epiretinal membrane

Summary

Summary: A membrane on the vitreal surface of the retina resulting from the proliferation of one or more of three retinal elements: (1) fibrous astrocytes; (2) fibrocytes; and (3) retinal pigment epithelial cells. Localized epiretinal membranes may occur at the posterior pole of the eye without clinical signs or may cause marked loss of vision as a result of covering, distorting, or detaching the fovea centralis. Epiretinal membranes may cause vascular leakage and secondary retinal edema. In younger individuals some membranes appear to be developmental in origin and occur in otherwise normal eyes. The majority occur in association with retinal holes, ocular concussions, retinal inflammation, or after ocular surgery. (Newell, Ophthalmology: Principles and Concepts, 7th ed, p291)

Top Publications

  1. ncbi High-resolution imaging of the photoreceptor layer in epiretinal membrane using adaptive optics scanning laser ophthalmoscopy
    Sotaro Ooto
    Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, Kyoto University Graduate School of Medicine, Kyoto, Japan
    Ophthalmology 118:873-81. 2011
  2. ncbi Inner segment/outer segment junction assessed by spectral-domain optical coherence tomography in patients with idiopathic epiretinal membrane
    Maiko Inoue
    Department of Ophthalmology, Yokohama City University Medical Center, Yokohama, Japan
    Am J Ophthalmol 150:834-9. 2010
  3. ncbi The role of cytokines and trophic factors in epiretinal membranes: involvement of signal transduction in glial cells
    Chikako Harada
    Department of Molecular Neurobiology, Tokyo Metropolitan Institute for Neuroscience, Fuchu, Tokyo, Japan
    Prog Retin Eye Res 25:149-64. 2006
  4. ncbi Role of the intravitreal growth factors in the pathogenesis of idiopathic epiretinal membrane
    Ludovico Iannetti
    Department of Ophthalmology, Sapienza University of Rome, Rome, Italy
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 52:5786-9. 2011
  5. ncbi Three-dimensional evaluation of vitreomacular traction and epiretinal membrane using spectral-domain optical coherence tomography
    Hideki Koizumi
    Vitreous Retina Macula Consultants of New York, Manhattan Eye, Ear, and Throat Hospital, New York, New York 10022, USA
    Am J Ophthalmol 145:509-517. 2008
  6. pmc Perifoveal vitreous detachment and its macular complications
    Mark W Johnson
    Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA
    Trans Am Ophthalmol Soc 103:537-67. 2005
  7. ncbi 25-gauge, sutureless vitrectomy and standard 20-gauge pars plana vitrectomy in idiopathic epiretinal membrane surgery: a comparative pilot study
    Stanislao Rizzo
    Santa Chiara Hospital, Eye Surgery Clinic, Via Roma 67, 56100, Pisa, Italy
    Graefes Arch Clin Exp Ophthalmol 244:472-9. 2006
  8. ncbi Epiretinal membrane formation with internal limiting membrane wrinkling after Nd:YAG laser membranotomy in valsalva retinopathy
    Alvin K H Kwok
    Department of Ophthalmology, The Hong Kong Sanatorium and Hospital, Hong Kong, China
    Am J Ophthalmol 136:763-6. 2003
  9. ncbi Indocyanine green-assisted peeling of the internal limiting membrane may cause retinal damage
    A Gandorfer
    Department of Ophthalmology, Ludwig-Maximilians-University, Mathildenstrasse 8, D-80336 Munich, Germany
    Am J Ophthalmol 132:431-3. 2001
  10. pmc High-definition and 3-dimensional imaging of macular pathologies with high-speed ultrahigh-resolution optical coherence tomography
    Vivek J Srinivasan
    Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science and Research Laboratory of Electronics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139, USA
    Ophthalmology 113:2054.e1-14. 2006

Detail Information

Publications271 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi High-resolution imaging of the photoreceptor layer in epiretinal membrane using adaptive optics scanning laser ophthalmoscopy
    Sotaro Ooto
    Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, Kyoto University Graduate School of Medicine, Kyoto, Japan
    Ophthalmology 118:873-81. 2011
    To compare, in eyes with an idiopathic epiretinal membrane (ERM), photoreceptor cell structural abnormalities identified on high-resolution images obtained by adaptive optics scanning laser ophthalmoscopy (AO-SLO) with the severity of ..
  2. ncbi Inner segment/outer segment junction assessed by spectral-domain optical coherence tomography in patients with idiopathic epiretinal membrane
    Maiko Inoue
    Department of Ophthalmology, Yokohama City University Medical Center, Yokohama, Japan
    Am J Ophthalmol 150:834-9. 2010
    ..segment (IS/OS) junction before and after surgery by spectral-domain optical coherence tomography in patients undergoing idiopathic epiretinal membrane (ERM) surgery and to correlate these features with the functional outcomes.
  3. ncbi The role of cytokines and trophic factors in epiretinal membranes: involvement of signal transduction in glial cells
    Chikako Harada
    Department of Molecular Neurobiology, Tokyo Metropolitan Institute for Neuroscience, Fuchu, Tokyo, Japan
    Prog Retin Eye Res 25:149-64. 2006
    ..In this review, we summarize recent progress regarding the clinical and laboratory findings of ERMs...
  4. ncbi Role of the intravitreal growth factors in the pathogenesis of idiopathic epiretinal membrane
    Ludovico Iannetti
    Department of Ophthalmology, Sapienza University of Rome, Rome, Italy
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 52:5786-9. 2011
    The aim of the present study is to evaluate the roles of TGFs β1 and β2, glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF), and nerve growth factor (NGF) in the pathogenesis of idiopathic epiretinal membrane (ERM).
  5. ncbi Three-dimensional evaluation of vitreomacular traction and epiretinal membrane using spectral-domain optical coherence tomography
    Hideki Koizumi
    Vitreous Retina Macula Consultants of New York, Manhattan Eye, Ear, and Throat Hospital, New York, New York 10022, USA
    Am J Ophthalmol 145:509-517. 2008
    To delineate the 3-dimensional (3-D) relationship in vitreomacular traction (VMT) and idiopathic epiretinal membrane (ERM).
