drug prescriptions

Summary

Summary: Directions written for the preparation and administration of a drug.

Top Publications

  1. pmc Use of RDTs to improve malaria diagnosis and fever case management at primary health care facilities in Uganda
    Daniel J Kyabayinze
    Malaria Consortium Africa, Plot 2, Sturrock Road, PO Box 8045, Kampala, Uganda
    Malar J 9:200. 2010
  2. ncbi Updating the Beers criteria for potentially inappropriate medication use in older adults: results of a US consensus panel of experts
    Donna M Fick
    Department of Medicine, Center for Health Care Improvement, Medical College of Georgia, Augusta 30912, USA
    Arch Intern Med 163:2716-24. 2003
  3. ncbi STOPP (Screening Tool of Older Person's Prescriptions) and START (Screening Tool to Alert doctors to Right Treatment). Consensus validation
    P Gallagher
    Department of Geriatric Medicine, Cork University Hospital, Wilton, Cork, Ireland
    Int J Clin Pharmacol Ther 46:72-83. 2008
  4. pmc Information from pharmaceutical companies and the quality, quantity, and cost of physicians' prescribing: a systematic review
    Geoffrey K Spurling
    University of Queensland, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia
    PLoS Med 7:e1000352. 2010
  5. doi National patterns in antidepressant medication treatment
    Mark Olfson
    Department of Psychiatry, College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University, New York, NY 10032, USA
    Arch Gen Psychiatry 66:848-56. 2009
  6. ncbi The development of a comprehensive risk-management program for prescription opioid analgesics: researched abuse, diversion and addiction-related surveillance (RADARS)
    Theodore J Cicero
    Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, Missouri 63110, USA
    Pain Med 8:157-70. 2007
  7. doi An antimicrobial stewardship program's impact with rapid polymerase chain reaction methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus/S. aureus blood culture test in patients with S. aureus bacteremia
    Karri A Bauer
    Department of Pharmacy, The Ohio State University Medical Center, Columbus, Ohio 43210, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 51:1074-80. 2010
  8. ncbi An evaluation of prescribing errors in primary care in Bahrain
    K A J Al Khaja
    College of Medicine and Medical Sciences, Arabian Gulf University, Kingdom of Bahrain
    Int J Clin Pharmacol Ther 43:294-301. 2005
  9. doi Agreement between self-reported data on medicine use and prescription records vary according to method of analysis and therapeutic group
    Merete Willemoes Nielsen
    University of Copenhagen, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Department of Pharmacology and Pharmacotherapy, Section for Social Pharmacy, Universitetsparken 2, Copenhagen, Denmark
    J Clin Epidemiol 61:919-24. 2008
  10. doi Behavior change strategies to influence antimicrobial prescribing in acute care: a systematic review
    Esmita Charani
    The National Centre for Infection Prevention and Management, Imperial College London, London, UK
    Clin Infect Dis 53:651-62. 2011

Detail Information

Publications317 found, 100 shown here

  1. pmc Use of RDTs to improve malaria diagnosis and fever case management at primary health care facilities in Uganda
    Daniel J Kyabayinze
    Malaria Consortium Africa, Plot 2, Sturrock Road, PO Box 8045, Kampala, Uganda
    Malar J 9:200. 2010
    ..This study evaluated the effect of malaria RDTs on health workers' anti-malarial drug (AMD) prescriptions among outpatients at low level health care facilities (LLHCF) within different malaria epidemiological settings in Uganda...
  2. ncbi Updating the Beers criteria for potentially inappropriate medication use in older adults: results of a US consensus panel of experts
    Donna M Fick
    Department of Medicine, Center for Health Care Improvement, Medical College of Georgia, Augusta 30912, USA
    Arch Intern Med 163:2716-24. 2003
    ..The purpose of this initiative was to revise and update the Beers criteria for potentially inappropriate medication use in adults 65 years and older in the United States...
  3. ncbi STOPP (Screening Tool of Older Person's Prescriptions) and START (Screening Tool to Alert doctors to Right Treatment). Consensus validation
    P Gallagher
    Department of Geriatric Medicine, Cork University Hospital, Wilton, Cork, Ireland
    Int J Clin Pharmacol Ther 46:72-83. 2008
    ..e. appropriate, indicated Treatment)...
