zoonoses

Summary

Summary: Diseases of non-human animals that may be transmitted to HUMANS or may be transmitted from humans to non-human animals.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Global trends in emerging infectious diseases
    Kate E Jones
    Institute of Zoology, Zoological Society of London, Regents Park, London NW1 4RY, UK
    Nature 451:990-3. 2008
  2. pmc Host range and emerging and reemerging pathogens
    Mark E J Woolhouse
    Centre for Infectious Diseases, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, United Kingdom
    Emerg Infect Dis 11:1842-7. 2005
  3. ncbi The new global map of human brucellosis
    Georgios Pappas
    First Division of Internal Medicine, Medical School, University of Ioannina, Greece
    Lancet Infect Dis 6:91-9. 2006
  4. ncbi Origins of major human infectious diseases
    Nathan D Wolfe
    Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of California, Los Angeles 90095 1772, USA
    Nature 447:279-83. 2007
  5. pmc Epidemic dynamics at the human-animal interface
    James O Lloyd-Smith
    Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of California at Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA
    Science 326:1362-7. 2009
  6. pmc Biological, epidemiological, and clinical aspects of echinococcosis, a zoonosis of increasing concern
    Johannes Eckert
    Institute of Parasitology, University of Zurich, CH 8057 Zurich, Switzerland
    Clin Microbiol Rev 17:107-35. 2004
  7. ncbi The socioeconomic burden of parasitic zoonoses: global trends
    Paul R Torgerson
    Division of Epidemiology, Vetsuisse Faculty, University of Zurich, Switzerland
    Vet Parasitol 182:79-95. 2011
  8. ncbi Fruit bats as reservoirs of Ebola virus
    Eric M Leroy
    Centre International de Recherches Medicales de Franceville, BP 769 Franceville, Gabon
    Nature 438:575-6. 2005
  9. ncbi Transmission of H7N7 avian influenza A virus to human beings during a large outbreak in commercial poultry farms in the Netherlands
    Marion Koopmans
    Diagnostic Laboratory for Infectious Diseases and Perinatal Screening, National Institute of Public Health and the Environment, Bilthoven, Netherlands
    Lancet 363:587-93. 2004
  10. ncbi Effects of environmental change on emerging parasitic diseases
    J A Patz
    Department of Environmental Health Sciences, Johns Hopkins University School of Hygiene and Public Health, 615 N Wolfe Street, Baltimore MD 21205 2179, USA
    Int J Parasitol 30:1395-405. 2000

Detail Information

Publications389 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Global trends in emerging infectious diseases
    Kate E Jones
    Institute of Zoology, Zoological Society of London, Regents Park, London NW1 4RY, UK
    Nature 451:990-3. 2008
    ..EID events are dominated by zoonoses (60.3% of EIDs): the majority of these (71...
  2. pmc Host range and emerging and reemerging pathogens
    Mark E J Woolhouse
    Centre for Infectious Diseases, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, United Kingdom
    Emerg Infect Dis 11:1842-7. 2005
    ..Emerging and reemerging zoonoses are associated with a wide range of drivers, but changes in land use and agriculture and demographic and societal ..
  3. ncbi The new global map of human brucellosis
    Georgios Pappas
    First Division of Internal Medicine, Medical School, University of Ioannina, Greece
    Lancet Infect Dis 6:91-9. 2006
    ..Awareness of this new global map of human brucellosis will allow for proper interventions from international public-health organisations...
  4. ncbi Origins of major human infectious diseases
    Nathan D Wolfe
    Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of California, Los Angeles 90095 1772, USA
    Nature 447:279-83. 2007
    ..We propose an initiative to resolve disputed origins of major diseases, and a global early warning system to monitor pathogens infecting individuals exposed to wild animals...
  5. pmc Epidemic dynamics at the human-animal interface
    James O Lloyd-Smith
    Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of California at Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA
    Science 326:1362-7. 2009
    ..The multihost ecology of zoonoses leads to complex dynamics, and analytical tools, such as mathematical modeling, are vital to the development of ..
  6. pmc Biological, epidemiological, and clinical aspects of echinococcosis, a zoonosis of increasing concern
    Johannes Eckert
    Institute of Parasitology, University of Zurich, CH 8057 Zurich, Switzerland
    Clin Microbiol Rev 17:107-35. 2004
    ..Recent data have shown that this control option may be used in restricted areas, for example in cities, with the aim of reducing the infection risk for humans...
  7. ncbi The socioeconomic burden of parasitic zoonoses: global trends
    Paul R Torgerson
    Division of Epidemiology, Vetsuisse Faculty, University of Zurich, Switzerland
    Vet Parasitol 182:79-95. 2011
    ..Humans become infected through food, water, soil and close contact with animals. Most parasitic zoonoses are neglected diseases despite causing a considerable global burden of ill health in humans and having a ..
  8. ncbi Fruit bats as reservoirs of Ebola virus
    Eric M Leroy
    Centre International de Recherches Medicales de Franceville, BP 769 Franceville, Gabon
    Nature 438:575-6. 2005
    ..We find evidence of asymptomatic infection by Ebola virus in three species of fruit bat, indicating that these animals may be acting as a reservoir for this deadly virus...
  9. ncbi Transmission of H7N7 avian influenza A virus to human beings during a large outbreak in commercial poultry farms in the Netherlands
    Marion Koopmans
    Diagnostic Laboratory for Infectious Diseases and Perinatal Screening, National Institute of Public Health and the Environment, Bilthoven, Netherlands
    Lancet 363:587-93. 2004
    ..Although the risk of transmission of these viruses to humans was initially thought to be low, an outbreak investigation was launched to assess the extent of transmission of influenza A virus subtype H7N7 from chickens to humans...
  10. ncbi Effects of environmental change on emerging parasitic diseases
    J A Patz
    Department of Environmental Health Sciences, Johns Hopkins University School of Hygiene and Public Health, 615 N Wolfe Street, Baltimore MD 21205 2179, USA
    Int J Parasitol 30:1395-405. 2000
    ..The combined effects of environmentally detrimental changes in local land use and alterations in global climate disrupt the natural ecosystem and can increase the risk of transmission of parasitic diseases to the human population...
  11. pmc Risk factors for human disease emergence
    L H Taylor
    Centre for Tropical Veterinary Medicine, University of Edinburgh, Easter Bush, Roslin, Midlothian, EH25 9RG, UK
    Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 356:983-9. 2001
    ..No association between transmission route and emergence was found. This study represents the first quantitative analysis identifying risk factors for human disease emergence...
  12. ncbi Ecology of zoonoses: natural and unnatural histories
    William B Karesh
    EcoHealth Alliance, New York, NY 10001, USA
    Lancet 380:1936-45. 2012
    ..Together, these organisms are responsible for a substantial burden of disease, with endemic and enzootic zoonoses causing about a billion cases of illness in people and millions of deaths every year...
