persistent vegetative state
Summary: Vegetative state refers to the neurocognitive status of individuals with severe brain damage, in whom physiologic functions (sleep-wake cycles, autonomic control, and breathing) persist, but awareness (including all cognitive function and emotion) is abolished.
Publications264 found, 100 shown here
- Prognostic value of standard EEG in traumatic and non-traumatic disorders of consciousness following comaS Bagnato
Neurorehabilitation Unit, Rehabilitation Department, Fondazione Istituto San Raffaele G Giglio, Cefalù PA, Italy
Clin Neurophysiol 121:274-80. 2010....
- The JFK Coma Recovery Scale-Revised: measurement characteristics and diagnostic utilityJoseph T Giacino
JFK Johnson Rehabilitation Institute and New Jersey Neuroscience Institute, JFK Medical Center, Edison, NJ 08820, USA
Arch Phys Med Rehabil 85:2020-9. 2004..To determine the measurement properties and diagnostic utility of the JFK Coma Recovery Scale-Revised (CRS-R)...
- Media coverage of the persistent vegetative state and end-of-life decision-makingE Racine
Neuroethics Research Unit, Institut de Recherches Cliniques de Montreal, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
Neurology 71:1027-32. 2008Conflicting perspectives about the diagnosis and prognosis of the persistent vegetative state (PVS) as well as end-of-life (EOL) decision-making were disseminated in the Terri Schiavo case...
- Sleep in disorders of consciousnessVictor Cologan
Coma Science Group, Cyclotron Research Center, University of Liege, Belgium
Sleep Med Rev 14:97-105. 2010..At the present time the interactions of sleep and consciousness in brain-injured patients are a little studied subject but, the authors suggest, a potentially very interesting field of research...
- Complexity loss in physiological time series of patients in a vegetative stateMarco Sara
Istituto San Raffaele, Cassino, Italy
Nonlinear Dynamics Psychol Life Sci 14:1-13. 2010..Mean ApEn values were lower in patients than in controls (t18 18 = 12.3, p < 0.001). ApEn is able to discriminate patients from controls thus supporting the hypothesis about a decreased neural networks complexity in VS...
- Diagnostic and prognostic use of bispectral index in coma, vegetative state and related disordersC Schnakers
Coma Science Group, Cyclotron Research Centre, University of Liege, Belgium
Brain Inj 22:926-31. 2008....
- Application of nonlinear dynamics analysis in assessing unconsciousness: a preliminary studyDong Yu Wu
Department of Rehabilitation, Xuanwu Hospital of Capital Medical University, No 45, Changchun St, Xuanwu District, P O Box 100053, Beijing, China
Clin Neurophysiol 122:490-8. 2011..To quantify the degree of unconsciousness with EEG nonlinear analysis and investigate the change of EEG nonlinear properties under different conditions...
- Functional isolation within the cerebral cortex in the vegetative state: a nonlinear method to predict clinical outcomesMarco Sara
Post Coma and Rehabilitation Care Unit, San Raffaele Cassino, Cassino, Italy
Neurorehabil Neural Repair 25:35-42. 2011Establishing prognosis in patients in a persistent vegetative state (VS) is still challenging...
- Incidence and prevalence of the vegetative and minimally conscious statesJ Graham Beaumont
Department of Clinical Psychology, Royal Hospital for Neuro disability, West Hill, Putney, London SW15 3SW, UK
Neuropsychol Rehabil 15:184-9. 2005..The prevalence of VS in adults in the US is between 40 and 168 PMP, and may be lower in the UK, but precise figures are not available. The incidence and prevalence of MCS have yet to be established...
- Neurologists say Florida woman is very unlikely to recoverIvan Oransky
Lancet Neurol 2:715. 2003
- Theresa Schiavo's tragedy and ours, tooJames L Bernat
Neurology 71:964-5. 2008
- "Culture of life" politics at the bedside--the case of Terri SchiavoGeorge J Annas
Department of Health Law, Bioethics, and Human Rights, Boston University School of Public Health, Boston, USA
N Engl J Med 352:1710-5. 2005
- The vegetative stateB Jennett
J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 73:355-7. 2002
- Residual cognitive function in comatose, vegetative and minimally conscious statesSteven Laureys
Cyclotron Research Centre, University of Liege, Belgium
Curr Opin Neurol 18:726-33. 2005..In addition to novel behavioural 'consciousness-scales', the role of para-clinical markers of consciousness, such as event related potentials and functional neuroimaging is reviewed...
