postpartum hemorrhage

Summary

Summary: Excess blood loss from uterine bleeding associated with OBSTETRIC LABOR or CHILDBIRTH. It is defined as blood loss greater than 500 ml or of the amount that adversely affects the maternal physiology, such as BLOOD PRESSURE and HEMATOCRIT. Postpartum hemorrhage is divided into two categories, immediate (within first 24 hours after birth) or delayed (after 24 hours postpartum).

Top Publications

  1. pmc Administration of misoprostol by trained traditional birth attendants to prevent postpartum haemorrhage in homebirths in Pakistan: a randomised placebo-controlled trial
    N Mobeen
    Department of Community Health Sciences, Aga Khan University, Karachi, Pakistan Gynuity Health Projects, New York, NY, USA
    BJOG 118:353-61. 2011
  2. pmc Incidence and predictors of severe obstetric morbidity: case-control study
    M Waterstone
    Department of Public Health Medicine, Guy's, King's College, and St Thomas's Hospitals Schools of Medicine and Dentistry, Capital House, London SE1 3QD
    BMJ 322:1089-93; discussion 1093-4. 2001
  3. ncbi Prevention of postpartum hemorrhage at home birth in Afghanistan
    Harshadkumar Sanghvi
    JHPIEGO, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    Int J Gynaecol Obstet 108:276-81. 2010
  4. ncbi Maternal obesity and risk of postpartum hemorrhage
    Marie Blomberg
    Division of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, Linkoping University, Linkoping, Sweden
    Obstet Gynecol 118:561-8. 2011
  5. ncbi Oral misoprostol in preventing postpartum haemorrhage in resource-poor communities: a randomised controlled trial
    Richard J Derman
    University of Missouri Kansas City School of Medicine, MO, USA
    Lancet 368:1248-53. 2006
  6. pmc Misoprostol for postpartum hemorrhage prevention at home birth: an integrative review of global implementation experience to date
    Jeffrey Michael Smith
    JHPIEGO, 1776 Massachusetts Ave, NW 300, Washington, DC 20036, USA
    BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 13:44. 2013
  7. ncbi Placenta previa, placenta accreta, and vasa previa
    Yinka Oyelese
    Division of Maternal Fetal Medicine, Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Sciences, UMDNJ Robert Wood Johnson Medical School, Robert Wood Johnson University Hospital, New Brunswick, New Jersey 08901 1977, USA
    Obstet Gynecol 107:927-41. 2006
  8. ncbi Active management of the third stage of labour with and without controlled cord traction: a randomised, controlled, non-inferiority trial
    A Metin Gulmezoglu
    UNDP UNFPA WHO World Bank Special Programme of Research, Development and Research Training in Human Reproduction, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland
    Lancet 379:1721-7. 2012
  9. ncbi Postpartum hemorrhage: epidemiology, risk factors, and causes
    Yinka Oyelese
    Division of Maternal Fetal Medicine, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Tennessee Institute of Fetal Maternal and Infant Health, University of Tennessee Health Sciences Center, Memphis, TN, USA
    Clin Obstet Gynecol 53:147-56. 2010
  10. ncbi The epidemiology of postpartum hemorrhage in a large, nationwide sample of deliveries
    Brian T Bateman
    Department of Anesthesia and Critical Care, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02114, USA
    Anesth Analg 110:1368-73. 2010

Detail Information

Publications329 found, 100 shown here

  1. pmc Administration of misoprostol by trained traditional birth attendants to prevent postpartum haemorrhage in homebirths in Pakistan: a randomised placebo-controlled trial
    N Mobeen
    Department of Community Health Sciences, Aga Khan University, Karachi, Pakistan Gynuity Health Projects, New York, NY, USA
    BJOG 118:353-61. 2011
    ..to determine if misoprostol is safe and efficacious in preventing postpartum haemorrhage (PPH) when administered by trained traditional birth attendants (TBA) at home deliveries...
  2. pmc Incidence and predictors of severe obstetric morbidity: case-control study
    M Waterstone
    Department of Public Health Medicine, Guy's, King's College, and St Thomas's Hospitals Schools of Medicine and Dentistry, Capital House, London SE1 3QD
    BMJ 322:1089-93; discussion 1093-4. 2001
    ..Caesarean section quadruples the risk of morbidity. Development and evaluation of ways of predicting and reducing risk are required with particular emphasis paid on the management of haemorrhage and pre-eclampsia...
  3. ncbi Prevention of postpartum hemorrhage at home birth in Afghanistan
    Harshadkumar Sanghvi
    JHPIEGO, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    Int J Gynaecol Obstet 108:276-81. 2010
    To test the safety, acceptability, feasibility, and effectiveness of community-based education and distribution of misoprostol for prevention of postpartum hemorrhage at home birth in Afghanistan.
  4. ncbi Maternal obesity and risk of postpartum hemorrhage
    Marie Blomberg
    Division of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, Linkoping University, Linkoping, Sweden
    Obstet Gynecol 118:561-8. 2011
    To estimate whether maternal obesity was associated with an increased risk for postpartum hemorrhage more than 1,000 mL and whether there was an association between maternal obesity and causes of postpartum hemorrhage and mode of delivery.
  5. ncbi Oral misoprostol in preventing postpartum haemorrhage in resource-poor communities: a randomised controlled trial
    Richard J Derman
    University of Missouri Kansas City School of Medicine, MO, USA
    Lancet 368:1248-53. 2006
    ..We aimed to investigate whether oral misoprostol, a potential alternative to oxytocin, could prevent postpartum haemorrhage in a community home-birth setting...
