Genomes and Genes
Summary: Prevention of CONCEPTION by blocking fertility temporarily, or permanently (STERILIZATION, REPRODUCTIVE). Common means of reversible contraception include NATURAL FAMILY PLANNING METHODS; CONTRACEPTIVE AGENTS; or CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES.
Publications260 found, 100 shown here
- Sexual behaviour and contraceptive use among unmarried, young women migrant workers in five cities in ChinaZ Zheng
Institute of Population Research, Peking University, 3 4, Building 22, Muxidi, Beijing 100038, China
Reprod Health Matters 9:118-27. 2001..Most of the women lacked basic information about reproduction and contraception, and did not know where or how to obtain contraception...
- Encouraging contraceptive uptake by motivating men to communicate about family planning: the Malawi Male Motivator projectDominick Shattuck
Family Health International, PO Box 13950, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709, USA
Am J Public Health 101:1089-95. 2011..We examined the effect of a peer-delivered educational intervention, the Malawi Male Motivator intervention, on couples' contraceptive uptake. We based the intervention design on the information-motivation-behavioral skills (IMB) model...
- Use of modern contraception by the poor is falling behindEmmanuela Gakidou
Harvard Initiative for Global Health, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States of America
PLoS Med 4:e31. 2007The widespread increase in the use of contraception, due to multiple factors including improved access to modern contraception, is one of the most dramatic social transformations of the past fifty years...
- Contraception and healthJohn Cleland
London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
Lancet 380:149-56. 2012..A further 30% of maternal deaths could be avoided by fulfilment of unmet need for contraception. The benefits of modern contraceptives to women's health, including non-contraceptive benefits of specific ..
- The value of contraception to prevent perinatal HIV transmissionHeidi W Reynolds
Health Services Research Division, Family Health International, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina 27709, USA
Sex Transm Dis 33:350-6. 2006..The objective of this study was to highlight the value of preventing unintended pregnancies among HIV-infected women as a strategy to prevent perinatal HIV transmission...
- Sexual initiation and childbearing among adolescent girls in KwaZulu Natal, South AfricaN Manzini
Population and Poverty Studies Programme, University of Natal, Durban, South Africa
Reprod Health Matters 9:44-52. 2001....
- [Survey on knowledge, attitude, practice related to contraception among college students in Beijing]Yuan Zhong Zhou
Institute of Family Planning, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, China
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi 30:710-2. 2009To understand the current status and relative factors on knowledge, attitude, practice to contraception among college students in Beijing and to provide evidence for developing aimed contraceptive service and education in colleges.
- Contraceptive use and method preference among women in Soweto, South Africa: the influence of expanding access to HIV care and treatment servicesAngela Kaida
Faculty of Health Sciences, Simon Fraser University, Burnaby, Canada
PLoS ONE 5:e13868. 2010..We sought to investigate whether the prevalence of contraceptive use and method preferences varied by HIV status and receipt of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) among women in Soweto, South Africa...
- Patterns of contraceptive use within teenagers' first sexual relationshipsJennifer Manlove
Child Trends, Washington, DC, USA
Perspect Sex Reprod Health 35:246-55. 2003..It is important to determine how partner and relationship characteristics are related to contraceptive use and consistency within adolescents' first sexual relationships...
- Contraception methods, beyond oral contraceptives and tubal ligation, and risk of ovarian cancerRoberta B Ness
School of Public Health, The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, Houston, TX 77030, USA
Ann Epidemiol 21:188-96. 2011Few studies have examined methods of contraception, beyond oral contraceptives (OCs) and tubal ligation, in relation to ovarian cancer risk.
- Effectiveness of long-acting reversible contraceptionBrooke Winner
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
N Engl J Med 366:1998-2007. 2012..The rate of unintended pregnancy in the United States is much higher than in other developed nations. Approximately half of unintended pregnancies are due to contraceptive failure, largely owing to inconsistent or incorrect use...
- Changes in couples' communication as a result of a male-involvement family planning interventionMiriam Hartmann
Family Health International, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709, USA
J Health Commun 17:802-19. 2012..This study shows that interventions can and should encourage spousal communication and shared decision making, and it provides an effective model for involving men in family-planning use...
- Field experiences integrating family planning into programs to prevent mother-to-child transmission of HIVNaomi Rutenberg
Horizons, Washington, DC, USA
Stud Fam Plann 36:235-45. 2005..This article draws out the policy implications of these findings and recommends that policies be based on respect for women's right to informed reproductive choice in the context of HIV/AIDS...
- Does discussion of family planning improve knowledge of partner's attitude toward contraceptives?Laurie F DeRose
Department of Sociology and Maryland Population Research Center, University of Maryland, College Park, MD, USA
Int Fam Plan Perspect 30:87-93. 2004..However, it is not known whether this finding also applies to contexts more typical of Sub-Saharan Africa, where approval is not as high...
