bird diseases

Summary

Summary: Diseases of birds not considered poultry, therefore usually found in zoos, parks, and the wild. The concept is differentiated from POULTRY DISEASES which is for birds raised as a source of meat or eggs for human consumption, and usually found in barnyards, hatcheries, etc.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Infectious agents associated with respiratory disease in pheasants
    D de B Welchman
    Veterinary Laboratories Agency, Itchen Abbas, Winchester, Hampshire
    Vet Rec 150:658-64. 2002
  2. ncbi Origin of the West Nile virus responsible for an outbreak of encephalitis in the northeastern United States
    R S Lanciotti
    Division of Vector Borne Infectious Diseases, National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Fort Collins, CO 80522, USA
    Science 286:2333-7. 1999
  3. pmc Emergence of Usutu virus, an African mosquito-borne flavivirus of the Japanese encephalitis virus group, central Europe
    Herbert Weissenbock
    Institute of Pathology and Forensic Veterinary Medicine, Vienna, Austria
    Emerg Infect Dis 8:652-6. 2002
  4. ncbi Newcastle disease and other avian paramyxoviruses
    D J Alexander
    Central Veterinary Laboratory, Weybridge, New Haw, Addlestone, Surrey, United Kingdom
    Rev Sci Tech 19:443-62. 2000
  5. ncbi A new nested polymerase chain reaction method very efficient in detecting Plasmodium and Haemoproteus infections from avian blood
    J Waldenstrom
    Department of Animal Ecology, Ecology Building, Lund University, SE 223 62 Lund, Sweden
    J Parasitol 90:191-4. 2004
  6. ncbi Pathology and viral distribution in fatal Usutu virus infections of birds from the 2001 and 2002 outbreaks in Austria
    S Chvala
    Institute of Pathology and Forensic Veterinary Medicine, University of Veterinary Medecine, Veterinarplatz 1, Vienna A 1210, Austria
    J Comp Pathol 131:176-85. 2004
  7. doi Emergence and establishment of Usutu virus infection in wild and captive avian species in and around Zurich, Switzerland--genomic and pathologic comparison to other central European outbreaks
    Hanspeter W Steinmetz
    Clinic for Zoo Animals, Exotic Pets and Wildlife, University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland
    Vet Microbiol 148:207-12. 2011
  8. doi Detection and molecular analysis of West Nile virus infections in birds of prey in the eastern part of Austria in 2008 and 2009
    Eveline Wodak
    Institute for Veterinary Disease Control Mödling, Austrian Agency for Health and Food Safety AGES, Robert Koch Gasse 17, 2340 Mödling, Austria
    Vet Microbiol 149:358-66. 2011
  9. doi First report of genotyping of Toxoplasma gondii isolates from wild birds in China
    Si Yang Huang
    State Key Laboratory of Veterinary Etiological Biology, Key Laboratory of Veterinary Parasitology of Gansu Province, Lanzhou Veterinary Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Lanzhou, Gansu Province 730046, China
    J Parasitol 98:681-2. 2012
  10. ncbi An annotated checklist of pathogenic microorganisms associated with migratory birds
    Zdenek Hubalek
    Medical Zoology Laboratory, Institute of Vertebrate Biology, Academy of Sciences, Klasterni 2, CZ 69142 Valtice, Czech Republic
    J Wildl Dis 40:639-59. 2004

Research Grants

  1. In-ovo vaccination/avian influenza/bird/human
    DE CHU TANG; Fiscal Year: 2009
  2. In-ovo vaccination/avian influenza/bird/human
    DE CHU CHRISTOPHER TANG; Fiscal Year: 2010
  3. ESCHERICHIA COLI INVASION OF BRAIN ENDOTHELIAL CELLS
    Sheng He Huang; Fiscal Year: 2009
  4. HOST COMPETENCE FACTORS AFFECT ARBOVIRUS TRANSMISSION
    William Reisen; Fiscal Year: 2002
  5. Invasion of California by West Nile Virus
    William Reisen; Fiscal Year: 2003
  6. ARBOVIRUS PERSISTENCE IN SEASONAL WETLANDS
    William Reisen; Fiscal Year: 2000
  7. Persistence of West Nile virus in California
    William K Reisen; Fiscal Year: 2010
  8. Invasion of California by West Nile Virus
    William Reisen; Fiscal Year: 2006
  9. HOST COMPETENCE FACTORS AFFECT ARBOVIRUS TRANSMISSION
    William Reisen; Fiscal Year: 2000
  10. ARBOVIRUS PERSISTENCE IN SEASONAL WETLANDS
    William Reisen; Fiscal Year: 1999

Detail Information

Publications286 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Infectious agents associated with respiratory disease in pheasants
    D de B Welchman
    Veterinary Laboratories Agency, Itchen Abbas, Winchester, Hampshire
    Vet Rec 150:658-64. 2002
    ..Mycoplasma species other than M gallisepticum were cultured in 18 batches of pheasants but, with the exception of Mycoplasma gallinaceum, were not associated with disease...
  2. ncbi Origin of the West Nile virus responsible for an outbreak of encephalitis in the northeastern United States
    R S Lanciotti
    Division of Vector Borne Infectious Diseases, National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Fort Collins, CO 80522, USA
    Science 286:2333-7. 1999
    ..This North American WN virus was most closely related to a WN virus isolated from a dead goose in Israel in 1998...
  3. pmc Emergence of Usutu virus, an African mosquito-borne flavivirus of the Japanese encephalitis virus group, central Europe
    Herbert Weissenbock
    Institute of Pathology and Forensic Veterinary Medicine, Vienna, Austria
    Emerg Infect Dis 8:652-6. 2002
    ..If established in central Europe, this virus may have considerable effects on avian populations; whether USUV has the potential to cause severe human disease is unknown...
  4. ncbi Newcastle disease and other avian paramyxoviruses
    D J Alexander
    Central Veterinary Laboratory, Weybridge, New Haw, Addlestone, Surrey, United Kingdom
    Rev Sci Tech 19:443-62. 2000
    ..Both types of viruses cause respiratory disease and egg production losses which may be severe when exacerbated by other infections or environmental stresses. No reports exist of natural infections of chickens with APMV-3 viruses...
  5. ncbi A new nested polymerase chain reaction method very efficient in detecting Plasmodium and Haemoproteus infections from avian blood
    J Waldenstrom
    Department of Animal Ecology, Ecology Building, Lund University, SE 223 62 Lund, Sweden
    J Parasitol 90:191-4. 2004
    ..infections, which often are of low intensity and, therefore, hard to detect with other methods...
  6. ncbi Pathology and viral distribution in fatal Usutu virus infections of birds from the 2001 and 2002 outbreaks in Austria
    S Chvala
    Institute of Pathology and Forensic Veterinary Medicine, University of Veterinary Medecine, Veterinarplatz 1, Vienna A 1210, Austria
    J Comp Pathol 131:176-85. 2004
    ..All of 33 birds tested additionally by USUV-specific RT-PCR gave positive results...
  7. doi Emergence and establishment of Usutu virus infection in wild and captive avian species in and around Zurich, Switzerland--genomic and pathologic comparison to other central European outbreaks
    Hanspeter W Steinmetz
    Clinic for Zoo Animals, Exotic Pets and Wildlife, University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland
    Vet Microbiol 148:207-12. 2011
    ..Collections of valuable and endangered Passeriformes and Strigiformes, especially young of the year, should therefore be housed indoors or treated against ectoparasites at acceptable intervals between July and September each year...
