lightning injuries

Summary

Summary: Accidental injuries caused by brief high-voltage electrical discharges during thunderstorms. Cardiopulmonary arrest, coma and other neurologic symptoms, myocardial necrosis, and dermal burns are common. Prompt treatment of the acute sequelae, including cardiopulmonary resuscitation, is indicated for survival.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Lightning injuries
    Medley O'Keefe Gatewood
    Harvard University School of Medicine, The Massachusetts General and Brigham and Women s Hospitals, 75 Francis Street, Neville House Room 226, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Emerg Med Clin North Am 22:369-403. 2004
  2. ncbi The neurological complications of electrical injury: a nursing case management perspective
    Valerie Coubrough
    Axone 23:14-22. 2002
  3. ncbi External cause-specific summaries of occupational fatal injuries. Part II: an analysis of years of potential life lost
    A John Bailer
    Department of Mathematics and Statistics, Miami University, Oxford, Ohio 45056 1641, USA
    Am J Ind Med 43:251-61. 2003
  4. ncbi Ball lightning encephalopathy
    Michael Cherington
    J Burn Care Rehabil 24:175. 2003
  5. ncbi Lightning-induced maculopathy
    Suk J Moon
    The Eye Institute, The Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, Wisconsin 53226 4812, USA
    Retina 25:380-2. 2005
  6. ncbi Lightning injuries: prevention and on-site treatment in mountains and remote areas. Official guidelines of the International Commission for Mountain Emergency Medicine and the Medical Commission of the International Mountaineering and Climbing Federation
    Ken Zafren
    Division of Emergency Medicine, Stanford University Medical Center, 701 Welch Road, Building C, Palo Alto, CA 94304, USA
    Resuscitation 65:369-72. 2005
  7. ncbi Electrical and lightning injuries
    Hemmat Maghsoudi
    Department of Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
    J Burn Care Res 28:255-61. 2007
  8. ncbi Ocular manifestations of remote lightning strike
    Michael S Lee
    Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA
    Retina 22:808-10. 2002
  9. ncbi Ophthalmic manifestations of lightning strike
    M E Norman
    Seacoast Ophthalmology, Portsmouth, New Hampshire, USA
    Surv Ophthalmol 46:19-24. 2001
  10. ncbi The long-term consequences of lightning injuries
    T Muehlberger
    Department of Plastic Surgery, School of Medicine, University of Hannover, Krankenhaus Oststadt, Podbielskistrasse 380, 30659, Hannover, Germany
    Burns 27:829-33. 2001

Research Grants

Detail Information

Publications134 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Lightning injuries
    Medley O'Keefe Gatewood
    Harvard University School of Medicine, The Massachusetts General and Brigham and Women s Hospitals, 75 Francis Street, Neville House Room 226, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Emerg Med Clin North Am 22:369-403. 2004
    ..To understand the pathophysiology and treatment of lightning injuries one must first discount the innumerable myths, superstitions, and misconceptions surrounding lightning...
  2. ncbi The neurological complications of electrical injury: a nursing case management perspective
    Valerie Coubrough
    Axone 23:14-22. 2002
    ..The numerous challenges inherent in the management of these complex cases were illustrated by three case studies...
  3. ncbi External cause-specific summaries of occupational fatal injuries. Part II: an analysis of years of potential life lost
    A John Bailer
    Department of Mathematics and Statistics, Miami University, Oxford, Ohio 45056 1641, USA
    Am J Ind Med 43:251-61. 2003
    ....
  4. ncbi Ball lightning encephalopathy
    Michael Cherington
    J Burn Care Rehabil 24:175. 2003
  5. ncbi Lightning-induced maculopathy
    Suk J Moon
    The Eye Institute, The Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, Wisconsin 53226 4812, USA
    Retina 25:380-2. 2005
  6. ncbi Lightning injuries: prevention and on-site treatment in mountains and remote areas. Official guidelines of the International Commission for Mountain Emergency Medicine and the Medical Commission of the International Mountaineering and Climbing Federation
    Ken Zafren
    Division of Emergency Medicine, Stanford University Medical Center, 701 Welch Road, Building C, Palo Alto, CA 94304, USA
    Resuscitation 65:369-72. 2005
    ..Respiratory arrest may be prolonged, but the prognosis can be excellent if breathing is supported. Standard Advanced Life Support (ALS), if necessary, should be given at the scene...
  7. ncbi Electrical and lightning injuries
    Hemmat Maghsoudi
    Department of Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
    J Burn Care Res 28:255-61. 2007
    ..Electrical burn injuries continue to be a serious problem of modern society. Climbing power poles is the most common mechanism for high-voltage injury. Special consideration is required to prevent this type of injury in our region...
