peristalsis

Summary

Summary: A movement, caused by sequential muscle contraction, that pushes the contents of the intestines or other tubular organs in one direction.

Top Publications

  1. Furukawa N, Hatano M. An acute experiment on retrograde intestinal peristalsis with emesis using decerebrated dogs. J Auton Nerv Syst. 1998;70:56-65 pubmed
    ..Acute experiments using decerebrated dogs seem to be useful and essential for studies of central and peripheral mechanisms of emesis...
  2. Hurtado R, Bub G, Herzlinger D. The pelvis-kidney junction contains HCN3, a hyperpolarization-activated cation channel that triggers ureter peristalsis. Kidney Int. 2010;77:500-8 pubmed publisher
    ..Separation of this pelvis-kidney junction from more distal urinary tract segments prevented downstream peristalsis, indicating that it housed the trigger for peristalsis...
  3. Alim K, Amselem G, Peaudecerf F, Brenner M, Pringle A. Random network peristalsis in Physarum polycephalum organizes fluid flows across an individual. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2013;110:13306-11 pubmed publisher
    ..Signals and substrates are commonly moved using fluids, often channeled through a network of tubes. Peristalsis is one mechanism for fluid transport and is caused by a wave of cross-sectional contractions along a tube...
  4. Vegesna A, Chuang K, Besetty R, Phillips S, Braverman A, Barbe M, et al. Circular smooth muscle contributes to esophageal shortening during peristalsis. World J Gastroenterol. 2012;18:4317-22 pubmed publisher
    ..to identify possible mechanisms for greater shortening in the distal compared to proximal esophagus during peristalsis, the angles between the LSM and CSM layers were measured in 9 cadavers...
  5. Matsumoto M, Ishige A, Yazawa Y, Kondo M, Muramatsu K, Watanabe K. Promotion of intestinal peristalsis by Bifidobacterium spp. capable of hydrolysing sennosides in mice. PLoS ONE. 2012;7:e31700 pubmed publisher
    ..lactic acid bacterial strains and bifidobacteria in the intestine and to investigate their effect on intestinal peristalsis in mice...
  6. Vahidi B, Fatouraee N. A biomechanical simulation of ureteral flow during peristalsis using intraluminal morphometric data. J Theor Biol. 2012;298:42-50 pubmed publisher
    ..Ureteral in-vivo morphometric data during peristalsis were used to construct the presented model...
  7. Chen C, Liu T, Yi C, Orr W. Effects of mosapride on esophageal secondary peristalsis in humans. Neurogastroenterol Motil. 2011;23:606-e249 pubmed publisher
    Secondary peristalsis is important for the clearance of refluxate or retained food bolus from the esophagus...
  8. Pandey S, Chaube M, Tripathi D. Peristaltic transport of multilayered power-law fluids with distinct viscosities: a mathematical model for intestinal flows. J Theor Biol. 2011;278:11-9 pubmed publisher
    ..Thus, a medicinal intervention that creates a more viscous intermediate layer and reduces pseudo plasticity may reduce constipation. ..
  9. Sláma K, Lukas J. Myogenic nature of insect heartbeat and intestinal peristalsis, revealed by neuromuscular paralysis caused by the sting of a braconid wasp. J Insect Physiol. 2011;57:251-9 pubmed publisher
    ..A possibility that the functional similarity between insect and human hearts may open new avenues in the field of comparative cardiology has been discussed. ..

