bovine mastitis

Summary

Summary: INFLAMMATION of the UDDER in cows.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Survey of the incidence and aetiology of mastitis on dairy farms in England and Wales
    A J Bradley
    School of Clinical Veterinary Science, University of Bristol, Langford
    Vet Rec 160:253-7. 2007
  2. ncbi Characterization of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus ST398 from cases of bovine mastitis
    Andrea Fessler
    Institute of Farm Animal Genetics, Friedrich Loeffler Institut, Neustadt Mariensee, Germany
    J Antimicrob Chemother 65:619-25. 2010
  3. pmc Broad-spectrum activity against bacterial mastitis pathogens and activation of mammary epithelial cells support a protective role of neutrophil cathelicidins in bovine mastitis
    Linda Tomasinsig
    Department of Biomedical Sciences and Technology, University of Udine, Udine, Italy
    Infect Immun 78:1781-8. 2010
  4. ncbi Analytical specificity and sensitivity of a real-time polymerase chain reaction assay for identification of bovine mastitis pathogens
    M T Koskinen
    Finnzymes Diagnostics, Keilaranta 16A, Espoo, Finland
    J Dairy Sci 92:952-9. 2009
  5. ncbi Antibacterial activity of thionin Thi2.1 from Arabidopsis thaliana expressed by bovine endothelial cells against Staphylococcus aureus isolates from bovine mastitis
    Alejandra Ochoa-Zarzosa
    Centro Multidisciplinario de Estudios en Biotecnología, Facultad de Medicina Veterinaria y Zootecnia, Universidad Michoacana de San Nicolas de Hidalgo, Apdo Postal 53, Administración Chapultepec, C P 58262 Morelia, Michoacan, Mexico
    Vet Microbiol 127:425-30. 2008
  6. ncbi Staphylococcus aureus lipotechoic acid induces differential expression of bovine serum amyloid A3 (SAA3) by mammary epithelial cells: Implications for early diagnosis of mastitis
    Annika Weber
    Department of Pathology and Microbiology, University of Nebraska Medical Center, 4028 Wittson Hall, 986495 Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, NE 68198 6495, USA
    Vet Immunol Immunopathol 109:79-83. 2006
  7. pmc Identification of immune genes and proteins involved in the response of bovine mammary tissue to Staphylococcus aureus infection
    Ylva C Strandberg Lutzow
    Co operative Research Centre for Innovative Dairy Products, Australia
    BMC Vet Res 4:18. 2008
  8. ncbi Kinetics of local and systemic isoforms of serum amyloid A in bovine mastitic milk
    S Jacobsen
    Department of Clinical Studies, Large Animal Surgery, Royal Veterinary and Agricultural University, Dyrlaegevej 48, DK 1870 Frederiksberg C, Copenhagen, Denmark
    Vet Immunol Immunopathol 104:21-31. 2005
  9. ncbi Effect of pathogen-specific clinical mastitis on milk yield in dairy cows
    Y T Grohn
    Section of Epidemiology, Department of Population Medicine and Diagnostic Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, USA
    J Dairy Sci 87:3358-74. 2004
  10. ncbi Identification and characterization of methicillin-resistant coagulase-negative staphylococci from bovine mastitis
    Andrea T Fessler
    Institute of Farm Animal Genetics, Friedrich Loeffler Institut FLI, Neustadt Mariensee, Germany
    J Antimicrob Chemother 65:1576-82. 2010

Research Grants

  1. NOVEL ANTIMICROBIAL TREATMENT FOR MASTITIS
    RICHARD COUGHLIN; Fiscal Year: 2001
  2. Molecular & cellular basis for host-pathogen interactions
    Gregory Bohach; Fiscal Year: 2009
  3. Triple action chimera: eradication of nasal S. aureus by cell wall hydrolases
    DAVID MATTHEW DONOVAN; Fiscal Year: 2010
  4. VIRULENCE FACTORS OF GROUP B STREPTOCOCCI
    John Bohnsack; Fiscal Year: 2001
  5. OXIDANT STRESS AND ENDOTHELIAL CELL METABOLISM
    LORRAINE SORDILLO; Fiscal Year: 2001

Detail Information

Publications292 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Survey of the incidence and aetiology of mastitis on dairy farms in England and Wales
    A J Bradley
    School of Clinical Veterinary Science, University of Bristol, Langford
    Vet Rec 160:253-7. 2007
    ..Staphylococcus aureus and coagulase-positive staphylococci together accounted for 10 per cent of the samples with high somatic cell counts; 39 per cent produced no bacterial growth...
  2. ncbi Characterization of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus ST398 from cases of bovine mastitis
    Andrea Fessler
    Institute of Farm Animal Genetics, Friedrich Loeffler Institut, Neustadt Mariensee, Germany
    J Antimicrob Chemother 65:619-25. 2010
    ....
  3. pmc Broad-spectrum activity against bacterial mastitis pathogens and activation of mammary epithelial cells support a protective role of neutrophil cathelicidins in bovine mastitis
    Linda Tomasinsig
    Department of Biomedical Sciences and Technology, University of Udine, Udine, Italy
    Infect Immun 78:1781-8. 2010
    ..and in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-treated cells, to determine their activities against bacteria isolated from bovine mastitis, and to examine their potentials to trigger defense responses in bovine mammary cells...
  4. ncbi Analytical specificity and sensitivity of a real-time polymerase chain reaction assay for identification of bovine mastitis pathogens
    M T Koskinen
    Finnzymes Diagnostics, Keilaranta 16A, Espoo, Finland
    J Dairy Sci 92:952-9. 2009
    ..Altogether, 643 culture isolates originating from clinical bovine mastitis, human, and companion animal samples were analyzed using the assay...
  5. ncbi Antibacterial activity of thionin Thi2.1 from Arabidopsis thaliana expressed by bovine endothelial cells against Staphylococcus aureus isolates from bovine mastitis
    Alejandra Ochoa-Zarzosa
    Centro Multidisciplinario de Estudios en Biotecnología, Facultad de Medicina Veterinaria y Zootecnia, Universidad Michoacana de San Nicolas de Hidalgo, Apdo Postal 53, Administración Chapultepec, C P 58262 Morelia, Michoacan, Mexico
    Vet Microbiol 127:425-30. 2008
    b>Bovine mastitis is mainly caused by Staphylococcus aureus and antimicrobial therapy, commonly used for its control, has resulted in an increase in the frequency of resistant staphylococci in recent years...