  8. doi Detection and molecular analysis of West Nile virus infections in birds of prey in the eastern part of Austria in 2008 and 2009
    Eveline Wodak
    Institute for Veterinary Disease Control Mödling, Austrian Agency for Health and Food Safety AGES, Robert Koch Gasse 17, 2340 Mödling, Austria
    Vet Microbiol 149:358-66. 2011
    ..The results of this study confirm unambiguously the presence of a lineage 2 WNV infection in birds of prey in the eastern part of Austria...
  9. doi First report of genotyping of Toxoplasma gondii isolates from wild birds in China
    Si Yang Huang
    State Key Laboratory of Veterinary Etiological Biology, Key Laboratory of Veterinary Parasitology of Gansu Province, Lanzhou Veterinary Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Lanzhou, Gansu Province 730046, China
    J Parasitol 98:681-2. 2012
    ..gondii isolates from wild birds from different regions in China. The results suggest that the Type I and II variant strains are circulating in wild birds in China, and these birds are potential reservoirs for T. gondii transmission...
  10. ncbi An annotated checklist of pathogenic microorganisms associated with migratory birds
    Zdenek Hubalek
    Medical Zoology Laboratory, Institute of Vertebrate Biology, Academy of Sciences, Klasterni 2, CZ 69142 Valtice, Czech Republic
    J Wildl Dis 40:639-59. 2004
    ..The efficiency of dispersal of pathogenic microorganisms depends on a wide variety of biotic and abiotic factors affecting the survival of the agent in, or disappearance from, a habitat or ecosystem in a new geographic area...
  11. ncbi Complete genome analysis and molecular characterization of Usutu virus that emerged in Austria in 2001: comparison with the South African strain SAAR-1776 and other flaviviruses
    Tamas Bakonyi
    Zoonoses and Emerging Infections Group, Clinical Virology, Clinical Department of Diagnostics, University of Veterinary Medicine, Vienna, A 1210 Vienna, Austria
    Virology 328:301-10. 2004
    ..The factors that determine the severe clinical symptoms caused by the Austrian USUV strain in Eurasian blackbirds are discussed. We also offer a possible explanation for the origins and dispersal of USUV, JEV, and MVEV out of Africa...
  12. doi Explaining Usutu virus dynamics in Austria: model development and calibration
    Franz Rubel
    Department of Natural Sciences, University of Veterinary Medicine, Vienna VUW, Veterinarplatz 1, A 1210 Vienna, Austria
    Prev Vet Med 85:166-86. 2008
    ..Vet. Microbiol. 122, 237-245]. These results suggest that the model presented is able to quantitatively describe the process of USUV dynamics...
  13. pmc Emergence of Usutu virus in Hungary
    Tamas Bakonyi
    Department of Microbiology and Infectious Diseases, Faculty of Veterinary Science, Szent Istvan University, Hungária krt 23 25, H 1143, Budapest, Hungary
    J Clin Microbiol 45:3870-4. 2007
    ..This result indicates that the USUV strain responsible for the blackbird die-off in Budapest most likely spread from Austria to Hungary instead of being independently introduced from Africa...
  14. ncbi Serological evidence of continuing high Usutu virus (Flaviviridae) activity and establishment of herd immunity in wild birds in Austria
    Tanja Meister
    Institute of Pathology and Forensic Veterinary Medicine, Department of Pathobiology, University of Veterinary Medicine, Vienna, Austria
    Vet Microbiol 127:237-48. 2008
    ..Herd immunity is a possible explanation for the significant decrease in USUV-associated bird mortalities in Austria during the recent years...
  15. pmc A single positively selected West Nile viral mutation confers increased virogenesis in American crows
    Aaron C Brault
    Center for Vector Borne Diseases and Department of Pathology, Microbiology and Immunology, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California, Davis, California 95616, USA
    Nat Genet 39:1162-6. 2007
    ..These phenotypic and evolutionary results provide compelling evidence for the positive selection of a mutation encoding increased viremia potential and virulence in the AMCR sentinel bird species...
  16. pmc Emerging infectious disease leads to rapid population declines of common British birds
    Robert A Robinson
    British Trust for Ornithology, Thetford, Norfolk, United Kingdom
    PLoS ONE 5:e12215. 2010
    ..This disease emergence event demonstrates the potential for a protozoan parasite to jump avian host taxonomic groups with dramatic effect over a short time period...
  17. ncbi MHC heterozygosity and survival in red junglefowl
    Kirsty Worley
    School of Biological Sciences, University of East Anglia, Norwich, Norfolk, NR4 7TJ, UK
    Mol Ecol 19:3064-75. 2010
    ..This pattern and effect of MHC diversity in our population could reflect the processes ongoing in similarly small, fragmented natural populations...
  18. ncbi Experimental evidence for transmission of Mycoplasma gallisepticum in house finches by fomites
    Andre A Dhondt
    Laboratory of Ornithology, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York 14850, USA
    Avian Pathol 36:205-8. 2007
    ..gallisepticum by fomites may serve to immunize birds against developing more severe infections. Some such birds develop M. gallisepticum antibodies, providing indication of an immune response, although no direct evidence of protection...
  19. ncbi Evolutionary genetics of Carpodacus mexicanus, a recently colonized host of a bacterial pathogen, Mycoplasma gallisepticum
    Christopher M Hess
    Department of Biology, University of Washington, Seattle, USA
    Genetica 129:217-25. 2007
    ..These results will be further expanded using experimental studies as well as examination of evolution of the pathogen genome itself...
  20. pmc Epizootic emergence of Usutu virus in wild and captive birds in Germany
    Norbert Becker
    German Mosquito Control Association, KABS, Waldsee, Germany
    PLoS ONE 7:e32604. 2012
    ..The data also indicate an increased risk of USUV infections in humans in Germany...
  21. pmc Humoral immunity to West Nile virus is long-lasting and protective in the house sparrow (Passer domesticus)
    Nicole M Nemeth
    Department of Microbiology, Immunology and Pathology, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colorado 80521, USA
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 80:864-9. 2009
    ..A better understanding of the long-term immunity and mortality rates in birds is valuable in interpreting serosurveillance and diagnostic data and modeling transmission and disease dynamics...
  22. ncbi Parasite mediated mortality and host immune response explain age-related differences in blood parasitism in birds
    Daniel Sol
    Department of Biology, McGill University, 1205 Avenue Docteur Penfield, Montreal, Quebec, H3A 1B1, Canada
    Oecologia 135:542-7. 2003
    ....
  23. ncbi Usutu virus activity in Austria, 2001-2002
    Herbert Weissenbock
    Institute of Pathology and Forensic Veterinary Medicine, University of Veterinary Medicine, Vienna, Veterinarplatz 1, A 1210 Vienna, Austria
    Microbes Infect 5:1132-6. 2003
    ....
  24. doi Polymerase chain reaction-based identification of Plasmodium (Huffia) elongatum, with remarks on species identity of haemosporidian lineages deposited in GenBank
    Gediminas Valkiunas
    Institute of Ecology, Vilnius University, Akademijos 2, Vilnius LT 08412, Lithuania
    Parasitol Res 102:1185-93. 2008
    ..elongatum and P. relictum, respectively. Some other incorrect species identifications of avian haematozoa in GenBank have been identified. We propose a strategy to minimise the number of such mistakes in GenBank in the future...
  25. doi Usutu virus in wild birds in northern Italy
    G Manarolla
    Dipartimento di Patologia Animale, Igiene e Sanita Pubblica Veterinaria, Universita degli Studi di Milano, Via Celoria 10, 20133 Milano, Italy
    Vet Microbiol 141:159-63. 2010
    ..Sequencing of the amplification products revealed 99.8-100% nucleotide identity of the Italian USUV strains to those from other central European countries...
