hospitalization

Summary

Summary: The confinement of a patient in a hospital.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Bronchiolitis-associated hospitalizations among US children, 1980-1996
    D K Shay
    Respiratory and Enteric Viruses Branch, Division of Viral and Rickettsial Diseases, National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    JAMA 282:1440-6. 1999
  2. ncbi Rhythm control versus rate control for atrial fibrillation and heart failure
    Denis Roy
    Montreal Heart Institute and the Université de Montréal, Montreal, QC H1T 1C8, Canada
    N Engl J Med 358:2667-77. 2008
  3. pmc Effect of a fall in malaria transmission on morbidity and mortality in Kilifi, Kenya
    Wendy P O'Meara
    Kenya Medical Research Institute, Centre for Geographic Medicine Research Wellcome Trust Collaborative Program, Kilifi, Kenya Fogarty International Center, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD, USA
    Lancet 372:1555-62. 2008
  4. pmc Correlates of severe disease in patients with 2009 pandemic influenza (H1N1) virus infection
    Ryan Zarychanski
    Department of Internal Medicine, University of Manitoba, CancerCare Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba
    CMAJ 182:257-64. 2010
  5. pmc Chronic heart failure: contemporary diagnosis and management
    Gautam V Ramani
    University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, USA
    Mayo Clin Proc 85:180-95. 2010
  6. ncbi Chronic kidney disease and the risks of death, cardiovascular events, and hospitalization
    Alan S Go
    Division of Research, Kaiser Permanente of Northern California, Oakland, CA 94612 2304, USA
    N Engl J Med 351:1296-305. 2004
  7. doi Hospitalized patients with 2009 H1N1 influenza in the United States, April-June 2009
    Seema Jain
    Influenza Division, National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    N Engl J Med 361:1935-44. 2009
  8. doi Pneumonia and respiratory failure from swine-origin influenza A (H1N1) in Mexico
    Rogelio Perez-Padilla
    National Institute of Respiratory Diseases, Mexico City, Mexico
    N Engl J Med 361:680-9. 2009
  9. ncbi Critically Ill patients with 2009 influenza A(H1N1) in Mexico
    Guillermo Dominguez-Cherit
    Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Dr Domínguez Cherit, Hospital Epidemiology Department, Instituto Nacional de Ciencias Medicas y Nutricion Salvador Zubiran, Mexico City, Mexico
    JAMA 302:1880-7. 2009
  10. pmc Risk factors for severe outcomes following 2009 influenza A (H1N1) infection: a global pooled analysis
    Maria D Van Kerkhove
    Global Influenza Programme, World Health Organization
    PLoS Med 8:e1001053. 2011

Detail Information

Publications264 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Bronchiolitis-associated hospitalizations among US children, 1980-1996
    D K Shay
    Respiratory and Enteric Viruses Branch, Division of Viral and Rickettsial Diseases, National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    JAMA 282:1440-6. 1999
    ..Few national estimates exist of the hospitalizations attributable to RSV, and recent advances in prophylaxis warrant an update of these estimates...
  2. ncbi Rhythm control versus rate control for atrial fibrillation and heart failure
    Denis Roy
    Montreal Heart Institute and the Université de Montréal, Montreal, QC H1T 1C8, Canada
    N Engl J Med 358:2667-77. 2008
    ..However, the benefits and risks of this approach have not been adequately studied...
  3. pmc Effect of a fall in malaria transmission on morbidity and mortality in Kilifi, Kenya
    Wendy P O'Meara
    Kenya Medical Research Institute, Centre for Geographic Medicine Research Wellcome Trust Collaborative Program, Kilifi, Kenya Fogarty International Center, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD, USA
    Lancet 372:1555-62. 2008
    ..We aimed to assess the epidemiological characteristics of malaria in Kilifi, Kenya, during a period of decreasing transmission intensity...
  4. pmc Correlates of severe disease in patients with 2009 pandemic influenza (H1N1) virus infection
    Ryan Zarychanski
    Department of Internal Medicine, University of Manitoba, CancerCare Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba
    CMAJ 182:257-64. 2010
    ..The objective of this study was to identify factors correlated with severity of disease in confirmed cases of pandemic H1N1 influenza...
  5. pmc Chronic heart failure: contemporary diagnosis and management
    Gautam V Ramani
    University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, USA
    Mayo Clin Proc 85:180-95. 2010
    Chronic heart failure (CHF) remains the only cardiovascular disease with an increasing hospitalization burden and an ongoing drain on health care expenditures...
  6. ncbi Chronic kidney disease and the risks of death, cardiovascular events, and hospitalization
    Alan S Go
    Division of Research, Kaiser Permanente of Northern California, Oakland, CA 94612 2304, USA
    N Engl J Med 351:1296-305. 2004
    ..End-stage renal disease substantially increases the risks of death, cardiovascular disease, and use of specialized health care, but the effects of less severe kidney dysfunction on these outcomes are less well defined...
  7. doi Hospitalized patients with 2009 H1N1 influenza in the United States, April-June 2009
    Seema Jain
    Influenza Division, National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    N Engl J Med 361:1935-44. 2009
    ..We describe the clinical characteristics of patients who were hospitalized with 2009 H1N1 influenza in the United States from April 2009 to mid-June 2009...
  8. doi Pneumonia and respiratory failure from swine-origin influenza A (H1N1) in Mexico
    Rogelio Perez-Padilla
    National Institute of Respiratory Diseases, Mexico City, Mexico
    N Engl J Med 361:680-9. 2009
    ....
  9. ncbi Critically Ill patients with 2009 influenza A(H1N1) in Mexico
    Guillermo Dominguez-Cherit
    Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Dr Domínguez Cherit, Hospital Epidemiology Department, Instituto Nacional de Ciencias Medicas y Nutricion Salvador Zubiran, Mexico City, Mexico
    JAMA 302:1880-7. 2009
    ..In March 2009, novel 2009 influenza A(H1N1) was first reported in the southwestern United States and Mexico. The population and health care system in Mexico City experienced the first and greatest early burden of critical illness...
  10. pmc Risk factors for severe outcomes following 2009 influenza A (H1N1) infection: a global pooled analysis
    Maria D Van Kerkhove
    Global Influenza Programme, World Health Organization
    PLoS Med 8:e1001053. 2011
    ....
  11. doi The burden of respiratory syncytial virus infection in young children
    Caroline Breese Hall
    Department of Pediatrics, The University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry, Rochester, NY 14642, USA
    N Engl J Med 360:588-98. 2009
    ..The primary role of respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) in causing infant hospitalizations is well recognized, but the total burden of RSV infection among young children remains poorly defined...
  12. ncbi Pediatric hospitalizations associated with 2009 pandemic influenza A (H1N1) in Argentina
    Romina Libster
    Fundacion INFANT, Buenos Aires
    N Engl J Med 362:45-55. 2010
    ..While the Northern Hemisphere experiences the effects of the 2009 pandemic influenza A (H1N1) virus, data from the recent influenza season in the Southern Hemisphere can provide important information on the burden of disease in children...
  13. pmc The severity of pandemic H1N1 influenza in the United States, from April to July 2009: a Bayesian analysis
    Anne M Presanis
    Medical Research Council Biostatistics Unit, Cambridge, United Kingdom
    PLoS Med 6:e1000207. 2009
    ..We sought to estimate the probabilities that symptomatic infection would lead to hospitalization, ICU admission, and death by combining data from multiple sources.
  14. ncbi Influenza-associated hospitalizations in the United States
    William W Thompson
    Epidemiology and Surveillance Division, National Immunization Program, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    JAMA 292:1333-40. 2004
    ..Respiratory viral infections are responsible for a large number of hospitalizations in the United States each year...
  15. pmc Hospitalizations and deaths caused by methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, United States, 1999-2005
    Eili Klein
    Resources for the Future, Washington DC, USA
    Emerg Infect Dis 13:1840-6. 2007
    ..However, the recent magnitude and trend of these infections have not been reported. We used national hospitalization and resistance data to estimate the annual number of hospitalizations and deaths associated with S...
