contraception

Summary

Summary: Prevention of CONCEPTION by blocking fertility temporarily, or permanently (STERILIZATION, REPRODUCTIVE). Common means of reversible contraception include NATURAL FAMILY PLANNING METHODS; CONTRACEPTIVE AGENTS; or CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Sexual behaviour and contraceptive use among unmarried, young women migrant workers in five cities in China
    Z Zheng
    Institute of Population Research, Peking University, 3 4, Building 22, Muxidi, Beijing 100038, China
    Reprod Health Matters 9:118-27. 2001
  2. ncbi Unintended pregnancy in sub-Saharan Africa: magnitude of the problem and potential role of contraceptive implants to alleviate it
    David Hubacher
    Family Health International, PO Box 13950, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709, USA
    Contraception 78:73-8. 2008
  3. ncbi Contraception and health
    John Cleland
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    Lancet 380:149-56. 2012
  4. ncbi The measurement and meaning of unintended pregnancy
    John Santelli
    Division of Reproductive Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, USA
    Perspect Sex Reprod Health 35:94-101. 2003
  5. pmc Encouraging contraceptive uptake by motivating men to communicate about family planning: the Malawi Male Motivator project
    Dominick Shattuck
    Family Health International, PO Box 13950, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709, USA
    Am J Public Health 101:1089-95. 2011
  6. ncbi Effectiveness of long-acting reversible contraception
    Brooke Winner
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    N Engl J Med 366:1998-2007. 2012
  7. ncbi Molecular mechanisms of steroid receptor-mediated actions by synthetic progestins used in HRT and contraception
    Donita Africander
    Department of Biochemistry, University of Stellenbosch, Private Bag X1, Matieland, 7602, South Africa
    Steroids 76:636-52. 2011
  8. pmc Use of modern contraception by the poor is falling behind
    Emmanuela Gakidou
    Harvard Initiative for Global Health, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States of America
    PLoS Med 4:e31. 2007
  9. pmc Persistent high fertility in Uganda: young people recount obstacles and enabling factors to use of contraceptives
    Gorrette Nalwadda
    Department of Nursing, College of Health Sciences Makerere University P, O Box 7072, Kampala, Uganda
    BMC Public Health 10:530. 2010
  10. ncbi How increased contraceptive use has reduced maternal mortality
    John Stover
    Futures Institute, Glastonbury, CT, 06033, USA
    Matern Child Health J 14:687-95. 2010

Detail Information

Publications290 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Sexual behaviour and contraceptive use among unmarried, young women migrant workers in five cities in China
    Z Zheng
    Institute of Population Research, Peking University, 3 4, Building 22, Muxidi, Beijing 100038, China
    Reprod Health Matters 9:118-27. 2001
    ..Most of the women lacked basic information about reproduction and contraception, and did not know where or how to obtain contraception...
  2. ncbi Unintended pregnancy in sub-Saharan Africa: magnitude of the problem and potential role of contraceptive implants to alleviate it
    David Hubacher
    Family Health International, PO Box 13950, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709, USA
    Contraception 78:73-8. 2008
    ..Our aim was to estimate the number of unintended pregnancies in the region and model the impact of expanding use of contraceptive implants at the expense of short-term hormonal birth control methods...
  3. ncbi Contraception and health
    John Cleland
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    Lancet 380:149-56. 2012
    ..A further 30% of maternal deaths could be avoided by fulfilment of unmet need for contraception. The benefits of modern contraceptives to women's health, including non-contraceptive benefits of specific ..
  4. ncbi The measurement and meaning of unintended pregnancy
    John Santelli
    Division of Reproductive Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, USA
    Perspect Sex Reprod Health 35:94-101. 2003
  5. pmc Encouraging contraceptive uptake by motivating men to communicate about family planning: the Malawi Male Motivator project
    Dominick Shattuck
    Family Health International, PO Box 13950, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709, USA
    Am J Public Health 101:1089-95. 2011
    ..We examined the effect of a peer-delivered educational intervention, the Malawi Male Motivator intervention, on couples' contraceptive uptake. We based the intervention design on the information-motivation-behavioral skills (IMB) model...
  6. ncbi Effectiveness of long-acting reversible contraception
    Brooke Winner
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    N Engl J Med 366:1998-2007. 2012
    ..The rate of unintended pregnancy in the United States is much higher than in other developed nations. Approximately half of unintended pregnancies are due to contraceptive failure, largely owing to inconsistent or incorrect use...
  7. ncbi Molecular mechanisms of steroid receptor-mediated actions by synthetic progestins used in HRT and contraception
    Donita Africander
    Department of Biochemistry, University of Stellenbosch, Private Bag X1, Matieland, 7602, South Africa
    Steroids 76:636-52. 2011
    ..Here we review the molecular mechanisms of intracellular actions of old (MPA, norethisterone, levonorgestrel, gestodene) vs. new (drospirenone, dienogest, trimegestone) generation progestins, via steroid receptors...
  8. pmc Use of modern contraception by the poor is falling behind
    Emmanuela Gakidou
    Harvard Initiative for Global Health, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States of America
    PLoS Med 4:e31. 2007
    The widespread increase in the use of contraception, due to multiple factors including improved access to modern contraception, is one of the most dramatic social transformations of the past fifty years...
  9. pmc Persistent high fertility in Uganda: young people recount obstacles and enabling factors to use of contraceptives
    Gorrette Nalwadda
    Department of Nursing, College of Health Sciences Makerere University P, O Box 7072, Kampala, Uganda
    BMC Public Health 10:530. 2010
    ..Unwanted pregnancy, unsafe induced abortions and associated high morbidity and mortality among young women may be attributed to low contraceptive use. This study aims at exploring reasons for low contraceptive use among young people...
  10. ncbi How increased contraceptive use has reduced maternal mortality
    John Stover
    Futures Institute, Glastonbury, CT, 06033, USA
    Matern Child Health J 14:687-95. 2010
    ..Increases in the use of modern contraceptives have made and can continue to make an important contribution to reducing maternal mortality in the developing world...
  11. pmc Continuation and satisfaction of reversible contraception
    Jeffrey F Peipert
    Division of Clinical Research, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Washington University in St Louis School of Medicine, St Louis, Missouri 63110, USA
    Obstet Gynecol 117:1105-13. 2011
    ..To estimate 12-month satisfaction and continuation rates of intrauterine device (IUD) and implant users enrolled in the Contraceptive CHOICE Project and compare these measures with women using the oral contraceptive pills (OCPs)...
  12. ncbi The value of contraception to prevent perinatal HIV transmission
    Heidi W Reynolds
    Health Services Research Division, Family Health International, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina 27709, USA
    Sex Transm Dis 33:350-6. 2006
    ..The objective of this study was to highlight the value of preventing unintended pregnancies among HIV-infected women as a strategy to prevent perinatal HIV transmission...
  13. ncbi Sexual initiation and childbearing among adolescent girls in KwaZulu Natal, South Africa
    N Manzini
    Population and Poverty Studies Programme, University of Natal, Durban, South Africa
    Reprod Health Matters 9:44-52. 2001
    ....
