food poisoning

Summary

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Outbreaks where food workers have been implicated in the spread of foodborne disease. Part 1. Description of the problem, methods, and agents involved
    Judy D Greig
    Public Health Agency of Canada, Laboratory for Foodborne Zoonoses, 160 Research Lane, Unit 206, Guelph, Ontario, Canada NIG 5B2
    J Food Prot 70:1752-61. 2007
  2. ncbi From soil to gut: Bacillus cereus and its food poisoning toxins
    Lotte P Stenfors Arnesen
    Department of Food Safety and Infection Biology, Norwegian School of Veterinary Science, Oslo, Norway
    FEMS Microbiol Rev 32:579-606. 2008
  3. pmc Food-related illness and death in the United States
    P S Mead
    Division of Bacterial and Mycotic Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    Emerg Infect Dis 5:607-25. 1999
  4. pmc Fatal family outbreak of Bacillus cereus-associated food poisoning
    Katelijne Dierick
    Institute of Public Health, Food Section, 14 Juliette Wijtsman Str, B 1050 Brussels, Belgium
    J Clin Microbiol 43:4277-9. 2005
  5. pmc Emerging foodborne diseases: an evolving public health challenge
    R V Tauxe
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    Emerg Infect Dis 3:425-34. 1997
  6. ncbi Surveillance for foodborne-disease outbreaks--United States, 1998-2002
    Michael Lynch
    Division of Foodborne, Bacterial, and Mycotic Diseases National Center for Zoonotic, Vector Borne, and Enteric Diseases proposed, CDC, 1600 Clifton Road, NE, MS A 38, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    MMWR Surveill Summ 55:1-42. 2006
  7. ncbi Food poisoning as a cause of acute liver failure
    Klara M Posfay-Barbe
    Division of Pediatrics, Department of Pediatrics, Children s Hospital of Geneva, Geneva, Switzerland
    Pediatr Infect Dis J 27:846-7. 2008
  8. ncbi In vitro assay for human toxicity of cereulide, the emetic mitochondrial toxin produced by food poisoning Bacillus cereus
    E L Jääskeläinen
    Department of Applied Chemistry and Microbiology, University of Helsinki, PO Box 56, FIN 00014 Helsinki, Finland
    Toxicol In Vitro 17:737-44. 2003
  9. ncbi Bacillus cereus food poisoning and its toxins
    Jean L Schoeni
    Department of Food Microbiology and Toxicology, Food Research Institute, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin 53706, USA
    J Food Prot 68:636-48. 2005
  10. ncbi Environmental temperatures and the incidence of food poisoning in England and Wales
    G Bentham
    Centre for Environmental and Risk Management, School of Environmental Sciences, University of East Anglia, Norwich NR4 7TJ, UK
    Int J Biometeorol 45:22-6. 2001

Detail Information

Publications214 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Outbreaks where food workers have been implicated in the spread of foodborne disease. Part 1. Description of the problem, methods, and agents involved
    Judy D Greig
    Public Health Agency of Canada, Laboratory for Foodborne Zoonoses, 160 Research Lane, Unit 206, Guelph, Ontario, Canada NIG 5B2
    J Food Prot 70:1752-61. 2007
    ..Multiple foods and multi-ingredient foods were identified most frequently with outbreaks, perhaps because of more frequent hand contact during preparation and serving...
  2. ncbi From soil to gut: Bacillus cereus and its food poisoning toxins
    Lotte P Stenfors Arnesen
    Department of Food Safety and Infection Biology, Norwegian School of Veterinary Science, Oslo, Norway
    FEMS Microbiol Rev 32:579-606. 2008
    ..cereus. The disease characteristics are described, and recent findings regarding the associated toxins are discussed, as well as the present knowledge on virulence regulation...
  3. pmc Food-related illness and death in the United States
    P S Mead
    Division of Bacterial and Mycotic Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    Emerg Infect Dis 5:607-25. 1999
    ..Overall, foodborne diseases appear to cause more illnesses but fewer deaths than previously estimated...
  4. pmc Fatal family outbreak of Bacillus cereus-associated food poisoning
    Katelijne Dierick
    Institute of Public Health, Food Section, 14 Juliette Wijtsman Str, B 1050 Brussels, Belgium
    J Clin Microbiol 43:4277-9. 2005
    ..A fatal case due to liver failure after the consumption of pasta salad is described and demonstrates the possible severity of the emetic syndrome...
  5. pmc Emerging foodborne diseases: an evolving public health challenge
    R V Tauxe
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    Emerg Infect Dis 3:425-34. 1997
    ..In the future, prevention of foodborne disease will increasingly depend on controlling contamination of feed and water consumed by the animals themselves...
  6. ncbi Surveillance for foodborne-disease outbreaks--United States, 1998-2002
    Michael Lynch
    Division of Foodborne, Bacterial, and Mycotic Diseases National Center for Zoonotic, Vector Borne, and Enteric Diseases proposed, CDC, 1600 Clifton Road, NE, MS A 38, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    MMWR Surveill Summ 55:1-42. 2006
    ..Since 1973, CDC has maintained a collaborative surveillance program for collection and periodic reporting of data on the occurrence and causes of foodborne-disease outbreaks (FBDOs) in the United States...
  7. ncbi Food poisoning as a cause of acute liver failure
    Klara M Posfay-Barbe
    Division of Pediatrics, Department of Pediatrics, Children s Hospital of Geneva, Geneva, Switzerland
    Pediatr Infect Dis J 27:846-7. 2008
    We report a 9-year-old girl with cereulide-producing Bacillus cereus food poisoning, who developed fulminant hepatitis, renal and pancreatic insufficiency, shock, and prolonged seizures...
  8. ncbi In vitro assay for human toxicity of cereulide, the emetic mitochondrial toxin produced by food poisoning Bacillus cereus
    E L Jääskeläinen
    Department of Applied Chemistry and Microbiology, University of Helsinki, PO Box 56, FIN 00014 Helsinki, Finland
    Toxicol In Vitro 17:737-44. 2003
    ..the LC ion trap MS analysis for measuring the cereulide content of a pasta dish, implemented in serious emetic food poisoning caused by Bacillus cereus. Both assays showed that the poisonous food contained approximately 1...
  9. ncbi Bacillus cereus food poisoning and its toxins
    Jean L Schoeni
    Department of Food Microbiology and Toxicology, Food Research Institute, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin 53706, USA
    J Food Prot 68:636-48. 2005
    ..Bacillus cereus causes two types of food poisoning, the emetic and diarrheal syndromes, and a variety of local and systemic infections...
  10. ncbi Environmental temperatures and the incidence of food poisoning in England and Wales
    G Bentham
    Centre for Environmental and Risk Management, School of Environmental Sciences, University of East Anglia, Norwich NR4 7TJ, UK
    Int J Biometeorol 45:22-6. 2001
    The incidence of food poisoning in England and Wales has been increasing for many years and it is now a major public health problem...