  8. ncbi Ocular manifestations of remote lightning strike
    Michael S Lee
    Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA
    Retina 22:808-10. 2002
  9. ncbi Ophthalmic manifestations of lightning strike
    M E Norman
    Seacoast Ophthalmology, Portsmouth, New Hampshire, USA
    Surv Ophthalmol 46:19-24. 2001
    ..Prompt evaluation by an ophthalmologist is imperative for maximizing outcomes. Incidence and mechanisms of lightning strike injury are summarized, with special emphasis on the treatment of ocular injuries...
  10. ncbi The long-term consequences of lightning injuries
    T Muehlberger
    Department of Plastic Surgery, School of Medicine, University of Hannover, Krankenhaus Oststadt, Podbielskistrasse 380, 30659, Hannover, Germany
    Burns 27:829-33. 2001
    ..Based on these findings and a literature review, we believe that the overall outcome of lightning injuries is more favourable than generally reported.
  11. ncbi Neurologic manifestations of lightning strikes
    Michael Cherington
    Lightning Data Center, St Anthony Hospital, 4231 West 16th Avenue, Denver, CO 80204, USA
    Neurology 60:182-5. 2003
  12. ncbi A case of takotsubo-shaped hypokinesis of the left ventricle caused by a lightning strike
    Motonori Hayashi
    Department of Medicine, Omachi General Hospital, Nagano, Japan
    Int Heart J 46:933-8. 2005
    ..This is the first reported case of takotsubo cardiomyopathy caused by lightning. Takotsubo-shaped hypokinesis is not described as a complication of lightning-induced cardiac injury and its pathogenesis remains controversial...
  13. ncbi High tension electrical injury from a telephone receiver
    P C Thomas
    Department of Burns and Plastic Surgery, Kasturba Medical College, Manipal 576, 119, Karnataka, India
    Burns 27:502-3. 2001
    ..The current entered the telephone circuit due to contact with a high tension live wire running close to the telephone wire 2 km away from the site of incidence...
  14. ncbi Lightning: an unusual etiology of gastrointestinal perforation
    Sahin Aslan
    Department of Emergency Medicine, Ataturk University, School of Medicine, 25090 Erzurum, Turkey
    Burns 31:237-9. 2005
  15. ncbi Images in emergency medicine. Lightning strike
    Christopher P Holstege
    Department of Emergency Medicine, Division of Medical Toxicology, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA, USA
    Ann Emerg Med 45:354, 362. 2005
  16. pmc Epidemiology of electrical and lightning related deaths and injuries among Canadian children and youth
    B H Nguyen
    Division of Emergency Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, Hopital Ste Justine, Universite de Montreal, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    Inj Prev 10:122-4. 2004
    ....
  17. ncbi [Emergency treatment of injuries following lightning and electrical accidents]
    W Lederer
    Univ Klinik für Anästhesiologie und Allg Intensivmedizin, Medizinische Universitat, Innsbruck
    Anaesthesist 54:1120-9. 2005
    ..Cardio-pulmonary resuscitation (CPR) follows the international guidelines for resuscitation and may be effective after delayed onset and even after prolonged resuscitation attempts...
  18. ncbi Myocardial injury due to lightning strike--a case report
    Omer Alyan
    Turkiye Yuksek Ihtisas Hospital, Sihhiye, Ankara, Turkey
    Angiology 57:219-23. 2006
    ..In this paper, the authors report a 38-year-old man who was injured by lightning, a typical example of ;;side splash,'' and had transient electrocardiographic changes...
  19. ncbi Lightning safety guidelines
    Christoph Zimmermann
    Wxline, Tucson, AZ, USA
    Ann Emerg Med 39:660-4. 2002
    ..This paper is a summary of the recommendations developed by the LSG...
  20. ncbi Abnormal electroretinogram and abnormal electrooculogram after lightning-induced ocular injury
    Chun Ju Lin
    Department of Ophthalmology, National Taiwan University Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan
    Am J Ophthalmol 133:578-9. 2002
    ..To report a case of abnormal electrooculogram and abnormal electroretinogram after lightning-induced ocular injury...
  21. ncbi Was Saint Paul struck blind and converted by lightning?
    J D Bullock
    Department of Ophthalmology, Wright State University, School of Medicine, Dayton, Ohio
    Surv Ophthalmol 39:151-60. 1994
    ....
