enema

Summary

Summary: A solution or compound that is introduced into the RECTUM with the purpose of cleansing the COLON or for diagnostic procedures.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi An enema formulation of alicaforsen, an antisense inhibitor of intercellular adhesion molecule-1, in the treatment of chronic, unremitting pouchitis
    P Miner
    Oklahoma Foundation for Digestive Research, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City, OK 73104, USA
    Aliment Pharmacol Ther 19:281-6. 2004
  2. ncbi Patient acceptability of CT colonography compared with double contrast barium enema: results from a multicentre randomised controlled trial of symptomatic patients
    Christian von Wagner
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, London, UK
    Eur Radiol 21:2046-55. 2011
  3. ncbi Randomised clinical trial: the effectiveness of Lactobacillus reuteri ATCC 55730 rectal enema in children with active distal ulcerative colitis
    S Oliva
    Pediatric Gastroenterology and Liver Unit, Sapienza University of Rome, Italy
    Aliment Pharmacol Ther 35:327-34. 2012
  4. ncbi National audit of the sensitivity of double-contrast barium enema for colorectal carcinoma, using control charts For the Royal College of Radiologists Clinical Radiology Audit Sub-Committee
    D J Tawn
    Clinical Radiology Audit Sub Committee, Royal College of Radiologists, London, UK
    Clin Radiol 60:558-64. 2005
  5. ncbi Lymphogranuloma venereum proctitis in men who have sex with men is associated with anal enema use and high-risk behavior
    Henry J C de Vries
    STI Outpatient Clinic, Cluster Infectious Diseases, Public Health Service Amsterdam The Netherlands
    Sex Transm Dis 35:203-8. 2008
  6. ncbi Patient experiences of colonoscopy, barium enema and CT colonography: a qualitative study
    C von Wagner
    Cancer Research UK Health Behavior Unit, UCL, London, UK
    Br J Radiol 82:13-9. 2009
  7. pmc Colonoscopy can miss diverticula of the left colon identified by barium enema
    Ryota Niikura
    Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, National Center for Global Health and Medicine, Shinjuku, Tokyo 162 8655, Japan
    World J Gastroenterol 19:2362-7. 2013
  8. ncbi Air enema for intussusception: is predicting the outcome important?
    P Ramachandran
    Department of Pediatric Surgery, Kanchi Kamakoti Child s Trust Hospital, 12 A, Nageswara Road, Nungambakkam, Chennai 600034, India
    Pediatr Surg Int 24:311-3. 2008
  9. ncbi Computed tomographic colonography versus barium enema for diagnosis of colorectal cancer or large polyps in symptomatic patients (SIGGAR): a multicentre randomised trial
    Steve Halligan
    University College London, Centre for Medical Imaging, Podium Level 2, 235 Euston Road, London NW1 2BU, UK
    Lancet 381:1185-93. 2013
  10. ncbi Colon cancer: comprehensive evaluation with 64-section CT colonography using water enema as intraluminal contrast agent-a pictorial review
    Philippe Soyer
    Department of Abdominal Imaging, Hôpital Lariboisière APHP, Paris, France
    Clin Imaging 36:113-25. 2012

Detail Information

Publications319 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi An enema formulation of alicaforsen, an antisense inhibitor of intercellular adhesion molecule-1, in the treatment of chronic, unremitting pouchitis
    P Miner
    Oklahoma Foundation for Digestive Research, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City, OK 73104, USA
    Aliment Pharmacol Ther 19:281-6. 2004
    ..Two-thirds of pouchitis patients suffer recurrence. Of those who recur, one-quarter suffer from chronic, unremitting pouchitis. Current treatments for this disorder are disappointing...
  2. ncbi Patient acceptability of CT colonography compared with double contrast barium enema: results from a multicentre randomised controlled trial of symptomatic patients
    Christian von Wagner
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, London, UK
    Eur Radiol 21:2046-55. 2011
    To determine patient acceptability of barium enema (BE) or CT colonography (CTC).
  3. ncbi Randomised clinical trial: the effectiveness of Lactobacillus reuteri ATCC 55730 rectal enema in children with active distal ulcerative colitis
    S Oliva
    Pediatric Gastroenterology and Liver Unit, Sapienza University of Rome, Italy
    Aliment Pharmacol Ther 35:327-34. 2012
    ..Intestinal microbiota manipulation, one of the pathogenetic components of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), has become an attractive therapy for ulcerative colitis (UC)...
  4. ncbi National audit of the sensitivity of double-contrast barium enema for colorectal carcinoma, using control charts For the Royal College of Radiologists Clinical Radiology Audit Sub-Committee
    D J Tawn
    Clinical Radiology Audit Sub Committee, Royal College of Radiologists, London, UK
    Clin Radiol 60:558-64. 2005
    To audit the sensitivity of double-contrast barium enema (DCBE) for colorectal carcinoma, as currently practised in UK departments of radiology.
  5. ncbi Lymphogranuloma venereum proctitis in men who have sex with men is associated with anal enema use and high-risk behavior
    Henry J C de Vries
    STI Outpatient Clinic, Cluster Infectious Diseases, Public Health Service Amsterdam The Netherlands
    Sex Transm Dis 35:203-8. 2008
    ..In the industrialized world, lymphogranuloma venereum proctitis (LGVP) has been reported only in men who have sex with men. Factors responsible for the outbreak remain to be elucidated...
  6. ncbi Patient experiences of colonoscopy, barium enema and CT colonography: a qualitative study
    C von Wagner
    Cancer Research UK Health Behavior Unit, UCL, London, UK
    Br J Radiol 82:13-9. 2009
    ..Following ethical permission, 16 patients undergoing CTC, 18 undergoing colonoscopy and 15 undergoing barium enema agreed to a semi-structured interview by a health psychologist...
  7. pmc Colonoscopy can miss diverticula of the left colon identified by barium enema
    Ryota Niikura
    Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, National Center for Global Health and Medicine, Shinjuku, Tokyo 162 8655, Japan
    World J Gastroenterol 19:2362-7. 2013
    To identify the diagnostic value of colonoscopy for diverticulosis as determined by barium enema.
  8. ncbi Air enema for intussusception: is predicting the outcome important?
    P Ramachandran
    Department of Pediatric Surgery, Kanchi Kamakoti Child s Trust Hospital, 12 A, Nageswara Road, Nungambakkam, Chennai 600034, India
    Pediatr Surg Int 24:311-3. 2008
    Air enema is the treatment of choice for childhood intussusceptions. Although peritonitis is the established contraindication, studies have attempted to identify factors that affect the outcome of air enema...
  9. ncbi Computed tomographic colonography versus barium enema for diagnosis of colorectal cancer or large polyps in symptomatic patients (SIGGAR): a multicentre randomised trial
    Steve Halligan
    University College London, Centre for Medical Imaging, Podium Level 2, 235 Euston Road, London NW1 2BU, UK
    Lancet 381:1185-93. 2013
    Barium enema (BE) is widely available for diagnosis of colorectal cancer despite concerns about its accuracy and acceptability. Computed tomographic colonography (CTC) might be a more sensitive and acceptable alternative...