  4. pmc Information from pharmaceutical companies and the quality, quantity, and cost of physicians' prescribing: a systematic review
    Geoffrey K Spurling
    University of Queensland, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia
    PLoS Med 7:e1000352. 2010
    ..The objective of this review is to examine the relationship between exposure to information from pharmaceutical companies and the quality, quantity, and cost of physicians' prescribing...
  5. doi National patterns in antidepressant medication treatment
    Mark Olfson
    Department of Psychiatry, College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University, New York, NY 10032, USA
    Arch Gen Psychiatry 66:848-56. 2009
    ..Antidepressants have recently become the most commonly prescribed class of medications in the United States...
  6. ncbi The development of a comprehensive risk-management program for prescription opioid analgesics: researched abuse, diversion and addiction-related surveillance (RADARS)
    Theodore J Cicero
    Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, Missouri 63110, USA
    Pain Med 8:157-70. 2007
    ..Thus, its major focus was the detection of abuse of OxyContin and other commonly prescribed opioid analgesics at the three-digit ZIP code level across the country utilizing a number of different detection systems...
  7. doi An antimicrobial stewardship program's impact with rapid polymerase chain reaction methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus/S. aureus blood culture test in patients with S. aureus bacteremia
    Karri A Bauer
    Department of Pharmacy, The Ohio State University Medical Center, Columbus, Ohio 43210, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 51:1074-80. 2010
    ..07) and the mean hospital costs were $21,387 less (P = .02). rPCR allows rapid differentiation of S. aureus bacteremia, enabling timely, effective therapy and is associated with decreased length of stay and health care costs...
  8. ncbi An evaluation of prescribing errors in primary care in Bahrain
    K A J Al Khaja
    College of Medicine and Medical Sciences, Arabian Gulf University, Kingdom of Bahrain
    Int J Clin Pharmacol Ther 43:294-301. 2005
    ..Prescribing errors are preventable and are considered an important target for improving healthcare. The aim of this study was to identify prescribing errors and their determinants in a primary care setting...
  9. doi Agreement between self-reported data on medicine use and prescription records vary according to method of analysis and therapeutic group
    Merete Willemoes Nielsen
    University of Copenhagen, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Department of Pharmacology and Pharmacotherapy, Section for Social Pharmacy, Universitetsparken 2, Copenhagen, Denmark
    J Clin Epidemiol 61:919-24. 2008
    ..This study compared national self-reported data on medicine use and national prescription records at the individual level...
  10. doi Behavior change strategies to influence antimicrobial prescribing in acute care: a systematic review
    Esmita Charani
    The National Centre for Infection Prevention and Management, Imperial College London, London, UK
    Clin Infect Dis 53:651-62. 2011
    ..Inappropriate use of antimicrobials is a major contributing factor to the emergence of multidrug resistance and health care-associated infection. Addressing prescribing behavior is a key component of antimicrobial stewardship...
  11. pmc Prescription patterns and appropriateness of NSAID therapy according to gastrointestinal risk and cardiovascular history in patients with diagnoses of osteoarthritis
    Angel Lanas
    University of Zaragoza Medical School, Aragón Health Research Institute, CIBERehd, Zaragoza, Spain
    BMC Med 9:38. 2011
    ..We aimed to assess the GI/CV risk profile and the pharmacological management of patients with osteoarthritis (OA) in clinical practice...
  12. pmc Influence of rapid malaria diagnostic tests on treatment and health outcome in fever patients, Zanzibar: a crossover validation study
    Mwinyi I Msellem
    Malaria Control Programme, Ministry of Health and Social Welfare, Zanzibar, Tanzania
    PLoS Med 6:e1000070. 2009
    ..Our objective was to study the influence of RDT-aided malaria diagnosis on drug prescriptions, health outcomes, and costs in primary health care settings.
  13. ncbi Rational use of drugs: prescribing and dispensing practices at public health facilities in Lao PDR
    Bounxou Keohavong
    Food and Drug Department, Ministry of Health, Simuang Road, Vientiane, Lao PDR
    Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf 15:344-7. 2006
    ..To evaluate the rational use of drug (RUD) patterns with a focus on prescribing and dispensing practices for providing information to the policy makers for further planning and identifying intervention strategies...
