contraception

Summary

Summary: Prevention of CONCEPTION by blocking fertility temporarily, or permanently (STERILIZATION, REPRODUCTIVE). Common means of reversible contraception include NATURAL FAMILY PLANNING METHODS; CONTRACEPTIVE AGENTS; or CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Sexual behaviour and contraceptive use among unmarried, young women migrant workers in five cities in China
    Z Zheng
    Institute of Population Research, Peking University, 3 4, Building 22, Muxidi, Beijing 100038, China
    Reprod Health Matters 9:118-27. 2001
  2. pmc Encouraging contraceptive uptake by motivating men to communicate about family planning: the Malawi Male Motivator project
    Dominick Shattuck
    Family Health International, PO Box 13950, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709, USA
    Am J Public Health 101:1089-95. 2011
  3. pmc Use of modern contraception by the poor is falling behind
    Emmanuela Gakidou
    Harvard Initiative for Global Health, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States of America
    PLoS Med 4:e31. 2007
  4. doi Contraception and health
    John Cleland
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    Lancet 380:149-56. 2012
  5. ncbi The value of contraception to prevent perinatal HIV transmission
    Heidi W Reynolds
    Health Services Research Division, Family Health International, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina 27709, USA
    Sex Transm Dis 33:350-6. 2006
  6. ncbi Sexual initiation and childbearing among adolescent girls in KwaZulu Natal, South Africa
    N Manzini
    Population and Poverty Studies Programme, University of Natal, Durban, South Africa
    Reprod Health Matters 9:44-52. 2001
  7. ncbi [Survey on knowledge, attitude, practice related to contraception among college students in Beijing]
    Yuan Zhong Zhou
    Institute of Family Planning, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, China
    Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi 30:710-2. 2009
  8. pmc Contraceptive use and method preference among women in Soweto, South Africa: the influence of expanding access to HIV care and treatment services
    Angela Kaida
    Faculty of Health Sciences, Simon Fraser University, Burnaby, Canada
    PLoS ONE 5:e13868. 2010
  9. pmc Patterns of contraceptive use within teenagers' first sexual relationships
    Jennifer Manlove
    Child Trends, Washington, DC, USA
    Perspect Sex Reprod Health 35:246-55. 2003
  10. pmc Contraception methods, beyond oral contraceptives and tubal ligation, and risk of ovarian cancer
    Roberta B Ness
    School of Public Health, The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, Houston, TX 77030, USA
    Ann Epidemiol 21:188-96. 2011

Research Grants

Detail Information

Publications260 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Sexual behaviour and contraceptive use among unmarried, young women migrant workers in five cities in China
    Z Zheng
    Institute of Population Research, Peking University, 3 4, Building 22, Muxidi, Beijing 100038, China
    Reprod Health Matters 9:118-27. 2001
    ..Most of the women lacked basic information about reproduction and contraception, and did not know where or how to obtain contraception...
  2. pmc Encouraging contraceptive uptake by motivating men to communicate about family planning: the Malawi Male Motivator project
    Dominick Shattuck
    Family Health International, PO Box 13950, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709, USA
    Am J Public Health 101:1089-95. 2011
    ..We examined the effect of a peer-delivered educational intervention, the Malawi Male Motivator intervention, on couples' contraceptive uptake. We based the intervention design on the information-motivation-behavioral skills (IMB) model...
  3. pmc Use of modern contraception by the poor is falling behind
    Emmanuela Gakidou
    Harvard Initiative for Global Health, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States of America
    PLoS Med 4:e31. 2007
    The widespread increase in the use of contraception, due to multiple factors including improved access to modern contraception, is one of the most dramatic social transformations of the past fifty years...
  4. doi Contraception and health
    John Cleland
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    Lancet 380:149-56. 2012
    ..A further 30% of maternal deaths could be avoided by fulfilment of unmet need for contraception. The benefits of modern contraceptives to women's health, including non-contraceptive benefits of specific ..
  5. ncbi The value of contraception to prevent perinatal HIV transmission
    Heidi W Reynolds
    Health Services Research Division, Family Health International, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina 27709, USA
    Sex Transm Dis 33:350-6. 2006
    ..The objective of this study was to highlight the value of preventing unintended pregnancies among HIV-infected women as a strategy to prevent perinatal HIV transmission...
  6. ncbi Sexual initiation and childbearing among adolescent girls in KwaZulu Natal, South Africa
    N Manzini
    Population and Poverty Studies Programme, University of Natal, Durban, South Africa
    Reprod Health Matters 9:44-52. 2001
    ....
  7. ncbi [Survey on knowledge, attitude, practice related to contraception among college students in Beijing]
    Yuan Zhong Zhou
    Institute of Family Planning, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, China
    Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi 30:710-2. 2009
    To understand the current status and relative factors on knowledge, attitude, practice to contraception among college students in Beijing and to provide evidence for developing aimed contraceptive service and education in colleges.
  8. pmc Contraceptive use and method preference among women in Soweto, South Africa: the influence of expanding access to HIV care and treatment services
    Angela Kaida
    Faculty of Health Sciences, Simon Fraser University, Burnaby, Canada
    PLoS ONE 5:e13868. 2010
    ..We sought to investigate whether the prevalence of contraceptive use and method preferences varied by HIV status and receipt of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) among women in Soweto, South Africa...
  9. pmc Patterns of contraceptive use within teenagers' first sexual relationships
    Jennifer Manlove
    Child Trends, Washington, DC, USA
    Perspect Sex Reprod Health 35:246-55. 2003
    ..It is important to determine how partner and relationship characteristics are related to contraceptive use and consistency within adolescents' first sexual relationships...
  10. pmc Contraception methods, beyond oral contraceptives and tubal ligation, and risk of ovarian cancer
    Roberta B Ness
    School of Public Health, The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, Houston, TX 77030, USA
    Ann Epidemiol 21:188-96. 2011
    Few studies have examined methods of contraception, beyond oral contraceptives (OCs) and tubal ligation, in relation to ovarian cancer risk.
  11. doi Effectiveness of long-acting reversible contraception
    Brooke Winner
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    N Engl J Med 366:1998-2007. 2012
    ..The rate of unintended pregnancy in the United States is much higher than in other developed nations. Approximately half of unintended pregnancies are due to contraceptive failure, largely owing to inconsistent or incorrect use...
  12. doi Changes in couples' communication as a result of a male-involvement family planning intervention
    Miriam Hartmann
    Family Health International, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709, USA
    J Health Commun 17:802-19. 2012
    ..This study shows that interventions can and should encourage spousal communication and shared decision making, and it provides an effective model for involving men in family-planning use...
  13. ncbi Field experiences integrating family planning into programs to prevent mother-to-child transmission of HIV
    Naomi Rutenberg
    Horizons, Washington, DC, USA
    Stud Fam Plann 36:235-45. 2005
    ..This article draws out the policy implications of these findings and recommends that policies be based on respect for women's right to informed reproductive choice in the context of HIV/AIDS...
  14. ncbi Does discussion of family planning improve knowledge of partner's attitude toward contraceptives?
    Laurie F DeRose
    Department of Sociology and Maryland Population Research Center, University of Maryland, College Park, MD, USA
    Int Fam Plan Perspect 30:87-93. 2004
    ..However, it is not known whether this finding also applies to contexts more typical of Sub-Saharan Africa, where approval is not as high...