  26. pmc Prevalence and pathology of West Nile virus in naturally infected house sparrows, western Nebraska, 2008
    Valerie A O'Brien
    Department of Biological Sciences, University of Tulsa, Tulsa, Oklahoma, USA
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 82:937-44. 2010
    ..Nestling birds, especially those reared late in the summer when WNV activity is typically greatest, may be important in virus amplification...
  27. ncbi Cloning, expression, purification and characterization of UL24 partial protein of duck enteritis virus
    Renyong Jia
    Avian Disease Research Center, College of Veterinary Medicine of Sichuan Agricultural University, Ya an 625014, China
    Intervirology 52:326-34. 2009
    ..On the basis of subcellular location, UL24 appeared to be predominantly nuclear membrane-associated, especially at later times in infection, and provided a good tool to further study the biofunctions of UL24 protein...
  28. pmc Experimental infection of horses with West Nile virus
    Michel L Bunning
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Emerg Infect Dis 8:380-6. 2002
    ..Horses infected with the NY99 strain of WNV develop low viremia levels of short duration; therefore, infected horses are unlikely to serve as important amplifying hosts for WNV in nature...
  29. ncbi Clinical and pathologic features of West Nile virus infection in native North American owls (Family strigidae)
    S D Fitzgerald
    Diagnostic Center for Population and Animal Health and Department of Small Animal Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824, USA
    Avian Dis 47:602-10. 2003
    ..This report is the first detailed description of the pathology of West Nile virus infection in Strigiformes and indicates that this bird family is susceptible to natural infection with West Nile virus...
  30. pmc Descriptive study of an avian pox outbreak in wild red-legged partridges (Alectoris rufa) in Spain
    F Buenestado
    Instituto de Investigación en Recursos Cinegéticos IREC, CSIC UCLM JCCM, P O Box 535, E 13 080 Ciudad Real, Spain
    Epidemiol Infect 132:369-74. 2004
    ..Also the need for early detection of diseases for the management of game species is emphasized...
  31. ncbi Experimental West Nile virus infection in Eastern Screech Owls (Megascops asio)
    Nicole M Nemeth
    Department of Microbiology, Immunology and Pathology, Colorado State University, Fort Collins 80523, USA
    Avian Dis 50:252-8. 2006
    ..WNV is a significant pathogen of EASOs, causing pathologic lesions with varying clinical outcomes...
  32. ncbi Genetic characterization of avian malaria (Protozoa) in the endangered lesser kestrel, Falco naumanni
    Joaquín Ortego
    Grupo de Investigación de la Biodiversidad Genética y Cultural, Instituto de Investigación en Recursos Cinegéticos IREC CSIC, UCLM, JCCM, Ronda de Toledo s n, 13005 Ciudad Real, Spain
    Parasitol Res 101:1153-6. 2007
    ....
  33. pmc Indirect immunofluorescence assay for intra vitam diagnosis of avian bornavirus infection in psittacine birds
    Sibylle Herzog
    Institute of Virology, Justus Liebig University Giessen, Frankfurterstr 107, Giessen 35392, Germany
    J Clin Microbiol 48:2282-4. 2010
    ..An indirect immunofluorescence assay (IIFA) for intra vitam demonstration of ABV-specific serum antibodies was established since reverse transcription-PCR (RT-PCR) assays may not detect all ABV variants...
  34. ncbi Morbidity of free-ranging white-tailed sea eagles (Haliaeetus albicilla) in Germany
    Kerstin Muller
    Small Animal Clinic, Free University of Berlin, 14163 Berlin, Germany
    J Avian Med Surg 21:265-74. 2007
    ..Of all birds, 25% were released back to the wild, 21% died, and 54% were not releasable or were euthanatized...
  35. doi Genetic characterization, distribution and prevalence of avian pox and avian malaria in the Berthelot's pipit (Anthus berthelotii) in Macaronesia
    Juan Carlos Illera
    Island Ecology and Evolution Research Group, IPNA, CSIC, C Astrofísico Francisco Sánchez, 3, E 38206 La Laguna, Tenerife, Canary Islands, Spain
    Parasitol Res 103:1435-43. 2008
    ....
  36. doi Avian malaria infections in western European mosquitoes
    Rita Ventim
    Institute of Marine Research IMAR CMA, Department of Life Sciences, University of Coimbra, Apartado 3046, 3001 401 Coimbra, Portugal
    Parasitol Res 111:637-45. 2012
    ..To our knowledge, this is the first report of detection of avian Plasmodium DNA from European mosquitoes...
  37. pmc Detection by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay of antibodies to West Nile virus in birds
    Gregory D Ebel
    The Arbovirus Laboratories, Wadsworth Center, New York State Department of Health, Slingerlands, New York 12159, USA
    Emerg Infect Dis 8:979-82. 2002
    ..Anti-WNV antibodies were detected in 23 bird species, including many exotic species, demonstrating its value in studies of WNV epizootiology...
  38. ncbi Birds and Borrelia
    Pierre François Humair
    Institut de Zoologie, Universite de Neuchatel, Switzerland
    Int J Med Microbiol 291:70-4. 2002
    ..uriae and seabirds. Migrating birds contribute to the spread of B. burgdorferi sl and of infected tick vectors along migration routes...
  39. pmc Analysis of naturally occurring avian bornavirus infection and transmission during an outbreak of proventricular dilatation disease among captive psittacine birds
    Amy L Kistler
    Howard Hughes Medical Institute and UCSF Biochemistry and Biophysics, 1700 4th St, QB3 Room 403, San Francisco, CA 94143 2542, USA
    J Virol 84:2176-9. 2010
    ..These findings demonstrate that ABV infection precedes the development of PDD. ABV-specific Western blotting and reverse transcription-PCR indicate that ABV2 is not strictly neurotropic...
  40. doi Biogeographical patterns and co-occurrence of pathogenic infection across island populations of Berthelot's pipit (Anthus berthelotii)
    Lewis G Spurgin
    Centre for Ecology, Evolution and Conservation, School of Biological Sciences, University of East Anglia, Norwich Research Park, Norwich, Norfolk, UK
    Oecologia 168:691-701. 2012
    ....
  41. ncbi Endophagy of biting midges attacking cavity-nesting birds
    J Votypka
    Department of Parasitology, Faculty of Sciences, Charles University, Prague, Czech Republic
    Med Vet Entomol 23:277-80. 2009
    ..The fact that we caught no blackflies in the bird boxes supports the exophagy of blackflies. We believe that our findings are important for surveillance programmes focusing on Diptera that transmit various bird pathogens...
  42. doi Factors affecting Culicoides species composition and abundance in avian nests
    J Martínez-de la Puente
    Departamento de Ecologia Evolutiva, Museo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales CSIC, J Gutiérrez Abascal 2, E 28006, Madrid, Spain
    Parasitology 136:1033-41. 2009
    ..These results represent the first evidence for the role of different factors in affecting the Culicoides infracommunity in wild avian nests...
  43. ncbi Common garden experiment reveals pathogen isolate but no host genetic diversity effect on the dynamics of an emerging wildlife disease
    D M Hawley
    Department of Biological Sciences, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, VA 24061, USA
    J Evol Biol 23:1680-8. 2010
    ..Our results indicate that contemporary differences in host genetic diversity likely do not explain the lower conjunctivitis prevalence in native house finches, but isolate-level differences in virulence may play an important role...
  44. pmc Avian-to-human transmission of H9N2 subtype influenza A viruses: relationship between H9N2 and H5N1 human isolates
    Y P Lin
    Division of Virology, National Institute for Medical Research, Mill Hill, London, United Kingdom Dise
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 97:9654-8. 2000
    ..This common feature emphasizes the apparent propensity of avian viruses with this genetic complement to infect humans and highlights the potential for the emergence of a novel human pathogen...