- From effectiveness to impact: contraception as an HIV prevention interventionR Wilcher
Family Health International, P O Box 13950, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709, USA
Sex Transm Infect 84:ii54-60. 2008..This paper reviews international, country and service delivery level opportunities for and obstacles to translating contraceptive efficacy into interventions that will have an impact on the effectiveness of HIV prevention...
- Molecular mechanisms of steroid receptor-mediated actions by synthetic progestins used in HRT and contraceptionDonita Africander
Department of Biochemistry, University of Stellenbosch, Private Bag X1, Matieland, 7602, South Africa
Steroids 76:636-52. 2011..Here we review the molecular mechanisms of intracellular actions of old (MPA, norethisterone, levonorgestrel, gestodene) vs. new (drospirenone, dienogest, trimegestone) generation progestins, via steroid receptors...
- Risks of contraception and pregnancy in heart diseaseSara Thorne
University Hospital Birmingham, UK
Heart 92:1520-5. 2006
- Condoms for dual protection: patterns of use with highly effective contraceptive methodsKaren Pazol
Department of Medicine, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA 30341 3724, USA
Public Health Rep 125:208-17. 2010..Because oral contracep tives (OCs) have been the predominant form of highly effective contraceptio in the U.S., it is unknown whether condom use is similarly low with increasingly promoted user-independent methods...
- Contraception to prevent HIV-positive births: current contribution and potential cost savings in PEPFAR countriesH W Reynolds
Family Health International, P O Box 13950, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709, USA
Sex Transm Infect 84:ii49-53. 2008....
- Contraception use and pregnancy among 15-24 year old South African women: a nationally representative cross-sectional surveyCatherine MacPhail
Reproductive Health and HIV Research Unit, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, PO Box 18512, Hillbrow 2038, South Africa
BMC Med 5:31. 2007..In South Africa, high numbers of adolescent women report pregnancies that are unwanted and yet few have accessed available termination of pregnancy services. Enabling contraception use is vital for meeting the goals of HIV prevention.
- Strategies to prevent unintended pregnancy: increasing use of long-acting reversible contraceptionP D Blumenthal
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305 5317, USA
Hum Reprod Update 17:121-37. 2011..In this review we aim to discuss the role of LARC methods and importance of contraceptive counseling in reducing unintended pregnancy rates...
- Sex steroid hormones, hormonal contraception, and the immunobiology of human immunodeficiency virus-1 infectionZdenek Hel
Department of Pathology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, 845 19th Street South, Birmingham, Alabama 35294 2170, USA
Endocr Rev 31:79-97. 2010..This review summarizes current knowledge of the effects of various types of sex steroid hormones on immune processes involved in the biology of HIV-1 infection...
- Social and logistical barriers to the use of reversible contraception among women in a rural Indian villageMary Ann Kirkconnell Hall
Hubert Department of Global Health, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, GA, USA
J Health Popul Nutr 26:241-50. 2008..Women felt that reversible contraception is undesirable, socially unacceptable, and usually unnecessary, although the achievement of fertility goals is ..
- The Contraceptive CHOICE Project: reducing barriers to long-acting reversible contraceptionGina M Secura
Division of Clinical Research, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Washington University in St Louis School of Medicine, St Louis, MO, USA
Am J Obstet Gynecol 203:115.e1-7. 2010To introduce and promote the use of long-acting reversible methods of contraception (LARC; intrauterine contraceptives and subdermal implant) by removing financial and knowledge barriers.
- Teenage contraceptive use in Iceland: a gender perspectiveSoley S Bender
Faculty of Nursing, Univeresity of Iceland, Reykjavik, Iceland
Public Health Nurs 22:17-26. 2005Different gender beliefs toward contraception may affect contraceptive use among teenagers and need to be explored for the development of sexuality education and services aimed at this age group...
- Introducing the standard days method: expanding family planning options in RwandaCaroline Blair
Institute for Reproductive Health, Georgetown University, 4301 Connecticut Ave, NW Washington, DC 20008, USA
Afr J Reprod Health 11:60-8. 2007..The method attracts couples who are new to family planning, and is a valuable addition to the method mix offered in Rwanda...
- Critical gaps in universal access to reproductive health: contraception and prevention of unsafe abortionKelly R Culwell
International Planned Parenthood Federation, Central Office, London, UK
Int J Gynaecol Obstet 110:S13-6. 2010..Prevention of unsafe abortion starts with prevention of unwanted pregnancies, most effectively through contraception. When unwanted pregnancies occur, provision of safe, legal abortion services can further prevent unsafe ..
- Contextual influences on contraceptive use in the Eastern Cape, South AfricaRob Stephenson
Hubert Department of Global Health, 722, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
Health Place 14:841-52. 2008..The residual variation in contraceptive use highlights the deficits that exist in current datasets for capturing community influences on contraceptive behavior...