  11. ncbi [A case of food poisoning due to ingestion of eggplant, Solanum melongena, grafted on Devil's trumpet, Datura metel]
    Naomasa Oshiro
    Okinawa Prefectural Institute of Health and Environment, 2085 Aza Ozato, Ozato, Nanjo shi, Okinawa 9011202, Japan
    Shokuhin Eiseigaku Zasshi 49:376-9. 2008
    ..This is the first case of food poisoning related to Datura in Okinawa, Japan and also might be the first report of food poisoning caused by intake of a ..
  12. ncbi Paralytic toxins in three new gastropod (Olividae) species implicated in food poisoning in southern Taiwan
    Pai An Hwang
    Department of Food Science, National Taiwan Ocean University, 2 Pei Ning Road, Keelung 202, Taiwan, ROC
    Toxicon 41:529-33. 2003
    ..Analyses by HPLC, GC-MS and LC-MS showed that the toxin from O. miniacea, O. nirasei and O. mustelina contained TTX, and related compounds 4-epi TTX and anhydro-TTX. The paralytic shellfish poisons were not found...
  13. pmc Animal poisons and the nervous system: what the neurologist needs to know
    J B Harris
    School of Neurology, Neurobiology and Psychiatry, University of Newcastle upon Tyne, Newcastle upon Tyne NE2 4HH, UK
    J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 75:iii40-6. 2004
  14. ncbi Mass food poisoning caused by beef offal contaminated by Escherichia coli O157
    Midori Maruzumi
    Kumamoto City Environmental Research Institute, Kumamoto 862 0946, Japan
    Jpn J Infect Dis 58:397. 2005
  15. ncbi Identification of tetrodotoxin in marine gastropods implicated in food poisoning
    Li Ming Sui
    Department of Preventive Medicine, Medicine College, Zhejiang University, Hangxhou, Zhejiang, China
    J Nat Toxins 11:213-20. 2002
    ..were made to identify the toxin in the gastropod Zeuxis samiplicutus that was responsible for the recent food poisoning incidents in southern Zhejiang, Mainland China...
  16. pmc Molecular epidemiology of Clostridium perfringens related to food-borne outbreaks of disease in Finland from 1984 to 1999
    Susanna Lukinmaa
    Laboratory of Enteric Pathogens, National Public Health Institute, FIN 00300 Helsinki, Finland
    Appl Environ Microbiol 68:3744-9. 2002
    ..perfringens strains, it is very important to isolate and investigate more than one colony from the fecal culture of a patient and screen all these isolates for the presence of the cpe gene before further laboratory work is done...
  17. ncbi Food poisoning associated with pumilacidin-producing Bacillus pumilus in rice
    Cecilie From
    Department of Food Safety and Infection Biology, Norwegian School of Veterinary Science, P O Box 8146 Dep, N 0033 Oslo, Norway
    Int J Food Microbiol 115:319-24. 2007
    b>Food poisoning caused by other Bacillus species than B. cereus has been described, but the toxins involved have rarely been isolated...
  18. ncbi Occurrence of tetrodotoxin and paralytic shellfish poisons in a gastropod implicated in food poisoning in southern Taiwan
    H C Jen
    Department of Food Science, National Taiwan Ocean University, Keelung, Taiwan
    Food Addit Contam 24:902-9. 2007
    ....
  19. pmc Genotyping of enterotoxigenic Clostridium perfringens fecal isolates associated with antibiotic-associated diarrhea and food poisoning in North America
    S G Sparks
    Department of Molecular Genetics and Biochemistry, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, PA 15261, USA
    J Clin Microbiol 39:883-8. 2001
    Clostridium perfringens type A isolates producing enterotoxin (CPE) are an important cause of food poisoning and non-food-borne human gastrointestinal (GI) diseases, including antibiotic-associated diarrhea (AAD)...
  20. ncbi Systematic environmental evaluations to identify food safety differences between outbreak and nonoutbreak restaurants
    Craig W Hedberg
    Division of Environmental Health Sciences, University of Minnesota, 420 Delaware Street S E, Minneapolis, Minnesota 55455, USA
    J Food Prot 69:2697-702. 2006
    ..Food safety certification of kitchen managers appears to be an important outbreak prevention measure, and managing food worker illnesses should be emphasized during food safety training programs...
  21. ncbi Genotyping of Clostridium perfringens isolates collected from food poisoning outbreaks and healthy individuals in Japan based on the cpe locus
    Daisuke Tanaka
    Toyama Institute of Health, Toyama 939 0363, Japan
    Jpn J Infect Dis 60:68-9. 2007
  22. pmc Innovative application of mass spectrometry for the characterization of staphylococcal enterotoxins involved in food poisoning outbreaks
    Jacques Antoine Hennekinne
    AFSSA LERQAP, Maisons Alfort, France
    Appl Environ Microbiol 75:882-4. 2009
    ..Absolute quantitative mass spectrometry was for the first time successfully applied to an investigation of a staphylococcal outbreak due to coconut pearls...
  23. pmc Viral gastroenteritis outbreaks in Europe, 1995-2000
    Ben A Lopman
    Gastrointestinal Diseases Division, Communicable Disease Surveillance Centre, 61 Colindale Avenue, London, England
    Emerg Infect Dis 9:90-6. 2003
    ..We review these differences within the context of the sources of outbreak surveillance information, clinical definitions, and structures of the outbreak surveillance systems...
  24. ncbi Tetrodotoxin in gastropods (snails) implicated in food poisoning in Northern Taiwan
    Deng Fwu Hwang
    Department of Food Science, National Taiwan Ocean University, Keelung, Republic of China
    J Food Prot 65:1341-4. 2002
    The toxin in the gastropods (snails) Zeuxis sufflatus and Niotha clathrata implicated in a food poisoning incident in northern Taiwan in April 2001 was studied...
  25. ncbi Outbreak of food poisoning by Yersinia enterocolitica serotype O8 in Nara prefecture: the first case report in Japan
    Takeshi Sakai
    Division of Bacteriology, Nara Prefectural Institute of Hygiene and Environment, Nara 630 8131, Japan
    Jpn J Infect Dis 58:257-8. 2005
  26. ncbi Emerging foodborne pathogens
    Robert V Tauxe
    Division of Bacterial and Mycotic Diseases, National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30306, USA
    Int J Food Microbiol 78:31-41. 2002
    ....
  27. pmc Norovirus and foodborne disease, United States, 1991-2000
    Marc Alain Widdowson
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    Emerg Infect Dis 11:95-102. 2005
    ..More widespread use of molecular assays will permit better estimates of the role of NoV illness and help direct efforts to control foodborne illness...
  28. ncbi Contemporary issues in food allergy: seafood toxin-induced disease in the differential diagnosis of allergic reactions
    Soheil Chegini
    Department of Medicine and Pediatrics, Allina Medical Clinic, Cokato, Minnesota, USA
    Allergy Asthma Proc 26:183-90. 2005
    ..Most shellfish-associated illness is infectious in nature (bacterial or viral), with the Norwalk virus accounting for most cases of gastroenteritis...
