bird diseases

Summary

Summary: Diseases of birds not considered poultry, therefore usually found in zoos, parks, and the wild. The concept is differentiated from POULTRY DISEASES which is for birds raised as a source of meat or eggs for human consumption, and usually found in barnyards, hatcheries, etc.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Origin of the West Nile virus responsible for an outbreak of encephalitis in the northeastern United States
    R S Lanciotti
    Division of Vector Borne Infectious Diseases, National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Fort Collins, CO 80522, USA
    Science 286:2333-7. 1999
  2. pmc Lineage 1 and 2 strains of encephalitic West Nile virus, central Europe
    Tamas Bakonyi
    University of Veterinary Medicine, Vienna, Austria
    Emerg Infect Dis 12:618-23. 2006
  3. pmc A single positively selected West Nile viral mutation confers increased virogenesis in American crows
    Aaron C Brault
    Center for Vector Borne Diseases and Department of Pathology, Microbiology and Immunology, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California, Davis, California 95616, USA
    Nat Genet 39:1162-6. 2007
  4. pmc Epizootic emergence of Usutu virus in wild and captive birds in Germany
    Norbert Becker
    German Mosquito Control Association, KABS, Waldsee, Germany
    PLoS ONE 7:e32604. 2012
  5. pmc Introduction of West Nile virus in the Middle East by migrating white storks
    Mertyn Malkinson
    Kirmon Veterinary Institute, Beit Dagan, Isreal
    Emerg Infect Dis 8:392-7. 2002
  6. pmc Emergence of Usutu virus, an African mosquito-borne flavivirus of the Japanese encephalitis virus group, central Europe
    Herbert Weissenbock
    Institute of Pathology and Forensic Veterinary Medicine, Vienna, Austria
    Emerg Infect Dis 8:652-6. 2002
  7. ncbi West Nile virus emergence and large-scale declines of North American bird populations
    Shannon L LaDeau
    Smithsonian Migratory Bird Center, National Zoological Park, Washington, DC 20008, USA
    Nature 447:710-3. 2007
  8. ncbi Host selection by Culex pipiens mosquitoes and West Nile virus amplification
    Gabriel L Hamer
    Department of Fisheries and Wildlife, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan 48910, USA
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 80:268-78. 2009
  9. ncbi A new nested polymerase chain reaction method very efficient in detecting Plasmodium and Haemoproteus infections from avian blood
    J Waldenstrom
    Department of Animal Ecology, Ecology Building, Lund University, SE 223 62 Lund, Sweden
    J Parasitol 90:191-4. 2004
  10. pmc Differential virulence of West Nile strains for American crows
    Aaron C Brault
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Fort Collins, Colorado, USA
    Emerg Infect Dis 10:2161-8. 2004

Research Grants

  1. ESCHERICHIA COLI INVASION OF BRAIN ENDOTHELIAL CELLS
    Sheng He Huang; Fiscal Year: 2009
  2. In-ovo vaccination/avian influenza/bird/human
    DE CHU CHRISTOPHER TANG; Fiscal Year: 2010
  3. HOST COMPETENCE FACTORS AFFECT ARBOVIRUS TRANSMISSION
    William Reisen; Fiscal Year: 2003
  4. ARBOVIRUS PERSISTENCE IN SEASONAL WETLANDS
    William Reisen; Fiscal Year: 2002
  5. Population dynamics of a bird-borne arbovirus
    Charles Brown; Fiscal Year: 2007
  6. West Nile Viral Determinants of Avian Pathogenesis
    AARON BRAULT; Fiscal Year: 2007
  7. West Nile Virus Genotypic Affect on Host Competence
    AARON BRAULT; Fiscal Year: 2006
  8. MOLECULAR MECHANISMS OF EIAV PERSISTENCE
    JERALD OAKS; Fiscal Year: 2001
  9. WORLD REFERENCE CENTER FOR ARBOVIRUSES
    Robert Tesh; Fiscal Year: 2002
  10. ECOLOGY AND GENETICS OF VENEZUELAN EQUINE ENCEPHALITIS
    Scott Weaver; Fiscal Year: 2005

Detail Information

Publications311 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Origin of the West Nile virus responsible for an outbreak of encephalitis in the northeastern United States
    R S Lanciotti
    Division of Vector Borne Infectious Diseases, National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Fort Collins, CO 80522, USA
    Science 286:2333-7. 1999
    ..This North American WN virus was most closely related to a WN virus isolated from a dead goose in Israel in 1998...
  2. pmc Lineage 1 and 2 strains of encephalitic West Nile virus, central Europe
    Tamas Bakonyi
    University of Veterinary Medicine, Vienna, Austria
    Emerg Infect Dis 12:618-23. 2006
    ..The emergence of an exotic WNV strain in Hungary emphasizes the role of migrating birds in introducing new viruses to Europe...
  3. pmc A single positively selected West Nile viral mutation confers increased virogenesis in American crows
    Aaron C Brault
    Center for Vector Borne Diseases and Department of Pathology, Microbiology and Immunology, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California, Davis, California 95616, USA
    Nat Genet 39:1162-6. 2007
    ..These phenotypic and evolutionary results provide compelling evidence for the positive selection of a mutation encoding increased viremia potential and virulence in the AMCR sentinel bird species...
  4. pmc Epizootic emergence of Usutu virus in wild and captive birds in Germany
    Norbert Becker
    German Mosquito Control Association, KABS, Waldsee, Germany
    PLoS ONE 7:e32604. 2012
    ..The data also indicate an increased risk of USUV infections in humans in Germany...
  5. pmc Introduction of West Nile virus in the Middle East by migrating white storks
    Mertyn Malkinson
    Kirmon Veterinary Institute, Beit Dagan, Isreal
    Emerg Infect Dis 8:392-7. 2002
    ..Since these storks were migrating southwards for the first time and had not flown over Israel, we assume that they had become infected with WNV at some point along their route of migration in Europe...
  6. pmc Emergence of Usutu virus, an African mosquito-borne flavivirus of the Japanese encephalitis virus group, central Europe
    Herbert Weissenbock
    Institute of Pathology and Forensic Veterinary Medicine, Vienna, Austria
    Emerg Infect Dis 8:652-6. 2002
    ..If established in central Europe, this virus may have considerable effects on avian populations; whether USUV has the potential to cause severe human disease is unknown...