  10. ncbi Colon cancer: comprehensive evaluation with 64-section CT colonography using water enema as intraluminal contrast agent-a pictorial review
    Philippe Soyer
    Department of Abdominal Imaging, Hôpital Lariboisière APHP, Paris, France
    Clin Imaging 36:113-25. 2012
    Sixty-four-section CT colonography with water enema combines intracolonic neutral contrast agent with high-resolution CT images of the abdomen. Owing to submillimeter isotropic voxels, high-quality reformatted images are obtained...
  11. ncbi Three-year surveillance of intussusception in children in Switzerland
    Michael Buettcher
    Division of Pediatric Infectious Diseases, University Children s Hospital Basel, PO Box 4005, Basel, Switzerland
    Pediatrics 120:473-80. 2007
    ..We attempted to obtain baseline data on the incidence of intussusception and its association with gastroenteritis in a cross-sectional observational study in children...
  12. pmc Therapeutic barium enema for bleeding colonic diverticula: four case series and review of the literature
    Jun ichi Iwamoto
    Department of Gastroenterology, Tokyo Medical University Kasumigaura Hospital, Ibaraki 300 0395, Japan
    World J Gastroenterol 14:6413-7. 2008
    ..and persistent bleeding of colonic diverticular disease that could be treated with a high concentration barium enema. These four cases showed a similar pattern of bleeding whose source could not be identified...
  13. ncbi Metronidazole in the treatment of chronic radiation proctitis: clinical trial
    J Cavcic
    Department of Surgery, Zagreb University Hospital Center, Kispaticeva 12, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia
    Croat Med J 41:314-8. 2000
    To evaluate the effectiveness of metronidazole in combination with corticosteroids in enema and mesalazine (5-aminosalicylic acid) in comparison with the same protocol without metronidazole in the treatment of chronic radiation proctitis.
  14. ncbi CT colonography versus double-contrast barium enema for screening of colorectal cancer: comparison of radiation burden
    Emanuele Neri
    Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, University of Pisa, Via Paradisa, 2, 56100, Pisa, Italy
    Abdom Imaging 35:596-601. 2010
    ..CT colonography (CTC) protocol for colorectal cancer screening with that delivered by double-contrast barium enema (DCBE)...
  15. pmc Combined oral and enema treatment with Pentasa (mesalazine) is superior to oral therapy alone in patients with extensive mild/moderate active ulcerative colitis: a randomised, double blind, placebo controlled study
    P Marteau
    Gastroenterology, Hopital Europeen Georges Pompidou, 20 rue Leblanc, 75908 Paris Cedex 15, France
    Gut 54:960-5. 2005
    ..relate to disease activity in the distal part of the colon and therefore this study was designed to investigate if adding a mesalazine enema to oral mesalazine has additional benefit for patients with extensive mild/moderate active UC.
  16. ncbi Utility of contrast enema for detecting anastomotic strictures after total proctocolectomy and ileal pouch-anal anastomosis
    David Dolinsky
    Department of Radiology, Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, 3400 Spruce St, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    AJR Am J Roentgenol 189:25-9. 2007
    ....
  17. ncbi After the honeymoon comes divorce: long-term use of the antegrade continence enema procedure
    Iain E Yardley
    Department of Paediatric Surgery, Alder Hey Children s Hospital, Liverpool, UK
    J Pediatr Surg 44:1274-6; discussion 1276-7. 2009
    Having reported that 18% of children discontinue use of the antegrade continence enema (ACE) after 5 years, we aimed to determine long-term use after an ACE procedure.
  18. ncbi Interstitial glycerol increase in microdialysis after glycerol enema
    Jan Gliemroth
    Department of Neurosurgery, Medical University Lubeck, Ratzeburger Allee 160, 23538, Lubeck, Germany
    J Clin Neurosci 11:53-6. 2004
    ..Four patients received a glycerol enema for therapy of a paralytic ileus...
  19. ncbi Value of virtual computed tomographic colonography for Crohn's colitis: comparison with endoscopy and barium enema
    Y Ota
    Department of Gastroenterology, Fukuoka University Chikushi Hospital, Zokumyoin 377 1, Chikushino Shi, Fukuoka, 818 8502, Japan
    Abdom Imaging 28:778-83. 2003
    ..We evaluated the usefulness of virtual computed tomographic colonography (CTC) for the detection of colonic lesions due to Crohn's disease...
  20. ncbi Does the transition zone reliably delineate aganglionic bowel in Hirschsprung's disease?
    Douglas H Jamieson
    Department of Radiology, BCCH, 4480 Oak Street, V6H 3V4, Vancouver, BC, Canada
    Pediatr Radiol 34:811-5. 2004
    ..Knowledge of the extent of aganglionic bowel is important for preoperative planning of trans-anal surgery in patients with Hirschsprung's disease (HD)...
  21. ncbi Treatment of inflammatory bowel disease with Chinese drugs administered by both oral intake and retention enema
    Xiao hua Ling
    Department of Digestive Diseases, The 4th Hospital Affiliated to Harbin Medical University, Harbin, China
    Chin J Integr Med 16:222-8. 2010
    To study the clinical effect of Chinese drugs administered by both oral intake and retention enema on inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD).
  22. ncbi The antegrade continence enema successfully treats idiopathic slow-transit constipation
    Sebastian K King
    Department of General Surgery, Royal Children s Hospital, Melbourne 3050, Australia
    J Pediatr Surg 40:1935-40. 2005
    ..We studied the long-term efficacy of ACE in a large group of patients with idiopathic slow-transit constipation (STC)...
  23. ncbi Malone antegrade continence enema (MACE) for fecal incontinence in imperforate anus improves quality of life
    Kelly D Mattix
    Department of Surgery, Indiana University School of Medicine, Riley Hospital for Children, 545 N Barnhill Dr EH202, Indianapolis, IN 46202, USA
    Pediatr Surg Int 23:1175-7. 2007
    ..All patients and parents interviewed reported an improvement in their QOL following the MACE. This procedure should be offered to children with IA with the expectation of significant improvement in QOL...
  24. ncbi Are cecal wrap and fixation necessary for antegrade colonic enema appendicostomy?
    Antti Koivusalo
    Children s Hospital, Department of Paediatric Surgery, University of Helsinki, 00290 Helsinki, Finland
    J Pediatr Surg 41:323-6. 2006
    In antegrade colonic enema (ACE) appendicostomy, cecal fixation on the inside of the abdominal wall and cecal wrap around the base of the appendix are often performed as an antireflux procedure...
  25. ncbi Safety and efficacy of two dose formulations of alicaforsen enema compared with mesalazine enema for treatment of mild to moderate left-sided ulcerative colitis: a randomized, double-blind, active-controlled trial
    P B Miner
    Oklahoma Foundation for Digestive Research, Health Sciences Center, University of Oklahoma, OK, USA
    Aliment Pharmacol Ther 23:1403-13. 2006
    ..Alicaforsen is an antisense oligonucleotide inhibitor of intercellular adhesion molecule 1 protein expression with activity in subjects with ulcerative colitis and pouchitis...