  22. ncbi Lightning injuries and acute renal failure: a review
    U V Okafor
    University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital, Enugu, Enugu State, Nigeria
    Ren Fail 27:129-34. 2005
    ..A major complication of a lightning strike is acute renal failure (ARF). The true incidence of ARF due to lightning injuries worldwide is difficult to ascertain because of significant underreporting, due in large measure to cultural ..
  23. ncbi Malignant melanoma in a burn scar
    H K Orlet
    The Joseph M. Still Burn Center, Augusta, GA, USA
    Ann Plast Surg 46:59-61. 2001
    ..The specimen from the reexcision was reported as squamous cell carcinoma in situ, melanoma in situ, and multinucleated giant cell reaction, acute and chronic infiltrates. The wound margins were clear...
  24. ncbi Ear injuries caused by lightning: report of 18 cases
    I Gluncic
    Department of Otorhinolaryngology, University Hospital Split, Croatia
    J Laryngol Otol 115:4-8. 2001
    ..Tympanic injury caused by lightning should be actively treated. Lightning survivors require additional psychotherapeutic treatment...
  25. ncbi Acute rhabdomyolysis of the soleus muscle induced by a lightning strike: magnetic resonance and scintigraphic findings
    Naofumi Watanabe
    Department of Radiology, Asahikawa Medical College, 2 1 1 1 Midorigaoka Higashi, Asahikawa 078 8510, Japan
    Skeletal Radiol 36:671-5. 2007
    ..Since the patient showed a surprisingly high level of serum creatine kinase, the added information was very valuable for determining the patient's management...
  26. ncbi Lightning fatalities on the South African Highveld: a retrospective descriptive study for the period 1997 to 2000
    Ryan Blumenthal
    Department of Forensic Medicine, University of Pretoria, Pretoria, South Africa
    Am J Forensic Med Pathol 26:66-9. 2005
    ..This study serves to illustrate the relatively high incidence of lightning strikes in the region and calls for a more systematic and detailed investigative protocol in lightning-related deaths...
  27. ncbi [Lightning injuries: case report of a 17-year-old man and a brief review of the literature]
    N Stutz
    Abteilung für Plastische, Hand und Wiederherstellungschirurgie, Zentrum für Schwerbrandverletzte, Klinikum Nürnberg Süd, Breslauerstrasse 201, 90471 Nürnberg
    Unfallchirurg 109:495-8. 2006
    ..The most vulnerable subjects for lightning injuries are individuals who work in open fields...
  28. ncbi Combined Bennett's fracture subluxation and scapho-trapezio-trapezoidal dislocation secondary to lightning strike
    Ruben Y Kannan
    Royal Free Hospital, London, United Kingdom
    J Trauma 57:1351-3. 2004
  29. ncbi [Lightening-induced injury of the air. Lightening-induced tympanic membrane perforation left with subsequent temporary pancochlear inner ear hearing loss as well as left-sided tinnitus]
    T Just
    Klinik und Poliklinik für HNO Heilkunde, Kopf und Halschirurgie Otto Körner, Universitat Rostock
    HNO 50:170-1. 2002
  30. ncbi [Lightning strike through the telephone wire]
    Maria A Martín Mardomingo
    Servicio de Pediatria, Hospital de Cabuenes, Gijon, Spain
    An Pediatr (Barc) 61:85-6. 2004
  31. ncbi Spectral-domain optical coherence tomography in lightning-induced maculopathy
    Maria Stefaniotou
    University Eye Clinic of Ioannina, Ioannina, Greece
    Ophthalmic Surg Lasers Imaging 43:e35-7. 2012
    ..As evidenced by this report, despite being sight-threatening, such injuries may allow for a significant functional recovery...
  32. ncbi Acute renal failure due to myoglobulinuria in a patient struck by lightning
    Vincent U Okafor
    Department of Anaesthesia, National Hospital, Abuja, Nigeria
    Nephrology (Carlton) 11:478-9. 2006
  33. ncbi [Electrical injuries]
    Dalia Adukauskiene
    Clinic of Intensive Therapy, Kaunas University of Medicine, Kaunas, Lithuania
    Medicina (Kaunas) 43:259-66. 2007
    ..The most important is to understand the possible danger of electricity and to avoid it...
  34. ncbi An injury subjacent to lac ornament in a case of lightning
    Ashesh Gunwantrao Wankhede
    Forensic Medicine and Toxicology, Smt Kashibai Navale Medical College, Narhe Ambegao, Pune, Maharashtra, India
    Forensic Sci Int 195:e9-12. 2010
    ....