  13. ncbi Fish-borne parasitic zoonoses: status and issues
    Jong Yil Chai
    Department of Parasitology and Tropical Medicine, Seoul National University College of Medicine, and Institute of Endemic Diseases, Seoul National University Medical Research Center, Seoul 110 799, South Korea
    Int J Parasitol 35:1233-54. 2005
    The fish-borne parasitic zoonoses have been limited for the most part to populations living in low- and middle-income countries, but the geographical limits and populations at risk are expanding because of growing international markets, ..
  14. ncbi The leishmaniases as emerging and reemerging zoonoses
    R W Ashford
    Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, L3 5QA, Liverpool, UK
    Int J Parasitol 30:1269-81. 2000
    ..The model is, however, limited by gaps in our knowledge, usually quantitative, sometimes qualitative, of the structure of reservoir systems...
  15. ncbi Emerging infectious diseases of wildlife--threats to biodiversity and human health
    P Daszak
    Institute of Ecology, University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602, USA
    Science 287:443-9. 2000
    ....
  16. pmc Triosephosphate isomerase gene characterization and potential zoonotic transmission of Giardia duodenalis
    Irshad M Sulaiman
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30341 3717, USA
    Emerg Infect Dis 9:1444-52. 2003
    ..These data confirm that G. duodenalis from certain animals can potentially infect humans and should be useful in the detection, differentiation, and taxonomy of Giardia spp...
  17. ncbi Fascioliasis and other plant-borne trematode zoonoses
    S Mas-Coma
    Departamento de Parasitologia, Facultad de Farmacia, Universidad de Valencia, Av Vicente Andrés Estellés s n, 46100 Burjassot, Valencia, Spain
    Int J Parasitol 35:1255-78. 2005
    ..The fasciolids and the gastrodiscid cause important zoonoses distributed throughout many countries, while W. watsoni and F...
  18. pmc Nasal colonization of humans with methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) CC398 with and without exposure to pigs
    Christiane Cuny
    Robert Koch Institute, Wernigerode Branc, Wernigerode, Germany
    PLoS ONE 4:e6800. 2009
    ..The study presented here addresses the question of further transmission to non exposed humans...
  19. ncbi Methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus colonization in pigs and pig farmers
    T Khanna
    Department of Population Medicine, Ontario Veterinary College, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario N1G 2W1, Canada
    Vet Microbiol 128:298-303. 2008
    ..This study demonstrates that MRSA is common in pigs in Ontario, Canada, and provides further support to concerns about transmission of MRSA between pigs and humans...
  20. pmc Diseases of humans and their domestic mammals: pathogen characteristics, host range and the risk of emergence
    S Cleaveland
    Centre for Tropical Veterinary Medicine, University of Edinburgh, Easter Bush, Roslin, Midlothian EH25 9RG, UK
    Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 356:991-9. 2001
    ..There is clearly a need to understand the dynamics of infectious diseases in complex multihost communities in order to mitigate disease threats to public health, livestock economies and wildlife...
  21. ncbi Prevalence of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus among veterinarians: an international study
    M W H Wulf
    Department of Medical Microbiology, Nijmegen University Centre for Infectious Diseases, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, Nijmegen, The Netherlands
    Clin Microbiol Infect 14:29-34. 2008
    ....
  22. pmc Public health threat of new, reemerging, and neglected zoonoses in the industrialized world
    Sally J Cutler
    University of East London, London, UK
    Emerg Infect Dis 16:1-7. 2010
    Microbiologic infections acquired from animals, known as zoonoses, pose a risk to public health. An estimated 60% of emerging human pathogens are zoonotic. Of these pathogens, >71% have wildlife origins...
  23. ncbi Anthropogenic environmental change and the emergence of infectious diseases in wildlife
    P Daszak
    Institute of Ecology, University of Georgia, Athens GA 30602, USA
    Acta Trop 78:103-16. 2001
    ..EIDs: amphibian chytridiomycosis; diseases of marine invertebrates and vertebrates and two recently-emerged viral zoonoses, Nipah virus disease and West Nile virus disease...
  24. ncbi Bats as a continuing source of emerging infections in humans
    Samson Wong
    Department of Microbiology, Research Centre of Infection and Immunology, The University of Hong Kong, 4 F University Pathology Building, Queen Mary Hospital, 102 Pokfulam Road, Hong Kong
    Rev Med Virol 17:67-91. 2007
    ..A systematic survey of bats is warranted to better understand the ecology of these viruses...
  25. pmc Canine and feline parasitic zoonoses in China
    Jia Chen
    State Key Laboratory of Veterinary Etiological Biology, Key Laboratory of Veterinary Parasitology of Gansu Province, Lanzhou Veterinary Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Lanzhou, Gansu Province 730046, PR of China
    Parasit Vectors 5:152. 2012
    Canine and feline parasitic zoonoses have not been given high priority in China, although the role of companion animals as reservoirs for zoonotic parasitic diseases has been recognized worldwide...
  26. ncbi The globalization of leptospirosis: worldwide incidence trends
    Georgios Pappas
    Institute of Continuing Medical Education of Ioannina ICMEI, Har Trikoupi 10, Ioannina, 45333, Greece
    Int J Infect Dis 12:351-7. 2008
    ..Globalization, in the context of international travel, particularly for recreational activities and military expeditions, has led to increased exposure of individuals from the developed world to the disease, as recent outbreaks show...
  27. ncbi National seroprevalence and risk factors for Zoonotic Toxocara spp. infection
    Kimberly Y Won
    Division of Parasitic Diseases, National Center for Zoonotic, Vectorborne, and Enteric Diseases, CCID, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30341 3724, USA
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 79:552-7. 2008
    ..2; CI: 1.8, 2.8), poverty (OR: 1.5; CI: 1.3, 1.8), elevated blood lead concentrations (OR: 1.4; CI: 1.1, 1.9), and dog ownership (OR: 1.2; CI: 1.1, 1.4). Toxocara infection is widespread and associated with specific risk groups...
  28. ncbi Streptococcus suis infections in humans: the Chinese experience and the situation in North America
    Marcelo Gottschalk
    Centre de Recherche en Infectiologie Porcine CRIP, Faculte de Medecine Veterinaire, Universite de Montreal, 3200 rue Sicotte, St Hyacinthe, Quebec, J2S 2M2, Canada
    Anim Health Res Rev 8:29-45. 2007
    ..Here, we review the epidemiological, clinical and immunopathological features of S. suis infection in humans...
  29. pmc Agricultural intensification, priming for persistence and the emergence of Nipah virus: a lethal bat-borne zoonosis
    Juliet R C Pulliam
    Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544, USA
    J R Soc Interface 9:89-101. 2012
    Emerging zoonoses threaten global health, yet the processes by which they emerge are complex and poorly understood...
  30. pmc Staphylococcus aureus host range and human-bovine host shift
    Olga Sakwinska
    Department of Fundamental Microbiology, University of Lausanne, Lausanne, Switzerland
    Appl Environ Microbiol 77:5908-15. 2011
    ..More broadly, our results indicate that host specificity is a lineage-specific trait that can rapidly evolve...
