Summary: Plantar declination of the foot.
Publications163 found, 100 shown here
- Pedobarometric evaluation of equinus foot disorder after injection of botulinum toxin A in children with cerebral palsy: a pilot studyM Falso
Section of Neurological Rehabilitation, Department of Neurological Sciences and Vision, University Hospital GB Rossi, Avenue A Scuro 37134, Verona, Italy
Dev Med Child Neurol 47:396-402. 2005..Pedobarometric evaluation can also be useful in quantifying clinical changes after treatment with BTX-A...
- Recurrence of equinus foot deformity in cerebral palsy patients following surgery: a reviewL Andrew Koman
Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Medical Center Boulevard, Winston Salem, NC 27157 1070, USA
J South Orthop Assoc 12:125-33, quiz 134. 2003Although equinus deformity in children with cerebral palsy is often corrected with surgery, postsurgical recurrence of the deformity is not uncommon...
- Treatment of spastic diplegia in patients with cerebral palsy: Part IIMichael D Aiona
Shriners Hospitals for Children, 3101 SW Sam Jackson Park Road, Portland, OR 97239, USA
J Pediatr Orthop B 13:S13-38. 2004..The static components are treated with bony procedures, including various osteotomies and arthrodesis, incorporating biomechanical principles...
- Botulinum toxin type A for the treatment of the spastic equinus foot in cerebral palsyEduardo S Cardoso
Neurology and Epidemiology Division, Federal University of Bahia, Salvador Bahia, Brazil
Pediatr Neurol 34:106-9. 2006..49, 95% confidence interval = 1.50-8.12). Adverse events were more frequently observed after the use of botulinum toxin type A, but they were considered mild and self-limited...
- Comparison of three heel cord surgeries in children with cerebral palsyJack R Engsberg
Human Performance Lab, Dept of Neurological Surgery, Washington Univ, School of Medicine, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
J Appl Biomech 21:322-33. 2005..Gait speed for the HCL-V and HCL-W groups was unchanged. The study was the first to directly compare three heel-cord-lengthening surgeries...
- Mechanical work, energetic cost, and gait efficiency in children with cerebral palsyAdélaïde van den Hecke
Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Cliniques Universitaires Saint Luc, Brussels, Belgium
J Pediatr Orthop 27:643-7. 2007..Twenty independently walking children with spastic, hemiplegic CP and a dynamic foot equinus deformity participated in the study...
- Computerized static posturographic assessment after treatment of equinus deformity in children with cerebral palsySophie Bourelle
Service de Chirurgie Pediatrique, CHU de Saint Etienne, Hopital Nord, Saint Etienne Cedex, France
J Pediatr Orthop B 19:211-20. 2010..However, the prerequisite for walking is adequate postural control. We hypothesize that a treatment of an equinus deformity should improve postural control. Balance control was assessed by static posturography on the Balance Master...
- Gait pattern categorization of stroke participants with equinus deformity of the footSharon Kinsella
Department of Science and Health, School of Science, Institute of Technology, Carlow, Ireland
Gait Posture 27:144-51. 2008Following stroke an equinus deformity of the foot may develop, which may affect the gait pattern of patients differently...
- Ankle equinus deformity and its relationship to high plantar pressure in a large population with diabetes mellitusLawrence A Lavery
Diabetex Research Group, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
J Am Podiatr Med Assoc 92:479-82. 2002..Having a high index of suspicion for this deformity and subsequently addressing it through conservative or surgical means may help to reduce the risk of foot ulceration and amputation...
- A systematic review of the effects of casting on equinus in children with cerebral palsy: an evidence report of the AACPDMA M Blackmore
The Centre for Cerebral Palsy, Mount Lawley, Western Australia, Australia
Dev Med Child Neurol 49:781-90. 2007..Much of the evidence both for and against differences is weak, and results may be explained by methodological limitations. Future research needs to use adequate sample sizes, long-term follow-ups, and broader and more global measures...
- Botulinum toxin type A injections into the calf muscles for treatment of spastic equinus in cerebral palsy: a randomized trial comparing single and multiple injection sitesHeli Sätilä
Department of Paediatric Neurology, Tampere University Hospital, Tampere, Finland
Am J Phys Med Rehabil 87:386-94. 2008..To investigate the hypothesis that the multiple-site injection technique is associated with better outcomes than the single-point injection method in children with cerebral palsy and spastic equinus gait...
- An equinus deformity of the ankle accounts for only a small amount of the increased forefoot plantar pressure in patients with diabetesM S Orendurff
Department of Orthopaedics and Sports Medicine, VA Puget Sound Health Care System, University of Washington, MS 151, 1660 South Columbian Way, Seattle, WA 98108, USA
J Bone Joint Surg Br 88:65-8. 2006..Our findings suggest caution in undertaking of tendon-lengthening procedures to reduce peak forefoot plantar pressures in diabetic subjects until clearer indications are established...
- Efficacy of botulinum toxin A, serial casting, and combined treatment for spastic equinus: a retrospective analysisAllan M Glanzman
Department of Physical Therapy, Children s Seashore House of The Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
Dev Med Child Neurol 46:807-11. 2004..37). There was no significant difference between casting with or without BTX-A, and both improved ROM to a greater degree than BTX-A alone. Casting demonstrated a significantly more robust impact on range of motion than BTX-A alone...
