zoonoses

Summary

Summary: Diseases of non-human animals that may be transmitted to HUMANS or may be transmitted from humans to non-human animals.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Global trends in emerging infectious diseases
    Kate E Jones
    Institute of Zoology, Zoological Society of London, Regents Park, London NW1 4RY, UK
    Nature 451:990-3. 2008
  2. pmc Epidemic dynamics at the human-animal interface
    James O Lloyd-Smith
    Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of California at Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA
    Science 326:1362-7. 2009
  3. pmc Biological, epidemiological, and clinical aspects of echinococcosis, a zoonosis of increasing concern
    Johannes Eckert
    Institute of Parasitology, University of Zurich, CH 8057 Zurich, Switzerland
    Clin Microbiol Rev 17:107-35. 2004
  4. pmc Host range and emerging and reemerging pathogens
    Mark E J Woolhouse
    Centre for Infectious Diseases, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, United Kingdom
    Emerg Infect Dis 11:1842-7. 2005
  5. ncbi Emerging infectious diseases of wildlife--threats to biodiversity and human health
    P Daszak
    Institute of Ecology, University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602, USA
    Science 287:443-9. 2000
  6. pmc Hepatitis E virus antibodies in blood donors, France
    Jean Michel Mansuy
    Hopital Purpan, Toulouse, France
    Emerg Infect Dis 17:2309-12. 2011
  7. ncbi Fascioliasis and other plant-borne trematode zoonoses
    S Mas-Coma
    Departamento de Parasitologia, Facultad de Farmacia, Universidad de Valencia, Av Vicente Andrés Estellés s n, 46100 Burjassot, Valencia, Spain
    Int J Parasitol 35:1255-78. 2005
  8. pmc Canine and feline parasitic zoonoses in China
    Jia Chen
    State Key Laboratory of Veterinary Etiological Biology, Key Laboratory of Veterinary Parasitology of Gansu Province, Lanzhou Veterinary Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Lanzhou, Gansu Province 730046, PR of China
    Parasit Vectors 5:152. 2012
  9. ncbi Prevalence of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus among veterinarians: an international study
    M W H Wulf
    Department of Medical Microbiology, Nijmegen University Centre for Infectious Diseases, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, Nijmegen, The Netherlands
    Clin Microbiol Infect 14:29-34. 2008
  10. pmc Public health threat of new, reemerging, and neglected zoonoses in the industrialized world
    Sally J Cutler
    University of East London, London, UK
    Emerg Infect Dis 16:1-7. 2010

Detail Information

Publications363 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Global trends in emerging infectious diseases
    Kate E Jones
    Institute of Zoology, Zoological Society of London, Regents Park, London NW1 4RY, UK
    Nature 451:990-3. 2008
    ..EID events are dominated by zoonoses (60.3% of EIDs): the majority of these (71...
  2. pmc Epidemic dynamics at the human-animal interface
    James O Lloyd-Smith
    Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of California at Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA
    Science 326:1362-7. 2009
    ..The multihost ecology of zoonoses leads to complex dynamics, and analytical tools, such as mathematical modeling, are vital to the development of ..
  3. pmc Biological, epidemiological, and clinical aspects of echinococcosis, a zoonosis of increasing concern
    Johannes Eckert
    Institute of Parasitology, University of Zurich, CH 8057 Zurich, Switzerland
    Clin Microbiol Rev 17:107-35. 2004
    ..Recent data have shown that this control option may be used in restricted areas, for example in cities, with the aim of reducing the infection risk for humans...
  4. pmc Host range and emerging and reemerging pathogens
    Mark E J Woolhouse
    Centre for Infectious Diseases, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, United Kingdom
    Emerg Infect Dis 11:1842-7. 2005
    ..Emerging and reemerging zoonoses are associated with a wide range of drivers, but changes in land use and agriculture and demographic and societal ..
  5. ncbi Emerging infectious diseases of wildlife--threats to biodiversity and human health
    P Daszak
    Institute of Ecology, University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602, USA
    Science 287:443-9. 2000
    ....
  6. pmc Hepatitis E virus antibodies in blood donors, France
    Jean Michel Mansuy
    Hopital Purpan, Toulouse, France
    Emerg Infect Dis 17:2309-12. 2011
    ..5% of voluntary blood donors in southwestern France. This finding suggests HEV is highly endemic to this region. The high HEV prevalence may reflect local dietary practices, such as eating uncooked pork and game products...
  7. ncbi Fascioliasis and other plant-borne trematode zoonoses
    S Mas-Coma
    Departamento de Parasitologia, Facultad de Farmacia, Universidad de Valencia, Av Vicente Andrés Estellés s n, 46100 Burjassot, Valencia, Spain
    Int J Parasitol 35:1255-78. 2005
    ..The fasciolids and the gastrodiscid cause important zoonoses distributed throughout many countries, while W. watsoni and F...
  8. pmc Canine and feline parasitic zoonoses in China
    Jia Chen
    State Key Laboratory of Veterinary Etiological Biology, Key Laboratory of Veterinary Parasitology of Gansu Province, Lanzhou Veterinary Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Lanzhou, Gansu Province 730046, PR of China
    Parasit Vectors 5:152. 2012
    Canine and feline parasitic zoonoses have not been given high priority in China, although the role of companion animals as reservoirs for zoonotic parasitic diseases has been recognized worldwide...
  9. ncbi Prevalence of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus among veterinarians: an international study
    M W H Wulf
    Department of Medical Microbiology, Nijmegen University Centre for Infectious Diseases, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, Nijmegen, The Netherlands
    Clin Microbiol Infect 14:29-34. 2008
    ....
  10. pmc Public health threat of new, reemerging, and neglected zoonoses in the industrialized world
    Sally J Cutler
    University of East London, London, UK
    Emerg Infect Dis 16:1-7. 2010
    Microbiologic infections acquired from animals, known as zoonoses, pose a risk to public health. An estimated 60% of emerging human pathogens are zoonotic. Of these pathogens, >71% have wildlife origins...
  11. pmc Risk factors for human disease emergence
    L H Taylor
    Centre for Tropical Veterinary Medicine, University of Edinburgh, Easter Bush, Roslin, Midlothian, EH25 9RG, UK
    Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 356:983-9. 2001
    ..No association between transmission route and emergence was found. This study represents the first quantitative analysis identifying risk factors for human disease emergence...
  12. ncbi Fish-borne parasitic zoonoses: status and issues
    Jong Yil Chai
    Department of Parasitology and Tropical Medicine, Seoul National University College of Medicine, and Institute of Endemic Diseases, Seoul National University Medical Research Center, Seoul 110 799, South Korea
    Int J Parasitol 35:1233-54. 2005
    The fish-borne parasitic zoonoses have been limited for the most part to populations living in low- and middle-income countries, but the geographical limits and populations at risk are expanding because of growing international markets, ..
  13. ncbi The leishmaniases as emerging and reemerging zoonoses
    R W Ashford
    Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, L3 5QA, Liverpool, UK
    Int J Parasitol 30:1269-81. 2000
    ..The model is, however, limited by gaps in our knowledge, usually quantitative, sometimes qualitative, of the structure of reservoir systems...
  14. ncbi Methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus colonization in pigs and pig farmers
    T Khanna
    Department of Population Medicine, Ontario Veterinary College, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario N1G 2W1, Canada
    Vet Microbiol 128:298-303. 2008
    ..This study demonstrates that MRSA is common in pigs in Ontario, Canada, and provides further support to concerns about transmission of MRSA between pigs and humans...
  15. ncbi Streptococcus suis infections in humans: the Chinese experience and the situation in North America
    Marcelo Gottschalk
    Centre de Recherche en Infectiologie Porcine CRIP, Faculte de Medecine Veterinaire, Universite de Montreal, 3200 rue Sicotte, St Hyacinthe, Quebec, J2S 2M2, Canada
    Anim Health Res Rev 8:29-45. 2007
    ..Here, we review the epidemiological, clinical and immunopathological features of S. suis infection in humans...