  26. ncbi Rates of new or missed colorectal cancer after barium enema and their risk factors: a population-based study
    Jonathan Toma
    Department of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Am J Gastroenterol 103:3142-8. 2008
    Double-contrast barium enema (DCBE) is widely used in clinical practice to detect colorectal cancer (CRC)...
  27. ncbi The contrast enema for Hirschsprung disease: predictors of a false-positive result
    Ivan R Diamond
    Division of General Surgery, The Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, Ontario, Canada M5G 1X8
    J Pediatr Surg 42:792-5. 2007
    To examine predictors of a false-positive (FP) result on contrast enema (CE) for the diagnosis of Hirschsprung disease (HD).
  28. ncbi Comparison of transvaginal sonography and double-contrast barium enema for diagnosing deep infiltrating endometriosis of the posterior compartment
    L Savelli
    Gynecology and Reproductive Medicine Unit, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, S Orsola Malpighi Hospital, Bologna, Italy
    Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 38:466-71. 2011
    To compare the diagnostic accuracy of transvaginal sonography (TVS) and double-contrast barium enema (DCBE) in the preoperative detection of deep infiltrating endometriosis (DIE) of the posterior compartment.
  29. ncbi Early experience with the antegrade colonic enema stopper to reduce stomal stenosis
    Pedro Jose Lopez
    Department of Pediatric Surgery, Great Ormond Street Hospital, London WC1N 3JH, UK
    J Pediatr Surg 42:522-4. 2007
    Since the initial description of the antegrade colonic enema (ACE) procedure, stomal stenosis has been recognized as its most common complication...
  30. ncbi The Malone antegrade continence enema procedure: the Amsterdam experience
    Lisette T Hoekstra
    Pediatric Surgical Center of Amsterdam, Emma Children s Hospital AMC, Academic Medical Center, Amsterdam 1105 AZ, The Netherlands
    J Pediatr Surg 46:1603-8. 2011
    The Malone antegrade continence enema (MACE) procedure has been previously described as a safe and effective option for the treatment of children with chronic defecation disorders when maximal medical therapy and conventional treatment ..
  31. ncbi Ozone enema: a model of microscopic colitis in rats
    R Eliakim
    Department of Medicine, Hadassah University Hospital, Jerusalem, Israel
    Dig Dis Sci 46:2515-20. 2001
    ..Our aim was to examine the effect of ozone water enema on normal and inflamed rat colonic mucosa...
  32. ncbi Ultrasound-guided hydrostatic reduction of intussusceptions by saline enema: a review of 5218 cases in 17 years
    Yu Zuo Bai
    Department of Pediatric Surgery, 2nd Affiliated Hospital, China Medical University, No 36 Sanhao St, Heping District, Shenyang 110004, PRC
    Am J Surg 192:273-5. 2006
    The aim of this study was to evaluate the results of ultrasound (US)-guided hydrostatic reduction (UGSED) of intussusceptions in pediatric patients by saline enema.
  33. ncbi CT air-contrast enema as a preoperative examination for colorectal cancer
    Koichi Nagata
    Digestive Disease Center, Showa University Northern Yokohama Hospital, Yokohama, Japan
    Dig Surg 21:352-8. 2004
    We conducted a study on three-dimensional computed tomography (CT) images, in particular CT air-contrast enema (CT enema), using multidetector-row CT (MDCT), to see whether CT enema is useful as a preoperative examination for colorectal ..
  34. doi Barium enema: diagnosis and an unusual discovery. Multiple tablets of Adalat LA 30
    A Shaw
    Department of Colorectal Surgery, Derby City General Hospital, Derby DE22 3NE, UK
    Gut 57:827, 849. 2008
  35. ncbi Long-term results of antegrade colonic enema in adult patients: assessment of functional results
    J Worsøe
    Department of Surgery P, Aarhus University Hospital, Aarhus, Denmark
    Dis Colon Rectum 51:1523-8. 2008
    This retrospective study reviewed long-term results in a large group of adult patients treated with antegrade colonic enema and antegrade colonic enema combined with a colostomy.
  36. pmc Non-laxative CT colonography with barium-based faecal tagging: is additional phosphate enema beneficial and well tolerated?
    W Davis
    Department of Specialist Radiology, University College Hospital, London, UK
    Br J Radiol 84:120-5. 2011
    The purpose of this study was to investigate the efficacy and tolerance of an additional phosphate enema prior to non-laxative CT colonography (CTC).
  37. ncbi [Coffee enema induced acute colitis]
    Chang Jung Lee
    Department of Internal Medicine, Daerim Saint Mary Hospital, Seoul, Korea
    Korean J Gastroenterol 52:251-4. 2008
    Rectal enema used for diagnostic and therapeutic purposes infrequently causes colitis. In medical practice, enemas are known to incidentally bring about colitis by mechanical, thermal, or direct chemical injuries...
  38. ncbi Colorectal cancer: screening double-contrast barium enema examination in average-risk adults older than 50 years
    Justin W Kung
    Department of Radiology, Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, 3400 Spruce St, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    Radiology 240:725-35. 2006
    To retrospectively determine the diagnostic yield of double-contrast barium enema examinations performed for colorectal cancer screening of neoplasms 1 cm or larger or advanced neoplastic lesions of any size in average-risk adults older ..
  39. ncbi Detection of colorectal tumors with water enema-multidetector row computed tomography
    Philippe Soyer
    Department of Abdominal Imaging, Hopital Lariboisiere, AP HP, 2 rue Ambroise Pare, 75475 Paris Cedex 10, France
    Abdom Imaging 37:1092-100. 2012
    To retrospectively determine the diagnostic capabilities of water enema-multidetector row computed tomography (WE-MDCT) in the detection of colorectal tumors.
  40. ncbi Septic shock in an elderly patient on dialysis: enema-induced rectal injury confusing the clinical picture
    Ravi K Bobba
    J Am Geriatr Soc 52:2144. 2004
  41. ncbi Barium enema reduction of intussusception in a developing country
    R Tota-Maharaj
    Department of Paediatric Surgery, Eric Williams Medical Sciences Complex, Mt Hope, Trinidad and Tobago, West Indies
    West Indian Med J 59:535-9. 2010
    To determine the current success rate of barium enema reduction of intussusception and to investigate the factors affecting successful reduction.
  42. ncbi Meta-analysis comparing CT colonography, air contrast barium enema, and colonoscopy
    Alan S Rosman
    Section of Gastroenterology and Medicine Program, James J Peters VA Medical Center and Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, NY 10468, USA
    Am J Med 120:203-210.e4. 2007
    ..Published studies have reported a wide range of sensitivities and specificities for computed tomographic (CT) colonography for polyp detection, generating controversy regarding its diagnostic accuracy...
  43. ncbi Colonic giant migrating contractions induced by glycerol enema in anesthetized rats
    A Tomaru
    Department of Pharmacology, Pharmaceutical Research Laboratories, Kyowa Hakko Kogyo Co, Ltd, Shizuoka, Japan
    Jpn J Pharmacol 63:525-8. 1993
    ..v.) or clonidine (30 micrograms/kg, i.v.); and they were almost entirely suppressed by atropine (3 mg/kg, i.v.), suggesting the principal involvement of the cholinergic neural pathway...
