Genomes and Genes
Summary: Diseases of non-human animals that may be transmitted to HUMANS or may be transmitted from humans to non-human animals.
Publications317 found, 100 shown here
- Global trends in emerging infectious diseasesKate E Jones
Institute of Zoology, Zoological Society of London, Regents Park, London NW1 4RY, UK
Nature 451:990-3. 2008..EID events are dominated by zoonoses (60.3% of EIDs): the majority of these (71...
- A large focus of naturally acquired Plasmodium knowlesi infections in human beingsBalbir Singh
Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak, Kuching, Sarawak, Malaysia
Lancet 363:1017-24. 2004..We aimed to investigate whether such infections could be attributable to a variant form of P malariae or a newly emergent Plasmodium species...
- Fascioliasis and other plant-borne trematode zoonosesS Mas-Coma
Departamento de Parasitologia, Facultad de Farmacia, Universidad de Valencia, Av Vicente Andrés Estellés s n, 46100 Burjassot, Valencia, Spain
Int J Parasitol 35:1255-78. 2005..The fasciolids and the gastrodiscid cause important zoonoses distributed throughout many countries, while W. watsoni and F...
- Public health threat of new, reemerging, and neglected zoonoses in the industrialized worldSally J Cutler
University of East London, London, UK
Emerg Infect Dis 16:1-7. 2010Microbiologic infections acquired from animals, known as zoonoses, pose a risk to public health. An estimated 60% of emerging human pathogens are zoonotic. Of these pathogens, >71% have wildlife origins...
- Streptococcus suis infections in humans: the Chinese experience and the situation in North AmericaMarcelo Gottschalk
Centre de Recherche en Infectiologie Porcine CRIP, Faculte de Medecine Veterinaire, Universite de Montreal, 3200 rue Sicotte, St Hyacinthe, Quebec, J2S 2M2, Canada
Anim Health Res Rev 8:29-45. 2007..Here, we review the epidemiological, clinical and immunopathological features of S. suis infection in humans...
- Methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus colonization in pigs and pig farmersT Khanna
Department of Population Medicine, Ontario Veterinary College, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario N1G 2W1, Canada
Vet Microbiol 128:298-303. 2008..This study demonstrates that MRSA is common in pigs in Ontario, Canada, and provides further support to concerns about transmission of MRSA between pigs and humans...
- Decrease of the incidence of human and canine visceral leishmaniasis after dog vaccination with Leishmune in Brazilian endemic areasClarisa B Palatnik-de-Sousa
Department of General Microbiology, Institute of Microbiology Prof Paulo de Góes, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro UFRJ, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil
Vaccine 27:3505-12. 2009....
- AIDS as a zoonosis: scientific and public health implicationsB H Hahn
Department of Medicine, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL 35294, USA
Science 287:607-14. 2000..The implications of human infection by a diverse set of SIVs and of exposure to a plethora of additional human immunodeficiency virus-related viruses are discussed...
- Emerging infectious diseases of wildlife--threats to biodiversity and human healthP Daszak
Institute of Ecology, University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602, USA
Science 287:443-9. 2000....
- Zoonotic poxvirusesSandra Essbauer
Bundeswehr Institute of Microbiology, Neuherbergstr 11, 80539 Munchen, Germany
Vet Microbiol 140:229-36. 2010..By outlining the current knowledge of poxvirus transmission, we hope to raise the awareness about modes of acquisition of infections and their proper diagnosis...
- Food-borne parasitic zoonoses in China: perspective for controlPeng Zhou
Department of Parasitology, College of Veterinary Medicine, South China Agricultural University, 483 Wushan Street, Tianhe District, Guangzhou 510642, Guangdong Province, The People s Republic of China
Trends Parasitol 24:190-6. 2008Food-borne parasitic zoonoses (FBPZs) cause death and serious diseases in humans and animals worldwide, and are of both public health significance and socioeconomic importance...
- Malaria zoonosesJ Kevin Baird
Eijkman Oxford Clinical Research Unit, Jalan Diponegoro No 69, Jakarta 10430, Indonesia
Travel Med Infect Dis 7:269-77. 2009..The biology and medicine of this zoonosis is reviewed here, along with an examination of the spectrum of Plasmodium species that may cause infection of humans...
- Emergence of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus of animal origin in humansInge van Loo
Elisabeth Hospital, Tilburg, The Netherlands
Emerg Infect Dis 13:1834-9. 2007..This study shows that MRSA from an animal reservoir has recently entered the human population and is now responsible for >20% of all MRSA in the Netherlands...
- Cases of swine influenza in humans: a review of the literatureKendall P Myers
Center for Emerging Infectious Diseases, Department of Epidemiology, College of Public Health, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA, USA
Clin Infect Dis 44:1084-8. 2007..Because prior studies have shown that persons who work with swine are at increased risk of zoonotic influenza virus infection, it is prudent to include them in pandemic planning efforts...
- Fruit bats as reservoirs of Ebola virusEric M Leroy
Centre International de Recherches Medicales de Franceville, BP 769 Franceville, Gabon
Nature 438:575-6. 2005..We find evidence of asymptomatic infection by Ebola virus in three species of fruit bat, indicating that these animals may be acting as a reservoir for this deadly virus...
- Epidemic dynamics at the human-animal interfaceJames O Lloyd-Smith
Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of California at Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA
Science 326:1362-7. 2009..The multihost ecology of zoonoses leads to complex dynamics, and analytical tools, such as mathematical modeling, are vital to the development of ..