- The CHOICE study: effect of counselling on the selection of combined hormonal contraceptive methods in 11 countriesJohannes Bitzer
Frauenklinik, Universitatsspital Basel, Basel, Switzerland
Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care 17:65-78. 2012..To encourage healthcare professionals to counsel women seeking combined hormonal contraceptives (CHCs) about alternative CHCs and to study the influence of counselling on women's selection of CHCs...
- Continuation and satisfaction of reversible contraceptionJeffrey F Peipert
Division of Clinical Research, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Washington University in St Louis School of Medicine, St Louis, Missouri 63110, USA
Obstet Gynecol 117:1105-13. 2011..To estimate 12-month satisfaction and continuation rates of intrauterine device (IUD) and implant users enrolled in the Contraceptive CHOICE Project and compare these measures with women using the oral contraceptive pills (OCPs)...
- Nurses' discourse in contraceptive prescribing: an analysis using Foucault's 'procedures of exclusion'Mark Hayter
Centre for Health and Social Care Studies and Service Development, School of Nursing and Midwifery, University of Sheffield, Sheffield, UK
J Adv Nurs 58:358-67. 2007This paper is a report of an analysis of the discourse about contraceptive efficacy and side effects used by nurses when prescribing contraception.
- Ultrasound as a mechanical method for male dog contraceptionR Leoci
Department of Animal Production, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Bari, Bari, Italy
Reprod Domest Anim 44:326-8. 2009..There was some tenderness after treatment and a significant decrease in testicular size and semen quality. This method may provide a suitable contraception technique in dogs and requires further investigation.
- How increased contraceptive use has reduced maternal mortalityJohn Stover
Futures Institute, Glastonbury, CT, 06033, USA
Matern Child Health J 14:687-95. 2010..Increases in the use of modern contraceptives have made and can continue to make an important contribution to reducing maternal mortality in the developing world...
- Constraints and prospects for contraceptive service provision to young people in Uganda: providers' perspectivesGorrette Nalwadda
Department of Nursing, School of Health Sciences, Makerere University College of Health Sciences, PO Box 7072, Kampala, Uganda
BMC Health Serv Res 11:220. 2011..Health care providers' perspectives on factors influencing contraceptive use and service provision to young people aged 15-24 in two rural districts in Uganda were explored...
- Contraception use and associations with intimate partner violence among women in BangladeshKoustuv Dalal
Division of Public Health Science, School of Life Sciences, University of Skovde, Skovde, Sweden
J Biosoc Sci 44:83-94. 2012This study examines the association between contraception use and intimate partner violence (IPV) among women of reproductive age in Bangladesh...
- Targeting women at risk of unintended pregnancy in Ghana: Should geography matter?Fiifi Amoako Johnson
University of Southampton, Highfield, United Kingdom
Sex Reprod Healthc 2:29-35. 2011..and there are differences between urban and rural women, with rural women more likely to have their demand for contraception unmet...
- Men's migration and women's fertility in rural MozambiqueVictor Agadjanian
School of Social and Family Dynamics, and Center for Population Dynamics, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ 85287 3701, USA
Demography 48:1029-48. 2011..Yet, such women are also significantly more likely to use modern contraception than other women...
- Level and differentials of fertility in Awassa town, Southern EthiopiaSamson Gebremedhin
Department of Rural Development and Family Sciences, Hawassa University, Ethiopia
Afr J Reprod Health 13:93-112. 2009....
- Dual protection against unintended pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections: what is the best contraceptive approach?Willard Cates
Family Health International, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina 27709, USA
Sex Transm Dis 29:168-74. 2002..However, in settings where unintended pregnancy is the greater concern, emphasizing the two-methods approach as a first option may be appropriate...
- Fertility desires and infection with the HIV: results from a survey in rural UgandaJennifer Heys
Department of Public Health Sciences, School of Public Health, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada
AIDS 23:S37-45. 2009..To determine how a positive HIV diagnosis influences fertility desires and reproductive decisions for women and men living in western Uganda...
- Social desirability bias in family planning studies: a neglected problemGretchen S Stuart
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of North Carolina School of Medicine Chapel Hill, NC 27599 7030, USA
Contraception 80:108-12. 2009..Greater skepticism about self-reports and more objective means of documenting coitus and contraceptive use are needed if contraceptive efficacy is to be accurately measured...
- Unmet need for contraception in Kuwait: issues for health care providersMakhdoom A Shah
Department of Health Information Administration, and Vice Dean Academic Affairs, Faculty of Allied Health Sciences and Nursing, Kuwait University, P O Box 31470, Sulaibikhat 90805, Kuwait
Soc Sci Med 59:1573-80. 2004Based on a nationally representive household survey of Kuwaiti women held in 1999 (n = 1502) unmet need for contraception was analyzed in Kuwait, an oil-rich Muslim country. It was found that 9...