  6. ncbi Staphylococcus aureus lipotechoic acid induces differential expression of bovine serum amyloid A3 (SAA3) by mammary epithelial cells: Implications for early diagnosis of mastitis
    Annika Weber
    Department of Pathology and Microbiology, University of Nebraska Medical Center, 4028 Wittson Hall, 986495 Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, NE 68198 6495, USA
    Vet Immunol Immunopathol 109:79-83. 2006
    ....
  7. pmc Identification of immune genes and proteins involved in the response of bovine mammary tissue to Staphylococcus aureus infection
    Ylva C Strandberg Lutzow
    Co operative Research Centre for Innovative Dairy Products, Australia
    BMC Vet Res 4:18. 2008
    ..Moreover, the effect of infection on the presence of bioactive innate immune proteins in milk is also unclear. The nature of these responses may determine the susceptibility of the tissue and its ability to resolve the infection...
  8. ncbi Kinetics of local and systemic isoforms of serum amyloid A in bovine mastitic milk
    S Jacobsen
    Department of Clinical Studies, Large Animal Surgery, Royal Veterinary and Agricultural University, Dyrlaegevej 48, DK 1870 Frederiksberg C, Copenhagen, Denmark
    Vet Immunol Immunopathol 104:21-31. 2005
    ....
  9. ncbi Effect of pathogen-specific clinical mastitis on milk yield in dairy cows
    Y T Grohn
    Section of Epidemiology, Department of Population Medicine and Diagnostic Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, USA
    J Dairy Sci 87:3358-74. 2004
    ..These findings provide dairy producers with more information on which pathogen-specific CM cases should receive treatment and how to manage these cows, thereby reducing CM impact on cow well being and profitability...
  10. ncbi Identification and characterization of methicillin-resistant coagulase-negative staphylococci from bovine mastitis
    Andrea T Fessler
    Institute of Farm Animal Genetics, Friedrich Loeffler Institut FLI, Neustadt Mariensee, Germany
    J Antimicrob Chemother 65:1576-82. 2010
    ....
  11. ncbi Phenotypic and genetic antibiogram of methicillin-resistant staphylococci isolated from bovine mastitis in Korea
    J S Moon
    Department of Bacteriology, National Veterinary Research and Quarantine Service, Anyang, Gyeonggi Do, Republic of Korea
    J Dairy Sci 90:1176-85. 2007
    ..pathogens, whereas the coagulase-negative staphylococci (CNS) are also capable of causing opportunistic bovine mastitis. Many of these strains are resistant to penicillin or ampicillin because of the long-term use of beta-lactam ..
  12. ncbi Transcriptome profiling of Streptococcus uberis-induced mastitis reveals fundamental differences between immune gene expression in the mammary gland and in a primary cell culture model
    K M Swanson
    AgResearch Ltd, Ruakura Research Centre, Private Bag 3123, Hamilton 3240, New Zealand
    J Dairy Sci 92:117-29. 2009
    ..Results demonstrate the complexity of the bovine mammary gland immune response to an infecting pathogen and indicate that a coordinated response exists between the resident, recruited, and inducible immune factors...
  13. ncbi Pathogen-dependent induction of cytokines and other soluble inflammatory mediators during intramammary infection of dairy cows
    D D Bannerman
    Bovine Functional Genomics Laboratory, Beltsville Agricultural Research Center, ARS, USDA, Beltsville, MD 20705, USA
    J Anim Sci 87:10-25. 2009
    ....
  14. pmc Molecular and genetic characterization of a novel nisin variant produced by Streptococcus uberis
    Ruth E Wirawan
    Department of Microbiology and Immunology, University of Otago, P O Box 56, Dunedin, New Zealand
    Appl Environ Microbiol 72:1148-56. 2006
    Streptococcus uberis is one of the principal causative agents of bovine mastitis. In this study, we report that S. uberis strain 42 produces a lantibiotic, nisin U, which is 78% identical (82% similar) to nisin A from Lactococcus lactis...
  15. ncbi Production effects related to mastitis and mastitis economics in dairy cattle herds
    Henri Seegers
    Unit of Animal Health Management, UMR 708 ENVN INRA, National Veterinary School, BP 40706, 44307 Nantes Cedex 03, France
    Vet Res 34:475-91. 2003
    ..To support decision making for udder health control, it is necessary to use a marginal approach, based on the comparison of the losses avoided and the additional costs of modified plans, compared to the existing ones...
  16. ncbi Escherichia coli, but not Staphylococcus aureus triggers an early increased expression of factors contributing to the innate immune defense in the udder of the cow
    Wolfram Petzl
    Clinic for Ruminants, Ludwig Maximilians University, Munich, Germany
    Vet Res 39:18. 2008
    ..Using the established mastitis model, the data clearly demonstrate a pathogen-dependent difference in the time kinetics of induced pathogen receptors and defense molecules...
  17. ncbi Invited Review: The role of cow, pathogen, and treatment regimen in the therapeutic success of bovine Staphylococcus aureus mastitis
    H W Barkema
    Dept of Health Management, Atlantic Veterinary College, University of Prince Edward Island, Charlottetown, PEI, Canada
    J Dairy Sci 89:1877-95. 2006
    ..aureus infections is often justified based on bacteriological cure and economic outcome, whereas treatment of older animals, chronic infections, or penicillin-resistant isolates should be discouraged...
  18. ncbi Acute phase response in naturally occurring coliform mastitis
    H Ohtsuka
    Department of Veterinary Internal Medicine, School of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Sciences, Kitasato University, Towada, Aomori, Japan
    J Vet Med Sci 63:675-8. 2001
    ..These results showed that there are dynamic changes in serum IL-1 activity and in serum alpha1AG and Hp concentrations in cows with severe coliform mastitis...
  19. ncbi Bovine mastitis and intramammary drug delivery: review and perspectives
    P Gruet
    CEVA Sante Animale, Research and Development, BP126, F 33501 Libourne cedex, France
    Adv Drug Deliv Rev 50:245-59. 2001
    ..g. liposomes, microparticles or nanoparticles) that allow uptake of the active component by phagocytes and thus prolong an enhanced antibacterial activity...