  14. pmc Do educational interventions improve prescribing by medical students and junior doctors? A systematic review
    Sarah Ross
    Division of Medical and Dental Education, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, UK
    Br J Clin Pharmacol 67:662-70. 2009
    ..Although it is based on sound principles, there is a need for further development. Robust methods of assessment are required to show clearly whether particular teaching interventions are successful...
  15. ncbi The Diversion of Ultram, Ultracet, and generic tramadol HCL
    James A Inciardi
    University of Delaware Research Center, Coral Gables, FL 33134, USA
    J Addict Dis 25:53-8. 2006
    ..Survey data suggest that the diversion of Ultram and other tramadol products is low, and overall, diversion investigators did not consider tramadol to be a problem in their respective jurisdictions...
  16. ncbi Adherence to multiple drug therapies: refill adherence to concomitant use of diabetes and asthma/COPD medication
    Kristin Krigsman
    Department of Pharmacy, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden
    Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf 16:1120-8. 2007
    ....
  17. doi Duration and adherence of antidepressant treatment (2003 to 2007) based on prescription database
    M C Serna
    Regional Primary Care Management Office, Catalan Institute of Health, University of Lleida, Lleida, Spain
    Eur Psychiatry 25:206-13. 2010
    ..Many patients discontinue antidepressant therapy long before the six-month minimum duration recommended for the treatment of major depression and many other diagnoses...
  18. ncbi Prescription practices of public and private health care providers in Attock District of Pakistan
    S Siddiqi
    Multi donor Support Unit, Social Action Programme, World Bank Bldg, Shatirah e Jamhuriyat, Sector G 5 1, Islamabad, Pakistan
    Int J Health Plann Manage 17:23-40. 2002
    ..Improper prescription practices will not improve without consumer targeted interventions that educate and empower communities regarding the hazards of inappropriate drug use...
  19. pmc Randomized controlled trial of an informatics-based intervention to increase statin prescription for secondary prevention of coronary disease
    William T Lester
    Laboratory of Computer Science, Massachusetts General Hospital, and Harvard Medical School, Boston, Mass, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 21:22-9. 2006
    ..Suboptimal treatment of hyperlipidemia in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) is well documented. We report the impact of a computer-assisted physician-directed intervention to improve secondary prevention of hyperlipidemia...
  20. ncbi Persistence of sulphonamide resistance in Escherichia coli in the UK despite national prescribing restriction
    V I Enne
    Department of Medical Microbiology, St Bartholomew's and the Royal London School of Medicine and Dentistry, E1 2AD, London, UK
    Lancet 357:1325-8. 2001
    ..The main reason seems to be the genetic linkage of the index resistance to other resistance determinants...
  21. doi Use of anticholinergic drugs in patients with schizophrenia in Asia from 2001 to 2009
    Y T Xiang
    Department of Psychiatry, Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, People s Republic of China
    Pharmacopsychiatry 44:114-8. 2011
    ..The aim of this study was to survey the use of anticholinergic medication (ACM) in Asia between 2001 and 2009 and examine its demographic and clinical correlates...
  22. doi Drug prescriptions to outpatient children: a review of the literature
    Antonio Clavenna
    Laboratory for Mother and Child Health, Department of Public Health, Mario Negri Institute for Pharmacological Research, Via Giuseppe La Masa 19, Milan 20156, Italy
    Eur J Clin Pharmacol 65:749-55. 2009
    ..To evaluate the drug prescription pattern in outpatient children...
  23. doi Potentially inappropriate drug prescriptions and risk of hospitalization among older, Italian, nursing home residents: the ULISSE project
    Carmelinda Ruggiero
    Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Institute of Gerontology and Geriatrics, University of Perugia, Perugia, Italy
    Drugs Aging 27:747-58. 2010
    ..Little information is available about the prevalence of potentially inappropriate drug prescriptions (PIDPs) and the related health adverse outcomes among nursing home (NH) residents.
  24. ncbi How complete are drug history profiles that are based on public drug benefit claims?
    J Michael Paterson
    Institute for Clinical Evaluative Sciences, Toronto, Canada
    Can J Clin Pharmacol 15:e108-16. 2008
    ..The completeness of these latter profiles is unknown...
