tick infestations

Summary

Summary: Infestations with soft-bodied (Argasidae) or hard-bodied (Ixodidae) ticks.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Reduced abundance of Ixodes scapularis (Acari: Ixodidae) and the tick parasitoid Ixodiphagus hookeri (Hymenoptera: Encyrtidae) with reduction of white-tailed deer
    Kirby C Stafford
    Connecticut Agricultural Experiment Station, 123 Huntington Street, Box 1106, New Haven, CT 06504, USA
    J Med Entomol 40:642-52. 2003
  2. ncbi Tick ecology: processes and patterns behind the epidemiological risk posed by ixodid ticks as vectors
    S E Randolph
    Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, South Parks Road, Oxford OX1 3PS, UK
    Parasitology 129:S37-65. 2004
  3. ncbi Seasonal dynamics of the brown dog tick, Rhipicephalus sanguineus, on a confined dog population in Italy
    V Lorusso
    Dipartimento di Sanità Pubblica e Zootecnia, Universita degli Studi di Bari, Valenzano, Bari, Italy
    Med Vet Entomol 24:309-15. 2010
  4. ncbi The global importance of ticks
    F Jongejan
    Department of Parasitology and Tropical Veterinary Medicine, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Utrecht University, PO Box 80 165, 3508 TD Utrecht, The Netherlands
    Parasitology 129:S3-14. 2004
  5. pmc Why is tick-borne encephalitis increasing? A review of the key factors causing the increasing incidence of human TBE in Sweden
    Thomas G T Jaenson
    Medical Entomology Unit, Department of Systematic Biology, Evolutionary Biology Centre, Uppsala University, Norbyvagen 18D, Uppsala SE 752 36, Sweden
    Parasit Vectors 5:184. 2012
  6. ncbi Climate change and the potential for range expansion of the Lyme disease vector Ixodes scapularis in Canada
    N H Ogden
    Groupe de Recherche en Epidémiologie des Zoonoses et Santé Publique, Faculte de Medecine Veterinaire, Universite de Montreal, Que, Canada
    Int J Parasitol 36:63-70. 2006
  7. ncbi Introduced Siberian chipmunks are more heavily infested by ixodid ticks than are native bank voles in a suburban forest in France
    B Pisanu
    Museum national d histoire naturelle, Département Ecologie et Gestion de la Biodiversité, UMR 7204 CERSP, MNHN CNRS P6, 61 rue Buffon, CP 53, 75231 Paris Cedex 05, France
    Int J Parasitol 40:1277-83. 2010
  8. ncbi Ticks feeding on humans: a review of records on human-biting Ixodoidea with special reference to pathogen transmission
    A Estrada-Pena
    Departamento de Parasitologia, Facultad de Veterinaria, Miguel Servet, Zaragoza, Spain
    Exp Appl Acarol 23:685-715. 1999
  9. ncbi The brown dog tick, Rhipicephalus sanguineus (Latreille, 1806) (Acari: Ixodidae): from taxonomy to control
    Filipe Dantas-Torres
    Departamento de Imunologia, Centro de Pesquisas Aggeu Magalhaes, Fundacao Oswaldo Cruz, Caixa Postal 7472, Avenida Professor Moraes Rego s n, Campus UFPE, Recife, Pernambuco, Brazil
    Vet Parasitol 152:173-85. 2008
  10. ncbi Risk factors to tick infestations and their occurrence on horses in the state of São Paulo, Brazil
    M B Labruna
    Departamento de Medicina Veterinaria Preventiva e Saude Animal, Faculdade de Medicina Veterinaria e Zootecnia, Universidade de Sao Paulo, Av Prof Orlando Marques de Paiva, 87 Cidade Universitária, SP 05508 000, Sao Paulo, Brazil
    Vet Parasitol 97:1-14. 2001

Detail Information

Publications281 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Reduced abundance of Ixodes scapularis (Acari: Ixodidae) and the tick parasitoid Ixodiphagus hookeri (Hymenoptera: Encyrtidae) with reduction of white-tailed deer
    Kirby C Stafford
    Connecticut Agricultural Experiment Station, 123 Huntington Street, Box 1106, New Haven, CT 06504, USA
    J Med Entomol 40:642-52. 2003
    ..scapularis at comparable deer and tick densities, suggesting that there is a threshold deer density of approximatley 10-20/km2, with corresponding tick densities necessary for I. hookeri to successfully parasitize I. scapularis...
  2. ncbi Tick ecology: processes and patterns behind the epidemiological risk posed by ixodid ticks as vectors
    S E Randolph
    Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, South Parks Road, Oxford OX1 3PS, UK
    Parasitology 129:S37-65. 2004
    ..Temperate and tropical patterns will be illustrated with reference mostly to Ixodes ricinus and Rhipicephalus appendiculatus, respectively...
  3. ncbi Seasonal dynamics of the brown dog tick, Rhipicephalus sanguineus, on a confined dog population in Italy
    V Lorusso
    Dipartimento di Sanità Pubblica e Zootecnia, Universita degli Studi di Bari, Valenzano, Bari, Italy
    Med Vet Entomol 24:309-15. 2010
    ..This information should be taken into account when planning control programmes against this tick species and the pathogens it transmits...
  4. ncbi The global importance of ticks
    F Jongejan
    Department of Parasitology and Tropical Veterinary Medicine, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Utrecht University, PO Box 80 165, 3508 TD Utrecht, The Netherlands
    Parasitology 129:S3-14. 2004
    ..The impact of ticks and tick-borne diseases on animal production and public health and their control are discussed...
  5. pmc Why is tick-borne encephalitis increasing? A review of the key factors causing the increasing incidence of human TBE in Sweden
    Thomas G T Jaenson
    Medical Entomology Unit, Department of Systematic Biology, Evolutionary Biology Centre, Uppsala University, Norbyvagen 18D, Uppsala SE 752 36, Sweden
    Parasit Vectors 5:184. 2012
    ..Precipitation during June and July was rich and will lead to a "good mushroom season". These factors together are likely to result in a TBE incidence of 2012 similar to or higher than that of 2011...
  6. ncbi Climate change and the potential for range expansion of the Lyme disease vector Ixodes scapularis in Canada
    N H Ogden
    Groupe de Recherche en Epidémiologie des Zoonoses et Santé Publique, Faculte de Medecine Veterinaire, Universite de Montreal, Que, Canada
    Int J Parasitol 36:63-70. 2006
    ..The geographic range of I. scapularis-borne zoonoses may, therefore, expand significantly northwards as a consequence of climate change this century...