  45. pmc Campylobacter jejuni colonization in wild birds: results from an infection experiment
    Jonas Waldenstrom
    Section for Zoonotic Ecology and Epidemiology, Linnaeus University, Kalmar, Sweden
    PLoS ONE 5:e9082. 2010
    ..In contrast, European Robins infected with the human isolate did not mount a significant response to bacterial membrane proteins from either of the two isolates. The difference in colonization ability could indicate host adaptations...
  46. pmc West Nile virus outbreak in North American owls, Ontario, 2002
    Ady Y Gancz
    University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario, Canada
    Emerg Infect Dis 10:2135-42. 2004
    ..Northern native breeding range and medium-to-large body size were associated with earlier death within the outbreak period. Of the survivors, 69 (75.8 %) of 91 were seropositive for WNV...
  47. pmc Recovery of divergent avian bornaviruses from cases of proventricular dilatation disease: identification of a candidate etiologic agent
    Amy L Kistler
    Departments of Biochemistry, Microbiology and Medicine, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, University of California, San Francisco, 94143, USA
    Virol J 5:88. 2008
    ..For almost 40 years, a viral etiology for PDD has been suspected, but to date no candidate etiologic agent has been reproducibly linked to the disease...
  48. ncbi West Nile virus emergence and large-scale declines of North American bird populations
    Shannon L LaDeau
    Smithsonian Migratory Bird Center, National Zoological Park, Washington, DC 20008, USA
    Nature 447:710-3. 2007
    ..Our findings demonstrate the potential impacts of an invasive species on a diverse faunal assemblage across broad geographical scales, and underscore the complexity of subsequent community response...
  49. ncbi Temporal dynamics and diversity of avian malaria parasites in a single host species
    Staffan Bensch
    Department of Animal Ecology, Ecology Building, Lund University, S 223 62 Lund Sweden
    J Anim Ecol 76:112-22. 2007
    ....
  50. ncbi Variation in virulence of West Nile virus strains for house sparrows (Passer domesticus)
    Stanley A Langevin
    Center for Vector borne Diseases, Department of Pathology, Microbiology and Immunology, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California, Davis 95616, USA
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 72:99-102. 2005
    ..This study suggests that natural mortality in house sparrows due to Old World strains of WNV may be occurring where the KEN strain occurs...
  51. pmc Phylogenetic diversity among low-virulence newcastle disease viruses from waterfowl and shorebirds and comparison of genotype distributions to those of poultry-origin isolates
    L Mia Kim
    USDA ARS SouthEast Poultry Research Laboratory, Athens, GA 30605, USA
    J Virol 81:12641-53. 2007
    ....
  52. pmc Are avian blood parasites pathogenic in the wild? A medication experiment in blue tits (Parus caeruleus)
    S Merino
    Departamento de Ecologia Evolutiva, Museo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales, Madrid, Spain
    Proc Biol Sci 267:2507-10. 2000
    ..Therefore, this work adds support to previous findings relating hosts' life-history traits and haematozoan infections...
  53. ncbi Influenza A viruses of migrating wild aquatic birds in North America
    Scott Krauss
    Department of Infectious Diseases, St Jude Children s Research Hospital, Memphis, Tennessee 38105, USA
    Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis 4:177-89. 2004
    ..The viruses reported in this study are available for genomic study to determine whether prediction of host range or pandemic potential is possible...
  54. doi Host ecology and life-history traits associated with blood parasite species richness in birds
    E Arriero
    Laboratoire de Parasitologie Evolutive, CNRS, UMR 7103, Paris, France
    J Evol Biol 21:1504-13. 2008
    ..These results suggest that the impact on host fitness caused by avian haematozoa may be underestimated in natural populations if the exacerbated virulence associated with exposure to multiple parasites is not taken into account...
  55. pmc Detection of influenza A viruses from different species by PCR amplification of conserved sequences in the matrix gene
    R A Fouchier
    National Influenza Center and Department of Virology, Erasmus University, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    J Clin Microbiol 38:4096-101. 2000
    ..Comparative tests with throat swab samples from humans and fecal and cloacal swab samples from birds confirmed that the new PCR is faster and up to 100-fold more sensitive than classical virus isolation procedures...
  56. doi Parasite treatment affects maternal investment in sons
    T E Reed
    Institute of Evolutionary Biology, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh EH9 3JT, UK
    Science 321:1681-2. 2008
    ..The effect contributes to the decline in offspring survival as the breeding season progresses and hence has important population-level consequences for this, and potentially other, seasonal breeders...
  57. pmc West Nile virus and high death rate in American crows
    Sarah A Yaremych
    University of Illinois, Urbana, Illinois, USA
    Emerg Infect Dis 10:709-11. 2004
    ..WNV antibody prevalence in crows was low. Local ecologic effects can be dramatic as WNV inhabits new areas...
  58. ncbi An avian reservoir (Turdus merula) of the Lyme borreliosis spirochetes
    P F Humair
    Departement de Parasitologie, Universite de Neuchatel, Switzerland
    Zentralbl Bakteriol 287:521-38. 1998
    ..garinii, similar to the association existing between small rodents and B. afzelii. Our observations emphasize the fact that different enzootic cycles maintain Lyme borreliosis spirochetes in nature...
  59. pmc Detection of West Nile virus in oral and cloacal swabs collected from bird carcasses
    Nicholas Komar
    Arbovirus Diseases Branch, Division of Vector Borne Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Fort Collins, Colorado 80522, USA
    Emerg Infect Dis 8:741-2. 2002
    ..These findings suggest that testing cloacal or oral swabs might be a low-resource approach to detect WNV in dead birds...
  60. doi Novel Haemoproteus species (Haemosporida: Haemoproteidae) from the swallow-tailed gull (Lariidae), with remarks on the host range of hippoboscid-transmitted avian hemoproteids
    Iris I Levin
    University of Missouri St Louis, Department of Biology, St Louis, MO 63121, USA
    J Parasitol 98:847-54. 2012
    ....
  61. pmc Use of avian bornavirus isolates to induce proventricular dilatation disease in conures
    Patricia Gray
    Texas A and M University, College Station, Texas 77843 4467, USA
    Emerg Infect Dis 16:473-9. 2010
    ..A control bird that received uninfected tissue culture cells remained healthy until it was euthanized at 77 days. Necropsy and histopathologic examinations showed no abnormalities; PCR did not indicate ABV in its brain tissues...
  62. ncbi Helminths isolated from the digestive tract of diurnal raptors in Catalonia, Spain
    D Ferrer
    Unitat de Parasitologia i Malalties Parasitàries, Facultat de Veterinaria, Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona, 08193 Bellaterra, Barcelona, Spain
    Vet Rec 154:17-20. 2004
    ..6 per cent), followed by trematodes, cestodes and ancanthocephalans. All the buzzards and sparrowhawks and 92 per cent of the goshawks were infected, but only 59 per cent of the kestrels were infected...
  63. ncbi Phylogenetic analysis of avian poxviruses among free-ranging birds of Virginia
    Cary J Adams
    Wildlife Center of Virginia, P O Box 1557, Waynesboro, VA 22980, USA
    Avian Dis 49:601-5. 2005
    ..This study identified a distinct clade of avian poxvirus unique from four clades previously described and associated with epornitics in free-ranging birds, where the core 4b gene DNA sequence has been the basis of comparison...