  6. pmc Perifoveal vitreous detachment and its macular complications
    Mark W Johnson
    Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA
    Trans Am Ophthalmol Soc 103:537-67. 2005
    ..To evaluate the vitreoretinal relationship in eyes with idiopathic macular disorders putatively caused by vitreomacular traction associated with early stages of age-related posterior vitreous detachment (PVD)...
  7. ncbi 25-gauge, sutureless vitrectomy and standard 20-gauge pars plana vitrectomy in idiopathic epiretinal membrane surgery: a comparative pilot study
    Stanislao Rizzo
    Santa Chiara Hospital, Eye Surgery Clinic, Via Roma 67, 56100, Pisa, Italy
    Graefes Arch Clin Exp Ophthalmol 244:472-9. 2006
    ..The aim of the study was to evaluate the safety and functional outcome of a small incision, sutureless vitrectomy in the treatment of idiopathic epiretinal membranes (ERM) compared with a standard 20-gauge vitrectomy system...
  8. ncbi Epiretinal membrane formation with internal limiting membrane wrinkling after Nd:YAG laser membranotomy in valsalva retinopathy
    Alvin K H Kwok
    Department of Ophthalmology, The Hong Kong Sanatorium and Hospital, Hong Kong, China
    Am J Ophthalmol 136:763-6. 2003
    To report the location of premacular hemorrhage in Valsalva retinopathy and epiretinal membrane formation with internal limiting membrane (ILM) wrinkling after neodymium;yttrium-aluminum-garnet (Nd:YAG) laser membranotomy.
  9. ncbi Indocyanine green-assisted peeling of the internal limiting membrane may cause retinal damage
    A Gandorfer
    Department of Ophthalmology, Ludwig-Maximilians-University, Mathildenstrasse 8, D-80336 Munich, Germany
    Am J Ophthalmol 132:431-3. 2001
    ..Although functional consequences of these findings remain unclear as yet, factors that may induce damage to the innermost retina should be elucidated...
  10. pmc High-definition and 3-dimensional imaging of macular pathologies with high-speed ultrahigh-resolution optical coherence tomography
    Vivek J Srinivasan
    Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science and Research Laboratory of Electronics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139, USA
    Ophthalmology 113:2054.e1-14. 2006
    ..To assess high-speed ultrahigh-resolution optical coherence tomography (OCT) image resolution, acquisition speed, image quality, and retinal coverage for the visualization of macular pathologies...
  11. pmc 25-gauge vs 20-gauge system for pars plana vitrectomy: a prospective randomised clinical trial
    Lukas Kellner
    Department of Ophthalmology, Rudolph Foundation Clinic, Vienna, Austria
    Br J Ophthalmol 91:945-8. 2007
    ..To compare 25-gauge vs 20-gauge system for pars plana vitrectomy in a prospective, randomised, controlled clinical trial...
  12. ncbi Clinical evaluation of the use of indocyanine green for peeling the internal limiting membrane in macular hole surgery
    Aude Husson-Danan
    Centre Hospitalier National d Ophtalmologie des Quinze Vingts, 28 rue de Charenton, 75012 Paris, France
    Graefes Arch Clin Exp Ophthalmol 244:291-7. 2006
    ..To evaluate the role of indocyanine green (infracyanine) in macular hole surgery...
  13. ncbi Effect of Robo1 on retinal pigment epithelial cells and experimental proliferative vitreoretinopathy
    Lvzhen Huang
    Department of Ophthalmology, Peking University People s Hospital, Beijing, China
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 51:3193-204. 2010
    ..This study was conducted to determine whether Robo1 is expressed in the retina of patients with proliferative retinal disease and whether it has a pathobiological role in the disease...
  14. ncbi Comparison of visual function after epiretinal membrane removal by 20-gauge and 25-gauge vitrectomy
    Kazuaki Kadonosono
    Department of Ophthalmology, Yokohama City University Medical Center, Yokohama, Japan
    Am J Ophthalmol 142:513-5. 2006
    ..To compare the efficacy and safety of 25-gauge vitrectomy with 20-gauge vitrectomy for macular pucker...
  15. ncbi Correlation of visual recovery with presence of photoreceptor inner/outer segment junction in optical coherence images after epiretinal membrane surgery
    Y Mitamura
    Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Science, Chiba University Graduate School of Medicine, 1 8 1 Inohana, Chuo Ku, Chiba, Japan
    Br J Ophthalmol 93:171-5. 2009
    To investigate the relationship between the presence of the photoreceptor inner and outer segment (IS/OS) junction and visual acuity after epiretinal membrane (ERM) surgery.
  16. ncbi Optical coherence tomography of idiopathic macular epiretinal membranes before and after surgery
    P Massin
    Department of Ophthalmology, Hopital Lariboisiere, Assistance Publique Hopitaux de Paris, Universite Paris 7, Paris, France
    Am J Ophthalmol 130:732-9. 2000
    To examine the preoperative and postoperative anatomical features of the macula using optical coherence tomography in patients who underwent surgery for epiretinal membrane and to correlate these features with functional results.
  17. ncbi Expression of cyclo-oxygenase-2 and downstream enzymes in diabetic fibrovascular epiretinal membranes
    A M Abu El-Asrar
    Department of Ophthalmology, King Abdulaziz University Hospital, Old Airport Road, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
    Br J Ophthalmol 92:1534-9. 2008
    ....
  18. ncbi Vital staining with indocyanine green: a review of the clinical and experimental studies relating to safety
    D Stanescu-Segall
    Department of Ophthalmology, King s College Hospital, London, UK
    Eye (Lond) 23:504-18. 2009
    ..Although the use of ICG continues, on the balance of evidence, this review suggests that it is has the potential to produce subtle visual damage...
  19. ncbi Upregulation of RAGE and its ligands in proliferative retinal disease
    Sophia I Pachydaki
    Department of Ophthalmology, College of Physician and Surgeons, Columbia University, New York, NY 10032, USA
    Exp Eye Res 82:807-15. 2006
    ..These findings suggest a role for the proinflammatory RAGE axis in the pathogenesis of proliferative retinal diseases...