  20. pmc Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus elicit differential innate immune responses following intramammary infection
    Douglas D Bannerman
    Bovine Functional Genomics Laboratory, USDA Agricultural Research Service ANRI, BARC East, Bldg 1040, Room 2, Beltsville, MD 20705 2350, USA
    Clin Diagn Lab Immunol 11:463-72. 2004
    ..coli and S. aureus and suggest that the limited cytokine response to S. aureus may contribute to the well-known ability of the bacterium to establish chronic intramammary infection...
  21. ncbi Immunity and mastitis. Some new ideas for an old disease
    Jeanne L Burton
    Immunogenetics Laboratory, Department of Animal Science, Michigan State University, 1205E Anthony Hall, East Lansing, MI 48824, USA
    Vet Clin North Am Food Anim Pract 19:1-45, v. 2003
    ....
  22. ncbi Monitoring udder health and milk quality using somatic cell counts
    Ynte H Schukken
    Quality Milk Production Services, Cornell Veterinary Medicine, Cornell University, 22 Thornwood Drive, Ithaca, NY 14850, USA
    Vet Res 34:579-96. 2003
    ..These programs are necessarily dynamic and complex. Implementation of complete udder health programs should be accompanied by research efforts to further fine-tune these complete udder health control and monitoring programs...
  23. ncbi Invasive potential of bacterial isolates associated with subclinical bovine mastitis
    José L Anaya-López
    Centro Multidisciplinario de Estudios en Biotecnología, Facultad de Medicina Veterinaria y Zootecnia, Universidad Michoacana de San Nicolas de Hidalgo, Apartado Postal 53, Administración Chapultepec Oriente, C P 58262 Morelia, Michoacan, Mexico
    Res Vet Sci 81:358-61. 2006
    ..aureus control strain ATCC 27543. In conclusion, using the in vitro model of infection used in this study, differences in bacterial invasion capability may be detected...
  24. ncbi Organ- and host-specific clonal groups of Staphylococcus aureus from human infections and bovine mastitis revealed by the clumping factor A gene
    Kamaleldin B Said
    Department of Animal Science, McGill University, Quebec, Canada
    Foodborne Pathog Dis 7:111-9. 2010
    ..R-domain of the clumping factor A gene in 95 isolates from different organs in human patients and from bovine mastitis, using polymerase chain reaction, sequencing, multiple sequence alignment, and phylogenetic relationships...
  25. ncbi Repeat-based subtyping and grouping of Staphylococcus aureus from human infections and bovine mastitis using the R-domain of the clumping factor A gene
    Kamaleldin B Said
    Department of Animal Science, McGill University, Ste Anne de Bellevue, Quebec H9X 3V9, Canada
    Diagn Microbiol Infect Dis 63:24-37. 2009
    ..DNA from isolates and strains of human infections and bovine mastitis were amplified and sequenced. Sequences of clfA from published strains were also analyzed...
  26. ncbi Characterization of Dutch Staphylococcus aureus from bovine mastitis using a Multiple Locus Variable Number Tandem Repeat Analysis
    Risma Ikawaty
    Department of Medical Microbiology, University Medical Centre Utrecht, Utrecht, The Netherlands
    Vet Microbiol 136:277-84. 2009
    ..Locus Variable Number Tandem Repeat Analysis (MLVA) scheme with 6 loci which lacks most drawbacks on 85 bovine mastitis isolates from The Netherlands. For each locus the number of repeat units (RU) was calculated...
  27. ncbi Clinical characteristics and persistence of bovine mastitis caused by different species of coagulase-negative staphylococci identified with API or AFLP
    Suvi Taponen
    University of Helsinki, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Department of Clinical Veterinary Sciences, Finland
    Vet Microbiol 115:199-207. 2006
    ..9%, as opposed to only 45.5% for untreated quarters. Bacterial cure rates for the most common CNS species or AFLP clusters were not statistically different. Further studies on identification of CNS species are needed...
  28. ncbi Bovine mastitis in Finland 2001--prevalence, distribution of bacteria, and antimicrobial resistance
    A Pitkälä
    National Veterinary and Food Research Institute, EELA, PB 45, FIN 00581 Helsinki, Finland
    J Dairy Sci 87:2433-41. 2004
    A nationwide survey was conducted in Finland to estimate prevalence of bovine mastitis, distribution of mastitis pathogens, and in vitro antimicrobial susceptibility of different mastitis pathogens...
  29. ncbi Mammary expression of new genes to combat mastitis
    D E Kerr
    Department of Animal Science, University of Vermont, Burlington 05405, USA
    J Anim Sci 81:38-47. 2003
    ..The transgenic approach to insertion of new genetic material into agriculturally important animals is feasible but requires extensive prior evaluation of the transgene and transgene product in model systems...
  30. ncbi Increase of Escherichia coli inoculum doses induces faster innate immune response in primiparous cows
    F Vangroenweghe
    Ghent University, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Department of Physiology, Biochemistry, and Biometrics, Salisburylaan 133, 9820 Merelbeke, Belgium
    J Dairy Sci 87:4132-44. 2004
    ..coli infection efficiently. Moreover, increasing the inoculum dose induces a more rapid inflammatory reaction, mainly because of early activation of the innate host immune response...
  31. ncbi Virulence genes of bovine Staphylococcus aureus from persistent and nonpersistent intramammary infections with different clinical characteristics
    M Haveri
    Department of Clinical Veterinary Sciences, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Helsinki, Finland
    J Appl Microbiol 103:993-1000. 2007
    ..To examine, whether a possible relationship exists between genetic profile and infection persistence, clinical signs of infection, clonal type determined by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE), and antimicrobial resistance...
  32. ncbi Proteomic analysis of differentially expressed proteins in bovine milk during experimentally induced Escherichia coli mastitis
    J L Boehmer
    US Food and Drug Administration Center for Veterinary Medicine, Laurel, MD 20708, USA
    J Dairy Sci 91:4206-18. 2008
    ..coli could provide a rapid survey of milk protein modulation during coliform mastitis and aid in the identification of biomarkers of this disease...
  33. ncbi Short-term changes of mRNA expression of various inflammatory factors and milk proteins in mammary tissue during LPS-induced mastitis
    S Schmitz
    Institute of Physiology, Technical University Munich, D 85354 Freising Weihenstephan, Germany
    Domest Anim Endocrinol 26:111-26. 2004
    ..05). In conclusion, mRNA expression of most inflammatory factors increased within hours, whereas that of most milk proteins remained unchanged...