  7. ncbi West Nile virus emergence and large-scale declines of North American bird populations
    Shannon L LaDeau
    Smithsonian Migratory Bird Center, National Zoological Park, Washington, DC 20008, USA
    Nature 447:710-3. 2007
    ..Our findings demonstrate the potential impacts of an invasive species on a diverse faunal assemblage across broad geographical scales, and underscore the complexity of subsequent community response...
  8. ncbi Host selection by Culex pipiens mosquitoes and West Nile virus amplification
    Gabriel L Hamer
    Department of Fisheries and Wildlife, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan 48910, USA
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 80:268-78. 2009
    ..pipiens became infected from feeding on just a few species of birds, including American robins (35%), blue jays (17%, Cyanocitta cristata), and house finches (15%, Carpodacus mexicanus)...
  9. ncbi A new nested polymerase chain reaction method very efficient in detecting Plasmodium and Haemoproteus infections from avian blood
    J Waldenstrom
    Department of Animal Ecology, Ecology Building, Lund University, SE 223 62 Lund, Sweden
    J Parasitol 90:191-4. 2004
    ..infections, which often are of low intensity and, therefore, hard to detect with other methods...
  10. pmc Differential virulence of West Nile strains for American crows
    Aaron C Brault
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Fort Collins, Colorado, USA
    Emerg Infect Dis 10:2161-8. 2004
    ..These results suggest that genetic alterations in NY99 WNV are responsible for the crow-virulent phenotype and that increased replication of this strain in crows could spread WNV in North America...
  11. ncbi Detecting shifts of transmission areas in avian blood parasites: a phylogenetic approach
    Olof Hellgren
    Department of Animal Ecology, Ecology Building, Lund University, SE 22362 Lund, Sweden
    Mol Ecol 16:1281-90. 2007
    ....
  12. ncbi Variation in virulence of West Nile virus strains for house sparrows (Passer domesticus)
    Stanley A Langevin
    Center for Vector borne Diseases, Department of Pathology, Microbiology and Immunology, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California, Davis 95616, USA
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 72:99-102. 2005
    ..This study suggests that natural mortality in house sparrows due to Old World strains of WNV may be occurring where the KEN strain occurs...
  13. ncbi Influenza A viruses of migrating wild aquatic birds in North America
    Scott Krauss
    Department of Infectious Diseases, St Jude Children s Research Hospital, Memphis, Tennessee 38105, USA
    Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis 4:177-89. 2004
    ..The viruses reported in this study are available for genomic study to determine whether prediction of host range or pandemic potential is possible...
  14. pmc Detection of influenza A viruses from different species by PCR amplification of conserved sequences in the matrix gene
    R A Fouchier
    National Influenza Center and Department of Virology, Erasmus University, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    J Clin Microbiol 38:4096-101. 2000
    ..Comparative tests with throat swab samples from humans and fecal and cloacal swab samples from birds confirmed that the new PCR is faster and up to 100-fold more sensitive than classical virus isolation procedures...
  15. ncbi Detection and molecular analysis of West Nile virus infections in birds of prey in the eastern part of Austria in 2008 and 2009
    Eveline Wodak
    Institute for Veterinary Disease Control Mödling, Austrian Agency for Health and Food Safety AGES, Robert Koch Gasse 17, 2340 Mödling, Austria
    Vet Microbiol 149:358-66. 2011
    ..The results of this study confirm unambiguously the presence of a lineage 2 WNV infection in birds of prey in the eastern part of Austria...
  16. ncbi Newcastle disease and other avian paramyxoviruses
    D J Alexander
    Central Veterinary Laboratory, Weybridge, New Haw, Addlestone, Surrey, United Kingdom
    Rev Sci Tech 19:443-62. 2000
    ..Both types of viruses cause respiratory disease and egg production losses which may be severe when exacerbated by other infections or environmental stresses. No reports exist of natural infections of chickens with APMV-3 viruses...
  17. ncbi West Nile virus: epidemiology and ecology in North America
    Nicholas Komar
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Division of Vector Borne Infectious Diseases, Fort Collins, Colorado 80522, USA
    Adv Virus Res 61:185-234. 2003
  18. ncbi Avian host and mosquito (Diptera: Culicidae) vector competence determine the efficiency of West Nile and St. Louis encephalitis virus transmission
    W K Reisen
    Center for Vectorborne Diseases, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California, Davis, CA 95616, USA
    J Med Entomol 42:367-75. 2005
    ..WNV virulence in birds seemed critical in establishing elevated viremias necessary to efficiently infect blood feeding Culex mosquitoes...
  19. pmc Campylobacter jejuni colonization in wild birds: results from an infection experiment
    Jonas Waldenstrom
    Section for Zoonotic Ecology and Epidemiology, Linnaeus University, Kalmar, Sweden
    PLoS ONE 5:e9082. 2010
    ..In contrast, European Robins infected with the human isolate did not mount a significant response to bacterial membrane proteins from either of the two isolates. The difference in colonization ability could indicate host adaptations...
  20. pmc Detection of persistent west nile virus RNA in experimentally and naturally infected avian hosts
    Sarah S Wheeler
    Center for Vectorborne Diseases, Department of Pathology, Microbiology, and Immunology, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California, Davis, California, USA
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 87:559-64. 2012
    ....
  21. pmc Migratory birds and spread of West Nile virus in the Western Hemisphere
    J H Rappole
    Conservation and Research Center, National Zoological Park, Smithsonian Institution, Front Royal, Virginia, 22630 USA
    Emerg Infect Dis 6:319-28. 2000
    ..If so, West Nile virus has the potential to cause outbreaks throughout both temperate and tropical regions of the Western Hemisphere...
  22. ncbi Isolation of West Nile virus from mosquitoes, crows, and a Cooper's hawk in Connecticut
    J F Anderson
    Department of Entomology, Department of Soil and Water, The Connecticut Agricultural Experiment Station, Post Office Box 1106, New Haven, CT 06504, USA
    Science 286:2331-3. 1999
    ..8 and 3.6 percent difference). If established in North America, WN virus will likely have severe effects on human health and on the health of populations of birds...
  23. ncbi West Nile virus transmission and ecology in birds
    R G McLean
    United States Geologic Survey, National Wildlife Health Center, Madison, Wisconsin 53711, USA
    Ann N Y Acad Sci 951:54-7. 2001
    ..Inoculated crows were viremic before death, and high titers of virus were isolated from a variety of tissues. The significance of the experimental direct transmission among captive crows is unknown...