  20. ncbi Associations between macular findings by optical coherence tomography and visual outcomes after epiretinal membrane removal
    Min Hee Suh
    Department of Ophthalmology, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Korea
    Am J Ophthalmol 147:473-480.e3. 2009
    To identify characteristics measured by optical coherence tomography (OCT) that are correlated with visual outcome after epiretinal membrane (ERM) removal by pars plana vitrectomy (PPV).
  21. ncbi Brilliant blue G selectively stains the internal limiting membrane/brilliant blue G-assisted membrane peeling
    Hiroshi Enaida
    Department of Ophthalmology, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Kyushu University, Fukuoka, Japan
    Retina 26:631-6. 2006
    To report the use of the dye brilliant blue G (BBG) for staining of the internal limiting membrane (ILM) during macular hole (MH) and epiretinal membrane (ERM) surgery.
  22. pmc Expression of hypoxia-inducible factor-1alpha and the protein products of its target genes in diabetic fibrovascular epiretinal membranes
    Ahmed M Abu El-Asrar
    Department of Ophthalmology, King Abdulaziz University Hospital, Airport Road, PO Box 245, Riyadh 11411, Saudi Arabia
    Br J Ophthalmol 91:822-6. 2007
    ....
  23. ncbi Does the presence of an epiretinal membrane alter the cleavage plane during internal limiting membrane peeling?
    Nihal Kenawy
    St Paul s Eye Unit, Royal Liverpool University Hospital, Liverpool, United Kingdom
    Ophthalmology 117:320-3.e1. 2010
    To determine whether the presence of a clinically and/or microscopically detectable epiretinal membrane (ERM) alters the cleavage plane during internal limiting membrane (ILM) peeling.
  24. ncbi Optical coherence tomography and focal macular electroretinogram in eyes with epiretinal membrane and macular pseudohole
    Toshimitsu Suzuki
    Department of Ophthalmology, Nagoya University School of Medicine, Nagoya, Japan
    Am J Ophthalmol 136:62-7. 2003
    ..To determine the morphology of macular pseudoholes (MPHs) and the relationship of morphology to macular function...
  25. ncbi High-resolution optical coherence tomography after surgery for vitreomacular traction: a 2-year follow-up
    Ramzi G Sayegh
    Department of Ophthalmology, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria
    Ophthalmology 117:2010-7, 2017.e1-2. 2010
    ..To characterize the morphologic changes in vitreomacular traction (VMT) before and after surgery using spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD OCT) and to identify patterns relevant to visual function...
  26. ncbi Proliferative diabetic retinopathy with lymphocyte-rich epiretinal membrane associated with poor visual prognosis
    Satoru Kase
    Department of Ophthalmology, Hokkaido University Graduate School of Medicine, Sapporo, Japan
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 50:5909-12. 2009
    ..The aim of this study was to analyze lymphocyte infiltration using immunohistochemistry in proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR) membranes...
  27. ncbi Residual internal limiting membrane in epiretinal membrane surgery
    K Kifuku
    Department of Ophthalmology, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Kyushu University, 3 1 1 Maidashi, Higashi ku, Fukuoka 812 8582, Japan
    Br J Ophthalmol 93:1016-9. 2009
    To examine the degree of the residual internal limiting membrane (ILM) after epiretinal membrane (ERM) peeling.
  28. ncbi Fibrocontractive Müller cell phenotypes in proliferative diabetic retinopathy
    Clyde Guidry
    Department of Ophthalmology, University of Alabama School of Medicine, Birmingham, Alabama 352994, USA
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 50:1929-39. 2009
    ..To evaluate Müller cells as a potential source of fibrocontractive cells in proliferative diabetic retinopathy...
  29. pmc Correlation between morphologic features on spectral-domain optical coherence tomography and angiographic leakage patterns in macular edema
    Manpreet Brar
    Department of Ophthalmology, University of California San Diego, Shiley Eye Center, 0946, Joan and Irwin Jacobs Retina Center, 9415 Campus Point Drive, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA
    Retina 30:383-9. 2010
    ..edema using simultaneous colocalization of fluorescein angiography and spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) images in diabetes, epiretinal membrane, uveitic and pseudophakic cystoid macular edema, and vein occlusion.
  30. ncbi Possible contribution of hyalocytes to idiopathic epiretinal membrane formation and its contraction
    R i Kohno
    Department of Ophthalmology, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Kyushu University, 3 1 1, Maidashi, Higashi ku, Fukuoka 812 8582, Japan
    Br J Ophthalmol 93:1020-6. 2009
    To address the cellular components and the contractile mechanisms of the idiopathic epiretinal membrane (ERM).
  31. pmc Prevalence and risk factors for epiretinal membranes in a multi-ethnic United States population
    Ching Hui Ng
    Centre for Eye Research Australia, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Australia
    Ophthalmology 118:694-9. 2011
    To describe the prevalence of and risk factors for epiretinal membrane (ERM) in a multi-ethnic population and to evaluate possible racial or ethnic differences.
  32. ncbi Assessment of macular function for idiopathic epiretinal membranes classified by spectral-domain optical coherence tomography
    Jong uk Hwang
    Department of Ophthalmology, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 53:3562-9. 2012
    To evaluate the functional changes in various morphologic types of idiopathic epiretinal membrane (ERM) by multifocal electroretinography (mfERG) and spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT).
  33. pmc Relationship between macular hole size and the potential benefit of internal limiting membrane peeling
    R Tadayoni
    Service d Ophtalmologie, Hopital Lariboisiere, 2, rue Ambroise Pare, Paris, France
    Br J Ophthalmol 90:1239-41. 2006
    ..To investigate the relationship between the size of macular holes and the possible benefit of internal limiting membrane (ILM) peeling...
  34. ncbi Epiretinal cell proliferation in macular pucker and vitreomacular traction syndrome: analysis of flat-mounted internal limiting membrane specimens
    Fei Zhao
    Department of Ophthalmology, Ludwig Maximilians University, Munich, Germany
    Retina 33:77-88. 2013
    ..To describe new details of epiretinal cell proliferation in flat-mounted internal limiting membrane specimens...
  35. ncbi The 1-year incidence of rhegmatogenous retinal detachment post 23-gauge pars plana vitrectomy
    Mahta Rasouli
    Department of Ophthalmology, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alta
    Can J Ophthalmol 47:262-3. 2012
    The purpose of this study was to evaluate the 1-year incidence of retinal tear or retinal detachment following 23-gauge pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) for epiretinal membrane (ERM), macular hole (MH), or vitreomacular traction (VMT).