- Biomechanical characterization and clinical implications of artificially induced toe-walking: differences between pure soleus, pure gastrocnemius and combination of soleus and gastrocnemius contracturesZlatko Matjacic
Research Unit, Institute for Rehabilitation, Republic of Slovenia, Linhartova 51, SI 1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia
J Biomech 39:255-66. 2006....
- Assessment protocol for serial casting after botulinum toxin a injections to treat equinus gaitBarbara Kelly
School of Physiotherapy, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada
Pediatr Phys Ther 20:233-41. 2008..The purpose of this study was to investigate feasibility of an assessment protocol for a trial of post-Botox casting to treat equinus gait in cerebral palsy...
- Gastrocnemius and soleus lengths in cerebral palsy equinus gait--differences between children with and without static contracture and effects of gastrocnemius recessionTishya A L Wren
Childrens Orthopaedic Center, Childrens Hospital Los Angeles, 4650 Sunset Blvd, No 69, Los Angeles, CA 90027, USA
J Biomech 37:1321-7. 2004..04). These results support the current clinical understanding of the role of calf "tightness" in equinus gait, including the appropriateness and effectiveness of gastrocnemius recession for children with equinus contracture...
- Fixed and dynamic equinus in cerebral palsy: evaluation of ankle function after multilevel surgeryG Steinwender
Department of Paediatric Orthopaedics, Karl Franzens University of Graz, Austria
J Pediatr Orthop 21:102-7. 2001..Patients were divided into two groups based on the presence of dynamic equinus (12 cases) and fixed equinus deformity (17 cases)...
- [The equino-varus foot deformity in patients with hemiplegia]J M Mazaux
Groupe Handicap et cognition, EA 487, Université Victor Segalen Bordeaux II, 33076 Bordeaux Cedex, France
Ann Readapt Med Phys 47:87-9. 2004
- Recurrence rates of burn contracture ankle equinus and other foot deformities in children treated with Ilizarov fixationKelly D Carmichael
Department of Orthopaedics and Rehabilitation, University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, Texas 77555 0353, USA
J Pediatr Orthop 25:523-8. 2005..In young children, the possibility of having additional surgeries, including repeat Ilizarov procedures, should be discussed. Even older children should expect additional surgeries to prevent recurrent deformities...
- Automated feature assessment in instrumented gait analysisSebastian Wolf
Orthopädische Universitätsklinik Heidelberg, Schlierbacher Landstr 200A, D 69118 Heidelberg, Germany
Gait Posture 23:331-8. 2006....
- Interest of peripheral anesthetic blocks as a diagnosis and prognosis tool in patients with spastic equinus foot: a clinical and electrophysiological study of the effects of block of nerve branches to the triceps surae muscleKevin Buffenoir
Service de Neurochirurgie, Hopital Henri Mondor, Assistance Publique Hopitaux de Paris, Creteil, France
Clin Neurophysiol 116:1596-600. 2005..To evaluate clinically and electrophysiologically the effects of selective anesthetic blocks of motor nerve branches to the triceps surae muscle on lower limb stretch reflex in patients with spastic equinus foot...
- [Botulinum toxin: a new dimension for spasticity]Gerhard Reichel
Kompetenzzentrum für Bewegungsstörungen, Paracelsusklinik Zwickau
MMW Fortschr Med 149:65-9. 2007..Btx improves the ability to walk and stand of patients with spastic equinus deformity and hip and knee flexor spasticity...
- Associations between static and functional measures of joint function in the foot and ankleJames S Wrobel
Surgical Service, Veterans Affairs Medical and Regional Office Center, Surgical Service 122E, White River Junction, VT 05009, USA
J Am Podiatr Med Assoc 94:535-41. 2004..Pinch callus seems to be as predictive of functional gait alterations as static first metatarsophalangeal joint and ankle dorsiflexion...
- The role of isolated gastrocnemius and combined Achilles contractures in the flatfootChristopher W DiGiovanni
Division of Foot and Ankle, Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Brown Medical School, Rhode Island Hospital, 593 Eddy Street, Providence, RI 02903, USA
Foot Ankle Clin 12:363-79, viii. 2007....
- [Choice of operative procedures to correct equinus deformity in patients with cerebral palsy]G Cobeljic
Institut za ortopedsko hirurske bolesti Banjica Beogtrad
Acta Chir Iugosl 53:21-6. 2006b>Equinus deformity of the foot presents a great number of difficulties to ambulant patients with cerebral palsy. Non-operative treatment of the incorrectible - fixed equinus is not successful...
- Classification of equinus in ambulatory children with cerebral palsy-discrimination between dynamic tightness and fixed contractureErnst B Zwick
Department of Paediatric Surgery, Paediatric Orthopaedic Unit, Karl Franzens University, Auenbruggerplatz 34, A 8036 Graz, Austria
Gait Posture 20:273-9. 2004..a generalised dynamic neural network (GDNN) was designed to process gait analysis parameters to evaluate equinus deformity in ambulatory children with cerebral palsy...
