reducing diet

Summary

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Reducing diet and/or exercise training decreases the lipid and lipoprotein risk factors of moderately obese women
    David C Nieman
    Department of Health, Leisure, and Exercise Science, Appalachian State University, Boone, North Carolina 28608, USA
    J Am Coll Nutr 21:344-50. 2002
  2. ncbi Comparison of the Atkins, Zone, Ornish, and LEARN diets for change in weight and related risk factors among overweight premenopausal women: the A TO Z Weight Loss Study: a randomized trial
    Christopher D Gardner
    Stanford Prevention Research Center and the Department of Medicine, Stanford University Medical School, Stanford, Calif, USA
    JAMA 297:969-77. 2007
  3. ncbi Weight control in the physician's office
    J M Ashley
    University of Nevada School of Medicine, Nutrition Education and Research Program, Redfield Building MS 153, Reno, NV 89557, USA
    Arch Intern Med 161:1599-604. 2001
  4. ncbi A review of low-carbohydrate ketogenic diets
    Eric C Westman
    Department of Medicine, Duke University Medical Center, Box 50, Suite 200 B Wing, 2200 West Main Street, Durham, NC 27705, USA
    Curr Atheroscler Rep 5:476-83. 2003
  5. ncbi Effects of variation in protein and carbohydrate intake on body mass and composition during energy restriction: a meta-regression 1
    James W Krieger
    Department of Food Science and Human Nutrition and of Statistics, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611 0370, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 83:260-74. 2006
  6. ncbi Reduction in obesity and related comorbid conditions after diet-induced weight loss or exercise-induced weight loss in men. A randomized, controlled trial
    R Ross
    School of Physical and Health Education, Queen s University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada
    Ann Intern Med 133:92-103. 2000
  7. pmc Comparison of weight-loss diets with different compositions of fat, protein, and carbohydrates
    Frank M Sacks
    Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, USA
    N Engl J Med 360:859-73. 2009
  8. ncbi Web-based weight management programs in an integrated health care setting: a randomized, controlled trial
    Kendra Rothert
    Kaiser Permanente Care Management Institute, Oakland, California, USA
    Obesity (Silver Spring) 14:266-72. 2006
  9. pmc Randomised controlled trial of four commercial weight loss programmes in the UK: initial findings from the BBC "diet trials"
    Helen Truby
    School of Biomedical and Molecular Sciences, Centre for Nutrition, Dietetics and Food, University of Surrey, Guildford GU2 7XH
    BMJ 332:1309-14. 2006
  10. ncbi Weight loss effect on inflammation and LDL oxidation in metabolically healthy but obese (MHO) individuals: low inflammation and LDL oxidation in MHO women
    M J Shin
    Yonsei Cardiovascular Research Institute, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of Korea
    Int J Obes (Lond) 30:1529-34. 2006

Detail Information

Publications220 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Reducing diet and/or exercise training decreases the lipid and lipoprotein risk factors of moderately obese women
    David C Nieman
    Department of Health, Leisure, and Exercise Science, Appalachian State University, Boone, North Carolina 28608, USA
    J Am Coll Nutr 21:344-50. 2002
    ..This study was designed to measure the influence of diet, exercise or both on serum lipids and lipoproteins in obese women...
  2. ncbi Comparison of the Atkins, Zone, Ornish, and LEARN diets for change in weight and related risk factors among overweight premenopausal women: the A TO Z Weight Loss Study: a randomized trial
    Christopher D Gardner
    Stanford Prevention Research Center and the Department of Medicine, Stanford University Medical School, Stanford, Calif, USA
    JAMA 297:969-77. 2007
    ..Popular diets, particularly those low in carbohydrates, have challenged current recommendations advising a low-fat, high-carbohydrate diet for weight loss. Potential benefits and risks have not been tested adequately...
  3. ncbi Weight control in the physician's office
    J M Ashley
    University of Nevada School of Medicine, Nutrition Education and Research Program, Redfield Building MS 153, Reno, NV 89557, USA
    Arch Intern Med 161:1599-604. 2001
    ..Incorporating meal replacements (1-2 per day) into traditional lifestyle interventions may offer an additional strategy for overweight patients in the primary care setting...
  4. ncbi A review of low-carbohydrate ketogenic diets
    Eric C Westman
    Department of Medicine, Duke University Medical Center, Box 50, Suite 200 B Wing, 2200 West Main Street, Durham, NC 27705, USA
    Curr Atheroscler Rep 5:476-83. 2003
    ..This review summarizes the physiology and recent clinical studies regarding this type of diet...
  5. ncbi Effects of variation in protein and carbohydrate intake on body mass and composition during energy restriction: a meta-regression 1
    James W Krieger
    Department of Food Science and Human Nutrition and of Statistics, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611 0370, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 83:260-74. 2006
    ..It is unclear whether low-carbohydrate, high-protein, weight-loss diets benefit body mass and composition beyond energy restriction alone...
  6. ncbi Reduction in obesity and related comorbid conditions after diet-induced weight loss or exercise-induced weight loss in men. A randomized, controlled trial
    R Ross
    School of Physical and Health Education, Queen s University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada
    Ann Intern Med 133:92-103. 2000
    ..The effects of exercise without weight loss on fat distribution and other risk factors are also unclear...
  7. pmc Comparison of weight-loss diets with different compositions of fat, protein, and carbohydrates
    Frank M Sacks
    Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, USA
    N Engl J Med 360:859-73. 2009
    ..The possible advantage for weight loss of a diet that emphasizes protein, fat, or carbohydrates has not been established, and there are few studies that extend beyond 1 year...
  8. ncbi Web-based weight management programs in an integrated health care setting: a randomized, controlled trial
    Kendra Rothert
    Kaiser Permanente Care Management Institute, Oakland, California, USA
    Obesity (Silver Spring) 14:266-72. 2006
    ..To assess the efficacy of a Web-based tailored behavioral weight management program compared with Web-based information-only weight management materials...
  9. pmc Randomised controlled trial of four commercial weight loss programmes in the UK: initial findings from the BBC "diet trials"
    Helen Truby
    School of Biomedical and Molecular Sciences, Centre for Nutrition, Dietetics and Food, University of Surrey, Guildford GU2 7XH
    BMJ 332:1309-14. 2006
    ..To compare the effectiveness of four commercial weight loss diets available to adults in the United Kingdom...
  10. ncbi Weight loss effect on inflammation and LDL oxidation in metabolically healthy but obese (MHO) individuals: low inflammation and LDL oxidation in MHO women
    M J Shin
    Yonsei Cardiovascular Research Institute, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of Korea
    Int J Obes (Lond) 30:1529-34. 2006
    ..We investigated metabolic and inflammatory markers in MHO women to determine the effects of a 12-week weight loss on those markers...