  14. ncbi The CHOICE study: effect of counselling on the selection of combined hormonal contraceptive methods in 11 countries
    Johannes Bitzer
    Frauenklinik, Universitatsspital Basel, Basel, Switzerland
    Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care 17:65-78. 2012
    ..To encourage healthcare professionals to counsel women seeking combined hormonal contraceptives (CHCs) about alternative CHCs and to study the influence of counselling on women's selection of CHCs...
  15. ncbi The state of hormonal contraception today: benefits and risks of hormonal contraceptives: combined estrogen and progestin contraceptives
    Lee P Shulman
    Division of Clinical Genetics, Feinberg School of Medicine Northwestern University, Chicago, IL, USA
    Am J Obstet Gynecol 205:S9-13. 2011
    ..birth control methods can be a challenging process for clinicians because the adoption and consistent use of contraception may be influenced by patients' fears, myths, and misperceptions...
  16. ncbi Fourteen million women with limited options: HIV/AIDS and highly effective reversible contraception in sub-Saharan Africa
    Gretchen S Stuart
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC 27599 7030, USA
    Contraception 80:412-6. 2009
    ..This commentary reviews interactions between hormonal, intrauterine and barrier contraception in HIV-infected women, with a focus on sub-Saharan Africa...
  17. ncbi Longitudinal association between hormonal contraceptives and bacterial vaginosis in women of reproductive age
    Margaret Riggs
    National Institutes of Health, Rockville, Maryland, USA
    Sex Transm Dis 34:954-9. 2007
    ..This study examined whether hormonal contraceptive use is associated with diagnosis of bacterial vaginosis (BV) over 1 year...
  18. pmc The Contraceptive CHOICE Project: reducing barriers to long-acting reversible contraception
    Gina M Secura
    Division of Clinical Research, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Washington University in St Louis School of Medicine, St Louis, MO, USA
    Am J Obstet Gynecol 203:115.e1-7. 2010
    To introduce and promote the use of long-acting reversible methods of contraception (LARC; intrauterine contraceptives and subdermal implant) by removing financial and knowledge barriers.
  19. ncbi Increased use of injectable contraception in sub-Saharan Africa
    John A Ross
    Futures Group International, Washington DC, USA
    Afr J Reprod Health 16:68-80. 2012
    ..Many sexually active, unmarried women use the method Discontinuation rates are quite high, and alternative methods need to be kept readily available...
  20. ncbi Contraceptive use: socioeconomic correlates and method choices in rural Bangladesh
    S M Mostafa Kamal
    Islamic University, Kushtia, Bangladesh
    Asia Pac J Public Health 22:436-50. 2010
    ..57; CI = 1.28-1.93). The doorstep delivery service of modern methods should be strengthened to further increase effective family planning that is required to reduce the total fertility rate in Bangladesh...
  21. pmc Fertility intentions and use of contraception among monogamous couples in northern Malawi in the context of HIV testing: a cross-sectional analysis
    Albert L N Dube
    Karonga Prevention Study, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Karonga, Malawi
    PLoS ONE 7:e51861. 2012
    ..There is little knowledge about the importance of this influence among monogamously married couples and how knowledge of HIV status influences use of contraception among these couples.
  22. pmc Patterns of contraceptive use within teenagers' first sexual relationships
    Jennifer Manlove
    Child Trends, Washington, DC, USA
    Perspect Sex Reprod Health 35:246-55. 2003
    ..It is important to determine how partner and relationship characteristics are related to contraceptive use and consistency within adolescents' first sexual relationships...
  23. pmc Contraceptive use and method preference among women in Soweto, South Africa: the influence of expanding access to HIV care and treatment services
    Angela Kaida
    Faculty of Health Sciences, Simon Fraser University, Burnaby, Canada
    PLoS ONE 5:e13868. 2010
    ..We sought to investigate whether the prevalence of contraceptive use and method preferences varied by HIV status and receipt of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) among women in Soweto, South Africa...
  24. ncbi Changes in couples' communication as a result of a male-involvement family planning intervention
    Miriam Hartmann
    Family Health International, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709, USA
    J Health Commun 17:802-19. 2012
    ..This study shows that interventions can and should encourage spousal communication and shared decision making, and it provides an effective model for involving men in family-planning use...
  25. pmc Contraception methods, beyond oral contraceptives and tubal ligation, and risk of ovarian cancer
    Roberta B Ness
    School of Public Health, The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, Houston, TX 77030, USA
    Ann Epidemiol 21:188-96. 2011
    Few studies have examined methods of contraception, beyond oral contraceptives (OCs) and tubal ligation, in relation to ovarian cancer risk.
  26. ncbi Field experiences integrating family planning into programs to prevent mother-to-child transmission of HIV
    Naomi Rutenberg
    Horizons, Washington, DC, USA
    Stud Fam Plann 36:235-45. 2005
    ..This article draws out the policy implications of these findings and recommends that policies be based on respect for women's right to informed reproductive choice in the context of HIV/AIDS...
  27. ncbi Does discussion of family planning improve knowledge of partner's attitude toward contraceptives?
    Laurie F DeRose
    Department of Sociology and Maryland Population Research Center, University of Maryland, College Park, MD, USA
    Int Fam Plan Perspect 30:87-93. 2004
    ..However, it is not known whether this finding also applies to contexts more typical of Sub-Saharan Africa, where approval is not as high...
  28. pmc Risks of contraception and pregnancy in heart disease
    Sara Thorne
    University Hospital Birmingham, UK
    Heart 92:1520-5. 2006
  29. pmc Condoms for dual protection: patterns of use with highly effective contraceptive methods
    Karen Pazol
    Department of Medicine, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA 30341 3724, USA
    Public Health Rep 125:208-17. 2010
    ..Because oral contracep tives (OCs) have been the predominant form of highly effective contraceptio in the U.S., it is unknown whether condom use is similarly low with increasingly promoted user-independent methods...
  30. ncbi From effectiveness to impact: contraception as an HIV prevention intervention
    R Wilcher
    Family Health International, P O Box 13950, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709, USA
    Sex Transm Infect 84:ii54-60. 2008
    ..This paper reviews international, country and service delivery level opportunities for and obstacles to translating contraceptive efficacy into interventions that will have an impact on the effectiveness of HIV prevention...
  31. ncbi Estimated pregnancy rates by outcome for the United States, 1990-2004
    Stephanie J Ventura
    Division of Vital Statistics, Guttmacher Institute, USA
    Natl Vital Stat Rep 56:1-25, 28. 2008
    ..Data from the National Survey of Family Growth (NSFG) are used to interpret trends in teenage pregnancy and in total pregnancy and fertility rates...
  32. pmc Sex steroid hormones, hormonal contraception, and the immunobiology of human immunodeficiency virus-1 infection
    Zdenek Hel
    Department of Pathology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, 845 19th Street South, Birmingham, Alabama 35294 2170, USA
    Endocr Rev 31:79-97. 2010
    ..This review summarizes current knowledge of the effects of various types of sex steroid hormones on immune processes involved in the biology of HIV-1 infection...