  34. ncbi Comparison of antibiotic resistance of udder pathogens in dairy cows kept on organic and on conventional farms
    M Roesch
    Division of Nutrition and Physiology, Institute of Animal Genetics, Nutrition and Housing, University of Bern, CH 3012 Bern, Switzerland
    J Dairy Sci 89:989-97. 2006
    ..The antibiotic resistance status needs to be monitored in organic farms as well as conventional farms and production factors related to the absence of reduced antibiotic resistance in organic farms need to be evaluated...
  35. ncbi Alternative somatic cell count traits as mastitis indicators for genetic selection
    Y de Haas
    NRS, Animal Evaluation Unit, PO Box 454, NL 6800 AL Arnhem, The Netherlands
    J Dairy Sci 91:2501-11. 2008
    ..Therefore, use of information from a combination of different SCC traits may be more successful in improving overall udder health than the traditional single SCC measure...
  36. ncbi Elevated milk soluble CD14 in bovine mammary glands challenged with Escherichia coli lipopolysaccharide
    J W Lee
    Department of Animal Science, McGill University, Ste Anne de Bellevue, Quebec, H9X 3V9, Canada
    J Dairy Sci 86:2382-9. 2003
    ..The increase was not likely due to serum leakage. Instead, infiltrated neutrophils might be the main source of increased sCD14 in milk during inflammation...
  37. ncbi Milk culture results in a large Norwegian survey--effects of season, parity, days in milk, resistance, and clustering
    O Osterås
    Department of Norwegian Cattle Health Services, TINE Norwegian Dairies BA, As, Norway
    J Dairy Sci 89:1010-23. 2006
    ..aureus was likely due to higher prevalence of Staph. aureus as a whole, but for CNS, there was also an additional increase caused by a higher proportional rate of penicillin resistance during the late indoor season...
  38. pmc Analysis of the real EADGENE data set: comparison of methods and guidelines for data normalisation and selection of differentially expressed genes (open access publication)
    Florence Jaffrezic
    INRA, UR337, Jouy en Josas, France INRA_J
    Genet Sel Evol 39:633-50. 2007
    ..These analyses also emphasised a biological problem of cross-talk between infected and uninfected quarters which will have to be dealt with for further microarray studies...
  39. pmc Gene expression profiling of liver from dairy cows treated intra-mammary with lipopolysaccharide
    Li Jiang
    Department of Genetics and Biotechnology, Faculty of Agricultural Sciences, University of Aarhus, DK 8830 Tjele, Denmark
    BMC Genomics 9:443. 2008
    Liver plays a profound role in the acute phase response (APR) observed in the early phase of acute bovine mastitis caused by Escherichia coli (E. coli)...
  40. ncbi Influence of prepartum antibiotic therapy on intramammary infections in primigravid heifers during early lactation
    S P Oliver
    Department of Animal Science, University of Tennessee, Knoxville 37901 1071
    J Dairy Sci 75:406-14. 1992
    ..5, 3, and 10 d, respectively. Prepartum antibiotic therapy was effective in eliminating many IMI, especially those caused by coagulase-negative staphylococci, but there is the potential for antibiotic residues in milk...
  41. ncbi Impact of early lactation somatic cell count in heifers on milk yield over the first lactation
    S De Vliegher
    Department of Reproduction, Obstetrics, and Herd Health, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Ghent University, Merelbeke, Belgium
    J Dairy Sci 88:938-47. 2005
    ....
  42. ncbi Isolation of L-form variants after antibiotic treatment in Staphylococcus aureus bovine mastitis
    P M Sears
    College of Veterinary Medicine, Mississippi State University, MS 39762
    J Am Vet Med Assoc 191:681-4. 1987
    ..The organism was identified at various phases of reversion of L-form agar and was confirmed on transfer to blood agar plates...
  43. ncbi Phenotypic and genotypic characterization of bovine mastitis isolates of Staphylococcus aureus for biofilm formation
    Pradeep Vasudevan
    Department of Animal Science, Unit 40, University of Connecticut, 3636 Horsebarn Hill Road Extension, Storrs, CT 06269, USA
    Vet Microbiol 92:179-85. 2003
    ..aureus isolates from bovine mastitis. Thirty-two of the 35 isolates tested produced slime on Congo red agar, whereas only 24 of the isolates were ..
  44. ncbi Assessment of accuracy of disk diffusion tests for the determination of antimicrobial susceptibility of common bovine mastitis pathogens: a novel approach
    Eyal Klement
    The Koret School of Veterinary Medicine, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Rehovot, Israel
    Microb Drug Resist 11:342-50. 2005
    ..approach was used to assess disk diffusion accuracy for determination of antibiotic susceptibility of various bovine mastitis pathogens (Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus, Staphylococcus chromogenes, and Streptococcus ..
  45. ncbi Identification of Streptococcus spp. causing bovine mastitis by PCR-RFLP of 16S-23S ribosomal DNA
    W L McDonald
    School of Applied Sciences, RMIT University, Bundoora Campus, Bundoora, VIC 3083, Australia
    Vet Microbiol 111:241-6. 2005
    Traditional microbiological methods for identification of Streptococcus spp. causing bovine mastitis have been demonstrated to be less than highly reliable...
  46. ncbi Cytokines in mammary lymph and milk during endotoxin-induced bovine mastitis
    K Persson Waller
    Department of Ruminant and Porcine Diseases, National Veterinary Institute, SE 751 89, Uppsala, Sweden
    Res Vet Sci 74:31-6. 2003
    ..The results indicate a primary role for IL-8 in the recruitment of neutrophils into the gland, and suggest that IL-1beta and TNF-alpha are not necessary for IL-8 production and release in response to endotoxin...
  47. ncbi Staphylococcus aureus leucocidin, a virulence factor in bovine mastitis
    Ahmed Younis
    National Mastitis Reference Center, Kimron Veterinary Institute, PO Box 12, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
    J Dairy Res 72:188-94. 2005
    ..The results suggest that LukM/ LukF' induce inflammation into the udder by a mechanism similar to that of LPS or by a unique mechanism(s) which requires further investigation...
  48. ncbi Genotypic and phenotypic diversity of Streptococcus dysgalactiae strains isolated from clinical and subclinical cases of bovine mastitis
    F M Aarestrup
    Danish Veterinary Laboratory, Copenhagen, Denmark
    Vet Microbiol 53:315-23. 1996
    This study was conducted to characterize Streptococcus dysgalactiae isolated from cases of bovine mastitis. One hundred strains from 100 dairy herds in Denmark, 29 strains from 29 dairy herds in Pennsylvania, USA, 7 reference strains and ..