  11. ncbi A low-carbohydrate as compared with a low-fat diet in severe obesity
    Frederick F Samaha
    Philadelphia Veterans Affairs Medical Center, University of Pennsylvania Medical Center, Philadelphia, USA
    N Engl J Med 348:2074-81. 2003
    ..The effects of a carbohydrate-restricted diet on weight loss and risk factors for atherosclerosis have been incompletely assessed...
  12. pmc The cost-effectiveness of lifestyle modification or metformin in preventing type 2 diabetes in adults with impaired glucose tolerance
    William H Herman
    University of Michigan Health System, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA
    Ann Intern Med 142:323-32. 2005
    ..The Diabetes Prevention Program (DPP) demonstrated that interventions can delay or prevent the development of type 2 diabetes...
  13. ncbi Exercise-induced reduction in obesity and insulin resistance in women: a randomized controlled trial
    Robert Ross
    School of Physical and Health Education, Department of Medicine, Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Queen s University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada
    Obes Res 12:789-98. 2004
    ..To determine the effects of equivalent diet- or exercise-induced weight loss and exercise without weight loss on subcutaneous fat, visceral fat, and insulin sensitivity in obese women...
  14. ncbi Weight reduction with very-low-caloric diet and endothelial function in overweight adults: role of plasma glucose
    Maria Raitakari
    Department of Clinical Chemistry, University of Turku, Finland
    Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol 24:124-8. 2004
    ..Obesity is associated with endothelial dysfunction that may contribute to the development of atherosclerosis. We studied whether weight reduction improves endothelial function in overweight individuals...
  15. ncbi Tackling obesity in men -- preliminary evaluation of men-only groups within a commercial slimming organization
    C Bye
    Nutrition Department, Slimming World, Somercotes, Alfreton, Derbyshire, UK
    J Hum Nutr Diet 18:391-4. 2005
    ..In 2002, Slimming World set a target to raise the awareness among men about the dangers of being overweight and made practical weight-management solutions more accessible through a national network of men's groups...
  16. pmc The glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide and glucose-stimulated insulin response to exercise training and diet in obesity
    Karen R Kelly
    Department of Pathobiology, Lerner Research Institute, Cleveland, OH 44195, USA
    Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab 296:E1269-74. 2009
    ....
  17. ncbi Weight loss without losing muscle mass in pre-obese and obese subjects induced by a high-soy-protein diet
    P Deibert
    Department of Rehabilitative and Preventive Sports Medicine, University Hospital, D 79106 Freiburg, Germany
    Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord 28:1349-52. 2004
    ..To determine change of weight, body composition, metabolic and hormonal parameters induced by different intervention protocols...
  18. ncbi Systematic review: an evaluation of major commercial weight loss programs in the United States
    Adam Gilden Tsai
    University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104, USA
    Ann Intern Med 142:56-66. 2005
    ..Each year millions of Americans enroll in commercial and self-help weight loss programs. Health care providers and their obese patients know little about these programs because of the absence of systematic reviews...
  19. ncbi A new method of energy prescription to improve weight loss
    G Frost
    Department of Dietetics, Hammersmith Hospital, London, UK
    J Hum Nutr Diet 20:152-6. 2007
    ..Estimating individual energy requirements rather than using dietary assessment may improve weight loss...
  20. ncbi Metabolic syndrome: a clinical and molecular perspective
    David E Moller
    Merck Research Laboratories, Rahway, New Jersey 07065, USA
    Annu Rev Med 56:45-62. 2005
    ..Future therapies may accrue from the aggressive pursuit of newer molecular drug targets that have the potential to prevent or treat multiple aspects of the metabolic syndrome...
  21. ncbi Safety of low-carbohydrate diets
    T C Crowe
    Centre for Physical Activity and Nutrition Research, Deakin University, Burwood, VIC 3125, Australia
    Obes Rev 6:235-45. 2005
    ..Health effects of long-term ad hoc restriction of inherently beneficial food groups without a concomitant reduction in body weight remains unanswered...
  22. ncbi Four worksite weight loss programs with high-stress occupations using a meal replacement product
    C Winick
    Department of Sociology, City University of New York Graduate School, 365 Fifth Avenue, New York, NY 10016, USA
    Occup Med (Lond) 52:25-30. 2002
    ..Men lost significantly more weight than women (p < 0.006). We conclude that employees in some high-stress settings may participate productively in worksite weight reduction and maintenance programs that use meal replacements...
  23. ncbi A qualitative investigation of individuals' experiences and expectations before and after completing a trial of commercial weight loss programmes
    A M Herriot
    Centre for Nutrition, Dietetics and Food, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Surrey, Guildford, Surrey, UK
    J Hum Nutr Diet 21:72-80. 2008
    ..To investigate the previous dieting experiences and expectations of individuals enrolled in a randomized trial of four commercial weight loss programmes and post-intervention to compare experiences across the diet groups...
  24. ncbi Weight loss favorably modifies anthropometrics and reverses the metabolic syndrome in premenopausal women
    Ingrid E Lofgren
    University of Connecticut, Department of Nutritional Sciences 3624 Horsebarn Road Extension, U 4017, Storrs, CT 06269, USA
    J Am Coll Nutr 24:486-93. 2005
    ....
  25. ncbi Effects of a community-based lifestyle-modification program on cardiovascular risk factors in middle-aged women
    T Okazaki
    Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Nagasaki Rosai Hospital, Sasebo, Japan
    Hypertens Res 24:647-53. 2001
    ..Individuals who already have one or more mild cardiovascular risk factors still could be good candidates for a community-based lifestyle-modification program...
  26. ncbi Piloting a behavioral intervention delivered through interactive voice response telephone messages to promote weight loss in a pre-diabetic population
    Paul A Estabrooks
    Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Human Nutrition, Foods, and Exercise, Roanoke, VA 24016, United States
    Patient Educ Couns 72:34-41. 2008
    ..To pilot test the feasibility and effectiveness of interactive voice response (IVR) calls targeting physical activity and healthful eating as strategies for weight loss for patients with pre-diabetes...
  27. ncbi A low-carbohydrate, ketogenic diet versus a low-fat diet to treat obesity and hyperlipidemia: a randomized, controlled trial
    William S Yancy
    Center for Health Services Research in Primary Care, Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center, and Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina 27705, USA
    Ann Intern Med 140:769-77. 2004
    ..Low-carbohydrate diets remain popular despite a paucity of scientific evidence on their effectiveness...
  28. ncbi Subtyping binge eating-disordered women along dieting and negative affect dimensions
    E Stice
    Department of Psychology, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas 78712, USA
    Int J Eat Disord 30:11-27. 2001
    ....