  15. ncbi From effectiveness to impact: contraception as an HIV prevention intervention
    R Wilcher
    Family Health International, P O Box 13950, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709, USA
    Sex Transm Infect 84:ii54-60. 2008
    ..This paper reviews international, country and service delivery level opportunities for and obstacles to translating contraceptive efficacy into interventions that will have an impact on the effectiveness of HIV prevention...
  16. doi Molecular mechanisms of steroid receptor-mediated actions by synthetic progestins used in HRT and contraception
    Donita Africander
    Department of Biochemistry, University of Stellenbosch, Private Bag X1, Matieland, 7602, South Africa
    Steroids 76:636-52. 2011
    ..Here we review the molecular mechanisms of intracellular actions of old (MPA, norethisterone, levonorgestrel, gestodene) vs. new (drospirenone, dienogest, trimegestone) generation progestins, via steroid receptors...
  17. pmc Risks of contraception and pregnancy in heart disease
    Sara Thorne
    University Hospital Birmingham, UK
    Heart 92:1520-5. 2006
  18. pmc Condoms for dual protection: patterns of use with highly effective contraceptive methods
    Karen Pazol
    Department of Medicine, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA 30341 3724, USA
    Public Health Rep 125:208-17. 2010
    ..Because oral contracep tives (OCs) have been the predominant form of highly effective contraceptio in the U.S., it is unknown whether condom use is similarly low with increasingly promoted user-independent methods...
  19. doi Contraception to prevent HIV-positive births: current contribution and potential cost savings in PEPFAR countries
    H W Reynolds
    Family Health International, P O Box 13950, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709, USA
    Sex Transm Infect 84:ii49-53. 2008
    ....
  20. pmc Contraception use and pregnancy among 15-24 year old South African women: a nationally representative cross-sectional survey
    Catherine MacPhail
    Reproductive Health and HIV Research Unit, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, PO Box 18512, Hillbrow 2038, South Africa
    BMC Med 5:31. 2007
    ..In South Africa, high numbers of adolescent women report pregnancies that are unwanted and yet few have accessed available termination of pregnancy services. Enabling contraception use is vital for meeting the goals of HIV prevention.
  21. doi Strategies to prevent unintended pregnancy: increasing use of long-acting reversible contraception
    P D Blumenthal
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305 5317, USA
    Hum Reprod Update 17:121-37. 2011
    ..In this review we aim to discuss the role of LARC methods and importance of contraceptive counseling in reducing unintended pregnancy rates...
  22. pmc Sex steroid hormones, hormonal contraception, and the immunobiology of human immunodeficiency virus-1 infection
    Zdenek Hel
    Department of Pathology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, 845 19th Street South, Birmingham, Alabama 35294 2170, USA
    Endocr Rev 31:79-97. 2010
    ..This review summarizes current knowledge of the effects of various types of sex steroid hormones on immune processes involved in the biology of HIV-1 infection...
  23. pmc Social and logistical barriers to the use of reversible contraception among women in a rural Indian village
    Mary Ann Kirkconnell Hall
    Hubert Department of Global Health, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, GA, USA
    J Health Popul Nutr 26:241-50. 2008
    ..Women felt that reversible contraception is undesirable, socially unacceptable, and usually unnecessary, although the achievement of fertility goals is ..
  24. pmc The Contraceptive CHOICE Project: reducing barriers to long-acting reversible contraception
    Gina M Secura
    Division of Clinical Research, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Washington University in St Louis School of Medicine, St Louis, MO, USA
    Am J Obstet Gynecol 203:115.e1-7. 2010
    To introduce and promote the use of long-acting reversible methods of contraception (LARC; intrauterine contraceptives and subdermal implant) by removing financial and knowledge barriers.
  25. ncbi Teenage contraceptive use in Iceland: a gender perspective
    Soley S Bender
    Faculty of Nursing, Univeresity of Iceland, Reykjavik, Iceland
    Public Health Nurs 22:17-26. 2005
    Different gender beliefs toward contraception may affect contraceptive use among teenagers and need to be explored for the development of sexuality education and services aimed at this age group...
  26. ncbi Introducing the standard days method: expanding family planning options in Rwanda
    Caroline Blair
    Institute for Reproductive Health, Georgetown University, 4301 Connecticut Ave, NW Washington, DC 20008, USA
    Afr J Reprod Health 11:60-8. 2007
    ..The method attracts couples who are new to family planning, and is a valuable addition to the method mix offered in Rwanda...
  27. ncbi Critical gaps in universal access to reproductive health: contraception and prevention of unsafe abortion
    Kelly R Culwell
    International Planned Parenthood Federation, Central Office, London, UK
    Int J Gynaecol Obstet 110:S13-6. 2010
    ..Prevention of unsafe abortion starts with prevention of unwanted pregnancies, most effectively through contraception. When unwanted pregnancies occur, provision of safe, legal abortion services can further prevent unsafe ..
  28. doi Contextual influences on contraceptive use in the Eastern Cape, South Africa
    Rob Stephenson
    Hubert Department of Global Health, 722, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
    Health Place 14:841-52. 2008
    ..The residual variation in contraceptive use highlights the deficits that exist in current datasets for capturing community influences on contraceptive behavior...
  29. doi The CHOICE study: effect of counselling on the selection of combined hormonal contraceptive methods in 11 countries
    Johannes Bitzer
    Frauenklinik, Universitatsspital Basel, Basel, Switzerland
    Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care 17:65-78. 2012
    ..To encourage healthcare professionals to counsel women seeking combined hormonal contraceptives (CHCs) about alternative CHCs and to study the influence of counselling on women's selection of CHCs...
  30. pmc Continuation and satisfaction of reversible contraception
    Jeffrey F Peipert
    Division of Clinical Research, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Washington University in St Louis School of Medicine, St Louis, Missouri 63110, USA
    Obstet Gynecol 117:1105-13. 2011
    ..To estimate 12-month satisfaction and continuation rates of intrauterine device (IUD) and implant users enrolled in the Contraceptive CHOICE Project and compare these measures with women using the oral contraceptive pills (OCPs)...
  31. ncbi Nurses' discourse in contraceptive prescribing: an analysis using Foucault's 'procedures of exclusion'
    Mark Hayter
    Centre for Health and Social Care Studies and Service Development, School of Nursing and Midwifery, University of Sheffield, Sheffield, UK
    J Adv Nurs 58:358-67. 2007
    This paper is a report of an analysis of the discourse about contraceptive efficacy and side effects used by nurses when prescribing contraception.
  32. doi Ultrasound as a mechanical method for male dog contraception
    R Leoci
    Department of Animal Production, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Bari, Bari, Italy
    Reprod Domest Anim 44:326-8. 2009
    ..There was some tenderness after treatment and a significant decrease in testicular size and semen quality. This method may provide a suitable contraception technique in dogs and requires further investigation.
  33. doi How increased contraceptive use has reduced maternal mortality
    John Stover
    Futures Institute, Glastonbury, CT, 06033, USA
    Matern Child Health J 14:687-95. 2010
    ..Increases in the use of modern contraceptives have made and can continue to make an important contribution to reducing maternal mortality in the developing world...
  34. pmc Constraints and prospects for contraceptive service provision to young people in Uganda: providers' perspectives
    Gorrette Nalwadda
    Department of Nursing, School of Health Sciences, Makerere University College of Health Sciences, PO Box 7072, Kampala, Uganda
    BMC Health Serv Res 11:220. 2011
    ..Health care providers' perspectives on factors influencing contraceptive use and service provision to young people aged 15-24 in two rural districts in Uganda were explored...
