giardiasis

Summary

Summary: An infection of the SMALL INTESTINE caused by the flagellated protozoan GIARDIA LAMBLIA. It is spread via contaminated food and water and by direct person-to-person contact.

Top Publications

  1. doi The impact of climate variability and change on cryptosporidiosis and giardiasis rates in New Zealand
    Emma Britton
    J Water Health 8:561-71. 2010
  2. doi Behind the smile: cell biology and disease mechanisms of Giardia species
    Johan Ankarklev
    Department of Cell and Molecular Biology, Biomedical Center, Box 596, Uppsala University, SE 751 24 Uppsala, Sweden
    Nat Rev Microbiol 8:413-22. 2010
  3. pmc Draft genome sequencing of giardia intestinalis assemblage B isolate GS: is human giardiasis caused by two different species?
    Oscar Franzén
    Department of Cell and Molecular Biology, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden
    PLoS Pathog 5:e1000560. 2009
  4. pmc Zoonotic potential and molecular epidemiology of Giardia species and giardiasis
    Yaoyu Feng
    State Key Laboratory of Bioreactor Engineering, School of Resource and Environmental Engineering, East China University of Science and Technology, Shanghai, China
    Clin Microbiol Rev 24:110-40. 2011
  5. pmc Identification of zoonotic genotypes of Giardia duodenalis
    Hein Sprong
    Laboratory for Zoonoses and Environmental Microbiology, National Institute for Public Health and Environment RIVM, Bilthoven, The Netherlands
    PLoS Negl Trop Dis 3:e558. 2009
  6. doi Host parasite interactions and pathophysiology in Giardia infections
    James A Cotton
    Dept of Biological Sciences, Inflammation Research Network, University of Calgary, Calgary AB, Canada T2N 1N4
    Int J Parasitol 41:925-33. 2011
  7. pmc Triosephosphate isomerase gene characterization and potential zoonotic transmission of Giardia duodenalis
    Irshad M Sulaiman
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30341 3717, USA
    Emerg Infect Dis 9:1444-52. 2003
  8. pmc Molecular epidemiology of cross-species Giardia duodenalis transmission in western Uganda
    Amanda R Johnston
    Center for Zoonoses and Infectious Disease Research and Department of Pathobiology, University of Illinois, Urbana, Illinois, United States of America
    PLoS Negl Trop Dis 4:e683. 2010
  9. pmc Multilocus genotyping of human Giardia isolates suggests limited zoonotic transmission and association between assemblage B and flatulence in children
    Marianne Lebbad
    Department of Diagnostics and Vaccinology, Swedish Institute for Communicable Disease Control, Solna, Sweden
    PLoS Negl Trop Dis 5:e1262. 2011
  10. doi Molecular characterisation of species and genotypes of Cryptosporidium and Giardia and assessment of zoonotic transmission
    Lihua Xiao
    Division of Parasitic Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA
    Int J Parasitol 38:1239-55. 2008

Detail Information

Publications320 found, 100 shown here

  1. doi The impact of climate variability and change on cryptosporidiosis and giardiasis rates in New Zealand
    Emma Britton
    J Water Health 8:561-71. 2010
    To investigate the spatial relationship between climate variability and cryptosporidiosis and giardiasis notifications in New Zealand between 1997 and 2006.
  2. doi Behind the smile: cell biology and disease mechanisms of Giardia species
    Johan Ankarklev
    Department of Cell and Molecular Biology, Biomedical Center, Box 596, Uppsala University, SE 751 24 Uppsala, Sweden
    Nat Rev Microbiol 8:413-22. 2010
    ..intestinalis is used as a model eukaryotic system for studying many basic cellular processes. In this Review we discuss recent discoveries in the molecular cell biology and pathogenesis of G. intestinalis...
  3. pmc Draft genome sequencing of giardia intestinalis assemblage B isolate GS: is human giardiasis caused by two different species?
    Oscar Franzén
    Department of Cell and Molecular Biology, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden
    PLoS Pathog 5:e1000560. 2009
    ..01% in WB). The genomic differences between WB and GS may explain some of the observed biological and clinical differences between the two isolates, and it suggests that assemblage A and B Giardia can be two different species...
  4. pmc Zoonotic potential and molecular epidemiology of Giardia species and giardiasis
    Yaoyu Feng
    State Key Laboratory of Bioreactor Engineering, School of Resource and Environmental Engineering, East China University of Science and Technology, Shanghai, China
    Clin Microbiol Rev 24:110-40. 2011
    ..have been used recently in assessing the taxonomy, zoonotic potential, and transmission of Giardia species and giardiasis in humans and animals...
  5. pmc Identification of zoonotic genotypes of Giardia duodenalis
    Hein Sprong
    Laboratory for Zoonoses and Environmental Microbiology, National Institute for Public Health and Environment RIVM, Bilthoven, The Netherlands
    PLoS Negl Trop Dis 3:e558. 2009
    Giardia duodenalis, originally regarded as a commensal organism, is the etiologic agent of giardiasis, a gastrointestinal disease of humans and animals. Giardiasis causes major public and veterinary health concerns worldwide...
  6. doi Host parasite interactions and pathophysiology in Giardia infections
    James A Cotton
    Dept of Biological Sciences, Inflammation Research Network, University of Calgary, Calgary AB, Canada T2N 1N4
    Int J Parasitol 41:925-33. 2011
    ..The host-parasite interaction and pathophysiological processes of giardiasis remain incompletely understood...
  7. pmc Triosephosphate isomerase gene characterization and potential zoonotic transmission of Giardia duodenalis
    Irshad M Sulaiman
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30341 3717, USA
    Emerg Infect Dis 9:1444-52. 2003
    ..These data confirm that G. duodenalis from certain animals can potentially infect humans and should be useful in the detection, differentiation, and taxonomy of Giardia spp...
  8. pmc Molecular epidemiology of cross-species Giardia duodenalis transmission in western Uganda
    Amanda R Johnston
    Center for Zoonoses and Infectious Disease Research and Department of Pathobiology, University of Illinois, Urbana, Illinois, United States of America
    PLoS Negl Trop Dis 4:e683. 2010
    ..Our goal was to infer the cross-species transmission potential of G. duodenalis using molecular methods and to investigate clinical consequences of infection...
