Summary: Plantar declination of the foot.
Publications129 found, 100 shown here
- Evolution of walking ability after soft tissue surgery in cerebral palsy patients: what can we expect?Martin Svehlik
Orthopaedic Department for Children and Adults, Prague, Czech Republic
J Pediatr Orthop B 17:107-13. 2008....
- Pedobarometric evaluation of equinus foot disorder after injection of botulinum toxin A in children with cerebral palsy: a pilot studyM Falso
Section of Neurological Rehabilitation, Department of Neurological Sciences and Vision, University Hospital GB Rossi, Avenue A Scuro 37134, Verona, Italy
Dev Med Child Neurol 47:396-402. 2005..Pedobarometric evaluation can also be useful in quantifying clinical changes after treatment with BTX-A...
- Recurrence of equinus foot deformity in cerebral palsy patients following surgery: a reviewL Andrew Koman
Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Medical Center Boulevard, Winston-Salem, NC 27157-1070, USA
J South Orthop Assoc 12:125-33, quiz 134. 2003Although equinus deformity in children with cerebral palsy is often corrected with surgery, postsurgical recurrence of the deformity is not uncommon...
- Treatment of spastic diplegia in patients with cerebral palsy: Part IIMichael D Aiona
Shriners Hospitals for Children, 3101 SW Sam Jackson Park Road, Portland, OR 97239, USA
J Pediatr Orthop B 13:S13-38. 2004..The static components are treated with bony procedures, including various osteotomies and arthrodesis, incorporating biomechanical principles...
- Botulinum toxin type A for the treatment of the spastic equinus foot in cerebral palsyEduardo S Cardoso
Neurology and Epidemiology Division, Federal University of Bahia, Salvador-Bahia, Brazil
Pediatr Neurol 34:106-9. 2006..49, 95% confidence interval = 1.50-8.12). Adverse events were more frequently observed after the use of botulinum toxin type A, but they were considered mild and self-limited...
- Ankle equinus deformity and its relationship to high plantar pressure in a large population with diabetes mellitusLawrence A Lavery
Diabetex Research Group, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
J Am Podiatr Med Assoc 92:479-82. 2002..Having a high index of suspicion for this deformity and subsequently addressing it through conservative or surgical means may help to reduce the risk of foot ulceration and amputation...
- Assessment protocol for serial casting after botulinum toxin a injections to treat equinus gaitBarbara Kelly
School of Physiotherapy, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada
Pediatr Phys Ther 20:233-41. 2008..The purpose of this study was to investigate feasibility of an assessment protocol for a trial of post-Botox casting to treat equinus gait in cerebral palsy...
- A systematic review of the effects of casting on equinus in children with cerebral palsy: an evidence report of the AACPDMA M Blackmore
The Centre for Cerebral Palsy, Mount Lawley, Western Australia, Australia
Dev Med Child Neurol 49:781-90. 2007..Much of the evidence both for and against differences is weak, and results may be explained by methodological limitations. Future research needs to use adequate sample sizes, long-term follow-ups, and broader and more global measures...
- Efficacy of botulinum toxin A, serial casting, and combined treatment for spastic equinus: a retrospective analysisAllan M Glanzman
Department of Physical Therapy, Children s Seashore House of The Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
Dev Med Child Neurol 46:807-11. 2004..37). There was no significant difference between casting with or without BTX-A, and both improved ROM to a greater degree than BTX-A alone. Casting demonstrated a significantly more robust impact on range of motion than BTX-A alone...
- Botulinum toxin type A injections into the calf muscles for treatment of spastic equinus in cerebral palsy: a randomized trial comparing single and multiple injection sitesHeli Sätilä
Department of Paediatric Neurology, Tampere University Hospital, Tampere, Finland
Am J Phys Med Rehabil 87:386-94. 2008..To investigate the hypothesis that the multiple-site injection technique is associated with better outcomes than the single-point injection method in children with cerebral palsy and spastic equinus gait...
- Fixed and dynamic equinus in cerebral palsy: evaluation of ankle function after multilevel surgeryG Steinwender
Department of Paediatric Orthopaedics, Karl Franzens University of Graz, Austria
J Pediatr Orthop 21:102-7. 2001..Patients were divided into two groups based on the presence of dynamic equinus (12 cases) and fixed equinus deformity (17 cases)...
- Achilles tendon lengthening for ankle equinus deformity in hemophiliacs: 23 patients followed for 1-24 yearsThomas Wallny
Department of Orthopedic Surgery, University of Bonn, Germany
Acta Orthop 77:164-8. 2006Bleeding in the calf or ankle joint may lead to ankle equinus deformity, particularly in childhood and during adolescence...
- Dynamic foot pressure measurements for assessing foot deformity in persons with spastic cerebral palsyEun Sook Park
Department and Research Institute of Rehabilitation Medicine, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, South Korea
Arch Phys Med Rehabil 87:703-9. 2006..Additionally, assessment of parameters in foot contact patterns, PTIs, and COP path trajectories appears to be helpful in evaluating outcomes after corrective surgery...
