congenital limb deformities

Summary

Summary: Congenital structural deformities of the upper and lower extremities collectively or unspecified.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Daughter and her mildly affected father with Keipert syndrome
    Miroslav Dumic
    Department of Pediatrics, University Hospital Rebro, Zagreb, Croatia
    Am J Med Genet A 140:2488-92. 2006
  2. ncbi p63 is essential for regenerative proliferation in limb, craniofacial and epithelial development
    A Yang
    Department of Cell Biology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA
    Nature 398:714-8. 1999
  3. ncbi Mouse model of split hand/foot malformation type I
    Giorgio R Merlo
    Telethon Laboratory CBA, Dulbecco Telethon Medical Institute DTMI, Genova, Italy
    Genesis 33:97-101. 2002
  4. ncbi An I47L substitution in the HOXD13 homeodomain causes a novel human limb malformation by producing a selective loss of function
    Giuliana Caronia
    Department of Molecular Biology and Functional Genomics, DIBIT H San Raffaele, Via Olgettina 58, 20132 Milano, Italy
    Development 130:1701-12. 2003
  5. ncbi Multiple roles of mesenchymal beta-catenin during murine limb patterning
    Theo P Hill
    Research Institute of Molecular Pathology, IMP, Dr Bohr Gasse 7, A 1030 Vienna, Austria
    Development 133:1219-29. 2006
  6. ncbi p63-associated disorders
    Tuula Rinne
    Department of Human Genetics, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, Nijmegen, The Netherlands
    Cell Cycle 6:262-8. 2007
  7. ncbi TBX5 mutations and congenital heart disease: Holt-Oram syndrome revealed
    Alessandro D Mori
    Program in Cardiovascular Research, Hospital for Sick Children, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada
    Curr Opin Cardiol 19:211-5. 2004
  8. ncbi Influence of FGF4 on digit morphogenesis during limb development in the mouse
    V Ngo-Muller
    Department of Cell and Molecular Biology, Tulane University, New Orleans, Louisiana, 70118, USA
    Dev Biol 219:224-36. 2000
  9. pmc Monodactylous limbs and abnormal genitalia are associated with hemizygosity for the human 2q31 region that includes the HOXD cluster
    M Del Campo
    Division of Dysmorphology, Department of Pediatrics, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA, USA
    Am J Hum Genet 65:104-10. 1999
  10. ncbi Amphibian deformities and Ribeiroia infection: an emerging helminthiasis
    Pieter T J Johnson
    Center for Limnology, University of Wisconsin, 680 North Park Street, Madison, WI 53706 1492, USA
    Trends Parasitol 19:332-5. 2003

Detail Information

Publications191 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Daughter and her mildly affected father with Keipert syndrome
    Miroslav Dumic
    Department of Pediatrics, University Hospital Rebro, Zagreb, Croatia
    Am J Med Genet A 140:2488-92. 2006
    ..The girl is the first reported female with this rare syndrome to date, and the fact that she probably inherited the disease from her father suggests an autosomal dominant pattern of inheritance...
  2. ncbi p63 is essential for regenerative proliferation in limb, craniofacial and epithelial development
    A Yang
    Department of Cell Biology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA
    Nature 398:714-8. 1999
    ..Taken together, our results indicate that p63 is critical for maintaining the progenitor-cell populations that are necessary to sustain epithelial development and morphogenesis...
  3. ncbi Mouse model of split hand/foot malformation type I
    Giorgio R Merlo
    Telethon Laboratory CBA, Dulbecco Telethon Medical Institute DTMI, Genova, Italy
    Genesis 33:97-101. 2002
    ..This is the first evidence that the role of dll/Dlx genes in appendage development is conserved from insects to mammals and proves their involvement in SHFM1...
  4. ncbi An I47L substitution in the HOXD13 homeodomain causes a novel human limb malformation by producing a selective loss of function
    Giuliana Caronia
    Department of Molecular Biology and Functional Genomics, DIBIT H San Raffaele, Via Olgettina 58, 20132 Milano, Italy
    Development 130:1701-12. 2003
    ....
  5. ncbi Multiple roles of mesenchymal beta-catenin during murine limb patterning
    Theo P Hill
    Research Institute of Molecular Pathology, IMP, Dr Bohr Gasse 7, A 1030 Vienna, Austria
    Development 133:1219-29. 2006
    ..Mesenchymal beta-catenin activity is therefore required for AER maintenance, and for normal expression of Lmx1b and Emx2...
  6. ncbi p63-associated disorders
    Tuula Rinne
    Department of Human Genetics, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, Nijmegen, The Netherlands
    Cell Cycle 6:262-8. 2007
    ..In this article we will present an overview of diseases caused by mutations in the p63 gene and review the known pathogenic p63 gene mutations...
  7. ncbi TBX5 mutations and congenital heart disease: Holt-Oram syndrome revealed
    Alessandro D Mori
    Program in Cardiovascular Research, Hospital for Sick Children, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada
    Curr Opin Cardiol 19:211-5. 2004
    ..This review summarizes recent developments in the study of TBX5 as it relates to congenital heart disease and the pathology of HOS...
  8. ncbi Influence of FGF4 on digit morphogenesis during limb development in the mouse
    V Ngo-Muller
    Department of Cell and Molecular Biology, Tulane University, New Orleans, Louisiana, 70118, USA
    Dev Biol 219:224-36. 2000
    ..Finally, we discuss the relationship between the digit IV bifurcation restriction and the placement of the metapterygial axis in the evolution of the tetrapod limb...
  9. pmc Monodactylous limbs and abnormal genitalia are associated with hemizygosity for the human 2q31 region that includes the HOXD cluster
    M Del Campo
    Division of Dysmorphology, Department of Pediatrics, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA, USA
    Am J Hum Genet 65:104-10. 1999
    ....