- Differences between dual-method and non-dual-method protection use in a sample of young African American women residing in the Southeastern United StatesJessica M Sales
Department of Behavioral Science and Health Education, Emory University, Rollins School of Public Health, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 164:1125-31. 2010..To characterize dual-method protection users and report the prevalence of dual-method use among young adult African American women residing in the Southeastern United States...
- Copper-containing, framed intrauterine devices for contraception: a systematic review of randomized controlled trialsPaul A O'Brien
Westside Contraceptive Services, Westminster Primary Care Trust, Raymede Clinic, London, UK
Contraception 77:318-27. 2008Intrauterine devices (IUDs) are safe and effective methods of long-term reversible contraception. The design and copper content as well as placement of the copper on IUDs could affect their effectiveness and side effect profile...
- Do family-planning workers in China support provision of sexual and reproductive health services to unmarried young people?Xiaowen Tu
Department of Epidemiology and Social Science, Shanghai Institute of Planned Parenthood Research, Shanghai, China
Bull World Health Organ 82:274-80. 2004..To ascertain the perspectives of family-planning service providers in eight sites in China on the provision of sexual and reproductive health services to unmarried young people...
- Contraception's proved potential to fight HIVH W Reynolds
Sex Transm Infect 81:184-5. 2005
- Spousal communication and family planning behavior in Navrongo: a longitudinal assessmentAyaga A Bawah
Population Studies Center, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia 19104, USA
Stud Fam Plann 33:185-94. 2002..Results from both cross-sectional and longitudinal analysis demonstrate that spousal communication does, indeed, predict contraceptive behavior, even when other factors are controlled...
- As the world grows: contraception in the 21st centuryR John Aitken
Discipline of Biological Sciences and ARC Centre of Excellence in Biotechnology and Development, University of Newcastle, Callaghan, New South Wales, Australia
J Clin Invest 118:1330-43. 2008..This Review addresses the contribution that the "omic" revolution can make to the identification of novel contraceptive targets, as well as the progress that has been made for different target molecules under development...
- Embodied expertise: women's perceptions of the contraception consultationPam Lowe
Centre for Primary Health Care Studies, University of Warwick, UK
Health (London) 9:361-78. 2005..be they nurses, midwives, health visitors or doctors, who were perceived as the ones who 'know' about contraception, through an assumption that they are contraception users...
- Fourteen million women with limited options: HIV/AIDS and highly effective reversible contraception in sub-Saharan AfricaGretchen S Stuart
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC 27599 7030, USA
Contraception 80:412-6. 2009..This commentary reviews interactions between hormonal, intrauterine and barrier contraception in HIV-infected women, with a focus on sub-Saharan Africa...
- Is "abortion culture" fading in the former Soviet Union? Views about abortion and contraception in KazakhstanVictor Agadjanian
Department of Sociology, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ 85287 2101, USA
Stud Fam Plann 33:237-48. 2002..importance to reproductive trends and policies in post-Soviet nations, especially as they strive to substitute contraception for abortion...
- Norethisterone enanthate plus testosterone undecanoate for male contraception: effects of various injection intervals on spermatogenesis, reproductive hormones, testis, and prostateM C Meriggiola
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, S Orsola Hospital, Via Massarenti 13, 40138 Bologna, Italy
J Clin Endocrinol Metab 90:2005-14. 2005..Prostate volumes did not change significantly in either group. In conclusion, these data suggest that the combined administration of NETE and TU at 8-wk intervals represents an effective hormonal contraceptive regimen...
- Canadian Consensus Guideline on Continuous and Extended Hormonal Contraception, 2007Edith Guilbert
J Obstet Gynaecol Can 29:S1-32. 2007To serve as a guideline for health care providers on the use of continuous and extended combined hormonal contraception regimens, to prevent pregnancy, and to delay menses that affect health-related quality of life.
- Area disadvantage, socioeconomic position and women's contraception use: a multilevel study in the UKRebecca Bentley
Key Centre for Women s Health in Society, The University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Australia
J Fam Plann Reprod Health Care 35:221-6. 2009..occupations), individual-level socioeconomic position (social class and educational qualifications) and contraception use in the UK for the period 1990-1991...
- Determinants of unmet need for contraception among Chinese migrants: a worksite-based surveyPeter Decat
International Centre for Reproductive Health, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Ghent University, Belgium
Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care 16:26-35. 2011..Considerable sexual and reproductive health (SRH) challenges have been reported among rural-to-urban migrants in China. Predictors thereof are urgently needed to develop targeted interventions...
- Hormonal approaches to male contraceptionChristina Wang
Division of Endocrinology, Department of Medicine, Harbor UCLA Medical Center and Los Angeles Biomedical Research Institute, Torrance, California 90509, USA
Curr Opin Urol 20:520-4. 2010..Hormonal male contraceptive methods have undergone extensive clinical trials in healthy men and shown to be efficacious, reversible and appear to be well tolerated...