  44. ncbi Colorectal cancer screening with double-contrast barium enema: a national survey of diagnostic radiologists
    Carrie N Klabunde
    Health Services and Economics Branch, Applied Research Program, National Cancer Institute, Executive Plaza North, Rm 4005, 6130 Executive Blvd, Bethesda, MD 20892 7344, USA
    AJR Am J Roentgenol 179:1419-27. 2002
    ..activities and beliefs about screening effectiveness and future capacity for screening with double-contrast barium enema, and compares radiologists' opinions about colorectal cancer screening with those of primary care physicians.
  45. ncbi Barium enema evaluation of colonic involvement in endometriosis
    Niccolo Faccioli
    Department of Radiology, University of Verona, Policlinico G B Rossi, Piazzale Scuro 10, 37134 Verona, Italy
    AJR Am J Roentgenol 190:1050-4. 2008
    The purpose of our study was to define the role of double-contrast barium enema (DCBE) compared with laparoscopy in the diagnosis and local staging of intestinal endometriosis.
  46. ncbi Assessment of water enema computed tomography: an effective imaging technique for the diagnosis of colon cancer: Colon cancer: computed tomography using a water enema
    Catherine Ridereau-Zins
    Departement de Radiologie, CHU Angers, 4, rue Larrey, Angers Cedex 09, 49933, France
    Abdom Imaging 35:407-13. 2010
    The aim of this study was to assess the accuracy of water enema computed tomography (WECT) for the diagnosis of colon cancer.
  47. ncbi Double-contrast barium enema: use in practice and implications for CT colonography
    Joseph T Ferrucci
    Department of Radiology, Boston Medical Center, Boston University School of Medicine, 88 East Newton, Atrium 2, Boston, MA 02118, USA
    AJR Am J Roentgenol 187:170-3. 2006
    ..This study examines the use and yield of double-contrast barium enemas (DCBEs) for colorectal polyp detection in current clinical practice outside the research setting...
  48. pmc Double contrast barium enema and colorectal carcinoma: sensitivity and potential role in screening
    J S Gillespie
    Department of Radiology, Royal Victoria Hospital, Belfast
    Ulster Med J 70:15-8. 2001
    To establish the sensitivity of double contrast barium enema (DCBE) for detection of colorectal carcinoma in a tertiary referral centre and consider its possible role as a suitable imaging method in screening for this disease...
  49. ncbi Crohn's disease: prevalence of intestinal and extraintestinal manifestations detected by computed tomography enterography with water enema
    F Paparo
    Department of Radiology, E O Ospedali Galliera, Genova, Italy
    Abdom Imaging 37:326-37. 2012
    ....
  50. ncbi Double-contrast barium enema examination technique
    S E Rubesin
    Department of Radiology, Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    Radiology 215:642-50. 2000
    This review article presents the principles for performing a safe, comfortable, and accurate double-contrast barium enema examination...
  51. pmc Rectal perforations and fistulae secondary to a glycerin enema: closure by over-the-scope-clip
    Hirohito Mori
    Department of Gastroenterology and Neurology, Kagawa Medical University School of Medicine, Kagawa 761 0793, Japan
    World J Gastroenterol 18:3177-80. 2012
    ..Our two cases are the first reports of the successful endoscopic closure of fistulae using double OTSCs after endoscopic lavage of the debris and an abscess of the rectum secondary to a GE...
  52. ncbi Triple colon cancer successfully demonstrated by CT air-contrast enema
    Koichi Nagata
    Digestive Disease Center, Showa University Northern Yokohama Hospital, Yokohama, Japan
    Dig Surg 21:10-1. 2004
  53. ncbi Perforations of the rectosigmoid colon induced by cleansing enema: CT findings in 14 patients
    G Gayer
    Department of Diagnostic Imaging, Sheba Medical Center affiliated to the Sackler School of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Tel Hashomer 52621, Israel
    Abdom Imaging 27:453-7. 2002
    We report the computed tomographic (CT) features of colorectal perforations caused by cleansing enema.
  54. ncbi Critical analysis of the performance of double-contrast barium enema for detecting colorectal polyps > or = 6 mm in the era of CT colonography
    Jacob Sosna
    Department of Radiology, Hadassah Hebrew University Medical Center, POB 12000, Jerusalem, Israel
    AJR Am J Roentgenol 190:374-85. 2008
    The purpose of our study was to perform a meta-analysis comparing the performance of double-contrast barium enema (DCBE) with CT colonography (CTC) for the detection of colorectal polyps > or = 6 mm using endoscopy as the gold standard.
  55. ncbi Evaluation of a radiographer-provided barium enema service
    R L Law
    Department of Radiology, Frenchay Hospital, North Bristol NHS Trust, Bristol, UK
    Colorectal Dis 10:394-6. 2008
    ..Radiographers performed and reported 5516 double contrast barium enemas (RDCBEs) over 4 years to October 2001. This study was undertaken to assess the accuracy of RDCBE and the sensitivity for diagnosing colorectal cancer (CRC)...
  56. ncbi Evaluation of colonic involvement in endometriosis: double-contrast barium enema vs. magnetic resonance imaging
    N Faccioli
    Department of Radiology, G B Rossi Hospital, University of Verona, Piazzale Scuro 10, 37134 Verona, Italy
    Abdom Imaging 35:414-21. 2010
    The purpose of the study was to compare the accuracy of double-contrast barium enema (DCBE) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in the diagnosis of intestinal endometriosis using the histological examination on resected specimen as ..
  57. ncbi Antioxidant effects after coffee enema or oral coffee consumption in healthy Thai male volunteers
    S Teekachunhatean
    Department of Pharmacology, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, Thailand
    Hum Exp Toxicol 31:643-51. 2012
    ..two-phase crossover study to investigate the antioxidant effects after single and multiple doses of a coffee enema versus coffee consumed orally...
  58. ncbi Detection of colorectal carcinoma on double contrast barium enema when double reporting is routinely performed: an audit of current practice
    A Leslie
    Department of Clinical Radiology, Bristol Royal Infirmary, Bristol, UK
    Clin Radiol 57:184-7. 2002
    To determine the sensitivity of double contrast barium enema (DCBE) in the detection of colorectal carcinoma (CRC) when double reporting is routinely performed.
  59. ncbi Extensive calcifications induced by hyperphosphataemia caused by phosphate-based enema in a patient after kidney transplantation
    Jens Eckstein
    Division of Transplantation Immunology and Nephrology, Department of Anesthesia, University Hospital Basel, Petersgraben 4, 4031 Basel, Switzerland
    Nephrol Dial Transplant 21:2013-6. 2006
  60. ncbi Extreme hyperphosphatemia and hypocalcemic coma associated with phosphate enema
    Heng Jung Hsu
    Department of Nephrology, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Keelung, Taiwan
    Intern Med 47:643-6. 2008
    Fleet enema (sodium phosphate, C.B. Fleet Co., Inc., Lynchburg, Virginia) is widely used for bowel preparation or constipation relief in the hospital and over the counter...