  10. ncbi Amphibian deformities and Ribeiroia infection: an emerging helminthiasis
    Pieter T J Johnson
    Center for Limnology, University of Wisconsin, 680 North Park Street, Madison, WI 53706 1492, USA
    Trends Parasitol 19:332-5. 2003
    ..pesticides, nutrient run-off, introduced fishes) might be interacting with Ribeiroia, resulting in elevated infection levels, and we highlight the need for studies incorporating multiple stressor dynamics to further explore this problem...
  11. ncbi Feingold syndrome: clinical review and genetic mapping
    Jacopo Celli
    University Medical Center Nijmegen, Department of Human Genetics, Nijmegen, The Netherlands
    Am J Med Genet A 122:294-300. 2003
    ....
  12. pmc A 117-kb microdeletion removing HOXD9-HOXD13 and EVX2 causes synpolydactyly
    Frances R Goodman
    Molecular Medicine Unit, Institute of Child Health, London, United Kingdom
    Am J Hum Genet 70:547-55. 2002
    ..They also suggest that there is a regulatory region, upstream of the HOXD cluster, that is responsible for activating the cluster as a whole...
  13. pmc The original shaker-with-syndactylism mutation (sy) is a contiguous gene deletion syndrome
    K R Johnson
    The Jackson Laboratory, 600 Main Street, Bar Harbor, Maine 04609, USA
    Mamm Genome 9:889-92. 1998
    ..The genetic relationships described here will aid in positional cloning efforts to identify the genes responsible for the disparate phenotypes associated with the sy locus...
  14. ncbi Regulation of Dlx5 and Dlx6 gene expression by p63 is involved in EEC and SHFM congenital limb defects
    Nadia Lo Iacono
    Dulbecco Telethon Institute, Molecular Biotechnology Center, University of Torino, Via Nizza 52, Torino, 10126, Italy
    Development 135:1377-88. 2008
    ..ChIP analysis shows that p63 is directly associated with the Dlx5 and Dlx6 promoters. Thus, our data strongly implicate p63 and the Dlx5-Dlx6 locus in a pathway relevant in the aetio-pathogenesis of SHFM...
  15. ncbi Pre- and postnatal diagnosis of limb anomalies: a series of 107 cases
    Muriel Holder-Espinasse
    Service de Genetique Medicale, Hopital Jeanne de Flandre, CHRU, 59037 Lille Cedex, France
    Am J Med Genet A 124:417-22. 2004
    ..We are currently undertaking a prospective study, and we will develop a protocol of investigations in the future, depending on the type of the malformation identified...
  16. ncbi Hoxd-12 differentially affects preaxial and postaxial chondrogenic branches in the limb and regulates Sonic hedgehog in a positive feedback loop
    V Knezevic
    Laboratory of Pathology, NCI, NICHD, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
    Development 124:4523-36. 1997
    ..Together these results suggest that certain 5' Hoxd genes directly amplify the posterior Shh polarizing signal in a reinforcing positive feedback loop during limb bud outgrowth...
  17. ncbi Limb anomalies in patients with CHARGE syndrome: an expansion of the phenotype
    Ingrid Van de Laar
    Department of Clinical Genetics, Erasmus Medical Center, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    Am J Med Genet A 143:2712-5. 2007
    ..The present observations provide further support to this hypothesis...
  18. ncbi Arachnomelia in four Italian brown calves
    S Testoni
    Department of Clinical Veterinary Science, University of Padua, via dell Università 16, 35020 Legnaro Padova, Italy
    Vet Rec 155:372. 2004
  19. ncbi Cell death in normal and abnormal development
    Philip E Mirkes
    Department of Veterinary Physiology and Pharmacology, Texas A and M University, College Station, Texas 77843, USA
    Congenit Anom (Kyoto) 48:7-17. 2008
    ..Therefore, the purpose of this review is to highlight what is known about PCD and teratogen-induced cell death and their relationships to the mechanisms of apoptosis and abnormal development...
  20. ncbi Nonsense-mediated decay and the molecular pathogenesis of mutations in SALL1 and GLI3
    Dominic Furniss
    Weatherall Institute of Molecular Medicine, University of Oxford, John Radcliffe Hospital, Oxford, United Kingdom
    Am J Med Genet A 143:3150-60. 2007
    ..c) 2007 Wiley-Liss, Inc...
  21. ncbi Neu-Laxova syndrome: detailed prenatal diagnostic and post-mortem findings and literature review
    Melanie A Manning
    Department of Pediatrics, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, California 94305 5208, USA
    Am J Med Genet A 125:240-9. 2004
    ..Data from these patients suggest that the NLS represents a heterogeneous phenotype. Prenatal ultrasound findings of marked ocular proptosis in a growth restricted, edematous fetus should prompt consideration of a diagnosis of the NLS...
  22. ncbi One gene, two phenotypes: ROR2 mutations in autosomal recessive Robinow syndrome and autosomal dominant brachydactyly type B
    Ali R Afzal
    Medical Genetics Unit, St George s Hospital Medical School, London, UK
    Hum Mutat 22:1-11. 2003
    ..This condition is characterized by terminal deficiency of fingers and toes. A variety of mutations have been reported in ROR2. Here, these genetic defects are compiled and possible genotype-phenotype correlations are discussed...
  23. ncbi Splenogonadal fusion-limb defect "syndrome" and associated malformations
    Fiona McPherson
    Department of Pathology, Tampa General Hospital, Tampa, Florida 33601, USA
    Am J Med Genet A 120:518-22. 2003
    ..We consider SGFLD a developmental field defect that originates during blastogenesis. Although the cause is unknown, the earlier its action, the more severe the involvement resulting in SGFLD; later action may result only in SGF...
  24. pmc Drosophila spalt/spalt-related mutants exhibit Townes-Brocks' syndrome phenotypes
    P D Si Dong
    Department of Anatomy, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI 53706, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 100:10293-8. 2003
    ..Electrophysiological analyses confirm that spalt/spalt-related mutant flies are deaf. These commonalities suggest that there is functional conservation for spalt genes between vertebrates and insects...