- Medium-term follow-up of Achilles tendon lengthening in the treatment of ankle equinus in cerebral palsyFrederick R Dietz
Department of Orthopaedics Surgery, University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics Iowa City, IA 52242, USA
Iowa Orthop J 26:27-32. 2006..This study assessed the medium term follow-up results of treatment of spastic ankle equinus deformity in cerebral palsy using Hoke or coronal Z-lengthening of the Achilles tendon...
- Comparison of three heel cord surgeries in children with cerebral palsyJack R Engsberg
Human Performance Lab, Dept. of Neurological Surgery, Washington Univ, School of Medicine, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
J Appl Biomech 21:322-33. 2005..Gait speed for the HCL-V and HCL-W groups was unchanged. The study was the first to directly compare three heel-cord-lengthening surgeries...
- Biomechanical characterization and clinical implications of artificially induced toe-walking: differences between pure soleus, pure gastrocnemius and combination of soleus and gastrocnemius contracturesZlatko Matjacic
Research Unit, Institute for Rehabilitation, Republic of Slovenia, Linhartova 51, SI 1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia
J Biomech 39:255-66. 2006....
- Recurrence rates of burn contracture ankle equinus and other foot deformities in children treated with Ilizarov fixationKelly D Carmichael
Department of Orthopaedics and Rehabilitation, University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, Texas 77555 0353, USA
J Pediatr Orthop 25:523-8. 2005..In young children, the possibility of having additional surgeries, including repeat Ilizarov procedures, should be discussed. Even older children should expect additional surgeries to prevent recurrent deformities...
- Automated feature assessment in instrumented gait analysisSebastian Wolf
Orthopädische Universitätsklinik Heidelberg, Schlierbacher Landstr 200A, D 69118 Heidelberg, Germany
Gait Posture 23:331-8. 2006....
- Interest of peripheral anesthetic blocks as a diagnosis and prognosis tool in patients with spastic equinus foot: a clinical and electrophysiological study of the effects of block of nerve branches to the triceps surae muscleKevin Buffenoir
Service de Neurochirurgie, , , , France
Clin Neurophysiol 116:1596-600. 2005..The clinical and electrophysiological effects induced by anesthetic blocks may help to guide therapeutic interventions, such as neurotomy, neurolysis or botulinum toxin injection...
- Associations between static and functional measures of joint function in the foot and ankleJames S Wrobel
Surgical Service, Veterans Affairs Medical and Regional Office Center, Surgical Service 122E, White River Junction, VT 05009, USA
J Am Podiatr Med Assoc 94:535-41. 2004..Pinch callus seems to be as predictive of functional gait alterations as static first metatarsophalangeal joint and ankle dorsiflexion...
- Classification of equinus in ambulatory children with cerebral palsy-discrimination between dynamic tightness and fixed contractureErnst B Zwick
Department of Paediatric Surgery, Paediatric Orthopaedic Unit, Karl Franzens University, Auenbruggerplatz 34, A 8036 Graz, Austria
Gait Posture 20:273-9. 2004..a generalised dynamic neural network (GDNN) was designed to process gait analysis parameters to evaluate equinus deformity in ambulatory children with cerebral palsy...
- Spastic equinus foot: multicenter study of the long-term results of tibial neurotomyKevin Buffenoir
Service de Neurochirurgie, , , , France
Neurosurgery 55:1130-7. 2004..CONCLUSION: Tibial neurotomy ensures long-term functional improvement of patients with spastic equinus foot. It provides a lasting response for these patients compared with other, more transient treatments...
- Instrumented assessment of muscle overactivity and spasticity with dynamic polyelectromyographic and motion analysis for treatment planningAlberto Esquenazi
Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Moss Rehab, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19141, USA
Am J Phys Med Rehabil 83:S19-29. 2004
- Does fascicular neurotomy have long-lasting effects?Herve Collado
Department of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine, Faculte de Medecine, Universite de la Mediterranee, Assistance Publique Hopitaux de Marseille, University Hospital La Timone, Marseille, France
J Rehabil Med 38:212-7. 2006..To determine whether fascicular neurotomy has long-lasting effects on spasticity...
- Influence of equinus treatments on the vertical displacement of the body's centre of mass in children with cerebral palsyFiras Massaad
Rehabilitation and Physical Medicine Unit, Universite Catholique de Louvain, Brussels, Belgium
Dev Med Child Neurol 48:813-8. 2006..In fact, TR remains a main gait determinant, reducing the vertical COM displacement after equinus gait treatment and influencing the general gait pattern...
- Soft tissue surgery for equinus deformity in spastic hemiplegic cerebral palsy: effects on kinematic and kinetic parametersChang Il Park
Rehabilitation Hospital, Yonsei University College of Medicine, 134 Shinchon- dong, Seodaemun-gu, Seoul 120-752, Korea
Yonsei Med J 47:657-66. 2006The purpose of this study was to evaluate how soft tissue surgery for correcting equinus deformity affects the kinematic and kinetic parameters of the ankle and proximal joints...
- High recurrence after calf lengthening with the Ilizarov apparatus for treatment of spastic equinus foot deformityRainer Biedermann
Department of Orthopaedics, Innsbruck Medical University, Anichstrasse 35, A 6020 Innsbruck, Austria
J Pediatr Orthop B 16:125-8. 2007..The technique cannot be recommended for routine clinical use and may only be an alternative for selected cases...
