Genomes and Genes
Summary: Diseases of birds not considered poultry, therefore usually found in zoos, parks, and the wild. The concept is differentiated from POULTRY DISEASES which is for birds raised as a source of meat or eggs for human consumption, and usually found in barnyards, hatcheries, etc.
Publications236 found, 100 shown here
- Detection of influenza A viruses from different species by PCR amplification of conserved sequences in the matrix geneR A Fouchier
National Influenza Center and Department of Virology, Erasmus University, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
J Clin Microbiol 38:4096-101. 2000..Comparative tests with throat swab samples from humans and fecal and cloacal swab samples from birds confirmed that the new PCR is faster and up to 100-fold more sensitive than classical virus isolation procedures...
- Cloning, expression, purification and characterization of UL24 partial protein of duck enteritis virusRenyong Jia
Avian Disease Research Center, College of Veterinary Medicine of Sichuan Agricultural University, Ya an 625014, China
Intervirology 52:326-34. 2009..On the basis of subcellular location, UL24 appeared to be predominantly nuclear membrane-associated, especially at later times in infection, and provided a good tool to further study the biofunctions of UL24 protein...
- Variation in virulence of West Nile virus strains for house sparrows (Passer domesticus)Stanley A Langevin
Center for Vector borne Diseases, Department of Pathology, Microbiology and Immunology, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California, Davis 95616, USA
Am J Trop Med Hyg 72:99-102. 2005..This study suggests that natural mortality in house sparrows due to Old World strains of WNV may be occurring where the KEN strain occurs...
- Phylogenetic diversity among low-virulence newcastle disease viruses from waterfowl and shorebirds and comparison of genotype distributions to those of poultry-origin isolatesL Mia Kim
USDA ARS SouthEast Poultry Research Laboratory, Athens, GA 30605, USA
J Virol 81:12641-53. 2007....
- Infectious agents associated with respiratory disease in pheasantsD de B Welchman
Veterinary Laboratories Agency, Itchen Abbas, Winchester, Hampshire
Vet Rec 150:658-64. 2002..Mycoplasma species other than M gallisepticum were cultured in 18 batches of pheasants but, with the exception of Mycoplasma gallinaceum, were not associated with disease...
- Avian poxvirus infection in a white-tailed sea eagle (Haliaeetus albicilla) in JapanKeisuke Saito
Institute for Raptor Biomedicine Japan, 2 2101 Hokuto, Kushiro, Hokkaido 084 0922, Japan
Avian Pathol 38:485-9. 2009..The results imply that it is a novel avian poxvirus. To our knowledge this is the first report of avian poxvirus infection in white-tailed sea eagles...
- Dead crow densities and human cases of West Nile virus, New York State, 2000M Eidson
Zoonoses Program, New York State Department of Health, Rm 621 ESP Corning Tower, Albany, NY 12237, USA
Emerg Infect Dis 7:662-4. 2001..Monitoring such densities may be helpful because this factor may be determined without the delays associated with specimen collection and testing...
- Poxvirus infection in Hungarian great tits (Parus major): case reportElena Alina Palade
Department of Pathology and Forensic Veterinary Medicine, Faculty of Veterinary Science, Szent Istvan University, H 1400 Budapest, P O Box 2, Hungary
Acta Vet Hung 56:539-46. 2008....
- Avipoxvirus infection in a collection of captive stone curlews (Burhinus oedicnemus)Michael Lierz
Institute for Poultry Diseases, Free University of Berlin, 14163 Berlin, Germany
J Avian Med Surg 21:50-5. 2007..This is the first clinical description of an avipoxvirus infection in stone curlews...
- Bacterial pathogens in wild birds: a review of the frequency and effects of infectionClare McW H Benskin
Lancaster Environment Centre, Lancaster University, Lancaster LA1 4YQ, UK
Biol Rev Camb Philos Soc 84:349-73. 2009..Our primary aim is to identify gaps in current knowledge and to propose areas for future study...
- Cryptic species within the Tetratrichomonas gallinarum species complex revealed by molecular polymorphismIvan Cepicka
Department of Parasitology, Faculty of Science, Charles University, Vinicna 7, Prague 2 128 44, Czech Republic
Vet Parasitol 128:11-21. 2005..gallinarum pathogenicity should be re-examined with regard to specific genetic groups and zoonotic potential of some of these lineages should be considered...
- Medical dilemmas associated with rehabilitating confiscated houbara bustards (Chlamydotis undulata macqueenii) after avian pox and paramyxovirus type 1 infectionThomas A Bailey
National Avian Research Center, Environmental Research and Wildlife Development Agency, PO Box 45553, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates
J Wildl Dis 38:518-32. 2002..Additionally, health monitoring of confiscated birds should continue after birds are integrated into captive flocks...
- Characterization of avian influenza viruses A (H5N1) from wild birds, Hong Kong, 2004-2008Gavin J D Smith
State Key Laboratory of Emerging Infectious Diseases The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, People s Republic of China
Emerg Infect Dis 15:402-7. 2009..3.4 viruses are established in poultry in Asia, the emergence of clade 2.3.2 viruses in nonpasserine birds from Hong Kong, Japan, and Russia raises the possibility that this virus lineage may have become established in wild birds...
- Antibodies to flaviviruses in wild ducks captured in Hokkaido, Japan: risk assessment of invasive flavivirusesMika Saito
Division of Molecular Virology and Oncology, Department of Microbiology, Graduate School of Medicine, University of the Ryukyus, Okinawa, Japan
Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis 9:253-8. 2009....