  16. ncbi Transmission of H7N7 avian influenza A virus to human beings during a large outbreak in commercial poultry farms in the Netherlands
    Marion Koopmans
    Diagnostic Laboratory for Infectious Diseases and Perinatal Screening, National Institute of Public Health and the Environment, Bilthoven, Netherlands
    Lancet 363:587-93. 2004
    ..Although the risk of transmission of these viruses to humans was initially thought to be low, an outbreak investigation was launched to assess the extent of transmission of influenza A virus subtype H7N7 from chickens to humans...
  17. pmc Nasal colonization of humans with methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) CC398 with and without exposure to pigs
    Christiane Cuny
    Robert Koch Institute, Wernigerode Branc, Wernigerode, Germany
    PLoS ONE 4:e6800. 2009
    ..The study presented here addresses the question of further transmission to non exposed humans...
  18. doi Role of pet dogs and cats in the transmission of helminthic zoonoses in Europe, with a focus on echinococcosis and toxocarosis
    Peter Deplazes
    Institute of Parasitology, Vetsuisse Faculty, University of Zurich, Switzerland
    Vet Parasitol 182:41-53. 2011
    ..A close collaboration between veterinary and public health professionals in a 'One Health' concept is required...
  19. pmc Recurrent zoonotic transmission of Nipah virus into humans, Bangladesh, 2001-2007
    Stephen P Luby
    International Centre for Diarrheal Diseases Research, Dhaka, Bangladesh
    Emerg Infect Dis 15:1229-35. 2009
    ..Interventions to prevent virus transmission from bats to humans and from person to person are needed...
  20. pmc The evolution of HIV-1 and the origin of AIDS
    Paul M Sharp
    Institute of Evolutionary Biology, University of Edinburgh, Kings Buildings, Edinburgh EH9 3JT, UK
    Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 365:2487-94. 2010
    ..Tracing the genetic changes that occurred as monkey viruses adapted to infect first chimpanzees and then humans may provide insights into the causes of the pathogenicity of these viruses...
  21. doi Decrease of the incidence of human and canine visceral leishmaniasis after dog vaccination with Leishmune in Brazilian endemic areas
    Clarisa B Palatnik-de-Sousa
    Department of General Microbiology, Institute of Microbiology Prof Paulo de Góes, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro UFRJ, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil
    Vaccine 27:3505-12. 2009
    ....
  22. ncbi AIDS as a zoonosis: scientific and public health implications
    B H Hahn
    Department of Medicine, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL 35294, USA
    Science 287:607-14. 2000
    ..The implications of human infection by a diverse set of SIVs and of exposure to a plethora of additional human immunodeficiency virus-related viruses are discussed...
  23. pmc Prevalence and molecular characteristics of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) among pigs on German farms and import of livestock-related MRSA into hospitals
    R Kock
    Institute of Hygiene, University Hospital Munster, Robert Koch Str 41, 48149, Munster, Germany
    Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis 28:1375-82. 2009
    ..Our results indicate that livestock represents a relevant reservoir for the import of MRSA into regional German hospitals...
  24. ncbi From the discovery of the Malta fever's agent to the discovery of a marine mammal reservoir, brucellosis has continuously been a re-emerging zoonosis
    Jacques Godfroid
    Département de Bactériologie et d Immunologie, Centre d Etude et de Recherches Vétérinaires et Agrochimiques, 99 Groeselenberg, 1180 Uccle, Belgium
    Vet Res 36:313-26. 2005
    ..e. B. cetaceae and B. pinnipediae, represents a new zoonotic threat but the pathogenicity for humans of the different Brucella species found in cetaceans and pinnipeds still has to be clearly established...
  25. pmc Identification of zoonotic genotypes of Giardia duodenalis
    Hein Sprong
    Laboratory for Zoonoses and Environmental Microbiology, National Institute for Public Health and Environment RIVM, Bilthoven, The Netherlands
    PLoS Negl Trop Dis 3:e558. 2009
    ..duodenalis is evident, evidence on the contribution and frequency is (still) lacking. This newly developed molecular database has the potential to tackle intricate epidemiological questions concerning protozoan diseases...
  26. ncbi A large focus of naturally acquired Plasmodium knowlesi infections in human beings
    Balbir Singh
    Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak, Kuching, Sarawak, Malaysia
    Lancet 363:1017-24. 2004
    ..We aimed to investigate whether such infections could be attributable to a variant form of P malariae or a newly emergent Plasmodium species...
  27. doi Zoonotic poxviruses
    Sandra Essbauer
    Bundeswehr Institute of Microbiology, Neuherbergstr 11, 80539 Munchen, Germany
    Vet Microbiol 140:229-36. 2010
    ..By outlining the current knowledge of poxvirus transmission, we hope to raise the awareness about modes of acquisition of infections and their proper diagnosis...
  28. doi The socioeconomic burden of parasitic zoonoses: global trends
    Paul R Torgerson
    Division of Epidemiology, Vetsuisse Faculty, University of Zurich, Switzerland
    Vet Parasitol 182:79-95. 2011
    ..Humans become infected through food, water, soil and close contact with animals. Most parasitic zoonoses are neglected diseases despite causing a considerable global burden of ill health in humans and having a ..
  29. pmc Triosephosphate isomerase gene characterization and potential zoonotic transmission of Giardia duodenalis
    Irshad M Sulaiman
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30341 3717, USA
    Emerg Infect Dis 9:1444-52. 2003
    ..These data confirm that G. duodenalis from certain animals can potentially infect humans and should be useful in the detection, differentiation, and taxonomy of Giardia spp...
  30. ncbi Bats as a continuing source of emerging infections in humans
    Samson Wong
    Department of Microbiology, Research Centre of Infection and Immunology, The University of Hong Kong, 4 F University Pathology Building, Queen Mary Hospital, 102 Pokfulam Road, Hong Kong
    Rev Med Virol 17:67-91. 2007
    ..A systematic survey of bats is warranted to better understand the ecology of these viruses...
  31. pmc Hepatitis E virus: animal reservoirs and zoonotic risk
    X J Meng
    Center for Molecular Medicine and Infectious Diseases, Department of Biomedical Sciences and Pathobiology, College of Veterinary Medicine, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg VA, USA
    Vet Microbiol 140:256-65. 2010
    ..Accumulating evidence indicated that hepatitis E is a zoonotic disease, and swine and perhaps other animal species are reservoirs for HEV. A vaccine against HEV is not yet available...
  32. pmc Emergence of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus of animal origin in humans
    Inge van Loo
    Elisabeth Hospital, Tilburg, The Netherlands
    Emerg Infect Dis 13:1834-9. 2007
    ..This study shows that MRSA from an animal reservoir has recently entered the human population and is now responsible for >20% of all MRSA in the Netherlands...
  33. doi Food-borne parasitic zoonoses in China: perspective for control
    Peng Zhou
    Department of Parasitology, College of Veterinary Medicine, South China Agricultural University, 483 Wushan Street, Tianhe District, Guangzhou 510642, Guangdong Province, The People s Republic of China
    Trends Parasitol 24:190-6. 2008
    Food-borne parasitic zoonoses (FBPZs) cause death and serious diseases in humans and animals worldwide, and are of both public health significance and socioeconomic importance...
  34. doi Malaria zoonoses
    J Kevin Baird
    Eijkman Oxford Clinical Research Unit, Jalan Diponegoro No 69, Jakarta 10430, Indonesia
    Travel Med Infect Dis 7:269-77. 2009
    ..The biology and medicine of this zoonosis is reviewed here, along with an examination of the spectrum of Plasmodium species that may cause infection of humans...
  35. pmc Cases of swine influenza in humans: a review of the literature
    Kendall P Myers
    Center for Emerging Infectious Diseases, Department of Epidemiology, College of Public Health, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 44:1084-8. 2007
    ..Because prior studies have shown that persons who work with swine are at increased risk of zoonotic influenza virus infection, it is prudent to include them in pandemic planning efforts...