- Zoonoses in the bedroomBruno B Chomel
Department of Population Health and Reproduction, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California, Davis, CA 95616, USA
Emerg Infect Dis 17:167-72. 2011..The estimated percentage of pet owners who allow dogs and cats on their beds is 14%-62%. However, public health risks, including increased emergence of zoonoses, may be associated with such practices.
- Hepatitis E virus: animal reservoirs and zoonotic riskX J Meng
Center for Molecular Medicine and Infectious Diseases, Department of Biomedical Sciences and Pathobiology, College of Veterinary Medicine, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg VA, USA
Vet Microbiol 140:256-65. 2010..Accumulating evidence indicated that hepatitis E is a zoonotic disease, and swine and perhaps other animal species are reservoirs for HEV. A vaccine against HEV is not yet available...
- Cowpox virus infection: an emerging health threatRengina M Vorou
Hellenic Center for Diseases Control and Prevention, Athens, Greece
Curr Opin Infect Dis 21:153-6. 2008..The purpose of this paper is to review cowpox with an emphasis on its epidemiology and management...
- The use of a geographic information system to identify a dairy goat farm as the most likely source of an urban Q-fever outbreakBarbara Schimmer
Centre for Infectious Disease Control, National Institute for Public Health and the Environment, A van Leeuwenhoeklaan 9, PO Box 1, 3720 BA Bilthoven, The Netherlands
BMC Infect Dis 10:69. 2010..A generic geographic information system (GIS) was used to develop a method for source detection in the still evolving major epidemic of Q-fever in the Netherlands...
- Preventing zoonotic influenza virus infectionAlejandro Ramirez
University of Iowa College of Public Health, Iowa City, Iowa, USA
Emerg Infect Dis 12:996-1000. 2006..Multivariate modeling showed that workers who seldom used gloves (odds ratio [OR] 30.3) or who smoked (OR 18.7) most frequently had evidence of previous H1N1 swine virus. These findings may be valuable in planning for pandemic influenza...
- Knowledge, attitudes and practices (KAP) relating to avian influenza in urban and rural areas of ChinaNijuan Xiang
Office for Disease Control and Emergency Response, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing, China
BMC Infect Dis 10:34. 2010..To determine the KAPs associated with AI among the Chinese general population, a cross-sectional survey was conducted in China...
- World Rabies Day: focusing attention on a neglected diseaseD Briggs
College of Veterinary Medicine, Kansas State University, Manhattan, Kansas, KS 66506, USA
Vet Rec 161:288-9. 2007..Articles on the following pages describe other veterinary contributions to this field...
- Assigning the source of human campylobacteriosis in New Zealand: a comparative genetic and epidemiological approachPetra Mullner
Molecular Epidemiology and Veterinary Public Health Laboratory, Hopkirk Research Institute, Massey University, Palmerston North, New Zealand
Infect Genet Evol 9:1311-9. 2009..includes a better understanding of transmission routes and the impact of human activities on the emergence of zoonoses. Until recently New Zealand had extraordinarily high and increasing rates of notified human campylobacteriosis, ..
- Streptococcus suis meningitis, United StatesGregory T Lee
Emerg Infect Dis 14:183-5. 2008
- Leptospirosis: a zoonotic disease of global importanceAjay R Bharti
Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Medicine, University of California San Diego School of Medicine, La Jolla, CA 92093, USA
Lancet Infect Dis 3:757-71. 2003..Mainstays of treatment are still tetracyclines and beta-lactam/cephalosporins. No vaccine is available. Prevention is largely dependent on sanitation measures that may be difficult to implement, especially in developing countries...
- Biological risks associated with consumption of reptile productsSimone Magnino
Istituto Zooprofilattico Sperimentale della Lombardia e dell Emilia Romagna Bruno Ubertini, Sezione Diagnostica di Pavia, Strada Campeggi 61, Pavia 27100, Italy
Int J Food Microbiol 134:163-75. 2009..Application of GHP, GMP and HACCP procedures, respectively at farm and slaughterhouse level, is crucial for controlling the hazards...
- Epidemiologic and zoonotic aspects of ascarid infections in dogs and catsAlice C Y Lee
Department of Microbiology and Immunology, College of Veterinary Medicine, Cornell University, Campus Road, Ithaca, NY 14853, USA
Trends Parasitol 26:155-61. 2010..Establishment of national surveillance programs to determine the incidence and specific etiological agent in human larva migrans patients would aid in the development of targeted intervention strategies...
- Parasitic zoonoses in Papua New GuineaI L Owen
National Veterinary Laboratory, National Agriculture and Quarantine Inspection Authority, Port Moresby, Papua New Guinea
J Helminthol 79:1-14. 2005..Improvement in water supplies, human hygiene and sanitation would reduce the prevalence of many of these parasites, and thorough cooking of meat would lessen the risk of infection by some others...
- Mycobacterium caprae in cattle and humans in CroatiaZ Cvetnic
Croatian Veterinary Institute Zagreb, Zagreb, Croatia
Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 11:652-8. 2007..The children came from a family that ran a small-sized cattle dairy farm...
- Beware of the pet dog: a case of Staphylococcus intermedius infectionRussell Kempker
Division of Infectious Diseases, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
Am J Med Sci 338:425-7. 2009..Our case illustrates the possibility of transmission of antibiotic-resistant bacteria causing infection from pets to humans...