  35. ncbi Bilateral cataract following lightning injury
    A Gupta
    Department of Ophthalmology, Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research, Pondicherry, India
    Eur J Ophthalmol 16:624-6. 2006
    ..To report a case of bilateral cataract with posterior vitreous detachment induced by lightning injury...
  36. ncbi Atmospheric flash injuries in roe deer (Capreolus capreolus)
    Diana Zele
    Institute for Breeding and Health Care of Wild Animals, Fishes and Bees, Veterinary Faculty, University of Ljubljana, 1000 Ljubljana, Gerbiceva 60, Slovenia
    Acta Vet Hung 54:43-9. 2006
    ..Necropsy revealed diffuse haemorrhages over the epicardium of the right atrium with a diameter of 1 millimetre. The liver and the kidney exhibited severe congestion...
  37. ncbi Bilateral perilymphatic fistulas from a lightning strike: a case report
    Gordon H Sun
    Department of Pediatric Otolaryngology, Children s Hospital of Pittsburgh and University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213, USA
    Laryngoscope 116:1039-42. 2006
  38. ncbi NTDB data points: Zeus on the 18th hole
    Richard J Fantus
    Bull Am Coll Surg 91:34-5. 2006
  39. ncbi Unusual resuscitation situations: environmental emergencies
    Greg Friese
    Emergency Preparedness Systems, LLC, USA
    Emerg Med Serv 34:57-63. 2005
  40. doi Electrocardiographic changes in a bystander during lightning in India
    Ranjan Kumar Singh
    Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 102:299. 2008
  41. ncbi Lightning induced atrial fibrillation
    L Dronacahrya
    Manipal Teaching Hospital, Pokhara, Nepal
    Kathmandu Univ Med J (KUMJ) 6:514-5. 2008
    ..Oral Metoprolol alone was given to control ventricular rate. Spontaneous reversion to sinus rhythm within 36 hours is in favor of new onset lightning induced AF...
  42. ncbi More on thunderstorms and iPods
    Paul T Mick
    N Engl J Med 357:1447-8; authot reply 1448. 2007
  43. ncbi Neurorehabilitation of spinal cord injuries following lightning and electrical trauma
    Daniel P Lammertse
    The Lightning Data Center, Saint Anthony Hospital, Denver, CO, USA
    NeuroRehabilitation 20:9-14. 2005
    ..This article will review the neurorehabilitation approach to this rare and challenging group of patients...
  44. ncbi Spectrum of neurologic complications of lightning injuries
    Michael Cherington
    Lightning Data Center, St Anthony Hospital, 4231 W 16th Avenue, Denver, CO 80204, USA
    NeuroRehabilitation 20:3-8. 2005
    ..The sensible course for individuals at risk is to learn and follow lightning safety recommendations...
  45. ncbi Does a sixth mechanism exist to explain lightning injuries?: investigating a possible new injury mechanism to determine the cause of injuries related to close lightning flashes
    Ryan Blumenthal
    Department of Forensic Medicine, University of Pretoria, Pretoria, South Africa
    Am J Forensic Med Pathol 33:222-6. 2012
    ..Temporary and permanent cavity formations were confirmed. The cavities formed were directly proportional to the currents used. Findings suggest that a sixth mechanism of lightning injury, namely, barotrauma, should be considered...
  46. ncbi Severe rhabdomyolysis without renal injury associated with lightning strike
    Norberto Navarrete
    Burns Intensive Care Unit, Plastic Surgery and Burns Department, Hospital Simon Bolivar, Bogota, Colombia
    J Burn Care Res 34:e209-12. 2013
    ..The patient did not require alkalinization of urine, mannitol, or dialysis, and his renal function remained normal...
  47. ncbi An evidence-based approach to electrical injuries in children
    Suzanne Roberts
    Division of Emergency Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, Jacobi Medical Center, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY, USA
    Pediatr Emerg Med Pract 10:1-16; quiz 16-7. 2013
    ..This review highlights the current literature related to the evaluation and management of children with electrical injuries presenting to the emergency department...
  48. ncbi The long-term consequences of lightning injuries. Muehlberger T, Vogt PM, Munster AM, (Burns 2001;27:829-33)
    Sidney F Miller
    Burns 29:97. 2003
  49. ncbi Lightning injuries
    Darren Whitcomb
    Trauma Program, Charity Hospital, New Orleans, LA, USA
    South Med J 95:1331-4. 2002
    ..Thorough evaluation of all organ systems is crucial. This report discusses mechanism of injury and describes initial evaluation and treatment of lightning strike victims...
