enteritis

Summary

Summary: Inflammation of any segment of the SMALL INTESTINE.

Top Publications

  1. Wu S, Stanley D, Rodgers N, Swick R, Moore R. Two necrotic enteritis predisposing factors, dietary fishmeal and Eimeria infection, induce large changes in the caecal microbiota of broiler chickens. Vet Microbiol. 2014;169:188-97 pubmed publisher
    ..supplemented starter diet and Eimeria infection can predispose birds to the development of clinical necrotic enteritis symptoms following Clostridium perfringens infection...
  2. Zhang G, Mathis G, Hofacre C, Yaghmaee P, Holley R, Duranc T. Effect of a radiant energy-treated lysozyme antimicrobial blend on the control of clostridial necrotic enteritis in broiler chickens. Avian Dis. 2010;54:1298-300 pubmed
    ..of Entegard REV, a lysozyme-based antimicrobial blend, on the performance of broiler chickens and necrotic enteritis (NE) disease reduction of birds that were challenged with Eimeria maxima and Clostridium perfringens...
  3. Xiang J, Ma G, Zhang S, Cheng A, Wang M, Zhu D, et al. Expression and intracellular localization of duck enteritis virus pUL38 protein. Virol J. 2010;7:162 pubmed publisher
    ..Furthermore, pUL38 was found in purified virus. These results provide the first evidence of the kinetics of expression and intracellular localization of DEV pUL38...
  4. Palmieri J, Elswaifi S, Lindsay D, Junko G, Callahan C. Chronic microsporidial enteritis in a missionary from Mozambique. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2010;83:1116-8 pubmed publisher
    ..Furthermore, adverse effects of malaria and giardiasis medications may have exacerbated the chronic illness in this patient and mimicked chronic microsporidiosis. ..
  5. Timbermont L, Haesebrouck F, Ducatelle R, Van Immerseel F. Necrotic enteritis in broilers: an updated review on the pathogenesis. Avian Pathol. 2011;40:341-7 pubmed publisher
    Clostridium perfringens-induced necrotic enteritis and related subclinical disease have become economically significant problems for the broiler industry. Fortunately, scientific interest in this topic has grown: new C...
  6. Keyburn A, Bannam T, Moore R, Rood J. NetB, a pore-forming toxin from necrotic enteritis strains of Clostridium perfringens. Toxins (Basel). 2010;2:1913-27 pubmed publisher
    The Clostridium perfringens necrotic enteritis B-like toxin (NetB) is a recently discovered member of the ?-barrel pore-forming toxin family and is produced by a subset of avian C. perfringens type A strains...
  7. Mengel H, Krüger M, Kruger M, Westphal B, Swidsinski A, Schwarz S, et al. Necrotic enteritis due to simultaneous infection with Isospora suis and clostridia in newborn piglets and its prevention by early treatment with toltrazuril. Parasitol Res. 2012;110:1347-55 pubmed publisher
    ..5% (n?=?5), with 30.8% (n?=?4) died from necrotic enteritis. In contrast, no piglets died in the I. suis-uninfected control group or in the toltrazuril-treated study group...
  8. Thomas G, Ebbo M, Genot S, Bernit E, Mazodier K, Veit V, et al. [Lupus enteritis: an uncommon manifestation of systemic lupus erythematosus with favourable outcome on corticosteroids]. Rev Med Interne. 2010;31:493-7 pubmed publisher
    Lupus enteritis is a rare manifestation of systemic lupus erythematosus. The clinical manifestations are variable including abdominal pain, diarrhea, nausea and vomiting. Lupus enteritis is thought to be related to vasculitis...
  9. Palliyeguru M, Rose S, Mackenzie A. Effect of trypsin inhibitor activity in soya bean on growth performance, protein digestibility and incidence of sub-clinical necrotic enteritis in broiler chicken flocks. Br Poult Sci. 2011;52:359-67 pubmed publisher
    ..in replacement for toasted full fat soya bean) on the incidence of spontaneously-occurring sub-clinical necrotic enteritis (NE) in broiler chickens was compared...

More Information

Publications62

  1. Lee K, Lillehoj H, Park M, Jang S, Ritter G, Hong Y, et al. Clostridium perfringens alpha-toxin and NetB toxin antibodies and their possible role in protection against necrotic enteritis and gangrenous dermatitis in broiler chickens. Avian Dis. 2012;56:230-3 pubmed
    Necrotic enteritis (NE) and gangrenous dermatitis (GD) are important infectious diseases of poultry...