  33. ncbi Contraception to prevent HIV-positive births: current contribution and potential cost savings in PEPFAR countries
    H W Reynolds
    Family Health International, P O Box 13950, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709, USA
    Sex Transm Infect 84:ii49-53. 2008
    ....
  34. ncbi Spousal communication and family planning behavior in Navrongo: a longitudinal assessment
    Ayaga A Bawah
    Population Studies Center, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia 19104, USA
    Stud Fam Plann 33:185-94. 2002
    ..Results from both cross-sectional and longitudinal analysis demonstrate that spousal communication does, indeed, predict contraceptive behavior, even when other factors are controlled...
  35. ncbi Sexual behavior, fertility desires and unmet need for family planning among home-based care clients and caregivers in Kenya
    Donna McCarraher
    Family Health International, Health Services Research, Durham, USA
    AIDS Care 20:1057-65. 2008
    ..The majority of those who use contraception reported relying solely on the male condom to prevent pregnancy...
  36. ncbi Surgical methods of contraception and sterilization
    Lisa M Howe
    Surgical Sciences Section, Department of Small Animal Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Texas A and M University, College Station, TX 77843, USA
    Theriogenology 66:500-9. 2006
    ..This review will discuss surgical principles, complications, outcomes, as well as relevant current literature associated with each of these techniques of surgical sterilization...
  37. pmc Mortality among contraceptive pill users: cohort evidence from Royal College of General Practitioners' Oral Contraception Study
    Philip C Hannaford
    Centre of Academic Primary Care, University of Aberdeen, Foresterhill Health Centre, Aberdeen AB25 2AY
    BMJ 340:c927. 2010
    ..To see if the mortality risk among women who have used oral contraceptives differs from that of never users...
  38. ncbi [Survey on knowledge, attitude, practice related to contraception among college students in Beijing]
    Yuan Zhong Zhou
    Institute of Family Planning, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, China
    Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi 30:710-2. 2009
    To understand the current status and relative factors on knowledge, attitude, practice to contraception among college students in Beijing and to provide evidence for developing aimed contraceptive service and education in colleges.
  39. ncbi Combining prevention of HIV-1, other sexually transmitted infections and unintended pregnancies: Development of dual-protection technologies
    David R Friend
    CONRAD, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Eastern Virginia Medical School, 1911 North Fort Myer Drive, Arlington, VA 22209, USA
    Antiviral Res 88:S47-54. 2010
    ..pathogen such as HSV-2) or a combination of two drugs each targeted against separate mechanisms for achieving contraception and inhibition of HIV-1...
  40. ncbi Advance supply of emergency contraception. effect on use and usual contraception--a randomized trial
    Rebecca A Jackson
    Center for Reproductive Health Research and Policy and Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Sciences, University of California, San Francisco, USA
    Obstet Gynecol 102:8-16. 2003
    To evaluate whether advance provision of emergency contraception increases its use and/or adversely affects usual contraceptive practices.
  41. ncbi Oral and injectable contraception use and risk of HIV acquisition among women in sub-Saharan Africa
    Sandra I McCoy
    Division of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, 1918 University Avenue, Suite 3B, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94704, USA
    AIDS 27:1001-9. 2013
    To evaluate the effect of oral and injectable hormonal contraception on the risk of HIV acquisition among women in South Africa and Zimbabwe.
  42. ncbi TSPY4 is a novel sperm-specific biomarker of semen exposure in human cervicovaginal fluids; potential use in HIV prevention and contraception studies
    Terry A Jacot
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Eastern Virginia Medical School, Norfolk, VA 23507, USA
    Contraception 88:387-95. 2013
    ....
  43. ncbi Contraceptive practices and awareness of emergency contraception in educated working women
    N Takkar
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Government Medical College and Hospital, Chandigarh, India
    Indian J Med Sci 59:143-9. 2005
    Regular contraceptive use and emergency contraception are tools to prevent pregnancies.
  44. pmc Drug-eluting fibers for HIV-1 inhibition and contraception
    Cameron Ball
    Department of Bioengineering, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA
    PLoS ONE 7:e49792. 2012
    ..The application of drug-eluting nanofibers for HIV-1 prevention and sperm inhibition may serve as an innovative platform technology for drug delivery to the lower female reproductive tract...
  45. pmc Contraception technology: past, present and future
    Regine Sitruk-Ware
    Population Council, New York, NY 10065, USA
    Contraception 87:319-30. 2013
    Steady progress in contraception research has been achieved over the past 50 years...
  46. pmc Burden of unintended pregnancy in the United States: potential savings with increased use of long-acting reversible contraception
    James Trussell
    Office of Population Research, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08540, USA
    Contraception 87:154-61. 2013
    ..of unintended pregnancy (UP) in the United States (US) from a third-party health care payer perspective and explored the potential role for long-acting reversible contraception (LARC) in reducing UP and resulting health care expenditure.
  47. ncbi Husbands' versus wives' fertility goals and use of contraception: the influence of gender context in five Asian countries
    K O Mason
    World Bank, Washington, DC 20433, USA
    Demography 37:299-311. 2000
    ..We also explore whether the husband's pronatalism can explain the wife's unmet need for contraception. The results suggest that gender context has little net effect on couples' concordance, but influences the ..
  48. ncbi Barriers to adoption of family planning among women in Eastern Democratic Republic of Congo
    Jeff K Mathe
    Catholic University of Graben UCG, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Butembo, Democratic Republic of Congo
    Afr J Reprod Health 15:69-77. 2011
    ..Promotion of FP was poor (42%). Training of health workers, advocating modern contraception, improving FP services in all public health facilities and promoting FP on each contact of women is highly ..
  49. ncbi Unmet need for contraception among sex workers in Madagascar
    Maria R Khan
    Department of Epidemiology, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA
    Contraception 79:221-7. 2009
    ..The study was conducted to investigate past and future pregnancy preferences and contraceptive need among Malagasy sex workers...
  50. pmc Fertility intent and contraceptive decision-making among HIV positive and negative antenatal clinic attendees in Durban, South Africa
    Heather M Marlow
    Department of Maternal and Child Health, School of Public Health, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27599 7445, USA
    Health Care Women Int 33:342-58. 2012
    ..Women were presented with limited contraceptive options and were not always able to access services...
  51. ncbi Intimate partner violence and contraception use among women in Sub-Saharan Africa
    Amina P Alio
    Department of Community and Family Health, University of South Florida, Tampa, Florida, USA
    Int J Gynaecol Obstet 107:35-8. 2009
    ..To determine the association between contraceptive use and intimate partner violence (IPV) in Sub-Saharan African women...
  52. ncbi Contraceptive counselling and factors affecting women's contraceptive choices: results of the CHOICE study in Austria
    Christian Egarter
    Medical University of Vienna, Department of Gynaecological Endocrinology and Reproduction, Wahringer Gurtel 18 20, 1090 Vienna, Austria
    Reprod Biomed Online 24:692-7. 2012
    ..Structured and balanced counselling led to changes in the method chosen...
