croup, and most important, lower RTIs...
- Epidemiology and clinical presentations of human coronavirus NL63 infections in hong kong childrenTing Fan Leung
Department of Paediatrics, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Prince of Wales Hospital, Shatin, N T, Hong Kong
J Clin Microbiol 47:3486-92. 2009..HCoV-NL63-infected patients were younger and more likely to have croup, febrile convulsions, and acute gastroenteritis...
- Acute dyspnea in the officeRoger J Zoorob
Department of Family Medicine, Louisiana State University School of Medicine Health Sciences Center, Kenner, Louisiana 70065, USA
Am Fam Physician 68:1803-10. 2003..Differential diagnoses in children include bronchiolitis, croup, epiglottitis, and foreign body aspiration...
- Safety and immunogenicity of intranasal murine parainfluenza virus type 1 (Sendai virus) in healthy human adultsKaren S Slobod
Department of Infectious Diseases, St Jude Children s Research Hospital, 332 N Lauderdale, Memphis, TN 38105, USA
Vaccine 22:3182-6. 2004Human parainfluenza virus-type 1 (hPIV-1) is the most common cause of pediatric laryngotracheobronchitis (croup) and results in close to 30,000 US hospitalizations each year. No effective vaccine is available...
- National disease burden of respiratory viruses detected in children by polymerase chain reactionKelly J Henrickson
Department of Pediatrics, Medical College of Wisconsin and Children s Hospital of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, 53226, USA
Pediatr Infect Dis J 23:S11-8. 2004..The epidemiology of community-acquired respiratory viruses at the Children's Hospital of Wisconsin between 1996 and 1998 was examined with molecular [multiplex (M) PCR] and standard virologic methods...
- Benchmarks for the emergency department care of children with asthma, bronchiolitis, and croupJane F Knapp
Children s Mercy Hospitals and Clinics, The University of Missouri Kansas City School of Medicine, Kansas City, MO, USA
Pediatr Emerg Care 26:364-9. 2010..children's hospital emergency departments (EDs) in the care of children with asthma, bronchiolitis, and croup (ABC) using 5 clinical quality indicators and (2) to construct achievable benchmarks for 7 clinical quality ..
- Gaps in enrollment from a Medicaid managed care program: effects on emergency department visits and hospitalizations for children with asthmaWilliam O Cooper
Division of General Pediatrics, Vanderbilt Children s Hospital, Nashville, Tennessee 37232 8555, USA
Med Care 43:718-25. 2005..For high-risk children with asthma enrolled in Medicaid, loss of Medicaid coverage is a potential threat to access to quality asthma care...
- Pediatric otolaryngologic manifestations of gastroesophageal reflux diseaseMark A Gilger
Baylor College of Medicine, Texas Children s Hospital, Room 1010, 6621 Fannin, Houston, TX 77030 2399, USA
Curr Gastroenterol Rep 5:247-52. 2003..attributed to GERD, including hoarseness, laryngitis, chronic rhinitis, sinusitis, globus pharyngeus, recurrent croup, laryngomalacia, stridor, subglottic stenosis, otalgia, vocal cord granulomas, and oropharyngeal dysphagia...
- Impact of respiratory virus infections on persons with chronic underlying conditionsW P Glezen
Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Tex 77030, USA
JAMA 283:499-505. 2000..Development of new approaches for prevention of acute respiratory tract conditions requires studies of the etiologies of infections and quantification of the risk of hospitalization for vulnerable patients...
- Interactive effect of family history and environmental factors on respiratory tract-related morbidity in infancySandra Kuiper
Department of General Practice, Care and Public Health Research Institute, University of Maastricht, Maastricht, The Netherlands
J Allergy Clin Immunol 120:388-95. 2007..Family and environmental factors affect the development of respiratory morbidity. How these factors interact is unclear...
- Cost-effectiveness of palivizumab in New ZealandA M Vogel
Department of Paediatrics, University of Auckland, New Zealand
J Paediatr Child Health 38:352-7. 2002..To establish the preterm infant hospitalization risks from respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) in New Zealand and the net cost per hospitalization averted by palivizumab...
- The effectiveness of local corticosteroids therapy in the management of mild to moderate viral croupM Eboriadou
Second Pediatric Department, School of Medicine, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, AHEPA Hospital, Thessaloniki, Greece
Minerva Pediatr 62:23-8. 2010The purpose of this study was to determine whether local anti-inflammatory therapy with inhaled beclomethasone dipropionate is effective in the outpatient management of acute viral croup.