  35. doi Contraception use and associations with intimate partner violence among women in Bangladesh
    Koustuv Dalal
    Division of Public Health Science, School of Life Sciences, University of Skovde, Skovde, Sweden
    J Biosoc Sci 44:83-94. 2012
    This study examines the association between contraception use and intimate partner violence (IPV) among women of reproductive age in Bangladesh...
  36. doi Targeting women at risk of unintended pregnancy in Ghana: Should geography matter?
    Fiifi Amoako Johnson
    University of Southampton, Highfield, United Kingdom
    Sex Reprod Healthc 2:29-35. 2011
    ..and there are differences between urban and rural women, with rural women more likely to have their demand for contraception unmet...
  37. pmc Men's migration and women's fertility in rural Mozambique
    Victor Agadjanian
    School of Social and Family Dynamics, and Center for Population Dynamics, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ 85287 3701, USA
    Demography 48:1029-48. 2011
    ..Yet, such women are also significantly more likely to use modern contraception than other women...
  38. ncbi Level and differentials of fertility in Awassa town, Southern Ethiopia
    Samson Gebremedhin
    Department of Rural Development and Family Sciences, Hawassa University, Ethiopia
    Afr J Reprod Health 13:93-112. 2009
    ....
  39. ncbi Dual protection against unintended pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections: what is the best contraceptive approach?
    Willard Cates
    Family Health International, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina 27709, USA
    Sex Transm Dis 29:168-74. 2002
    ..However, in settings where unintended pregnancy is the greater concern, emphasizing the two-methods approach as a first option may be appropriate...
  40. doi Fertility desires and infection with the HIV: results from a survey in rural Uganda
    Jennifer Heys
    Department of Public Health Sciences, School of Public Health, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada
    AIDS 23:S37-45. 2009
    ..To determine how a positive HIV diagnosis influences fertility desires and reproductive decisions for women and men living in western Uganda...
  41. ncbi Social desirability bias in family planning studies: a neglected problem
    Gretchen S Stuart
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of North Carolina School of Medicine Chapel Hill, NC 27599 7030, USA
    Contraception 80:108-12. 2009
    ..Greater skepticism about self-reports and more objective means of documenting coitus and contraceptive use are needed if contraceptive efficacy is to be accurately measured...
  42. ncbi Unmet need for contraception in Kuwait: issues for health care providers
    Makhdoom A Shah
    Department of Health Information Administration, and Vice Dean Academic Affairs, Faculty of Allied Health Sciences and Nursing, Kuwait University, P O Box 31470, Sulaibikhat 90805, Kuwait
    Soc Sci Med 59:1573-80. 2004
    Based on a nationally representive household survey of Kuwaiti women held in 1999 (n = 1502) unmet need for contraception was analyzed in Kuwait, an oil-rich Muslim country. It was found that 9...
  43. pmc Differences between dual-method and non-dual-method protection use in a sample of young African American women residing in the Southeastern United States
    Jessica M Sales
    Department of Behavioral Science and Health Education, Emory University, Rollins School of Public Health, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
    Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 164:1125-31. 2010
    ..To characterize dual-method protection users and report the prevalence of dual-method use among young adult African American women residing in the Southeastern United States...
  44. doi Copper-containing, framed intrauterine devices for contraception: a systematic review of randomized controlled trials
    Paul A O'Brien
    Westside Contraceptive Services, Westminster Primary Care Trust, Raymede Clinic, London, UK
    Contraception 77:318-27. 2008
    Intrauterine devices (IUDs) are safe and effective methods of long-term reversible contraception. The design and copper content as well as placement of the copper on IUDs could affect their effectiveness and side effect profile...
  45. pmc Do family-planning workers in China support provision of sexual and reproductive health services to unmarried young people?
    Xiaowen Tu
    Department of Epidemiology and Social Science, Shanghai Institute of Planned Parenthood Research, Shanghai, China
    Bull World Health Organ 82:274-80. 2004
    ..To ascertain the perspectives of family-planning service providers in eight sites in China on the provision of sexual and reproductive health services to unmarried young people...
  46. pmc Contraception's proved potential to fight HIV
    H W Reynolds
    Sex Transm Infect 81:184-5. 2005
  47. ncbi Spousal communication and family planning behavior in Navrongo: a longitudinal assessment
    Ayaga A Bawah
    Population Studies Center, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia 19104, USA
    Stud Fam Plann 33:185-94. 2002
    ..Results from both cross-sectional and longitudinal analysis demonstrate that spousal communication does, indeed, predict contraceptive behavior, even when other factors are controlled...
  48. pmc As the world grows: contraception in the 21st century
    R John Aitken
    Discipline of Biological Sciences and ARC Centre of Excellence in Biotechnology and Development, University of Newcastle, Callaghan, New South Wales, Australia
    J Clin Invest 118:1330-43. 2008
    ..This Review addresses the contribution that the "omic" revolution can make to the identification of novel contraceptive targets, as well as the progress that has been made for different target molecules under development...
  49. ncbi Embodied expertise: women's perceptions of the contraception consultation
    Pam Lowe
    Centre for Primary Health Care Studies, University of Warwick, UK
    Health (London) 9:361-78. 2005
    ..be they nurses, midwives, health visitors or doctors, who were perceived as the ones who 'know' about contraception, through an assumption that they are contraception users...
  50. ncbi Fourteen million women with limited options: HIV/AIDS and highly effective reversible contraception in sub-Saharan Africa
    Gretchen S Stuart
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC 27599 7030, USA
    Contraception 80:412-6. 2009
    ..This commentary reviews interactions between hormonal, intrauterine and barrier contraception in HIV-infected women, with a focus on sub-Saharan Africa...
  51. ncbi Is "abortion culture" fading in the former Soviet Union? Views about abortion and contraception in Kazakhstan
    Victor Agadjanian
    Department of Sociology, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ 85287 2101, USA
    Stud Fam Plann 33:237-48. 2002
    ..importance to reproductive trends and policies in post-Soviet nations, especially as they strive to substitute contraception for abortion...
  52. ncbi Norethisterone enanthate plus testosterone undecanoate for male contraception: effects of various injection intervals on spermatogenesis, reproductive hormones, testis, and prostate
    M C Meriggiola
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, S Orsola Hospital, Via Massarenti 13, 40138 Bologna, Italy
    J Clin Endocrinol Metab 90:2005-14. 2005
    ..Prostate volumes did not change significantly in either group. In conclusion, these data suggest that the combined administration of NETE and TU at 8-wk intervals represents an effective hormonal contraceptive regimen...
  53. ncbi Canadian Consensus Guideline on Continuous and Extended Hormonal Contraception, 2007
    Edith Guilbert
    Quebec QC
    J Obstet Gynaecol Can 29:S1-32. 2007
    To serve as a guideline for health care providers on the use of continuous and extended combined hormonal contraception regimens, to prevent pregnancy, and to delay menses that affect health-related quality of life.
  54. ncbi Area disadvantage, socioeconomic position and women's contraception use: a multilevel study in the UK
    Rebecca Bentley
    Key Centre for Women s Health in Society, The University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Australia
    J Fam Plann Reprod Health Care 35:221-6. 2009
    ..occupations), individual-level socioeconomic position (social class and educational qualifications) and contraception use in the UK for the period 1990-1991...
  55. doi Determinants of unmet need for contraception among Chinese migrants: a worksite-based survey
    Peter Decat
    International Centre for Reproductive Health, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Ghent University, Belgium
    Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care 16:26-35. 2011
    ..Considerable sexual and reproductive health (SRH) challenges have been reported among rural-to-urban migrants in China. Predictors thereof are urgently needed to develop targeted interventions...
