- Reduction in obesity and related comorbid conditions after diet-induced weight loss or exercise-induced weight loss in men. A randomized, controlled trial
School of Physical and Health Education, Queen s University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada
Ann Intern Med 133:92-103. 2000
..The effects of exercise without weight loss on fat distribution and other risk factors are also unclear...
- Low-carbohydrate diets: nutritional and physiological aspects
Cerestar R and D Vilvoorde Center, Havenstraat 84, 1800 Vilvoorde, Belgium
Obes Rev 7:49-58. 2006
..The latter findings support the need to do more research on this type of hypocaloric low-carbohydrate diet...
- A low-carbohydrate as compared with a low-fat diet in severe obesity
Frederick F Samaha
Philadelphia Veterans Affairs Medical Center, University of Pennsylvania Medical Center, Philadelphia, USA
N Engl J Med 348:2074-81. 2003
..The effects of a carbohydrate-restricted diet on weight loss and risk factors for atherosclerosis have been incompletely assessed...
- Adipose tissue gene expression in obese subjects during low-fat and high-fat hypocaloric diets
Obesity Research Unit of the French Institute of Health and Medical Research U586, Louis Bugnard Institute and Clinical Investigation Centre, Toulouse University Hospitals, Paul Sabatier University, Toulouse, France
Diabetologia 48:123-31. 2005
..However, it is unknown to what extent these changes are dependent on the energy restriction as such or on the macronutrient composition of the diet...
- Effect of exercise intensity on abdominal fat loss during calorie restriction in overweight and obese postmenopausal women: a randomized, controlled trial
Barbara J Nicklas
Section on Gerontology and Geriatric Medicine, J Paul Sticht Center on Aging, Department of Internal Medicine, Wake Forest University Health Sciences, Winston Salem, NC 27157, USA
Am J Clin Nutr 89:1043-52. 2009
..Exercise intensity may affect the selective loss of abdominal adipose tissue...
- Comparison of the Atkins, Zone, Ornish, and LEARN diets for change in weight and related risk factors among overweight premenopausal women: the A TO Z Weight Loss Study: a randomized trial
Christopher D Gardner
Stanford Prevention Research Center and the Department of Medicine, Stanford University Medical School, Stanford, Calif, USA
JAMA 297:969-77. 2007
..Popular diets, particularly those low in carbohydrates, have challenged current recommendations advising a low-fat, high-carbohydrate diet for weight loss. Potential benefits and risks have not been tested adequately...
- Reducing diet and/or exercise training decreases the lipid and lipoprotein risk factors of moderately obese women
David C Nieman
Department of Health, Leisure, and Exercise Science, Appalachian State University, Boone, North Carolina 28608, USA
J Am Coll Nutr 21:344-50. 2002
..This study was designed to measure the influence of diet, exercise or both on serum lipids and lipoproteins in obese women...
- Moderate weight loss reduces renin and aldosterone but does not influence basal or stimulated pituitary-adrenal axis function
J T Ho
Royal Adelaide Hospital, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia
Horm Metab Res 39:694-9. 2007
..There may be a threshold effect of weight loss/energy restriction required to alter HPA axis function, or moderate weight loss may lead to a counterbalanced effect of stimulatory and inhibitory influences on HPA axis function...
- Systematic review: an evaluation of major commercial weight loss programs in the United States
Adam Gilden Tsai
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104, USA
Ann Intern Med 142:56-66. 2005
..Each year millions of Americans enroll in commercial and self-help weight loss programs. Health care providers and their obese patients know little about these programs because of the absence of systematic reviews...
- Use of portion-controlled entrees enhances weight loss in women
Sandra M Hannum
Food Science and Human Nutrition FSHN Nutritional Sciences Division, University of Illinois, Urbana, Illinois 61801, USA
Obes Res 12:538-46. 2004
..S. Department of Agriculture Food Guide Pyramid (FGP) (United States Department of Agriculture, Center for Nutrition Policy and Promotion, Washington, DC; 1996)...
- Subtyping binge eating-disordered women along dieting and negative affect dimensions
Department of Psychology, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas 78712, USA
Int J Eat Disord 30:11-27. 2001
- Comparison of a low carbohydrate and low fat diet for weight maintenance in overweight or obese adults enrolled in a clinical weight management program
James D LeCheminant
Department of Kinesiology and Health Education, Southern Illinois University Edwardsville, Edwardsville, USA
Nutr J 6:36. 2007
..The purpose of this study was to compare body weight (BW) for participants in a clinical weight management program, consuming a LC or LF weight maintenance diet for 6 months following weight loss...
