Genomes and Genes
Summary: Prevention of CONCEPTION by blocking fertility temporarily, or permanently (STERILIZATION, REPRODUCTIVE). Common means of reversible contraception include NATURAL FAMILY PLANNING METHODS; CONTRACEPTIVE AGENTS; or CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES.
Publications206 found, 100 shown here
- [Postpartum and postabortion contraception]Philippe Barjot
, Polyclinique du Parc, 14052 Caen
Rev Prat 58:65. 2008
- Condoms for dual protection: patterns of use with highly effective contraceptive methodsKaren Pazol
Department of Medicine, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA 30341 3724, USA
Public Health Rep 125:208-17. 2010..Because oral contracep tives (OCs) have been the predominant form of highly effective contraceptio in the U.S., it is unknown whether condom use is similarly low with increasingly promoted user-independent methods...
- Risks of contraception and pregnancy in heart diseaseSara Thorne
University Hospital Birmingham, UK
Heart 92:1520-5. 2006
- Dual protection against unintended pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections: what is the best contraceptive approach?Willard Cates
Family Health International, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina 27709, USA
Sex Transm Dis 29:168-74. 2002..However, in settings where unintended pregnancy is the greater concern, emphasizing the two-methods approach as a first option may be appropriate...
- Fertility desires and infection with the HIV: results from a survey in rural UgandaJennifer Heys
Department of Public Health Sciences, School of Public Health, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada
AIDS 23:S37-45. 2009..To determine how a positive HIV diagnosis influences fertility desires and reproductive decisions for women and men living in western Uganda...
- Differences between dual-method and non-dual-method protection use in a sample of young African American women residing in the Southeastern United StatesJessica M Sales
Department of Behavioral Science and Health Education, Emory University, Rollins School of Public Health, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 164:1125-31. 2010..To characterize dual-method protection users and report the prevalence of dual-method use among young adult African American women residing in the Southeastern United States...
- Sexual behaviour and contraceptive use among unmarried, young women migrant workers in five cities in ChinaZ Zheng
Institute of Population Research, Peking University, 3 4, Building 22, Muxidi, Beijing 100038, China
Reprod Health Matters 9:118-27. 2001..Most of the women lacked basic information about reproduction and contraception, and did not know where or how to obtain contraception...
- Unmet need for contraception in Kuwait: issues for health care providersMakhdoom A Shah
Department of Health Information Administration, and Vice Dean Academic Affairs, Faculty of Allied Health Sciences and Nursing, Kuwait University, P O Box 31470, Sulaibikhat 90805, Kuwait
Soc Sci Med 59:1573-80. 2004Based on a nationally representive household survey of Kuwaiti women held in 1999 (n = 1502) unmet need for contraception was analyzed in Kuwait, an oil-rich Muslim country. It was found that 9...
- Level and differentials of fertility in Awassa town, Southern EthiopiaSamson Gebremedhin
Department of Rural Development and Family Sciences, Hawassa University, Ethiopia
Afr J Reprod Health 13:93-112. 2009....
- Social desirability bias in family planning studies: a neglected problemGretchen S Stuart
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of North Carolina School of Medicine Chapel Hill, NC 27599 7030, USA
Contraception 80:108-12. 2009..Greater skepticism about self-reports and more objective means of documenting coitus and contraceptive use are needed if contraceptive efficacy is to be accurately measured...
- Therapy insight: guidelines for selection of contraception in women with rheumatic diseasesLisa R Sammaritano
Weill Medical College of Cornell University, Hospital for Special Surgery, Department of Medicine, New York, NY, USA
Nat Clin Pract Rheumatol 3:273-81; quiz 305-6. 2007..The use of effective contraception has, therefore, been avoided, despite many affected women being of reproductive age...
- Relationships between contraception and abortion: a review of the evidenceCicely Marston
Centre for Population Studies, London School of Health and Tropical Medicine
Int Fam Plan Perspect 29:6-13. 2003....
- Efficacy of contraceptive methods: A review of the literatureDiana Mansour
New Croft Centre, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK
Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care 15:4-16. 2010..To provide a comprehensive and objective summary of contraceptive failure rates for a variety of methods based on a systematic review of the literature...
- Initiating contraception in sexually transmitted disease clinic setting: a randomized trialJudith C Shlay
Department of Public Health, Denver Health and Hospital Authority, CO 80204, USA
Am J Obstet Gynecol 189:473-81. 2003..Our purpose was to determine the effectiveness of sexually transmitted disease (STD) clinic-initiated contraceptive care...