  25. ncbi Ca(V)1.2 calcium channel dysfunction causes a multisystem disorder including arrhythmia and autism
    Igor Splawski
    Department of Cardiology, Children s Hospital, Harvard Medical School and Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Cell 119:19-31. 2004
    ..These discoveries establish the importance of Ca(V)1.2 in human physiology and development and implicate Ca(2+) signaling in autism...
  26. ncbi Abnormal pericyte recruitment as a cause for pulmonary hypertension in Adams-Oliver syndrome
    Millan S Patel
    Department of Pediatrics, Division of Clinical and Metabolic Genetics, The Hospital for Sick Children, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Am J Med Genet A 129:294-9. 2004
    ..These findings suggest a unifying pathogenic mechanism for the abnormalities seen in AOS. These and previously reported cases establish that a subset of AOS patients is at high risk for PH...
  27. ncbi Fryns syndrome: a case associated with karyotype XO
    Nader M H Dawani
    Salmaniya Medical Complex, Manama, Bahrain
    Ann Saudi Med 24:129-32. 2004
  28. ncbi TBX5 mutations in non-Holt-Oram syndrome (HOS) malformed hearts
    Stella Marie Reamon-Buettner
    Drug Research and Medical Biotechnology, Fraunhofer Institute of Toxicology and Experimental Medicine, D 30625 Hannover, Germany
    Hum Mutat 24:104. 2004
    ..We show for the first time TBX5 mutations in non-HOS associated cardiac malformations and we identified a novel missense mutation that would impact nuclear localization of TBX5...
  29. ncbi Left-sided CHILD syndrome caused by a nonsense mutation in the NSDHL gene
    Marybeth Hummel
    Department of Pediatrics, West Virginia University School of Medicine, Morgantown, WV, USA
    Am J Med Genet A 122:246-51. 2003
    ..This result demonstrates that both right- and left-sided CHILD syndrome can be caused by mutations in the same gene...
  30. ncbi An infant with pentalogy of Cantrell and limb defects diagnosed prenatally
    Dilek Uygur
    Clin Dysmorphol 13:57-8. 2004
    ..There were several associated limb defects. We discuss the differential diagnosis and conclude that our case probably had a variant form of this syndrome...
  31. ncbi Biochemical diagnosis of Antley-Bixler syndrome by steroid analysis
    Cedric Shackleton
    Children s Hospital Oakland Research Institute, Oakland, California 94609, USA
    Am J Med Genet A 128:223-31. 2004
    ..This paper proposes use of the distinctive steroid metabolome as the primary biochemical parameter for diagnosis of ABS, at least the form not associated with FGFR2 mutations...
  32. pmc A comprehensive analysis of 22q11 gene expression in the developing and adult brain
    T M Maynard
    Neurodevelopmental Disorders Research Center, Silvio O Conte Center for the Neuroscience of Mental Disorders, Department of Cell and Molecular Physiology, School of Medicine, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 100:14433-8. 2003
    ..Thus, 22q11 deletion may disrupt expression of multiple genes during development and maturation of neurons and circuits compromised by cognitive and psychiatric disorders associated with VCFS...
  33. ncbi Holoprosencephaly and limb reduction defects: a consideration of Steinfeld syndrome and related conditions
    Joseph R Siebert
    Department of Laboratories, Children s Hospital and Regional Medical Center, Seattle, Washington 98105, USA
    Am J Med Genet A 134:381-92. 2005
    ..The phenotypic heterogeneity inherent in these patients continues to complicate diagnosis, which will hopefully be simplified by continuing delineation at morphologic and especially genetic levels...
  34. ncbi Ectrodactyly-ectodermal dysplasia-clefting (EEC) syndrome presenting with a large nephrogenic cyst, severe oligohydramnios and hydrops fetalis: a case report and review of the literature
    Tuenjai Chuangsuwanich
    Department of Pathology, Siriraj Hospital Faculty of Medicine, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand
    Prenat Diagn 25:210-5. 2005
    ..To report a case of EEC syndrome with a large nephrogenic cyst detected by prenatal ultrasonography...
  35. ncbi A girl with inverted triplication of chromosome 3q25.3 --> q29 and multiple congenital anomalies consistent with 3q duplication syndrome
    Katrin Ounap
    Medical Genetics Center, United Laboratories, Tartu University Clinics, Tartu, Estonia
    Am J Med Genet A 134:434-8. 2005
    ..Our findings lend support to distal chromosome 3q, or chromosome 3q26.3, comprises the critical area for the dup(3q) phenotype resembling the BDLS...
  36. ncbi Robinow syndrome: report of two cases and review of the literature
    A Al Kaissi
    Department of Paediatric Orthopaedics, Children s Hospital Tunis, Tunsia
    Australas Radiol 51:83-6. 2007
    ..The radiographic differential diagnosis of Robinow syndrome is discussed...
  37. ncbi Clinical characterization of autosomal dominant and recessive variants of Robinow syndrome
    Juliana Forte Mazzeu
    Departamento de Genética e Biologia Evolutiva, Instituto de Biociencias, Universidade de Sao Paulo, Brazil
    Am J Med Genet A 143:320-5. 2007
    ..Umbilical hernia (32.3%) and supernumerary teeth (10.3%) were found exclusively in patients with the dominant form...
  38. ncbi Craniofacial anomalies, humero-radial synostosis, rhizomelic limb shortness: previously unrecognized autosomal recessive syndrome
    Zuhair N Al-Hassnan
    Department of Medical Genetics, King Faisal Specialist Hospital and Research Centre, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
    Am J Med Genet A 143:521-7. 2007
    ..The craniofacial manifestations in these two patients do not match any of the syndromes known to be associated with HRS. We consider that the constellation is unique and apparently represents a previously unrecognized syndrome...
  39. ncbi Aplasia cutis congenita, congenital heart lesions, and frontonasal cysts in four successive generations
    R G Rodrigues
    Reston Pediatric Associates, Department of Pediatrics, VA 20165, USA
    Clin Genet 71:558-60. 2007
    ..The clinical findings in these patients are delineated and compared to patients with other forms of ectodermal dysplasia in the literature...