- The use of the analytic hierarchy process to aid decision making in acquired equinovarus deformityJanine A Van Til
Roessingh Research and Development, Enschede, The Netherlands
Arch Phys Med Rehabil 89:457-62. 2008..To increase the transparency of decision making about treatment in patients with equinovarus deformity poststroke...
- Efficacy of ankle-foot orthoses on gait of children with cerebral palsy: systematic review of literatureElyonara Mello Figueiredo
Department of Physical Therapy, Escola de Educação Física, Fisioterapia e Terapia Ocupacional, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Brazil
Pediatr Phys Ther 20:207-23. 2008..To perform a literature review evaluating the quality of current research on the influence of ankle-foot orthoses (AFOs) on gait in children with cerebral palsy (CP)...
- Posterior tibial tendon transfer: results of fixation to the dorsiflexors proximal to the ankle jointFrank Christiaan B M Wagenaar
Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Sint Maartenskliniek, Nijmegen, The Netherlands
Foot Ankle Int 28:1128-42. 2007..The present study is the first to describe the results of posterior tibial tendon transfer through the interosseous membrane attaching only the posterior tibial tendon to the extensor tendons proximal to the ankle joint...
- The surgical management of equinus in the adult acquired flatfootAmanda Meszaros
Private Practice Ashland Mansfield Foot and Ankle Specialists, 550 South Trimble Road, Mansfield, OH 44906, USA
Clin Podiatr Med Surg 24:667-85, viii. 2007..Whereas tendo-achilles lengthening is efficient and technically undemanding, and one may achieve large amounts of required length, final length is sometimes unpredictable and may markedly decrease posterior muscle group strength...
- [Botulinum toxin: a new dimension for spasticity]Gerhard Reichel
Kompetenzzentrum für Bewegungsstörungen, Paracelsusklinik Zwickau
MMW Fortschr Med 149:65-9. 2007..Btx improves the ability to walk and stand of patients with spastic equinus deformity and hip and knee flexor spasticity...
- Mechanical work, energetic cost, and gait efficiency in children with cerebral palsyAdélaïde van den Hecke
Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Cliniques Universitaires Saint Luc, Brussels, Belgium
J Pediatr Orthop 27:643-7. 2007..Twenty independently walking children with spastic, hemiplegic CP and a dynamic foot equinus deformity participated in the study...
- [Choice of operative procedures to correct equinus deformity in patients with cerebral palsy]G Cobeljic
Institut za ortopedsko hirurske bolesti Banjica Beogtrad
Acta Chir Iugosl 53:21-6. 2006b>Equinus deformity of the foot presents a great number of difficulties to ambulant patients with cerebral palsy. Non-operative treatment of the incorrectible - fixed equinus is not successful...
- The role of isolated gastrocnemius and combined Achilles contractures in the flatfootChristopher W DiGiovanni
Division of Foot and Ankle, Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Brown Medical School, Rhode Island Hospital, 593 Eddy Street, Providence, RI 02903, USA
Foot Ankle Clin 12:363-79, viii. 2007....
- Gait pattern categorization of stroke participants with equinus deformity of the footSharon Kinsella
Department of Science and Health, School of Science, Institute of Technology, Carlow, Ireland
Gait Posture 27:144-51. 2008Following stroke an equinus deformity of the foot may develop, which may affect the gait pattern of patients differently...
- Management of long toe flexor spasticity in the equinus foot in cerebral palsyJohn E Handelsman
Division of Pediatric Orthopaedic Surgery, Schneider Children s Hospital, New Hyde Park, New York, USA
J Pediatr Orthop B 16:185-8. 2007..Lengthening of the long toe flexors, in conjuction with tendoachilles lengthening, is an effective means of achieving a balanced foot in cerebral palsy...
- Treatment of spastic equinus gait with botulinum toxin A: Does dose matter? Analysis of a clinical cohortH K Sätilä
Department of Pediatric Neurology, Central Hospital of Kanta Hame, Hameenlinna, Finland
Neuropediatrics 37:344-9. 2006..This study reports the effects of various doses of BTX-A when treating equinus gait in cerebral palsy in a clinical setting at a tertiary hospital...
- Correction of neglected idiopathic club foot by the Ponseti methodA F Lourenco
Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology Federal University of São Paulo, Rua Napoleao de Barros, 715 04024 002 São Paulo, Brazil
J Bone Joint Surg Br 89:378-81. 2007..Failure was observed in five patients (8 feet) who required a posterior release for full correction of the equinus deformity. We conclude that the Ponseti method is a safe, effective and low-cost treatment for neglected idiopathic ..
- Evaluation of botulinum toxin therapy of spastic equinus in paediatric patients with cerebral palsyPaolo Manganotti
Department of Neurological Sciences and Vision Neurological Rehabilitation Section, Policlinico GB Rossi, Piazzale Scuro 10, University of Verona, Verona, Italy
J Rehabil Med 39:115-20. 2007..To develop a clinical and instrumental protocol to assess the postural and dynamic effects following treatment with botulinum neurotoxin A in children with cerebral palsy affected by spastic equinus...