- Human case of Streptococcus suis serotype 16 infectionHo Dang Trung Nghia
Oxford University Clinical Research Unit, The Hospital for Tropical Diseases, 190 Ben Ham Tu, Quan 5, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam
Emerg Infect Dis 14:155-7. 2008..Streptococcus suis infection is an emerging zoonosis in Southeast Asia. We report a fatal case of S. suis serotype 16 infection in a Vietnamese man in 2001...
- Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) contamination of retail porkJ Scott Weese
Department of Pathobiology, Ontario Veterinary College, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario
Can Vet J 51:749-52. 2010..While the relevance of contamination of retail meat is currently unclear, further study is required to determine if food may be a source of infection...
- Zoonotic tuberculosis and brucellosis in Africa: neglected zoonoses or minor public-health issues? The outcomes of a multi-disciplinary workshopT Marcotty
Department of Animal Health, Institute of Tropical Medicine, Nationalestraat 155, 2000 Antwerp, Belgium
Ann Trop Med Parasitol 103:401-11. 2009..Improved intersectoral and international collaboration in surveillance, diagnosis and control, and in the education of medical and veterinary personnel, are advocated...
- The Regional Network for Asian Schistosomiasis and Other Helminth Zoonoses (RNAS(+)) target diseases in face of climate changeGuo Jing Yang
Jiangsu Institute of Parasitic Diseases, Wuxi, Jiangsu, People s Republic of China
Adv Parasitol 73:101-35. 2010..change might impact on diseases targeted by the Regional Network for Asian Schistosomiasis and Other Helminth Zoonoses (RNAS(+))...
- Zoonotic hepatitis E: animal reservoirs and emerging risksNicole Pavio
Ecole Nationale Veterinaire d Alfort, 94704 Maisons Alfort, France
Vet Res 41:46. 2010..However, not all sources of human infections have been identified thus far and in many cases, the origin of HEV infection in humans remains unknown...
- Relationship between dog culling and incidence of human visceral leishmaniasis in an endemic areaCaris Maroni Nunes
UNESP, Univ Estadual Paulista, Veterinary Medicine, Rua Clovis Pestana, 793, Jd D Amélia, Aracatuba, SP, CEP 16050 680, Brazil
Vet Parasitol 170:131-3. 2010..0211; r(2)=0.616) when it was analyzed for the period of two years after application of this measure. Other factors that may influence this relationship are considered...
- Zoonoses and marginalised infectious diseases of poverty: where do we stand?David Molyneux
Centre for Neglected Tropical Diseases, Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Pembroke Place, Liverpool, L3 5QA, UK
Parasit Vectors 4:106. 2011..one often overlooked is the specific difficulty in tackling diseases that involve both people and animals - the zoonoses. A Disease Reference Group on Zoonoses and Marginalised Infectious Diseases (DRG6) was convened by the Special ..
- Sushi delights and parasites: the risk of fishborne and foodborne parasitic zoonoses in AsiaYukifumi Nawa
Department of Infectious Diseases, Faculty of Medicine, University of Miyazaki, Miyazaki, Japan
Clin Infect Dis 41:1297-303. 2005..sashimi that are served in Japanese restaurants and sushi bars have been suspected of causing fishborne parasitic zoonoses, especially anisakiasis...
- Rabies surveillance in the United States during 2009Jesse D Blanton
Poxvirus and Rabies Branch, Division of High Consequence Pathogens and Pathology, National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Disease, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
J Am Vet Med Assoc 237:646-57. 2010..The Indiana and Michigan cases were associated with bat rabies virus variants. The human rabies case in Virginia was associated with a canine rabies virus variant acquired during the patient's travel to India...
- Towards a conceptual framework to support one-health research for policy on emerging zoonosesRichard Coker
Communicable Diseases Policy Research Group, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Faculty of Tropical Medicine, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand
Lancet Infect Dis 11:326-31. 2011..We propose such a new framework in support of a research and policy-generation strategy to help to address the challenges posed by emerging zoonoses.
- Canine leishmaniosis in the United Kingdom: a zoonotic disease waiting for a vector?Susan E Shaw
Department of Clinical Veterinary Science, University of Bristol, Langford House, Langford, North Somerset BS40 5DU, UK
Vet Parasitol 163:281-5. 2009..These data confirm that a potentially significant reservoir of infected dogs is resident in areas where future climatic conditions may support introduction of competent vectors...
- The evolution of HIV-1 and the origin of AIDSPaul M Sharp
Institute of Evolutionary Biology, University of Edinburgh, Kings Buildings, Edinburgh EH9 3JT, UK
Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 365:2487-94. 2010..Tracing the genetic changes that occurred as monkey viruses adapted to infect first chimpanzees and then humans may provide insights into the causes of the pathogenicity of these viruses...
- Fatal encephalitis due to novel paramyxovirus transmitted from horsesJ D O'Sullivan
Department of Neurology, Royal Brisbane Hospital, Herston, Queensland, Australia
Lancet 349:93-5. 1997..Fourteen horses and one human being died. A novel virus was isolated from those affected and named equine morbillivirus (EMV). We report a case of encephalitis caused by this virus...
- Phylogenetic analysis of global hepatitis E virus sequences: genetic diversity, subtypes and zoonosisLing Lu
Division of Gastroenterology Hepatology, Department of Medicine, Kansas University Medical Center, Kansas City, Kansas 66160, USA
Rev Med Virol 16:5-36. 2006..Accordingly, a total of 24 subtypes (1a, 1b, 1c, 1d, 1e, 2a, 2b, 3a, 3b, 3c, 3d, 3e, 3f, 3g, 3h, 3i, 3j, 4a, 4b, 4c, 4d, 4e, 4f and 4g) were given...