- Contraception and the risk of ectopic pregnancy: a meta-analysisB W Mol
Department of Clinical Epidemiology, University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Contraception 52:337-41. 1995..Women becoming pregnant after sterilization or while currently using an IUCD are at an increased risk. The IUCD is the only contraceptive method associated with an increased risk after discontinuation of its use...
- Burden of unintended pregnancy in the United States: potential savings with increased use of long-acting reversible contraceptionJames Trussell
Office of Population Research, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08540, USA
Contraception 87:154-61. 2013..of unintended pregnancy (UP) in the United States (US) from a third-party health care payer perspective and explored the potential role for long-acting reversible contraception (LARC) in reducing UP and resulting health care expenditure.
- Non-contraceptive benefits and risks of contraceptionZara Haider
The Margaret Pyke Centre, 73 Charlotte Street, London, UK
Best Pract Res Clin Obstet Gynaecol 23:249-62. 2009b>Contraception is primarily used to prevent pregnancy. However, a user should be aware of both the possible non-contraceptive benefits she/he may experience and any potential risks to her/his health...
- Attitudes and behavior towards contraception among Greek women during reproductive age: a country-wide surveyYannis Tountas
Department of Hygiene and Epidemiology, Center for Health Services Research, Medical School, University of Athens, 25 Alexandroupoleos Street, 115 27 Athens, Greece
Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol 116:190-5. 2004..The study objectives were to explore current contraceptive behavior of Greek women during reproductive age...
- New strategies for providing hormonal contraception in developing countriesJohn W Townsend
The Population Council, Washington, DC 20008, USA
Contraception 83:405-9. 2011Even with progress in increasing access to effective contraception over the past decades, and the growing range of contraceptive methods available on the market, women in developing countries continue to report an unmet need for family ..
- Advance supply of emergency contraception. effect on use and usual contraception--a randomized trialRebecca A Jackson
Center for Reproductive Health Research and Policy and Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Sciences, University of California, San Francisco, USA
Obstet Gynecol 102:8-16. 2003To evaluate whether advance provision of emergency contraception increases its use and/or adversely affects usual contraceptive practices.
- Knowledge and attitudes about the differences between emergency contraception and medical abortion among middle-class women and men of reproductive age in Mexico CityHeather Gould
Graduate Student, Department of Maternal and Child Health, School of Public Health, University of California, Berkeley, Berkeley, CA, USA
Contraception 66:417-26. 2002Two reproductive technologies--emergency contraception and medical abortion--have the potential to reduce unintended pregnancy significantly in Latin America...
- The struggle for male hormonal contraceptionEberhard Nieschlag
Centre of Reproductive Medicine and Andrology CeRA, University of Munster, Domagkstr 11, D 48149 Munster, Germany
Best Pract Res Clin Endocrinol Metab 25:369-75. 2011The principle of male hormonal contraception is based on the suppression of LH and FSH and the replacement of testosterone to maintain androgenicity...
- Post abortion contraception and its effect on repeat abortions in Auckland, New ZealandHelen Roberts
Department of Gynaecology and Obstetrics, University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand
Contraception 82:260-5. 2010..It then examines the effect of type of post abortion contraception with the likelihood of seeking subsequent abortions.
- Social transmission and the spread of modern contraception in rural EthiopiaAlexandra Alvergne
Department of Anthropology, University College London, London, United Kingdom
PLoS ONE 6:e22515. 2011..We used data which included the first ever use of modern contraception among a population of over 900 women in four villages in rural Ethiopia, where contraceptive prevalence is ..
- Providing contraception for women taking potentially teratogenic medications: a survey of internal medicine physicians' knowledge, attitudes and barriersDavid L Eisenberg
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Division of Clinical Research, Washington University in St Louis School of Medicine, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
J Gen Intern Med 25:291-7. 2010..Physicians who prescribe potentially teratogenic medications have a responsibility to provide women with contraceptive counseling, a method of highly-effective contraception, or both.
- Contraceptive use by women in Accra, Ghana: results from the 2003 Accra Women's Health SurveyRichard M K Adanu
Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of Ghana Medical School, Accra, Ghana
Afr J Reprod Health 13:123-33. 2009The study was to determine the predictors of use of modern contraception among women in Accra, Ghana. Data were collected by trained interviewers using questionnaires. Complete data for 2199 women were analysed using Stata 8.2...
- Nestorone: clinical applications for contraception and HRTRegine Sitruk-Ware
Center for Biomedical Research, Population Council, Rockefeller University, 1230 York Avenue, Weiss Bldg, 6th Floor, New York, NY 10021, USA
Steroids 68:907-13. 2003..These properties make it highly suitable for use in contraception and hormonal therapy (HT)...
- Hormonal approaches to male contraception: approaching realityFrederick C W Wu
Department of Endocrinology, Manchester Royal Infirmary, University of Manchester, Oxford Rd, Manchester M13 9WL, United Kingdom
Mol Cell Endocrinol 250:2-7. 2006..Hormonal contraception for men interrupts this physiological axis by various means of gonadotrophin suppression; this interferes with ..