  25. pmc Dirt cheap and without prescription: how susceptible are young US consumers to purchasing drugs from rogue internet pharmacies?
    Lana Ivanitskaya
    The Herbert H and Grace A Dow College of Health Professions, Central Michigan University, Mount Pleasant, MI, USA
    J Med Internet Res 12:e11. 2010
    ..This study examined how well students enrolled in a U.S. higher education institution could identify clearly unsafe pharmacies...
  26. doi "Save 30% if you buy today". Online pharmacies and the enhancement of peripheral thinking in consumers
    Grazia Orizio
    Section of Hygiene Epidemiology and Public Health, Department of Experimental and Applied Medicine, University of Brescia, Brescia, Italy
    Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf 19:970-6. 2010
    ..The aim of the study was to assess the strategies of argumentation that OPs adopt in their marketing...
  27. ncbi Outpatient antibiotic prescriptions from 1992 to 2001 in the Netherlands
    Marijke M Kuyvenhoven
    Julius Center for Health Sciences and Primary Care, University Medical Center Utrecht, PO Box 85060, 3508 AB Utrecht, The Netherlands
    J Antimicrob Chemother 52:675-8. 2003
    ....
  28. pmc Changes in antidepressant medications prescribing trends in children and adolescents in Hawai'i following the FDA black box warning
    Hanan Hassanin
    Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, Forest Hills, NY 11375, USA
    Hawaii Med J 69:17-9. 2010
    ..We also explored relationships between changes in prescribing trends and patient and provider characteristics...
  29. ncbi Suboptimal medication adherence in Parkinson's disease
    Katherine A Grosset
    Institute of Neurological Sciences, Southern General Hospital, Glasgow, United Kingdom
    Mov Disord 20:1502-7. 2005
    ..In conclusion, poorer compliance is associated with younger age, depression, and more tablets per day, and one-fifth of PD patients underuse medication. Consideration of drug therapy adherence has implications in the management of PD...
  30. ncbi Identification of asthmatic children using prescription data and diagnosis
    Grete Moth
    Danish Paediatric Asthma Centre, Aarhus University Hospital Skejby Sygehus, Aarhus N, Denmark
    Eur J Clin Pharmacol 63:605-11. 2007
    ..The aim of the study was to develop and validate a method for identifying asthmatic children between 6 and 14 years of age based on prescription data on anti-asthmatic drugs and diagnostic data...
  31. ncbi Active surveillance of abused and misused prescription opioids using poison center data: a pilot study and descriptive comparison
    Alice A Hughes
    Rocky Mountain Poison and Drug Center Denver Health and Hospital Authority, Denver, Colorado 80204, USA
    Clin Toxicol (Phila) 45:144-51. 2007
    ....
  32. pmc Evaluation of the quality of drug therapy among elderly patients in nursing homes
    Asa Bergman
    Apoteket AB, Goteborg, Sweden
    Scand J Prim Health Care 25:9-14. 2007
    ..To evaluate drug therapy quality among elderly nursing home residents. Secondary aims were to compare quality in young and old elderly and to determine whether number of prescribers affected quality of drug therapy...
  33. ncbi Inappropriate prescribing for the elderly: beers criteria-based review
    R R Aparasu
    College of Pharmacy, South Dakota State University, Brookings 57007, USA
    Ann Pharmacother 34:338-46. 2000
    ..To review currently available literature applying the Beers criteria for inappropriate medication use in the elderly to prescribing practices in various settings...
  34. doi Antibiotic policy
    Inge C Gyssens
    Nijmegen Institute for Infection, Inflammation, and Immunity N4i and Department of Medicine, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, Nijmegen, The Netherlands
    Int J Antimicrob Agents 38:11-20. 2011
    ..Special emphasis is placed on urinary tract infections. The value and support of antibiotic committees, guidelines, ID consultants and/or antimicrobial stewardship teams to prolong the efficacy of available antibiotics will be discussed...
  35. doi Enhancing prescription drug innovation and adoption
    G Caleb Alexander
    University of Chicago Hospitals, University of Chicago, University of Chicago Medical Center, Chicago, Illinois 60637, USA
    Ann Intern Med 154:833-7, W-301. 2011
    ..Despite the challenges of policy implementation, the United States has a long history of successfully improving the societal value and safe use of prescription medicines...