  29. ncbi Limitations to successful investigation and reporting of foodborne outbreaks: an analysis of foodborne disease outbreaks in FoodNet catchment areas, 1998-1999
    Timothy F Jones
    Communicable and Environmental Disease Services, Tennessee Department of Health, Nashville, TN 37247, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 38:S297-302. 2004
    ....
  30. pmc Epidemiologic profiling: evaluating foodborne outbreaks for which no pathogen was isolated by routine laboratory testing: United States, 1982-9
    J A Hall
    Minnesota Department of Health, Minneapolis, USA
    Epidemiol Infect 127:381-7. 2001
    ..Norwalk-like virus outbreaks appear as common as salmonella-like outbreaks. We conclude that profiling can help classify outbreaks, guide investigations and direct laboratory testing to help detect new and emerging pathogens...
  31. ncbi Rapid and simple detection of food poisoning bacteria by bead assay with a microfluidic chip-based system
    Masafumi Ikeda
    Graduate School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Osaka University, 1 6, Yamada oka, Suita, Osaka 565 0871, Japan
    J Microbiol Methods 67:241-7. 2006
    ..The duplexes of RNAs and the probes-immobilized beads were analyzed with the commercially available microfluidic chip-based system. This bead assay provided results within 3 h following RNA extraction from bacterial cells...
  32. pmc Enterotoxin plasmid from Clostridium perfringens is conjugative
    S Brynestad
    Norwegian School of Veterinary Science, Oslo, Norway
    Infect Immun 69:3483-7. 2001
    ..perfringens type A food poisoning and several non-food-borne human gastrointestinal illnesses...
  33. pmc Genetic diversity of Clostridium perfringens type A isolates from animals, food poisoning outbreaks and sludge
    Anders Johansson
    National Veterinary Institute, SE 751 89 Uppsala, Sweden
    BMC Microbiol 6:47. 2006
    Clostridium perfringens, a serious pathogen, causes enteric diseases in domestic animals and food poisoning in humans. The epidemiological relationship between C...
  34. pmc A one-year intensified study of outbreaks of gastroenteritis in The Netherlands
    Y T H P van Duynhoven
    Centre for Infectious Disease Epidemiology, National Institute of Public Health and the Environment, Bilthoven, The Netherlands
    Epidemiol Infect 133:9-21. 2005
    ..Salmonella, as the second foodborne pathogen, was mainly associated with raw shell eggs. These results stress the continuous need for food safety education, complementary to governmental regulation...
  35. pmc Identification of Bacillus cereus group species associated with food poisoning outbreaks in British Columbia, Canada
    Lorraine McIntyre
    BC Centre for Disease Control, Food Protection Services, Vancouver, BC, Canada
    Appl Environ Microbiol 74:7451-3. 2008
    b>Food poisoning laboratories identify Bacillus cereus using routine methods that may not differentiate all Bacillus cereus group species. We recharacterized Bacillus food-poisoning strains from 39 outbreaks and identified B...
  36. pmc Further comparison of temperature effects on growth and survival of Clostridium perfringens type A isolates carrying a chromosomal or plasmid-borne enterotoxin gene
    Jihong Li
    Department of Molecular Genetics and Biochemistry, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, PA 15261, USA
    Appl Environ Microbiol 72:4561-8. 2006
    ..perfringens type A isolates can carry the enterotoxin gene (cpe) on either their chromosome or a plasmid, but food poisoning isolates usually have a chromosomal cpe gene...
  37. pmc Comparative effects of osmotic, sodium nitrite-induced, and pH-induced stress on growth and survival of Clostridium perfringens type A isolates carrying chromosomal or plasmid-borne enterotoxin genes
    Jihong Li
    Department of Molecular Genetics and Biochemistry, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, PA 15261, USA
    Appl Environ Microbiol 72:7620-5. 2006
    ..perfringens type A food poisoning. While the cpe gene can be either chromosomal or plasmid borne, food poisoning isolates usually carry a ..
  38. pmc A novel small acid soluble protein variant is important for spore resistance of most Clostridium perfringens food poisoning isolates
    Jihong Li
    Department of Microbiology and Molecular Genetics, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States of America
    PLoS Pathog 4:e1000056. 2008
    Clostridium perfringens is a major cause of food poisoning (FP) in developed countries. C...
  39. pmc Early identification of common-source foodborne virus outbreaks in Europe
    Marion Koopmans
    Research Laboratory for Infectious Diseases, National Institute of Public Health and the Environment, Bilthoven, The Netherlands
    Emerg Infect Dis 9:1136-42. 2003
    ..We describe the setup and preliminary results of our system, which uses a Web-accessible central database to track viruses and provides the foundation for an early warning system of foodborne and other common-source outbreaks...
  40. pmc Clostridium perfringens type A strains carrying a plasmid-borne enterotoxin gene (genotype IS1151-cpe or IS1470-like-cpe) as a common cause of food poisoning
    Päivi Lahti
    Department of Food and Environmental Hygiene, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, P O Box 66, FI 00014 University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
    J Clin Microbiol 46:371-3. 2008
    ..various genotypes of enterotoxin gene-carrying (cpe-positive) Clostridium perfringens type A in 24 different food poisoning outbreaks were 75% (chromosomal IS1470-cpe), 21% (plasmid-borne IS1470-like-cpe), and 4% (plasmid-borne IS1151-..
  41. pmc Multiplex PCR genotyping assay that distinguishes between isolates of Clostridium perfringens type A carrying a chromosomal enterotoxin gene (cpe) locus, a plasmid cpe locus with an IS1470-like sequence, or a plasmid cpe locus with an IS1151 sequence
    Kazuaki Miyamoto
    Department of Microbiology, Wakayama Medical College, Wakayama, Japan
    J Clin Microbiol 42:1552-8. 2004
    Clostridium perfringens type A isolates carrying the enterotoxin (cpe) gene are important causes of both food poisoning and non-food-borne diarrheas in humans...
  42. ncbi RAPD & FINS (mitochondrial 16s rRNA gene sequence) in analysis of food contamination: detection of food poisoning by Lizard
    P Chattopadhyay
    Forensic Lab, Bollarm Road, Hyderabad, India Amrutha Valley, Banjara Hills, Hyderabad 34, India
    J Clin Forensic Med 12:74-80. 2005
    ....
  43. ncbi Occurrence of a food poisoning incident by palytoxin from a serranid Epinephelus sp. in Japan
    Shigeto Taniyama
    School of Science and Technology, Nagasaki University, 1 14 Bunkyo machi, Nagasaki 852 8521, Japan
    J Nat Toxins 11:277-82. 2002
    ..To our knowledge, this is the first report on palytoxin poisoning with serranid fish...
  44. ncbi Production of small, acid-soluble spore proteins in Clostridium perfringens nonfoodborne gastrointestinal disease isolates
    Deepa Raju
    Department of Biomedical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine and Department of Microbiology, College of Science, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR 97331, USA
    Can J Microbiol 53:514-8. 2007
    ....