  31. pmc Human viruses: discovery and emergence
    Mark Woolhouse
    Centre for Immunity, Infection and Evolution, University of Edinburgh, Ashworth Laboratories, Kings Buildings, West Mains Road, Edinburgh EH9 3JT, UK
    Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 367:2864-71. 2012
    ..It seems almost inevitable that new human viruses will continue to emerge, mainly from other mammals and birds, for the foreseeable future. For this reason, an effective global surveillance system for novel viruses is needed...
  32. ncbi Role of pet dogs and cats in the transmission of helminthic zoonoses in Europe, with a focus on echinococcosis and toxocarosis
    Peter Deplazes
    Institute of Parasitology, Vetsuisse Faculty, University of Zurich, Switzerland
    Vet Parasitol 182:41-53. 2011
    ..A close collaboration between veterinary and public health professionals in a 'One Health' concept is required...
  33. pmc The evolution of HIV-1 and the origin of AIDS
    Paul M Sharp
    Institute of Evolutionary Biology, University of Edinburgh, Kings Buildings, Edinburgh EH9 3JT, UK
    Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 365:2487-94. 2010
    ..Tracing the genetic changes that occurred as monkey viruses adapted to infect first chimpanzees and then humans may provide insights into the causes of the pathogenicity of these viruses...
  34. ncbi Decrease of the incidence of human and canine visceral leishmaniasis after dog vaccination with Leishmune in Brazilian endemic areas
    Clarisa B Palatnik-de-Sousa
    Department of General Microbiology, Institute of Microbiology Prof Paulo de Góes, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro UFRJ, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil
    Vaccine 27:3505-12. 2009
    ....
  35. pmc Are swine workers in the United States at increased risk of infection with zoonotic influenza virus?
    Kendall P Myers
    Center for Emerging Infectious Diseases, Department of Epidemiology, University of Iowa College of Public Health, Iowa City, IA 52242, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 42:14-20. 2006
    ..Pigs have an important role in interspecies transmission of the virus. We examined multiple swine-exposed human populations in the nation's number 1 swine-producing state for evidence of previous swine influenza virus infection...
  36. ncbi AIDS as a zoonosis: scientific and public health implications
    B H Hahn
    Department of Medicine, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL 35294, USA
    Science 287:607-14. 2000
    ..The implications of human infection by a diverse set of SIVs and of exposure to a plethora of additional human immunodeficiency virus-related viruses are discussed...
  37. ncbi Infectiousness in a cohort of brazilian dogs: why culling fails to control visceral leishmaniasis in areas of high transmission
    Orin Courtenay
    Ecology and Epidemiology Group, Department of Biological Sciences, University of Warwick, Coventry, United Kingdom
    J Infect Dis 186:1314-20. 2002
    ..Mathematical modeling suggests that culling programs fail because of high incidence of infection and infectiousness, the insensitivity of the diagnostic test to detect infectious dogs, and time delays between diagnosis and culling...
  38. ncbi Hepatitis E: an emerging infection in developed countries
    Harry R Dalton
    Peninsula College of Medicine and Dentistry, Royal Cornwall Hospital Trust, Truro, UK
    Lancet Infect Dis 8:698-709. 2008
    ..The source and route of infection remain uncertain, but it might be a porcine zoonosis. Patients with unexplained hepatitis should be tested for hepatitis E, whatever their age or travel history...
  39. pmc Recurrent zoonotic transmission of Nipah virus into humans, Bangladesh, 2001-2007
    Stephen P Luby
    International Centre for Diarrheal Diseases Research, Dhaka, Bangladesh
    Emerg Infect Dis 15:1229-35. 2009
    ..Interventions to prevent virus transmission from bats to humans and from person to person are needed...
  40. pmc Streptococcal toxic shock syndrome caused by Streptococcus suis serotype 2
    Jiaqi Tang
    Department of Epidemiology, Research Institute for Medicine of Nanjing Command, Nanjing, China
    PLoS Med 3:e151. 2006
    ....
  41. ncbi The detection of monkeypox in humans in the Western Hemisphere
    Kurt D Reed
    Department of Pathology, Marshfield Clinic, Marshfield, Wisc, USA
    N Engl J Med 350:342-50. 2004
    ..Zoonotic transmission of a bacterial or viral pathogen was suspected...
  42. ncbi Vector-borne parasitic zoonoses: emerging scenarios and new perspectives
    Douglas D Colwell
    Agriculture and Agri Food Canada, Lethbridge Research Centre, AB, Canada
    Vet Parasitol 182:14-21. 2011
    ..We include the discussion of the changing aspects of malaria, leishmaniasis, babesiosis, Chagas disease as well as of some spirurid and filarioid nematodes...
  43. ncbi Severe acute respiratory syndrome
    J S M Peiris
    Department of Microbiology, The University of Hong Kong, University Pathology Building, Queen Mary Hospital, Pokfualm, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of China
    Nat Med 10:S88-97. 2004
    ....
  44. pmc Prevalence and molecular characteristics of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) among pigs on German farms and import of livestock-related MRSA into hospitals
    R Kock
    Institute of Hygiene, University Hospital Munster, Robert Koch Str 41, 48149, Munster, Germany
    Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis 28:1375-82. 2009
    ..Our results indicate that livestock represents a relevant reservoir for the import of MRSA into regional German hospitals...
  45. ncbi A large focus of naturally acquired Plasmodium knowlesi infections in human beings
    Balbir Singh
    Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak, Kuching, Sarawak, Malaysia
    Lancet 363:1017-24. 2004
    ..We aimed to investigate whether such infections could be attributable to a variant form of P malariae or a newly emergent Plasmodium species...
  46. ncbi From the discovery of the Malta fever's agent to the discovery of a marine mammal reservoir, brucellosis has continuously been a re-emerging zoonosis
    Jacques Godfroid
    Département de Bactériologie et d Immunologie, Centre d Etude et de Recherches Vétérinaires et Agrochimiques, 99 Groeselenberg, 1180 Uccle, Belgium
    Vet Res 36:313-26. 2005
    ..e. B. cetaceae and B. pinnipediae, represents a new zoonotic threat but the pathogenicity for humans of the different Brucella species found in cetaceans and pinnipeds still has to be clearly established...
  47. ncbi Zoonotic poxviruses
    Sandra Essbauer
    Bundeswehr Institute of Microbiology, Neuherbergstr 11, 80539 Munchen, Germany
    Vet Microbiol 140:229-36. 2010
    ..By outlining the current knowledge of poxvirus transmission, we hope to raise the awareness about modes of acquisition of infections and their proper diagnosis...
  48. ncbi Genetic heterogeneity at the beta-giardin locus among human and animal isolates of Giardiaduodenalis and identification of potentially zoonotic subgenotypes
    Marco Lalle
    Division of Gastroenteric and Tissue Parasitic Diseases, Department of Infectious, Parasitic and Immunomediated Diseases, Istituto Superiore di Sanita, Viale Regina Elena, 299, 00161 Rome, Italy
    Int J Parasitol 35:207-13. 2005
    ..Five of these subgenotypes, namely A1, A2, A3, A4 and B3, were found to be associated with infections of humans, of dogs and of calves; these data, therefore, supported the role of these animals as a source of infection for humans...