More Information

Publications32

  1. Yoshino O, Hayashi T, Osuga Y, Orisaka M, Asada H, Okuda S, et al. Decreased pregnancy rate is linked to abnormal uterine peristalsis caused by intramural fibroids. Hum Reprod. 2010;25:2475-9 pubmed publisher
    ..During the implantation phase, uterine peristalsis is dramatically reduced, which is thought to facilitate embryo implantation...
  2. LaJeunesse D, Johnson B, Presnell J, Catignas K, Zapotoczny G. Peristalsis in the junction region of the Drosophila larval midgut is modulated by DH31 expressing enteroendocrine cells. BMC Physiol. 2010;10:14 pubmed publisher
    ..channelopsin, we demonstrate that these enteroendocrine cells are both necessary and sufficient for the peristalsis in the junction region of the midgut and require the Diuretic Hormone 31 to affect normal peristalsis in this ..
  3. Chen C, Liu T, Yi C. Effects of lidocaine on esophageal secondary peristalsis in humans. Neurogastroenterol Motil. 2010;22:606-10 pubmed publisher
    Secondary peristalsis is important for the clearance of retained food bolus or refluxate from the esophagus...
  4. Scherer J, Kwiatek M, Soper N, Pandolfino J, Kahrilas P. Functional esophagogastric junction obstruction with intact peristalsis: a heterogeneous syndrome sometimes akin to achalasia. J Gastrointest Surg. 2009;13:2219-25 pubmed publisher
    Some patients with suspected achalasia are found on manometry to have preserved peristalsis, thereby excluding that diagnosis. This study evaluated a series of such patients with functional esophagogastric junction (EGJ) obstruction...
  5. Aelen P, Jurkov A, Aulanier A, Mintchev M. Pilot acute study of feedback-controlled retrograde peristalsis invoked by neural gastric electrical stimulation. Physiol Meas. 2009;30:309-22 pubmed publisher
    ..The proposed technique could be helpful for retaining food longer in the stomach, thus inducing early satiety and diminishing food intake. ..
  6. Ghosh S, Pandolfino J, Kwiatek M, Kahrilas P. Oesophageal peristaltic transition zone defects: real but few and far between. Neurogastroenterol Motil. 2008;20:1283-90 pubmed publisher
    ..8%). Although far less common than distal peristaltic or OGJ abnormailites, TZ defects may be related to dysphagia in a minority of patients (<4% in this series) and should be considered a distinct oesophageal motility disorder. ..
  7. Korsapati H, Babaei A, Bhargava V, Mittal R. Cholinergic stimulation induces asynchrony between the circular and longitudinal muscle contraction during esophageal peristalsis. Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol. 2008;294:G694-8 pubmed publisher
    ..inhibitor (edrophonium) and acetylcholine receptor antagonist (atropine) on human esophageal peristalsis in normal subjects...
  8. Staiano A, Boccia G, Salvia G, Zappulli D, Clouse R. Development of esophageal peristalsis in preterm and term neonates. Gastroenterology. 2007;132:1718-25 pubmed
    High-resolution manometry demonstrates a chain of 3 sequential pressure segments that represent esophageal peristalsis in children and adults...
  9. Brasseur J, Nicosia M, Pal A, Miller L. Function of longitudinal vs circular muscle fibers in esophageal peristalsis, deduced with mathematical modeling. World J Gastroenterol. 2007;13:1335-46 pubmed
    ..of LLS are to reduce circular muscle fiber tension and power by as much as 1/10 what would be required for peristalsis without the longitudinal muscle layer, a tremendous benefit that may explain the existence of longitudinal ..
  10. Kim S, Jacob J, Kim D, Rivera R, Lim R, Lee V. Time-resolved dynamic contrast-enhanced MR urography for the evaluation of ureteral peristalsis: initial experience. J Magn Reson Imaging. 2008;28:1293-8 pubmed publisher
    ..of time-resolved dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance urography (MRU) for the evaluation of ureteral peristalsis using a data-sharing 3D gradient echo sequence with spiral k-space filling. Eight patients (M=3, F=5, mean 48...