  2. Jerzsele A, Szeker K, Csizinszky R, Gere E, Jakab C, Mallo J, et al. Efficacy of protected sodium butyrate, a protected blend of essential oils, their combination, and Bacillus amyloliquefaciens spore suspension against artificially induced necrotic enteritis in broilers. Poult Sci. 2012;91:837-43 pubmed publisher
    Necrotic enteritis caused by Clostridium perfringens leads to serious economical losses to the poultry industry. There is a growing need to find effective, nontoxic, antibiotic alternatives to prevent and cure the disease...
  3. Naess H, Nyland M, Hausken T, Follestad I, Nyland H. Chronic fatigue syndrome after Giardia enteritis: clinical characteristics, disability and long-term sickness absence. BMC Gastroenterol. 2012;12:13 pubmed publisher
    ..functional capacity and sickness leave or delayed education after a large community outbreak of giardiasis enteritis in the city of Bergen, Norway were evaluated with the established Centers for Disease Control and Prevention ..
  4. Gustavsson L, Andersson L, Lindh M, Westin J. Excess mortality following community-onset norovirus enteritis in the elderly. J Hosp Infect. 2011;79:27-31 pubmed publisher
    Norovirus has been associated with excess deaths. A retrospective study of mortality following norovirus enteritis (NVE) was undertaken...
  5. Fernandes da Costa S, Mot D, Bokori Brown M, Savva C, Basak A, Van Immerseel F, et al. Protection against avian necrotic enteritis after immunisation with NetB genetic or formaldehyde toxoids. Vaccine. 2013;31:4003-8 pubmed publisher
    NetB (necrotic enteritis toxin B) is a recently identified ?-pore-forming toxin produced by Clostridium perfringens. This toxin has been shown to play a major role in avian necrotic enteritis...
  6. Song W, Wang Y, Meng F, Zhang Q, Zeng J, Xiao L, et al. Curcumin protects intestinal mucosal barrier function of rat enteritis via activation of MKP-1 and attenuation of p38 and NF-?B activation. PLoS ONE. 2010;5:e12969 pubmed publisher
    ..studied curcumin's protective effect on IMB and examined its mechanism by using methotrexate (MTX) induced rat enteritis model and lipopolysaccharide (LPS) treated cell death model...
  7. Wu S, Rodgers N, Choct M. Optimized necrotic enteritis model producing clinical and subclinical infection of Clostridium perfringens in broiler chickens. Avian Dis. 2010;54:1058-65 pubmed
    ..infection and dietary manipulation (feeding a diet with a high level of fishmeal) in an Australian necrotic enteritis (NE) challenge model in broiler chickens...
  8. Lepp D, Roxas B, Parreira V, Marri P, Rosey E, Gong J, et al. Identification of novel pathogenicity loci in Clostridium perfringens strains that cause avian necrotic enteritis. PLoS ONE. 2010;5:e10795 pubmed publisher
    Type A Clostridium perfringens causes poultry necrotic enteritis (NE), an enteric disease of considerable economic importance, yet can also exist as a member of the normal intestinal microbiota...
  9. Valgaeren B, Pardon B, Goossens E, Verherstraeten S, Schauvliege S, Timbermont L, et al. lesion development in a new intestinal loop model indicates the involvement of a shared Clostridium perfringens virulence factor in haemorrhagic enteritis in calves. J Comp Pathol. 2013;149:103-12 pubmed publisher
    ..Therefore, in this model, necrohaemorrhagic lesions can be induced by C. perfringens isolates from diverse origins, suggesting that the lesions may be caused by one or more virulence factors that are shared by these isolates...
  10. Jang S, Lillehoj H, Lee S, Lee K, Lillehoj E, Hong Y, et al. Vaccination with Clostridium perfringens recombinant proteins in combination with Montanide™ ISA 71 VG adjuvant increases protection against experimental necrotic enteritis in commercial broiler chickens. Vaccine. 2012;30:5401-6 pubmed publisher
    ..proteins as vaccine candidates using the Montanide™ ISA 71 VG adjuvant in an experimental model of necrotic enteritis. Broiler chickens were immunized subcutaneously with purified clostridial recombinant NetB toxin, pyruvate: ..