  49. ncbi Phylogenetic distribution of virulence genes in Escherichia coli isolated from bovine mastitis in Iran
    Reza Ghanbarpour
    Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Shahid Bahonar University of Kerman, 14111 Kerman, Iran
    Res Vet Sci 88:6-10. 2010
    One hundred and twenty seven Escherichia coli isolates from bovine mastitis were examined to detect the phylogenetic group/subgroups and a selection of virulence associated genes. Forty nine (38...
  50. ncbi Genetic associations between clinical mastitis and somatic cell score in early first-lactation cows
    B Heringstad
    Department of Animal and Aquacultural Sciences, Norwegian University of Life Sciences, PO Box 5003, N 1432 As, Norway
    J Dairy Sci 89:2236-44. 2006
    ..The association between sire posterior means for liability to clinical mastitis and sire predicted transmitting ability for SCS was far from perfect...
  51. ncbi Persistence in bovine mastitis of Staphylococcus aureus clones as assessed by random amplified polymorphic DNA analysis, ribotyping and biotyping
    V Myllys
    National Veterinary and Food Research Institute, Helsinki, Finland
    Vet Microbiol 57:245-51. 1997
    Staphylococcus aureus isolates (N = 40) from bovine mastitis were characterized by random amplified polymorphic DNA-PCR (RAPD-PCR), ribotyping and biotyping...
  52. ncbi Review of the microbiological, pathological, and clinical aspects of bovine mastitis caused by the alga Prototheca zopfii
    S Jánosi
    Central Veterinary Institute, Budapest, Hungary
    Vet Q 23:58-61. 2001
    ....
  53. ncbi Treatment practices and quantification of antimicrobial drug usage in conventional and organic dairy farms in Wisconsin
    M Pol
    Department of Dairy Science, University of Wisconsin, Madison 53706, USA
    J Dairy Sci 90:249-61. 2007
    ..32 (treatment of metritis) DDD. For treatments of foot infections (0.33 DDD), respiratory infections (0.07 DDD), and metritis (0.19 DDD), the mean density of ceftiofur usage was significantly greater compared with other compounds...
  54. ncbi Antibiotic susceptibility patterns for environmental streptococci isolated from bovine mastitis in central California dairies
    P V Rossitto
    Department of Population, Health, and Reproduction, Veterinary Medicine Teaching and Research Facility, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California, Davis 93274, USA
    J Dairy Sci 85:132-8. 2002
    Environmental streptococci are frequently isolated from bovine mastitis in dairy cows with only limited information available on the antimicrobial susceptibility of these organisms...
  55. ncbi An overview of factors affecting the disposition of intramammary preparations used to treat bovine mastitis
    R Gehring
    Department of Clinical Sciences, Agricultural Practices Section, Kansas State University, Manhattan, KS 66506, USA
    J Vet Pharmacol Ther 29:237-41. 2006
    ..of antimicrobial drugs by the intramammary route offers a convenient option for the treatment of bovine mastitis. The goal of antimicrobial treatment is to achieve effective drug concentrations at the site of infection...
  56. ncbi Severity of E. coli mastitis is mainly determined by cow factors
    Christian Burvenich
    Mammary gland and Mastitis Research Centre, Department of Physiology, Biochemistry and Biometrics, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Ghent University, Salisburylaan 133, 9820 Merelbeke, Belgium
    Vet Res 34:521-64. 2003
    ..coli, connection between endotoxins, tumor necrosis factor-alpha and nitric oxide, severity classification of E. coli mastitis, lifespan of neutrophils, host factors that influence severity, tissue damage and production loss...
  57. pmc Therapeutic Chlamydophila abortus and C. pecorum vaccination transiently reduces bovine mastitis associated with Chlamydophila infection
    Carolin Biesenkamp-Uhe
    Bayer HealthCare AG, Osterather Strasse 1a, D 50739 Köln, Germany
    Infect Immun 75:870-7. 2007
    ..pecorum are highly prevalent in cattle and have been associated with bovine mastitis. A prospective cohort study was conducted with a herd of 140 Holstein dairy cows to investigate the influence ..
  58. ncbi Changes in blood and milk lymphocyte sub-populations during acute and chronic phases of Staphylococcus aureus induced bovine mastitis
    U Grönlund
    Department of Clinical Sciences, Division of Comparative Reproduction, Obstetrics and Udder Health, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Sciences, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, P O Box 7039, Uppsala, Sweden
    Res Vet Sci 80:147-54. 2006
    ....
  59. pmc Cumulative risk of bovine mastitis treatments in Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden
    J P Valde
    Department of Production Animal Clinics and Sciences, The Norwegian School of Veterinary Science, Oslo, Norway
    Acta Vet Scand 45:201-10. 2004
    ..The study clearly demonstrated differences in bovine mastitis treatment patterns among the Nordic countries...
  60. ncbi Relationship between antimicrobial drug usage and antimicrobial susceptibility of gram-positive mastitis pathogens
    M Pol
    Department of Dairy Science, University of Wisconsin, Madison 53706, USA
    J Dairy Sci 90:262-73. 2007
    ....
  61. ncbi Total and differential leucocyte counts and lymphocyte subpopulations in lymph, afferent and efferent to the supramammary lymph node, during endotoxin-induced bovine mastitis
    S Lun
    Department of Medicine, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Reprod Domest Anim 42:126-34. 2007
    ....
  62. ncbi Mammary tissue damage during bovine mastitis: causes and control
    X Zhao
    Department of Animal Science, McGill University, Ste Anne de Bellevue, Quebec, H9X 3V9, Canada
    J Anim Sci 86:57-65. 2008
    ....
  63. ncbi Staphylococcus aureus strains isolated from bovine mastitis: virulence, antibody production and protection from challenge in a mouse model
    G Leitner
    National Mastitis Reference Center, Kimron Veterinary Institute, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, P O Box 12, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
    FEMS Immunol Med Microbiol 35:99-106. 2003
    ..the virulence of Staphylococcus aureus and coagulase-negative staphylococci (CNS) isolated from cases of bovine mastitis. In addition, the model was used to evaluate the cross protection elicited by heterologous antibodies...