- Characterization of avipoxviruses from wild birds in NorwaySimon Chioma Weli
Department of Microbiology and Virology, University of Tromsø, Brevika, N 9037 Tromsø, Norway
Can J Vet Res 68:140-5. 2004..Furthermore, chickens experimentally infected with pigeon poxvirus had higher antibody titers and extensive lesions compared to other isolates. This may suggest that pigeon poxvirus is more virulent than the other isolates...
- Scaly leg, papillomas and pox in wild birdsT W Pennycott
Vet Rec 152:444. 2003
- Unusual pathology of canary poxvirus infection associated with high mortality in young and adult breeder canaries (Serinus canaria)H L Shivaprasad
California Animal Health and Food Safety Laboratory System, Fresno Branch, USA
Avian Pathol 38:311-6. 2009..Some of the birds also had concurrent bacterial, mycotic and polyomavirus infections. Poxvirus was isolated from lungs and skin in chicken embryo liver cells and confirmed as avian poxvirus by polymerase chain reaction...
- Beak necrosis in Hungarian partridges (Perdix perdix) associated with beak-bits and avian poxvirus infectionAlexandra I Brower
Wisconsin Veterinary Diagnostic Laboratory, 445 Easterday Lane, Madison, WI 53706, USA
Avian Pathol 39:223-5. 2010..This report is the first to describe avian pox lesions associated with the application of beak-bits and the resulting beak and oral pathology...
- Avian poxvirus infection in flamingos (Phoenicopterus roseus) in a zoo in JapanToshiaki Terasaki
Livestock Hygiene Service Center of Tokyo Prefecture, 3 19 4 Fujimicho, Tachikawa, Tokyo 190 0013, Japan
Avian Dis 54:955-7. 2010..Based on the phylogenetic analysis, the virus isolated from these flamingos was genetically close to those isolated from pigeons, suggesting the possibility of interspecies transmission...
- West Nile virus emergence and large-scale declines of North American bird populationsShannon L LaDeau
Smithsonian Migratory Bird Center, National Zoological Park, Washington, DC 20008, USA
Nature 447:710-3. 2007..Our findings demonstrate the potential impacts of an invasive species on a diverse faunal assemblage across broad geographical scales, and underscore the complexity of subsequent community response...
- The effect of mycoplasmosis on carotenoid plumage coloration in male house finchesGeoffrey E Hill
Department of Biological Sciences, 331 Funchess Hall, Auburn University, Auburn, Alabama 36849, USA
J Exp Biol 207:2095-9. 2004..MG targets upper respiratory and ocular tissue. Our observations show that a pathogen that does not directly disrupt carotenoid absorption or transportation can still have a significant effect on carotenoid utilization...
- Characterization of poxviruses from forest birds in HawaiiD N Tripathy
Department of Veterinary Pathobiology, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Illinois, Urbana 61801, USA
J Wildl Dis 36:225-30. 2000..Thus, based on the genetic distinctness of the two Hawaiian bird viruses, they appear to represent different strains of avipoxvirus...
- Epidemiology of West Nile virus: a silent epiornitic in Northern Delaware in 2007 without associated human casesJack B Gingrich
Department of Entomology and Wildlife Ecology, University of Delaware, Newark, DE 19716, USA
J Am Mosq Control Assoc 26:274-86. 2010..Based on these results, we suggest that an epiornitic in birds occurred in 2007, but that greatly reduced abundance of mosquito vectors caused by an extreme drought largely precluded human infection...
- Epornitic of avian pox in common buzzards (Buteo buteo): virus isolation and molecular biological characterizationT Rampin
Dipartimento di Patologia Animale, Igiene e Sanita Pubblica Veterinaria, Universita degli Studi di Milano, Italy
Avian Pathol 36:161-5. 2007..However, analysis of fpv139 locus does not reveal similarities of the isolate with other avian poxviruses...
- Debilitating cutaneous poxvirus infection in a Hodgson's grandala (Grandala coelicolor)J Oros
Department of Histology and Pathology, Veterinary Faculty, Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Spain
Avian Dis 41:481-3. 1997..Electron microscopy revealed numerous pox virions in the inclusion bodies. This is the first report of cutaneous poxvirus infection in a Hodgson's grandala...
- Combined exposure to cyanobacterial biomass, lead and the Newcastle virus enhances avian toxicityJiri Pikula
University of Veterinary and Pharmaceutical Sciences Brno, Palackeho 1 3, 612 42 Brno, Czech Republic
Sci Total Environ 408:4984-92. 2010..As such it has implications for wildlife biologists, veterinarians and conservationists of avian biodiversity...
- Combined infection by avian poxvirus and Collyriclum faba in an American crow (Corvus brachyrhynchos)Daniel M Grove
Wildlife Center of Virginia, P.O. Box 1557, Waynesboro 22980, USA
J Zoo Wildl Med 36:111-4. 2005..The flukes were identified using light microscopy of organisms obtained by antemortem wedge biopsy. Intraepithelial cytoplasmic inclusions consistent with poxvirus infection were seen on histopathologic examination of the mass...
- A single positively selected West Nile viral mutation confers increased virogenesis in American crowsAaron C Brault
Center for Vector Borne Diseases and Department of Pathology, Microbiology and Immunology, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California, Davis, California 95616, USA
Nat Genet 39:1162-6. 2007..These phenotypic and evolutionary results provide compelling evidence for the positive selection of a mutation encoding increased viremia potential and virulence in the AMCR sentinel bird species...