  16. pmc Defining community acquired pneumonia severity on presentation to hospital: an international derivation and validation study
    W S Lim
    Respiratory Infection Research Group, Respiratory Medicine, Nottingham City Hospital, Nottingham NG5 1PB, UK
    Thorax 58:377-82. 2003
    ..A multicentre study was conducted to derive and validate a practical severity assessment model for stratifying adults hospitalised with CAP into different management groups...
  17. pmc Telemonitoring in patients with heart failure
    Sarwat I Chaudhry
    Section of General Medicine, Department of Medicine, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT 06510, USA
    N Engl J Med 363:2301-9. 2010
    ..Small studies suggest that telemonitoring may improve heart-failure outcomes, but its effect in a large trial has not been established...
  18. ncbi Factors associated with death or hospitalization due to pandemic 2009 influenza A(H1N1) infection in California
    Janice K Louie
    California Department of Public Health, 850 Marina Bay Pkwy, Richmond, CA 94804, USA
    JAMA 302:1896-902. 2009
    ..Pandemic influenza A(H1N1) emerged rapidly in California in April 2009. Preliminary comparisons with seasonal influenza suggest that pandemic 2009 influenza A(H1N1) disproportionately affects younger ages and causes generally mild disease...
  19. pmc Risk factors for hospitalisation and poor outcome with pandemic A/H1N1 influenza: United Kingdom first wave (May-September 2009)
    J S Nguyen-Van-Tam
    Division of Epidemiology and Public Health, University of Nottingham, Clinical Sciences Building, City Hospital, Hucknall Road, Nottingham NG5 1PB, UK
    Thorax 65:645-51. 2010
    ..The clinical characteristics of UK patients hospitalised with pandemic H1N1 infection and risk factors for severe outcome are described...
  20. ncbi Evidence suggesting that a chronic disease self-management program can improve health status while reducing hospitalization: a randomized trial
    K R Lorig
    Stanford University School of Medicine, California, USA
    Med Care 37:5-14. 1999
    ..It also explored the differential effectiveness of the intervention for subjects with specific diseases and comorbidities...
  21. doi Estimating the burden of 2009 pandemic influenza A (H1N1) in the United States (April 2009-April 2010)
    Sundar S Shrestha
    Division of Diabetes Translation, National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Disease, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 52:S75-82. 2011
    ..percent of deaths occurred in those under 65 years of age with children and working adults having risks of hospitalization and death 4 to 7 times and 8 to 12 times greater, respectively, than estimates of impact due to seasonal ..
  22. pmc Changes in severity of 2009 pandemic A/H1N1 influenza in England: a Bayesian evidence synthesis
    A M Presanis
    Medical Research Council Biostatistics Unit, Institute of Public Health, University Forvie Site, Cambridge CB2 0SR, UK
    BMJ 343:d5408. 2011
    ....
  23. pmc Fine particulate air pollution and its components in association with cause-specific emergency admissions
    Antonella Zanobetti
    Department of Environmental Health, School of Public Health, Harvard University, Boston, MA, USA
    Environ Health 8:58. 2009
    ..We explored whether the association between cause-specific hospital admissions and PM(2.5) was modified by PM(2.5) chemical composition...
  24. ncbi Rosuvastatin in older patients with systolic heart failure
    John Kjekshus
    Department of Cardiology, University of Oslo, Rikshospitalet University Hospital, Oslo, Norway
    N Engl J Med 357:2248-61. 2007
    ..Patients with systolic heart failure have generally been excluded from statin trials. Acute coronary events are uncommon in this population, and statins have theoretical risks in these patients...
  25. doi Pandemic 2009 influenza A(H1N1) virus illness among pregnant women in the United States
    Alicia M Siston
    Epidemic Intelligence Service, National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    JAMA 303:1517-25. 2010
    Early data on pandemic 2009 influenza A(H1N1) suggest pregnant women are at increased risk of hospitalization and death.
  26. ncbi Population trends in the incidence and outcomes of acute myocardial infarction
    Robert W Yeh
    Cardiology Division, Department of Medicine, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, USA
    N Engl J Med 362:2155-65. 2010
    ..Few studies have characterized recent population trends in the incidence and outcomes of myocardial infarction...
  27. doi A nationwide cohort study of oral and depot antipsychotics after first hospitalization for schizophrenia
    Jari Tiihonen
    Department of Forensic Psychiatry, University of Eastern Finland, Niuvanniemi Hospital, Kuopio, Finland
    Am J Psychiatry 168:603-9. 2011
    ..The authors examined the risk of rehospitalization and drug discontinuation in a nationwide cohort of 2,588 consecutive patients hospitalized for the first time with a diagnosis of schizophrenia between 2000 and 2007 in Finland...
  28. pmc The 2006 California heat wave: impacts on hospitalizations and emergency department visits
    Kim Knowlton
    Health and Environment Program, Natural Resources Defense Council, New York, New York 10011 4231, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 117:61-7. 2009
    ..Climate models project that heat waves will increase in frequency and severity. Despite many studies of mortality from heat waves, few studies have examined morbidity...
  29. doi Reduction in rotavirus-associated acute gastroenteritis following introduction of rotavirus vaccine into Australia's National Childhood vaccine schedule
    Jim P Buttery
    Department of General Medicine and Murdoch Children s Research Institute, Royal Children s Hospital Melbourne, Parkville, Victoria, Australia Paediatric Infectious Diseases Unit, Monash Children s Hospital, Department of Paediatrics, Monash University, Melbourne, Victoria
    Pediatr Infect Dis J 30:S25-9. 2011
    ..This allowed comparison of both vaccines in similar populations with high infant vaccination coverage...
  30. pmc Influenza vaccine given to pregnant women reduces hospitalization due to influenza in their infants
    Isaac Benowitz
    Department of Pediatrics, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut 06520 8064, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 51:1355-61. 2010
    Infants aged <12 months are at high risk of hospitalization for influenza. Influenza vaccine is recommended for pregnant women and for most children; however, no vaccine is approved for infants aged <6 months...
  31. pmc Reduction of catastrophic health care expenditures by a community-based health insurance scheme in Gujarat, India: current experiences and challenges
    Michael Kent Ranson
    Health Policy Unit, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, England
    Bull World Health Organ 80:613-21. 2002
    ..Women's Association's Medical Insurance Fund in Gujarat in terms of insurance coverage according to income groups, protection of claimants from costs of hospitalization, time between discharge and reimbursement, and frequency of use.
  32. doi Venous thromboembolism risk and prophylaxis in the acute hospital care setting (ENDORSE study): a multinational cross-sectional study
    Alexander T Cohen
    King s College Hospital, London, UK
    Lancet 371:387-94. 2008
    ....
  33. doi Effect of dronedarone on cardiovascular events in atrial fibrillation
    Stefan H Hohnloser
    Department of Cardiology, J W Goethe University, Frankfurt, Germany
    N Engl J Med 360:668-78. 2009
    ..Dronedarone is a new antiarrhythmic drug that is being developed for the treatment of patients with atrial fibrillation...
  34. ncbi Effectiveness of influenza vaccine in the community-dwelling elderly
    Kristin L Nichol
    Medicine Service and Center for Chronic Disease Outcomes Research, Minneapolis Veterans Affairs Medical Center and University of Minnesota, Minneapolis 55417, USA
    N Engl J Med 357:1373-81. 2007
    ..This study examined the effectiveness of influenza vaccine in seniors over the long term while addressing potential bias and residual confounding in the results...
  35. ncbi Maternal infection requiring hospitalization during pregnancy and autism spectrum disorders
    Hjördis O Atladóttir
    Department of Epidemiology, Institute of Public Health, University of Aarhus, Bartholins Alle 2, Arhus C, Denmark
    J Autism Dev Disord 40:1423-30. 2010
    ..98 (CI: 1.29-7.15) and adjusted hazard ratio = 1.42 (CI: 1.08-1.87), respectively. Our results support prior hypotheses concerning early prenatal viral infection increasing the risk of ASDs...