- Hormonal contraception: state of the art and future perspectivesG Benagiano
Department of Gynaecological Sciences Perinatology and Child Care, La Sapienza University, Rome, Italy
Minerva Ginecol 59:241-70. 2007..It is important to notice that, over its 50 years of history, the original method for hormonal contraception (HC), universally known as ''the pill'', developed into a variety of modalities that today utilise a number of ..
- Identification of novel endometrial targets for contraceptionGuiying Nie
Prince Henry's Institute of Medical Research, Clayton, Victoria 3168, Australia
Contraception 71:272-81. 2005..of the molecular events determining receptivity may therefore provide potential targets for postcoital contraception. Using the mouse as a model, we identified molecules specifically regulated in the endometrium at very early ..
- The postpartum visit: it's time for a change in order to optimally initiate contraceptionLeon Speroff
Oregon Health and Science University, UHN 70, Portland, OR 97230, USA
Contraception 78:90-8. 2008
- Obesity and contraception: emerging issuesAmitasrigowri S Murthy
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, New York University, School of Medicine, Bellevue Hospital Center, New York 10016, USA
Semin Reprod Med 28:156-63. 2010..as normal weight women, although limited data are available on the effects of obesity on the efficacy of contraception. Conflicting data exist regarding efficacy of oral contraceptives in obese women, although trends of oral ..
- Which contraception for women with epilepsy?Anneliese M Schwenkhagen
Gynäkologicum Hamburg, Altonaerstr 59, 20357 Hamburg, Germany
Seizure 17:145-50. 2008..The use of intrauterine devices is an alternative method of contraception in the majority of women, with the advantage of no relevant drug-drug interactions...
- Temperature control of spermatogenesis and prospect of male contraceptionYi Xun Liu
State Key Laboratory of Reproductive Biology, Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
Front Biosci (Schol Ed) 2:730-55. 2010..These findings have provided an important theoretical basis for designing combined male contraceptives. This present review summarized progress on the mechanism of heat-induced germ cell apoptosis...
- The ORTHO BC-SAT--a satisfaction questionnaire for women using hormonal contraceptivesH H Colwell
Ovation Research Group, 188 Embarcadero, Suite 200, San Francisco, CA 94105, USA
Qual Life Res 15:1621-31. 2006..To assess the reliability and validity of the ORTHO Birth Control Satisfaction Assessment Tool (ORTHO BC-SAT)...
- Sex steroid hormones, hormonal contraception, and the immunobiology of human immunodeficiency virus-1 infectionZdenek Hel
Department of Pathology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, 845 19th Street South, Birmingham, Alabama 35294 2170, USA
Endocr Rev 31:79-97. 2010..This review summarizes current knowledge of the effects of various types of sex steroid hormones on immune processes involved in the biology of HIV-1 infection...
- Forgettable contraceptionDavid A Grimes
Family Health International, PO Box 13952, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709, USA
Contraception 80:497-9. 2009The term "forgettable contraception" has received less attention in family planning than has "long-acting reversible contraception...
- Benefit-risk assessment of the levonorgestrel intrauterine system in contraceptionTiina Backman
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Turku University Hospital, Turku, Finland
Drug Saf 27:1185-204. 2004The levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine system (IUS) is a long-acting, fully reversible method of contraception. It is one of the most effective forms of contraception available, and combines the advantages of both hormonal and ..
- Do family-planning workers in China support provision of sexual and reproductive health services to unmarried young people?Xiaowen Tu
Department of Epidemiology and Social Science, Shanghai Institute of Planned Parenthood Research, Shanghai, China
Bull World Health Organ 82:274-80. 2004..To ascertain the perspectives of family-planning service providers in eight sites in China on the provision of sexual and reproductive health services to unmarried young people...
- Contraception's proved potential to fight HIVH W Reynolds
Sex Transm Infect 81:184-5. 2005
- Initiation of postpartum contraception: a survey among health centre physicians and nurses in FinlandTuire Sannisto
Medical School, Department of General Practice, University of Tampere, and Pirkanmaa Hospital District, Centre of General Practice, Tampere, Finland
Scand J Prim Health Care 27:244-9. 2009..To examine self-reported professional practices of postpartum contraceptive counselling at Finnish community health centres...
- Contraception: an international perspectiveRegine Sitruk-Ware
Population Council, New York, NY 10021, USA
Contraception 73:215-22. 2006..The actual use of contraception differs from region to region...
- Effectiveness of female and male condoms in preventing exposure to semen during vaginal intercourse: a randomized trialLoren W Galvao
Population Council, Campinas, 13083 745, Brazil
Contraception 71:130-6. 2005....