  36. doi Prospective audit and feedback on antibiotic prescription in an adult hematology-oncology unit in Singapore
    C L Yeo
    Department of Pharmacy, National University Health System, 1E Kent Ridge Road, NUHS Tower Block, Singapore, 119228, Singapore
    Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis 31:583-90. 2012
    ..Adverse outcomes-the majority unavoidable-occurred following 5.5% of accepted ASP recommendations. Safe and effective ASPs can be implemented in the complex setting of hematology-oncology inpatients...
  37. doi Persisting decline in depression treatment after FDA warnings
    Anne M Libby
    School of Public Health, University of Colorado Denver, 13055 E 17th Ave, Nighthorse Campbell Native Health Building, Campus Box F800, Aurora, CO 80045, USA
    Arch Gen Psychiatry 66:633-9. 2009
    ....
  38. doi Pattern of prescription drug use in Nigerian army hospitals
    E T Adebayo
    Army Dental Centre, Military Hospital, Ikoyi, Nigeria
    Ann Afr Med 9:152-8. 2010
    ..This study presents the pooled data of the pattern of prescription drug use from three Nigerian Army hospitals using some WHO criteria, and the knowledge and attitude underlying doctors' prescribing practices in these hospitals...
  39. ncbi Literacy and misunderstanding prescription drug labels
    Terry C Davis
    Department of Medicine Pediatrics, Louisiana State University Health Science Center, Shreveport, Louisiana 71104, USA
    Ann Intern Med 145:887-94. 2006
    ..Health literacy has increasingly been viewed as a patient safety issue and may contribute to medication errors...
  40. pmc The development and evaluation of an integrated electronic prescribing and drug management system for primary care
    Robyn Tamblyn
    Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, McGill University, Morrice House, 1140 Pine Avenue West, Montreal, Quebec, Canada H3A 1A3
    J Am Med Inform Assoc 13:148-59. 2006
    ..To develop and evaluate the acceptability and use of an integrated electronic prescribing and drug management system (MOXXI) for primary care physicians...
  41. doi Patterns of abuse among unintentional pharmaceutical overdose fatalities
    Aron J Hall
    Epidemic Intelligence Service, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    JAMA 300:2613-20. 2008
    ..The effect of this pharmacoepidemic has been most pronounced in rural states, including West Virginia, which experienced the nation's largest increase in drug overdose mortality rates during 1999-2004...
  42. doi The causes of and factors associated with prescribing errors in hospital inpatients: a systematic review
    Mary P Tully
    School of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Manchester, Manchester, UK
    Drug Saf 32:819-36. 2009
    ..Further rigorous study, seeking potential ways of reducing error, needs to be conducted. Multifactorial interventions across many parts of the system are likely to be required...
  43. doi Do general practitioners' consultation rates influence their prescribing patterns of antibiotics for acute respiratory tract infections?
    Svein Gjelstad
    Department of General Practice Family Medicine, Institute of Health and Society, University of Oslo, PO Box 1130, Blindern, N 0318 Oslo, Norway
    J Antimicrob Chemother 66:2425-33. 2011
    ..To examine general practitioners' (GPs') antibiotic prescribing patterns for acute respiratory tract infections (ARTIs) as compared with national guidelines. We also wanted to explore possible predictors of antibiotic prescription patterns...
  44. pmc Taking stock: provider prescribing practices in the presence and absence of ACT stock
    Bernadette Hensen
    Clinical Research Department, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    Malar J 10:218. 2011
    ..The aim of this review was to assess evidence from health facility surveys on malaria prescribing practices using ACT, in the presence and absence of ACT stock, at time and place where treatment was sought...
  45. doi Are physicians with better clinical skills on licensing examinations less likely to prescribe antibiotics for viral respiratory infections in ambulatory care settings?
    Genevieve Cadieux
    Department of Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Occupational Health, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    Med Care 49:156-65. 2011
    ..Effective patient-physician communication is critical to address this problem. Recognizing the importance of physician communication skills, licensure examinations were reformed in the United States and Canada to evaluate these skills...
