bottle feeding

Summary

Summary: Use of nursing bottles for feeding. Applies to humans and animals.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Do infants fed from bottles lack self-regulation of milk intake compared with directly breastfed infants?
    Ruowei Li
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Division of Nutrition, Physical Activity, and Obesity, 4770 Buford Highway, MS K25, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA
    Pediatrics 125:e1386-93. 2010
  2. ncbi Mechanisms underlying the association between breastfeeding and obesity
    Cynthia J Bartok
    Department of Kinesiology, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802, USA
    Int J Pediatr Obes 4:196-204. 2009
  3. ncbi Dental caries and its relationship to bacterial infection, hypoplasia, diet, and oral hygiene in 6- to 36-month-old children
    P Milgrom
    Department of Dental Public Health Sciences, University of Washington, Seattle 98195, USA
    Community Dent Oral Epidemiol 28:295-306. 2000
  4. ncbi Factors associated with weaning practices in term infants: a prospective observational study in Ireland
    Roslyn C Tarrant
    School of Biological Sciences, Dublin Institute of Technology, Kevin Street, Dublin 8, Republic of Ireland
    Br J Nutr 104:1544-54. 2010
  5. pmc Oral health literacy among female caregivers: impact on oral health outcomes in early childhood
    W F Vann
    Department of Pediatric Dentistry, School of Dentistry, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA
    J Dent Res 89:1395-400. 2010
  6. ncbi Counseling and choosing between infant-feeding options: overall limits and local interpretations by health care providers and women living with HIV in resource-poor countries (Burkina Faso, Cambodia, Cameroon)
    Alice Desclaux
    Institut de Recherche pour le Développement UMR 145, BP 1386, Dakar, Senegal
    Soc Sci Med 69:821-9. 2009
  7. ncbi Risk of bottle-feeding for rapid weight gain during the first year of life
    Ruowei Li
    National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Division of Nutrition, Physical Activity, and Obesity, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA
    Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 166:431-6. 2012
  8. ncbi The relationship between infant-feeding outcomes and postpartum depression: a qualitative systematic review
    Cindy Lee Dennis
    University of Toronto, Lawrence S Bloomberg Faculty of Nursing, 155 College St, Toronto, Ontario, Canada M5T 1P8
    Pediatrics 123:e736-51. 2009
  9. ncbi Introduction of complementary feeding in 5 European countries
    Sonia Schiess
    Division of Metabolic Diseases and Nutritional Medicine, Dr von Hauner Children s Hospital, Ludwig Maximilians University, Munchen, Germany
    J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr 50:92-8. 2010
  10. ncbi Treatment acceleration program and the experience of the DREAM program in prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV
    Leonardo Palombi
    DREAM Program University Tor Vergata, Piazza S Egidio 3 a, 00153 Rome, Italy
    AIDS 21:S65-71. 2007

Detail Information

Publications258 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Do infants fed from bottles lack self-regulation of milk intake compared with directly breastfed infants?
    Ruowei Li
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Division of Nutrition, Physical Activity, and Obesity, 4770 Buford Highway, MS K25, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA
    Pediatrics 125:e1386-93. 2010
    ..We studied whether infants' self-regulation of milk intake is affected by feeding mode (bottle versus breast) and the type of milk in the bottle (formula versus expressed breast milk)...
  2. ncbi Mechanisms underlying the association between breastfeeding and obesity
    Cynthia J Bartok
    Department of Kinesiology, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802, USA
    Int J Pediatr Obes 4:196-204. 2009
    ..These three protective effects may promote slower growth and lower body fat levels in breastfed infants, which reduce risk of overweight and obesity later in life...
  3. ncbi Dental caries and its relationship to bacterial infection, hypoplasia, diet, and oral hygiene in 6- to 36-month-old children
    P Milgrom
    Department of Dental Public Health Sciences, University of Washington, Seattle 98195, USA
    Community Dent Oral Epidemiol 28:295-306. 2000
    ..Caufield et al. (1) have suggested that the acquisition of mutans streptococci in young children most likely takes place during a "window of infectivity" from 19 to 31 months of age...
  4. ncbi Factors associated with weaning practices in term infants: a prospective observational study in Ireland
    Roslyn C Tarrant
    School of Biological Sciences, Dublin Institute of Technology, Kevin Street, Dublin 8, Republic of Ireland
    Br J Nutr 104:1544-54. 2010
    ..Provision of professional advice and exploring antenatal maternal misperceptions are potential areas for targeted interventions to improve compliance with the recommended weaning practices...
  5. pmc Oral health literacy among female caregivers: impact on oral health outcomes in early childhood
    W F Vann
    Department of Pediatric Dentistry, School of Dentistry, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA
    J Dent Res 89:1395-400. 2010
    ..Caregiver oral health literacy has a multidimensional impact on reported oral health outcomes in infants and young children...
  6. ncbi Counseling and choosing between infant-feeding options: overall limits and local interpretations by health care providers and women living with HIV in resource-poor countries (Burkina Faso, Cambodia, Cameroon)
    Alice Desclaux
    Institut de Recherche pour le Développement UMR 145, BP 1386, Dakar, Senegal
    Soc Sci Med 69:821-9. 2009
    ..Beyond structural constraints that hinder the adoption of preventive infant feeding patterns, addressing these issues may help improve counseling practices...
  7. ncbi Risk of bottle-feeding for rapid weight gain during the first year of life
    Ruowei Li
    National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Division of Nutrition, Physical Activity, and Obesity, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA
    Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 166:431-6. 2012
    ..To better understand the mechanisms behind breastfeeding and childhood obesity, we assessed the association of weight gain with the mode of milk delivery aside from the type of milk given to infants...
  8. ncbi The relationship between infant-feeding outcomes and postpartum depression: a qualitative systematic review
    Cindy Lee Dennis
    University of Toronto, Lawrence S Bloomberg Faculty of Nursing, 155 College St, Toronto, Ontario, Canada M5T 1P8
    Pediatrics 123:e736-51. 2009
    ..Despite the detailed research related to these maternal and infant health outcomes, the relationship between maternal mood and breastfeeding remains equivocal...
  9. ncbi Introduction of complementary feeding in 5 European countries
    Sonia Schiess
    Division of Metabolic Diseases and Nutritional Medicine, Dr von Hauner Children s Hospital, Ludwig Maximilians University, Munchen, Germany
    J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr 50:92-8. 2010
    ..Little is known about the practice of introducing complementary feeding across Europe. We aim at describing times of solid introduction in healthy infants in 5 European countries...
  10. ncbi Treatment acceleration program and the experience of the DREAM program in prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV
    Leonardo Palombi
    DREAM Program University Tor Vergata, Piazza S Egidio 3 a, 00153 Rome, Italy
    AIDS 21:S65-71. 2007
    ....
  11. pmc Maturation of oral feeding skills in preterm infants
    N Amaizu
    Department of Pediatrics, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX 77030, USA
    Acta Paediatr 97:61-7. 2008
    ..Safe and successful oral feeding requires proper maturation of sucking, swallowing and respiration. We hypothesized that oral feeding difficulties result from different temporal development of the musculatures implicated in these functions...
  12. ncbi Perioral movements and sucking pattern during bottle feeding with a novel, experimental teat are similar to breastfeeding
    Y Segami
    Department of Pediatrics, Showa University of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan
    J Perinatol 33:319-23. 2013
    ..The teat has a wide base, firm shaft and a valve at the base, such that milk flows only when the baby provides a hold pressure...
  13. ncbi A review of a community program aimed at preventing early childhood caries among Jerusalem infants--a brief communication
    Alon Livny
    Department of Community Dentistry, The Hebrew University Hadassah School of Dental Medicine
    J Public Health Dent 67:78-82. 2007
    ..A previous Jerusalem study has demonstrated a potential effect on toothbrushing among infants. The present study was initiated in order to examine caries prevalence and the potential effect of a community intervention program...
  14. ncbi "Breastfeeding" by feeding expressed mother's milk
    Valerie J Flaherman
    Department of Pediatrics, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, CA 94143 0503, USA
    Pediatr Clin North Am 60:227-46. 2013
    ..Approaches for working mothers, preterm infants, critically ill infants, and mothers before lactogenesis II are presented separately, as these groups may benefit from practices tailored to individual needs...
  15. ncbi Why some women do not breast feed: bottle feeding and fathers' role
    S Earle
    School of Health and Policy Studies, Faculty of Health and Community Care, University of Central England, Franchise Street, Perry Barr, Birmingham B42 2SU, UK
    Midwifery 16:323-30. 2000
    ..To explore women's experiences and perceptions of baby feeding and to explore the explanations offered by women who choose to either breast or bottle feed...
  16. pmc Do infants fed directly from the breast have improved appetite regulation and slower growth during early childhood compared with infants fed from a bottle?
    Katherine I Disantis
    University of Pennsylvania, Perelman School of Medicine, Center for Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Philadelphia, PA, USA
    Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act 8:89. 2011
    ....
  17. ncbi Quantification of Bifidobacterium spp., Escherichia coli and Clostridium difficile in faecal samples of breast-fed and formula-fed infants by real-time PCR
    John Penders
    Department of Epidemiology, Nutrition and Toxicology Research Institute Maastricht NUTRIM, Maastricht University, 6200 MD Maastricht, The Netherlands
    FEMS Microbiol Lett 243:141-7. 2005
    ..difficile as well as E. coli are significantly lower in the gut microbiota of breast-fed infants than in that of formula-fed infants, whereas the prevalence and counts of Bifidobacterium spp. is similar among both groups...
  18. ncbi Simultaneous determination and assessment of 4-nonylphenol, bisphenol A and triclosan in tap water, bottled water and baby bottles
    Xu Li
    State Key Laboratory of Organic Geochemistry, Guangzhou Institute of Geochemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Guangzhou, China
    Environ Int 36:557-62. 2010
    ..This study showed that the exposure to the three compounds from drinking water is unlikely to pose a health risk...
  19. ncbi Characterization of the developmental stages of sucking in preterm infants during bottle feeding
    C Lau
    Baylor College of Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, Feeding Disorders Center, Houston, TX 77030, USA
    Acta Paediatr 89:846-52. 2000
    ..In addition, we propose that the present five-point sucking scale may be used to assess the developmental stages of sucking of preterm infants. Such knowledge would facilitate the management of oral feeding in these infants...
  20. ncbi Breast feeding, bottle feeding, and maternal autonomic responses to stress
    Elizabeth Sibolboro Mezzacappa
    Behavioral Medicine Program, Columbia Presbyterian Medical Center, Columbia University, New York, NY 10032 3784, USA
    J Psychosom Res 58:351-65. 2005
    ..The aim of this study was to examine the effects of breast feeding on autonomic nervous system (ANS) response to stressors...
  21. ncbi Acoustic study of swallowing behaviour in premature infants during tube-bottle feeding and bottle feeding period
    Luiziane Da Nobrega
    Laboratory of Physiology and Digestive Motility, Faculty of Medicine, 37032 Tours Cedex, France
    Early Hum Dev 78:53-60. 2004
    ..These findings and the histograms for each infant will allow determination of transition to bottle feeding without risk corresponding to the stage of maturation of swallowing function.
  22. pmc Modeling the effects of different infant feeding strategies on infant survival and mother-to-child transmission of HIV
    Jay S Ross
    Academy for Educational Development, Washington, DC, USA
    Am J Public Health 94:1174-80. 2004
    ..We investigated how, under various conditions, the risk of mother-to-child transmission of HIV through breastfeeding compares with the risk of death from artificial feeding...
  23. pmc Association between allergic rhinitis, bottle feeding, non-nutritive sucking habits, and malocclusion in the primary dentition
    F Vázquez-Nava
    Research Department, Tampico Faculty of Medicine, Autonomous University of Tamaulipas, Tampico Madero City, Tamp, Mexico
    Arch Dis Child 91:836-40. 2006
    To determine the association between allergic rhinitis, bottle feeding, non-nutritive sucking habits, and malocclusion in the primary dentition.
  24. ncbi [Bottle feeding during the first month of life: determinants and effect on breastfeeding technique]
    Maristela Cavalheiro Tamborindeguy França
    Hospital Criança Conceição, Porto Alegre, RS, Brasil
    Rev Saude Publica 42:607-14. 2008
    To assess incidence rate and determinants of bottle feeding during the first month of life, and its potential effects on breastfeeding technique.
  25. ncbi Role of bottle feeding in the etiology of hypertrophic pyloric stenosis
    Jarod P McAteer
    Division of Pediatric General and Thoracic Surgery, Seattle Children s Hospital, Seattle, Washington2Department of Surgery, University of Washington School of Medicine, Seattle
    JAMA Pediatr 167:1143-9. 2013
    IMPORTANCE Bottle feeding has been implicated in the etiology of hypertrophic pyloric stenosis (HPS). Further data are needed to define the nature of this relationship and the clinical variables that influence it...
  26. ncbi Caries and its association with infant feeding and oral health-related behaviours in 3-4-year-old Brazilian children
    E L Dini
    Universidade Estadual Paulista, Araraquara, Sao Paulo, Brazil
    Community Dent Oral Epidemiol 28:241-8. 2000
    ..To investigate the relationships between socio-demographic factors, infant feeding habits, oral hygiene and the prevalence and patterns of caries in Brazilian 3-4-year-olds...
  27. pmc Trends in breastfeeding: it is not only at the breast anymore
    Sheela R Geraghty
    Center for Breastfeeding Medicine, Cincinnati Children s Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, Ohio, USA
    Matern Child Nutr 9:180-7. 2013
    ..It is now time to develop appropriate ways to characterise the production and consumption of breast milk more accurately and investigate whether these behaviours have consequences for the health of mothers and infants...
  28. ncbi Early introduction of oral feeding in preterm infants
    Chanda Simpson
    Pediatrix Medical Group of Texas, PA, Fort Worth, Texas, USA
    Pediatrics 110:517-22. 2002
    ..It is hypothesized that this shortened transition time will lead to earlier attainment of all oral feeding...
  29. ncbi Expressing yourself: a feminist analysis of talk around expressing breast milk
    Sally Johnson
    Social Sciences and Humanities, University of Bradford, Richmond Road, Bradford BD7 1DP, West Yorkshire, United Kingdom
    Soc Sci Med 69:900-7. 2009
    ..Moreover, breastfeeding discourses and practices available to mothers are not limitless and processes of power restrict the possibilities for women in relation to infant feeding...
  30. pmc Implications of the new WHO guidelines on HIV and infant feeding for child survival in South Africa
    Tanya Doherty
    Medical Research Council, Francie van Zyl Drive, Parrow, Cape Town, South Africa
    Bull World Health Organ 89:62-7. 2011
    ..This paper presents the latest evidence regarding mortality and morbidity associated with feeding practices in the context of HIV and suggests a modification of current policy to prioritize child survival for all South African children...
  31. pmc Mechanics of sucking: comparison between bottle feeding and breastfeeding
    Angel Moral
    Department of Pediatrics, Neonatology Section, Hospital Universitario Mutua de Terrassa, Barcelona, Spain
    BMC Pediatr 10:6. 2010
    There is very little evidence of the similarity of the mechanics of maternal and bottle feeding. We assessed the mechanics of sucking in exclusive breastfeeding, exclusive bottle feeding, and mixed feeding...
  32. pmc Infant feeding practices among HIV-positive women in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania, indicate a need for more intensive infant feeding counselling
    Sera L Young
    Department of Pediatrics, University of California Davis Medical Center, Ticon II Building, Suite 334, 2516 Stockton Blvd, Davis, Sacramento, CA 95817, USA
    Public Health Nutr 13:2027-33. 2010
    ..To assess feeding practices of infants born to HIV-positive women in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. These data then served as a proxy to evaluate the adequacy of current infant feeding counselling...
  33. ncbi Determinants of early childhood caries in a group of inner-city children
    Luc Martens
    Department of Pediatric Dentistry and Centre for Special Care PaeCaMed, Ghent University, Belgium
    Quintessence Int 37:527-36. 2006
    ..This study aimed to determine the prevalence of early childhood caries (ECC) and severe early childhood caries (s-ECC) in inner-city children in Ghent, Belgium, and to investigate the independent impact of its determinants...
  34. ncbi On the physics of the infant feeding bottle and middle ear sequela: ear disease in infants can be associated with bottle feeding
    C E Brown
    Mt Zion Family Care Center, Southern Illinois University School of Medicine, 1200 North State Highway 121, Mt Zion, IL 62549 USA
    Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 54:13-20. 2000
    ..The negative pressure inside the bottle causes the infant to suck excessively and the intraoral negative pressure may subsequently be transmitted to the middle ear via the eustachian tube...
  35. ncbi Sources of feeding advice in the first year of life: who do parents value?
    Aideen Gildea
    Institute of Child Care Research, Queen s University Belfast
    Community Pract 82:27-31. 2009
    ..This study highlights the importance placed by mothers on health visitors, which may have implications for the service in the midst of the reorganisation of the health visitor's role...
  36. ncbi Prevalence of salivary Streptococcus mutans in mothers and in their preschool children
    I Thorild
    Public Dental Clinic, Varberg, Sweden
    Int J Paediatr Dent 12:2-7. 2002
    ..To establish the prevalence and possible relationship of oral Streptococcus mutans colonization in mother-child pairs...
  37. ncbi Milk volume on day 4 and income predictive of lactation adequacy at 6 weeks of mothers of nonnursing preterm infants
    Pamela D Hill
    College of Nursing, University of Illinois at Chicago, USA
    J Perinat Neonatal Nurs 19:273-82. 2005
    ..In addition, neonatal nurses need to be cognizant that income levels may make a difference in milk production...
  38. ncbi Infant feeding practices and associated factors in the first six months of life: the Norwegian infant nutrition survey
    B Lande
    Norwegian Directorate for Health and Social Welfare, Department for Nutrition, Oslo, Norway
    Acta Paediatr 92:152-61. 2003
    ..To describe and evaluate infant feeding practices during the first 6 mo of life in relation to recommendations, and to study infant feeding practices in relation to maternal and infant characteristics...
  39. ncbi Infant feeding and feeding transitions during the first year of life
    Laurence M Grummer-Strawn
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Division of Nutrition, Physical Activity, and Obesity, 4770 Buford Hwy, MS K25, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA
    Pediatrics 122:S36-42. 2008
    ..This article documents transitions in infant feeding patterns across the first year of life and determinants of key aspects of infant feeding...
  40. ncbi Influence of infant-feeding patterns on early mother-to-child transmission of HIV-1 in Durban, South Africa: a prospective cohort study. South African Vitamin A Study Group
    A Coutsoudis
    Department of Paediatrics and Child Health, University of Natal, South Africa
    Lancet 354:471-6. 1999
    ..We compared transmission rates in exclusively breastfed, mixed-fed, and formula-fed (never breastfed) infants to assess whether the pattern of breastfeeding is a critical determinant of early mother-to-child transmission of HIV-1...
  41. ncbi Causes, treatment and prevention of early childhood caries: a microbiologic perspective
    Robert J Berkowitz
    Eastman Department of Dentistry, School of Medicine and Dentistry, Eastman Dental Center, University of Rochester, Rochester, New York 14620, USA
    J Can Dent Assoc 69:304-7. 2003
    ..This approach has also had minimal success. Newer strategies addressing the infectious component through use of topical antimicrobial therapy appear promising...
  42. ncbi Description and epidemiology of nursing caries
    A R Milnes
    Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, University of Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    J Public Health Dent 56:38-50. 1996
    ..Nursing caries is associated with ad libitum bottle feeding, particularly at naptime or nighttime, and has been reported in children who engage in demand breastfeeding...
  43. pmc Factors associated with weaning in full term and preterm infants
    M S Fewtrell
    MRC Childhood Nutrition Research Centre, Institute of Child Health, 30 Guilford Street, London WC1N 1EH, UK
    Arch Dis Child Fetal Neonatal Ed 88:F296-301. 2003
    ..The optimal age for the introduction of solid foods (weaning) in infants is poorly researched yet may have implications for both short and longer term health. Many parents do not comply with current guidelines...
  44. pmc Breast feeding, bottle feeding, and non-nutritive sucking; effects on occlusion in deciduous dentition
    D Viggiano
    Ambulatory Paediatrician, Local Health Unit Salerno 1, Campania Region, Italy
    Arch Dis Child 89:1121-3. 2004
    ..To assess the effect of the type of feeding and non-nutritive sucking activity on occlusion in deciduous dentition...
  45. ncbi Changes in sucking performance from nonnutritive sucking to nutritive sucking during breast- and bottle-feeding
    Katsumi Mizuno
    Division of Neonatology, Chiba Children s Hospital, Chiba City, Chiba, Japan 266 0007
    Pediatr Res 59:728-31. 2006
    ..The change in sucking pressure and duration from NNS to NS differed between breast-feeding and bottle-feeding. Even with a modified bottle and teats, bottle-feeding differs from breast-feeding...
  46. ncbi Early childhood caries--a synopsis
    G N Davies
    University of Queensland, St Lucia, Brisbane, Australia
    Community Dent Oral Epidemiol 26:106-16. 1998
    ..Parents and all personnel involved in infant health and welfare should be shown how to recognize early signs of the condition, as well as to promote early intervention and referral...
  47. ncbi Coordination of sucking, swallowing, and breathing and oxygen saturation during early infant breast-feeding and bottle-feeding
    Eugene C Goldfield
    Children s Hospital Boston, Boston, Massachusetts 02215, USA
    Pediatr Res 60:450-5. 2006
    ..Oxygen saturation was significantly higher in infants fed with system 1 compared with system 2. These results suggest that the overall feeding pattern and oxygenation of system 1 are closer to the physiologic norm than system 2...
  48. pmc Mothers' experiences of bottle-feeding: a systematic review of qualitative and quantitative studies
    R Lakshman
    MRC Epidemiology Unit, Institute of Metabolic Science, Cambridge CB2 0QQ, UK
    Arch Dis Child 94:596-601. 2009
    ..Variations in formula-feeding practices can have both short- and long-term health consequences. The literature on parents' experiences of bottle-feeding was systematically reviewed to understand how formula-feeding decisions are made...
  49. ncbi The impact of maternal negative affectivity and general self-efficacy on breastfeeding: the Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study
    Eivind Ystrom
    Division of Mental Health, Norwegian Institute of Public Health, Oslo, Norway
    J Pediatr 152:68-72. 2008
    ..To assess the degree to which mothers' prepartum personality traits predict breastfeeding status at 6 months postpartum...
  50. ncbi Characteristics of breastfeeding practices among US mothers
    Katherine R Shealy
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Division of Nutrition, Physical Activity, and Obesity, 4770 Buford Hwy NE, Mail Stop K25, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA
    Pediatrics 122:S50-5. 2008
    ..We describe the distributions and characteristics of practices related to common advice about breastfeeding during the infant's first year of life...
  51. pmc Representing infant feeding: content analysis of British media portrayals of bottle feeding and breast feeding
    L Henderson
    Centre for Media and Communications Research, Department of Human Sciences, Brunel University, London UB8 3PH
    BMJ 321:1196-8. 2000
    To examine how breast feeding and bottle feeding are represented by the British media.
  52. pmc Monitoring compliance with the International Code of Marketing of Breastmilk Substitutes in west Africa: multisite cross sectional survey in Togo and Burkina Faso
    Victor M Aguayo
    Helen Keller International, Regional Office for Africa, New York, NY 10010, USA
    BMJ 326:127. 2003
    ..To monitor compliance with the International Code of Marketing of Breastmilk Substitutes in health systems, sales outlets, distribution points, and the news media in Togo and Burkina Faso, west Africa...
  53. ncbi Prolonged baby bottle feeding: a health risk factor
    Kathleen E Gaffney
    College of Nursing and Health Science George Mason University, Fairfax, VA, USA
    Pediatr Nurs 30:242-5. 2004
  54. ncbi Bottle feeding simulates child loss: postpartum depression and evolutionary medicine
    Gordon G Gallup
    Department of Psychology, University at Albany, State University of New York, Albany, NY 12222, USA
    Med Hypotheses 74:174-6. 2010
    ..loss is a well documented trigger for depression particularly in mothers, and growing evidence shows that bottle feeding is a risk factor for postpartum depression...
  55. ncbi Bottle feeding and exposure to Toxocara as risk factors for wheezing illness among under-five Amazonian children: a population-based cross-sectional study
    Marcelo Urbano Ferreira
    Department of Parasitology, Institute of Biomedical Sciences, University of Sao Paulo, Av Prof Lineu Prestes 1374, Sao Paulo, SP, Brazil
    J Trop Pediatr 53:119-24. 2007
    ..Increased risk of asthma was independently associated with early introduction of bottle feeding, defined as <4 months of exclusive breastfeeding [adjusted odds ratio (aOR) = 2...
  56. ncbi Association of infant child care with infant feeding practices and weight gain among US infants
    Juhee Kim
    Department of Kinesiology and Community Health, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, 1206 S 4th St, 213 Huff Hall, Champaign, IL 61820, USA
    Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 162:627-33. 2008
    ..To assess whether child care arrangements influence infant feeding practices and weight gain among US infants...
  57. ncbi Duration of exclusive breast-feeding: introduction of complementary feeding may be necessary before 6 months of age
    John J Reilly
    Division of Developmental Medicine, University of Glasgow, Yorkhill Hospitals, Glasgow, G3 8SJ, UK
    Br J Nutr 94:869-72. 2005
    ..The hypothesis would be testable in a longitudinal study of infant energy balance using stable-isotope techniques, which are both practical and valid...
  58. ncbi Comparison of sucking patterns at introduction of oral feeding and at term in Israeli and American preterm infants
    Ruben Bromiker
    Department of Neonatology, Hadassah Hebrew University Medical Centers, Jerusalem, Israel
    Acta Paediatr 94:201-4. 2005
    ..It has been hypothesized that early initiation of oral feeding in premature infants may enhance the maturation of sucking patterns...
  59. ncbi The relationship between bottle usage/content, age, and number of teeth with mutans streptococci colonization in 6-24-month-old children
    A Mohan
    Department of Pediatric Dentistry, School of Dental Medicine, University of Connecticut Health Center, Farmington 06030-1610, USA
    Community Dent Oral Epidemiol 26:12-20. 1998
    ..Additionally, the risk of MS colonization appears lower among infants who consume milk rather than sweetened beverages in the bottle...
  60. ncbi Infant feeding practices of HIV-infected and uninfected women in Zimbabwe
    Danielle Gottlieb
    University of California, San Francisco School of Medicine, San Francisco, California, USA
    AIDS Patient Care STDS 18:45-53. 2004
    ..Knowledge of HIV status may influence infant feeding decisions and reveal an urgent need to address infant feeding practices of pregnant women in Zimbabwe...
  61. ncbi Mode of infant feeding and HIV infection in children in a program for prevention of mother-to-child transmission in Uganda
    Michele Magoni
    Istituto Superiore di Sanita, Rome, Italy
    AIDS 19:433-7. 2005
    ..To evaluate the impact of different modalities of infant feeding on HIV transmission in children in a prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) program in an urban hospital in Uganda...
  62. ncbi Psychosocial and behavioral issues in early childhood caries
    S Reisine
    Department of Behavioral Sciences and Community Health, University of Connecticut School of Dental Medicine, Farmington 06030 3910, USA
    Community Dent Oral Epidemiol 26:32-44. 1998
    ....
  63. pmc Does the choice of bottle nipple affect the oral feeding performance of very-low-birthweight (VLBW) infants?
    C E Scheel
    Department of Pediatrics, Section of Neonatology, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX 77030, and Division of Neonatal Perinatal Medicine, Schneider Children s Hospital at North Shore, Manhasset, NY, USA
    Acta Paediatr 94:1266-72. 2005
    ..Aim: To verify that feeding performance can be improved by using the bottle nipple with the physical characteristics that enhance infants' sucking skills...
  64. ncbi Influence of infant feeding patterns on early mother-to-child transmission of HIV-1 in Durban, South Africa
    A Coutsoudis
    Department of Paediatrics and Child Health, University of Natal, Congella, South Africa
    Ann N Y Acad Sci 918:136-44. 2000
    ..If confirmed, exclusive breastfeeding may offer HIV-infected women in developing countries an affordable, culturally acceptable, and effective means of reducing MTCT of HIV-1 while maintaining the overwhelming benefits of breastfeeding...
  65. ncbi A young child feeding index is not associated with either height-for-age or height velocity in rural Senegalese children
    Balthazar Ntab
    IRD Institut de Recherche pour le Developpement, Epidemiology and Prevention Research Unit UR 24, Montpellier, France and Dakar, Senegal
    J Nutr 135:457-64. 2005
    ..In conclusion, the composite feeding index was independent of height and linear growth in these rural African children, due in part to reverse causality between breast-feeding duration and stunting...
  66. ncbi A systematic review of clinical diagnostic criteria of early childhood caries
    A I Ismail
    School of Dentistry, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor 48109 1078, USA
    J Public Health Dent 59:171-91. 1999
    ..The acronym S-ECC as used in this paper refers to nursing caries, baby bottle tooth decay, rampant caries, labial caries, maxillary anterior caries, and other terms used to refer to severe dental caries in preschool children...
  67. ncbi Combination antiretroviral therapy in 100 HIV-1-infected pregnant women
    A M Bucceri
    II Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Milan, Milano, Italy
    Hum Reprod 17:436-41. 2002
    ..However, at present, information regarding the effects of these regimens during pregnancy is limited...
  68. ncbi Prevalence of pacifier-sucking habits and successful methods to eliminate them--a preliminary study
    Viviane V Degan
    Department of Pediatric Dentistry and Oral Physiology, Piracicaba School of Dentistry UNICAMP, Brazil
    J Dent Child (Chic) 71:148-51. 2004
    ..The goal of this study was to verify the prevalence of nutritive (breast-feeding and bottle-feeding) and non-nutritive (pacifier) sucking habits, the methods used to eliminate them, and success of these methods...
  69. ncbi Multiple factors related to bottle-feeding performance in preterm infants
    Tsu Hsin Howe
    Department of Occupational Therapy, New York University, New York, USA
    Nurs Res 56:307-11. 2007
    ....
  70. ncbi Surveillance of infant feeding practices in Riyadh city
    Mohammed Saleh Al-Jassir
    Nutrition Department, Ministry of Health, Saudi Arabia
    Ann Saudi Med 24:136-40. 2004
  71. ncbi Effects of single-hole and cross-cut nipple units on feeding efficiency and physiological parameters in premature infants
    Ying Ju Chang
    Department of Nursing, College of Medicine, National Cheng Kung University and Nursing Department, National Cheng Kung University Hospital, Tainan, Taiwan, ROC
    J Nurs Res 15:215-23. 2007
    ..Compared to using cross-cut nipple units, premature infants using single-hole nipple units take more milk and tend to tolerate feedings better. A single-hole nipple may be a choice for physiologically stable bottle-fed premature infants...
  72. ncbi Breastfeeding does not pose any additional risk of immunoprophylaxis failure on infants of HBV carrier mothers
    J S Wang
    Department of Infectious Disease, Children s Hospital, Fudan University, Shanghai, China
    Int J Clin Pract 57:100-2. 2003
    ..The results indicated that breastfeeding does not have a negative influence on the response of anti-HBs and on the failure rates of immunoprophylaxis in the infants born to HB carrier mothers...
  73. pmc Predictors of nutritive sucking in preterm infants
    R H Pickler
    School of Nursing, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, VA 23219, USA
    J Perinatol 26:693-9. 2006
    ....
  74. ncbi Correlates of mother-to-child human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) transmission: association with maternal plasma HIV-1 RNA load, genital HIV-1 DNA shedding, and breast infections
    G C John
    Department of Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA
    J Infect Dis 183:206-212. 2001
    ..Use of methods that decrease infant exposure to HIV-1 in maternal genital secretions or breast milk may enhance currently recommended perinatal HIV-1 interventions...
  75. ncbi Simplified antiviral prophylaxis with or and without artificial feeding to reduce mother-to-child transmission of HIV in low and middle income countries: modelling positive and negative impact on child survival
    J Walley
    Senior Lecturer in International Public Health, Nuffield Institute for Health, Clarendon Road, Leeds, UK
    Med Sci Monit 7:1043-51. 2001
    ..However the addition of artificial feeding is potentially be a high risk strategy, especially in middle income countries...
  76. ncbi Breast-fed infants process speech differently from bottle-fed infants: evidence from neuroelectrophysiology
    Melissa Ferguson
    Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences, University of Louisville, Louisville, KY 40292, USA
    Dev Neuropsychol 31:337-47. 2007
    ..Such differences in the range of their brain responses could signal an advantage for the breast-fed infants for later linguistic and cognitive development...
  77. pmc Infant feeding practices of women in a perinatal HIV-1 prevention study in Nairobi, Kenya
    James N Kiarie
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Nairobi, PO Box 3085 00506, Nairobi, Kenya
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 35:75-81. 2004
    ..To determine feeding practices and nutritional status of infants born to HIV-1-infected women...
  78. ncbi Mothers' infant feeding experiences: constraints and supports for optimal feeding in an HIV-impacted urban community in South Africa
    Lindiwe Sibeko
    School of Dietetics and Human Nutrition, McGill University, 21, 111 Lakeshore Road, Ste Anne de Bellevue, Quebec, Canada, H9X 3V9
    Public Health Nutr 12:1983-90. 2009
    ..To better understand the enabling and challenging factors impacting on infant feeding practices in communities with a high HIV prevalence...
  79. ncbi Occurrence of oxygen desaturation events during preterm infant bottle feeding near discharge
    Suzanne M Thoyre
    School of Nursing, The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, CB 7460 Carrington Hall, Chapel Hill, NC 27599 7460, USA
    Early Hum Dev 72:25-36. 2003
    ..of this study was to examine the occurrence, severity, pattern, and moderators of oxygen desaturation during preterm infant bottle feeding near the time of discharge from the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) when fed by mothers.
  80. ncbi Teaching parents at WIC clinics to examine their high caries-risk babies
    C Lee
    University of Washington, School of Dentistry, Seattle
    ASDC J Dent Child 61:347-9. 1994
    ..Dentists identified disease in 35.1 percent of the sample. Kappa = 59, Z = 4.4, and p < .001. Results support the training of nondental personnel to screen early childhood caries...
  81. ncbi Nursing caries and buying time: an emerging theory of prolonged bottle feeding
    Ruth Freeman
    Dental Health Services Research Unit, University of Dundee, Dundee, UK
    Community Dent Oral Epidemiol 36:425-33. 2008
    ..In their zealousness to solve the nursing caries problem dental health professionals forgot to ask the question: 'Why do mothers persist in prolonged bottle feeding?'
  82. pmc Preterm infants' behavioural indicators of oxygen decline during bottle feeding
    Suzanne M Thoyre
    School of Nursing, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27599 7460, USA
    J Adv Nurs 43:631-41. 2003
    ..Assisting infants to maintain optimal oxygenation during oral feeding requires an understanding of how they express and aim to self-regulate their oxygen status...
  83. ncbi An analysis of infant feeding content found within the Hong Kong print media
    Joan E Dodgson
    School of Nursing and Dental Hygiene, Honolulu, Hawaii, USA
    J Hum Lact 24:317-25. 2008
    ..Through this analysis, areas where actions could be taken to improve the quality of information about infant feeding received by the public have been identified...
  84. ncbi Growth pattern of exclusively breastfed infants in the first six months of life: a study of babies delivered at the University of Port Harcourt Teaching Hospital, Rivers State, Nigeria
    B E Otaigbe
    Department of Paediatrics, University of Port Harcourt Teaching Hospital
    Niger J Med 17:317-23. 2008
    ....
  85. ncbi Fecal calprotectin concentrations are higher in exclusively breastfed infants compared to those who are mixed-fed
    Stephanie M Dorosko
    Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Dartmouth Medical School, Lebanon, New Hampshire 03756, USA
    Breastfeed Med 3:117-9. 2008
    ..The mechanism is speculated to be increased inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract...
  86. ncbi Breast-feeding practices in South Asia
    Prema Ramachandran
    Nutrition Foundation of India, C 13, Qutab Institutional Area, New Delhi 110016, India
    Indian J Med Res 119:xiii-xv. 2004
  87. ncbi Infant Feeding Practices Study II: study methods
    Sara B Fein
    Food and Drug Administration, Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition, 5100 Paint Branch Pkwy, HFS 020, College Park, MD 20740, USA
    Pediatrics 122:S28-35. 2008
    ..In addition, mothers' dietary intake was measured prenatally and postnatally...
  88. ncbi Do early infant feeding patterns relate to breast-feeding continuation and weight gain? Data from a longitudinal cohort study
    R E Casiday
    Department of Anthropology, University of Durham, Durham, UK
    Eur J Clin Nutr 58:1290-6. 2004
    ..To describe the first-week feeding patterns for breast- vs bottle-fed babies, and their association with sustained breast-feeding and infant weight gain at 6 weeks...
  89. ncbi Feeding practices and growth of infants from birth to 12 months in the central region of the Limpopo Province of South Africa
    Ramoteme L Mamabolo
    Medical Sciences Discipline, University of the North, Polokwane, South Africa
    Nutrition 20:327-33. 2004
    ..We evaluated feeding practices and growth patterns of infants in the central region of the Limpopo Province over the first 12 mo of life...
  90. ncbi Assessment of growth of formula-fed infants: evolutionary considerations
    Samuel J Fomon
    Department of Pediatrics, University of Iowa, University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics, 200 Hawkins Dr, Iowa City, Iowa 52242 1083, USA
    Pediatrics 113:389-93. 2004
  91. ncbi Infant and child feeding practices and dental caries in 6 to 36 months old children in Fiji
    Prakashni Singh
    Dental Department, Colonial War Memorial Hospital, Suva, Fiji
    Pac Health Dialog 10:12-6. 2003
    ..Sugar was used as the common sweetener among bottle-fed children. Parents are definitely in need of appropriate advice on feeding and oral hygiene practices. An oral health education programme needs to be mounted at post-natal clinics...
  92. ncbi Breastfeeding attitudes and reported problems in a national sample of WIC participants
    Margaret F McCann
    Maternal and Child Epidemiology, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27514, USA
    J Hum Lact 23:314-24. 2007
    ..01). These results suggest possible messages that should be communicated as part of a re-energized WIC breastfeeding promotion campaign. In particular, maternal anxiety about insufficient breast milk must be addressed...
  93. ncbi [Feeding habits of breastfed and non-breastfed children up to 1 year old]
    Graciete O Vieira
    Universidade Federal da Bahia UFBA, BA
    J Pediatr (Rio J) 80:411-6. 2004
    ..To describe the eating habits of breastfed and non-breastfed children through the analysis of food intake by children younger than one year of age in Feira de Santana in 2001...
  94. ncbi Expression of love
    Alison Baum
    Express Yourself Mums
    Pract Midwife 8:29-30, 32, 34. 2005
  95. pmc Breast milk pasteurisation in developed countries to reduce HIV transmission. Do the benefits outweigh the risks?
    M Giles
    Department of Microbiology and Infectious Diseases, Royal Women s Hospital, Carlton Vic, Australia
    Infect Dis Obstet Gynecol 13:237-40. 2005
    ....
  96. ncbi Anxiety about food supply in cree women with infants in Quebec
    Noreen D Willows
    Department of Agricultural, Food and Nutritional Science, University of Alberta
    Int J Circumpolar Health 64:55-64. 2005
    ..The objectives were to document the prevalence of maternal anxiety about food supply in Cree women who had 9-month-old infants, and to understand maternal and infant characteristics associated with anxiety...
  97. ncbi Lower respiratory tract infection in infancy in relation to feeding pattern
    Kamal Gurung
    Department of Paediatrics, Nepal Medical College, Jorpati, Kathmandu
    Nepal Med Coll J 5:37-40. 2003
    ..To assess the relation between lower respiratory tract infection and feeding pattern in infancy...
  98. ncbi [Milk in the diet of children between 7 and 24 months of age]
    Agnieszka Szlagatys-Sidorkiewicz
    Klinika Pediatrii, Gastroenterologii i Onkologii Dzieciecej, Akademia Medyczna, ul Nowe Ogrody 1 6, 80 803 Gdansk, Poland
    Med Wieku Rozwoj 10:557-62. 2006
    ..was to estimate what kind of milk is administrated to children between 7-23 months of age in Poland...
  99. ncbi Association of maternal-child characteristics as a factor in early childhood caries and salivary bacterial counts
    Nazan Kocatas Ersin
    Department of Pedodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, Ege University, Bornova Izmir, Turkey
    J Dent Child (Chic) 73:105-11. 2006
    ....
  100. ncbi Breastfeeding practices and associated factors among children under 24 months of age in Timor-Leste
    U Senarath
    Department of Community Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Colombo, Colombo, Sri Lanka
    Eur J Clin Nutr 61:387-97. 2007
    ..To describe breastfeeding practices and to assess the sociodemographic factors associated with selected breastfeeding indicators...
  101. ncbi [Recommendations for the complementary feeding of the breastfed child]
    Cristina M G Monte
    London School of Hygene and Tropical Medicine, Universidade de Londres
    J Pediatr (Rio J) 80:S131-41. 2004
    ..To present a review on the evidence that support the current recommendations for breastfed children feeding...

Research Grants62

  1. PRECISE CONTOL OF TONGUE MOVEMENT
    Stephen Goldberg; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Attempts to begin bottle feeding these infants can result in apnea, bradycardia, hypoxia, fatigue and agitation and there can also be the long ..
  2. BLOOD PRESSURE REGULATION, STRESS AND MATERNAL OXYTOCIN RESPONSE
    Kathleen C Light; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  3. Prevention of Overfeeding During Infancy
    Kathryn G Dewey; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The proposed study will advance our understanding of the behavioral factors affecting infant intake, thereby facilitating the development of effective tools and strategies for prevention of child obesity. ..
  4. Lactation Effects on Postnatal Endothelial Function and Vascular Inflammation
    Karen M Grewen; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The proposed research is significant because it is expected to advance understanding of early mechanisms of CVD, the #1 cause of death for women in the U.S, and has potential for widespread positive impact on women's health. ..
  5. Feeding of Infants with Single Ventricle Heart Disease: Physiology and Behavior
    Britt Frisk Pados; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..changes that infants with SV CHD experience with three different feeding methods, specifically breastfeeding, bottle feeding with a standard-flow nipple, and bottle feeding with a low-flow nipple...
  6. Infant Oral Feeding Device for Use in Neonatal Intensive Care Units
    Chantal Lau; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Following confirmation of the PreemiUm mechanical properties, its clinical validation will be based on the bottle feeding performance of 2 groups of preterm infants (d 32 weeks gestation)...
  7. Gastrointestinal Risk Factors for Wheezing in Premature Infants
    Anna Maria Hibbs; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..This study will facilitate the design of future trials of therapies to prevent wheezing by identifying targetable risk factors and appropriate non-invasive measurement tools. ..
  8. EFFECT OF LACTATION ON BONE
    MaryFran Sowers; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..All analyses will take place within age strata, unless preliminary examination of the data indicates no age effect...
  9. INFANT FEEDING METHOD AND MEDICAID SERVICE UTILIZATION
    AYLIN RIEDEL; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..The specific aims of this study are: 1) To determine the impact of feeding method (breast v. bottle feeding) on health services utilization and costs among infants enrolled in Medicaid at 6, l2 and 24 months after ..
  10. Sustained release depot pre-exposure prophylaxis in breast feeding populations
    Thomas Smith; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Lack of clean water prevents bottle feeding. Daily oral nevirapine administered by mothers to their breast feeding babies is being tested in a Phase III ..
  11. LEAD MOBILIZATION & BONE TURNOVER IN PREGNANCY/LACTATION
    Theresa Scholl; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..with maternal lead levels (both blood and breast milk, if applicable), type of infant feeding (breast or bottle feeding), and infant growth characteristics...
  12. Active Bottle for Home Care of Dysphagic Infants - Phase II
    JONATHAN PORTNY; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..condition characterized by difficulty in coordinating swallowing and breathing during breast and bottle feeding, resulting in a failure to gain weight and increased risk of pneumonia or death, due to taking fluid into the ..
  13. Contingent Feeding of Preterms to Reduce Hypoxemia
    Suzanne Thoyre; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..infants experience breathing irregularities that lead to significant and frequent episodes of hypoxemia during bottle feeding. Recurrent, transient hypoxemia may contribute to the development of dysfunctional oral-motor feeding patterns,..
  14. NURSING MANAGEMENT OF BREAST FEEDING FOR PRETERM INFANTS
    Paula Meier; Fiscal Year: 1992
    The purpose of this project is to describe and compare selected responses of preterm infants to breast and bottle feeding in order to expand the scientific base for nursing management of breast feeding...
  15. Active Bottle for Home Care of Dysphagic Infants
    JAMES GOLDIE; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..We conclude with a planning task necessary to begin testing with infants during a Phase II. ..
  16. OLFACTORY ENRICHMENT DURING BOTTLE FEEDING
    SALLYEANA COYLE; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ....
  17. NAVAJO INFANT FEEDING PROJECT
    Anne Wright; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ..The project is jointly proposed by invesigators at the University of Arizona and Navajo Community College...
  18. Feeding Readiness and Progression in Preterms Scale
    Jacqueline McGrath; Fiscal Year: 2006
    unreadable] DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): No objective measures for bottle feeding readiness or progression to full feeding for the preterm infant exist. Preterm infants are often encouraged to bottle feed before they are ready...
  19. Effects of Preterm Infant Bottle Feeding Patterns
    DENISE CROSSON; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..The specific aim of the proposed study is to examine the effect of bottle feeding patterns on growth and feeding performance in preterm infants.
  20. ALCOHOL EFFECT ON HUMAN LACTATION AND INFANT BEHAVIOR
    JULIE MENNELLA; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..AIM 3: To explore the role of early experiences with ethanol in mothers' milk and the emotional context of such experiences, on the recognition of, and preference for, the sensory properties of ethanol ..
  21. Oral Feeding in Infants
    Chantal Lau; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..sucking and swallowing and 2 direct support programs aimed at identifying the optimal feeding position during bottle feeding. The combined effect of the 2 exercise programs along with the optimal feeding position identified will be ..
  22. Feasibility and Pilot Efficacy of Flash-heated Breastmilk to Reduce Pediatric HIV
    Caroline Chantry; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  23. Psychosocial Res. to Improve Drug Treatment in Pregnancy
    Kimberly Yonkers; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  24. Prenatal Depression and a Yoga Intervention
    Tiffany M Field; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..We would expect that yoga would decrease depression, increase vagal activity, decrease cortisol and increase gestational age (decrease prematurity). ..
  25. Maternal obesity, intrauterine gene expression and breast cancer
    KARIN MICHELS; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  26. TRANSITION TO NIPPLE FEEDING FOR PRETERM INFANTS
    Gail McCain; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Parental reports about their infants' feeding problems at 3 months post hospital discharge will be content analyzed. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  27. Pathogenesis of Essential Tremor: Cerebellar Metabolism
    Elan Louis; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..abstract_text> ..
  28. Feeding of the ELBW and VLBW Preterm Infants After Hospital Discharge
    ALICE HILL; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  29. Fluoride Varnish to Prevent Caries in Toddlers - An Expanded Immunization Program
    Peter Milgrom; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Keywords: fluoride varnish, dental caries, oral health, early prevention, multi-center, toddlers. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  30. Postpartum Sleep Deprivation and Fragmentation: Effects on Maternal Functioning
    HAWLEY MONTGOMERY DOWNS; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..The study results will help researchers develop better strategies for improving the sleep of new mothers, and in turn improving their ability to function effectively. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  31. Clinical Relevance of Transient Nevirapine Resistance
    Louise Kuhn; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
  32. Effects of Perinatal Depression on PTD and LBW
    Kimberly Yonkers; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Further, if we determine antidepressants increase the risk of adverse perinatal outcomes, treatment with psychotherapy rather than antidepressants should be considered when recommending therapeutic options. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  33. Lifetime body weight and premenopausal breast cancer
    KARIN MICHELS; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  34. Infant Care, Feeding, and Risk of Obesity
    Margaret Bentley; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..For type specifications, see instructions on page 6.) j RESEARCH GRANT ! TABLE OF CONTENTS Page Numbers Face Page .' 1 Description, ..
  35. The Feasibility of Replacement Feeding as an HIV Prevention Method in Malawi
    Margaret Bentley; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  36. Interventions to reduce HIV-1 incidence after delivery
    James Kiarie; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The study will also identify ways to increase the impact of antenatal VCT in reducing HIV-1 incidence. ..
  37. Stepped Care Treatment of Postpartum Depression
    Dwenda Gjerdingen; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
  38. Views of Privacy of Genetic Information
    Robert Klitzman; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..The findings of this study can enhance further policy, professional and public education, and future research in this area. ..
  39. Snoring, Early Behavior, and Oxidant Stress
    HAWLEY MONTGOMERY DOWNS; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..In addition, it may provide insights into a potential mechanism for this morbidity. ..
  40. Prenatal Cannabis & Cigarette Exposure - Outcome
    Peter Fried; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..abstract_text> ..
  41. ESTROGEN EFFECTS ON ANXIETY RELATED NEURAL SYSTEMS
    Margaret Altemus; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..This field of investigation is likely to improve understanding and treatment of anxiety and affective disorders, both of which are widely prevalent, chronic public health problems. ..
  42. Treating PMS/PMDD--Research versus Clinical Reality
    Kimberly Yonkers; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ....
  43. EMPLOYMENT AND HEALTH STATUS IN WOMEN WITH FIBROMYALGIA
    Susan Reisine; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..abstract_text> ..
  44. PRENATAL MALNUTRITION AND MENTAL RETARDATION
    Janina Galler; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..s. ..
  45. ANXIETY, DISINHIBITION, AND RISK FOR DRUG ABUSE
    Kimberly Yonkers; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..phenotypic indices of vulnerability using combinations of clinical and psychophysiological measures. ..
  46. Aging, CRH Stress Pathways and Atherogenic Processes
    Laura Redwine; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..This knowledge may ultimately contribute to the development of novel drug therapies. ..
  47. NURSING INTERVENTIONS USED IN FEEDING PRETERM INFANTS
    ALICE HILL; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..It is essential that we understand the outcomes of specific interventions with bottle feeding over time, since (a) many of the complications (e.g...
  48. Longitudinal study of caries in a rural WIC population
    John Warren; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Data from this pilot study will be of great value and will position the study team to effectively conduct future intervention studies to reduce oral health disparities. ..
  49. The Genetic Epidemiology of Asthma in Costa Rica
    JUAN CELEDON; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..In addition, it will create a bank of phenotypic and genotypic information that will facilitate further hypothesis testing in a unique patient cohort. ..
  50. Androgen Hormones in PMDD
    Margaret Altemus; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..This study will also provide evidence as to whether androgen hormones, acting through androgen receptors, play a role in the pathophysiology of PMDD. ..
  51. Improving Clinical Outcomes for Early Chilhood Caries
    Robert Berkowitz; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
  52. HIV Protective Immunity and Perinatal Exposure
    Louise Kuhn; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  53. Promoting & Supporting Breastfeeding in Adolescents
    Karen Wambach; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..This is the first large-scale trial targeted at disadvantaged adolescents to improve breastfeeding outcomes and has the potential to positively enhance both the adolescent mothers' and their children's health. ..
  54. Bioactivity and Vitamins in Flash-heated Breastmilk
    Caroline Chantry; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Information from these analyses will be used in linear programming to predict how the described changes in nutrient content of milk due to heating would affect the overall dietary needs of the child and the associated costs. ..
  55. Biotech & Materials Research to Reduce Caries Disparity
    Peter Milgrom; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..The conference will be co-sponsored by the Northwest/Alaska Center to Reduce Oral Health Disparities, the University of Washington UWeb Bioengineering Center, and the Salivary Diagnostics Project. ..
  56. Protocol for Multicentre Trials of Cleft Palate Surgery
    William Shaw; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  57. Predicting Caries Risk in Underserved Toddlers
    Margherita Fontana; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ....
  58. International Caries Detection and Assessement System
    Amid Ismail; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Finding of the workshop will be used in a second workshop, to be organized by Dr. George Stookey, which will focus on the design of caries clinical trials and new diagnostic technology. ..
  59. CCR5 and CXCR4 Binding Chemokines and Oral HIV Infection
    Grace John Stewart; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  60. WHO MULTICENTER GROWTH REFERENCE STUDY: U.S. SITE
    Kathryn Dewey; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..The data will be pooled by WHO to create a new growth reference, applicable to all infants and children internationally. ..