  40. ncbi Oromandibular limb hypogenesis syndrome, type IIA, hypoglossia-hypodactylia: a case report
    Puneet Wadhwani
    Saraswati Dental College, Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India
    J Oral Pathol Med 36:555-7. 2007
    ..Parents and the other sibling were normal. Past medical history for exposure of the mother to drugs during pregnancy was positive...
  41. ncbi The fifth female patient with Myhre syndrome: further delineation
    Luis E Becerra-Solano
    Genetics Division, Biomedical Research Center of the West Mexican Social Security Institute, Guadalajara, Mexico
    Clin Dysmorphol 17:113-7. 2008
    ..The physical habitus of MS is described and a square body shape is clearly distinguished in all cases. As the typical muscular build is present mainly in male patients, the MS muscular appearance may be hormonally influenced...
  42. ncbi Rhizomelia with anal atresia and anophthalmia: a new syndrome?
    Giray Ozlem
    Department of Pediatrics, Division of Genetics, DEU Genetic Diagnosis Center, Dokuz Eylul University Faculty of Medicine, Izmir, Turkey
    Clin Dysmorphol 17:53-6. 2008
    ..Clinical and postmortem findings did not match any previously described syndromes with the type of anomalies seen in this patient. We suggested that this combination of congenital malformations might represent a new syndrome...
  43. ncbi Orofacial manifestations of Robinow's syndrome: a case report in a pediatric patient
    Daniella Ferraz Cerqueira
    Department of Pediatric Dentistry and Orthodontics, School of Dentistry, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
    Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod 105:353-7. 2008
    ....
  44. ncbi Microcephaly, distinctive facies, single atrium, postaxial polydactyly, skeletal defects and mental retardation: a new familial faciocardiomelic syndrome?
    Jose Elias Garcia-Ortiz
    Divisions of Genetics, University of Guadalajara Guadalajara, Mexico
    Clin Dysmorphol 16:15-20. 2007
    ..Comparison with other cardiomelic syndromes previously described in the literature lead us to conclude that this is a new faciocardiomelic syndrome probably inherited as an autosomal recessive trait...
  45. ncbi Anesthesia for cesarean section in a patient with Holt-Oram syndrome
    A Ioscovich
    Departments of Anesthesia, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Center at Women s College Hospital and the University of Toronto, Canada
    Int J Obstet Anesth 16:86-8. 2007
    ..Cardiac monitoring was continued in the postoperative period for 6 h because of the possibility of dysrhythmia...
  46. ncbi A rare cause of polyhydramnios: Neu-Laxova syndrome
    Alicia Martin
    Gynaecology and Obstetrics Department, University Hospital Materno Infantil of the Canaries, Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Canary Islands, Spain
    J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med 19:439-42. 2006
    ....
  47. ncbi SALL1 mutation analysis in Townes-Brocks syndrome: twelve novel mutations and expansion of the phenotype
    Elke M Botzenhart
    Institut fur Humangenetik und Anthropologie, Universitat Freiburg, Freiburg, Germany
    Hum Mutat 26:282. 2005
    ....
  48. ncbi Early fetal akinesia deformation sequence: a case report with unusual autoptic features
    Giovanna Giordano
    Department of Pathology and Medicine of Laboratory, Section of Pathological Anatomy and Histology, Medical School of Parma University, Italy
    J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med 17:349-52. 2005
    ..We, moreover believe that the paucity of spinal motoneurons could be due to the anomalies of programmed death during fetal development and the consequence of genetic defects...
  49. ncbi Early ultrasonographic changes in Fowler syndrome features and review of the literature
    Ihab M Usta
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, American University of Beirut Medical Center, Beirut, Lebanon
    Prenat Diagn 25:1019-23. 2005
    ..The natural progression of the ultrasonographic features of Fowler syndrome has never been described...
  50. pmc Findings from aCGH in patients with congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH): a possible locus for Fryns syndrome
    S Kantarci
    Pediatric Surgical Research Laboratories, MassGeneral Hospital for Children, Harvard Medical School, 300 Longwood Avenue, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Am J Med Genet A 140:17-23. 2006
    ..12 that was confirmed by FISH. Given prior reports of CDH in association with cytogenetic abnormalities in this region, we propose that this represents a locus for Fryns syndrome, a Fryns syndrome phenocopy, or CDH...
  51. ncbi Novel GJA1 mutations in patients with oculo-dento-digital dysplasia (ODDD)
    Ph Debeer
    Department of Orthopaedics, University Hospital Pellenberg, Weligerveld 1, B 3212 Pellenberg, Belgium
    Eur J Med Genet 48:377-87. 2005
    ..We identified three novel and one previously described GJA1 mutation in two large ODDD families and two sporadic ODDD cases...
  52. ncbi Adams-Oliver syndrome associated with cutis marmorata telangiectatica congenita and congenital cataract: a case report
    Laurence Fayol
    Faculte de Medecine, Universite de la Mediterranee, Assistance Publique Hôpitaux de Marseille Hôpital de La Conception, Département de néonatologie, 147 Boulevard Baille, 13 385 Marseille Cedex 05, France
    Am J Perinatol 23:197-200. 2006
    ..Adams-Oliver syndrome is a genetic defect that causes a vasculopathy and leads to a variety of phenotypes. This observation further supports the current understanding of the physiopathology of AOS...
  53. ncbi The versatile RECQL4
    Richard Kellermayer
    Department of Medical Genetics and Child Development, University of Pecs, Hungary
    Genet Med 8:213-6. 2006
    ..Consequently, it is especially difficult to draw precise genotype-phenotype correlations in RECQL4 related syndromes. This is likely due to the complex and multiple cellular networks RECQL4 is associated with...