- A review of low-carbohydrate ketogenic diets
Eric C Westman
Department of Medicine, Duke University Medical Center, Box 50, Suite 200 B Wing, 2200 West Main Street, Durham, NC 27705, USA
Curr Atheroscler Rep 5:476-83. 2003
..This review summarizes the physiology and recent clinical studies regarding this type of diet...
- A low-carbohydrate, ketogenic diet versus a low-fat diet to treat obesity and hyperlipidemia: a randomized, controlled trial
William S Yancy
Center for Health Services Research in Primary Care, Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center, and Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina 27705, USA
Ann Intern Med 140:769-77. 2004
..Low-carbohydrate diets remain popular despite a paucity of scientific evidence on their effectiveness...
- The role of meal replacements in obesity treatment
J B Keogh
Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization Health Sciences and Nutrition, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia
Obes Rev 6:229-34. 2005
..Meal replacements for weight loss are available in the community; however, their efficacy in the longer term is not clear. This review summarizes recent evidence on the use of meal replacements as a weight loss strategy...
- Comparison of weight-loss diets with different compositions of fat, protein, and carbohydrates
Frank M Sacks
Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, USA
N Engl J Med 360:859-73. 2009
..The possible advantage for weight loss of a diet that emphasizes protein, fat, or carbohydrates has not been established, and there are few studies that extend beyond 1 year...
- Randomised controlled trial of four commercial weight loss programmes in the UK: initial findings from the BBC "diet trials"
School of Biomedical and Molecular Sciences, Centre for Nutrition, Dietetics and Food, University of Surrey, Guildford GU2 7XH
BMJ 332:1309-14. 2006
..To compare the effectiveness of four commercial weight loss diets available to adults in the United Kingdom...
- Comparison of high-fat and high-protein diets with a high-carbohydrate diet in insulin-resistant obese women
K A McAuley
Edgar National Centre for Diabetes Research, Medical and Surgical Sciences, University of Otago, PO Box 56, Dunedin, New Zealand
Diabetologia 48:8-16. 2005
..We report on a randomised trial that compared these two alternative approaches with a conventional diet in overweight insulin-resistant women...
- Carbohydrate-restricted diets high in either monounsaturated fat or protein are equally effective at promoting fat loss and improving blood lipids
Natalie D Luscombe-Marsh
Department of Medicine, University of Adelaide, Adelaide, Australia, Adelaide, Australia
Am J Clin Nutr 81:762-72. 2005
..When substituted for carbohydrate in an energy-reduced diet, dietary protein enhances fat loss in women. It is unknown whether the effect is due to increased protein or reduced carbohydrate...
- Long-term weight-loss maintenance: a meta-analysis of US studies
J W Anderson
VA Medical Center, Graduate Center for Nutritional Sciences, University of Kentucky Health Management Resources Weight Management Program, Lexington, KY, USA
Am J Clin Nutr 74:579-84. 2001
..Current perception is that participants of a structured weight-loss program regain all of their weight loss within 5 y...
- Weight loss effect on inflammation and LDL oxidation in metabolically healthy but obese (MHO) individuals: low inflammation and LDL oxidation in MHO women
M J Shin
Yonsei Cardiovascular Research Institute, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of Korea
Int J Obes (Lond) 30:1529-34. 2006
..We investigated metabolic and inflammatory markers in MHO women to determine the effects of a 12-week weight loss on those markers...
- Self-reported dieting experiences of women with body mass indexes of 30 or more
Joanne P Ikeda
Department of Nutrition Sciences and Toxicology, University of California Berkley, CA 94720 3104, USA
J Am Diet Assoc 104:972-4. 2004
- Effect of calorie restriction with or without exercise on insulin sensitivity, beta-cell function, fat cell size, and ectopic lipid in overweight subjects
D Enette Larson-Meyer
Pennington Biomedical Research Center, 6400 Perkins Road, Baton Rouge, LA 70808, USA
Diabetes Care 29:1337-44. 2006
- Nutrient adequacy during weight loss interventions: a randomized study in women comparing the dietary intake in a meal replacement group with a traditional food group
Judith M Ashley
Nutrition Department, University of Nevada, Reno, Nevada 89557, USA
Nutr J 6:12. 2007
..The objective of this one-year study was to document and compare the macronutrient and micronutrient levels in the foods chosen by women following two different weight reduction interventions...
- Weight management using a meal replacement strategy: meta and pooling analysis from six studies
S B Heymsfield
Obesity Research Center, St Luke s Roosevelt Hospital, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, NY, USA
Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord 27:537-49. 2003
- Effects of hypocaloric diet and exercise training on inflammation and adipocyte lipolysis in obese postmenopausal women
Section on Gerontology and Geriatric Medicine, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, North Carolina 27157, USA
J Clin Endocrinol Metab 89:1739-46. 2004
..In addition, modification of chronic inflammation is associated with changes in local adipose tissue metabolism in response to diet and exercise...