- Botox: the poison that healsSunali Khanna
Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Nair Hospital Dental College, Mumbai, India
Int Dent J 56:356-8. 2006..Novel uses for this unique substance will continue to permeate many medical and surgical specialties. Botulinum toxin delivered using more precise techniques may permit improved results without undesired consequences...
- Gastrocnemius and soleus lengths in cerebral palsy equinus gait--differences between children with and without static contracture and effects of gastrocnemius recessionTishya A L Wren
Childrens Orthopaedic Center, Childrens Hospital Los Angeles, 4650 Sunset Blvd, No 69, Los Angeles, CA 90027, USA
J Biomech 37:1321-7. 2004..04). These results support the current clinical understanding of the role of calf "tightness" in equinus gait, including the appropriateness and effectiveness of gastrocnemius recession for children with equinus contracture...
- Extra-articular subtalar arthrodesis. A long-term follow-up in patients with cerebral palsyS Bourelle
Medical School of Medicine, Saint-Etienne, France
J Bone Joint Surg Br 86:737-42. 2004..No deformity of the talus or arthritis of adjacent joints was noted. The Grice procedure gives good long-term results in children with cerebral palsy...
- [Percutaneous lengthening of the Achilles tendon in children with cerebral palsy. Technique and results]P Boireau
Service de Chirurgie Infantile, CHD Felix Guyon, 97405 Saint-Denis, , France
Rev Chir Orthop Reparatrice Appar Mot 88:705-9. 2002We report a series of percutaneous lengthenings of the Achilles tendon in cerebral palsy children with equinus deformity in 25 patients due to retraction of the triceps surae. This technique has several advantages over open procedures...
- Length and force of the gastrocnemius and soleus during gait following tendo Achilles lengthenings in children with equinusMichael S Orendurff
Motion Analysis Laboratory, Shriners Hospital for Children, Portland, OR, USA
Gait Posture 15:130-5. 2002..31 N/kg BW postop; P<0.01). Assessment of the force-length capacity of the triceps surae in candidates for tendo Achilles lengthenings may identify individuals at risk of residual weakness and iatrogenic crouch...
- Botulinum toxin and short-term electrical stimulation in the treatment of equinus in cerebral palsyC Detrembleur
Rehabilitation Unit, , Brussels, Belgium
Mov Disord 17:162-9. 2002..stimulation, as suggested in focal dystonia or in adult spastic patients, 12 children with dynamic foot equinus deformity were randomly assigned to two groups in a blinded, clinically controlled trial...
- Functional outcome following Botulinum toxin A injection to reduce spastic equinus in adults with traumatic brain injuryJimy Fock
Brighton Rehabilitation Centre, Victoria, Australia
Brain Inj 18:57-63. 2004..CONCLUSIONS: The findings suggest that Botulinum toxin A may be useful in the management of spastic equinus following traumatic brain injury...
- Ankle-foot orthoses: effect on gait in children with cerebral palsyErbil Dursun
Kocaeli University Faculty of Medicine, Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Turkey
Disabil Rehabil 24:345-7. 2002..In this study our aim was to evaluate the effectiveness of Ankle-Foot Orthoses (AFOs) on gait function in patients with spastic cerebral palsy for whom orthoses were indicated to control dynamic equines deformity...
- Conservative management of dynamic equinus in diplegic children treated by gait improvement surgeryV Saraph
Paediatric Orthopaedic Unit, Department of Paediatric Surgery, Karl Franzens University, Auenbruggerplatz 34 A-8036 Graz, Austria
J Pediatr Orthop B 10:287-92. 2001..improvement was performed on twelve ambulatory children with diplegic type of cerebral palsy and dynamic equinus deformity. Dynamic equinus deformities were defined as those who had an equinus at initial contact during preoperative ..
- [The equino-varus foot deformity in patients with hemiplegia]J-M Mazaux
Groupe Handicap et cognition, EA 487, , 33076 Bordeaux Cedex, France
Ann Readapt Med Phys 47:87-9. 2004
- A double-blind randomised placebo-controlled evaluation of three doses of botulinum toxin type A (Dysport) in the treatment of spastic equinovarus deformity after strokeS J Pittock
Department of Neurology, Beaumont Hospital, Dublin, Ireland
Cerebrovasc Dis 15:289-300. 2003..Calf muscle hypertonicity following stroke may impair walking rehabilitation. The aim of this study was to assess botulinum toxin (Dysport) in post-stroke calf spasticity...
- Surgical anatomy of the gastrocnemius recession (Strayer procedure)Stephen J Pinney
Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of California Davis, 4860 Y Street, Suite 3800, Sacramento, CA 95817, USA
Foot Ankle Int 25:247-50. 2004..The purpose of this study was to review the surgical anatomy of the Strayer procedure with specific reference to 1) the location of the sural nerve, and 2) the gastrocnemius tendon release point...
- [Tibiotalocalcaneal arthrodesis using a retrograde nail locked in the sagittal plane]R Vesely
Urazová nemocnice Brno, Klinika traumatologie LF MU, Brno
Acta Chir Orthop Traumatol Cech 75:129-33. 2008..To evaluate our experience with the use of a retrograde nail locked in the sagittal plane for tibiotalocalcaneal arthrodesis indicated in severe post-traumatic arthritis of the ankle...
- Safety of percutaneous tendoachilles tenotomy performed under general anesthesia on infants with idiopathic clubfootStephen A Parada
Orthopaedic Surgery, Madigan Army Medical Center, Tacoma, WA 98431, USA
J Pediatr Orthop 29:916-9. 2009Most patients with idiopathic clubfeet require a percutaneous tendoachilles tenotomy to correct residual equinus deformity. This procedure is typically performed with the child awake in an outpatient setting...
- [The effect of tibial lengthening on gastrosoleus muscle function: an electrophysiological study]Bartu Sarisozen
Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology, Medicine Faculty of Uludag University, 16059Görükle, Bursa, Turkey
Acta Orthop Traumatol Turc 43:277-82. 2009..We evaluated the changes in electrophysiological characteristics of the contraction forces of the gastrosoleus complex due to stretching in experimental tibial lengthening...
- [Severe foot deformities in adolescents and adults--techniques after Imhäuser, Lelièvre und Lambrinudi]G Schwetlick
Orthopädische Klinik der Pfeifferschen Stiftungen Magdeburg, Pfeifferstrasse 10, 39114 Magdeburg
Orthopade 35:422-7. 2006..and the cuboid bone, in addition to the removal of a bone wedge from the talus for correction of the talipes equinus deformity. Severe contraction talipes calvus can be straightened and capable of loading using Imhäuser's technique ..
- Ankle fusion for bone loss around the ankle joint using the Ilizarov techniqueC C Kovoor
Eranakulam Medical Centre and Specialist Hospitals, Eranakulam Kochi, Kerala, India
J Bone Joint Surg Br 91:361-6. 2009..b>Equinus deformity of the ankle fusion occurred after a further fracture in one patient...
- Adult onset flatfoot associated with an intramuscular hemangioma of the posterior tibialis muscleThomas John Kryzak
Department of General Surgery, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Rochester, Minnesota, USA
Orthopedics 31:280. 2008..Intermuscular hemangioma of the calf may cause acquired spasticity and equinus deformity of the foot...
- Achilles lengthening proceduresLan Chen
Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Columbia University Medical Center, 622 West 168th Street, PH11 Center, New York, NY 10032, USA
Foot Ankle Clin 14:627-37. 2009Contracture of the gastrocnemius-soleus complex with equinus deformity is a common hindfoot condition. In children, it is frequently associated with neuromuscular conditions such as cerebral palsy...
- Pedobarographic analysis following Ponseti treatment for congenital clubfootMarc F Sinclair
Orthopaedic Department, Medcare Hospital, PO Box 215565, Dubai, UAE
Clin Orthop Relat Res 467:1223-30. 2009..Despite the clinical outcomes, radiographic assessment suggests residual equinus deformity of the hindfoot...
- Altered transmission of HOX and apoptotic SNPs identify a potential common pathway for clubfootAudrey R Ester
Department of Pediatrics, University of Texas Medical School at Houston, Houston, TX, USA
Am J Med Genet A 149:2745-52. 2009Clubfoot is a common birth defect that affects 135,000 newborns each year worldwide. It is characterized by equinus deformity of one or both feet and hypoplastic calf muscles...
- Effects of biofeedback treatment on gait in children with cerebral palsyErbil Dursun
Kocaeli University Faculty of Medicine, Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Kocaeli, Turkey
Disabil Rehabil 26:116-20. 2004..We evaluated the effectiveness of biofeedback treatment on gait function in children with cerebral palsy...
- IIlizarov external fixator for bilateral severe flexion deformity of the knee in haemophilia: case reportAshok Kumar
Department of Orthopaedics and Haematology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Ansari Nagar, New Delhi 110 029, India
Arch Orthop Trauma Surg 130:621-5. 2010..Deformity correction by Illizarov method in haemophilic patients is a rare phenomenon...
- Mini-open technique for the achilles tenotomy in correction of idiopathic clubfoot: a report of 25 casesAli Dogan
Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, School of Medicine, Yuzuncu Yil University, Van, Turkey
J Am Podiatr Med Assoc 98:414-7. 2008Achilles tenotomy is performed for the residual equinus deformity in the Ponseti method of clubfoot treatment...
- Persistence of range of motion in dorsiflexion, when the triceps surae muscles weaken, worsens stance and gait in Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease. A case reportP Vinci
Unit of Rehabilitation of Charcot Marie Tooth Disease and other Neuromuscular Disorders, Specialized Rehabilitation, Hospital Spolverini, Ariccia, Rome, Italy
Eura Medicophys 42:219-22. 2006..On the contrary, the milder affected sister presents a slight equinus deformity well compensated by wearing shoes with a bit of heel...
- Lower extremity compartment syndrome in an adolescent with spinal cord injuryL C Vogel
Shriners Hospital for Children and Rush Medical College, Chicago, Illinois, USA
J Spinal Cord Med 24:278-83. 2001..Describe the unusual complication of lower extremity compartment syndrome occurring in an adolescent with spinal cord injury (SCI)...