  36. ncbi The natural history of lamellar macular holes: a spectral domain optical coherence tomography study
    Ferdinando Bottoni
    Eye Clinic, Department of Clinical Science Luigi Sacco, Sacco Hospital, University of Milan, Via Andrea Verga 8, 20144, Milano, Italy
    Graefes Arch Clin Exp Ophthalmol 251:467-75. 2013
    ..To study the evolution of lamellar macular holes (LMHs) using spectral domain-optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT)...
  37. ncbi Outer retinal morphology and visual function in patients with idiopathic epiretinal membrane
    Ken Watanabe
    Department of Ophthalmology, National Tokyo Medical Center, Tokyo, Japan
    JAMA Ophthalmol 131:172-7. 2013
    To determine the relationship between the morphology of the fovea and visual acuity in patients with an untreated idiopathic epiretinal membrane (ERM).
  38. ncbi Residual cellular proliferation on the internal limiting membrane in macular pucker surgery
    Arnd Gandorfer
    Department of Ophthalmology, Ludwig Maximilians University, Munich, Germany
    Retina 32:477-85. 2012
    To provide pathology data on the completeness of epiretinal membrane (ERM) removal with and without internal limiting membrane (ILM) peeling.
  39. pmc Lama1 mutations lead to vitreoretinal blood vessel formation, persistence of fetal vasculature, and epiretinal membrane formation in mice
    Malia M Edwards
    The Wilmer Eye Institute, Baltimore, MD 21287, USA
    BMC Dev Biol 11:60. 2011
    ..These mutants have a persistence of the fetal vasculature of vitreous (FVV) but lack a primary retinal vascular plexus. The present study provides a detailed analysis of astrocyte and vascular development in these Lama1 mutants...
  40. ncbi Idiopathic epiretinal membranes: ultrastructural characteristics and clinicopathologic correlation. 1989
    William E Smiddy
    Retina 25:811-20; discussion 821. 2005
  41. ncbi Lamellar macular hole: a clinicopathologic correlation of surgically excised epiretinal membranes
    Barbara Parolini
    Department of Ophthalmology, Ospedale Sacrocuore Don Calabria, Negrar, Verona, Italy
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 52:9074-83. 2011
    ..To correlate clinical and optical coherence tomographic (OCT) features with morphologic and immunohistochemical findings of epiretinal membranes (ERMs) in lamellar macular holes (LMHs)...
  42. ncbi Quantification of Contrast Recognizability during Brilliant Blue G- and Indocyanine Green-Assisted Chromovitrectomy
    Paul B Henrich
    Department of Ophthalmology, University Hospital Basel, Basel, Switzerland
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 52:4345-9. 2011
    ..To evaluate the potential of brilliant blue G (BBG) and indocyanine green (ICG) for intraoperative staining of the internal limiting membrane (ILM) with respect to perceivable contrast...
  43. ncbi Preoperative inner segment/outer segment junction in spectral-domain optical coherence tomography as a prognostic factor in epiretinal membrane surgery
    Maiko Inoue
    Department of Ophthalmology, Yokohama City University Medical Center, Yokohama, Japan
    Retina 31:1366-72. 2011
    To evaluate the macular structure on spectral-domain optical coherence tomographic (SD-OCT) images to predict the outcome of surgery for idiopathic epiretinal membrane.
  44. ncbi Quantitative proteomics of aqueous and vitreous fluid from patients with idiopathic epiretinal membranes
    Andreas Pollreisz
    Department of Ophthalmology, Medical University Vienna, Waehringer Guertel 18 20, 1090 Vienna, Austria
    Exp Eye Res 108:48-58. 2013
    ..This study is a first step, 'discovery phase' towards revealing and quantitating the protein content in the aqueous and vitreous fluid in human eyes with iERM...
  45. ncbi Incidence and characteristics of macular pucker formation after primary retinal detachment repair by pars plana vitrectomy alone
    Reshma C Katira
    Retina Group of Washington, Chevy Chase, Maryland, USA
    Retina 28:744-8. 2008
    ..To evaluate postoperative macular pucker formation in patients who underwent pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) for repair of primary rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RD)...
  46. ncbi [Preoperative assessment of topographic features in macular pucker using high-definition optical coherence tomography]
    L O Hattenbach
    Augenklinik, Klinikum Ludwigshafen
    Klin Monbl Augenheilkd 226:649-53. 2009
    ..In the current study, we sought to investigate whether the surgical removal of macular pucker can be facilitated by the preoperative assessment of topographic features using high-definition optical coherence tomography (HD-OCT)...
  47. ncbi Anatomic and functional outcome after 23-gauge vitrectomy, peeling, and intravitreal triamcinolone for idiopathic macular epiretinal membrane
    Lazaros Konstantinidis
    Hopital Ophtalmique Jules Gonin, University of Lausanne, Lausanne, Switzerland
    Retina 29:1119-27. 2009
    ....
  48. ncbi Pathological changes in the vitreoretinal junction 1: epiretinal membrane formation
    D R J Snead
    Department of Pathology, University Hospital Coventry, Coventry, UK
    Eye (Lond) 22:1310-7. 2008
    b>Epiretinal membrane (ERM) formation is a common change resulting in disturbance of macular vision and predisposing to rhegmatogenous retinal detachment...
  49. ncbi Retinal contraction and metamorphopsia scores in eyes with idiopathic epiretinal membrane
    Eiko Arimura
    Department of Ophthalmology, Kinki University School of Medicine, Osaka, Japan
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 46:2961-6. 2005
    ..software, which was developed to quantify retinal contraction, the authors investigated the relationship between the degree of retinal contraction and the degree of metamorphopsia in eyes with idiopathic epiretinal membrane (ERM).
  50. ncbi Visual outcomes and complications of epiretinal membrane removal secondary to rhegmatogenous retinal detachment
    Matthew D Council
    Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, Missouri, USA
    Ophthalmology 112:1218-21. 2005
    To examine visual outcomes after surgery for removal of epiretinal membrane after retinal detachment (RD) repair, and to identify possible complications.