- Highly effective contraception and acquisition of HIV and other sexually transmitted infectionsCharles S Morrison
Behavioral and Biomedical Research Division, Family Health International, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709, USA
Best Pract Res Clin Obstet Gynaecol 23:263-84. 2009..the peer-reviewed literature for prospective studies published from January 1966 to August 2008 that assessed contraception and STI/HIV risk...
- Utilization of contraception and abortion and its relationship to HIV infection among female sex workers in Tashkent, UzbekistanCatherine S Todd
Division of International Health and Cross Cultural Medicine, Department of Family and Preventive Medicine, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093, USA
Contraception 74:318-23. 2006..This study aimed to describe reported contraceptive and abortion utilization and their relationship to human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection among female sex workers (FSW) in Tashkent, Uzbekistan...
- Contraception and pregnancy then and now: examining the experiences of a cohort of mid-age Australian womenChristine Read
Sydney Centre for Reproductive Health Research, Family Planning NSW, Ashfield, New South Wales, Australia
Aust N Z J Obstet Gynaecol 49:429-33. 2009..Since the launch of the pill 50 years ago, a number of cross-sectional surveys have examined contraceptive use in the Australian context. There is, however, little data on contraceptive use and efficacy over a woman's reproductive years...
- HIV infection in women: impact on contraceptionJarbas Magalhães
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medical Sciences, Universidade Estadual de Campinas UNICAMP, Sao Paulo, Brazil
Contraception 66:87-91. 2002A study was performed to evaluate the impact of knowledge of HIV infection (diagnosis) on contraception information and choices for HIV infected women. A questionnaire was given to 140 HIV infected women...
- Social networks and contraception practice of women in rural BangladeshKaberi Gayen
University of Dhaka, Bangladesh
Soc Sci Med 71:1584-92. 2010..members' attitude towards family planning and power within networks was found to be positively associated with contraception use...
- The role of social support and parity in contraceptive use in CambodiaGhazaleh Samandari
Adjunct Faculty, Public Health Leadership Program, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC, USA
Int Perspect Sex Reprod Health 36:122-31. 2010In Cambodia, unmet need for contraception is high. Studies suggest that social support and parity each play a role in contraceptive decision making.
- Breast-feeding and contraception in PeruSusan Rice
Ida V. Moffett School of Nursing, Samford University, Birmingham, AL 35229, USA
J Health Popul Nutr 20:51-8. 2002..The women gave birth to 7,951 infants, 95% of whom were breastfed; 44% of the mothers used contraception while breastfeeding...
- The use of newer progestins for contraceptionRegine Sitruk-Ware
Population Council and Rockefeller University, New York, NY 10065, USA
Contraception 82:410-7. 2010The synthetic progestins used for contraception so far are structurally related either to testosterone (estranes and gonanes) or to progesterone (pregnanes and 19-norpregnanes)...
- Contraception among HIV concordant and discordant couples in Zambia: a randomized controlled trialKaren E Mark
Division of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, Department of Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, USA
J Womens Health (Larchmt) 16:1200-10. 2007..This study examines the impact of an intervention to promote dual-method contraceptive use among HIV concordant and discordant couples already using condoms for HIV prevention...
- Type of contraception method used at last intercourse and associations with health risk behaviors among US adolescentsPatricia A Cavazos-Rehg
Department of Psychiatry, Washington University School of Medicine, Campus Box 8134, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
Contraception 82:549-55. 2010This study was conducted to examine associations with contraception methods used at last sexual intercourse among US adolescents.
- Contraception in the adolescent: an updateD E Greydanus
Department of Pediatrics and Human Development, College of Human Medicine, and Kalamazoo Center for Medical Studies, Michigan State University Kalamazoo, Michigan 49008 1284, USA
Pediatrics 107:562-73. 2001b>Contraception remains an important part of national efforts to reduce adolescent pregnancy in the United States...
- Contraception in Jordan: a cultural and religious perspectiveS A Kridli
Oakland University School of Nursing, Rochester, MI, USA
Int Nurs Rev 48:144-51. 2001This report provides a content analysis of studies conducted with Jordanian women on contraception. Factors such as pressure to have children, number and gender of children, location of residence, influence of religion, level of ..
- The use of progesterone antagonists and progesterone receptor modulators in contraceptionI M Spitz
Institute of Hormone Research, Shaare Zedek Medical Center, Jerusalem, Israel
Steroids 65:817-23. 2000..This raises the prospect of endometrial contraception, i.e...
- Postpartum contraception: needs vs. realityAriella B Glazer
Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, PA 19107, USA
Contraception 83:238-41. 2011The postpartum time is a unique time to address patient's contraceptive needs and provide education. There are little data to suggest the best approach to provide information about contraception after delivery.