  9. pmc Multilocus genotyping of human Giardia isolates suggests limited zoonotic transmission and association between assemblage B and flatulence in children
    Marianne Lebbad
    Department of Diagnostics and Vaccinology, Swedish Institute for Communicable Disease Control, Solna, Sweden
    PLoS Negl Trop Dis 5:e1262. 2011
    ..b>Giardiasis has been classified as a possible zoonotic disease but the role of animals in human disease transmission still ..
  10. doi Molecular characterisation of species and genotypes of Cryptosporidium and Giardia and assessment of zoonotic transmission
    Lihua Xiao
    Division of Parasitic Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA
    Int J Parasitol 38:1239-55. 2008
    ..Genotyping and subtyping data suggest that zoonotic transmission is not as prevalent in the epidemiology of giardiasis. Molecular characterisation of Cryptosporidium and Giardia is a relatively recent application that is evolving ..
  11. ncbi Effects of stunting, diarrhoeal disease, and parasitic infection during infancy on cognition in late childhood: a follow-up study
    Douglas S Berkman
    Department of Epidemiology, The Johns Hopkins School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Lancet 359:564-71. 2002
    ..We assessed the effect of stunting, diarrhoeal disease, and parasitic infections during infancy on cognitive function in late childhood...
  12. ncbi Mucosal defences against Giardia
    Lars Eckmann
    Department of Medicine, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, California 92093, USA
    Parasite Immunol 25:259-70. 2003
    Giardia lamblia (syn. G. duodenalis or G. intestinalis), the causative agent of giardiasis, is one of the most common causes worldwide of intestinal infections in humans...
  13. pmc The identification of a new Giardia duodenalis assemblage in marine vertebrates and a preliminary analysis of G. duodenalis population biology in marine systems
    Erica Lasek-Nesselquist
    Josephine Bay Paul Center for Comparative Evolution and Molecular Biology, MBL, 7 MBL St, Woods Hole, MA 02543, USA
    Int J Parasitol 40:1063-74. 2010
    ..duodenalis as these assemblages are from each other. The discovery of a previously uncharacterised lineage of G. duodenalis suggests that this parasite has more genetic diversity and perhaps a larger host range than previously believed...
  14. pmc Case-control study of diarrheal disease etiology in a remote rural area in Western Thailand
    Ladaporn Bodhidatta
    Department of Enteric Diseases, Armed Forces Research Institute of Medical Sciences AFRIMS, Bangkok, Thailand
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 83:1106-9. 2010
    ..Most pre-school children were infested with enteric pathogens; laboratory-based studies are important to understand the epidemiology of enteric pathogens in remote areas among marginal populations...
  15. ncbi Prevalence and associated risk factors for Giardia lamblia infection among children hospitalized for diarrhea in Goiânia, Goiás State, Brazil
    Maria Das Gracas Cabral Pereira
    Department of Veterinary Medicine Extension, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California, Davis, CA 95616, USA
    Rev Inst Med Trop Sao Paulo 49:139-45. 2007
    ..9%). A variety of factors were found to be associated with giardiasis in these population: age of children (OR, 1.18; 90% CI, 1.0 - 1.36; p = 0...
  16. doi Giardiasis among different tribes of Orang Asli in Malaysia: highlighting the presence of other family members infected with Giardia intestinalis as a main risk factor
    Tengku Shahrul Anuar
    Department of Parasitology and Medical Entomology, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Jalan Raja Muda Abdul Aziz, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
    Int J Parasitol 42:871-80. 2012
    ..The main objective was to determine the prevalence of and risk factors for giardiasis. Stool samples were collected from 500 individuals aged between 2 and 74 years (males=219, females=281)...
  17. pmc Development of functional gastrointestinal disorders after Giardia lamblia infection
    Kurt Hanevik
    Institute of Medicine, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway
    BMC Gastroenterol 9:27. 2009
    ..This study aims to characterize persistent abdominal symptoms elicited by Giardia infection according to Rome II criteria and symptoms scores...
  18. doi Irritable bowel syndrome and chronic fatigue 3 years after acute giardiasis: historic cohort study
    Knut Arne Wensaas
    Department of Public Health and Primary Health Care, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway
    Gut 61:214-9. 2012
    ..Giardia lamblia is a common cause of gastroenteritis worldwide, but there is limited knowledge about the long-term complications...
  19. doi Prevalence and molecular characterisation of Cryptosporidium and Giardia species in pre-weaned sheep in Australia
    Rongchang Yang
    Division of Veterinary and Biomedical Sciences, Murdoch University, Murdoch, Western Australia 6150, Australia
    Vet Parasitol 161:19-24. 2009
    ..The findings of the present study indicate that pre-weaned lambs are not an important source of zoonotic Giardia genotypes in Australia but may be an important source of zoonotic Cryptosporidium...
  20. ncbi Giardiasis in patients with dyspeptic symptoms
    Javed Yakoob
    Department of Medicine, Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi 74800, Pakistan
    World J Gastroenterol 11:6667-70. 2005
    To investigate the prevalence of giardiasis in patients with dyspeptic symptoms.
  21. doi Multilocus genotyping of Cryptosporidium and Giardia in non-outbreak related cases of diarrhoea in human patients in Belgium
    T Geurden
    Laboratory of Veterinary Parasitology, Ghent University, Salisburylaan 133, B 9820 Merelbeke, Belgium
    Parasitology 136:1161-8. 2009
    ..Furthermore, using a novel species-specific PCR based on the TPI gene, mixed infections with both assemblage A and B were detected in a large number (32.4%) of human patients, which might have important epidemiological implications...
  22. ncbi Characterisation of alpha-1 giardin: an immunodominant Giardia lamblia annexin with glycosaminoglycan-binding activity
    Malin E L Weiland
    Microbiology and Tumor Biology Center, Karolinska Institutet, SE 171 77 Stockholm, Sweden
    Int J Parasitol 33:1341-51. 2003
    ..The Triage((R)) parasite panel, used to detect copro-antigens in stool from giardiasis patients, reacts with an epitope between amino acids 160 and 200 in alpha-1 giardin...
  23. ncbi The role of normal flora in Giardia lamblia infections in mice
    S M Singer
    Dept of Biology, Georgetown University, Washington, DC 20057, USA
    J Infect Dis 181:1510-2. 2000
    ..These results suggest the possible use of probiotic therapy for prevention of G. lamblia infections and may help explain some of the variability of outcomes seen in G. lamblia infections in humans...