  46. ncbi Better Prescribing Project: a randomized controlled trial of the impact of case-based educational modules and personal prescribing feedback on prescribing for hypertension in primary care
    Carol P Herbert
    University of Western Ontario, Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, Health Sciences Addition, London, Ontario N6A 5C1, Canada
    Fam Pract 21:575-81. 2004
    ..The purpose of this study was to assess the impacts of individualized prescribing feedback and interactive small group education aimed at encouraging evidence-based prescribing in family/general practice...
  47. doi Influence of physicians' management and communication ability on patients' persistence with antihypertensive medication
    Robyn Tamblyn
    Department of Medicine, McGill University, 1140 Pine Ave W, Montreal, QC, H3A 1A3 Canada
    Arch Intern Med 170:1064-72. 2010
    ..The purpose of this study was to determine whether a physician's medical management and communication ability influence persistence with antihypertensive treatment...
  48. ncbi Clinical, social and relational determinants of paediatric ambulatory drug prescriptions due to respiratory tract infections in Italy
    Marta Luisa Ciofi degli Atti
    Reparto Malattie Infettive, Centro Nazionale di Epidemiologia, Sorveglianza e Promozione della Salute, Istituto Superiore di Sanita, Viale Regina Elena 299, 00161 Rome, Italy
    Eur J Clin Pharmacol 62:1055-64. 2006
    Collecting information on patterns of drug prescriptions and on factors influencing prescribing decisions is fundamental for supporting the rational use of drugs...
  49. doi Exploring chronic myeloid leukemia patients' reasons for not adhering to the oral anticancer drug imatinib as prescribed
    Lina Eliasson
    Centre for Medication Safety and Service Quality, Department of Practice and Policy, The School of Pharmacy, University of London, London, UK
    Leuk Res 35:626-30. 2011
    ..This study forms a basis on which to build future adherence research and may help to develop interventions designed to ensure that patients with CML and other cancers adhere optimally to their oral drugs treatment...
  50. doi Profiling multiple provider prescribing of opioids, benzodiazepines, stimulants, and anorectics
    B L Wilsey
    VA Northern California Health Care System, Sacramento, CA 95655, USA
    Drug Alcohol Depend 112:99-106. 2010
    ..PMPs monitor the final allocation of controlled substances from pharmacist to patient. The primary purpose of this scrutiny is to diminish the utilization of multiple providers for controlled substances...
  51. pmc Trends in antihypertensive drug prescriptions and physician visits in Canada between 1996 and 2006
    Brenda R Hemmelgarn
    Department of Community of Health Sciences, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta
    Can J Cardiol 24:507-12. 2008
    ..In 1999, the Canadian Hypertension Education Program (CHEP) was launched to develop and implement evidence-based hypertension guidelines...
  52. ncbi Antibiotic use for emergency department patients with upper respiratory infections: prescribing practices, patient expectations, and patient satisfaction
    Samuel Ong
    Olive View University of California Los Angeles Medical Center, Sylmar, CA, USA
    Ann Emerg Med 50:213-20. 2007
    ..We evaluate the factors that physicians in the emergency department (ED) consider when prescribing antibiotics (eg, patient expectations) and the factors associated with patient satisfaction...
  53. doi Anti-asthmatic drug prescriptions to an Italian paedriatic population
    Marina Bianchi
    Laboratory for Mother and Child Health, Mario Negri Pharmacological Research Institute, 20156, Milan, Italy
    Pediatr Allergy Immunol 20:585-91. 2009
    To estimate the prevalence and evaluate the appropriateness of anti-asthmatic drug prescriptions in an Italian paediatric population, drug prescriptions involving 24,407 children <18 years old, dispensed during 2003 by the retail ..
  54. ncbi Nurse prescribing: reflections on safety in practice
    Eleanor Bradley
    Staffordshire University, Faculty of Health and Sciences, Blackhealth Lane, Stafford ST 18 OAD, UK
    Soc Sci Med 65:599-609. 2007
    ..g. older adult nursing and learning disability) would benefit in particular from ongoing mentoring relationships with experienced prescribers and the development of individual formularies...
  55. doi Stakeholders' views of UK nurse and pharmacist supplementary prescribing
    Richard Cooper
    Centre for Pharmacy, Health and Society, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, UK
    J Health Serv Res Policy 13:215-21. 2008
    ..Study aims were to explore the views of stakeholders involved in SP policy, training and practice, focusing upon issues such as SP benefits, facilitators, challenges, safety and costs, thereby informing future practice and policy...