- Tube feedings and persistent vegetative state patients: ordinary or extraordinary means?Peter Clark
Department of Theology, Saint Joseph s University, 5600 City Avenue, Philadelphia, PA 19135 1395, USA
Christ Bioeth 12:43-64. 2006..The purpose of this article is threefold: first, to examine the medical condition of a persistent vegetative state (PVS); second, to examine and analyze the Catholic Church's tradition on the ordinary-extraordinary ..
- Observations on the ethical and social aspects of disorders of consciousnessEric Racine
Neuroethics Research Unit, Department of Medicine and Department of Social and Preventive Medicine, Universite de Montreal, Canada
Can J Neurol Sci 37:758-68. 2010..We conclude by highlighting areas needing further research and collaboration...
- Eluana Englaro, chronicle of a death foretold: ethical considerations on the recent right-to-die case in ItalyMarco Luchetti
Department of Anaesthesia and Intensive Care, A Manzoni General Hospital, Via Dell Eremo 9 11, Lecco, Italy
J Med Ethics 36:333-5. 2010....
- Intrathecal baclofen in patients with persistent vegetative state: 2 hypothesesMarco Sara
Istituto San Raffaele Tosinvest Sanita, Post Coma Intensive and Rehabilitation Care Unit, Cassino, Italy
Arch Phys Med Rehabil 90:1245-9. 2009Sporadic cases of recovery from persistent vegetative state (PVS) after administration of intrathecal baclofen (ITB) have been reported without giving any possible explanation for its paradoxical effect...
- Late recovery from post-traumatic vegetative stateElisa Sancisi
Department of Neurological Sciences, University of Bologna, Via Ugo Foscolo, Bologna, Italy
Brain Inj 23:163-6. 2009..The aim of this study was to report that late recovery with moderate disability is possible, even after several months in vegetative state...
- Information processing in severe disorders of consciousness: vegetative state and minimally conscious stateB Kotchoubey
Institute of Medical Psychology and Behavioral Neurobiology, University of Tubingen, Gartenstrasse 29, 72074 Tubingen, Germany
Clin Neurophysiol 116:2441-53. 2005..To study the presence of electrophysiological indicators of remaining cortical functions in patients with persistent vegetative state (PVS) and minimally conscious state (MCS)...
- Science and society: death, unconsciousness and the brainSteven Laureys
Cyclotron Research Centre and Neurology Department, Universite de Liege, Sart Tilman B30, 4000 Liege, Belgium
Nat Rev Neurosci 6:899-909. 2005....
- Medical decision making in the vegetative state: withdrawal of nutrition and hydrationKeith Andrews
Institute of Complex Neuro Disabilities, Royal Hospital for Neuro disability, West Hill, London SW15 3SW, UK
NeuroRehabilitation 19:299-304. 2004..The concept of withdrawal of nutrition and hydration is a sensitive issue and clinicians can expect to be considered as not acting in the patient's best interest whatever decision is taken...
- Neuropathology of the vegetative state after head injuryD I Graham
University of Glasgow, UK
Neuropsychol Rehabil 15:198-213. 2005..However, both ischaemic brain damage and the vascular complications of raised intracranial pressure contributed to the clinical signs and symptoms...
- Apallic syndrome is not apallic: is vegetative state vegetative?Boris Kotchoubey
Institute of Medical Psychology and Behavioural Neurobiology, Eberhardt Karls University of Tübingen, Germany
Neuropsychol Rehabil 15:333-56. 2005..A methodological analysis leads to the conclusion that any neurophysiological assessment of VS patients is biased toward under-, rather than over-estimation, of their remaining information processing abilities...
- Brain function in the minimally conscious state: a quantitative neurophysiological studyJ Leon-Carrion
Human Neuropsychology Laboratory, School of Psychology, Department of Experimental Psychology, C Camilo José Cela S N, University of Seville, Seville, Spain
Clin Neurophysiol 119:1506-14. 2008..We also try to find EEG cortical sources that differentiate between both conditions using LORETA source analysis...
- Death of John Paul II and the basic human care for the sick and the dyingJuan R Velez G
Ethics Med 21:167-77. 2005..quot; Terri was diagnosed with persistent vegetative state, a term that is outdated, vague and imprecise and that likens a human being to a vegetable...
- Modeling the minimally conscious state: measurements of brain function and therapeutic possibilitiesNicholas D Schiff
Laboratory of Cognitive Neuromodulation, Department of Neurology and Neuroscience, Weill Medical College of Cornell University, 1300 York Avenue Room F610, NY 10021, USA
Prog Brain Res 150:473-93. 2005..Several pathophysiological mechanisms that might limit further recovery in MCS patients are considered. Implications for future research directions and possible therapeutic strategies are reviewed...