  36. doi Severity of 2009 pandemic influenza A (H1N1) virus infection in pregnant women
    Andreea A Creanga
    Epidemic Intelligence Service Program, Office of Workforce and Career Development, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Atlanta, GA 30341 3717, USA
    Obstet Gynecol 115:717-26. 2010
    ..To examine 2009 H1N1 influenza illness severity and the effect of antiviral treatment on the severity of illness among pregnant women...
  37. doi Hospitalization-associated disability: "She was probably able to ambulate, but I'm not sure"
    Kenneth E Covinsky
    Department of Medicine and Division of Geriatrics, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, CA 94121, USA
    JAMA 306:1782-93. 2011
    In older patients, acute medical illness that requires hospitalization is a sentinel event that often precipitates disability...
  38. ncbi Synchrony, waves, and spatial hierarchies in the spread of influenza
    Cecile Viboud
    Fogarty International Center, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
    Science 312:447-51. 2006
    ..A simple epidemiological model, based on the gravity formulation, captures the observed increase of influenza spatial synchrony with transmissibility; high transmission allows influenza to spread rapidly beyond local spatial constraints...
  39. doi Risk factors for hospitalization and severe outcomes of 2009 pandemic H1N1 influenza in Quebec, Canada
    Rodica Gilca
    Quebec National Institute of Public Health, Quebec City, QC, Canada
    Influenza Other Respir Viruses 5:247-55. 2011
    ..Risk factors associated with hospitalization were assessed by comparing hospitalized to community cases and for ICU admission or death through comparison ..
  40. ncbi Hemoglobin level, chronic kidney disease, and the risks of death and hospitalization in adults with chronic heart failure: the Anemia in Chronic Heart Failure: Outcomes and Resource Utilization (ANCHOR) Study
    Alan S Go
    Division of Research, Kaiser Permanente of Northern California, 2000 Broadway St, 3rd Floor, Oakland, California 94612 2304, USA
    Circulation 113:2713-23. 2006
    ..It is unclear, however, whether this relation is explained by underlying kidney disease, treatment differences, or associated comorbidity...
  41. ncbi Rates of hyperkalemia after publication of the Randomized Aldactone Evaluation Study
    David N Juurlink
    Department of Medicine University of Toronto, Toronto
    N Engl J Med 351:543-51. 2004
    ..Use of angiotensin-converting-enzyme (ACE) inhibitors is also indicated in these patients. However, life-threatening hyperkalemia can occur when these drugs are used together...
  42. ncbi Effect of medication nonadherence on hospitalization and mortality among patients with diabetes mellitus
    P Michael Ho
    Department of Medicine, Denver Veterans Affairs Medical Center, CO, USA
    Arch Intern Med 166:1836-41. 2006
    ..Medication nonadherence may reduce the effectiveness of therapies. To our knowledge, the association between medication nonadherence and mortality remains unexplored outside the context of clinical trials...
  43. pmc Malaria paediatric hospitalization between 1999 and 2008 across Kenya
    Emelda A Okiro
    Malaria Public Health and Epidemiology Group, Centre for Geographic Medicine Research Coast, Kenya Medical Research Institute Wellcome Trust Research Programme, P O Box 43640, 00100 GPO, Nairobi, Kenya
    BMC Med 7:75. 2009
    ..Here we present a nationwide assessment of changes over 10 years in paediatric malaria hospitalization across Kenya.
  44. pmc Risk of severe outcomes among patients admitted to hospital with pandemic (H1N1) influenza
    Alexia Campbell
    Centre for Immunization and Respiratory Infectious Diseases, Infectious Disease and Emergency Preparedness Branch, Public Health Agency of Canada, Ottawa, Ontario
    CMAJ 182:349-55. 2010
    ....
  45. doi Viral loads and duration of viral shedding in adult patients hospitalized with influenza
    Nelson Lee
    Department of Medicine and Therapeutics, Stanley Ho Centre for Emerging Infectious Diseases, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Prince of Wales Hospital, Shatin, New Territories, Hong Kong
    J Infect Dis 200:492-500. 2009
    ..The goal of this study was to characterize viral loads and factors affecting viral clearance in persons with severe influenza...
  46. ncbi Smoke-free legislation and hospitalizations for acute coronary syndrome
    Jill P Pell
    University of Glasgow, United Kingdom
    N Engl J Med 359:482-91. 2008
    ..However, it is unknown whether the reduction in admissions involved nonsmokers, smokers, or both...
  47. pmc Diabetes, glycemic control, and risk of hospitalization with pneumonia: a population-based case-control study
    Jette B Kornum
    Department of Clinical Epidemiology, Aarhus University Hospital, Aalborg, Denmark
    Diabetes Care 31:1541-5. 2008
    To examine whether diabetes is a risk factor for hospitalization with pneumonia and to assess the impact of A1C level on such risk.
  48. ncbi Transitional care of older adults hospitalized with heart failure: a randomized, controlled trial
    Mary D Naylor
    Gerontological Nursing Science Center, School of Nursing, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA
    J Am Geriatr Soc 52:675-84. 2004
    ..To examine the effectiveness of a transitional care intervention delivered by advanced practice nurses (APNs) to elders hospitalized with heart failure...
  49. pmc Contrasting patterns of mortality and hospital admissions during hot weather and heat waves in Greater London, UK
    R S Kovats
    Public and Environmental Health Research Unit, Department of Public Health and Policy, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, London WC1E 7HT, UK
    Occup Environ Med 61:893-8. 2004
    ..Epidemiological research has shown that mortality increases during hot weather and heat waves, but little is known about the effect on non-fatal outcomes in the UK...
  50. ncbi Pandemic influenza in Canadian children: a summary of hospitalized pediatric cases
    Julie A Bettinger
    Vaccine Evaluation Center, BC Children s Hospital and the University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada
    Vaccine 28:3180-4. 2010
    ..Close to 50% of children received antiviral medication. Two children died from the infection. The pediatric risk groups affected and course of disease caused by pandemic H1N1 appear similar to seasonal influenza...
  51. pmc Reducing occurrence and severity of pneumonia due to pandemic H1N1 2009 by early oseltamivir administration: a retrospective study in Mexico
    Anjarath Lorena Higuera Iglesias
    National Institute for Respiratory Disease, Mexico City, Mexico
    PLoS ONE 6:e21838. 2011
    ..Therefore, we aimed to determine how time from symptom onset to antiviral administration affected the effectiveness of antiviral treatment against pneumonia due to pandemic (H1N1) 2009...
  52. ncbi Population-based surveillance for hospitalizations associated with respiratory syncytial virus, influenza virus, and parainfluenza viruses among young children
    Marika K Iwane
    National Immunization Program, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    Pediatrics 113:1758-64. 2004
    ..We established a prospective, active population-based surveillance network to provide precise estimates of hospitalization rates for viral acute respiratory illness (ARI) in young children and to measure the potential impact of ..
  53. doi Description of antiviral treatment among adults hospitalized with influenza before and during the 2009 pandemic: United States, 2005-2009
    Saumil Doshi
    Epidemic Intelligence Service, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA
    J Infect Dis 204:1848-56. 2011
    ..We compared antiviral use among adults hospitalized with influenza before and during the pandemic...
  54. pmc Study of modifiable risk factors for asthma exacerbations: virus infection and allergen exposure increase the risk of asthma hospital admissions in children
    C S Murray
    Academic Division of Medicine and Surgery South, The University of Manchester, North West Lung Centre, South Manchester University Hospitals NHS Trust, Manchester M23 9LT, UK
    Thorax 61:376-82. 2006
    ..A study was undertaken to investigate the importance of allergen exposure in sensitised individuals in combination with viral infections and other potentially modifiable risk factors precipitating asthma hospital admission in children...
  55. ncbi Dementia in the acute hospital: prospective cohort study of prevalence and mortality
    Elizabeth L Sampson
    Marie Curie Palliative Care Research Unit, Department of Mental Health Sciences, University College Medical School, Hampstead Campus, Rowland Hill Street, London NW3 2PF, UK
    Br J Psychiatry 195:61-6. 2009
    ..Increasing numbers of people will die with dementia, many in the acute hospital. It is often not perceived to be a life-limiting illness...