- The ORTHO BC-SAT--a satisfaction questionnaire for women using hormonal contraceptivesH H Colwell
Ovation Research Group, 188 Embarcadero, Suite 200, San Francisco, CA 94105, USA
Qual Life Res 15:1621-31. 2006..To assess the reliability and validity of the ORTHO Birth Control Satisfaction Assessment Tool (ORTHO BC-SAT)...
- Effectiveness of female and male condoms in preventing exposure to semen during vaginal intercourse: a randomized trialLoren W Galvao
Population Council, Campinas, 13083 745, Brazil
Contraception 71:130-6. 2005....
- Effects of pregnancy and contraception on lamotrigine disposition: new insights through analysis of lamotrigine metabolitesInger Ohman
Department of Medicine, Solna, Clinical Pharmacology Unit, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden
Seizure 17:199-202. 2008..To investigate possible underlying mechanisms for alterations in lamotrigine (LTG) kinetics by gestation and use of contraceptives...
- Prevalence of lifetime abortion and methods of contraception among female sex workers in Bogota, ColombiaChristian T Bautista
US Naval Medical Research Center Detachment, Lima, Peru, Unit 3800 APO AA 3403
Contraception 77:209-13. 2008..The primary objective was to estimate the lifetime prevalence of abortion and the secondary objective was to describe the use of contraceptive methods among female sex workers (FSW) in Bogota, Colombia...
- Safety and efficacy of contraception--Why should the obese woman be any different?Maria I Rodriguez
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Oregon Health and Science University, Portland, OR 97239, USA
Rev Endocr Metab Disord 12:85-91. 2011..Obese women are less likely to use contraception due to a variety of self-induced and systems-based barriers but their risk of becoming pregnant is similar to ..
- Which contraception for women with epilepsy?Anneliese M Schwenkhagen
Gynäkologicum Hamburg, Altonaerstr 59, 20357 Hamburg, Germany
Seizure 17:145-50. 2008..The use of intrauterine devices is an alternative method of contraception in the majority of women, with the advantage of no relevant drug-drug interactions...
- Type of contraception method used at last intercourse and associations with health risk behaviors among US adolescentsPatricia A Cavazos-Rehg
Department of Psychiatry, Washington University School of Medicine, Campus Box 8134, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
Contraception 82:549-55. 2010This study was conducted to examine associations with contraception methods used at last sexual intercourse among US adolescents.
- Identification of novel endometrial targets for contraceptionGuiying Nie
Prince Henry s Institute of Medical Research, Clayton, Victoria 3168, Australia
Contraception 71:272-81. 2005..of the molecular events determining receptivity may therefore provide potential targets for postcoital contraception. Using the mouse as a model, we identified molecules specifically regulated in the endometrium at very early ..
- Therapy insight: guidelines for selection of contraception in women with rheumatic diseasesLisa R Sammaritano
Weill Medical College of Cornell University, Hospital for Special Surgery, Department of Medicine, New York, NY, USA
Nat Clin Pract Rheumatol 3:273-81; quiz 305-6. 2007..The use of effective contraception has, therefore, been avoided, despite many affected women being of reproductive age...
- Contraception in the adolescent: an updateD E Greydanus
Department of Pediatrics and Human Development, College of Human Medicine, and Kalamazoo Center for Medical Studies, Michigan State University Kalamazoo, Michigan 49008 1284, USA
Pediatrics 107:562-73. 2001b>Contraception remains an important part of national efforts to reduce adolescent pregnancy in the United States...
- Contraception: an international perspectiveRegine Sitruk-Ware
Population Council, New York, NY 10021, USA
Contraception 73:215-22. 2006..The actual use of contraception differs from region to region...
- The use of progesterone antagonists and progesterone receptor modulators in contraceptionI M Spitz
Institute of Hormone Research, Shaare Zedek Medical Center, Jerusalem, Israel
Steroids 65:817-23. 2000..This raises the prospect of endometrial contraception, i.e...
- Contraception in Jordan: a cultural and religious perspectiveS A Kridli
Oakland University School of Nursing, Rochester, MI, USA
Int Nurs Rev 48:144-51. 2001This report provides a content analysis of studies conducted with Jordanian women on contraception. Factors such as pressure to have children, number and gender of children, location of residence, influence of religion, level of ..
- In vitro surfactant structure-toxicity relationships: implications for surfactant use in sexually transmitted infection prophylaxis and contraceptionAngela S Inácio
Center for Neuroscience and Cell Biology, University of Coimbra, Coimbra, Portugal
PLoS ONE 6:e19850. 2011....