- Posterior bone block for footdrop: a report of two casesOnder Kilicoglu
Istanbul Medical Faculty, Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, Istanbul University, Topkapi, Istanbul, Turkey
J Am Podiatr Med Assoc 97:160-4. 2007..Two cases of acquired flail ankle with equinus deformity were treated using a new modification of the bone-block technique that does not interfere with subtalar ..
- Computerized static posturographic assessment after treatment of equinus deformity in children with cerebral palsySophie Bourelle
Service de Chirurgie Pediatrique, CHU de Saint Etienne, Hopital Nord, Saint Etienne Cedex, France
J Pediatr Orthop B 19:211-20. 2010..However, the prerequisite for walking is adequate postural control. We hypothesize that a treatment of an equinus deformity should improve postural control. Balance control was assessed by static posturography on the Balance Master...
- Early mobilization after sliding achilles tendon lengthening in children with spastic cerebral palsyK Katz
Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Schneider Children s Medical Center of Israel, Petah Tiqva
Foot Ankle Int 21:1011-4. 2000b>Equinus deformity is a common finding in children with cerebral palsy and may be treated by Achilles tendon lengthening...
- Fixator-assisted nailing and consecutive lengthening over an intramedullary nail for the correction of tibial deformityF E Bilen
Istanbul University, Turkey
J Bone Joint Surg Br 92:146-52. 2010..8 days/cm (8.9 to 33.1) and the mean bone healing index was 38 days/cm (30 to 60). One patient developed an equinus deformity which responded to stretching and bracing...
- Recommendations for the use of botulinum toxin type A in the management of cerebral palsyH K Graham
Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Royal Children s Hospital, Parkville, Flemington Road, Melbourne, Australia
Gait Posture 11:67-79. 2000..of spasticity, and also the recent licensing in a number of countries of a BTX-A preparation for treating equinus deformity in children, it would seem timely to establish a framework of guidelines for the safe and efficacious use of ..
- Botulinum toxin for treatment of spasticity in adultsG Reichel
Department of Neurology, Paracelsus Klinik Zwickau Werdauer Strasse 68 D 08060 Zwickau, Germany
J Neurol 248:25-7. 2001..1) Botulinum toxin improves motor functions (ability to walk and stand in the presence of spastic equinus deformity and knee flexor spasticity, upper-extremity movements)...
- Use of circular external fixation to maintain foot position during free tissue transfer to the foot and ankleDavid W Lowenberg
Department of Orthopedic Surgery, California Pacific Medical Center, San Francisco, CA, USA
Microsurgery 28:623-7. 2008..When performing free tissue transfer about the ankle, temporary spanning with a circular fixator is effective in preventing equinus deformity and provides a stable mechanical construct protecting the flap.
- The effect of hinged ankle-foot orthosis on gait and energy expenditure in spastic hemiplegic cerebral palsyBirol Balaban
Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Gulhane Military Medical Academy and School of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey
Disabil Rehabil 29:139-44. 2007..To assess the effectiveness of a hinged ankle-foot orthoses on gait impairments and energy expenditure in children with hemiplegic cerebral palsy (CP) whom orthoses were indicated to control equines...
- Tibial lengthening: extraarticular calcaneotibial screw to prevent ankle equinusMohan V Belthur
SPARSH Hospital, Bangalore, India
Clin Orthop Relat Res 466:3003-10. 2008..Level of Evidence: Level IV, therapeutic study. See the Guidelines for Authors for a complete description of levels of evidence...
- Genu recurvatum in cerebral palsy--part A: influence of dynamic and fixed equinus deformity on the timing of knee recurvatum in children with cerebral palsyMartin Svehlik
Department of Paediatric Orthopaedics and Paediatric Surgery, Medical University of Graz, Auenbruggerplatz, Graz, Austria
J Pediatr Orthop B 19:366-72. 2010The aim of the study was to confirm the hypothesis of the influence of the dynamic and fixed equinus deformity on the timing of knee recurvation (hyperextension)...
- Dynamic versus fixed equinus deformity in children with cerebral palsy: how does the triceps surae muscle work?Martin Svehlik
Department of Paediatric Surgery, Medical University of Graz, Austria
Arch Phys Med Rehabil 91:1897-903. 2010....
- Effects of selective tibial nerve neurotomy as a treatment for adults presenting with spastic equinovarus foot: a systematic reviewBenjamin Bollens
Universite Catholique de Louvain, Institute of Neuroscience, Brussels, Belgium
J Rehabil Med 43:277-82. 2011..We performed a systematic review of the literature to assess the efficacy of tibial nerve neurotomy as a treatment for adult patients presenting with spastic equinovarus foot...
- Preserving functional capacity as opposed to tissue preservation in the diabetic patient: a single institution experienceThomas S Roukis
Madigan Army Medical Center, Tacoma, Washington, USA
Foot Ankle Spec 3:177-83. 2010....
- Baker's method in the management of equinus deformity in cerebral palsyN K Datta
Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Bangabandhu Sheik Mujib Medical University BSMMU, Shahbagh, Dhaka, Bangladesh
Mymensingh Med J 19:533-8. 2010..Total number of 20 patients with 37 feet of equinus deformity due to cerebral palsy was managed by Baker's method...