- An annotated checklist of pathogenic microorganisms associated with migratory birdsZdenek Hubalek
Medical Zoology Laboratory, Institute of Vertebrate Biology, Academy of Sciences, Klasterni 2, CZ 69142 Valtice, Czech Republic
J Wildl Dis 40:639-59. 2004..The efficiency of dispersal of pathogenic microorganisms depends on a wide variety of biotic and abiotic factors affecting the survival of the agent in, or disappearance from, a habitat or ecosystem in a new geographic area...
- Molecular identification and characterization of novel coronaviruses infecting graylag geese (Anser anser), feral pigeons (Columbia livia) and mallards (Anas platyrhynchos)Christine Monceyron Jonassen
Section for Virology and Serology, National Veterinary Institute, PO Box 8156 Dep, N 0033 Oslo, Norway
J Gen Virol 86:1597-607. 2005....
- Evolution and molecular epidemiology of H9N2 influenza A viruses from quail in southern China, 2000 to 2005K M Xu
State Key Laboratory of Emerging Infectious Disease, Department of Microbiology, The University of Hong Kong, Li Ka Shing Faculty of Medicine Building, 21 Sassoon Road, Pokfulam, Hong Kong SAR, China
J Virol 81:2635-45. 2007..Continuing influenza virus surveillance in poultry is critical to understanding the genesis and emergence of potentially pandemic strains in this region...
- Origin of the West Nile virus responsible for an outbreak of encephalitis in the northeastern United StatesR S Lanciotti
Division of Vector Borne Infectious Diseases, National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Fort Collins, CO 80522, USA
Science 286:2333-7. 1999..This North American WN virus was most closely related to a WN virus isolated from a dead goose in Israel in 1998...
- Blackbirds and song thrushes constitute a key reservoir of Borrelia garinii, the causative agent of borreliosis in Central EuropeVeronika Taragel'ová
Institute of Zoology, Slovak Academy of Sciences, 845 06 Bratislava, Slovakia
Appl Environ Microbiol 74:1289-93. 2008..More than 90% of the infections were typed as Borrelia garinii and Borrelia valaisiana. We conclude that thrushes are key players in the maintenance of these spirochete species in this region of Central Europe...
- Psittacosis in all four members of a family in Nagasaki, JapanHaruki Kaibu
Nagasaki City Laboratory of Public Health and Environment, Nagasaki 852-8104, Japan
Jpn J Infect Dis 59:349-50. 2006
- The role of non-viraemic transmission on the persistence and dynamics of a tick borne virus--Louping ill in red grouse ( Lagopus lagopus scoticus) and mountain hares ( Lepus timidus)Rachel Norman
Stirling Mathematical Ecology Group, Department of Computing Science and Mathematics, University of Stirling, Stirling, FK9 4LA, UK
J Math Biol 48:119-34. 2004..More importantly, if the level of non-viraemic transmission is high enough the virus can persist in the absence of the viraemic host. This result has important implications for the control of tick borne diseases...
- An outbreak of West Nile virus infection in captive lesser scaup (Aythya affinis) ducklingsChelsea G Himsworth
Department of Veterinary Pathology, Western College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Saskatchewan, 52 Campus Drive, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan S7N 5B4, Canada
Avian Dis 53:129-34. 2009..The apparent susceptibility of lesser scaup to WNV demonstrated in this study may have implications for declining lesser scaup populations in the wild...
- Health hazards posed by feral pigeonsD Haag-Wackernagel
Institute of Anatomy, University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland
J Infect 48:307-13. 2004..In sharp contrast, the immunocompromised patient may have a nearly 1000-fold greater risk of acquiring mycotic disease from feral pigeons and their excreta than does the general population...
- Proventricular dilatation disease: an emerging exotic disease of parrots in AustraliaR J T Doneley
West Toowoomba Veterinary Surgery, Toowoomba QLD 4350, Australia
Aust Vet J 85:119-23. 2007..Clinical signs, autopsy findings and histopathological findings are described. No pattern or common source for these cases could be identified. The implications for Australian aviculture and avifauna are discussed...
- Assessment of a commercial sandwich ELISA in the diagnosis of aspergillosis in falconsB Arca-Ruibal
Dubai Falcon Hospital, PO Box 23919, Dubai, United Arab Emirates
Vet Rec 158:442-4. 2006..The test was therefore unsatisfactory for detecting galactomannan in the serum samples and cannot be used as a screening test for aspergillosis in falcons...
- Molecular assays for detection of falcon adenovirusMark Schrenzel
Zoological Society of San Diego, Conservation and Research of Endangered Species, Beckman Building, 15600 San Pasqual Valley Road, Escondido, CA 92027, USA
J Vet Diagn Invest 19:479-85. 2007..Together with established serologic tests for falcon adenovirus, these molecular assays are valuable tools for management and conservation of falcons in captivity and the wild...
- Dead crow reports and location of human West Nile virus cases, Chicago, 2002John T Watson
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
Emerg Infect Dis 10:938-40. 2004..Retrospective spatial analysis demonstrated that age-adjusted human case rates were three times higher inside geographic areas with high early-season crow deaths than outside these areas...
- Lymphoplasmacytic myenteric, subepicardial, and pulmonary ganglioneuritis in four nonpsittacine birdsDavid Perpinan
Maragall Exotics Centre Veterinari, Xiprer 53, 08041 Barcelona, Spain
J Avian Med Surg 21:210-4. 2007..Histopathologic lesions in all birds consisted of multifocal lymphoplasmacytic infiltration of myenteric and cardiac nerves and ganglia. These lesions are characteristic of proventricular dilatation disease of psittacine birds...