  11. Sahlmann C, Sutherland B, Kortner T, Koop B, Krogdahl A, Bakke A. Early response of gene expression in the distal intestine of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.) during the development of soybean meal induced enteritis. Fish Shellfish Immunol. 2013;34:599-609 pubmed publisher
  12. Sun Y, Zhang M, Chen C, Gillilland M, Sun X, El Zaatari M, et al. Stress-induced corticotropin-releasing hormone-mediated NLRP6 inflammasome inhibition and transmissible enteritis in mice. Gastroenterology. 2013;144:1478-87, 1487.e1-8 pubmed publisher
    ..WAS-induced small-bowel inflammation (enteritis) was associated with inhibition of NLRP6, but not NLRP3, and was prevented by a peroxisome proliferator-..
  13. Shojadoost B, Vince A, Prescott J. The successful experimental induction of necrotic enteritis in chickens by Clostridium perfringens: a critical review. Vet Res. 2012;43:74 pubmed publisher
    Necrotic enteritis (NE) is one of the most important enteric diseases in poultry and is a high cost to the industry worldwide...
  14. Timbermont L, Lanckriet A, Dewulf J, Nollet N, Schwarzer K, Haesebrouck F, et al. Control of Clostridium perfringens-induced necrotic enteritis in broilers by target-released butyric acid, fatty acids and essential oils. Avian Pathol. 2010;39:117-21 pubmed publisher
    ..cinnamaldehyde, essential oil of eucalyptus) micro-encapsulated in a poly-sugar matrix to control necrotic enteritis was investigated...
  15. Lanckriet A, Timbermont L, Eeckhaut V, Haesebrouck F, Ducatelle R, Van Immerseel F. Variable protection after vaccination of broiler chickens against necrotic enteritis using supernatants of different Clostridium perfringens strains. Vaccine. 2010;28:5920-3 pubmed publisher
    Necrotic enteritis is an economically important disease of chickens caused by Clostridium perfringens...
  16. Coursodon C, Glock R, Moore K, Cooper K, Songer J. TpeL-producing strains of Clostridium perfringens type A are highly virulent for broiler chicks. Anaerobe. 2012;18:117-21 pubmed publisher
    Clostridium perfringens type A and type C are causative agents of necrotic enteritis (NE) in poultry. TpeL, a recently-described novel member of the family of large clostridial cytotoxins, was found in C. perfringens type C...
  17. Keyburn A, Portela R, Sproat K, Ford M, Bannam T, Yan X, et al. Vaccination with recombinant NetB toxin partially protects broiler chickens from necrotic enteritis. Vet Res. 2013;44:54 pubmed publisher
    NetB toxin from Clostridium perfringens is a major virulence factor in necrotic enteritis in poultry. In this study the efficacy of NetB as a vaccine antigen to protect chickens from necrotic enteritis was examined...
  18. Crouch C, Withanage G, de Haas V, Etore F, Francis M. Safety and efficacy of a maternal vaccine for the passive protection of broiler chicks against necrotic enteritis. Avian Pathol. 2010;39:489-97 pubmed publisher
    Necrotic enteritis is a potentially fatal multifactorial disease of chickens, which under commercial conditions is often associated with increased levels of mortality and reduced bird performance...
  19. Inui M, Ishida Y, Kimura A, Kuninaka Y, Mukaida N, Kondo T. Protective roles of CX3CR1-mediated signals in toxin A-induced enteritis through the induction of heme oxygenase-1 expression. J Immunol. 2011;186:423-31 pubmed publisher
    ..Mice reconstituted with CX3CR1(-/-) mouse-derived bone marrow cells exhibited exacerbated toxin A-induced enteritis, indicating that the lack of the CX3CR1 gene for hematopoietic cells aggravated toxin A-induced enteritis...
  20. Ohmi A, Ohno K, Uchida K, Nakayama H, Koshino Goto Y, Fukushima K, et al. A retrospective study in 21 Shiba dogs with chronic enteropathy. J Vet Med Sci. 2011;73:1-5 pubmed
    ..The results obtained here demonstrated that the Shiba dog is predisposed to chronic enteropathy and shows severe duodenum lesions and poor outcomes, indicating a breed-specific disease. ..
  21. Gurtner C, Popescu F, Wyder M, Sutter E, Zeeh F, Frey J, et al. Rapid cytopathic effects of Clostridium perfringens beta-toxin on porcine endothelial cells. Infect Immun. 2010;78:2966-73 pubmed publisher
    Clostridium perfringens type C isolates cause fatal, segmental necro-hemorrhagic enteritis in animals and humans. Typically, acute intestinal lesions result from extensive mucosal necrosis and hemorrhage in the proximal jejunum...