- Botulinum toxin type A injections for treatment of spastic equinus in cerebral palsy: a secondary analysis of factors predictive of favorable responseHeli Sätilä
From the Department of Paediatric Neurology, Tampere University Hospital, Tampere, Finland
Am J Phys Med Rehabil 89:865-72. 2010..To investigate markers predicting favorable botulinum toxin injection outcomes in treating spastic equinus gait in children with cerebral palsy...
- Does the treatment of spastic equinovarus deformity following stroke with botulinum toxin increase gait velocity? A systematic review and meta-analysisN Foley
Aging, Rehabilitation and Geriatric Care Program, Lawson Health Research Institute, Parkwood Hospital Site, London, ON, Canada
Eur J Neurol 17:1419-27. 2010..033 to 0.353, P < 0.018) representing an increase of 0.044 meters/s. The use of BT-A for lower-limb post-stroke equinovarus because of spasticity was associated with a small, but statistically significant increase in gait velocity...
- Effect of shock wave stimulation on hypertonic plantar flexor muscles in patients with cerebral palsy: a placebo-controlled studyErnesto Amelio
Shock Wave Unit, Hand Surgery Department, Verona University Hospital, Verona, Italy
J Rehabil Med 42:339-43. 2010..Extracorporeal shock wave therapy has been reported to be effective in reducing muscle hypertonia in adults...
- A hypothesis and model of reduced fetal movement as a common pathogenetic mechanism in clubfootT W Hester
Neuroscience Centre and Pathology Group, Institute of Cell and Molecular Sciences, Barts and the London School of Medicine and Dentistry, Queen Mary, University of London, The Royal London Hospital, Whitechapel, London E1 1BB, United Kingdom
Med Hypotheses 73:986-8. 2009Clubfoot or Talipes equinovarus is characterised by an adducted forefoot, hindfoot varus, and ankle equinus deformity, varying in severity and ease of correction...
- New experiences in treating postburn talipes equinovarus associated with bone and joint pathologic changesTianyi Liu
Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Shanghai 9th People s Hospital, 639 Zhi Zao Ju Road, Shanghai 200011, China
Burns 35:852-6. 2009..Incision wound healing and bone union is not exclusively a problem...
- Equinus deformity in the pediatric patient: causes, evaluation, and managementMonique C Gourdine-Shaw
Medical Service Corps, United States Navy, United States Naval Academy, Annapolis, MD 21402, USA
Clin Podiatr Med Surg 27:25-42. 2010..This article reviews the causes, clinical and radiographic evaluation, and treatment of pediatric equinus deformity. It discusses the conservative and surgical management of the different types of equinus and when these ..
- Reconstruction of the Achilles tendon and overlying soft tissue using an anteromedial thigh flap for a post-burn pes equinus deformity: a case reportT Naganawa
Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Gifu University School of Medicine, Gifu, Japan
J Orthop Surg (Hong Kong) 17:116-8. 2009We present a 36-year-old man with a severe pes equinus deformity of the ankle and an intractable ulcer over the Achilles tendon after a 4th-degree burn...
- Botulinum toxin type A with oral baclofen versus oral tizanidine: a nonrandomized pilot comparison in patients with cerebral palsy and spastic equinus foot deformityAlper I Dai
Division of Pediatric Neurology, Department of Pediatrics, University of Gaziantep, Turkey
J Child Neurol 23:1464-6. 2008..This study suggests that combination of botulinum toxin type A with oral tizanidine is more effective with fewer side effects than combination of botulinum toxin type A and oral baclofen for spastic cerebral palsy...
- Gastrocnemius recession to treat isolated foot painJohn D Maskill
Orthopaedic Associates of Michigan, Foot and Ankle, 1111 Leffingwell Ave NE, Suite 100, Grand Rapids, MI 49525, USA
Foot Ankle Int 31:19-23. 2010..It has been proposed that this equinus deformity leads to excessive strain throughout the foot, thus causing pain...
- Botulinum toxin type A neuromuscular blockade in the treatment of lower extremity spasticity in cerebral palsy: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. BOTOX Study GroupL A Koman
Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, North Carolina 27157 1070, USA
J Pediatr Orthop 20:108-15. 2000..Patients in the BTX group demonstrated improved gait function and partial denervation of the injected muscle. No serious adverse events were reported...
- Recurrence after correction of acquired ankle equinus deformity in children using Ilizarov techniqueKhaled M Emara
Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Ain Shams University Hospitals, 13 B Kornesh El Nile, Agha Khan, Cairo, Egypt
Strategies Trauma Limb Reconstr 3:105-8. 2008To describe our Ilizarov technique for the treatment of acquired equinus deformity in children and to determine if compliance with continuous use of an ankle foot orthosis (after removal of the fixator and until skeletal maturity) can ..
- Complications associated with uni-portal endoscopic gastrocnemius recession in a diabetic patient population: an observational case seriesThomas S Roukis
Limb Preservation Service, Vascular Endovascular Surgery Service, Department of Surgery, Madigan Army Medical Center, Tacoma, WA 98431, USA
J Foot Ankle Surg 49:68-70. 2010..Before surgery, the risk of delayed wound healing should be discussed with patients who have uncontrolled diabetes mellitus and in-patient management with tight glycemic control considered...