  6. pmc Misoprostol for postpartum hemorrhage prevention at home birth: an integrative review of global implementation experience to date
    Jeffrey Michael Smith
    JHPIEGO, 1776 Massachusetts Ave, NW 300, Washington, DC 20036, USA
    BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 13:44. 2013
    ..The 2012 World Health Organization guidelines for the prevention and management of postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) recommend oral administration of misoprostol by community health workers (CHWs)...
  7. ncbi Placenta previa, placenta accreta, and vasa previa
    Yinka Oyelese
    Division of Maternal Fetal Medicine, Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Sciences, UMDNJ Robert Wood Johnson Medical School, Robert Wood Johnson University Hospital, New Brunswick, New Jersey 08901 1977, USA
    Obstet Gynecol 107:927-41. 2006
    ..The condition can be diagnosed prenatally by ultrasound examination. Good outcomes depend on prenatal diagnosis and cesarean delivery before the membranes rupture...
  8. ncbi Active management of the third stage of labour with and without controlled cord traction: a randomised, controlled, non-inferiority trial
    A Metin Gulmezoglu
    UNDP UNFPA WHO World Bank Special Programme of Research, Development and Research Training in Human Reproduction, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland
    Lancet 379:1721-7. 2012
    ..We aimed to assess whether controlled cord traction can be omitted from active management of this stage without increasing the risk of severe haemorrhage...
  9. ncbi Postpartum hemorrhage: epidemiology, risk factors, and causes
    Yinka Oyelese
    Division of Maternal Fetal Medicine, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Tennessee Institute of Fetal Maternal and Infant Health, University of Tennessee Health Sciences Center, Memphis, TN, USA
    Clin Obstet Gynecol 53:147-56. 2010
    b>Postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) is a leading cause of death and morbidity relating to pregnancy. Uterine atony is the leading cause of PPH, and trauma, including iatrogenic trauma, increases the risk for postpartum hemorrhage...
  10. ncbi The epidemiology of postpartum hemorrhage in a large, nationwide sample of deliveries
    Brian T Bateman
    Department of Anesthesia and Critical Care, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02114, USA
    Anesth Analg 110:1368-73. 2010
    In this study, we sought to (1) define trends in the incidence of postpartum hemorrhage (PPH), and (2) elucidate the contemporary epidemiology of PPH focusing on risk factors and maternal outcomes related to this delivery complication.
  11. ncbi Maternal and perinatal outcome in varying degrees of anemia
    Monika Malhotra
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Maulana Azad Medical College and Lok Nayak Hospital, New Delhi, India
    Int J Gynaecol Obstet 79:93-100. 2002
    ..To analyze the maternal and perinatal outcome in varying degrees of anemia...
  12. ncbi Risk factors for postpartum hemorrhage: can we explain the recent temporal increase?
    Michael S Kramer
    Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, McGill University, Montreal QC
    J Obstet Gynaecol Can 33:810-9. 2011
    To assess risk factors for postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) and the extent to which changes in those risk factors may explain the rising incidence of PPH recently reported from industrialized countries.
  13. ncbi Using Uniject to increase the use of prophylactic oxytocin for management of the third stage of labor in Latin America
    Fernando Althabe
    Institute for Clinical Effectiveness and Health Policy, IECS, Buenos Aires, Argentina
    Int J Gynaecol Obstet 114:184-9. 2011
    ..To evaluate a multifaceted intervention for effectiveness in increasing the use of prophylactic oxytocin by birth attendants (obstetricians, midwives, and nurses) working in small maternity hospitals in Argentina...
  14. pmc Inability to predict postpartum hemorrhage: insights from Egyptian intervention data
    Ndola Prata
    Bixby Center for Population, Health and Sustainability, School of Public Health, University of California at Berkeley, 229 Warren Hall, UC Berkeley, Berkeley, CA 94720 7360, USA
    BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 11:97. 2011
    Knowledge on how well we can predict primary postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) can help policy makers and health providers design current delivery protocols and PPH case management...
  15. ncbi Misoprostol: pharmacokinetic profiles, effects on the uterus and side-effects
    O S Tang
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong SAR, China
    Int J Gynaecol Obstet 99:S160-7. 2007
    ..abortion, cervical priming, the management of miscarriage, induction of labor and the management of postpartum hemorrhage. It can be given orally, vaginally, sublingually, buccally or rectally...
  16. ncbi Prevalence and risk factors of severe obstetric haemorrhage
    I Al-Zirqi
    Division of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Rikshospitalet, Faculty of Medicine, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway
    BJOG 115:1265-72. 2008
    ..To determine the prevalence, causes, risk factors and acute maternal complications of severe obstetric haemorrhage...
  17. pmc Effect on postpartum hemorrhage of prophylactic oxytocin (10 IU) by injection by community health officers in Ghana: a community-based, cluster-randomized trial
    Cynthia K Stanton
    Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of America
    PLoS Med 10:e1001524. 2013
    Oxytocin (10 IU) is the drug of choice for prevention of postpartum hemorrhage (PPH). Its use has generally been restricted to medically trained staff in health facilities...
  18. pmc Rethinking WHO guidance: review of evidence for misoprostol use in the prevention of postpartum haemorrhage
    Christina S Chu
    School of Social and Political Science, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh EH8 9LD, UK
    J R Soc Med 105:336-47. 2012
    ..Current evidence does not support misoprostol use in home and community settings in low- and middle-income countries for PPH prevention. WHO should rethink its recent decision to include misoprostol on the Essential Medicines List...
  19. ncbi Prostaglandins for preventing postpartum haemorrhage
    Ozge Tuncalp
    Population, Family and Reproductive Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Cochrane Database Syst Rev 8:CD000494. 2012
    ..Misoprostol, a new and inexpensive prostaglandin E1 analogue, has been suggested as an alternative for routine management of the third stage of labour...