- Long-term weight loss maintenance
Rena R Wing
Brown Medical School, The Miriam Hospital, Department of Psychiatry, Providence, RI, USA
Am J Clin Nutr 82:222S-225S. 2005
..National Weight Control Registry members provide evidence that long-term weight loss maintenance is possible and help identify the specific approaches associated with long-term success...
- The glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide and glucose-stimulated insulin response to exercise training and diet in obesity
Karen R Kelly
Department of Pathobiology, Lerner Research Institute, Cleveland, OH 44195, USA
Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab 296:E1269-74. 2009
- What interventions should we add to weight reducing diets in adults with obesity? A systematic review of randomized controlled trials of adding drug therapy, exercise, behaviour therapy or combinations of these interventions
Health Services Research Unit, University of Aberdeen, Foresterhill, Aberdeen, UK
J Hum Nutr Diet 17:293-316. 2004
..Evidence is needed for the effectiveness of interventions given with reducing diets for obese adults: drug therapy, exercise, or behaviour therapy...
- Effects of variation in protein and carbohydrate intake on body mass and composition during energy restriction: a meta-regression 1
James W Krieger
Department of Food Science and Human Nutrition and of Statistics, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611 0370, USA
Am J Clin Nutr 83:260-74. 2006
..It is unclear whether low-carbohydrate, high-protein, weight-loss diets benefit body mass and composition beyond energy restriction alone...
- Improvements in glucose tolerance and insulin action induced by increasing energy expenditure or decreasing energy intake: a randomized controlled trial
Edward P Weiss
Division of Geriatrics and Nutritional Sciences, Department of Internal Medicine, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO, USA
Am J Clin Nutr 84:1033-42. 2006
..However, exercise-induced energy expenditure may further improve glucoregulation through mechanisms independent of weight loss...
- Changes in adipose tissue gene expression with energy-restricted diets in obese women
Department of Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Karolinska University Hospital, Huddinge, Stockholm, Sweden
Am J Clin Nutr 81:1275-85. 2005
..The effect of energy restriction and macronutrient composition on gene expression in adipose tissue is not well defined...
- A nurse-managed weight reduction programme for obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome
Department of Medicine, Helsinki University Central Hospital, Finland
J Intern Med 244:251-5. 1998
..This longitudinal, clinical intervention study was designed to investigate whether pulmonary departments can set up a cost-effective weight and lifestyle programme as primary treatment of obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome (OSAS)...
- Previous weight loss experiences of bariatric surgery candidates: how much have patients dieted prior to surgery?
Lauren M Gibbons
Department of Psychiatry, Weight and Eating Disorders Program, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, 3535 Market Street, Suite 3029, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
Obesity (Silver Spring) 14:70S-76S. 2006
..To describe the dieting histories of bariatric surgery candidates...
- Long-term effects of 2 energy-restricted diets differing in glycemic load on dietary adherence, body composition, and metabolism in CALERIE: a 1-y randomized controlled trial
Sai Krupa Das
Jean Mayer US Department of Agriculture Human Nutrition Research Center on Aging at Tufts University, Boston, MA
Am J Clin Nutr 85:1023-30. 2007
..There remains no consensus about the optimal dietary composition for sustained weight loss...
- The effects of low-carbohydrate versus conventional weight loss diets in severely obese adults: one-year follow-up of a randomized trial
Philadelphia Veterans Affairs Medical Center, University of Pennsylvania Medical Center, and Drexel University College of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104, USA
Ann Intern Med 140:778-85. 2004
..A previous paper reported the 6-month comparison of weight loss and metabolic changes in obese adults randomly assigned to either a low-carbohydrate diet or a conventional weight loss diet...
- Is dieting advice from magazines helpful or harmful? Five-year associations with weight-control behaviors and psychological outcomes in adolescents
Patricia van den Berg
Division of Epidemiology and Community Health, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, 1300 South Second St, Suite 300, Minneapolis, MN 55454, USA
Pediatrics 119:e30-7. 2007
..The purpose of this study was to evaluate the association between frequent reading of magazine articles about dieting/weight loss and weight-control behaviors and psychological outcomes 5 years later in a sample of adolescents...