- Spastic equinus foot: multicenter study of the long-term results of tibial neurotomyKevin Buffenoir
Service de Neurochirurgie, Hopital Henri Mondor, Assistance Publique Hopitaux de Paris, Creteil, France
Neurosurgery 55:1130-7. 2004..The primary objective of this prospective study was to provide an objective quantification of the long-term results of tibial neurotomy...
- Instrumented assessment of muscle overactivity and spasticity with dynamic polyelectromyographic and motion analysis for treatment planningAlberto Esquenazi
Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Moss Rehab, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19141, USA
Am J Phys Med Rehabil 83:S19-29. 2004
- Management of long toe flexor spasticity in the equinus foot in cerebral palsyJohn E Handelsman
Division of Pediatric Orthopaedic Surgery, Schneider Children s Hospital, New Hyde Park, New York, USA
J Pediatr Orthop B 16:185-8. 2007..Lengthening of the long toe flexors, in conjuction with tendoachilles lengthening, is an effective means of achieving a balanced foot in cerebral palsy...
- Correction of neglected idiopathic club foot by the Ponseti methodA F Lourenco
Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology Federal University of São Paulo, Rua Napoleao de Barros, 715 04024 002 São Paulo, Brazil
J Bone Joint Surg Br 89:378-81. 2007..Failure was observed in five patients (8 feet) who required a posterior release for full correction of the equinus deformity. We conclude that the Ponseti method is a safe, effective and low-cost treatment for neglected idiopathic ..
- Posterior tibial tendon transfer: results of fixation to the dorsiflexors proximal to the ankle jointFrank Christiaan B M Wagenaar
Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Sint Maartenskliniek, Nijmegen, The Netherlands
Foot Ankle Int 28:1128-42. 2007..The present study is the first to describe the results of posterior tibial tendon transfer through the interosseous membrane attaching only the posterior tibial tendon to the extensor tendons proximal to the ankle joint...
- Evaluation of botulinum toxin therapy of spastic equinus in paediatric patients with cerebral palsyPaolo Manganotti
Department of Neurological Sciences and Vision Neurological Rehabilitation Section, Policlinico GB Rossi, Piazzale Scuro 10, University of Verona, Verona, Italy
J Rehabil Med 39:115-20. 2007..To develop a clinical and instrumental protocol to assess the postural and dynamic effects following treatment with botulinum neurotoxin A in children with cerebral palsy affected by spastic equinus...
- High recurrence after calf lengthening with the Ilizarov apparatus for treatment of spastic equinus foot deformityRainer Biedermann
Department of Orthopaedics, Innsbruck Medical University, Anichstrasse 35, A 6020 Innsbruck, Austria
J Pediatr Orthop B 16:125-8. 2007..The technique cannot be recommended for routine clinical use and may only be an alternative for selected cases...
- Botox: the poison that healsSunali Khanna
Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Nair Hospital Dental College, Mumbai, India
Int Dent J 56:356-8. 2006..Novel uses for this unique substance will continue to permeate many medical and surgical specialties. Botulinum toxin delivered using more precise techniques may permit improved results without undesired consequences...
- The use of the analytic hierarchy process to aid decision making in acquired equinovarus deformityJanine A Van Til
Roessingh Research and Development, Enschede, The Netherlands
Arch Phys Med Rehabil 89:457-62. 2008..To increase the transparency of decision making about treatment in patients with equinovarus deformity poststroke...
- Influence of equinus treatments on the vertical displacement of the body's centre of mass in children with cerebral palsyFiras Massaad
Rehabilitation and Physical Medicine Unit, Universite Catholique de Louvain, Brussels, Belgium
Dev Med Child Neurol 48:813-8. 2006..In fact, TR remains a main gait determinant, reducing the vertical COM displacement after equinus gait treatment and influencing the general gait pattern...
- Efficacy of ankle-foot orthoses on gait of children with cerebral palsy: systematic review of literatureElyonara Mello Figueiredo
Department of Physical Therapy, Escola de Educação Física, Fisioterapia e Terapia Ocupacional, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Brazil
Pediatr Phys Ther 20:207-23. 2008..To perform a literature review evaluating the quality of current research on the influence of ankle-foot orthoses (AFOs) on gait in children with cerebral palsy (CP)...
- The surgical management of equinus in the adult acquired flatfootAmanda Meszaros
Private Practice Ashland Mansfield Foot and Ankle Specialists, 550 South Trimble Road, Mansfield, OH 44906, USA
Clin Podiatr Med Surg 24:667-85, viii. 2007..Whereas tendo-achilles lengthening is efficient and technically undemanding, and one may achieve large amounts of required length, final length is sometimes unpredictable and may markedly decrease posterior muscle group strength...
- Does fascicular neurotomy have long-lasting effects?Herve Collado
Department of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine, Faculte de Medecine, Universite de la Mediterranee, Assistance Publique Hopitaux de Marseille, University Hospital La Timone, Marseille, France
J Rehabil Med 38:212-7. 2006..To determine whether fascicular neurotomy has long-lasting effects on spasticity...