  20. pmc Impact on postpartum hemorrhage of prophylactic administration of oxytocin 10 IU via Uniject™ by peripheral health care providers at home births: design of a community-based cluster-randomized trial
    Cynthia K Stanton
    Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 12:42. 2012
    Hemorrhage is the leading direct cause of maternal death globally. While oxytocin is the drug of choice for postpartum hemorrhage prevention, its use has generally been limited to health facilities...
  21. ncbi Increasing trends in atonic postpartum haemorrhage in Ireland: an 11-year population-based cohort study
    J E Lutomski
    National Perinatal Epidemiology Centre, Cork University Maternity Hospital, Wilton, Cork, Ireland
    BJOG 119:306-14. 2012
    ..To derive nationally representative incidence rates of postpartum haemorrhage (PPH), and to investigate trends associated with method of delivery, blood transfusion and morbidly adherent placenta (accreta, percreta and increta)...
  22. pmc Where there are (few) skilled birth attendants
    Ndola Prata
    Bixby Center for Population, Health and Sustainability, University of California Berkeley, 229 University Hall, Berkeley, CA 94720 6390, USA
    J Health Popul Nutr 29:81-91. 2011
    ..g. misoprostol, family planning, measurement of blood loss, and postpartum care) will increase the chance that women in the lowest economic quintiles will also benefit from global safe motherhood efforts...
  23. ncbi Community-based distribution of misoprostol for treatment or prevention of postpartum hemorrhage: cost-effectiveness, mortality, and morbidity reduction analysis
    Tori Sutherland
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, Baltimore, USA
    Int J Gynaecol Obstet 108:289-94. 2010
    To compare the cost-effectiveness of community-based distribution of misoprostol for prevention with misoprostol for treatment of postpartum hemorrhage (PPH).
  24. pmc Risk factors for postpartum hemorrhage in vaginal deliveries in a Latin-American population
    Claudio G Sosa
    Perinatal Research Unit, School of Medicine, University of Uruguay, Montevideo, Uruguay
    Obstet Gynecol 113:1313-9. 2009
    To identify risk factors for immediate postpartum hemorrhage after vaginal delivery in a South American population.
  25. pmc Effect of sublingual misoprostol on severe postpartum haemorrhage in a primary health centre in Guinea-Bissau: randomised double blind clinical trial
    Lars Høj
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Aarhus University Hospital, 8200 Aarhus N, Denmark
    BMJ 331:723. 2005
    ..To evaluate whether routine administration of sublingual misoprostol 600 microg after delivery reduces postpartum haemorrhage...
  26. ncbi A behavioral intervention to improve obstetrical care
    Fernando Althabe
    Institute of Clinical Effectiveness and Health Policy, Buenos Aires, Argentina
    N Engl J Med 358:1929-40. 2008
    ..Implementation of evidence-based obstetrical practices remains a significant challenge. Effective strategies to disseminate and implement such practices are needed...
  27. ncbi A comparative study of the non-pneumatic anti-shock garment for the treatment of obstetric hemorrhage in Nigeria
    Suellen Miller
    Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Sciences, University of California, San Francisco, California 94105, USA
    Int J Gynaecol Obstet 107:121-5. 2009
    ..To determine whether the non-pneumatic anti-shock garment (NASG) can improve maternal outcome...
  28. ncbi Facility-based maternal death review in three districts in the central region of Malawi: an analysis of causes and characteristics of maternal deaths
    Eugene J Kongnyuy
    Child and Reproductive Health Group, Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, United Kingdom
    Womens Health Issues 19:14-20. 2009
    ..We sought to determine the causes and characteristics maternal deaths that occur in health facilities in Malawi...
  29. ncbi Estimation of potential effects of improved community-based drug provision, to augment health-facility strengthening, on maternal mortality due to post-partum haemorrhage and sepsis in sub-Saharan Africa: an equity-effectiveness model
    Christina Pagel
    Clinical Operational Research Unit, Department of Mathematics, University College London, London, UK
    Lancet 374:1441-8. 2009
    ....
  30. ncbi Prevention of postpartum hemorrhage: options for home births in rural Ethiopia
    N Prata
    Bixby Center for Population, Health and Sustainability, University of California, Berkeley, School o Public Health, 229 University Hall, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA
    Afr J Reprod Health 13:87-95. 2009
    This paper sought to determine the safety and feasibility of home-based prophylaxis of postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) with misoprostol, including assessment of the need for referrals and additional interventions...
  31. ncbi Uterine compression sutures: surgical management of postpartum hemorrhage
    R G Hayman
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Derby City Hospital, Derby, United Kingdom
    Obstet Gynecol 99:502-6. 2002
    It has been estimated that worldwide, over 125,000 women die of postpartum hemorrhage each year...
  32. ncbi Risk factors for macrosomia and its clinical consequences: a study of 350,311 pregnancies
    Matthew C Jolly
    Section of Endocrinology and Metabolic Medicine, The Mint Wing, Imperial College of Science Technology and Medicine, St Mary s Campus, London W2 1PG, UK
    Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol 111:9-14. 2003
    ..To identify demographic risk factors for either birthweight >4kg or over the 90th centile and to quantify the obstetric risks...
  33. ncbi Trends in postpartum hemorrhage: United States, 1994-2006
    William M Callaghan
    Division of Reproductive Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA
    Am J Obstet Gynecol 202:353.e1-6. 2010
    The purpose of this study was to estimate the incidence of postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) in the United States and to assess trends.
  34. ncbi Optimal management strategies for placenta accreta
    A G Eller
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Divisions of Maternal Fetal Medicine and Gynecologic Oncology, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT 84132, USA
    BJOG 116:648-54. 2009
    ..To determine which interventions for managing placenta accreta were associated with reduced maternal morbidity...
  35. pmc Use of active management of the third stage of labour in seven developing countries
    Cynthia Stanton
    School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, United States of America
    Bull World Health Organ 87:207-15. 2009
    ..To document the use of active management of the third stage of labour for preventing postpartum haemorrhage and to explore factors associated with such use in seven developing countries...