  24. pmc Waterborne protozoan pathogens
    M M Marshall
    Department of Veterinary Science, University of Arizona, Tucson 85721, USA
    Clin Microbiol Rev 10:67-85. 1997
    ..The review points to the need for clinical laboratories, physicians, and public health personnel to cooperatively plan and assess the challenge of meeting this potential public health threat...
  25. ncbi Mixed Giardia duodenalis assemblage A and E infections in calves
    T Geurden
    Laboratory of Parasitology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Ghent University, Salisburylaan 133, B 9820 Merelbeke, Belgium
    Int J Parasitol 38:259-64. 2008
    ..duodenalis assemblage E, are frequently infected with the zoonotic assemblage A, either as a mixed or mono-infection, suggesting that calves might be underestimated as a potential zoonotic reservoir for human infections...
  26. ncbi Recent insights into the mucosal reactions associated with Giardia lamblia infections
    N Muller
    Institute of Parasitology, Länggass Str 122, CH 3012 Bern, Switzerland
    Int J Parasitol 35:1339-47. 2005
    ..The most important clinical signs of giardiasis are diarrhoea and malabsorption...
  27. ncbi Comparative evaluation of Giardia duodenalis sequence data
    C M Wielinga
    WHO Collaborating Centre for the Molecular Epidemiology of Parasitic Infections, School of Veterinary and Biomedical Sciences, Murdoch University, South Street, Murdoch, Western Australia 6150, Australia
    Parasitology 134:1795-821. 2007
    ..The closer, more recent, phylogenetic relationships amongst the assemblages appear to be resolved; however, more sequence data from the current loci, and possibly new loci, will be required to establish the remaining relationships...
  28. pmc Sheep may not be an important zoonotic reservoir for Cryptosporidium and Giardia parasites
    Una M Ryan
    Division of Health Sciences, School of Veterinary and Biomedical Science, Murdoch University, Murdoch, Western Australia, Australia 6150
    Appl Environ Microbiol 71:4992-7. 2005
    ..These results suggest that the public health risk of sheep-derived Cryptosporidium and Giardia spp. in catchment areas and effluent may be overestimated and warrant further investigation...
  29. ncbi A longitudinal study of Giardia lamblia infection in north-east Brazilian children
    R D Newman
    Department of Pediatrics, University of Washington School of Medicine, Seattle, USA
    Trop Med Int Health 6:624-34. 2001
    ..To evaluate the epidemiology of Giardia lamblia infection, investigate factors which might be associated with clinical manifestations and recurrence, and examine the role of copathogens in disease course...
  30. doi Impact of anti-Giardia and anthelminthic treatment on infant growth and intestinal permeability in rural Bangladesh: a randomised double-blind controlled study
    Rie Goto
    Department of Biological Anthropology, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK
    Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 103:520-9. 2009
    ....
  31. ncbi Giardia lamblia and other intestinal parasitic infections and their relationships with nutritional status in children in Brazilian Amazon
    Filipe Anibal Carvalho-Costa
    Laboratório de Doenças Parasitárias Medicina Tropical, IOC FIOCRUZ, RJ, Brasil
    Rev Inst Med Trop Sao Paulo 49:147-53. 2007
    ..Also, the multivariate model showed that the only variable associated with hemoglobin levels was age. Intestinal parasitism control should increase children's possibilities of full development in the studied area...
  32. pmc Immunophenotyping in post-giardiasis functional gastrointestinal disease and chronic fatigue syndrome
    Kurt Hanevik
    Institute of Medicine, University of Bergen, Bergen N 5021, Norway
    BMC Infect Dis 12:258. 2012
    ..The aim of this study was to evaluate a wide selection of markers of immune dysfunction in these two co-occurring post-infectious syndromes...
  33. pmc Host immunity and pathogen strain contribute to intestinal disaccharidase impairment following gut infection
    Shahram Solaymani-Mohammadi
    Department of Biology, Georgetown University, Washington, DC 20057, USA
    J Immunol 187:3769-75. 2011
    ..Using a mouse model of giardiasis, we examined the role of host immunity and pathogen virulence in mediating disaccharidase deficiency ..
  34. pmc Allelic sequence heterozygosity in single Giardia parasites
    Johan Ankarklev
    Department of Cell and Molecular Biology, BMC, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden
    BMC Microbiol 12:65. 2012
    ..Thus, two important questions have arisen; i) does ASH occur at the single cell level, and/or ii) do multiple sub-genotype infections commonly occur in patients infected with assemblage B, G. intestinalis isolates?..
  35. doi Giardia duodenalis and Cryptosporidium spp. in the intestinal contents of ringed seals (Phoca hispida) and bearded seals (Erignathus barbatus) in Nunavik, Quebec, Canada
    Brent R Dixon
    Microbiology Research Division, Food Directorate, Health Canada, Banting Research Centre 2204E, 251 Sir Frederick Banting Driveway, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
    J Parasitol 94:1161-3. 2008
    ..The high prevalence of G. duodenalis in ringed seals, and the presence of Assemblage B in these animals, highlights the potential for zoonotic transmission to the Inuit people, who consume dried seal intestines and uncooked seal meat...
  36. doi Subjective health complaints and quality of life in patients with irritable bowel syndrome following Giardia lamblia infection: a case control study
    Mette H Morken
    Institute of Medicine, University of Bergen, Haukeland University Hospital, Bergen, Norway
    Scand J Gastroenterol 44:308-13. 2009
    ..The purpose of this study was to examine the comorbidity and quality of life of patients with IBS following infection with Giardia lamblia...
  37. doi Regulation of antigenic variation in Giardia lamblia
    Cesar G Prucca
    Laboratory of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, School of Medicine, Catholic University of Cordoba, CP X5004ASK Cordoba, Argentina
    Annu Rev Microbiol 65:611-30. 2011
    ....
  38. pmc T-cell-dependent control of acute Giardia lamblia infections in mice
    S M Singer
    Laboratory of Parasitic Diseases, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland 20892 0425, USA
    Infect Immun 68:170-5. 2000
    ..lamblia. We conclude that a T-cell-dependent mechanism is essential for controlling acute Giardia infections and that this mechanism is independent of antibody and B cells...