  64. ncbi Prevalence and antimicrobial susceptibility of gram-negative bacteria isolated from bovine mastitis between 2003 and 2008 in Korea
    H M Nam
    National Veterinary Research and Quarantine Service, 480, Anyang City, Gyeonggi Do, 430 824, Republic of Korea
    J Dairy Sci 92:2020-6. 2009
    ..of this study was to assess trends in the prevalence and distribution of gram-negative bacteria isolated from bovine mastitis and their antimicrobial susceptibilities during a 6-yr period between 2003 and 2008 in Korea...
  65. ncbi Activity of bacteriocins synthesized by Bacillus thuringiensis against Staphylococcus aureus isolates associated to bovine mastitis
    Jose Eleazar Barboza-Corona
    Universidad de Guanajuato, Campus Irapuato Salamanca, División Ciencias de la Vida, Departamento de Ingeniería en Alimentos, Irapuato, Guanajuato, 36500, Mexico, Mexico
    Vet Microbiol 138:179-83. 2009
    Antimicrobial therapy is a useful tool to control bovine mastitis caused by Staphylococcus aureus, as consequence an increase in staphylococci resistant cases has been registered...
  66. ncbi Characterization of integrons-mediated antimicrobial resistance among Escherichia coli strains isolated from bovine mastitis
    Gui Qin Wang
    Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, College of Veterinary Medicine, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100094, PR China
    Vet Microbiol 127:73-8. 2008
    ..prevalence of antimicrobial resistance and class I integrons in Escherichia coli strains (n=58) isolated from bovine mastitis in Inner Mongolia, antimicrobial susceptibility and the presence of various types of integrons were ..
  67. ncbi Conventional identification of Streptococcus uberis isolated from bovine mastitis in Argentinean dairy herds
    L Odierno
    Departamento de Microbiologia e Inmunologia, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas, Fisico Quimicas y Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Rio Cuarto, Ruta 36 Km 601, 5800 Rio Cuarto, Cordoba, Republica Argentina
    J Dairy Sci 89:3886-90. 2006
    ..this study was to evaluate a conventional scheme for identifying Streptococcus uberis strains isolated from bovine mastitis. Seventy-five gram-positive, catalase-negative cocci were collected from cows with mastitis from 19 dairy ..
  68. ncbi Viral infections and bovine mastitis: a review
    G J Wellenberg
    Division of Infectious Diseases and Food Chain Quality, Institute for Animal Science and Health ID Lelystad, P O Box 65, 8200 AB, Lelystad, The Netherlands
    Vet Microbiol 88:27-45. 2002
    This review deals with the role of viruses in the aetiology of bovine mastitis. Bovine herpesvirus 1, bovine herpesvirus 4, foot-and-mouth disease virus, and parainfluenza 3 virus have been isolated from milk from cows with clinical ..
  69. pmc Acute phase response in two consecutive experimentally induced E. coli intramammary infections in dairy cows
    Leena Suojala
    Department of Production Animal Medicine, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Helsinki, FI 04920 Saarentaus, Finland
    Acta Vet Scand 50:18. 2008
    ..A (SAA) and lipopolysaccharide binding protein (LBP) have suggested to be suitable inflammatory markers for bovine mastitis. The aim of the study was to investigate acute phase markers along with clinical parameters in two ..
  70. ncbi Phenotypic and genetic characterisation of bacteriocin-producing strains of Staphylococcus aureus involved in bovine mastitis
    Janaína dos Santos Nascimento
    Departamento de Microbiologia Geral, Instituto de Microbiologia UFRJ, CCS Bloco 1, Cidade Universitaria, 21941 590, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
    Vet Microbiol 85:133-44. 2002
    Fifty strains of Staphylococcus spp. isolated from bovine mastitis cases in several herds from different Argentinian provinces were screened for antimicrobial substances...
  71. ncbi Intramammary infusion of a live culture of Lactococcus lactis for treatment of bovine mastitis: comparison with antibiotic treatment in field trials
    Katja Klostermann
    Moorepark Food Research Centre, Teagasc, Moorepark, Fermoy, Co Cork, Ireland
    J Dairy Res 75:365-73. 2008
    ..The results of these trials suggest that live culture treatment with Lc. lactis DPC3147 may be as efficacious as common antibiotic treatments in some instances...
  72. ncbi Diagnosis of clinical bovine mastitis by fine needle aspiration followed by staining and scanning electron microscopy in a Prototheca zopfii outbreak
    Elizabeth Oliveira da Costa
    Research Nucleus on Mammary Gland and Milk Production, Department of Preventive Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health, Faculdade de Medicina Veterinaria e Zootecnia, Universidade de Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, SP, Brazil
    Mycopathologia 158:81-5. 2004
    ..with microbiological examination and scanning electron microscopy were evaluated in diagnosis of clinical bovine mastitis in a Prototheca zopfii outbreak...
  73. ncbi Staphylococcus aureus exosecretions and bovine mastitis
    A Younis
    National Mastitis Reference Center, Kimron Veterinary Institute, Dagan, Israel
    J Vet Med B Infect Dis Vet Public Health 50:1-7. 2003
    ..An association was found between the combinations of expressed bands and the cow responses: the majority of the cases could be linked to the expression of bands B and C...
  74. ncbi Molecular typing of enterotoxigenic Staphylococcus aureus isolated from bovine mastitis in Korea
    Suk Kyung Lim
    National Veterinary Research and Quarantine Service, Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry, Anyang, Kyonggido, South Korea
    J Vet Med Sci 66:581-4. 2004
    ..4% exhibited the same PFGE pattern I. Accordingly, although the enterotoxin-producing S. aureus isolates from bovine mastitis were genetically diverse, 1 common genotype prevailed on the farms, indicating that PFGE pattern I isolates ..
  75. ncbi Protective effect of glutathione S-transferase-fused mutant staphylococcal enterotoxin C against Staphylococcus aureus-induced bovine mastitis
    Jing Chun Cui
    Department of Preventive Veterinary Science, School of Veterinary Medicine, Northeastern Agricultural University, Harbin 150030, PR China
    Vet Immunol Immunopathol 135:64-70. 2010
    ..aureus-induced bovine mastitis. Cows were immunized with the GST-mSEC plus alum adjuvant and then challenged with viable S...