- Hormonal contraception in HIV-positive womenJulie Womack
Yale University School of Nursing, New Haven, Connecticut, USA
AIDS Read 18:372-7, 381. 2008
- As the world grows: contraception in the 21st centuryR John Aitken
Discipline of Biological Sciences and ARC Centre of Excellence in Biotechnology and Development, University of Newcastle, Callaghan, New South Wales, Australia
J Clin Invest 118:1330-43. 2008..This Review addresses the contribution that the "omic" revolution can make to the identification of novel contraceptive targets, as well as the progress that has been made for different target molecules under development...
- In vitro surfactant structure-toxicity relationships: implications for surfactant use in sexually transmitted infection prophylaxis and contraceptionAngela S Inácio
Center for Neuroscience and Cell Biology, University of Coimbra, Coimbra, Portugal
PLoS ONE 6:e19850. 2011....
- Effects of pregnancy and contraception on lamotrigine disposition: new insights through analysis of lamotrigine metabolitesInger Ohman
Department of Medicine, Solna, Clinical Pharmacology Unit, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden
Seizure 17:199-202. 2008..To investigate possible underlying mechanisms for alterations in lamotrigine (LTG) kinetics by gestation and use of contraceptives...
- Estimated pregnancy rates by outcome for the United States, 1990-2004Stephanie J Ventura
Division of Vital Statistics, Guttmacher Institute, USA
Natl Vital Stat Rep 56:1-25, 28. 2008..Data from the National Survey of Family Growth (NSFG) are used to interpret trends in teenage pregnancy and in total pregnancy and fertility rates...
- Prevalence of lifetime abortion and methods of contraception among female sex workers in Bogota, ColombiaChristian T Bautista
US Naval Medical Research Center Detachment, Lima, Peru, Unit 3800 APO AA 3403
Contraception 77:209-13. 2008..The primary objective was to estimate the lifetime prevalence of abortion and the secondary objective was to describe the use of contraceptive methods among female sex workers (FSW) in Bogota, Colombia...
- Safety and efficacy of contraception--Why should the obese woman be any different?Maria I Rodriguez
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Oregon Health and Science University, Portland, OR 97239, USA
Rev Endocr Metab Disord 12:85-91. 2011..Obese women are less likely to use contraception due to a variety of self-induced and systems-based barriers but their risk of becoming pregnant is similar to ..
- Contraception to prevent HIV-positive births: current contribution and potential cost savings in PEPFAR countriesH W Reynolds
Family Health International, P O Box 13950, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709, USA
Sex Transm Infect 84:ii49-53. 2008....
- Clinical practice. Long-acting methods of contraceptionHerbert B Peterson
Department of Maternal and Child Health, School of Public Health, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, USA
N Engl J Med 353:2169-75. 2005
- Biphasic versus triphasic oral contraceptives for contraceptionH A A M van Vliet
Cochrane Database Syst Rev 3:CD003283. 2006..The choice of progestin may be more important than the phasic regimen in determining bleeding patterns...
- Copper containing, framed intra-uterine devices for contraceptionR Kulier
Geneva Foundation for Medical Education and Research, Route de Florissant 3, Geneva, Switzerland CH 1208
Cochrane Database Syst Rev 3:CD005347. 2006Intrauterine devices (IUD) are safe and effective methods of long term reversible contraception. Design and copper content of IUDs could affect their effectiveness and side-effect profile.
- When ancient meets modern: the relationship between postpartum non-susceptibility and contraception in sub-Saharan AfricaMark Brown
Centre for Census and Survey Research, University of Manchester, UK
J Biosoc Sci 39:493-515. 2007..At one extreme a woman's natural susceptibility status appears to have little bearing on the decision to use contraception in Zimbabwe, with widespread 'double-protection'...
- Fertility in Kenya and Uganda: a comparative study of trends and determinantsJohn Blacker
Centre for Population Studies, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London WC1B 3DP, UK
Popul Stud (Camb) 59:355-73. 2005..Kenya wanted fewer children than those in Uganda, but that in Uganda there was also a greater unmet need for contraception. We suggest that these differences may be attributed, in part at least, first, to the divergent paths of ..
- Young women's accounts of factors influencing their use and non-use of emergency contraception: in-depth interview studyCaroline Free
Department of General Practice and Primary Care, Guy s, King s College, and St Thomas s School of Medicine, London SE11 6SP
BMJ 325:1393. 2002To explore young women's accounts of their use and non-use of emergency contraception.
- Reasons for using traditional methods and role of nurses in family planningMine Yurdakul
Mersin University, School of Health, Mersin, Turkey
Contraception 65:347-50. 2002The withdrawal method and other traditional methods of contraception are still used in Turkey. Ninety-eight percent of women in Turkey know about modern family planning methods and where to find contraceptives...