  24. ncbi Avian virulence and thermostable replication of the North American strain of West Nile virus
    Richard M Kinney
    Division of Vector Borne Infectious Diseases, National Center for Zoonotic, Vector Borne and Enteric Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, US Department of Health and Human Services, PO Box 2087, Fort Collins, CO 80522, USA
    J Gen Virol 87:3611-22. 2006
    ..These results indicated that the ability of WNV NY99 to replicate at the high temperatures measured in infected AMCRs could be an important factor leading to the increased avian virulence and emergence of this strain of WNV...
  25. ncbi Persistent West Nile virus infection in the house sparrow (Passer domesticus)
    Nicole Nemeth
    National Wildlife Research Center, 4101 LaPorte Avenue, Fort Collins, CO 80521, USA
    Arch Virol 154:783-9. 2009
    ..Chronicity of WNV infection in some tissues, but not blood, supports the predation mechanism of WNV overwintering, but not recrudescence. RNA persistence impacts interpretation and etiologic determination of avian mortality...
  26. ncbi Experimental West Nile virus infection in Eastern Screech Owls (Megascops asio)
    Nicole M Nemeth
    Department of Microbiology, Immunology and Pathology, Colorado State University, Fort Collins 80523, USA
    Avian Dis 50:252-8. 2006
    ..WNV is a significant pathogen of EASOs, causing pathologic lesions with varying clinical outcomes...
  27. pmc Partial genetic characterization of West Nile virus strains, New York State, 2000
    G D Ebel
    Arbovirus Laboratories, New York State Department of Health, 5668 State Farm Road, Slingerlands, NY 12159, USA
    Emerg Infect Dis 7:650-3. 2001
    ..The genetic distances were 0.003 or less. WN virus strains circulating in 2000 were homogeneous with respect to one another and to a strain isolated in 1999...
  28. ncbi Emergence and establishment of Usutu virus infection in wild and captive avian species in and around Zurich, Switzerland--genomic and pathologic comparison to other central European outbreaks
    Hanspeter W Steinmetz
    Clinic for Zoo Animals, Exotic Pets and Wildlife, University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland
    Vet Microbiol 148:207-12. 2011
    ..Collections of valuable and endangered Passeriformes and Strigiformes, especially young of the year, should therefore be housed indoors or treated against ectoparasites at acceptable intervals between July and September each year...
  29. ncbi Susceptibility of greater sage-grouse to experimental infection with West Nile virus
    Larry Clark
    United States Department of Agriculture, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, Wildlife Services, National Wildlife Research Center, Fort Collins, Colorado 80521, USA
    J Wildl Dis 42:14-22. 2006
    ..3) PFUs/ml (+/-10(0.6) PFUs/ml, SEM). Two birds cleared the virus from their blood before death or euthanasia. These data emphasize the high susceptibility of greater sage-grouse to infection with WNV...
  30. ncbi First report of genotyping of Toxoplasma gondii isolates from wild birds in China
    Si Yang Huang
    State Key Laboratory of Veterinary Etiological Biology, Key Laboratory of Veterinary Parasitology of Gansu Province, Lanzhou Veterinary Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Lanzhou, Gansu Province 730046, China
    J Parasitol 98:681-2. 2012
    ..gondii isolates from wild birds from different regions in China. The results suggest that the Type I and II variant strains are circulating in wild birds in China, and these birds are potential reservoirs for T. gondii transmission...
  31. ncbi Explaining Usutu virus dynamics in Austria: model development and calibration
    Franz Rubel
    Department of Natural Sciences, University of Veterinary Medicine, Vienna VUW, Veterinarplatz 1, A 1210 Vienna, Austria
    Prev Vet Med 85:166-86. 2008
    ..Vet. Microbiol. 122, 237-245]. These results suggest that the model presented is able to quantitatively describe the process of USUV dynamics...
  32. ncbi Serological evidence of West Nile virus, Usutu virus and Sindbis virus infection of birds in the UK
    Alan Buckley
    Centre for Ecology and Hydrology Oxford, Institute of Virology and Environmental Microbiology, Mansfield Road, Oxford OX1 3SR, UK
    J Gen Virol 84:2807-17. 2003
    ..The potential health risk posed to humans and animals by these viruses circulating in the UK is discussed...
  33. pmc Pathogenicity of two recent Western Mediterranean West Nile virus isolates in a wild bird species indigenous to Southern Europe: the red-legged partridge
    Elena Sotelo
    Centro de Investigación en Sanidad Animal del Instituto Nacional de Investigación y Tecnología Agraria y Alimentaria CISA INIA, Ctra Algete El Casar, S N, 28130 Valdeolmos Madrid, Spain
    Vet Res 42:11. 2011
    ..These results show that Western Mediterranean WNV variants can be pathogenic for some European bird species, such as the red-legged partridge...
  34. ncbi West Nile virus activity in Latin America and the Caribbean
    Nicholas Komar
    Division of Vector Borne Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, PO Box 2087, Fort Collins, Colorado 80522, USA
    Rev Panam Salud Publica 19:112-7. 2006
    ..West Nile virus (Flavivirus: Flaviviridae; WNV) has spread rapidly throughout the Caribbean Basin since its initial detection there in 2001. This report summarizes our current knowledge of WNV transmission in tropical America...
  35. ncbi The role of birds in the ecology of West Nile virus in Europe and Africa
    M Malkinson
    Kimron Veterinary Institute, Beit Dagan 50250, Israel
    Curr Top Microbiol Immunol 267:309-22. 2002
    ..If this is the case it will be necessary to define the strategies for detection of virus overwintering in the European temperate climate...
  36. ncbi An annotated checklist of pathogenic microorganisms associated with migratory birds
    Zdenek Hubalek
    Medical Zoology Laboratory, Institute of Vertebrate Biology, Academy of Sciences, Klasterni 2, CZ 69142 Valtice, Czech Republic
    J Wildl Dis 40:639-59. 2004
    ..The efficiency of dispersal of pathogenic microorganisms depends on a wide variety of biotic and abiotic factors affecting the survival of the agent in, or disappearance from, a habitat or ecosystem in a new geographic area...
  37. ncbi Natural and experimental West Nile virus infection in five raptor species
    Nicole Nemeth
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Fort Collins, Colorado 80522, USA
    J Wildl Dis 42:1-13. 2006
    ..We recommend that raptor handlers consider raptors as a potential source of WNV contamination due to oral and cloacal shedding...
  38. ncbi Pathology and viral distribution in fatal Usutu virus infections of birds from the 2001 and 2002 outbreaks in Austria
    S Chvala
    Institute of Pathology and Forensic Veterinary Medicine, University of Veterinary Medecine, Veterinarplatz 1, Vienna A 1210, Austria
    J Comp Pathol 131:176-85. 2004
    ..All of 33 birds tested additionally by USUV-specific RT-PCR gave positive results...