  64. doi The first report of Knemidocoptes intermedius Fain et Macfarlane, 1967 (Acari: Astigmata) in naturally infected European birds
    Jacek Dabert
    Department of Animal Morphology, Faculty of Biology, A Mickiewicz University, Umultowska 89, 60 414 Poznan, Poland
    Parasitol Res 109:237-40. 2011
    ..It is the first reliable record of K. intermedius in Europe and also the first record of this species in the common raven. The host range and specificity of this parasite is discussed, along with a revision of occurrences in wild birds...
  65. doi A prototype forecasting system for bird-borne disease spread in North America based on migratory bird movements
    A Townsend Peterson
    Biodiversity Institute, The University of Kansas, Lawrence, KS 66045, USA
    Epidemics 1:240-9. 2009
    ..We identify key next steps towards improved forecasting of spread patterns of bird-borne pathogens in North America, which will require substantial improvements in knowledge of the geography of bird migration...
  66. ncbi West Nile virus survey of birds and mosquitoes in the Dominican Republic
    Oliver Komar
    University of Kansas Natural History Museum and Biodiversity Research Center, Lawrence, Kansas, USA
    Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis 5:120-6. 2005
    ..These data suggest that an unidentified flavivirus, as well as WNV, is active in the Dominican Republic...
  67. ncbi Sensitive measure of prevalence and parasitaemia of haemosporidia from European blackbird (Turdus merula) populations: value of PCR-RFLP and quantitative PCR
    S Bentz
    Equipe Ecologie Evolutive, UMR CNRS 5561 Biogeosciences, Universite de Bourgogne, 6 Bd Gabriel, 21000 Dijon, France
    Parasitology 133:685-92. 2006
    ..This suggests that previous results obtained by smear screening should be reinterpreted in terms of parasitaemia instead of parasite prevalence...
  68. doi Bacterial pathogens in wild birds: a review of the frequency and effects of infection
    Clare McW H Benskin
    Lancaster Environment Centre, Lancaster University, Lancaster LA1 4YQ, UK
    Biol Rev Camb Philos Soc 84:349-73. 2009
    ..Our primary aim is to identify gaps in current knowledge and to propose areas for future study...
  69. pmc Characterization of avian influenza viruses A (H5N1) from wild birds, Hong Kong, 2004-2008
    Gavin J D Smith
    State Key Laboratory of Emerging Infectious Diseases The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, People s Republic of China
    Emerg Infect Dis 15:402-7. 2009
    ..3.4 viruses are established in poultry in Asia, the emergence of clade 2.3.2 viruses in nonpasserine birds from Hong Kong, Japan, and Russia raises the possibility that this virus lineage may have become established in wild birds...
  70. doi Poxvirus infection in Hungarian great tits (Parus major): case report
    Elena Alina Palade
    Department of Pathology and Forensic Veterinary Medicine, Faculty of Veterinary Science, Szent Istvan University, H 1400 Budapest, P O Box 2, Hungary
    Acta Vet Hung 56:539-46. 2008
    ....
  71. ncbi Combined infection by avian poxvirus and Collyriclum faba in an American crow (Corvus brachyrhynchos)
    Daniel M Grove
    Wildlife Center of Virginia, P O Box 1557, Waynesboro 22980, USA
    J Zoo Wildl Med 36:111-4. 2005
    ..The flukes were identified using light microscopy of organisms obtained by antemortem wedge biopsy. Intraepithelial cytoplasmic inclusions consistent with poxvirus infection were seen on histopathologic examination of the mass...
  72. ncbi Epornitic of avian pox in common buzzards (Buteo buteo): virus isolation and molecular biological characterization
    T Rampin
    Dipartimento di Patologia Animale, Igiene e Sanita Pubblica Veterinaria, Universita degli Studi di Milano, Italy
    Avian Pathol 36:161-5. 2007
    ..However, analysis of fpv139 locus does not reveal similarities of the isolate with other avian poxviruses...
  73. ncbi Cryptic species within the Tetratrichomonas gallinarum species complex revealed by molecular polymorphism
    Ivan Cepicka
    Department of Parasitology, Faculty of Science, Charles University, Vinicna 7, Prague 2 128 44, Czech Republic
    Vet Parasitol 128:11-21. 2005
    ..gallinarum pathogenicity should be re-examined with regard to specific genetic groups and zoonotic potential of some of these lineages should be considered...
  74. ncbi Medical dilemmas associated with rehabilitating confiscated houbara bustards (Chlamydotis undulata macqueenii) after avian pox and paramyxovirus type 1 infection
    Thomas A Bailey
    National Avian Research Center, Environmental Research and Wildlife Development Agency, PO Box 45553, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates
    J Wildl Dis 38:518-32. 2002
    ..Additionally, health monitoring of confiscated birds should continue after birds are integrated into captive flocks...
  75. ncbi Avipoxvirus infection in a collection of captive stone curlews (Burhinus oedicnemus)
    Michael Lierz
    Institute for Poultry Diseases, Free University of Berlin, 14163 Berlin, Germany
    J Avian Med Surg 21:50-5. 2007
    ..This is the first clinical description of an avipoxvirus infection in stone curlews...
  76. pmc Dead crow densities and human cases of West Nile virus, New York State, 2000
    M Eidson
    Zoonoses Program, New York State Department of Health, Rm 621 ESP Corning Tower, Albany, NY 12237, USA
    Emerg Infect Dis 7:662-4. 2001
    ..Monitoring such densities may be helpful because this factor may be determined without the delays associated with specimen collection and testing...
  77. ncbi The effect of mycoplasmosis on carotenoid plumage coloration in male house finches
    Geoffrey E Hill
    Department of Biological Sciences, 331 Funchess Hall, Auburn University, Auburn, Alabama 36849, USA
    J Exp Biol 207:2095-9. 2004
    ..MG targets upper respiratory and ocular tissue. Our observations show that a pathogen that does not directly disrupt carotenoid absorption or transportation can still have a significant effect on carotenoid utilization...
  78. ncbi Scaly leg, papillomas and pox in wild birds
    T W Pennycott
    Vet Rec 152:444. 2003
  79. pmc Characterization of avipoxviruses from wild birds in Norway
    Simon Chioma Weli
    Department of Microbiology and Virology, University of Tromsø, Brevika, N 9037 Tromsø, Norway
    Can J Vet Res 68:140-5. 2004
    ..Furthermore, chickens experimentally infected with pigeon poxvirus had higher antibody titers and extensive lesions compared to other isolates. This may suggest that pigeon poxvirus is more virulent than the other isolates...
  80. doi Unusual pathology of canary poxvirus infection associated with high mortality in young and adult breeder canaries (Serinus canaria)
    H L Shivaprasad
    California Animal Health and Food Safety Laboratory System, Fresno Branch, USA
    Avian Pathol 38:311-6. 2009
    ..Some of the birds also had concurrent bacterial, mycotic and polyomavirus infections. Poxvirus was isolated from lungs and skin in chicken embryo liver cells and confirmed as avian poxvirus by polymerase chain reaction...
  81. ncbi Epidemiology of West Nile virus: a silent epiornitic in Northern Delaware in 2007 without associated human cases
    Jack B Gingrich
    Department of Entomology and Wildlife Ecology, University of Delaware, Newark, DE 19716, USA
    J Am Mosq Control Assoc 26:274-86. 2010
    ..Based on these results, we suggest that an epiornitic in birds occurred in 2007, but that greatly reduced abundance of mosquito vectors caused by an extreme drought largely precluded human infection...
  82. ncbi Combined exposure to cyanobacterial biomass, lead and the Newcastle virus enhances avian toxicity
    Jiri Pikula
    University of Veterinary and Pharmaceutical Sciences Brno, Palackeho 1 3, 612 42 Brno, Czech Republic
    Sci Total Environ 408:4984-92. 2010
    ..As such it has implications for wildlife biologists, veterinarians and conservationists of avian biodiversity...