  22. Marjara I, Chikwati E, Valen E, Krogdahl A, Bakke A. Transcriptional regulation of IL-17A and other inflammatory markers during the development of soybean meal-induced enteropathy in the distal intestine of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.). Cytokine. 2012;60:186-96 pubmed publisher
    ..IL-17A, up-regulated by 218-fold during early inflammation, indicates involvement of T helper 17 cells in the pathogenesis of the SBM-induced inflammatory response...
  23. Mondal B, Rasool T, Ram H, Mallanna S. Propagation of vaccine strain of duck enteritis virus in a cell line of duck origin as an alternative production system to propagation in embryonated egg. Biologicals. 2010;38:401-6 pubmed publisher
    Duck virus enteritis (DVE) also known as duck plague, is a viral infection of ducks caused by duck enteritis virus (DEV)...
  24. Romarheim O, Øverland M, Mydland L, Skrede A, Landsverk T. Bacteria grown on natural gas prevent soybean meal-induced enteritis in Atlantic salmon. J Nutr. 2011;141:124-30 pubmed publisher
    ..is associated with inflammation in the distal intestine of salmonid fish, commonly referred to as SBM-induced enteritis. The enteritis is linked to alcohol soluble components in SBM, but the mechanisms have not been established...
  25. Wang J, Cheng S, Yi L, Cheng Y, Yang S, Xu H, et al. Evidence for natural recombination between mink enteritis virus and canine parvovirus. Virol J. 2012;9:252 pubmed publisher
    A virus was isolated from mink showing clinical and pathological signs of enteritis in China...
  26. Lanckriet A, Timbermont L, De Gussem M, Marien M, Vancraeynest D, Haesebrouck F, et al. The effect of commonly used anticoccidials and antibiotics in a subclinical necrotic enteritis model. Avian Pathol. 2010;39:63-8 pubmed publisher
    Necrotic enteritis poses an important health risk to broilers...
  27. Cheung J, Keyburn A, Carter G, Lanckriet A, Van Immerseel F, Moore R, et al. The VirSR two-component signal transduction system regulates NetB toxin production in Clostridium perfringens. Infect Immun. 2010;78:3064-72 pubmed publisher
    Clostridium perfringens causes several diseases in domestic livestock, including necrotic enteritis in chickens, which is of concern to the poultry industry due to its health implications and associated economic cost...
  28. Verherstraeten S, Goossens E, Valgaeren B, Pardon B, Timbermont L, Vermeulen K, et al. The synergistic necrohemorrhagic action of Clostridium perfringens perfringolysin and alpha toxin in the bovine intestine and against bovine endothelial cells. Vet Res. 2013;44:45 pubmed publisher
    Bovine necrohemorrhagic enteritis is a major cause of mortality in veal calves. Clostridium perfringens is considered as the causative agent, but there has been controversy on the toxins responsible for the disease...
  29. Skinner J, Bauer S, Young V, Pauling G, Wilson J. An economic analysis of the impact of subclinical (mild) necrotic enteritis in broiler chickens. Avian Dis. 2010;54:1237-40 pubmed
    Costs to broiler producers associated with subclinical (mild) necrotic enteritis (SNE) were estimated using published information on impacts on body weight and feed conversion rate (FCR) associated with SNE and costs and revenues ..
  30. Mot D, Timbermont L, Delezie E, Haesebrouck F, Ducatelle R, Van Immerseel F. Day-of-hatch vaccination is not protective against necrotic enteritis in broiler chickens. Avian Pathol. 2013;42:179-84 pubmed publisher
    Necrotic enteritis, caused by netB toxin-producing Clostridium perfringens type A, is an important disease in broiler chickens worldwide...
  31. Morris W, Venzano A, Elizondo A, Vilte D, Mercado E, Fernandez Miyakawa M. Necrotic enteritis in young calves. J Vet Diagn Invest. 2011;23:254-9 pubmed
    Non-enterotoxin (CPE)-producing Clostridium perfringens type A has been associated with enteritis in calves...
  32. García Sancho M, Rodriguez Franco F, Sainz A, Mancho C, Rodriguez A. Evaluation of clinical, macroscopic, and histopathologic response to treatment in nonhypoproteinemic dogs with lymphocytic-plasmacytic enteritis. J Vet Intern Med. 2007;21:11-7 pubmed
    Lymphocytic-plasmacytic enteritis (LPE) is a common cause of chronic vomiting and diarrhea in dogs. However, little information is available about endoscopic or histopathologic improvement after therapy in dogs with LPE.