- Improvement of gait in a stroke patient. A 7-year longitudinal studyLaurent Bensoussan
Department of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of the Mediterranean, University Hospital La Timone, Marseille, France
Disabil Rehabil 32:1705-11. 2010....
- Management of long-term sequelae of compartment syndrome involving the foot and ankleFrancois Lintz
CHU de Nantes, France
Foot Ankle Int 30:847-53. 2009..Although these deformities have been reported in relation to compartment syndrome, they have rarely been discussed specifically in the light of a long term follow up...
- New tendon transfer for correction of drop-foot in common peroneal nerve palsyAdolfo Vigasio
Istituto Clinico Città di Brescia Gruppo San Donato, 2 o Unità Operativa di Chirurgia della Mano e Microchirurgia Ortopedica, Via Gualla 15, 25123, Brescia, Italy
Clin Orthop Relat Res 466:1454-66. 2008..LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level IV, therapeutic study. See the Guidelines for Authors for a complete description of levels of evidence...
- [Percutaneous aponeurotomy of the triceps surae muscle in cerebral palsy in children]J Poul
Klinika detské chirurgie, ortopedie a traumatologie, Detská nemocnice, FN Brno
Acta Chir Orthop Traumatol Cech 70:292-5. 2003..To assess the short-term results of percutaneous aponeurotomy of gastrocnemius including the possible complications and effects of the treatment...
- Gradual closed correction of equinus contracture using the Ilizarov apparatusHiroyuki Tsuchiya
Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, School of Medicine, Kanazawa University, 13-1 Takara-machi, Kanazawa 920-8641, Japan
J Orthop Sci 8:802-6. 2003..However, particular care is needed during correction to avoid complications such as anterior subluxation of the talus and joint space narrowing. When complications do occur, intervention should be immediate...
- Assessment of an electronic goniometer designed to measure equinus contractureMathieu Assal
Rehabilitation Research and Development, Center of Excellence in Limb Loss Prevention and Prosthetic Engineering, Seattle VA Medical Center, WA 98108, USA
J Rehabil Res Dev 40:235-9. 2003..94 degrees, 95% confidence interval (0.79 degrees, 1.13 degrees). An upper standard deviation of 1.36 degrees is felt to be acceptable for clinical investigation...
- Ankle dorsiflexion in adolescent athletesAmol Saxena
Department of Sports Medicine, Palo Alto Medical Foundation, Palo Alto, CA 94301, USA
J Am Podiatr Med Assoc 93:312-4. 2003..There were no statistically significant differences between boys and girls. Ankle dorsiflexion in asymptomatic adolescent athletes is approximately 0 degrees with the knee extended and just less than 5 degrees with the knee flexed...
- Intramuscular distribution of nerves in the human triceps surae muscle: anatomical bases for treatment of spastic drop foot with botulinum toxinB Parratte
Laboratoire d Anatomie, Faculte de Medecine, Place St Jacques, 25030 Besancon, France
Surg Radiol Anat 24:91-6. 2002..These zones were measured morphometrically and divided into segments which are expressed in percentages of a standard leg length. We maintain that these zones are the injection sites most likely to guarantee the best treatment efficacy...
- Roberts syndrome, normal cell division, and normal intelligenceKun Hwang
Inha University Hospital, Inchon, Korea
J Craniofac Surg 13:390-4. 2002..This report supports the theory that normal intelligence can make social-personal adjustment possible even if all of the stigmata of Roberts syndrome is present...
- ACHILLES TENDON LENGTHENING ON PATIENTS WITH DIABETESMichael Mueller; Fiscal Year: 2002..An equinus deformity (limited ankle dorsiflexion range-of-motion [ROM]) is associated with these recurrent ulcers...
- Mechanical Intervention in Children with Cerebral PalsyTishya Wren; Fiscal Year: 2005..This study will also provide insight into the potential role of muscle adaptation and bone turnover in increasing bone mass in response to this simple, non-invasive, non-pharmacalogical intervention. ..
- INTRAOPERATIVE MEASUREMENT IN CEREBRAL PALSY SURGERYRichard Lieber; Fiscal Year: 2003..This device will then be used in a prospective clinical study which compares two methods for equinus deformity correction: tendoachilles lengthening (TAL) and gastrocnemius-soleus recession (GSR, "Strayer" procedure)...
- Impact of Gait Analysis on Surgical OutcomesTishya Wren; Fiscal Year: 2009..The results will determine whether the use of gait analysis testing improves clinical outcomes in children who have walking problems due to cerebral palsy. ..
- Impact of Gait Analysis on Surgical OutcomesTishya Wren; Fiscal Year: 2007..The results will determine whether the use of gait analysis testing improves clinical outcomes in children who have walking problems due to cerebral palsy. ..
- Risk Factors for Osteoporosis in Children & Adolescents with MyelomeningoceleTishya A L Wren; Fiscal Year: 2010..A slight delay in the transition to wheelchair mobility may make a large difference in osteoporosis prevention. ..
- CNS Demyelinating Autoimmunity Targeting Water Channel ComplexesSEAN JOSEPH PITTOCK; Fiscal Year: 2010....