  39. doi The zoonotic potential of Giardia and Cryptosporidium in Norwegian sheep: a longitudinal investigation of 6 flocks of lambs
    L J Robertson
    Parasitology Laboratory, Department of Food Safety and Infection Biology, Norwegian School of Veterinary Science, Postbox 8146 Dep, 0033 Oslo, Norway
    Vet Parasitol 171:140-5. 2010
    ..xiaoi (non-zoonotic). These results suggest that sheep in Norway are unlikely to be an important reservoir of zoonotic Giardia in Norway, but might have some public health significance with respect to Cryptosporidium...
  40. doi Multi-locus analysis of Giardia duodenalis intra-Assemblage B substitution patterns in cloned culture isolates suggests sub-Assemblage B analyses will require multi-locus genotyping with conserved and variable genes
    Caroline Wielinga
    Division of Veterinary and Biomedical Sciences, Murdoch University, South Street, Murdoch, WA 6150, Australia
    Int J Parasitol 41:495-503. 2011
    ....
  41. ncbi Prevalence and molecular characterization of Cryptosporidium and Giardia species and genotypes in sheep in Maryland
    Monica Santin
    Environmental Microbial Safety Laboratory, Animal and Natural Resources Institute, Agricultural Research Service, United States Department of Agriculture, Building 173, BARC East, 10300 Baltimore Avenue, Beltsville, MD 20705, USA
    Vet Parasitol 146:17-24. 2007
    ..duodenalis Assemblage A suggests a low prevalence of these zoonoses. However, the high prevalence of the zoonotic cervine genotype indicates that sheep should be considered a potential environmental source of this human pathogen...
  42. doi Prevalence and clinical correlations of genetic subtypes of Giardia lamblia in an urban setting
    A S Breathnach
    Centre for Infection, Division of Cellular and Molecular Medicine, St George s University of London, London, UK
    Epidemiol Infect 138:1459-67. 2010
    The clinical significance of different genetic subtypes or assemblages of Giardia lamblia is uncertain. Cases of giardiasis in south-west London between 1999 and 2005 were studied, comparing molecular-typing results with clinical and ..
  43. doi Multilocus genotyping of Giardia duodenalis reveals striking differences between assemblages A and B
    S M Cacció
    Department of Infectious, Parasitic and Immunomediated Diseases, Istituto Superiore di Sanita, Viale Regina Elena 299, 00161 Rome, Italy
    Int J Parasitol 38:1523-31. 2008
    ..These findings raise concerns about the interpretation of genotyping data based on single markers, and indicate the need to understand the mechanisms that are responsible for the differences between G. duodenalis assemblages A and B...
  44. doi Infectivity of Giardia duodenalis Assemblages A and E for the gerbil and axenisation of duodenal trophozoites
    Ely Bénéré
    Laboratory of Microbiology, Parasitology and Hygiene LMPH, Faculty of Pharmaceutical, Biomedical and Veterinary Sciences, University of Antwerp, B 2020 Antwerp, Belgium
    Parasitol Int 59:634-7. 2010
    ..2mg/ml) supported cloning of Assemblage A, while l-glutathione (7.8 mg/ml) was required for Assemblage E. This is a first description of in vitro axenisation of Assemblage E trophozoites from cattle...
  45. doi Intestinal protozoan infections in relation to nutritional status and gastrointestinal morbidity in Colombian school children
    Caroline E Boeke
    Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    J Trop Pediatr 56:299-306. 2010
    ..In conclusion, G. duodenalis and E. coli infections were associated with indicators of poor nutritional status in this population, while B. hominis was related to apparently decreased morbidity...
  46. ncbi Impact of breast-feeding on Giardia lamblia infections in Bilbeis, Egypt
    M A Mahmud
    University of Texas School of Public Health, Houston, USA
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 65:257-60. 2001
    ..9%, P < 0.05) compared with infants who were not exclusively breast-fed. Breast-feeding should be considered as an effective means to prevent Giardia infections and should be encouraged in regions where G. lambia is highly endemic...
  47. doi High prevalences of infection with Giardia intestinalis genotype B among children in urban and rural areas of Argentina
    N Molina
    Catedra de Microbiologia y Parasitologia, Universidad Nacionalde La Plata, Buenos Aires, Argentina
    Ann Trop Med Parasitol 105:299-309. 2011
    ..This is the first published report on the Giardia genotypes circulating in the provinces of Mendoza and Chaco. The results indicate the importance of asymptomatic children in the transmission of Giardia among the young...
  48. pmc Giardia duodenalis: the double-edged sword of immune responses in giardiasis
    Shahram Solaymani-Mohammadi
    Department of Biology and Center for Infectious Disease, Reiss Science Building, Georgetown University, Washington, DC 20057, USA
    Exp Parasitol 126:292-7. 2010
    b>Giardiasis is one of the most common intestinal protozoan infections worldwide. The etiological agent, Giardia duodenalis (syn...
  49. pmc Molecular analysis of household transmission of Giardia lamblia in a region of high endemicity in Peru
    Margarethe A Cooper
    Department of Veterinary Science and Microbiology, University of Arizona, Tucson, USA
    J Infect Dis 202:1713-21. 2010
    ..Genotypes A1, A2, and B (Nash groups 1, 2, and 3, respectively) are found in humans, whereas genotypes C and D are typically found in dogs. However, genotypes A and B have occasionally been identified in dogs...
  50. doi Feline diarrhoea associated with Tritrichomonas cf. foetus and Giardia co-infection in an Australian cattery
    S A Bissett
    Department of Clinical Sciences, North Carolina State University College of Veterinary Medicine, Raleigh, NC 27606, USA
    Aust Vet J 86:440-3. 2008
    ..Although the failure to thrive and diarrhoea resolved following treatment for giardiasis, further diagnostic tests performed on faecal specimens from the kitten and 15 other Ocicats from the same ..
  51. pmc Prevalence of and risk factors for feline Tritrichomonas foetus and giardia infection
    Jody L Gookin
    Department of Molecular Biomedical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, North Carolina State University, 4700 Hillsborough St, Raleigh, NC 27606, USA
    J Clin Microbiol 42:2707-10. 2004
    ..Evidence did not exist for the ongoing transmission of T. foetus by water, food, or contact with other species...
  52. doi Intestinal helminths and protozoa in children in pre-schools in Kafue district, Zambia
    Joyce Siwila
    Department of Clinical Studies, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of Zambia, P O Box 32379, Lusaka, Zambia
    Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 104:122-8. 2010
    ..Future studies should explore local factors associated with transmission of these infections, and consequently provide the necessary health education to parents and teachers...