  45. pmc A one-year study of foodborne illnesses in the municipality of Uppsala, Sweden
    R Lindqvist
    National Food Administration, Uppsala, Sweden
    Emerg Infect Dis 7:588-92. 2001
    ..The estimated average costs per illness were 2,164 Swedish Krona (SEK) ($246) to society and 500 SEK ($57) to the patient. The annual cost of foodborne illnesses in Sweden was estimated to be 1,082 million SEK ($123 million)...
  46. ncbi Confirmative electric DNA array-based test for food poisoning Bacillus cereus
    Yanling Liu
    School of Biotechnology, Royal Institute of Technology KTH, S 10691, Stockholm, Sweden
    J Microbiol Methods 70:55-64. 2007
    ..In general, this work represents a mature analytical way for DNA review. It can be used under conditions that require almost immediate results...
  47. ncbi Is shellfish consumption safe?
    James H Diaz
    School of Public Health, Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center, New Orleans, USA
    J La State Med Soc 156:187-92. 2004
    ....
  48. ncbi Need to differentiate lethal toxin-producing strains of Burkholderia gladioli, which cause severe food poisoning: description of B. gladioli pathovar cocovenenans and an emended description of B. gladioli
    Zhenquan Jiao
    Microbial Bioinformatics, Regeneration and Advanced Medical Science, Gifu University Graduate School of Medicine, Tsukasamachi, Gifu, Japan
    Microbiol Immunol 47:915-25. 2003
    Burkholderia cocovenenans produces a lethal toxin (Bongkrekic acid) that leads to high fatality in food poisoning cases. However, B. cocovenenans was combined in Burkholderia gladioli in 1999. B...
  49. pmc Investigating the role of small, acid-soluble spore proteins (SASPs) in the resistance of Clostridium perfringens spores to heat
    Deepa Raju
    Department of Biomedical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, Oregon State University, Corvallis, Oregon 97331, USA
    BMC Microbiol 6:50. 2006
    Clostridium perfringens type A food poisoning is caused by enterotoxigenic C. perfringens type A isolates that typically possess high spore heat-resistance. The molecular basis for C. perfringens spore heat-resistance remains unknown...
  50. pmc Restaurant inspection scores and foodborne disease
    Timothy F Jones
    Tennessee Department of Health, Nashville, Tennessee, USA
    Emerg Infect Dis 10:688-92. 2004
    ..A variety of factors influence the uniformity of restaurant inspections. The restaurant inspection system should be examined to identify ways to ensure food safety...
  51. pmc Trends in indigenous foodborne disease and deaths, England and Wales: 1992 to 2000
    G K Adak
    Gastrointestinal Diseases Division, PHLS Communicable Disease Surveillance Centre, 61 Colindale Avenue, London NW9 5EQ, UK
    Gut 51:832-41. 2002
    ..Commitment to food safety is evidenced by high profile governmental initiatives around the globe. To measure progress towards targets, policy makers need to know the baseline from which they started...
  52. ncbi Confirmation of brevetoxin metabolism in cockle, Austrovenus stutchburyi, and greenshell mussel, Perna canaliculus, associated with New Zealand neurotoxic shellfish poisoning, by controlled exposure to Karenia brevis culture
    Hitoshi Ishida
    School of Pharmaceutical Science, University of Shizuoka, 52 1 Yada, Shizuoka 422 8526, Japan
    Toxicon 43:701-12. 2004
    ..In P. canaliculus, initial levels of PbTx-3 were similar, while PbTx-2 and BTX-B5 accumulated after each dose. PbTx-3 and BTX-B5 are proposed to be suitable markers for monitoring shellfish toxicity after a red tide event...
  53. pmc Capacity of state and territorial health agencies to prevent foodborne illness
    Richard E Hoffman
    Council of State and Territorial Epidemiologists, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    Emerg Infect Dis 11:11-6. 2005
    ..We conclude that by addressing shortages in the number of dedicated personnel and reducing delays in reporting, the capacity of state health departments to respond to foodborne disease can be improved...
  54. ncbi Food systems and the changing patterns of foodborne zoonoses
    A A MacKenzie
    Canadian Food Inspection Agency, 59 Camelot Drive, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
    Rev Sci Tech 23:677-84. 2004
    ..A regional case study is also included, in which the authors describe the food-borne disease situation in Latin America, as reported by surveillance systems in this region...
  55. pmc EHEC outbreak among staff at a children's hospital--use of PCR for verocytotoxin detection and PFGE for epidemiological investigation
    C Welinder-Olsson
    Department of Clinical Bacteriology, University of Goteborg, Sweden
    Epidemiol Infect 132:43-9. 2004
    ..Pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) was used to ascertain that staff members were infected by the same clone, and that two patients with E. coli O157 infection were not...
  56. ncbi Surveillance of foodborne outbreaks of infectious intestinal disease in England and Wales 1992-1999: contributing to evidence-based food policy?
    S J O'Brien
    Gastrointestinal Diseases Division, PHLS Communicable Disease Surveillance Centre, London, UK
    Public Health 116:75-80. 2002
    ..These findings have implications for the use of these surveillance data in developing evidence-based food policy...
  57. ncbi Knowledge, attitudes, and practices of food service staff regarding food hygiene in Shiraz, Iran
    Mehrdad Askarian
    Community Medicine Department, Shiraz Medical School, Shiraz, Iran
    Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 25:16-20. 2004
    ..Hospitalized patients are more vulnerable to potential hazards, and neglecting these principles can lead to increased morbidity and mortality...
  58. pmc Impact of changing consumer lifestyles on the emergence/reemergence of foodborne pathogens
    J E Collins
    American Meat Institute, Arlington, Virginia 22209, USA
    Emerg Infect Dis 3:471-9. 1997
    ..Consumers appear to be more interested in convenience and saving time than in proper food handling and preparation...
  59. pmc Perceived etiology of foodborne illness among public health personnel
    T F Jones
    Tennessee Department of Health, Communicable and Environmental Diseases Services, Nashville 37247, USA
    Emerg Infect Dis 7:904-5. 2001
    ..Fewer than 3% of respondents correctly identified the leading cause of foodborne illness...
  60. ncbi Usefulness of a combination of pulsed-field gel electrophoresis and enrichment culture in laboratory investigation of a foodborne outbreak due to Clostridium perfringens
    Hiromi Nakamura
    Department of Microbiology, Osaka City Institute of Public Health and Environmental Sciences, 543 0026, Osaka, Japan
    Diagn Microbiol Infect Dis 47:471-5. 2003
    ..Our experience indicates that the enrichment culture could be useful for laboratory confirmation of a C. perfringens foodborne outbreak if it is used with adequate molecular epidemiologic methods...
  61. ncbi Modeling the lag phase and growth rate of Listeria monocytogenes in ground ham containing sodium lactate and sodium diacetate at various storage temperatures
    C A Hwang
    Microbial Food Safety Research Unit, Eastern Regional Research Center, Agricultural Research Service, U S Dept of Agriculture, 600 E Mermaid Lane, Wyndmoor, PA 19038, USA
    J Food Sci 72:M246-53. 2007
    ..These data may be used to assist in determining concentrations of lactate and diacetate in cooked ham products to control the growth of L. monocytogenes over a wide range of temperatures during manufacturing, distribution, and storage...