  51. ncbi Characteristics and outcomes of choroidal neovascularization occurring after macular hole surgery
    Homayoun Tabandeh
    Department of Ophthalmology, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida, USA
    Retina 24:714-20. 2004
    ..To study the characteristics and outcomes of choroidal neovascularization (CNV) developing after surgery for idiopathic macular holes...
  52. ncbi Surgical management of epiretinal membrane in combined hamartomas of the retina and retinal pigment epithelium
    Xiao Zhang
    Department of Ophthalmology, Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Peking Union Medical College and Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Beijing, China
    Retina 30:305-9. 2010
    ..The purpose of this study was to evaluate the surgical outcome of combined hamartomas of the retina and retinal pigment epithelium in five patients...
  53. ncbi Three-dimensional spectral-domain optical coherence tomography images of the retina in the presence of epiretinal membranes
    John E Legarreta
    Department of Ophthalmology, Bascom Palmer Eye Institute, Miller School of Medicine, University of Miami, 1638 NW 10th Avenue, Miami, FL 33136, USA
    Am J Ophthalmol 145:1023-1030. 2008
    ..To study the inner surface of the retina in the presence of epiretinal membranes (ERMs) using a prototype spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) device...
  54. ncbi Expression of advanced glycation end products and related molecules in diabetic fibrovascular epiretinal membranes
    Ahmed M Abu El-Asrar
    Department of Ophthalmology, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
    Clin Experiment Ophthalmol 38:57-64; quiz 87. 2010
    ....
  55. ncbi Outcomes of idiopathic macular epiretinal membrane removal with and without internal limiting membrane peeling: a comparative study
    Ji Woong Lee
    Department of Ophthalmology, Pusan National University School of Medicine, Pusan, Korea
    Jpn J Ophthalmol 54:129-34. 2010
    To compare visual acuity and macular morphology after epiretinal membrane (ERM) removal with and without internal limiting membrane (ILM) peeling.
  56. ncbi Morphologically functional correlations of macular pathology connected with epiretinal membrane formation in spectral optical coherence tomography (SOCT)
    Janusz Michalewski
    The Jasne Blonia Eye Clinic, Lodz, Poland
    Graefes Arch Clin Exp Ophthalmol 245:1623-31. 2007
    ..In our study we use high-speed and high-resolution spectral OCT. Our goal was to present different forms of ERM and to analyze the influence of some morphological changes on visual acuity...
  57. ncbi Functional outcome after trypan blue-assisted vitrectomy for macular pucker: a prospective, randomized, comparative trial
    Christos Haritoglou
    Department of Ophthalmology, Ludwig Maximilians University, Mathildenstrasse 8, 80336 Munich, Germany
    Am J Ophthalmol 138:1-5. 2004
    ..To evaluate functional outcome after the intraoperative application of 0.06% trypan blue during vitrectomy for macular pucker...
  58. ncbi Incidence of retinal detachment after small-incision, sutureless pars plana vitrectomy compared with conventional 20-gauge vitrectomy in macular hole and epiretinal membrane surgery
    Stanislao Rizzo
    Santa Chiara Hospital, Eye Surgery Clinic, Pisa, Italy
    Retina 30:1065-71. 2010
    ..retinal detachment (RD) after a small-incision, sutureless vitrectomy compared with conventional 20-gauge vitrectomy in macular hole and epiretinal membrane surgery and to investigate the clinical features and possible causative agents.
  59. ncbi Expression of myofibroblast activation molecules in proliferative vitreoretinopathy epiretinal membranes
    Ahmed M Abu El-Asrar
    Department of Ophthalmology, College of Medicine, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
    Acta Ophthalmol 89:e115-21. 2011
    ..We investigated the expression of molecules involved in myofibroblast activation, migration and proliferation in PVR epiretinal membranes...
  60. ncbi Involvement of Müller glial cells in epiretinal membrane formation
    Andreas Bringmann
    Department of Ophthalmology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Leipzig, Eye Hospital, Leipzig, Germany
    Graefes Arch Clin Exp Ophthalmol 247:865-83. 2009
    ..regarding the role of Müller cells in periretinal membrane formation, especially in the early steps of epiretinal membrane formation, which involve an interaction of inflammatory and glial cells, and gives a survey of the factors ..
  61. ncbi Circulating bone-marrow-derived endothelial precursor cells contribute to neovascularization in diabetic epiretinal membranes
    Ahmed M Abu El-Asrar
    Department of Ophthalmology, College of Medicine, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
    Acta Ophthalmol 89:222-8. 2011
    ..We investigated the presence of bone-marrow-derived endothelial precursor cells and the expression of the chemotactic pathway SDF-1 ⁄CXCL12)CXCR4 in PDR epiretinal membranes...
  62. ncbi An in vivo evaluation of Brilliant Blue G in animals and humans
    M Remy
    Department of Ophthalmology, Ludwig Maximilians University, Mathildenstr 8, 80336 Munich, Germany
    Br J Ophthalmol 92:1142-7. 2008
    ..To evaluate the retinal toxicity of Brilliant Blue G (BBG) following intravitreal injection in rat eyes and examine the biocompatibility and the staining properties in humans...
  63. ncbi Epiretinal membrane surgery with or without internal limiting membrane peeling
    Alvin Kh Kwok
    Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong Eye Hospital, Kowloon, Hong Kong
    Clin Experiment Ophthalmol 33:379-85. 2005
    The purpose of the present paper was to evaluate the visual outcome and recurrence rate of epiretinal membrane (ERM) formation following vitreoretinal surgery with and without internal limiting membrane (ILM) peel.
  64. ncbi Functional assessment of the possible toxicity of indocyanine green dye in macular hole surgery
    Mária Ferencz
    Department of Ophthalmology, Mária Street, Faculty of Medicine, Semmelweis University, Budapest, Hungary
    Am J Ophthalmol 142:765-70. 2006
    ..To evaluate the possible toxicity of indocyanine green (ICG) dye in macular hole surgery by comparing functional results after successful surgeries performed with and without staining...