- [Efficacy of heliox therapy in respiratory insufficiency in infants and children]C Iglesias Fernández
Seccion de Cuidados Intensivos Pediatricos, Hospital General Universitario Gregorio Maranon, Madrid, Espana
An Pediatr (Barc) 66:240-7. 2007..To analyze response to heliox therapy in critically ill infants and children with upper and/or lower airway respiratory insufficiency...
- The C proteins of human parainfluenza virus type 1 (HPIV1) control the transcription of a broad array of cellular genes that would otherwise respond to HPIV1 infectionJim B Boonyaratanakornkit
Laboratory of Infectious Diseases, Respiratory Viruses Section, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Department of Health and Human Services, Bethesda, Maryland 20892 8007, USA
J Virol 83:1892-910. 2009..virus type 1 (HPIV1) is an important respiratory pathogen in children and the most common cause of viral croup. We performed a microarray-based analysis of gene expression kinetics to examine how wild-type (wt) HPIV1 ..
- Relevance of human metapneumovirus in exacerbations of COPDG Rohde
Department of Internal Medicine III, Pneumology, Allergology and Sleep Medicine, University Hospital Bergmannsheil, D 44789 Bochum, Germany
Respir Res 6:150. 2005Human metapneumovirus (hMPV) is a recently discovered respiratory virus associated with bronchiolitis, pneumonia, croup and exacerbations of asthma...
- Factors associated with asthma in school childrenM A Moussa
Department of Community Medicine and Behavioral Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, Kuwait University
Eur J Epidemiol 12:583-8. 1996..was used to obtain information about respiratory illnesses (pneumonia, bronchitis, bronchiolitis, sinusitis and croup); atopy (allergic rhinitis and atopic dermatitis) and familial allergic diseases (parental asthma and atopy)...
- The "air leak" test around the endotracheal tube, as a predictor of postextubation stridor, is age dependent in childrenMaroun J Mhanna
Department of Pediatrics, Division of Pediatric Critical Care, MetroHealth Medical Center, 2500 MetroHealth Drive, Cleveland, OH 44109, USA
Crit Care Med 30:2639-43. 2002..Our objectives were to determine whether the airleak test predicts postextubation stridor in children and if age affects its sensitivity and specificity...
- Subglottic hemangiomaT J O-Lee
Department of Surgery, Division of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, University of Nevada School of Medicine, Las Vegas, NV 89102, USA
Otolaryngol Clin North Am 41:903-11, viii-ix. 2008..It is common for subglottic hemangioma to be misdiagnosed as croup initially...
- Mechanisms of viral proteases in coronavirus replication and pathogenesisAndrew D Mesecar; Fiscal Year: 2010..are positive strand RNA viruses which cause a range of illness, from relatively mild respiratory disease (croup and common cold like symptoms due to HCoV- NL63, 229e or OC43) to severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) ..
- Glycoprotein interactions in paramyxovirus fusionRonald M Iorio; Fiscal Year: 2010..HPIV types 1-3 have long been recognized as causative agents of croup and as important respiratory pathogens, especially of infants and children and hPIVS is a major cause of pneumonia ..
- Glycoprotein interactions in paramyxovirus fusionRONALD IORIO; Fiscal Year: 2007..HPIV types 1-3 have long been recognized as causative agents of croup and as important respiratory pathogens, especially of infants and children and hPIVS is a major cause of pneumonia ..
- A Simulator for Sound Production in AirwaysIngo R Titze; Fiscal Year: 2010..g. snoring, pediatric strider, croup, and several symptoms of influenza and the common cold)...
- A Simulator for Sound Production in AirwaysIngo Titze; Fiscal Year: 2007..g. snoring, pediatric strider, croup, and several symptoms of influenza and the common cold)...
- A Simulator for Sound Production in AirwaysIngo Titze; Fiscal Year: 2009..g. snoring, pediatric strider, croup, and several symptoms of influenza and the common cold)...
- HOST VIRUS INTERACTION AND GENE EXPRESSIONAmiya Banerjee; Fiscal Year: 1993..in different parts of the world indicate that these viruses are associated with approximately 40% of severe croup in children. HPIV3 is most pathogenic among the other HPIV types...
- MOLECULAR BASIS FOR PARAINFLUENZA 3 INFECTIONAnne Moscona; Fiscal Year: 2002..lower respiratory tract disease in children and causes several of the most significant childhood viral diseases (croup, bronchiolitis and pneumonia). The recognition of infections caused by HPF3 is increasing in the U.S...
- Pulsus Paradoxus MonitorGregory Jay; Fiscal Year: 2005..Pulsus paradoxus is present in asthma, croup, and pericardial tamponade and tension pneumothorax. It appears prior to hypoxia in all of these conditions...