  53. ncbi Knowledge and practice of university students in Lebanon regarding contraception
    B Barbour
    Faculty of Public Health Section II, Lebanese University Beirut, Lebanon
    East Mediterr Health J 15:387-99. 2009
    We evaluated knowledge and practice of Lebanese university students regarding contraception in a cross-sectional, comparative study on students in public and private universities using an Arabic language self-administered questionnaire...
  54. ncbi Future trends in contraceptive prevalence and method mix in the developing world
    John Bongaarts
    Policy Research Division, Population Council, New York, USA
    Stud Fam Plann 33:24-36. 2002
    This study reviews existing methodologies for projecting future trends in contraception, evaluates the validity of the assumptions underlying these projections, proposes methodological improvements, and assesses the prospects for new ..
  55. pmc Hormonal contraception use alters stress responses and emotional memory
    Shawn E Nielsen
    University of California, Irvine, Department of Neurobiology and Behavior, Irvine, CA 92697, USA
    Biol Psychol 92:257-66. 2013
    ..These findings may have important implications for understanding the neurobiology of emotional memory disorders, especially those that disproportionately affect women...
  56. pmc Knowledge, use, and concerns about contraceptive methods among sero-discordant couples in Rwanda and Zambia
    Kristina Grabbe
    Hubert Department of Global Health, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia 30322, USA
    J Womens Health (Larchmt) 18:1449-56. 2009
    ....
  57. ncbi Intended postpartum contraceptive use among pregnant and puerperal women at a university teaching hospital
    Omololu Adegbola
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of Lagos Lagos University Teaching Hospital, Nigeria
    Arch Gynecol Obstet 280:987-92. 2009
    ..To assess the intention to use postpartum contraceptives and factors influencing use...
  58. ncbi Strategies to prevent unintended pregnancy: increasing use of long-acting reversible contraception
    P D Blumenthal
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305 5317, USA
    Hum Reprod Update 17:121-37. 2011
    ..In this review we aim to discuss the role of LARC methods and importance of contraceptive counseling in reducing unintended pregnancy rates...
  59. pmc Contraception use and pregnancy among 15-24 year old South African women: a nationally representative cross-sectional survey
    Catherine MacPhail
    Reproductive Health and HIV Research Unit, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, PO Box 18512, Hillbrow 2038, South Africa
    BMC Med 5:31. 2007
    ..In South Africa, high numbers of adolescent women report pregnancies that are unwanted and yet few have accessed available termination of pregnancy services. Enabling contraception use is vital for meeting the goals of HIV prevention.
  60. pmc Social and logistical barriers to the use of reversible contraception among women in a rural Indian village
    Mary Ann Kirkconnell Hall
    Hubert Department of Global Health, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, GA, USA
    J Health Popul Nutr 26:241-50. 2008
    ..Women felt that reversible contraception is undesirable, socially unacceptable, and usually unnecessary, although the achievement of fertility goals is ..
  61. ncbi Critical gaps in universal access to reproductive health: contraception and prevention of unsafe abortion
    Kelly R Culwell
    International Planned Parenthood Federation, Central Office, London, UK
    Int J Gynaecol Obstet 110:S13-6. 2010
    ..Prevention of unsafe abortion starts with prevention of unwanted pregnancies, most effectively through contraception. When unwanted pregnancies occur, provision of safe, legal abortion services can further prevent unsafe ..
  62. pmc Men's migration and women's fertility in rural Mozambique
    Victor Agadjanian
    School of Social and Family Dynamics, and Center for Population Dynamics, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ 85287 3701, USA
    Demography 48:1029-48. 2011
    ..Yet, such women are also significantly more likely to use modern contraception than other women...
  63. pmc Constraints and prospects for contraceptive service provision to young people in Uganda: providers' perspectives
    Gorrette Nalwadda
    Department of Nursing, School of Health Sciences, Makerere University College of Health Sciences, PO Box 7072, Kampala, Uganda
    BMC Health Serv Res 11:220. 2011
    ..Health care providers' perspectives on factors influencing contraceptive use and service provision to young people aged 15-24 in two rural districts in Uganda were explored...
  64. ncbi Targeting women at risk of unintended pregnancy in Ghana: Should geography matter?
    Fiifi Amoako Johnson
    University of Southampton, Highfield, United Kingdom
    Sex Reprod Healthc 2:29-35. 2011
    ..and there are differences between urban and rural women, with rural women more likely to have their demand for contraception unmet...
  65. ncbi Ultrasound as a mechanical method for male dog contraception
    R Leoci
    Department of Animal Production, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Bari, Bari, Italy
    Reprod Domest Anim 44:326-8. 2009
    ..There was some tenderness after treatment and a significant decrease in testicular size and semen quality. This method may provide a suitable contraception technique in dogs and requires further investigation.
  66. ncbi Contextual influences on contraceptive use in the Eastern Cape, South Africa
    Rob Stephenson
    Hubert Department of Global Health, 722, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
    Health Place 14:841-52. 2008
    ..The residual variation in contraceptive use highlights the deficits that exist in current datasets for capturing community influences on contraceptive behavior...
  67. ncbi Teenage contraceptive use in Iceland: a gender perspective
    Soley S Bender
    Faculty of Nursing, Univeresity of Iceland, Reykjavik, Iceland
    Public Health Nurs 22:17-26. 2005
    Different gender beliefs toward contraception may affect contraceptive use among teenagers and need to be explored for the development of sexuality education and services aimed at this age group...
  68. ncbi Nurses' discourse in contraceptive prescribing: an analysis using Foucault's 'procedures of exclusion'
    Mark Hayter
    Centre for Health and Social Care Studies and Service Development, School of Nursing and Midwifery, University of Sheffield, Sheffield, UK
    J Adv Nurs 58:358-67. 2007
    This paper is a report of an analysis of the discourse about contraceptive efficacy and side effects used by nurses when prescribing contraception.
  69. ncbi Contraception use and associations with intimate partner violence among women in Bangladesh
    Koustuv Dalal
    Division of Public Health Science, School of Life Sciences, University of Skovde, Skovde, Sweden
    J Biosoc Sci 44:83-94. 2012
    This study examines the association between contraception use and intimate partner violence (IPV) among women of reproductive age in Bangladesh...
  70. ncbi Unmet need for contraception in Kuwait: issues for health care providers
    Makhdoom A Shah
    Department of Health Information Administration, and Vice Dean Academic Affairs, Faculty of Allied Health Sciences and Nursing, Kuwait University, P O Box 31470, Sulaibikhat 90805, Kuwait
    Soc Sci Med 59:1573-80. 2004
    Based on a nationally representive household survey of Kuwaiti women held in 1999 (n = 1502) unmet need for contraception was analyzed in Kuwait, an oil-rich Muslim country. It was found that 9...
  71. ncbi Social desirability bias in family planning studies: a neglected problem
    Gretchen S Stuart
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of North Carolina School of Medicine Chapel Hill, NC 27599 7030, USA
    Contraception 80:108-12. 2009
    ..Greater skepticism about self-reports and more objective means of documenting coitus and contraceptive use are needed if contraceptive efficacy is to be accurately measured...
  72. ncbi Dual protection against unintended pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections: what is the best contraceptive approach?