  49. pmc Frequent simian foamy virus infection in persons occupationally exposed to nonhuman primates
    William M Switzer
    HIV and Retrovirology Branch, Division of AIDS, STD, and TB Laboratory Research, National Center for HIV, STD, and TB Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    J Virol 78:2780-9. 2004
    ..Our data highlight the importance of studies to better define the public health implications of zoonotic SFV infections...
  50. ncbi Harvested white-tailed deer as sentinel hosts for early establishing Ixodes scapularis populations and risk from vector-borne zoonoses in southeastern Canada
    C Bouchard
    Groupe de Recherche en Epidémiologie des Zoonoses et Santé Publique, Faculte de Medecine Veterinaire, Universite de Montreal, 3200 Sicotte, C P 5000, Saint Hyacinthe, J2S 7C6 QC, Canada
    J Med Entomol 50:384-93. 2013
    Due to recent establishment of the blacklegged tick, Ixodes scapularis Say, in southeastern Canada, tick-borne zoonoses (Lyme disease, human granulocytotropic anaplasmosis, and babesiosis) are of growing concern for public health...
  51. pmc Novel hepatitis E virus genotype in Norway rats, Germany
    Reimar Johne
    Federal Institute for Risk Assessment, Berlin, Germany
    Emerg Infect Dis 16:1452-5. 2010
    ..To determine whether rodents are a reservoir, we analyzed the complete nucleotide sequence of a hepatitis E-like virus from 2 Norway rats in Germany. The sequence suggests a separate genotype for this hepatotropic virus...
  52. ncbi Food-borne parasitic zoonoses in China: perspective for control
    Peng Zhou
    Department of Parasitology, College of Veterinary Medicine, South China Agricultural University, 483 Wushan Street, Tianhe District, Guangzhou 510642, Guangdong Province, The People s Republic of China
    Trends Parasitol 24:190-6. 2008
    Food-borne parasitic zoonoses (FBPZs) cause death and serious diseases in humans and animals worldwide, and are of both public health significance and socioeconomic importance...
  53. pmc Emergence of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus of animal origin in humans
    Inge van Loo
    Elisabeth Hospital, Tilburg, The Netherlands
    Emerg Infect Dis 13:1834-9. 2007
    ..This study shows that MRSA from an animal reservoir has recently entered the human population and is now responsible for >20% of all MRSA in the Netherlands...
  54. ncbi Malaria zoonoses
    J Kevin Baird
    Eijkman Oxford Clinical Research Unit, Jalan Diponegoro No 69, Jakarta 10430, Indonesia
    Travel Med Infect Dis 7:269-77. 2009
    ..The biology and medicine of this zoonosis is reviewed here, along with an examination of the spectrum of Plasmodium species that may cause infection of humans...
  55. pmc Cases of swine influenza in humans: a review of the literature
    Kendall P Myers
    Center for Emerging Infectious Diseases, Department of Epidemiology, College of Public Health, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 44:1084-8. 2007
    ..Because prior studies have shown that persons who work with swine are at increased risk of zoonotic influenza virus infection, it is prudent to include them in pandemic planning efforts...
  56. ncbi Zoonotic parasites in fecal samples and fur from dogs and cats in The Netherlands
    Paul A M Overgaauw
    RnA BV, Yalelaan 2, 3584 CM, Utrecht, The Netherlands
    Vet Parasitol 163:115-22. 2009
    ..Close physical contact between owners and their pets is common and poses an increased risk of transmission of zoonotic pathogens. Education of owners by the vet, specifically about hygiene and potential risks, is required...
  57. pmc Human alveolar echinococcosis after fox population increase, Switzerland
    Alexander Schweiger
    Institute of Parasitology, University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland
    Emerg Infect Dis 13:878-82. 2007
    ....
  58. pmc Hepatitis E virus: animal reservoirs and zoonotic risk
    X J Meng
    Center for Molecular Medicine and Infectious Diseases, Department of Biomedical Sciences and Pathobiology, College of Veterinary Medicine, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg VA, USA
    Vet Microbiol 140:256-65. 2010
    ..Accumulating evidence indicated that hepatitis E is a zoonotic disease, and swine and perhaps other animal species are reservoirs for HEV. A vaccine against HEV is not yet available...
  59. pmc Hepatitis E virus antibodies in blood donors, France
    Jean Michel Mansuy
    Hopital Purpan, Toulouse, France
    Emerg Infect Dis 17:2309-12. 2011
    ..5% of voluntary blood donors in southwestern France. This finding suggests HEV is highly endemic to this region. The high HEV prevalence may reflect local dietary practices, such as eating uncooked pork and game products...
  60. ncbi Positive and negative effects of widespread badger culling on tuberculosis in cattle
    Christl A Donnelly
    Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Faculty of Medicine, Imperial College London, St Mary s Campus, Norfolk Place, London W2 1PG, UK
    Nature 439:843-6. 2006
    ..These findings are biologically consistent with previous studies but will present challenges for policy development...
  61. pmc Zoonoses in the bedroom
    Bruno B Chomel
    Department of Population Health and Reproduction, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California, Davis, CA 95616, USA
    Emerg Infect Dis 17:167-72. 2011
    ..The estimated percentage of pet owners who allow dogs and cats on their beds is 14%-62%. However, public health risks, including increased emergence of zoonoses, may be associated with such practices.
  62. pmc Human benefits of animal interventions for zoonosis control
    Jakob Zinsstag
    Swiss Tropical Institute, Basel, Switzerland
    Emerg Infect Dis 13:527-31. 2007
    ..The key for controlling zoonoses such as rabies, echinococcosis, and brucellosis is to focus on the animal reservoir...
  63. ncbi Epidemiologic and zoonotic aspects of ascarid infections in dogs and cats
    Alice C Y Lee
    Department of Microbiology and Immunology, College of Veterinary Medicine, Cornell University, Campus Road, Ithaca, NY 14853, USA
    Trends Parasitol 26:155-61. 2010
    ..Establishment of national surveillance programs to determine the incidence and specific etiological agent in human larva migrans patients would aid in the development of targeted intervention strategies...
  64. pmc Identification of zoonotic genotypes of Giardia duodenalis
    Hein Sprong
    Laboratory for Zoonoses and Environmental Microbiology, National Institute for Public Health and Environment RIVM, Bilthoven, The Netherlands
    PLoS Negl Trop Dis 3:e558. 2009
    ..duodenalis is evident, evidence on the contribution and frequency is (still) lacking. This newly developed molecular database has the potential to tackle intricate epidemiological questions concerning protozoan diseases...