  56. pmc Hormonal approaches to male contraception
    Christina Wang
    Division of Endocrinology, Department of Medicine, Harbor UCLA Medical Center and Los Angeles Biomedical Research Institute, Torrance, California 90509, USA
    Curr Opin Urol 20:520-4. 2010
    ..Hormonal male contraceptive methods have undergone extensive clinical trials in healthy men and shown to be efficacious, reversible and appear to be well tolerated...
  57. ncbi Contraception and the risk of ectopic pregnancy: a meta-analysis
    B W Mol
    Department of Clinical Epidemiology, University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Contraception 52:337-41. 1995
    ..Women becoming pregnant after sterilization or while currently using an IUCD are at an increased risk. The IUCD is the only contraceptive method associated with an increased risk after discontinuation of its use...
  58. pmc Burden of unintended pregnancy in the United States: potential savings with increased use of long-acting reversible contraception
    James Trussell
    Office of Population Research, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08540, USA
    Contraception 87:154-61. 2013
    ..of unintended pregnancy (UP) in the United States (US) from a third-party health care payer perspective and explored the potential role for long-acting reversible contraception (LARC) in reducing UP and resulting health care expenditure.
  59. ncbi Non-contraceptive benefits and risks of contraception
    Zara Haider
    The Margaret Pyke Centre, 73 Charlotte Street, London, UK
    Best Pract Res Clin Obstet Gynaecol 23:249-62. 2009
    b>Contraception is primarily used to prevent pregnancy. However, a user should be aware of both the possible non-contraceptive benefits she/he may experience and any potential risks to her/his health...
  60. ncbi Attitudes and behavior towards contraception among Greek women during reproductive age: a country-wide survey
    Yannis Tountas
    Department of Hygiene and Epidemiology, Center for Health Services Research, Medical School, University of Athens, 25 Alexandroupoleos Street, 115 27 Athens, Greece
    Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol 116:190-5. 2004
    ..The study objectives were to explore current contraceptive behavior of Greek women during reproductive age...
  61. doi New strategies for providing hormonal contraception in developing countries
    John W Townsend
    The Population Council, Washington, DC 20008, USA
    Contraception 83:405-9. 2011
    Even with progress in increasing access to effective contraception over the past decades, and the growing range of contraceptive methods available on the market, women in developing countries continue to report an unmet need for family ..
  62. ncbi Advance supply of emergency contraception. effect on use and usual contraception--a randomized trial
    Rebecca A Jackson
    Center for Reproductive Health Research and Policy and Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Sciences, University of California, San Francisco, USA
    Obstet Gynecol 102:8-16. 2003
    To evaluate whether advance provision of emergency contraception increases its use and/or adversely affects usual contraceptive practices.
  63. ncbi Knowledge and attitudes about the differences between emergency contraception and medical abortion among middle-class women and men of reproductive age in Mexico City
    Heather Gould
    Graduate Student, Department of Maternal and Child Health, School of Public Health, University of California, Berkeley, Berkeley, CA, USA
    Contraception 66:417-26. 2002
    Two reproductive technologies--emergency contraception and medical abortion--have the potential to reduce unintended pregnancy significantly in Latin America...
  64. doi The struggle for male hormonal contraception
    Eberhard Nieschlag
    Centre of Reproductive Medicine and Andrology CeRA, University of Munster, Domagkstr 11, D 48149 Munster, Germany
    Best Pract Res Clin Endocrinol Metab 25:369-75. 2011
    The principle of male hormonal contraception is based on the suppression of LH and FSH and the replacement of testosterone to maintain androgenicity...
  65. doi Post abortion contraception and its effect on repeat abortions in Auckland, New Zealand
    Helen Roberts
    Department of Gynaecology and Obstetrics, University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand
    Contraception 82:260-5. 2010
    ..It then examines the effect of type of post abortion contraception with the likelihood of seeking subsequent abortions.
  66. pmc Social transmission and the spread of modern contraception in rural Ethiopia
    Alexandra Alvergne
    Department of Anthropology, University College London, London, United Kingdom
    PLoS ONE 6:e22515. 2011
    ..We used data which included the first ever use of modern contraception among a population of over 900 women in four villages in rural Ethiopia, where contraceptive prevalence is ..
  67. pmc Providing contraception for women taking potentially teratogenic medications: a survey of internal medicine physicians' knowledge, attitudes and barriers
    David L Eisenberg
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Division of Clinical Research, Washington University in St Louis School of Medicine, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 25:291-7. 2010
    ..Physicians who prescribe potentially teratogenic medications have a responsibility to provide women with contraceptive counseling, a method of highly-effective contraception, or both.
  68. ncbi Contraceptive use by women in Accra, Ghana: results from the 2003 Accra Women's Health Survey
    Richard M K Adanu
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of Ghana Medical School, Accra, Ghana
    Afr J Reprod Health 13:123-33. 2009
    The study was to determine the predictors of use of modern contraception among women in Accra, Ghana. Data were collected by trained interviewers using questionnaires. Complete data for 2199 women were analysed using Stata 8.2...
  69. ncbi Nestorone: clinical applications for contraception and HRT
    Regine Sitruk-Ware
    Center for Biomedical Research, Population Council, Rockefeller University, 1230 York Avenue, Weiss Bldg, 6th Floor, New York, NY 10021, USA
    Steroids 68:907-13. 2003
    ..These properties make it highly suitable for use in contraception and hormonal therapy (HT)...
  70. ncbi Hormonal approaches to male contraception: approaching reality
    Frederick C W Wu
    Department of Endocrinology, Manchester Royal Infirmary, University of Manchester, Oxford Rd, Manchester M13 9WL, United Kingdom
    Mol Cell Endocrinol 250:2-7. 2006
    ..Hormonal contraception for men interrupts this physiological axis by various means of gonadotrophin suppression; this interferes with ..
  71. ncbi The ORTHO BC-SAT--a satisfaction questionnaire for women using hormonal contraceptives
    H H Colwell
    Ovation Research Group, 188 Embarcadero, Suite 200, San Francisco, CA 94105, USA
    Qual Life Res 15:1621-31. 2006
    ..To assess the reliability and validity of the ORTHO Birth Control Satisfaction Assessment Tool (ORTHO BC-SAT)...
  72. ncbi Effectiveness of female and male condoms in preventing exposure to semen during vaginal intercourse: a randomized trial
    Loren W Galvao
    Population Council, Campinas, 13083 745, Brazil
    Contraception 71:130-6. 2005
    ....
  73. ncbi Effects of pregnancy and contraception on lamotrigine disposition: new insights through analysis of lamotrigine metabolites
    Inger Ohman
    Department of Medicine, Solna, Clinical Pharmacology Unit, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden
    Seizure 17:199-202. 2008
    ..To investigate possible underlying mechanisms for alterations in lamotrigine (LTG) kinetics by gestation and use of contraceptives...
  74. doi Prevalence of lifetime abortion and methods of contraception among female sex workers in Bogota, Colombia
    Christian T Bautista
    US Naval Medical Research Center Detachment, Lima, Peru, Unit 3800 APO AA 3403
    Contraception 77:209-13. 2008
    ..The primary objective was to estimate the lifetime prevalence of abortion and the secondary objective was to describe the use of contraceptive methods among female sex workers (FSW) in Bogota, Colombia...