  29. pmc Comparison of a low carbohydrate and low fat diet for weight maintenance in overweight or obese adults enrolled in a clinical weight management program
    James D LeCheminant
    Department of Kinesiology and Health Education, Southern Illinois University Edwardsville, Edwardsville, USA
    Nutr J 6:36. 2007
    ..The purpose of this study was to compare body weight (BW) for participants in a clinical weight management program, consuming a LC or LF weight maintenance diet for 6 months following weight loss...
  30. ncbi The role of meal replacements in obesity treatment
    J B Keogh
    Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization Health Sciences and Nutrition, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia
    Obes Rev 6:229-34. 2005
    ..Meal replacements for weight loss are available in the community; however, their efficacy in the longer term is not clear. This review summarizes recent evidence on the use of meal replacements as a weight loss strategy...
  31. pmc The effect of metformin and intensive lifestyle intervention on the metabolic syndrome: the Diabetes Prevention Program randomized trial
    Trevor J Orchard
    Diabetes Prevention Program Coordinating Center, The Biostatistics Center, George Washington University, Rockville, Maryland 20852, USA
    Ann Intern Med 142:611-9. 2005
    ..The metabolic syndrome is a high-risk state for diabetes and cardiovascular disease. Little is known about its prevalence and prevention in those with impaired glucose tolerance...
  32. ncbi Efficacy of lifestyle education to prevent type 2 diabetes: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials
    Kazue Yamaoka
    Department of Technology Assessment and Biostatistics, National Institute of Public Health, 2 3 6 minami, Wako, Saitama 351 0197, Japan
    Diabetes Care 28:2780-6. 2005
    ....
  33. pmc Improvements in glucose tolerance and insulin action induced by increasing energy expenditure or decreasing energy intake: a randomized controlled trial
    Edward P Weiss
    Division of Geriatrics and Nutritional Sciences, Department of Internal Medicine, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 84:1033-42. 2006
    ..However, exercise-induced energy expenditure may further improve glucoregulation through mechanisms independent of weight loss...
  34. ncbi Carbohydrate-restricted diets high in either monounsaturated fat or protein are equally effective at promoting fat loss and improving blood lipids
    Natalie D Luscombe-Marsh
    Department of Medicine, University of Adelaide, Adelaide, Australia, Adelaide, Australia
    Am J Clin Nutr 81:762-72. 2005
    ..When substituted for carbohydrate in an energy-reduced diet, dietary protein enhances fat loss in women. It is unknown whether the effect is due to increased protein or reduced carbohydrate...
  35. ncbi Long-term weight-loss maintenance: a meta-analysis of US studies
    J W Anderson
    VA Medical Center, Graduate Center for Nutritional Sciences, University of Kentucky Health Management Resources Weight Management Program, Lexington, KY, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 74:579-84. 2001
    ..Current perception is that participants of a structured weight-loss program regain all of their weight loss within 5 y...
  36. ncbi Low-carbohydrate diets: nutritional and physiological aspects
    A Adam-Perrot
    Cerestar R and D Vilvoorde Center, Havenstraat 84, 1800 Vilvoorde, Belgium
    Obes Rev 7:49-58. 2006
    ..The latter findings support the need to do more research on this type of hypocaloric low-carbohydrate diet...
  37. ncbi Efficacy and safety of low-carbohydrate diets: a systematic review
    Dena M Bravata
    Center for Primary Care and Outcomes Research, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, Calif 94305 6019, USA
    JAMA 289:1837-50. 2003
    ..Low-carbohydrate diets have been popularized without detailed evidence of their efficacy or safety. The literature has no clear consensus as to what amount of carbohydrates per day constitutes a low-carbohydrate diet...
  38. ncbi Dietary carbohydrate restriction induces a unique metabolic state positively affecting atherogenic dyslipidemia, fatty acid partitioning, and metabolic syndrome
    Jeff S Volek
    Department of Kinesiology, University of Connecticut, 2095 Hillside Road, Unit 1110, Storrs, CT 06269 1110, United States
    Prog Lipid Res 47:307-18. 2008
    ....
  39. ncbi Effect of short-term weight loss on the metabolic syndrome and conduit vascular endothelial function in overweight adults
    Robert D Brook
    Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA
    Am J Cardiol 93:1012-6. 2004
    ..18 +/- 5.89 vs 18.87 +/- 7.11%, p = 0.13) of the brachial artery. A moderate degree of weight reduction over 3 months improved the metabolic syndrome profile but not the vascular dysfunction associated with uncomplicated obesity...
  40. ncbi Adipose tissue gene expression in obese subjects during low-fat and high-fat hypocaloric diets
    N Viguerie
    Obesity Research Unit of the French Institute of Health and Medical Research U586, Louis Bugnard Institute and Clinical Investigation Centre, Toulouse University Hospitals, Paul Sabatier University, Toulouse, France
    Diabetologia 48:123-31. 2005
    ..However, it is unknown to what extent these changes are dependent on the energy restriction as such or on the macronutrient composition of the diet...
  41. ncbi The association of SNP276G>T at adiponectin gene with circulating adiponectin and insulin resistance in response to mild weight loss
    M J Shin
    Yonsei Cardiovascular Research Institute, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea
    Int J Obes (Lond) 30:1702-8. 2006
    ....
  42. ncbi Comparison of high-fat and high-protein diets with a high-carbohydrate diet in insulin-resistant obese women
    K A McAuley
    Edgar National Centre for Diabetes Research, Medical and Surgical Sciences, University of Otago, PO Box 56, Dunedin, New Zealand
    Diabetologia 48:8-16. 2005
    ..We report on a randomised trial that compared these two alternative approaches with a conventional diet in overweight insulin-resistant women...
  43. ncbi Use of portion-controlled entrees enhances weight loss in women
    Sandra M Hannum
    Food Science and Human Nutrition FSHN Nutritional Sciences Division, University of Illinois, Urbana, Illinois 61801, USA
    Obes Res 12:538-46. 2004
    ..S. Department of Agriculture Food Guide Pyramid (FGP) (United States Department of Agriculture, Center for Nutrition Policy and Promotion, Washington, DC; 1996)...
  44. pmc Effect of exercise intensity on abdominal fat loss during calorie restriction in overweight and obese postmenopausal women: a randomized, controlled trial
    Barbara J Nicklas
    Section on Gerontology and Geriatric Medicine, J Paul Sticht Center on Aging, Department of Internal Medicine, Wake Forest University Health Sciences, Winston Salem, NC 27157, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 89:1043-52. 2009
    ..Exercise intensity may affect the selective loss of abdominal adipose tissue...