- The role of wildlife in emerging and re-emerging zoonosesR G Bengis
Veterinary Investigation Centre, PO Box 12, Skukuza, Kruger National Park, 1350, South Africa
Rev Sci Tech 23:497-511. 2004..In this paper, the authors discuss the causal factors associated with the emergence or re-emergence of these zoonoses, and highlight a selection to provide a composite view of their range, variety and origins...
- Clusters of infections in horses with MRSA ST1, ST254, and ST398 in a veterinary hospitalChristiane Cuny
Wernigerode Branch, Robert Koch Institute, Wernigerode, Germany
Microb Drug Resist 14:307-10. 2008..The infections were caused by different MRSA clones (ST1, ST254, and ST398). In the same time, nasal colonization of veterinarians, veterinary personnel, and students was observed indicating transmission to humans...
- Gastric helicobacters in domestic animals and nonhuman primates and their significance for human healthFreddy Haesebrouck
Department of Pathology, Bacteriology and Avian Diseases, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Ghent University, Salisburylaan 133, B 9820 Merelbeke, Belgium
Clin Microbiol Rev 22:202-23, Table of Contents. 2009..The recent successes with in vitro isolation of non-H. pylori helicobacters from domestic animals open new perspectives for studying these microorganisms and their interactions with the host...
- Community-acquired MRSA and pig-farmingXander W Huijsdens
National Institute for Public Health and the Environment RIVM, Diagnostic Laboratory for Infectious Diseases and Perinatal Screening, Bilthoven, The Netherlands
Ann Clin Microbiol Antimicrob 5:26. 2006..Sporadic cases of CA-MRSA in persons without risk-factors for MRSA carriage are increasing...
- Hendra virus infection in a veterinarianJeffrey N Hanna
Queensland Health, Cairns, QLD, Australia
Med J Aust 185:562-4. 2006..Nevertheless, she remains well 2 years after her initial illness. Recently emerged zoonotic viruses, such as HeV, necessitate appropriate working procedures and personal protective equipment in veterinary practice...
- Characteristics of Streptococcus suis isolated from patients in JapanBin Chang
Department of Bacteriology, National Institute of Infectious Diseases, Tokyo 162-8640, Japan
Jpn J Infect Dis 59:397-9. 2006..The remaining isolate was ST28 and its PFGE pattern was distinct from those of the others...
- Determinants of the geographic distribution of Puumala virus and Lyme borreliosis infections in BelgiumCatherine Linard
Department of Geography, Universite Catholique de Louvain, Louvain la Neuve, Belgium
Int J Health Geogr 6:15. 2007..Municipalities were taken as units of analysis...
- Echinococcosis: an emerging or re-emerging zoonosis?J Eckert
Institute of Parasitology, University of Zurich, Winterthurer Strasse 266a, CH 8057, Zurich, Switzerland
Int J Parasitol 30:1283-94. 2000..Progress in control can only be expected if health authorities attribute a higher priority to this disease and if all modern diagnostic and control options (for example vaccination of intermediate host animals) can be used...
- Streptococcus suis infection: a series of 41 cases from Chiang Mai University HospitalSuparaporn Wangkaew
Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai 50200, Thailand
J Infect 52:455-60. 2006..All isolates were sensitive to penicillin (mean MIC90=0.027 microg/ml). CONCLUSIONS: S. suis infection is not uncommon in northern Thailand. High suspicion and early detection are important and could lead to the successful treatment...
- Identification of zoonotic genotypes of Giardia duodenalisHein Sprong
Laboratory for Zoonoses and Environmental Microbiology, National Institute for Public Health and Environment RIVM, Bilthoven, The Netherlands
PLoS Negl Trop Dis 3:e558. 2009..duodenalis is evident, evidence on the contribution and frequency is (still) lacking. This newly developed molecular database has the potential to tackle intricate epidemiological questions concerning protozoan diseases...
- Babesia sp. EU1 from roe deer and transmission within Ixodes ricinusSarah Bonnet
Department of Santé Animale, Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique, Nantes, France
Emerg Infect Dis 13:1208-10. 2007..EU1 from blood samples of roe deer in France. This study provides evidence of transovarial and transstadial transmission of the parasite within Ixodes ricinus, which suggests that this tick could be a vector and reservoir of EU1...
- The importance of Mycobacterium bovis as a zoonosisCharles Thoen
Department of Veterinary Microbiology and Preventative Medicine, College of Veterinary Medicine, Iowa State University, Ames, IA, USA
Vet Microbiol 112:339-45. 2006..Although multidrug-resistant (MDR) strains of M. bovis have been identified, case reports reveal that anti-tuberculosis drugs routinely used to treat Mycobacterium tuberculosis-infected patients are effective when properly administered...
- Marburg virus infection detected in a common African batJonathan S Towner
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Special Pathogens Branch, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America
PLoS ONE 2:e764. 2007..These data imply that more areas are at risk for MHF outbreaks than previously realized and correspond well with a recently published report in which three species of fruit bats were demonstrated to be likely reservoirs for Ebola virus...
- Toxoplasma gondii infection in humans and animals in the United StatesJ P Dubey
United States Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Animal and Natural Resources Institute, Animal Parasitic Diseases Laboratory, Beltsville, MD 20705 2350, USA
Int J Parasitol 38:1257-78. 2008..Seroprevalence of T. gondii in humans and pigs is declining. Modes of transmission, epidemiology and environmental contamination with oocysts on land and sea are discussed...
- Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus ST398 from human patients, upper AustriaKarina Krziwanek
Austrian National Reference Centre for Nosocomial Infections and Antibiotic Resistance, Linz, Austria
Emerg Infect Dis 15:766-9. 2009..We examined 1,098 confirmed MRSA samples from human patients and found that 21 were MRSA ST398. Most (16) patients were farmers. Increasing prevalence from 1.3% (2006) to 2.5% (2008) shows emergence of MRSA ST398 in humans in Austria...
- Tick- and flea-borne rickettsial emerging zoonosesPhilippe Parola
, CNRS UMR 6020, IFR 48, , , 13385 Marseille Cedex 5, France
Vet Res 36:469-92. 2005..We present here an overview of the various tick- and flea-borne rickettsial zoonoses described in the last 20 years, focusing on the ecological, epidemiological and clinical aspects.
- Estimation of the cost of Taenia solium cysticercosis in Eastern Cape Province, South AfricaH Carabin
Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, College of Public Health, Oklahoma University Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City, OK, USA
Trop Med Int Health 11:906-16. 2006..To provide a comprehensive estimate of the societal costs of Taenia solium cysticercosis for the Eastern Cape Province (ECP), South Africa, as an objective measure of its impact in this endemic area...
- Is Clostridium difficile-associated infection a potentially zoonotic and foodborne disease?M Rupnik
Clin Microbiol Infect 13:457-9. 2007..C. difficile has also been found in retail meat samples, suggesting that food could be involved in the transmission of C. difficile from animals to humans...
- Streptococcus suis infectionYu-Tsung Huang
Department of Internal Medicine, National Taiwan University Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan
J Microbiol Immunol Infect 38:306-13. 2005..suis diseases...
- Diversity of influenza viruses in swine and the emergence of a novel human pandemic influenza A (H1N1)Christy Brockwell-Staats
Division of Virology, Department of Infectious Diseases, St Jude Children s Research Hospital, Memphis, TN 38105, USA
Influenza Other Respi Viruses 3:207-13. 2009....
- Infectiousness in a cohort of brazilian dogs: why culling fails to control visceral leishmaniasis in areas of high transmissionOrin Courtenay
Ecology and Epidemiology Group, Department of Biological Sciences, University of Warwick, Coventry, United Kingdom
J Infect Dis 186:1314-20. 2002..Mathematical modeling suggests that culling programs fail because of high incidence of infection and infectiousness, the insensitivity of the diagnostic test to detect infectious dogs, and time delays between diagnosis and culling...
- Zoonotic filariasisT C Orihel
School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, Tulane University Medical Center, New Orleans, Louisiana 70112, USA
Clin Microbiol Rev 11:366-81. 1998..Undoubtedly, additional species of filariae will continue to be isolated from humans in the future...
- Confronting zoonoses, linking human and veterinary medicineLaura H Kahn
Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey 08542, USA
Emerg Infect Dis 12:556-61. 2006Many of the emerging infectious diseases, including those caused by bioterrorist agents, are zoonoses. Since zoonoses can infect both animals and humans, the medical and veterinary communities should work closely together in clinical, ..
- Q Fever in dairy animalsAnnie Rodolakis
INRA, UR 1282 Infectiologie Animale et Santé Publique, F 37380 Nouzilly
Ann N Y Acad Sci 1166:90-3. 2009..The number of Coxiella shed in milk is generally low. The phase I vaccine prevented abortion and greatly decreased the shedding of C. burnetii in milk...
- Genogroup I picobirnaviruses in pigs: evidence for genetic diversity and relatedness to human strainsK Banyai
Regional Laboratory of Virology, Baranya County Institute of State Public Health Service, Szabadság út 7, H 7623 Pecs, Hungary
J Gen Virol 89:534-9. 2008..Clones with complete sequence identities originating from different animals suggested effective animal-to-animal transmission of the virus. Our findings indicate that infection with genogroup I PBVs is common in pigs...
- Avian influenza A H5N1 infections in Bali Province, Indonesia: a behavioral, virological and seroepidemiological studyKetut Santhia
Denpasar Disease Investigation Center, Ministry of Agriculture, Indonesia
Influenza Other Respi Viruses 3:81-9. 2009..Bali Province was affected by avian influenza H5N1 outbreaks in birds in October 2003. Despite ongoing circulation of the virus, no human infection had been identified by December 2005...
- Identification of anisakid nematodes with zoonotic potential from Europe and China by single-strand conformation polymorphism analysis of nuclear ribosomal DNAX Q Zhu
College of Veterinary Medicine, South China Agricultural University, 483 Wushan Street, Tianhe District, Guangzhou, Guangdong Province 510642, People s Republic of China
Parasitol Res 101:1703-7. 2007..e., Anisakis typica, Anisakis pegreffii, and Hysterothylacium sp. These molecular tools will be useful for identification and investigation of the ecology of anisakid nematodes in China and elsewhere...
- Dog-associated risk factors for human plagueL Hannah Gould
Division of Vector Borne Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Bacterial Diseases Branch, Fort Collins, CO, USA
Zoonoses Public Health 55:448-54. 2008..046). Our findings suggest that dogs may facilitate the transfer of fleas into the home and that activities with close extended contacts with dogs may increase the risk of plague infection...
- Managing canine vector-borne diseases of zoonotic concern: part twoDomenico Otranto
Department of Veterinary Public Health, University of Bari, 70010 Valenzano, Bari, Italy
Trends Parasitol 25:228-35. 2009..This review discusses the crucial aspects involved in the diagnosis, treatment, prevention and control of CVBDs of zoonotic concern...