  65. pmc From barnyard to food table: the omnipresence of hepatitis E virus and risk for zoonotic infection and food safety
    Xiang Jin Meng
    Center for Molecular Medicine and Infectious Diseases, Department of Biomedical Sciences and Pathobiology, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, VA 24061 0913, USA
    Virus Res 161:23-30. 2011
    ..Therefore, the animal strains of HEV pose not only a zoonotic risk but also food and environmental safety concerns...
  66. ncbi Molecular characterisation of species and genotypes of Cryptosporidium and Giardia and assessment of zoonotic transmission
    Lihua Xiao
    Division of Parasitic Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA
    Int J Parasitol 38:1239-55. 2008
    ..As molecular data accumulate, our understanding of the role of zoonotic transmission in epidemiology and clinical manifestations is becoming clearer...
  67. pmc Cross-species transmission of a novel adenovirus associated with a fulminant pneumonia outbreak in a new world monkey colony
    Eunice C Chen
    Department of Laboratory Medicine, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, California, United States of America
    PLoS Pathog 7:e1002155. 2011
    ..The discovery of TMAdV, a novel adenovirus with the capacity to infect both monkeys and humans, suggests that adenoviruses should be monitored closely as potential causes of cross-species outbreaks...
  68. pmc Wildlife, exotic pets, and emerging zoonoses
    Bruno B Chomel
    Department of Population Health and Reproduction, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California, Davis, Davis, California 95616, USA
    Emerg Infect Dis 13:6-11. 2007
    ..Wildlife can also be a source for reemergence of previously controlled zoonoses. Although the discovery of such zoonoses is often related to better diagnostic tools, the leading causes of their ..
  69. ncbi Evidence-based semiquantitative methodology for prioritization of foodborne zoonoses
    Sabine Cardoen
    Scientific Secretariat of the Scientific Committee, Directorate General Control Policy, Federal Agency for the Safety of the Food Chain, Brussels, Belgium
    Foodborne Pathog Dis 6:1083-96. 2009
    To prioritize an extended list of food- and water-borne zoonoses to allow food safety authorities to focus on the most relevant hazards in the food chain.
  70. pmc Epidemiology, diagnosis, treatment, and control of trichinellosis
    Bruno Gottstein
    Faculty of Medicine, Institute of Parasitology, University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland
    Clin Microbiol Rev 22:127-45, Table of Contents. 2009
    ..The evidence that the disease can be monitored and to some extent controlled with a rigorous reporting and testing system in place should be motivation to expand appropriate programs worldwide...
  71. ncbi Rats, cities, people, and pathogens: a systematic review and narrative synthesis of literature regarding the ecology of rat-associated zoonoses in urban centers
    Chelsea G Himsworth
    School of Population and Public Health, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
    Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis 13:349-59. 2013
    ..Although the ecology of rat-associated zoonoses is complex, due to the multiple ways in which rats, people, pathogens, vectors, and the environment may interact, ..
  72. ncbi Animal movements and the spread of infectious diseases
    Eric M Fèvre
    Centre for Infectious Diseases and Centre for Tropical Veterinary Medicine, Royal Dick School of Veterinary Studies, University of Edinburgh, Easter Bush, Roslin, Midlothian EH25 9RG, UK
    Trends Microbiol 14:125-31. 2006
    ..Measures based on heightened surveillance are proposed that mitigate the risks of new pathogen introductions...
  73. pmc A survey of zoonotic pathogens carried by Norway rats in Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    J D Easterbrook
    The W Harry Feinstone Department of Microbiology and Immunology, The Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Epidemiol Infect 135:1192-9. 2007
    ..The risk of human exposure to these pathogens is a significant public health concern. Because these pathogens cause non-specific and often self-limiting symptoms in humans, infection in human populations is probably underdiagnosed...
  74. ncbi Genetic variability and evolution of hepatitis E virus
    Hiroaki Okamoto
    Division of Virology, Department of Infection and Immunity, Jichi Medical University, School of Medicine, Tochigi Ken 329 0498, Japan
    Virus Res 127:216-28. 2007
    ..This paper reviews current knowledge on the genomic variability, geographic distribution and zoonotic aspects of HEV as well as the clinical significance of genotype and evolution of HEV...
  75. ncbi A review of parasitic zoonoses in a changing Southeast Asia
    James V Conlan
    School of Veterinary and Biomedical Sciences, Murdoch University, WA, Australia
    Vet Parasitol 182:22-40. 2011
    Parasitic zoonoses are common and widely distributed in the Southeast Asian region...
  76. ncbi Public health. Pathogen surveillance in animals
    T Kuiken
    Department of Virology, Erasmus MC, 3015 GE Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    Science 309:1680-1. 2005
  77. pmc Animal contact as a source of human non-typhoidal salmonellosis
    Karin Hoelzer
    Department of Food Science, 410 Stocking Hall, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, USA
    Vet Res 42:34. 2011
    ....
  78. pmc Zoonoses and marginalised infectious diseases of poverty: where do we stand?
    David Molyneux
    Centre for Neglected Tropical Diseases, Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Pembroke Place, Liverpool, L3 5QA, UK
    Parasit Vectors 4:106. 2011
    ..one often overlooked is the specific difficulty in tackling diseases that involve both people and animals - the zoonoses. A Disease Reference Group on Zoonoses and Marginalised Infectious Diseases (DRG6) was convened by the Special ..
  79. ncbi Phylogenetic analysis of global hepatitis E virus sequences: genetic diversity, subtypes and zoonosis
    Ling Lu
    Division of Gastroenterology Hepatology, Department of Medicine, Kansas University Medical Center, Kansas City, Kansas 66160, USA
    Rev Med Virol 16:5-36. 2006
    ..Accordingly, a total of 24 subtypes (1a, 1b, 1c, 1d, 1e, 2a, 2b, 3a, 3b, 3c, 3d, 3e, 3f, 3g, 3h, 3i, 3j, 4a, 4b, 4c, 4d, 4e, 4f and 4g) were given...
  80. pmc Novel adenoviruses in wild primates: a high level of genetic diversity and evidence of zoonotic transmissions
    Diana Wevers
    Division of Viral Infections, Robert Koch Institute, Berlin, Germany
    J Virol 85:10774-84. 2011
    ..Most notably, six chimpanzee AdVs of species HAdV-A to HAdV-F revealed a remarkably close relationship to human AdVs, possibly indicating recent interspecies transmission events...
  81. pmc Human health benefits from livestock vaccination for brucellosis: case study
    Felix Roth
    Swiss Centre for International Health, Swiss Tropical Institute, Basle, Switzerland
    Bull World Health Organ 81:867-76. 2003
    ..To estimate the economic benefit, cost-effectiveness, and distribution of benefit of improving human health in Mongolia through the control of brucellosis by mass vaccination of livestock...
  82. ncbi Population biology of emerging and re-emerging pathogens
    Mark E J Woolhouse
    Centre for Infectious Diseases, College of Medicine and Veterinary Medicine, University of Edinburgh, Easter Bush, Roslin, Midlothian, UK
    Trends Microbiol 10:S3-7. 2002
    ..Surveillance is a key defence against emerging pathogens but will often need to be integrated across human, domestic animal and wildlife populations...