- Efficacy of lifestyle education to prevent type 2 diabetes: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials
Department of Technology Assessment and Biostatistics, National Institute of Public Health, 2 3 6 minami, Wako, Saitama 351 0197, Japan
Diabetes Care 28:2780-6. 2005
- A comparison of meal replacements and medication in weight maintenance after weight loss
James D LeCheminant
Center for Physical Activity and Weight Management, The University of Kansas, Lawrence, Kansas 66045, USA
J Am Coll Nutr 24:347-53. 2005
..To compare the use of meal replacements or medication during weight maintenance subsequent to weight loss using a very low-energy diet (VLED) in overweight or obese adults...
- Diet-induced weight loss is associated with an improvement in beta-cell function in older men
Kristina M Utzschneider
Department of Medicine, Veterans Affairs Puget Sound Health Care System and Harborview Medical Center, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98108, USA
J Clin Endocrinol Metab 89:2704-10. 2004
..05). Thus, the weight loss-associated improvements in both insulin sensitivity and beta-cell function may explain the beneficial effects of a lifestyle intervention on delaying the development of diabetes in older subjects...
- The National Weight Control Registry: a critique
Department of Nutritional Sciences and Toxicology, University of California, Berkeley 94720 3104, USA
J Nutr Educ Behav 37:203-5. 2005
..We advocate the adoption of a health-at-every-size (HAES) approach to weight management, focusing on the achievement and maintenance of lifestyle changes that improve metabolic indicators of health...
- Effect of orlistat on cardiovascular disease risk in obese adults
B A Swinburn
Department of Community Health, University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand
Diabetes Obes Metab 7:254-62. 2005
..placebo on the predicted 10-year cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk in obese people with one or more cardiovascular risk factors treated for 12 months, in conjunction with a fat-reduced, but otherwise ad libitum, diet...
- Web-based weight management programs in an integrated health care setting: a randomized, controlled trial
Kaiser Permanente Care Management Institute, Oakland, California, USA
Obesity (Silver Spring) 14:266-72. 2006
..To assess the efficacy of a Web-based tailored behavioral weight management program compared with Web-based information-only weight management materials...
- Effect of rimonabant, a cannabinoid-1 receptor blocker, on weight and cardiometabolic risk factors in overweight or obese patients: RIO-North America: a randomized controlled trial
F Xavier Pi-Sunyer
Obesity Research Center, St Luke s Roosevelt Hospital Center, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, NY 10025, USA
JAMA 295:761-75. 2006
..Rimonabant, a selective cannabinoid-1 receptor blocker, may reduce body weight and improve cardiometabolic risk factors in patients who are overweight or obese...
- The cost-effectiveness of lifestyle modification or metformin in preventing type 2 diabetes in adults with impaired glucose tolerance
William H Herman
University of Michigan Health System, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA
Ann Intern Med 142:323-32. 2005
..The Diabetes Prevention Program (DPP) demonstrated that interventions can delay or prevent the development of type 2 diabetes...
- Long-term effectiveness of weight-loss interventions in adults with pre-diabetes: a review
Susan L Norris
Division of Diabetes Translation, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA corrected
Am J Prev Med 28:126-39. 2005
..To assess the effectiveness of weight-loss and weight-control interventions for adults with pre-diabetes (impaired fasting glucose and impaired glucose tolerance), an important risk factor for the development of type 2 diabetes...
- Systematic review of long-term weight loss studies in obese adults: clinical significance and applicability to clinical practice
J D Douketis
Department of Medicine, McMaster University, Hamilton, Canada
Int J Obes (Lond) 29:1153-67. 2005
- Tackling obesity in men -- preliminary evaluation of men-only groups within a commercial slimming organization
Nutrition Department, Slimming World, Somercotes, Alfreton, Derbyshire, UK
J Hum Nutr Diet 18:391-4. 2005
..In 2002, Slimming World set a target to raise the awareness among men about the dangers of being overweight and made practical weight-management solutions more accessible through a national network of men's groups...
- One year follow-up of overweight and obese hypertensive adults following intensive lifestyle therapy
M L Jehn
Welch Center for Prevention, Epidemiology, and Clinical Research, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
J Hum Nutr Diet 19:349-54. 2006
..To examine the long-term effect on weight maintenance and dietary habits of participants in a clinical trial for weight loss...
- The evolution of very-low-calorie diets: an update and meta-analysis
Adam Gilden Tsai
Department of Psychiatry, Center for Weight and Eating Disorders, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, 3535 Market Street, Suite 3029, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
Obesity (Silver Spring) 14:1283-93. 2006
..Previous reviews of the literature have disagreed concerning the relative efficacy of VLCDs vs. conventional low-calorie diets (LCDs) for achieving long-term weight loss...
- Effect of orlistat on weight regain and cardiovascular risk factors following a very-low-energy diet in abdominally obese patients: a 3-year randomized, placebo-controlled study
Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Aarhus University Hospital, Aarhus, Denmark
Diabetes Care 30:27-32. 2007
- Meal replacements are as effective as structured weight-loss diets for treating obesity in adults with features of metabolic syndrome
Commonwealth Scientific industrial Organization, Health Sciences and Nutrition, Adelaide, South Australia, 5000
J Nutr 134:1894-9. 2004
..Dietary compliance and convenience were viewed more favorably by participants who consumed meal replacements than by those in a conventional weight-loss program...
- The effect of metformin and intensive lifestyle intervention on the metabolic syndrome: the Diabetes Prevention Program randomized trial
Trevor J Orchard
Diabetes Prevention Program Coordinating Center, The Biostatistics Center, George Washington University, Rockville, Maryland 20852, USA
Ann Intern Med 142:611-9. 2005
..The metabolic syndrome is a high-risk state for diabetes and cardiovascular disease. Little is known about its prevalence and prevention in those with impaired glucose tolerance...
- Using Internet technology to deliver a behavioral weight loss program
D F Tate
Brown Medical School Miriam Hospital, Weight Control and Diabetes Research Center, 14 Third St, RISE Bldg, Providence, RI 02906, USA
JAMA 285:1172-7. 2001
..Rapid increases in access to the Internet have made it a viable mode for public health intervention. No controlled studies have evaluated this resource for weight loss...
- Eat, drink, and be merry, for tomorrow we diet: effects of anticipated deprivation on food intake in restrained and unrestrained eaters
Department of Psychology, University of Toronto, Ontario, Canada
J Abnorm Psychol 111:396-401. 2002
..These results confirm that merely planning to go on a diet can trigger overeating in restrained eaters, reflecting the dynamic connection between dieting and overeating...
- Impact of fish intake on oxidative stress when included into a moderate energy-restricted program to treat obesity
Institute of Nutrition and Food Sciences, University of Navarra, C Irunlarrea s n, 31008 Pamplona, Spain
Eur J Nutr 46:460-7. 2007
..The role of some nutritional factors and hypocaloric diets on oxidative balance is a matter of debate, especially related to the prevention and treatment of obesity and co-morbidities...
- Disordered eating cognitions and behaviours among slimming organization competition winners
G C Green
Social Community and Health Studies, Obesity and Eating Disorders Research Unit, University of Hertfordshire, Hatfield, UK
J Hum Nutr Diet 21:31-8. 2008
..A percentage of members achieve dramatic and lasting weight losses. The study aimed to evaluate the prevalence of binge eating and unhealthy eating-related thought patterns among a group of highly successful weight losers...
- A qualitative investigation of individuals' experiences and expectations before and after completing a trial of commercial weight loss programmes
A M Herriot
Centre for Nutrition, Dietetics and Food, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Surrey, Guildford, Surrey, UK
J Hum Nutr Diet 21:72-80. 2008
..To investigate the previous dieting experiences and expectations of individuals enrolled in a randomized trial of four commercial weight loss programmes and post-intervention to compare experiences across the diet groups...
- Piloting a behavioral intervention delivered through interactive voice response telephone messages to promote weight loss in a pre-diabetic population
Paul A Estabrooks
Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Human Nutrition, Foods, and Exercise, Roanoke, VA 24016, United States
Patient Educ Couns 72:34-41. 2008
..To pilot test the feasibility and effectiveness of interactive voice response (IVR) calls targeting physical activity and healthful eating as strategies for weight loss for patients with pre-diabetes...
- Weight control in the physician's office
J M Ashley
University of Nevada School of Medicine, Nutrition Education and Research Program, Redfield Building MS 153, Reno, NV 89557, USA
Arch Intern Med 161:1599-604. 2001
..Incorporating meal replacements (1-2 per day) into traditional lifestyle interventions may offer an additional strategy for overweight patients in the primary care setting...
- Evaluation of an interactive, Internet-based weight loss program: a pilot study
Alison O Booth
The Centre for Physical Activity utrition, School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences, Deakin University, 221 Burwood Highway, Burwood, Victoria 3125, Australia
Health Educ Res 23:371-81. 2008
..Despite a greater fall in energy intake reported by the ED group and a similar increase in physical activity in both groups, setting individual dietary goals did not enhance weight loss...
- Plasma ghrelin levels after diet-induced weight loss or gastric bypass surgery
David E Cummings
Department of Medicine, University of Washington the Veterans Affairs Puget Sound Health Care System, Seattle 98108, USA
N Engl J Med 346:1623-30. 2002
..Because ghrelin is produced primarily by the stomach, weight loss after gastric bypass surgery may be accompanied by impaired ghrelin secretion...
- Lipoprotein responses to weight loss and weight maintenance in high-risk obese subjects
H H Ditschuneit
Department of Medicine, University Ulm, Germany
Eur J Clin Nutr 56:264-70. 2002
..To examine changes in plasma lipids and lipoproteins after 51 months of reduced energy intake and sustained weight loss...
- Four worksite weight loss programs with high-stress occupations using a meal replacement product
Department of Sociology, City University of New York Graduate School, 365 Fifth Avenue, New York, NY 10016, USA
Occup Med (Lond) 52:25-30. 2002
..Men lost significantly more weight than women (p < 0.006). We conclude that employees in some high-stress settings may participate productively in worksite weight reduction and maintenance programs that use meal replacements...
- Effect of calorie restriction on subjective ratings of appetite
S D Anton
Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Baton Rouge, LA, USA
J Hum Nutr Diet 22:141-7. 2009
..The effects that prolonged CR has on subjective aspects of appetite have not been well studied. Thus, the present study tested the effect of 6 months of caloric restriction on appetite in healthy, overweight men and women...
- A review of low and reduced carbohydrate diets and weight loss in type 2 diabetes
P A Dyson
Oxford Centre for Diabetes, Endocrinology and Metabolism, Churchill Hospital, Headington, Oxford, UK
J Hum Nutr Diet 21:530-8. 2008
..There is very little evidence for any effects of reduced carbohydrate intakes on body weight, glycaemia and cardiovascular risk in people with type 2 diabetes...
- Disordered eating attitudes and behaviours in teenaged girls: a school-based study
J M Jones
Department of Psychiatry, University Health Network, Institute of Medical Sciences, Department of Psychiatry, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ont
CMAJ 165:547-52. 2001
..In the present study, disturbed eating attitudes and behaviours were evaluated in a large school-based population in Ontario in order to determine their prevalence and demographic distribution...
- American College of Preventive Medicine Practice Policy statement. Weight management counseling of overweight adults
Yale Prevention Research Center, Yale University School of Medicine, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Derby, CT 06418, USA
Am J Prev Med 21:73-8. 2001
..On the basis of a review of the current literature and recommendations, the American College of Preventive Medicine presents a practice policy statement on weight management counseling of overweight adults...
- Popular diets: correlation to health, nutrition, and obesity
E T Kennedy
USDA/ARS Beltsville Human Nutrition Research Center, USA
J Am Diet Assoc 101:411-20. 2001
..The BMIs were significantly lower for men and women on the high carbohydrate diet; the highest BMIs were noted for those on a low carbohydrate diet...
- Weight management: a comparison of existing dietary approaches in a work-site setting
W S Leslie
University of Glasgow Department of Human Nutrition, Glasgow Royal Infirmary, Glasgow, UK
Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord 26:1469-75. 2002
..2). To determine if the inclusion of lean red meat at least five times per week as part of a slimming diet is compatible with weight loss in comparison with a diet that excludes lean red meat...
- A randomized trial comparing a very low carbohydrate diet and a calorie-restricted low fat diet on body weight and cardiovascular risk factors in healthy women
Bonnie J Brehm
University of Cincinnati and Children s Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, Ohio 45221 0038, USA
J Clin Endocrinol Metab 88:1617-23. 2003
..Based on these data, a very low carbohydrate diet is more effective than a low fat diet for short-term weight loss and, over 6 months, is not associated with deleterious effects on important cardiovascular risk factors in healthy women...
- A new method of energy prescription to improve weight loss
Department of Dietetics, Hammersmith Hospital, London, UK
J Hum Nutr Diet 20:152-6. 2007
..Estimating individual energy requirements rather than using dietary assessment may improve weight loss...
- A reduced-glycemic load diet in the treatment of adolescent obesity
Cara B Ebbeling
Division of Endocrinology, Department of Medicine, Children s Hospital Boston, MA 02115, USA
Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 157:773-9. 2003
..The incidence of type 2 diabetes increases markedly for obese children after puberty. However, the effect of dietary composition on body weight and diabetes risk factors has not been studied in adolescents...
- A randomized trial of a low-carbohydrate diet for obesity
Gary D Foster
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA 19104 3309, USA
N Engl J Med 348:2082-90. 2003
..Despite the popularity of the low-carbohydrate, high-protein, high-fat (Atkins) diet, no randomized, controlled trials have evaluated its efficacy...
- Diet, obesity, and cardiovascular risk
Robert O Bonow
Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, USA
N Engl J Med 348:2057-8. 2003
- A dietary and behavioural programme for the treatment of obesity. A 4-year clinical trial and a long-term posttreatment follow-up
Department of Body Composition and Metabolism, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Goteborg, Sweden
J Intern Med 254:272-9. 2003
..Furthermore, to assess weight development amongst completers and noncompleters beyond the active 4-year treatment period...
- A high dairy protein, high-calcium diet minimizes bone turnover in overweight adults during weight loss
CSIRO Health Sciences and Nutrition, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia, 5000
J Nutr 134:568-73. 2004
..Combined with reduced urinary calcium excretion, this suggests that a high-protein, calcium-replete diet may protect against bone loss during weight reduction...
- Brain white matter expansion in human obesity and the recovering effect of dieting
Lauri T Haltia
Department of Neurology, University of Turku, P O Box 52, FIN 20521 Turku, Finland
J Clin Endocrinol Metab 92:3278-84. 2007
..We hypothesized that possible differences seen in the brains of obese subjects would disappear or diminish after an intensive dieting period...
- Controlled clinical trial of two weight reducing diets in a NHS hospital dietetic outpatient clinic - a pilot study
F C Taylor
Dietetic Department, Guisborough General Hospital, UK
J Hum Nutr Diet 16:85-7. 2003
- Weight reduction with very-low-caloric diet and endothelial function in overweight adults: role of plasma glucose
Department of Clinical Chemistry, University of Turku, Finland
Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol 24:124-8. 2004
..Obesity is associated with endothelial dysfunction that may contribute to the development of atherosclerosis. We studied whether weight reduction improves endothelial function in overweight individuals...
- Competing dietary claims for weight loss: finding the forest through truculent trees
David L Katz
Yale Prevention Research Center, Derby, Connecticut 06418, USA
Annu Rev Public Health 26:61-88. 2005
- [Effect of a low-energy diet on body weight and dietary intake in women after one year treatment]
Zakład Profilaktyki Chorób, Zywieniowozaleznych z Poradnia Chorób Metabolicznych, Instytut Zywnosci i Zywienia, Warszawa
Przegl Lek 65:184-8. 2008
..Increase in energy, carbohydrates, sucrose intake and decrease in calcium intake could contribute to weight gain in studied women...
- Popular weight reduction diets
Stella Lucia Volpe
School of Nursing, Division of Biobehavioral and Health Sciences, University of Pennsylvania, Nursing Education Building, 420 Guardian Drive, Philadelphia, PA 19104 6096, USA
J Cardiovasc Nurs 21:34-9. 2006
..In addition, the role that the environment plays on both diet and exercise and how they impact obesity will be addressed. Finally, the National Weight Control Registry will be discussed...
- Effect of meal replacement on metabolic risk factors in overweight and obese subjects
University Hospital Freiburg, Centre for Internal Medicine, Department of Rehabilitation, Prevention and Sports Medicine, Freiburg, Germany
Ann Nutr Metab 52:74-8. 2008
- Interventions for the management of weight and body composition changes in women with breast cancer
Diablo Valley Oncology and Hematology Medical Group, Inc, Walnut Creek, CA, USA
Clin J Oncol Nurs 11:41-52. 2007
..Along with published practice guidelines, the currently available information provides guidance for oncology nurses on the methods that can impact unhealthy weight conditions associated with breast cancer...
- Comparison of body composition methods during weight loss in obese women using herbal formula
Ho Jun Kim
Department of Oriental Rehabilitation Medicine, Ilsan International Hospital, Dongguk University, Goyang, Gyeonggi, Republic of Korea
Am J Chin Med 33:851-8. 2005
- Low-dose leptin reverses skeletal muscle, autonomic, and neuroendocrine adaptations to maintenance of reduced weight
Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, New York 10032, USA
J Clin Invest 115:3579-86. 2005
..These responses suggest that the weight-reduced state may be regarded as a condition of relative leptin insufficiency. Prevention of weight regain might be achievable by strategies relevant to reversing this leptin-insufficient state...
- Effect of a weight loss intervention on anthropometric measures and metabolic risk factors in pre- versus postmenopausal women
Department of Rehabilitation, Prevention and Sports Medicine, Centre for Internal Medicine, University Hospital, Freiburg Germany
Nutr J 6:31. 2007
..The present study examines changes in body weight, fat mass, metabolic and hormonal parameters in overweight and obese pre- and postmenopausal women who participated in a weight loss intervention...
- [Struggle about the best reducing diet, Fat gone by means of more fat?]
MMW Fortschr Med 146:4-6. 2004
- Effect of lifestyle intervention on metabolic coronary heart disease risk factors in obese older adults
Dennis T Villareal
Geriatrics and Nutritional Science and the Center for Human Nutrition, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO 63108, USA
Am J Clin Nutr 84:1317-23. 2006
..Coronary heart disease (CHD) risk factors increase with age and body mass index (BMI; in kg/m2). However, whether lifestyle intervention ameliorates metabolic CHD risk factors in obese older adults is unknown...
- [Significance of nutrition in obesity]
J G Wechsler
Abteilung Innere Medizin, Krankenhaus Barmherzige Brüder München, Romanstrasse 93, 80639, Munchen, Germany
Internist (Berl) 48:1093-9. 2007
..Preventive measures focusing on nutrition should lay the foundation in kindergartens and schools to control the epidemic-like spread of obesity...
- Changes in thoracic gas volume with air-displacement plethysmography after a weight loss program in overweight and obese women
C S Minderico
Exercise and Health Laboratory, Faculty of Human Movement Technical University of Lisbon, Estrada da Costa, Portugal
Eur J Clin Nutr 62:444-50. 2008
..This study was designed to compare measured and predicted thoracic gas volume (V (TG)) after weight loss and to analyze the effect of body composition confounders such as waist circumference (WC) on measured V (TG) changes...
- Treatment modalities of obesity: what fits whom?
Institute of Endocrinology, Narodni 8, 116 94 Prague 1, Czech Republic
Diabetes Care 31:S269-77. 2008
..Centers of excellence in obesity management represented by multidisciplinary teams should provide comprehensive programs for the treatment of obesity derived from evidence-based medicine...
- Reduced glucocorticoid production rate, decreased 5alpha-reductase activity, and adipose tissue insulin sensitization after weight loss
Jeremy W Tomlinson
Division of Medical Sciences, Institute of Biomedical Research, University of Birmingham, Queen Elizabeth Hospital, Edgbaston, Birmingham, UK
Diabetes 57:1536-43. 2008
..We have assessed the impact of weight loss on glucocorticoid secretion and metabolism (notably 11beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 1 and 5alpha-reductase [5alphaR] activity) and insulin sensitivity...
- [Energy and macronutirents intake by overweight and obese children aged 7-12]
Zakład Zywienia Człowieka, Akademia Medyczna w Warszawie, 01 445 Warszawa
Rocz Panstw Zakl Hig 58:53-60. 2007
..05). The intakes of energy and fat need to be monitored in this group of population, since their overeating can predispose to diet-related diseases, such as cardiovascular in adulthood...
- Resistance training conserves fat-free mass and resting energy expenditure following weight loss
Gary R Hunter
Department of Human Studies, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama, USA
Obesity (Silver Spring) 16:1045-51. 2008
- The association of SNP276G>T at adiponectin gene with circulating adiponectin and insulin resistance in response to mild weight loss
M J Shin
Yonsei Cardiovascular Research Institute, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea
Int J Obes (Lond) 30:1702-8. 2006
..Subjects:In total, 294 nondiabetic/overweight-obese Koreans participated in a clinical intervention study lasting 12 weeks involving a caloric reduction of -300kcal/day...
- A randomized trial of a hypocaloric high-protein diet, with and without exercise, on weight loss, fitness, and markers of the Metabolic Syndrome in overweight and obese women
Kelly A Meckling
Department of Human Health and Nutritional Sciences, University of Guelph, Guelph, ON N1G 2W1, Canada
Appl Physiol Nutr Metab 32:743-52. 2007
- Use of [14C]-sodium bicarbonate/urea to measure total energy expenditure in overweight men and women before and after low calorie diet induced weight loss
Natalie D Luscombe
University of Adelaide, Department of Medicine, Royal Adelaide Hospital, Adelaide SA 5000
Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 15:307-16. 2006
- Effects of lifestyle modification on adipocytokine levels in obese patients
D A de Luis
Institute of Endocrinology and Nutrition, Medicine School and Unit of Investigation, Hospital Rio Hortega RD056 0013, University of Valladolid, Valladolid, Spain
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci 12:33-9. 2008
..Adipose tissue is considered an active secretory organ of adipocytokines. The principal aim of our study was to examine the changes in adipocytokines levels after weigth reduction in obese patients...
- Lean mass loss is associated with low protein intake during dietary-induced weight loss in postmenopausal women
Melanie J Bopp
Department of Internal Medicine, Section on Gerontology and Geriatric Medicine, General Clinical Research Center, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, NC 27157, USA
J Am Diet Assoc 108:1216-20. 2008
..Therefore, inadequate protein intake during caloric restriction may be associated with adverse body-composition changes in postmenopausal women...