- Comparative analysis of complete genome sequences of three avian coronaviruses reveals a novel group 3c coronavirusPatrick C Y Woo
Department of Microbiology, State Key Laboratory of Emerging Infectious Diseases, The University of Hong Kong, Queen Mary Hospital, Hong Kong
J Virol 83:908-17. 2009..Further studies would be important to delineate whether the Asian leopard cat CoV was a result of interspecies jumping from birds, a situation analogous to that of bat and civet severe acute respiratory syndrome CoVs...
- Ingluvitis and oesophagitis in wild finchesPaul Holmes
Vet Rec 157:455. 2005
- Avian host and mosquito (Diptera: Culicidae) vector competence determine the efficiency of West Nile and St. Louis encephalitis virus transmissionW K Reisen
Center for Vectorborne Diseases, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California, Davis, CA 95616, USA
J Med Entomol 42:367-75. 2005..WNV virulence in birds seemed critical in establishing elevated viremias necessary to efficiently infect blood feeding Culex mosquitoes...
- Parasite treatment affects maternal investment in sonsT E Reed
Institute of Evolutionary Biology, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh EH9 3JT, UK
Science 321:1681-2. 2008..The effect contributes to the decline in offspring survival as the breeding season progresses and hence has important population-level consequences for this, and potentially other, seasonal breeders...
- Comparison of the InPouch TF culture system and wet-mount microscopy for diagnosis of Trichomonas gallinae infections in the pink pigeon Columba mayeriNancy Bunbury
J Clin Microbiol 43:1005-6. 2005
- Expression and characterization of the UL31 protein from duck enteritis virusWei Xie
Avian Diseases Research Center, College of Veterinary Medicine of Sichuan, Agricultural University, Ya an, Sichuan, 625014, PR China
Virol J 6:19. 2009..However, there is no report on the UL31 gene product of DEV. In this study, we expressed and presented the basic properties of the DEV UL31 product...
- Development of TaqMan MGB fluorescent real-time PCR assay for the detection of anatid herpesvirus 1Yufei Guo
Avian Disease Research Center, Sichuan Agricultural University, Yaan, PR China
Virol J 6:71. 2009..Here we describe a fluorescent quantitative real-time PCR (FQ-PCR) method developed for fast measurement of AHV-1 DNA based on TaqMan MGB technology...
- Salmonellae in avian wildlife in Norway from 1969 to 2000Thorbjørn Refsum
National Veterinary Institute, The Norwegian School of Veterinary Science, N 0033 Oslo, Norway
Appl Environ Microbiol 68:5595-9. 2002..Phage typing of 52 randomly selected isolates of serovar Typhimurium O:4,12 from passerines detected four types: DT 40 (54%), U277 (35%), DT 99 (6%), and DT 110 (4%)...
- Development of a fluorescent quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction assay for the detection of Goose parvovirus in vivoJin Long Yang
Chongqing Academy of Animal Science, Chongqing 402460, Chongqing, China
Virol J 6:142. 2009....
- Mortality of captive whooping cranes caused by eastern equine encephalitis virusF J Dein
Patuxent Wildlife Research Center, US Fish and Wildlife Service, Laurel, MD 20708
J Am Vet Med Assoc 189:1006-10. 1986..Of the 41 wild birds evaluated in the area, 3 (4%) had EEE virus-neutralizing antibody. Immature Culiseta melanura (the most probable mosquito vector) were found in scattered foci 5 km from the research center...
- Use of restriction fragment length polymorphism, immunoblotting, and polymerase chain reaction in the differentiation of avian poxvirusesTheodros Tadese
Avian Disease Research Laboratory, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824, USA
J Vet Diagn Invest 15:141-50. 2003..An attempt to distinguish between strains on the basis of amplification product was partially successful...
- West Nile virus infection in birds and mosquitoes, New York State, 2000K A Bernard
Arbovirus Laboratories, New York State Department of Health, 5668 State Farm Road, Slingerlands, NY 12159, USA
Emerg Infect Dis 7:679-85. 2001..Staten Island had the highest MIR (11.42 for Cx. pipiens), which was associated with the highest proportion of dead American Crows that tested positive for WN virus (92%, n=48) and the highest number of human cases (n=10)...
- Prevalence of sindbis virus neutralizing antibodies among Swedish passerines indicates that thrushes are the main amplifying hostsJ O Lundstrom
Department of Population Biology, Evolutionary Biology Center, Uppsala University, Sweden
J Med Entomol 38:289-97. 2001..Thus, it is possible that regional and annual variations in the prevalence of Sindbis antibodies in Swedish passerine species depend on the number of fieldfares, redwings, and songthrushes available for feeding by vector mosquitoes...
- Avian-to-human transmission of H9N2 subtype influenza A viruses: relationship between H9N2 and H5N1 human isolatesY P Lin
Division of Virology, National Institute for Medical Research, Mill Hill, London, United Kingdom Dise
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 97:9654-8. 2000..This common feature emphasizes the apparent propensity of avian viruses with this genetic complement to infect humans and highlights the potential for the emergence of a novel human pathogen...
- Serologic evidence for West Nile virus infection in birds in the New York City vicinity during an outbreak in 1999N Komar
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, PO Box 2087, Fort Collins, CO 80522, USA
Emerg Infect Dis 7:621-5. 2001..Our results support the concept that chickens and House Sparrows are good arbovirus sentinels. This study also implicates the House Sparrow as an important vertebrate reservoir host...