  61. ncbi Povidone-iodine vs sodium hypochlorite enema for mechanical preparation before elective open colonic or rectal resection with primary anastomosis: a multicenter randomized controlled trial
    Alain Valverde
    Surgical Unit, Hôpital Louis Mourier Assistance Publique Hôpitaux de Paris, Colombes, France
    Arch Surg 141:1168-74; discussion 1175. 2006
    ..The anti-infective actions of povidone-iodine (PVI) and sodium hypochlorite enemas are different...
  62. ncbi The double contrast barium enema: a retrospective single centre audit of the detection of colorectal carcinomas
    Daniel J A Connolly
    Department of Radiology, John Radcliffe Hospital, Oxford, UK
    Clin Radiol 57:29-32. 2002
    To determine retrospectively the sensitivity and specificity of the double contrast barium enema (DCBE) as performed in one institution for the detection of colorectal carcinoma.
  63. ncbi Result of air enema reduction in 737 cases of intussusception
    Anchalee Kruatrachue
    Department of Radiology, Queen Sirikit National Institute of Child Health, College of Medicine, Rangsit University, Bangkok, Thailand
    J Med Assoc Thai 94:S22-6. 2011
    To show the success of air enema reduction for intussusception at Queen Sirikit National Institute of Child Health, a tertiary center for children in Bangkok, Thailand.
  64. ncbi Acute colonic obstruction from Ladd bands: a unique complication from intestinal malrotation
    Tal Raphaeli
    Department of Surgery, Virginia Mason Medical Center, Seattle, WA 98115, USA
    J Pediatr Surg 45:630-1. 2010
    ..However, acute obstruction of the colon from Ladd bands has not been previously described. We report a case of complete obstruction of the hepatic flexure of the colon secondary to a Ladd band in a previously healthy teenage boy...
  65. ncbi Management of hypophosphatemia in nocturnal hemodialysis with phosphate-containing enema: a technical study
    Winnie S Su
    Division of Nephrology, McMaster University and St Joseph s Healthcare, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada
    Hemodial Int 15:219-25. 2011
    ..predictable final dialysate phosphate concentrations could be achieved by adding varying amounts of Fleet® enema. Second, we assessed the stability of calcium (Ca) and phosphate dialysate levels under simulated nocturnal ..
  66. ncbi The value of sonography, CT and air enema for detection of complicated Meckel diverticulum in children with nonspecific clinical presentation
    A Daneman
    Department of Diagnostic Imaging, Hospital for Sick Children and the University of Toronto, 555 University Avenue, Toronto, Ontario M5G 1X8 Canada
    Pediatr Radiol 28:928-32. 1998
    ..In this clinical setting, sonography (US), CT or even air enema may be the first modality chosen to evaluate these children rather than the radionuclide Meckel scan (RNMS).
  67. ncbi Routine use of gastrograffin enema prior to the reversal of a loop ileostomy
    G Khair
    Academic Surgical Unit, Castle Hill Hospital, Cottingham, Hull, UK
    Dig Surg 24:338-41. 2007
    ..The use of gastrograffin enema to confirm the anastomotic integrity prior to ileostomy closure is still controversial...
  68. ncbi Predictors of failed enema reduction in childhood intussusception
    Frankie B Fike
    The Children s Mercy Hospital, Kansas City, MO 64108, USA
    J Pediatr Surg 47:925-7. 2012
    Initial management of intussusception is enema reduction. Data are scarce on predicting which patients are unlikely to have a successful reduction. Therefore, we reviewed our experience to identify factors predictive of enema failure.
  69. ncbi Mesalamine foam enema versus mesalamine liquid enema in active left-sided ulcerative colitis
    Antoine Cortot
    Gastroenterologie, Hopital Claude Huriez, Lille, France
    Am J Gastroenterol 103:3106-14. 2008
    To determine in a noninferiority study whether mesalamine foam is as effective as mesalamine liquid enema for inducing clinical remission in patients with active left-sided ulcerative colitis (UC).
  70. ncbi Minimizing antipsychotic medication obviated the need for enema against severe constipation leading to paralytic ileus: a case report
    T Suzuki
    Department of Neuro Psychiatry, School of Medicine, Keio University, Tokyo, Japan
    J Clin Pharm Ther 32:525-7. 2007
    ..To report the usefulness of antipsychotic dose-reduction for avoiding paralytic ileus in a patient with chronic schizophrenia and comorbid dementia...
  71. ncbi A phase II dose ranging, double-blind, placebo-controlled study of alicaforsen enema in subjects with acute exacerbation of mild to moderate left-sided ulcerative colitis
    S J H van Deventer
    Academisch Medisch Centrum, Poli Inglammatoire Darmzietkten, Meibergdreef, Amsterdam Ziodoost, The Netherlands
    Aliment Pharmacol Ther 23:1415-25. 2006
    Alicaforsen is an antisense oligonucleotide designed to inhibit expression of human intercellular adhesion molecule 1. Previous clinical studies have demonstrated activity of alicaforsen enema in ulcerative colitis and pouchitis.
  72. ncbi A comparison of colonoscopy and double-contrast barium enema for surveillance after polypectomy. National Polyp Study Work Group
    S J Winawer
    Department of Medicine, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY 10021, USA
    N Engl J Med 342:1766-72. 2000
    After patients have undergone colonoscopic polypectomy, it is uncertain whether colonoscopic examination or a barium enema is the better method of surveillance.
  73. ncbi Comparative absorption of 5-aminosalicylic acid (5-ASA) after administration of a 5-ASA enema and salazosulfapyridine (SASP) after an SASP suppository in Japanese volunteers
    Kenji Tokui
    Department of Pharmacy, Nagoya Daini Red Cross Hospital, Japan
    Biol Pharm Bull 25:264-7. 2002
    ..In the present study, we prepared suppositories containing 6.5 mmol of SASP and an enema containing 6.5 mmol of 5-ASA...
  74. ncbi Severe hyperphosphatemia and hypocalcemia following the rectal administration of a phosphate-containing Fleet pediatric enema
    Jeanna M Marraffa
    Central New York Poison Center, Department of Emergency Medicine, University Hospital, SUNY Upstate Medical University, Syracuse, NY 13210, USA
    Pediatr Emerg Care 20:453-6. 2004
    ..We report a case of electrolyte disturbance and seizure secondary to the rectal administration of 2 Fleet pediatric enemas...
  75. pmc Intussusception associated with bacterial meningitis
    E Crushell
    Department of Paediatrics, Sligo General Hospital, Ireland
    Arch Dis Child 85:56-7. 2001
    ..Intussusception was confirmed, and reduction was achieved by enema in both cases. Recovery was slow, and one infant developed a seizure...
  76. ncbi Preoperative double-contrast barium enema in patients with suspected intestinal endometriosis
    Stefano Landi
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Ospedale Sacro Cuore, Negrar Verona Italy
    J Am Assoc Gynecol Laparosc 11:223-8. 2004
    To assess the usefulness of double-contrast barium enema (DCBE) in the diagnosis of endometriotic lesions of the bowel and to define its potential value in preoperative decision making for intestinal surgery.