  7. ncbi Introduced Siberian chipmunks are more heavily infested by ixodid ticks than are native bank voles in a suburban forest in France
    B Pisanu
    Museum national d histoire naturelle, Département Ecologie et Gestion de la Biodiversité, UMR 7204 CERSP, MNHN CNRS P6, 61 rue Buffon, CP 53, 75231 Paris Cedex 05, France
    Int J Parasitol 40:1277-83. 2010
    ..Introduced chipmunks may thus have an important role in the dynamics of local vector-borne pathogens compared with native reservoir hosts such as bank voles...
  8. ncbi Ticks feeding on humans: a review of records on human-biting Ixodoidea with special reference to pathogen transmission
    A Estrada-Pena
    Departamento de Parasitologia, Facultad de Veterinaria, Miguel Servet, Zaragoza, Spain
    Exp Appl Acarol 23:685-715. 1999
    ..Finally, despite the fact that most people who are bitten destroy the offending tick in disgust, it is recommended that they preserve specimens in ethanol for taxonomic identification and detection of pathogens by molecular methods...
  9. ncbi The brown dog tick, Rhipicephalus sanguineus (Latreille, 1806) (Acari: Ixodidae): from taxonomy to control
    Filipe Dantas-Torres
    Departamento de Imunologia, Centro de Pesquisas Aggeu Magalhaes, Fundacao Oswaldo Cruz, Caixa Postal 7472, Avenida Professor Moraes Rego s n, Campus UFPE, Recife, Pernambuco, Brazil
    Vet Parasitol 152:173-85. 2008
    ..sanguineus, highlighting the potential risks associated to the improper use of acaricides, such as environmental pollution and toxicity to humans and other non-target organisms (e.g., tick predators)...
  10. ncbi Risk factors to tick infestations and their occurrence on horses in the state of São Paulo, Brazil
    M B Labruna
    Departamento de Medicina Veterinaria Preventiva e Saude Animal, Faculdade de Medicina Veterinaria e Zootecnia, Universidade de Sao Paulo, Av Prof Orlando Marques de Paiva, 87 Cidade Universitária, SP 05508 000, Sao Paulo, Brazil
    Vet Parasitol 97:1-14. 2001
    ..cajennense on the horses...
  11. ncbi World Association for the Advancement of Veterinary Parasitology (W.A.A.V.P.) second edition: guidelines for evaluating the efficacy of parasiticides for the treatment, prevention and control of flea and tick infestations on dogs and cats
    A A Marchiondo
    Zoetis Inc, formerly Pfizer Animal Health, 333 Portage Road, Kalamazoo, MI 49007, USA
    Vet Parasitol 194:84-97. 2013
    ..ectoparasiticides applied to dogs or cats for the purpose of treating, preventing and controlling flea and tick infestations. Major revisions to this second edition include guidelines on the assessment of systemic flea and tick ..
  12. ncbi Prevalence, distribution and risk associated with tick infestation of dogs in Great Britain
    F D Smith
    Veterinary Parasitology and Ecology Group, School of Biological Sciences, University of Bristol, U K
    Med Vet Entomol 25:377-84. 2011
    ..Without these future changes will not be detected. Here, the distribution and prevalence of tick infestations of domestic dogs in Great Britain were examined...
  13. ncbi Empirical evidence for key hosts in persistence of a tick-borne disease
    Sarah E Perkins
    Institute of Biological Sciences, University of Stirling, Scotland Stirling, FK9 4LA, UK
    Int J Parasitol 33:909-17. 2003
    ..However, individuals can change their functional status over time making it difficult to predict the contribution of these individuals to future transmission...
  14. ncbi Ixodid tick species attaching to dogs in Hungary
    Gábor Földvári
    Department of Parasitology and Zoology, Faculty of Veterinary Science, St Istvan University, P O Box 2, Budapest H 1400, Hungary
    Vet Parasitol 129:125-31. 2005
    ..Our data contribute to the understanding of geographical and seasonal distribution of ixodid tick species infesting dogs in Hungary. The implication of these data, for the risk of canine tick borne diseases is discussed...
  15. ncbi Tick-borne infectious diseases of dogs
    S E Shaw
    Dept of Clinical Veterinary Sciences, University of Bristol, Langford House, Langford, Bristol, UK BS40 5DU
    Trends Parasitol 17:74-80. 2001
    ....
  16. ncbi Anti-tick vaccines
    P Willadsen
    CSIRO Livestock Industries, Queensland Bioscience Precinct, 306 Carmody Road, St Lucia, Queensland 4067, Australia
    Parasitology 129:S367-87. 2004
    ..The groundwork has been laid; the potential of the field is still to be effectively exploited...
  17. ncbi Sympatric Ixodes trianguliceps and Ixodes ricinus ticks feeding on field voles (Microtus agrestis): potential for increased risk of Anaplasma phagocytophilum in the United Kingdom?
    K J Bown
    Department of Veterinary Pathology, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, UK
    Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis 6:404-10. 2006
    ..trianguliceps, which may alone maintain endemic cycles, and exophilic I. ricinus ticks, which could act as a bridge vector and transmit infections to humans and domesticated animals...
  18. pmc Ir-LBP, an ixodes ricinus tick salivary LTB4-binding lipocalin, interferes with host neutrophil function
    Jerome Beaufays
    Laboratory for Molecular Biology of Ectoparasites, IBMM, Universite Libre de Bruxelles, Gosselies, Belgium
    PLoS ONE 3:e3987. 2008
    ..During their blood meal, ticks secrete a wide variety of proteins that can interfere with their host's defense mechanisms. Among these proteins, lipocalins play a major role in the modulation of the inflammatory response...
  19. ncbi Control of tick infestations in cattle vaccinated with bacterial membranes containing surface-exposed tick protective antigens
    Consuelo Almazan
    Facultad de Medicina Veterinaria y Zootecnia, Universidad Autonoma de Tamaulipas, Km 5 carretera Victoria Mante, CP 87000 Ciudad Victoria, Tamaulipas, Mexico
    Vaccine 30:265-72. 2012
    Vaccines containing the Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus BM86 and BM95 antigens protect cattle against tick infestations. Tick subolesin (SUB), elongation factor 1a (EF1a) and ubiquitin (UBQ) are new candidate protective antigens for ..