  54. ncbi Prenatal and postnatal findings in a case with the autosomal recessive type of Robinow syndrome
    Melih A Guven
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, Kahramanmaras Sutcu Imam University, Kahramanmaras, and Department of Genetics, Zekai Tahir Burak Women s Health Education and Research Hospital, Ankara, Turkey
    Fetal Diagn Ther 21:386-9. 2006
    ..Our aim was to present a prenatally diagnosed case with Robinow syndrome in a consanguineous couple and discuss possible differential diagnosis in view of the literature...
  55. ncbi Fraser-cryptophthalmos syndrome with colonic atresia
    Manish Narang
    Department of Pediatrics, University College of Medical Sciences and Guru Tegh Bahadur Hospital, Dilshad Garden, Delhi, India
    Indian J Pediatr 75:189-91. 2008
    ..Gastrointestinal malformations are also increasingly being described. We describe a neonate with this syndrome having colonic atresia leading to cecal rupture and pneumoperitoneum...
  56. ncbi [Anesthesia and fibrobronchoscopy for the study of chronic stridor in a boy with Robinow syndrome]
    C Cassinello Ogea
    Servicio de Anestesiologia, Reanimacion y Terapeutica del Dolor, Hospital Universitario Miguel Servet, Zaragoza
    Rev Esp Anestesiol Reanim 50:101-5. 2003
    ..We discuss the relation between the facial dysmorphia characteristic of this syndrome and the possibility of finding a difficult airway, as well as the diagnosis and treatment of intrathoracic tracheomalacia during anesthesia...
  57. ncbi Prenatal diagnosis of acrania associated with facial defects, amniotic bands and limb-body wall complex
    C P Chen
    Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 20:94-5. 2002
  58. pmc Tail gut endoderm and gut/genitourinary/tail development: a new tissue-specific role for Hoxa13
    Pascal de Santa Barbara
    Department of Pathology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02114, USA
    Development 129:551-61. 2002
    ..We suggest a fundamental role for epithelial specific expression of Hoxa13 in the epithelial-mesenchymal interaction necessary for tail growth and posterior GGU patterning...
  59. ncbi Antley-Bixler syndrome: correction of facial deformities and long-term survival
    James P Bradley
    Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, University of Pittsburgh, PA, USA
    Plast Reconstr Surg 111:1454-60. 2003
  60. ncbi Transient bradycardia in a mouse model for the oromandibulofacial limb hypogenesis syndrome following chorionic villus sampling
    H H Chang
    Department of Anatomy, University Medical School, Edinburgh, UK
    J Hand Surg Br 22:243-9. 1997
    ..We discuss why the incidence of oromandibulofacial limb hypogenesis syndrome is low following chorionic villus sampling, and propose a possible aetiology for the limb abnormalities seen in this condition...
  61. ncbi Congenital varicella syndrome
    C K Sasidharan
    Department of Pediatrics and Neonatology, Institute of Maternal and Child Health, Medical College, Calicut, Kerala
    Indian J Pediatr 70:101-3. 2003
    ..The unusual features in this baby are bilateral hypoplastic lower extremities, fracture of bones, a normal electroencephalogram and phantom hernias of the anterior abdominal wall...
  62. ncbi Characterization of the TBX5 binding site and analysis of mutations that cause Holt-Oram syndrome
    T K Ghosh
    Institute of Genetics, University of Nottingham, Queen s Medical Centre, Nottingham NG7 2UH, UK
    Hum Mol Genet 10:1983-94. 2001
    ..5. Cell transfection studies demonstrate that TBX5 activates the transcription of an atrial natriuretic factor reporter construct and this effect is significantly reduced by deletion of the TBX5 binding site...
  63. ncbi First-trimester diagnosis of Bartsocas-Papas syndrome (BPS) by transvaginal ultrasound: case report and review of the literature
    Siobhan M Dolan
    Division of Reproductive Genetics, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology and Women s Health, Albert Einstein College of Medicine and Montefiore Medical Center, 1635 Poplar Street, 2nd Floor, Bronx, NY 10461, USA
    Prenat Diagn 23:138-42. 2003
    ..We describe a fourth surviving patient and what we believe to be the first prenatal diagnosis of BPS in the first trimester...
  64. ncbi Mermaid syndrome with amniotic band disruption
    Sanjeev Managoli
    Department of Pediatrics, Mahatma Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences, Sevagram, Wardha, Maharashtra, India
    Indian J Pediatr 70:105-7. 2003
    ..The single umbilical artery had a high origin, arising directly from the aorta just distal to the celiac axis, which is unique to sirenomelia. Theories put forward regarding the etiopathogenesis of both the conditions are discussed...
  65. pmc Novel TBX5 mutations and molecular mechanism for Holt-Oram syndrome
    C Fan
    Center for Molecular Genetics, Department of Molecular Cardiology, Lerner Research Institute, The Cleveland Clinic Foundation, Cleveland, Ohio 44195, USA
    J Med Genet 40:e29. 2003
  66. ncbi Mammary gland, limb and yolk sac defects in mice lacking Tbx3, the gene mutated in human ulnar mammary syndrome
    Todd G Davenport
    Department of Genetics and Development, College of Physicians and Surgeons of Columbia University, 701 W 168th Street, New York, NY 10032, USA
    Development 130:2263-73. 2003
    ....
  67. ncbi Second trimester diagnosis of Neu Laxova syndrome
    M A Shivarajan
    Department of Clinical Genetics and Dysmorphology, Mediscan Prenatal Diagnosis and Fetal Therapy Centre, Royapettah, Chennai, India
    Prenat Diagn 23:21-4. 2003
    ..Review of the literature on NLS and possibility of detecting the syndrome in the second trimester is discussed...
  68. ncbi Mutation watch: mouse brachyury (T), the T-box gene family, and human disease
    M H Meisler
    Department of Human Genetics, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor 48109 0618, USA
    Mamm Genome 8:799-800. 1997
  69. ncbi Prenatal sonographic diagnosis of Neu-Laxova syndrome
    A N Khan
    MINAR, Nishtar Hospital, Multan, Pakistan
    J Clin Ultrasound 29:531-4. 2001
    ....