  11. Chen C, Szczesniak M, Cook I. Identification of impaired oesophageal bolus transit and clearance by secondary peristalsis in patients with non-obstructive dysphagia. Neurogastroenterol Motil. 2008;20:980-8 pubmed publisher
    Impaired secondary peristalsis has been shown in non-obstructive dysphagia (NOD). The relationship between such changes and alterations in bolus transport has not been studied...
  12. Nicholas S, Spencer N. Peristalsis and fecal pellet propulsion do not require nicotinic, purinergic, 5-HT3, or NK3 receptors in isolated guinea pig distal colon. Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol. 2010;298:G952-61 pubmed publisher
    The neuronal mechanism by which distension of the colon triggers peristalsis and the propulsion of colonic contents is incompletely understood...
  13. Roman S, Lin Z, Kwiatek M, Pandolfino J, Kahrilas P. Weak peristalsis in esophageal pressure topography: classification and association with Dysphagia. Am J Gastroenterol. 2011;106:349-56 pubmed publisher
    Esophageal manometry is frequently used to assess for weak peristalsis. Although commonly used clinically, there are currently no validated metrics of weak peristalsis in high-resolution esophageal pressure topography (EPT)...
  14. Spencer N, Nicholas S, Robinson L, Kyloh M, Flack N, BROOKES S, et al. Mechanisms underlying distension-evoked peristalsis in guinea pig distal colon: is there a role for enterochromaffin cells?. Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol. 2011;301:G519-27 pubmed publisher
    The mechanisms underlying distension-evoked peristalsis in the colon are incompletely understood...
  15. Bogte A, Bredenoord A, Oors J, Siersema P, Smout A. Relationship between esophageal contraction patterns and clearance of swallowed liquid and solid boluses in healthy controls and patients with dysphagia. Neurogastroenterol Motil. 2012;24:e364-72 pubmed publisher
    ..Esophageal high-resolution manometry (HRM) is a novel method, used to analyze dysphagia. However, it is not yet clear how findings on HRM relate to bolus transport through the esophagus...
  16. Song B, Avery L. Serotonin activates overall feeding by activating two separate neural pathways in Caenorhabditis elegans. J Neurosci. 2012;32:1920-31 pubmed publisher
    ..in the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans requires two distinct feeding motions, pharyngeal pumping and isthmus peristalsis. Bacteria, the natural food of C. elegans, activate both feeding motions (Croll, 1978; Horvitz et al...
  17. Takahashi T. Pathophysiological significance of neuronal nitric oxide synthase in the gastrointestinal tract. J Gastroenterol. 2003;38:421-30 pubmed
    ..extrinsic denervation may upregulate nNOS expression, resulting in enhanced muscular relaxation and disturbed peristalsis. An animal model of colitis showed impaired nNOS expression in the colonic myenteric plexus...
  18. Pruitt M, Knepper M, Graves B, Schmidt Nielsen B. Effect of peristaltic contractions of the renal pelvic wall on solute concentrations of the renal inner medulla in the hamster. Am J Physiol Renal Physiol. 2006;290:F892-6 pubmed
    ..This procedure also significantly decreased inner medullary osmolality. We conclude that elimination of the contractions of the renal pelvic wall in the hamster significantly impairs inner medullary concentrating ability...
  19. Bajaj J, Bajaj S, Dua K, Jaradeh S, Rittmann T, Hofmann C, et al. Influence of sleep stages on esophago-upper esophageal sphincter contractile reflex and secondary esophageal peristalsis. Gastroenterology. 2006;130:17-25 pubmed
    ..Esophago-upper esophageal sphincter (UES) contractile reflex (EUCR) and secondary peristalsis (2P) have been proposed to protect the airway by reflexively contracting the UES and clearing the esophagus of ..
  20. Lang R, Tonta M, Zoltkowski B, Meeker W, Wendt I, Parkington H. Pyeloureteric peristalsis: role of atypical smooth muscle cells and interstitial cells of Cajal-like cells as pacemakers. J Physiol. 2006;576:695-705 pubmed
    Pyeloureteric peristalsis has long been considered to be triggered by pacemaker atypical smooth muscle cells (SMC) located in the proximal regions of the renal pelvis...