  83. ncbi Avian poxvirus infection in flamingos (Phoenicopterus roseus) in a zoo in Japan
    Toshiaki Terasaki
    Livestock Hygiene Service Center of Tokyo Prefecture, 3 19 4 Fujimicho, Tachikawa, Tokyo 190 0013, Japan
    Avian Dis 54:955-7. 2010
    ..Based on the phylogenetic analysis, the virus isolated from these flamingos was genetically close to those isolated from pigeons, suggesting the possibility of interspecies transmission...
  84. ncbi Beak necrosis in Hungarian partridges (Perdix perdix) associated with beak-bits and avian poxvirus infection
    Alexandra I Brower
    Wisconsin Veterinary Diagnostic Laboratory, 445 Easterday Lane, Madison, WI 53706, USA
    Avian Pathol 39:223-5. 2010
    ..This report is the first to describe avian pox lesions associated with the application of beak-bits and the resulting beak and oral pathology...
  85. ncbi Characterization of poxviruses from forest birds in Hawaii
    D N Tripathy
    Department of Veterinary Pathobiology, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Illinois, Urbana 61801, USA
    J Wildl Dis 36:225-30. 2000
    ..Thus, based on the genetic distinctness of the two Hawaiian bird viruses, they appear to represent different strains of avipoxvirus...
  86. doi Antibodies to flaviviruses in wild ducks captured in Hokkaido, Japan: risk assessment of invasive flaviviruses
    Mika Saito
    Division of Molecular Virology and Oncology, Department of Microbiology, Graduate School of Medicine, University of the Ryukyus, Okinawa, Japan
    Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis 9:253-8. 2009
    ....
  87. ncbi Debilitating cutaneous poxvirus infection in a Hodgson's grandala (Grandala coelicolor)
    J Oros
    Department of Histology and Pathology, Veterinary Faculty, Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Spain
    Avian Dis 41:481-3. 1997
    ..Electron microscopy revealed numerous pox virions in the inclusion bodies. This is the first report of cutaneous poxvirus infection in a Hodgson's grandala...
  88. doi Avian poxvirus infection in a white-tailed sea eagle (Haliaeetus albicilla) in Japan
    Keisuke Saito
    Institute for Raptor Biomedicine Japan, 2 2101 Hokuto, Kushiro, Hokkaido 084 0922, Japan
    Avian Pathol 38:485-9. 2009
    ..The results imply that it is a novel avian poxvirus. To our knowledge this is the first report of avian poxvirus infection in white-tailed sea eagles...
  89. ncbi Molecular identification and characterization of novel coronaviruses infecting graylag geese (Anser anser), feral pigeons (Columbia livia) and mallards (Anas platyrhynchos)
    Christine Monceyron Jonassen
    Section for Virology and Serology, National Veterinary Institute, PO Box 8156 Dep, N 0033 Oslo, Norway
    J Gen Virol 86:1597-607. 2005
    ....
  90. pmc Evolution and molecular epidemiology of H9N2 influenza A viruses from quail in southern China, 2000 to 2005
    K M Xu
    State Key Laboratory of Emerging Infectious Disease, Department of Microbiology, The University of Hong Kong, Li Ka Shing Faculty of Medicine Building, 21 Sassoon Road, Pokfulam, Hong Kong SAR, China
    J Virol 81:2635-45. 2007
    ..Continuing influenza virus surveillance in poultry is critical to understanding the genesis and emergence of potentially pandemic strains in this region...
  91. ncbi Assessment of a commercial sandwich ELISA in the diagnosis of aspergillosis in falcons
    B Arca-Ruibal
    Dubai Falcon Hospital, PO Box 23919, Dubai, United Arab Emirates
    Vet Rec 158:442-4. 2006
    ..The test was therefore unsatisfactory for detecting galactomannan in the serum samples and cannot be used as a screening test for aspergillosis in falcons...
  92. ncbi Ingluvitis and oesophagitis in wild finches
    Paul Holmes
    Vet Rec 157:455. 2005
  93. ncbi Proventricular dilatation disease: an emerging exotic disease of parrots in Australia
    R J T Doneley
    West Toowoomba Veterinary Surgery, Toowoomba QLD 4350, Australia
    Aust Vet J 85:119-23. 2007
    ..Clinical signs, autopsy findings and histopathological findings are described. No pattern or common source for these cases could be identified. The implications for Australian aviculture and avifauna are discussed...
  94. ncbi Psittacosis in all four members of a family in Nagasaki, Japan
    Haruki Kaibu
    Nagasaki City Laboratory of Public Health and Environment, Nagasaki 852 8104, Japan
    Jpn J Infect Dis 59:349-50. 2006
  95. ncbi Serological evidence of West Nile virus, Usutu virus and Sindbis virus infection of birds in the UK
    Alan Buckley
    Centre for Ecology and Hydrology Oxford, Institute of Virology and Environmental Microbiology, Mansfield Road, Oxford OX1 3SR, UK
    J Gen Virol 84:2807-17. 2003
    ..The potential health risk posed to humans and animals by these viruses circulating in the UK is discussed...
  96. pmc Blackbirds and song thrushes constitute a key reservoir of Borrelia garinii, the causative agent of borreliosis in Central Europe
    Veronika Taragel'ová
    Institute of Zoology, Slovak Academy of Sciences, 845 06 Bratislava, Slovakia
    Appl Environ Microbiol 74:1289-93. 2008
    ..More than 90% of the infections were typed as Borrelia garinii and Borrelia valaisiana. We conclude that thrushes are key players in the maintenance of these spirochete species in this region of Central Europe...
  97. ncbi Lymphoplasmacytic myenteric, subepicardial, and pulmonary ganglioneuritis in four nonpsittacine birds
    David Perpinan
    Maragall Exotics Centre Veterinari, Xiprer 53, 08041 Barcelona, Spain
    J Avian Med Surg 21:210-4. 2007
    ..Histopathologic lesions in all birds consisted of multifocal lymphoplasmacytic infiltration of myenteric and cardiac nerves and ganglia. These lesions are characteristic of proventricular dilatation disease of psittacine birds...
  98. ncbi The role of birds in the ecology of West Nile virus in Europe and Africa
    M Malkinson
    Kimron Veterinary Institute, Beit Dagan 50250, Israel
    Curr Top Microbiol Immunol 267:309-22. 2002
    ..If this is the case it will be necessary to define the strategies for detection of virus overwintering in the European temperate climate...
  99. ncbi Use of restriction fragment length polymorphism, immunoblotting, and polymerase chain reaction in the differentiation of avian poxviruses
    Theodros Tadese
    Avian Disease Research Laboratory, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824, USA
    J Vet Diagn Invest 15:141-50. 2003
    ..An attempt to distinguish between strains on the basis of amplification product was partially successful...
  100. pmc Comparison of the InPouch TF culture system and wet-mount microscopy for diagnosis of Trichomonas gallinae infections in the pink pigeon Columba mayeri
    Nancy Bunbury
    J Clin Microbiol 43:1005-6. 2005
  101. ncbi Molecular assays for detection of falcon adenovirus
    Mark Schrenzel
    Zoological Society of San Diego, Conservation and Research of Endangered Species, Beckman Building, 15600 San Pasqual Valley Road, Escondido, CA 92027, USA
    J Vet Diagn Invest 19:479-85. 2007
    ..Together with established serologic tests for falcon adenovirus, these molecular assays are valuable tools for management and conservation of falcons in captivity and the wild...