  65. ncbi Pathobiology of epiretinal and subretinal membranes: possible roles for the matricellular proteins thrombospondin 1 and osteonectin (SPARC)
    P Hiscott
    Unit of Ophthalmology Department of Medicine University of Liverpool Liverpool, UK
    Eye (Lond) 16:393-403. 2002
    ....
  66. ncbi Incidence of endophthalmitis after 20-gauge vs 23-gauge vs 25-gauge pars plana vitrectomy
    Ingrid U Scott
    Departments of Ophthalmology and Public Health Sciences, Penn State College of Medicine, 500 University Drive, HU19, Hershey, PA 17083 0850, USA
    Graefes Arch Clin Exp Ophthalmol 249:377-80. 2011
    ..To compare endophthalmitis rates after 20-gauge versus 23-gauge versus 25-gauge pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) in 2007-2008, and compare the rates with those of 2005-2006...
  67. ncbi Bevacizumab (Avastin) for diabetic macular edema in previously vitrectomized eyes
    Ates Yanyali
    Department of Ophthalmology, Haydarpasa Numune Education and Research Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey
    Am J Ophthalmol 144:124-6. 2007
    ..To report the visual acuity (VA) and foveal thickness (FT) changes after intravitreal bevacizumab for diabetic macular edema (DME) in previously vitrectomized eyes...
  68. ncbi Macular pucker removal with and without internal limiting membrane peeling: pilot study
    Donald W Park
    Retina Consultants of Arizona, Mesa, Arizona 85201, USA
    Ophthalmology 110:62-4. 2003
    ..To investigate results of macular pucker surgery with and without internal limiting membrane (ILM) peeling...
  69. pmc Intraoperative use of handheld spectral domain optical coherence tomography imaging in macular surgery
    Pouya N Dayani
    Department of Ophthalmology, Duke University Eye Center, Durham, NC 27710, USA
    Retina 29:1457-68. 2009
    ..To describe the intraoperative use of handheld spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SDOCT) imaging in macular surgery...
  70. ncbi Internal limiting membrane peeling in macular hole surgery
    W E Smiddy
    Bascom Palmer Eye Institute, Department of Ophthalmology, University of Miami, Miami, Florida, USA
    Ophthalmology 108:1471-6; discussion 1477-8. 2001
    ..To evaluate prospectively the ability to peel epiretinal membranes and to correlate the degree of membrane peeling to anatomic success rates...
  71. ncbi Dissociated optic nerve fiber layer appearance of the fundus after idiopathic epiretinal membrane removal
    R Tadayoni
    Department of Ophthalmology, , , Assistance Publique, , , 75010 Paris, France
    Ophthalmology 108:2279-83. 2001
    PURPOSE: To report the appearance of the fundus, that is seen frequently after removal of an idiopathic epiretinal membrane and which we refer to as the dissociated optic nerve fiber layer appearance...
  72. ncbi Double staining with brilliant blue G and double peeling for epiretinal membranes
    Hiroyuki Shimada
    Department of Ophthalmology, School of Medicine, Nihon University, Surugadai, Kanda, Chiyodaku, Tokyo, Japan
    Ophthalmology 116:1370-6. 2009
    ..To compare methods of removing epiretinal membranes (ERM) and evaluate the usefulness of the double brilliant blue G (BBG) staining and double-peeling method...
  73. ncbi Incidence of endophthalmitis after 20- and 25-gauge vitrectomy
    Derek Y Kunimoto
    Retina Service, Wills Eye Hospital, Jefferson Medical College of Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19107, USA
    Ophthalmology 114:2133-7. 2007
    ..To assess the incidence rate of endophthalmitis after 25-gauge pars plana vitrectomy and to compare it with the endophthalmitis rate after 20-gauge pars plana vitrectomy...
  74. ncbi Prevalence and associations of epiretinal membranes in the visual impairment project
    Daniel J McCarty
    Marshfield Clinic Research Foundation, Marshfield, Wisconsin 54449, USA
    Am J Ophthalmol 140:288-94. 2005
    ..To determine the prevalence and factors associated with epiretinal membranes in a random sample of the population aged 40 years and older in Victoria, Australia...
  75. ncbi Outcome results in macular hole surgery: an evaluation of internal limiting membrane peeling with and without indocyanine green
    Tom G Sheidow
    Department of Ophthalmology, University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario, Canada
    Ophthalmology 110:1697-701. 2003
    ..To evaluate the anatomic closure rate and visual outcome in patients undergoing pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) with internal limiting membrane (ILM) peeling with and without indocyanine green (ICG) enhancement...
  76. ncbi Circulating fibrocytes contribute to the myofibroblast population in proliferative vitreoretinopathy epiretinal membranes
    A M Abu El-Asrar
    Department of Ophthalmology, College of Medicine, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
    Br J Ophthalmol 92:699-704. 2008
    ..We investigated the presence of fibrocytes and the expression of their chemotactic pathways CCL21/CCR7 and CXCL12/CXCR4 in proliferative vitreoretinopathy (PVR) epiretinal membranes...
  77. ncbi The significance of cone outer segment tips as a prognostic factor in epiretinal membrane surgery
    Masataka Shimozono
    Department of Ophthalmology, Kobe City Medical Center General Hospital, Kobe, Japan
    Am J Ophthalmol 153:698-704, 704.e1. 2012
    To evaluate the prognostic value of the cone outer segment tips (COST) and other features using spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) in patients undergoing epiretinal membrane (ERM) surgery.
  78. ncbi Prognostic factors in vitrectomy for lamellar macular hole assessed by spectral-domain optical coherence tomography
    Christopher S Lee
    The Institute of Vision Research, Department of Ophthalmology, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea
    Acta Ophthalmol 90:e597-602. 2012
    ..To evaluate the association between the macular structure on spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-CT) and visual outcome after vitrectomy for lamellar macular hole (LMH)...
  79. ncbi Long-term surgical outcomes after vitrectomy for symptomatic lamellar macular holes
    Sung J Lee
    Department of Ophthalmology, College of Medicine, Soonchunhyang University, Seoul, Korea
    Retina 32:1743-8. 2012
    ..To determine long-term surgical findings and outcomes after vitrectomy for symptomatic lamellar macular holes...