- Legal consequences and ethical dilemmas of pain perception in persistent vegetative statesStephanie Rifkinson-Mann
American Medical Association, USA
J Health Law 36:523-48. 2003quot;Persistent vegetative state" (PVS) describes brain-damaged patients who survive their injuries in a sleeplike, insensible state, with periodic awakenings...
- Prevalence and characteristics of patients in a vegetative state in Dutch nursing homesJ C M Lavrijsen
De Zorgboog, Bakel, The Netherlands
J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 76:1420-4. 2005..To establish the prevalence of vegetative state in Dutch nursing homes, describe the patient characteristics, and highlight the possible influence of medical decisions at the end of life...
- Children and young adults in a prolonged unconscious state due to severe brain injury: outcome after an early intensive neurorehabilitation programmeH J Eilander
Rehabilitation Centre Leijpark, Division Research, Project VLB NAH, Tilburg, The Netherlands
Brain Inj 19:425-36. 2005..In an extensive research project the effects of EINP were studied. This part of the project focused on the outcome in terms of level of consciousness (LOC) in relation to the specific characteristics of a retrospectively studied cohort...
- Clinical diagnosis of prolonged states of impaired consciousness in adultsEelco F M Wijdicks
Department of Neurology and Division of Critical Care Neurology, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Rochester, MN 55905, USA
Mayo Clin Proc 80:1037-46. 2005..Patients may be diagnosed as being in a persistent vegetative state, having akinetic mutism, or being in a minimally conscious state...
- Abandon the dead donor rule or change the definition of death?Robert M Veatch
Kennedy Institute of Ethics, Georgetown University, Washington, DC, USA
Kennedy Inst Ethics J 14:261-76. 2004..colleagues reveals that many lay people in Ohio classify legally living persons in irreversible coma or persistent vegetative state (PVS) as dead that additional respondents, although classifying such patients as living, would be ..
- The vegetative and minimally conscious states: current knowledge and remaining questionsJoseph Giacino
JFK Johnson Rehabilitation Institute, 65 James St, Edison, NJ, USA
J Head Trauma Rehabil 20:30-50. 2005..The past and future scientific developments in this area provide an important background for continuing discussions of the ethical controversies surrounding end-of-life decision making and resource allocation...
- The vegetative and minimally conscious states: consensus-based criteria for establishing diagnosis and prognosisJoseph T Giacino
JFK Medical Center, New Jersey Neuroscience Institute, Edison, NJ, USA
NeuroRehabilitation 19:293-8. 2004..The Multi-Society Task Force Report on the persistent vegetative state and the Aspen Workgroup statement on the minimally conscious state represent two such initiatives...
- Novel aspects of the neuropathology of the vegetative state after blunt head injuryD I Graham
Academic Unit of Neuropathology, Institute of Neurological Sciences, Southern General Hospital, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, G51 4TF, UK
Prog Brain Res 150:445-55. 2005..Although amyloid plaques and tau inclusions were identified in some, their contribution did not seem important in the ultimate clinical outcome...
- A critical analysis of conceptual domains of the vegetative state: sorting fact from fancyD Alan Shewmon
David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, Department of Neurology, Olive View UCLA Medical Center, 14445 Olive View Drive, Sylmar, CA 91342 1495, USA
NeuroRehabilitation 19:343-7. 2004..The term VS should be dropped and replaced with one that reflects what is truly known and verifiable about the condition and the individual patient...
- fMRI reveals large-scale network activation in minimally conscious patientsN D Schiff
Department of Neurology and Neuroscience, Weill College of Medicine, Cornell University, New York, USA
Neurology 64:514-23. 2005....
- Chronic disorders of consciousnessJames L Bernat
Dartmouth Medical School, Hanover, NH, USA
Lancet 367:1181-92. 2006..Treatment decisions for patients in vegetative state or minimally conscious state should follow established ethical and legal principles and accepted practice guidelines of professional medical specialty societies...
- Detecting awareness in the vegetative stateAdrian M Owen
Medical Research Council Cognition and Brain Sciences Unit, Cambridge CB2 2EF, UK
Science 313:1402. 2006..When asked to imagine playing tennis or moving around her home, the patient activated predicted cortical areas in a manner indistinguishable from that of healthy volunteers...
- Detecting awareness in the vegetative stateAdrian M Owen
MRC Cognition and Brain Sciences Unit, 15 Chaucer Road, Cambridge CB2 7EF, UK
Ann N Y Acad Sci 1129:130-8. 2008....