  36. pmc Zoonoses in the bedroom
    Bruno B Chomel
    Department of Population Health and Reproduction, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California, Davis, CA 95616, USA
    Emerg Infect Dis 17:167-72. 2011
    ..The estimated percentage of pet owners who allow dogs and cats on their beds is 14%-62%. However, public health risks, including increased emergence of zoonoses, may be associated with such practices.
  37. ncbi Positive and negative effects of widespread badger culling on tuberculosis in cattle
    Christl A Donnelly
    Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Faculty of Medicine, Imperial College London, St Mary s Campus, Norfolk Place, London W2 1PG, UK
    Nature 439:843-6. 2006
    ..These findings are biologically consistent with previous studies but will present challenges for policy development...
  38. ncbi Hepatitis E: an emerging infection in developed countries
    Harry R Dalton
    Peninsula College of Medicine and Dentistry, Royal Cornwall Hospital Trust, Truro, UK
    Lancet Infect Dis 8:698-709. 2008
    ..The source and route of infection remain uncertain, but it might be a porcine zoonosis. Patients with unexplained hepatitis should be tested for hepatitis E, whatever their age or travel history...
  39. ncbi Molecular characterisation of species and genotypes of Cryptosporidium and Giardia and assessment of zoonotic transmission
    Lihua Xiao
    Division of Parasitic Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA
    Int J Parasitol 38:1239-55. 2008
    ..As molecular data accumulate, our understanding of the role of zoonotic transmission in epidemiology and clinical manifestations is becoming clearer...
  40. pmc Zoonoses and marginalised infectious diseases of poverty: where do we stand?
    David Molyneux
    Centre for Neglected Tropical Diseases, Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Pembroke Place, Liverpool, L3 5QA, UK
    Parasit Vectors 4:106. 2011
    ..one often overlooked is the specific difficulty in tackling diseases that involve both people and animals - the zoonoses. A Disease Reference Group on Zoonoses and Marginalised Infectious Diseases (DRG6) was convened by the Special ..
  41. pmc Novel adenoviruses in wild primates: a high level of genetic diversity and evidence of zoonotic transmissions
    Diana Wevers
    Division of Viral Infections, Robert Koch Institute, Berlin, Germany
    J Virol 85:10774-84. 2011
    ..Most notably, six chimpanzee AdVs of species HAdV-A to HAdV-F revealed a remarkably close relationship to human AdVs, possibly indicating recent interspecies transmission events...
  42. pmc From barnyard to food table: the omnipresence of hepatitis E virus and risk for zoonotic infection and food safety
    Xiang Jin Meng
    Center for Molecular Medicine and Infectious Diseases, Department of Biomedical Sciences and Pathobiology, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, VA 24061 0913, USA
    Virus Res 161:23-30. 2011
    ..Therefore, the animal strains of HEV pose not only a zoonotic risk but also food and environmental safety concerns...
  43. ncbi Phylogenetic analysis of global hepatitis E virus sequences: genetic diversity, subtypes and zoonosis
    Ling Lu
    Division of Gastroenterology Hepatology, Department of Medicine, Kansas University Medical Center, Kansas City, Kansas 66160, USA
    Rev Med Virol 16:5-36. 2006
    ..Accordingly, a total of 24 subtypes (1a, 1b, 1c, 1d, 1e, 2a, 2b, 3a, 3b, 3c, 3d, 3e, 3f, 3g, 3h, 3i, 3j, 4a, 4b, 4c, 4d, 4e, 4f and 4g) were given...
  44. pmc Novel hepatitis E virus genotype in Norway rats, Germany
    Reimar Johne
    Federal Institute for Risk Assessment, Berlin, Germany
    Emerg Infect Dis 16:1452-5. 2010
    ..To determine whether rodents are a reservoir, we analyzed the complete nucleotide sequence of a hepatitis E-like virus from 2 Norway rats in Germany. The sequence suggests a separate genotype for this hepatotropic virus...
  45. doi Vector-borne parasitic zoonoses: emerging scenarios and new perspectives
    Douglas D Colwell
    Agriculture and Agri Food Canada, Lethbridge Research Centre, AB, Canada
    Vet Parasitol 182:14-21. 2011
    ..We include the discussion of the changing aspects of malaria, leishmaniasis, babesiosis, Chagas disease as well as of some spirurid and filarioid nematodes...
  46. pmc Human health benefits from livestock vaccination for brucellosis: case study
    Felix Roth
    Swiss Centre for International Health, Swiss Tropical Institute, Basle, Switzerland
    Bull World Health Organ 81:867-76. 2003
    ..To estimate the economic benefit, cost-effectiveness, and distribution of benefit of improving human health in Mongolia through the control of brucellosis by mass vaccination of livestock...
  47. ncbi Fruit bats as reservoirs of Ebola virus
    Eric M Leroy
    Centre International de Recherches Medicales de Franceville, BP 769 Franceville, Gabon
    Nature 438:575-6. 2005
    ..We find evidence of asymptomatic infection by Ebola virus in three species of fruit bat, indicating that these animals may be acting as a reservoir for this deadly virus...
  48. ncbi Effects of environmental change on emerging parasitic diseases
    J A Patz
    Department of Environmental Health Sciences, Johns Hopkins University School of Hygiene and Public Health, 615 N Wolfe Street, Baltimore MD 21205 2179, USA
    Int J Parasitol 30:1395-405. 2000
    ..The combined effects of environmentally detrimental changes in local land use and alterations in global climate disrupt the natural ecosystem and can increase the risk of transmission of parasitic diseases to the human population...
  49. doi Epidemiologic and zoonotic aspects of ascarid infections in dogs and cats
    Alice C Y Lee
    Department of Microbiology and Immunology, College of Veterinary Medicine, Cornell University, Campus Road, Ithaca, NY 14853, USA
    Trends Parasitol 26:155-61. 2010
    ..Establishment of national surveillance programs to determine the incidence and specific etiological agent in human larva migrans patients would aid in the development of targeted intervention strategies...
  50. ncbi Q fever (coxiellosis): epidemiology and pathogenesis
    Zerai Woldehiwet
    Department of Veterinary Pathology, University of Liverpool, Veterinary Teaching Hospital, Leahurst, Neston, Wirral CH64 7TE, UK
    Res Vet Sci 77:93-100. 2004
    ..This paper provides a brief overview of the epidemiology and pathogenesis of Q fever (coxiellosis)...
  51. pmc Epidemiology, diagnosis, treatment, and control of trichinellosis
    Bruno Gottstein
    Faculty of Medicine, Institute of Parasitology, University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland
    Clin Microbiol Rev 22:127-45, Table of Contents. 2009
    ..The evidence that the disease can be monitored and to some extent controlled with a rigorous reporting and testing system in place should be motivation to expand appropriate programs worldwide...
  52. pmc Zoonotic hepatitis E: animal reservoirs and emerging risks
    Nicole Pavio
    Ecole Nationale Veterinaire d Alfort, 94704 Maisons Alfort, France
    Vet Res 41:46. 2010
    ..However, not all sources of human infections have been identified thus far and in many cases, the origin of HEV infection in humans remains unknown...
  53. ncbi Leptospirosis: a zoonotic disease of global importance
    Ajay R Bharti
    Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Medicine, University of California San Diego School of Medicine, La Jolla, CA 92093, USA
    Lancet Infect Dis 3:757-71. 2003
    ..Mainstays of treatment are still tetracyclines and beta-lactam/cephalosporins. No vaccine is available. Prevention is largely dependent on sanitation measures that may be difficult to implement, especially in developing countries...
  54. pmc Wildlife trade and global disease emergence
    William B Karesh
    Wildlife Conservation Society, Bronx, New York 10460, USA
    Emerg Infect Dis 11:1000-2. 2005
    ..Since wildlife marketing functions as a system of scale-free networks with major hubs, these points provide control opportunities to maximize the effects of regulatory efforts...