  20. ncbi Characterization of ferritin 2 for the control of tick infestations
    Ondrej Hajdusek
    Institute of Parasitology, Biology Centre, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Branisovska 31, 37005 Ceske Budejovice, Czech Republic
    Vaccine 28:2993-8. 2010
    ..Development of vaccines directed against tick proteins may reduce tick infestations and the transmission of tick-borne pathogens...
  21. pmc Transcriptional profiling of the murine cutaneous response during initial and subsequent infestations with Ixodes scapularis nymphs
    Dar M Heinze
    Department of Pathology, University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, Texas 77555, USA
    Parasit Vectors 5:26. 2012
    ..The process of blood feeding is an extended and continuous interplay between tick and host responses. While this process has been studied extensively in vitro, no global understanding of the host response to ticks has emerged...
  22. ncbi Personality, space use and tick load in an introduced population of Siberian chipmunks Tamias sibiricus
    Nelly Boyer
    Canada Research Chair in Behavioural Ecology, Groupe de Recherche en Ecologie Comportementale et Animale, Departement des Sciences Biologiques, Universite du Quebec a Montreal, Quebec H3C 3P8, Canada
    J Anim Ecol 79:538-47. 2010
    ..We investigated the role of host activity and exploration on hard tick infestations of marked individuals in a population of Siberian chipmunks Tamias sibiricus introduced in a suburban French ..
  23. ncbi Prevalence of Babesia canis, Borrelia afzelii, and Anaplasma phagocytophilum infection in hard ticks removed from dogs in Warsaw (central Poland)
    Wojciech Zygner
    Division of Parasitology and Parasitic Diseases, Department of Preclinical Sciences, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Warsaw Agricultural University, Ciszewskiego 8, 02 786 Warsaw, Poland
    Vet Parasitol 153:139-42. 2008
    ..This work is the first detection of B. afzelii and A. phagocytophilum in ticks from Warsaw, and the first survey for the prevalence of B. canis, B. afzelii, and A. phagocytophilum in ticks in central Poland...
  24. ncbi Testosterone depresses innate and acquired resistance to ticks in natural rodent hosts: a force for aggregated distributions of parasites
    V L Hughes
    Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, UK
    J Parasitol 87:49-54. 2001
    ..sylvaticus) were investigated by manipulating testosterone levels and exposing the hosts to repeated tick infestations. Testosterone reduced both innate and acquired resistance to tick feeding...
  25. ncbi Upcoming and future strategies of tick control: a review
    S Ghosh
    Entomology Laboratory, Division of Parasitology, Indian Veterinary Research Institute, Izatnagar, India
    J Vector Borne Dis 44:79-89. 2007
    ..The future of research directed towards target identification is exciting because of new and emerging technologies for gene discovery and vaccine formulation...
  26. ncbi Protective efficacy of bacterial membranes containing surface-exposed BM95 antigenic peptides for the control of cattle tick infestations
    Mario Canales
    Instituto de Investigacion en Recursos Cinegeticos IREC CSIC UCLM JCCM, Ronda de Toledo s n, 13005 Ciudad Real, Spain
    Vaccine 27:7244-8. 2009
    ..Boophilus) microplus BM86 and BM95 glycoproteins are homologous proteins that protect cattle against tick infestations. In this study, we demonstrated that the recombinant chimeric protein comprising tick BM95 immunogenic ..
  27. pmc Forest structure and roe deer abundance predict tick-borne encephalitis risk in Italy
    Annapaola Rizzoli
    Fondazione Edmund Mach, Centro Ricerca e Innovazione, Michele all Adige, Italy
    PLoS ONE 4:e4336. 2009
    ..Although a number of socio-economic parameters have been suggested to explain TBE upsurges in eastern Europe, the principal driving factors in relatively stable western European countries have not been identified...
  28. ncbi The increasing recognition of rickettsial pathogens in dogs and people
    William L Nicholson
    Division of Viral and Rickettsial Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Trends Parasitol 26:205-12. 2010
    ..Newer molecular assays are available, although renewed efforts to encourage their use are needed. This review highlights the ecology and epidemiology of these diseases, and proposes avenues for future investigation...
  29. ncbi Incidence from coincidence: patterns of tick infestations on rodents facilitate transmission of tick-borne encephalitis virus
    S E Randolph
    Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, UK
    Parasitology 118:177-86. 1999
    ..This identifies the particular climatic factors that permit such patterns of tick seasonal dynamics as the primary predictors for the focal distribution of TBE...
  30. ncbi Microclimate and the zoonotic cycle of tick-borne encephalitis virus in Switzerland
    C Burri
    Institute of Biology, Laboratory of Eco Epidemiology of Parasites, University of Neuchatel, Emile Argand 11, 2000 Neuch and tel, Switzerland
    J Med Entomol 48:615-27. 2011
    ..The proportion of hosts with cofeeding ticks seemed to be one of the factors that distinguished a TBEV focus from a non-TBEV focus. The enzootic cycle of TBEV might be disrupted when dry and hot springs occur during consecutive years...
  31. ncbi Five decades of tick-man interaction in Denmark--an analysis
    P M Jensen
    Zoology Section, Department of Ecology, The Royal Veterinary and Agricultural University, Thorvaldsensvej 40, DK 1871 Frederiksberg, Denmark
    Exp Appl Acarol 35:131-46. 2005
    ..In conclusion, the perceived tick densities appear to be consistent with the current knowledge of tick ecology and tick-transmitted diseases...
  32. ncbi Multiple causes of variable tick burdens on small-mammal hosts
    Jesse L Brunner
    Cary Institute of Ecosystem Studies, Millbrook, New York 12545, USA
    Ecology 89:2259-72. 2008
    ..Predicting which individuals those are is not yet possible...
  33. ncbi Utilisation of rodent species by larvae and nymphs of hard ticks (Ixodidae) in two habitats in NE Poland
    Anna Paziewska
    University of Warsaw, Warsaw, Poland
    Exp Appl Acarol 50:79-91. 2010
    ..The impact of habitat change (in this case successional change following field abandonment) on tick densities is emphasised, and the role of Apodemus as an epidemiological bridge, linking woodland and field habitats, is highlighted...
  34. pmc Rickettsial infection in animals and Brazilian spotted fever endemicity
    Luis A Sangioni
    University of Sao Paulo, São, Sao Paulo, Brazil
    Emerg Infect Dis 11:265-70. 2005
    ..cajennense ticks. In addition, we successfully performed experimental infection of A. cajennense ticks with R. parkeri...