  62. ncbi Risky eating behaviors of young adults-implications for food safety education
    Carol Byrd-Bredbenner
    Vitae Rutgers University, New Brunswick, NJ, USA
    J Am Diet Assoc 108:549-52. 2008
    ..movement to higher stages) and self-efficacy increased, risky eating score decreased; those who believed food poisoning was a personal threat tended to eat fewer risky foods...
  63. ncbi Update on foodborne diseases
    Carol J Weber
    Regis University, Department of Nursing, Denver, CO, USA
    Urol Nurs 25:126-8. 2005
  64. ncbi Human health problems associated with current agricultural food production
    Ramesh V Bhat
    Secretary General, Federation of Asian Nutrition Societies, Centre for Science, Society and Culture M 11, Kakateeyanagar, Habshiguda, Hyderabad 500 007, India
    Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 17:91-4. 2008
    ....
  65. ncbi Environmental health specialists' self-reported foodborne illness outbreak investigation practices
    Carol A Selman
    National Center for Environmental Health, RTI International, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA
    J Environ Health 70:16-21; quiz 53-4. 2008
    ..Participants also identified several difficulties associated with outbreak investigations, including difficulties associated with restaurant employees, restaurant customers, and environmental health organizations...
  66. ncbi Microbiological safety of sandwiches from hospitals and other health care establishments in the United Kingdom with a focus on Listeria monocytogenes and other Listeria species
    C L Little
    Department of Gastrointestinal, Emerging and Zoonotic Infections, Health Protection Agency Centre for Infections, 61 Colindale Avenue, London NW9 5EQ, UK
    J Food Prot 71:309-18. 2008
    ..monocytogenes in sandwiches at the point of production...
  67. pmc Nationwide outbreak of listeriosis due to contaminated meat
    P S Mead
    Division of Bacterial and Mycotic Diseases, National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA
    Epidemiol Infect 134:744-51. 2006
    ..Standardized molecular subtyping and coordinated, multi-jurisdiction investigations can greatly facilitate detection and control of listeriosis outbreaks...
  68. ncbi Operational practices associated with foodborne disease outbreaks in the catering industry in England and Wales
    Sarah L Jones
    Department of Primary Care and Public Health, Centre for Health Science Research, School of Medicine, Cardiff University, Neuadd Meirionnydd, Heath Park, Cardiff, Wales CF14 4YS, UK
    J Food Prot 71:1659-65. 2008
    ....
  69. ncbi Molecular analysis of the microbial food safety implications of food reformulations for improved health
    Roy D Sleator
    Alimentary Pharmabiotic Centre, University College Cork, Cork, Ireland
    Foodborne Pathog Dis 5:499-504. 2008
    ..Herein we review the most recent advances in our understanding of how microbial pathogens adapt to changes in the food composition, and how this information may ultimately be used for the design of effective pathogen control measures...
  70. ncbi [Outbreak of food-borne Norovirus associated with the consumption of sandwiches]
    Pere Godoy
    Servicios Territoriales, Departamento de Salud, Lleida, Spain
    Med Clin (Barc) 124:161-4. 2005
    ....
  71. ncbi A multi-jurisdictional outbreak of hepatitis A related to a youth camp--implications for catering operations and mass gatherings
    Sally A Munnoch
    Public and Environmental Health Service, Department of Health and Human Services, Tasmania
    Commun Dis Intell Q Rep 28:521-7. 2004
    ..The recent proposal by Food Standards Australia New Zealand to mandate food safety programs for catering operations is supported...
  72. ncbi Are staff management practices and inspection risk ratings associated with foodborne disease outbreaks in the catering industry in England and Wales?
    Sarah L Jones
    Department of Primary Care and Public Health, Cardiff University, Centre for Health Science Research, School of Medicine, Neuadd Meirionnydd, Heath Park, Cardiff, Wales, UK
    J Food Prot 71:550-7. 2008
    ..In larger businesses, case businesses were more likely to be hotels and were more commonly associated with viral foodborne outbreaks, but there was no explanation within the data for this association...
  73. ncbi A model of hygiene practices and consumption patterns in the consumer phase
    Bjarke B Christensen
    Department of Microbiological Food Safety, Danish Institute for Food and Veterinary Research, 2860 Soborg, Denmark
    Risk Anal 25:49-60. 2005
    ..This finding supports the need of including information on consumer behavior and preparation hygiene in the consumer phase of exposure assessments...
  74. ncbi Modeling growth of Clostridium perfringens in pea soup during cooling
    Aarieke E I de Jong
    Laboratory of Food Microbiology, Wageningen University, Wageningen, The Netherlands
    Risk Anal 25:61-73. 2005
    Clostridium perfringens is a pathogen that mainly causes food poisoning outbreaks when large quantities of food are prepared...
  75. ncbi Juice-associated outbreaks of human illness in the United States, 1995 through 2005
    Jazmin D Vojdani
    Enteric Diseases Epidemiology Branch, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1600 Clifton Road N E, MS A 38, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    J Food Prot 71:356-64. 2008
    ..Some juice operations that are exempt from processing requirements or do not comply with the regulation continue to be implicated in outbreaks of illness...
  76. ncbi Knowledge and practice of foodborne disease clinical specimen testing and reporting in North Carolina, 2004
    Pia D M MacDonald
    Department of Epidemiology, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill 27599 8165, USA
    N C Med J 68:305-11. 2007
    ..Detection of foodborne disease outbreaks relies on health care practitioners (HCPs), infection control practitioners (ICPs), and clinical laboratorians to report notifiable diseases to state or local health departments...
  77. ncbi An outbreak of Escherichia coli O157 in Aberdeen, Scotland, September 2007
    D Webster
    Health Protection Unit, National Health Service NHS Grampian, Aberdeen, United Kingdom
    Euro Surveill 12:E070927.1. 2007
  78. ncbi Involvement of closely related strains of a new clonal group of Listeria monocytogenes in the 1998-99 and 2002 multistate outbreaks of foodborne listeriosis in the United States
    S Kathariou
    Department of Food Science, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, North Carolina 27695 7624, USA
    Foodborne Pathog Dis 3:292-302. 2006
    ....
  79. ncbi [Surveillance of infectious foodborne diseases after enactment of the German Protection against Infection Act in 2001. Potentials and requirements]
    D Werber
    European Programme for Intervention, Epidemiology Training, Robert Koch Institut, Abteilung für Infektionsepidemiologie, Postfach 650261, 13302 Berlin, BRD
    Bundesgesundheitsblatt Gesundheitsforschung Gesundheitsschutz 49:1020-6. 2006
    ..Consequently, the general preventive strategy would be jeopardised, namely to understand the (often new) mechanisms by which contamination and disease transmission occur well enough to interrupt them...