- Medium-term follow-up of Achilles tendon lengthening in the treatment of ankle equinus in cerebral palsyFrederick R Dietz
Department of Orthopaedics Surgery, University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics Iowa City, IA 52242, USA
Iowa Orthop J 26:27-32. 2006..This study assessed the medium term follow-up results of treatment of spastic ankle equinus deformity in cerebral palsy using Hoke or coronal Z-lengthening of the Achilles tendon...
- Dynamic foot pressure measurements for assessing foot deformity in persons with spastic cerebral palsyEun Sook Park
Department and Research Institute of Rehabilitation Medicine, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, South Korea
Arch Phys Med Rehabil 87:703-9. 2006....
- Treatment of spastic equinus gait with botulinum toxin A: Does dose matter? Analysis of a clinical cohortH K Sätilä
Department of Pediatric Neurology, Central Hospital of Kanta Hame, Hameenlinna, Finland
Neuropediatrics 37:344-9. 2006..This study reports the effects of various doses of BTX-A when treating equinus gait in cerebral palsy in a clinical setting at a tertiary hospital...
- A double-blind randomised placebo-controlled evaluation of three doses of botulinum toxin type A (Dysport) in the treatment of spastic equinovarus deformity after strokeS J Pittock
Department of Neurology, Beaumont Hospital, Dublin, Ireland
Cerebrovasc Dis 15:289-300. 2003..Calf muscle hypertonicity following stroke may impair walking rehabilitation. The aim of this study was to assess botulinum toxin (Dysport) in post-stroke calf spasticity...
- Ankle-foot orthoses: effect on gait in children with cerebral palsyErbil Dursun
Kocaeli University Faculty of Medicine, Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Turkey
Disabil Rehabil 24:345-7. 2002..In this study our aim was to evaluate the effectiveness of Ankle-Foot Orthoses (AFOs) on gait function in patients with spastic cerebral palsy for whom orthoses were indicated to control dynamic equines deformity...
- Functional outcome following Botulinum toxin A injection to reduce spastic equinus in adults with traumatic brain injuryJimy Fock
Brighton Rehabilitation Centre, Victoria, Australia
Brain Inj 18:57-63. 2004..The aim of this study was to assess the effect of Botulinum toxin A in the management of spastic equinus resulting from traumatic brain injury...
- Length and force of the gastrocnemius and soleus during gait following tendo Achilles lengthenings in children with equinusMichael S Orendurff
Motion Analysis Laboratory, Shriners Hospital for Children, Portland, OR, USA
Gait Posture 15:130-5. 2002..31 N/kg BW postop; P<0.01). Assessment of the force-length capacity of the triceps surae in candidates for tendo Achilles lengthenings may identify individuals at risk of residual weakness and iatrogenic crouch...
- Botulinum toxin and short-term electrical stimulation in the treatment of equinus in cerebral palsyC Detrembleur
Rehabilitation Unit, Universite Catholique de Louvain, Brussels, Belgium
Mov Disord 17:162-9. 2002..stimulation, as suggested in focal dystonia or in adult spastic patients, 12 children with dynamic foot equinus deformity were randomly assigned to two groups in a blinded, clinically controlled trial...
- Conservative management of dynamic equinus in diplegic children treated by gait improvement surgeryV Saraph
Paediatric Orthopaedic Unit, Department of Paediatric Surgery, Karl Franzens University, Auenbruggerplatz 34 A-8036 Graz, Austria
J Pediatr Orthop B 10:287-92. 2001..improvement was performed on twelve ambulatory children with diplegic type of cerebral palsy and dynamic equinus deformity. Dynamic equinus deformities were defined as those who had an equinus at initial contact during preoperative ..
- [Percutaneous lengthening of the Achilles tendon in children with cerebral palsy. Technique and results]P Boireau
Service de Chirurgie Infantile, CHD Felix Guyon, 97405 Saint Denis, Ile de La Réunion, France
Rev Chir Orthop Reparatrice Appar Mot 88:705-9. 2002We report a series of percutaneous lengthenings of the Achilles tendon in cerebral palsy children with equinus deformity in 25 patients due to retraction of the triceps surae. This technique has several advantages over open procedures...
- Safety of percutaneous tendoachilles tenotomy performed under general anesthesia on infants with idiopathic clubfootStephen A Parada
Orthopaedic Surgery, Madigan Army Medical Center, Tacoma, WA 98431, USA
J Pediatr Orthop 29:916-9. 2009Most patients with idiopathic clubfeet require a percutaneous tendoachilles tenotomy to correct residual equinus deformity. This procedure is typically performed with the child awake in an outpatient setting...
- [The effect of tibial lengthening on gastrosoleus muscle function: an electrophysiological study]Bartu Sarisozen
Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology, Medicine Faculty of Uludag University, 16059Görükle, Bursa, Turkey
Acta Orthop Traumatol Turc 43:277-82. 2009..We evaluated the changes in electrophysiological characteristics of the contraction forces of the gastrosoleus complex due to stretching in experimental tibial lengthening...