- Hormonal contraception: state of the art and future perspectivesG Benagiano
Department of Gynaecological Sciences Perinatology and Child Care, La Sapienza University, Rome, Italy
Minerva Ginecol 59:241-70. 2007..It is important to notice that, over its 50 years of history, the original method for hormonal contraception (HC), universally known as ''the pill'', developed into a variety of modalities that today utilise a number of ..
- Contraception among HIV concordant and discordant couples in Zambia: a randomized controlled trialKaren E Mark
Division of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, Department of Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, USA
J Womens Health (Larchmt) 16:1200-10. 2007..This study examines the impact of an intervention to promote dual-method contraceptive use among HIV concordant and discordant couples already using condoms for HIV prevention...
- Postpartum contraception: needs vs. realityAriella B Glazer
Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, PA 19107, USA
Contraception 83:238-41. 2011The postpartum time is a unique time to address patient's contraceptive needs and provide education. There are little data to suggest the best approach to provide information about contraception after delivery.
- Breast-feeding and contraception in PeruSusan Rice
Ida V Moffett School of Nursing, Samford University, Birmingham, AL 35229, USA
J Health Popul Nutr 20:51-8. 2002..The women gave birth to 7,951 infants, 95% of whom were breastfed; 44% of the mothers used contraception while breastfeeding...
- The use of newer progestins for contraceptionRegine Sitruk-Ware
Population Council and Rockefeller University, New York, NY 10065, USA
Contraception 82:410-7. 2010The synthetic progestins used for contraception so far are structurally related either to testosterone (estranes and gonanes) or to progesterone (pregnanes and 19-norpregnanes)...
- Benefit-risk assessment of the levonorgestrel intrauterine system in contraceptionTiina Backman
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Turku University Hospital, Turku, Finland
Drug Saf 27:1185-204. 2004The levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine system (IUS) is a long-acting, fully reversible method of contraception. It is one of the most effective forms of contraception available, and combines the advantages of both hormonal and ..
- Obesity and contraception: emerging issuesAmitasrigowri S Murthy
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, New York University, School of Medicine, Bellevue Hospital Center, New York 10016, USA
Semin Reprod Med 28:156-63. 2010..as normal weight women, although limited data are available on the effects of obesity on the efficacy of contraception. Conflicting data exist regarding efficacy of oral contraceptives in obese women, although trends of oral ..
- The postpartum visit: it's time for a change in order to optimally initiate contraceptionLeon Speroff
Oregon Health and Science University, UHN 70, Portland, OR 97230, USA
Contraception 78:90-8. 2008
- Efficacy of contraceptive methods: A review of the literatureDiana Mansour
New Croft Centre, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK
Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care 15:4-16. 2010..To provide a comprehensive and objective summary of contraceptive failure rates for a variety of methods based on a systematic review of the literature...
- Highly effective contraception and acquisition of HIV and other sexually transmitted infectionsCharles S Morrison
Behavioral and Biomedical Research Division, Family Health International, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709, USA
Best Pract Res Clin Obstet Gynaecol 23:263-84. 2009..the peer-reviewed literature for prospective studies published from January 1966 to August 2008 that assessed contraception and STI/HIV risk...
- Temperature control of spermatogenesis and prospect of male contraceptionYi Xun Liu
State Key Laboratory of Reproductive Biology, Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
Front Biosci (Schol Ed) 2:730-55. 2010..These findings have provided an important theoretical basis for designing combined male contraceptives. This present review summarized progress on the mechanism of heat-induced germ cell apoptosis...
- Relationships between contraception and abortion: a review of the evidenceCicely Marston
Centre for Population Studies, London School of Health and Tropical Medicine
Int Fam Plan Perspect 29:6-13. 2003....
- Initiation of postpartum contraception: a survey among health centre physicians and nurses in FinlandTuire Sannisto
Medical School, Department of General Practice, University of Tampere, and Pirkanmaa Hospital District, Centre of General Practice, Tampere, Finland
Scand J Prim Health Care 27:244-9. 2009..To examine self-reported professional practices of postpartum contraceptive counselling at Finnish community health centres...
- Contraception and pregnancy then and now: examining the experiences of a cohort of mid-age Australian womenChristine Read
Sydney Centre for Reproductive Health Research, Family Planning NSW, Ashfield, New South Wales, Australia
Aust N Z J Obstet Gynaecol 49:429-33. 2009..Since the launch of the pill 50 years ago, a number of cross-sectional surveys have examined contraceptive use in the Australian context. There is, however, little data on contraceptive use and efficacy over a woman's reproductive years...
- Forgettable contraceptionDavid A Grimes
Family Health International, PO Box 13952, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709, USA
Contraception 80:497-9. 2009The term "forgettable contraception" has received less attention in family planning than has "long-acting reversible contraception...
- Initiating contraception in sexually transmitted disease clinic setting: a randomized trialJudith C Shlay
Department of Public Health, Denver Health and Hospital Authority, CO 80204, USA
Am J Obstet Gynecol 189:473-81. 2003..Our purpose was to determine the effectiveness of sexually transmitted disease (STD) clinic-initiated contraceptive care...