  80. ncbi Toward improving food safety in the domestic environment: a multi-item Rasch scale for the measurement of the safety efficacy of domestic food-handling practices
    Arnout R H Fischer
    Social Sciences Group, Marketing and Consumer Behaviour Group, Wageningen University, Wageningen, The Netherlands
    Risk Anal 26:1323-38. 2006
    ....
  81. ncbi A philosophy and approach to teaching the epidemiology of food-borne, waterborne, and zoonotic diseases
    David Waltner-Toews
    Department of Population Medicine, Ontario Veterinary College, University of Guelph, ON, Canada
    J Vet Med Educ 33:598-604. 2006
    ....
  82. ncbi Laboratory surveillance for prevention and control of foodborne zoonoses
    Luca Busani
    Dipartimento di Sanità Alimentare ed Animale, Istituto Superiore di Sanita, Rome, Italy
    Ann Ist Super Sanita 42:401-4. 2006
    ..Enter-Net is an example of an international laboratory based surveillance network which contribute largely to European foodborne zoonosis surveillance...
  83. ncbi Formation of histamine and biogenic amines in cold-smoked tuna: an investigation of psychrotolerant bacteria from samples implicated in cases of histamine fish poisoning
    Jette Emborg
    Danish Institute for Fisheries Research, Department of Seafood Research, c o Technical University of Denmark, Lyngby
    J Food Prot 69:897-906. 2006
    ..To prevent toxic histamine formation, CST should be produced with >5% WPS and distributed with a declared 5 degrees C shelf life of 3 to 4 weeks or less...
  84. ncbi Emetic toxin-producing strains of Bacillus cereus show distinct characteristics within the Bacillus cereus group
    Frédéric Carlin
    INRA, UMR 408, Sécurité et Qualité des Produits d Orgine Végétale, F 84914 Avignon, France
    Int J Food Microbiol 109:132-8. 2006
    ..cereus caused food poisoning. For instance, emetic strains still represent a special risk in heat-processed foods or preheated foods that ..
  85. ncbi Detection of noroviruses in shellfish in the Netherlands
    Ingeborg L A Boxman
    Food and Consumer Product Safety Authority, Regionale dienst Oost, P O Box 202, 7200 AE, Zutphen, The Netherlands
    Int J Food Microbiol 108:391-6. 2006
    ..Further surveillance of norovirus by detection and typing of viruses from patients with gastroenteritis and shellfish is warranted to clarify the causes of future outbreaks...
  86. ncbi Towards an integrated approach in supporting microbiological food safety decisions
    A H Havelaar
    Laboratory for Zoonoses and Environmental Microbiology, Centre for Infectious Disease Control Netherlands, National Institute for Public Health and the Environment, PO Box 1, 3720 BA Bilthoven, The Netherlands
    Zoonoses Public Health 54:103-17. 2007
    ....
  87. ncbi Food safety: current situation, unaddressed issues and the emerging priorities
    M Elmi
    Food and Chemical Safety, WHO Regional Office for the Eastern Mediterranean, Cairo, Egypt
    East Mediterr Health J 10:794-800. 2004
    ..The food chain starts from farm and ends at fork; controlling this complex process requires an integrated approach and a responsible authority to oversee it in order to protect and promote food safety...
  88. pmc Infections associated with cantaloupe consumption: a public health concern
    A Bowen
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Infectious Disease, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Epidemiol Infect 134:675-85. 2006
    ....
  89. ncbi Food safety self-reported behaviors and cognitions of young adults: results of a national study
    Carol Byrd-Bredbenner
    Department of Nutritional Sciences, Rutgers University, New Brunswick, New Jersey 08901, USA
    J Food Prot 70:1917-26. 2007
    ..Efforts to improve knowledge and, ultimately, food safety behaviors are essential to safeguard the health of these young adults and enable them to fulfill the role of protecting the health of their future families...
  90. ncbi Foodborne disease trends and reports
    Bala Swaminathan
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    Foodborne Pathog Dis 2:190-1. 2005
  91. ncbi Outbreaks where food workers have been implicated in the spread of foodborne disease. Part 2. Description of outbreaks by size, severity, and settings
    Ewen C D Todd
    Food Safety Policy Center, 165 Food Safety and Toxicology Building, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan 48824 1314, USA
    J Food Prot 70:1975-93. 2007
    ..Sixteen outbreaks occurred where food, primarily produce, was harvested and shipped from one country to another. Sometimes the presence of an infected worker preparing food was only one of several factors contributing to the outbreak...
  92. ncbi Outbreaks where food workers have been implicated in the spread of foodborne disease. Part 3. Factors contributing to outbreaks and description of outbreak categories
    Ewen C D Todd
    Food Safety Policy Center, 165 Food Safety and Toxicology Building, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan 48824 1314, USA
    J Food Prot 70:2199-217. 2007
    ..For instance, workers sometimes denied infection or illness for a variety of reasons, but subsequent investigation provided evidence of infection...
  93. ncbi Information systems in food safety management
    T A McMeekin
    Australian Food Safety Centre of Excellence, University of Tasmania, Hobart, TAS 7001, Australia
    Int J Food Microbiol 112:181-94. 2006
    ..Provision of high quality, online educational packages to food industry personnel otherwise precluded from access to such courses...
  94. ncbi Molecular gastronomy
    Herve This
    Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique, College de France, 11, place Marcelin Berthelot, 75005 Paris
    Nat Mater 4:5-7. 2005
  95. ncbi Foodborne outbreaks in northern Portugal, 2002
    A M Correia
    Centro Regional de Saude Publica do Norte, Portugal
    Euro Surveill 9:18-20. 2004
    ..We believe that epidemiological surveillance and control of FBO must be reinforced in Portugal as part of a wider strategy to promote food safety...
  96. ncbi Intensive investigation of bacterial foodborne disease outbreaks: proposed guidelines and tools for the collection of dose-response data by local health departments
    Roderick C Jones
    Chicago Department of Public Health, 2160 West Ogden Avenue, Chicago, Illinois 60612, USA
    J Food Prot 67:616-23. 2004
    ..Intensive investigations of outbreaks could prevent future illnesses by providing information needed to develop approaches to minimizing risk...
  97. ncbi Animal identification: links to food safety
    D J Vitiello
    Animal and Egg Production Food Safety Staff, United States Department of Agriculture Food Safety and Inspection Service, Room 002 South Building, Washington, DC 20250, USA
    Rev Sci Tech 20:598-604. 2001
    ....
  98. ncbi Food handling behaviors of special importance for pregnant women, infants and young children, the elderly, and immune-compromised people
    Patricia Kendall
    Department of Food Science and Human Nutrition, Coloraddo State University, Fort Collins, 80523 1571, USA
    J Am Diet Assoc 103:1646-9. 2003
    ..The results should help dietetics professionals and community health educators focus their efforts on those behaviors of special importance to the population being targeted...
  99. ncbi [Diagnosis and epidemiological investigation of an outbreak of Clostridium perfringens food poisoning]
    Juan Carlos Sanz
    Laboratorio Regional de Salud Pública Dirección General de Salud Pública Consejería de Sanidad Comunidad de Madrid, Espana
    Enferm Infecc Microbiol Clin 20:117-22. 2002
    ..This study describes the investigation of an outbreak of diarrhea due to C. perfringens in a public restaurant...