  50. ncbi Case report of a 13-year-old struck by lightning
    S P Courtman
    Department of Paediatric Intensive Care, Great Ormond Street Hospital for Sick Children, London, UK
    Paediatr Anaesth 13:76-9. 2003
    ..This is the case report of a 13-year-old boy who had a cardiac arrest following a direct lightning strike, and his subsequent management...
  51. ncbi An unusual case of late ocular changes after lightning injury
    Himadri Datta
    Department of Ophthalmology, Bankura Sammilani Medical College, Bankura, West Bengal, India
    Indian J Ophthalmol 50:224-5. 2002
    ..We describe a case of late ocular changes after lightning injury. One year after the injury, complete ankyloblepharon, severe dry eye, corneal opacity, healed iritis and mature cataracts were noted in both eyes of the patient...
  52. ncbi "Thunderstruck": penetrating thoracic injury from lightning strike
    Oscar J F van Waes
    Department of Trauma Surgery, Erasmus MC, University Medical Centre Rotterdam, Rotterdam, The Netherlands Electronic address
    Ann Emerg Med 63:457-9. 2014
    ..Penetrating injury due to blast from lightning strike is extremely rare. These "shrapnel" injuries should however be ruled out in all patients struck by lightning. ..
  53. ncbi Detection of gold particles in the neck skin after lightning stroke with evaporation of an ornamental chain
    Ludwig Jonas
    Department of Pathology, Electron Microscopic Centre, Faculty of Medicine, University of Rostock, Germany
    Ultrastruct Pathol 26:153-9. 2002
    ..Attempts to remove the gold particles from the skin to remove the tattoo should not be undertaken because the gold is deep and widespread...
  54. ncbi Inner ear damage following electric current and lightning injury: a literature review
    P C Modayil
    Department of Otolaryngology, St George s Healthcare NHS Trust, Blackshaw Road, London, SE17 0QT, UK
    Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol 271:855-61. 2014
    ..audiovestibular damage following electric current injury (domestic or industrial); a further 15 reported lightning injuries and five concerned pathophysiology and management...
  55. ncbi Physeal injury in a lightning strike survivor
    J K Lim
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, National University Hospital, Singapore
    J Pediatr Orthop 21:608-12. 2001
    ..The authors discuss the pathophysiology of lightning strike and consider the evidence for direct electrical injury versus ischemic insult to the physis as explanations for the cause of the growth arrest observed in this patient...
  56. ncbi [A case of fatal lightning stroke at an unusual site--the city center]
    Michał Kaliszan
    Katedry i Zakładu Medycyny Sadowej Gdańskiego Uniwersytetu Medycznego, Gdansk
    Arch Med Sadowej Kryminol 62:208-12. 2012
    ..Metal used in the construction of the pipes most probably attracted lightning and generated the current which electrocuted the man standing on their surface...
  57. pmc Central hyperadrenergic state after lightning strike
    Ajay K Parsaik
    Department of Neurology, Mayo Clinic, 200 First Street SW, Rochester, MN, 55905, USA
    Clin Auton Res 23:169-73. 2013
    ..To describe and review autonomic complications of lightning strike...
  58. ncbi [Electropathology in Vienna, an exhibition on accident prevention]
    Beatrix Patzak
    Pathologisch anatomische Sammlung im Narrenturm NHM, Naturhistorisches Museum Wien, Spitalgasse 2, 1090, Wien, Osterreich
    Wien Med Wochenschr 163:420-5. 2013
    ..Due to the different vulnerable groups, the availability of prevention work is difficult. The concept of the electro-pathological collection in Vienna has taken this into account. ..
  59. ncbi Electrical injury and lightning injury: a review of their mechanisms and neuropsychological, psychiatric, and neurological sequelae
    K Duff
    Department of Psychology, University at Albany, State University of New York, Albany 12222, USA
    Neuropsychol Rev 11:101-16. 2001
    ..Important issues relevant to researchers in the field are discussed. Finally, the role that neuropsychology might play in this area is outlined...
  60. ncbi Cochlear implantation for severe sensorineural hearing loss caused by lightning
    Nam Suk Myung
    Pusan National University Yangsan Hospital, Gyeongnam, Korea
    Am J Otolaryngol 33:767-9. 2012
    ..We report the case of a 45-year-old woman with bilateral profound sensorineural hearing loss caused by a lightning strike, who was successfully rehabilitated after a cochlear implantation...
  61. ncbi Wilderness medical society practice guidelines for the prevention and treatment of lightning injuries
    Chris Davis
    Department of Emergency Medicine, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Denver, CO 80045, USA
    Wilderness Environ Med 23:260-9. 2012
    ..Society convened an expert panel to develop evidence-based guidelines for the treatment and prevention of lightning injuries. These guidelines include a review of the epidemiology of lightning strikes and recommendations for the ..