Research Grants97

  1. In-ovo vaccination/avian influenza/bird/human
    DE CHU TANG; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..A genetically modified adenovirus is the basis of this new type of vaccine. ..
  2. In-ovo vaccination/avian influenza/bird/human
    DE CHU CHRISTOPHER TANG; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..A genetically modified adenovirus is the basis of this new type of vaccine. ..
  3. ESCHERICHIA COLI INVASION OF BRAIN ENDOTHELIAL CELLS
    Sheng He Huang; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..These two pathogenicities are dependent on IbeA/E-induced signaling via Vim/LRs. Vim/LRs may be exploited as the potential therapeutic targets for blocking E. coli K1 invasion and PMN transmigration across HBMEC. ..
  4. HOST COMPETENCE FACTORS AFFECT ARBOVIRUS TRANSMISSION
    William Reisen; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Studies will assess how alternating sequential infections between vertebrate and vector species that are part of the natural transmission cycle may alter virus genetics and fitness. ..
  5. Invasion of California by West Nile Virus
    William Reisen; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ....
  6. ARBOVIRUS PERSISTENCE IN SEASONAL WETLANDS
    William Reisen; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..Virus ecology at wetlands in the Coachella Valley of southeastern California with consistent enzootic activity will be compared with wetlands in the southern San Joaquin Valley where virus activity currently is intermittent. ..
  7. Persistence of West Nile virus in California
    William K Reisen; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Quantitative delineation of these events and their precursors may allow skillful forecasting and enhance decision support systems to trigger timely intervention. ..
  8. Invasion of California by West Nile Virus
    William Reisen; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
  9. HOST COMPETENCE FACTORS AFFECT ARBOVIRUS TRANSMISSION
    William Reisen; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..Studies will assess how alternating sequential infections between vertebrate and vector species that are part of the natural transmission cycle may alter virus genetics and fitness. ..
  10. ARBOVIRUS PERSISTENCE IN SEASONAL WETLANDS
    William Reisen; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..Virus ecology at wetlands in the Coachella Valley of southeastern California with consistent enzootic activity will be compared with wetlands in the southern San Joaquin Valley where virus activity currently is intermittent. ..
  11. ARBOVIRUS PERSISTENCE IN SEASONAL WETLANDS
    William Reisen; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..Virus ecology at wetlands in the Coachella Valley of southeastern California with consistent enzootic activity will be compared with wetlands in the southern San Joaquin Valley where virus activity currently is intermittent. ..
  12. HOST COMPETENCE FACTORS AFFECT ARBOVIRUS TRANSMISSION
    William Reisen; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..Studies will assess how alternating sequential infections between vertebrate and vector species that are part of the natural transmission cycle may alter virus genetics and fitness. ..
  13. ARBOVIRUS PERSISTENCE IN SEASONAL WETLANDS
    William Reisen; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Virus ecology at wetlands in the Coachella Valley of southeastern California with consistent enzootic activity will be compared with wetlands in the southern San Joaquin Valley where virus activity currently is intermittent. ..
  14. Invasion of California by West Nile Virus
    William Reisen; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ....
  15. Invasion of California by West Nile Virus
    William Reisen; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ....
  16. Persistence of West Nile virus in California
    William Reisen; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Quantitative delineation of these events and their precursors may allow skillful forecasting and enhance decision support systems to trigger timely intervention. ..
  17. Invasion of California by West Nile Virus
    William Reisen; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
  18. HOST COMPETENCE FACTORS AFFECT ARBOVIRUS TRANSMISSION
    William Reisen; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Studies will assess how alternating sequential infections between vertebrate and vector species that are part of the natural transmission cycle may alter virus genetics and fitness. ..
  19. Population dynamics of a bird-borne arbovirus
    Charles Brown; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..e., colony sites) can be reliably identified and ecological hypotheses tested. ..
  20. Population dynamics of a bird-borne arbovirus
    Charles Brown; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..e., colony sites) can be reliably identified and ecological hypotheses tested. ..
  21. Population dynamics of a bird-borne arbovirus
    Charles Brown; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..e., colony sites) can be reliably identified and ecological hypotheses tested. ..
  22. Population dynamics of a bird-borne arbovirus
    Charles Brown; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..e., colony sites) can be reliably identified and ecological hypotheses tested. ..
  23. West Nile Viral Determinants of Avian Pathogenesis
    AARON BRAULT; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..In addition, fundamental knowledge of viral replication and pathogenesis will provide insight for the development of vaccine and antiviral strategies. ..
  24. West Nile Viral Determinants of Avian Pathogenesis
    AARON BRAULT; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..In addition, fundamental knowledge of viral replication and pathogenesis will provide insight for the development of vaccine and antiviral strategies. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  25. West Nile Viral Determinants of Avian Pathogenesis
    AARON BRAULT; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..In addition, fundamental knowledge of viral replication and pathogenesis will provide insight for the development of vaccine and antiviral strategies. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  26. MOLECULAR MECHANISMS OF EIAV PERSISTENCE
    JERALD OAKS; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..These studies will provide insight into HIV persistence in HAART patients, and potentially provide a model that can be used to evaluate strategies for actual elimination of lentiviral infections. ..
  27. MOLECULAR MECHANISMS OF EIAV PERSISTENCE
    JERALD OAKS; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..These studies will provide insight into HIV persistence in HAART patients, and potentially provide a model that can be used to evaluate strategies for actual elimination of lentiviral infections. ..
  28. West Nile Virus Genotypic Affect on Host Competence
    AARON BRAULT; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  29. West Nile Viral Determinants of Avian Pathogenesis
    AARON BRAULT; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..In addition, fundamental knowledge of viral replication and pathogenesis will provide insight for the development of vaccine and antiviral strategies. ..
  30. MOLECULAR MECHANISMS OF EIAV PERSISTENCE
    JERALD OAKS; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..These studies will provide insight into HIV persistence in HAART patients, and potentially provide a model that can be used to evaluate strategies for actual elimination of lentiviral infections. ..
  31. West Nile Virus Genotypic Affect on Host Competence
    AARON BRAULT; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  32. West Nile Virus Genotypic Affect on Host Competence
    AARON BRAULT; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..abstract_text> ..
  33. Lentiviral Diseases: EIAV Pathogenesis
    Susan Payne; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ....
  34. Lentiviral Diseases: EIAV Pathogenesis
    Susan Payne; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ....
  35. EVOLUTION OF VIRULENCE OF EQUINE INFECTIOUS ANEMIA VIRUS
    Susan Payne; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..The EIAV system provides an excellent and tractable experimental model for study of evolutionary change in retroviruses, and for understanding the evolution and determinants of virulence. ..
  36. EVOLUTION OF VIRULENCE OF EQUINE INFECTIOUS ANEMIA VIRUS
    Susan Payne; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..The EIAV system provides an excellent and tractable experimental model for study of evolutionary change in retroviruses, and for understanding the evolution and determinants of virulence. ..
  37. Lentiviral Diseases: EIAV Pathogenesis
    Susan Payne; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ....
  38. EVOLUTION OF VIRULENCE OF EQUINE INFECTIOUS ANEMIA VIRUS
    Susan Payne; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..The EIAV system provides an excellent and tractable experimental model for study of evolutionary change in retroviruses, and for understanding the evolution and determinants of virulence. ..
  39. Lentiviral Diseases: EIAV Pathogenesis
    Susan Payne; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ....
  40. Lentiviral Diseases: EIAV Pathogenesis
    SUSAN LYNNE PAYNE; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  41. EVOLUTION OF VIRULENCE OF EQUINE INFECTIOUS ANEMIA VIRUS
    Susan Payne; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..The EIAV system provides an excellent and tractable experimental model for study of evolutionary change in retroviruses, and for understanding the evolution and determinants of virulence. ..