- The role of birds in the ecology of West Nile virus in Europe and AfricaM Malkinson
Kimron Veterinary Institute, Beit Dagan 50250, Israel
Curr Top Microbiol Immunol 267:309-22. 2002..If this is the case it will be necessary to define the strategies for detection of virus overwintering in the European temperate climate...
- Serological evidence of West Nile virus, Usutu virus and Sindbis virus infection of birds in the UKAlan Buckley
Centre for Ecology and Hydrology Oxford, Institute of Virology and Environmental Microbiology, Mansfield Road, Oxford OX1 3SR, UK
J Gen Virol 84:2807-17. 2003..The potential health risk posed to humans and animals by these viruses circulating in the UK is discussed...
- An avian reservoir (Turdus merula) of the Lyme borreliosis spirochetesP F Humair
Departement de Parasitologie, Universite de Neuchatel, Switzerland
Zentralbl Bakteriol 287:521-38. 1998..garinii, similar to the association existing between small rodents and B. afzelii. Our observations emphasize the fact that different enzootic cycles maintain Lyme borreliosis spirochetes in nature...
- Avian pathogenic Escherichia coli (APEC)M Dho-Moulin
Pathologie Aviaire et Parasitologie, INRA, Centre de Tours, Nouzilly, France
Vet Res 30:299-316. 1999..Hence, vaccination for colibacillosis is not widely practised because of the large variety of serogroups involved in field outbreaks...
- Migratory birds and spread of West Nile virus in the Western HemisphereJ H Rappole
Conservation and Research Center, National Zoological Park, Smithsonian Institution, Front Royal, Virginia, 22630 USA
Emerg Infect Dis 6:319-28. 2000..If so, West Nile virus has the potential to cause outbreaks throughout both temperate and tropical regions of the Western Hemisphere...
- West nile virus surveillance in Romania: 1997-2000C S Ceianu
Reference Laboratory of Insect Vectors, Cantacuzino Institute, Bucharest, Romania
Viral Immunol 14:251-62. 2001....
- [Usutu virus in Austria reminds one of the West Nile virus in the USA]Dieter Hassler
Dtsch Med Wochenschr 129:2339-40. 2004
- West Nile virus antibodies in avian species of Georgia, USA: 2000-2004Samantha E J Gibbs
Southeastern Cooperative Wildlife Disease Study, Department of Population Health, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia 30602, USA
Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis 6:57-72. 2006..Due to the large geographic area covered by this species, their utility as a WNV sentinel species may include most of the eastern United States...
- Prediction of equine risk of West Nile virus infection based on dead bird surveillanceRhonda Sue Roberts
Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, USA
Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis 6:1-6. 2006..Yet, the positive association between dead bird surveillance and equine WNV risk remains strong and statistically significant, indicating that dead bird surveillance remains a valuable tool of WNV surveillance...
- Further observations on the blood parasites of birds in UgandaGediminas Valkiunas
Institute of Ecology, Vilnius University, Akademijos 2, Vilnius 21, LT 08412, Lithuania
J Wildl Dis 41:580-7. 2005..Eighty-one were at the generic and 31 at the specific level of the hematozoa. Hepatozoon and Atoxoplasma spp. were detected for the first time in Uganda...
- Changes in seroprevalence of West Nile virus across Illinois in free-ranging birds from 2001 through 2004Tara A Beveroth
Medical Entomology Laboratory, Illinois Natural History Survey, University of Illinois, Champaign, Illinois, USA
Am J Trop Med Hyg 74:174-9. 2006..Avian species with high WNV seroprevalence rates tended to be those that bred throughout the year, have open cup nests, and live in close proximity to humans...
- Assays to detect West Nile virus in dead birdsWard B Stone
New York State Department of Environmental Conservation, Albany, New York, USA
Emerg Infect Dis 11:1770-3. 2005..The sensitivities of RAMP and VecTest for testing corvid species were 91.0% and 82.1%, respectively...
- West Nile virus activity in Latin America and the CaribbeanNicholas Komar
Division of Vector Borne Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, PO Box 2087, Fort Collins, Colorado 80522, USA
Rev Panam Salud Publica 19:112-7. 2006..West Nile virus (Flavivirus: Flaviviridae; WNV) has spread rapidly throughout the Caribbean Basin since its initial detection there in 2001. This report summarizes our current knowledge of WNV transmission in tropical America...
- Expression and evolutionary analysis of West Nile virus (Merion strain)Mathura P Ramanathan
Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104, USA
J Neurovirol 11:544-56. 2005..Evolutionary analysis of Merion strain sequences indicates that this strain is distinct phylogenetically from the previously reported WNV strains...
- West Nile VirusGail R Hansen
Division of Health, Kansas Department of Health and Environment, USA
Kans Nurse 79:1-2. 2004..There is currently no human vaccine and treatment is symptomatic only. A best preventive measure combines personal protection to prevent mosquito bites with reducing the number of mosquitoes...
- Introductions of West Nile virus strains to MexicoEleanor Deardorff
University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, Texas 77555-0609, USA
Emerg Infect Dis 12:314-8. 2006....
- Wild bird mortality and West Nile virus surveillance: biases associated with detection, reporting, and carcass persistenceMarsha R Ward
Southeastern Cooperative Wildlife Disease Study, Department of Population Health, College of Veterinary Medicine, The University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia 30602, USA
J Wildl Dis 42:92-106. 2006..Species composition of the scavenger assemblage was similar in urban and rural areas but "scavenging pressure" was greater in rural areas...