- Developing Quality Measures to Assess Pediatric Inpatient Respiratory CareRita Mangione Smith; Fiscal Year: 2010..assessment of inpatient management for children treated for six respiratory conditions: asthma, bronchiolitis, croup, pneumonia, congenital lung malformations, and cystic fibrosis...
- Developing Quality Measures to Assess Pediatric Inpatient Respiratory CareRita Mangione Smith; Fiscal Year: 2009..assessment of inpatient management for children treated for six respiratory conditions: asthma, bronchiolitis, croup, pneumonia, congenital lung malformations, and cystic fibrosis...
- HOST VIRUS INTERACTION AND GENE EXPRESSIONAmiya Banerjee; Fiscal Year: 2006..epithelial cells of the respiratory tract of infants and children leading to acute bronchiolitis, pneumonia and croup. Effective vaccines or antivirals to combat HPIV3 infection are currently unavailable...
- Study of HPIV3 replication using reverse geneticsMichael Hoffman; Fiscal Year: 2006..in an important respiratory tract pathogen capable of causing diseases such as pneumonia, bronchiolitus and croup in infants, young children, elderly and immunocompromised individuals...
- Mechanisms of cardiovascular remodelingANTHONY GERDES; Fiscal Year: 2006..NIH-funded research programs and will add depth and additional expertise to the croup. We believe the end result will be an internationally recognized research program that makes substantial ..
- COLUMBIA UNIVERSITY SOUTHWEST ONCOLOGY GROUP PROGRAMDaniel Petrylak; Fiscal Year: 2003..strategies for cancer at Columbia for eventual evaluation in larger clinical trials in the Southwest Oncology Croup. 2...
- Alphavirus-based Vaccine for Prevention of MPV InfectionJames Crowe; Fiscal Year: 2007..The genetic features of the HIV-specific antibodies will be defined, and recombinant human monoclonal antibodies specified by these genes will be made for study of how broadly neutralizing HIV antibodies function. ..
- Genes, Home Allergens and Asthma in Puerto Rican ChildrenJUAN CELEDON; Fiscal Year: 2009..This application will contribute greatly to our understanding of asthma in general, and among Puerto Ricans in particular. ..
- Suicidality Associated with Antidepressants inTennCare Children and AdolescentsWilliam O Cooper; Fiscal Year: 2010..Finally, understanding the risk of suicidality for periods off and on treatment will inform practitioners, patients, and families faced with treating an important condition. ..
- Genes, Home Allergens and Asthma in Puerto Rican ChildrenJUAN CELEDON; Fiscal Year: 2007..This application will contribute greatly to our understanding of asthma in general, and among Puerto Ricans in particular. ..
- ONTOGENY OF RSV-SPECIFIC B CELL RESPONSES IN HUMANSJames Crowe; Fiscal Year: 2001..The data from this work will direct decisions about the best vaccine strategy to use against RSV in neonates, and will delineate basic mechanisms of the ontogeny of B-cell repertoire diversity in humans. ..
- Multiplex PCR Detection of CDC 'A' Bioterrorism AgentsKelly Henrickson; Fiscal Year: 2005..Specific Aim 4: To determine if this multiplex assay is equivalent to these "singleplex" assays in a clinical trial. ..
- The Genetic Epidemiology of Asthma in Costa RicaJUAN CELEDON; Fiscal Year: 2005..In addition, it will create a bank of phenotypic and genotypic information that will facilitate further hypothesis testing in a unique patient cohort. ..
- The Epidemiology of Barrett's Esophagus in ChildrenMark Gilger; Fiscal Year: 2005....
- Novel methods for generation of human B cell hybridomasJames Crowe; Fiscal Year: 2005..abstract_text> ..
- Human T Cells Responses to RSVJames Crowe; Fiscal Year: 2006..abstract_text> ..
- Cell-Mediated Immune Responses to Vaccinia VirusesJames Crowe; Fiscal Year: 2006..We will examine many of these questions by taking advantage of new technology that allows for examination of T cell responses at the single cell level, and in an immunodominant epitope specific manner. ..
- Alphavirus-based Vaccine for Prevention of MPV InfectionJames Crowe; Fiscal Year: 2007..The consortium submitting this application brings together an experienced investigator group with expertise in pneumovirus and alphavirus virology, immunology, and vaccine development. ..
- Human Antibody Responses to RotavirusJames Crowe; Fiscal Year: 2007..This work will demonstrate that infant B cell repertoires used to make specific antiviral responses, in contrast to much previous speculation, are much closer in character to adult repertoires than fetal repertoires. ..
- HUMAN MONOCLONAL ANTIBODIES THAT NEUTRALIZE VACCINIAJames Crowe; Fiscal Year: 2002..In summary, this work will yield a safe and effective immunotherapeutic strategy for treatment of vaccinia complications. ..