  42. Lentiviral Diseases: EIAV Pathogenesis
    Susan Payne; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....
  43. EVOLUTION OF VIRULENCE OF EQUINE INFECTIOUS ANEMIA VIRUS
    Susan Payne; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..The EIAV system provides an excellent and tractable experimental model for study of evolutionary change in retroviruses, and for understanding the evolution and determinants of virulence. ..
  44. Lentiviral Diseases: EIAV Pathogenesis
    Susan Payne; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  45. Modeling and empirical studies of arboviruses in Florida
    CYNTHIA LORD; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..abstract_text> ..
  46. Modeling and empirical studies of arboviruses in Florida
    CYNTHIA LORD; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  47. Medial olivocochlear protection from environmental noise exposure
    AMANDA LAUER; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Relevance: Results from this work will lead to a better understanding of the protective effects of the OC system, and may lead to better hearing loss prevention strategies in humans. ..
  48. Modeling and empirical studies of arboviruses in Florida
    CYNTHIA LORD; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  49. Hearing in Belgian Waterslager Canaries
    AMANDA LAUER; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Thus, the proposed experiments will increase our understanding of the functional consequences of hearing impairment in these birds, and of hearing impairment in general. ..
  50. Dissecting Mechanisms of Host Manipulation by Pathogens
    NOAH WHITEMAN; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ....
  51. Dissecting Mechanisms of Host Manipulation by Pathogens
    NOAH WHITEMAN; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ....
  52. Modeling and empirical studies of arboviruses in Florida
    CYNTHIA LORD; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  53. Modeling and empirical studies of arboviruses in Florida
    CYNTHIA LORD; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..abstract_text> ..
  54. IN VIVO PATHOGENESIS OF HELICOBACTER PYLORI
    James Fox; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..pylori pathogenesis and specifically evaluate the role of regulatory T cells in limiting H. pylori-induced gastric pathology. ..
  55. Helicobacter induced hepatitis and tumorigenesis
    James Fox; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..A more complete understanding of the etiopathogenesis of hepatobiliary disease and hepatocellular carcinoma is likely to result in new strategies for treatment and prevention of these important human diseases. ..
  56. HERPESVIRAL GENE EXPRESSION IN KAPOSIS SARCOMA
    Don Ganem; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..These studies should provide new molecular clues to the potential roles of KSHV/HHV8 in KS and could identify new targets for therapeutic intervention in the future. ..
  57. The Impact of Climate and Climate Change on West Nile Virus Transmission
    AUSTON MARMADUKE KILPATRICK; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Current and previous work on West Nile virus presents an opportunity to attack the problem head-on with this multi- scale approach, which will facilitate public health intervention for this, and other vector-borne diseases. ..
  58. Metgagenomic Analysis of the Human Oral Viral Microbiome
    Derrick Fouts; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..A future application of the data is the control of bacterial pathogens through the identification and production of bacteriophage-encoded products. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  59. Mechanisms of the Adenovirus E4-ORF1 Oncoprotein
    Ronald T Javier; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ....
  60. IN VIVO PATHOGENESIS OF HELICOBACTER PYLORI
    James Fox; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ....
  61. Pathophysiology of lytic reactivation and spread of KSHV
    Don Ganem; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ....
  62. Candidate Gene(s) for Pigeon Atherosclerosis
    Samuel Smith; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..The candidate genes will be cloned and sequenced, and the products or functions deduced from existing genomic databases. ..
  63. Helicobacter induced hepatitis and tumorigenesis
    James Fox; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..A more complete understanding of the etiopathogenesis of hepatobiliary disease and hepatocellular carcinoma is likely to result in new strategies for treatment and prevention of these important human diseases. ..
  64. LYME DISEASE IN WESTERN USA--ECOLOGY AND EPIDEMIOLOGY
    Robert Lane; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..The effects of exposure to direct sunlight or of spirochetal infection on questing by immature ticks also will be determined...
  65. LYME DISEASE IN WESTERN USA--ECOLOGY AND EPIDEMIOLOGY
    Robert Lane; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ..The effects of exposure to direct sunlight or of spirochetal infection on questing by immature ticks also will be determined...
  66. HERPESVIRAL GENE EXPRESSION IN KAPOSIS SARCOMA
    Don Ganem; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..abstract_text> ..
  67. Pathophysiology of lytic reactivation and spread of KSHV
    Don Ganem; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ....
  68. Herpresviral Gene Expression in Kaposis Sarcoma
    Don Ganem; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..By determining how viral infection leads to KS, we hope to identify molecular targets that can explain how the disease arises; these could also serve as targets for the therapies of the future. ..
  69. MOLECULAR BIOLOGY OF THE HEPATITIS B TYPE VIRUSES
    Don Ganem; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..In addition, detailed studies of the mechanisms of HDV RNA replication will be conducted, with emphasis on the involvement of host factors in this important reaction. ..
  70. Herpresviral Gene Expression in Kaposis Sarcoma
    Don Ganem; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..By determining how viral infection leads to KS, we hope to identify molecular targets that can explain how the disease arises;these could also serve as targets for the therapies of the future. ..
  71. HERPESVIRAL GENE EXPRESSION IN KAPOSIS SARCOMA
    Don Ganem; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  72. MOLECULAR BIOLOGY OF THE HEPATITIS B-TYPE VIRUSES
    Don Ganem; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ..We will also attempt to use this improved understanding of the hepadnavirus life cycle to explore the possibility of generating replication- competent hepadnaviruses which can deliver foreign DNA sequences to liver cells...
  73. MOLECULAR BIOLOGY OF THE HEPATITIS B-TYPE VIRUSES
    Don Ganem; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ....
  74. MOLECULAR BIOLOGY OF THE HEPATITIS B-TYPE VIRUSES
    Don Ganem; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..We will also attempt to use this improved understanding of the hepadnavirus life cycle to explore the possibility of generating replication- competent hepadnaviruses which can deliver foreign DNA sequences to liver cells...
  75. MOLECULAR BIOLOGY OF THE HEPATITIS B-TYPE VIRUSES
    Don Ganem; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..We will also attempt to use this improved understanding of the hepadnavirus life cycle to explore the possibility of generating replication- competent hepadnaviruses which can deliver foreign DNA sequences to liver cells...
  76. HERPESVIRAL GENE EXPRESSION IN KAPOSIS SARCOMA
    Don Ganem; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..abstract_text> ..
  77. MOLECULAR BIOLOGY OF THE HEPATITIS B TYPE VIRUSES
    Don Ganem; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..In addition, detailed studies of the mechanisms of HDV RNA replication will be conducted, with emphasis on the involvement of host factors in this important reaction. ..
  78. Pathophysiology of lytic reactivation and spread of KSHV
    Don Ganem; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ....
  79. HERPESVIRAL GENE EXPRESSION IN KAPOSIS SARCOMA
    Don Ganem; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..abstract_text> ..
  80. Pathophysiology of lytic reactivation and spread of KSHV
    Don Ganem; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ....
  81. HERPESVIRAL GENE EXPRESSION IN KAPOSIS SARCOMA
    Don Ganem; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..These studies should provide new molecular clues to the potential roles of KSHV/HHV8 in KS and could identify new targets for therapeutic intervention in the future. ..
  82. MOLECULAR BIOLOGY OF THE HEPATITIS B TYPE VIRUSES
    Don Ganem; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..In addition, detailed studies of the mechanisms of HDV RNA replication will be conducted, with emphasis on the involvement of host factors in this important reaction. ..