  70. ncbi Van der Woude syndrome with sensorineural hearing loss, large craniofacial sinuses, dental pulp stones, and minor limb anomalies: report of a four-generation Thai family
    Piranit N Kantaputra
    Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, Thailand
    Am J Med Genet 108:275-80. 2002
    ..Fluorescence in situ hybridization analysis revealed no visible deletion at a 1q32-41 region...
  71. ncbi VACTERL-H syndrome
    Thomas E Herman
    Department of Radiology, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis Children s Hospital, 510 South Kingshighway Boulevard, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    J Perinatol 22:496-8. 2002
  72. pmc A novel acropectoral syndrome maps to chromosome 7q36
    M Dundar
    Departments of Medical Genetics, Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, and Thoracic Surgery, Erciyes University Medical Faculty, 38039 Kayseri, Turkey
    J Med Genet 38:304-9. 2001
    ..A recently proposed candidate gene for 7q36 linked preaxial polydactyly is LMBR1, encoding a novel transmembrane receptor which may be an upstream regulator of SHH...
  73. ncbi Mutation of the gene encoding the ROR2 tyrosine kinase causes autosomal recessive Robinow syndrome
    H van Bokhoven
    Department of Human Genetics, University Medical Centre Nijmegen, Nijmegen, The Netherlands
    Nat Genet 25:423-6. 2000
    ..The ROR2 mutations present in RRS result in premature stop codons and predict nonfunctional proteins...
  74. pmc Magnetic resonance angiography in clubfoot and vertical talus: a feasibility study
    Lisa Kruse
    Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Washington University School of Medicine, One Children s Place, Suite 4S60, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    Clin Orthop Relat Res 467:1250-5. 2009
    Congenital vascular alterations of the normal adult arterial pattern have been associated with multiple congenital limb deformities including clubfoot and vertical talus...
  75. ncbi Two cases of feline ectromelia: autopodium ectromelia associated with humero-ulnar synostosis and zeugopodium ectromelia
    Francesco Macri
    Department of Veterinary Public Health, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Messina, Viale Annunziata, 98168 Messina, Italy
    J Feline Med Surg 11:731-4. 2009
    b>Congenital limb deformities are rarely reported in cats. This paper describes the radiographic findings of congenital forelimb malformations in two cats...
  76. ncbi Congenital radial and thumb aplasia in a neonatal owl monkey (Aotus nancymaae)
    Anne Michele Schuler
    The Center for Neotropical Primate Research and Resources CNPRR, University of South Alabama, Mobile, AL, USA
    J Am Assoc Lab Anim Sci 46:72-4. 2007
    This report describes congenital radial and thumb aplasia in a neonatal owl monkey. Congenital limb deformities in human neonates and Old World primate species have been well characterized...
  77. ncbi Amputation surgery in children: an analysis of frequency and cause of early wound problems
    L N Banza
    Department of Surgery, Beit Cure International Hospital, POB 31236, Blantyre 3, Blantyre 265, Malawi
    Trop Doct 39:129-32. 2009
    ..The most frequent indications for amputation were congenital limb deformities (60%). Trauma, tumours, infection and other rare conditions were less common...
  78. ncbi The clinical use of platelet-rich plasma in the promotion of bone healing: a systematic review
    X L Griffin
    Warwick Orthopaedics, Clinical Sciences Research Institute, University Hospital Coventry and Warwickshire, Department of Trauma and Orthopaedics, Clifford Bridge Road, Coventry CV2 2DX, UK
    Injury 40:158-62. 2009
    ..Three studies exclusively concerned children, and included those with congenital limb deformities. Two other reports were case series...
  79. ncbi Murine models of VACTERL syndrome: Role of sonic hedgehog signaling pathway
    P C Kim
    Programs in Infection, Immunity, Injury and Repair and Developmental Biology, Research Institute, The Hospital for Sick Children, Department of Surgery, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    J Pediatr Surg 36:381-4. 2001
    ..The etiology, embryology, and pathogenesis of the VACTERL syndrome are not known. The authors report here new mouse models of VACTERL syndrome involving the Sonic hedgehog (Shh) signaling pathway...
  80. ncbi Limb amputation and limb deficiency: epidemiology and recent trends in the United States
    Timothy R Dillingham
    Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, School of Medicine, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, USA
    South Med J 95:875-83. 2002
    ..The purpose of this study was to provide a comprehensive perspective on the epidemiology and time trends in the incidence of limb amputations and limb deficiency in the United States...
  81. ncbi Craniofacial defects in AP-2 null mutant mice
    G M Morriss-Kay
    University of Colorado Health Sciences Center, Dept of Physiology, Denver 80262, USA
    Bioessays 18:785-8. 1996
    ....
  82. ncbi Adams-Oliver syndrome: clinical description of a four-generation family and exclusion of five candidate genes
    P Verdyck
    Department of Medical Genetics, University and University Hospital of Antwerp, Antwerp, Belgium
    Clin Genet 69:86-92. 2006
    ..Further investigation is ongoing in these families in order to identify the genetic cause of AOS...
  83. ncbi A teratoproteomics analysis: heat shock protein 70 is upregulated in mouse forelimb bud by methoxyacetic acid treatment
    Aceng Ruyani
    Program Studi Pendidikan Biologi, Universitas Bengkulu, Jalan Raya Kandang Limun, Bengkulu, Indonesia
    Birth Defects Res A Clin Mol Teratol 73:517-21. 2005
    ..Limb abnormalities are caused mainly by extensive cell death in the mesoderm of the limb plate. This investigation focused on identifying a protein that is linked with mouse limb teratogenicity...
  84. ncbi Effects of deficiencies in the engrailed region of Drosophila melanogaster
    S Eberlein
    Dev Biol 100:227-37. 1983
    ..Although these abnormalities are posterior compartment specific, they are not expected of a "selector gene." Thus the function of engrailed may be more complex than originally believed...