  39. pmc West Nile virus outbreak in North American owls, Ontario, 2002
    Ady Y Gancz
    University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario, Canada
    Emerg Infect Dis 10:2135-42. 2004
    ..Northern native breeding range and medium-to-large body size were associated with earlier death within the outbreak period. Of the survivors, 69 (75.8 %) of 91 were seropositive for WNV...
  40. ncbi Biogeographical patterns and co-occurrence of pathogenic infection across island populations of Berthelot's pipit (Anthus berthelotii)
    Lewis G Spurgin
    Centre for Ecology, Evolution and Conservation, School of Biological Sciences, University of East Anglia, Norwich Research Park, Norwich, Norfolk, UK
    Oecologia 168:691-701. 2012
    ....
  41. ncbi Effect of Haemoproteus belopolskyi (Haemosporida: Haemoproteidae) on body mass of the blackcap Sylvia atricapilla
    Gediminas Valkiunas
    Institute of Ecology, Vilnius University, Akademijos 2, LT 08412 Vilnius, Lithuania
    J Parasitol 92:1123-5. 2006
    ..Clinical symptoms of the infection were not recorded. All birds from both groups survived until the end of the experiment...
  42. pmc Emergence of Usutu virus in Hungary
    Tamas Bakonyi
    Department of Microbiology and Infectious Diseases, Faculty of Veterinary Science, Szent Istvan University, Hungária krt 23 25, H 1143, Budapest, Hungary
    J Clin Microbiol 45:3870-4. 2007
    ..This result indicates that the USUV strain responsible for the blackbird die-off in Budapest most likely spread from Austria to Hungary instead of being independently introduced from Africa...
  43. ncbi Usutu virus in wild birds in northern Italy
    G Manarolla
    Dipartimento di Patologia Animale, Igiene e Sanita Pubblica Veterinaria, Universita degli Studi di Milano, Via Celoria 10, 20133 Milano, Italy
    Vet Microbiol 141:159-63. 2010
    ..Sequencing of the amplification products revealed 99.8-100% nucleotide identity of the Italian USUV strains to those from other central European countries...
  44. ncbi Polymerase chain reaction-based identification of Plasmodium (Huffia) elongatum, with remarks on species identity of haemosporidian lineages deposited in GenBank
    Gediminas Valkiunas
    Institute of Ecology, Vilnius University, Akademijos 2, Vilnius LT 08412, Lithuania
    Parasitol Res 102:1185-93. 2008
    ..elongatum and P. relictum, respectively. Some other incorrect species identifications of avian haematozoa in GenBank have been identified. We propose a strategy to minimise the number of such mistakes in GenBank in the future...
  45. ncbi Pathology and epidemiology of natural West Nile viral infection of raptors in Georgia
    Angela E Ellis
    Athens Veterinary Diagnostic Laboratory, College of Veterinary Medicine, The University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602, USA
    J Wildl Dis 43:214-23. 2007
    ..Although many species tested were positive for WNV infection, severity of lesions varied among species...
  46. ncbi The ecology of emerging infectious diseases in migratory birds: an assessment of the role of climate change and priorities for future research
    Trevon Fuller
    Center for Tropical Research, Institute of the Environment and Sustainability, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA 90095 1496, USA
    Ecohealth 9:80-8. 2012
    ..Increased surveillance that builds upon existing bird banding networks is required to conclusively establish a link between climate and avian pathogens and to prevent pathogens with migratory bird reservoirs from spilling over to humans...
  47. pmc Introductions of West Nile virus strains to Mexico
    Eleanor Deardorff
    University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, Texas 77555 0609, USA
    Emerg Infect Dis 12:314-8. 2006
    ....
  48. ncbi Sensitive measure of prevalence and parasitaemia of haemosporidia from European blackbird (Turdus merula) populations: value of PCR-RFLP and quantitative PCR
    S Bentz
    Equipe Ecologie Evolutive, UMR CNRS 5561 Biogeosciences, Universite de Bourgogne, 6 Bd Gabriel, 21000 Dijon, France
    Parasitology 133:685-92. 2006
    ..This suggests that previous results obtained by smear screening should be reinterpreted in terms of parasitaemia instead of parasite prevalence...
  49. pmc Migratory passerine birds as reservoirs of Lyme borreliosis in Europe
    Pär Comstedt
    Department of Microbiology, Umea University, Umea, Sweden
    Emerg Infect Dis 12:1087-95. 2006
    ..Migratory passerine birds host epidemiologically important vector ticks and Borrelia species and vary in effectiveness as reservoirs on the basis of their feeding behavior...
  50. pmc Emerging infectious disease leads to rapid population declines of common British birds
    Robert A Robinson
    British Trust for Ornithology, Thetford, Norfolk, United Kingdom
    PLoS ONE 5:e12215. 2010
    ..This disease emergence event demonstrates the potential for a protozoan parasite to jump avian host taxonomic groups with dramatic effect over a short time period...
  51. ncbi Experimental evidence for transmission of Mycoplasma gallisepticum in house finches by fomites
    Andre A Dhondt
    Laboratory of Ornithology, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York 14850, USA
    Avian Pathol 36:205-8. 2007
    ..gallisepticum by fomites may serve to immunize birds against developing more severe infections. Some such birds develop M. gallisepticum antibodies, providing indication of an immune response, although no direct evidence of protection...
  52. pmc Humoral immunity to West Nile virus is long-lasting and protective in the house sparrow (Passer domesticus)
    Nicole M Nemeth
    Department of Microbiology, Immunology and Pathology, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colorado 80521, USA
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 80:864-9. 2009
    ..A better understanding of the long-term immunity and mortality rates in birds is valuable in interpreting serosurveillance and diagnostic data and modeling transmission and disease dynamics...
  53. ncbi Serological evidence of continuing high Usutu virus (Flaviviridae) activity and establishment of herd immunity in wild birds in Austria
    Tanja Meister
    Institute of Pathology and Forensic Veterinary Medicine, Department of Pathobiology, University of Veterinary Medicine, Vienna, Austria
    Vet Microbiol 127:237-48. 2008
    ..Herd immunity is a possible explanation for the significant decrease in USUV-associated bird mortalities in Austria during the recent years...
  54. ncbi Evolutionary genetics of Carpodacus mexicanus, a recently colonized host of a bacterial pathogen, Mycoplasma gallisepticum
    Christopher M Hess
    Department of Biology, University of Washington, Seattle, USA
    Genetica 129:217-25. 2007
    ..These results will be further expanded using experimental studies as well as examination of evolution of the pathogen genome itself...