  56. pmc Long-term exposure to traffic-related air pollution and the risk of coronary heart disease hospitalization and mortality
    Wen Qi Gan
    School of Environmental Health, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
    Environ Health Perspect 119:501-7. 2011
    ..Epidemiologic studies have demonstrated that exposure to road traffic is associated with adverse cardiovascular outcomes...
  57. doi Infant rotavirus vaccination may provide indirect protection to older children and adults in the United States
    Ben A Lopman
    Division of Viral Diseases, National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    J Infect Dis 204:980-6. 2011
    ..This study demonstrates a previously unrecognized burden of severe rotavirus in the population >5 years and the primacy of very young children in the transmission of rotavirus...
  58. doi Hospitalized patients with 2009 pandemic influenza A (H1N1) virus infection in the United States--September-October 2009
    Jacek Skarbinski
    Division of Parasitic Diseases and Malaria, Center for Global Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30341, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 52:S50-9. 2011
    ....
  59. ncbi Loss of independence in activities of daily living in older adults hospitalized with medical illnesses: increased vulnerability with age
    Kenneth E Covinsky
    Division of Geriatrics, University of California at San Francisco, San Francisco, California, USA
    J Am Geriatr Soc 51:451-8. 2003
    ..To describe the changes in activities of daily living (ADL) function occurring before and after hospital admission in older people hospitalized with medical illness and to assess the effect of age on loss of ADL function...
  60. pmc Risk of cancer following hospitalization for type 2 diabetes
    Kari Hemminki
    Division of Molecular Genetic Epidemiology, German Cancer Research Center DKFZ, Im Neuenheimer Feld 580, D 69120 Heidelberg, Germany
    Oncologist 15:548-55. 2010
    ..Cancer and type 2 diabetes (T2D) are two common diseases that may share risk factors. We aimed at determining subsequent cancer risks in patients hospitalized for T2D in Sweden...
  61. doi A novel risk factor for a novel virus: obesity and 2009 pandemic influenza A (H1N1)
    Janice K Louie
    Division of Communicable Disease Control, California Department of Public Health, Richmond, California94804, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 52:301-12. 2011
    ..many critically ill patients with 2009 pandemic influenza A (H1N1) (2009 H1N1) infection were noted to be obese, but whether obesity, rather than its associated co-morbidities, is an independent risk factor for severe infection is unknown...
  62. doi Home telehealth for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: a systematic review and meta-analysis
    Julie Polisena
    Canadian Agency for Drugs and Technologies in Health CADTH, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
    J Telemed Telecare 16:120-7. 2010
    ..Home telehealth (home telemonitoring and telephone support) was found to reduce rates of hospitalization and emergency department visits, while findings for hospital bed days of care varied between studies...
  63. pmc A cross-sectional study of the microeconomic impact of cardiovascular disease hospitalization in four low- and middle-income countries
    Mark D Huffman
    Department of Preventive Medicine, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, Illinois, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 6:e20821. 2011
    ..To estimate individual and household economic impact of cardiovascular disease (CVD) in selected low- and middle-income countries (LMIC)...
  64. doi Fatalities associated with the 2009 H1N1 influenza A virus in New York city
    Ellen H Lee
    Bureau of Communicable Disease, Division of Disease Control, New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, New York, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 50:1498-504. 2010
    ..Among all hospitalized patients, decedents had presented for hospitalization later (median, 3 vs 2 days after illness onset; P < .05) and received oseltamivir later (median, 6...
  65. pmc Food-related illness and death in the United States
    P S Mead
    Division of Bacterial and Mycotic Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    Emerg Infect Dis 5:607-25. 1999
    ..Overall, foodborne diseases appear to cause more illnesses but fewer deaths than previously estimated...
  66. ncbi Rhythm or rate control in atrial fibrillation--Pharmacological Intervention in Atrial Fibrillation (PIAF): a randomised trial
    S H Hohnloser
    JW Goethe University, Frankfurt, Germany
    Lancet 356:1789-94. 2000
    ..Restoration and maintenance of sinus rhythm is believed by many physicians to be superior to rate control only. However, there are no prospective data that compare both therapeutic strategies...
  67. pmc Incidence, seasonality and mortality associated with influenza pneumonia in Thailand: 2005-2008
    James Mark Simmerman
    International Emerging Infections Program, Thailand Ministry of Public Health United States Centers for Disease Control Collaboration, Nonthaburi, Thailand
    PLoS ONE 4:e7776. 2009
    ..Prospective data from multiple years are needed to develop vaccine policy and treatment guidelines, and improve pandemic preparedness...
  68. doi Are meteorological parameters associated with acute respiratory tract infections?
    Jean Baptist du Prel
    Kinderklinik, Paediatrische Infektiologie and Zentrum Praeventive Paediatrie, Universitaetsmedizin, Johannes Gutenberg Universitaet, Mainz, Germany
    Clin Infect Dis 49:861-8. 2009
    ..Aiming at better predictions of the seasonal activity of ARI pathogens, we investigated the influence of climate on hospitalizations for ARIs...
  69. ncbi COPD and incident cardiovascular disease hospitalizations and mortality: Kaiser Permanente Medical Care Program
    Stephen Sidney
    Division of Research, Kaiser Permanente Medical Care Program, Kaiser Permanente Northern California, 2000 Broadway, Oakland, CA 94612, USA
    Chest 128:2068-75. 2005
    To determine the relationship between diagnosed and treated COPD and the incidence of cardiovascular disease (CVD) hospitalization and mortality.
  70. pmc Regular physical activity reduces hospital admission and mortality in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: a population based cohort study
    J Garcia-Aymerich
    Respiratory and Environmental Health Research Unit, Institut Municipal d Investigacio Medica IMIM, Barcelona, Spain
    Thorax 61:772-8. 2006
    ..A study was undertaken to examine the association between regular physical activity and both hospital admissions for COPD and all-cause and specific mortality in COPD subjects...
  71. pmc Fine particulate matter constituents associated with cardiovascular hospitalizations and mortality in New York City
    Kazuhiko Ito
    New York University School of Medicine, Tuxedo, New York 10987, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 119:467-73. 2011
    ..We investigated this issue in New York City (NYC), where PM originates from regional and local combustion sources...
  72. ncbi The underrecognized burden of influenza in young children
    Katherine A Poehling
    Department of Pediatrics, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, USA
    N Engl J Med 355:31-40. 2006
    ..The disease burden of influenza infection among children is not well established. We conducted a population-based surveillance of medical visits associated with laboratory-confirmed influenza...
  73. ncbi COPD exacerbations: defining their cause and prevention
    Jadwiga A Wedzicha
    Academic Unit of Respiratory Medicine, Royal Free and University College Medical School University College London, UK
    Lancet 370:786-96. 2007
    ....
  74. ncbi Severe malaria and concomitant bacteraemia in children admitted to a rural Mozambican hospital
    Quique Bassat
    Barcelona Center for International Health Research, University of Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain
    Trop Med Int Health 14:1011-9. 2009
    ..To describe the prevalence, aetiology and prognostic implications of coexisting invasive bacterial disease in children admitted with severe malaria in a rural Mozambican Hospital...
  75. pmc Inpatient rehabilitation specifically designed for geriatric patients: systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials
    Stefan Bachmann
    Department of Geriatrics, Inselspital, University of Bern Hospital, Freiburgstrasse 10, CH 3010 Bern, Switzerland
    BMJ 340:c1718. 2010
    ..To assess the effects of inpatient rehabilitation specifically designed for geriatric patients compared with usual care on functional status, admissions to nursing homes, and mortality...
  76. ncbi Depression as a predictor of mortality and hospitalization among hemodialysis patients in the United States and Europe
    Antonio Alberto Lopes
    Department of Medicine, Federal University of Bahia, Brazil
    Kidney Int 62:199-207. 2002
    ..We investigated whether risk of mortality and rate of hospitalization may be predicted from physician-diagnosed depression and patients' self-reports of depressive symptoms.