  100. ncbi Where we are in retail food safety, how we got to where we are, and how do we get there?
    Frank L Bryan
    Food Safety Consultation and Training, 8233 Pleasant Hill Road, Lithonia, GA 30058, USA
    J Environ Health 65:29-36. 2002
    ..To attain food safety, we must use common (microbiological) sense and understand the principles of transmission of foodborne-disease etiological agents and their control. A change of attitudes and program focus is necessary...

Research Grants54

  1. Vaccine Assembly from Surface Proteins of Staphylococcus Aureus
    Olaf Schneewind; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..diseases includes also endocarditis, septic arthritis, toxic shock syndrome, scalded skin syndrome and food poisoning. S. aureus strains exhibiting multiple antibiotic resistances, methicillin-resistant S...
  2. Regulation of Odorant Receptor Gene Expression
    Paul Feinstein; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Loss of olfactory function leads to poor feeding in geriatric populations as well as higher incidence of food poisoning. Studying odorant receptor gene expression will give insights into how the olfactory system is put together ..
  3. Hepatic CYP enzymes and host-pathogen interactions
    Edward T Morgan; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..In mice infected with C. rodentium, a model of E. Coli food poisoning in humans, a number of P450 enzymes in the liver are moderately down-regulated...
  4. Re-Wiring Cellular Metabolism to Control Biofilm Formation and Virulence BY...
    Thomas K Wood; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..g., biocorrosion, biocatalysis, rhizoremediation, food poisoning) whereas previously biofilms have been studied primarily as a means toward eradicating them...
  5. Stomate-based innate immunity against bacterial infection in Arabidopsis
    Maeli Melotto; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..of fresh vegetables is a major public health concern and a potential bio-terrorist threat as a source of food poisoning. PUBLIC HEALTH RELEVANCE: This proposal describes basic research on the molecular basis of innate immunity of ..
  6. Pseudomonas aeruginosa genomic islands and virulence factors
    VANDERLENE LIU KUNG; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..such as lead and asbestos to microbial toxins such as afiatoxin and staphylococcalenterotoxins involved in food poisoning. Environmental bacteria in particular represent a large reservoir of agents capable of producing diverse ..
  7. Therapeutic Human Monoclonal Antibodies Against Staphylococcal Enterotoxin B (SEB
    M Javad Aman; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..SEB is also a major cause of food poisoning and toxic shock syndrome. Currently, there are no therapeutics available against SEB for human use...
  8. Mechanism of Cell Membrane Targeting by Vibrio Cholerae Cytolysin
    RICHARD A OLSON; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..with important human health implications, including toxins produced by Vibrio vulnificus, a cause of deadly food poisoning and sepsis...
  9. Cytoskeleton polymerization dynamics in the cell cycle
    Timothy J Mitchison; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Understanding midbody assembles will reveal principles for generating asymmetric assemblies in the cytoplasm, and will tell us how the cleavage furrow is positioned. ..
  10. Peptide-Based Quorum Sensing Controlling Virulence in Bacillus anthracis
    Hyunwoo Lee; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Whereas B. thuringiensis is mainly an insect pathogen and B. cereus causes a nonlethal food poisoning in humans, B. anthracis infections (anthrax) are extremely lethal in mammals. The virulence of B...
  11. Long-term effects of botulinum neurotoxins on neuronal viability
    Min Dong; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Humans used to get exposed to BoNTs mainly via food poisoning, but significant changes have occurred in human- BoNT interactions...
  12. NMR studies of bacterial needle and tip proteins
    Roberto N De Guzman; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..a pathogen associated with biowarfare, and PrgI from Salmonella typhimurium, a pathogen associated with food poisoning. We have also used NMR to identify the key residues involved in the binding interaction between the needle and ..
  13. Botulinum Neurotoxin Trafficking and Tissue Distribution with Mouse Body Imaging
    Bal Ram Singh; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..real-time uptake and trafficking information is essential to devise adequate interventions in case of food poisoning and intentional exposure cases of bioterrorism or a WMD attack in war theater...
  14. Peptide-Based Quorum Sensing Controlling Virulence in Bacillus anthracis
    Hyunwoo Lee; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..Whereas B. thuringiensis is mainly an insect pathogen and B. cereus causes a nonlethal food poisoning in humans, B. anthracis infections (anthrax) are extremely lethal in mammals. The virulence of B...
  15. Development of Superantigen Antagonists
    Eric J Sundberg; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..production, have been implicated the pathogenesis of numerous human diseases, including toxic shock syndrome, food poisoning and autoimmune disorders...
  16. AI-3 Inhibitors as treatment for bacterial infections
    Vanessa Sperandio; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..coli and Salmonella species causing numerous food poisoning syndromes, as well as Francisella tularensis, the causative agent of tularemia by interfering with quorum ..
  17. CONTROL OF ENTEROTOXIN GENE EXPRESSION IN S AUREUS
    George Stewart; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..toxin is responsible for the vomiting and diarrhea symptomology which is the hallmark of staphylococcal food poisoning. Despite its usual association with food poisoning, the enterotoxins are also virulence factors for the ..
  18. Proline uptake in staphylococcus aureus pathogenesis
    WILLIAM SCHWAN; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..A significant number of cases of food poisoning are also linked to contamination of foodstuffs with S. aureus...
  19. STRUCTURAL STUDIES OF SUPERANTIGENS
    Douglas Ohlendorf; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..Studies have implicated superantigens in such diseases as food poisoning, toxic shock syndrome, scarlet and rheumatic fever, arthritis, multiple sclerosis, diabetes, sudden infant ..
  20. Detection of Bacteria using Nanoparticle-Polymer Sensors
    VINCENT ROTELLO; Fiscal Year: 2009
    The sensing of bacteria is a key tool for combating water contamination, food poisoning and infectious disease, as well for protection against biological warfare agents...
  21. MOLECULAR ANALYSIS OF STAPHYLOCOCCAL TYPE C ENTEROTOXINS
    Gregory Bohach; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..SE) are unusual bacterial exotoxins in that they have the ability to cause two distinct human illnesses, food poisoning and toxic shock syndrome (TSS)...
  22. A humanized transgenic mouse model for studying staphylococcal enterotoxin B
    Chella David; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..As a result, SEB can cause a variety of clinical illnesses ranging from self-limiting food poisoning to the more severe toxic shock syndrome, which can be lethal...
  23. Preclin. Test of Biodefense Drug for SEB Toxin Exposure
    J Joseph Kim; Fiscal Year: 2006
    unreadable] DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Staphylococcal enterotoxin B (SEB), a primary cause of food poisoning, is also a superantigen that can cause toxic shock after traumatic or surgical Staphylococcal wound infections...