  35. pmc Prevalence of Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato in ticks collected from migratory birds in Switzerland
    Poupon Marie-Angèle
    Institute of Zoology, Emile Argand 11, 2007 Neuchâtel 7, Switzerland
    Appl Environ Microbiol 72:976-9. 2006
    ..Among birds infested by infected ticks, 23% (6/26) were infested by B. lusitaniae-infected larvae. Migratory birds appear to be reservoir hosts for B. lusitaniae...
  36. ncbi Effect of deer density on tick infestation of rodents and the hazard of tick-borne encephalitis. II: population and infection models
    L Bolzoni
    Department of Biodiversity and Molecular Ecology, Research and Innovation Centre Fondazione Edmund Mach, San Michele all Adige, Trento, Italy
    Int J Parasitol 42:373-81. 2012
    ..As a consequence, using simply the number of ticks per rodent as a predictor of TBE transmission potential could be misleading if competent hosts share habitats with incompetent hosts...
  37. ncbi Risk indicators for the tick Ixodes ricinus and Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato in Sweden
    T G T Jaenson
    Department of Systematic Biology, Medical Entomology Unit, Evolutionary Biology Centre, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden
    Med Vet Entomol 23:226-37. 2009
    ..burgdorferi s.l. can occur in: (a) biotopes with shrews, rodents, hares and birds; (b) biotopes with shrews, rodents, hares, deer and birds, and (c) island locations where the varying hare (Lepus timidus) is the only mammalian tick host...
  38. pmc An antivector vaccine protects against a lethal vector-borne pathogen
    Milan Labuda
    Institute of Zoology, Slovak Academy of Sciences, Bratislava, Slovakia
    PLoS Pathog 2:e27. 2006
    ..The 64TRP vaccine demonstrates the potential to control vector-borne disease by interfering with pathogen transmission, apparently by mediating a local cutaneous inflammatory immune response at the tick-feeding site...
  39. pmc Ehrlichia-infected ticks on migrating birds
    A Bjoersdorff
    Kalmar County Hospital, Sweden
    Emerg Infect Dis 7:877-9. 2001
    ..These findings support the idea that birds may play a role in dispersing Ehrlichia...
  40. pmc Persistence of pathogens with short infectious periods in seasonal tick populations: the relative importance of three transmission routes
    Etsuko Nonaka
    Department of Biology, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, New Mexico, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 5:e11745. 2010
    ..Our aim is to evaluate the influence of seasonality on the relative importance of different transmission routes by using a comprehensive mathematical model...
  41. ncbi Pathogens and symbionts in ticks: a survey on tick species distribution and presence of tick-transmitted micro-organisms in Sardinia, Italy
    Giuseppe Satta
    Istituto Zooprofilattico Sperimentale della Sardegna, Sassari, Italy
    J Med Microbiol 60:63-8. 2011
    ..Leishmania species DNA was not detected in any of the tick pools examined. Data presented here increase our knowledge on tick-borne diseases in Sardinia, and provide a useful contribution to understanding their epidemiology...
  42. pmc Seasonal and spatial distribution of ixodid tick species feeding on naturally infested dogs from Eastern Austria and the influence of acaricides/repellents on these parameters
    Georg G Duscher
    Institute of Parasitology, Department of Pathobiology, University of Veterinary Medicine Vienna, Veterinaerplatz 1, Vienna A 1210, Austria
    Parasit Vectors 6:76. 2013
    ..The particular time of the year when the different tick species start to quest and the favoured sites on the canine host are of major interest. The efficacy of acaricides/repellents to control ticks in the field requires observation...
  43. pmc "Candidatus Neoehrlichia mikurensis," Anaplasma phagocytophilum, and lyme disease spirochetes in questing european vector ticks and in feeding ticks removed from people
    Dania Richter
    Abt Parasitologie, Institut fur Pathologie, Charite Universitatsmedizin Berlin, Berlin, Germany
    J Clin Microbiol 50:943-7. 2012
    ..Neoehrlichia mikurensis" appears to be the second most common pathogen in I. ricinus ticks. In our survey, only Borrelia afzelii appears to infect Central European vector ticks more frequently...
  44. ncbi Biological control of ticks
    M Samish
    Dept of Parasitology, Kimron Veterinary Institute, P O Box 12, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
    Parasitology 129:S389-403. 2004
    ..Considerable research is required to select appropriate strains, develop them as BCAs, establish their effectiveness, and devise production strategies to bring them to practical use...
  45. pmc Colonization of Grande Comore Island by a lineage of Rhipicephalus appendiculatus ticks
    Amina Yssouf
    Centre de Recherche et de Veille sur les Maladies Emergentes dans l Océan indien GIP CYROI 2, rue Maxime Rivière, 97490 Ste Clotilde, France
    Parasit Vectors 4:38. 2011
    ..This survey also included sampling of live cattle imported from Tanzania to investigate the possibility of tick introduction through animal trade...
  46. ncbi Pathogens and symbionts in ticks: prevalence of Anaplasma phagocytophilum (Ehrlichia sp.), Wolbachia sp., Rickettsia sp., and Babesia sp. in Southern Germany
    Kathrin Hartelt
    Baden Wuerttemberg State Health Office, Stuttgart, Germany
    Int J Med Microbiol 293:86-92. 2004
    ..Three of all Babesia-positive ticks were identified as harboring Babesia microti. The detection of Anaplasma phagocytophilum, Rickettsia sp. and Babesia sp. demonstrates their possible role as a source of human infection in Germany...
  47. pmc Dynamics of distribution and efficacy of different spot-on permethrin formulations in dogs artificially infested with Dermacentor reticulatus
    Johanna Lüssenhop
    Institute for Parasitology, University of Veterinary Medicine Hannover, Foundation, Buenteweg 17, 30559, Hannover, Germany
    Parasit Vectors 4:45. 2011
    ..Efficacies were determined 6 hours after tick infestation to examine the repellent effect and the speed of kill of the products which plays an important role in the context of tick transmitted diseases...
  48. ncbi Detection of Leishmania infantum in Rhipicephalus sanguineus ticks from Brazil and Italy
    Filipe Dantas-Torres
    Dipartimento di Sanità Pubblica e Zootecnia, Universita degli Studi di Bari, Valenzano, BA, Italy
    Parasitol Res 106:857-60. 2010
    ..infantum kDNA in salivary glands of R. sanguineus ticks has been here reported for the first time. Therefore, further studies are needed to assess the competence of ticks as vectors of Leishmania parasites from dog to dog...