  80. ncbi Associations between metamorphopsia and foveal microstructure in patients with epiretinal membrane
    Fumiki Okamoto
    Department of Ophthalmology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Tsukuba, Ibaraki, Japan
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 53:6770-5. 2012
    To investigate the relationship between the severity of metamorphopsia and the foveal microstructure measured with spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) in patients with epiretinal membrane (ERM).
  81. pmc The impact of optical coherence tomography on surgical decision making in epiretinal membrane and vitreomacular traction
    Diana V Do
    Retina Division, Wilmer Eye Institute, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    Trans Am Ophthalmol Soc 104:161-6. 2006
    ....
  82. ncbi [Changes in subfoveal choroidal thickness of epiretinal membrane and macular hole before and after microincision vitrectomy surgery]
    Atsushi Fujiwara
    Department of Ophthalmology, Faculty of Medicine, Kagawa University, 1750 1 Ikenobe, Miki cho, Kita gun, Kagawa Ken 761 0793, Japan
    Nihon Ganka Gakkai Zasshi 116:1080-5. 2012
    To evaluate the subfoveal choroidal thickness (SCT) of the epiretinal membrane (ERM) and macular hole (MH) both before and after microincision vitrectomy surgery.
  83. pmc Association of preoperative optical coherence tomography markers with residual inner limiting membrane in epiretinal membrane peeling
    Gerald Seidel
    Department of Ophthalmology, Medical University of Graz, Graz, Austria
    PLoS ONE 8:e66217. 2013
    To identify preoperative markers on spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) for residual inner limiting membrane (ILM) in epiretinal membrane (ERM) peeling.
  84. ncbi Epiretinal membrane removal in eyes with good visual acuities
    John T Thompson
    Greater Baltimore Medical Center, Baltimore, MD 21204, USA
    Retina 25:875-82. 2005
    To evaluate the results of vitrectomy for epiretinal membrane in eyes with a preoperative visual acuity of 20/50 or better.
  85. ncbi Prevalence and associations of epiretinal membranes in an adult Japanese population: the Funagata study
    R Kawasaki
    Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Science, Yamagata University Faculty of Medicine, Yamagata, Japan
    Eye (Lond) 23:1045-51. 2009
    ..To determine the prevalence and risk factors of epiretinal membranes (ERM) in a Japanese population...
  86. ncbi A new 25-gauge instrument system for transconjunctival sutureless vitrectomy surgery
    Gildo Y Fujii
    Microsurgery Advanced Design Laboratory, Doheny Eye Institute, University of Southern California, Keck School of Medicine, Los Angeles, California 90033, USA
    Ophthalmology 109:1807-12; discussion 1813. 2002
    ..To introduce and evaluate the infusion and aspiration rates and operative times of the 25-gauge transconjunctival sutureless vitrectomy system (TSV) DESIGN: In vitro experimental and comparative interventional study...
  87. ncbi Epiretinal membranes after extracapsular cataract surgery(1)
    C E Jahn
    Augenpraxisklinik, Kempten, Germany
    J Cataract Refract Surg 27:753-60. 2001
    ..To determine whether uneventful extracapsular cataract extraction (ECCE) with posterior chamber intraocular lens (PC IOL) implantation induces epiretinal membranes (ERMs)...
  88. ncbi Pars Plana vitrectomy and epiretinal membrane peeling for vitreoretinal traction associated with combined hamartoma of the retina and retinal pigment epithelium (CHRRPE)
    L Konstantinidis
    Jules Gonin Eye Hospital, University of Lausanne, Lausanne, Switzerland
    Klin Monbl Augenheilkd 224:356-9. 2007
    ..appear slightly elevated and are characterised by varying amounts of pigmentation, vascular tortuosity, and epiretinal membrane formation that can be related to macular distortion...
  89. ncbi Alphab-crystallin expression in epiretinal membrane of human proliferative diabetic retinopathy
    Zhenyu Dong
    Laboratory of Ocular Cell Biology and Visual Science, Department of Ophthalmology, Hokkaido University Graduate School of Medicine, Sapporo, Hokkaido, Japan
    Retina 32:1190-6. 2012
    To examine the expression of alphaB-crystallin and its colocalization with vascular endothelial growth factor in the epiretinal membrane of human proliferative diabetic retinopathy.
  90. ncbi Direct comparison of the migration of three cell types involved in epiretinal membrane formation
    Penny A Hogg
    St Paul s Unit of Ophthalmology, Department of Medicine, Royal Liverpool University Hospital, Liverpool, United Kingdom
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 43:2749-57. 2002
    ..pigment epithelial (RPE) cells, retinal glial (RG) cells, and fibroblasts (the cell types crucial in epiretinal membrane [ERM] formation) under identical microenvironmental conditions and thus to identify potential target areas ..
  91. ncbi Correlation between thickening of the inner and outer retina and visual acuity in patients with epiretinal membrane
    Shigeta Arichika
    Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, Kyoto University Graduate School of Medicine, Shogoin, Sakyo ku, Kyoto, Japan
    Retina 30:503-8. 2010
    The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between thickening of the inner and outer retinal layers and visual acuity in patients with idiopathic epiretinal membrane.
  92. ncbi Intravitreous hepatocyte growth factor in patients with proliferative diabetic retinopathy: a case-control study
    Rafael Simo
    Diabetes Research Unit, Endocrinology Division, Hospital Univesitari Vall d Hebron, Pg Vall d Hebron 119 129, 08035 Barcelona, Spain
    Diabetes Res Clin Pract 71:36-44. 2006
    ..Our findings suggest that HGF is related to pathological conditions in which fibroproliferative processes or wound healing are involved rather than with angiogenesis itself...
  93. ncbi The long-term anatomical and visual effect of intravitreal triamcinolone injection during vitrectomy for the treatment of idiopathic macular epiretinal membrane
    Chi Chun Lai
    Department of Ophthalmology, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Linkuo Medical Center, Taoyuan, Taiwan
    Cutan Ocul Toxicol 30:292-7. 2011
    To compare the long-term anatomical and visual outcomes of patients with idiopathic epiretinal membrane (ERM) removed by vitrectomy and membrane peeling with or without the use of intravitreal injection of triamcinolone acetonide (IVTA).