- From effectiveness to impact: contraception as an HIV prevention interventionR Wilcher
Family Health International, P O Box 13950, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709, USA
Sex Transm Infect 84:ii54-60. 2008..This paper reviews international, country and service delivery level opportunities for and obstacles to translating contraceptive efficacy into interventions that will have an impact on the effectiveness of HIV prevention...
- Attitudes towards long-acting reversible methods of contraception in general practice in the UKKaye Wellings
London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, England, WC1E 7HT, UK
Contraception 76:208-14. 2007..published national guidance in England recommended that increased use of long-acting reversible methods of contraception could reduce unintended pregnancy rates...
- Long-term non-hormonal male contraception in mice using N-butyldeoxynojirimycinCharlotte M Walden
The Oxford Glycobiology Institute, Department of Biochemistry, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK
Hum Reprod 21:1309-15. 2006..CONCLUSION: Low-dose treatment with NB-DNJ over a long period is an effective approach for the regulation of fertility in a male mammal by non-hormonal means, without causing overt adverse effects...
- Why are uneducated women in India using contraception? A multilevel analysisKirsty McNay
Institute of Development Studies
Popul Stud (Camb) 57:21-40. 2003..For example, we find significant relationships with others' use of contraception and others' education. Mass media exposure also emerges as an important diffusion channel...
- Review of non-hormonal contraception (condoms, intrauterine devices, nonoxynol-9 and combos) on HIV acquisitionWillard Cates
Family Health International, Durham, NC, USA
J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 38:S8-10. 2005
- Impacts of abstinence education on teen sexual activity, risk of pregnancy, and risk of sexually transmitted diseasesChristopher Trenholm
Mathematica Policy Research, USA
J Policy Anal Manage 27:255-76. 2008..The findings show no significant impact on teen sexual activity, no differences in rates of unprotected sex, and some impacts on knowledge of STDs and perceived effectiveness of condoms and birth control pills..
- Induced abortion during youth: social inequalities in the outcome of the first pregnancyGreice M S Menezes
Instituto De Saude Coletiva, Universidade Federal da Bahia, Salvador, Bahia, Brasil
Cad Saude Publica 22:1431-46. 2006..The authors recommend greater public investment to warrant access to information and means for young people to achieve their reproductive plans in a security and healthy way, respecting their sexual and reproductive rights...
- Perceptions of women about menstrual regulation services: qualitative interviews from selected urban areas of DhakaTanzina Nashid
Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of Bangladesh, Dhaka 1000, Bangladesh
J Health Popul Nutr 25:392-8. 2007..To improve the acceptability of MR, education on the benefits of MR has to be made available to the whole population...
- Contraception use and probability of continuation: community-based survey of women in southern JordanR M Youssef
Department of Community Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Mu tah University, Mu tah, Jordan
East Mediterr Health J 11:545-58. 2005A community-based survey was conducted in October 2003 to investigate the determinants of contraception use and probability of 2 years continuation among ever married women of reproductive age in Karak, south Jordan...
- Contraceptive behaviors in adolescentsPaula J Adams Hillard
University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Cincinnati, OH, USA
Pediatr Ann 34:794-802. 2005..behaviors, from personal characteristics to family context to social support to knowledge about and access to contraception. Improving knowledge about contraception and counseling about successful contraceptive use can be helpful in ..
- Public and private providers' involvement in improving their patients' contraceptive useDavid J Landry
Guttmacher Institute, New York, NY 10038, USA
Contraception 78:42-51. 2008..in the provision of care between public and private providers of contraceptive services, what problems using contraception these providers perceived their patients to have and providers' views on how to improve their patients' method ..
- Providing options counseling for women with unintended pregnanciesKatherine E Simmonds
MGH Institute of Health Professions, Boston, MA, USA
J Obstet Gynecol Neonatal Nurs 34:373-9. 2005..Finally, the article presents general strategies and specific suggested steps for providing options counseling...
- Integration of comprehensive abortion-care services in a Maternal and Child Health clinic in CambodiaThérèse Delvaux
Department of Microbiology, Institute of Tropical Medicine, Antwerp, Belgium
Trop Med Int Health 13:962-9. 2008..the pilot experience of provision of safe abortion/post-abortion services implemented in 2002 at the Mother Child Health clinic in Sihanoukville, Cambodia, and to profile clients and assess their uptake of post-abortion contraception.
- Unintended pregnancy in sub-Saharan Africa: magnitude of the problem and potential role of contraceptive implants to alleviate itDavid Hubacher
Family Health International, PO Box 13950, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709, USA
Contraception 78:73-8. 2008..Our aim was to estimate the number of unintended pregnancies in the region and model the impact of expanding use of contraceptive implants at the expense of short-term hormonal birth control methods...