  75. doi Safety and efficacy of contraception--Why should the obese woman be any different?
    Maria I Rodriguez
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Oregon Health and Science University, Portland, OR 97239, USA
    Rev Endocr Metab Disord 12:85-91. 2011
    ..Obese women are less likely to use contraception due to a variety of self-induced and systems-based barriers but their risk of becoming pregnant is similar to ..
  76. ncbi Which contraception for women with epilepsy?
    Anneliese M Schwenkhagen
    Gynäkologicum Hamburg, Altonaerstr 59, 20357 Hamburg, Germany
    Seizure 17:145-50. 2008
    ..The use of intrauterine devices is an alternative method of contraception in the majority of women, with the advantage of no relevant drug-drug interactions...
  77. pmc Type of contraception method used at last intercourse and associations with health risk behaviors among US adolescents
    Patricia A Cavazos-Rehg
    Department of Psychiatry, Washington University School of Medicine, Campus Box 8134, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    Contraception 82:549-55. 2010
    This study was conducted to examine associations with contraception methods used at last sexual intercourse among US adolescents.
  78. ncbi Identification of novel endometrial targets for contraception
    Guiying Nie
    Prince Henry s Institute of Medical Research, Clayton, Victoria 3168, Australia
    Contraception 71:272-81. 2005
    ..of the molecular events determining receptivity may therefore provide potential targets for postcoital contraception. Using the mouse as a model, we identified molecules specifically regulated in the endometrium at very early ..
  79. ncbi Therapy insight: guidelines for selection of contraception in women with rheumatic diseases
    Lisa R Sammaritano
    Weill Medical College of Cornell University, Hospital for Special Surgery, Department of Medicine, New York, NY, USA
    Nat Clin Pract Rheumatol 3:273-81; quiz 305-6. 2007
    ..The use of effective contraception has, therefore, been avoided, despite many affected women being of reproductive age...
  80. ncbi Contraception in the adolescent: an update
    D E Greydanus
    Department of Pediatrics and Human Development, College of Human Medicine, and Kalamazoo Center for Medical Studies, Michigan State University Kalamazoo, Michigan 49008 1284, USA
    Pediatrics 107:562-73. 2001
    b>Contraception remains an important part of national efforts to reduce adolescent pregnancy in the United States...
  81. ncbi Contraception: an international perspective
    Regine Sitruk-Ware
    Population Council, New York, NY 10021, USA
    Contraception 73:215-22. 2006
    ..The actual use of contraception differs from region to region...
  82. ncbi The use of progesterone antagonists and progesterone receptor modulators in contraception
    I M Spitz
    Institute of Hormone Research, Shaare Zedek Medical Center, Jerusalem, Israel
    Steroids 65:817-23. 2000
    ..This raises the prospect of endometrial contraception, i.e...
  83. ncbi Contraception in Jordan: a cultural and religious perspective
    S A Kridli
    Oakland University School of Nursing, Rochester, MI, USA
    Int Nurs Rev 48:144-51. 2001
    This report provides a content analysis of studies conducted with Jordanian women on contraception. Factors such as pressure to have children, number and gender of children, location of residence, influence of religion, level of ..
  84. pmc In vitro surfactant structure-toxicity relationships: implications for surfactant use in sexually transmitted infection prophylaxis and contraception
    Angela S Inácio
    Center for Neuroscience and Cell Biology, University of Coimbra, Coimbra, Portugal
    PLoS ONE 6:e19850. 2011
    ....
  85. ncbi Hormonal contraception: state of the art and future perspectives
    G Benagiano
    Department of Gynaecological Sciences Perinatology and Child Care, La Sapienza University, Rome, Italy
    Minerva Ginecol 59:241-70. 2007
    ..It is important to notice that, over its 50 years of history, the original method for hormonal contraception (HC), universally known as ''the pill'', developed into a variety of modalities that today utilise a number of ..
  86. ncbi Contraception among HIV concordant and discordant couples in Zambia: a randomized controlled trial
    Karen E Mark
    Division of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, Department of Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, USA
    J Womens Health (Larchmt) 16:1200-10. 2007
    ..This study examines the impact of an intervention to promote dual-method contraceptive use among HIV concordant and discordant couples already using condoms for HIV prevention...
  87. doi Postpartum contraception: needs vs. reality
    Ariella B Glazer
    Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, PA 19107, USA
    Contraception 83:238-41. 2011
    The postpartum time is a unique time to address patient's contraceptive needs and provide education. There are little data to suggest the best approach to provide information about contraception after delivery.
  88. ncbi Breast-feeding and contraception in Peru
    Susan Rice
    Ida V Moffett School of Nursing, Samford University, Birmingham, AL 35229, USA
    J Health Popul Nutr 20:51-8. 2002
    ..The women gave birth to 7,951 infants, 95% of whom were breastfed; 44% of the mothers used contraception while breastfeeding...
  89. doi The use of newer progestins for contraception
    Regine Sitruk-Ware
    Population Council and Rockefeller University, New York, NY 10065, USA
    Contraception 82:410-7. 2010
    The synthetic progestins used for contraception so far are structurally related either to testosterone (estranes and gonanes) or to progesterone (pregnanes and 19-norpregnanes)...
  90. ncbi Benefit-risk assessment of the levonorgestrel intrauterine system in contraception
    Tiina Backman
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Turku University Hospital, Turku, Finland
    Drug Saf 27:1185-204. 2004
    The levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine system (IUS) is a long-acting, fully reversible method of contraception. It is one of the most effective forms of contraception available, and combines the advantages of both hormonal and ..
  91. ncbi Obesity and contraception: emerging issues
    Amitasrigowri S Murthy
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, New York University, School of Medicine, Bellevue Hospital Center, New York 10016, USA
    Semin Reprod Med 28:156-63. 2010
    ..as normal weight women, although limited data are available on the effects of obesity on the efficacy of contraception. Conflicting data exist regarding efficacy of oral contraceptives in obese women, although trends of oral ..
  92. doi The postpartum visit: it's time for a change in order to optimally initiate contraception
    Leon Speroff
    Oregon Health and Science University, UHN 70, Portland, OR 97230, USA
    Contraception 78:90-8. 2008
  93. doi Efficacy of contraceptive methods: A review of the literature
    Diana Mansour
    New Croft Centre, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK
    Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care 15:4-16. 2010
    ..To provide a comprehensive and objective summary of contraceptive failure rates for a variety of methods based on a systematic review of the literature...
  94. ncbi Highly effective contraception and acquisition of HIV and other sexually transmitted infections
    Charles S Morrison
    Behavioral and Biomedical Research Division, Family Health International, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709, USA
    Best Pract Res Clin Obstet Gynaecol 23:263-84. 2009
    ..the peer-reviewed literature for prospective studies published from January 1966 to August 2008 that assessed contraception and STI/HIV risk...
  95. ncbi Temperature control of spermatogenesis and prospect of male contraception
    Yi Xun Liu
    State Key Laboratory of Reproductive Biology, Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
    Front Biosci (Schol Ed) 2:730-55. 2010
    ..These findings have provided an important theoretical basis for designing combined male contraceptives. This present review summarized progress on the mechanism of heat-induced germ cell apoptosis...
  96. ncbi Relationships between contraception and abortion: a review of the evidence
    Cicely Marston
    Centre for Population Studies, London School of Health and Tropical Medicine
    Int Fam Plan Perspect 29:6-13. 2003
    ....