  24. CRYSTALLOGRPHIC ANALYSIS OF DRUG TARGET ENZYMES
    Jon Robertus; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..search will be extended to STA1, which is the causative agent of hemolytic-uremic syndrome of enteric food poisoning. The structure of the related ebulin will be solved and correlated with RTA to explain its reduced ..
  25. ROLE OF HLA-B27 AND SHIGELLA ANTIGENS IN DISEASE
    John Shively; Fiscal Year: 1980
    ..sonnei isolates obtained from outbreaks of food poisoning in which cases of Reiter's disease have been documented. At present, data indicates that Sh...
  26. MOLECULAR ANALYSIS OF STAPHYLOCOCCAL TYPE C ENTEROTOXINS
    Gregory Bohach; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..Although they are known mainly for their ability to cause food poisoning, Ents, like other PTs, can cause toxic- shock syndrome (TSS) as the result of a set of shared immunomodulating ..
  27. Discovery of novel signaling components targeted by Vibrio
    Kim Orth; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..to study pathogenic effectors produced by a gram-negative marine bacterium that is responsible for causing food poisoning worldwide...
  28. Quorum sensing and Staphylococcus aureus pathogenesis
    Naomi Balaban; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..S. aureus cause food poisoning, sepsis, device (Biofilm) related infections, and multiple diseases like endocarditis and pneumonia...
  29. Structural Genomics of S. aureus Pathogenicity Islands
    Douglas Ohlendorf; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..is a primary human pathogen and a leading cause of hospital-acquired infections (over 700,000 annually), food poisoning, sepsis, and toxic shock syndrome. Currently more than 90 percent of community-isolated strains of S...
  30. Monoclonal Antibody SEB Immunoprotectant
    Kevin Whaley; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..by applicant): Staphylococcal enterotoxin B (SEB;Category B agent), a toxin that commonly causes classic food poisoning and can cause a nonmenstrual toxic shock syndrome (TSS), is a potential biological warfare agent...
  31. Antibody- and peptide-inhibitors of quorum sensing
    Kim Janda; Fiscal Year: 2004
    Staphylococcus aureus is a leading cause of diseases ranging from skin infections and food poisoning to life-threatening nosocomial infections. Increasing resistance of S...
  32. OSMOREGULATION IN STAPHYLOCOCCUS AUREUS
    BRIAN WILKINSON; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..aureus. S. aureus is a major cause of food poisoning and an extremely versatile pathogen of a variety of organs and tissues...
  33. APOPTOSIS INDUCED BY MICROBIAL DEPSIPETIDES
    J Cohen; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..The mechanism of action of cereulide, the depsipeptide most often associated with food poisoning, is unknown, but it is structurally similar to valinomycin, a depsipeptide potassium ionophore...
  34. Genomics/Proteomics of Enterotoxin B Producing S. aureus
    Saleem Khan; Fiscal Year: 2005
    Staphylococcus aureus produces a number of enterotoxins (SEs) which are the causative agents of staphylococcal food poisoning. The genes for SEs are located on plasmids, phages and other potentially movable genetic elements such as ..
  35. Arabidopsis basil immunity to human and plant pathogens
    Sheng He; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..poorly understood molecular basis of contamination and colonization of plants by human pathogens, which have become a major public health and bioterror concern due to food poisoning from consuming fresh vegetable foods.
  36. Arabidopsis basal innate immunity to bacterial infection
    Sheng Yang He; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..b>Food poisoning caused by human pathogen contamination is a major public health concern.
  37. Genetics of Listeria induced changes in gene expression
    Victor Boyartchuk; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..differential responses in mice is Listena monocytogenes, a Gram-positive bacterium which is a common source of food poisoning. Previous studies have established that differences in immune response are often genetically controlled...
  38. Development of Superantigen Antagonists
    Eric Sundberg; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..SAGs have been implicated in the pathogenesis of a number of human diseases, including toxic shock syndrome, food poisoning and several autoimmune disorders, thought to be the result of the stimulation of large numbers of T cells and ..
  39. ADVANCES IN DETECTION METHODS FOR FUNGAL TOXINS
    James Boyer; Fiscal Year: 1999
    Naturally occurring fungal and algal toxins comprise the major source of non-bacterial food poisoning in humans, agricultural animals, and wildlife...
  40. SYNTHESIS OF COMPLEX POLYETHERS
    K Nicolaou; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..These target molecules are potent neurotoxins associated with massive marine life and food poisoning, and they are expected to provide opportunities for discovery and invention in the areas of chemical synthesis ..
  41. Food Safety Task Force Conference
    Timothy Jones; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Abstract Not Provided ..
  42. CONTROL OF FEEDING BEHAVIOR--HEPATIC AFFERENT SIGNALING
    CHARLES HORN; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Results from this project may contribute to a better understanding of metabolic stimuli that are sensed by the nervous system, and may elucidate neural controls that are involved in obesity, anorexia, and diabetes. ..
  43. Resistant E.coli in Humans and Poultry
    James Johnson; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Does the research address a current and compelling problem of antimicrobial resistance that is of high public health importance and for which research is needed? [yes]. ..
  44. IMPAIRED TUMOR IMMUNITY DURING H PYLORI INFECTION
    VICTOR REYES; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Understanding the molecular basis for the regulation of the local immune response to natural infection will also facilitate the development of therapeutic or prophylactic vaccines against this clinically important pathogen. ..
  45. EXPERIMENTAL PATHOLOGY SHARED RESOURCE LABORATORY
    Laura Lamps; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..abstract_text> ..
  46. Pandemic influenza control at the borders of island countries and in household
    Michael Baker; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Findings from the housing cohort would be used to guide advice about reducing influenza transmission in households, particularly in terms of crowding levels and exposure to active and passive smoking. ..
  47. MECAHNISMS OF ACTION OF C PERFRINGENS EXTEROTOXIN
    BRUCE MC CLANE; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..perfringens isolates, evaluating whether the chromosomal cpe of food poisoning isolates is dn a mobilizable transposon, and determining whether two component regulatory systems and/or the ..
  48. IRON UPTAKE IN ACTINOBACILLUS ACTINOMYCETEMCOMITANS
    Luis Actis; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..actinomycetemcomitans. Furthermore, these studies will lead to a better understanding of the nature of the interactions between the host and this pathogen during colonization and invasion of oral tissues. ..
  49. C. difficile Toxin Membrane Test with Magnetic Particles
    ROBERT CARMAN; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..perfringens enterotoxin, another cause of AAD. The technology developed in this project will be widely applicable for the development of new highly sensitive stool antigen tests. ..
  50. CLINICAL RESEARCH CURRICULM AWARD
    John Morris; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Details are provided in the body of this application. ..
  51. NEUROTOXIC SUPERFUND CHEMICALS AND BIOMAKERS
    Peter Spencer; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  52. Mucin-degrading microflora for prophylactic antibiotics
    ROBERT CARMAN; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..difficile, and reduces the incidence of C. difficile- induced antibiotic-associated diarrhea. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  53. Neural basis of learned food aversion and nausea
    CHARLES HORN; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Effective treatment of nausea may substantially improve the quality of life for patients with chronic disease. ..