- Perception of pain in the minimally conscious state with PET activation: an observational studyMelanie Boly
Coma Science Group, Cyclotron Research Center, University of Liege, Belgium
Lancet Neurol 7:1013-20. 2008..Therefore, better understanding of cerebral noxious processing in these patients is of clinical, therapeutic, and ethical relevance...
- Cerebral response to speech in vegetative and minimally conscious states after traumatic brain injuryDavinia Fernandez-Espejo
Department of Psychiatry and Clinical Psychobiology, University of Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain
Brain Inj 22:882-90. 2008..To study cerebral response in a functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) task of speech perception in a sample of patients in vegetative state (VS) and minimally conscious state (MCS) after traumatic brain injury...
- Neuroimaging and disorders of consciousness: envisioning an ethical research agendaJoseph J Fins
Weill Medical College of Cornell University, New York, NY 10021, USA
Am J Bioeth 8:3-12. 2008..It represents an interdisciplinary approach to the challenges posed by the emerging use of neuroimaging technologies to describe and characterize disorders of consciousness...
- Going beyond the evidenceNeil Levy
School of Philosophy, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
Am J Bioeth 8:19-21; discussion W1-3. 2008
- Neuroimaging activation studies in the vegetative state: predictors of recovery?Haibo Di
Coma Science Group, Cyclotron Research Centre and Neurology Department, University of Liege, Belgium
Clin Med 8:502-7. 2008..The clinical application of these functional neuroimaging techniques awaits validation from ongoing multi-centric cohort studies in these challenging patients with chronic disorders of consciousness...
- Brain damage and the moral significance of consciousnessGuy Kahane
University of Oxford, Oxford, UK
J Med Philos 34:6-26. 2009..We argue that enjoyment of consciousness might actually give stronger moral reasons not to preserve a patient's life and, indeed, that these might be stronger when patients retain significant cognitive function...
- Cortical sources of resting-state alpha rhythms are abnormal in persistent vegetative state patientsClaudio Babiloni
Department of Biomedical Sciences, University of Foggia, V le Pinto 1, 71100 Foggia, Italy
Clin Neurophysiol 120:719-29. 2009..Here we tested the hypothesis that these rhythms are abnormal in persistent vegetative state (PVS) patients, who are awake but not aware of self and environment.
- Functional connectivity in the default network during resting state is preserved in a vegetative but not in a brain dead patientM Boly
Cyclotron Research Center, University of Liege, Liege, Belgium
Hum Brain Mapp 30:2393-400. 2009..Future studies are needed to give a full characterization of default network connectivity in the VS patients population...
- Clinical signs and early prognosis in vegetative state: a decisional tree, data-mining studyG Dolce
Intensive Care Unit for Vegetative State, S Anna Institute, Crotone, Italy
Brain Inj 22:617-23. 2008..The purpose of this study was to identify by artificial intelligence procedures (classification and regression trees, data-mining) the significant neurological signs correlated to and predictive of outcome...
- Functional neuroimaging of the vegetative stateAdrian M Owen
Medical Research Council Cognition and Brain Sciences Unit, 15 Chaucer Road, Cambridge, CB2 7EF, UK
Nat Rev Neurosci 9:235-43. 2008....
- What is it like to be vegetative or minimally conscious?Steven Laureys
Coma Science Group, Cyclotron Research Centre and Neurology Department, University of Liege, Liege, Belgium
Curr Opin Neurol 20:609-13. 2007..Here we review current possibilities and limitations of clinical and para-clinical assessment of chronic disorders of consciousness...
- Evidence of cortical learning in vegetative stateB Kotchoubey
J Neurol 253:1374-6. 2006
- How should functional imaging of patients with disorders of consciousness contribute to their clinical rehabilitation needs?Steven Laureys
Cyclotron Research Center and Neurology Department, University of Liege, Liege, Belgium
Curr Opin Neurol 19:520-7. 2006..We discuss the problems of evidence-based neurorehabilitation in disorders of consciousness, and recent functional neuroimaging data obtained in the vegetative state and minimally conscious state...
- Selective brain activity in response to one's own name in the persistent vegetative stateW Staffen
J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 77:1383-4. 2006
- Functional neuroimaging applications for assessment and rehabilitation planning in patients with disorders of consciousnessJoseph T Giacino
JFK Johnson Rehabilitation Institute, and New Jersey Neuroscience Institute, JFK Medical Center, Edison, NJ 08818, USA
Arch Phys Med Rehabil 87:S67-76. 2006..To describe the theoretic framework, design, and potential clinical applications of functional neuroimaging protocols in patients with disorders of consciousness...