  76. ncbi Antimicrobial resistance of Staphylococcus aureus isolated from bovine mastitis in China
    D Shi
    College of Veterinary, Inner Mongolia Agricultural University, Inner Mongolia, China
    Transbound Emerg Dis 57:221-4. 2010
    ..30% (206 of 236) isolates were resistant to penicillin G. This result compares with the reports from other countries; the overall level of resistance was generally high for all antimicrobial agents tested...
  77. pmc Cow, farm, and management factors during the dry period that determine the rate of clinical mastitis after calving
    M J Green
    School of Veterinary Medicine and Science, University of Nottingham, Sutton Bonington, LE12 5RD, United Kingdom
    J Dairy Sci 90:3764-76. 2007
    ..The research indicates that specific dry-period management strategies have an important influence on the rate of clinical mastitis during the next lactation...
  78. ncbi Efficacy of a teat dip containing the bacteriocin lacticin 3147 to eliminate Gram-positive pathogens associated with bovine mastitis
    Katja Klostermann
    Moorepark Food Research Centre, Teagasc, Moorepark, Fermoy, Co Cork, Ireland
    J Dairy Res 77:231-8. 2010
    ..Streptococcal challenges were reduced by 97% for Str. dysgalactiae and by 90% for Str. uberis. These trials showed that the teat dip is able to reduce mastitis pathogens on the teats of lactating cows...
  79. ncbi Technical note: Antimicrobial susceptibility of Portuguese isolates of Staphylococcus aureus and Staphylococcus epidermidis in subclinical bovine mastitis
    S F Nunes
    Centro de Investigação Interdisciplinar em Sanidade Animal, Faculdade de Medicina Veterinaria, Av Universidade Técnica, 1300 477 Lisbon, Portugal
    J Dairy Sci 90:3242-6. 2007
    To evaluate the antimicrobial resistance traits of staphylococci responsible for subclinical bovine mastitis in Portugal, the minimum inhibitory concentrations (MIC) of 7 antimicrobial agents, frequently administered for mastitis ..
  80. pmc Sortase anchored proteins of Streptococcus uberis play major roles in the pathogenesis of bovine mastitis in dairy cattle
    James A Leigh
    The School of Veterinary Medicine and Science, The University of Nottingham, Sutton Bonington Campus, Sutton Bonington, Leicestershire, LE12 5RD, United Kindgom
    Vet Res 41:63. 2010
    ..These data demonstrate that a number of sortase anchored proteins each play a distinct, non-redundant and important role in pathogenesis of S. uberis infection within the lactating bovine mammary gland...
  81. ncbi Identification of a bovine mastitis Escherichia coli subset
    S Blum
    National Mastitis Reference Center, Division of Bacteriology, Kimron Veterinary Institute, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, Bet Dagan, Israel
    Vet Microbiol 132:135-48. 2008
    Eleven Escherichia coli isolates from clinical bovine mastitis cases (mastitic strains) and 11 from the cowshed environment (environmental strains) were compared, to determine if the former were a subset of the latter...
  82. ncbi The dynamics of Staphylococcus aureus intramammary infection in nine Danish dairy herds
    H D Larsen
    Danish Veterinary Laboratory, Copenhagen V, Denmark
    Vet Microbiol 71:89-101. 2000
    ..The results support the hypothesis that some S. aureus mastitis strains are more contagious, virulent or persistent than others. The human reservoir of S. aureus does not play a major role as a source of bovine intramammary infections...
  83. ncbi National intervention study of mastitis control in dairy herds in England and Wales
    M J Green
    School of Veterinary Medicine and Science, University of Nottingham, Sutton Bonington Campus, Sutton Bonington LE12 5RD, UK
    Vet Rec 160:287-93. 2007
    ..There were also significant reductions of approximately 20 per cent in the incidence of clinical mastitis and in the occurrence of increases in the somatic cell counts of individual cows from below, to above 200,000 cells/ml...
  84. ncbi Prototheca zopfii genotypes isolated from cow barns and bovine mastitis in Japan
    Takafumi Osumi
    Department of Pathobiology, Nihon University School of Veterinary Medicine, 1866 Kameino, Fujisawa, Kanagawa 252 8510, Japan
    Vet Microbiol 131:419-23. 2008
    This study is the first investigation on Japanese isolates of Prototheca zopfii from bovine mastitis and the cow-barn surroundings by molecular characterization to clarify routes of infection for bovine protothecal mastitis...
  85. pmc MRSA transmission between cows and humans
    Eva Juhász-Kaszanyitzky
    Central Veterinary Institute, Budapest, Hungary
    Emerg Infect Dis 13:630-2. 2007
    ..To our knowledge, this finding indicates the first documented case of direct transmission of MRSA between cows and humans...
  86. ncbi Determination of epidemiological relationships of Streptococcus agalactiae isolated from bovine mastitis
    Kristin Merl
    Regierungspräsidium Darmstadt, Veterinärdezernat, Luisenplatz 2, D 64283, Darmstadt, Germany
    FEMS Microbiol Lett 226:87-92. 2003
    ..agalactiae strain or at least closely related subtypes of this strain were responsible for the mastitis situation of the seven farms...
  87. ncbi Epidemiological and clinical aspects of the first outbreak of bovine mastitis caused by Prototheca zopfii in Goiás State, Brazil
    Válter Ferreira Félix Bueno
    Centro de Pesquisa em Alimentos, Escola de Veterinaria, Universidade Federal de Goias, Brazil
    Mycopathologia 161:141-5. 2006
    The purpose of this survey was to describe the occurrence of bovine mastitis caused by Prototheca zopfii in Goiás State, Brazil. Samples of milk, environment and udder were taken from a herd of 120 Holstein cows...
  88. ncbi Ribotyping of Streptococcus uberis from a dairy's environment, bovine feces and milk
    Ruth N Zadoks
    Department of Food Science, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, USA Quality Milk Production Services, 22 Thornwood Drive, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14850 1263, USA
    Vet Microbiol 109:257-65. 2005
    Streptococcus uberis is a major cause of bovine mastitis and infections commonly result from environmental exposure to the pathogen. To identify specific sources of mastitis-causing S...
  89. ncbi Molecular typing of Streptococcus uberis strains isolated from cases of bovine mastitis
    R J Wieliczko
    Department of Biological Science, University of Waikato, Private Bag 3105, Hamilton, New Zealand
    J Dairy Sci 85:2149-54. 2002
    ..00 per reaction), and provided reliable and reproducible results. Furthermore, when these assays were used in conjunction with each other, they provided a means of confirmation of the specific DNA fingerprint patterns obtained...