  55. ncbi MHC heterozygosity and survival in red junglefowl
    Kirsty Worley
    School of Biological Sciences, University of East Anglia, Norwich, Norfolk, NR4 7TJ, UK
    Mol Ecol 19:3064-75. 2010
    ..This pattern and effect of MHC diversity in our population could reflect the processes ongoing in similarly small, fragmented natural populations...
  56. pmc Changing patterns of West Nile virus transmission: altered vector competence and host susceptibility
    Aaron C Brault
    Department of Pathology, Microbiology and Immunology, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California, Davis, CA 95616, USA
    Vet Res 40:43. 2009
    ....
  57. ncbi Bacterial pathogens in wild birds: a review of the frequency and effects of infection
    Clare McW H Benskin
    Lancaster Environment Centre, Lancaster University, Lancaster LA1 4YQ, UK
    Biol Rev Camb Philos Soc 84:349-73. 2009
    ..Our primary aim is to identify gaps in current knowledge and to propose areas for future study...
  58. ncbi Complete genome analysis and molecular characterization of Usutu virus that emerged in Austria in 2001: comparison with the South African strain SAAR-1776 and other flaviviruses
    Tamas Bakonyi
    Zoonoses and Emerging Infections Group, Clinical Virology, Clinical Department of Diagnostics, University of Veterinary Medicine, Vienna, A 1210 Vienna, Austria
    Virology 328:301-10. 2004
    ..The factors that determine the severe clinical symptoms caused by the Austrian USUV strain in Eurasian blackbirds are discussed. We also offer a possible explanation for the origins and dispersal of USUV, JEV, and MVEV out of Africa...
  59. ncbi Experimental West Nile virus infection in blue jays (Cyanocitta cristata) and crows (Corvus brachyrhynchos)
    H M Weingartl
    National Centre for Foreign Animal Disease, Canadian Food Inspection Agency, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada
    Vet Pathol 41:362-70. 2004
    ..The inability of blue jays and crows to perch and fly may reflect weakness due to generalized infection and marked skeletal muscle involvement, although involvement of the central nervous system cannot be excluded...
  60. ncbi Avian flu: H5N1 virus outbreak in migratory waterfowl
    H Chen
    Joint Influenza Research Center SUMC and HKU, Shantou University Medical College, Shantou 515031, China
    Nature 436:191-2. 2005
  61. pmc West Nile virus infection in birds and mosquitoes, New York State, 2000
    K A Bernard
    Arbovirus Laboratories, New York State Department of Health, 5668 State Farm Road, Slingerlands, NY 12159, USA
    Emerg Infect Dis 7:679-85. 2001
    ..Staten Island had the highest MIR (11.42 for Cx. pipiens), which was associated with the highest proportion of dead American Crows that tested positive for WN virus (92%, n=48) and the highest number of human cases (n=10)...
  62. pmc Prevalence and pathology of West Nile virus in naturally infected house sparrows, western Nebraska, 2008
    Valerie A O'Brien
    Department of Biological Sciences, University of Tulsa, Tulsa, Oklahoma, USA
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 82:937-44. 2010
    ..Nestling birds, especially those reared late in the summer when WNV activity is typically greatest, may be important in virus amplification...
  63. ncbi Usutu virus activity in Austria, 2001-2002
    Herbert Weissenbock
    Institute of Pathology and Forensic Veterinary Medicine, University of Veterinary Medicine, Vienna, Veterinarplatz 1, A 1210 Vienna, Austria
    Microbes Infect 5:1132-6. 2003
    ....
  64. ncbi Cloning, expression, purification and characterization of UL24 partial protein of duck enteritis virus
    Renyong Jia
    Avian Disease Research Center, College of Veterinary Medicine of Sichuan Agricultural University, Ya an 625014, China
    Intervirology 52:326-34. 2009
    ..On the basis of subcellular location, UL24 appeared to be predominantly nuclear membrane-associated, especially at later times in infection, and provided a good tool to further study the biofunctions of UL24 protein...
  65. ncbi Parasite mediated mortality and host immune response explain age-related differences in blood parasitism in birds
    Daniel Sol
    Department of Biology, McGill University, 1205 Avenue Docteur Penfield, Montreal, Quebec, H3A 1B1, Canada
    Oecologia 135:542-7. 2003
    ....
  66. pmc Are avian blood parasites pathogenic in the wild? A medication experiment in blue tits (Parus caeruleus)
    S Merino
    Departamento de Ecologia Evolutiva, Museo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales, Madrid, Spain
    Proc Biol Sci 267:2507-10. 2000
    ..Therefore, this work adds support to previous findings relating hosts' life-history traits and haematozoan infections...
  67. ncbi Passive immunity to West Nile virus provides limited protection in a common passerine species
    Nicole M Nemeth
    Department of Microbiology, Immunology and Pathology, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colorado 80523 1683, USA
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 79:283-90. 2008
    ..Although the observed duration of persistence of passively inherited anti-WNV antibodies in house sparrows differs from some non-passerine birds, it remains unknown whether similar patterns occur in other passerines...
  68. pmc The blood parasite Haemoproteus reduces survival in a wild bird: a medication experiment
    Josué Martínez de la Puente
    Departamento Ecología Evolutiva, M N C N C S I C, c Jose Gutierrez Abascal 2, 8006 Madrid, Spain
    Biol Lett 6:663-5. 2010
    ..To our knowledge, this is the first empirical evidence showing long-term direct survival costs of chronic Haemoproteus infections in wild birds...
  69. pmc Ehrlichia-infected ticks on migrating birds
    A Bjoersdorff
    Kalmar County Hospital, Sweden
    Emerg Infect Dis 7:877-9. 2001
    ..These findings support the idea that birds may play a role in dispersing Ehrlichia...
  70. pmc West Nile virus, Venezuela
    Irene Bosch
    Emerg Infect Dis 13:651-3. 2007
  71. pmc Experimental infection of horses with West Nile virus
    Michel L Bunning
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Emerg Infect Dis 8:380-6. 2002
    ..Horses infected with the NY99 strain of WNV develop low viremia levels of short duration; therefore, infected horses are unlikely to serve as important amplifying hosts for WNV in nature...