- [Severe foot deformities in adolescents and adults--techniques after Imhäuser, Lelièvre und Lambrinudi]G Schwetlick
Orthopädische Klinik der Pfeifferschen Stiftungen Magdeburg, Pfeifferstrasse 10, 39114 Magdeburg
Orthopade 35:422-7. 2006..and the cuboid bone, in addition to the removal of a bone wedge from the talus for correction of the talipes equinus deformity. Severe contraction talipes calvus can be straightened and capable of loading using Imhäuser's technique ..
- Ankle fusion for bone loss around the ankle joint using the Ilizarov techniqueC C Kovoor
Eranakulam Medical Centre and Specialist Hospitals, Eranakulam Kochi, Kerala, India
J Bone Joint Surg Br 91:361-6. 2009..b>Equinus deformity of the ankle fusion occurred after a further fracture in one patient...
- Adult onset flatfoot associated with an intramuscular hemangioma of the posterior tibialis muscleThomas John Kryzak
Department of General Surgery, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Rochester, Minnesota, USA
Orthopedics 31:280. 2008..Intermuscular hemangioma of the calf may cause acquired spasticity and equinus deformity of the foot...
- Pedobarographic analysis following Ponseti treatment for congenital clubfootMarc F Sinclair
Orthopaedic Department, Medcare Hospital, PO Box 215565, Dubai, UAE
Clin Orthop Relat Res 467:1223-30. 2009..Despite the clinical outcomes, radiographic assessment suggests residual equinus deformity of the hindfoot...
- IIlizarov external fixator for bilateral severe flexion deformity of the knee in haemophilia: case reportAshok Kumar
Department of Orthopaedics and Haematology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Ansari Nagar, New Delhi 110 029, India
Arch Orthop Trauma Surg 130:621-5. 2010..Deformity correction by Illizarov method in haemophilic patients is a rare phenomenon...
- Effects of biofeedback treatment on gait in children with cerebral palsyErbil Dursun
Kocaeli University Faculty of Medicine, Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Kocaeli, Turkey
Disabil Rehabil 26:116-20. 2004..We evaluated the effectiveness of biofeedback treatment on gait function in children with cerebral palsy...
- Persistence of range of motion in dorsiflexion, when the triceps surae muscles weaken, worsens stance and gait in Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease. A case reportP Vinci
Unit of Rehabilitation of Charcot Marie Tooth Disease and other Neuromuscular Disorders, Specialized Rehabilitation, Hospital Spolverini, Ariccia, Rome, Italy
Eura Medicophys 42:219-22. 2006..On the contrary, the milder affected sister presents a slight equinus deformity well compensated by wearing shoes with a bit of heel...
- Mini-open technique for the achilles tenotomy in correction of idiopathic clubfoot: a report of 25 casesAli Dogan
Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, School of Medicine, Yuzuncu Yil University, Van, Turkey
J Am Podiatr Med Assoc 98:414-7. 2008Achilles tenotomy is performed for the residual equinus deformity in the Ponseti method of clubfoot treatment...
- Posterior bone block for footdrop: a report of two casesOnder Kilicoglu
Istanbul Medical Faculty, Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, Istanbul University, Topkapi, Istanbul, Turkey
J Am Podiatr Med Assoc 97:160-4. 2007..Two cases of acquired flail ankle with equinus deformity were treated using a new modification of the bone-block technique that does not interfere with subtalar ..
- Lower extremity compartment syndrome in an adolescent with spinal cord injuryL C Vogel
Shriners Hospital for Children and Rush Medical College, Chicago, Illinois, USA
J Spinal Cord Med 24:278-83. 2001..Describe the unusual complication of lower extremity compartment syndrome occurring in an adolescent with spinal cord injury (SCI)...
- Early mobilization after sliding achilles tendon lengthening in children with spastic cerebral palsyK Katz
Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Schneider Children s Medical Center of Israel, Petah Tiqva
Foot Ankle Int 21:1011-4. 2000b>Equinus deformity is a common finding in children with cerebral palsy and may be treated by Achilles tendon lengthening...
- Recommendations for the use of botulinum toxin type A in the management of cerebral palsyH K Graham
Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Royal Children s Hospital, Parkville, Flemington Road, Melbourne, Australia
Gait Posture 11:67-79. 2000..of spasticity, and also the recent licensing in a number of countries of a BTX-A preparation for treating equinus deformity in children, it would seem timely to establish a framework of guidelines for the safe and efficacious use of ..
- Fixator-assisted nailing and consecutive lengthening over an intramedullary nail for the correction of tibial deformityF E Bilen
Istanbul University, Turkey
J Bone Joint Surg Br 92:146-52. 2010..8 days/cm (8.9 to 33.1) and the mean bone healing index was 38 days/cm (30 to 60). One patient developed an equinus deformity which responded to stretching and bracing...
- Botulinum toxin for treatment of spasticity in adultsG Reichel
Department of Neurology, Paracelsus Klinik Zwickau Werdauer Strasse 68 D 08060 Zwickau, Germany
J Neurol 248:25-7. 2001..1) Botulinum toxin improves motor functions (ability to walk and stand in the presence of spastic equinus deformity and knee flexor spasticity, upper-extremity movements)...