  36. ncbi Postpartum hemorrhage after vaginal birth: an analysis of risk factors
    Everett F Magann
    School of Women and Infants Health, King Edward Memorial Hospital, Perth, Australia
    South Med J 98:419-22. 2005
    To determine, in a single tertiary obstetric hospital, the incidence of and risk factors for postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) after a vaginal birth.
  37. ncbi Epidemiology of postpartum haemorrhage: a systematic review
    Guillermo Carroli
    Centro Rosarino de Estudios Perinatales CREP, Rosario, Argentina
    Best Pract Res Clin Obstet Gynaecol 22:999-1012. 2008
    ..For a reliable picture of PPH worldwide - its magnitude, distribution and consequences - a global survey tackling this condition is necessary...
  38. pmc Care during the third stage of labour: a postal survey of UK midwives and obstetricians
    Diane Farrar
    Bradford Institute for Health Research, Bradford Royal Infirmary, Bradford, BD9 6RJ, UK
    BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 10:23. 2010
    ..Evidence to guide care during the third stage is limited and there is variation in recommendations which may contribute to differences in practice. This paper describes current UK practice during the third stage of labour...
  39. ncbi Oxytocin in prefilled Uniject injection devices for managing third-stage labor in Indonesia
    V D Tsu
    Program for Appropriate Technology in Health PATH, Seattle, WA 98107, USA
    Int J Gynaecol Obstet 83:103-11. 2003
    ..b>Postpartum hemorrhage rates did not change substantially...
  40. ncbi Expanding uterotonic protection following childbirth through community-based distribution of misoprostol: operations research study in Nepal
    Swaraj Rajbhandari
    Options Cambodia
    Int J Gynaecol Obstet 108:282-8. 2010
    To determine feasibility of community-based distribution of misoprostol for preventing postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) to pregnant woman through community volunteers working under government health services.
  41. ncbi Obstetric risk factors and outcome of pregnancies complicated with early postpartum hemorrhage: a population-based study
    Eyal Sheiner
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Soroka University Medical Center, Ben Gurion University of the Negev, Beer Sheva, Israel
    J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med 18:149-54. 2005
    The study was aimed to identify obstetric risk factors for early postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) in singleton gestations and to evaluate pregnancy outcome.
  42. pmc Postpartum hemorrhage resulting from uterine atony after vaginal delivery: factors associated with severity
    Marine Driessen
    INSERM U953 Epidemiological Research Unit on Perinatal Health and Women s and Children s Health, UPMC Paris, Paris, France
    Obstet Gynecol 117:21-31. 2011
    To identify factors associated with severity of postpartum hemorrhage among characteristics of women and their delivery, the components of initial postpartum hemorrhage management, and the organizational characteristics of maternity units.
  43. ncbi Sustainable scale-up of active management of the third stage of labor for prevention of postpartum hemorrhage in Ecuador
    Jorge Hermida
    University Research Co, LLC, Bethesda, MD 20814, USA
    Int J Gynaecol Obstet 117:278-82. 2012
    ..the Ecuadorian experience regarding the adoption, scale-up, and institutionalization of active management of the third stage of labor (AMTSL) for prevention of postpartum hemorrhage via continuous quality improvement (CQI) processes.
  44. ncbi Misoprostol for preventing and treating postpartum hemorrhage in the community: a closer look at the evidence
    Olufemi T Oladapo
    Maternal and Fetal Health Research Unit, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Olabisi Onabanjo University Teaching Hospital, P M B 2001, Sagamu, Ogun State, Nigeria
    Int J Gynaecol Obstet 119:105-10. 2012
    The lack of clear interpretation of clinical and operational evidence on misoprostol use for postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) in the community may jeopardize the realization of its full potential for improving women's survival...
  45. ncbi Community mobilization to reduce postpartum hemorrhage in home births in northern Nigeria
    Ndola Prata
    Bixby Center for Population, Health and Sustainability, School of Public Health, University of California, 229 University Hall, Berkeley, CA 94720 7360, USA
    Soc Sci Med 74:1288-96. 2012
    ..in the uptake of a health intervention, namely, community-based distribution of misoprostol to prevent postpartum hemorrhage. Community mobilization to increase access to misoprostol for postpartum hemorrhage prevention was ..
  46. ncbi Maternal mortality from hemorrhage
    Sina Haeri
    Division of Maternal Fetal Medicine, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Baylor College of Medicineand Texas Children s Hospital, 1709 Dryden Street, Houston, TX 77030, USA
    Semin Perinatol 36:48-55. 2012
    ..In this monograph we will review the epidemiology, etiology, and preventative measures related to maternal mortality from hemorrhage...
  47. ncbi Sublingual misoprostol versus intramuscular oxytocin for prevention of postpartum hemorrhage in low-risk women
    Picklu Chaudhuri
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Chittaranjan Sevasadan College of Obstetrics and Gynecology and Child Health, Kolkata, India
    Int J Gynaecol Obstet 116:138-42. 2012
    To compare sublingual misoprostol with intramuscular oxytocin for prevention of postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) in low-risk vaginal birth.
  48. ncbi The etiology of maternal mortality in developed countries: a systematic review of literature
    A Cristina Rossi
    Department of Gynecology, Obstetrics and Neonatology, University of Bari, Via Celentano 42, 70121 Bari, Italy
    Arch Gynecol Obstet 285:1499-503. 2012
    ..To review the literature about MD in developed countries...
  49. ncbi Obstetric hemorrhage
    C McLintock
    National Women s Health, Auckland City Hospital, Auckland, New Zealand
    J Thromb Haemost 9:1441-51. 2011
    ..Most women will not have identifiable risk factors. Nonetheless, primary prevention of a postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) begins with an assessment of identifiable risk factors...