  77. ncbi Diminishing role of contrast enema in simple meconium ileus
    Daniel R Copeland
    Arkansas Children s Hospital, Little Rock, AR 72202 3591, USA
    J Pediatr Surg 44:2130-2. 2009
    Contrast enema is the initial study of choice for simple meconium ileus to confirm diagnosis and to relieve obstruction...
  78. ncbi Intussusception in children: reduction with repeated, delayed air enema
    A Gorenstein
    Division of Pediatric Surgery, Edith Wolfson Medical Center, Holon, Israel
    Radiology 206:721-4. 1998
    ..To evaluate the efficacy of pneumatic reduction of intussusception with an emphasis on repeated, delayed trials...
  79. ncbi Flexible sigmoidoscopy plus air contrast barium enema versus colonoscopy for suspected lower gastrointestinal bleeding
    D K Rex
    Department of Medicine, Indiana University Medical Center, Indianapolis
    Gastroenterology 98:855-61. 1990
    ..greater than or equal to 40 yr were randomized to undergo initial flexible sigmoidoscopy plus air contrast barium enema or colonoscopy; 332 completed the initial studies...
  80. ncbi Symptom-based approach to colorectal cancer: survey of primary care physicians in Italy
    F Panzuto
    Department of Digestive and Liver Disease, II School of Medicine, Sant Andrea Hospital, La Sapienza University, Rome, Italy
    Dig Liver Dis 35:869-75. 2003
    ..It is likely that most patients with colorectal cancer refer, first of all, to their primary care physician at onset of symptoms...
  81. ncbi Screening for colorectal cancer in adults at average risk: a summary of the evidence for the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force
    Michael Pignone
    University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Department of Medicine and Cecil Sheps Center for Health Services Research, 5039 Old Clinic Building, CB 7110, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA
    Ann Intern Med 137:132-41. 2002
    ..To assess the effectiveness of different colorectal cancer screening tests for adults at average risk...
  82. ncbi Rebamipide enema therapy as a treatment for patients with active distal ulcerative colitis
    Ryuichi Furuta
    Department of Gastroenterology, Nagoya University Graduate School of Medicine, Nagoya, Japan
    J Gastroenterol Hepatol 22:261-7. 2007
    ..The aim of the present study was to assess the clinical efficacy and safety of a novel Rebamipide enema therapy in UC patients.
  83. ncbi Robotic-assisted laparoscopic mitrofanoff appendicovesicostomy and antegrade continent enema colon tube creation in a pediatric spina bifida patient
    Thomas S Lendvay
    Division of Pediatric Urology, Children s Hospital and Regional Medical Center, Seattle, WA 98105, USA
    J Laparoendosc Adv Surg Tech A 18:310-2. 2008
    ..In this paper, we report the techniques of creating both an appendicovesicostomy and an antegrade continent enema colon tube in a 9-year-old female with a neurogenic bladder and bowel secondary to myelomeningocele.
  84. ncbi Recurrent colocolic intussusception in a child with hereditary angioneurotic edema: reduction by air enema
    Henry A Pritzker
    Department of Radiology Children s Hospital at Montefiore Medical Center, Bronx, NY, USA
    J Pediatr Surg 39:1144-6. 2004
    ..edema in a child presenting with recurrent episodes of colocolic intussusception, each successfully reduced by air enema. Although additional manifestations of vasogenic edema are potential risks of the procedure, these were not ..
  85. ncbi Enema-induced severe hyperphosphatemia in children
    Ariane Biebl
    Department of Pediatrics, Children s Hospital, Linz, Austria
    Eur J Pediatr 168:111-2. 2009
    ..The accepted opinion-that these enemas are not absorbed and therefore systemically inactive-is not true. Physicians should be aware of the potentially lethal complications of this treatment, which is part of everyday clinical practice...
  86. ncbi Cecal volvulus: a report of two cases occurring after the antegrade colonic enema procedure
    E R Kokoska
    Section of Pediatric Surgery, J W Riley Hospital for Children, Indianapolis, IN 46202, USA
    J Pediatr Surg 39:916-9; discussion 916-9. 2004
    Many children with chronic constipation and fecal incontinence have benefited from the antegrade colonic enema (ACE) procedure. Routine antegrade colonic lavage often allows such children to avoid daytime soiling...
  87. ncbi Comparison of the relative sensitivity of CT colonography and double-contrast barium enema for screen detection of colorectal polyps
    C Daniel Johnson
    Department of Radiology, Mayo Clinic Rochester, MN 55905, USA
    Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol 2:314-21. 2004
    ..the relative sensitivity and specificity of computed tomography (CT) colonography with double-contrast barium enema (DCBE) for detection of colorectal polyps and to assess the added value of double reading at CT colonography, ..
  88. ncbi Severe hypothyroidism after contrast enema in premature infants
    Fanny Lombard
    CHU de Montpellier, Service de Néonatologie Pédiatrie 2, Hopital A de Villeneuve, Montpellier, 34000, France
    Eur J Pediatr 168:499-500. 2009
    ..here a case of severe iatrogenic hypothyroidism with goiter and cholestasis, discovered six weeks after a contrast enema using sodium ioxitalamate, an iodinated contrast agent...
  89. ncbi Anatomic significance of a positive barium enema in deep infiltrating endometriosis of the large bowel
    Vincent Anaf
    Department of Gynecology, Academic Hospital Erasme, Free University of Brussels ULB, 808, Route de Lennik, 1070, Brussels, Belgium
    World J Surg 33:822-7. 2009
    The anatomopathological significance of a positive double-contrast barium enema (DCBE) for suspicion of deep infiltrating endometriosis of the large bowel was studied. This is a retrospective study of a prospective database.
  90. ncbi Tap water irrigation and additives to optimize success with the Malone antegrade continence enema: the Indiana University algorithm
    Ahmad H Bani-Hani
    Division of Pediatric Urology, James Whitcomb Riley Hospital for Children, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, Indiana 46202, USA
    J Urol 180:1757-60; discussion 1760. 2008
    We report the long-term effectiveness of standard tap water for Malone antegrade continence enema irrigation as well as our algorithm for managing refractory constipation/fecal incontinence in a large single institution experience.
  91. ncbi Robot-assisted Mitrofanoff and Malone antegrade continence enema reconstruction using divided appendix
    Atul A Thakre
    Pediatric Urology, Sterling Hospital, Ahmendabad, India
    J Endourol 22:2393-6; discussion 2396. 2008
    ..the combination of wetting and severe constipation, a Mitrofanoff conduit and a channel for antegrade continence enema is constructed using the appendix by open surgery...
  92. ncbi A novel approach to the laparoscopic antegrade continence enema procedure: intracorporeal and extracorporeal techniques
    Pasquale Casale
    Division of Pediatric Urology, Children s Hospital and Regional Medical Center, University of Washington, Seattle, 98105, USA
    J Urol 171:817-9. 2004
    The use of laparoscopic techniques in the construction of an antegrade continence enema (ACE) channel is evolving as a minimally invasive procedure that attempts to address issues of morbidity commonly associated with the technique as ..