  97. pmc Initiation of postpartum contraception: a survey among health centre physicians and nurses in Finland
    Tuire Sannisto
    Medical School, Department of General Practice, University of Tampere, and Pirkanmaa Hospital District, Centre of General Practice, Tampere, Finland
    Scand J Prim Health Care 27:244-9. 2009
    ..To examine self-reported professional practices of postpartum contraceptive counselling at Finnish community health centres...
  98. doi Contraception and pregnancy then and now: examining the experiences of a cohort of mid-age Australian women
    Christine Read
    Sydney Centre for Reproductive Health Research, Family Planning NSW, Ashfield, New South Wales, Australia
    Aust N Z J Obstet Gynaecol 49:429-33. 2009
    ..Since the launch of the pill 50 years ago, a number of cross-sectional surveys have examined contraceptive use in the Australian context. There is, however, little data on contraceptive use and efficacy over a woman's reproductive years...
  99. doi Forgettable contraception
    David A Grimes
    Family Health International, PO Box 13952, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709, USA
    Contraception 80:497-9. 2009
    The term "forgettable contraception" has received less attention in family planning than has "long-acting reversible contraception...
  100. ncbi Initiating contraception in sexually transmitted disease clinic setting: a randomized trial
    Judith C Shlay
    Department of Public Health, Denver Health and Hospital Authority, CO 80204, USA
    Am J Obstet Gynecol 189:473-81. 2003
    ..Our purpose was to determine the effectiveness of sexually transmitted disease (STD) clinic-initiated contraceptive care...
  101. ncbi Hormonal contraception in HIV-positive women
    Julie Womack
    Yale University School of Nursing, New Haven, Connecticut, USA
    AIDS Read 18:372-7, 381. 2008

Research Grants93

  1. Age at Marriage, Women's Education, and Mother and Child Outcomes in Bangladesh
    Erica M Field; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..conditions during pregnancy, and the majority (married and unmarried) have no informafion on sexuality, contraception, or sexually transmitted infecfions or HIV/AIDS (Haider, et al., 1997;Nahar, et al., 1999;Barkat, et al...
  2. Outcomes of Infertility Treatments in Clinic and Population-Based Cohorts
    Joseph Stanford; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..provided by applicant): Infertility, defined as inability to conceive within one year of intercourse without contraception, is a common health condition for couples...
  3. Outcomes of Infertility Treatments in Clinic and Population-Based Cohorts
    Joseph B Stanford; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..provided by applicant): Infertility, defined as inability to conceive within one year of intercourse without contraception, is a common health condition for couples...
  4. GENETIC DETERMINANTS OF BRAIN SEXUAL DIFFERENTIATION
    Richard Simerly; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..as they will increase our understanding of hypothalamic causes of infertility and provide new approaches for contraception. FUNDING NIH HD14643 PUBLICATIONS Li C, Chen P, Smith MS...
  5. STERILITY IN SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA
    Ulla Larsen; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..aims flow from this objective: Aim 1: Population Estimates of Sterility: To determine the magnitude of contraception that has a negligible impact on population estimates of the level and age pattern of sterility using a ..
  6. BDADs for Male Contraception
    John K Amory; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Much of this population growth is unintended and is due to inadequate contraception. Currently, male-directed contraceptive options are particularly limited...
  7. BDADs for Male Contraception
    JOHN AMORY; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Much of this population growth is unintended and is due to inadequate contraception. Currently, male-directed contraceptive options are particularly limited...
  8. BDADs for Male Contraception
    JOHN AMORY; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Much of this population growth is unintended and is due to inadequate contraception. Currently, male-directed contraceptive options are particularly limited...
  9. BDADs for Male Contraception
    John K Amory; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Much of this population growth is unintended and is due to inadequate contraception. Currently, male-directed contraceptive options are particularly limited...
  10. CONTRACEPTION BY AFFECTING TESTIS CELL JUNCTION DYNAMICS
    C Cheng; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..We also seek support to expand ongoing toxicity studies by performing 2 longterm toxicity studies in rats & dogs in anticipation of Phase I clinical Trials...
  11. Interdisciplinary Research Training in Reproduction for Indian Fellows
    John Herr; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The global need for new options in contraception is highlighted by the fact that one in every two pregnancies is unwanted...
  12. Interdisciplinary Research Training in Reproduction for Indian Fellows
    John Herr; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The global need for new options in contraception is highlighted by the fact that one in every two pregnancies is unwanted...
  13. Interdisciplinary Research Training in Reproduction for Indian Fellows
    John C Herr; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The global need for new options in contraception is highlighted by the fact that one in every two pregnancies is unwanted...
  14. Leukemia Inhibitory Factor As a Mediator of Primate Ovulation &Oocyte Maturation
    Jon D Hennebold; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..of such events are necessary for advancing infertility treatments and developing novel, non-hormonal forms of contraception. In this regard, studies conducted by the P.I...
  15. GENETICS OF DELAYED PUBERTY
    LAWRENCE LAYMAN; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..reproduction has tremendous implications for the treatment of pubertal disorders, infertility, and potentially contraception. Depending upon the types of mutations characterized, molecular diagnosis might be possible for children with ..
  16. GENETICS OF DELAYED PUBERTY
    LAWRENCE LAYMAN; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..reproduction has tremendous implications for the treatment of pubertal disorders, infertility, and potentially contraception. Depending upon the types of mutations characterized, molecular diagnosis might be possible for children with ..
  17. GENETICS OF DELAYED PUBERTY
    LAWRENCE LAYMAN; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..reproduction has tremendous implications for the treatment of pubertal disorders, infertility, and potentially contraception. Depending upon the types of mutations characterized, molecular diagnosis might be possible for children with ..
  18. Interdisciplinary Research in Contraception and Cancer for Indian Fellows
    John Herr; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Further, the global need for new options in contraception is highlighted by the fact that one in every two pregnancies is unwanted...
  19. Oral Testosterone for Male Hormonal Contraception
    John K Amory; Fiscal Year: 2011
    Male hormonal contraception requires the administration of exogenous testosterone to suppress the pituitary gonadotropins FSH and LH...
  20. ENDOMETRIAL VEGF: ENDOCRINE REGULATION OF ANGIOGENESIS
    Robert Taylor; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..All integrated, multidisciplinary team of investigators with expertise in clinical contraception and basic laboratory investigation will address the following objectives: Specific Aims I: The ..
  21. SEX HORMONE REGULATION OF THE MUCOSAL IMMUNE SYSTEM
    Charles Wira; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..If SC and/or IgA mRNA is hormonally regulated, then synthesis of message will be analyzed. In situ hybridization studies will be carried out to identify cells in the reproductive tract that synthesize SC and IgA. ..
  22. SEX HORMONE REGULATION OF THE MUCOSAL IMMUNE SYSTEM
    Charles Wira; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..If SC and/or IgA mRNA is hormonally regulated, then synthesis of message will be analyzed. In situ hybridization studies will be carried out to identify cells in the reproductive tract that synthesize SC and IgA. ..
  23. SEX HORMONE REGULATION OF THE MUCOSAL IMMUNE SYSTEM
    Charles Wira; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..If SC and/or IgA mRNA is hormonally regulated, then synthesis of message will be analyzed. In situ hybridization studies will be carried out to identify cells in the reproductive tract that synthesize SC and IgA. ..
  24. SEX HORMONE REGULATION OF THE MUCOSAL IMMUNE SYSTEM
    Charles Wira; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..If SC and/or IgA mRNA is hormonally regulated, then synthesis of message will be analyzed. In situ hybridization studies will be carried out to identify cells in the reproductive tract that synthesize SC and IgA...