  55. ncbi Cowpox virus infection: an emerging health threat
    Rengina M Vorou
    Hellenic Center for Diseases Control and Prevention, Athens, Greece
    Curr Opin Infect Dis 21:153-6. 2008
    ..The purpose of this paper is to review cowpox with an emphasis on its epidemiology and management...
  56. ncbi Livestock associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (LaMRSA) isolated from lesions of pigs at necropsy in northwest Germany between 2004 and 2007
    D Meemken
    Field Station for Epidemiology, University of Veterinary Medicine Hannover, Foundation, Bakum, Germany
    Zoonoses Public Health 57:e143-8. 2010
    ..We assume that MRSA in pigs may have occurred earlier than 2004 and might be not really 'emerging', but rather have been overlooked until recently. The potentially causative role of the MRSA in the lesions warrants further investigation...
  57. doi Molecular detection of Anaplasma phagocytophilum in the European hedgehog (Erinaceus europaeus) and its ticks
    Jasmin Skuballa
    Department of Ecology and Parasitology, Zoological Institute, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Karlsruhe, Germany
    Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis 10:1055-7. 2010
    ..Thus, this species may play a role in human contact with zoonotic diseases. Here we report the presence of the pathogen Anaplasma phagocytophilum in hedgehogs and their ticks in Germany...
  58. doi Simian foamy virus infection in humans: prevalence and management
    Arifa S Khan
    Laboratory of Retrovirus Research, Division of Viral Products, Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research, US Food and Drug Administration, 8800 Rockville Pike, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
    Expert Rev Anti Infect Ther 7:569-80. 2009
    ..These steps will help prevent the emergence of a novel pathogen and reduce the risk of transmission of another potential pathogenic human retrovirus...
  59. doi Zoonotic vaccinia virus: clinical and immunological characteristics in a naturally infected patient
    Giliane S Trindade
    Departamento de Microbiologia, Instituto de Ciencias Biologicas, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, Brazil
    Clin Infect Dis 48:e37-40. 2009
    ..The patient had inflamed lesions and systemic symptoms. Laboratory findings were indicative of down-modulated immune responses to the virus...
  60. ncbi The role of dogs in transmission of gastrointestinal parasites in a remote tea-growing community in northeastern India
    Rebecca J Traub
    World Health Organization Collaborating Center for the Molecular Epidemiology of Parasitic Infections, Division of Veterinary and Biomedical Sciences, Murdoch University, Perth, Western Australia
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 67:539-45. 2002
    The prevalence and risk factors associated with canine gastrointestinal parasitic zoonoses and the role of dogs in the mechanical transmission of human Ascaris infection was examined in three tea estates in Assam, India...
  61. pmc Delineating Anaplasma phagocytophilum ecotypes in coexisting, discrete enzootic cycles
    Kevin J Bown
    University of Liverpool, Liverpool, UK
    Emerg Infect Dis 15:1948-54. 2009
    ..phagocytophilum are restricted to coexisting but separate enzootic cycles and suggest that this restriction may result from specific vector compatibility...
  62. doi [Pet ownership and health status of pets from immunocompromised children, with emphasis in zoonotic diseases]
    Katia Abarca V
    Departamento de Pediatria, Hospital Clinico, Pontificia Universidad Catolica de Chile, Chile
    Rev Chilena Infectol 28:205-10. 2011
    ..To characterize pet ownership and pet health status in families of immunocompromised (IS) children, with emphasis in zoonotic diseases...
  63. pmc Zoonotic viruses associated with illegally imported wildlife products
    Kristine M Smith
    Wildlife Conservation Society, Bronx, New York, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 7:e29505. 2012
    ....
  64. pmc Novel multiplexed HIV/simian immunodeficiency virus antibody detection assay
    Steve Ahuka-Mundeke
    University of Montpellier, Montpellier, France
    Emerg Infect Dis 17:2277-86. 2011
    ..Additional studies are needed to determine whether other SIVs crossed the species barrier. With the newly developed assay, large-scale screening against many antigens is now easier and faster...
  65. pmc Frequent and recent human acquisition of simian foamy viruses through apes' bites in central Africa
    Edouard Betsem
    Unit of Epidemiology and Pathophysiology of Oncogenic Viruses, Department of Virology, Institut Pasteur, Paris, France
    PLoS Pathog 7:e1002306. 2011
    ..The virus was found to persist over several years, with low SFV loads in infected persons. Secondary transmission remains an open question...
  66. pmc Leptospirosis in the Asia Pacific region
    Ann Florence B Victoriano
    Department of Medical Microbiology, University of the Philippines, College of Public Health, Manila, Philippines
    BMC Infect Dis 9:147. 2009
    ..It describes the current trends in the epidemiology of leptospirosis, the existing surveillance systems, and presents the existing prevention and control programs in the Asia Pacific region...
  67. ncbi Vulpes vulpes: a possible wild reservoir for zoonotic filariae
    Marta Magi
    Dipartimento di Patologia Animale, Profilassi ed Igiene degli Alimenti, Université di Pisa, Italy
    Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis 8:249-52. 2008
    ....
  68. ncbi Emerging and re-emerging infectious diseases: influenza as a prototype of the host-pathogen balancing act
    Anthony S Fauci
    National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
    Cell 124:665-70. 2006
    ..The importance of understanding host-pathogen interactions is underscored by the emergence of virulent H5N1 avian influenza viruses and their transmission to humans, and the potential pandemic threat they pose...
  69. doi Hookworms of dogs and cats as agents of cutaneous larva migrans
    Dwight D Bowman
    Department of Microbiology and Immunology, College of Veterinary Medicine, Cornell University, Campus Road, Ithaca, NY 14850, USA
    Trends Parasitol 26:162-7. 2010
    ..This review describes the discovery of the disease, the biology of the agents, and how that biology may impact disease...
  70. doi Epidemiology of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus carrying the novel mecC gene in Denmark corroborates a zoonotic reservoir with transmission to humans
    A Petersen
    Department of Microbiological Surveillance and Research, Statens Serum Institut, Copenhagen, Denmark
    Clin Microbiol Infect 19:E16-22. 2013
    ..These observations indicate that mecC-carrying MRSA can be exchanged between humans and ruminants...
  71. doi Zoonotic aspects of infections with noroviruses and sapoviruses
    Barbara Regina Bank-Wolf
    Institut fur Virologie, Fachbereich Veterinarmedizin, Justus Liebig Universitat Giessen, Frankfurter Str 107, 35392 Giessen, Germany
    Vet Microbiol 140:204-12. 2010
    ..Accordingly the possible role of noro- and sapoviruses as zoonotic agents needs to be further investigated...
  72. pmc Are we paying too much attention to cardio-pulmonary nematodes and neglecting old-fashioned worms like Trichuris vulpis?
    Donato Traversa
    Department of Comparative Biomedical Sciences, University of Teramo, Teramo, Italy
    Parasit Vectors 4:32. 2011
    ..This article reviews current knowledge of T. vulpis, together with a discussion of critical points in epidemiology, zoonotic hazard, diagnosis and treatment of canine trichurosis...
  73. doi Leptospira and leptospirosis
    Ben Adler
    Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence in Structural and Functional Microbial Genomics, Monash University, Clayton, Australia
    Vet Microbiol 140:287-96. 2010
    ..However, the recent development of defined mutagenesis systems for Leptospira heralds the potential for gaining a much improved understanding of pathogenesis in leptospirosis...
  74. pmc Hepatitis E virus in rats, Los Angeles, California, USA
    Robert H Purcell
    National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, USA
    Emerg Infect Dis 17:2216-22. 2011
    ..The sequence of the Los Angeles virus was virtually identical to that of isolates from Germany. Rat HEV was not transmissible to rhesus monkeys, suggesting that it is not a source of human infection...
  75. pmc H5N1 influenza viruses: facts, not fear
    Peter Palese
    Department of Microbiology and Medicine, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, NY 10029, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 109:2211-3. 2012
    ..In addition, there are calls in the media to destroy the viruses, curtail future research in this area, and protect the public from such "frightening" research efforts. Fear needs to be put to rest with solid science and not speculation...
