Genomes and Genes
Summary: Infestations with soft-bodied (Argasidae) or hard-bodied (Ixodidae) ticks.
Publications261 found, 100 shown here
- Reduced abundance of Ixodes scapularis (Acari: Ixodidae) and the tick parasitoid Ixodiphagus hookeri (Hymenoptera: Encyrtidae) with reduction of white-tailed deerKirby C Stafford
Connecticut Agricultural Experiment Station, 123 Huntington Street, Box 1106, New Haven, CT 06504, USA
J Med Entomol 40:642-52. 2003..scapularis at comparable deer and tick densities, suggesting that there is a threshold deer density of approximatley 10-20/km2, with corresponding tick densities necessary for I. hookeri to successfully parasitize I. scapularis...
- Tick ecology: processes and patterns behind the epidemiological risk posed by ixodid ticks as vectorsS E Randolph
Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, South Parks Road, Oxford OX1 3PS, UK
Parasitology 129:S37-65. 2004..Temperate and tropical patterns will be illustrated with reference mostly to Ixodes ricinus and Rhipicephalus appendiculatus, respectively...
- Seasonal dynamics of the brown dog tick, Rhipicephalus sanguineus, on a confined dog population in ItalyV Lorusso
Dipartimento di Sanità Pubblica e Zootecnia, Universita degli Studi di Bari, Valenzano, Bari, Italy
Med Vet Entomol 24:309-15. 2010..This information should be taken into account when planning control programmes against this tick species and the pathogens it transmits...
- The brown dog tick, Rhipicephalus sanguineus (Latreille, 1806) (Acari: Ixodidae): from taxonomy to controlFilipe Dantas-Torres
Departamento de Imunologia, Centro de Pesquisas Aggeu Magalhaes, Fundacao Oswaldo Cruz, Caixa Postal 7472, Avenida Professor Moraes Rego s n, Campus UFPE, Recife, Pernambuco, Brazil
Vet Parasitol 152:173-85. 2008..sanguineus, highlighting the potential risks associated to the improper use of acaricides, such as environmental pollution and toxicity to humans and other non-target organisms (e.g., tick predators)...
- Forest structure and roe deer abundance predict tick-borne encephalitis risk in ItalyAnnapaola Rizzoli
Fondazione Edmund Mach, Centro Ricerca e Innovazione, Michele all Adige, Italy
PLoS ONE 4:e4336. 2009..Although a number of socio-economic parameters have been suggested to explain TBE upsurges in eastern Europe, the principal driving factors in relatively stable western European countries have not been identified...
- Tick-borne infectious diseases of dogsS E Shaw
Dept of Clinical Veterinary Sciences, University of Bristol, Langford House, Langford, Bristol, UK BS40 5DU
Trends Parasitol 17:74-80. 2001....
- Ixodid tick species attaching to dogs in HungaryGábor Földvári
Department of Parasitology and Zoology, Faculty of Veterinary Science, St Istvan University, P O Box 2, Budapest H 1400, Hungary
Vet Parasitol 129:125-31. 2005..Our data contribute to the understanding of geographical and seasonal distribution of ixodid tick species infesting dogs in Hungary. The implication of these data, for the risk of canine tick borne diseases is discussed...
- Microclimate and the zoonotic cycle of tick-borne encephalitis virus in SwitzerlandC Burri
Institute of Biology, Laboratory of Eco Epidemiology of Parasites, University of Neuchatel, Emile Argand 11, 2000 Neuch and tel, Switzerland
J Med Entomol 48:615-27. 2011..The proportion of hosts with cofeeding ticks seemed to be one of the factors that distinguished a TBEV focus from a non-TBEV focus. The enzootic cycle of TBEV might be disrupted when dry and hot springs occur during consecutive years...
- Risk factors to tick infestations and their occurrence on horses in the state of São Paulo, BrazilM B Labruna
Departamento de Medicina Veterinaria Preventiva e Saude Animal, Faculdade de Medicina Veterinaria e Zootecnia, Universidade de Sao Paulo, Av Prof Orlando Marques de Paiva, 87 Cidade Universitária, SP 05508 000, Sao Paulo, Brazil
Vet Parasitol 97:1-14. 2001..cajennense on the horses...
- Biological control of ticksM Samish
Dept of Parasitology, Kimron Veterinary Institute, P O Box 12, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Parasitology 129:S389-403. 2004..Considerable research is required to select appropriate strains, develop them as BCAs, establish their effectiveness, and devise production strategies to bring them to practical use...
- Five decades of tick-man interaction in Denmark--an analysisP M Jensen
Zoology Section, Department of Ecology, The Royal Veterinary and Agricultural University, Thorvaldsensvej 40, DK 1871 Frederiksberg, Denmark
Exp Appl Acarol 35:131-46. 2005..In conclusion, the perceived tick densities appear to be consistent with the current knowledge of tick ecology and tick-transmitted diseases...
- Tick infestation on roe deer in relation to geographic and remotely sensed climatic variables in a tick-borne encephalitis endemic areaG Carpi
Centre for Alpine Ecology, Viote del Monte Bondone, Trento, Italy
Epidemiol Infect 136:1416-24. 2008..The surveillance of tick infestation on roe deer, combined with remotely sensed climatic data, could therefore be used as an inexpensive early risk assessment tool of favourable conditions for TBE emergence and persistence in humans...
- Introduced Siberian chipmunks are more heavily infested by ixodid ticks than are native bank voles in a suburban forest in FranceB Pisanu
Museum national d histoire naturelle, Département Ecologie et Gestion de la Biodiversité, UMR 7204 CERSP, MNHN CNRS P6, 61 rue Buffon, CP 53, 75231 Paris Cedex 05, France
Int J Parasitol 40:1277-83. 2010..Introduced chipmunks may thus have an important role in the dynamics of local vector-borne pathogens compared with native reservoir hosts such as bank voles...
- Effects of deer density on tick infestation of rodents and the hazard of tick-borne encephalitis. I: empirical assessmentF Cagnacci
Department of Biodiversity and Molecular Ecology, Research and Innovation Centre, Fondazione Edmund Mach, Via E Mach 1, I 38010 San Michele all Adige, Trento, Italy
Int J Parasitol 42:365-72. 2012....
- Utilisation of rodent species by larvae and nymphs of hard ticks (Ixodidae) in two habitats in NE PolandAnna Paziewska
University of Warsaw, Warsaw, Poland
Exp Appl Acarol 50:79-91. 2010..The impact of habitat change (in this case successional change following field abandonment) on tick densities is emphasised, and the role of Apodemus as an epidemiological bridge, linking woodland and field habitats, is highlighted...
- Multiple causes of variable tick burdens on small-mammal hostsJesse L Brunner
Cary Institute of Ecosystem Studies, Millbrook, New York 12545, USA
Ecology 89:2259-72. 2008..Predicting which individuals those are is not yet possible...
- Ir-LBP, an ixodes ricinus tick salivary LTB4-binding lipocalin, interferes with host neutrophil functionJerome Beaufays
Laboratory for Molecular Biology of Ectoparasites, IBMM, Universite Libre de Bruxelles, Gosselies, Belgium
PLoS ONE 3:e3987. 2008..During their blood meal, ticks secrete a wide variety of proteins that can interfere with their host's defense mechanisms. Among these proteins, lipocalins play a major role in the modulation of the inflammatory response...
- Risk indicators for the tick Ixodes ricinus and Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato in SwedenT G T Jaenson
Department of Systematic Biology, Medical Entomology Unit, Evolutionary Biology Centre, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden
Med Vet Entomol 23:226-37. 2009..burgdorferi s.l. can occur in: (a) biotopes with shrews, rodents, hares and birds; (b) biotopes with shrews, rodents, hares, deer and birds, and (c) island locations where the varying hare (Lepus timidus) is the only mammalian tick host...
- Vaccination against ticks (Boophilus spp.): the experience with the Bm86-based vaccine GavacJ de la Fuente
Division of Mammalian Cell Genetics, Centro de Ingenieria Genetica y Biotecnologia, Havana, Cuba
Genet Anal 15:143-8. 1999The control of tick infestations and the transmission of tick-borne diseases remain a challenge for the cattle industry in tropical and subtropical areas of the world...
- Effect of deer density on tick infestation of rodents and the hazard of tick-borne encephalitis. II: population and infection modelsL Bolzoni
Department of Biodiversity and Molecular Ecology, Research and Innovation Centre Fondazione Edmund Mach, San Michele all Adige, Trento, Italy
Int J Parasitol 42:373-81. 2012..As a consequence, using simply the number of ticks per rodent as a predictor of TBE transmission potential could be misleading if competent hosts share habitats with incompetent hosts...
- Invasion of the lyme disease vector Ixodes scapularis: implications for Borrelia burgdorferi endemicitySarah A Hamer
Department of Fisheries and Wildlife, Michigan State University, 13 Natural Resources Building, East Lansing, MI 48824, USA
Ecohealth 7:47-63. 2010....
- Temporal distribution of Ixodes ricinus, Dermacentor reticulatus and Haemaphysalis concinna in HungaryZ Széll
Department of Parasitology, Central Veterinary Institute, H 1149 Budapest, Tábornok u 2, Hungary
Vet Parasitol 141:377-9. 2006..The temporal distribution of the three tick species might be used for predictions on the seasonality of tick-borne diseases in Hungary...
- Dermacentor variabilis and boophilus microplus (Acari: Ixodidae): experimental vectors of Babesia equi to equidsDavid Stiller
J Med Entomol 39:667-70. 2002..variabilis and adult B. microplus, tick species that occur on equids in North America and, in the case of the latter tick, also extensively in tropical and subtropical regions of the world, may be competent natural vectors of B. equi..
- Ticks feeding on humans: a review of records on human-biting Ixodoidea with special reference to pathogen transmissionA Estrada-Pena
Departamento de Parasitologia, Facultad de Veterinaria, Miguel Servet, Zaragoza, Spain
Exp Appl Acarol 23:685-715. 1999..Finally, despite the fact that most people who are bitten destroy the offending tick in disgust, it is recommended that they preserve specimens in ethanol for taxonomic identification and detection of pathogens by molecular methods...
- The prevention of transmission of Babesia canis canis by Dermacentor reticulatus ticks to dogs using a novel combination of fipronil, amitraz and (S)-methopreneFrans Jongejan
Utrecht Centre for Tick borne Diseases UCTD, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Utrecht University, Yalelaan 1, 3584 CL Utrecht, The Netherlands
Vet Parasitol 179:343-50. 2011..Therefore, the treatment of dogs with CERTIFECT applied up to 28 days prior to infestation with D. reticulatus harbouring B. canis canis, successfully prevented the development of clinical signs of canine babesiosis...
- Distribution and ecology of ticks (Acari: Ixodidae) infesting livestock in Tunisia: an overview of eighth years field collectionsA Bouattour
Laboratoire d entomologie médicale, Institut Pasteur de Tunis, Tunisia
Parassitologia 41:5-10. 1999..Rhipicephalus sanguineus, tick of dogs, were often collected on livestock. Only few specimens of Hyalomma marginatum rufipes and Hyalomma franchinii were collected...
- Protective efficacy of bacterial membranes containing surface-exposed BM95 antigenic peptides for the control of cattle tick infestationsMario Canales
Instituto de Investigacion en Recursos Cinegeticos IREC CSIC UCLM JCCM, Ronda de Toledo s n, 13005 Ciudad Real, Spain
Vaccine 27:7244-8. 2009..Boophilus) microplus BM86 and BM95 glycoproteins are homologous proteins that protect cattle against tick infestations. In this study, we demonstrated that the recombinant chimeric protein comprising tick BM95 immunogenic ..
- Seasonal dynamics of the Cayenne tick, Amblyomma cajennense on horses in BrazilP R Oliveira
Escola de Veterinária da Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Brazil
Med Vet Entomol 17:412-6. 2003..It was observed that 25% of the horses carried 41% of the infesting ticks, and 20% carried only 10% of the ticks during the entire period of the study...
- Factors influencing heartworm, flea, and tick preventative use in patients presenting to a veterinary teaching hospitalMaureen C Gates
School of Veterinary Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, 3800 Spruce St, Philadelphia, PA 19104, United States
Prev Vet Med 93:193-200. 2010..05) associated with preventative use in the multivariate analysis. Findings from this study emphasize target areas for increasing owner compliance...
- Empirical evidence for key hosts in persistence of a tick-borne diseaseSarah E Perkins
Institute of Biological Sciences, University of Stirling, Scotland Stirling, FK9 4LA, UK
Int J Parasitol 33:909-17. 2003..However, individuals can change their functional status over time making it difficult to predict the contribution of these individuals to future transmission...
- Tick-borne encephalitis virus in northern Italy: molecular analysis, relationships with density and seasonal dynamics of Ixodes ricinusP J Hudson
Department of Biological and Molecular Science, University of Stirling, Scotland
Med Vet Entomol 15:304-13. 2001..ricinus was observed. This study provides evidence to suggest that roe deer may have an important role to play in the maintenance of tick density and in the persistence of TBE virus...
- Why is tick-borne encephalitis increasing? A review of the key factors causing the increasing incidence of human TBE in SwedenThomas G T Jaenson
Medical Entomology Unit, Department of Systematic Biology, Evolutionary Biology Centre, Uppsala University, Norbyvagen 18D, Uppsala SE 752 36, Sweden
Parasit Vectors 5:184. 2012..Precipitation during June and July was rich and will lead to a "good mushroom season". These factors together are likely to result in a TBE incidence of 2012 similar to or higher than that of 2011...
- Application of 10% imidacloprid/50% permethrin to prevent Ehrlichia canis exposure in dogs under natural conditionsDomenico Otranto
Department of Veterinary Public Health, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Bari, Valenzano, Bari, Italy
Vet Parasitol 153:320-8. 2008..canis at one or both follow-ups. ImPer, by virtue of its repellent and acaricidal activity against ticks, has been shown to be efficacious to prevent E. canis infection in treated dogs living under natural conditions in endemic areas...
- Ixodid ticks in Bosnia and HerzegovinaJasmin Omeragic
Department of Parasitology and Invasive Diseases, Veterinary Faculty Sarajevo, University of Sarajevo, Zmaja od Bosne 90, 71000 Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina
Exp Appl Acarol 53:301-9. 2011....
- Prevalence, distribution and risk associated with tick infestation of dogs in Great BritainF D Smith
Veterinary Parasitology and Ecology Group, School of Biological Sciences, University of Bristol, U K
Med Vet Entomol 25:377-84. 2011..Without these future changes will not be detected. Here, the distribution and prevalence of tick infestations of domestic dogs in Great Britain were examined...
- Determinants of tick-borne encephalitis virus antibody presence in roe deer (Capreolus capreolus) seraC Kiffner
Department of Forest Zoology and Forest Conservation incl Wildlife Biology and Game Management, Büsgen Institute, Georg August University Gottingen, Büsgenweg 3, Gottingen, Germany
Med Vet Entomol 26:18-25. 2012..Importantly, using roe deer as sentinels would eliminate the inherent bias of risk maps based on human incidence (varying levels of immunization and exposure of humans)...
- First report of a Rhipicephalus microplus tick population multi-resistant to acaricides and ivermectin in the Mexican tropicsA Fernández-Salas
Centro de Enseñanza, Investigación y Extensión en Ganadería Tropical, Facultad de Medicina Veterinaria y Zootecnia, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, Martínez de la Torre, Veracruz, Mexico
Vet Parasitol 183:338-42. 2012..The uncontrolled use of these products in the study area may promote the complete failure of tick control within a short period of time...
- Prevalence of Babesia canis, Borrelia afzelii, and Anaplasma phagocytophilum infection in hard ticks removed from dogs in Warsaw (central Poland)Wojciech Zygner
Division of Parasitology and Parasitic Diseases, Department of Preclinical Sciences, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Warsaw Agricultural University, Ciszewskiego 8, 02 786 Warsaw, Poland
Vet Parasitol 153:139-42. 2008..This work is the first detection of B. afzelii and A. phagocytophilum in ticks from Warsaw, and the first survey for the prevalence of B. canis, B. afzelii, and A. phagocytophilum in ticks in central Poland...
- Evaluation of an imidacloprid (8.8% w/w)--permethrin (44.0% w/w) topical spot-on and a fipronil (9.8% w/w)--(S)-methoprene (8.8% w/w) topical spot-on to repel, prevent attachment, and kill adult Rhipicephalus sanguineus and Dermacentor variabilis ticks onM W Dryden
Department of Diagnostic Medicine Pathobiology, College of Veterinary Medicine, Kansas State University, Manhattan, KS 66506, USA
Vet Ther 7:187-98. 2006..sanguineus and D. variabilis during the study period. The fipronil--(S)-methoprene formulation provided good overall tick control during the study period...
- Studies on the epidemiology of tropical theileriosis (Theileria annulata infection) in cattle in Central Anatolia, TurkeyF Sayin
Department of Protozoology and Medical Entomology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Ankara, 06110 Ankara, Turkey
Trop Anim Health Prod 35:521-39. 2003..The two different management systems encountered in the study were considered to have influenced the tick infestation levels...
- Vaccination with BM86, subolesin and akirin protective antigens for the control of tick infestations in white tailed deer and red deerDiana Carreón
Instituto de Ecología Aplicada, Universidad Autonoma de Tamaulipas, Avenida División del Golfo 356, Col Libertad, 87019 Ciudad Victoria, Tamaulipas, Mexico
Vaccine 30:273-9. 2012..These factors stress the importance of controlling tick infestations in deer and several methods such as culling and acaricide treatment have been used...
- Personality, space use and tick load in an introduced population of Siberian chipmunks Tamias sibiricusNelly Boyer
Canada Research Chair in Behavioural Ecology, Groupe de Recherche en Ecologie Comportementale et Animale, Departement des Sciences Biologiques, Universite du Quebec a Montreal, Quebec H3C 3P8, Canada
J Anim Ecol 79:538-47. 2010..We investigated the role of host activity and exploration on hard tick infestations of marked individuals in a population of Siberian chipmunks Tamias sibiricus introduced in a suburban French ..
- Association of the bovine leukocyte antigen major histocompatibility complex class II DRB3*4401 allele with host resistance to the Lone Star tick, Amblyomma americanumPia M Untalan
USDA ARS, Knipling Bushland US Livestock Insect Research Laboratory, Kerrville, TX 78028, USA
Vet Parasitol 145:190-5. 2007..Elucidation of the mechanism involved in tick resistance will contribute to improving breeding schemes for parasite resistance, which will be beneficial to the cattle industry...
- Conservation and immunogenicity of the mosquito ortholog of the tick-protective antigen, subolesinMario Canales
Instituto de Investigación en Recursos Cinegéticos IREC, Ciudad Real, Spain
Parasitol Res 105:97-111. 2009..subolesin ortholog antigen did not protect against Amblyomma americanum and Rhipicephalus sanguineus tick infestations. Collectively, these preliminary results provided the first evidence that development of vaccines may be ..
- Association of Borrelia afzelii with rodents in EuropeK Hanincová
Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine, Norfolk Place, London W2 1PG, UK
Parasitology 126:11-20. 2003..afzelii is specifically maintained by European rodents, validating the concept of host-association of B. burgdorferi s.l...
- Pathogens and symbionts in ticks: prevalence of Anaplasma phagocytophilum (Ehrlichia sp.), Wolbachia sp., Rickettsia sp., and Babesia sp. in Southern GermanyKathrin Hartelt
Baden Wuerttemberg State Health Office, Stuttgart, Germany
Int J Med Microbiol 293:86-92. 2004..Three of all Babesia-positive ticks were identified as harboring Babesia microti. The detection of Anaplasma phagocytophilum, Rickettsia sp. and Babesia sp. demonstrates their possible role as a source of human infection in Germany...
- Short report: duration of tick attachment required for transmission of powassan virus by deer ticksGregory D Ebel
Arbovirus Laboratories, Wadsworth Center, New York State Department of Health, Slingerlands, New York 12159, USA
Am J Trop Med Hyg 71:268-71. 2004....
- Reptile infection with Anaplasma phagocytophilum, the causative agent of granulocytic anaplasmosisNathan C Nieto
Department of Medicine and Epidemiology, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California, Davis, California 95616, USA
J Parasitol 95:1165-70. 2009..Our findings suggest that lizards and snakes are exposed to A. phagocytophilum by infected ticks, but that they do not serve as primary reservoir hosts of this rickettsia...
- Cloning, expression and immunoprotective efficacy of rHaa86, the homologue of the Bm86 tick vaccine antigen, from Hyalomma anatolicum anatolicumP Azhahianambi
Indian Veterinary Research Institute, Izatnagar, India
Parasite Immunol 31:111-22. 2009..The data demonstrated that rHaa86 antigen based vaccine could serve as one of the effective components in the integrated control of H. a. anatolicum...
- Tick vaccines and the transmission of tick-borne pathogensJ de la Fuente
Department of Veterinary Pathobiology, Center for Veterinary Health Sciences, Oklahoma State University, 250 McElroy Hall, Stillwater, OK 74078, USA
Vet Res Commun 31:85-90. 2007..using Bm86 and Bm95 tick gut antigens demonstrated the feasibility of using vaccines for control of tick infestations. These vaccines also reduced transmission of tick-borne pathogens by decreasing exposure of susceptible ..
- Identification and characterization of Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus candidate protective antigens for the control of cattle tick infestationsConsuelo Almazan
Facultad de Medicina Veterinaria y Zootecnia, Universidad Autonoma de Tamaulipas, Km 5 carretera Victoria Mante, CP 87000, Victoria, Tamaulipas, Mexico
Parasitol Res 106:471-9. 2010..The recombinant Rhipicephalus microplus Bm86 antigen has been shown to protect cattle against tick infestations. However, variable efficacy of Bm86-based vaccines against geographic tick strains has encouraged the ..
- Movement of Rhipicephalus sanguineus adults between co-housed dogs during active feedingSusan E Little
Department of Veterinary Pathobiology, Center for Veterinary Health Sciences, Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, OK, United States
Vet Parasitol 150:139-45. 2007....
- Boophilus microplus: the pattern of bovine immunoglobulin isotype responses to high and low tick infestationsSuely S Kashino
Empresa Brasileira de Pesquisa Agropecuária Embrapa, Brasilia DF, Brazil
Exp Parasitol 110:12-21. 2005..These results indicate that tick infestations suppress the IgG antibody response in susceptible breeds, that IgE antibodies are not protective, and that ..
- Incidence from coincidence: patterns of tick infestations on rodents facilitate transmission of tick-borne encephalitis virusS E Randolph
Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, UK
Parasitology 118:177-86. 1999..This identifies the particular climatic factors that permit such patterns of tick seasonal dynamics as the primary predictors for the focal distribution of TBE...
- The United States Department of Agriculture's Northeast Area-wide Tick Control Project: summary and conclusionsJoe Mathews Pound
Knipling Bushland U S Livestock Insects Research Laboratory, Agricultural Research Service, U S Department of Agriculture, Kerrville, Texas 78028 9184, USA
Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis 9:439-48. 2009....
- Efficacy of slow-release collar formulations of imidacloprid/flumethrin and deltamethrin and of spot-on formulations of fipronil/(s)-- methoprene, dinotefuran/pyriproxyfen/permethrin and (s) -methoprene/amitraz/fipronil against Rhipicephalus sanguineus anIvan G Horak
Department of Zoology and Entomology, University of the Free State, Bloemfontein 9301, South Africa
Parasit Vectors 5:79. 2012....
- Testosterone depresses innate and acquired resistance to ticks in natural rodent hosts: a force for aggregated distributions of parasitesV L Hughes
Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, UK
J Parasitol 87:49-54. 2001..sylvaticus) were investigated by manipulating testosterone levels and exposing the hosts to repeated tick infestations. Testosterone reduced both innate and acquired resistance to tick feeding...
- Dynamics of tick infestations in foxes in Thuringia, GermanyElisabeth Meyer-Kayser
Thüringer Landesamt für Lebensmittelsicherheit und Verbraucherschutz TLLV, Bad Langensalza, Germany
Ticks Tick Borne Dis 3:232-9. 2012This study aimed to provide up-to-date information on the dynamics of tick infestations on foxes in Thuringia, as the most recent information available was published in 1997...
- Shifts in the distributional ranges of Boophilus ticks in Tanzania: evidence that a parapatric boundary between Boophilus microplus and B. decoloratus follows climate gradientsGodelieve Lynen
Ministry of Water and Livestock Development, Veterinary Investigation Centre, P O Box 1068, Arusha, Tanzania
Exp Appl Acarol 44:147-64. 2008..microplus. It can be anticipated that climate changes may enhance the spread of B. microplus and consequently Babesia bovis into new areas of the African continent...
- Differential virulence in two congeneric ticks infesting songbird nestlingsDieter J A Heylen
Evolutionary Ecology Group, University of Antwerp, Groenenborgerlaan 171, B 2020 Antwerpen, Belgium
Parasitology 138:1011-21. 2011....
- Ticks and associated pathogens collected from dogs and cats in BelgiumEdwin Claerebout
Laboratory of Parasitology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Ghent University, Merelbeke, Belgium
Parasit Vectors 6:183. 2013..are vectors of pathogens causing babesiosis, borreliosis, anaplasmosis, rickettsiosis and TBEV...
- Seasonal and spatial distribution of ixodid tick species feeding on naturally infested dogs from Eastern Austria and the influence of acaricides/repellents on these parametersGeorg G Duscher
Institute of Parasitology, Department of Pathobiology, University of Veterinary Medicine Vienna, Veterinaerplatz 1, Vienna A 1210, Austria
Parasit Vectors 6:76. 2013..The particular time of the year when the different tick species start to quest and the favoured sites on the canine host are of major interest. The efficacy of acaricides/repellents to control ticks in the field requires observation...
- Hepatozoon kisrae n. sp. infecting the lizard Agama stellio is transmitted by the tick Hyalomma cf. aegyptiumI Paperna
Department of Animal Sciences, Faculty of Agricultural, Food and Environmental Sciences, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Rehovot 76 100, Israel
Parasite 9:17-27. 2002..Ticks become infected when fed on infected lizards; sporogony was complete when the ticks reached adult stage, over 40 days after initial attachment...
- Effect of owner-controlled acaricidal treatment on tick infestation and immune response to tick-borne pathogens in naturally infested dogs from Eastern AustriaMichael Leschnik
Small Animal Clinic, Department for Companion Animals, University of Veterinary Medicine Vienna, Veterinaerplatz 1, Vienna, A 1210, Austria
Parasit Vectors 6:62. 2013..Information about the current infection status and changes of the infection status regarding tick-borne diseases (TBD) in dogs treated by the owner's controlled acaricide application is lacking...
- Characterization of ferritin 2 for the control of tick infestationsOndrej Hajdusek
Institute of Parasitology, Biology Centre, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Branisovska 31, 37005 Ceske Budejovice, Czech Republic
Vaccine 28:2993-8. 2010..Development of vaccines directed against tick proteins may reduce tick infestations and the transmission of tick-borne pathogens...
- Ixodid ticks on ruminants, with on-host initiated moulting (apolysis) of Ixodes, Haemaphysalis and Dermacentor larvaeS Hornok
Department of Parasitology and Zoology, Faculty of Veterinary Science, Szent Istvan University, Istvan u 2, 1078 Budapest, Hungary
Vet Parasitol 187:350-3. 2012..This is the first survey involving four species of domestic and wild ruminants in Europe to compare the host-preference of ixodid ticks in the same region...
- Parasites of domestic and wild animals in South Africa. XLIII. Ixodid ticks of domestic dogs and cats in the Western Cape ProvinceI G Horak
Department of Veterinary Tropical Diseases, Faculty of Veterinary Science, University of Pretoria, Onderstepoort, South Africa
Onderstepoort J Vet Res 70:187-95. 2003..sanguineus were collected during October 2000, February and March 2001, from January to April 2002 and during October 2002. Five ixodid tick species, of which H. leachi was the most numerous and prevalent, were collected from cats...
- Pathogens and symbionts in ticks: a survey on tick species distribution and presence of tick-transmitted micro-organisms in Sardinia, ItalyGiuseppe Satta
Istituto Zooprofilattico Sperimentale della Sardegna, Sassari, Italy
J Med Microbiol 60:63-8. 2011..Leishmania species DNA was not detected in any of the tick pools examined. Data presented here increase our knowledge on tick-borne diseases in Sardinia, and provide a useful contribution to understanding their epidemiology...
- Efficacy of a combination of imidacloprid 10%/permethrin 50% versus fipronil 10%/(S)-methoprene 12%, against ticks in naturally infected dogsDomenico Otranto
Department of Animal Health and Welfare, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Bari, Str Prov per Casamassima Km 3, 70010 Valenzano Bari, Italy
Vet Parasitol 130:293-304. 2005..t. (group A=98.43%, group B=77.56%)...
- The use of a 4% (w/w) deltamethrin collar (Scalibor ProtectorBand) in the extended control of ticks on dogsRene H C van den Bos
Intervet International BV, PO Box 31, 5830 AA Boxmeer, The Netherlands
Exp Appl Acarol 28:297-303. 2002..sanguineus or I. ricinus. A subsequent field study wherein 82 dogs were wearing the collar and monitored for tick infestation indicated that the duration of efficacy was between 5 and 6 months...
- Detection of Leishmania infantum in Rhipicephalus sanguineus ticks from Brazil and ItalyFilipe Dantas-Torres
Dipartimento di Sanità Pubblica e Zootecnia, Universita degli Studi di Bari, Valenzano, BA, Italy
Parasitol Res 106:857-60. 2010..infantum kDNA in salivary glands of R. sanguineus ticks has been here reported for the first time. Therefore, further studies are needed to assess the competence of ticks as vectors of Leishmania parasites from dog to dog...
- Upcoming and future strategies of tick control: a reviewS Ghosh
Entomology Laboratory, Division of Parasitology, Indian Veterinary Research Institute, Izatnagar, India
J Vector Borne Dis 44:79-89. 2007..The future of research directed towards target identification is exciting because of new and emerging technologies for gene discovery and vaccine formulation...
- Repellency and efficacy of 65% permethrin and selamectin spot-on formulations against Ixodes ricinus ticks on dogsRichard G Endris
Schering Plough Animal Health Corp, Union, New Jersey 07083, USA
Vet Ther 3:64-71. 2002..05 versus controls). The repellency of 65% permethrin was 63.4% to 80.2% against I. ricinus ticks (P <.0001 versus controls, P <.0007 versus selamectin), compared with 0% to 10.9% repellency for selamectin (P >.05 versus controls)...
- Efficacy of imidacloprid (8.8% w/w) plus permethrin (44% w/w) spot-on topical solution against Amblyomma americanum infesting dogs using a natural tick exposure modelM W Dryden
Department of Diagnostic Medicine Pathobiology, College of Veterinary Medicine, Kansas State University, Manhattan, KS 66506, USA
Vet Ther 7:99-106. 2006..At 3 days after treatment, the efficacy of K9 Advantix within 3 hours of natural tick exposure was 88.0% and declined slowly during the study. The 48-hour postexposure efficacy remained above 93.5% throughout the study...
- The molecular revolution in the development of vaccines against ectoparasitesP Willadsen
CSIRO Livestock Industries, Level 3 Gehrmann Laboratories, Research Road, University of Queensland, St Lucia, QLD 4072, Australia
Vet Parasitol 101:353-68. 2001....
- Community-based prevention of Lyme disease and other tick-borne diseases through topical application of acaricide to white-tailed deer: background and rationaleDurland Fish
Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Yale School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut 06510 8034, USA
Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis 9:357-64. 2009....
- Two human cases of tick bite caused by Ixodes nipponensisJung Hun Ko
Department of Dermatology, Chosun University College of Medicine, Gwangju 501 759, Korea
Korean J Parasitol 40:199-203. 2002..Another 41-year-old male had an asymptomatic bean-sized black nodule in the pubic area. The ticks were identified as Ixodes nipponensis, which are the 18th and the 19th cases in Korea...
- New localities of Dermacentor reticulatus tick (vector of Babesia canis canis) in central and eastern PolandW Zygner
Division of Parasitology and Parasitic Diseases, Department of Preclinical Sciences, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Warsaw University of Life Sciences SGGW, Ciszewskiego 8, 02 786 Warsaw, Poland
Pol J Vet Sci 12:549-55. 2009..canis canis and its vector. Climate change may be also partially responsible for earlier beginning of tick's seasonal activity as well as for bigger faunal diversity (more potential host species both for adults and immature stages)...
- Ticks and haemoparasites of dogs from Praia, Cape VerdeS Gotsch
Institute of Parasitology and Zoology, Department of Pathobiology, University of Veterinary Medicine Vienna, Veterinaerplatz 1, A 1210 Vienna, Austria
Vet Parasitol 166:171-4. 2009..platys and their vector tick R. sanguineus are endemic to Cape Verde and can be present in dogs in high prevalences. These results outline the risk of importing tropical canine diseases when Capeverdian stray dogs are taken to Europe...
- Seasonal incidence of Ixodes ricinus ticks (Acari:ixodidae) on rodents in western FranceM L'hostis
Laboratoire de Parasitologie, Ecole Nationale Veterinaire, Nantes, France
Exp Appl Acarol 20:359-68. 1996..9) among all animals examined varied between farms Most animals were infested by only a single tick, but one M. agrestis harboured 43 I. ricinus larvae. Larvae or nymphs were found throughout the year, with peaks from March to October...
- MyD88 deficiency enhances acquisition and transmission of Borrelia burgdorferi by Ixodes scapularis ticksLinda K Bockenstedt
S 525C TAC, Section of Rheumatology, Yale University School of Medicine, 300 Cedar Street, New Haven, CT 06520 8031, USA
Infect Immun 74:2154-60. 2006..These results show that the absence of MyD88 facilitates passage of both low- and high-infectivity B. burgdorferi strains between the tick vector and the mammal and enhances the infectivity of a low-infectivity B. burgdorferi strain...
- Advances in the identification and characterization of protective antigens for recombinant vaccines against tick infestationsJose De La Fuente
Department of Veterinary Pathobiology, College of Veterinary Medicine, Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, OK 74078, USA
Expert Rev Vaccines 2:583-93. 2003..methods for ticks, based primarily on the use of acaricides, have had limited efficacy in the reduction of tick infestations and the use of acaricides is often accompanied by serious drawbacks, including selection of acaricide-..
- Serological investigation of granulocytic Ehrlichia infection in sheep in NorwayS Stuen
Norwegian School of Veterinary Science, Department of Sheep and Goat Research, Sandnes, Norway
Acta Vet Scand 42:331-8. 2001..The association between seropositive flocks and Ixodes infested pasture shows a very high degree of agreement (p < 0.00001). The present study indicates that granulocytic Ehrlichia infection in sheep is underdiagnosed in Norway...
- Experimental infection of lone star ticks, Amblyomma americanum (L.), with Rickettsia parkeri and exposure of guinea pigs to the agentJerome Goddard
Mississippi State Department of Health, Jackson, MS 39215, USA
J Med Entomol 40:686-9. 2003..These data indicate that R. parkeri can remain viable in lone star ticks for two generations and suggest that guinea pigs may become infected, displaying mild clinical signs...
- Susceptibility to two pyrethroids in Boophilus microplus (Acari: Ixodidae) populations of northwest Argentina. Preliminary resultsD H Aguirre
Instituto Nacional de Tecnologia Agropecuaria, Estación Experimental Agropecuaria Salta, Argentina
Vet Parasitol 88:329-34. 2000..Nevertheless, a shift away from use of SP for control of B. microplus in the west zone appears to be unjustified and should be independent of the resistance circumstances observed in the east zone of the Argentinean tick infested region...
- Spotted fever group Rickettsia in Dermacentor variabilis (Acari: Ixodidae) infesting raccoons (Carnivora: Procyonidae) and opossums (Marsupialia: Didelphimorphidae) in TennesseeT M Kollars
Department of Entomology, US Army Medical Component, Armed Forces Research Institute of Medical Sciences, Bangkok, Thailand
J Med Entomol 38:601-2. 2001..and Virginia opossums (Didelphis virginiana Kerr) in western Tennessee. Spotted fever group Rickettsia were detected by amplification of a 617-bp segment of the citrate synthase gene by polymerase chain reaction...
- A model to simulate the effect of vaccination against Boophilus ticks on cattleJ Lodos
Automation Division, Centro de Ingenieria Genetica y Biotecnologia, Havana, Cuba
Vet Parasitol 87:315-26. 2000..The TICKSIM program, integrated with the new vaccination model, proved to be a framework for designing and evaluating tick control strategies, including vaccination with GavacTM...
- Efficacy of a single application of a 12.5% pyriprole topical solution against laboratory infestations with ticks (Ixodes ricinus, Dermacentor reticulatus, and Rhipicephalus sanguineus) on dogsG Schuele
Novartis Animal Health Inc, Basel, Switzerland
Vet Parasitol 154:311-7. 2008..Efficacy against I. ricinus and R. sanguineus was 100% during the whole evaluation period of 30 days. For D. reticulatus cumulative efficacy for the 30 days after treatment was 98.9%. The product was well tolerated by all the animals...
- Vaccination with recombinant Boophilus annulatus Bm86 ortholog protein, Ba86, protects cattle against B. annulatus and B. microplus infestationsMario Canales
Instituto de Investigacion en Recursos Cinegeticos IREC CSIC UCLM JCCM, Ronda de Toledo s n, Ciudad Real, Spain
BMC Biotechnol 9:29. 2009..The recombinant B. microplus Bm86 protective antigen has been shown to protect cattle against tick infestations. Recently, the gene coding for B...
- The global importance of ticksF Jongejan
Department of Parasitology and Tropical Veterinary Medicine, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Utrecht University, PO Box 80 165, 3508 TD Utrecht, The Netherlands
Parasitology 129:S3-14. 2004..The impact of ticks and tick-borne diseases on animal production and public health and their control are discussed...
- A cross-reactive tick cement antigen is a candidate broad-spectrum tick vaccineAdama R Trimnell
Seattle Biomedical Research Institute, WA 98109 5219, USA
Vaccine 23:4329-41. 2005..The vaccine trial results, and antigenic cross-reactivity of 64TRPs with R. sanguineus, I. ricinus, Amblyomma variegatum and Boophilus microplus, indicate the potential of 64TRPs as a broad-spectrum anti-tick vaccine...
- Efficacy of the Bm86 antigen against immature instars and adults of the dog tick Rhipicephalus sanguineus (Latreille, 1806) (Acari: Ixodidae)D Perez-Perez
Centro de Ingenieria Genetica y Biotecnologia CIGB, Habana 10600, Cuba
Vet Parasitol 167:321-6. 2010..We concluded that the Bm86 antigen used as a vaccine for dogs reduced the viability and biotic potential of the R. sanguineus...
- Abundance estimation of Ixodes ticks (Acari: Ixodidae) on roe deer (Capreolus capreolus)Christian Kiffner
Department of Forest Zoology and Forest Conservation incl Wildlife Biology and Game Management, Büsgen Institute, Georg August University Gottingen, Büsgenweg 3, Gottingen, Germany
Exp Appl Acarol 52:73-84. 2010..This can be useful for studies aiming at estimating effects of abiotic and biotic factors on tick abundance, modelling tick population dynamics, modelling tick-borne pathogen transmission dynamics or assessing the efficacy of acaricides...
- Characterization of three Ixodes scapularis cDNAs protective against tick infestationsConsuelo Almazan
Department of Veterinary Pathobiology, Center for Veterinary Health Sciences, Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, OK 74078, USA
Vaccine 23:4403-16. 2005cDNA expression library immunization (ELI) and analysis of expressed sequenced tags (EST) in a mouse model of tick infestations was used to identified cDNA clones that affected I. scapularis...
- Climate change and the potential for range expansion of the Lyme disease vector Ixodes scapularis in CanadaN H Ogden
Groupe de Recherche en Epidémiologie des Zoonoses et Santé Publique, Faculte de Medecine Veterinaire, Universite de Montreal, Que, Canada
Int J Parasitol 36:63-70. 2006..The geographic range of I. scapularis-borne zoonoses may, therefore, expand significantly northwards as a consequence of climate change this century...
- Vaccination of cattle with TickGARD induces cross-reactive antibodies binding to conserved linear peptides of Bm86 homologues in Boophilus decoloratusDavid Odongo
International Livestock Research Institute, PO Box 30709, Nairobi 00100, Kenya
Vaccine 25:1287-96. 2007..These epitopes represent candidate synthetic peptide vaccines for control of Boophilus spp. and the pathogens transmitted by these tick vectors...
- Mapping of quantitative trait loci controlling tick [Riphicephalus (Boophilus) microplus] resistance on bovine chromosomes 5, 7 and 14G Gasparin
Departamento de Genetica e Evolucao, Universidade Federal de Sao Carlos, Rodovia Washington Luiz km 235, Sao Carlos SP 13565 905, Brazil
Anim Genet 38:453-9. 2007....
- Species diversity and seasonality of free-living ticks (Acari: Ixodidae) in the natural habitat of wild Marsh deer (Blastocerus dichotomus) in Southeastern BrazilMatias P J Szabó
Faculdade de Medicina Veterinaria, Universidade Federal de Uberlandia, Av Pará, 1720 Campus Umuarama, Bloco 2T, CEP 38400 902 Uberlândia, MG, Brazil
Vet Parasitol 143:147-54. 2007..triste showed to be well adapted to the marsh environment. This result, at least partially, explains local previous observations on the association of A. triste with marsh deer, as this vertebrate host inhabits mainly the marsh area...
- Topical formulations of metaflumizone plus amitraz to treat flea and tick infestations on dogsS Sabnis
Fort Dodge Animal Health, P O Box 5366, Princeton, NJ 08543 5366, USA
Vet Parasitol 150:196-202. 2007..The stability of the lead formulations was also evaluated over 2 years to demonstrate a 2-year shelf life of this product...
- Experimental vaccination of sheep and cattle against tick infestation using recombinant 5'-nucleotidaseM Hope
CSIRO Livestock Industries, St Lucia, Queensland, Australia
Parasite Immunol 32:135-42. 2010..One possible reason for the difference between host species, namely antibody titre, was examined and shown to be an unlikely explanation. This demonstrates a limitation of using a model host like sheep in vaccine studies...
- Dermatoses caused by infestations of immature Ixodes spp. on dogs and cats in Sydney, AustraliaCg Baxter
University of Sydney, Veterinary Teaching Hospitals, Sydney and Camden, 410 Werombi Road, Camden, New South Wales 2570, Australia
Aust Vet J 87:182-7. 2009..A range of topical acaricidal preparations, including fipronil and synthetic pyrethroids, were used for treatment...
- REGULATION AND FUNCTION OF SALIVATION IN VECTORSJose Ribeiro; Fiscal Year: 1990..the role of saliva in feeding will examine the tolerance or resistance of different hosts to repeated ixodid tick infestations and the role of saliva in such processes...
- SEX PHEROMONES IN DISEASE TRANSMITTING TICKSRobert Silverstein; Fiscal Year: 1980..studies to develop an effective, long-lasting pheromone containing formulation which can be used to curtail tick infestations (by disruption of mating) will be continued...
- Genesis & Control of Lyme Disease by Innate ImmunityLinda Bockenstedt; Fiscal Year: 2007..For the field of Lyme disease, defining the key molecules expressed by host-adapted spirochetes will move us one step closer toward understanding how this pathogen persists in an immunologically responsive host. ..
- Diagnostic assays for Borrelia IonestariSusan Little; Fiscal Year: 2005..causing disease in people and, ultimately, a more robust understanding of the role of B. lonestari as a human pathogen. Improved diagnosis of human B. lonestari infection should result. ..
- LYME DISEASE IN WESTERN USA: ECOLOGY AND EPIDEMIOLOGYRobert Lane; Fiscal Year: 2006..Development of this risk model, which culminates over 2 decades of intensive study, should contribute significantly to our knowledge of the landscape ecology and epidemiology of LD in this region. ..
- Generation of babesial surface protein diversitySHAWN BERENS; Fiscal Year: 2006..The sponsors collaborate closely in research and have successfully mentored clinicians, graduate students, and post-doctoral fellows to research independence. ..
- Genesis & Conrol of Lyme Disease by Innate ImmunityLinda Bockenstedt; Fiscal Year: 2006..For the field of Lyme disease, defining the key molecules expressed by host-adapted spirochetes will move us one step closer toward understanding how this pathogen persists in an immunologically responsive host. ..
- LYME DISEASE IN WESTERN USA: ECOLOGY AND EPIDEMIOLOGYRobert Lane; Fiscal Year: 2005..Development of this risk model, which culminates over 2 decades of intensive study, should contribute significantly to our knowledge of the landscape ecology and epidemiology of LD in this region. ..
- CD1-Mediated Immunity Of Lyme DiseaseLinda Bockenstedt; Fiscal Year: 2005..For the field of Lyme disease, defining the key molecules expressed by tick-borne spirochetes will move us one step closer toward understanding how this pathogen invades, disseminates and persists in the mammalian host. ..
- Genesis & Conrol of Lyme Disease by Innate ImmunityLinda Bockenstedt; Fiscal Year: 2005..For the field of Lyme disease, defining the key molecules expressed by host-adapted spirochetes will move us one step closer toward understanding how this pathogen persists in an immunologically responsive host. ..
- Homeostatic Regulation of T LymphocytesBooki Min; Fiscal Year: 2011..The current proposal aims to investigate underlying cellular mechanism, and the results will aid our understanding of the immune mechanism and facilitate therapeutic strategies to treat disorders caused by the dysregulation. ..
- LYME DISEASE IN WESTERN USA: ECOLOGY AND EPIDEMIOLOGYRobert Lane; Fiscal Year: 2007..Development of this risk model, which culminates over 2 decades of intensive study, should contribute significantly to our knowledge of the landscape ecology and epidemiology of LD in this region. ..
- Natural History of Borrelia lonestariSusan Little; Fiscal Year: 2006..S., enhancing public health efforts in those areas where people are risk of infection; reduction in human disease from these pathogens should result. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Genesis & Control of Lyme Disease by Innate ImmunityLinda Bockenstedt; Fiscal Year: 2009
- Real-time Imaging Analysis of Vector-borne Lyme Borreliosis Pathogenesis & PersisLinda K Bockenstedt; Fiscal Year: 2010....
- Homeostatic Regulation of T LymphocytesBooki Min; Fiscal Year: 2010..The current proposal aims to investigate underlying cellular mechanism, and the results will aid our understanding of the immune mechanism and facilitate therapeutic strategies to treat disorders caused by the dysregulation. ..
- Homeostatic Regulation of T LymphocytesBooki Min; Fiscal Year: 2009..The current proposal aims to investigate underlying cellular mechanism, and the results will aid our understanding of the immune mechanism and facilitate therapeutic strategies to treat disorders caused by the dysregulation. ..
- Regulating I. scapularis and the Role of Entomopathogenic Fungi Thomas Daniels; Fiscal Year: 2008..scapularis in lab studies. Long- term health benefits might also accrue with the reduction in pesticide use those results from the availability of an effective biocontrol agent. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Serine Proteinase Inhibitors (Serpins) in Tick Feeding and PhysiologyAlbert Mulenga; Fiscal Year: 2008..Identification of important tick proteins that regulate tick physiology and facilitate tick feeding is important before alternative tick control methods can be developed. ..
- Genesis & Control of Lyme Disease by Innate ImmunityLinda Bockenstedt; Fiscal Year: 2008
- LYME DISEASE IN WESTERN USA: ECOLOGY AND EPIDEMIOLOGYRobert Lane; Fiscal Year: 2008
- Regulating I. scapularis and the Role of Entomopathogenic Fungi Thomas Daniels; Fiscal Year: 2007..scapularis in lab studies. Long- term health benefits might also accrue with the reduction in pesticide use those results from the availability of an effective biocontrol agent. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- National Animal Syndromic Surveillance for BioterrorismLAWRENCE GLICKMAN; Fiscal Year: 2004..g. months or years) following exposure to a biological or chemical threat agent. ..
- Genesis & Control of Lyme Disease by Innate ImmunityLinda Bockenstedt; Fiscal Year: 2004
- CD1-Mediated Immunity Of Lyme DiseaseLinda Bockenstedt; Fiscal Year: 2004..For the field of Lyme disease, defining the key molecules expressed by tick-borne spirochetes will move us one step closer toward understanding how this pathogen invades, disseminates and persists in the mammalian host. ..
- LYME DISEASE IN WESTERN USA--ECOLOGY AND EPIDEMIOLOGYRobert Lane; Fiscal Year: 1990..The effects of exposure to direct sunlight or of spirochetal infection on questing by immature ticks also will be determined...
- LYME DISEASE IN WESTERN USA--ECOLOGY AND EPIDEMIOLOGYRobert Lane; Fiscal Year: 1993..Finally, 3 kinds of archival museum specimens (ticks, woodrat skins, Native American skeletal remains) will be assayed for Bb-nucleic acid with the polymerase chain reaction to determine the antiquity of LD in this region...
- LYME DISEASE IN WESTERN USA--ECOLOGY AND EPIDEMIOLOGYRobert Lane; Fiscal Year: 1991..The effects of exposure to direct sunlight or of spirochetal infection on questing by immature ticks also will be determined...
- LYME DISEASE IN WESTERN USA--ECOLOGY AND EPIDEMIOLOGYRobert Lane; Fiscal Year: 1992..The effects of exposure to direct sunlight or of spirochetal infection on questing by immature ticks also will be determined...
- LYME DISEASE IN WESTERN USA: ECOLOGY AND EPIDEMIOLOGYRobert Lane; Fiscal Year: 2004..And anti-complement activity in saliva of human-biting vector ticks (2 spp.) As determinants of reservoir-host competence or vector competence for Bb sl or relapsing fever group spirochetes present in the western USA. ..
- National Animal Syndromic Surveillance for BioterrorismLAWRENCE GLICKMAN; Fiscal Year: 2003..g. months or years) following exposure to a biological or chemical threat agent. ..
- LYME DISEASE IN WESTERN USA: ECOLOGY AND EPIDEMIOLOGYRobert Lane; Fiscal Year: 2003..And anti-complement activity in saliva of human-biting vector ticks (2 spp.) As determinants of reservoir-host competence or vector competence for Bb sl or relapsing fever group spirochetes present in the western USA. ..
- CD1-Mediated Immunity Of Lyme DiseaseLinda Bockenstedt; Fiscal Year: 2003..For the field of Lyme disease, defining the key molecules expressed by tick-borne spirochetes will move us one step closer toward understanding how this pathogen invades, disseminates and persists in the mammalian host. ..
- LYME DISEASE IN WESTERN USA: ECOLOGY AND EPIDEMIOLOGYRobert Lane; Fiscal Year: 2002..And anti-complement activity in saliva of human-biting vector ticks (2 spp.) As determinants of reservoir-host competence or vector competence for Bb sl or relapsing fever group spirochetes present in the western USA. ..
- CD1-Mediated Immunity Of Lyme DiseaseLinda Bockenstedt; Fiscal Year: 2002
- LYME DISEASE IN WESTERN USA: ECOLOGY AND EPIDEMIOLOGYRobert Lane; Fiscal Year: 2001
- CD1-Mediated Immunity Of Lyme DiseaseLinda Bockenstedt; Fiscal Year: 2001
- LYME DISEASE IN WESTERN USA--ECOLOGY AND EPIDEMIOLOGYRobert Lane; Fiscal Year: 2000