  83. ncbi Leptospirosis: a zoonotic disease of global importance
    Ajay R Bharti
    Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Medicine, University of California San Diego School of Medicine, La Jolla, CA 92093, USA
    Lancet Infect Dis 3:757-71. 2003
    ..Mainstays of treatment are still tetracyclines and beta-lactam/cephalosporins. No vaccine is available. Prevention is largely dependent on sanitation measures that may be difficult to implement, especially in developing countries...
  84. pmc Zoonotic hepatitis E: animal reservoirs and emerging risks
    Nicole Pavio
    Ecole Nationale Veterinaire d Alfort, 94704 Maisons Alfort, France
    Vet Res 41:46. 2010
    ..However, not all sources of human infections have been identified thus far and in many cases, the origin of HEV infection in humans remains unknown...
  85. ncbi Q fever (coxiellosis): epidemiology and pathogenesis
    Zerai Woldehiwet
    Department of Veterinary Pathology, University of Liverpool, Veterinary Teaching Hospital, Leahurst, Neston, Wirral CH64 7TE, UK
    Res Vet Sci 77:93-100. 2004
    ..This paper provides a brief overview of the epidemiology and pathogenesis of Q fever (coxiellosis)...
  86. pmc Wildlife trade and global disease emergence
    William B Karesh
    Wildlife Conservation Society, Bronx, New York 10460, USA
    Emerg Infect Dis 11:1000-2. 2005
    ..Since wildlife marketing functions as a system of scale-free networks with major hubs, these points provide control opportunities to maximize the effects of regulatory efforts...
  87. ncbi Cowpox virus infection: an emerging health threat
    Rengina M Vorou
    Hellenic Center for Diseases Control and Prevention, Athens, Greece
    Curr Opin Infect Dis 21:153-6. 2008
    ..The purpose of this paper is to review cowpox with an emphasis on its epidemiology and management...
  88. ncbi Livestock associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (LaMRSA) isolated from lesions of pigs at necropsy in northwest Germany between 2004 and 2007
    D Meemken
    Field Station for Epidemiology, University of Veterinary Medicine Hannover, Foundation, Bakum, Germany
    Zoonoses Public Health 57:e143-8. 2010
    ..We assume that MRSA in pigs may have occurred earlier than 2004 and might be not really 'emerging', but rather have been overlooked until recently. The potentially causative role of the MRSA in the lesions warrants further investigation...
  89. ncbi Zoonotic vaccinia virus: clinical and immunological characteristics in a naturally infected patient
    Giliane S Trindade
    Departamento de Microbiologia, Instituto de Ciencias Biologicas, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, Brazil
    Clin Infect Dis 48:e37-40. 2009
    ..The patient had inflamed lesions and systemic symptoms. Laboratory findings were indicative of down-modulated immune responses to the virus...
  90. ncbi Simian foamy virus infection in humans: prevalence and management
    Arifa S Khan
    Laboratory of Retrovirus Research, Division of Viral Products, Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research, US Food and Drug Administration, 8800 Rockville Pike, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
    Expert Rev Anti Infect Ther 7:569-80. 2009
    ..These steps will help prevent the emergence of a novel pathogen and reduce the risk of transmission of another potential pathogenic human retrovirus...
  91. pmc Zoonotic viruses associated with illegally imported wildlife products
    Kristine M Smith
    Wildlife Conservation Society, Bronx, New York, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 7:e29505. 2012
    ....
  92. pmc Novel multiplexed HIV/simian immunodeficiency virus antibody detection assay
    Steve Ahuka-Mundeke
    University of Montpellier, Montpellier, France
    Emerg Infect Dis 17:2277-86. 2011
    ..Additional studies are needed to determine whether other SIVs crossed the species barrier. With the newly developed assay, large-scale screening against many antigens is now easier and faster...
  93. ncbi Molecular detection of Anaplasma phagocytophilum in the European hedgehog (Erinaceus europaeus) and its ticks
    Jasmin Skuballa
    Department of Ecology and Parasitology, Zoological Institute, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Karlsruhe, Germany
    Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis 10:1055-7. 2010
    ..Thus, this species may play a role in human contact with zoonotic diseases. Here we report the presence of the pathogen Anaplasma phagocytophilum in hedgehogs and their ticks in Germany...
  94. ncbi The role of dogs in transmission of gastrointestinal parasites in a remote tea-growing community in northeastern India
    Rebecca J Traub
    World Health Organization Collaborating Center for the Molecular Epidemiology of Parasitic Infections, Division of Veterinary and Biomedical Sciences, Murdoch University, Perth, Western Australia
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 67:539-45. 2002
    The prevalence and risk factors associated with canine gastrointestinal parasitic zoonoses and the role of dogs in the mechanical transmission of human Ascaris infection was examined in three tea estates in Assam, India...
  95. ncbi [Pet ownership and health status of pets from immunocompromised children, with emphasis in zoonotic diseases]
    Katia Abarca V
    Departamento de Pediatria, Hospital Clinico, Pontificia Universidad Catolica de Chile, Chile
    Rev Chilena Infectol 28:205-10. 2011
    ..To characterize pet ownership and pet health status in families of immunocompromised (IS) children, with emphasis in zoonotic diseases...
  96. pmc Frequent and recent human acquisition of simian foamy viruses through apes' bites in central Africa
    Edouard Betsem
    Unit of Epidemiology and Pathophysiology of Oncogenic Viruses, Department of Virology, Institut Pasteur, Paris, France
    PLoS Pathog 7:e1002306. 2011
    ..The virus was found to persist over several years, with low SFV loads in infected persons. Secondary transmission remains an open question...
  97. pmc Delineating Anaplasma phagocytophilum ecotypes in coexisting, discrete enzootic cycles
    Kevin J Bown
    University of Liverpool, Liverpool, UK
    Emerg Infect Dis 15:1948-54. 2009
    ..phagocytophilum are restricted to coexisting but separate enzootic cycles and suggest that this restriction may result from specific vector compatibility...
  98. ncbi Hookworms of dogs and cats as agents of cutaneous larva migrans
    Dwight D Bowman
    Department of Microbiology and Immunology, College of Veterinary Medicine, Cornell University, Campus Road, Ithaca, NY 14850, USA
    Trends Parasitol 26:162-7. 2010
    ..This review describes the discovery of the disease, the biology of the agents, and how that biology may impact disease...
  99. pmc H5N1 influenza viruses: facts, not fear
    Peter Palese
    Department of Microbiology and Medicine, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, NY 10029, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 109:2211-3. 2012
    ..In addition, there are calls in the media to destroy the viruses, curtail future research in this area, and protect the public from such "frightening" research efforts. Fear needs to be put to rest with solid science and not speculation...
  100. pmc Are we paying too much attention to cardio-pulmonary nematodes and neglecting old-fashioned worms like Trichuris vulpis?