- Onchocercosis: a newly recognized disease in dogsTamás Sréter
Laboratories for Parasites, Fish, Bee and Wildlife Diseases, Veterinary Diagnostic Directorate, Central Agricultural Office, H 1149, Budapest, Hungary
Vet Parasitol 151:1-13. 2008..As infections in dogs may provide a practical experimental system, further studies should be encouraged to try to establish experimental Onchocerca infections in dogs...
- Unexpected high prevalence of IgG-antibodies to hepatitis E virus in Swedish pig farmers and controlsBjorn Olsen
Department of Infectious Diseases, Umea University, and Department of Medicine, Karolinska University Hospital Huddinge, Stockholm, Sweden
Scand J Infect Dis 38:55-8. 2006..Further studies are needed to elucidate the routes for infection of indigenous HEV and if sub-clinical infections with pig associated HEV strains occur in Sweden...
- Leptospira and leptospirosisBen Adler
Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence in Structural and Functional Microbial Genomics, Monash University, Clayton, Australia
Vet Microbiol 140:287-96. 2010..However, the recent development of defined mutagenesis systems for Leptospira heralds the potential for gaining a much improved understanding of pathogenesis in leptospirosis...
- Pasteurella multocida meningitis in newborns after incidental animal exposureHazar Kobayaa
Department of Pediatrics, State University of New York Upstate Medical Center, Syracuse, NY 13210, USA
Pediatr Infect Dis J 28:928-9. 2009..multocida meningitis during infancy, 18 were less than or equal to 1 month of age. All but one of the infants less than 1 month of age had documented exposure to household dogs and/or cats, most only incidentally...
- Dog-human and dog-dog interactions of 260 dog-owning households in a community in CheshireC Westgarth
Department of Veterinary Clinical Science, University of Liverpool, Leahurst, Neston, Cheshire CH64 7TE
Vet Rec 162:436-42. 2008..A number of situations were identified that may be important in relation to zoonoses, including sleeping areas, playing behaviours, greeting behaviours, food sources, walking, disposal of faeces, ..
- Mycobacterium tuberculosis in zoo and wildlife speciesR J Montali
Smithsonian National Zoological Park, Department of Pathology, 3001 Connecticut Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20008, USA
Rev Sci Tech 20:291-303. 2001..Additionally, new guidelines for controlling tuberculosis in elephants in the United States of America, and programmes for tuberculosis prevention in animal handlers have been established...
- Detection of closely related Picobirnaviruses among diarrhoeic children in Kolkata: evidence of zoonoses?Balasubramanian Ganesh
Division of Virology, National Institute of Cholera and Enteric Diseases, P 33, CIT Road, Scheme XM, Beliaghata, Kolkata 700 010, West Bengal, India
Infect Genet Evol 10:511-6. 2010..Therefore, the close monitoring of their global spread as well as in-depth molecular characterization is essential for better understanding of emerging PBV strains...
- One health: the importance of companion animal vector-borne diseasesMichael J Day
School of Veterinary Sciences, University of Bristol, Langford BS40 5DU, UK
Parasit Vectors 4:49. 2011..The challenges that lie ahead in this field of One Health are discussed, together with the role of the newly formed World Small Animal Veterinary Association One Health Committee...
- Flea-associated zoonotic diseases of cats in the USA: bartonellosis, flea-borne rickettsioses, and plagueKristina M McElroy
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Division of Viral and Rickettsial Diseases, 1600 Clifton Road, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
Trends Parasitol 26:197-204. 2010Cat-scratch disease, flea-borne typhus, and plague are three flea-associated zoonoses of cats of concern in the USA...
- Parasites of importance for human health in Nigerian dogs: high prevalence and limited knowledge of pet ownersUade Samuel Ugbomoiko
Department of Zoology, University of Ilorin, Nigeria
BMC Vet Res 4:49. 2008..Dogs are the most common pet animals worldwide. They may harbour a wide range of parasites with zoonotic potential, thus causing a health risk to humans. In Nigeria, epidemiological knowledge on these parasites is limited...
- Swine hepatitis E virus: cross-species infection and risk in xenotransplantationX J Meng
Center for Molecular Medicine and Infectious Diseases, Department of Biomedical Sciences and Pathobiology, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, 1410 Price s Fork Road, Blacksburg, VA 24061 0342, USA
Curr Top Microbiol Immunol 278:185-216. 2003..This chapter discusses the recent advances in HEV research with emphases on potential zoonosis and xenozoonosis...
- Emergence and persistence of hantavirusesS L Klein
W Harry Feinstone Department of Molecular Microbiology and Immunology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
Curr Top Microbiol Immunol 315:217-52. 2007..In addition, we summarize all these complexities and provide suggestions for future research directions...
- Risk factors of bovine tuberculosis in cattle in rural livestock production systems of EthiopiaRea Tschopp
Swiss Tropical Institute, PO Box, CH 4002 Basel, Switzerland
Prev Vet Med 89:205-11. 2009..None of the assessed potential risk factors of disease transmission between cattle and human (food consumption, livestock husbandry and presence of BTB-positive cattle) were statistically significant...
- Evidence-based semiquantitative methodology for prioritization of foodborne zoonosesSabine Cardoen
Scientific Secretariat of the Scientific Committee, Directorate General Control Policy, Federal Agency for the Safety of the Food Chain, Brussels, Belgium
Foodborne Pathog Dis 6:1083-96. 2009To prioritize an extended list of food- and water-borne zoonoses to allow food safety authorities to focus on the most relevant hazards in the food chain.