  62. ncbi Electron paramagnetic resonance spectroscopic evidence of increased free radical generation and selective damage to skeletal muscle following lightning injury
    Damian M Bailey
    Hypoxia Research Unit, Department of Physiology, School of Applied Sciences, University of Glamorgan, South Wales, UK CF37 1DL
    High Alt Med Biol 4:281-9. 2003
    ..Furthermore, free radicals may contribute to the pathogenesis of lightning injury, and dietary supplementation with antioxidant vitamins may prove of some benefit against associated tissue damage...
  63. ncbi Adolescents' perceived risk and personal experience with natural disasters: an evaluation of cognitive heuristics
    L Greening
    Department of Psychology, University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa 35487 0348, USA
    Acta Psychol (Amst) 91:27-38. 1996
    ..The implications for risk perception research are discussed...
  64. ncbi Mountain medical mystery. Unwitnessed death of a healthy young man, caused by lightning
    M Cherington
    Lightning Data Center, Centura Health-St. Anthony Hospital, Denver, Colorado 80204, USA
    Am J Forensic Med Pathol 22:296-8. 2001
    ..The National Lightning Detection Network can be a valuable resource to investigators by providing information on the location and date of lightning strikes in the vicinity of the victim...
  65. pmc Remarkable rates of lightning strike mortality in Malawi
    Monique Borgerhoff Mulder
    Department of Anthropology, University of California, Davis, California, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 7:e29281. 2012
    ....
  66. ncbi Damage due to lightning when it strikes the face
    Ashesh Gunwantrao Wankhede
    Forensic Medicine and Toxicology, Smt Kashibai Navale Medical College, Narhe, Pune 411041, Maharashtra, India
    Forensic Sci Int 224:e1-3. 2013
    ..The damage described in the present paper must be considered when there is direct lightning strike on the face...
  67. ncbi Lightning safety of animals
    Chandima Gomes
    Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Centre of Excellence on Lightning Protection, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia
    Int J Biometeorol 56:1011-23. 2012
    ..A large number of cases from several countries have been analyzed. Economically and practically viable engineering solutions are proposed to address the issues related to the lightning threats discussed...
  68. ncbi Secondary missile injury from lightning strike
    Ryan Blumenthal
    Department of Forensic Medicine, University of Pretoria, Pretoria, South Africa
    Am J Forensic Med Pathol 33:83-5. 2012
    ..Small pieces of concrete were located embedded within the shrapnel wounds. This case report represents the first documented case of secondary missile formation (shrapnel injury) due to lightning strike in the literature...
  69. ncbi [Lightning strikes and lightning injuries in prehospital emergency medicine. Relevance, results, and practical implications]
    J Hinkelbein
    Klinik fur Anasthesiologie und Operative Intensivmedizin, Universitätsklinikum Köln AöR, Kerpener Straße 62, 50937 Koln
    Unfallchirurg 116:74-9. 2013
    ..Up to 32.2% of patients in a burn center suffer from electrical injuries. Of these patients, 2-4% present with lightning injuries. In Germany, approximately 50 people per year are injured by a lightning strike and 3-7 fatally...
  70. ncbi Lightning and thermal injuries
    Arthur Sanford
    Department of Surgery, Loyola University Medical Center, Maywood, IL, USA
    Handb Clin Neurol 120:981-6. 2014
    ..Neurologic complications from electrical and lightning injuries are highly variable and may present early or late (up to 2 years) after the injury...
  71. ncbi Lightning safety awareness of visitors in three California national parks
    Lori Weichenthal
    Department of Emergency Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, CA, USA
    Wilderness Environ Med 22:257-61. 2011
    ..To assess the level of lightning safety awareness among visitors at 3 national parks in the Sierra Nevada Mountains of California...
  72. pmc National Athletic Trainers' Association position statement: lightning safety for athletics and recreation
    Katie M Walsh
    East Carolina University, Greenville, NC, USA
    J Athl Train 48:258-70. 2013
    To present recommendations for the education, prevention, and management of lightning injuries for those involved in athletics or recreation.
  73. ncbi The spinal cord in lightning injury: a report of two cases
    Sowmya Lakshminarayanan
    New Jersey Neuroscience Institute Seton Hall University at JFK Medical Center, Edison, NJ 08818, USA
    J Neurol Sci 276:199-201. 2009
    ..Follow-up several months later showed almost complete resolution of symptoms. These patients demonstrate that the prognosis of spinal cord injury complicating a lightning strike may not be uniformly poor...