  76. pmc New aspects of human trichinellosis: the impact of new Trichinella species
    F Bruschi
    Department of Experimental Pathology, University of Pisa, Pisa, Italy
    Postgrad Med J 78:15-22. 2002
    ..The aim of the present review is to integrate the experiences derived from different outbreaks around the world, caused by different Trichinella species, in order to provide a more comprehensive approach to diagnosis and treatment...
  77. pmc The use of a geographic information system to identify a dairy goat farm as the most likely source of an urban Q-fever outbreak
    Barbara Schimmer
    Centre for Infectious Disease Control, National Institute for Public Health and the Environment, A van Leeuwenhoeklaan 9, PO Box 1, 3720 BA Bilthoven, The Netherlands
    BMC Infect Dis 10:69. 2010
    ..A generic geographic information system (GIS) was used to develop a method for source detection in the still evolving major epidemic of Q-fever in the Netherlands...
  78. pmc Preventing zoonotic influenza virus infection
    Alejandro Ramirez
    University of Iowa College of Public Health, Iowa City, Iowa, USA
    Emerg Infect Dis 12:996-1000. 2006
    ..Multivariate modeling showed that workers who seldom used gloves (odds ratio [OR] 30.3) or who smoked (OR 18.7) most frequently had evidence of previous H1N1 swine virus. These findings may be valuable in planning for pandemic influenza...
  79. pmc Knowledge, attitudes and practices (KAP) relating to avian influenza in urban and rural areas of China
    Nijuan Xiang
    Office for Disease Control and Emergency Response, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing, China
    BMC Infect Dis 10:34. 2010
    ..To determine the KAPs associated with AI among the Chinese general population, a cross-sectional survey was conducted in China...
  80. ncbi Parasitic zoonoses in Papua New Guinea
    I L Owen
    National Veterinary Laboratory, National Agriculture and Quarantine Inspection Authority, Port Moresby, Papua New Guinea
    J Helminthol 79:1-14. 2005
    ..Improvement in water supplies, human hygiene and sanitation would reduce the prevalence of many of these parasites, and thorough cooking of meat would lessen the risk of infection by some others...
  81. ncbi World Rabies Day: focusing attention on a neglected disease
    D Briggs
    College of Veterinary Medicine, Kansas State University, Manhattan, Kansas, KS 66506, USA
    Vet Rec 161:288-9. 2007
    ..Articles on the following pages describe other veterinary contributions to this field...
  82. ncbi Relationship between dog culling and incidence of human visceral leishmaniasis in an endemic area
    Caris Maroni Nunes
    UNESP, Univ Estadual Paulista, Veterinary Medicine, Rua Clovis Pestana, 793, Jd D Amélia, Aracatuba, SP, CEP 16050 680, Brazil
    Vet Parasitol 170:131-3. 2010
    ..0211; r(2)=0.616) when it was analyzed for the period of two years after application of this measure. Other factors that may influence this relationship are considered...
  83. doi Zoonotic tuberculosis and brucellosis in Africa: neglected zoonoses or minor public-health issues? The outcomes of a multi-disciplinary workshop
    T Marcotty
    Department of Animal Health, Institute of Tropical Medicine, Nationalestraat 155, 2000 Antwerp, Belgium
    Ann Trop Med Parasitol 103:401-11. 2009
    ..Improved intersectoral and international collaboration in surveillance, diagnosis and control, and in the education of medical and veterinary personnel, are advocated...
  84. ncbi Sushi delights and parasites: the risk of fishborne and foodborne parasitic zoonoses in Asia
    Yukifumi Nawa
    Department of Infectious Diseases, Faculty of Medicine, University of Miyazaki, Miyazaki, Japan
    Clin Infect Dis 41:1297-303. 2005
    ..sashimi that are served in Japanese restaurants and sushi bars have been suspected of causing fishborne parasitic zoonoses, especially anisakiasis...
  85. ncbi Mycobacterium caprae in cattle and humans in Croatia
    Z Cvetnic
    Croatian Veterinary Institute Zagreb, Zagreb, Croatia
    Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 11:652-8. 2007
    ..The children came from a family that ran a small-sized cattle dairy farm...
  86. ncbi Biological risks associated with consumption of reptile products
    Simone Magnino
    Istituto Zooprofilattico Sperimentale della Lombardia e dell Emilia Romagna Bruno Ubertini, Sezione Diagnostica di Pavia, Strada Campeggi 61, Pavia 27100, Italy
    Int J Food Microbiol 134:163-75. 2009
    ..Application of GHP, GMP and HACCP procedures, respectively at farm and slaughterhouse level, is crucial for controlling the hazards...
  87. doi Beware of the pet dog: a case of Staphylococcus intermedius infection
    Russell Kempker
    Division of Infectious Diseases, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    Am J Med Sci 338:425-7. 2009
    ..Our case illustrates the possibility of transmission of antibiotic-resistant bacteria causing infection from pets to humans...
  88. ncbi Assigning the source of human campylobacteriosis in New Zealand: a comparative genetic and epidemiological approach
    Petra Mullner
    Molecular Epidemiology and Veterinary Public Health Laboratory, Hopkirk Research Institute, Massey University, Palmerston North, New Zealand
    Infect Genet Evol 9:1311-9. 2009
    ..includes a better understanding of transmission routes and the impact of human activities on the emergence of zoonoses. Until recently New Zealand had extraordinarily high and increasing rates of notified human campylobacteriosis, ..
  89. pmc Human case of Streptococcus suis serotype 16 infection
    Ho Dang Trung Nghia
    Oxford University Clinical Research Unit, The Hospital for Tropical Diseases, 190 Ben Ham Tu, Quan 5, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam
    Emerg Infect Dis 14:155-7. 2008
    ..Streptococcus suis infection is an emerging zoonosis in Southeast Asia. We report a fatal case of S. suis serotype 16 infection in a Vietnamese man in 2001...
  90. pmc Streptococcus suis meningitis, United States
    Gregory T Lee
    Emerg Infect Dis 14:183-5. 2008
  91. pmc Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) contamination of retail pork
    J Scott Weese
    Department of Pathobiology, Ontario Veterinary College, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario
    Can Vet J 51:749-52. 2010
    ..While the relevance of contamination of retail meat is currently unclear, further study is required to determine if food may be a source of infection...
  92. doi The Regional Network for Asian Schistosomiasis and Other Helminth Zoonoses (RNAS(+)) target diseases in face of climate change
    Guo Jing Yang
    Jiangsu Institute of Parasitic Diseases, Wuxi, Jiangsu, People s Republic of China
    Adv Parasitol 73:101-35. 2010
    ..change might impact on diseases targeted by the Regional Network for Asian Schistosomiasis and Other Helminth Zoonoses (RNAS(+))...
  93. doi Canine leishmaniosis in the United Kingdom: a zoonotic disease waiting for a vector?
    Susan E Shaw
    Department of Clinical Veterinary Science, University of Bristol, Langford House, Langford, North Somerset BS40 5DU, UK
    Vet Parasitol 163:281-5. 2009
    ..These data confirm that a potentially significant reservoir of infected dogs is resident in areas where future climatic conditions may support introduction of competent vectors...
  94. doi Rabies surveillance in the United States during 2009
    Jesse D Blanton
    Poxvirus and Rabies Branch, Division of High Consequence Pathogens and Pathology, National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Disease, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    J Am Vet Med Assoc 237:646-57. 2010
    ..The Indiana and Michigan cases were associated with bat rabies virus variants. The human rabies case in Virginia was associated with a canine rabies virus variant acquired during the patient's travel to India...
  95. ncbi Towards a conceptual framework to support one-health research for policy on emerging zoonoses
    Richard Coker
    Communicable Diseases Policy Research Group, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Faculty of Tropical Medicine, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand
    Lancet Infect Dis 11:326-31. 2011
    ..We propose such a new framework in support of a research and policy-generation strategy to help to address the challenges posed by emerging zoonoses.