    Willard Cates
    Family Health International, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina 27709, USA
    Sex Transm Dis 29:168-74. 2002
    ..However, in settings where unintended pregnancy is the greater concern, emphasizing the two-methods approach as a first option may be appropriate...
  73. pmc Differences between dual-method and non-dual-method protection use in a sample of young African American women residing in the Southeastern United States
    Jessica M Sales
    Department of Behavioral Science and Health Education, Emory University, Rollins School of Public Health, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
    Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 164:1125-31. 2010
    ..To characterize dual-method protection users and report the prevalence of dual-method use among young adult African American women residing in the Southeastern United States...
  74. ncbi Level and differentials of fertility in Awassa town, Southern Ethiopia
    Samson Gebremedhin
    Department of Rural Development and Family Sciences, Hawassa University, Ethiopia
    Afr J Reprod Health 13:93-112. 2009
    ....
  75. ncbi Fertility desires and infection with the HIV: results from a survey in rural Uganda
    Jennifer Heys
    Department of Public Health Sciences, School of Public Health, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada
    AIDS 23:S37-45. 2009
    ..To determine how a positive HIV diagnosis influences fertility desires and reproductive decisions for women and men living in western Uganda...
  76. ncbi Attitudes towards long-acting reversible methods of contraception in general practice in the UK
    Kaye Wellings
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, England, WC1E 7HT, UK
    Contraception 76:208-14. 2007
    ..published national guidance in England recommended that increased use of long-acting reversible methods of contraception could reduce unintended pregnancy rates...
  77. pmc Contraception's proved potential to fight HIV
    H W Reynolds
    Sex Transm Infect 81:184-5. 2005
  78. ncbi Copper-containing, framed intrauterine devices for contraception: a systematic review of randomized controlled trials
    Paul A O'Brien
    Westside Contraceptive Services, Westminster Primary Care Trust, Raymede Clinic, London, UK
    Contraception 77:318-27. 2008
    Intrauterine devices (IUDs) are safe and effective methods of long-term reversible contraception. The design and copper content as well as placement of the copper on IUDs could affect their effectiveness and side effect profile...
  79. ncbi Efficacy of contraceptive methods: A review of the literature
    Diana Mansour
    New Croft Centre, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK
    Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care 15:4-16. 2010
    ..To provide a comprehensive and objective summary of contraceptive failure rates for a variety of methods based on a systematic review of the literature...
  80. ncbi Introducing the standard days method: expanding family planning options in Rwanda
    Caroline Blair
    Institute for Reproductive Health, Georgetown University, 4301 Connecticut Ave, NW Washington, DC 20008, USA
    Afr J Reprod Health 11:60-8. 2007
    ..The method attracts couples who are new to family planning, and is a valuable addition to the method mix offered in Rwanda...
  81. ncbi Social networks, ideation, and contraceptive behavior in Bangladesh: a longitudinal analysis
    D L Kincaid
    Johns Hopkins University, Center for Communication Programs, Baltimore, MD 21202 4024, USA
    Soc Sci Med 50:215-31. 2000
    ..The results confirm the influence of ideation on fertility change and suggest that family planning programs would benefit from training field workers to use a social network approach...
  82. pmc Do family-planning workers in China support provision of sexual and reproductive health services to unmarried young people?
    Xiaowen Tu
    Department of Epidemiology and Social Science, Shanghai Institute of Planned Parenthood Research, Shanghai, China
    Bull World Health Organ 82:274-80. 2004
    ..To ascertain the perspectives of family-planning service providers in eight sites in China on the provision of sexual and reproductive health services to unmarried young people...
  83. pmc As the world grows: contraception in the 21st century
    R John Aitken
    Discipline of Biological Sciences and ARC Centre of Excellence in Biotechnology and Development, University of Newcastle, Callaghan, New South Wales, Australia
    J Clin Invest 118:1330-43. 2008
    ..This Review addresses the contribution that the "omic" revolution can make to the identification of novel contraceptive targets, as well as the progress that has been made for different target molecules under development...
  84. ncbi Steroid hormones for contraception in men
    David A Grimes
    Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of North Carolina School of Medicine, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, USA
    Cochrane Database Syst Rev 3:CD004316. 2012
    Male hormonal contraception has been an elusive goal. Administration of sex steroids to men can shut off sperm production through effects on the pituitary and hypothalamus...
  85. pmc Advances in male contraception
    Stephanie T Page
    Center for Research in Reproduction and Contraception, Department of Medicine, University of Washington School of Medicine, Seattle, Washington 98195, USA
    Endocr Rev 29:465-93. 2008
    ..Multicultural surveys demonstrate the willingness of men to participate in contraception and their female partners to trust them to do so...
  86. ncbi Does current contraceptive choice correspond with user satisfaction?
    C Rosales
    Postgraduate Institute for Medicine and Dentistry, University of Newcastle upon Tyne, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK
    J Obstet Gynaecol 32:166-72. 2012
    ..002, χ(2)-test). Overall, British women are generally satisfied with their chosen contraceptive method...
  87. ncbi Is "abortion culture" fading in the former Soviet Union? Views about abortion and contraception in Kazakhstan
    Victor Agadjanian
    Department of Sociology, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ 85287 2101, USA
    Stud Fam Plann 33:237-48. 2002
    ..importance to reproductive trends and policies in post-Soviet nations, especially as they strive to substitute contraception for abortion...
  88. ncbi Embodied expertise: women's perceptions of the contraception consultation
    Pam Lowe
    Centre for Primary Health Care Studies, University of Warwick, UK
    Health (London) 9:361-78. 2005
    ..be they nurses, midwives, health visitors or doctors, who were perceived as the ones who 'know' about contraception, through an assumption that they are contraception users...
  89. pmc Hormonal approaches to male contraception
    Christina Wang
    Division of Endocrinology, Department of Medicine, Harbor UCLA Medical Center and Los Angeles Biomedical Research Institute, Torrance, California 90509, USA
    Curr Opin Urol 20:520-4. 2010
    ..Hormonal male contraceptive methods have undergone extensive clinical trials in healthy men and shown to be efficacious, reversible and appear to be well tolerated...
  90. ncbi Canadian Consensus Guideline on Continuous and Extended Hormonal Contraception, 2007
    Edith Guilbert
    Quebec QC
    J Obstet Gynaecol Can 29:S1-32. 2007
    To serve as a guideline for health care providers on the use of continuous and extended combined hormonal contraception regimens, to prevent pregnancy, and to delay menses that affect health-related quality of life.
  91. ncbi Contraception and the risk of ectopic pregnancy: a meta-analysis
    B W Mol
    Department of Clinical Epidemiology, University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Contraception 52:337-41. 1995
    ..Women becoming pregnant after sterilization or while currently using an IUCD are at an increased risk. The IUCD is the only contraceptive method associated with an increased risk after discontinuation of its use...
  92. ncbi Norethisterone enanthate plus testosterone undecanoate for male contraception: effects of various injection intervals on spermatogenesis, reproductive hormones, testis, and prostate
    M C Meriggiola
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, S Orsola Hospital, Via Massarenti 13, 40138 Bologna, Italy
    J Clin Endocrinol Metab 90:2005-14. 2005
    ..Prostate volumes did not change significantly in either group. In conclusion, these data suggest that the combined administration of NETE and TU at 8-wk intervals represents an effective hormonal contraceptive regimen...