    Donato Traversa
    Department of Comparative Biomedical Sciences, University of Teramo, Teramo, Italy
    Parasit Vectors 4:32. 2011
    ..This article reviews current knowledge of T. vulpis, together with a discussion of critical points in epidemiology, zoonotic hazard, diagnosis and treatment of canine trichurosis...
  101. ncbi Leptospira and leptospirosis
    Ben Adler
    Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence in Structural and Functional Microbial Genomics, Monash University, Clayton, Australia
    Vet Microbiol 140:287-96. 2010
    ..However, the recent development of defined mutagenesis systems for Leptospira heralds the potential for gaining a much improved understanding of pathogenesis in leptospirosis...

Research Grants62

  1. Biodiversity, Habitat Fragmentation, & Lyme Disease Risk
    RICHARD OSTFELD; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..body of ecological and epidemiological background information, and potential as a model of other vector-borne zoonoses. Our research over the past 9 years has generated a conceptual model that we call the dilution effect...
  2. Thirteenth Annual Meeting of the Rocky Mountain Virology Association
    Joel Rovnak; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The topics discussed include medical virology (vaccines, epidemiology, viral zoonoses), arthropod-borne diseases (RNA viruses and RNA metabolism, viral vectors and vector biology), host defenses (..
  3. Rabies virus maintenance in bat populations
    APRIL DAWN DAVIS; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Unlike many other viral zoonoses, bat rabies virus variants are typically associated with a distinct species of bat, thus we will refer to these ..
  4. HIV-CNS Diseases and Parasitic Zoonoses in the Eastern Cape, South Africa
    HELENE CARABIN; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..For the pilot project, we will focus on neurocysticercosis and cerebral toxocariasis as the parasitic zoonoses of interest...
  5. Development of a recombinant Nipah virus vaccine for wildlife
    MILOSZ ANDRZEJ FABER; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Most emerging infectious diseases in humans are zoonoses, in which wildlife serves as the major reservoir for transmission of these agents to domestic animals and humans...
  6. Prevalance of Community-Acquired MRSA in Live Pigs and thier Human Handlers
    LYNDA UJU ODOFIN; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..implementing a nation-wide farm screening scheme as a surveillance tool not only for MRSA but for other emerging zoonoses, which would serve as a complement to existing surveillance systems...
  7. The in vivo function of A3A and A3G during retrovirus infection
    Spyridon Stavrou; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Moreover, it has been suggested that A3 proteins play a critical role in preventing zoonoses and indeed, several human A3 proteins have been shown to restrict mouse retroviruses in vitro...
  8. Preclinical Development of m102.4, a Human Anti-Hendra and Nipah Antibody
    Timothy R Fouts; Fiscal Year: 2013
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Nipah virus (NiV) and Hendra virus (HeV) are closely related viral zoonoses that form the genus Henipavirus in the family Paramyxoviridae...
  9. Small Molecule Inhibitors of the Poxvirus Type I Interferon Binding Protein
    Luis J Sigal; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..monkeypox (MPXV) and cowpox virus (CPXV)~ the vaccine species vaccinia virus (VAC) which is also responsible for zoonoses in Brazil and India, and the mouse pathogen Ectromelia virus (ECTV) that causes mousepox in mice and is an ..
  10. Infectious Disease Training in Clinical Investigation
    James R Johnson; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..5) International and Immigrant Health, 6) Bioterrorism, 7) Foodborne Infections, and 8) Zoonoses. The program is designed for physicians who have completed an internal medicine or pediatrics residency program, ..
  11. Development of sG as a human vaccine against Nipah/Hendra
    Timothy R Fouts; Fiscal Year: 2013
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Nipah virus (NiV) and Hendra virus (HeV) are closely related viral zoonoses that form the genus Henipavirus in the family Paramyxoviridae...
  12. Determining the reservoir hosts for host-targeted control measures to prevent Lym
    MARIA ANA DIUK WASSER; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The results of this project will help design regional intervention methods for LD and possibly other vector-borne zoonoses. Two methodological approaches will be explored to facilitate host-targeted intervention strategies on such a ..
  13. Synthetic Scaffolds for Bladder Regeneration
    Sundararajan Madihally; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..induction of hyperacute rejection due to potential mismatch of xenografts and the possible transmission of zoonoses due to xenografts have obviated the need for alternative repair options...
  14. Emerging Viruses: Disease Models and Strategies for Vaccine Development
    KIMBERLY WEISS SCHUENKE; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..will bring together researchers with diverse expertise in various aspects of emerging and re-emerging viral zoonoses to address important but unexplored issues pertaining to rational vaccine development...
  15. Natural SIV Reservoirs and Human Zoonotic Risk
    Beatrice H Hahn; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Using newly developed diagnostic assays, we will test humans who live in close proximity to wild apes for SIV zoonoses, focusing on populations with known exposure to primates...
  16. Biological and Human Dimensions of Primate Retroviral Transmission
    Tony L Goldberg; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Our study will elucidate not only the origins of HIV/AIDS, but also how early-stage zoonoses in general progress from "smoldering" subclinical infections to full-fledged pandemics.
  17. Ehrlichiacidal Mechanism in Leukocytes
    Yasuko Rikihisa; Fiscal Year: 2011
    Human granulocytic anaplasmosis (HGA) is one of most prevalent life-threatening tick-borne zoonoses in North America. This disease is caused by Anaplasma phagocytophilum, a Gram-negative obligatory intracellular bacterium. A...
  18. Veterinarian Training in Zoonotic Diseases in Developing Countries
    ARMANDO EMILIANO GONZALEZ; Fiscal Year: 2013
    Human and animal disease surveillance systems are important in tracking and controlling zoonoses. Almost 75% of emerging animal diseases have a zoonotic potential;therefore it is timely to address a broader concept of health where ..
  19. Stregthening Global Human-Animal Interface Activities for Avian Influenza and oth
    Kazuaki Miyagishima; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..animal welfare world-wide," because it is recognized that controlling the spread of animal diseases, including zoonoses, is best achieved by ensuring the health of animals wherever they are...
  20. The Impact and Society Ecology of Bacterial Zoonoses in Northern Tanzania: Under
    JOHN ANDREW CRUMP; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..merit: This joint UK-US proposal will be the first integrated study of the impact and social ecology of bacterial zoonoses in Africa...
  21. MACHINE LEARNING TO FORECAST ZOONOTIC DISEASE EMERGENCE
    Barbara A Han; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Ultimately, research proposed herein will provide a basis for predicting the geographic locations, infectious agents, and animal reservoirs from which future zoonoses will emerge.
  22. Enabling Technologies for hES Cell Self-Renewal
    KEVIN EDWARD HEALY; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..These methods increase the risk of zoonoses acquired from the murine feeder cells and culture medium, and have significant disadvantages in reproducibility ..
  23. Landscape Ecology and Mapping of Ehrlichial Pathogens
    MICHAEL WIMBERLY; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The geographic ranges of many tick species have expanded over the past several decades, and several new tickborne zoonoses have emerged...