  53. ncbi Does co-infection with Giardia lamblia modulate the clinical characteristics of enteric infections in young children?
    Natalya Bilenko
    Epidemiology and Health Services Evaluation Department, Ben Gurion University of the Negev, Beer Sheva, Israel
    Eur J Epidemiol 19:877-83. 2004
    ..In this study we examined the hypothesis that G. lamblia may modulate the effect of other enteric pathogens during concurrent infection...
  54. ncbi Irritable bowel syndrome: a review on the role of intestinal protozoa and the importance of their detection and diagnosis
    D Stark
    St Vincent s Hospital, Department of Microbiology, Victoria St, Darlinghurst, NSW2010, Sydney, Australia
    Int J Parasitol 37:11-20. 2007
    ..It is essential that all patients with IBS undergo routine parasitological investigations in order to rule out the presence of protozoan parasites as the causative agents of the clinical signs...
  55. ncbi Giardiasis in the post genomic era: treatment, drug resistance and novel therapeutic perspectives
    Marco Lalle
    Dipartimento di Malattie Infettive, Parassitarie ed Immunomediate, Istituto Superiore di Sanita, Viale Regina Elena 299 00161 Rome, Italy
    Infect Disord Drug Targets 10:283-94. 2010
    ..G. duodenalis is the causative agent of giardiasis, the most common non-bacterial and non-viral diarrheal diseases affecting humans worldwide...
  56. ncbi Association of Helicobacter pylori infection and giardiasis: results from a study of surrogate markers for fecal exposure among children
    Edson Duarte Moreira
    Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Oswaldo Cruz Foundation, Brazilian Ministry of Health, Rua Waldemar Falcao 121 Salvador, Bahia, CEP 40 295 001, Brazil
    World J Gastroenterol 11:2759-63. 2005
    ..To investigate whether Helicobacter pylori (H pylori) infection is associated with hepatitis A virus (HAV) infection, presence of enteroparasites, and other surrogates of fecal exposure...
  57. pmc Protection against diarrhea associated with Giardia intestinalis Is lost with multi-nutrient supplementation: a study in Tanzanian children
    Jacobien Veenemans
    Cell Biology and Immunology Group, Wageningen University, Wageningen, The Netherlands
    PLoS Negl Trop Dis 5:e1158. 2011
    ..Impaired linear growth and cognition have been associated with giardiasis, presumably mediated by malabsorption of nutrients...
  58. doi Giardiasis--why do the symptoms sometimes never stop?
    Lucy J Robertson
    Parasitology Laboratory, Institute of Food Safety and Infection Biology, Norwegian School of Veterinary Science, Oslo, Norway
    Trends Parasitol 26:75-82. 2010
    Although giardiasis is considered by most medical practitioners to be an easily treated infection, prolonged symptoms due to, or following, Giardia duodenalis infection can have a significant impact on quality of life...
  59. doi Identification of Tritrichomonas foetus and Giardia spp. infection in pedigree show cats in New Zealand
    D D Kingsbury
    Institute of Veterinary, Animal and Biomedical Sciences, Massey University, Private Bag 11222, Palmerston North 4442, New Zealand
    N Z Vet J 58:6-10. 2010
    ..To establish the presence of Tritrichomonas foetus, to investigate the prevalence of co-infection with Giardia spp., and determine risk factors for T. foetus infection in pedigree show cats in New Zealand...
  60. ncbi Effect of Giardia infection on nutritional status in primary schoolchildren, in northwest Iran
    G H Ettehad
    Department of Basic Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, Ardabil University of Medical Sciences, Ardabil, Iran
    Pak J Biol Sci 13:229-34. 2010
    ..Based on the results found in this study, we conclude that Giardia infection may affect on some of anthropometric factors as well as the calorie and other nutrients intake in some of age groups...
  61. ncbi Identification of immunoreactive proteins during acute human giardiasis
    J E Daniel Palm
    Microbiology and Tumor Biology Center, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden
    J Infect Dis 187:1849-59. 2003
    ..Serum samples from 93 patients with acute giardiasis who were infected during a waterborne outbreak in a nonendemic country were screened on 1-dimensional Western ..
  62. doi Effect of Lactobacillus casei as a probiotic on modulation of giardiasis
    Geeta Shukla
    Department of Microbiology, Basic Medical Block, Panjab University, Chandigarh, 160014, India
    Dig Dis Sci 53:2671-9. 2008
    The present study was designed with the aim to study the modulation of giardiasis with natural intervention, i.e., Lactobacillus casei--a probiotic, in a murine model...
  63. pmc Central importance of immunoglobulin A in host defense against Giardia spp
    T Dianne Langford
    Department of Medicine, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, California 92093 0623, USA
    Infect Immun 70:11-8. 2002
    ..Moreover, B-cell-dependent but IgA-independent and B-cell-independent antigiardial host defenses exist but are less important for controlling infection...
  64. doi From mouse to moose: multilocus genotyping of Giardia isolates from various animal species
    Marianne Lebbad
    Department of Parasitology, Mycology and Environmental Microbiology, Swedish Institute for Infectious Disease Control, Solna, Sweden
    Vet Parasitol 168:231-9. 2010
    ..The obtained data also suggest that zoonotic transmission of assemblages A and B might occur to a limited extent in Sweden...
  65. pmc Role of CD8+ and CD4+ T lymphocytes in jejunal mucosal injury during murine giardiasis
    Kevin G E Scott
    Mucosal Inflammation Research Group, Department of Biological Sciences, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta T2N 1N4, Canada
    Infect Immun 72:3536-42. 2004
    ..Diffuse microvillous shortening seen in giardiasis is responsible for disaccharidase insufficiencies and malabsorption of electrolytes, nutrients, and water...
  66. ncbi Asymptomatic giardiasis and growth in young children; a longitudinal study in Salvador, Brazil
    M S Prado
    Institute of Public Health, Universidade Federal da Bahia, Salvador, BA, Brazil
    Parasitology 131:51-6. 2005
    This study sought to assess the effect of giardiasis on growth of young children...