  77. doi Telmisartan, ramipril, or both in patients at high risk for vascular events
    Salim Yusuf
    Population Health Research Institute, McMaster University and Hamilton Health Sciences, Hamilton, ON, Canada
    N Engl J Med 358:1547-59. 2008
    ..We compared the ACE inhibitor ramipril, the ARB telmisartan, and the combination of the two drugs in patients with vascular disease or high-risk diabetes...
  78. ncbi Quantifying the risk of infectious diseases for people with diabetes
    Baiju R Shah
    Department of Medicine, University of Toronto, Canada
    Diabetes Care 26:510-3. 2003
    ..Although certain rare infections are more common and infection-related mortality is higher, the risk of acquiring an infectious disease for diabetic patients has never been quantified...
  79. pmc Telemonitoring or structured telephone support programmes for patients with chronic heart failure: systematic review and meta-analysis
    Robyn A Clark
    Division of Health Sciences, University of South Australia, Adelaide, Australia
    BMJ 334:942. 2007
    ..To determine whether remote monitoring (structured telephone support or telemonitoring) without regular clinic or home visits improves outcomes for patients with chronic heart failure...
  80. pmc National and regional trends in heart failure hospitalization and mortality rates for Medicare beneficiaries, 1998-2008
    Jersey Chen
    Section of Cardiovascular Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, Yale University School of Medicine, 333 Cedar St, New Haven, CT 06520, USA
    JAMA 306:1669-78. 2011
    It is not known whether recent declines in ischemic heart disease and its risk factors have been accompanied by declines in heart failure (HF) hospitalization and mortality.
  81. pmc Causes of acute hospitalization in adolescence: burden and spectrum of HIV-related morbidity in a country with an early-onset and severe HIV epidemic: a prospective survey
    Rashida A Ferrand
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom
    PLoS Med 7:e1000178. 2010
    ..However, the overall impact on adolescent health in settings with high HIV seroprevalence has not previously been investigated...
  82. pmc Initial evidence of reduction of malaria cases and deaths in Rwanda and Ethiopia due to rapid scale-up of malaria prevention and treatment
    Mac Otten
    World Health Organization, Global Malaria Program, Geneva, Switzerland
    Malar J 8:14. 2009
    ....
  83. pmc Emergency admissions for cardiovascular and respiratory diseases and the chemical composition of fine particle air pollution
    Roger D Peng
    Department of Biostatistics, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland 21205, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 117:957-63. 2009
    ..5) (particulate matter <or= 2.5 microm in aerodynamic diameter) as the indicator. Evidence regarding the toxicity of the chemical components of the PM(2.5) mixture is limited...
  84. ncbi Dronedarone for maintenance of sinus rhythm in atrial fibrillation or flutter
    Bramah N Singh
    Cardiology Division, Veterans Affairs Greater Los Angeles Healthcare System and the David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, Los Angeles, CA 90073, USA
    N Engl J Med 357:987-99. 2007
    ..Dronedarone is a new antiarrhythmic agent pharmacologically related to amiodarone but developed to reduce the risk of side effects...
  85. ncbi Epidemiology of seasonal influenza: use of surveillance data and statistical models to estimate the burden of disease
    William W Thompson
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    J Infect Dis 194:S82-91. 2006
    ..a 7-component national surveillance system for influenza that includes virologic, influenza-like illness, hospitalization, and mortality data...
  86. ncbi Incidence and outcomes of acute lung injury
    Gordon D Rubenfeld
    Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Harborview Medical Center, Seattle, WA 98104 2499, USA
    N Engl J Med 353:1685-93. 2005
    ..Despite recent advances in our understanding of the mechanism and treatment of acute lung injury, its incidence and outcomes in the United States have been unclear...
  87. ncbi Human bocavirus: a novel parvovirus epidemiologically associated with pneumonia requiring hospitalization in Thailand
    Alicia M Fry
    Epidemiology Branch, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    J Infect Dis 195:1038-45. 2007
    ..We detected human bocavirus (HBoV) infection in 4.5% of hospitalized patients with pneumonia in rural Thailand. However, the role of HBoV as a pathogen is unclear...
  88. ncbi Long-term clinical course of patients after termination of ventricular tachyarrhythmia by an implanted defibrillator
    Arthur J Moss
    Cardiology Unit of the Department of Medicine, University of Rochester Medical Center, Rochester, NY 14642, USA
    Circulation 110:3760-5. 2004
    ..This analysis from the MADIT-II trial database examines the long-term clinical course and subsequent mortality risk of patients after termination of life-threatening ventricular tachyarrhythmias by an ICD...
  89. ncbi Identification of older hospitalised patients at risk for functional decline, a study to compare the predictive values of three screening instruments
    Jita G Hoogerduijn
    Faculty of Health Care, Hogeschool Utrecht, University of Applied Science, Utrecht, The Netherlands
    J Clin Nurs 19:1219-25. 2010
    ....
  90. ncbi Elevated plasma fibrinogen associated with reduced pulmonary function and increased risk of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
    M Dahl
    Department of Clinical Biochemistry, Herlev and Copenhagen University Hospitals, Copenhagen, Denmark
    Am J Respir Crit Care Med 164:1008-11. 2001
    ..fibrinogen correlate with pulmonary function and rate of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) hospitalization. We measured plasma fibrinogen and forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV(1)), and assessed prospectively COPD ..
  91. ncbi Clinical and epidemiologic characteristics of children hospitalized with 2009 pandemic H1N1 influenza A infection
    Swati Kumar
    Medical College of Wisconsin, Pediatric Infectious Diseases, Children s Hospital of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI 53201 1997, USA
    Pediatr Infect Dis J 29:591-4. 2010
    ..We describe the clinical and epidemiologic characteristics of children and adolescents hospitalized for 2009 H1N1 infections in Milwaukee, Wisconsin from April 2009 to August 2009...
  92. ncbi Multimodal strategies to improve surgical outcome
    Henrik Kehlet
    Department of Surgical Gastroenterology, Hvidovre University Hospital, Hvidovre, Denmark
    Am J Surg 183:630-41. 2002
    ..To evaluate the effect of modifying perioperative care in noncardiac surgical patients on morbidity, mortality, and other outcome measures...
  93. pmc Air pollution and emergency admissions in Boston, MA
    Antonella Zanobetti
    Department of Environmental Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02215, USA
    J Epidemiol Community Health 60:890-5. 2006
    ..5) is now the particle measure of greatest health and regulatory concern. And little has been published on associations of hospital admissions and PM components...
  94. doi Viral clearance and inflammatory response patterns in adults hospitalized for pandemic 2009 influenza A(H1N1) virus pneumonia
    Nelson Lee
    Department of Medicine and Therapeutics, Prince of Wales Hospital, Hong Kong SAR, China
    Antivir Ther 16:237-47. 2011
    ..Little is known about the virological and inflammatory responses of severe pandemic 2009 influenza A(H1N1) virus pneumonia during antiviral treatment...
  95. doi Complications and outcomes of pandemic 2009 Influenza A (H1N1) virus infection in hospitalized adults: how do they differ from those in seasonal influenza?
    Nelson Lee
    Department of Medicine and Therapeutics, Prince of Wales Hospital, Chinese University of Hong Kong, Peoples Republic of China
    J Infect Dis 203:1739-47. 2011
    ..It is unclear whether pandemic 2009 influenza A (pH1N1) infection caused more significant disease among hospitalized adults than seasonal influenza...
  96. ncbi Cardiac-resynchronization therapy with or without an implantable defibrillator in advanced chronic heart failure
    Michael R Bristow
    Division of Cardiology, University of Colorado Health Sciences Center, Denver, CO 80262, USA
    N Engl J Med 350:2140-50. 2004
    ..in the form of biventricular stimulation with a pacemaker with or without a defibrillator would reduce the risk of death and hospitalization among patients with advanced chronic heart failure and intraventricular conduction delays.
  97. ncbi A longitudinal study of medication nonadherence and hospitalization risk in schizophrenia
    Michael R Law
    Department of Ambulatory Care and Prevention, Harvard Medical School, and Harvard Pilgrim Health Care, Boston, Mass 02215, USA
    J Clin Psychiatry 69:47-53. 2008
    Previous cross-sectional studies have suggested an association between medication nonadherence and hospitalization for individuals with schizophrenia. However, such analyses typically measure adherence averaged over long time periods...