  93. ncbi Determinants of unmet need for contraception among Chinese migrants: a worksite-based survey
    Peter Decat
    International Centre for Reproductive Health, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Ghent University, Belgium
    Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care 16:26-35. 2011
    ..Considerable sexual and reproductive health (SRH) challenges have been reported among rural-to-urban migrants in China. Predictors thereof are urgently needed to develop targeted interventions...
  94. ncbi Area disadvantage, socioeconomic position and women's contraception use: a multilevel study in the UK
    Rebecca Bentley
    Key Centre for Women s Health in Society, The University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Australia
    J Fam Plann Reprod Health Care 35:221-6. 2009
    ..occupations), individual-level socioeconomic position (social class and educational qualifications) and contraception use in the UK for the period 1990-1991...
  95. ncbi Post abortion contraception and its effect on repeat abortions in Auckland, New Zealand
    Helen Roberts
    Department of Gynaecology and Obstetrics, University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand
    Contraception 82:260-5. 2010
    ..It then examines the effect of type of post abortion contraception with the likelihood of seeking subsequent abortions.
  96. ncbi The struggle for male hormonal contraception
    Eberhard Nieschlag
    Centre of Reproductive Medicine and Andrology CeRA, University of Munster, Domagkstr 11, D 48149 Munster, Germany
    Best Pract Res Clin Endocrinol Metab 25:369-75. 2011
    The principle of male hormonal contraception is based on the suppression of LH and FSH and the replacement of testosterone to maintain androgenicity...
  97. ncbi Non-contraceptive benefits and risks of contraception
    Zara Haider
    The Margaret Pyke Centre, 73 Charlotte Street, London, UK
    Best Pract Res Clin Obstet Gynaecol 23:249-62. 2009
    b>Contraception is primarily used to prevent pregnancy. However, a user should be aware of both the possible non-contraceptive benefits she/he may experience and any potential risks to her/his health...
  98. ncbi Attitudes and behavior towards contraception among Greek women during reproductive age: a country-wide survey
    Yannis Tountas
    Department of Hygiene and Epidemiology, Center for Health Services Research, Medical School, University of Athens, 25 Alexandroupoleos Street, 115 27 Athens, Greece
    Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol 116:190-5. 2004
    ..The study objectives were to explore current contraceptive behavior of Greek women during reproductive age...
  99. ncbi Knowledge and attitudes about the differences between emergency contraception and medical abortion among middle-class women and men of reproductive age in Mexico City
    Heather Gould
    Graduate Student, Department of Maternal and Child Health, School of Public Health, University of California, Berkeley, Berkeley, CA, USA
    Contraception 66:417-26. 2002
    Two reproductive technologies--emergency contraception and medical abortion--have the potential to reduce unintended pregnancy significantly in Latin America...
  100. pmc Social transmission and the spread of modern contraception in rural Ethiopia
    Alexandra Alvergne
    Department of Anthropology, University College London, London, United Kingdom
    PLoS ONE 6:e22515. 2011
    ..We used data which included the first ever use of modern contraception among a population of over 900 women in four villages in rural Ethiopia, where contraceptive prevalence is ..
  101. ncbi New strategies for providing hormonal contraception in developing countries
    John W Townsend
    The Population Council, Washington, DC 20008, USA
    Contraception 83:405-9. 2011
    Even with progress in increasing access to effective contraception over the past decades, and the growing range of contraceptive methods available on the market, women in developing countries continue to report an unmet need for family ..

Research Grants71

  1. Interdisciplinary Research Training in Reproduction for Indian Fellows
    John C Herr; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The global need for new options in contraception is highlighted by the fact that one in every two pregnancies is unwanted...
  2. Analysis of the role of the VRK1 protein kinase in mammalian fertility
    Paula Traktman; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..Understanding how the signaling pathways mediated by VRK1 affect spermatogenesis and oogenesis will deepen our understanding of the causes of human infertility and elucidate new targets for male contraception.
  3. Outcomes of Infertility Treatments in Clinic and Population-Based Cohorts
    Joseph B Stanford; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..provided by applicant): Infertility, defined as inability to conceive within one year of intercourse without contraception, is a common health condition for couples...
  4. The biology of blood-testis barrier dynamics
    C Yan Cheng; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..It also offers new insight into: (i) developing novel approaches for male contraception, and (ii) the causes of unexplained male infertility.
  5. Calcium Signaling in the Pubertal Activation of the GnRH Pulse Generator
    Daniel J Spergel; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..The knowledge obtained may aid in developing new leads for contraception, as well as treatments for infertility and the pubertal disorders polycystic ovary syndrome, hypogonadism, ..
  6. Innate immunity predictors of HIV: the role of contraception, pregnancy and HSV-2
    Charles Morrison; Fiscal Year: 2013
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Hormonal contraception (HC), including the injectable progestin depot medroxyprogesterone acetate (DMPA) and combined oral contraceptives (COCs), and pregnancy have been associated with increased ..
  7. PTIP as an epigenetic regulator in male meiosis
    Guo Zhang Zhu; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Furthermore, collected information may offer insights into unexplained (or idiopathic) infertility in men and may lead to new strategies for male contraception and assisted reproduction.
  8. Response of Rhesus Sperm to Freezing: Recovery from Osmotic and Oxidative Stress
    Stuart A Meyers; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..genetically unique macaques, are important models of human disease with applications to infertility and contraception, infectious diseases and vaccine development, drug and alcohol addiction, neurological disorders, and ..
  9. An internet based prospective study of time to pregnancy
    Elizabeth E Hatch; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..confounder data on frequency of intercourse, smoking, parity, cycle regularity, cycle length, last method of contraception, occupation, education, stress and depressive symptoms, among other factors...
  10. Leukemia Inhibitory Factor As a Mediator of Primate Ovulation &Oocyte Maturation
    Jon D Hennebold; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..of such events are necessary for advancing infertility treatments and developing novel, non-hormonal forms of contraception. In this regard, studies conducted by the P.I...
  11. The Kiss1 system in the neuroendocrine control of reproduction
    VICTOR MANUEL NAVARRO; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..for the development of better strategies to treat reproductive disorders and offer improved methods of contraception. Completion of these studies will provide training in: (a) state-of-the-art geneti and molecular methodologies;..
  12. Role of Fetal Steroids in Formation and Activation of Bovine Ovarian Follicles
    Joanne E Fortune; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..ovulation, it is critical for reproductive success and also a potential target for fertility enhancement or contraception. In large mammals, such as cattle, sheep and primates (including humans) the primordial follicles form when ..
  13. Role of mineralocorticoid receptor in primate ovarian function
    CHARLES CHAFFIN; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Novel contraception remains a problem, with a large preponderance of North American women continuing to rely on derivations of ..
  14. Catenins: A role in spertmatogenesis and sperm maturation
    MANJEET KUMAR RAO; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..these studies could lead to new insights for therapeutically compromising germ cell movement in the seminiferous epithelium, thereby disrupting spermatogenesis, as a novel approach to reversible male contraception.