- Shades of gray: new insights into the vegetative stateJoseph J Fins
Hastings Cent Rep 36:8. 2006
- Comment on "Detecting awareness in the vegetative state"Daniel L Greenberg
Department of Psychology, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA
Science 315:1221; author reply 1221. 2007..Specifically, the activity could reflect unconscious reactions to the last word in the command, not conscious decisions to respond. A refined experimental design could clarify these issues...
- Cerebral response to patient's own name in the vegetative and minimally conscious statesH B Di
Zhejiang University School of Medicine, Hangzhou 310006, China
Neurology 68:895-9. 2007....
- 'Brain death': should it be reconsidered?K G Karakatsanis
Department of Nuclear Medicine, Medical School, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki, Greece
Spinal Cord 46:396-401. 2008..To evaluate whether current clinical criteria and confirmatory tests for the diagnosis of 'brain death' satisfy the requirements for the irreversible cessation of all functions of the entire brain including the brainstem...
- Recognizing a mother's voice in the persistent vegetative stateC Machado
Institute of Neurology and Neurosurgery, Apartado Postal 4268, Ciudad de La Habana 10400, Cuba
Clin EEG Neurosci 38:124-6. 2007..These findings launch new ethical and practical implications for the management of VS patients...
- Diagnostic accuracy of the vegetative and minimally conscious state: clinical consensus versus standardized neurobehavioral assessmentCaroline Schnakers
Coma Science Group, Cyclotron Research Center, University of Liege, Belgium
BMC Neurol 9:35. 2009..In this study, we compared consensus-based diagnoses of VS and MCS to those based on a well-established standardized neurobehavioral rating scale, the JFK Coma Recovery Scale-Revised (CRS-R)...
- Phasic activities of rapid eye movement sleep in vegetative state patientsA Oksenberg
Sleep Disorders Unit, Loewenstein Hospital, Rehabilitation Center, Raanana, Israel
Sleep 24:703-6. 2001..To assess the phasic components of rapid eye movement (REM) sleep in patients in vegetative state and to evaluate the possible relationship of these activities to patient outcome...
- The minimally conscious state: definition and diagnostic criteriaJoseph T Giacino
JFK Johnson Rehabilitation Institute, 2048 Oak Tree Road, Edison, NJ 08820, USA
Neurology 58:349-53. 2002..To establish consensus recommendations among health care specialties for defining and establishing diagnostic criteria for the minimally conscious state (MCS)...
- A critique on the concept of "brain death"K G Karakatsanis
Medical School, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Greece
Issues Law Med 18:127-41. 2002..Finally it is pointed out that a holistic approach to the problem of "brain death" in humans should necessarily include the inspection of the content of consciousness...
- Brain function in coma, vegetative state, and related disordersSteven Laureys
Belgian National Funds for Scientific Research Cyclotron Research Center and Department of Neurology, University of Liege, Belgium
Lancet Neurol 3:537-46. 2004..Neuroimaging techniques remain important tools for clinical research that will extend our understanding of the underlying mechanisms of these disorders...
- Sleep cycle in patients in a state of permanent unconsciousnessMitsuo Isono
Department of Neurosurgery, Oita Medical University, Hasama machi, Oita, Japan
Brain Inj 16:705-12. 2002Since the recent diagnostic criteria for persistent vegetative state (PVS) require the presence of a sleep-wake cycle, certain patients in similar conditions should be excluded from PVS...
- Neuropathology in vegetative and severely disabled patients after head injuryB Jennett
University Department of Neurosurgery, Institute of Neurological Sciences, Southern General Hospital, Glasgow, UK
Neurology 56:486-90. 2001..In the severely disabled patients with lesions similar to those of VS cases it is likely that a greater quantitative amount of damage occurred in the VS cases...
- Cortical processing of noxious somatosensory stimuli in the persistent vegetative stateS Laureys
Cyclotron Research Center, University of Liège B30, Department of Neurology, CHU B35, Sart Tilman, 4000 Liege, Belgium
Neuroimage 17:732-41. 2002The persistent vegetative state (PVS) is a devastating medical condition characterized by preserved wakefulness contrasting with absent voluntary interaction with the environment...
- Deep brain stimulation therapy for a persistent vegetative stateT Yamamoto
Department of Neurological Surgery, Nihon University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan
Acta Neurochir Suppl 79:79-82. 2002Twenty cases of a persistent vegetative state (PVS) caused by various kinds of brain damage were neurologically and electrophysiologically evaluated at 3 months after persistence of the PVS, and were treated by deep brain stimulation (..