  96. ncbi Fatal encephalitis due to novel paramyxovirus transmitted from horses
    J D O'Sullivan
    Department of Neurology, Royal Brisbane Hospital, Herston, Queensland, Australia
    Lancet 349:93-5. 1997
    ..Fourteen horses and one human being died. A novel virus was isolated from those affected and named equine morbillivirus (EMV). We report a case of encephalitis caused by this virus...
  97. pmc Marburg virus infection detected in a common African bat
    Jonathan S Towner
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Special Pathogens Branch, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 2:e764. 2007
    ..These data imply that more areas are at risk for MHF outbreaks than previously realized and correspond well with a recently published report in which three species of fruit bats were demonstrated to be likely reservoirs for Ebola virus...
  98. pmc Determinants of the geographic distribution of Puumala virus and Lyme borreliosis infections in Belgium
    Catherine Linard
    Department of Geography, Universite Catholique de Louvain, Louvain la Neuve, Belgium
    Int J Health Geogr 6:15. 2007
    ..Municipalities were taken as units of analysis...
  99. pmc Community-acquired MRSA and pig-farming
    Xander W Huijsdens
    National Institute for Public Health and the Environment RIVM, Diagnostic Laboratory for Infectious Diseases and Perinatal Screening, Bilthoven, The Netherlands
    Ann Clin Microbiol Antimicrob 5:26. 2006
    ..Sporadic cases of CA-MRSA in persons without risk-factors for MRSA carriage are increasing...
  100. ncbi Hendra virus infection in a veterinarian
    Jeffrey N Hanna
    Queensland Health, Cairns, QLD, Australia
    Med J Aust 185:562-4. 2006
    ..Nevertheless, she remains well 2 years after her initial illness. Recently emerged zoonotic viruses, such as HeV, necessitate appropriate working procedures and personal protective equipment in veterinary practice...
  101. pmc Gastric helicobacters in domestic animals and nonhuman primates and their significance for human health
    Freddy Haesebrouck
    Department of Pathology, Bacteriology and Avian Diseases, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Ghent University, Salisburylaan 133, B 9820 Merelbeke, Belgium
    Clin Microbiol Rev 22:202-23, Table of Contents. 2009
    ..The recent successes with in vitro isolation of non-H. pylori helicobacters from domestic animals open new perspectives for studying these microorganisms and their interactions with the host...

Research Grants83

  1. PARASITIC ZOONOSIS (ECHINOCOCCOSIS) TRANSMISSION IN CHIN
    Philip Craig; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..with the fox tapeworm Echinococcus multilocularis, though globally rare, is one of the most pathogenic helminthic zoonoses. AE has recently been shown however to be highly endemic in central western China amongst Han farming and Tibetan ..
  2. Biodiversity, Habitat Fragmentation, & Lyme Disease Risk
    RICHARD OSTFELD; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..body of ecological and epidemiological background information, and potential as a model of other vector-borne zoonoses. Our research over the past 9 years has generated a conceptual model that we call the dilution effect...
  3. Pacific Southwest RCE for Biodefense & Emerging Infectious Diseases Research
    Alan G Barbour; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..There are seven programs in the PSWRCE: dengue, viral zoonoses, botulinum neurotoxin, Burkholderia, tularemia, coccidioidomycosis, and reservoir-targeted vaccines...
  4. Rabies virus maintenance in bat populations
    APRIL DAWN DAVIS; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Unlike many other viral zoonoses, bat rabies virus variants are typically associated with a distinct species of bat, thus we will refer to these ..
  5. HIV-CNS Diseases and Parasitic Zoonoses in the Eastern Cape, South Africa
    HELENE CARABIN; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..For the pilot project, we will focus on neurocysticercosis and cerebral toxocariasis as the parasitic zoonoses of interest...
  6. HIV-CNS Diseases and Parasitic Zoonoses in the Eastern Cape, South Africa
    HELENE CARABIN; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..For the pilot project, we will focus on neurocysticercosis and cerebral toxocariasis as the parasitic zoonoses of interest...
  7. Small Molecule Inhibitors of the Poxvirus Type I Interferon Binding Protein
    Luis J Sigal; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..monkeypox (MPXV) and cowpox virus (CPXV)~ the vaccine species vaccinia virus (VAC) which is also responsible for zoonoses in Brazil and India, and the mouse pathogen Ectromelia virus (ECTV) that causes mousepox in mice and is an ..
  8. Landscape Ecology and Mapping of Ehrlichial Pathogens
    MICHAEL WIMBERLY; Fiscal Year: 2005
    The geographic ranges of many tick species have expanded over the past several decades, and several new tickborne zoonoses have emerged...
  9. Landscape Ecology and Mapping of Ehrlichial Pathogens
    MICHAEL WIMBERLY; Fiscal Year: 2005
    The geographic ranges of many tick species have expanded over the past several decades, and several new tickborne zoonoses have emerged...
  10. Landscape Ecology and Mapping of Ehrlichial Pathogens
    MICHAEL WIMBERLY; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The geographic ranges of many tick species have expanded over the past several decades, and several new tickborne zoonoses have emerged...
  11. Risk for Future Outbreaks of Henipaviruses in South Asia
    Jonathan Epstein; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Veterinarians can provide important input into research on emerging zoonoses, but specific training programs for these are lacking...
  12. Risk for Future Outbreaks of Henipaviruses in South Asia
    Jonathan Epstein; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Veterinarians can provide important input into research on emerging zoonoses, but specific training programs for these are lacking...
  13. Risk for Future Outbreaks of Henipaviruses in South Asia
    Jonathan Epstein; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Veterinarians can provide important input into research on emerging zoonoses, but specific training programs for these are lacking...
  14. HOST COMPETENCE FACTORS AFFECT ARBOVIRUS TRANSMISSION
    William Reisen; Fiscal Year: 2001
    Mosquito-borne encephalitis viruses are endemic zoonoses that continue to pose a health risk to the residents of California and other affected areas of the United States...
  15. HOST COMPETENCE FACTORS AFFECT ARBOVIRUS TRANSMISSION
    William Reisen; Fiscal Year: 2002
    Mosquito-borne encephalitis viruses are endemic zoonoses that continue to pose a health risk to the residents of California and other affected areas of the United States...
  16. HOST COMPETENCE FACTORS AFFECT ARBOVIRUS TRANSMISSION
    William Reisen; Fiscal Year: 2000
    Mosquito-borne encephalitis viruses are endemic zoonoses that continue to pose a health risk to the residents of California and other affected areas of the United States...
  17. HOST COMPETENCE FACTORS AFFECT ARBOVIRUS TRANSMISSION
    William Reisen; Fiscal Year: 2003
    Mosquito-borne encephalitis viruses are endemic zoonoses that continue to pose a health risk to the residents of California and other affected areas of the United States...
  18. Development of a recombinant Nipah virus vaccine for wildlife
    MILOSZ ANDRZEJ FABER; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Most emerging infectious diseases in humans are zoonoses, in which wildlife serves as the major reservoir for transmission of these agents to domestic animals and humans...
  19. Development of a recombinant Nipah virus vaccine for wildlife
    Milosz Faber; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Most emerging infectious diseases in humans are zoonoses, in which wildlife serves as the major reservoir for transmission of these agents to domestic animals and humans...
  20. Platforms for structure-function studies of entry and budding of viral zoonotic
    Benhur Lee; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..as proof of principle for our approach, although we expect to be able to expand our analyses to other zoonoses like filioviruses, arenaviruses, hantaviruses and SARS. All three investigators are at UCLA...
  21. HEALTH BURDERN OF COINFECTING DEER ASSOCIATED ZOONOSES
    Peter Krause; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..The density of deer will be estimated in each site. This proposed effort will help define the health burden imposed on people residing in proximity to deer and will contribute to diagnosis and case-management of apparent Lyme disease. ..