  93. ncbi Familial colonic varices--a cause of "polyposis" on barium enema
    L Zaman
    Department of Gastroenterology, Nottingham City Hospital, Hucknall Road, Nottingham, NG7 1PB, UK
    Br J Radiol 81:e17-9. 2008
    A 61-year-old woman with diarrhoea had multiple filling defects on a barium enema and was assumed to have multiple colonic polyps. However, colonoscopy showed colonic varices and relatively few true polyps...
  94. ncbi Digital rectal examination compares favourably with conventional water-soluble contrast enema in the assessment of anastomotic healing after low rectal excision: a cohort study
    Choong Leong Tang
    Department of Colorectal Surgery, Singapore General Hospital, Outram Road, Singapore 168609, Singapore
    Int J Colorectal Dis 20:262-6. 2005
    ..low colorectal, colo-anal or ileo-pouch anal anastomosis is routinely performed with a water-soluble contrast enema (WSCE) prior to the reversal of the defunctioning stoma...
  95. ncbi The natural history of colorectal polyps and masses: rediscovered truths from the barium enema era
    Perry J Pickhardt
    Department of Radiology, University of Wisconsin Medical School, E3 311 Clinical Science Center, 600 Highland Ave, Madison, WI 53792 3252, USA
    AJR Am J Roentgenol 188:619-21. 2007
  96. ncbi [Enema therapy for ulcerative colitis patients]
    Ryuichi Furuta
    Department of Therapeutic Medicine, Nagoya University Graduate School of Medicine
    Nihon Rinsho 63:845-9. 2005
    ..Larger, controlled studies will be necessary to establish the roles of enema therapy in patients with distal colitis.
  97. ncbi Ileocecal valve: spectrum of normal findings at double-contrast barium enema examination
    Lisa C El-Amin
    Department of Radiology, Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, 3400 Spruce St, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    Radiology 227:52-8. 2003
    To characterize the spectrum of normal findings of the ileocecal valve at double-contrast barium enema examination to allow differentiation between a normal valve and one infiltrated by tumor.
  98. ncbi Multicentre randomized clinical trial of mechanical bowel preparation in elective colonic resection
    B Jung
    University of Umea, Department of Surgery, Visby Hospital, Visby, Sweden
    Br J Surg 94:689-95. 2007
    ..This randomized clinical trial assessed whether preoperative MBP is beneficial in elective colonic surgery...
  99. ncbi Is mechanical bowel preparation mandatory for elective colon surgery? A prospective randomized study
    Edward Ram
    Division of General Surgery, Rabin Medical Center, Campus Golda, Petach Tikva Sackler Medical School, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel
    Arch Surg 140:285-8. 2005
    ..It was assumed that with the improvement in surgical technique together with the use of more effective prophylactic antibiotics, it was possible that MBP would no longer be necessary...
  100. ncbi Crohn's disease: a comparative prospective study of transabdominal ultrasonography, small intestine contrast ultrasonography, and small bowel enema
    Emma Calabrese
    Dipartimento di Scienze Cliniche, Universita La Sapienza, Roma, Italy
    Inflamm Bowel Dis 11:139-45. 2005
    ..bowel lesions in patients with proven Crohn's disease (CD) in comparison with transabdominal ultrasonography (TUS), and in relationship to the experience of the operator, using small bowel enema (SBE) as the "gold standard."
  101. ncbi Analysis of air contrast barium enema, computed tomographic colonography, and colonoscopy: prospective comparison
    D C Rockey
    Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC 27710, USA
    Lancet 365:305-11. 2005
    The usefulness of currently available colon imaging tests, including air contrast barium enema (ACBE), computed tomographic colonography (CTC), and colonoscopy, to detect colon polyps and cancers is uncertain...

Research Grants51

  1. Colorectoral cancer screening decisions in primary care
    James Dolan; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..5 years, combined annual fecal occult blood tests and flexible sigmoidoscopy every 5 years, double contrast barium enema every 5 years, and colonoscopy every 10 years...
  2. Preclinical assay development of a novel Colon Cancer Marker (CCSA-4)
    JACK CLEMENS; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..detection of colon cancer, including fecal occult blood testing, flexible sigmoidoscopy, double contrast barium enema and colonoscopy...
  3. A MicroRNA Approach to Screen for Sporadic Colon Cancer Exfoliately in Human Stoo
    Farid E Ahmed; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..sigmoidoscopy (16), CT colonography (virtual colonoscopy) (17), capsule endoscopy (18), double contrast barium enema (19), molecular DNA tests in stool and blood (20-25);however, none is optimal, and with poor rates in some ..
  4. In Viro Detection of Neoplasia in the Digestive Tract
    Thomas D Wang; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..the proof of concept of this novel imaging methodology for future applications that provide delivery via an enema. We have combined the strengths and resources from academia and industry to establish a world class team of ..
  5. Developing a reduced complexity model gut microbiome in the behavior model, Droso
    WILLIAM LUDINGTON; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..use of fecal transplants, whereby the entire gut flora of a patient is replaced with a donor's stool using an enema. My aim is to use the keystone species concept as a strategy by which to perturb the gut flora without eliminating ..
  6. Mucus Penetrating Particles for Rectal Microbicides
    JUSTIN S HANES; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..We will deliver these MPP in both a rectal enema format and a rectal lubricant gel format since both formats are frequently used for enhancing rectal intercourse...
  7. Mucus Penetrating Particles for Rectal Microbicides
    JUSTIN S HANES; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..We will deliver these MPP in both a rectal enema format and a rectal lubricant gel format since both formats are frequently used for enhancing rectal intercourse...
  8. Increasing Colon Cancer Screening in Primary Care
    Ronald Myers; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Alternative CRC screening regimens that are recommended include having a barium enema X-ray (BE) at five- year intervals or a colonoscopy (CX) every 10 years...
  9. Increasing CRC Screening in Health Plan Members
    Karen Glanz; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..obtain screening by one of several modalities (FOBT, sigmoidoscopy,colonoscopy,or double contrast barium enema). However, CRC screening remains substantially underutilized in the U.S...
  10. ENHANCING DIAGNOSTIC EVALUATION IN COLORECTAL CANCER
    Ronald Myers; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..Experts consider CDE as either colonoscopy or double air-contrast barium enema x-ray (BE) with flexible sigmoidoscopy...
  11. SAFETY AND EFFECTIVENESS OF LARGE VOLUME ENEMA SOLUTIONS
    Marilee Schmelzer; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..The proposed study compares cleansing effectiveness and safety associated with three types of enema solutions: hypotonic, hypotonic with irritant, and isotonic polyethylene glycol electrolyte solution...
  12. CONTROL OF LARGE BOWEL CANCER FOLLOWING POLYPECTOMY
    Sidney Winawer; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..questionnaire and fecal occult blood test, and at 6 years with a complete colonoscopy and double contrast barium enema; and implementation of a validated family history questionnaire...
  13. PREVENTION OF ALLERGIC RESPONSE TO LATEX RUBBER
    MELVIN KEYES; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..A number of deaths have been attributed to the allergic hypersensitivity of latex rubber inflatable enema cuffs...