- The effect of hinged ankle-foot orthosis on gait and energy expenditure in spastic hemiplegic cerebral palsyBirol Balaban
Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Gulhane Military Medical Academy and School of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey
Disabil Rehabil 29:139-44. 2007..To assess the effectiveness of a hinged ankle-foot orthoses on gait impairments and energy expenditure in children with hemiplegic cerebral palsy (CP) whom orthoses were indicated to control equines...
- Use of circular external fixation to maintain foot position during free tissue transfer to the foot and ankleDavid W Lowenberg
Department of Orthopedic Surgery, California Pacific Medical Center, San Francisco, CA, USA
Microsurgery 28:623-7. 2008..When performing free tissue transfer about the ankle, temporary spanning with a circular fixator is effective in preventing equinus deformity and provides a stable mechanical construct protecting the flap.
- Application of a constrained external fixator frame for treatment of a fixed equinus contractureRobert W Mendicino
Department of Surgery, The Western Pennsylvania Hospital, Pittsburgh, PA 15224, USA
J Foot Ankle Surg 47:468-75. 2008..We present a case report of a patient with a post-traumatic fixed equinus deformity of 28 degrees at maximum dorsiflexion, treated successfully through gradual correction using a modified ..
- [Repetitive peripheral magnetic stimulation. Treatment option for spasticity?]H Marz-Loose
Neurologisches Rehabilitationszentrum für Kinder und Jugendliche, HELIOS Klinik Hohenstücken, Brahmsstrasse 38, Brandenburg
Nervenarzt 80:1489-95. 2009..In an open study the effect of repetitive peripheral magnetic stimulation (RPMS) on the spastic talipes equinus of various origins, degree and duration was evaluated in 53 children and adolescents...
- Distal tibial physeal bridge: a complication from a tension band plate and screw construct. Report of a caseJon E Oda
Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Children s Hospital Central California, Madera, California, USA
J Pediatr Orthop B 22:259-63. 2013..tibia in an 9-year-old girl in an attempt to induce recurvatum of the ankle joint to correct a recalcitrant equinus deformity. With growth of the distal tibial physis, the epiphyseal screw was drawn through the physis into the distal ..
- Isolated ischaemic contracture of medial head of gastrocnemiusShradha Gupta
Department of Trauma and Orthopaedics, Chelsea and Westminster NHS Hospital Trust, 369 Fulham Road, London, SW10 9NH, UK
Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc 20:2353-5. 2012A 47-year-old woman presented with a disabling fixed flexion deformity of the knee and an equinus deformity of the ankle following treatment in a cast for a minor flexion deformity following a tibial plateau fracture...
- [Spastic equinus foot]B Westhoff
Klinik fur Orthopadie und Orthopadische Chirurgie, Universitatsklinikum Dusseldorf, Moorenstraße 5, 40225, Dusseldorf, Deutschland
Orthopade 40:637-47. 2011..Especially in bilateral spastic cerebral palsy, the increased risk of causing talipes calcaneovalgus and crouch gait has to be considered...
- Intramedullary screw fixation for balancing of the dysvascular foot following transmetatarsal amputationMonica H Schweinberger
Limb Preservation Complex Lower Extremity Surgery and Research Fellowship, Podiatric Medical Student CORE Rotation Program, Madigan Army Medical Center, Tacoma, WA 98431, USA
J Foot Ankle Surg 47:594-7. 2008....
- Dynamic equinus with hindfoot valgus in children with hemiplegiaChristophe Boulay
Laboratoire de la Marche, Service de Chirurgie Orthopédique Pédiatrique, CHU Timone Enfants, Aix Marseille Univ, 13385 Marseille, France
Gait Posture 36:108-12. 2012..This study confirmed the overactivity of PL in hemiplegic children with equinovalgus...
- Long-term results after gastrocnemius-soleus intramuscular aponeurotic recession as a part of multilevel surgery in spastic diplegic cerebral palsyThomas Dreher
Department of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery, Paediatric Orthopaedics and Foot Surgery, Heidelberg University Clinics, Schlierbacher Landstrasse 200a, 69118 Heidelberg, Germany
J Bone Joint Surg Am 94:627-37. 2012..However, there is no evidence for maintenance of equinus correction because of the small and heterogeneous case series and short follow-up time previously reported...
- Achilles lengthening proceduresLan Chen
Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Columbia University Medical Center, 622 West 168th Street, PH11 Center, New York, NY 10032, USA
Foot Ankle Clin 14:627-37. 2009Contracture of the gastrocnemius-soleus complex with equinus deformity is a common hindfoot condition. In children, it is frequently associated with neuromuscular conditions such as cerebral palsy...
- Achilles tendon lengthening: friend or foe in the diabetic foot?Lawrence B Colen
Norfolk Plastic Surgery, Department of General Surgery, Tidewater Foot and Ankle Center, Eastern Virginia Medical School, Norfolk, VA 23502, USA
Plast Reconstr Surg 131:37e-43e. 2013..of plantar ulcer recurrence in the forefoot and midfoot; however, the risk of heel ulceration or recurrent equinus deformity with new forefoot or midfoot wounds is not insignificant...