  22. HEALTH BURDERN OF COINFECTING DEER ASSOCIATED ZOONOSES
    Peter Krause; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..The density of deer will be estimated in each site. This proposed effort will help define the health burden imposed on people residing in proximity to deer and will contribute to diagnosis and case-management of apparent Lyme disease. ..
  23. HEALTH BURDERN OF COINFECTING DEER ASSOCIATED ZOONOSES
    Peter Krause; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..The density of deer will be estimated in each site. This proposed effort will help define the health burden imposed on people residing in proximity to deer and will contribute to diagnosis and case-management of apparent Lyme disease. ..
  24. Prevalance of Community-Acquired MRSA in Live Pigs and thier Human Handlers
    LYNDA UJU ODOFIN; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..implementing a nation-wide farm screening scheme as a surveillance tool not only for MRSA but for other emerging zoonoses, which would serve as a complement to existing surveillance systems...
  25. Prevalance of Community-Acquired MRSA in Live Pigs and thier Human Handlers
    Lynda Odofin; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..implementing a nation-wide farm screening scheme as a surveillance tool not only for MRSA but for other emerging zoonoses, which would serve as a complement to existing surveillance systems...
  26. Evolution of the Bordetellae from Commensals to Pathogens
    Eric Harvill; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..this set of subspecies provides an extraordinary experiment of nature that will allow us to examine some of the most important questions regarding the evolution of infectious diseases and the emergence of human pathogens from zoonoses.
  27. Evolution of the Bordetellae from Commensals to Pathogens
    Eric T Harvill; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..this set of subspecies provides an extraordinary experiment of nature that will allow us to examine some of the most important questions regarding the evolution of infectious diseases and the emergence of human pathogens from zoonoses.
  28. Evolution of the Bordetellae from Commensals to Pathogens
    Eric Harvill; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..provides an extraordinary experiment of nature that will allow us to examine some of the most important questions regarding the evolution of infectious diseases and the emergence of human pathogens from zoonoses.
  29. Stregthening Global Human-Animal Interface Activities for Avian Influenza and oth
    Kazuaki Miyagishima; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..animal welfare world-wide," because it is recognized that controlling the spread of animal diseases, including zoonoses, is best achieved by ensuring the health of animals wherever they are...
  30. Biodiversity, Habitat Fragmentation, & Lyme Disease Risk
    RICHARD OSTFELD; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..body of ecological and epidemiological background information, and potential as a model of other vector-borne zoonoses. Our research over the past 9 years has generated a conceptual model that we call the dilution effect...
  31. Cellular pathways involved in new world arenavirus infections
    Susan Ross; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..JUNV and MACV infections represent zoonoses from rodents and are both transmitted through aerosols;thus, the NWAs are potential bioterrorism agents...
  32. PARASITIC ZOONOSIS (ECHINOCOCCOSIS) TRANSMISSION IN CHIN
    Philip Craig; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..with the fox tapeworm Echinococcus multilocularis, though globally rare, is one of the most pathogenic helminthic zoonoses. AE has recently been shown however to be highly endemic in central western China amongst Han farming and Tibetan ..
  33. PARASITIC ZOONOSIS (ECHINOCOCCOSIS) TRANSMISSION IN CHIN
    Philip Craig; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..with the fox tapeworm Echinococcus multilocularis, though globally rare, is one of the most pathogenic helminthic zoonoses. AE has recently been shown however to be highly endemic in central western China amongst Han farming and Tibetan ..
  34. PARASITIC ZOONOSIS (ECHINOCOCCOSIS) TRANSMISSION IN CHIN
    Philip Craig; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..with the fox tapeworm Echinococcus multilocularis, though globally rare, is one of the most pathogenic helminthic zoonoses. AE has recently been shown however to be highly endemic in central western China amongst Han farming and Tibetan ..
  35. PARASITIC ZOONOSIS (ECHINOCOCCOSIS) TRANSMISSION IN CHIN
    Philip Craig; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..with the fox tapeworm Echinococcus multilocularis, though globally rare, is one of the most pathogenic helminthic zoonoses. AE has recently been shown however to be highly endemic in central western China amongst Han farming and Tibetan ..
  36. Determining the reservoir hosts for host-targeted control measures to prevent Lym
    Maria Diuk Wasser; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The results of this project will help design regional intervention methods for LD and possibly other vector-borne zoonoses. Two methodological approaches will be explored to facilitate host-targeted intervention strategies on such a ..
  37. Determining the reservoir hosts for host-targeted control measures to prevent Lym
    MARIA ANA DIUK WASSER; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The results of this project will help design regional intervention methods for LD and possibly other vector-borne zoonoses. Two methodological approaches will be explored to facilitate host-targeted intervention strategies on such a ..
  38. COMPARISON OF 3 HUMAN EHRLICHIOSIS GENOME SEQUENCES
    Yasuko Rikihisa; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..Several Ehrlichia spp. are now known to cause emerging vector-borne zoonoses in the United States, including a new granulocytotropic ehrlichia, the human granulocytic ehrlichiosis (HGE) ..
  39. COMPARISON OF 3 HUMAN EHRLICHIOSIS GENOME SEQUENCES
    Yasuko Rikihisa; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Several Ehrlichia spp. are now known to cause emerging vector-borne zoonoses in the United States, including a new granulocytotropic ehrlichia, the human granulocytic ehrlichiosis (HGE) ..
  40. COMPARISON OF 3 HUMAN EHRLICHIOSIS GENOME SEQUENCES
    Yasuko Rikihisa; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..Several Ehrlichia spp. are now known to cause emerging vector-borne zoonoses in the United States, including a new granulocytotropic ehrlichia, the human granulocytic ehrlichiosis (HGE) ..
  41. Inhibition of Brucella by Peptide Nucleic Acids
    STEPHEN MICHAEL BOYLE; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..is one of the five most common bacterial zoonoses in the world...
  42. Veterinarian Training in Zoonotic Diseases in Developing Countries
    Armando Gonzalez; Fiscal Year: 2009
    Human and animal disease surveillance systems are important in tracking and controlling zoonoses. Almost 75% of emerging animal diseases have a zoonotic potential;therefore it is timely to address a broader concept of health where ..
  43. Veterinarian Training in Zoonotic Diseases in Developing Countries
    ARMANDO EMILIANO GONZALEZ; Fiscal Year: 2011
    Human and animal disease surveillance systems are important in tracking and controlling zoonoses. Almost 75% of emerging animal diseases have a zoonotic potential;therefore it is timely to address a broader concept of health where ..
  44. Veterinarian Training in Zoonotic Diseases in Developing Countries
    ARMANDO EMILIANO GONZALEZ; Fiscal Year: 2010
    Human and animal disease surveillance systems are important in tracking and controlling zoonoses. Almost 75% of emerging animal diseases have a zoonotic potential;therefore it is timely to address a broader concept of health where ..
  45. Veterinarian Training in Zoonotic Diseases in Developing Countries
    ARMANDO EMILIANO GONZALEZ; Fiscal Year: 2010
    Human and animal disease surveillance systems are important in tracking and controlling zoonoses. Almost 75% of emerging animal diseases have a zoonotic potential;therefore it is timely to address a broader concept of health where ..
  46. MINORITY PREDOCTORAL FELLOWSHIP PROGRAM
    DENISE STEINLEIN; Fiscal Year: 2004
    Bartonella species are emerging zoonoses. This project examines the infection and coinfection prevalence of Bartonella species, Borrelia burgdorferi, and Anaplasma phagocytophilum, in field-captured rodents and ectoparasites in northern ..
  47. Anti-apoptotic gene therapy: Islet allotransplantation
    Nick Giannoukakis; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..The latter may not become a clinical reality anytime soon primarily because of concerns for zoonoses. Allografts are ethically acceptable, yet they face both alloimmune rejection as well as autoimmune destruction ..