- Field and laboratory evaluation of diagnostic assays for detecting West Nile virus in oropharyngeal swabs from California wild birdsKerry A Padgett
Vector Borne Disease Section, California Department of Health Services, Richmond, California 94804, USA
Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis 6:183-91. 2006..While WNV antigen-capture assays were effective screening tools for corvids, they were markedly less sensitive for Western Scrub Jays (Aphelocoma californica)...
- Prevalence and diversity of avian hematozoan parasites in Asia: a regional surveyFarah Ishtiaq
Genetics Program, National Zoological Park, National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution, 3001 Connecticut Ave NW, Washington, DC 20008, USA
J Wildl Dis 43:382-98. 2007..India and Myanmar shared more host species and habitat types compared to South Korea. Comparison between low-elevation habitat in India and Myanmar showed a difference in prevalence of haematozoans...
- Passive transfer of maternal antibodies to West Nile virus in flamingo chicks (Phoenicopterus chilensis and Phoenicopterus ruber ruber)Eric J Baitchman
Zoo New England, One Franklin Park Road, Bos ton, Massachusetts 02121, USA
J Zoo Wildl Med 38:337-40. 2007..Hen titers were significantly correlated to chick titers. Mean half-life of maternal WNV antibodies was 13.4 days in chicks for which half-life was measurable...
- Antibody response of five bird species after vaccination with a killed West Nile virus vaccineDanelle M Okeson
Center for Conservation and Research, Henry Doorly Zoo, 3701 South Tenth Street, Omaha, Nebraska 68107, USA
J Zoo Wildl Med 38:240-4. 2007..Significant differences in antibody titer over time were detected for black-footed penguins and both flamingo species...
- Genetic stasis of dominant West Nile virus genotype, Houston, TexasC Todd Davis
University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, Texas 77555, USA
Emerg Infect Dis 13:601-4. 2007..Subsequent analysis of 44 isolates, including 19 new sequences, from Houston, Texas, suggests that WNV has reached relative genetic stasis at the local level in recent years...
- Investigation of the link between avian vacuolar myelinopathy and a novel species of cyanobacteria through laboratory feeding trialsFaith E Wiley
Department of Forestry and Natural Resources, Institute of Environmental Toxicology, Clemson University, Clemson, South Carolina 29634, USA
J Wildl Dis 43:337-44. 2007..The results also demonstrate the seasonal nature of AVM events...
- Antibody prevalence of West Nile virus in birds, Illinois, 2002Adam M Ringia
Illinois Natural History Survey, Champaign, Illinois 61820, USA
Emerg Infect Dis 10:1120-4. 2004..Adult and hatch-year exposure rates did not differ significantly...
- Bird species potentially involved in introduction, amplification, and spread of West Nile virus in a Mediterranean wetland, the Camargue (Southern France)E Jourdain
Station Biologique de la Tour du Valat, Arles, France
Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis 7:15-33. 2007..The obtained lists of bird species potentially involved in the introduction, amplification and spread of WNV should prove useful to determine target species on which further studies on WNV ecology in birds could be focused...
- Fine-scale genetic variation and evolution of West Nile Virus in a transmission "hot spot" in suburban Chicago, USALuigi Bertolotti
Universita degli Studi di Torino, Dipartimento di Produzioni Animali, Epidemiologia, Ecologia, Via Leonardo da Vinci, 44, 10095 Grugliasco TO, Italy
Virology 374:381-9. 2008..These results indicate that WNV transmission and evolutionary dynamics can vary seasonally and in response to fine-scale environmental conditions and landscape characteristics related to urbanization...
- [Pigeons and other birds as a reservoir for Cryptococcus spp]Inmaculada Rosario
Enfermedades Infecciosas, Facultad de Veterinaria de Las Palmas, Gran Canaria, Spain
Rev Iberoam Micol 25:S13-8. 2008..These methods allow the comparison between strains from birds to patients living around them, with high level of discrimination...
- High prevalence of West Nile virus: a continuing risk in acquiring infection from a mosquito biteKamesh R Sirigireddy
Department of Diagnostic Medicine/Pathobiology, College of Veterinary Medicine, Kansas State University, Manhattan, Kansas 66506, USA
Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis 6:351-60. 2006..The continued detection of WNV in the mosquitoes is of significant public health concern and calls for continued surveillance and public health activities...
- Surveillance for West Nile virus in British birds (2001 to 2006)L P Phipps
Veterinary Laboratories Agency - Weybridge, New Haw, Addlestone, Surrey KT15 3NB, UK
Vet Rec 162:413-5. 2008
- Prevalence of West Nile virus neutralizing antibodies in wild birds from the Camargue area, southern FranceElsa Jourdain
Section for Zoonotic Ecology and Epidemiology, Department of Biology and Environmental Science, Kalmar University, SE 291 82 Kalmar, Sweden
J Wildl Dis 44:766-71. 2008..Migratory passerines had a higher prevalence of WNV neutralizing antibodies (7.0%) than did resident and short-distance migratory passerines (0.8%), suggesting exposure to WNV or a related flavivirus during overwintering in Africa...
- Arboviruses in ItalyL Nicoletti
Department of Infectious, Parasitic and Immune Mediated Diseases, Istituto Superiore di Sanita, Rome, Italy
Parassitologia 50:109-11. 2008....