  49. ncbi Climate or host availability: what determines the seasonal abundance of ticks?
    Margot Oorebeek
    School of Biological Sciences, Flinders University, GPO Box 2100, Adelaide SA 5001, Australia
    Parasitol Res 103:871-5. 2008
    ..However, the relative influences of climate and host availability on tick presence were hard to separate...
  50. ncbi Migratory songbirds disperse ticks across Canada, and first isolation of the Lyme disease spirochete, Borrelia burgdorferi, from the avian tick, Ixodes auritulus
    Muhammad G Morshed
    Laboratory Services, British Columbia Centre for Disease Control, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada V5Z 4R4
    J Parasitol 91:780-90. 2005
    ..burgdorferi-infected ticks and increased risk of Lyme disease exposure...
  51. ncbi The role of deer as vehicles to move ticks, Ixodes ricinus, between contrasting habitats
    Francisco Ruiz-Fons
    NEIKER Tecnalia, Department of Animal Health, Bizkaia 48160, Spain
    Int J Parasitol 40:1013-20. 2010
    ..Instead, reducing deer numbers could be a potential tool to reduce tick abundance with implications for disease mitigation...
  52. ncbi Species diversity and seasonality of free-living ticks (Acari: Ixodidae) in the natural habitat of wild Marsh deer (Blastocerus dichotomus) in Southeastern Brazil
    Matias P J Szabó
    Faculdade de Medicina Veterinaria, Universidade Federal de Uberlandia, Av Pará, 1720 Campus Umuarama, Bloco 2T, CEP 38400 902 Uberlândia, MG, Brazil
    Vet Parasitol 143:147-54. 2007
    ..triste showed to be well adapted to the marsh environment. This result, at least partially, explains local previous observations on the association of A. triste with marsh deer, as this vertebrate host inhabits mainly the marsh area...
  53. ncbi Effects of deer density on tick infestation of rodents and the hazard of tick-borne encephalitis. I: empirical assessment
    F Cagnacci
    Department of Biodiversity and Molecular Ecology, Research and Innovation Centre, Fondazione Edmund Mach, Via E Mach 1, I 38010 San Michele all Adige, Trento, Italy
    Int J Parasitol 42:365-72. 2012
    ....
  54. pmc Selective ablation of basophils in mice reveals their nonredundant role in acquired immunity against ticks
    Takeshi Wada
    Department of Immune Regulation, Tokyo Medical and Dental University Graduate School, Tokyo, Japan
    J Clin Invest 120:2867-75. 2010
    ....
  55. ncbi Efficacy of Hyalomma scupense (Hd86) antigen against Hyalomma excavatum and H. scupense tick infestations in cattle
    Yousr Galai
    Laboratoire de Parasitologie, Ecole Nationale de Medecine Veterinaire, Institution de la Recherche et de l Enseignement Supérieur Agricoles and La Manouba University, 2020 Sidi Thabet, Tunisia
    Vaccine 30:7084-9. 2012
    ..scupense or H. excavatum adult ticks infestations. These results showed that Hd86 vaccines are selectively effective against H. scupense immature instars and emphasize on an integrated anti-tick vaccine control in North Africa...
  56. ncbi Distribution and ecology of ticks (Acari: Ixodidae) infesting livestock in Tunisia: an overview of eighth years field collections
    A Bouattour
    Laboratoire d entomologie médicale, Institut Pasteur de Tunis, Tunisia
    Parassitologia 41:5-10. 1999
    ..Rhipicephalus sanguineus, tick of dogs, were often collected on livestock. Only few specimens of Hyalomma marginatum rufipes and Hyalomma franchinii were collected...
  57. ncbi The prevention of transmission of Babesia canis canis by Dermacentor reticulatus ticks to dogs using a novel combination of fipronil, amitraz and (S)-methoprene
    Frans Jongejan
    Utrecht Centre for Tick borne Diseases UCTD, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Utrecht University, Yalelaan 1, 3584 CL Utrecht, The Netherlands
    Vet Parasitol 179:343-50. 2011
    ..Therefore, the treatment of dogs with CERTIFECT applied up to 28 days prior to infestation with D. reticulatus harbouring B. canis canis, successfully prevented the development of clinical signs of canine babesiosis...
  58. ncbi Temporal distribution of Ixodes ricinus, Dermacentor reticulatus and Haemaphysalis concinna in Hungary
    Z Széll
    Department of Parasitology, Central Veterinary Institute, H 1149 Budapest, Tábornok u 2, Hungary
    Vet Parasitol 141:377-9. 2006
    ..The temporal distribution of the three tick species might be used for predictions on the seasonality of tick-borne diseases in Hungary...
  59. ncbi Dermacentor variabilis and boophilus microplus (Acari: Ixodidae): experimental vectors of Babesia equi to equids
    David Stiller
    J Med Entomol 39:667-70. 2002
    ..variabilis and adult B. microplus, tick species that occur on equids in North America and, in the case of the latter tick, also extensively in tropical and subtropical regions of the world, may be competent natural vectors of B. equi..
  60. ncbi Invasion of the lyme disease vector Ixodes scapularis: implications for Borrelia burgdorferi endemicity
    Sarah A Hamer
    Department of Fisheries and Wildlife, Michigan State University, 13 Natural Resources Building, East Lansing, MI 48824, USA
    Ecohealth 7:47-63. 2010
    ....
  61. ncbi Determinants of tick-borne encephalitis virus antibody presence in roe deer (Capreolus capreolus) sera
    C Kiffner
    Department of Forest Zoology and Forest Conservation incl Wildlife Biology and Game Management, Büsgen Institute, Georg August University Gottingen, Büsgenweg 3, Gottingen, Germany
    Med Vet Entomol 26:18-25. 2012
    ..Importantly, using roe deer as sentinels would eliminate the inherent bias of risk maps based on human incidence (varying levels of immunization and exposure of humans)...
  62. ncbi Ixodid ticks in Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Jasmin Omeragic
    Department of Parasitology and Invasive Diseases, Veterinary Faculty Sarajevo, University of Sarajevo, Zmaja od Bosne 90, 71000 Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Exp Appl Acarol 53:301-9. 2011
    ....
  63. pmc Factors influencing heartworm, flea, and tick preventative use in patients presenting to a veterinary teaching hospital
    Maureen C Gates
    School of Veterinary Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, 3800 Spruce St, Philadelphia, PA 19104, United States
    Prev Vet Med 93:193-200. 2010
    ..05) associated with preventative use in the multivariate analysis. Findings from this study emphasize target areas for increasing owner compliance...