  15. Intratesticular Sex Steroids and Spermatogenesis in Man
    MARA YVONNE ROTH; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..This research will be conducted at the Center for Research in Reproduction and Contraception, run by Dr...
  16. Hormonal and Paracrine Regulation of Spermatogenesis
    Barry R Zirkin; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..and Jonathan Jarow) addresses the biological mechanisms that explain why only some men who receive hormonal contraception become azoospermic...
  17. Structural Targeting Testis Specific Kinases (TSSK) 1 &2 for Male Contraception
    John C Herr; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  18. Regulation of CD4+ T cell responses by a progesterone receptor
    Grant Hughes; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Women using injectable Pg contraception are at significantly increased risk of HIV infection;and this form of birth control is used by an estimated 50 ..
  19. Role of Cyclin A's in mammalian gametogenesis
    Debra J Wolgemuth; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..understanding of the control of meiosis as it relates to male infertility, possibly suggest new targets for contraception, and provide critical insight into the unique properties of cell cycle regulation in stem cells, which i ..
  20. BDADs for Male Contraception
    John K Amory; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Much of this population growth is unintended and is due to inadequate contraception. Currently, male-directed contraceptive options are particularly limited...
  21. Protease regulation of ovarian recrudescence
    KELLY ANSLEY YOUNG; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..function by using a photoperiodic model helps to elucidate critical clinical questions of how to shut down (contraception) and restart (assisted reproduction, premature menopause) ovarian activity with non-hormonal mechanisms...
  22. Safety and Acceptability of Two IUDs among Cape Town HIV-positive Women: A RCT
    CATHERINE SUZANNE TODD; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..women in Cape Town indicate that, though 37% were aware of IUDs, 75% were willing to consider the IUD for contraception following information about IUDs...
  23. Physiological Mechanisms Underlying Heightened Responsiveness of Gonadotropes to
    Colin M Clay; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  24. IUD, implant, and condoms: sexual and perinatal HIV prevention in Rwandan couples
    Susan A Allen; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..7 in urban to 5.7 in rural areas. Use of modern contraception has increased from 10% in 2005 to 27% in 2008, including 15% injectable and 6% oral hormonal methods...
  25. Cervical Maturity, Mucosal Immunity, and Chlamydia trachomatis infection
    Loris Y Hwang; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Other factors including contraception use, tobacco use, and sexual behaviors will also be included in the analyses...
  26. Developing Male Contraceptives by Targeting ANT4
    Naohiro Terada; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..It is important to provide alternative choices for effective contraception to meet the needs of people with different ethnic, cultural, and religious values...
  27. Quantification of Immune Cells in Women Using Contraception
    SHARON LYNELLE ACHILLES; Fiscal Year: 2013
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Quantification of Immune Cells in Women Using Contraception Optimally HIV prevention strategies should be linked to contraception for maximal public health benefit...
  28. Vaginal Ring for Preventing Bacterial Vaginosis
    THOMAS RAY MOENCH; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Vaginal rings are highly user-acceptable for contraception and for hormone replacement therapy...
  29. Retinoid receptor antagonists as novel male contraceptives
    Debra J Wolgemuth; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..of spermatogenesis and to exploit the inhibition of its essential function as a new and novel approach to male contraception. All trans retinoic acid (ATRA) is an active metabolite of vitamin A and exerts its function at least in part ..
  30. MicroRNA Regulation of Ovarian Function
    Lane K Christenson; Fiscal Year: 2013
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Contraception and infertility are two major quality of life issues facing women of reproductive age...
  31. Neuroendocrine-modulated epithelial HCO3- transport
    Bruce D Schultz; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Results from these studies will identify methods to treat male infertility or to implement male contraception.
  32. ACES: Abstinence and Contraception Education Storehouse
    JOSEFINA JAYME CARD; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The proposed project, entitled the Abstinence and Contraception Education Storehouse (ACES), proposes to develop a library of educational resources that can be used to ..
  33. Safety of Non-Medicated Intravaginal Rings for Microbicide Delivery
    Marla J Keller; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The success of IVRs in the sustained release of hormones for contraception and the difficulties with adherence to coitally-dependent microbicide gels suggest that IVRs may prove to be a ..
  34. Hamster: a unique model for studying implantation
    BIBHASH CHANDRA PARIA; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..and treatment of female reproductive disorders, and improved technologies for assisted reproduction and contraception. PUBLIC HEALTH RELEVANCE: This proposal will address the role of natriuretic peptide ligand-reeptor signaling ..
  35. Emergency Contraception to Prevent Pregnancy: Missed Opportunities for Care.
    MICHELLE LYNNE MUNRO; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..PUBLIC HEALTH RELEVANCE: Now that emergency contraception (Plan B(R)) is available at the pharmacy without prescription, survivors of completed rape may self-treat to ..
  36. Prostaglandins in C. elegans Fertilization
    Michael A Miller; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Regardless, basic research on prostaglandins in the C. elegans gonad has the potential for discovering molecular mechanisms of human infertility, contraception, and cancer.
  37. Duet cervical barrier device for maximizing protective efficacy of microbicides
    Richard Cone; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..trials of BufferGel-Duet for preventing STIs (chlamydia, gonorrhea, trichomoniasis, and HIV), BV, and for contraception. 2) Reusable Duet, a low-cost, and maximally protective barrier device for use in low resource areas...
  38. Regulation of Mammalian Oocyte Maturation
    Stephen M Downs; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..metabolic pathways involved in meiotic maturation and will have important implications for both fertility and contraception. In addition, AMPK is an important component of overall body metabolism, and its regulation is a target for ..
  39. HIV Testing and Educating Male Partners to Improve Maternal and Infant Outcomes
    Carey Farquhar; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..to interact wit men and promote the benefits of facility delivery, exclusive breastfeeding, and postpartum contraception. For Aim 1, we hypothesize that educating men during their partner's pregnancy and providing HIV testing ..
  40. A Randomized Trial of the Copper IUD versus DMPA for HIV Prevention in Women
    Helen Rees; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Sub-Saharan Africa also has a high proportion of women using hormonal contraception, particularly the injectable progestin depot-medroxyprogesterone acetate (DMPA)...
  41. IMMUNOREGULATORY EFFECTS OF ESTROGEN IN EAE
    Halina Offner; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Moreover, unlike E2 that can prevent but not treat established EAE, ethinyl estradiol (EE) used in oral contraception has therapeutic effects on EAE, raising the fundamental question of whether this structurally different ..
  42. Biomarkers of Infertility
    ANNE ZWEIFEL STEINER; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Our study is innovative in its use of a population of unproven reproductive potential with previous access to contraception and at risk for reproductive aging...
  43. Determinants of Use of Safer Conception Strategies Among HIV Clients in Uganda
    GLENN JOHN WAGNER; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..of 400 PLHA with fertility intentions who will be followed for 24 months to assess determinants of use of contraception (while waiting for the preferred time to conceive, and post-conception), pre-conception risk reduction methods,..