  72. ncbi Size matters: West Nile Virus neutralizing antibodies in resident and migratory birds in Spain
    Jordi Figuerola
    Estacion Biologica de Donana, Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cientificas, Apartado de Correos 1056, Seville, Spain
    Vet Microbiol 132:39-46. 2008
    ..Our results suggest larger species as good candidates for easy, faster and cheaper monitoring of local, seasonal and annual changes in WN virus serology...
  73. pmc Chlamydophila abortus in a Brown skua (Catharacta antarctica lonnbergi) from a subantarctic island
    B Herrmann
    Section of Virology, Department of Clinical Microbiology, University Hospital, S 751 85 Uppsala, Sweden
    Appl Environ Microbiol 66:3654-6. 2000
    ..Phylogenetic analysis of the rnpB and omp1 genes indicated the strain to be more closely related to C. abortus than to 6BC, the type strain of Chlamydophila psittaci...
  74. ncbi Genetic characterization of avian malaria (Protozoa) in the endangered lesser kestrel, Falco naumanni
    Joaquín Ortego
    Grupo de Investigación de la Biodiversidad Genética y Cultural, Instituto de Investigación en Recursos Cinegéticos IREC CSIC, UCLM, JCCM, Ronda de Toledo s n, 13005 Ciudad Real, Spain
    Parasitol Res 101:1153-6. 2007
    ....
  75. ncbi Clinical and pathologic features of West Nile virus infection in native North American owls (Family strigidae)
    S D Fitzgerald
    Diagnostic Center for Population and Animal Health and Department of Small Animal Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824, USA
    Avian Dis 47:602-10. 2003
    ..This report is the first detailed description of the pathology of West Nile virus infection in Strigiformes and indicates that this bird family is susceptible to natural infection with West Nile virus...
  76. ncbi Morbidity of free-ranging white-tailed sea eagles (Haliaeetus albicilla) in Germany
    Kerstin Muller
    Small Animal Clinic, Free University of Berlin, 14163 Berlin, Germany
    J Avian Med Surg 21:265-74. 2007
    ..Of all birds, 25% were released back to the wild, 21% died, and 54% were not releasable or were euthanatized...
  77. ncbi Genetic characterization, distribution and prevalence of avian pox and avian malaria in the Berthelot's pipit (Anthus berthelotii) in Macaronesia
    Juan Carlos Illera
    Island Ecology and Evolution Research Group, IPNA, CSIC, C Astrofísico Francisco Sánchez, 3, E 38206 La Laguna, Tenerife, Canary Islands, Spain
    Parasitol Res 103:1435-43. 2008
    ....
  78. pmc Indirect immunofluorescence assay for intra vitam diagnosis of avian bornavirus infection in psittacine birds
    Sibylle Herzog
    Institute of Virology, Justus Liebig University Giessen, Frankfurterstr 107, Giessen 35392, Germany
    J Clin Microbiol 48:2282-4. 2010
    ..An indirect immunofluorescence assay (IIFA) for intra vitam demonstration of ABV-specific serum antibodies was established since reverse transcription-PCR (RT-PCR) assays may not detect all ABV variants...
  79. pmc Descriptive study of an avian pox outbreak in wild red-legged partridges (Alectoris rufa) in Spain
    F Buenestado
    Instituto de Investigación en Recursos Cinegéticos IREC, CSIC UCLM JCCM, P O Box 535, E 13 080 Ciudad Real, Spain
    Epidemiol Infect 132:369-74. 2004
    ..Also the need for early detection of diseases for the management of game species is emphasized...
  80. pmc Detection by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay of antibodies to West Nile virus in birds
    Gregory D Ebel
    The Arbovirus Laboratories, Wadsworth Center, New York State Department of Health, Slingerlands, New York 12159, USA
    Emerg Infect Dis 8:979-82. 2002
    ..Anti-WNV antibodies were detected in 23 bird species, including many exotic species, demonstrating its value in studies of WNV epizootiology...
  81. pmc Analysis of naturally occurring avian bornavirus infection and transmission during an outbreak of proventricular dilatation disease among captive psittacine birds
    Amy L Kistler
    Howard Hughes Medical Institute and UCSF Biochemistry and Biophysics, 1700 4th St, QB3 Room 403, San Francisco, CA 94143 2542, USA
    J Virol 84:2176-9. 2010
    ..These findings demonstrate that ABV infection precedes the development of PDD. ABV-specific Western blotting and reverse transcription-PCR indicate that ABV2 is not strictly neurotropic...
  82. ncbi Birds and Borrelia
    Pierre François Humair
    Institut de Zoologie, Universite de Neuchatel, Switzerland
    Int J Med Microbiol 291:70-4. 2002
    ..uriae and seabirds. Migrating birds contribute to the spread of B. burgdorferi sl and of infected tick vectors along migration routes...
  83. ncbi Endophagy of biting midges attacking cavity-nesting birds
    J Votypka
    Department of Parasitology, Faculty of Sciences, Charles University, Prague, Czech Republic
    Med Vet Entomol 23:277-80. 2009
    ..The fact that we caught no blackflies in the bird boxes supports the exophagy of blackflies. We believe that our findings are important for surveillance programmes focusing on Diptera that transmit various bird pathogens...
  84. ncbi Factors affecting Culicoides species composition and abundance in avian nests
    J Martínez-de la Puente
    Departamento de Ecologia Evolutiva, Museo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales CSIC, J Gutiérrez Abascal 2, E 28006, Madrid, Spain
    Parasitology 136:1033-41. 2009
    ..These results represent the first evidence for the role of different factors in affecting the Culicoides infracommunity in wild avian nests...
  85. ncbi Avian malaria infections in western European mosquitoes
    Rita Ventim
    Institute of Marine Research IMAR CMA, Department of Life Sciences, University of Coimbra, Apartado 3046, 3001 401 Coimbra, Portugal
    Parasitol Res 111:637-45. 2012
    ..To our knowledge, this is the first report of detection of avian Plasmodium DNA from European mosquitoes...
  86. ncbi Common garden experiment reveals pathogen isolate but no host genetic diversity effect on the dynamics of an emerging wildlife disease
    D M Hawley
    Department of Biological Sciences, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, VA 24061, USA
    J Evol Biol 23:1680-8. 2010
    ..Our results indicate that contemporary differences in host genetic diversity likely do not explain the lower conjunctivitis prevalence in native house finches, but isolate-level differences in virulence may play an important role...
  87. pmc Avian-to-human transmission of H9N2 subtype influenza A viruses: relationship between H9N2 and H5N1 human isolates
    Y P Lin
    Division of Virology, National Institute for Medical Research, Mill Hill, London, United Kingdom Dise
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 97:9654-8. 2000
    ..This common feature emphasizes the apparent propensity of avian viruses with this genetic complement to infect humans and highlights the potential for the emergence of a novel human pathogen...