  33. Nandi S, Chidri S, Kumar M, Chauhan R. Occurrence of canine parvovirus type 2c in the dogs with haemorrhagic enteritis in India. Res Vet Sci. 2010;88:169-71 pubmed publisher
    ..DNA sequencing was done for 6 PCR positive samples, out of which three were characterized as CPV-2c, indicating that this CPV type 2c is currently circulating in India...
  34. Olkowski A, Wojnarowicz C, Chirino Trejo M, Laarveld B, Sawicki G. Sub-clinical necrotic enteritis in broiler chickens: novel etiological consideration based on ultra-structural and molecular changes in the intestinal tissue. Res Vet Sci. 2008;85:543-53 pubmed publisher
    The present study revealed several previously not recognized etiological details in the development of necrotic enteritis (NE) in broilers...
  35. Cronin C, Lohan D, Browne A, Alhajeri A, Roche C, Murphy J. MR enterography in the evaluation of small bowel dilation. Clin Radiol. 2009;64:1026-34 pubmed publisher
    ..We illustrate the utility of MR enterography in the evaluation of small bowel dilation, whether it be mechanical, functional (e.g., ileus), or related to infiltrative mural disease. ..
  36. Kwok S, Seo S, Ju J, Park K, Yoon C, Kim W, et al. Lupus enteritis: clinical characteristics, risk factor for relapse and association with anti-endothelial cell antibody. Lupus. 2007;16:803-9 pubmed
    The study was undertaken to evaluate clinical and laboratory characteristics of patients with lupus enteritis and to investigate its association with anti-endothelial cell antibodies (AECAs)...
  37. Kim J, Jung H, Lee J, Youn J, Lee C, Kim K. Mitogen-activated protein kinase and activator protein-1 dependent signals are essential for Bacteroides fragilis enterotoxin-induced enteritis. Eur J Immunol. 2005;35:2648-57 pubmed
    ..toxin produced by enterotoxigenic Bacteroides fragilis is known to be associated with the development of enteritis. However, the molecular mechanism involved is not yet fully understood. In this study, we assessed whether B...
  38. Gholamiandehkordi A, Timbermont L, Lanckriet A, van den Broeck W, Pedersen K, Dewulf J, et al. Quantification of gut lesions in a subclinical necrotic enteritis model. Avian Pathol. 2007;36:375-82 pubmed
    Currently Clostridium perfringens-induced necrotic enteritis is a major problem in broiler flocks. In the present study, broilers were inoculated with a combination of Eimeria maxima or overdose coccidial vaccine (one inoculation) with C...
  39. Schotte U, Truyen U, Neubauer H. Significance of beta 2-toxigenic clostridium perfringens infections in animals and their predisposing factors--a review. J Vet Med B Infect Dis Vet Public Health. 2004;51:423-6 pubmed
    ..perfringens which may lead to enteritis or enterotoxaemia.
  40. Keyburn A, Boyce J, Vaz P, Bannam T, Ford M, Parker D, et al. NetB, a new toxin that is associated with avian necrotic enteritis caused by Clostridium perfringens. PLoS Pathog. 2008;4:e26 pubmed publisher
    ..over 30 years a phospholipase C enzyme called alpha-toxin was thought to be the key virulence factor in necrotic enteritis caused by Clostridium perfringens...
  41. Petrogiannopoulos C, Kalogeropoulos S, Dandakis D, Hartzoulakis G, Karahalios G, Flevaris C, et al. Cytomegalovirus enteritis in an immunocompetent host. Chemotherapy. 2004;50:276-8 pubmed
    ..Histological analysis and high titer of anti-CMV IgM confirmed the diagnosis. A 2-year follow-up was uneventful. CMV enterocolitis is frequent in immunocompromised patients, but rare in immunocompetent subjects. ..
  42. Kulkarni R, Parreira V, Sharif S, Prescott J. Immunization of broiler chickens against Clostridium perfringens-induced necrotic enteritis. Clin Vaccine Immunol. 2007;14:1070-7 pubmed
    Necrotic enteritis (NE) in broiler chickens is caused by Clostridium perfringens. Currently, no vaccine against NE is available and immunity to NE is not well characterized...