  94. ncbi Idiopathic and secondary epiretinal membranes: do they differ in terms of morphology? An optical coherence tomography-based study
    Ahmet T Yazici
    Beyoglu Eye Training and Research Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey
    Retina 31:779-84. 2011
    ..The purpose of this study was to define the morphologic differences in idiopathic and secondary epiretinal membranes (ERMs) using a time domain optical coherence tomography...
  95. ncbi Gene expression profile of fibrovascular membranes from patients with proliferative diabetic retinopathy
    Shigeo Yoshida
    Department of Ophthalmology, Kyushu University Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Fukuoka, Japan
    Br J Ophthalmol 94:795-801. 2010
    ..The purpose of this study was to generate a profile of genes expressed in preretinal fibrovascular membranes (FVMs) from patients with proliferative diabetic retinopathy...
  96. ncbi Prevalence and associations of epiretinal membranes in a rural Chinese adult population: the Handan Eye Study
    Xin Rong Duan
    Beijing Tongren Eye Center, Beijing Tongren Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences Key Lab, Beijing, China
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 50:2018-23. 2009
    ..To determine the prevalence and association of epiretinal membranes (ERMs), as assessed by retinal photography and optical coherence tomography (OCT), in a Chinese population...
  97. ncbi Surgical removal of idiopathic epiretinal membrane with or without the assistance of indocyanine green: a randomised controlled clinical trial
    Jost Hillenkamp
    Department of Ophthalmology, University of Regensburg, Franz Josef Strauss Allee 11, 93042 Regensburg, Germany
    Graefes Arch Clin Exp Ophthalmol 245:973-9. 2007
    To carry out a prospective investigation of the functional and morphological outcome of idiopathic epiretinal membrane (IEM) surgery with or without the assistance of indocyanine green (ICG) in a randomised controlled clinical trial.
  98. pmc Incidence and clinical characteristics of epiretinal membranes in children
    Hena A Khaja
    Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Mayo Clinic and Mayo Foundation, Rochester, Minnesota 55905, USA
    Arch Ophthalmol 126:632-6. 2008
    ..To describe the incidence and clinical characteristics of epiretinal membranes (ERMs) in children...
  99. pmc Visual function and quality of life following vitrectomy and epiretinal membrane peel surgery
    S M S Ghazi-Nouri
    Moorfields Eye Hospital, London, UK
    Br J Ophthalmol 90:559-62. 2006
    To investigate the effect of epiretinal membrane (ERM) peel on patients' health related quality of life (HR-QOL) and to explore the association between self reported HR-QOL and conventional measures of visual function.
  100. ncbi Intraoperative characteristics of the posterior vitreous cortex in patients with epiretinal membrane
    Toshifumi Yamashita
    Department of Ophthalmology, Kagoshima City Hospital, 20 17 Kajiya cho, Kagoshima 892 8580, Japan
    Graefes Arch Clin Exp Ophthalmol 246:333-7. 2008
    ..The aim of the study was to investigate the intraoperative characteristics of the posterior vitreous cortex in patients with epiretinal membranes...
  101. ncbi Racial difference in the prevalence of epiretinal membrane between Caucasians and Asians
    R Kawasaki
    Centre for Eye Research Australia, University of Melbourne, Australia
    Br J Ophthalmol 92:1320-4. 2008
    ..To describe the prevalence and risk factors of epiretinal membranes (ERM) in Asian Malays and to compare this with a white population...

Research Grants13

  1. QUALITY OF LIFE AND COST EFFECTIVENESS IN CMV RETINITIS
    John Kempen; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Subanalyses will assess what factors other than treatment strategy are associated with improved QOL and cost-effectiveness. ..
  2. Visual outcomes & quality of life in CMV retinitis
    Jennifer Thorne; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  3. Genetic Regulation of Eye Development in Zebrafish
    Jeff Gross; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Syndrome (BCNS), a disorder that presents with ocular defects that include the formation of a glia-derived epiretinal membrane, retinal dysplasia and colobomas...
  4. Defining the molecular mechanisms underlying human RPE plasticity
    Sally Temple; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Disruption of RPE stability is known to occur in several important retinal diseases such as epiretinal membrane formation, macular degeneration and phthsis bulbii, and understanding this plasticity will provide novel ..
  5. Intraoperative Optical Coherence Tomography for Ophthalmic Surgery
    Justis Ehlers; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..g., cataract surgery, corneal transplantation, macular hole surgery, epiretinal membrane surgery)...
  6. EXPERIMENTAL MASSIVE PERIRETINAL PROLIFERATION
    Walter Stern; Fiscal Year: 1991
    The purpose of this project is to develop clinically useful methods of inhibiting epiretinal membrane formation and contraction...
  7. INSTRUMENT TO MEASURE VISUAL GLARE DISABILITY
    Peter Magnante; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..with no retinal problems, and 6) elderly with cataracts of any type and also presenting retinal drusen or epiretinal membrane formation...
  8. Eye Disease in Cuban-American and Puerto Rican Adults
    Ingrid Scott; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..g. NEI-VFQ 25) and eye service use. Subjects who refuse will be questioned as to reason(s) for refusal. ..
  9. New Tool to Study Neurochemical Modulation of Feeding
    SCOTT SHIPPY; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..The unique capabilities of low-flow push-pull perfusion complement other sampling methodologies and are widely applicable to in vivo sampling studies. ..
  10. In Vivo Sampling to Study the Neurobiology of Gluacoma
    SCOTT SHIPPY; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Further, the ability to characterize chemical composition at the retina demonstrated in this study may be applicable to innovative studies of other diseases of the retina. ..
  11. HIGH-RESOLUTION IMAGING OF OCULAR MELANOMA AND RETINA
    Dirk Uwe Bartsch; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Since we can measure and characterize these aberrations, we can develop digital inverse filter based on our experience in image reconstruction to correct the acquired images. ..
  12. Apoptosis in Retinal Detachments
    David Zacks; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..This will allow us to develop and test new neuroprotective therapies for improving visual outcomes in retinal disease. ..
  13. The Insulin-Like Growth Factor System and Muller Cells
    Clyde Guidry; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Information gained from this study will improve our understanding of fibrocontractive retinal diseases and should represent a significant gain toward control of proliferative complications associated with diabetic retinopathy. ..