  50. pmc Maternal obesity and postpartum haemorrhage after vaginal and caesarean delivery among nulliparous women at term: a retrospective cohort study
    Elaine M Fyfe
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of Auckland, Private Bag, 92019, Auckland, New Zealand
    BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 12:112. 2012
    ....
  51. ncbi Which uterotonic is better to prevent the postpartum hemorrhage? Latest news in terms of clinical efficacy, side effects, and contraindications: a systematic review
    Salvatore Gizzo
    Department of Woman and Child Health, University of Padua, Padua, Italy
    Reprod Sci 20:1011-9. 2013
    b>Postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) is a potentially fatal complication of vaginal and cesarean deliveries...
  52. ncbi Beyond maternal mortality: obstetric hemorrhage in a Malawian district
    Jogchum Beltman
    Thyolo District Hospital, Ministry of Health, Thyolo, Malawi
    Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand 90:1423-7. 2011
    ..To identify substandard care factors in the management of obstetric hemorrhage at district hospital level in rural Malawi...
  53. pmc Positive effects of the non-pneumatic anti-shock garment on delays in accessing care for postpartum and postabortion hemorrhage in Egypt and Nigeria
    Janet Turan
    University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, CA 94105, USA
    J Womens Health (Larchmt) 20:91-8. 2011
    ..garment (NASG) ameliorates the effects of delays in transport to and treatment at hospitals for women with postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) and postabortion hemorrhage (PAH) and investigated the effects of NASG use on timing of delivery of ..
  54. pmc Helping rural women in Pakistan to prevent postpartum hemorrhage: a quasi experimental study
    Ali Mohammad Mir
    Population Council, Islamabad, Pakistan
    BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 12:120. 2012
    ..b>Postpartum hemorrhage is the leading cause of maternal deaths in Pakistan...
  55. ncbi Bedside assessment of fibrinogen level in postpartum haemorrhage by thrombelastometry
    C Huissoud
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Croix Rousse University Hospital, Hospices Civils de Lyon, Lyon, France
    BJOG 116:1097-102. 2009
    ..To establish whether reagent-supported thrombelastometry with the rotation thrombelastometry system (ROTEM) point-of-care device correlated with fibrinogen level in postpartum haemorrhages...
  56. ncbi Hospitalized delivery and maternal deaths from obstetric hemorrhage in China from 1996 to 2006
    Xiaohong Li
    National Office for Maternal and Child Health Surveillance, West China Second University Hospital, Sichuan University, No 17 Section 3 Ren Min Nan Lu, Chengdu, Sichuan, China
    Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand 90:586-92. 2011
    ..To evaluate the role of hospitalized delivery in reducing maternal deaths from obstetric hemorrhage in urban and rural areas of China...
  57. pmc Trends in postpartum hemorrhage in high resource countries: a review and recommendations from the International Postpartum Hemorrhage Collaborative Group
    Marian Knight
    National Perinatal Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK
    BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 9:55. 2009
    b>Postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) is a major cause of maternal mortality and morbidity worldwide. Several recent publications have noted an increasing trend in incidence over time...
  58. ncbi Delayed postpartum hemorrhage due to cesarean scar dehiscence
    Tsuyoshi Baba
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Kitami Red Cross Hospital, Kitami, Japan
    Arch Gynecol Obstet 272:82-3. 2005
    A 28-year-old woman presented with massive postpartum hemorrhage. Laparotomy revealed a cesarean scar dehiscence due to wound infection.
  59. ncbi The role of interventional radiology in obstetric hemorrhage
    M Gonsalves
    Radiology Department, St Georges Hospital, Tooting, London, UK
    Cardiovasc Intervent Radiol 33:887-95. 2010
    ..We review current literature regarding the role of interventional radiology in postpartum hemorrhage, abnormal placentation, abortion, and cervical ectopic pregnancy...
  60. ncbi Predictive factors of advanced interventional procedures in a multicentre severe postpartum haemorrhage study
    Etienne Gayat
    Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine, Mobile Care Unit, Lariboisiere University Hospital, AP HP, EA322, Paris Cedex 10, France
    Intensive Care Med 37:1816-25. 2011
    ..The aim of the study was to define factors predictive of the need for an AIP in the management of emergent PPH...
  61. ncbi Obstetric critical care: a blueprint for improved outcomes
    Gerda G Zeeman
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University Medical Center, Groningen, The Netherlands
    Crit Care Med 34:S208-14. 2006
    ..This may be related to the pregnancy itself, aggravation of a preexisting illness, or complications of the (operative) delivery...
  62. ncbi Blood component therapy in postpartum hemorrhage
    Andra H James
    Division of Maternal Fetal Medicine, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina, USA
    Transfusion 49:2430-3. 2009
    The purpose of this study was to examine blood component therapy in the treatment of postpartum hemorrhage.
  63. ncbi Use of recombinant activated factor VII in severe post-partum haemorrhage: data from the Italian Registry: a multicentric observational retrospective study
    Giovanni Barillari
    Center for Hemorrhagic and Thrombotic Diseases, Department of Transfusion Medicine, General University Hospital of Udine, Italy
    Thromb Res 124:e41-7. 2009
    ..To report the Italian real experience in clinical practice about recombinant factor VII activated (rFVIIa) in Post-Partum Haemorrhage (PPH) treatment...
  64. ncbi Standard haemostatic tests following major obstetric haemorrhage
    L de Lloyd
    Department of Anaesthesia, University Hospital of Wales and School of Medicine, Cardiff University, Cardiff, UK
    Int J Obstet Anesth 20:135-41. 2011
    ..Postpartum haemorrhage is an important cause of maternal morbidity and mortality. It is associated with haemostatic impairment which may exacerbate bleeding...