  43. Keyburn A, Yan X, Bannam T, Van Immerseel F, Rood J, Moore R. Association between avian necrotic enteritis and Clostridium perfringens strains expressing NetB toxin. Vet Res. 2010;41:21 pubmed publisher
    ..avian Clostridium perfringens isolates and shown to be an essential virulence factor in a clinical necrotic enteritis isolate...
  44. Cha J, Lee J, Choe J, Joo K, Jung S, Shin H, et al. Cytomegalovirus enteritis causing ileal perforation in an elderly immunocompetent individual. Yonsei Med J. 2010;51:279-83 pubmed publisher
    ..We report a case of CMV enteritis causing ileal perforation in a physically active elderly man...
  45. Miclard J, van Baarlen J, Wyder M, Grabscheid B, Posthaus H. Clostridium perfringens beta-toxin binding to vascular endothelial cells in a human case of enteritis necroticans. J Med Microbiol. 2009;58:826-8 pubmed publisher
    Clostridium perfringens type C-induced enteritis necroticans is a rare but often fatal disease in humans...
  46. Mortensen N, Kuijf M, Ang C, Schiellerup P, Krogfelt K, Jacobs B, et al. Sialylation of Campylobacter jejuni lipo-oligosaccharides is associated with severe gastro-enteritis and reactive arthritis. Microbes Infect. 2009;11:988-94 pubmed publisher
    ..methods to identify bacterial genetic markers for development of arthritic symptoms following Campylobacter enteritis. We genotyped a collection of population derived Campylobacter strains, with detailed information on clinical ..
  47. Hille A, Christiansen H, Pradier O, Hermann R, Siekmeyer B, Weiss E, et al. Effect of pentoxifylline and tocopherol on radiation proctitis/enteritis. Strahlenther Onkol. 2005;181:606-14 pubmed
    Chronic radiation proctitis/enteritis is a relevant complication of pelvic irradiation, which is still mainly treated by supportive measures only...
  48. Johansson A, Aspan A, Kaldhusdal M, Engström B. Genetic diversity and prevalence of netB in Clostridium perfringens isolated from a broiler flock affected by mild necrotic enteritis. Vet Microbiol. 2010;144:87-92 pubmed publisher
    ..without in-feed antimicrobials (antibacterial growth promoters and anticoccidials) and affected by mild necrotic enteritis (NE). We used pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) to investigate the genetic diversity of C...
  49. Chen S, Cheng A, Wang M. Morphologic observations of new type gosling viral enteritis virus (NGVEV) virulent isolate in infected duck embryo fibroblasts. Avian Dis. 2008;52:173-8 pubmed
    The morphogenesis of the new type gosling viral enteritis virus (NGVEV) and the characteristic ultrastructural changes in the duck embryo fibroblasts (DEFs) were investigated by ultrathin sectioning and transmission electron microscopy ..
  50. Kulkarni R, Parreira V, Sharif S, Prescott J. Oral immunization of broiler chickens against necrotic enteritis with an attenuated Salmonella vaccine vector expressing Clostridium perfringens antigens. Vaccine. 2008;26:4194-203 pubmed publisher
    Necrotic enteritis (NE) in broiler chickens is caused by Clostridium perfringens but currently no effective vaccine is available. Our previous study showed that certain C...
  51. Hussein M, Abu Dief E, Kamel E, Abou El Ghait A, Abdulwahed S, Ahmad M. Melatonin and roentgen irradiation-induced acute radiation enteritis in Albino rats: an animal model. Cell Biol Int. 2008;32:1353-61 pubmed publisher
    ..organ and patients receiving radiotherapy directed to the abdomen or pelvis may develop radiation enteritis. Although roentgen rays are widely used for both imaging and therapeutic purposes, our knowledge about the ..
  52. Kulkarni R, Parreira V, Jiang Y, Prescott J. A live oral recombinant Salmonella enterica serovar typhimurium vaccine expressing Clostridium perfringens antigens confers protection against necrotic enteritis in broiler chickens. Clin Vaccine Immunol. 2010;17:205-14 pubmed publisher
    Necrotic enteritis (NE) in broiler chickens is caused by Clostridium perfringens, and there is currently no effective vaccine for NE...
  53. Cooper K, Theoret J, Stewart B, Trinh H, Glock R, Songer J. Virulence for chickens of Clostridium perfringens isolated from poultry and other sources. Anaerobe. 2010;16:289-92 pubmed publisher
    Clostridium perfringens type A is the most common cause of poultry necrotic enteritis (NE)...