  64. ncbi Tick-borne encephalitis virus in northern Italy: molecular analysis, relationships with density and seasonal dynamics of Ixodes ricinus
    P J Hudson
    Department of Biological and Molecular Science, University of Stirling, Scotland
    Med Vet Entomol 15:304-13. 2001
    ..ricinus was observed. This study provides evidence to suggest that roe deer may have an important role to play in the maintenance of tick density and in the persistence of TBE virus...
  65. ncbi Seasonal dynamics of the Cayenne tick, Amblyomma cajennense on horses in Brazil
    P R Oliveira
    Escola de Veterinária da Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Brazil
    Med Vet Entomol 17:412-6. 2003
    ..It was observed that 25% of the horses carried 41% of the infesting ticks, and 20% carried only 10% of the ticks during the entire period of the study...
  66. ncbi Application of 10% imidacloprid/50% permethrin to prevent Ehrlichia canis exposure in dogs under natural conditions
    Domenico Otranto
    Department of Veterinary Public Health, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Bari, Valenzano, Bari, Italy
    Vet Parasitol 153:320-8. 2008
    ..canis at one or both follow-ups. ImPer, by virtue of its repellent and acaricidal activity against ticks, has been shown to be efficacious to prevent E. canis infection in treated dogs living under natural conditions in endemic areas...
  67. ncbi First report of a Rhipicephalus microplus tick population multi-resistant to acaricides and ivermectin in the Mexican tropics
    A Fernández-Salas
    Centro de Enseñanza, Investigación y Extensión en Ganadería Tropical, Facultad de Medicina Veterinaria y Zootecnia, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, Martínez de la Torre, Veracruz, Mexico
    Vet Parasitol 183:338-42. 2012
    ..The uncontrolled use of these products in the study area may promote the complete failure of tick control within a short period of time...
  68. ncbi Studies on the epidemiology of tropical theileriosis (Theileria annulata infection) in cattle in Central Anatolia, Turkey
    F Sayin
    Department of Protozoology and Medical Entomology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Ankara, 06110 Ankara, Turkey
    Trop Anim Health Prod 35:521-39. 2003
    ..The two different management systems encountered in the study were considered to have influenced the tick infestation levels...
  69. ncbi Evaluation of an imidacloprid (8.8% w/w)--permethrin (44.0% w/w) topical spot-on and a fipronil (9.8% w/w)--(S)-methoprene (8.8% w/w) topical spot-on to repel, prevent attachment, and kill adult Rhipicephalus sanguineus and Dermacentor variabilis ticks on
    M W Dryden
    Department of Diagnostic Medicine Pathobiology, College of Veterinary Medicine, Kansas State University, Manhattan, KS 66506, USA
    Vet Ther 7:187-98. 2006
    ..sanguineus and D. variabilis during the study period. The fipronil--(S)-methoprene formulation provided good overall tick control during the study period...
  70. ncbi Vaccination with BM86, subolesin and akirin protective antigens for the control of tick infestations in white tailed deer and red deer
    Diana Carreón
    Instituto de Ecología Aplicada, Universidad Autonoma de Tamaulipas, Avenida División del Golfo 356, Col Libertad, 87019 Ciudad Victoria, Tamaulipas, Mexico
    Vaccine 30:273-9. 2012
    ..These factors stress the importance of controlling tick infestations in deer and several methods such as culling and acaricide treatment have been used...
  71. ncbi Tick modulation of host immunity: an important factor in pathogen transmission
    S K Wikel
    Department of Entomology and Plant Pathology, Oklahoma State University, Stillwater 74078, USA
    Int J Parasitol 29:851-9. 1999
    ..A novel strategy for control of tick-borne pathogens is proposed...
  72. pmc Rickettsia parkeri in Brazil
    Iara Silveira
    University of Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil
    Emerg Infect Dis 13:1111-3. 2007
    ..An R. parkeri isolate was successfully established in Vero cell culture. Molecular characterization of the agent was performed by DNA sequencing of portions of the rickettsial genes gltA, htrA, ompA, and ompB...
  73. pmc Tick infestation on roe deer in relation to geographic and remotely sensed climatic variables in a tick-borne encephalitis endemic area
    G Carpi
    Centre for Alpine Ecology, Viote del Monte Bondone, Trento, Italy
    Epidemiol Infect 136:1416-24. 2008
    ..The surveillance of tick infestation on roe deer, combined with remotely sensed climatic data, could therefore be used as an inexpensive early risk assessment tool of favourable conditions for TBE emergence and persistence in humans...
  74. ncbi Advances in the identification and characterization of protective antigens for recombinant vaccines against tick infestations
    Jose De La Fuente
    Department of Veterinary Pathobiology, College of Veterinary Medicine, Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, OK 74078, USA
    Expert Rev Vaccines 2:583-93. 2003
    ..methods for ticks, based primarily on the use of acaricides, have had limited efficacy in the reduction of tick infestations and the use of acaricides is often accompanied by serious drawbacks, including selection of acaricide-..
  75. ncbi Population dynamics of Rhipicephalus sanguineus (Latrielle, 1806) in Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais state, Brazil
    Júlia A G Silveira
    Escola de Veterinaria, UFMG, CEP 31270 901, Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil
    Vet Parasitol 161:270-5. 2009
    ..29%) than the percentage of infested female dogs (41.70%). This study of the dynamics of R. sanguineus infestations in Belo Horizonte will contribute to establishing appropriate measures to control tick infestations in dogs.
  76. ncbi Association of the bovine leukocyte antigen major histocompatibility complex class II DRB3*4401 allele with host resistance to the Lone Star tick, Amblyomma americanum
    Pia M Untalan
    USDA ARS, Knipling Bushland US Livestock Insect Research Laboratory, Kerrville, TX 78028, USA
    Vet Parasitol 145:190-5. 2007
    ..Elucidation of the mechanism involved in tick resistance will contribute to improving breeding schemes for parasite resistance, which will be beneficial to the cattle industry...
  77. ncbi Conservation and immunogenicity of the mosquito ortholog of the tick-protective antigen, subolesin
    Mario Canales
    Instituto de Investigación en Recursos Cinegéticos IREC, Ciudad Real, Spain
    Parasitol Res 105:97-111. 2009
    ..subolesin ortholog antigen did not protect against Amblyomma americanum and Rhipicephalus sanguineus tick infestations. Collectively, these preliminary results provided the first evidence that development of vaccines may be ..