  74. ncbi Thunderstorms and iPods--two reports of the same case
    Eric J Heffernan
    N Engl J Med 357:723. 2007
  75. ncbi Lightning strike: an unusual etiology of gastric perforation
    Zafer Kilbas
    Department of General Surgery, Gulhane Military Medical Academy, Ankara 06018, Turkey
    Am J Emerg Med 26:966.e5-7. 2008
    ..In this study, we present a case of gastric perforation after lightning strike. No report related to gastric perforation caused by lightning strike has been identified in the literature...
  76. ncbi Lichtenberg figures and lightning: case reports and review of the literature
    Michael Cherington
    Lightning Data Center, St Anthony Hospitals, 4231 W 16th Ave, Denver, CO 80204, USA
    Cutis 80:141-3. 2007
    ..Many researchers believe that LFs are fractal patterns and do not correspond to known vascular or neuroanatomic patterns. We present our ideas on possible mechanisms of the pathophysiology of LFs...
  77. ncbi Lichtenberg figures: cutaneous manifestation of phone electrocution from lightning
    Ajay L Mahajan
    Department of Plastic, Reconstructive and Hand Surgery, University College Hospital, Galway, Ireland
    J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg 61:111-3. 2008
    ..These appear to be a result of an inflammatory response as current spreads out causing ionisation and heat effects and damage to the small subcutaneous capillaries...
  78. ncbi Thunderstorms and iPods--not a good idea
    Eric J Heffernan
    N Engl J Med 357:198-9. 2007
  79. ncbi A case of acute myocardial infarction due to indirect lightning strike
    Hayrettin Saglam
    Afyonkocatepe University of Medical School, Department of Cardiology, Afyonkarahisar, Turkey
    J Electrocardiol 40:527-30. 2007
    ..We present the case of a 13-year-old boy with acute myocardial infarction secondary to an indirect lightning strike...
  80. ncbi Takotsubo cardiomyopathy following lightning strike
    B K Dundon
    Cardiovascular Investigation Unit, Royal Adelaide Hospital, North Terrace, Adelaide, Australia
    Emerg Med J 25:460-1. 2008
    ....
  81. ncbi [Survival following lightning strike and treatment of sequelae]
    Malene Lægdsgaard Pedersen
    Anæstesiologisk Afdeling, Hvidovre Hospital, Denmark
    Ugeskr Laeger 173:1138-9. 2011
    ..We describe the clinical observations, therapy and injuries which may be expected. Furthermore, the pathophysiology and factors influencing the survival of this patient are discussed...
  82. ncbi Forensics in dermatology: part II
    Kalpana Reddy
    The State University of New York Health Science Center at Brooklyn, Brooklyn, New York, USA
    J Am Acad Dermatol 64:811-24; quiz 825-6. 2011
    ..Forensic findings in hair and nails are also discussed. This overview of dermatologic findings in forensic pathology highlights the significance of the cutaneous manifestations of injury...
  83. ncbi Evolution of severe lightning maculopathy visualized with spectral domain optical coherence tomography
    Blair Armstrong
    Retina Service, Wills Eye Institute, 840 Walnut Street, Philadelphia, PA 19107, USA
    Ophthalmic Surg Lasers Imaging 41:S70-3. 2010
    ..The authors report a case of lightning maculopathy with serial spectral domain optical coherence tomographs that, for the first time, elegantly illustrate the natural history of this uncommon, ominous condition...
  84. ncbi [Neurological symptoms following lightening strike]
    Rianne C van Spijker
    Spaarne Ziekenhuis, afd Neurologie, Hoofddorp, The Netherlands
    Ned Tijdschr Geneeskd 153:A774. 2009
    ..After excluding other possible causes, the patient was diagnosed with 'polyneuropathy due to lightning strike'. Gabapentine had a favourable effect on the sensory symptoms. Lightening strikes are a rare cause of polyneuropathy...
  85. pmc Bilateral macular hole secondary to remote lightning strike
    Krishna A Rao
    Department of Ophthalmology, Kasturba Medical College, Manipal, India
    Indian J Ophthalmol 57:470-2. 2009
    ..This is the first case report of such nature in India to the best of our knowledge...
  86. ncbi [Lightning strike to a vehicle causing acute acoustic trauma]
    F Angerer
    Hals Nasen Ohren Klinik, Kopf und Halschirurgie, Universitatsklinikum Erlangen, Erlangen
    HNO 57:1081-3. 2009
    ..Cochlear injuries as an acute acoustic trauma have to be considered in lightning strikes and can occur when a car is struck by lightning...