  98. doi Hospitalization for pneumonia among individuals with and without HIV infection, 1995-2007: a Danish population-based, nationwide cohort study
    Ole S Sogaard
    Department of Infectious Diseases, Aarhus University Hospital, Skejby, Denmark
    Clin Infect Dis 47:1345-53. 2008
    ..We compared incidence rates of pneumonia among individuals with and without HIV infection and explored risk factors for pneumonia in the HIV-infected population...
  99. doi Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors provide significant lower re-hospitalization rates in patients recovering from acute coronary syndromes: evidence from a meta-analysis
    Marianna Mazza
    Institute of Psychiatry and Psychology, Catholic University of Sacred Heart of Rome, Via Ugo De Carolis 48, Rome, Italy
    J Psychopharmacol 24:1785-92. 2010
    ..05). Treatment with SSRIs in patients recovering from ACS is associated with significant lower re-hospitalization rates...
  100. ncbi Bacteremia in febrile Malawian children: clinical and microbiologic features
    A L Walsh
    Wellcome Trust Research Laboratories, University of Malawi, Blantyre
    Pediatr Infect Dis J 19:312-8. 2000
    ..There are no published data for the incidence or etiology of childhood bacteremia in Malawi. We describe the clinical and microbiologic features of children admitted to hospital from whom blood cultures yielded bacterial pathogens...
  101. doi Comorbidity, hospitalization, and mortality in COPD: results from a longitudinal study
    Claudio Terzano
    Respiratory Diseases Unit, Department of Cardiovascular and Respiratory Sciences, Sapienza University of Rome, Fondazione E Lorillard Spencer Cenci, Via Casal de Pazzi 16, 00156 Rome, Italy
    Lung 188:321-9. 2010
    We evaluated comorbidity, hospitalization, and mortality in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), with special attention to risk factors for frequent hospitalizations (more than three during the follow-up period), and prognostic ..

Research Grants91

  1. Myocardial Salvage With a Novel Reperfusion Therapy
    CONSTANCE WILSON; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..the heart following angioplasty procedures and coronary artery bypass graft surgery can affect the length of hospitalization, cost of hospitalization, functional capacity of the patient at discharge, and may ultimately contribute to ..
  2. Medicare Part D Plan Generosity & Dual-Eligible Nursing Home Residents
    Haiden Huskamp; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..care pharmacy in combination with data on health outcomes from the Minimum Data Set (MDS) and Medicare Part A hospitalization claims for the period 2005-2008 (one year before and three years after Part D implementation)...
  3. Pain and Hypoxia in Premature Neonates
    DANILYN ANGELES; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) require up to several hundred procedures during their hospitalization. Many of these are tissue damaging procedures (TDPs) that cause pain...
  4. Standardized Rehabilitation for ICU Patients with Acute Respiratory Failure
    Peter E Morris; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..dyspnea, depression, and reduced health-related quality of life, all of which may contribute to prolonged hospitalization and increased costs. Patients with ARF average 15 hospital days with median costs of $30,000...
  5. Pain and Hypoxia in Premature Neonates
    DANILYN MAG AKAT ANGELES; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) require up to several hundred procedures during their hospitalization. Many of these are tissue damaging procedures (TDPs) that cause pain...
  6. N-methanocarbathymidine (N-MCT) for the Treatment of Herpes and Pox Virus Infecti
    Aquilur Rahman; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..N- MCT has no apparent cytotoxicity in uninfected tissues, in contrast to cidofovir, which requires hospitalization to treat its associated renal toxicity...
  7. N-methanocarbathymidine (N-MCT) for the Treatment of Herpes and Pox Virus Infecti
    Aquilur Rahman; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..N- MCT has no apparent cytotoxicity in uninfected tissues, in contrast to cidofovir, which requires hospitalization to treat its associated renal toxicity...
  8. Transforming PCI Informed Consent into an Evidence-based Decision-making Tool
    John A Spertus; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Major bleeding events also result in a 3-4 day increase in length of stay,11 in turn increasing hospitalization costs by $6,000-8,000...
  9. Transforming PCI Informed Consent into an Evidence-based Decision-making Tool
    John Spertus; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Major bleeding events also result in a 3-4 day increase in length of stay,11 in turn increasing hospitalization costs by $6,000-8,000...
  10. Severe H1N1 Influenza Infection During Pregnancy: Pathophysiologic Mechanisms
    Mark Phillippe; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..S. Among these 34 pregnant women, 11 (32%) required hospitalization, three were admitted to intensive care and one died. This CDC report also noted that among 45 deaths in the U...
  11. Lactoferrin Enhances Growth and Reduces Nosocomial Infection in Preterm Infants
    Karel Petrak; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..and 46% of infants born at less than 25 weeks'gestation experience a serious NIs during hospitalization in the NICU. The most common NI sites were sepsis and NEC...
  12. Evaluation of a novel connexin-based peptide for the treatment of diabetic wounds
    GAUTAM SUDHIR GHATNEKAR; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..a major problem that can significantly impair the patient's quality of life, require prolonged hospitalization, and may involve infection, gangrene, and amputation...
  13. Medicare Part D Plan Generosity & Dual-Eligible Nursing Home Residents
    Haiden A Huskamp; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..care pharmacy in combination with data on health outcomes from the Minimum Data Set (MDS) and Medicare Part A hospitalization claims for the period 2005-2008 (one year before and three years after Part D implementation)...
  14. Conservative Versus Dialytic Management in Stage V Chronic Kidney Disease
    GLENN MATTHEW CHERTOW; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..experience unacceptably high mortality rates (in excess of 20% per year), exceptionally high rates of hospitalization (more than two hospitalizations per patient per year, spending on average a fortnight per year in hospital), ..
  15. Conservative Versus Dialytic Management in Stage V Chronic Kidney Disease
    Glenn Chertow; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..experience unacceptably high mortality rates (in excess of 20% per year), exceptionally high rates of hospitalization (more than two hospitalizations per patient per year, spending on average a fortnight per year in hospital), ..
  16. Access to Care of Medicare and Medicaid Enrollees
    Marlene Niefeld; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..The results of these problems are increased rates of emergency department use, hospitalization, and mortality...
  17. Epidemiology, Prevention and Treatment of Influenza and Other Respiratory Infecti
    William Kwabena Ampofo; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..We will use these studies to document among other things the hospitalization rate of severe influenza, the burden of influenza and risk factors for severe influenza in the population, ..
  18. Shared Decision-Making in End-Stage Heart & Lung Disease
    Mark Sullivan; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..utilize a qualitative design, separately interviewing patients and spouses and clinicians after a CHF or COPD hospitalization. In our revised proposal, we have omitted our follow-up interviews in order to expand our sample size and ..
  19. Shared Decision-Making in End-Stage Heart & Lung Disease
    Mark Sullivan; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..utilize a qualitative design, separately interviewing patients and spouses and clinicians after a CHF or COPD hospitalization. In our revised proposal, we have omitted our follow-up interviews in order to expand our sample size and ..
  20. Multiple Chronic Conditions in VLBW Infants: Epidemiology, NICU Care, and Outcome
    William Gardner; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..include death during the NICU stay, cumulative burden of therapies received during the NICU stay, and re- hospitalization within 30 days following discharge from the NICU...
  21. Defining Interoperability Standards for PRO Assessments
    DERSHUNG YANG; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..assessments in clinical practice, reporting improved physical, functional and emotional well-being, reduced hospitalization, better detections of less observable and subjective PRO concerns, and better patient-provider communication...
  22. BACK PAIN OUTCOME ASSESSMENT TEAM
    Richard Deyo; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..Back problems result in frequent hospitalization, surgery, and use of expensive diagnostic tests, and wide geographic variations in the use of these services ..
  23. BACK PAIN OUTCOME ASSESSMENT TEAM
    Richard Deyo; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..Back problems result in frequent hospitalization, surgery, and use of expensive diagnostic tests, and wide geographic variations in the use of these services ..