  24. Pacific Southwest RCE for Biodefense &Emerging Infectious Diseases Research
    Alan G Barbour; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The seven programs are: (1) dengue, (2) viral zoonoses, including arenaviruses and Nipah virus, (3) botulinum neurotoxin, (4) Category B Burkholderia species, (5) ..
  25. Risk of Viral Emergence from Bats
    Peter Daszak; Fiscal Year: 2012
    DESCRIPTION (provided by investigator): Emerging zoonoses are a significant threat to global public health and our economies. The majority are caused by pathogens that emerge with increasing frequency from wildlife hosts (e.g...
  26. MINORITY PREDOCTORAL FELLOWSHIP PROGRAM
    DENISE STEINLEIN; Fiscal Year: 2005
    Bartonella species are emerging zoonoses. This project examines the infection and coinfection prevalence of Bartonella species, Borrelia burgdorferi, and Anaplasma phagocytophilum, in field-captured rodents and ectoparasites in northern ..
  27. Anti-apoptotic gene therapy: Islet allotransplantation
    Nick Giannoukakis; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..The latter may not become a clinical reality anytime soon primarily because of concerns for zoonoses. Allografts are ethically acceptable, yet they face both alloimmune rejection as well as autoimmune destruction ..
  28. International Symposium on Viral Respiratory Disease Surveillance
    Gregory Gray; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..systems, and integration of VRD surveillance with other surveillance systems for other human diseases and zoonoses. Special emphasis will be placed on development of a long-range plan to improve global VRD surveillance in a ..
  29. The 2nd International Congress on Pathogens at the Human Animal Interface (ICOPHA
    Wondwossen A Gebreyes; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The conference will focus on selected thematic priority areas including one health meta-leadership, vector-borne zoonoses and impact on public health, emerging infectious diseases and the role of wildlife, foodborne and waterborne ..
  30. Penn State: ABSL-3 Facility Construction
    Henry C Foley; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..This facility is critically needed to support expanding research programs in emerging pathogens, zoonoses, vector borne diseases, the host pathogen interface, and vaccine development...
  31. HANTAVIRUS INFECTIONS--ECOLOGY, IMMUNITY AND TREATMENT
    Frederick Koster; Fiscal Year: 1999
    The ultimate aim of this program is to decrease the high mortality of rodent-borne viral zoonoses (HPS and Bolivian hemorrhagic fever) in the Americas...
  32. ALZHEIMER DISEASE AMONG SEVENTH-DAY ADVENTISTS
    Zoreh Davanipour; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..concerning exposure/events related to medical history, family history, dietary habits, toxins, travel and zoonoses will be collected...
  33. PATHOGENESIS OF LEPTOSPIROSIS
    Albert Ko; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..The focus of these activities has been leptospirosis, a spirochetal zoonoses, which investigations in Salvador have demonstrated to be an emerging cause of large urban epidemics...
  34. Food &Waterborne Diseases Integrated Research Network
    SAUL R TZIPORI; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..immunity with clinical research [unreadable] Increase research and product development activities [unreadable] Include the ecology and microbiology of food- and water-borne zoonoses as well as drug-resistant pathogens
  35. FOOD AND WATERBORNE DISEASES INTEGRATED RESEARCH NETWORK
    CAROLE TACKET; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..2) Integrate human mucosal immunity with clinical research, 3) Increase research and product development activities, and 4) Include the ecology and microbiology of food- and water-borne zoonoses as well as drug-resistant pathogens
  36. Food &Waterborne Diseases Integrated Research Network
    SUSAN MANSFIELD; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..human mucosal immunity with clinical research [unreadable] Increase research and product development activities [unreadable] Include the ecology and microbiology of food- and water-borne zoonoses as well as drug-resistant pathogens
  37. ZOONOTIC AND XENOZOONOTIC RISKS OF HEPATITIS E VIRUS
    Xiang Jin Meng; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..abstract_text> ..
  38. Noise, Solvents, and Hearing Loss
    Peter Rabinowitz; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..A nested case control study will match cases of hearing loss identified in the cohort with controls by age at hire, year of hire, sex, and gender, to further explore these relationships. ..
  39. Human Metapneumovirus in High Risk Populations
    Gregory Gray; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..These data will facilitate the development of more comprehensive epidemiological studies, and guide future intervention studies in reducing HMPV morbidity. ..
  40. Population-based Surveillance for Zoonotic Influenza A
    Gregory Gray; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..We are particularly well suited to conduct this work as we have extensive experience conducting both epidemiological and laboratory-based studies of respiratory pathogens. ..
  41. Primate enteroviruses transmission in Bangladesh
    Lisa Jones Engel; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Ultimately, this data will provide insight into the potential emergence of NHP-borne pathogens and help to deter the spread of emerging zoonotic threats. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  42. INFLUENZA VIRUS RIBONUCLEOPROTEINS (RNP)
    Peter Palese; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  43. Cancer and Non-cancer Mortality in Meat Workers (1 RO1-OH 008687-01 A1 SOH)
    Eric Johnson; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Infectious disease is a NIOSH priority area. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  44. Ecosystem disturbance and multiscale transmission of a zoonotic wildlife pathogen
    Philip Craig; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ....
  45. POSSIBLE OF ROLE OF AVIAN RETROVIRUSES IN HUMAN CANCER
    Eric Johnson; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..The confirmed demonstration of ALSV pro-viral DNA in the genome of exposed tumor samples but not in that of control tumor samples, will provide definitive evidence incriminating ALSV in human carcinogenesis. ..
  46. ARBOVIRUS PERSISTENCE IN SEASONAL WETLANDS
    William Reisen; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Virus ecology at wetlands in the Coachella Valley of southeastern California with consistent enzootic activity will be compared with wetlands in the southern San Joaquin Valley where virus activity currently is intermittent. ..
  47. HEALTH BURDERN OF COINFECTING DEER ASSOCIATED ZOONOSES
    Peter Krause; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..The density of deer will be estimated in each site. This proposed effort will help define the health burden imposed on people residing in proximity to deer and will contribute to diagnosis and case-management of apparent Lyme disease. ..
  48. HOST COMPETENCE FACTORS AFFECT ARBOVIRUS TRANSMISSION
    William Reisen; Fiscal Year: 2003
    Mosquito-borne encephalitis viruses are endemic zoonoses that continue to pose a health risk to the residents of California and other affected areas of the United States...
  49. Development of Guinea Pig as Mamalian for Influenza Virus Transmission
    Peter Palese; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  50. ECOLOGY AND GENETICS OF VENEZUELAN EQUINE ENCEPHALITIS
    Scott Weaver; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..This information will be invaluable in targeting prevention and control resources, especially for obtaining maximum benefit in developing countries with limited resources. ..
  51. Prospective Studies of Avian Influenza Transmission in Asia
    GREGORY CHARLES GRAY; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..This study is innovative in that no such prospective studies of avian influenza infection have been performed among those person's occupationally exposed to poultry in H5N1 endemic sites. ..