- Counsel your patients about contraceptive optionsNancy E Dirubbo
Laconia Women's Health Center, Laconia, N.H, USA
Nurse Pract 31:40-4. 2006
- Study of unmet need for family planning in Dar Assalam, Sudan 2001T Umbeli
Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Faculty of Medicine, Omdurman Islamic University, Omdurman, Sudan
East Mediterr Health J 11:594-600. 2005..Current use of contraception was 21.3%. Using the Westoff model, unmet need was 30.7%...
- Specialist contraceptive counselling and provision after termination of pregnancy improves uptake of long-acting methods but does not prevent repeat abortion: a randomized trialC Schunmann
Lothian NHS Family Planning and Well Woman Services, UK
Hum Reprod 21:2296-303. 2006..RESULTS: Women receiving specialist advice and enhanced provision were more likely to leave the hospital with contraception (271 versus 115, P < 0.001), which was more likely to be a long-acting method (141 versus 78, P < 0...
- Contraceptive use among hairdressers in South-west NigeriaF O Omokhodion
Department of Community Medicine, University College Hospital, Ibadan, Nigeria
J Obstet Gynaecol 27:612-4. 2007..Contraceptive use among sexually active single hairdressers is lower than the national average. Workplace educational intervention is needed to prevent unwanted pregnancies and sexually transmitted infections among these young women...
- What schools teach our patients about sex: content, quality, and influences on sex educationStacy Tessler Lindau
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois 60637, USA
Obstet Gynecol 111:256-66. 2008..To identify predictors of comprehensive sex education in public schools...
- Reasons and correlates of contraceptive discontinuation in KuwaitN M Shah
Department of Community Medicine and Behavioural Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, Kuwait University, Kuwait
Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care 12:260-8. 2007..1) To examine the probability of discontinuation of various methods within 1, 2, and three years of use and the reasons for discontinuation; 2) to analyse the socio-demographic correlates of discontinuation...
- Pregnancy prevention practices among women with multiple partners in an HIV prevention trialKathleen M MacQueen
Family Health International, Research Triangle Park, NC, USA
J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 46:32-8. 2007..High pregnancy rates among women in trials can undermine statistical measures of safety and effectiveness...
- The perimenopause: contraception adviceLara Williams
University of Chester
RCM Midwives 10:336-7. 2007
- Supply and demand challenges to modern contraceptive use in AzerbaijanJanet Bradley
EngenderHealth, New York, NY 10001, USA
Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care 12:175-83. 2007..We conducted a survey of health facilities and household members to determine supply and demand aspects of contraceptive use in Azerbaijan...
- Social and logistical barriers to the use of reversible contraception among women in a rural Indian villageMary Ann Kirkconnell Hall
Hubert Department of Global Health, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, GA, USA
J Health Popul Nutr 26:241-50. 2008..Women felt that reversible contraception is undesirable, socially unacceptable, and usually unnecessary, although the achievement of fertility goals is ..
- Inconsistencies in the relationship between contraceptive use and fertility in BangladeshUnnati Rani Saha
International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Dhaka, Bangladesh
Int Fam Plan Perspect 33:31-7. 2007..Contraceptive prevalence increased by nine percentage points from 1993 to 2000 in Bangladesh, but there was almost no decline in the total fertility rate...
- Contraceptive discontinuation and failure and subsequent abortion in Romania: 1994-99Andreea A Creanga
Department of Population, Family, and Reproductive Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, 615 North Wolfe Street, Baltimore, MD 21205 2179, USA
Stud Fam Plann 38:23-34. 2007..These findings suggest that high rates of contraceptive discontinuation and failure contributed significantly to the widespread reliance on induced abortion among Romanian women during this period...
- [Experience of women who request voluntary abortion: relationship with their health care environment]Aurea Morillo García
Distrito Sanitario Sevilla de Atención Primaria, Sevilla, Spain
Aten Primaria 39:313-8. 2007..To describe women's perception of health care after they decided to have a voluntary termination of pregnancy and their referral to the abortion clinic...
- Birth control within reach: a national survey on women's attitudes toward and interest in pharmacy access to hormonal contraceptionSharon Cohen Landau
Pharmacy Access Partnership, Oakland, CA 94610, USA
Contraception 74:463-70. 2006This survey was conducted to better understand women's experiences with hormonal contraception and their interest in and attitudes toward gaining direct access to oral contraception (OC), patch, ring or emergency contraception (EC) in ..