  24. BACK PAIN OUTCOME ASSESSMENT TEAM
    Richard Deyo; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..Back problems result in frequent hospitalization, surgery, and use of expensive diagnostic tests, and wide geographic variations in the use of these services ..
  25. Late Sodium Current Blockade in High-Risk ICD Patients - CCC - Lead Application
    Wojciech Zareba; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..whether ranolazine administration will decrease the likelihood of composite primary endpoints consisting of hospitalization for cardiac causes or death, 2) to determine whether ranolazine administration will decrease the likelihood ..
  26. Defining Interoperability Standards for PRO Assessments
    DERSHUNG YANG; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..assessments in clinical practice, reporting improved physical, functional and emotional well-being, reduced hospitalization, better detections of less observable and subjective PRO concerns, and better patient-provider communication...
  27. Standardized Rehabilitation for ICU Patients with Acute Respiratory Failure
    Peter Morris; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..dyspnea, depression, and reduced health-related quality of life, all of which may contribute to prolonged hospitalization and increased costs. Patients with ARF average 15 hospital days with median costs of $30,000...
  28. EXERCISE--NURSING INTERVENTION FOR FUNCTIONAL RECOVERY
    Beverly Roberts; Fiscal Year: 1999
    DESCRIPTION (Adapted from the Investigator's Abstract): During hospitalization, many elders experience functional decline characterized by increasing dependence in activities of daily living (ADL) and abnormalities in gait...
  29. EXERCISE--NURSING INTERVENTION FOR FUNCTIONAL RECOVERY
    Beverly Roberts; Fiscal Year: 2000
    DESCRIPTION (Adapted from the Investigator's Abstract): During hospitalization, many elders experience functional decline characterized by increasing dependence in activities of daily living (ADL) and abnormalities in gait...
  30. Project CLEAR - Changing Lives by Eradicating Antibiotic Resistance
    Susan S Huang; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Identification of an effective strategy to reduce MRSA infection and hospitalization would be a major advancement in clinical care...
  31. Aging the Central Nervous System and Mobility in Older Adults
    Stephanie A Studenski; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..and mobility impairment is associated with loss of independence, substantially reduced quality of life, hospitalization, and premature death...
  32. Prevalence and Impact of Frailty among Dialysis Patients
    Kirsten L Johansen; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..and functioning, initially observed in the elderly, that ultimately results in increased risk of disability, hospitalization, institutionalization, and death...
  33. Wireless Multichannel Electrocorticogram Recording for Epilepsy Monitoring
    Stuart Cogan; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..pulled and the grids move;and 6) ten to twenty percent of patients have too few seizures during the hospitalization to identify the epileptic zone with certainty...
  34. A CDSS to Translate Pressure Ulcer Prediction and Prevention to Home Health Care
    Sandra Bergquist Beringer; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..pain, social isolation and many develop complications such as osteomyelitis or bacteremia that require hospitalization. Overall costs for treatment are $9.1 to $11.6 billion per year...
  35. Design of New Antimicrobials
    Robert Hodges; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Consequently, the cost of treating nosocomial infections through extended hospitalization and increasingly aggressive therapy has risen to an estimated $30 billion in the U.S...
  36. Design of New Antimicrobials
    Robert S Hodges; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Consequently, the cost of treating nosocomial infections through extended hospitalization and increasingly aggressive therapy has risen to an estimated $30 billion in the U.S...
  37. NC/OFQ analogs as ORL1 agonists to promote gut motility
    MARK FINDEIS; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Clinically, POI has serious impact on patient morbidity, causing patient discomfort and prolongation of hospitalization by 3 to 10 days...
  38. Outcomes and Costs Associated with Frequency of Physician-Patient Visits on Hemod
    Areef Ishani; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..We hypothesize that greater physician-patient visit frequency is associated with a reduced patient hospitalization and mortality rate, greater achievement of dialysis clinical performance targets, greater utilization of ..
  39. Cytokines and Sympathetic Activation in Heart Failure
    Robert Felder; Fiscal Year: 2009
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Heart failure is the most common reason for hospitalization in the United States among those older than 65 years, and this statistic is expected to grow as the population ages...
  40. Pathogenesis of cognitive/neurologic deficits in central nervous system malaria
    Chandy John; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..6% of children >5 years of age who survive CM have cognitive deficits 6 months after hospitalization. However, the effects of CM on cognition in younger children have not been prospectively characterized, and ..
  41. Medication errors leading to hospitalization of the aged
    Joshua Metlay; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..barriers (depression, coping, and support) are predisposing factors for medication errors resulting in hospitalization. The secondary aims of this study are (1) to develop a prediction rule to identify elderly outpatients at ..
  42. Medication errors leading to hospitalization of the aged
    Joshua Metlay; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..barriers (depression, coping, and support) are predisposing factors for medication errors resulting in hospitalization. The secondary aims of this study are (1) to develop a prediction rule to identify elderly outpatients at ..
  43. TRAJECTORY OF RECOVERY OF LIFE-SPACE MOBILITY AFTER HOSPITALIZATION
    Cynthia Brown; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Methods: Using a prospective cohort study design, participants will be recruited during hospitalization and followed for 6-months after discharge...
  44. Impact of Length of Stay and Number of Home Nursing Visits on Hospitalization
    MELISSA O apos CONNOR; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..b>Hospitalization costs incurred by Medicare recipients exceeded 471 billion dollars in 2007...
  45. Physiologic Responses to Simulated Care Activities in Older Surgical Patients
    Colleen Casey; Fiscal Year: 2007
    unreadable] DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The importance of preserving physical function during hospitalization, especially for adults aged 65 and older, is so well acknowledged that clinical care activities such as turning and ..
  46. INCIDENCE AND OUTCOMES OF VENOUS THROMBOEMBOLISM
    MARC SILVERSTEIN; Fiscal Year: 1991
    Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism (PE) most often occur during hospitalization for surgery or chronic medical conditions...
  47. Effectiveness and Cost-Effectiveness of Peer Mentors in Reducing Hospital Use
    Larry Davidson; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Data will be collected during the index hospitalization and at 3 and 9 months after discharge...
  48. Enhanced Surveillance for New Vaccine Preventable Disease
    Mary A Staat; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..The major focus will be to describe the burden and epidemiology of rotavirus infection resulting in hospitalization and ED visits between 15 days and 11 years of age using active surveillance for acute gastroenteritis...
  49. The long-term consequences of postoperative acute kidney injury
    Areef Ishani; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..of AKI are well defined and included, an increased hospital length of stay, an increased cost of hospitalization, and increased risk of short- term mortality...
  50. STICH Trial-Statistical and Data Coordinatiing Center
    Kerry Lee; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..surgical ventricular restoration (SVR) to a more normal LV size improves survival free of subsequent hospitalization for cardiac cause in comparison to CABG alone...
  51. BIOLOGICAL STUDIES IN SUICIDAL ADOLESCENT INPATIENTS
    Laurence Greenhill; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..The study will recruit MDD attempters (N-53) who are consecutively referred for hospitalization because of a suicide attempt during the previous 12 months and age-matched (N-53) MDD non-attempters...
  52. BIOLOGICAL STUDIES IN SUICIDAL ADOLESCENT INPATIENTS
    Laurence Greenhill; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..The study will recruit MDD attempters (N-53) who are consecutively referred for hospitalization because of a suicide attempt during the previous 12 months and age-matched (N-53) MDD non-attempters...
  53. Alcohol Screening Scores and Medical Outcomes: Age and Gender Influences
    ALEX SOX HARRIS; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Therefore, the aims of this R03 study are to determine the sex and age-specific risks of onset and hospitalization for gastrointestinal (GI) conditions (i.e...
  54. Effects of NSAIDs on the genesis of streptococcal myonecrosis after trauma
    Amy Bryant; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Survivors require prolonged hospitalization and rehabilitation...
  55. Reducing Urinary Tract Infections in the Hospitalized Older Patient
    Heidi Wald; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The patient safety movement has revitalized efforts to reduce the hazards of hospitalization for older adults...
  56. Reducing Urinary Tract Infections in the Hospitalized Older Patient
    Heidi Wald; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The patient safety movement has revitalized efforts to reduce the hazards of hospitalization for older adults...