  67. ncbi Molecular epidemiology of Giardia and Cryptosporidium infections in dairy calves originating from three sources in Western Australia
    K A Becher
    World Health Organization Collaborating Centre, Molecular Epidemiology of Parasitic Infections and Western Australian Biomedical Research Institute, Veterinary and Biomedical Sciences, Murdoch University, Murdoch, WA 6150, Australia
    Vet Parasitol 123:1-9. 2004
    ..Molecular characterization of isolates of Giardia and C. parvum recovered from calves demonstrated that only the occurrence Cryptosporidium represents a public health risk in terms of the potential for zoonotic transmission...
  68. ncbi Giardia lamblia carriage in Israeli Bedouin infants: risk factors and consequences
    D Fraser
    S Daniel Abraham International Center for Health and Nutrition, Faculty of Health Sciences, Ben Gurion University of the Negev, Beer Sheva, 84105, Israel
    Clin Infect Dis 30:419-24. 2000
    b>Giardiasis is a common protozoan infection, with varying clinical manifestations. We investigated the associations between Giardia lamblia carriage and environmental, family, illness, and growth characteristics...
  69. ncbi Occurrence of Cryptosporidium parvum and Giardia duodenalis in healthy adult domestic ruminants
    José Antonio Castro-Hermida
    Laboratorio de Parasitologia, Centro de Investigaciones Agrarias de Mabegondo Xunta de Galicia, Carretera C 542 de Betanzos a Mesón do Vento, Km 7, 5 CP 15318, Abegondo A Coruña, Galicia, Spain
    Parasitol Res 101:1443-8. 2007
    ..Assemblage B of G. duodenalis was also detected in one sheep sample. These animals should be considered as a possible source of cryptosporidiosis and giardiosis, thereby maintaining the infections on farms and in herds...
  70. ncbi Giardiasis as a predictor of childhood malnutrition in Orang Asli children in Malaysia
    M S Hesham Al-Mekhlafi
    Department of Parasitology, Faculty of Medicine, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Jalan Raja Muda Abdul Aziz, 50300, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
    Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 99:686-91. 2005
    A cross-sectional study to examine the association of giardiasis with protein-energy malnutrition, vitamin A deficiency and iron deficiency anaemia was conducted among Orang Asli children in Selangor, Malaysia...
  71. doi Giardiasis in dogs and cats: update on epidemiology and public health significance
    Lora R Ballweber
    Department of Microbiology, Immunology and Pathology, College of Veterinary Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO 80523, USA
    Trends Parasitol 26:180-9. 2010
    ..Because these genotypes are found primarily in humans, and no comprehensive studies to address zoonotic transmission of G. duodenalis are yet available, the potential role of dogs and cats cannot be conclusively excluded...
  72. pmc Use of passive surveillance data to study temporal and spatial variation in the incidence of giardiasis and cryptosporidiosis
    E N Naumova
    Dept of Family Medicine and Comm Health, Tufts University School of Medicine, Boston, MA 02111, USA
    Public Health Rep 115:436-47. 2000
    The goal of this study was to evaluate temporal and spatial variations in the reporting of cases of giardiasis and cryptosporidiosis to a passive surveillance system, and to assess the relationship of those variations to source of ..
  73. ncbi Current infection rate of Giardia lamblia in two provinces of Thailand
    Nuttapong Wongjindanon
    Department of Parasitology, Faculty of Medical Technology, Mahidol University, 2 Pran Nok Road, Bangkok 10700, Thailand
    Southeast Asian J Trop Med Public Health 36:21-5. 2005
    ..From this study, the data showed that parasitic infection acquired via fecal-oral route is still a significant problem for these two provinces of Thailand...
  74. ncbi Effects of giardiasis on school success, weight and height indices of primary school children in Turkey
    Ali Celiksoz
    Department of Parasitology, Faculty of Medicine Cumhuriyet University, Sivas, Turkey
    Pediatr Int 47:567-71. 2005
    ..3% and 28% (mean 13.8%) in Turkey. The aim of the present study was to investigate possible adverse effects of G. intestinalis on success at school, and the mean weight and height of primary school children in Sivas, Turkey...
  75. doi Giardiasis in kindergartens: prevalence study in Berlin, Germany, 2006
    D Sagebiel
    Department for Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Robert Koch Institute, DGZ Ring 1, 13086, Berlin, Germany
    Parasitol Res 105:681-7. 2009
    In Germany, an increase of notified giardiasis was observed between 2002 (n = 3,101) and 2007 (n = 3,651) with 62% of cases acquired in Germany. The highest incidence was reported in 1- to 5-year-olds (2001-2007, 11...
  76. pmc Seasonality in six enterically transmitted diseases and ambient temperature
    E N Naumova
    Department of Public Health and Family Medicine, Tufts University School of Medicine, Boston, MA 02111, USA
    Epidemiol Infect 135:281-92. 2007
    ..This highly relevant to disease surveillance approach can be used to generate and test hypotheses related to disease seasonality and potential routes of transmission with respect to environmental factors...
  77. pmc Drug targets and mechanisms of resistance in the anaerobic protozoa
    P Upcroft
    Queensland Institute of Medical Research and The Tropical Health Program, Australian Centre for International and Tropical Health and Nutrition, The University of Queensland, The Bancroft Centre, Brisbane, Queensland 4029, Australia
    Clin Microbiol Rev 14:150-64. 2001
    ..Comparison of resistance mechanisms in anaerobic bacteria and the parasitic protozoa is discussed as well as the value of studies of the epidemiology of resistance...
  78. doi Molecular characterization of Giardia intestinalis haplotypes in marine animals: variation and zoonotic potential
    Erica Lasek-Nesselquist
    Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Brown University, 80 Waterman Street, Providence, Rhode Island 02912, USA
    Dis Aquat Organ 81:39-51. 2008
    ..The presence of G. intestinalis in marine ecosystems raises concerns about how this disease might be transmitted among different host species...
  79. pmc Molecular characterization of Giardia isolates from calves and humans in a region in which dairy farming has recently intensified
    Cynthia L Winkworth
    Department of Zoology, University of Otago, P O Box 56, Dunedin, New Zealand
    Appl Environ Microbiol 74:5100-5. 2008
    b>Giardiasis is a notifiable disease of high prevalence in New Zealand, but there is limited knowledge about the sources of Giardia duodenalis genotypes that can potentially cause human infections...