- Nils Silfverskiöld (1888-1957) and gastrocnemius contractureDishan Singh
Foot and Ankle Unit, Royal National Orthopaedic Hospital, Stanmore, Middlesex HA7 4LP, United Kingdom
Foot Ankle Surg 19:135-8. 2013....
- Operative correction of arch collapse with forefoot deformity: a retrospective analysis of outcomesRohan Habbu
Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Michigan State University, College of Human Medicine, USA
Foot Ankle Int 32:764-73. 2011..Our objective was to review a specific surgical treatment plan for forefoot deformities classified by us as Type 2 arch collapse and evaluate the outcomes...
- Altered transmission of HOX and apoptotic SNPs identify a potential common pathway for clubfootAudrey R Ester
Department of Pediatrics, University of Texas Medical School at Houston, Houston, TX, USA
Am J Med Genet A 149:2745-52. 2009Clubfoot is a common birth defect that affects 135,000 newborns each year worldwide. It is characterized by equinus deformity of one or both feet and hypoplastic calf muscles...
- Management of idiopathic clubfoot in toddlers by Ponseti's methodAnand Verma
Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Maulana Azad Medical College and Associated Lok Nayak Hospital, New Delhi, India
J Pediatr Orthop B 21:79-84. 2012..Seven patients (seven feet) developed recurrence of adduction, varus and equinus deformity whereas three patients (five feet) developed isolated recurrence of equinus deformity...
- The effect of injections of botulinum toxin type A combined with casting on the equinus gait of children with cerebral palsyS Hayek
Department of Paediatric Orthopaedics, Dana Children s Hospital, Tel Aviv Medical Centre, 6 Weizmann Street, Tel Aviv 64239, Israel
J Bone Joint Surg Br 92:1152-9. 2010..We recommend the use of inhibitory casting whenever augmentation of the effect of treatment with BoNT-A is needed...
- Botulinum toxin a injection into calf muscles for treatment of spastic equinus in cerebral palsy: a controlled trial comparing sonography and electric stimulation-guided injection techniques: a preliminary reportJeong Yi Kwon
Department of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, IlWon Dong, Kangnam Gu, Seoul, Republic of Korea
Am J Phys Med Rehabil 89:279-86. 2010....
- Casting, taping or stretching after botulinum toxin type A for spastic equinus foot: a single-blind randomized trial on adult stroke patientsStefano Carda
Physical and Rehabilitative Medicine, Azienda Ospedaliera Universitaria Maggiore Della Carità, Novara, Italy
Clin Rehabil 25:1119-27. 2011..To investigate the effect of different adjunctive treatments after botulinum toxin type A...
- Achilles tendon length and medial gastrocnemius architecture in children with cerebral palsy and equinus gaitTishya A L Wren
Children s Orthopaedic Center, CA, USA
J Pediatr Orthop 30:479-84. 2010..We also examined a small number of children who had undergone prior surgical lengthening of the triceps surae to address equinus contracture...
- Determinants of responsiveness to botulinum toxin, casting, and bracing in the treatment of spastic equinus in children with cerebral palsyRita Yap
Shriners Hospitals for Children, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
Dev Med Child Neurol 52:186-93. 2010....
- [Tibiotalocalcaneal arthrodesis using a retrograde nail locked in the sagittal plane]R Vesely
Urazová nemocnice Brno, Klinika traumatologie LF MU, Brno
Acta Chir Orthop Traumatol Cech 75:129-33. 2008..To evaluate our experience with the use of a retrograde nail locked in the sagittal plane for tibiotalocalcaneal arthrodesis indicated in severe post-traumatic arthritis of the ankle...
- Spastic diplegia in children with HIV encephalopathy: first description of gait and physical statusNelleke G Langerak
Neurosurgery Division, Department of Surgery, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa Physiotherapy Division, Department of Interdisciplinary Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Stellenbosch University, Tygerberg, South Africa
Dev Med Child Neurol 56:686-94. 2014..The aim of this study was to explore the physical status and gait patterns of children with spastic diplegia secondary to human immunodeficiency virus encephalopathy (HIVE)...
- Treating spastic equinus foot from cerebral palsy with botulinum toxin type A: what factors influence the results?: an analysis of 189 consecutive casesSamuel Ignacio Pascual-Pascual
Pediatrics, Universidad Autonoma de Madrid, Spain
Am J Phys Med Rehabil 90:554-63. 2011..The aim of this study was to determine the variables that improve spastic equinus foot caused by cerebral palsy when treated with botulinum toxin type A...
- Tetrafocal leg reconstruction using combined Ilizarov/TSF techniqueFrancesco Sala
Department of Orthopedic Surgery and Traumatology, Niguarda Hospital, Paolo Giovio 45, 20144 Milan, Italy
Musculoskelet Surg 95:151-5. 2011....
- Early use of Xeomin neurotoxin for local anti-spasticity therapy for pes equines after acquired brain injury (ABI)M Lippert-Grüner
University of Cologne, Germany
Brain Inj 25:1266-9. 2011..The acute management of spasticity following ABI is challenging. Contractures can occur during the acute phases of illness. The joints most affected are the shoulders and the ankles...