- Detecting residual cognitive function in persistent vegetative stateAdrian M Owen
MRC Cognition and Brain Sciences Unit, 15 Chaucer Road, Cambridge CB2 2EF, UK
Neurocase 8:394-403. 2002Despite converging agreement about the definition of persistent vegetative state, recent reports have raised concerns about the accuracy of diagnosis in some patients, and the extent to which, in a selection of cases, residual cognitive ..
- Nutrition and hydration: an analysis of the recent papal statement in the light of the Roman Catholic bioethical traditionThomas A Shannon
Department of Humanities and Arts, Worcester Polytechnic Institute, 100 Institute Road, Worcester, MA 01609, USA
Christ Bioeth 12:29-41. 2006..by John Paul II on the provision of artificial nutrition and hydration to patients who are in a persistent vegetative state, and it implications on previously held standards of judging medical treatments...
- Caring for the unconsciousJames J Mulligan
Diocese of Allentown, Northampton, PA, USA
Ethics Medics 30:2-4. 2005
- Experts' attitudes towards medical futility: an empirical survey from JapanAlireza Bagheri
Graduate School of Law, Kyoto University, Yoshida, Sakyo ku, 606 8501 Kyoto, Japan
BMC Med Ethics 7:E8. 2006..BACKGROUND The current debate about medical futility is mostly driven by theoretical and personal perspectives and there is a lack of empirical data to document experts and public attitudes towards medical futility...
- Wrongful suits? Suing in the name of Terri Schiavo and Kelly MolenaarAart Hendriks
Eur J Health Law 12:97-102. 2005
- The controversy over artificial hydration and nutritionJames L Bernat
Neurology 66:1618-9. 2006
- How should Christians make judgments at the edge of life and death?Mark J Cherry
Department of Philosophy, Campus Mailbox 844, St Edward s University, 3001 South Congress Avenue, Austin, TX 78704, USA
Christ Bioeth 12:1-10. 2006
- [Allowing a patient in a vegetative state to die in hospital under the direction of a nursing-home physician]J C M Lavrijsen
Stichting De Zorgboog, Postbus 16, 5760 AA Bakel
Ned Tijdschr Geneeskd 149:947-50. 2005..A hopeless vegetative state can be prevented by using these transmural possibilities for cooperation, including an early input of knowledge and experience about the long-term course of a vegetative state...
- The impact of Roman Catholic moral theology on end-of-life care under the Texas Advance Directives ActDavid M Zientek
Austin Heart Hospital, 3801 N Lamar, Suite 300, Austin, TX 78756, USA
Christ Bioeth 12:65-82. 2006..The implications, under the Texas statute, of varied interpretations of Pope John Paul II's recent allocution on artificial feeding and hydration in the persistent vegetative state will also be considered.
- Who decides? An ethics case consult for Terri SchiavoGregg Vandekieft
Providence Sound Homecare and Hospice, Olympia
Am J Hosp Palliat Care 22:175-7. 2005....
- Erring on the side of Theresa Schiavo: reflections of the special guardian ad litemJay Wolfson
University of South Florida Health Sciences Center, Tampa, USA
Hastings Cent Rep 35:16-9. 2005
- Catholicism, death and modern medicineLisa Sowle Cahill
Boston College, Chestnut Hill, MA, USA
America (NY) 192:14-7. 2005
- Encephaloethics: a history of the ethics of the brainAlbert R Jonsen
California Pacific Medical Center, Program in Medicine and Human Values, San Francisco, CA 94115, USA
Am J Bioeth 8:37-42. 2008
- Persistent vegetative state: let's not blow out the candleG L Gigli
Neurol Sci 23:251-4. 2002
- Determining the value of life: discrimination, advance directives, and the right to die with dignityPaul T Menzel
Pacific Lutheran University, USA
Free Inq 25:39-41. 2005
- Nutrition and hydration: should they be considered medical therapy?Kevin T McMahon
Saint Charles Borromeo Seminary, Overbrook, USA
Linacre Q 72:229-39. 2005
- The Schiavo and Korp cases: conceptualising end-of-life decision-makingLoane Skene
Faculty of Law, Faculty of Medicine, Dentistry and Health Sciences, University of Melbourne, Parkville, Vic, Australia
J Law Med 13:223-9. 2005..That deflects attention from the fundamental legal principle that whatever a patient or the relatives want, they are not legally entitled to demand treatment that doctors consider futile in the circumstances...