  44. Mechanism of Action of Prohibitin in Ovarian Cell Function
    Winston E Thompson; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..of ovarian dysfunction could have profound implications in the clinical setting in the field of fertility (contraception or infertility), and lead to development of novel molecular diagnostic and therapeutic tools (population based ..
  45. MAINTENANCE AND OPERATION OF A SYNTHETIC PEPTIDE FACILITY
    JEANICK PASCAL; Fiscal Year: 2009
    The Contraception and Reproductive Health Branch of the NICHD supports a Chemical Synthesis Facility (CSF) that provides services central to the Branch's programs to develop safe and effective contraceptive agents...
  46. MAINTENANCE AND OPERATION OF A SYNTHETIC PEPTIDE FACILITY
    JEANICK PASCAL; Fiscal Year: 2010
    The Contraception and Reproductive Health Branch of the NICHD supports a Chemical Synthesis Facility (CSF) that provides services central to the Branch's programs to develop safe and effective contraceptive agents...
  47. The Problem With Male Sexual/Repro Health:Qualitative/Quantitative Study, Uganda
    Maria J Wawer; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Men also influence partners'use of contraception. However, males have fewer entry points to sexual and reproductive health (SRH) information and services, ..
  48. Oral Contraceptive Use and Fractures Around the Menopausal Transition
    Delia Scholes; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Combined oral contraceptives (OCs), the leading method of contraception in the U.S. and worldwide, may currently represent the most common hormonal exogenous exposure for U.S. women...
  49. Vitamin D and the prevalence, incidence, and persistence of bacterial vaginosis
    Abigail Norris Turner; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..from nearly 600 Zimbabwean women who previously participated in the prospective, observational "Hormonal Contraception and Risk of HIV Acquisition" (HC-HIV) study, we propose to measure the association between serum vitamin D ..
  50. The role of chemokines in cumulus oocyte expansion (C-OE) and oocyte maturation
    MARINA CINTHIA PELUFFO; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..of events required for fertilization, thereby leading to the identification of novel non-hormonal targets for contraception as well as identification of possible cause of infertility and/or good molecular markers for oocyte quality...
  51. Television and International Family Change: A Randomized Experiment
    Rukmalie Jayakody; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..e., contraception and HIV risk behaviors). However, the causal impacts of television on attitudes and behaviors remain unclear...
  52. "Physical and Chemical Cues that Guide Sperm Migration"
    Mingming Wu; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Lastly, safer forms of contraception are needed for humans...
  53. Effect of sex hormones on HIV infection of cervical and rectal mucosal tissue
    Natalia Teleshova; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The data demonstrating increased HIV acquisition in women using hormonal contraception, primarily Depo-Provera, suggest that high progestin level may lead to enhanced HIV transmission...
  54. Modulation of Hormonal and Systemic Immunity by Hormonal Contraceptive Use
    Thomas L Cherpes; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..to suppress host responses needed to combat genital tract infection, and would also supply healthcare providers more informed recommendations regarding the most appropriate choices for hormonal contraception among women at risk for HIV.
  55. Injectable Contraception and HIV/HSV-2 Incidence in Young South African Women
    Sinead Delany-Moretlwe; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Recent observational studies have identified that hormonal contraception (HC), and in particular injectable contraceptive (ICs) such as DMPA may increase the risk of HIV transmission ..
  56. Category B: Hawaii Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System (PRAMS)
    Danette Wong Tomiyasu; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..such as unintended pregnancies, smoking and alcohol use during pregnancy, insurance at time of pregnancy, contraception, post-partum depression and domestic violence...
  57. Reproductive health decisions and HIV infection risk
    Ann Elizabeth Kurth; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Aim 2. Describe and compare sexual behaviors, contraception, condom use, couple-level behaviors and factors, and sociocultural norms in the cohort, using rapid urine ..
  58. EVALUATION AND TESTING OF A DECISION SUPPORT AID IN CONTRACEPTIVE DECISION MAKING
    Tessa Madden; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..public health problem in the United States despite the fact that more than 60% of women currently use contraception. Contraceptive counseling is an important mediator of contraceptive selection and use, but there is little ..
  59. HIV status and fertility desires: Implications for HIV prevention and policies
    Akinrinola Bankole; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..pregnancy are very high priorities in sub-Saharan Africa, a region where HIV prevalence and unmet need for contraception are the highest in the world...
  60. Evaluation of the immunologic and genital tract changes among Malawian women
    Jennifer Tang; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Dr. Tang is establishing herself as a young investigator in the areas of hormonal contraception and HIV prevention. This K01 award will provide Dr...
  61. Adenine Nucleotide Metabolism and Signaling in Mammalian Sperm
    George L Gerton; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..sperm flagellum may provide new ways to assist couples experiencing infertility and to develop new forms of contraception. Information gained from these studies may aid in the understanding of globally important diseases/infections ..
  62. Improving Women's Sexual Health While in Drug Addiction Treatment
    Hendree E Jones; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..contraceptive competence through male and female condom practice (on plastic models), receipt of emergency contraception prescription and MI style discussions about overcoming barriers to effective contraceptive use and ..
  63. STERILITY IN SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA
    Ulla Larsen; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..aims flow from this objective: Aim 1: Population Estimates of Sterility: To determine the magnitude of contraception that has a negligible impact on population estimates of the level and age pattern of sterility using a ..
  64. GENETICS OF DELAYED PUBERTY
    LAWRENCE LAYMAN; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..reproduction has tremendous implications for the treatment of pubertal disorders, infertility, and potentially contraception. Depending upon the types of mutations characterized, molecular diagnosis might be possible for children with ..
  65. ENDOMETRIAL VEGF: ENDOCRINE REGULATION OF ANGIOGENESIS
    Robert Taylor; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..All integrated, multidisciplinary team of investigators with expertise in clinical contraception and basic laboratory investigation will address the following objectives: Specific Aims I: The ..
  66. STUDIES ON SPERM FERTILIZING ABILITY
    Barry Bavister; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..The results of these experiments will provide deeper insights into the functional roles of these naturally-occurring factors, and into their mechanisms of action in regulating events immediately preceding egg penetration...
  67. Effect of Continuous vs. Sequential Oral Contraception
    RICHARD LEGRO; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..This regimen may therefore provide both effective contraception (with greater leeway for skipped pills) as well as more effective treatment of multiple gynecological ..
  68. ANTIPROGESTINS IN ENDOMETRIUM
    RONALD WIEHLE; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..Other indications could include oral contraception, postcoital contraception, labor induction, cervical ripening, hormone replacement therapy and treatment of ..
  69. INITIATING CONTRACEPTION IN AN STD CLINIC SETTING
    Judith Shlay; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..to a primary care provider (PCP) for ongoing care can improve the rate of long-term use of effective contraception among high-risk women and lower the rate of unintended pregnancy...
  70. A RCT of LNG-IUD vs. DMPA for young postpartum women
    Nancy Stanwood; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Once a young woman has given birth, helping her choose an effective method of postpartum contraception is crucial to preventing an unintended pregnancy...
  71. Family Planning Promotion in HIV Infected Zambians
    Susan Allen; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..The attrition rate was high, however, and compliance with oral contraception was poor...