  85. ncbi Inversion region for hypertension and brachydactyly on chromosome 12p features multiple splicing and noncoding RNA
    Sylvia Bahring
    Medical Faculty of the Charite, Experimental and Clinical Research Center, Max Delbruck Center for Molecular Medicine, and HELIOS Klinikum Berlin Buch, Berlin, Germany
    Hypertension 51:426-31. 2008
    ..We are pursuing the possibility of microRNA expression in affected patients that leads to complete down regulation of a spliced transcript...
  86. ncbi Limb, genital, CNS, and facial malformations result from gene/environment-induced cholesterol deficiency: further evidence for a link to sonic hedgehog
    L Lanoue
    Department of Cell Biology and Anatomy, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 27599 7090, USA
    Am J Med Genet 73:24-31. 1997
    ....
  87. pmc Mouse limb deformity mutations disrupt a global control region within the large regulatory landscape required for Gremlin expression
    Aimee Zuniga
    Developmental Genetics, Department of Clinical Biological Sciences, University of Basel Medical School, CH 4056 Basel, Switzerland
    Genes Dev 18:1553-64. 2004
    ..Our studies reveal the large genomic landscape harboring this GCR, which is required for tissue-specific coexpression of two structurally and functionally unrelated genes...
  88. ncbi First-trimester diagnosis of Robinow syndrome
    E F Percin
    Department of Medical Biology and Genetics, Cumhuriyet University School of Medicine, Sivas, Turkey
    Fetal Diagn Ther 16:308-11. 2001
    ..After abortion, we obtained findings such as typical face features, shortening of forearms, ambiguous genitalia suggesting Robinow syndrome with autopsy examination...
  89. ncbi Ectrodactary, ectodermal dysplasia, and cleft lip-palate syndrome
    Y Y Choong
    Sri Kota Refractive and Eye Centre, Sri Kota Medical Centre, Jalan Mohet, 41000, Klang, Selangor Darul Ehsan
    Med J Malaysia 56:88-91. 2001
    ..We describe a case of this syndrome with chronic ocular surface disorder secondary to abnormalities of ocular adnexia...
  90. ncbi Prenatal two- and three-dimensional ultrasound diagnosis of limb reduction defects associated with homozygous alpha-thalassemia
    Chih Ping Chen
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Mackay Memorial Hospital, and Institute of Clinical Nursing, School of Nursing, National Yang Ming University, Taipei, Taiwan, ROC
    Fetal Diagn Ther 21:374-9. 2006
    ..We present the prenatal two-dimensional (2D-) and three-dimensional ultrasound (3D-US) diagnosis of limb reduction defects associated with homozygous alpha-thalassemia and a review of the literature...
  91. ncbi Schmid type of metaphyseal chondrodysplasia and COL10A1 mutations--findings in 10 patients
    Outi Makitie
    Division of Genetics and Genomic Biology, Research Institute, Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Am J Med Genet A 137:241-8. 2005
    ..Our findings suggest that COL10A1 mutations result in a uniform pattern of growth plate abnormalities. However, the clinical variability in severity among affected individuals is greater than previously thought...
  92. pmc Reciprocal mouse and human limb phenotypes caused by gain- and loss-of-function mutations affecting Lmbr1
    R M Clark
    Department of Developmental Biology, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305 5327, USA
    Genetics 159:715-26. 2001
    ..Our results suggest that the Lmbr1 gene is required for limb formation and that reciprocal changes in levels of Lmbr1 activity can lead to either increases or decreases in the number of digits in the vertebrate limb...
  93. ncbi Severe acro-renal-uterine-mandibular syndrome
    J A Evans
    Department of Biochemistry and Medical Genetics, University of Manitoba and Children s Hospital, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada
    Am J Med Genet 93:67-73. 2000
    ..1994; Am J Med Genet 53:102-107 appear to be additional cases of this very rare disorder, the pathogenesis of which may be related to abnormal epithelial-mesenchymal interactions...
  94. pmc Formin1 disruption confers oligodactylism and alters Bmp signaling
    Fen Zhou
    Department of Genetics, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Hum Mol Genet 18:2472-82. 2009
    ..Additionally, these studies show enhanced activity downstream of the Bmp receptor in cells where Fmn1 is perturbed, suggesting a role for Fmn1 in repression of Bmp signaling...
  95. ncbi Tetraphocomelia with the Waardenburg syndrome and multiple malformations
    Hue Tsi Wu
    Division of Pathology, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Cape Town, Observatory, Cape Town, South Africa
    Clin Dysmorphol 18:112-5. 2009
    ..There were no relevant factors in the pregnancy nor family history. It is possible that microdeletions or contiguous gene defects are involved in the pathogenesis of these malformations...
  96. ncbi A clinical and genetic study of the Say/Barber/Biesecker/Young-Simpson type of Ohdo syndrome
    R Day
    Cheshire and Merseyside Genetics Service, Royal Liverpool Children s Hospital, Alder Hey, Liverpool, UK
    Clin Genet 74:434-44. 2008
    ..It remains possible that this rare condition is heterogeneous and therefore caution must be undertaken during counselling until the underlying genetic mechanism(s) is (are) identified...
  97. doi Facial asymmetry associated with small and large intestinal atresia, and ipsilateral malformations of eye, skin, and extremities
    Hanne Dahlgaard Hove
    Department of Clinical Genetics and Department of Ophthalmology, Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen, Denmark
    Clin Dysmorphol 17:121-2. 2008
  98. ncbi R-spondin 2 is required for normal laryngeal-tracheal, lung and limb morphogenesis
    Sheila M Bell
    Section of Neonatology, Perinatal and Pulmonary Biology, Cincinnati Children s Hospital Medical Center and the University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Cincinnati, OH 45229, USA
    Development 135:1049-58. 2008
    ..Interbreeding the Rspo2(Tg) and Lrp6(-) alleles resulted in more severe defects consisting of marked lung hypoplasia and absence of tracheal-bronchial rings, laryngeal structures and all limb skeletal elements...