  57. Naltrexone for Bipolar Disorder and Alcohol Dependence
    E Sherwood Brown; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..When present in patients with bipolar disorder, alcohol dependence is associated with increased rates of hospitalization, poor outcome during hospitalization, violence towards self and others, and non-adherence to bipolar disorder ..
  58. Naltrexone for Bipolar Disorder and Alcohol Dependence
    E Sherwood Brown; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..When present in patients with bipolar disorder, alcohol dependence is associated with increased rates of hospitalization, poor outcome during hospitalization, violence towards self and others, and non-adherence to bipolar disorder ..
  59. Acute Lung Injury Induces Skeletal Muscle Atrophy
    DANIEL FILES; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The weakness is rapid in onset and persists for at least two years following hospitalization. Weakness, not impaired lung function, appears to account for the morbidity associated with survivors of ALI...
  60. Use of a Nitric Oxide-Loaded Gel to Improve Healing Outcomes of Burn Injuries
    William R Kelce; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..In the United States, 450,000 experience burns requiring hospitalization and 3,500 of these lead to fatal outcomes...
  61. Effects of Hospitalists in Medicare Data
    David Meltzer; Fiscal Year: 2007
    unreadable] DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Hospitalization for acute general medical conditions is a common and often pivotal event for older Americans...
  62. Evaluating an emergency department observation syncope protocol for older adults
    Benjamin Sun; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..within 48 hours, and approximately 50% of patients do not have an identified cause of syncope after their hospitalization. The implementation of an expedited and standardized Emergency Department Observation Syncope Protocol (EDOSP)..
  63. NURSING HOME CARE AT THE END OF LIFE--COST & QUALITY
    Vincent Mor; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..Research available on management of pain in NHs suggests unmanaged pain is prevalent. Hospitalization research reveals that NH care at the end of life is fragmented and fraught with avoidable hazards and that ..
  64. Evaluating an emergency department observation syncope protocol for older adults
    Benjamin C Sun; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..within 48 hours, and approximately 50% of patients do not have an identified cause of syncope after their hospitalization. The implementation of an expedited and standardized Emergency Department Observation Syncope Protocol (EDOSP)..
  65. NURSING HOME CARE AT THE END-OF-LIFE: COST & QUALITY
    Vincent Mor; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..Research available on management of pain in NHs suggests unmanaged pain is prevalent. Hospitalization research reveals that NH care at the end of life is fragmented and fraught with avoidable hazards and that ..
  66. ALCOHOL USE AND INJURY OUTCOMES IN THE US ARMY
    Nicole Bell; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..HRA data will be linked by social security numbers to hospitalization, death, accident and disability data...
  67. ALCOHOL USE AND INJURY OUTCOMES IN THE US ARMY
    Nicole Bell; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..HRA data will be linked by social security numbers to hospitalization, death, accident and disability data...
  68. ALCOHOL USE AND INJURY OUTCOMES IN THE US ARMY
    Nicole Bell; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..HRA data will be linked by social security numbers to hospitalization, death, accident and disability data...
  69. Coping Skills Training in Heart Failure: Outcomes and Mechanisms
    Andrew Sherwood; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..therapy, symptom instability and clinical deterioration are common and lead to frequent physician visits, hospitalization, and ultimately death...
  70. ALCOHOL USE AND INJURY OUTCOMES IN THE US ARMY
    Nicole Bell; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..HRA data will be linked by social security numbers to hospitalization, death, accident and disability data...
  71. Group IPT For Major Depression Following Perinatal Loss
    Jennifer E Johnson; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Moreover, they have increased rates of both completed suicides and hospitalization for suicide attempts...
  72. FEEDING STRATEGIES FOR LOW BIRTH WEIGHT INFANTS II
    RICHARD SCHANLER; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..a marked effect on the incidence of late-onset sepsis and/or necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC), the duration of hospitalization, and the growth of the premature infant...
  73. Coping Skills Training in Heart Failure: Outcomes and Mechanisms
    Andrew Sherwood; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..therapy, symptom instability and clinical deterioration are common and lead to frequent physician visits, hospitalization, and ultimately death...
  74. Neurohormonal Blockade and Outcomes in Diastolic Heart Failure
    Ali Ahmed; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Most of these patients are older adults, for whom HF is the leading (~1 million per year) cause for hospitalization. The overall prognosis of diastolic HF is very similar to systolic HF or HF with moderately to severely ..
  75. Neurohormonal Blockade and Outcomes in Diastolic Heart Failure
    Ali Ahmed; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Most of these patients are older adults, for whom HF is the leading (~1 million per year) cause for hospitalization. The overall prognosis of diastolic HF is very similar to systolic HF or HF with moderately to severely ..
  76. The Epidemiology of Hospitalized Postpartum Depression
    David Savitz; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..provided by applicant): The epidemiological characteristics of severe postpartum depression requiring hospitalization have not been described...
  77. Predictors of Hospital-Acquired Urinary Tract-Related Bloodstream Infection
    Sanjay Saint; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..factors, particularly those specific to the time-dependent elements that may impact prognosis during hospitalization. Therefore, the ability of clinicians to intercede in a meaningful way has been restricted...
  78. FEEDING STRATEGIES FOR LOW BIRTH WEIGHT INFANTS II
    RICHARD SCHANLER; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..a marked effect on the incidence of late-onset sepsis and/or necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC), the duration of hospitalization, and the growth of the premature infant...
  79. FEEDING STRATEGIES FOR LOW BIRTH WEIGHT INFANTS II
    RICHARD SCHANLER; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..a marked effect on the incidence of late-onset sepsis and/or necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC), the duration of hospitalization, and the growth of the premature infant...
  80. Randomized trial of sertraline treatment of depression in Chronic Kidney Disease
    SUSAN HEDAYATI; Fiscal Year: 2009
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Depression is a common co-morbidity and an independent risk factor for hospitalization and death in Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) patients on chronic dialysis...
  81. Fatty Acids and Heart Failure in the Physicians' Health Study
    Luc Djousse; Fiscal Year: 2009
    Heart failure (HF) is the leading cause of hospitalization among elderly people in the US with an annual incidence rate of 550,000 cases. Despite advances in medical and surgical treatment, mortality after the onset of HF remains high...
  82. Anti-Influenza Therapy in Hospitalized Patients with Community-Acquired Pneumonia
    JULIO ALBERTO RAMIREZ; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..patients with influenza CAP will benefit from early initiation of empiric antiviral therapy soon after hospitalization. To test our hypothesis we plan a prospective, randomized, multicenter clinical trial of hospitalized ..
  83. FEEDING STRATEGIES FOR LOW BIRTH WEIGHT INFANTS
    RICHARD SCHANLER; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..However, with less morbidity and shorter hospitalization cost becomes less relevant...
  84. CENTER FOR EDUCATION AND RESEARCH ON THERAPEUTICS
    Raymond Woosley; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Design: We propose to perform a descriptive, prospective, single-group, one-month post hospitalization, pilot methodological study...
  85. FEEDING STRATEGIES FOR LOW BIRTH WEIGHT INFANTS
    RICHARD SCHANLER; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..However, with less morbidity and shorter hospitalization cost becomes less relevant...
  86. Fatty Acids and Heart Failure in the Physicians' Health Study
    Luc Djousse; Fiscal Year: 2009
    Heart failure (HF) is the leading cause of hospitalization among elderly people in the US with an annual incidence rate of 550,000 cases. Despite advances in medical and surgical treatment, mortality after the onset of HF remains high...
  87. BIOLOGICAL BASIS OF SCHIZOTYPAL PERSONALITY DISORDER
    ROBERT MC CARLEY; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..SPD does not have the potentially confounding features of SZ, including chronic illness, medication, and hospitalization. This 5-year study will evaluate 80 right-handed, DSM-IV diagnosed SPD subjects, half males and half females, ..
  88. Assessing Functional Outcomes in Adolescent with ESRD
    Susan Furth; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..She has examined how poor growth, a crucial pediatric issue, affects mortality, hospitalization rates and educational achievement...