  25. SEX HORMONE REGULATION OF THE MUCOSAL IMMUNE SYSTEM
    Charles Wira; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..If SC and/or IgA mRNA is hormonally regulated, then synthesis of message will be analyzed. In situ hybridization studies will be carried out to identify cells in the reproductive tract that synthesize SC and IgA...
  26. Duet cervical barrier device for maximizing protective efficacy of microbicides
    Richard Cone; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..trials of BufferGel-Duet for preventing STIs (chlamydia, gonorrhea, trichomoniasis, and HIV), BV, and for contraception. 2) Reusable Duet, a low-cost, and maximally protective barrier device for use in low resource areas...
  27. Duet cervical barrier device for maximizing protective efficacy of microbicides
    Richard Cone; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..trials of BufferGel-Duet for preventing STIs (chlamydia, gonorrhea, trichomoniasis, and HIV), BV, and for contraception. [unreadable] [unreadable] 2) Reusable Duet, a low-cost, and maximally protective barrier device for use in ..
  28. Duet cervical barrier device for maximizing microbicides
    Richard Cone; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..trials of BufferGel-Duet for preventing STIs (chlamydia, gonorrhea, trichomoniasis, and HIV), BV, and for contraception. 2) Reusable Duet, a low-cost, and maximally protective barrier device for use in low resource areas...
  29. 'Duet' cervical barrier device for maximizing protectiv*
    Richard Cone; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..trials of BufferGel-Duet for preventing STIs (chlamydia, gonorrhea, trichomoniasis, and HIV), BV, and for contraception. [unreadable] [unreadable] 2) Reusable Duet, a low-cost, and maximally protective barrier device for use in ..
  30. HIV Testing and Educating Male Partners to Improve Maternal and Infant Outcomes
    Carey Farquhar; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..to interact wit men and promote the benefits of facility delivery, exclusive breastfeeding, and postpartum contraception. For Aim 1, we hypothesize that educating men during their partner's pregnancy and providing HIV testing ..
  31. Calcium Signaling in the Pubertal Activation of the GnRH Pulse Generator
    DANIEL SPERGEL; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The knowledge obtained may aid in developing new leads for contraception, as well as treatments for infertility and the pubertal disorders polycystic ovary syndrome, hypogonadism, ..
  32. Calcium Signaling in the Pubertal Activation of the GnRH Pulse Generator
    DANIEL SPERGEL; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The knowledge obtained may aid in developing new leads for contraception, as well as treatments for infertility and the pubertal disorders polycystic ovary syndrome, hypogonadism, ..
  33. Calcium Signaling in the Pubertal Activation of the GnRH Pulse Generator
    DANIEL SPERGEL; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The knowledge obtained may aid in developing new leads for contraception, as well as treatments for infertility and the pubertal disorders polycystic ovary syndrome, hypogonadism, ..
  34. STUDIES ON SPERM FERTILIZING ABILITY
    Barry Bavister; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..The results of these experiments will provide deeper insights into the functional roles of these naturally-occurring factors, and into their mechanisms of action in regulating events immediately preceding egg penetration...
  35. Structural Targeting Testis Specific Kinases (TSSK) 1 & 2 for Male Contraception
    John C Herr; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  36. Structural Targeting Testis Specific Kinases (TSSK) 1 & 2 for Male Contraception
    John Herr; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....
  37. Structural Targeting Testis Specific Kinases (TSSK) 1 & 2 for Male Contraception
    John C Herr; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  38. Structural Targeting Testis Specific Kinases (TSSK) 1 & 2 for Male Contraception
    John Herr; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....
  39. Safety of Non-Medicated Intravaginal Rings for Microbicide Delivery
    Marla J Keller; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The success of IVRs in the sustained release of hormones for contraception and the difficulties with adherence to coitally-dependent microbicide gels suggest that IVRs may prove to be a ..
  40. Structural Targeting Testis Specific Kinases (TSSK) 1 & 2 for Male Contraception
    John C Herr; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  41. Effect of Continuous vs. Sequential Oral Contraception
    RICHARD LEGRO; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..This regimen may therefore provide both effective contraception (with greater leeway for skipped pills) as well as more effective treatment of multiple gynecological ..
  42. Effect of Continuous vs. Sequential Oral Contraception
    RICHARD LEGRO; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..This regimen may therefore provide both effective contraception (with greater leeway for skipped pills) as well as more effective treatment of multiple gynecological ..
  43. Effect of Continuous vs. Sequential Oral Contraception
    RICHARD LEGRO; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..This regimen may therefore provide both effective contraception (with greater leeway for skipped pills) as well as more effective treatment of multiple gynecological ..
  44. Oral Contraceptive Use and Fractures Around the Menopausal Transition
    Delia Scholes; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Combined oral contraceptives (OCs), the leading method of contraception in the U.S. and worldwide, may currently represent the most common hormonal exogenous exposure for U.S. women...
  45. Oral Contraceptive Use and Fractures Around the Menopausal Transition
    Delia Scholes; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Combined oral contraceptives (OCs), the leading method of contraception in the U.S. and worldwide, may currently represent the most common hormonal exogenous exposure for U.S. women...
  46. RESEARCH TRAINING IN REPRODUCTION FOR ASIAN FELLOWS
    John Herr; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..The global need for new options in contraception is highlighted by the fact that one in every two pregnancies is unwanted...
  47. Developing Male Contraceptives by Targeting ANT4
    Naohiro Terada; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..It is important to provide alternative choices for effective contraception to meet the needs of people with different ethnic, cultural, and religious values...
  48. RESEARCH TRAINING IN REPRODUCTION FOR ASIAN FELLOWS
    John Herr; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..The global need for new options in contraception is highlighted by the fact that one in every two pregnancies is unwanted...
  49. RESEARCH TRAINING IN REPRODUCTION FOR ASIAN FELLOWS
    John Herr; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..The global need for new options in contraception is highlighted by the fact that one in every two pregnancies is unwanted...
  50. RESEARCH TRAINING IN REPRODUCTION FOR ASIAN FELLOWS
    John Herr; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..The global need for new options in contraception is highlighted by the fact that one in every two pregnancies is unwanted...
  51. RESEARCH TRAINING IN REPRODUCTION FOR ASIAN FELLOWS
    John Herr; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..The global need for new options in contraception is highlighted by the fact that one in every two pregnancies is unwanted...
  52. RESEARCH TRAINING IN REPRODUCTION FOR ASIAN FELLOWS
    John Herr; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The global need for new options in contraception is highlighted by the fact that one in every two pregnancies is unwanted...
  53. VAGINAL SPERMICIDES AND URINARY TRACT INFECTIONS
    Stephan Fihn; Fiscal Year: 1992
    Barrier methods of contraception that include a spermicide are increasingly being used to prevent pregnancy and sexually transmitted diseases...
  54. NEUROENDOCRINE GENES GOVERNING REPRODUCTION
    Robert Steiner; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..Androgens, including testosterone and related compounds, are being used for male contraception, as well as the treatment of delayed puberty, use will continue to growth-as well the demand for more accurate ..
  55. EC Method: Determinants for Copper IUD Use and Future Unintended Pregnancy
    David Turok; Fiscal Year: 2010
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Widely available oral levonorgestrel for emergency contraception (EC) has not reduced unplanned pregnancy rates...
  56. NEUROENDOCRINE GENES GOVERNING REPRODUCTION
    Robert Steiner; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Androgens, including testosterone and related compounds, are being used for male contraception, as well as the treatment of delayed puberty, use will continue to growth-as well the demand for more accurate ..