  87. ncbi Fatal lightning strikes in Malaysia
    O P Murty
    Forensic Pathology Unit, Department of Pathology, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
    Am J Forensic Med Pathol 30:246-51. 2009
    ..0%). Head and neck were the most commonly affected sites with the incidence of 77.78% and 74% respectively in all the victims. Only 29.63% of the cases presented with ear bleeding...
  88. ncbi Lightning fatality with blast, flame, heat and current effects: a macroscopic and microscopic view
    O P Murty
    Forensic Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, UITM, Malaysia 40450
    J Forensic Leg Med 16:162-7. 2009
    A case is presented of a fatal environmental accidental injuries of lightning. A pedestrian was struck by lightning. The macroscopic and microscopic lightning injuries are reviewed.
  89. ncbi Beyond the basics: lightning-strike injuries
    Joseph J Mistovich
    Department of Health Professions, Youngstown State University, OH, USA
    EMS Mag 37:82-7; quiz 88-9. 2008
    ....
  90. ncbi [Management of the common European viper's bite--a case report]
    Agnes Sziray
    Miskolci Semmelweis Ignác Egészségügyi Központ és Egyetemi Oktató Kórház Nonprofit Kft Bőrgyógyászati Osztály Miskolc Jókai Mór u 4 3525
    Orv Hetil 152:1661-5. 2011
    ..In connection with the case, authors provide an overview of the clinical symptoms caused by viper venom, and current issues of professional care...
  91. ncbi Lightning strike: a rare cause of bilateral ossicular disruption
    C Offiah
    Department of Neuroradiology, St Bartholomew and the Royal London Hospitals, West Smithfield, London, UK
    AJNR Am J Neuroradiol 28:974-5. 2007
    ..We report the first documented case of ossicular disruption in a lightning-strike victim...
  92. pmc Air traffic controller lightning strike
    M E Spieth
    Department of Radiology, King Drew Medical Center, Los Angeles, California 90059
    J Natl Med Assoc 86:713-5. 1994
    ..Lack of a lightning rod is the most likely reason the controller was struck. Proper precautions against lightning strikes can prevent such occupational safety hazards...
  93. ncbi Pneumomediastinum caused by a lightning strike
    Ari Halldorsson
    Division of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Texas Tech University, Lubbock, Texas 79430, USA
    J Trauma 57:196-7. 2004
  94. ncbi Long-term sequelae of lightning strike in a child: a case report and review
    Linda S Nield
    Department of Pediatrics, West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV, USA
    Clin Pediatr (Phila) 43:563-7. 2004
  95. ncbi Learning a golden rule ... the hard way
    Ronald McCoy
    Aust Fam Physician 33:368. 2004
  96. ncbi James Parkinson: links to Charcot, Lichtenbergh, and lightning
    Michael Cherington
    Lightning Data Center, St Anthony Hospital, Denver, CO 80204, USA
    Arch Neurol 61:977. 2004
  97. ncbi MR imaging findings in delayed reversible myelopathy from lightning strike
    Cynthia B Freeman
    Department of Diagnostic Imaging, The Ottawa Hospital, Ontario, Canada
    AJNR Am J Neuroradiol 25:851-3. 2004
    ..Axial images localized the hyperintense signal to the posterolateral region of the spinal cord bilaterally. Follow-up MR imaging 6 weeks later demonstrated resolution of abnormal cord signal intensity...
  98. ncbi Burns from out of the blue. Lightning strike
    Neil F Gibbs
    Department of Dermatology, Naval Medical Center, San Diego, USA
    Postgrad Med 113:67-8, 85. 2003
  99. ncbi Globus pharyngis: was it a stroke of lightning?
    Massimo Montalto
    Am J Gastroenterol 98:938-9. 2003
  100. ncbi Lightning injury in an outdoor swine herd
    William G Van Alstine
    Animal Disease Diagnostic Laboratory, School of Veterinary Medicine, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907 1175, USA
    J Vet Diagn Invest 15:289-91. 2003
    ..Because vertebral fractures may be the only lesions and may be grossly subtle in heavily muscled pigs, careful pelvic and vertebral dissection is recommended in cases of suspected lightning strike and electrocution...
  101. ncbi Lightning and Lichtenberg figures
    Michael Cherington
    Lightning Data Center, St Anthony Hospital, 4231 W 16th Avenue, Denver, CO 80204, USA
    Injury 34:367-71. 2003

Research Grants1

  1. ELECTRIC INJURY--IMAGING OF THERMAL/NON-THERMAL ASPECTS
    Raphael Lee; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..abstract_text> ..