- Approach to the comatose patientRobert D Stevens
Division of Neurosciences Critical Care, Department of Anesthesiology/Critical Care Medicine, Neurology and Neurosurgery, The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, USA
Crit Care Med 34:31-41. 2006..Neurologic prognosis is determined by the underlying etiology and may be predicted by the combination of clinical signs and electrophysiological tests...
- Position statement on laws and regulations concerning life-sustaining treatment, including artificial nutrition and hydration, for patients lacking decision-making capacityDana Bacon
American Academy of Neurology, St. Paul, MN 55116, USA
Neurology 68:1097-100. 2007
- Ordinary, extraordinary, and artificial means of careBenedict M Guevin
Saint Anselm College, Manchester, NH, USA
Natl Cathol Bioeth Q 5:471-9. 2005
- Terminating artificial nutrition and hydration in persistent vegetative state patients: current and proposed state lawsDan Larriviere
University of Virginia, Department of Neurology, Box 800394, Charlottesville, VA 22908, USA
Neurology 66:1624-8. 2006
- Ethical issues in the management of geriatric cardiac patients. Special report: Terri's Tale: dispelling the myths in the Terri Schiavo OrdealLofty L Basta
University of South Florida, Tampa, FL, and Project GRACE (Guidelines for Resuscitation and Care at End-of-Life, Clearwater, FL 33756, USA
Am J Geriatr Cardiol 14:265-8. 2005
- Early rehabilitative concepts in therapy of the comatose brain injured patientsM Lippert-Grüner
Klinik für Allgemeine Neurochirurgie, Universitat zu Koln, Koln, Germany
Acta Neurochir Suppl 79:21-3. 2002..To evaluate the changes of vegetative parameters and behavioural assessment in comatose patients after severe brain injury during the Multimodal-Early-Onset-Stimulation (MEOS) in early rehabilitation...
- Ethical issues and the right to dieDominick L Flarey
Center for Medical-Legal Consulting in Northeast Ohio, OH, USA
Lippincotts Case Manag 10:228-31. 2005
- Living and dying in a post-Schiavo worldThomas Wm Mayo
Dedman School of Law, Southern Methodist University, USA
J Health Law 38:587-608. 2005..Looking through a post-Schiavo lens, the Article examines state law addressing these issues and how these choices may be reexamined in the coming years...
- The arrogance of power unchecked--the terrible, grotesque tragedy of the case of Terri SchiavoPhilip S Barie
Surg Infect (Larchmt) 6:1-5. 2005
- Is it in the best interests of an intellectually disabled infant to die?D Wilkinson
Mercy Hospital for Women, PO Box 5027, Heidelberg West, Victoria 3081, Australia
J Med Ethics 32:454-9. 2006..The best interests of the child can be affected by severe or profound intellectual disability. It is, though, not as clear-cut as some might expect...
- Translating psychosocial insight into ethical discussions supportive of families in end-of-life decision-makingLarry W Foster
Department of Social Work, Cleveland State University, OH 44115, USA
Soc Work Health Care 35:37-51. 2002..Contributions of a social worker and bioethicist are illustrated...
- The discontinuation of life support measures in patients in a permanent vegetative stateV Bonito
Department of Neurology, Ospedali Riuniti di Bergamo, Largo Barozzi 1, I-24100 Bergamo, Italy
Neurol Sci 23:131-9. 2002
- [Cerebral functions in brain-damaged patients. What is meant by coma, vegetative state, minimally conscious state, locked-in syndrome and brain death?]M E Faymonville
Department of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care Medicine, CHU Sart Tilman, University of Liege, Belgium
Anaesthesist 53:1195-202. 2004..Finally, we discuss the functional neuroanatomy of these conditions as assessed by positron emission tomography (PET) scanning...
- Terri Schiavo and the lawThomas C Marks
Stetson University College of Law, USA
Albany Law Rev 67:843-7. 2004
- A case from the department of neurologyStephen Krieger
Department of Neurology, Mount Sinai Medical Center, New York, NY 10029, USA
Mt Sinai J Med 75:53-6. 2008..In conclusion, we discuss whether the fact that his grave neurological condition was caused by a suicide attempt was relevant to the decision to continue or withdraw life support...
- Neuro-inflammation and treatment in GM2 gangliosidosisStephanos Kyrkanides; Fiscal Year: 2007..With this more of therapy we anticipate a resolution of GM2 storage and neuro-inflammation ultimately leading to amelioration of the clinical phenotype of the disease. ..
- MOLECULAR GENETICS OF INFANTILE NCLSandra Hofmann; Fiscal Year: 2003..Fourth, mice lacking both PPT1 and PPT2 will be created and characterized. The results from these studies will lead to unique new insights into lysosomal thioester metabolism, neurodegeneration, and aging. ..