  88. ncbi Temporal dynamics and diversity of avian malaria parasites in a single host species
    Staffan Bensch
    Department of Animal Ecology, Ecology Building, Lund University, S 223 62 Lund Sweden
    J Anim Ecol 76:112-22. 2007
    ....
  89. pmc Recovery of divergent avian bornaviruses from cases of proventricular dilatation disease: identification of a candidate etiologic agent
    Amy L Kistler
    Departments of Biochemistry, Microbiology and Medicine, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, University of California, San Francisco, 94143, USA
    Virol J 5:88. 2008
    ..For almost 40 years, a viral etiology for PDD has been suspected, but to date no candidate etiologic agent has been reproducibly linked to the disease...
  90. pmc Phylogenetic diversity among low-virulence newcastle disease viruses from waterfowl and shorebirds and comparison of genotype distributions to those of poultry-origin isolates
    L Mia Kim
    USDA ARS SouthEast Poultry Research Laboratory, Athens, GA 30605, USA
    J Virol 81:12641-53. 2007
    ....
  91. pmc West Nile virus and high death rate in American crows
    Sarah A Yaremych
    University of Illinois, Urbana, Illinois, USA
    Emerg Infect Dis 10:709-11. 2004
    ..WNV antibody prevalence in crows was low. Local ecologic effects can be dramatic as WNV inhabits new areas...
  92. ncbi Parasite treatment affects maternal investment in sons
    T E Reed
    Institute of Evolutionary Biology, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh EH9 3JT, UK
    Science 321:1681-2. 2008
    ..The effect contributes to the decline in offspring survival as the breeding season progresses and hence has important population-level consequences for this, and potentially other, seasonal breeders...
  93. ncbi An avian reservoir (Turdus merula) of the Lyme borreliosis spirochetes
    P F Humair
    Departement de Parasitologie, Universite de Neuchatel, Switzerland
    Zentralbl Bakteriol 287:521-38. 1998
    ..garinii, similar to the association existing between small rodents and B. afzelii. Our observations emphasize the fact that different enzootic cycles maintain Lyme borreliosis spirochetes in nature...
  94. pmc Detection of West Nile virus in oral and cloacal swabs collected from bird carcasses
    Nicholas Komar
    Arbovirus Diseases Branch, Division of Vector Borne Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Fort Collins, Colorado 80522, USA
    Emerg Infect Dis 8:741-2. 2002
    ..These findings suggest that testing cloacal or oral swabs might be a low-resource approach to detect WNV in dead birds...
  95. ncbi Host ecology and life-history traits associated with blood parasite species richness in birds
    E Arriero
    Laboratoire de Parasitologie Evolutive, CNRS, UMR 7103, Paris, France
    J Evol Biol 21:1504-13. 2008
    ..These results suggest that the impact on host fitness caused by avian haematozoa may be underestimated in natural populations if the exacerbated virulence associated with exposure to multiple parasites is not taken into account...
  96. ncbi Helminths isolated from the digestive tract of diurnal raptors in Catalonia, Spain
    D Ferrer
    Unitat de Parasitologia i Malalties Parasitàries, Facultat de Veterinaria, Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona, 08193 Bellaterra, Barcelona, Spain
    Vet Rec 154:17-20. 2004
    ..6 per cent), followed by trematodes, cestodes and ancanthocephalans. All the buzzards and sparrowhawks and 92 per cent of the goshawks were infected, but only 59 per cent of the kestrels were infected...
  97. ncbi Phylogenetic analysis of avian poxviruses among free-ranging birds of Virginia
    Cary J Adams
    Wildlife Center of Virginia, P O Box 1557, Waynesboro, VA 22980, USA
    Avian Dis 49:601-5. 2005
    ..This study identified a distinct clade of avian poxvirus unique from four clades previously described and associated with epornitics in free-ranging birds, where the core 4b gene DNA sequence has been the basis of comparison...
  98. ncbi Novel Haemoproteus species (Haemosporida: Haemoproteidae) from the swallow-tailed gull (Lariidae), with remarks on the host range of hippoboscid-transmitted avian hemoproteids
    Iris I Levin
    University of Missouri St Louis, Department of Biology, St Louis, MO 63121, USA
    J Parasitol 98:847-54. 2012
    ....
  99. ncbi The first report of Knemidocoptes intermedius Fain et Macfarlane, 1967 (Acari: Astigmata) in naturally infected European birds
    Jacek Dabert
    Department of Animal Morphology, Faculty of Biology, A Mickiewicz University, Umultowska 89, 60 414 Poznan, Poland
    Parasitol Res 109:237-40. 2011
    ..It is the first reliable record of K. intermedius in Europe and also the first record of this species in the common raven. The host range and specificity of this parasite is discussed, along with a revision of occurrences in wild birds...
  100. pmc Use of avian bornavirus isolates to induce proventricular dilatation disease in conures
    Patricia Gray
    Texas A and M University, College Station, Texas 77843 4467, USA
    Emerg Infect Dis 16:473-9. 2010
    ..A control bird that received uninfected tissue culture cells remained healthy until it was euthanized at 77 days. Necropsy and histopathologic examinations showed no abnormalities; PCR did not indicate ABV in its brain tissues...
  101. ncbi West Nile virus survey of birds and mosquitoes in the Dominican Republic
    Oliver Komar
    University of Kansas Natural History Museum and Biodiversity Research Center, Lawrence, Kansas, USA
    Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis 5:120-6. 2005
    ..These data suggest that an unidentified flavivirus, as well as WNV, is active in the Dominican Republic...

Research Grants39

  1. ESCHERICHIA COLI INVASION OF BRAIN ENDOTHELIAL CELLS
    Sheng He Huang; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..These two pathogenicities are dependent on IbeA/E-induced signaling via Vim/LRs. Vim/LRs may be exploited as the potential therapeutic targets for blocking E. coli K1 invasion and PMN transmigration across HBMEC. ..
  2. In-ovo vaccination/avian influenza/bird/human
    DE CHU CHRISTOPHER TANG; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..A genetically modified adenovirus is the basis of this new type of vaccine. ..
  3. HOST COMPETENCE FACTORS AFFECT ARBOVIRUS TRANSMISSION
    William Reisen; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Studies will assess how alternating sequential infections between vertebrate and vector species that are part of the natural transmission cycle may alter virus genetics and fitness. ..