  57. VAGINAL SPERMICIDES AND URINARY TRACT INFECTIONS
    Stephan Fihn; Fiscal Year: 1993
    Barrier methods of contraception that include a spermicide are increasingly being used to prevent pregnancy and sexually transmitted diseases...
  58. VAGINAL SPERMICIDES AND URINARY TRACT INFECTIONS
    Stephan Fihn; Fiscal Year: 1991
    Barrier methods of contraception that include a spermicide are increasingly being used to prevent pregnancy and sexually transmitted diseases...
  59. NEUROENDOCRINE GENES GOVERNING REPRODUCTION
    Robert Steiner; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Androgens, including testosterone and related compounds, are being used for male contraception, as well as the treatment of delayed puberty, use will continue to growth-as well the demand for more accurate ..
  60. PROGESTIN EFFECTS ON UTERINE HEMOSTASIS AND ANGIOGENESIS
    Charles Lockwood; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..S. are unplanned. The availability of long-term, efficacious contraception offers the most practical solution to this public health crisis...
  61. Immunologic Uniqueness of the Female Genital Tract in HIV Pathogenesis
    Jiri Mestecky; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..and immunological consequences of HIV infection on the female genital tract and the effects of hormonal contraception on HIV infection and disease progression is limited...
  62. ACES: Abstinence and Contraception Education Storehouse
    JOSEFINA JAYME CARD; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The proposed project, entitled the Abstinence and Contraception Education Storehouse (ACES), proposes to develop a library of educational resources that can be used to ..
  63. ANTIPROGESTINS IN ENDOMETRIUM
    RONALD WIEHLE; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..Other indications could include oral contraception, postcoital contraception, labor induction, cervical ripening, hormone replacement therapy and treatment of ..
  64. ACES: Abstinence and Contraception Education Storehouse
    JOSEFINA CARD; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The proposed project, entitled the Abstinence and Contraception Education Storehouse (ACES), proposes to develop a library of educational resources that can be used to ..
  65. Exploring HIV-Host Interactions in the Female Reproductive Tract
    Warner Greene; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..influence the success of male-to-female HIV transmission, 3) changes in sex hormone levels (progestin-only contraception) enhance HIV transmission and menopause adversely modulates both mucosal and systemic innate and adaptive ..
  66. The Problem With Male Sexual/Repro Health:Qualitative/Quantitative Study, Uganda
    Maria J Wawer; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..Men also influence partners'use of contraception. However, males have fewer entry points to sexual and reproductive health (SRH) information and services, ..
  67. Ideational Influences on Marriage and Childbearing
    ARLAND D THORNTON; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Third, we will study how ideational factors influence fertility, considering both childbearing and the use of contraception. Fourth, we will examine the ways in which ideational, social, and economic structures intersect and combine ..
  68. Ideational Influences on Marriage and Childbearing
    Arland Thornton; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Third, we will study how ideational factors influence fertility, considering both childbearing and the use of contraception. Fourth, we will examine the ways in which ideational, social, and economic structures intersect and combine ..
  69. Retinoid receptor antagonists as novel male contraceptives
    DEBRA WOLGEMUTH; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..of spermatogenesis and to exploit the inhibition of its essential function as a new and novel approach to male contraception. All trans retinoic acid (ATRA) is an active metabolite of vitamin A and exerts its function at least in part ..
  70. INITIATING CONTRACEPTION IN AN STD CLINIC SETTING
    Judith Shlay; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..to a primary care provider (PCP) for ongoing care can improve the rate of long-term use of effective contraception among high-risk women and lower the rate of unintended pregnancy...
  71. A pharmacokinetic evaluation of levonorgestrel implant and antiretroviral therapy
    Kimberly K Scarsi; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..are gaining access to subdermal progestin-containing implants as a preferred method of long-acting reversible contraception. These implants are often combined with ART despite the lack of critically needed pharmacokinetic (PK) drug- ..
  72. MicroRNA Regulation of Ovarian Function
    Lane K Christenson; Fiscal Year: 2010
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Contraception and infertility are two major quality of life issues facing women of reproductive age...
  73. STUDIES ON SPERM FERTILIZING ABILITY
    Barry Bavister; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..The results of these experiments will provide deeper insights into the functional roles of these naturally-occurring factors, and into their mechanisms of action in regulating events immediately preceding egg penetration...
  74. Glycosphingolipids as targets for male contraception
    Frances Platt; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..To develop reagents for the investigation of acrosome development, a proteomic analysis of this organelle will be performed. ..
  75. Glycosphingolipids as targets for male contraception
    Frances Platt; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..To develop reagents for the investigation of acrosome development, a proteomic analysis of this organelle will be performed. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  76. RCT of LNG-IUD vs. DMPA for young postpartum women
    Nancy Stanwood; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Once a young woman has given birth, helping her choose an effective method of postpartum contraception is crucial to preventing an unintended pregnancy...
  77. Glycosphingolipids as targets for male contraception
    Frances Platt; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..To develop reagents for the investigation of acrosome development, a proteomic analysis of this organelle will be performed. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  78. Glycosphingolipids as targets for male contraception
    Frances Platt; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..To develop reagents for the investigation of acrosome development, a proteomic analysis of this organelle will be performed. ..
  79. A RCT of LNG-IUD vs. DMPA for young postpartum women
    Nancy Stanwood; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Once a young woman has given birth, helping her choose an effective method of postpartum contraception is crucial to preventing an unintended pregnancy...
  80. Baseline Microdata for Analysis of U.S. Demographic Change
    EVAN W ROBERTS; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..This basic infrastructure will stimulate health- related research on population growth and movement, fertility, mortality, and nuptiality, as well as the economic and social correlates of demographic behavior. ..
  81. Baseline Microdata for Analysis of U.S. Demographic Change
    Joseph Alexander; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..This basic infrastructure will stimulate health- related research on population growth and movement, fertility, mortality, and nuptiality, as well as the economic and social correlates of demographic behavior. ..
  82. HIV/HAART and Pregnancy/Contraception in Rakai, Uganda
    Heena Brahmbhatt; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The RCCS has data to answer these pressing public health questions regarding contraceptive choices and fertility outcomes among HIV+ and HIV- individuals and couples. ..
  83. HIV/HAART and Pregnancy/Contraception in Rakai, Uganda
    HEENA PUSHKAR BRAHMBHATT; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The RCCS has data to answer these pressing public health questions regarding contraceptive choices and fertility outcomes among HIV+ and HIV- individuals and couples. ..
  84. Family Planning Promotion in HIV Infected Zambians
    Susan Allen; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..The attrition rate was high, however, and compliance with oral contraception was poor...
  85. Family Planning Promotion in HIV Infected Zambians
    Susan Allen; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..The attrition rate was high, however, and compliance with oral contraception was poor...
  86. Family Planning Promotion in HIV Infected Zambians
    Susan Allen; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..The attrition rate was high, however, and compliance with oral contraception was poor...
  87. Family Planning Promotion in HIV Infected Zambians
    Susan Allen; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..The attrition rate was high, however, and compliance with oral contraception was poor...
  88. Family Planning Promotion in HIV Infected Zambians
    Susan Allen; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..The attrition rate was high, however, and compliance with oral contraception was poor...
  89. Family Planning Promotion in HIV Infected Zambians
    Susan Allen; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..The attrition rate was high, however, and compliance with oral contraception was poor...