- Comparison of immune responses of brown-headed cowbird and related blackbirds to west Nile and other mosquito-borne encephalitis virusesWilliam K Reisen
Center for Vectorborne Diseases and Department of Pathology, Microbiology and Immunology, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California, Davis, California 95616, USA
J Wildl Dis 43:439-49. 2007..We concluded that cowbirds may be more resistant to infection to both native and introduced viruses because they experience heightened exposure to a variety of pathogens of parenting birds during the course of their parasitic life style...
- [Isolation of influenza virus A (Orthomyxoviridae, Influenza A virus), Dhori virus (Orthomyxoviridae, Thogotovirus), and Newcastle's disease virus (Paromyxoviridae, Avulavirus) on the Malyi Zhemchuzhnyi Island in the north-western area of the Caspian Sea]K B Iashkulov
Vopr Virusol 53:34-8. 2008..0%); sera from herring gulls had antibodies against Dhori virus (16.7%); there were no specific antibodies to Inco (Bunyaviridae, Orthobunyavirus) and mountain hare (Lepus timidus) (Bunyaviridae, Orthobunyavirus) virus...
- Introduction of West Nile virus in the Middle East by migrating white storksMertyn Malkinson
Kirmon Veterinary Institute, Beit Dagan, Isreal
Emerg Infect Dis 8:392-7. 2002..Since these storks were migrating southwards for the first time and had not flown over Israel, we assume that they had become infected with WNV at some point along their route of migration in Europe...
- Detection of avian paramyxoviruses and influenza viruses amongst wild bird populations in VictoriaI Peroulis
Department of Primary Industries, Primary Industries Research Victoria, Attwood, Victoria 3049
Aust Vet J 82:79-82. 2004..To isolate and characterise avian paramyxoviruses and other haemagglutinating viruses amongst Victorian wild bird populations...
- Patterns of Haemoproteus beckeri parasitism in the gray catbird (Dumatella carolinensis) during the breeding seasonMary C Garvin
Department of Biology, Oberlin College, Oberlin, Ohio 44074, USA
J Wildl Dis 39:582-7. 2003..These observations provide supportive evidence that hematozoa infections are acquired on the breeding grounds during the first year of life and relapse during the breeding season in subsequent years...
- [West Nile virus. Prevalence and significance as a zoonotic pathogen]G Pauli
Robert Koch Institut, Berlin
Bundesgesundheitsblatt Gesundheitsforschung Gesundheitsschutz 47:653-60. 2004..Investigations into the prevalence and incidence of WNV infections in German bird populations as well as in dead end hosts such as humans and horses should provide information regarding the potential risk represented by WNV...
- The 2002 introduction of West Nile virus into Harris County, Texas, an area historically endemic for St. Louis encephalitisKristy M Lillibridge
Center for Infectious Diseases, School of Public Health, University of Texas Health Science Center, Houston, Texas 77030, USA
Am J Trop Med Hyg 70:676-81. 2004..Our data indicate that both SLE and WN viruses can coexist, despite their ecologic, antigenic, and genetic similarities, and that both viruses will probably persist in this geographic region...
- West Nile virus. Researchers scramble to track virus's impact on wildlifeDavid Malakoff
Science 299:1176. 2003
- Detection of West Nile Virus infection in birds in the United States by blocking ELISA and immunohistochemistryMartine Jozan
Orange County Vector Control District, Garden Grove, California 92843, USA
Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis 3:99-110. 2003..In combination with detection of WN-specific antigens in tissues by immunohistochemistry (IHC) the blocking ELISA will also be useful for confirming WN infection in diseased birds...
- Serological evidence for Japanese encephalitis virus and West Nile virus infections in water frequenting and terrestrial wild birds in Kolar District, Karnataka State, India. A retrospective studyA V Jamgaonkar
National Institute of Virology, Indian Council of Medical Research, 20-A, Dr Ambedkar Road, Pune 411001, India
Acta Virol 47:185-8. 2003....
- An epidemiological model for West Nile virus: invasion analysis and control applicationsMarjorie J Wonham
Department of Biological Sciences, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta T6G 2G1, Canada
Proc Biol Sci 271:501-7. 2004..We extend this method to a seasonally variable mosquito population and outline a multi-year model framework. The model's numerical simulations predict disease levels that are consistent with independent data...
- West Nile virus: epidemiology and ecology in North AmericaNicholas Komar
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Division of Vector-Borne Infectious Diseases, Fort Collins, Colorado 80522, USA
Adv Virus Res 61:185-234. 2003
- Limited evolution of West Nile virus has occurred during its southwesterly spread in the United StatesDavid W C Beasley
WHO Collaborating Center for Tropical Diseases, Galveston, TX 77555-0609, USA
Virology 309:190-5. 2003..The presence of unique patterns of small numbers of mutations in North American West Nile strains studied to date may suggest the absence of a strong selective pressure to drive the emergence of dominant variants...
- HOST COMPETENCE FACTORS AFFECT ARBOVIRUS TRANSMISSIONWilliam Reisen; Fiscal Year: 2003..Studies will assess how alternating sequential infections between vertebrate and vector species that are part of the natural transmission cycle may alter virus genetics and fitness. ..
- ARBOVIRUS PERSISTENCE IN SEASONAL WETLANDSWilliam Reisen; Fiscal Year: 2002..Virus ecology at wetlands in the Coachella Valley of southeastern California with consistent enzootic activity will be compared with wetlands in the southern San Joaquin Valley where virus activity currently is intermittent. ..