  4. ARBOVIRUS PERSISTENCE IN SEASONAL WETLANDS
    William Reisen; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Virus ecology at wetlands in the Coachella Valley of southeastern California with consistent enzootic activity will be compared with wetlands in the southern San Joaquin Valley where virus activity currently is intermittent. ..
  5. Population dynamics of a bird-borne arbovirus
    Charles Brown; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..e., colony sites) can be reliably identified and ecological hypotheses tested. ..
  6. West Nile Viral Determinants of Avian Pathogenesis
    AARON BRAULT; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..In addition, fundamental knowledge of viral replication and pathogenesis will provide insight for the development of vaccine and antiviral strategies. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  7. West Nile Virus Genotypic Affect on Host Competence
    AARON BRAULT; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  8. MOLECULAR MECHANISMS OF EIAV PERSISTENCE
    JERALD OAKS; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..These studies will provide insight into HIV persistence in HAART patients, and potentially provide a model that can be used to evaluate strategies for actual elimination of lentiviral infections. ..
  9. WORLD REFERENCE CENTER FOR ARBOVIRUSES
    Robert Tesh; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..abstract_text> ..
  10. ECOLOGY AND GENETICS OF VENEZUELAN EQUINE ENCEPHALITIS
    Scott Weaver; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..This information will be invaluable in targeting prevention and control resources, especially for obtaining maximum benefit in developing countries with limited resources. ..
  11. Epidemiology of Yellow Fever in the Americas
    Robert Tesh; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Most of the work will be done in laboratories at the University of Texas Medical Branch, Center for Tropical Diseases; but a small portion will be done at the Evandro Chagas Institute in Belem, Brazil. ..
  12. EVOLUTION OF VIRULENCE OF EQUINE INFECTIOUS ANEMIA VIRUS
    Susan Payne; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..The EIAV system provides an excellent and tractable experimental model for study of evolutionary change in retroviruses, and for understanding the evolution and determinants of virulence. ..
  13. Lentiviral Diseases: EIAV Pathogenesis
    SUSAN LYNNE PAYNE; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  14. Modeling and empirical studies of arboviruses in Florida
    CYNTHIA LORD; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..abstract_text> ..
  15. Hearing in Belgian Waterslager Canaries
    AMANDA LAUER; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Thus, the proposed experiments will increase our understanding of the functional consequences of hearing impairment in these birds, and of hearing impairment in general. ..
  16. IN VIVO PATHOGENESIS OF HELICOBACTER PYLORI
    James Fox; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..pylori pathogenesis and specifically evaluate the role of regulatory T cells in limiting H. pylori-induced gastric pathology. ..
  17. West Nile Virus: Epidemiology and Mosquito Competence
    Alan D T Barrett; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..S. during the 2006-2011 transmission seasons;3. Investigate the mechanism of attenuation of neuroinvasiveness of mouse attenuated WNV isolates;4. Correlate WNV phenotype in vertebrate cells with mosquito vector infection. ..
  18. HUS Pathogenesis & clinical Outcome in an in vivo model
    James Fox; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..We will use this model to study the pathogenesis of HUS and importantly to develop therapeutic regimens to prevent and treat EHEC disease. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  19. West Nile Virus Life Cycle in Flavivirus-Resistant Cells
    Pei Yong Shi; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  20. HOST FACTORS MEDIATE INVASION BY CAMPYLOBACTER JEJUNI
    LINDA MANSFIELD; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..jejuni invasion is facilitated due to a direct effect of some secreted/excreted product of the worms, and 4) Determine what host cell genes are differentially expressed during C. jejuni invasion. ..
  21. Development of West Nile virus surveillance systems and
    Larry Clark; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..This study will provide both a risk management simulation model and empirical surveillance system. ..
  22. Population dynamics of sporogony in Thailand
    JEFFERSON VAUGHAN; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ....
  23. Herpresviral Gene Expression in Kaposis Sarcoma
    Don Ganem; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..By determining how viral infection leads to KS, we hope to identify molecular targets that can explain how the disease arises;these could also serve as targets for the therapies of the future. ..
  24. Mosquito-Virus-Host Interactions and WNV Pathogenesis
    Kristen Bernard; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The research proposed in this application is significant because understanding this complex interaction is essential to developing innovative treatment and control strategies for WNV. ..
  25. MOLECULAR GENETIC MARKERS FOR TICK VECTORS
    HARRY HUTCHESON; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..I.) pacificus and I. (Ixodiopsis) woodi using 3 B. burgdorferi strains from the northeastern, southeastern, and western regions of the USA. ..
  26. OVERWINTERING AND TRANSMISSION MECHANISMS OF SLE VIRUS
    Alan Barrett; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..Epidemic-causing potential of this virus will be determined by titre and duration of viremia in chickens. Patterns of distribution of virus variants will be determined by SSCP. ..
  27. Anitviral Activity of Thioaptamers Against West Nile Virus
    Alan Barrett; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  28. Microecology-murine gut-initiation & progression of IBD
    James Fox; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..prior and subsequent to oral vaccination with Helicobacter spp. antigens and mucosal adjuvants, elucidate how these vaccine strategies influence microflora dynamics and impact gut cytokine responses. ..
  29. Microfilarial enhancement of Dengue transmission
    JEFFERSON VAUGHAN; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ....
  30. DEVELOPING AND IMPROVING INSTITUTIONAL ANIMAL RESOURCES
    James Fox; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ....
  31. LYME DISEASE IN WESTERN USA: ECOLOGY AND EPIDEMIOLOGY
    Robert Lane; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Development of this risk model, which culminates over 2 decades of intensive study, should contribute significantly to our knowledge of the landscape ecology and epidemiology of LD in this region. ..
  32. Spread of Lyme borreliosis bacteria in the U.S.
    Durland Fish; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  33. Candidate Gene(s) for Pigeon Atherosclerosis
    Samuel Smith; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..The candidate genes will be cloned and sequenced, and the products or functions deduced from existing genomic databases. ..
  34. Helicobacter induced hepatitis and tumorigenesis
    James Fox; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..A more complete understanding of the etiopathogenesis of hepatobiliary disease and hepatocellular carcinoma is likely to result in new strategies for treatment and prevention of these important human diseases. ..
  35. Pathophysiology of lytic reactivation and spread of KSHV
    Don Ganem; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ....
  36. MOLECULAR BIOLOGY OF THE HEPATITIS B TYPE VIRUSES
    Don Ganem; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..In addition, detailed studies of the mechanisms of HDV RNA replication will be conducted, with emphasis on the involvement of host factors in this important reaction. ..