  65. ncbi Prevention of postpartum hemorrhage with misoprostol
    Z Alfirevic
    School of Reproductive and Developmental Medicine, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, UK
    Int J Gynaecol Obstet 99:S198-201. 2007
    ..a stable, orally active and cheap uterotonic, misoprostol would appear ideally suited to the prevention of postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) in the developing world...
  66. ncbi Obstetric hemorrhage
    Patricia C Devine
    Division of Maternal Fetal Medicine, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Columbia University, College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, NY 10032, USA
    Semin Perinatol 33:76-81. 2009
    ..Depending on the definition that is used, postpartum hemorrhage complicates up to 18% of all deliveries...
  67. ncbi The use of fibrinogen concentrate to correct hypofibrinogenaemia rapidly during obstetric haemorrhage
    S F Bell
    Department of Anaesthesia, University Hospital of Wales, Cardiff, UK
    Int J Obstet Anesth 19:218-23. 2010
    ..These cases suggest that fibrinogen concentrate may be an effective addition to conventional treatments for obstetric haemorrhage associated with hypofibrinogenaemia...
  68. pmc No reduction in instrumental vaginal births and no increased risk for adverse perineal outcome in nulliparous women giving birth on a birth seat: results of a Swedish randomized controlled trial
    Li Thies-Lagergren
    Department of Women s and Children s Health, Division of Reproductive and Perinatal Health Care, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm SE 171 76, Sweden
    BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 11:22. 2011
    ....
  69. ncbi Critical care and transfusion management in maternal deaths from postpartum haemorrhage
    Marie Pierre Bonnet
    INSERM, UMR S953, Epidemiological Research Unit on Perinatal Health and Women s and Children s Health, Hopital Tenon, Paris, France
    Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol 158:183-8. 2011
    ..The aim of this study was to describe critical care management, particularly transfusion practices, in cases of maternal deaths from PPH...
  70. ncbi Policies for manual removal of placenta at vaginal delivery: variations in timing within Europe
    C Deneux-Tharaux
    INSERM, UMR S149, IFR 69, UPMC, Epidemiological Research Unit on Perinatal Health and Women s health, Hopital Tenon, Paris, France
    BJOG 116:119-24. 2009
    ..A randomised controlled trial is needed to provide definitive evidence on the risks and benefits of manual removal of placenta at different timings after vaginal delivery...
  71. ncbi Risk factors and obstetric complications associated with macrosomia
    N E Stotland
    Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Sciences, University of California, San Francisco, CA, USA
    Int J Gynaecol Obstet 87:220-6. 2004
    ..Macrosomia is associated with adverse maternal outcomes. The objective of this study was to characterize the epidemiology of macrosomia and related maternal complications...
  72. ncbi Surgical intervention in the management of postpartum hemorrhage
    Monjri Shah
    Division of Gynecologic Oncology, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Columbia University, College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, NY 10032, USA
    Semin Perinatol 33:109-15. 2009
    ..The type of hysterectomy (subtotal vs. total) must be individualized to each patient. Hemostatic agents may be particularly useful in patients who have excessive blood loss from raw tissue surfaces...
  73. ncbi Transfusion therapy in postpartum hemorrhage
    Anand Padmanabhan
    The Section of Transfusion Medicine and Cell Therapy, Department of Pathology and Cell Biology, Columbia University Medical Center, College of Physicians and Surgeons of Columbia University, New York, NY, USA
    Semin Perinatol 33:124-7. 2009
    b>Postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) is an obstetric emergency that can occur following vaginal or cesarean delivery. Rapid diagnosis of PPH using laboratory and clinical parameters is an important first step in its management...
  74. ncbi Postpartum hemorrhage
    Gowri Ramanathan
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, St George s Hospital Medical School, London UK
    J Obstet Gynaecol Can 28:967-73. 2006
    b>Postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) is the most important single cause of maternal death in both developing and developed countries. It arises from abnormalities in one of four basic processes, with uterine atony being the most common...
  75. ncbi Incidence and management of postpartum haemorrhage following the dissemination of guidelines in a network of 16 maternity units in France
    C Dupont
    Healthcare Practices Assessment Unit, Pole IMER des Hospices Civils de Lyon, 162, avenue Lacassagne, 69424 Lyon Cedex 03, France
    Int J Obstet Anesth 18:320-7. 2009
    ..In France obstetric haemorrhage is the leading cause of maternal death. The aim of this study was to evaluate if the management of postpartum haemorrhage at individual maternity units followed guidelines established by the Aurore Network...
  76. ncbi Estimation of blood loss after cesarean section and vaginal delivery has low validity with a tendency to exaggeration
    Christina Larsson
    Division of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Karolinska Institutet, Danderyd Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden
    Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand 85:1448-52. 2006
    ..Excessive bleeding is one of the major threats to women at childbirth. The aim of this study was to validate estimation of blood loss during delivery...
  77. ncbi Severe acute maternal morbidity and maternal death audit--a rapid diagnostic tool for evaluating maternal care
    L Cochet
    Medical Research Council Maternal and Infant Health Care Strategies Research Unit, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of Pretoria
    S Afr Med J 93:700-2. 2003
    ..To analyse severe acute maternal morbidity (SAMM) and maternal mortality in the Pretoria region over a 2-year period (2000-2001)...
  78. pmc The WOMAN Trial (World Maternal Antifibrinolytic Trial): tranexamic acid for the treatment of postpartum haemorrhage: an international randomised, double blind placebo controlled trial
    Haleema Shakur
    Clinical Trials Unit, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, London WC1E 7HT, UK
    Trials 11:40. 2010
    ..At present there is little reliable evidence from randomised trials on the effectiveness of tranexamic acid in the treatment of postpartum haemorrhage...