- NEURONAL DEGENERATION HEREDITARY CEROID-LIPOFUSCINOSISMartin Katz; Fiscal Year: 2003....
- NMR STUDIES OF BACTERIAL REGULATORY PROTEINSJohn Cavanagh; Fiscal Year: 2004..The research described in the proposal is designed to test the veracity of these models, subsequently extend them, and provide general insight into the two-component mode of action. ..
- Mechanisms of recovery following severe brain injuryNicholas Schiff; Fiscal Year: 2009..Without such studies, these patients will continue to remain categorically excluded from advances in medical diagnostics and therapeutics. ..
- Mechanisms of recovery following severe brain injuryNicholas D Schiff; Fiscal Year: 2010..Without such studies, these patients will continue to remain categorically excluded from advances in medical diagnostics and therapeutics. ..
- INTRALAMINAR THALAMIC INFLUENCES ON VISUAL AWARENESSNicholas Schiff; Fiscal Year: 2004..While these are long-range goals, and the studies proposed here do not represent direct investigations of these possibilities, completion of these experiments is necessary and logical step toward these goals. ..
- CENTRAL THALAMIC DEEP BRAIN STIMULATION MODELSNICHOLAS D contact SCHIFF; Fiscal Year: 2010....
- MULTIDISCIPLINARY ASSESSMENT OF SEVERE BRAIN INJURYNicholas Schiff; Fiscal Year: 2003..The long-range goal of the studies proposed here is to provide a foundation for rational therapies for chronic cognitive disabilities following complex brain injuries. ..
- Research Methods for Cognitive RehabilitationJohn Whyte; Fiscal Year: 2007..Importantly, a subject recruitment infrastructure within the Core will make it feasible for visiting or remote collaborators to identify appropriate subjects for study during brief research visits. ..
- Rehabilitation Medicine Scientist Training (RMST) ProgramJohn Whyte; Fiscal Year: 2007..The net result of the program will be a cadre of faculty for departments of PM&R who can compete successfully for extramural funds and be productive independent investigators, ultimately fulfilling a vision of physiatric research. ..
- PHARMACOLOGIC REHABILITATION OF ATTENTION DEFICITSJohn Whyte; Fiscal Year: 2003..The factor structure will also be compared to that obtained from a control sample. ..
- Novel brain stimulation to enhance stroke recoveryEsteban Fridman; Fiscal Year: 2004..In addition, it will provide some insight into mechanisms underlying such recovery. Since stroke is the leading cause of motor disabilities this work has a clear clinical relevance. ..
- SES, Childhood Experience, and The Neural Bases of LearningMartha Farah; Fiscal Year: 2007....
- Preventing spike-wave epileptogenesis: critical periods & neuroimaging biomarkersHal Blumenfeld; Fiscal Year: 2010..untreated animals. We will also investigate the anatomical basis of white matter DTI abnormalities through electron microscopy to determine changes in axons and myelin in affected regions. 2. ..
- SOCIAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL CONTEXTS OF ADAPTATIONPETER DITTO; Fiscal Year: 2006..We request funding to support three (3) predoctoral and three (3) postdoctoral trainees in the next project period. ..
- Neuroimaging of Autobiographical MemoryDaniel Greenberg; Fiscal Year: 2003....
- Normal Impulsivity: A Cognitive Neuroscience AnalysisMartha Farah; Fiscal Year: 2005..abstract_text> ..
- SES, Childhood Experience, and The Neural Bases of LearningMartha J Farah; Fiscal Year: 2010....
- Autobiographical Memory Impairment in Semantic DementiaDaniel Greenberg; Fiscal Year: 2006..abstract_text> ..
- SEMANTIC AND VISUAL COGNITION IN ALZHEIMERS DISEASEMartha Farah; Fiscal Year: 2001..In addition, new predictions of the computational hypotheses have been derived and will form the basis of further empirical tests with human subjects. ..
- Pediatric TBI and DAI: Normal Appearing Brain is Not NormalStephen Ashwal; Fiscal Year: 2006..This will be of importance to diagnostic and therapeutic management of TBI, particularly in children in whom injury is underestimated, unrecognized and untreated. ..
- Poverty and the Brain: A Cognitive Neuroscience AnalysisMartha Farah; Fiscal Year: 2005....
- Poverty and the Brain: A Cognitive Neuroscience AnalysisMartha Farah; Fiscal Year: 2007..Neurocognitive systems mediating resilience and successful adolescence will also be sought. ..