  99. ncbi Congenital diaphragmatic hernia and ipsilateral limb reduction defect: a new case, long-term follow-up and review of the literature
    R Wallerstein
    Department of Pediatrics, New York University Medical Center, NY 10016, USA
    Clin Dysmorphol 6:257-61. 1997
    ..Our patient is an adult who presented for reproductive counselling providing an opportunity for long-term follow-up...
  100. ncbi CHILD syndrome with thrombocytosis and congenital dislocation of hip: A case report from India
    Ram Chander
    Department of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprosy, Lady Hardinge Medical College, New Delhi, India
    Dermatol Online J 16:6. 2010
    ..The rarity of the syndrome prompted us to report this case...
  101. ncbi Inherited abnormalities of skeletal development in sheep
    K G Thompson
    Institute of Veterinary, Animal and Biomedical Sciences, Massey University, P O Box 11222, Palmerston North, New Zealand
    Vet J 177:324-33. 2008
    ..Inherited skeletal diseases of sheep are potential models for studying the treatment of similar diseases in humans...

Research Grants25

  1. IMMUNE PROTECTION AGAINST MNU-INDUCTED DIGITAL DEFECTS
    MARY PRATER; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..This research under the guidance of Drs. Steven Holladay and Eric Wong at Virginia Tech...
  2. Student and Postdoctoral Travel Awards for the 2006 Meeting
    Michael Collins; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..to defray part of the cost of travel awards, which will be granted to students and postdoctoral fellows presenting their research finding at the 2006 Teratology Society Annual Meeting [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  3. Teratology Society 48th Annual Meeting: Student and Postdoctoral Travel Awards
    Michael Collins; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Travel awards will be granted to students and postdoctoral fellows presenting their research findings at the 2008 Teratology Society Annual Meeting. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  4. Cadmium Teratogenesis to murine strains proteomics
    Michael Collins; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..abstract_text> ..
  5. Teratology Society 47th Annual Meeting: Student and Postdoctoral Travel Awards
    Michael Collins; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  6. Murine strain sensitivity to cadmium teratogenesis
    Michael Collins; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..An additive oligogenic model involving nine genes for the induction of the forelimb defect has been proposed. ..
  7. 2005 Teratology Society Meeting
    Michael Collins; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Funds to help support and encourage student-fellow attendance at the Teratology Society 2005 Annual Meeting will enhance the quality of the meeting and the experience of the student and postdoctoral fellow attendees. ..
  8. Prenatal TCDD and postnatal autoimmune disease
    Steven Holladay; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The collective experiments are designed to detect alterations in fetal immune development caused by TCDD that underlie the worsened postnatal (postpubertal) autoimmune disease caused by this chemical. ..
  9. The Ciona savignyi Genetic Map
    Arend Sidow; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Insights into the molecular mechanisms of regulation and development using Ciona as a model are highly effective and relevant to the homologous processes in human. ..
  10. Roles of TBX3 and its Isoform, TBX3+2a, in Breast Cancer
    Taosheng Huang; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..By working with both an animal model and tissue acquired from breast surgeries, the proposed research aims to optimize the clinical relevance of the work. ..
  11. Schizophrenia Predisposition in 22q11 Deletion Syndrome
    Vandana Shashi; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  12. GDF Modulation of Tendon Maintenance and Repair
    Borjana Mikic; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..These studies combine to enhance our understanding of the mechanisms of action of GDFs in tendon maintenance and repair. ..
  13. DORSAL-VENTRAL PATTERN FORMATION IN THE ZEBRAFISH EMBRYO
    Mary Mullins; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Thus it is critical to identify and study all the genetic players in this process. ..
  14. Insight from Lamprey Genome: Structure-Function studies of Novel GnRH Receptors
    STACIA SOWER; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Studying the lamprey genome is a touchstone for understanding genes that arose in the vertebrates and offers an innovative approach to therapeutic research. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  15. Genetic analysis of ovary development and oogenesis
    Mary Mullins; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Identification of the mutant zebrafish genes will provide candidate genes responsible for the human defects, which could ultimately lead to genetic testing or therapeutic intervention. ..
  16. Study on the intracellular Network of TBX3
    Taosheng Huang; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Elucidation of the TBX3- HDAC interaction will deepen our understanding of the functions of TBX3 and may also lead to the identification of a novel therapeutic target for breast cancer. ..
  17. Molecular Mechanisms of Alcohol Related Birth Defects
    Shao Yu Chen; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..This study is expected to provide important new data relative to molecular mechanisms of alcohol-related birth defects. ..
  18. The ProPhylER Database and Web Resource
    Arend Sidow; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
  19. Center for Rural and Environmental Health
    Stephen Safe; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..A Community Outreach and Educational Program provides a mechanism for dissemination of important research findings of CERH investigators to rural communities, especially in the Lower Rio Grande Valley. ..
  20. Genetic Analysis of Maternal Factors in Embryonic Devel*
    Mary Mullins; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..These studies will be relevant to the nature of human sterilities, birth defects, and human inherited disorders. ..
  21. GENETIC ANALYSIS OF EARLY LIMB DEVELOPMENT
    Arend Sidow; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Because Dac is likely to be the mouse ortholog of the human Split Hand/Foot Malformation 3 gene, this project may also bear direct relevance to understanding and diagnosis of congenital limb diseases. ..
  22. 70 KD HSPS- MODULATORS OF DEVELOPMENTAL TOXICITY
    Philip Mirkes; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Results expected from the above studies will provide mechanistic data that could lead to intervention strategies designed to decrease the frequency and/or severity of birth defects caused by developmental toxicants...
  23. GDF REGULATION OF ENDOCHONDRAL BONE GROWTH
    Borjana Mikic; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ....
  24. BCL-2, ROS, AND CELL DEATH IN DEVELOPMENTAL TOXICITY
    Philip Mirkes; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ....
  25. 2002 TERATOLOGY SOCIETY MEETING: TRAVEL SUPPORT
    Philip Mirkes; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Funds to help support and encourage student attendance at the Teratology Society 2002 meeting will enhance the quality of the meeting and the experience of the student attendees. ..