  80. ncbi A descriptive epidemiology of giardiasis in New Zealand and gaps in surveillance data
    Ekramul Hoque
    Section of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Population Health, University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand
    N Z Med J 117:U1149. 2004
    ..Four years of giardiasis notification data were analysed to describe the epidemiological patterns of infection in New Zealand and ..
  81. doi High prevalence Giardia duodenalis assemblage B and potentially zoonotic subtypes in sporadic human cases in Western Australia
    Rongchang Yang
    Division of Veterinary and Biomedical Sciences, Murdoch University, Murdoch, WA 6150, Australia
    Int J Parasitol 40:293-7. 2010
    ..Fecal samples from sporadic human clinical cases of giardiasis in Western Australia were analysed at two loci; 18S rRNA and glutamate dehydrogenase (gdh), and G...
  82. ncbi Giardiasis in a white stork in The Netherlands
    F F Franssen
    Department of Parasitology and Tropical Veterinary Medicine, Institute of Infectious Diseases and Immunology, Utrecht University, The Netherlands
    J Wildl Dis 36:764-6. 2000
    ..ardeae type parasites...
  83. doi High genetic polymorphism among Giardia duodenalis isolates from Sahrawi children
    Marco Lalle
    Department of Infectious, Parasitic and Immunomediated Diseases, Istituto Superiore di Sanita, Viale Regina Elena, Rome, Italy
    Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 103:834-8. 2009
    Human giardiasis, the gastrointestinal infection caused by two genetically different groups (or assemblages) of Giardia duodenalis, is very common worldwide, and its prevalence is higher in developing countries...
  84. ncbi A descriptive analysis of giardiasis cases reported in Ontario, 1990-1998
    J D Greig
    Department of Population Medicine, Ontario Veterinary College, University of Guelph, Guelph, ON
    Can J Public Health 92:361-5. 2001
    Cases of giardiasis in Ontario were described using notifiable disease data from the Ontario Ministry of Health for the years 1990-1998 inclusive. The mean annual age- and sex-adjusted incidence rate was 25...
  85. ncbi An examination of the prevalence of and risk factors for shedding of Cryptosporidium spp. and Giardia spp. in cows and calves from western Canadian cow-calf herds
    Sheryl Gow
    Department of Large Animal Clinical Sciences, Western College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Saskatchewan, 52 Campus Drive, Saskatoon, Sask, Canada S7N 5B4
    Vet Parasitol 137:50-61. 2006
    ..4 (95% CI, 5.88-88.18; P < 0.001) and 150 (95% CI, 39.72-603.19; P < 0.001) times more likely, respectively, to be shedding Giardia spp. than calves < or = 4 days of age...
  86. doi Prevalence and molecular typing of Giardia spp. in captive mammals at the zoo of Zagreb, Croatia
    Relja Beck
    Department for Bacteriology and Parasitology, Croatian Veterinary Institute, Savska cesta 143, Zagreb, Croatia
    Vet Parasitol 175:40-6. 2011
    ..This is the first survey in a zoological garden to include a molecular characterization of the parasite, and provides novel sequence data of G. duodenalis from many previously uncharacterized hosts...
  87. pmc Severity of Giardia infection associated with post-infectious fatigue and abdominal symptoms two years after
    Kristine Mørch
    National Centre for Tropical Infectious Diseases, Haukeland University Hospital, Bergen, Norway
    BMC Infect Dis 9:206. 2009
    A high rate of post-infectious fatigue and abdominal symptoms two years after a waterborne outbreak of giardiasis in Bergen, Norway in 2004 has previously been reported...
  88. doi Multiple-subgenotype infections of Giardia intestinalis detected in Palestinian clinical cases using a subcloning approach
    Amjad I A Hussein
    Department of Parasitology, Graduate School of Medical Science, Kanazawa University, Ishikawa 920 8640, Japan
    Parasitol Int 58:258-62. 2009
    ..Therefore, subcloning approach is recommended in genotyping studies, especially in those conducted in giardiasis-endemic areas, where the repeated and cumulative infections could be commonly expected.
  89. doi Cryptosporidium and Giardia: treatment options and prospects for new drugs
    Jean Francois Rossignol
    Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Department of Medicine, Stanford University School of Medicine, Pasteur Drive MC 5187, Room 3115A, Stanford, CA 94305 5187, USA
    Exp Parasitol 124:45-53. 2010
    ..against Cryptosporidium, nitroimidazoles such as metronidazole or tinidazole are effective treatments for giardiasis and can be administered as a single dose...
  90. doi Gene polymorphism in transforming growth factor-beta codon 10 is associated with susceptibility to Giardiasis
    H Taherkhani
    Medical Parasitology Department, Golestan University of Medical Sciences, Gorgan, Iran
    Int J Immunogenet 36:345-9. 2009
    ..We sought to determine the association between TGF-beta1 polymorphism (T+869C) with susceptibility to Giardiasis. The TGF-beta1 genotypes and levels of salivary (S-IgA) were analysed in individuals with Giardiasis (97 ..
  91. ncbi Common variable immunodeficiency (CVID) presenting with malabsorption due to giardiasis
    Kevser Onbasi
    Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Immunology, Medical Faculty, Yuzuncu Yil University, 65040 Van, Turkey
    Turk J Gastroenterol 16:111-3. 2005
    ..detected widespread macroscopic nodular appearance on duodenum, and biopsies from the duodenum revealed giardiasis invading the tissue. She was diagnosed as common variable immunodeficiency...
  92. ncbi Multiple modes of transmission of giardiasis in primary schoolchildren of a rural community, Thailand
    Supawat Ratanapo
    Department of Military and Community Medicine, Phramongkutklao College of Medicine, Ratchathewi, Bangkok, Thailand
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 78:611-5. 2008
    In February 2005, we conducted a cross-sectional study to determine the prevalence and the risk factors of giardiasis in 531 primary schoolchildren of a rural community, Chacheongsao province, Thailand...
  93. ncbi Treatment of patients with refractory giardiasis
    T E Nash
    Laboratory of Parasitic Diseases, National Institutes of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 33:22-8. 2001
    ..patients, including patients with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome as well as healthy patients, have giardiasis that is refractory to recommended regimens...
  94. ncbi Current trends in research into the waterborne parasite Giardia
    Samantha Lane
    School of Biosciences, Microbiology, Cardiff University, Wales, UK
    Crit Rev Microbiol 28:123-47. 2002
    ..The phylogeny of the organism remains uncertain, but there is a growing opinion that Giardia is not an ancient primitive eukaryote, but that it is derived from a more complex mitochondria-containing protozoon...