  90. pmc The effect of sampling time and sample handling on the detection of Staphylococcus aureus in milk from quarters with subclinical mastitis
    Sandra M Godden
    Department of Clinical and Population Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Minnesota, USA
    Can Vet J 43:38-42. 2002
    ..05). The ability to detect S. aureus in quarters with subclinical intramammary infection, as measured by the mean category of cfu/mL, was maximized in fresh or frozen premilking samples and in frozen postmilking samples...
  91. ncbi Lipocalin-type prostaglandin D synthase in milk: a new biomarker for bovine mastitis
    R Baeker
    Brandenburg State Laboratory of Veterinary Diagnostics and Food Analysis, Potsdam, Germany
    Prostaglandins Other Lipid Mediat 67:75-88. 2002
    ..A database search could identify the four spots as isoforms of the bovine prostaglandin D synthase (PGD-S). In one of the isoforms a defined cysteine residue was shown to be oxidized to a sulfonic acid...
  92. pmc Clinical, epidemiological and molecular characteristics of Streptococcus uberis infections in dairy herds
    R N Zadoks
    Department of Farm Animal Health, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Utrecht University, Yalelaan 7, 3584 CL Utrecht, The Netherlands
    Epidemiol Infect 130:335-49. 2003
    ..uberis strains as well as within-cow and between-cow transmission of a limited number of S. uberis strains, with possible transfer of bacteria via the milking machine...
  93. pmc Evaluation of tandem repeats for MLVA typing of Streptococcus uberis isolated from bovine mastitis
    Florence B Gilbert
    INRA, UR1282, Infectiologie Animale et Santé Publique IASP, F 37380 Nouzilly, France
    BMC Vet Res 2:33. 2006
    Streptococcus uberis is a common cause of bovine mastitis and recommended control measures, based on improved milking practice, teat dipping and antibiotic treatment at drying-off, are poorly efficient against this environmental pathogen...
  94. pmc Molecular epidemiology of Streptococcus uberis isolates from dairy cows with mastitis
    P Phuektes
    Veterinary Preclinical Centre, Faculty of Veterinary Science, The University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
    J Clin Microbiol 39:1460-6. 2001
    ..uberis infections are epidemiologically complex and that the relative importance of these factors in the occurrence of mastitis may differ between herds...
  95. ncbi Duration of infection and strain variation in Streptococcus uberis isolated from cows' milk
    S McDougall
    Animal Health Centre, Morrinsville, New Zealand
    J Dairy Sci 87:2062-72. 2004
    ..uberis infections, and that glands may be infected with multiple S. uberis PFGE types over a lactation...
  96. ncbi In vitro antimicrobial effect and in vivo preventive and therapeutic effects of partially purified lantibiotic lacticin NK34 against infection by Staphylococcus species isolated from bovine mastitis
    S Y Kim
    Department of Microbiology, College of Veterinary Medicine and BK21 Program for Veterinary Science, Seoul National University, Seoul 151 742, Korea
    J Dairy Sci 93:3610-5. 2010
    ..and coagulase-negative Staphylococcus (CNS, n=20) strains isolated from the raw milk of cows with subclinical bovine mastitis in the present study...
  97. ncbi Application of acute phase protein measurements in veterinary clinical chemistry
    Henrik Hagbard Petersen
    The Royal Veterinary and Agricultural University, Department of Clinical Studies, Swine Medicine, Dyrlaegevej 88, DK 1870 Frederiksberg C, Denmark
    Vet Res 35:163-87. 2004
    ....
  98. ncbi Economic effects of bovine mastitis and mastitis management: a review
    T Halasa
    Department of Farm Animal Health and Reproduction, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Utrecht University, The Netherlands
    Vet Q 29:18-31. 2007
    ..Moreover, it is clear that important factors were ignored in some of the studies. The framework provided in this paper can provide a basis for analysis for future studies on the economics of mastitis and mastitis management...
  99. pmc Mastitis increases mammary mRNA abundance of beta-defensin 5, toll-like-receptor 2 (TLR2), and TLR4 but not TLR9 in cattle
    T Goldammer
    Molecular Biology Research Division, Research Institute for the Biology of Farm Animals, 18196 Dummerstorf, Germany
    Clin Diagn Lab Immunol 11:174-85. 2004
    ..Our data therefore suggest a significant contribution of the innate immune system to counteract mastitis and attribute a prominent effector function to the MEC...
  100. ncbi Mammary gland immunity and mastitis susceptibility
    Lorraine M Sordillo
    Department of Veterinary Science, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania 16870, USA
    J Mammary Gland Biol Neoplasia 7:135-46. 2002
    ..dollars annually in the United States in lost profits (National Mastitis Council (1996) Current Concepts in Bovine Mastitis, National Mastitis Council, Madison, WI)...
  101. ncbi Bovine mastitis: an evolving disease
    A Bradley
    Division of Animal Health and Husbandry, Department of Clinical Veterinary Science, University of Bristol, Langford House, Langford, Bristol, BS40 5DU, UK
    Vet J 164:116-28. 2002
    ..Escherichia coli and Streptococcus uberis are now the two most common causes of bovine mastitis and are an increasing problem in low somatic cell count herds...

Research Grants5

  1. NOVEL ANTIMICROBIAL TREATMENT FOR MASTITIS
    RICHARD COUGHLIN; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..We propose to develop an novel anti-microbial therapy for bovine mastitis that would break farmer's dependence on human antibiotics...
  2. Molecular & cellular basis for host-pathogen interactions
    Gregory Bohach; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..abstract_text> ..
  3. Triple action chimera: eradication of nasal S. aureus by cell wall hydrolases
    DAVID MATTHEW DONOVAN; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..This study will explore a novel antimicrobial agent (a triple action chimeric viral enzyme) to eradicate S. aureus nasal colonization, since nasal carriage is a known risk factor for infection. ..
  4. VIRULENCE FACTORS OF GROUP B STREPTOCOCCI
    John Bohnsack; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..This approach will ultimately contribute to understanding the molecular basis of disease caused by GBS, and help devise strategies for preventing and treating this important cause of serious human neonatal bacterial infection. ..
  5. OXIDANT STRESS AND ENDOTHELIAL CELL METABOLISM
    LORRAINE SORDILLO; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..Results form these studies will provide the molecular basis of how Se deficiency can modify resistance to metabolic vascular disorders. ..