- Hormonal contraception in HIV-positive womenJulie Womack
Yale University School of Nursing, New Haven, Connecticut, USA
AIDS Read 18:372-7, 381. 2008
- SEX HORMONE REGULATION OF THE MUCOSAL IMMUNE SYSTEMCharles Wira; Fiscal Year: 1993..If SC and/or IgA mRNA is hormonally regulated, then synthesis of message will be analyzed. In situ hybridization studies will be carried out to identify cells in the reproductive tract that synthesize SC and IgA...
- Duet cervical barrier device for maximizing protective efficacy of microbicidesRichard Cone; Fiscal Year: 2007..trials of BufferGel-Duet for preventing STIs (chlamydia, gonorrhea, trichomoniasis, and HIV), BV, and for contraception. 2) Reusable Duet, a low-cost, and maximally protective barrier device for use in low resource areas...
- Calcium Signaling in the Pubertal Activation of the GnRH Pulse GeneratorDANIEL SPERGEL; Fiscal Year: 2009..The knowledge obtained may aid in developing new leads for contraception, as well as treatments for infertility and the pubertal disorders polycystic ovary syndrome, hypogonadism, ..
- Calcium Signaling in the Pubertal Activation of the GnRH Pulse GeneratorDANIEL SPERGEL; Fiscal Year: 2007..The knowledge obtained may aid in developing new leads for contraception, as well as treatments for infertility and the pubertal disorders polycystic ovary syndrome, hypogonadism, ..
- Calcium Signaling in the Pubertal Activation of the GnRH Pulse GeneratorDANIEL SPERGEL; Fiscal Year: 2009..The knowledge obtained may aid in developing new leads for contraception, as well as treatments for infertility and the pubertal disorders polycystic ovary syndrome, hypogonadism, ..
- Effect of Continuous vs. Sequential Oral ContraceptionRICHARD LEGRO; Fiscal Year: 2004..This regimen may therefore provide both effective contraception (with greater leeway for skipped pills) as well as more effective treatment of multiple gynecological ..
- Oral Contraceptive Use and Fractures Around the Menopausal TransitionDelia Scholes; Fiscal Year: 2010..Combined oral contraceptives (OCs), the leading method of contraception in the U.S. and worldwide, may currently represent the most common hormonal exogenous exposure for U.S. women...
- Oral Contraceptive Use and Fractures Around the Menopausal TransitionDelia Scholes; Fiscal Year: 2009..Combined oral contraceptives (OCs), the leading method of contraception in the U.S. and worldwide, may currently represent the most common hormonal exogenous exposure for U.S. women...
- VAGINAL SPERMICIDES AND URINARY TRACT INFECTIONSStephan Fihn; Fiscal Year: 1993Barrier methods of contraception that include a spermicide are increasingly being used to prevent pregnancy and sexually transmitted diseases...
- PROGESTIN EFFECTS ON UTERINE HEMOSTASIS AND ANGIOGENESISCharles Lockwood; Fiscal Year: 1999..S. are unplanned. The availability of long-term, efficacious contraception offers the most practical solution to this public health crisis...
- Ideational Influences on Marriage and ChildbearingARLAND D THORNTON; Fiscal Year: 2010..Third, we will study how ideational factors influence fertility, considering both childbearing and the use of contraception. Fourth, we will examine the ways in which ideational, social, and economic structures intersect and combine ..
- MicroRNA Regulation of Ovarian FunctionLane K Christenson; Fiscal Year: 2010b>Contraception and infertility are two major quality of life issues facing women of reproductive age...
- Glycosphingolipids as targets for male contraceptionFrances Platt; Fiscal Year: 2007..To develop reagents for the investigation of acrosome development, a proteomic analysis of this organelle will be performed. ..
- A RCT of LNG-IUD vs. DMPA for young postpartum womenNancy Stanwood; Fiscal Year: 2005..Once a young woman has given birth, helping her choose an effective method of postpartum contraception is crucial to preventing an unintended pregnancy...
- Baseline Microdata for Analysis of U.S. Demographic ChangeEVAN W ROBERTS; Fiscal Year: 2010..This basic infrastructure will stimulate health- related research on population growth and movement, fertility, mortality, and nuptiality, as well as the economic and social correlates of demographic behavior. ..
- Baseline Microdata for Analysis of U.S. Demographic ChangeJoseph Alexander; Fiscal Year: 2009..This basic infrastructure will stimulate health- related research on population growth and movement, fertility, mortality, and nuptiality, as well as the economic and social correlates of demographic behavior. ..
- HIV/HAART and Pregnancy/Contraception in Rakai, UgandaHEENA PUSHKAR BRAHMBHATT; Fiscal Year: 2010..The RCCS has data to answer these pressing public health questions regarding contraceptive choices and fertility outcomes among HIV+ and HIV- individuals and couples. ..