  48. Anti-apoptotic gene therapy: Islet allotransplantation
    Nick Giannoukakis; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..The latter may not become a clinical reality anytime soon primarily because of concerns for zoonoses. Allografts are ethically acceptable, yet they face both alloimmune rejection as well as autoimmune destruction ..
  49. MINORITY PREDOCTORAL FELLOWSHIP PROGRAM
    DENISE STEINLEIN; Fiscal Year: 2005
    Bartonella species are emerging zoonoses. This project examines the infection and coinfection prevalence of Bartonella species, Borrelia burgdorferi, and Anaplasma phagocytophilum, in field-captured rodents and ectoparasites in northern ..
  50. Synthetic Scaffolds for Bladder Regeneration
    Sundararajan Madihally; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..induction of hyperacute rejection due to potential mismatch of xenografts and the possible transmission of zoonoses due to xenografts have obviated the need for alternative repair options...
  51. Pacific Southwest RCE for Biodefense & Emerging Infectious Diseases Research
    Alan Barbour; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The seven programs are: (1) dengue, (2) viral zoonoses, including arenaviruses and Nipah virus, (3) botulinum neurotoxin, (4) Category B Burkholderia species, (5) ..
  52. Synthetic Scaffolds for Bladder Regeneration
    Sundararajan Madihally; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..induction of hyperacute rejection due to potential mismatch of xenografts and the possible transmission of zoonoses due to xenografts have obviated the need for alternative repair options...
  53. Pacific Southwest RCE for Biodefense & Emerging Infectious Diseases Research
    Alan Barbour; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The seven programs are: (1) dengue, (2) viral zoonoses, including arenaviruses and Nipah virus, (3) botulinum neurotoxin, (4) Category B Burkholderia species, (5) ..
  54. International Symposium on Viral Respiratory Disease Surveillance
    Gregory Gray; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..systems, and integration of VRD surveillance with other surveillance systems for other human diseases and zoonoses. Special emphasis will be placed on development of a long-range plan to improve global VRD surveillance in a ..
  55. HANTAVIRUS INFECTIONS--ECOLOGY, IMMUNITY AND TREATMENT
    Frederick Koster; Fiscal Year: 1999
    The ultimate aim of this program is to decrease the high mortality of rodent-borne viral zoonoses (HPS and Bolivian hemorrhagic fever) in the Americas...
  56. HANTAVIRUS INFECTIONS--ECOLOGY, IMMUNITY AND TREATMENT
    Frederick Koster; Fiscal Year: 1999
    The ultimate aim of this program is to decrease the high mortality of rodent-borne viral zoonoses (HPS and Bolivian hemorrhagic fever) in the Americas...
  57. ALZHEIMER DISEASE AMONG SEVENTH-DAY ADVENTISTS
    Zoreh Davanipour; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..concerning exposure/events related to medical history, family history, dietary habits, toxins, travel and zoonoses will be collected...
  58. PATHOGENESIS OF LEPTOSPIROSIS
    Albert Ko; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..The focus of these activities has been leptospirosis, a spirochetal zoonoses, which investigations in Salvador have demonstrated to be an emerging cause of large urban epidemics...
  59. PATHOGENESIS OF LEPTOSPIROSIS
    Albert Ko; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..The focus of these activities has been leptospirosis, a spirochetal zoonoses, which investigations in Salvador have demonstrated to be an emerging cause of large urban epidemics...
  60. PATHOGENESIS OF LEPTOSPIROSIS
    Albert Ko; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..The focus of these activities has been leptospirosis, a spirochetal zoonoses, which investigations in Salvador have demonstrated to be an emerging cause of large urban epidemics...
  61. Pacific Southwest RCE for Biodefense &Emerging Infectious Diseases Research
    Alan G Barbour; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..The seven programs are: (1) dengue, (2) viral zoonoses, including arenaviruses and Nipah virus, (3) botulinum neurotoxin, (4) Category B Burkholderia species, (5) ..
  62. Pacific Southwest RCE for Biodefense & Emerging Infectious Diseases Research
    Alan G Barbour; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The seven programs are: (1) dengue, (2) viral zoonoses, including arenaviruses and Nipah virus, (3) botulinum neurotoxin, (4) Category B Burkholderia species, (5) ..
  63. Emerging Viruses: Disease Models and Strategies for Vaccine Development
    KIMBERLY WEISS SCHUENKE; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..will bring together researchers with diverse expertise in various aspects of emerging and re-emerging viral zoonoses to address important but unexplored issues pertaining to rational vaccine development...
  64. VECTORS AND TRANSMISSION OF OXODES-BORNE ZOONOSES
    Andrew Spielman; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ....
  65. Risk of Viral Emergence from Bats
    Peter Daszak; Fiscal Year: 2010
    DESCRIPTION (provided by investigator): Emerging zoonoses are a significant threat to global public health and our economies. The majority are caused by pathogens that emerge with increasing frequency from wildlife hosts (e.g...
  66. Risk of Viral Emergence from Bats
    Peter Daszak; Fiscal Year: 2009
    DESCRIPTION (provided by investigator): Emerging zoonoses are a significant threat to global public health and our economies. The majority are caused by pathogens that emerge with increasing frequency from wildlife hosts (e.g...
  67. Natural SIV Reservoirs and Human Zoonotic Risk
    Beatrice Hahn; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The documentation of ongoing zoonoses, along with the identification of the infecting virus strain, would have obvious public health implications and ..
  68. Natural SIV Reservoirs and Human Zoonotic Risk
    Beatrice H Hahn; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The documentation of ongoing zoonoses, along with the identification of the infecting virus strain, would have obvious public health implications and ..
  69. Enabling Technologies for hES Cell Self-Renewal
    KEVIN HEALY; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..These methods increase the risk of zoonoses acquired from the murine feeder cells and culture medium, and have significant disadvantages in reproducibility ..
  70. Enabling Technologies for hES Cell Self-Renewal
    KEVIN EDWARD HEALY; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..These methods increase the risk of zoonoses acquired from the murine feeder cells and culture medium, and have significant disadvantages in reproducibility ..
  71. OCULAR ZOONOSES: THE CHLAMYDIAL INFECTION
    Julius Schachter; Fiscal Year: 1980
    ....
  72. Infectious Disease Training in Clinical Investigation
    James Johnson; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..5) International and Immigrant Health, 6) Bioterrorism, 7) Foodborne Infections, and 8) Zoonoses. The program is designed for physicians who have completed an internal medicine or pediatrics residency program, ..
  73. Environmental Biostatistics Training Grant
    Lance Waller; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..g., quantifying environmental impacts on vector-borne diseases and zoonoses such as rabies and Lyme disease, including investigations of the phylo-geography or spatial patterns of ..
  74. Environmental Biostatistics Training Grant
    Lance Waller; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..g., quantifying environmental impacts on vector-borne diseases and zoonoses such as rabies and Lyme disease, including investigations of the phylo-geography or spatial patterns of ..
  75. Environmental Biostatistics Training Grant
    Lance Waller; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..g., quantifying environmental impacts on vector-borne diseases and zoonoses such as rabies and Lyme disease, including investigations of the phylo-geography or spatial patterns of ..
  76. NK Cell Receptor Evolution During Mammalian Radiation
    Peter Parham; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..face infection armed with different NK cell receptors should stimulate development of new strategies and innovative therapies against human infections, particularly zoonoses emerging from other mammalian species.
  77. NK Cell Receptor Evolution During Mammalian Radiation
    Peter Parham; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..face infection armed with different NK cell receptors should stimulate development of new strategies and innovative therapies against human infections, particularly zoonoses emerging from other mammalian species.
  78. NK Cell Receptor Evolution During Mammalian Radiation
    Peter Parham; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..face infection armed with different NK cell receptors should stimulate development of new strategies and innovative therapies against human infections, particularly zoonoses emerging from other mammalian species.
  79. Animal Model Research for Veterinarians (AMRV)
    Xiang Jin Meng; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..At the end of the training program, trainees are expected to launch an independent biomedical research career. ..