  79. ncbi Secondary postpartum hemorrhage: treatment with selective arterial embolization
    J P Pelage
    Department of Vascular Imaging, Hopital Lariboisiere, Paris, France
    Radiology 212:385-9. 1999
    To evaluate the efficacy and safety of selective arterial embolization of the uterine arteries in the management of intractable delayed postpartum hemorrhage.
  80. ncbi Does young maternal age increase the risk of adverse obstetric, fetal and neonatal outcomes: a cohort study
    Claire M de Vienne
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University Hospital of Caen, France
    Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol 147:151-6. 2009
    ..To determine whether young maternal age is associated with increased risks of adverse obstetric, fetal and perinatal outcomes...
  81. ncbi Oral misoprostol for prevention of postpartum hemorrhage by paramedical workers in India
    N Chandhiok
    Division of Reproductive Health and Nutrition, Indian Council of Medical Research, Ansari Nagar, New Delhi
    Int J Gynaecol Obstet 92:170-5. 2006
    To study whether paramedical workers from rural primary health centers in India are able to administer oral misoprostol and actively manage the third stage of labor to prevent postpartum hemorrhage (PPH).
  82. ncbi Visually estimated and calculated blood loss in vaginal and cesarean delivery
    Irene Stafford
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center, New Orleans, LA 75390 9032, USA
    Am J Obstet Gynecol 199:519.e1-7. 2008
    ..The objective of the study was to compare visually estimated blood loss (vEBL) with calculated estimated blood loss (cEBL) according to mode of delivery and degree of perineal laceration...
  83. pmc What measured blood loss tells us about postpartum bleeding: a systematic review
    N L Sloan
    Gynuity Health Projects, New York, NY, USA
    BJOG 117:788-800. 2010
    ..Meta-analyses of postpartum blood loss and the effect of uterotonics are biased by visually estimated blood loss...
  84. ncbi Major obstetric hemorrhage
    Frederic J Mercier
    Department of Anesthesia and Intensive Care, Hopital Antoine Beclere, APHP and Universite Paris Sud, Clamart Cedex BP 405, France
    Anesthesiol Clin 26:53-66, vi. 2008
    ..Basic treatment of postpartum hemorrhage relies on manual removal of the placenta or manual exploration of the uterus plus bladder emptying and ..
  85. pmc Multifaceted intervention to decrease the rate of severe postpartum haemorrhage: the PITHAGORE6 cluster-randomised controlled trial
    C Deneux-Tharaux
    INSERM, UMR S953, UPMC, Epidemiological Research Unit on Perinatal Health and Women s and Children s Health, Paris, France
    BJOG 117:1278-87. 2010
    ..We tested the hypothesis that a multifaceted intervention aimed at increasing the translation into practice of a protocol for early management of PPH, would reduce the incidence of severe PPH...
  86. ncbi Maternal morbidity associated with cesarean delivery without labor compared with spontaneous onset of labor at term
    V M Allen
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada
    Obstet Gynecol 102:477-82. 2003
    ..To estimate the maternal morbidity associated with cesarean deliveries performed at term without labor compared with morbidity associated with spontaneous labor...
  87. ncbi Treatment of post-partum haemorrhage with sublingual misoprostol versus oxytocin in women not exposed to oxytocin during labour: a double-blind, randomised, non-inferiority trial
    Beverly Winikoff
    Gynuity Health Projects, New York, NY, USA
    Lancet 375:210-6. 2010
    ..This trial established whether sublingual misoprostol was similarly efficacious to intravenous oxytocin for treatment of post-partum haemorrhage in women not exposed to oxytocin during labour...
  88. ncbi Incidence of severe pre-eclampsia, postpartum haemorrhage and sepsis as a surrogate marker for severe maternal morbidity in a European population-based study: the MOMS-B survey
    Wei Hong Zhang
    Unité de recherche en Santé Reproductive et Epidémiologie Périnatale, Département des Politiques et Systémes de Santé, Ecole de Santé Publique, Universite Libre de Bruxelles, Brussels, Belgium
    BJOG 112:89-96. 2005
    ..To describe the incidence of three conditions of acute severe maternal morbidity in selected regions in nine European countries...
  89. ncbi Treatment of post-partum haemorrhage with sublingual misoprostol versus oxytocin in women receiving prophylactic oxytocin: a double-blind, randomised, non-inferiority trial
    Jennifer Blum
    Gynuity Health Projects, New York, NY 10010, USA
    Lancet 375:217-23. 2010
    ..This trial established whether sublingual misoprostol is non-inferior to intravenous oxytocin for treatment of post-partum haemorrhage in women receiving prophylactic oxytocin...
  90. ncbi Postpartum haemorrhage in nulliparous women: incidence and risk factors in low and high risk women. A Dutch population-based cohort study on standard (> or = 500 ml) and severe (> or = 1000 ml) postpartum haemorrhage
    Joke M J Bais
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Academic Medical Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol 115:166-72. 2004
    ..To determine the incidence and risk factors for standard and severe postpartum haemorrhage (PPH) in vaginally delivering nulliparous women, before and after risk stratification...
  91. ncbi Blood transfusion for primary postpartum hemorrhage: a tertiary care hospital review
    Mrinalini Balki
    Department of Anesthesia and Pain Management, Mount Sinai Hospital, University of Toronto, Toronto ON
    J Obstet Gynaecol Can 30:1002-7. 2008
    ..To describe the common characteristics, clinical management, and outcome of patients requiring blood transfusion within 24 hours of delivery...
  92. pmc Association between anaemia during pregnancy and blood loss at and after delivery among women with vaginal births in Pemba Island, Zanzibar, Tanzania
    Justine A Kavle
    Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    J Health Popul Nutr 26:232-40. 2008
    ....