- Family planning and unmet need among Iraqi KurdsS Y Agha
Department of Public Health, College of Medicine, University of Dohuk, Dohuk, Iraq
East Mediterr Health J 13:1382-91. 2007..5% and traditional methods was 34.1%. Among all respondents, current unmet need for any contraception was 29...
- Estimates of pregnancies averted through California's family planning waiver program in 2002Diana Greene Foster
Bixby Center for Reproductive Health Research and Policy, University of California, San Francisco, CA, USA
Perspect Sex Reprod Health 38:126-31. 2006..Given subsequent increases in the numbers of clients served and contraceptive methods offered by the program, updated estimates of its impact on fertility are needed...
- Condom use among males (15-49 years) in Lower Egypt: knowledge, attitudes and patterns of useI A Kabbash
Department of Public Health, Social and Preventive Medicine, University of Tanta, Tanta, Egypt
East Mediterr Health J 13:1405-16. 2007..Condoms were considered an effective method of contraception and prevention of transmission of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) by 60.5% and 60.0% respectively...
- Family planning advice and postpartum contraceptive use among low-income women in MexicoSarah L Barber
Institute of Business and Economic Research, Haas School of Business, University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA
Int Fam Plan Perspect 33:6-12. 2007..However, the relationship between women's receipt of family planning advice during prenatal care and subsequent contraceptive use has not been evaluated...
- Evaluation of a pregnancy prevention programme using the Contraceptive Behavior Change modelMin S Chung-Park
Naval Hospital Camp Pendleton, Camp Pendleton, California, USA
J Adv Nurs 61:81-91. 2008....
- Safety and acceptability of post-abortal IUD insertion and the importance of counselingAhmed El-Tagy
Obstetrics and Gynecology Department, Faculty of Medicine, Al-Azhar University, Cairo, Egypt
Contraception 67:229-34. 2003..Immediate post-abortal insertion offers the advantage of being a painless procedure. The quality of counseling is critical to improving acceptance of post-abortion contraception.
- 'Failed' contraception in a rural South African populationLouis-Jacques van Bogaert
Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Philadelphia Hospital (MEDUNSA Satellite Campus, Dennilton, Mpumalanga
S Afr Med J 93:858-61. 2003OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether the free availability of contraception affects the need for termination of pregnancy (TOP). DESIGN: Case-control study. SETTING: South African rural hospital...
- [Male views of contraceptive methods in a rural community in Bahia State, Brazil]Danilo Cerqueira do Espírito-Santo
Programa Especial de Treinamento PET Medicina, Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade Federal da Bahia, Salvador, Brasil
Cad Saude Publica 20:562-9. 2004..Still, since in this study men chose the method in nearly half of the cases, it is necessary to prioritize couples' participation in family planning programs...
- [Prevention of unwanted pregnancy]I Del Cura González
Aten Primaria 32:121-7. 2003
- Contraception for adolescents: part onePolly F Cromwell
Division of Adolescent Medicine, The University of Texas-Houston Medical School, 77030, USA
J Pediatr Health Care 18:149-52. 2004
- Impact of post-abortion counselling in a semi-urban town of Western NigeriaO B Fasubaa
Department of Obstetrics, Gynaecology and Perinatology, College of Health Sciences, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile Ife, Nigeria
J Obstet Gynaecol 24:298-303. 2004..The results showed that the percentage of women using contraception increased from 30 (27.8%) to 53 (49.1%) at the time of interview...
- [The meaning of fertility control in an integrated world]G Benagiano
Dipartimento di Scienze Ginecologiche, Perinatologia e Puericultura, , Rome, Italy
Minerva Ginecol 56:271-81. 2004Modern contraception was born out of the momentum of the demographic explosion that characterised the 20th century; today the phenomenon has acquired complexity because it is interconnected with population aging which is already very ..
- Contraception for adolescents: Part twoPolly F Cromwell
Bridgeport Health Department, School-Based Health Centers Division, Bridgeport, Conn, USA
J Pediatr Health Care 18:250-3. 2004
- Confidential reproductive health services for minors: the potential impact of mandated parental involvement for contraceptionRachel K Jones
The Alan Guttmacher Institute, New York, NY, USA
Perspect Sex Reprod Health 36:182-91. 2004..Recent legislative efforts to implement mandated parental involvement for minor adolescents seeking family planning services threaten the rights of adolescents younger than 18 to access reproductive health care...
- Changes in contraceptive use in VietnamNguyen Minh Thang
Carolina Population Centre, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, USA
J Biosoc Sci 35:527-43. 2003..Illiterate women with no formal education were significantly less likely to use modern methods of contraception. Differentials in contraceptive use exist regarding place of residence...