  45. ncbi Moderate weight loss reduces renin and aldosterone but does not influence basal or stimulated pituitary-adrenal axis function
    J T Ho
    Royal Adelaide Hospital, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia
    Horm Metab Res 39:694-9. 2007
    ..There may be a threshold effect of weight loss/energy restriction required to alter HPA axis function, or moderate weight loss may lead to a counterbalanced effect of stimulatory and inhibitory influences on HPA axis function...
  46. ncbi What predicts weight regain in a group of successful weight losers?
    M T McGuire
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Pittsburgh Medical School, USA
    J Consult Clin Psychol 67:177-85. 1999
    ..This study suggests that several years of successful weight maintenance increase the probability of future weight maintenance and that weight regain is due at least in part to failure to maintain behavior changes...
  47. ncbi Weight loss reduces C-reactive protein levels in obese postmenopausal women
    Andre Tchernof
    Department of Medicine, College of Medicine, University of Vermont, Burlington
    Circulation 105:564-9. 2002
    ..We examined the hypothesis that weight loss would reduce plasma CRP levels in obese postmenopausal women...
  48. ncbi Effects of hypocaloric diet and exercise training on inflammation and adipocyte lipolysis in obese postmenopausal women
    Tongjian You
    Section on Gerontology and Geriatric Medicine, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, North Carolina 27157, USA
    J Clin Endocrinol Metab 89:1739-46. 2004
    ..In addition, modification of chronic inflammation is associated with changes in local adipose tissue metabolism in response to diet and exercise...
  49. pmc Nutrient adequacy during weight loss interventions: a randomized study in women comparing the dietary intake in a meal replacement group with a traditional food group
    Judith M Ashley
    Nutrition Department, University of Nevada, Reno, Nevada 89557, USA
    Nutr J 6:12. 2007
    ..The objective of this one-year study was to document and compare the macronutrient and micronutrient levels in the foods chosen by women following two different weight reduction interventions...
  50. ncbi Weight management using a meal replacement strategy: meta and pooling analysis from six studies
    S B Heymsfield
    Obesity Research Center, St Luke s Roosevelt Hospital, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, NY, USA
    Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord 27:537-49. 2003
    ....
  51. ncbi Self-reported dieting experiences of women with body mass indexes of 30 or more
    Joanne P Ikeda
    Department of Nutrition Sciences and Toxicology, University of California Berkley, CA 94720 3104, USA
    J Am Diet Assoc 104:972-4. 2004
    ....
  52. pmc Effect of calorie restriction with or without exercise on insulin sensitivity, beta-cell function, fat cell size, and ectopic lipid in overweight subjects
    D Enette Larson-Meyer
    Pennington Biomedical Research Center, 6400 Perkins Road, Baton Rouge, LA 70808, USA
    Diabetes Care 29:1337-44. 2006
    ....
  53. ncbi Long-term weight loss maintenance
    Rena R Wing
    Brown Medical School, The Miriam Hospital, Department of Psychiatry, Providence, RI, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 82:222S-225S. 2005
    ..National Weight Control Registry members provide evidence that long-term weight loss maintenance is possible and help identify the specific approaches associated with long-term success...
  54. ncbi What interventions should we add to weight reducing diets in adults with obesity? A systematic review of randomized controlled trials of adding drug therapy, exercise, behaviour therapy or combinations of these interventions
    A Avenell
    Health Services Research Unit, University of Aberdeen, Foresterhill, Aberdeen, UK
    J Hum Nutr Diet 17:293-316. 2004
    ..Evidence is needed for the effectiveness of interventions given with reducing diets for obese adults: drug therapy, exercise, or behaviour therapy...
  55. ncbi Changes in adipose tissue gene expression with energy-restricted diets in obese women
    Ingrid Dahlman
    Department of Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Karolinska University Hospital, Huddinge, Stockholm, Sweden
    Am J Clin Nutr 81:1275-85. 2005
    ..The effect of energy restriction and macronutrient composition on gene expression in adipose tissue is not well defined...
  56. ncbi Previous weight loss experiences of bariatric surgery candidates: how much have patients dieted prior to surgery?
    Lauren M Gibbons
    Department of Psychiatry, Weight and Eating Disorders Program, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, 3535 Market Street, Suite 3029, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    Obesity (Silver Spring) 14:70S-76S. 2006
    ..To describe the dieting histories of bariatric surgery candidates...
  57. ncbi A nurse-managed weight reduction programme for obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome
    J Lojander
    Department of Medicine, Helsinki University Central Hospital, Finland
    J Intern Med 244:251-5. 1998
    ..This longitudinal, clinical intervention study was designed to investigate whether pulmonary departments can set up a cost-effective weight and lifestyle programme as primary treatment of obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome (OSAS)...
  58. ncbi Effect of orlistat on cardiovascular disease risk in obese adults
    B A Swinburn
    Department of Community Health, University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand
    Diabetes Obes Metab 7:254-62. 2005
    ..placebo on the predicted 10-year cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk in obese people with one or more cardiovascular risk factors treated for 12 months, in conjunction with a fat-reduced, but otherwise ad libitum, diet...
  59. ncbi A comparison of meal replacements and medication in weight maintenance after weight loss
    James D LeCheminant
    Center for Physical Activity and Weight Management, The University of Kansas, Lawrence, Kansas 66045, USA
    J Am Coll Nutr 24:347-53. 2005
    ..To compare the use of meal replacements or medication during weight maintenance subsequent to weight loss using a very low-energy diet (VLED) in overweight or obese adults...
  60. ncbi A high dairy protein, high-calcium diet minimizes bone turnover in overweight adults during weight loss
    Jane Bowen
    CSIRO Health Sciences and Nutrition, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia, 5000
    J Nutr 134:568-73. 2004
    ..Combined with reduced urinary calcium excretion, this suggests that a high-protein, calcium-replete diet may protect against bone loss during weight reduction...
  61. ncbi Impact of fish intake on oxidative stress when included into a moderate energy-restricted program to treat obesity
    Dolores Parra
    Institute of Nutrition and Food Sciences, University of Navarra, C Irunlarrea s n, 31008 Pamplona, Spain
    Eur J Nutr 46:460-7. 2007
    ..The role of some nutritional factors and hypocaloric diets on oxidative balance is a matter of debate, especially related to the prevention and treatment of obesity and co-morbidities...
  62. pmc Effect of calorie restriction on subjective ratings of appetite
    S D Anton
    Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Baton Rouge, LA, USA
    J Hum Nutr Diet 22:141-7. 2009
    ..The effects that prolonged CR has on subjective aspects of appetite have not been well studied. Thus, the present study tested the effect of 6 months of caloric restriction on appetite in healthy, overweight men and women...
  63. ncbi Plasma ghrelin levels after diet-induced weight loss or gastric bypass surgery
    David E Cummings
    Department of Medicine, University of Washington the Veterans Affairs Puget Sound Health Care System, Seattle 98108, USA
    N Engl J Med 346:1623-30. 2002
    ..Because ghrelin is produced primarily by the stomach, weight loss after gastric bypass surgery may be accompanied by impaired ghrelin secretion...
  64. ncbi The National Weight Control Registry: a critique
    Joanne Ikeda
    Department of Nutritional Sciences and Toxicology, University of California, Berkeley 94720 3104, USA
    J Nutr Educ Behav 37:203-5. 2005
    ..We advocate the adoption of a health-at-every-size (HAES) approach to weight management, focusing on the achievement and maintenance of lifestyle changes that improve metabolic indicators of health...
  65. pmc Disordered eating attitudes and behaviours in teenaged girls: a school-based study
    J M Jones
    Department of Psychiatry, University Health Network, Institute of Medical Sciences, Department of Psychiatry, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ont
    CMAJ 165:547-52. 2001
    ..In the present study, disturbed eating attitudes and behaviours were evaluated in a large school-based population in Ontario in order to determine their prevalence and demographic distribution...
  66. ncbi Eat, drink, and be merry, for tomorrow we diet: effects of anticipated deprivation on food intake in restrained and unrestrained eaters
    Dax Urbszat
    Department of Psychology, University of Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    J Abnorm Psychol 111:396-401. 2002
    ..These results confirm that merely planning to go on a diet can trigger overeating in restrained eaters, reflecting the dynamic connection between dieting and overeating...
  67. ncbi Lipoprotein responses to weight loss and weight maintenance in high-risk obese subjects
    H H Ditschuneit
    Department of Medicine, University Ulm, Germany
    Eur J Clin Nutr 56:264-70. 2002
    ..To examine changes in plasma lipids and lipoproteins after 51 months of reduced energy intake and sustained weight loss...
  68. ncbi Systematic review of long-term weight loss studies in obese adults: clinical significance and applicability to clinical practice
    J D Douketis
    Department of Medicine, McMaster University, Hamilton, Canada
    Int J Obes (Lond) 29:1153-67. 2005
    ....
  69. ncbi Disordered eating cognitions and behaviours among slimming organization competition winners
    G C Green
    Social Community and Health Studies, Obesity and Eating Disorders Research Unit, University of Hertfordshire, Hatfield, UK
    J Hum Nutr Diet 21:31-8. 2008
    ..A percentage of members achieve dramatic and lasting weight losses. The study aimed to evaluate the prevalence of binge eating and unhealthy eating-related thought patterns among a group of highly successful weight losers...
  70. ncbi Using Internet technology to deliver a behavioral weight loss program
    D F Tate
    Brown Medical School Miriam Hospital, Weight Control and Diabetes Research Center, 14 Third St, RISE Bldg, Providence, RI 02906, USA
    JAMA 285:1172-7. 2001
    ..Rapid increases in access to the Internet have made it a viable mode for public health intervention. No controlled studies have evaluated this resource for weight loss...
  71. ncbi Long-term effectiveness of weight-loss interventions in adults with pre-diabetes: a review
    Susan L Norris
    Division of Diabetes Translation, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA corrected
    Am J Prev Med 28:126-39. 2005
    ..To assess the effectiveness of weight-loss and weight-control interventions for adults with pre-diabetes (impaired fasting glucose and impaired glucose tolerance), an important risk factor for the development of type 2 diabetes...
  72. ncbi Popular diets: correlation to health, nutrition, and obesity
    E T Kennedy
    USDA/ARS Beltsville Human Nutrition Research Center, USA
    J Am Diet Assoc 101:411-20. 2001
    ..The BMIs were significantly lower for men and women on the high carbohydrate diet; the highest BMIs were noted for those on a low carbohydrate diet...
  73. ncbi American College of Preventive Medicine Practice Policy statement. Weight management counseling of overweight adults
    H Nawaz
    Yale Prevention Research Center, Yale University School of Medicine, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Derby, CT 06418, USA
    Am J Prev Med 21:73-8. 2001
    ..On the basis of a review of the current literature and recommendations, the American College of Preventive Medicine presents a practice policy statement on weight management counseling of overweight adults...
  74. ncbi Effect of rimonabant, a cannabinoid-1 receptor blocker, on weight and cardiometabolic risk factors in overweight or obese patients: RIO-North America: a randomized controlled trial
    F Xavier Pi-Sunyer
    Obesity Research Center, St Luke s Roosevelt Hospital Center, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, NY 10025, USA
    JAMA 295:761-75. 2006
    ..Rimonabant, a selective cannabinoid-1 receptor blocker, may reduce body weight and improve cardiometabolic risk factors in patients who are overweight or obese...
  75. ncbi Diet-induced weight loss is associated with an improvement in beta-cell function in older men
    Kristina M Utzschneider
    Department of Medicine, Veterans Affairs Puget Sound Health Care System and Harborview Medical Center, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98108, USA
    J Clin Endocrinol Metab 89:2704-10. 2004
    ..05). Thus, the weight loss-associated improvements in both insulin sensitivity and beta-cell function may explain the beneficial effects of a lifestyle intervention on delaying the development of diabetes in older subjects...
  76. ncbi Is dieting advice from magazines helpful or harmful? Five-year associations with weight-control behaviors and psychological outcomes in adolescents
    Patricia van den Berg
    Division of Epidemiology and Community Health, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, 1300 South Second St, Suite 300, Minneapolis, MN 55454, USA
    Pediatrics 119:e30-7. 2007
    ..The purpose of this study was to evaluate the association between frequent reading of magazine articles about dieting/weight loss and weight-control behaviors and psychological outcomes 5 years later in a sample of adolescents...
  77. ncbi A randomized trial comparing a very low carbohydrate diet and a calorie-restricted low fat diet on body weight and cardiovascular risk factors in healthy women
    Bonnie J Brehm
    University of Cincinnati and Children s Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, Ohio 45221 0038, USA
    J Clin Endocrinol Metab 88:1617-23. 2003
    ..Based on these data, a very low carbohydrate diet is more effective than a low fat diet for short-term weight loss and, over 6 months, is not associated with deleterious effects on important cardiovascular risk factors in healthy women...
  78. ncbi A reduced-glycemic load diet in the treatment of adolescent obesity
    Cara B Ebbeling
    Division of Endocrinology, Department of Medicine, Children s Hospital Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 157:773-9. 2003
    ..The incidence of type 2 diabetes increases markedly for obese children after puberty. However, the effect of dietary composition on body weight and diabetes risk factors has not been studied in adolescents...
  79. ncbi Controlled clinical trial of two weight reducing diets in a NHS hospital dietetic outpatient clinic - a pilot study
    F C Taylor
    Dietetic Department, Guisborough General Hospital, UK
    J Hum Nutr Diet 16:85-7. 2003
    ....
  80. ncbi Effect of orlistat on weight regain and cardiovascular risk factors following a very-low-energy diet in abdominally obese patients: a 3-year randomized, placebo-controlled study
    Bjørn Richelsen
    Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Aarhus University Hospital, Aarhus, Denmark
    Diabetes Care 30:27-32. 2007
    ....
  81. ncbi Brain white matter expansion in human obesity and the recovering effect of dieting
    Lauri T Haltia
    Department of Neurology, University of Turku, P O Box 52, FIN 20521 Turku, Finland
    J Clin Endocrinol Metab 92:3278-84. 2007
    ..We hypothesized that possible differences seen in the brains of obese subjects would disappear or diminish after an intensive dieting period...
  82. ncbi Long-term effects of 2 energy-restricted diets differing in glycemic load on dietary adherence, body composition, and metabolism in CALERIE: a 1-y randomized controlled trial
    Sai Krupa Das
    Jean Mayer US Department of Agriculture Human Nutrition Research Center on Aging at Tufts University, Boston, MA
    Am J Clin Nutr 85:1023-30. 2007
    ..There remains no consensus about the optimal dietary composition for sustained weight loss...
  83. ncbi A randomized trial of a low-carbohydrate diet for obesity
    Gary D Foster
    University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA 19104 3309, USA
    N Engl J Med 348:2082-90. 2003
    ..Despite the popularity of the low-carbohydrate, high-protein, high-fat (Atkins) diet, no randomized, controlled trials have evaluated its efficacy...
  84. ncbi Weight management: a comparison of existing dietary approaches in a work-site setting
    W S Leslie
    University of Glasgow Department of Human Nutrition, Glasgow Royal Infirmary, Glasgow, UK
    Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord 26:1469-75. 2002
    ..2). To determine if the inclusion of lean red meat at least five times per week as part of a slimming diet is compatible with weight loss in comparison with a diet that excludes lean red meat...
  85. ncbi The effects of low-carbohydrate versus conventional weight loss diets in severely obese adults: one-year follow-up of a randomized trial
    Linda Stern
    Philadelphia Veterans Affairs Medical Center, University of Pennsylvania Medical Center, and Drexel University College of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104, USA
    Ann Intern Med 140:778-85. 2004
    ..A previous paper reported the 6-month comparison of weight loss and metabolic changes in obese adults randomly assigned to either a low-carbohydrate diet or a conventional weight loss diet...
  86. ncbi Evaluation of an interactive, Internet-based weight loss program: a pilot study
    Alison O Booth
    The Centre for Physical Activity utrition, School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences, Deakin University, 221 Burwood Highway, Burwood, Victoria 3125, Australia
    Health Educ Res 23:371-81. 2008
    ..Despite a greater fall in energy intake reported by the ED group and a similar increase in physical activity in both groups, setting individual dietary goals did not enhance weight loss...
  87. ncbi Diet, obesity, and cardiovascular risk
    Robert O Bonow
    Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, USA
    N Engl J Med 348:2057-8. 2003
  88. ncbi A review of low and reduced carbohydrate diets and weight loss in type 2 diabetes
    P A Dyson
    Oxford Centre for Diabetes, Endocrinology and Metabolism, Churchill Hospital, Headington, Oxford, UK
    J Hum Nutr Diet 21:530-8. 2008
    ..There is very little evidence for any effects of reduced carbohydrate intakes on body weight, glycaemia and cardiovascular risk in people with type 2 diabetes...
  89. ncbi One year follow-up of overweight and obese hypertensive adults following intensive lifestyle therapy
    M L Jehn
    Welch Center for Prevention, Epidemiology, and Clinical Research, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
    J Hum Nutr Diet 19:349-54. 2006
    ..To examine the long-term effect on weight maintenance and dietary habits of participants in a clinical trial for weight loss...
  90. ncbi The evolution of very-low-calorie diets: an update and meta-analysis
    Adam Gilden Tsai
    Department of Psychiatry, Center for Weight and Eating Disorders, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, 3535 Market Street, Suite 3029, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    Obesity (Silver Spring) 14:1283-93. 2006
    ..Previous reviews of the literature have disagreed concerning the relative efficacy of VLCDs vs. conventional low-calorie diets (LCDs) for achieving long-term weight loss...
  91. ncbi Meal replacements are as effective as structured weight-loss diets for treating obesity in adults with features of metabolic syndrome
    Manny Noakes
    Commonwealth Scientific industrial Organization, Health Sciences and Nutrition, Adelaide, South Australia, 5000
    J Nutr 134:1894-9. 2004
    ..Dietary compliance and convenience were viewed more favorably by participants who consumed meal replacements than by those in a conventional weight-loss program...
  92. ncbi A dietary and behavioural programme for the treatment of obesity. A 4-year clinical trial and a long-term posttreatment follow-up
    Helen Lantz
    Department of Body Composition and Metabolism, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Goteborg, Sweden
    J Intern Med 254:272-9. 2003
    ..Furthermore, to assess weight development amongst completers and noncompleters beyond the active 4-year treatment period...
  93. ncbi Changes in thoracic gas volume with air-displacement plethysmography after a weight loss program in overweight and obese women
    C S Minderico
    Exercise and Health Laboratory, Faculty of Human Movement Technical University of Lisbon, Estrada da Costa, Portugal
    Eur J Clin Nutr 62:444-50. 2008
    ..This study was designed to compare measured and predicted thoracic gas volume (V (TG)) after weight loss and to analyze the effect of body composition confounders such as waist circumference (WC) on measured V (TG) changes...
  94. ncbi Effect of meal replacement on metabolic risk factors in overweight and obese subjects
    Daniel König
    University Hospital Freiburg, Centre for Internal Medicine, Department of Rehabilitation, Prevention and Sports Medicine, Freiburg, Germany
    Ann Nutr Metab 52:74-8. 2008
    ....
  95. pmc Low-dose leptin reverses skeletal muscle, autonomic, and neuroendocrine adaptations to maintenance of reduced weight
    Michael Rosenbaum
    Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, New York 10032, USA
    J Clin Invest 115:3579-86. 2005
    ..These responses suggest that the weight-reduced state may be regarded as a condition of relative leptin insufficiency. Prevention of weight regain might be achievable by strategies relevant to reversing this leptin-insufficient state...
  96. ncbi Comparison of body composition methods during weight loss in obese women using herbal formula
    Ho Jun Kim
    Department of Oriental Rehabilitation Medicine, Ilsan International Hospital, Dongguk University, Goyang, Gyeonggi, Republic of Korea
    Am J Chin Med 33:851-8. 2005
    ....
  97. ncbi Resistance training conserves fat-free mass and resting energy expenditure following weight loss
    Gary R Hunter
    Department of Human Studies, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama, USA
    Obesity (Silver Spring) 16:1045-51. 2008
    ....
  98. ncbi Interventions for the management of weight and body composition changes in women with breast cancer
    Michelle Rooney
    Diablo Valley Oncology and Hematology Medical Group, Inc, Walnut Creek, CA, USA
    Clin J Oncol Nurs 11:41-52. 2007
    ..Along with published practice guidelines, the currently available information provides guidance for oncology nurses on the methods that can impact unhealthy weight conditions associated with breast cancer...
  99. ncbi Use of [14C]-sodium bicarbonate/urea to measure total energy expenditure in overweight men and women before and after low calorie diet induced weight loss
    Natalie D Luscombe
    University of Adelaide, Department of Medicine, Royal Adelaide Hospital, Adelaide SA 5000
    Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 15:307-16. 2006
    ..1-10%...
  100. pmc Effect of a weight loss intervention on anthropometric measures and metabolic risk factors in pre- versus postmenopausal women
    Peter Deibert
    Department of Rehabilitation, Prevention and Sports Medicine, Centre for Internal Medicine, University Hospital, Freiburg Germany
    Nutr J 6:31. 2007
    ..The present study examines changes in body weight, fat mass, metabolic and hormonal parameters in overweight and obese pre- and postmenopausal women who participated in a weight loss intervention...
  101. ncbi [Energy and macronutirents intake by overweight and obese children aged 7-12]
    Aneta Czerwonogrodzka
    Zakład Zywienia Człowieka, Akademia Medyczna w Warszawie, 01 445 Warszawa
    Rocz Panstw Zakl Hig 58:53-60. 2007
    ..05). The intakes of energy and fat need to be monitored in this group of population, since their overeating can predispose to diet-related diseases, such as cardiovascular in adulthood...

Research Grants63

  1. The Relationship Between STK39, Salt Sensitivity, and HCTZ-induced BP Response
    YEN PEI CHRISTY CHANG; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..with the outcome of both interventions and can contribute to personalized care for hypertension by predicting patients most likely to effectively control their blood pressure by adopting salt-reducing diet and taking thiazide diuretics.
  2. LIFESTYLE ACTIVITY FOR WEIGHT MANAGEMENT
    Thomas Wadden; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..The predicted superiority of lifestyle activity is based on extensive pilot data and, if confirmed, should significantly improve the management of obesity and its associated health complications. ..
  3. Behavioral factors in the surgical treatment of obesity
    Thomas Wadden; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The study, by examining ghrelin and other appetite-related hormones, also will enhance knowledge of the regulation of body weight following GBP. ..
  4. BEHAVIOR MODIFICATION AND PHARMACOTHERAPY FOR OBESITY
    Thomas Wadden; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..If confirmed, the above findings will have important implications for treating obesity in primary care. ..
  5. Adaptation of a CBT Intervention for Eating Disorders
    Michael Lowe; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  6. A NUTRITIONAL APPROACH TO WEIGHT LOSS MAINTENANCE
    Michael Lowe; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..Data will be collected at pretreatment, posttreatment, and at 6- and 18-month follow-ups. ..
  7. Weight loss maintenance in primary care
    Michael Lowe; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  8. Prevention of Obesity at Universities:A Randomized Trial
    Michael R Lowe; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  9. A Cafeteria-Based Study of Weight Gain Prevention
    Michael Lowe; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..abstract_text> ..
  10. Improving Self-Monitoring in Weight Loss with Technology
    Lora E Burke; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Subjects will complete assessments at baseline, 6, 12, 18, and 24 months. This innovative study will provide information on the efficacy of combining technological advances with proven behavioral strategies. ..
  11. Long-term changes in weight and adipokines and the associations with genetic vari
    Lora E Burke; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The proposed study and mentoring strategies will be placed in the context of an area of NINR emphasis - promoting health and preventing disease as it addresses a highly prevalent chronic disorder - overweight and obesity. ..
  12. TREATMENT PREFERENCE AND VEGETARIAN DIET IN WEIGHT LOSS
    Lora Burke; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Additionally, the study will provide information on the role of treatment preference, its effect on behavioral and clinical outcomes, and participants' characteristics by treatment preference. ..
  13. Risk and Maintenance Factors for Bulimic Pathology
    Eric Stice; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  14. TEST OF A DISSONANCE EATING DISORDER PREVENTION PROGRAM
    Eric Stice; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Thus, the proposed study should be the definitive test of this new promising eating disorder prevention program and should significantly advance our knowledge regarding the prevention of this pervasive psychiatric problem. ..
  15. Eating Disorder Prevention Program Effectiveness Trial
    Eric Stice; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..g. will use random assignment, an attention control condition, blinded diagnostic interviews, multiple-reporter data, and a long-term follow-up). ..
  16. Depression Prevention Program for High-Risk Adolescents
    Eric Stice; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Thus, the proposed project should provide a rigorous evaluation of this promising brief prevention program and should advance knowledge regarding the prevention of this pernicious psychiatric problem. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  17. Project F-EAT: Families and Eating and Activity in Teens
    Dianne R Neumark Sztainer; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..abstract_text> ..
  18. ETIOLOGY OF BULIMIC PATHOLOGY--MULTIMETHOD INVESTIGATION
    Eric Stice; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Agras' and Taylor's labs, (2) learn state-of- the-art treatments for eating pathology and other adolescent psychopathology, (3) take courses in quantitative techniques, methodology, and ethics, and (4) receive training in grant writing. ..
  19. New Moves Obesity Prevention Among Adolescent Girls
    Dianne Neumark Sztainer; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Paul area of Minnesota. The study population will include 360 girls (an average of 30 girls from each school). The proposed study period is five years. ..
  20. A Theater-Based Obesity Prevention Program for Children
    Dianne Neumark Sztainer; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Results from this study will provide insight into how to engage parents in school- based interventions. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  21. Frequency of aerobic/resistance training in older women
    Gary Hunter; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Such information is critical to our understanding of ways to improve well being, quality of life, and independence of an aging population. ..
  22. Intensive Dietary Restriction with Exercise in Arthritis
    Stephen P Messier; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..This study could make intensive weight loss the standard-of- care for overweight and obese adults with knee OA, as it enhances our understanding of the OA disease process and weight-loss recommendations for older people generally. ..
  23. Glycemic Index and Metabolic Syndrome
    ANASTASSIOS PITTAS; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  24. Impact of feeding on brain response to food stimuli in lean and obese subjects
    Marie Pierre St Onge; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  25. Plant-Based Dietry Intervention in Type 2 Diabetes
    Neal Barnard; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Glycosylated hemoglobin, insulin concentrations, 24-hour urinary albumin, body weight, blood pressure, serum lipids, and related cardiovascular risk factors will be measured at baseline, 22 weeks, and 74 weeks. ..
  26. The Rural Restaurant Healthy Options Program
    Faryle Nothwehr; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..To identify program implementation barriers and supports through process evaluation. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  27. ALA & EPA/DHA (w-3) Effects On Inflammatory Markers in Insulin Resistant Adults
    Christopher Gardner; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The adults with the metabolic syndrome selected for this study are those that are at increased risk of heart disease, and those most likely to be benefit from the different therapies tested. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  28. Effect of Antioxidants on Inflammatory Markers and FMVD
    Christopher Gardner; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  29. Maintenance Tailored Obesity Treatment
    Robert Jeffery; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..abstract_text> ..
  30. Weight Maintenance among Youth and Middle-Aged Women
    Alison Field; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....
  31. Prevention of Postpartum Weight Retention
    Rena Wing; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....
  32. Prevention of Weight Gain in Young Adults
    Rena Wing; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..This approach shows promise for reducing weight gain and thereby improving long-term cardiovascular health. (End of Abstract) ..
  33. Exercise training and inflammatory risk factors for disability
    Barbara Nicklas; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....
  34. Maintaining Physical Activity in Ethnic Minority Women
    Rebecca Lee; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..If supported, hypotheses will suggest that the sustained effect of SOCO strategies is moderated by environmental supports. ..
  35. Environmental Intervention for Weight Gain Prevention
    Robert Jeffery; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..It is also anticipated that the effects of the intervention on behavior and weight will be related to degree of exposure to intervention activities. ..
  36. AASK Cohort Study
    Otelio Randall; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Such results might eventually lead to new strategies that delay or prevent ESRD. ..
  37. CBT and Dieting: Effects on Psychopathology and Weight in BED
    Robin Masheb; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  38. Weight cycling and mortality in women
    Alison Field; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ....
  39. PRIDE: Program to Reduce Incontinence by Diet & Exercise
    Rena Wing; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..If effective in womenwith incontinence, the methods and strategies of this innovative motivationally-focusedmaintenance intervention can beexamined n other obese populations. ..
  40. Hormones During Weight Loss in Breast Cancer Survivors
    Cheryl Rock; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ....
  41. Benefits & Risks of Popular Weight Loss Diets
    Christopher Gardner; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..The data generated from this preliminary/feasibility study will be used to strengthen the proposal and design of a future full-scale study. ..
  42. OBESITY TREATMENT IN A MANAGED CARE SETTING
    Robert Jeffery; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..It also addresses important issues of cost and population outreach, and would provide a basis for determining whether such weight management systems are economically viable for primary health care providers. ..
  43. The Prevalence of two eating disorders
    Albert Stunkard; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..This information will be gathered upon subjects' entry into the Look AHEAD trial and again at six months and one year into treatment to assess the stability of the diagnosis. ..
  44. HEALTHY WEIGHT MANAGEMENT FOR BREAST CANCER SURVIVORS
    Cheryl Rock; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..abstract_text> ..
  45. COGNITIVE-BEHAVIORAL THERAPY FOR VULVODYNIA
    Robin Masheb; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Clinically, results from this study may provide a justified treatment option for women with vulvodynia. ..
  46. THEORY-BASED INTERVENTIONS FOR SMOKING AND OBESITY
    Robert Jeffery; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Because unmet expectations are thought to pose a greater problem for weight control, this manipulation is expected to have a greater effect on weight loss than on smoking cessation. ..
  47. COMPUTER INTERVENTION FOR PREVENTION OF WEIGHT REGAIN
    Rena Wing; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..abstract_text> ..
  48. Comparing Effects of 3 Sources of Garlic on Serum Lipids
    Christopher Gardner; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..The comprehensive approach taken in this study will provide important evidence for both the public and for health professionals as to whether fresh garlic or garlic supplements have beneficial effects on serum lipids. ..
  49. Long-Term Weight Loss Maintenance
    Rena Wing; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Such information is important for providing an accurate picture to those individuals seeking to lose weight of what it takes to be a successful weight loss maintainer. ..
  50. DIETARY INTERVENTION METHODS FOR CLINICAL TRIALS
    Rena Wing; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..If effective, the intervention methodologies can be adapted to clinical settings. Use of social support partners may also increase the population outreach of behavioral weight control programs. ..
  51. An Exploratory Center for Obesity Research (RMI)
    Adam Drewnowski; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..By promoting interagency collaborations, these efforts will help the NIH develop a roadmap on how to effectively translate research findings into national, state, and local health policy. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  52. Outcome of Adolescent-Onset Eating Disorders
    Anna Bardone Cone; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  53. The Development of Eating Disorders in Males and Females
    Alison Field; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Moreover, since this is the only large prospective cohort study to assess the development of eating disorders in males, our results will make a lasting contribution to the field. ..
  54. THE NIGHT EATING SYNDROME
    Albert Stunkard; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..She will develop a manual for the treatment of the NES in consultation with the Beck Institute and will test its efficacy. ..
  55. MRI Visceral Adipose Tissue Partitioning:Advanced Models
    Steven Heymsfield; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Our findings could help to set new standards for VAT and adipose tissue subcompartment measurement, lower the cost of MRI body composition studies, and improve study power. ..
  56. CONSEQUENCES AND CORRELATES OF WEIGHT FLUCTUATIONS
    Alison Field; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Conversely, if only unintentional weight loss is associated with increased risk, then the current recommendations for overweight people to lose weight or at least not gain weight would be appropriate. ..
  57. Wise Mind: Environmental Approach for Obesity Prevention
    Donald Williamson; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..abstract_text> ..
  58. INTERNET-BASED OBESITY PREVENTION FOR BLACK ADOLESCENTS
    Donald Williamson; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Furthermore, if this approach is successful, the technology lends itself to widespread implementation. ..
  59. LA Health:Primary and Secondary Obesity Prevention
    Donald Williamson; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The results of this investigation will significantly impact public health policy related to obesity prevention in rural communities, minority communities, and in children from families that are economically disadvantaged. ..
  60. Mechanisms Defending Fat Mass in Human after Lipectomy
    Robert Eckel; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..