  14. NON-FLUOROSCOPY TREATMENT OF INTUSSUSCEPTION
    Weimin Shi; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ..from investigator's abstract) The specific aim of the proposed work is to demonstrate and improve a safe air enema technique for non fluoroscopy treatment of intussusception in children and to develop a novel single-chip ..
  15. FLUOROSCOPIC DOSE REDUCTION USING IRIS CONTROL
    Stephen Rudin; Fiscal Year: 1980
    ..The study will emphasize the double contrast barium enema procedure where high quality images are not always necessary because almost all of the fluoroscopic patient ..
  16. MUCOSAL IL-1RA GENE TRANSFER IN INTESTINAL INFLAMMATION
    Theresa Pizarro; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..The purpose of this specific aim is to test the hypothesis that transduction of gut mucosal cells, by retention enema delivery of a retrovirally-encoded anti-inflammatory gene (IL-1ra), may represent a potential therapeutic modality ..
  17. INCREASING ACCESS TO CLINICAL AND EDUCATIONAL STUDIES
    Ronald Myers; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..In Phase 3, we will prepare and submit new research grant applications based on results from the pilot studies. ..
  18. Tailored Messaging in Colorectal Cancer Screening
    Ronald Myers; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Determine intervention impact on CRC screening utilization, 2. Determine intervention impact on screening decision stage, and 3. Determine intervention impact on patient perceptions about screening. ..
  19. A Primary-Care Based Colorectal Cancer Screening Program
    Cynthia Ko; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..If successful, this program may be useful to other large primary care practices, and may also help to improve utilization of other types of cancer prevention services ..
  20. Epidemiology of hepatocellular carcinoma
    Cynthia Ko; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ....
  21. Colonoscopy quality and outcomes in clinical practice
    Cynthia W Ko; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The various algorithms we develop will be tested in a second, validation subset of our database to find the algorithm with optimal performance characteristics. ..
  22. The effect of physical activity on metabolic syndrome in pregnancy and fetal outc
    Cynthia Ko; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..It may offer a safe and readily available method to control weight and improve infant health during and after pregnancy. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  23. Epidemiology and Mechanisms of Fecal Incontinence
    Adil Bharucha; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  24. WOMEN VETERANS AND BREAST CANCER SCREENING
    Sally Vernon; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..The infrastructure is in place to institutionalize the intervention should it prove to be effective. ..
  25. Regulation of Stellate Cell Contractility
    Don Rockey; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Physiologic endpoints will be an important focus. The proposed studies will shed light on the molecular basis of stellate cell contractility and moreover have direct relevance to human liver disease. ..
  26. Nitric Oxide and the Liver
    Don Rockey; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..The dates of the entire AASLD scientific meeting are November 3rd to November 5th. The participants will be invited speakers and attendees of the annual 2002 AASLD meeting. ..
  27. Role of prohibitin in intestinal inflammation
    ARIANNE THEISS; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Thus, studies on PHB will lead to a better understanding of inflammation-induced oxidative stress and may lead to novel therapies for intestinal inflammatory disorders. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  28. PATHOGENESIS OF HEPATIC FIBROSIS AND PORTAL HYPERTENSION
    Don C Rockey; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..These studies have direct relevance to human liver disease and will lead to new approaches for the treatment of hepatic fibrosis and portal hypertension as well as other forms of fibrosing injury. ..
  29. CLINICAL RESEARCH CURRICULUM
    David Ransohoff; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..abstract_text> ..
  30. EVALUATION OF CHD IN MEN AND WOMEN PRIOR TO FIRST AMI
    Barbara Yawn; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..In addition, we will provide specific information on current gender-related practice patterns. This information can be used to inform future practice recommendations. ..
  31. REGULATION OF INTESTINAL EPITHELIAL CHEMOKINE SECRETION
    Andrew Gewirtz; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..In addition to containing an extensive array of basic research equipment, this lab space contains a new thermostatted spectrofluorimeter to be used primarily by Dr. Gewirtz. ..
  32. PROSPECTIVE COMPARISON OF COLONIC IMAGING TEST
    Don Rockey; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..The most common tests used to image the colon include air contrast barium enema and colonoscopy, each of which is associated with its own sets of benefits and limitations...
  33. Tailored Interactive Intervention to Increase CRC Screen
    Sally Vernon; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Telephone follow-up and medical record review will be conducted 6 months after delivery of the intervention to ascertain completion of CRCS. ..
  34. A Cancer Study Among Female Veterans in Texas, 1979-2001
    Sally Vernon; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..This research will further knowledge of the health needs of women veterans, serving to identify needed health services and to guide health policy, and will provide a basis for research agendas aimed at this growing occupational cohort. ..
  35. Screening and Family History Colorectal Cancer
    Robert Fletcher; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..This developmental research will raise hypotheses about the causes of failure to recognize FH and begin timely screening and suggest potential solutions to be tested in subsequent research. ..
  36. CLINICAL RESEARCH CURRICULUM
    BRIAN STROM; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..I. and co-PI s in the three distinct aspects of Clinical Research targeted by this program represent particular features of this proposal. ..
  37. TRIP for postpartum depression (TRIPPD)
    Barbara Yawn; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Equally importantly, it will provide information necessary to translate this evidence into 9eneral primary care practices. ..
  38. Colonoscopy Utilization in North Carolina
    David Ransohoff; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..It may provide the basis to develop interventions to optimize the allocation of colonoscopy effort in programs of CRC screening and surveillance. ..
  39. Improving Colorectal Cancer Screening in Primary Care.
    Dewey Scheid; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..By applying best practices research methods and taking into account the barriers that each provider faces in their unique practice setting, we hope to find new ways to improve colorectal cancer screening. ..
  40. CORI: Consortium Expansion and Database Enhancement
    David Lieberman; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ....
  41. Gene Expression in Barrett's Esophagus
    Hashem El Serag; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..We present preliminary data on microarray and RT-PCRanalyses on 5 patients with BE that suggest an overactive Wnt pathway: we have also assembled the essential components of a successful study using microarrays. ..
  42. GERIATRIC CLINICAL EPIDEMIOLOGY TRAINING GRANT
    STEVEN HALBERT; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..g., clinical trials, case control, cohort research, etc.), and the faculties' commitment to collaborative research. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  43. Colorectal Cancer Screening Behavior in the VA Populatio
    Deborah Fisher; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  44. ANORECTAL MANIFESTATIONS OF FEMALE PELVIC FLOOR DISORDER
    Adil Bharucha; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..abstract_text> ..
  45. Screening for colortectal cancer in an Asian Community Center
    David Lieberman; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..This is a new paradigm for screening, which takes advantage of the trust and cultural awareness that exists at the community center and does not rely on the primary care provider. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  46. DETERMINING/UNDERSTANDING BARRIERS TO ADULT IMMUNIZATION
    Richard Zimmerman; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..This project will furnish relevant, up-to-date to enhance policy planning, practice management and medical education. ..
  47. Surveillance for Hepatocellular Carcinoma among HCV-infected Veterans
    Hashem El Serag; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Evaluating the extent and patterns of HCC surveillance is crucial in understanding diffusion (and obstacles) of this practice and in designing interventions to improve the implementation of HCC surveillance. ..