- SEX HORMONE REGULATION OF THE MUCOSAL IMMUNE SYSTEMCharles Wira; Fiscal Year: 1993..If SC and/or IgA mRNA is hormonally regulated, then synthesis of message will be analyzed. In situ hybridization studies will be carried out to identify cells in the reproductive tract that synthesize SC and IgA...
- Duet cervical barrier device for maximizing protective efficacy of microbicidesRichard Cone; Fiscal Year: 2007..trials of BufferGel-Duet for preventing STIs (chlamydia, gonorrhea, trichomoniasis, and HIV), BV, and for contraception. 2) Reusable Duet, a low-cost, and maximally protective barrier device for use in low resource areas...
- Calcium Signaling in the Pubertal Activation of the GnRH Pulse GeneratorDANIEL SPERGEL; Fiscal Year: 2009..The knowledge obtained may aid in developing new leads for contraception, as well as treatments for infertility and the pubertal disorders polycystic ovary syndrome, hypogonadism, ..
- Calcium Signaling in the Pubertal Activation of the GnRH Pulse GeneratorDANIEL SPERGEL; Fiscal Year: 2009..The knowledge obtained may aid in developing new leads for contraception, as well as treatments for infertility and the pubertal disorders polycystic ovary syndrome, hypogonadism, ..
- Calcium Signaling in the Pubertal Activation of the GnRH Pulse GeneratorDANIEL SPERGEL; Fiscal Year: 2007..The knowledge obtained may aid in developing new leads for contraception, as well as treatments for infertility and the pubertal disorders polycystic ovary syndrome, hypogonadism, ..
- Effect of Continuous vs. Sequential Oral ContraceptionRICHARD LEGRO; Fiscal Year: 2004..This regimen may therefore provide both effective contraception (with greater leeway for skipped pills) as well as more effective treatment of multiple gynecological ..
- Oral Contraceptive Use and Fractures Around the Menopausal TransitionDelia Scholes; Fiscal Year: 2009..Combined oral contraceptives (OCs), the leading method of contraception in the U.S. and worldwide, may currently represent the most common hormonal exogenous exposure for U.S. women...
- Oral Contraceptive Use and Fractures Around the Menopausal TransitionDelia Scholes; Fiscal Year: 2010..Combined oral contraceptives (OCs), the leading method of contraception in the U.S. and worldwide, may currently represent the most common hormonal exogenous exposure for U.S. women...
- VAGINAL SPERMICIDES AND URINARY TRACT INFECTIONSStephan Fihn; Fiscal Year: 1993Barrier methods of contraception that include a spermicide are increasingly being used to prevent pregnancy and sexually transmitted diseases...
- PROGESTIN EFFECTS ON UTERINE HEMOSTASIS AND ANGIOGENESISCharles Lockwood; Fiscal Year: 1999..S. are unplanned. The availability of long-term, efficacious contraception offers the most practical solution to this public health crisis...
- Ideational Influences on Marriage and ChildbearingARLAND D THORNTON; Fiscal Year: 2010..Third, we will study how ideational factors influence fertility, considering both childbearing and the use of contraception. Fourth, we will examine the ways in which ideational, social, and economic structures intersect and combine ..
- MicroRNA Regulation of Ovarian FunctionLane K Christenson; Fiscal Year: 2010b>Contraception and infertility are two major quality of life issues facing women of reproductive age...
- Glycosphingolipids as targets for male contraceptionFrances Platt; Fiscal Year: 2007..To develop reagents for the investigation of acrosome development, a proteomic analysis of this organelle will be performed. ..
- A RCT of LNG-IUD vs. DMPA for young postpartum womenNancy Stanwood; Fiscal Year: 2005..Once a young woman has given birth, helping her choose an effective method of postpartum contraception is crucial to preventing an unintended pregnancy...
- Baseline Microdata for Analysis of U.S. Demographic ChangeEVAN W ROBERTS; Fiscal Year: 2010..This basic infrastructure will stimulate health- related research on population growth and movement, fertility, mortality, and nuptiality, as well as the economic and social correlates of demographic behavior. ..
- Baseline Microdata for Analysis of U.S. Demographic ChangeJoseph Alexander; Fiscal Year: 2009..This basic infrastructure will stimulate health- related research on population growth and movement, fertility, mortality, and nuptiality, as well as the economic and social correlates of demographic behavior. ..
- HIV/HAART and Pregnancy/Contraception in Rakai, UgandaHEENA PUSHKAR BRAHMBHATT; Fiscal Year: 2010..The RCCS has data to answer these pressing public health questions regarding contraceptive choices and fertility outcomes among HIV+ and HIV- individuals and couples. ..