  93. ncbi Postpartum hemorrhage after cesarean delivery: an analysis of risk factors
    Everett F Magann
    School of Women and Infants Health, King Edward Memorial Hospital, Perth, Australia
    South Med J 98:681-5. 2005
    To determine the incidence and risk factors for postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) associated with cesarean delivery.
  94. ncbi Risk factors for hospital admission related to excessive and/or prolonged postpartum vaginal blood loss after the first 24 h following childbirth
    Sally Marchant
    Institute of Health and Community Studies, Bournemouth University, Bournemouth, Dorset, UK
    Paediatr Perinat Epidemiol 20:392-402. 2006
    ..It is considered that raising awareness about these factors, both among healthcare professionals and women themselves, may play an important part in the recognition and treatment of postpartum morbidity...
  95. pmc Factors associated with peripartum hysterectomy
    Clara Bodelon
    Department of Epidemiology, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, USA
    Obstet Gynecol 114:115-23. 2009
    ..To identify factors associated with peripartum hysterectomy performed within 30 days postpartum...
  96. ncbi Strategies to manage major obstetric haemorrhage
    Arlene Wise
    South East of Scotland School of Anaesthesia, Edinburgh, UK
    Curr Opin Anaesthesiol 21:281-7. 2008
    ..Haemorrhage remains a cause of significant maternal morbidity and mortality. This review summarizes the prevention, management and treatment of obstetric haemorrhage and highlights recent advances and developments...
  97. ncbi Pharmacokinetics and adverse-effect profile of rectally administered misoprostol in the third stage of labor
    Rehan Uddin Khan
    Division of Maternal and Fetal Medicine, Imperial College School of Medicine, London, United Kingdom
    Obstet Gynecol 101:968-74. 2003
    ..To characterize the pharmacokinetics and adverse-effect profile of rectally administered misoprostol...
  98. ncbi The risk of postpartum hemorrhage with selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors and other antidepressants
    Erin Salkeld
    Department of Public Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    J Clin Psychopharmacol 28:230-4. 2008
    ..is common and is often treated with antidepressants, we sought to determine if exposure to SSRI antidepressants in late pregnancy is associated with an increased risk of postpartum hemorrhage compared with non-SSRI antidepressants.
  99. ncbi Evaluation of multi-professional obstetric skills training for postpartum hemorrhage
    Veronika Markova
    Copenhagen University, Faculty of Health Sciences, Denmark
    Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand 91:346-52. 2012
    To evaluate the effect of multi-professional obstetric skills training on the incidence of postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) indicated by red blood cell (RBC) transfusion and time delay in surgical interventions before, during, and after ..
  100. ncbi Surgical treatment of intractable postpartum hemorrhage and changing trends in modern obstetric perspective
    Tayfun Gungor
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Dr Zekai Tahir Burak Women Health, Education and Research Hospital, Saime Kadin Mahallesi, Calikavak Sokak, No 22 4 Abidinpasa Mamak, Ankara, Turkey
    Arch Gynecol Obstet 280:351-5. 2009
    To update the prevalence and risk factors of intractable postpartum hemorrhage (IPH) and evaluate the effectiveness of surgical treatment modalities.
  101. ncbi Investigation of an increase in postpartum haemorrhage in Canada
    K S Joseph
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Canada
    BJOG 114:751-9. 2007
    ..To investigate the cause of a recent increase in hysterectomies for postpartum haemorrhage in Canada...

Research Grants11

  1. Postpartum Hemmorrhage and Anemia: Epidemiologic and Cost-Effectiveness Analyses
    ALEXANDER JAMES BUTWICK; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..and cost-effective strategies for reducing hematologic-related maternal morbidities, specifically postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) and early postpartum anemia (EPA), in women undergoing cesarean delivery (CD)...
  2. Elective Induction of Labor and Pregnancy Outcomes
    Darios Getahun; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..elective induction at 38, 39 or 40 weeks'gestation versus expectant management: cesarean delivery, postpartum hemorrhage, chorioamnionitis, neonatal intensive care unit stay, shoulder dystocia, low Apgar score, stillbirth, and ..
  3. Role of GRK6-Mediated Oxytocin Receptor Desensitization in Labor
    Chad A Grotegut; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..These events increase the risk for cesarean delivery or postpartum hemorrhage, respectively...
  4. Preliminary Study of Reproductive Health Impacts in Nail and Hair Care Workers
    THU THUY QUACH; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..g., prolonged/ precipitous labor, postpartum hemorrhage)...
  5. Risk factors for medically indicated preterm birth in a Latin American population
    CLAUDIO GERARDO SOSA; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The long-term goal of this research program is to develop intervention strategies that are based on the risk factors identified in the proposed study resulting in decreased morbidity and mortality. ..
  6. Antenatal and preschool iron and zinc use and cognition
    Parul Christian; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  7. Age, Disruption, and Life Reorganization after Hurricane Katrina
    Vincanne Adams; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Examining the process of unwanted change in later life can provide many insights about how people deal with change, the ways they adjust and accommodate it in daily life, and the effects of unwanted change on health and well-being. ..
  8. Blood Donation and HIV Prevention in China
    Vincanne Adams; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Data collection will occur in Shanghai; overall project oversight and data analysis will occur in San Francisco, CA. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  9. MIDCAREER AWARD IN PATIENT ORIENTED OBSTETRIC RESEARCH
    Dwight Rouse; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Finally, the effectiveness of an intervention (how it would perform under conditions of actual clinical practice) is an attribute that, in many situations, is as important as its efficacy (how it performs under ideal conditions). ..
  10. GENETIC TESTING AND THE ECONOMICS OF LIFE INSURANCE
    David Asch; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..abstract_text> ..
  11. CHLORHEXIDINE IRRIGATION TO PREVENT INFECTION
    Dwight Rouse; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ....