enema

Summary

Summary: A solution or compound that is introduced into the RECTUM with the purpose of cleansing the COLON or for diagnostic procedures.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi National audit of the sensitivity of double-contrast barium enema for colorectal carcinoma, using control charts For the Royal College of Radiologists Clinical Radiology Audit Sub-Committee
    D J Tawn
    Clinical Radiology Audit Sub Committee, Royal College of Radiologists, London, UK
    Clin Radiol 60:558-64. 2005
  2. doi Randomised clinical trial: the effectiveness of Lactobacillus reuteri ATCC 55730 rectal enema in children with active distal ulcerative colitis
    S Oliva
    Pediatric Gastroenterology and Liver Unit, Sapienza University of Rome, Italy
    Aliment Pharmacol Ther 35:327-34. 2012
  3. pmc Therapeutic barium enema for bleeding colonic diverticula: four case series and review of the literature
    Jun ichi Iwamoto
    Department of Gastroenterology, Tokyo Medical University Kasumigaura Hospital, Ibaraki 300 0395, Japan
    World J Gastroenterol 14:6413-7. 2008
  4. pmc Intussusception associated with bacterial meningitis
    E Crushell
    Department of Paediatrics, Sligo General Hospital, Ireland
    Arch Dis Child 85:56-7. 2001
  5. ncbi Three-year surveillance of intussusception in children in Switzerland
    Michael Buettcher
    Division of Pediatric Infectious Diseases, University Children s Hospital Basel, PO Box 4005, Basel, Switzerland
    Pediatrics 120:473-80. 2007
  6. ncbi Rates of new or missed colorectal cancer after barium enema and their risk factors: a population-based study
    Jonathan Toma
    Department of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Am J Gastroenterol 103:3142-8. 2008
  7. ncbi An enema formulation of alicaforsen, an antisense inhibitor of intercellular adhesion molecule-1, in the treatment of chronic, unremitting pouchitis
    P Miner
    Oklahoma Foundation for Digestive Research, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City, OK 73104, USA
    Aliment Pharmacol Ther 19:281-6. 2004
  8. doi Colon cancer: comprehensive evaluation with 64-section CT colonography using water enema as intraluminal contrast agent-a pictorial review
    Philippe Soyer
    Department of Abdominal Imaging, Hôpital Lariboisière APHP, Paris, France
    Clin Imaging 36:113-25. 2012
  9. ncbi Metronidazole in the treatment of chronic radiation proctitis: clinical trial
    J Cavcic
    Department of Surgery, Zagreb University Hospital Center, Kispaticeva 12, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia
    Croat Med J 41:314-8. 2000
  10. doi CT colonography versus double-contrast barium enema for screening of colorectal cancer: comparison of radiation burden
    Emanuele Neri
    Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, University of Pisa, Via Paradisa, 2, 56100, Pisa, Italy
    Abdom Imaging 35:596-601. 2010

Detail Information

Publications304 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi National audit of the sensitivity of double-contrast barium enema for colorectal carcinoma, using control charts For the Royal College of Radiologists Clinical Radiology Audit Sub-Committee
    D J Tawn
    Clinical Radiology Audit Sub Committee, Royal College of Radiologists, London, UK
    Clin Radiol 60:558-64. 2005
    To audit the sensitivity of double-contrast barium enema (DCBE) for colorectal carcinoma, as currently practised in UK departments of radiology.
  2. doi Randomised clinical trial: the effectiveness of Lactobacillus reuteri ATCC 55730 rectal enema in children with active distal ulcerative colitis
    S Oliva
    Pediatric Gastroenterology and Liver Unit, Sapienza University of Rome, Italy
    Aliment Pharmacol Ther 35:327-34. 2012
    ..Intestinal microbiota manipulation, one of the pathogenetic components of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), has become an attractive therapy for ulcerative colitis (UC)...
  3. pmc Therapeutic barium enema for bleeding colonic diverticula: four case series and review of the literature
    Jun ichi Iwamoto
    Department of Gastroenterology, Tokyo Medical University Kasumigaura Hospital, Ibaraki 300 0395, Japan
    World J Gastroenterol 14:6413-7. 2008
    ..and persistent bleeding of colonic diverticular disease that could be treated with a high concentration barium enema. These four cases showed a similar pattern of bleeding whose source could not be identified...
  4. pmc Intussusception associated with bacterial meningitis
    E Crushell
    Department of Paediatrics, Sligo General Hospital, Ireland
    Arch Dis Child 85:56-7. 2001
    ..Intussusception was confirmed, and reduction was achieved by enema in both cases. Recovery was slow, and one infant developed a seizure...
  5. ncbi Three-year surveillance of intussusception in children in Switzerland
    Michael Buettcher
    Division of Pediatric Infectious Diseases, University Children s Hospital Basel, PO Box 4005, Basel, Switzerland
    Pediatrics 120:473-80. 2007
    ..We attempted to obtain baseline data on the incidence of intussusception and its association with gastroenteritis in a cross-sectional observational study in children...
  6. ncbi Rates of new or missed colorectal cancer after barium enema and their risk factors: a population-based study
    Jonathan Toma
    Department of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Am J Gastroenterol 103:3142-8. 2008
    Double-contrast barium enema (DCBE) is widely used in clinical practice to detect colorectal cancer (CRC)...
  7. ncbi An enema formulation of alicaforsen, an antisense inhibitor of intercellular adhesion molecule-1, in the treatment of chronic, unremitting pouchitis
    P Miner
    Oklahoma Foundation for Digestive Research, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City, OK 73104, USA
    Aliment Pharmacol Ther 19:281-6. 2004
    ..Two-thirds of pouchitis patients suffer recurrence. Of those who recur, one-quarter suffer from chronic, unremitting pouchitis. Current treatments for this disorder are disappointing...
  8. doi Colon cancer: comprehensive evaluation with 64-section CT colonography using water enema as intraluminal contrast agent-a pictorial review
    Philippe Soyer
    Department of Abdominal Imaging, Hôpital Lariboisière APHP, Paris, France
    Clin Imaging 36:113-25. 2012
    Sixty-four-section CT colonography with water enema combines intracolonic neutral contrast agent with high-resolution CT images of the abdomen. Owing to submillimeter isotropic voxels, high-quality reformatted images are obtained...
  9. ncbi Metronidazole in the treatment of chronic radiation proctitis: clinical trial
    J Cavcic
    Department of Surgery, Zagreb University Hospital Center, Kispaticeva 12, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia
    Croat Med J 41:314-8. 2000
    To evaluate the effectiveness of metronidazole in combination with corticosteroids in enema and mesalazine (5-aminosalicylic acid) in comparison with the same protocol without metronidazole in the treatment of chronic radiation proctitis.
  10. doi CT colonography versus double-contrast barium enema for screening of colorectal cancer: comparison of radiation burden
    Emanuele Neri
    Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, University of Pisa, Via Paradisa, 2, 56100, Pisa, Italy
    Abdom Imaging 35:596-601. 2010
    ..CT colonography (CTC) protocol for colorectal cancer screening with that delivered by double-contrast barium enema (DCBE)...
  11. ncbi Utility of contrast enema for detecting anastomotic strictures after total proctocolectomy and ileal pouch-anal anastomosis
    David Dolinsky
    Department of Radiology, Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, 3400 Spruce St, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    AJR Am J Roentgenol 189:25-9. 2007
    ....
  12. ncbi [Coffee enema induced acute colitis]
    Chang Jung Lee
    Department of Internal Medicine, Daerim Saint Mary Hospital, Seoul, Korea
    Korean J Gastroenterol 52:251-4. 2008
    Rectal enema used for diagnostic and therapeutic purposes infrequently causes colitis. In medical practice, enemas are known to incidentally bring about colitis by mechanical, thermal, or direct chemical injuries...
  13. pmc Non-laxative CT colonography with barium-based faecal tagging: is additional phosphate enema beneficial and well tolerated?
    W Davis
    Department of Specialist Radiology, University College Hospital, London, UK
    Br J Radiol 84:120-5. 2011
    The purpose of this study was to investigate the efficacy and tolerance of an additional phosphate enema prior to non-laxative CT colonography (CTC).
  14. doi Long-term results of antegrade colonic enema in adult patients: assessment of functional results
    J Worsøe
    Department of Surgery P, Aarhus University Hospital, Aarhus, Denmark
    Dis Colon Rectum 51:1523-8. 2008
    This retrospective study reviewed long-term results in a large group of adult patients treated with antegrade colonic enema and antegrade colonic enema combined with a colostomy.
  15. ncbi Colorectal cancer: screening double-contrast barium enema examination in average-risk adults older than 50 years
    Justin W Kung
    Department of Radiology, Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, 3400 Spruce St, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    Radiology 240:725-35. 2006
    To retrospectively determine the diagnostic yield of double-contrast barium enema examinations performed for colorectal cancer screening of neoplasms 1 cm or larger or advanced neoplastic lesions of any size in average-risk adults older ..
  16. ncbi Septic shock in an elderly patient on dialysis: enema-induced rectal injury confusing the clinical picture
    Ravi K Bobba
    J Am Geriatr Soc 52:2144. 2004
  17. ncbi Air enema for intussusception: is predicting the outcome important?
    P Ramachandran
    Department of Pediatric Surgery, Kanchi Kamakoti Child s Trust Hospital, 12 A, Nageswara Road, Nungambakkam, Chennai 600034, India
    Pediatr Surg Int 24:311-3. 2008
    Air enema is the treatment of choice for childhood intussusceptions. Although peritonitis is the established contraindication, studies have attempted to identify factors that affect the outcome of air enema...
  18. doi Assessment of water enema computed tomography: an effective imaging technique for the diagnosis of colon cancer: Colon cancer: computed tomography using a water enema
    Catherine Ridereau-Zins
    Departement de Radiologie, CHU Angers, 4, rue Larrey, Angers Cedex 09, 49933, France
    Abdom Imaging 35:407-13. 2010
    The aim of this study was to assess the accuracy of water enema computed tomography (WECT) for the diagnosis of colon cancer.
  19. ncbi Colonic giant migrating contractions induced by glycerol enema in anesthetized rats
    A Tomaru
    Department of Pharmacology, Pharmaceutical Research Laboratories, Kyowa Hakko Kogyo Co, Ltd, Shizuoka, Japan
    Jpn J Pharmacol 63:525-8. 1993
    ..v.) or clonidine (30 micrograms/kg, i.v.); and they were almost entirely suppressed by atropine (3 mg/kg, i.v.), suggesting the principal involvement of the cholinergic neural pathway...
  20. ncbi Colorectal cancer screening with double-contrast barium enema: a national survey of diagnostic radiologists
    Carrie N Klabunde
    Health Services and Economics Branch, Applied Research Program, National Cancer Institute, Executive Plaza North, Rm 4005, 6130 Executive Blvd, Bethesda, MD 20892 7344, USA
    AJR Am J Roentgenol 179:1419-27. 2002
    ..activities and beliefs about screening effectiveness and future capacity for screening with double-contrast barium enema, and compares radiologists' opinions about colorectal cancer screening with those of primary care physicians.
  21. ncbi Meta-analysis comparing CT colonography, air contrast barium enema, and colonoscopy
    Alan S Rosman
    Section of Gastroenterology and Medicine Program, James J Peters VA Medical Center and Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, NY 10468, USA
    Am J Med 120:203-210.e4. 2007
    ..Published studies have reported a wide range of sensitivities and specificities for computed tomographic (CT) colonography for polyp detection, generating controversy regarding its diagnostic accuracy...
  22. doi Detection of colorectal tumors with water enema-multidetector row computed tomography
    Philippe Soyer
    Department of Abdominal Imaging, Hopital Lariboisiere, AP HP, 2 rue Ambroise Pare, 75475 Paris Cedex 10, France
    Abdom Imaging 37:1092-100. 2012
    To retrospectively determine the diagnostic capabilities of water enema-multidetector row computed tomography (WE-MDCT) in the detection of colorectal tumors.
  23. doi Barium enema evaluation of colonic involvement in endometriosis
    Niccolo Faccioli
    Department of Radiology, University of Verona, Policlinico G B Rossi, Piazzale Scuro 10, 37134 Verona, Italy
    AJR Am J Roentgenol 190:1050-4. 2008
    The purpose of our study was to define the role of double-contrast barium enema (DCBE) compared with laparoscopy in the diagnosis and local staging of intestinal endometriosis.
  24. ncbi Barium enema reduction of intussusception in a developing country
    R Tota-Maharaj
    Department of Paediatric Surgery, Eric Williams Medical Sciences Complex, Mt Hope, Trinidad and Tobago, West Indies
    West Indian Med J 59:535-9. 2010
    To determine the current success rate of barium enema reduction of intussusception and to investigate the factors affecting successful reduction.
  25. doi Evaluation of a radiographer-provided barium enema service
    R L Law
    Department of Radiology, Frenchay Hospital, North Bristol NHS Trust, Bristol, UK
    Colorectal Dis 10:394-6. 2008
    ..Radiographers performed and reported 5516 double contrast barium enemas (RDCBEs) over 4 years to October 2001. This study was undertaken to assess the accuracy of RDCBE and the sensitivity for diagnosing colorectal cancer (CRC)...
  26. ncbi Triple colon cancer successfully demonstrated by CT air-contrast enema
    Koichi Nagata
    Digestive Disease Center, Showa University Northern Yokohama Hospital, Yokohama, Japan
    Dig Surg 21:10-1. 2004
  27. pmc Double contrast barium enema and colorectal carcinoma: sensitivity and potential role in screening
    J S Gillespie
    Department of Radiology, Royal Victoria Hospital, Belfast
    Ulster Med J 70:15-8. 2001
    To establish the sensitivity of double contrast barium enema (DCBE) for detection of colorectal carcinoma in a tertiary referral centre and consider its possible role as a suitable imaging method in screening for this disease...
  28. doi Critical analysis of the performance of double-contrast barium enema for detecting colorectal polyps > or = 6 mm in the era of CT colonography
    Jacob Sosna
    Department of Radiology, Hadassah Hebrew University Medical Center, POB 12000, Jerusalem, Israel
    AJR Am J Roentgenol 190:374-85. 2008
    The purpose of our study was to perform a meta-analysis comparing the performance of double-contrast barium enema (DCBE) with CT colonography (CTC) for the detection of colorectal polyps > or = 6 mm using endoscopy as the gold standard.
  29. ncbi Computed tomographic colonography versus barium enema for diagnosis of colorectal cancer or large polyps in symptomatic patients (SIGGAR): a multicentre randomised trial
    Steve Halligan
    University College London, Centre for Medical Imaging, Podium Level 2, 235 Euston Road, London NW1 2BU, UK
    Lancet 381:1185-93. 2013
    Barium enema (BE) is widely available for diagnosis of colorectal cancer despite concerns about its accuracy and acceptability. Computed tomographic colonography (CTC) might be a more sensitive and acceptable alternative...
  30. ncbi Perforations of the rectosigmoid colon induced by cleansing enema: CT findings in 14 patients
    G Gayer
    Department of Diagnostic Imaging, Sheba Medical Center affiliated to the Sackler School of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Tel Hashomer 52621, Israel
    Abdom Imaging 27:453-7. 2002
    We report the computed tomographic (CT) features of colorectal perforations caused by cleansing enema.
  31. ncbi Double-contrast barium enema: use in practice and implications for CT colonography
    Joseph T Ferrucci
    Department of Radiology, Boston Medical Center, Boston University School of Medicine, 88 East Newton, Atrium 2, Boston, MA 02118, USA
    AJR Am J Roentgenol 187:170-3. 2006
    ..This study examines the use and yield of double-contrast barium enemas (DCBEs) for colorectal polyp detection in current clinical practice outside the research setting...
  32. doi Evaluation of colonic involvement in endometriosis: double-contrast barium enema vs. magnetic resonance imaging
    N Faccioli
    Department of Radiology, G B Rossi Hospital, University of Verona, Piazzale Scuro 10, 37134 Verona, Italy
    Abdom Imaging 35:414-21. 2010
    The purpose of the study was to compare the accuracy of double-contrast barium enema (DCBE) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in the diagnosis of intestinal endometriosis using the histological examination on resected specimen as ..
  33. pmc Rectal perforations and fistulae secondary to a glycerin enema: closure by over-the-scope-clip
    Hirohito Mori
    Department of Gastroenterology and Neurology, Kagawa Medical University School of Medicine, Kagawa 761 0793, Japan
    World J Gastroenterol 18:3177-80. 2012
    ..Our two cases are the first reports of the successful endoscopic closure of fistulae using double OTSCs after endoscopic lavage of the debris and an abscess of the rectum secondary to a GE...
  34. doi Crohn's disease: prevalence of intestinal and extraintestinal manifestations detected by computed tomography enterography with water enema
    F Paparo
    Department of Radiology, E O Ospedali Galliera, Genova, Italy
    Abdom Imaging 37:326-37. 2012
    ....
  35. ncbi Double-contrast barium enema examination technique
    S E Rubesin
    Department of Radiology, Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    Radiology 215:642-50. 2000
    This review article presents the principles for performing a safe, comfortable, and accurate double-contrast barium enema examination...
  36. ncbi Routine use of gastrograffin enema prior to the reversal of a loop ileostomy
    G Khair
    Academic Surgical Unit, Castle Hill Hospital, Cottingham, Hull, UK
    Dig Surg 24:338-41. 2007
    ..The use of gastrograffin enema to confirm the anastomotic integrity prior to ileostomy closure is still controversial...
  37. doi Management of hypophosphatemia in nocturnal hemodialysis with phosphate-containing enema: a technical study
    Winnie S Su
    Division of Nephrology, McMaster University and St Joseph s Healthcare, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada
    Hemodial Int 15:219-25. 2011
    ..predictable final dialysate phosphate concentrations could be achieved by adding varying amounts of Fleet® enema. Second, we assessed the stability of calcium (Ca) and phosphate dialysate levels under simulated nocturnal ..
  38. ncbi Extensive calcifications induced by hyperphosphataemia caused by phosphate-based enema in a patient after kidney transplantation
    Jens Eckstein
    Division of Transplantation Immunology and Nephrology, Department of Anesthesia, University Hospital Basel, Petersgraben 4, 4031 Basel, Switzerland
    Nephrol Dial Transplant 21:2013-6. 2006
  39. ncbi Detection of colorectal carcinoma on double contrast barium enema when double reporting is routinely performed: an audit of current practice
    A Leslie
    Department of Clinical Radiology, Bristol Royal Infirmary, Bristol, UK
    Clin Radiol 57:184-7. 2002
    To determine the sensitivity of double contrast barium enema (DCBE) in the detection of colorectal carcinoma (CRC) when double reporting is routinely performed.
  40. ncbi Result of air enema reduction in 737 cases of intussusception
    Anchalee Kruatrachue
    Department of Radiology, Queen Sirikit National Institute of Child Health, College of Medicine, Rangsit University, Bangkok, Thailand
    J Med Assoc Thai 94:S22-6. 2011
    To show the success of air enema reduction for intussusception at Queen Sirikit National Institute of Child Health, a tertiary center for children in Bangkok, Thailand.
  41. ncbi The value of sonography, CT and air enema for detection of complicated Meckel diverticulum in children with nonspecific clinical presentation
    A Daneman
    Department of Diagnostic Imaging, Hospital for Sick Children and the University of Toronto, 555 University Avenue, Toronto, Ontario M5G 1X8 Canada
    Pediatr Radiol 28:928-32. 1998
    ..In this clinical setting, sonography (US), CT or even air enema may be the first modality chosen to evaluate these children rather than the radionuclide Meckel scan (RNMS).
  42. doi Acute colonic obstruction from Ladd bands: a unique complication from intestinal malrotation
    Tal Raphaeli
    Department of Surgery, Virginia Mason Medical Center, Seattle, WA 98115, USA
    J Pediatr Surg 45:630-1. 2010
    ..However, acute obstruction of the colon from Ladd bands has not been previously described. We report a case of complete obstruction of the hepatic flexure of the colon secondary to a Ladd band in a previously healthy teenage boy...
  43. doi Antioxidant effects after coffee enema or oral coffee consumption in healthy Thai male volunteers
    S Teekachunhatean
    Department of Pharmacology, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, Thailand
    Hum Exp Toxicol 31:643-51. 2012
    ..two-phase crossover study to investigate the antioxidant effects after single and multiple doses of a coffee enema versus coffee consumed orally...
  44. doi Predictors of failed enema reduction in childhood intussusception
    Frankie B Fike
    The Children s Mercy Hospital, Kansas City, MO 64108, USA
    J Pediatr Surg 47:925-7. 2012
    Initial management of intussusception is enema reduction. Data are scarce on predicting which patients are unlikely to have a successful reduction. Therefore, we reviewed our experience to identify factors predictive of enema failure.
  45. ncbi The double contrast barium enema: a retrospective single centre audit of the detection of colorectal carcinomas
    Daniel J A Connolly
    Department of Radiology, John Radcliffe Hospital, Oxford, UK
    Clin Radiol 57:29-32. 2002
    To determine retrospectively the sensitivity and specificity of the double contrast barium enema (DCBE) as performed in one institution for the detection of colorectal carcinoma.
  46. ncbi Extreme hyperphosphatemia and hypocalcemic coma associated with phosphate enema
    Heng Jung Hsu
    Department of Nephrology, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Keelung, Taiwan
    Intern Med 47:643-6. 2008
    Fleet enema (sodium phosphate, C.B. Fleet Co., Inc., Lynchburg, Virginia) is widely used for bowel preparation or constipation relief in the hospital and over the counter...
  47. ncbi Povidone-iodine vs sodium hypochlorite enema for mechanical preparation before elective open colonic or rectal resection with primary anastomosis: a multicenter randomized controlled trial
    Alain Valverde
    Surgical Unit, Hôpital Louis Mourier Assistance Publique Hôpitaux de Paris, Colombes, France
    Arch Surg 141:1168-74; discussion 1175. 2006
    ..The anti-infective actions of povidone-iodine (PVI) and sodium hypochlorite enemas are different...
  48. ncbi A phase II dose ranging, double-blind, placebo-controlled study of alicaforsen enema in subjects with acute exacerbation of mild to moderate left-sided ulcerative colitis
    S J H van Deventer
    Academisch Medisch Centrum, Poli Inglammatoire Darmzietkten, Meibergdreef, Amsterdam Ziodoost, The Netherlands
    Aliment Pharmacol Ther 23:1415-25. 2006
    Alicaforsen is an antisense oligonucleotide designed to inhibit expression of human intercellular adhesion molecule 1. Previous clinical studies have demonstrated activity of alicaforsen enema in ulcerative colitis and pouchitis.
  49. ncbi Mesalamine foam enema versus mesalamine liquid enema in active left-sided ulcerative colitis
    Antoine Cortot
    Gastroenterologie, Hopital Claude Huriez, Lille, France
    Am J Gastroenterol 103:3106-14. 2008
    To determine in a noninferiority study whether mesalamine foam is as effective as mesalamine liquid enema for inducing clinical remission in patients with active left-sided ulcerative colitis (UC).
  50. ncbi Comparative absorption of 5-aminosalicylic acid (5-ASA) after administration of a 5-ASA enema and salazosulfapyridine (SASP) after an SASP suppository in Japanese volunteers
    Kenji Tokui
    Department of Pharmacy, Nagoya Daini Red Cross Hospital, Japan
    Biol Pharm Bull 25:264-7. 2002
    ..In the present study, we prepared suppositories containing 6.5 mmol of SASP and an enema containing 6.5 mmol of 5-ASA...
  51. ncbi Minimizing antipsychotic medication obviated the need for enema against severe constipation leading to paralytic ileus: a case report
    T Suzuki
    Department of Neuro Psychiatry, School of Medicine, Keio University, Tokyo, Japan
    J Clin Pharm Ther 32:525-7. 2007
    ..To report the usefulness of antipsychotic dose-reduction for avoiding paralytic ileus in a patient with chronic schizophrenia and comorbid dementia...
  52. ncbi Intussusception in children: reduction with repeated, delayed air enema
    A Gorenstein
    Division of Pediatric Surgery, Edith Wolfson Medical Center, Holon, Israel
    Radiology 206:721-4. 1998
    ..To evaluate the efficacy of pneumatic reduction of intussusception with an emphasis on repeated, delayed trials...
  53. ncbi Lymphogranuloma venereum proctitis in men who have sex with men is associated with anal enema use and high-risk behavior
    Henry J C de Vries
    STI Outpatient Clinic, Cluster Infectious Diseases, Public Health Service Amsterdam The Netherlands
    Sex Transm Dis 35:203-8. 2008
    ..In the industrialized world, lymphogranuloma venereum proctitis (LGVP) has been reported only in men who have sex with men. Factors responsible for the outbreak remain to be elucidated...
  54. ncbi Preoperative double-contrast barium enema in patients with suspected intestinal endometriosis
    Stefano Landi
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Ospedale Sacro Cuore, Negrar Verona Italy
    J Am Assoc Gynecol Laparosc 11:223-8. 2004
    To assess the usefulness of double-contrast barium enema (DCBE) in the diagnosis of endometriotic lesions of the bowel and to define its potential value in preoperative decision making for intestinal surgery.
  55. ncbi Diminishing role of contrast enema in simple meconium ileus
    Daniel R Copeland
    Arkansas Children s Hospital, Little Rock, AR 72202 3591, USA
    J Pediatr Surg 44:2130-2. 2009
    Contrast enema is the initial study of choice for simple meconium ileus to confirm diagnosis and to relieve obstruction...
  56. ncbi Flexible sigmoidoscopy plus air contrast barium enema versus colonoscopy for suspected lower gastrointestinal bleeding
    D K Rex
    Department of Medicine, Indiana University Medical Center, Indianapolis
    Gastroenterology 98:855-61. 1990
    ..greater than or equal to 40 yr were randomized to undergo initial flexible sigmoidoscopy plus air contrast barium enema or colonoscopy; 332 completed the initial studies...
  57. ncbi Symptom-based approach to colorectal cancer: survey of primary care physicians in Italy
    F Panzuto
    Department of Digestive and Liver Disease, II School of Medicine, Sant Andrea Hospital, La Sapienza University, Rome, Italy
    Dig Liver Dis 35:869-75. 2003
    ..It is likely that most patients with colorectal cancer refer, first of all, to their primary care physician at onset of symptoms...
  58. ncbi Screening for colorectal cancer in adults at average risk: a summary of the evidence for the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force
    Michael Pignone
    University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Department of Medicine and Cecil Sheps Center for Health Services Research, 5039 Old Clinic Building, CB 7110, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA
    Ann Intern Med 137:132-41. 2002
    ..To assess the effectiveness of different colorectal cancer screening tests for adults at average risk...
  59. ncbi Familial colonic varices--a cause of "polyposis" on barium enema
    L Zaman
    Department of Gastroenterology, Nottingham City Hospital, Hucknall Road, Nottingham, NG7 1PB, UK
    Br J Radiol 81:e17-9. 2008
    A 61-year-old woman with diarrhoea had multiple filling defects on a barium enema and was assumed to have multiple colonic polyps. However, colonoscopy showed colonic varices and relatively few true polyps...
  60. ncbi Correlation between radiographic transition zone and level of aganglionosis in Hirschsprung's disease: Implications for surgical approach
    M L Proctor
    Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    J Pediatr Surg 38:775-8. 2003
    The anticipated level of aganglionosis can influence the surgical approach to Hirschsprung's disease. The aim of this study was to determine the accuracy of the contrast enema in predicting this level.
  61. ncbi Crohn's disease: a comparative prospective study of transabdominal ultrasonography, small intestine contrast ultrasonography, and small bowel enema
    Emma Calabrese
    Dipartimento di Scienze Cliniche, Universita La Sapienza, Roma, Italy
    Inflamm Bowel Dis 11:139-45. 2005
    ..bowel lesions in patients with proven Crohn's disease (CD) in comparison with transabdominal ultrasonography (TUS), and in relationship to the experience of the operator, using small bowel enema (SBE) as the "gold standard."
  62. ncbi Colorectal cancer screening with CT colonography, colonoscopy, and double-contrast barium enema examination: prospective assessment of patient perceptions and preferences
    Thomas M Gluecker
    Department of Radiology, Mayo Clinic Rochester, 200 First Street SW, MN 55905, USA
    Radiology 227:378-84. 2003
    ..prospectively assess and compare perceptions of and preferences for computed tomographic (CT) colonography, colonoscopy, and double-contrast barium enema examination (DCBE) by asymptomatic patients undergoing colorectal cancer screening.
  63. ncbi Analysis of air contrast barium enema, computed tomographic colonography, and colonoscopy: prospective comparison
    D C Rockey
    Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC 27710, USA
    Lancet 365:305-11. 2005
    The usefulness of currently available colon imaging tests, including air contrast barium enema (ACBE), computed tomographic colonography (CTC), and colonoscopy, to detect colon polyps and cancers is uncertain...
  64. ncbi Respiratory failure requiring extracorporeal membrane oxygenation after sodium phosphate enema intoxication
    David B Everman
    Greenwood Genetic Center, Greenwood, South Carolina, USA
    Eur J Pediatr 162:517-9. 2003
    ..We describe an unusual case of phosphate enema toxicity in a child that resulted in cardiopulmonary failure necessitating the use of extracorporeal membrane ..
  65. ncbi Air enema for diagnosis and reduction of intussusception: clinical experience and pressure correlates
    W E Shiels
    Department of Radiology, Children s Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati
    Radiology 181:169-72. 1991
    Air enema was used for exclusion, diagnosis, initial movement, and complete reduction of intussusception in 186 pediatric patients. Average pressure needed for initial movement of intussusception was 56...
  66. ncbi Acceptance by patients of multidetector CT colonography compared with barium enema examinations, flexible sigmoidoscopy, and colonoscopy
    Stuart A Taylor
    Department of Intestinal Imaging, Intestinal Imaging Centre, Level 4V, St Mark s Hospital, Watford Rd, Northwick Park, London HA1 3UJ, United Kingdom
    AJR Am J Roentgenol 181:913-21. 2003
    ..acceptance of multidetector CT colonography, total colonoscopy, flexible sigmoidoscopy, and double-contrast barium enema to ascertain any overall preference. SUBJECTS AND METHODS...
  67. ncbi [Enema therapy for ulcerative colitis patients]
    Ryuichi Furuta
    Department of Therapeutic Medicine, Nagoya University Graduate School of Medicine
    Nihon Rinsho 63:845-9. 2005
    ..Larger, controlled studies will be necessary to establish the roles of enema therapy in patients with distal colitis.
  68. ncbi A novel approach to the laparoscopic antegrade continence enema procedure: intracorporeal and extracorporeal techniques
    Pasquale Casale
    Division of Pediatric Urology, Children s Hospital and Regional Medical Center, University of Washington, Seattle, 98105, USA
    J Urol 171:817-9. 2004
    The use of laparoscopic techniques in the construction of an antegrade continence enema (ACE) channel is evolving as a minimally invasive procedure that attempts to address issues of morbidity commonly associated with the technique as ..
  69. ncbi Safety and effectiveness of large-volume enema solutions
    Marilee Schmelzer
    The University of Texas at Arlington School of Nursing, 76019, USA
    Appl Nurs Res 17:265-74. 2004
    The effectiveness and side effects of three types of enema solutions were compared in healthy subjects...
  70. ncbi Recurrent colocolic intussusception in a child with hereditary angioneurotic edema: reduction by air enema
    Henry A Pritzker
    Department of Radiology Children s Hospital at Montefiore Medical Center, Bronx, NY, USA
    J Pediatr Surg 39:1144-6. 2004
    ..edema in a child presenting with recurrent episodes of colocolic intussusception, each successfully reduced by air enema. Although additional manifestations of vasogenic edema are potential risks of the procedure, these were not ..
  71. ncbi Multicentre randomized clinical trial of mechanical bowel preparation in elective colonic resection
    B Jung
    University of Umea, Department of Surgery, Visby Hospital, Visby, Sweden
    Br J Surg 94:689-95. 2007
    ..This randomized clinical trial assessed whether preoperative MBP is beneficial in elective colonic surgery...
  72. ncbi Patient preferences for colon cancer screening: the role of out-of-pocket costs
    Michael Pignone
    Am J Manag Care 13:390-1. 2007
  73. ncbi Does the transition zone reliably delineate aganglionic bowel in Hirschsprung's disease?
    Douglas H Jamieson
    Department of Radiology, BCCH, 4480 Oak Street, V6H 3V4, Vancouver, BC, Canada
    Pediatr Radiol 34:811-5. 2004
    ..Knowledge of the extent of aganglionic bowel is important for preoperative planning of trans-anal surgery in patients with Hirschsprung's disease (HD)...
  74. ncbi Tap-water enema for children with myelomeningocele and neurogenic bowel dysfunction
    Sven Mattsson
    Department of Molecular and Clinical Medicine, Division of Paediatrics, Faculty of Health Sciences, University Hospital, Linkoping, Sweden
    Acta Paediatr 95:369-74. 2006
    ..To evaluate the outcome of transrectal irrigation (TRI) using clean tap water without salt in children with myelomeningocele and neurogenic bowel problems...
  75. ncbi Digital rectal examination compares favourably with conventional water-soluble contrast enema in the assessment of anastomotic healing after low rectal excision: a cohort study
    Choong Leong Tang
    Department of Colorectal Surgery, Singapore General Hospital, Outram Road, Singapore 168609, Singapore
    Int J Colorectal Dis 20:262-6. 2005
    ..low colorectal, colo-anal or ileo-pouch anal anastomosis is routinely performed with a water-soluble contrast enema (WSCE) prior to the reversal of the defunctioning stoma...
  76. ncbi Is mechanical bowel preparation mandatory for elective colon surgery? A prospective randomized study
    Edward Ram
    Division of General Surgery, Rabin Medical Center, Campus Golda, Petach Tikva Sackler Medical School, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel
    Arch Surg 140:285-8. 2005
    ..It was assumed that with the improvement in surgical technique together with the use of more effective prophylactic antibiotics, it was possible that MBP would no longer be necessary...
  77. ncbi Rebamipide enema therapy as a treatment for patients with active distal ulcerative colitis
    Ryuichi Furuta
    Department of Gastroenterology, Nagoya University Graduate School of Medicine, Nagoya, Japan
    J Gastroenterol Hepatol 22:261-7. 2007
    ..The aim of the present study was to assess the clinical efficacy and safety of a novel Rebamipide enema therapy in UC patients.
  78. pmc A randomised, controlled, double blind, escalating dose study of alicaforsen enema in active ulcerative colitis
    S J H van Deventer
    Academisch Medisch Centrum, Room G2, 129, Poli Inglammatoire Darmzietkten, Meibergdreef 9, NL 1105 AZ, Amsterdam Ziodoost, The Netherlands
    Gut 53:1646-51. 2004
    To evaluate the safety and efficacy of an enema formulation of alicaforsen, an antisense inhibitor of intercellular adhesion molecule, after 1, 3, and 6 months.
  79. ncbi Comparison of the relative sensitivity of CT colonography and double-contrast barium enema for screen detection of colorectal polyps
    C Daniel Johnson
    Department of Radiology, Mayo Clinic Rochester, MN 55905, USA
    Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol 2:314-21. 2004
    ..the relative sensitivity and specificity of computed tomography (CT) colonography with double-contrast barium enema (DCBE) for detection of colorectal polyps and to assess the added value of double reading at CT colonography, ..
  80. ncbi Cecal volvulus: a report of two cases occurring after the antegrade colonic enema procedure
    E R Kokoska
    Section of Pediatric Surgery, J W Riley Hospital for Children, Indianapolis, IN 46202, USA
    J Pediatr Surg 39:916-9; discussion 916-9. 2004
    Many children with chronic constipation and fecal incontinence have benefited from the antegrade colonic enema (ACE) procedure. Routine antegrade colonic lavage often allows such children to avoid daytime soiling...
  81. ncbi CT air-contrast enema as a preoperative examination for colorectal cancer
    Koichi Nagata
    Digestive Disease Center, Showa University Northern Yokohama Hospital, Yokohama, Japan
    Dig Surg 21:352-8. 2004
    We conducted a study on three-dimensional computed tomography (CT) images, in particular CT air-contrast enema (CT enema), using multidetector-row CT (MDCT), to see whether CT enema is useful as a preoperative examination for colorectal ..
  82. ncbi Value of virtual computed tomographic colonography for Crohn's colitis: comparison with endoscopy and barium enema
    Y Ota
    Department of Gastroenterology, Fukuoka University Chikushi Hospital, Zokumyoin 377 1, Chikushino Shi, Fukuoka, 818 8502, Japan
    Abdom Imaging 28:778-83. 2003
    ..We evaluated the usefulness of virtual computed tomographic colonography (CTC) for the detection of colonic lesions due to Crohn's disease...
  83. ncbi The natural history of colorectal polyps and masses: rediscovered truths from the barium enema era
    Perry J Pickhardt
    Department of Radiology, University of Wisconsin Medical School, E3 311 Clinical Science Center, 600 Highland Ave, Madison, WI 53792 3252, USA
    AJR Am J Roentgenol 188:619-21. 2007
  84. doi Severe hypothyroidism after contrast enema in premature infants
    Fanny Lombard
    CHU de Montpellier, Service de Néonatologie Pédiatrie 2, Hopital A de Villeneuve, Montpellier, 34000, France
    Eur J Pediatr 168:499-500. 2009
    ..here a case of severe iatrogenic hypothyroidism with goiter and cholestasis, discovered six weeks after a contrast enema using sodium ioxitalamate, an iodinated contrast agent...
  85. ncbi Ileocecal valve: spectrum of normal findings at double-contrast barium enema examination
    Lisa C El-Amin
    Department of Radiology, Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, 3400 Spruce St, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    Radiology 227:52-8. 2003
    To characterize the spectrum of normal findings of the ileocecal valve at double-contrast barium enema examination to allow differentiation between a normal valve and one infiltrated by tumor.
  86. ncbi Patient and occupational dosimetry in double contrast barium enema examinations
    G J Kemerink
    Department of Radiology, University Hospital Maastricht, P Debijelaan 25, 6229 HX Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Br J Radiol 74:420-8. 2001
    ..total dose-area product (DAP) over a number of projections that model exposure during double contrast barium enema (DCBE) examinations...
  87. ncbi Outcome of the antegrade colonic enema procedure in children with chronic constipation
    E R Kokoska
    Department of Surgery, Division of Pediatric Surgery, Saint Louis University Health Sciences Center and Cardinal Glennon Children's Hospital, 1465 S. Grand Blvd, St. Louis, MO 63104, USA
    Am J Surg 182:625-9. 2001
    ..hospital, 11 children with chronic constipation or fecal incontinence or both underwent the antegrade colonic enema (ACE) procedure...
  88. ncbi Value of double-contrast barium enema performed immediately after incomplete colonoscopy
    A L Brown
    Department of Radiology, McMaster University Medical Centre, 1200 Main St. W, Hamilton, Ontario L8N 3Z5, Canada
    AJR Am J Roentgenol 176:943-5. 2001
    ..The purpose of this study was to evaluate the ease, completeness, and clinical utility of double-contrast barium enema (DCBE) performed immediately after incomplete colonoscopy...
  89. doi Tap water irrigation and additives to optimize success with the Malone antegrade continence enema: the Indiana University algorithm
    Ahmad H Bani-Hani
    Division of Pediatric Urology, James Whitcomb Riley Hospital for Children, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, Indiana 46202, USA
    J Urol 180:1757-60; discussion 1760. 2008
    We report the long-term effectiveness of standard tap water for Malone antegrade continence enema irrigation as well as our algorithm for managing refractory constipation/fecal incontinence in a large single institution experience.
  90. ncbi Morbid hypocalcemia associated with phosphate enema in a six-week-old infant
    D M Walton
    Department of Neonatology, Children s National Medical Center, Washington, DC 20010, USA
    Pediatrics 106:E37. 2000
    ..During the first week of admission, the infant's mother reported that she had administered a full pediatric Fleets enema (CB Fleet Company Inc, Lynchburg, VA) to him. The infant was discharged after 12 days of hospitalization...
  91. doi Anatomic significance of a positive barium enema in deep infiltrating endometriosis of the large bowel
    Vincent Anaf
    Department of Gynecology, Academic Hospital Erasme, Free University of Brussels ULB, 808, Route de Lennik, 1070, Brussels, Belgium
    World J Surg 33:822-7. 2009
    The anatomopathological significance of a positive double-contrast barium enema (DCBE) for suspicion of deep infiltrating endometriosis of the large bowel was studied. This is a retrospective study of a prospective database.
  92. ncbi Rectal administration of propylthiouracil in hyperthyroid patients: comparison of suspension enema and suppository form
    W Jongjaroenprasert
    Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Department of Medicine, Ramathidodi Hospital, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand
    Thyroid 12:627-31. 2002
    ..patients of both genders (ages 21 to 55 years) were randomly given the drug as follows: group 1 (n = 7), a single enema (400 mg of PTU in 90 mL of sterile water) and group 2 (n = 8), two suppositories of polyethylene glycol base (200 ..
  93. ncbi Robot-assisted Mitrofanoff and Malone antegrade continence enema reconstruction using divided appendix
    Atul A Thakre
    Pediatric Urology, Sterling Hospital, Ahmendabad, India
    J Endourol 22:2393-6; discussion 2396. 2008
    ..the combination of wetting and severe constipation, a Mitrofanoff conduit and a channel for antegrade continence enema is constructed using the appendix by open surgery...
  94. ncbi Diagnostic yield of barium enema examination after incomplete colonoscopy
    Alice Chong
    Department of Radiology, Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, 3400 Spruce St, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    Radiology 223:620-4. 2002
    To determine the diagnostic yield of barium enema examination for neoplastic lesions larger than 1 cm in diameter in the nonvisualized portion of the colon after incomplete colonoscopy.
  95. ncbi Sensitivity of double contrast barium enema and colonoscopy for the detection of colorectal neoplasms
    G A Smith
    University Department of Surgery, Western Infirmary, 44 Church Street, Glasgow G11 6NT Scotland, UK
    Surg Endosc 15:649-52. 2001
    BACKGROUND: Double contrast barium enema (DCBE) is the examination carried out most frequently for investigation of patients with large bowel symptoms...
  96. ncbi A comparison of colonoscopy and double-contrast barium enema for surveillance after polypectomy. National Polyp Study Work Group
    S J Winawer
    Department of Medicine, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY 10021, USA
    N Engl J Med 342:1766-72. 2000
    After patients have undergone colonoscopic polypectomy, it is uncertain whether colonoscopic examination or a barium enema is the better method of surveillance.
  97. ncbi [Traditional enema for newborns and infants in Bobo Dioulasso: health practice or socialisation]
    Pierre Huygens
    Centre Muraz, BP 390, Bobo Dioulasso, Burkina Faso
    Sante 12:357-62. 2002
    Kanki demonstrated a high prevalence and frequency of enema practised with newborns in the South-West of Burkina Faso...
  98. doi Robotic-assisted laparoscopic mitrofanoff appendicovesicostomy and antegrade continent enema colon tube creation in a pediatric spina bifida patient
    Thomas S Lendvay
    Division of Pediatric Urology, Children s Hospital and Regional Medical Center, Seattle, WA 98105, USA
    J Laparoendosc Adv Surg Tech A 18:310-2. 2008
    ..In this paper, we report the techniques of creating both an appendicovesicostomy and an antegrade continent enema colon tube in a 9-year-old female with a neurogenic bladder and bowel secondary to myelomeningocele.
  99. pmc Single blind, randomised trial of efficacy and acceptability of oral picolax versus self administered phosphate enema in bowel preparation for flexible sigmoidoscopy screening
    W S Atkin
    Imperial Cancer Research Fund Colorectal Cancer Unit, St Mark s Hospital, Northwick Park, Harrow HA1 3UJ
    BMJ 320:1504-8; discussion 1509. 2000
    To compare the acceptability and efficacy of two methods of self administered bowel preparation for flexible sigmoidoscopy screening: a single phosphate enema and a single sachet of Picolax.
  100. doi Enema-induced severe hyperphosphatemia in children
    Ariane Biebl
    Department of Pediatrics, Children s Hospital, Linz, Austria
    Eur J Pediatr 168:111-2. 2009
    ..The accepted opinion-that these enemas are not absorbed and therefore systemically inactive-is not true. Physicians should be aware of the potentially lethal complications of this treatment, which is part of everyday clinical practice...
  101. ncbi Racial and gender variation in use of diagnostic colonic procedures in the Michigan Medicare population
    L F McMahon
    Department of Internal Medicine, The University of Michigan, Ann Arbor 48109 0376, USA
    Med Care 37:712-7. 1999
    ..Understanding how the technology to diagnose colonic diseases is utilized in the population provides insight into both the access and processes of care...

Research Grants84

  1. CT COLOGRAPHY--VALIDATION AND VIRTUAL PREPARATION
    C Johnson; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..fashion to that of the current screening modalities--fecal occult blood testing, flexible sigmoidoscopy, barium enema, and colonoscopy...
  2. PEDIATRIC CONSTIPATION--BEHAVIOR MECHANISMS & TREATMENT
    Daniel Cox; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..Standard medical care, which involves enema, laxative, and dietary modifications, is typically protracted (e.g., 6 months) and marginally effective (e.g...
  3. Colorectoral cancer screening decisions in primary care
    James Dolan; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..5 years, combined annual fecal occult blood tests and flexible sigmoidoscopy every 5 years, double contrast barium enema every 5 years, and colonoscopy every 10 years...
  4. MOUSE MODELS FOR HUMAN CANCER
    Raju Kucherlapati; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..This will be accomplished by introducing Adeno-cre by enema. Adeno-cre will also be used to generate sporadic mouse models for skin and lung cancer...
  5. Preclinical assay development of a novel Colon Cancer Marker (CCSA-4)
    JACK CLEMENS; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..detection of colon cancer, including fecal occult blood testing, flexible sigmoidoscopy, double contrast barium enema and colonoscopy...
  6. A MicroRNA Approach to Screen for Sporadic Colon Cancer Exfoliately in Human Stoo
    Farid E Ahmed; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..sigmoidoscopy (16), CT colonography (virtual colonoscopy) (17), capsule endoscopy (18), double contrast barium enema (19), molecular DNA tests in stool and blood (20-25);however, none is optimal, and with poor rates in some ..
  7. Primary Project 1
    Thomas D Wang; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..via a spray catheter to demonstrate the proof of concept, and future applications may involve delivery via an enema to focus on distal lesions...
  8. PROSPECTIVE COMPARISON OF COLONIC IMAGING TEST
    Don Rockey; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..The most common tests used to image the colon include air contrast barium enema and colonoscopy, each of which is associated with its own sets of benefits and limitations...
  9. PROSPECTIVE COMPARISON OF COLONIC IMAGING TEST
    Don Rockey; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..The most common tests used to image the colon include air contrast barium enema and colonoscopy, each of which is associated with its own sets of benefits and limitations...
  10. PEDIATRIC CONSTIPATION--BEHAVIOR MECHANISMS & TREATMENT
    Daniel Cox; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..Standard medical care, which involves enema, laxative, and dietary modifications, is typically protracted (e.g., 6 months) and marginally effective (e.g...
  11. Colorectoral cancer screening decisions in primary care
    James Dolan; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..5 years, combined annual fecal occult blood tests and flexible sigmoidoscopy every 5 years, double contrast barium enema every 5 years, and colonoscopy every 10 years...
  12. Increasing Colon Cancer Screening in Primary Care
    Ronald Myers; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..Alternative CRC screening regimens that are recommended include having a barium enema X-ray (BE) at five- year intervals or a colonoscopy (CX) every 10 years...
  13. Increasing Colon Cancer Screening in Primary Care
    Ronald Myers; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Alternative CRC screening regimens that are recommended include having a barium enema X-ray (BE) at five- year intervals or a colonoscopy (CX) every 10 years...
  14. Increasing Colon Cancer Screening in Primary Care
    Ronald Myers; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Alternative CRC screening regimens that are recommended include having a barium enema X-ray (BE) at five- year intervals or a colonoscopy (CX) every 10 years...
  15. ENHANCING DIAGNOSTIC EVALUATION IN COLORECTAL CANCER
    Ronald Myers; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..Experts consider CDE as either colonoscopy or double air-contrast barium enema x-ray (BE) with flexible sigmoidoscopy...
  16. Increasing Colon Cancer Screening in Primary Care
    Ronald Myers; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Alternative CRC screening regimens that are recommended include having a barium enema X-ray (BE) at five- year intervals or a colonoscopy (CX) every 10 years...
  17. Increasing CRC Screening in Health Plan Members
    Karen Glanz; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..obtain screening by one of several modalities (FOBT, sigmoidoscopy,colonoscopy,or double contrast barium enema). However, CRC screening remains substantially underutilized in the U.S...
  18. Increasing CRC Screening in Health Plan Members
    Karen Glanz; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..obtain screening by one of several modalities (FOBT, sigmoidoscopy,colonoscopy,or double contrast barium enema). However, CRC screening remains substantially underutilized in the U.S...
  19. Increasing CRC Screening in Health Plan Members
    Karen Glanz; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..obtain screening by one of several modalities (FOBT, sigmoidoscopy,colonoscopy,or double contrast barium enema). However, CRC screening remains substantially underutilized in the U.S...
  20. Increasing CRC Screening in Health Plan Members
    Karen Glanz; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..obtain screening by one of several modalities (FOBT, sigmoidoscopy,colonoscopy,or double contrast barium enema). However, CRC screening remains substantially underutilized in the U.S...
  21. SAFETY AND EFFECTIVENESS OF LARGE VOLUME ENEMA SOLUTIONS
    Marilee Schmelzer; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..The proposed study compares cleansing effectiveness and safety associated with three types of enema solutions: hypotonic, hypotonic with irritant, and isotonic polyethylene glycol electrolyte solution...
  22. CONTROL OF LARGE BOWEL CANCER FOLLOWING POLYPECTOMY
    Sidney Winawer; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..questionnaire and fecal occult blood test, and at 6 years with a complete colonoscopy and double contrast barium enema; and implementation of a validated family history questionnaire...
  23. MOUSE MODELS FOR HUMAN CANCER
    Raju Kucherlapati; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..This will be accomplished by introducing Adeno-cre by enema. Adeno-cre will also be used to generate sporadic mouse models for skin and lung cancer...
  24. MOUSE MODELS FOR HUMAN CANCER
    Raju Kucherlapati; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..This will be accomplished by introducing Adeno-cre by enema. Adeno-cre will also be used to generate sporadic mouse models for skin and lung cancer...
  25. MOUSE MODELS FOR HUMAN CANCER
    Raju Kucherlapati; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..This will be accomplished by introducing Adeno-cre by enema. Adeno-cre will also be used to generate sporadic mouse models for skin and lung cancer...
  26. CT COLOGRAPHY--VALIDATION AND VIRTUAL PREPARATION
    C Johnson; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..fashion to that of the current screening modalities--fecal occult blood testing, flexible sigmoidoscopy, barium enema, and colonoscopy...
  27. CT COLOGRAPHY--VALIDATION AND VIRTUAL PREPARATION
    C Johnson; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..fashion to that of the current screening modalities--fecal occult blood testing, flexible sigmoidoscopy, barium enema, and colonoscopy...
  28. PREVENTION OF ALLERGIC RESPONSE TO LATEX RUBBER
    MELVIN KEYES; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..A number of deaths have been attributed to the allergic hypersensitivity of latex rubber inflatable enema cuffs...
  29. BITING FLY-VERTEBRATE HOST INTERRELATIONSHIPS
    John Edman; Fiscal Year: 1980
    ..Nulliparous but autogenous flies do not develop more eggs if induced to blood feed or when given a blood enema. Studies on adult back fly natural resting habits are continuing with emphasis on visual orientation.
  30. In Viro Detection of Neoplasia in the Digestive Tract
    Thomas D Wang; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..the proof of concept of this novel imaging methodology for future applications that provide delivery via an enema. We have combined the strengths and resources from academia and industry to establish a world class team of ..
  31. In Viro Detection of Neoplasia in the Digestive Tract
    Thomas Wang; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..the proof of concept of this novel imaging methodology for future applications that provide delivery via an enema. We have combined the strengths and resources from academia and industry to establish a world class team of ..
  32. Fluorescent and bioluminescent assays for botulinum neurotoxin
    Markus Kalkum; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..We will test ALISSAs with those novel substrates in various BoNT-spiked samples of serum, solid organ extracts, enema and stool specimens as well as a variety of foods...
  33. Development of the Zebrafish Enteric Nervous System
    Iain Shepherd; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..precursor cell fate within the premigratory neural crest; 2) What gene is affected in the zebrafish ENS mutant, enema? We have identified several zebrafish mutants that have significant reductions in the number of enteric neurons...
  34. Development of the Zebrafish Enteric Nervous System
    Iain Shepherd; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..precursor cell fate within the premigratory neural crest; 2) What gene is affected in the zebrafish ENS mutant, enema? We have identified several zebrafish mutants that have significant reductions in the number of enteric neurons...
  35. Development of the Zebrafish Enteric Nervous System
    Iain Shepherd; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..precursor cell fate within the premigratory neural crest; 2) What gene is affected in the zebrafish ENS mutant, enema? We have identified several zebrafish mutants that have significant reductions in the number of enteric neurons...
  36. Development of the Zebrafish Enteric Nervous System
    Iain Shepherd; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..precursor cell fate within the premigratory neural crest; 2) What gene is affected in the zebrafish ENS mutant, enema? We have identified several zebrafish mutants that have significant reductions in the number of enteric neurons...
  37. NON-FLUOROSCOPY TREATMENT OF INTUSSUSCEPTION
    Weimin Shi; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ..from investigator's abstract) The specific aim of the proposed work is to demonstrate and improve a safe air enema technique for non fluoroscopy treatment of intussusception in children and to develop a novel single-chip ..
  38. MUCOSAL IL-1RA GENE TRANSFER IN INTESTINAL INFLAMMATION
    Theresa Pizarro; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..The purpose of this specific aim is to test the hypothesis that transduction of gut mucosal cells, by retention enema delivery of a retrovirally-encoded anti-inflammatory gene (IL-1ra), may represent a potential therapeutic modality ..
  39. MUCOSAL IL-1RA GENE TRANSFER IN INTESTINAL INFLAMMATION
    Theresa Pizarro; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..The purpose of this specific aim is to test the hypothesis that transduction of gut mucosal cells, by retention enema delivery of a retrovirally-encoded anti-inflammatory gene (IL-1ra), may represent a potential therapeutic modality ..
  40. Colon Cancer Chemoprevention
    Sharad Khare; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..the chemopreventive efficacy of this fragment the effect of introduction of RasGAP C-cDNA through liposome enema on rectal aberrant crypt formation will be investigated...
  41. FLUOROSCOPIC DOSE REDUCTION USING IRIS CONTROL
    Stephen Rudin; Fiscal Year: 1980
    ..The study will emphasize the double contrast barium enema procedure where high quality images are not always necessary because almost all of the fluoroscopic patient ..
  42. Formulation Development Core
    Lisa Rohan; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..within the scope of Core activities will focus on two hypothesis centered on gel like semisolid dosage forms or enema like liquid dosage forms. Quantitative assays have been developed in the laboratory for both UC781 and TFV...
  43. Development of the Zebrafish Enteric Nervous System
    Iain Shepherd; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..neural crest; 2) Which steps in enteric precursor development are affected by two mutations, lessen and enema? We have identified two zebrafish mutants that have significant reductions in the number of enteric neurons...
  44. CONTROLLING DISTRESS FROM UNPLEASANT PROCEDURES
    Geraldine Padilla; Fiscal Year: 1980
    ..Five experiments have been designed and involve patients undergoing intravenous pyelogram (IVP), or barium enema (BE) x-rays, or bowel preparation for either of these tests...
  45. MOLECULAR PROFILING OF RECTAL CANCERS TO EVALUATE THE ROLE OF COX-2
    Daniel Beauchamp; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..proctoscopic procedure that does not require sedation or mechanical bowel preparation beyond a pre-procedure enema. Specific Aim 1: To determine VEGF expression and eicosanoid levels in tumors and in normal rectal tissues and to ..
  46. MECHANISM OF TRANSMISSION OF THE AGENT OF LYME DISEASE
    Andrew Spielman; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ..Methods for enema and for capillary feeding will be perfected to facilitate discrimination between physical, chemical and endogenous ..
  47. INFECTION IN ENEMA AND SEMEN TREATMENT
    VICTORIA MONTE WICHER; Fiscal Year: 1990
  48. Colonoscopy quality and outcomes in clinical practice
    Cynthia Ko; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..The various algorithms we develop will be tested in a second, validation subset of our database to find the algorithm with optimal performance characteristics. ..
  49. The effect of physical activity on metabolic syndrome in pregnancy and fetal outc
    Cynthia Ko; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..It may offer a safe and readily available method to control weight and improve infant health during and after pregnancy. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  50. Epidemiology of hepatocellular carcinoma
    Cynthia Ko; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ....
  51. Colonoscopy quality and outcomes in clinical practice
    Cynthia Ko; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The various algorithms we develop will be tested in a second, validation subset of our database to find the algorithm with optimal performance characteristics. ..
  52. A Primary-Care Based Colorectal Cancer Screening Program
    Cynthia Ko; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..If successful, this program may be useful to other large primary care practices, and may also help to improve utilization of other types of cancer prevention services ..
  53. Colonoscopy quality and outcomes in clinical practice
    Cynthia W Ko; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The various algorithms we develop will be tested in a second, validation subset of our database to find the algorithm with optimal performance characteristics. ..
  54. GERIATRIC CLINICAL EPIDEMIOLOGY TRAINING GRANT
    STEVEN HALBERT; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..g., clinical trials, case control, cohort research, etc.), and the faculties' commitment to collaborative research. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  55. Gene Expression in Barrett's Esophagus
    Hashem El Serag; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..We present preliminary data on microarray and RT-PCRanalyses on 5 patients with BE that suggest an overactive Wnt pathway: we have also assembled the essential components of a successful study using microarrays. ..
  56. CORI: Consortium Expansion and Database Enhancement
    David Lieberman; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ....
  57. Screening for colortectal cancer in an Asian Community Center
    David Lieberman; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..This is a new paradigm for screening, which takes advantage of the trust and cultural awareness that exists at the community center and does not rely on the primary care provider. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  58. Clinical Outcomes Research: An Endoscopic Data Base
    David Lieberman; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..We have demonstrated successful collaboration with a wide range of clinical investigators to develop projects that are uniquely suited to a large community-based practice network. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  59. TRIP for postpartum depression (TRIPPD)
    Barbara Yawn; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Equally importantly, it will provide information necessary to translate this evidence into 9eneral primary care practices. ..
  60. EVALUATION OF CHD IN MEN AND WOMEN PRIOR TO FIRST AMI
    Barbara Yawn; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..In addition, we will provide specific information on current gender-related practice patterns. This information can be used to inform future practice recommendations. ..
  61. Tailored Navigation in CRC Screening
    Ronald Myers; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Finally, analyses will be performed to determine intervention cost-effectiveness related to CRC screening utilization. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  62. ANORECTAL MANIFESTATIONS OF FEMALE PELVIC FLOOR DISORDER
    Adil Bharucha; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..abstract_text> ..
  63. Colorectal Cancer Screening Behavior in the VA Populatio
    Deborah Fisher; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  64. DETERMINING/UNDERSTANDING BARRIERS TO ADULT IMMUNIZATION
    Richard Zimmerman; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..This project will furnish relevant, up-to-date to enhance policy planning, practice management and medical education. ..
  65. DETERMINING/UNDERSTANDING BARRIERS TO ADULT IMMUNIZATION
    Richard Zimmerman; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..This project will furnish relevant, up-to-date to enhance policy planning, practice management and medical education. ..
  66. DETERMINING/UNDERSTANDING BARRIERS TO ADULT IMMUNIZATION
    Richard Zimmerman; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..This project will furnish relevant, up-to-date to enhance policy planning, practice management and medical education. ..
  67. DETERMINING/UNDERSTANDING BARRIERS TO ADULT IMMUNIZATION
    Richard Zimmerman; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..This project will furnish relevant, up-to-date to enhance policy planning, practice management and medical education. ..
  68. Surveillance for Hepatocellular Carcinoma among HCV-infected Veterans
    Hashem El Serag; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Evaluating the extent and patterns of HCC surveillance is crucial in understanding diffusion (and obstacles) of this practice and in designing interventions to improve the implementation of HCC surveillance. ..
  69. Obesity, H pylori and Risk of Barrett's Esophagus
    Hashem El Serag; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Subsequently, in a case-control study, all newly diagnosed BE and randomly selected controls will be examined for the volume and activity of visceral obesity (CT scan and serum adipocytokines). ..
  70. Epidemiology and Outcomes of Digestive and Liver Diseases: A Mentoring Program
    Hashem El Serag; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..pylori infection on BE tissue COX-2 expression. ..
  71. Obesity, H pylori and Risk of Barrett's Esophagus
    Hashem El Serag; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Subsequently, in a case-control study, all newly diagnosed BE and randomly selected controls will be examined for the volume and activity of visceral obesity (CT scan and serum adipocytokines). ..
  72. DETERMINING/UNDERSTANDING BARRIERS TO ADULT IMMUNIZATION
    Richard Zimmerman; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..This project will furnish relevant, up-to-date to enhance policy planning, practice management and medical education. ..
  73. Epidemiology and Outcomes of Digestive and Liver Diseases: A Mentoring Program
    Hashem El Serag; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..pylori infection on BE tissue COX-2 expression. ..
  74. DETERMINING/UNDERSTANDING BARRIERS TO ADULT IMMUNIZATION
    Richard Zimmerman; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..This project will furnish relevant, up-to-date to enhance policy planning, practice management and medical education. ..
  75. Surveillance for Hepatocellular Carcinoma among HCV-infected Veterans
    Hashem El Serag; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Evaluating the extent and patterns of HCC surveillance is crucial in understanding diffusion (and obstacles) of this practice and in designing interventions to improve the implementation of HCC surveillance. ..
  76. Obesity, H pylori and Risk of Barrett's Esophagus
    Hashem El Serag; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Subsequently, in a case-control study, all newly diagnosed BE and randomly selected controls will be examined for the volume and activity of visceral obesity (CT scan and serum adipocytokines). ..
  77. Predictors of Cancer Screening in Diverse Practices
    Richard Zimmerman; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Without understanding the barriers to prevention from multiple vantage points, the rates of preventive services are unlikely to reach 2010 goals and needless cancer deaths will occur. ..
  78. Surveillance for Hepatocellular Carcinoma among HCV-infected Veterans
    Hashem El Serag; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Evaluating the extent and patterns of HCC surveillance is crucial in understanding diffusion (and obstacles) of this practice and in designing interventions to improve the implementation of HCC surveillance. ..