  78. ncbi Association of Borrelia afzelii with rodents in Europe
    K Hanincová
    Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine, Norfolk Place, London W2 1PG, UK
    Parasitology 126:11-20. 2003
    ..afzelii is specifically maintained by European rodents, validating the concept of host-association of B. burgdorferi s.l...
  79. pmc MyD88 deficiency enhances acquisition and transmission of Borrelia burgdorferi by Ixodes scapularis ticks
    Linda K Bockenstedt
    S 525C TAC, Section of Rheumatology, Yale University School of Medicine, 300 Cedar Street, New Haven, CT 06520 8031, USA
    Infect Immun 74:2154-60. 2006
    ..These results show that the absence of MyD88 facilitates passage of both low- and high-infectivity B. burgdorferi strains between the tick vector and the mammal and enhances the infectivity of a low-infectivity B. burgdorferi strain...
  80. ncbi Vaccination against ticks (Boophilus spp.): the experience with the Bm86-based vaccine Gavac
    J de la Fuente
    Division of Mammalian Cell Genetics, Centro de Ingenieria Genetica y Biotecnologia, Havana, Cuba
    Genet Anal 15:143-8. 1999
    The control of tick infestations and the transmission of tick-borne diseases remain a challenge for the cattle industry in tropical and subtropical areas of the world...
  81. ncbi Ticks and haemoparasites of dogs from Praia, Cape Verde
    S Gotsch
    Institute of Parasitology and Zoology, Department of Pathobiology, University of Veterinary Medicine Vienna, Veterinaerplatz 1, A 1210 Vienna, Austria
    Vet Parasitol 166:171-4. 2009
    ..platys and their vector tick R. sanguineus are endemic to Cape Verde and can be present in dogs in high prevalences. These results outline the risk of importing tropical canine diseases when Capeverdian stray dogs are taken to Europe...
  82. ncbi Tick-host interactions: saliva-activated transmission
    P A Nuttall
    Centre for Ecology and Hydrology, Mansfield Rd, Oxford, OX1 3SR, UK
    Parasitology 129:S177-89. 2004
    ..Whatever they turn out to be, the quest to identify the tick molecules that mediate SAT is an exciting one, and offers new insights to controlling ticks and tick-borne diseases...
  83. pmc Identification and characterization of Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus candidate protective antigens for the control of cattle tick infestations
    Consuelo Almazan
    Facultad de Medicina Veterinaria y Zootecnia, Universidad Autonoma de Tamaulipas, Km 5 carretera Victoria Mante, CP 87000, Victoria, Tamaulipas, Mexico
    Parasitol Res 106:471-9. 2010
    ..The recombinant Rhipicephalus microplus Bm86 antigen has been shown to protect cattle against tick infestations. However, variable efficacy of Bm86-based vaccines against geographic tick strains has encouraged the ..
  84. ncbi Reptile infection with Anaplasma phagocytophilum, the causative agent of granulocytic anaplasmosis
    Nathan C Nieto
    Department of Medicine and Epidemiology, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California, Davis, California 95616, USA
    J Parasitol 95:1165-70. 2009
    ..Our findings suggest that lizards and snakes are exposed to A. phagocytophilum by infected ticks, but that they do not serve as primary reservoir hosts of this rickettsia...
  85. ncbi Short report: duration of tick attachment required for transmission of powassan virus by deer ticks
    Gregory D Ebel
    Arbovirus Laboratories, Wadsworth Center, New York State Department of Health, Slingerlands, New York 12159, USA
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 71:268-71. 2004
    ....
  86. ncbi Movement of Rhipicephalus sanguineus adults between co-housed dogs during active feeding
    Susan E Little
    Department of Veterinary Pathobiology, Center for Veterinary Health Sciences, Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, OK, United States
    Vet Parasitol 150:139-45. 2007
    ....
  87. ncbi Cloning, expression and immunoprotective efficacy of rHaa86, the homologue of the Bm86 tick vaccine antigen, from Hyalomma anatolicum anatolicum
    P Azhahianambi
    Indian Veterinary Research Institute, Izatnagar, India
    Parasite Immunol 31:111-22. 2009
    ..The data demonstrated that rHaa86 antigen based vaccine could serve as one of the effective components in the integrated control of H. a. anatolicum...
  88. ncbi Tick vaccines and the transmission of tick-borne pathogens
    J de la Fuente
    Department of Veterinary Pathobiology, Center for Veterinary Health Sciences, Oklahoma State University, 250 McElroy Hall, Stillwater, OK 74078, USA
    Vet Res Commun 31:85-90. 2007
    ..using Bm86 and Bm95 tick gut antigens demonstrated the feasibility of using vaccines for control of tick infestations. These vaccines also reduced transmission of tick-borne pathogens by decreasing exposure of susceptible ..
  89. ncbi Boophilus microplus: the pattern of bovine immunoglobulin isotype responses to high and low tick infestations
    Suely S Kashino
    Empresa Brasileira de Pesquisa Agropecuária Embrapa, Brasilia DF, Brazil
    Exp Parasitol 110:12-21. 2005
    ..These results indicate that tick infestations suppress the IgG antibody response in susceptible breeds, that IgE antibodies are not protective, and that ..
  90. ncbi The United States Department of Agriculture's Northeast Area-wide Tick Control Project: summary and conclusions
    Joe Mathews Pound
    Knipling Bushland U S Livestock Insects Research Laboratory, Agricultural Research Service, U S Department of Agriculture, Kerrville, Texas 78028 9184, USA
    Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis 9:439-48. 2009
    ....
  91. pmc Efficacy of slow-release collar formulations of imidacloprid/flumethrin and deltamethrin and of spot-on formulations of fipronil/(s)-- methoprene, dinotefuran/pyriproxyfen/permethrin and (s) -methoprene/amitraz/fipronil against Rhipicephalus sanguineus an
    Ivan G Horak
    Department of Zoology and Entomology, University of the Free State, Bloemfontein 9301, South Africa
    Parasit Vectors 5:79. 2012
    ....
  92. ncbi Dynamics of tick infestations in foxes in Thuringia, Germany
    Elisabeth Meyer-Kayser
    Thüringer Landesamt für Lebensmittelsicherheit und Verbraucherschutz TLLV, Bad Langensalza, Germany
    Ticks Tick Borne Dis 3:232-9. 2012
    This study aimed to provide up-to-date information on the dynamics of tick infestations on foxes in Thuringia, as the most recent information available was published in 1997...