- Molecular characterization of Giardia intestinalis haplotypes in marine animals: variation and zoonotic potentialErica Lasek-Nesselquist
Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Brown University, 80 Waterman Street, Providence, Rhode Island 02912, USA
Dis Aquat Organ 81:39-51. 2008..The presence of G. intestinalis in marine ecosystems raises concerns about how this disease might be transmitted among different host species...
- Host range and emerging and reemerging pathogensMark E J Woolhouse
Centre for Infectious Diseases, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, United Kingdom
Emerg Infect Dis 11:1842-7. 2005..Emerging and reemerging zoonoses are associated with a wide range of drivers, but changes in land use and agriculture and demographic and societal ..
- Waterborne zoonotic helminthiasesSuwannee Nithiuthai
Department of Pathology, Faculty of Veterinary Science, Chulalongkorn University, Henri Dunant Road, Patumwan, Bangkok 10330, Thailand
Vet Parasitol 126:167-93. 2004..Disease prevention methods, including disease surveillance, education and improved drinking water treatment are described...
- Sources of hepatitis E virus genotype 3 in The NetherlandsSaskia A Rutjes
Laboratory for Zoonoses and Environmental Microbiology, Centre for Infectious Disease Control Netherlands, National Institute for Public Health and the Environment, Bilthoven, The Netherlands
Emerg Infect Dis 15:381-7. 2009..This finding suggests that infection risk may be also dependent on transmission routes other than the ones currently studied. Besides the route of exposure, virus characteristics may be an important determinant for HEV disease in humans...
- The global burden of bacterial and viral zoonotic infectionsL Christou
Department of Internal Medicine, Medical School, University of Ioannina, Ioannina, Greece
Clin Microbiol Infect 17:326-30. 2011..The burden of disease induced by zoonotic and viral pathogens is enormous: there are more than ten bacterial zoonoses, each of which affects hundreds of thousands patients annually, often leading to chronic infections and causing ..
- Targeting cattle-borne zoonoses and cattle pathogens using a novel trypanosomatid-based delivery systemG Adam Mott
Centre for Immunity, Infection and Evolution, Institute for Immunology and Infection Research, School of Biological Sciences, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, United Kingdom
PLoS Pathog 7:e1002340. 2011..Trypanosoma theileri offers significant potential to target multiple infections, including major cattle-borne zoonoses such as Escherichia coli, Salmonella spp., Brucella abortus and Mycobacterium spp...
- The increasing recognition of rickettsial pathogens in dogs and peopleWilliam L Nicholson
Division of Viral and Rickettsial Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
Trends Parasitol 26:205-12. 2010..Newer molecular assays are available, although renewed efforts to encourage their use are needed. This review highlights the ecology and epidemiology of these diseases, and proposes avenues for future investigation...
- Zoonotic filariasis caused by Onchocerca dewittei japonica in a resident of Hiroshima Prefecture, Honshu, JapanShigehiko Uni
Department of Medical Zoology, Osaka City University Medical School, Abeno Ku, Osaka, Japan
Parasitol Int 59:477-80. 2010..This human case caused by O. dewittei japonica suggests that zoonotic onchocerciasis is liable to occur in rural areas in Japan where wild boar, Simulium vectors, and humans overlap...
- Mayaro virus disease: an emerging mosquito-borne zoonosis in tropical South AmericaR B Tesh
Department of Pathology, Center for Tropical Diseases, University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, USA
Clin Infect Dis 28:67-73. 1999..Cases of two visitors from the United States, who developed MV disease during visits to eastern Peru, are reported. MV disease and dengue are difficult to differentiate clinically...
- Giardia species and other intestinal parasites in dogs in north-east and central ItalyG Capelli
Istituto Zooprofilattico Sperimentale delle Venezie, , 35020 Legnaro (PD, Italy
Vet Rec 159:422-4. 2006
- One Health: the small animal dimensionM J Day
School of Veterinary Sciences, University of Bristol, Bristol
Vet Rec 167:847-9. 2010..Here, Michael Day, the chairman of that committee, explains how companion animals fit within the One Health concept...
- An exploration of the potential risks associated with using pet therapy in healthcare settingsSarah J Brodie
University Hospital of Wales, Cardiff, UK
J Clin Nurs 11:444-56. 2002..Recommendations aimed at limiting the potential risk of infection and guidelines for the safe management of pet therapy are developed...
- Risk for rabies transmission from encounters with bats, Colorado, 1977-1996W J Pape
Colorado Department of Public Health and Environment, Denver, USA
Emerg Infect Dis 5:433-7. 1999..Rabies was diagnosed in 685 (15%) of 4,470 bats tested. The prevalence of rabies in bats that bit humans was 2.1 times higher than in bats that did not bite humans. At least a third of the encounters were preventable...
- PARASITIC ZOONOSIS (ECHINOCOCCOSIS) TRANSMISSION IN CHINPhilip Craig; Fiscal Year: 2003..with the fox tapeworm Echinococcus multilocularis, though globally rare, is one of the most pathogenic helminthic zoonoses. AE has recently been shown however to be highly endemic in central western China amongst Han farming and Tibetan ..
- Biodiversity, Habitat Fragmentation, & Lyme Disease RiskRICHARD OSTFELD; Fiscal Year: 2006..body of ecological and epidemiological background information, and potential as a model of other vector-borne zoonoses. Our research over the past 9 years has generated a conceptual model that we call the dilution effect...