- Soak the cast offNooruddin Sadruddin
Department of Trauma and Orthopaedics, Baqai Medical University, Karachi, Pakistan
J Coll Physicians Surg Pak 17:380-1. 2007..Our experience with this method was very encouraging. There were no failures. Most patients or parents of neonates were satisfied and happy to remove the plaster at home. Average time taken to remove the plaster was 25 minutes...
- Tonic dystonia: an uncommon complication of reflex sympathetic dystrophy syndrome. A review of five casesAude Morelet
Rheumatology Department, Sébastopol Teaching Hospital, 51100 Reims, France
Joint Bone Spine 72:260-2. 2005..Conclusion.- The five cases described here provide useful information on RSDS-associated tonic dystonia, a condition that runs a protracted course and remains difficult to manage...
- Correction of equinus in clubfoot: the contribution of arthrographyPierre Mary
Hopital d Enfants Armand Trousseau, Paris, France
J Pediatr Orthop 24:312-6. 2004The equinus deformity in clubfoot is twofold: talocrural and talocalcaneal. No study has been carried out on the link between these two elements and whether they are mutually dependent or independent...
- Tendon Achilles lengthening for the treatment of neuropathic ulcers causes a temporary reduction in forefoot pressure associated with changes in plantar flexor power rather than ankle motion during gaitK S Maluf
Department of Integrative Physiology, University of Colorado at Boulder, USA
J Biomech 37:897-906. 2004..and at 3 weeks and 8 months after treatment in two randomly assigned groups of subjects with diabetes, equinus deformity, and a neuropathic forefoot ulcer treated with TAL and total contact casting (TAL group, n=14), or total ..
- Achilles tendon lengthening for ankle equinus deformity in hemophiliacs: 23 patients followed for 1-24 yearsThomas Wallny
Department of Orthopedic Surgery, University of Bonn, Germany
Acta Orthop 77:164-8. 2006Bleeding in the calf or ankle joint may lead to ankle equinus deformity, particularly in childhood and during adolescence...
- Extra-articular subtalar arthrodesis. A long-term follow-up in patients with cerebral palsyS Bourelle
Medical School of Medicine, Saint Etienne, France
J Bone Joint Surg Br 86:737-42. 2004..No deformity of the talus or arthritis of adjacent joints was noted. The Grice procedure gives good long-term results in children with cerebral palsy...
- Endoscopic gastrocnemius recession for the treatment of gastrocnemius equinusLawrence A DiDomenico
Forum Health Western Reserve Care System, Beeghley Medical Center, Youngstown, OH 44512, USA
J Am Podiatr Med Assoc 95:410-3. 2005....
- Surgical anatomy of the gastrocnemius recession (Strayer procedure)Stephen J Pinney
Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of California Davis, 4860 Y Street, Suite 3800, Sacramento, CA 95817, USA
Foot Ankle Int 25:247-50. 2004..The purpose of this study was to review the surgical anatomy of the Strayer procedure with specific reference to 1) the location of the sural nerve, and 2) the gastrocnemius tendon release point...
- Soft tissue surgery for equinus deformity in spastic hemiplegic cerebral palsy: effects on kinematic and kinetic parametersChang Il Park
Rehabilitation Hospital, Yonsei University College of Medicine, 134 Shinchon dong, Seodaemun gu, Seoul 120 752, Korea
Yonsei Med J 47:657-66. 2006The purpose of this study was to evaluate how soft tissue surgery for correcting equinus deformity affects the kinematic and kinetic parameters of the ankle and proximal joints...
- Tibialis anterior tendon shortening in combination with Achilles tendon lengthening in spastic equinus in cerebral palsyErich Rutz
Pediatric Orthopaedic Department, University Children s Hospital Basle UKBB, Switzerland
Gait Posture 33:152-7. 2011..For the treatment of spastic equinus in CP we recommend shortening of the elongated antagonist (TATS) in combination with lengthening of the short agonist (TAL) for achieving optimal postoperative function...
- ACHILLES TENDON LENGTHENING ON PATIENTS WITH DIABETESMichael Mueller; Fiscal Year: 2002..An equinus deformity (limited ankle dorsiflexion range-of-motion [ROM]) is associated with these recurrent ulcers...
- Mechanical Intervention in Children with Cerebral PalsyTishya Wren; Fiscal Year: 2005..This study will also provide insight into the potential role of muscle adaptation and bone turnover in increasing bone mass in response to this simple, non-invasive, non-pharmacalogical intervention. ..
- INTRAOPERATIVE MEASUREMENT IN CEREBRAL PALSY SURGERYRichard Lieber; Fiscal Year: 2003..This device will then be used in a prospective clinical study which compares two methods for equinus deformity correction: tendoachilles lengthening (TAL) and gastrocnemius-soleus recession (GSR, "Strayer" procedure)...
- OUTCOMES OF HEEL CORD LENGTHENING IN CHILDREN WITH CPJack Engsberg; Fiscal Year: 1999..b>Equinus deformity is the most common problem in children with CP...
- Impact of Gait Analysis on Surgical OutcomesTishya Wren; Fiscal Year: 2009..The results will determine whether the use of gait analysis testing improves clinical outcomes in children who have walking problems due to cerebral palsy. ..