  95. ncbi Duodenal nodular lymphoid hyperplasia caused by giardiasis infection in a patient who is immunodeficient
    Andreas De Weerth
    Department of Medicine, Pathology, and Interdisciplinary Endoscopy, Universitaetsklinikum Eppendorf, Hamburg, Germany
    Gastrointest Endosc 55:605-7. 2002
  96. ncbi Genetic characterization of Giardia lamblia isolates from Egyptian patients with relation to clinical giardiasis
    Samir M Abdel-Moneim
    Department of Clinical Biochemistry, Faculty of Medicine, Universities of Suez Canal, Egypt
    J Egypt Soc Parasitol 38:547-60. 2008
    Investigators tried to correlate clinical presentation of giardiasis to the different genotypes, but controversial data were described through the last decade...
  97. ncbi [Giardiasis as differential diagnosis in diarrhea outbreaks in child day centers. Written hygienic guidelines and adequate testing can reduce the transmission]
    Bo Svenungsson
    Smittskyddsenheten, Stockholms läns landsting, Stockholm
    Lakartidningen 104:500-3. 2007
  98. doi Relationship between the rate of giardiasis and knowledge and practice of prevention in primary school children in south of Tehran
    Azam Hedayati
    Health Education Department, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran
    Parasitol Res 104:169-71. 2008
    ..The,n both groups were checked three times for Giardia infection. The rate increased to 23.3% in the case group and 86.7% in the control group, showing a significant difference between two groups (p < 0.05)...
  99. ncbi Giardiasis: pathophysiology and management
    Jason Hawrelak
    Southern Cross University, School of Natural and Complementary Medicine, PO Box 157, Lismore NSW 2480, Australia
    Altern Med Rev 8:129-42. 2003
    ..The most beneficial way to treat giardiasis naturally may be through a combination approach, utilizing both nutritional interventions and phytotherapeutic ..
  100. ncbi Giardiasis aggravates malabsorption in cystic fibrosis
    J Walkowiak
    Institute of Pediatrics, Dept of Gastroenterology and Metabolism, Karol Marcinkowski University of Medical Sciences, Poznan, Poland
    Scand J Gastroenterol 39:607-8. 2004
  101. doi Coexistence of symptomatic iron-deficiency anemia and duodenal nodular lymphoid hyperplasia due to giardiasis: case report
    Erhun Kasirga
    Celal Bayar University Faculty of Medicine, Manisa, Turkey
    Pediatr Hematol Oncol 26:57-61. 2009
    ..At upper endoscopy, duodenal mucosa was diffusely nodular. Histopathologic evaluation of biopsy samples from the duodenum revealed infection with Giardia intestinalis. His anemia improved with metronidazole and iron treatment...

Research Grants75

  1. DOUBLE STRANDED RNA VIRUS IN GIARDIA
    C Wang; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..GLV infects specifically the trophozoites of Giardia lamblia, the causative agent of human giardiasis and one of the earliest eukaryotes...
  2. DOUBLE-STRANDED RNA VIRUSES IN TRICHOMONAS & GIARDIA
    C Wang; Fiscal Year: 1993
    Trichomoniasis and giardiasis are two prevalent human parasitic diseases in the world...
  3. Next-generation 5-nitroimidazoles against giardiasis
    Lars Eckmann; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..AIM 2 is to evaluate the efficacy of carefully selected next generation 5-Nls in animal models of giardiasis. We will evaluate the most potent new compounds identified in Aim 1 in murine models, and will then test the ..
  4. Molecular architecture, function and biogenesis of the ventral disc in Giardia in
    Scott Dawson; Fiscal Year: 2009
    b>Giardiasis is the most common cause of acute protozoan intestinal infection worldwide, and chronic giardiasis is a major contributor to high morbidity in developing countries...
  5. MOLECULAR AND GENETIC ANALYSIS OF FLAGELLAR DYNEINS
    David R Mitchell; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..They are also essential in the life cycles of many protozoan organisms that cause human diseases, such as trypanosomiasis, leishmaniasis, malaria, giardiasis, and trichosomiasis.
  6. Translation Regulation in Giardia lamblia
    CHING CHUNG WANG; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..unique complex with the anticipation that its distinctive properties will make it an attractive target for anti-giardiasis chemotherapy...
  7. Giardia drug targets: Structure, function and inhibitors
    Osnat Herzberg; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Drugs commonly used against anaerobic protozoa are used to treat giardiasis. However, they produce undesirable side effects, clinical resistance may occur in both immunocompromised and ..
  8. Giardia drug targets: Structure, function and inhibitors
    Osnat Herzberg; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Drugs commonly used against anaerobic protozoa are used to treat giardiasis. However, they produce undesirable side effects, clinical resistance may occur in both immunocompromised and ..
  9. Envirnomental Health Specialist Network
    Richard Danila; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..water ?rograms and activities in Minnesota for small, non-Safe Drinking Water Act Sources, and detailed studies to ivaluate the potential relationship of human cryptosporidiosis and giardiasis cases to these systems.
  10. Envirnomental Health Specialist Network
    Richard Danila; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..water programs and activities in Minnesota for small, non-Safe Drinking Water Act Sources, and detailed studies to ivaluate the potential relationship of human cryptosporidiosis and giardiasis cases to these systems.
  11. Envirnomental Health Specialist Network
    RICHARD NORMAN DANILA; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..water ?rograms and activities in Minnesota for small, non-Safe Drinking Water Act Sources, and detailed studies to ivaluate the potential relationship of human cryptosporidiosis and giardiasis cases to these systems.
  12. 2006 Biology of Host-Parasite Interactions Gordon Research Conference
    Elisabetta Ullu; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..not limited to) malaria, toxoplasmosis, African and American trypanosomiasis, leishmaniasis, trichomoniasis, giardiasis and entamoebiasis...
  13. Characterization of the Giardia lamblia Transcriptome
    ANDREW MCARTHUR; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..b>Giardiasis is a major contributor to the enormous worldwide burden of human diarrheal diseases, yet the basic biology of ..
  14. Impact of vitamin A and zinc on diarrheal disease
    KURT LONG; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..These studies will provide the necessary training in epidemiology and immunology that will further prepare the applicant for a career as an independent investigator in the biomedical sciences. ..