- Landscape Ecology and Mapping of Ehrlichial PathogensMICHAEL WIMBERLY; Fiscal Year: 2005The geographic ranges of many tick species have expanded over the past several decades, and several new tickborne zoonoses have emerged...
- Risk for Future Outbreaks of Henipaviruses in South AsiaJonathan Epstein; Fiscal Year: 2007..Veterinarians can provide important input into research on emerging zoonoses, but specific training programs for these are lacking...
- HOST COMPETENCE FACTORS AFFECT ARBOVIRUS TRANSMISSIONWilliam Reisen; Fiscal Year: 2003Mosquito-borne encephalitis viruses are endemic zoonoses that continue to pose a health risk to the residents of California and other affected areas of the United States...
- HEALTH BURDERN OF COINFECTING DEER ASSOCIATED ZOONOSESPeter Krause; Fiscal Year: 2001..The density of deer will be estimated in each site. This proposed effort will help define the health burden imposed on people residing in proximity to deer and will contribute to diagnosis and case-management of apparent Lyme disease. ..
- Evolution of the Bordetellae from Commensals to PathogensEric T Harvill; Fiscal Year: 2010..this set of subspecies provides an extraordinary experiment of nature that will allow us to examine some of the most important questions regarding the evolution of infectious diseases and the emergence of human pathogens from zoonoses.
- Evolution of the Bordetellae from Commensals to PathogensEric Harvill; Fiscal Year: 2009..provides an extraordinary experiment of nature that will allow us to examine some of the most important questions regarding the evolution of infectious diseases and the emergence of human pathogens from zoonoses.
- Evolution of the Bordetellae from Commensals to PathogensEric Harvill; Fiscal Year: 2009..this set of subspecies provides an extraordinary experiment of nature that will allow us to examine some of the most important questions regarding the evolution of infectious diseases and the emergence of human pathogens from zoonoses.
- Biodiversity, Habitat Fragmentation, & Lyme Disease RiskRICHARD OSTFELD; Fiscal Year: 2003..body of ecological and epidemiological background information, and potential as a model of other vector-borne zoonoses. Our research over the past 9 years has generated a conceptual model that we call the dilution effect...
- COMPARISON OF 3 HUMAN EHRLICHIOSIS GENOME SEQUENCESYasuko Rikihisa; Fiscal Year: 2002..Several Ehrlichia spp. are now known to cause emerging vector-borne zoonoses in the United States, including a new granulocytotropic ehrlichia, the human granulocytic ehrlichiosis (HGE) ..
- Anti-apoptotic gene therapy: Islet allotransplantationNick Giannoukakis; Fiscal Year: 2002..The latter may not become a clinical reality anytime soon primarily because of concerns for zoonoses. Allografts are ethically acceptable, yet they face both alloimmune rejection as well as autoimmune destruction ..
- MINORITY PREDOCTORAL FELLOWSHIP PROGRAMDENISE STEINLEIN; Fiscal Year: 2005Bartonella species are emerging zoonoses. This project examines the infection and coinfection prevalence of Bartonella species, Borrelia burgdorferi, and Anaplasma phagocytophilum, in field-captured rodents and ectoparasites in northern ..
- Synthetic Scaffolds for Bladder RegenerationSundararajan Madihally; Fiscal Year: 2007..induction of hyperacute rejection due to potential mismatch of xenografts and the possible transmission of zoonoses due to xenografts have obviated the need for alternative repair options...
- Risk of Viral Emergence from BatsPeter Daszak; Fiscal Year: 2009DESCRIPTION (provided by investigator): Emerging zoonoses are a significant threat to global public health and our economies. The majority are caused by pathogens that emerge with increasing frequency from wildlife hosts (e.g...
- Risk of Viral Emergence from BatsPeter Daszak; Fiscal Year: 2010DESCRIPTION (provided by investigator): Emerging zoonoses are a significant threat to global public health and our economies. The majority are caused by pathogens that emerge with increasing frequency from wildlife hosts (e.g...
- Enabling Technologies for hES Cell Self-RenewalKEVIN HEALY; Fiscal Year: 2009..These methods increase the risk of zoonoses acquired from the murine feeder cells and culture medium, and have significant disadvantages in reproducibility ..
- Enabling Technologies for hES Cell Self-RenewalKEVIN EDWARD HEALY; Fiscal Year: 2010..These methods increase the risk of zoonoses acquired from the murine feeder cells and culture medium, and have significant disadvantages in reproducibility ..
- Environmental Biostatistics Training GrantLance Waller; Fiscal Year: 2007..g., quantifying environmental impacts on vector-borne diseases and zoonoses such as rabies and Lyme disease, including investigations of the phylo-geography or spatial patterns of ..
- NK Cell Receptor Evolution During Mammalian RadiationPeter Parham; Fiscal Year: 2006..face infection armed with different NK cell receptors should stimulate development of new strategies and innovative therapies against human infections, particularly zoonoses emerging from other mammalian species.
- NK Cell Receptor Evolution During Mammalian RadiationPeter Parham; Fiscal Year: 2007..face infection armed with different NK cell receptors should stimulate development of new strategies and innovative therapies against human infections, particularly zoonoses emerging from other mammalian species.
- Animal Model Research for Veterinarians (AMRV)Xiang Jin Meng; Fiscal Year: 2007..At the end of the training program, trainees are expected to launch an independent biomedical research career. ..