  93. ncbi Hepatozoon kisrae n. sp. infecting the lizard Agama stellio is transmitted by the tick Hyalomma cf. aegyptium
    I Paperna
    Department of Animal Sciences, Faculty of Agricultural, Food and Environmental Sciences, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Rehovot 76 100, Israel
    Parasite 9:17-27. 2002
    ..Ticks become infected when fed on infected lizards; sporogony was complete when the ticks reached adult stage, over 40 days after initial attachment...
  94. ncbi Efficacy of a combination of imidacloprid 10%/permethrin 50% versus fipronil 10%/(S)-methoprene 12%, against ticks in naturally infected dogs
    Domenico Otranto
    Department of Animal Health and Welfare, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Bari, Str Prov per Casamassima Km 3, 70010 Valenzano Bari, Italy
    Vet Parasitol 130:293-304. 2005
    ..t. (group A=98.43%, group B=77.56%)...
  95. pmc Ticks and associated pathogens collected from dogs and cats in Belgium
    Edwin Claerebout
    Laboratory of Parasitology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Ghent University, Merelbeke, Belgium
    Parasit Vectors 6:183. 2013
    ..are vectors of pathogens causing babesiosis, borreliosis, anaplasmosis, rickettsiosis and TBEV...
  96. ncbi Differential virulence in two congeneric ticks infesting songbird nestlings
    Dieter J A Heylen
    Evolutionary Ecology Group, University of Antwerp, Groenenborgerlaan 171, B 2020 Antwerpen, Belgium
    Parasitology 138:1011-21. 2011
    ....
  97. ncbi Shifts in the distributional ranges of Boophilus ticks in Tanzania: evidence that a parapatric boundary between Boophilus microplus and B. decoloratus follows climate gradients
    Godelieve Lynen
    Ministry of Water and Livestock Development, Veterinary Investigation Centre, P O Box 1068, Arusha, Tanzania
    Exp Appl Acarol 44:147-64. 2008
    ..microplus. It can be anticipated that climate changes may enhance the spread of B. microplus and consequently Babesia bovis into new areas of the African continent...
  98. pmc Effect of owner-controlled acaricidal treatment on tick infestation and immune response to tick-borne pathogens in naturally infested dogs from Eastern Austria
    Michael Leschnik
    Small Animal Clinic, Department for Companion Animals, University of Veterinary Medicine Vienna, Veterinaerplatz 1, Vienna, A 1210, Austria
    Parasit Vectors 6:62. 2013
    ..Information about the current infection status and changes of the infection status regarding tick-borne diseases (TBD) in dogs treated by the owner's controlled acaricide application is lacking...
  99. ncbi Ixodid ticks on ruminants, with on-host initiated moulting (apolysis) of Ixodes, Haemaphysalis and Dermacentor larvae
    S Hornok
    Department of Parasitology and Zoology, Faculty of Veterinary Science, Szent Istvan University, Istvan u 2, 1078 Budapest, Hungary
    Vet Parasitol 187:350-3. 2012
    ..This is the first survey involving four species of domestic and wild ruminants in Europe to compare the host-preference of ixodid ticks in the same region...
  100. ncbi Parasites of domestic and wild animals in South Africa. XLIII. Ixodid ticks of domestic dogs and cats in the Western Cape Province
    I G Horak
    Department of Veterinary Tropical Diseases, Faculty of Veterinary Science, University of Pretoria, Onderstepoort, South Africa
    Onderstepoort J Vet Res 70:187-95. 2003
    ..sanguineus were collected during October 2000, February and March 2001, from January to April 2002 and during October 2002. Five ixodid tick species, of which H. leachi was the most numerous and prevalent, were collected from cats...
  101. ncbi The use of a 4% (w/w) deltamethrin collar (Scalibor ProtectorBand) in the extended control of ticks on dogs
    Rene H C van den Bos
    Intervet International BV, PO Box 31, 5830 AA Boxmeer, The Netherlands
    Exp Appl Acarol 28:297-303. 2002
    ..sanguineus or I. ricinus. A subsequent field study wherein 82 dogs were wearing the collar and monitored for tick infestation indicated that the duration of efficacy was between 5 and 6 months...

Research Grants13

  1. Immunopathogenesis of Human Granulocytic Anaplasmosis
    Erol Fikrig; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..phagocytophilum are important in infection, delineate the similarities and differences between infection in the arthropod vector and mammalian host, and lead to new strategies to interfere with the Anaplasma life cycle. ..
  2. Toll-like receptor responses to West Nile virus
    Erol Fikrig; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..These studies should increase our understanding of the role of TLR3 in viral recognition, and may lead to new strategies to prevent, or treat, WN virus infection. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  3. Genetic Characterization and Biology of Plague from Multiple Foci
    David Wagner; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  4. Tissue Specific Borrelia Gene Expession
    Erol Fikrig; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ....
  5. Neutrophil gene expression induced by A. phagocytophila
    Erol Fikrig; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..phagocytophila uses to interfere with neutrophil differentiation and function ..
  6. Generation of babesial surface protein diversity
    SHAWN BERENS; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The sponsors collaborate closely in research and have successfully mentored clinicians, graduate students, and post-doctoral fellows to research independence. ..
  7. CD1-Mediated Immunity Of Lyme Disease
    Linda Bockenstedt; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..For the field of Lyme disease, defining the key molecules expressed by tick-borne spirochetes will move us one step closer toward understanding how this pathogen invades, disseminates and persists in the mammalian host. ..
  8. Natural History of Borrelia lonestari
    Susan Little; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..S., enhancing public health efforts in those areas where people are risk of infection; reduction in human disease from these pathogens should result. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  9. LYME DISEASE IN WESTERN USA: ECOLOGY AND EPIDEMIOLOGY
    Robert Lane; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Development of this risk model, which culminates over 2 decades of intensive study, should contribute significantly to our knowledge of the landscape ecology and epidemiology of LD in this region. ..
  10. Regulating I. scapularis and the Role of Entomopathogenic Fungi
    Thomas Daniels; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..scapularis in lab studies. Long- term health benefits might also accrue with the reduction in pesticide use those results from the availability of an effective biocontrol agent. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  11. Genesis & Control of Lyme Disease by Innate Immunity
    Linda Bockenstedt; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..For the field of Lyme disease, defining the key molecules expressed by host-adapted spirochetes will move us one step closer toward understanding how this pathogen persists in an immunologically responsive host. ..