- Invasion of California by West Nile VirusWilliam Reisen; Fiscal Year: 2007....
- Persistence of West Nile virus in CaliforniaWilliam Reisen; Fiscal Year: 2009..Quantitative delineation of these events and their precursors may allow skillful forecasting and enhance decision support systems to trigger timely intervention. ..
- Persistence of West Nile virus in CaliforniaWilliam K Reisen; Fiscal Year: 2010..Quantitative delineation of these events and their precursors may allow skillful forecasting and enhance decision support systems to trigger timely intervention. ..
- Population dynamics of a bird-borne arbovirusCharles Brown; Fiscal Year: 2007..e., colony sites) can be reliably identified and ecological hypotheses tested. ..
- West Nile Virus Genotypic Affect on Host CompetenceAARON BRAULT; Fiscal Year: 2006..abstract_text> ..
- MOLECULAR MECHANISMS OF EIAV PERSISTENCEJERALD OAKS; Fiscal Year: 2001..These studies will provide insight into HIV persistence in HAART patients, and potentially provide a model that can be used to evaluate strategies for actual elimination of lentiviral infections. ..
- West Nile Viral Determinants of Avian PathogenesisAARON BRAULT; Fiscal Year: 2007..In addition, fundamental knowledge of viral replication and pathogenesis will provide insight for the development of vaccine and antiviral strategies. ..
- Hearing in Belgian Waterslager CanariesAMANDA LAUER; Fiscal Year: 2004..Thus, the proposed experiments will increase our understanding of the functional consequences of hearing impairment in these birds, and of hearing impairment in general. ..
- Modeling and empirical studies of arboviruses in FloridaCYNTHIA LORD; Fiscal Year: 2007..abstract_text> ..
- Dissecting Mechanisms of Host Manipulation by PathogensNOAH WHITEMAN; Fiscal Year: 2007....
- Mechanisms of the Adenovirus E4-ORF1 OncoproteinRonald T Javier; Fiscal Year: 2011....
- The Impact of Climate and Climate Change on West Nile Virus TransmissionAUSTON MARMADUKE KILPATRICK; Fiscal Year: 2010..Current and previous work on West Nile virus presents an opportunity to attack the problem head-on with this multi- scale approach, which will facilitate public health intervention for this, and other vector-borne diseases. ..
- Metgagenomic Analysis of the Human Oral Viral MicrobiomeDerrick Fouts; Fiscal Year: 2007..A future application of the data is the control of bacterial pathogens through the identification and production of bacteriophage-encoded products. ..
- Lentiviral Diseases: EIAV PathogenesisSusan Payne; Fiscal Year: 2007..abstract_text> ..
- Helicobacter induced hepatitis and tumorigenesisJames Fox; Fiscal Year: 2009..A more complete understanding of the etiopathogenesis of hepatobiliary disease and hepatocellular carcinoma is likely to result in new strategies for treatment and prevention of these important human diseases. ..
- LYME DISEASE IN WESTERN USA--ECOLOGY AND EPIDEMIOLOGYRobert Lane; Fiscal Year: 1992..The effects of exposure to direct sunlight or of spirochetal infection on questing by immature ticks also will be determined...
- EVOLUTION OF VIRULENCE OF EQUINE INFECTIOUS ANEMIA VIRUSSusan Payne; Fiscal Year: 2002..The EIAV system provides an excellent and tractable experimental model for study of evolutionary change in retroviruses, and for understanding the evolution and determinants of virulence. ..
- Candidate Gene(s) for Pigeon AtherosclerosisSamuel Smith; Fiscal Year: 2003..The candidate genes will be cloned and sequenced, and the products or functions deduced from existing genomic databases. ..
- Pathophysiology of lytic reactivation and spread of KSHVDon Ganem; Fiscal Year: 2006....
- Herpresviral Gene Expression in Kaposis SarcomaDon Ganem; Fiscal Year: 2009..By determining how viral infection leads to KS, we hope to identify molecular targets that can explain how the disease arises; these could also serve as targets for the therapies of the future. ..
- Herpresviral Gene Expression in Kaposis SarcomaDon Ganem; Fiscal Year: 2007..By determining how viral infection leads to KS, we hope to identify molecular targets that can explain how the disease arises; these could also serve as targets for the therapies of the future. ..
- MOLECULAR BIOLOGY OF THE HEPATITIS B-TYPE VIRUSESDon Ganem; Fiscal Year: 1993....
- HERPESVIRAL GENE EXPRESSION IN KAPOSIS SARCOMADon Ganem; Fiscal Year: 2005..abstract_text> ..
- MOLECULAR BIOLOGY OF THE HEPATITIS B TYPE VIRUSESDon Ganem; Fiscal Year: 2002..In addition, detailed studies of the mechanisms of HDV RNA replication will be conducted, with emphasis on the involvement of host factors in this important reaction. ..
- HERPESVIRAL GENE EXPRESSION IN KAPOSIS SARCOMADon Ganem; Fiscal Year: 2000..These studies should provide new molecular clues to the potential roles of KSHV/HHV8 in KS and could identify new targets for therapeutic intervention in the future. ..
- MOLECULAR BIOLOGY OF THE HEPATITIS B-TYPE VIRUSESDon Ganem; Fiscal Year: 1992..We will also attempt to use this improved understanding of the hepadnavirus life cycle to explore the possibility of generating replication- competent hepadnaviruses which can deliver foreign DNA sequences to liver cells...