  56. ncbi Utilization of biologic agents in rheumatoid arthritis in the United States: analysis of prescribing patterns in 16,752 newly diagnosed patients and patients new to biologic therapy
    Yusuf Yazici
    New York University School of Medicine, NY, USA
    Bull NYU Hosp Jt Dis 66:77-85. 2008
    ..However, the extent to which these agents are used in current clinical practice in the United States (U.S.) has not been systematically evaluated...
  57. pmc How can malaria rapid diagnostic tests achieve their potential? A qualitative study of a trial at health facilities in Ghana
    Clare I R Chandler
    Clinical Research Unit, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine Keppel Street, London, WC1E 7HT, UK
    Malar J 9:95. 2010
    ..A recent trial in rural health facilities in Ghana reduced overprescription of anti-malarials, but found that 45.5% patients who tested negative with RDTs were still prescribed an anti-malarial...
  58. ncbi Impact of antibiotic restriction on broad spectrum antibiotic usage in the ICU of a developing country
    Shahla Siddiqui
    Department of Anaesthesia, Aga Khan University, Karachi
    J Pak Med Assoc 57:484-7. 2007
    ..To reduce rates of nosocomial pneumonia and cost of antibiotic therapy...
  59. ncbi Evaluating nurse prescribers' education and continuing professional development for independent prescribing practice: findings from a national survey in England
    Sue Latter
    School of Nursing and Midwifery, Building 67, University of Southampton, Highfield, Southampton, Hampshire, England, UK
    Nurse Educ Today 27:685-96. 2007
    ..The number of nurses able to independently prescribe medicines in England has risen steadily in recent years...
  60. pmc Aspects of statin prescribing in Norwegian counties with high, average and low statin consumption - an individual-level prescription database study
    Ingeborg Hartz
    Faculty of Health Studies, Hedmark University College, Kirkeveieen 47, 2418 Elverum, Norway
    BMC Clin Pharmacol 7:14. 2007
    ..Our objective was to explore how differences in prevalences of use, dosing characteristics, choice of statin and continuity of therapy in individual patients adds new information to previous results...
  61. doi Sleep problems in general practice: a national survey of assessment and treatment routines of general practitioners in Norway
    Børge Sivertsen
    Department of Clinical Psychology, University of Bergen, Norway
    J Sleep Res 19:36-41. 2010
    ....
  62. ncbi Is it possible to measure prescribing quality using only prescription data?
    Morten Andersen
    Research Unit for General Practice, University of Southern Denmark, Odense C
    Basic Clin Pharmacol Toxicol 98:314-9. 2006
    ..Furthermore, the statistical and epidemiological properties of prescribing quality indicators need more attention...
  63. pmc Prescribers prefer people: The sources of information used by doctors for prescribing suggest that the medium is more important than the message
    P McGettigan
    Discipline of Clinical Pharmacology, University of Newcastle, New South Wales, Australia
    Br J Clin Pharmacol 51:184-9. 2001
    ....
  64. ncbi Use of medications and polypharmacy are increasing among the elderly
    Tarja Linjakumpu
    University of Oulu, Department of Psychiatry, P O Box 5000, Peltolantie 5, Finland
    J Clin Epidemiol 55:809-17. 2002
    ..006). These changes were most prominent among persons aged 85 years or over, especially among women. Polypharmacy is a complex and worrying phenomenon that merits more research...
  65. ncbi A qualitative study of factors influencing antimicrobial prescribing by non-consultant hospital doctors
    Valerie De Souza
    Department of Bacteriology, National University of Ireland Galway Newcastle Road, Galway, Ireland
    J Antimicrob Chemother 58:840-3. 2006
    ..To determine the factors that influence non-consultant hospital doctors (NCHDs) in their decision to prescribe antimicrobial agents...
  66. doi Drug utilisation profile in the Italian paediatric population
    Antonio Clavenna
    Laboratory for Mother and Child Health, Mario Negri Institute for Pharmacological Research, Via G La Masa 19, Milan 20156, Italy
    Eur J Pediatr 168:173-80. 2009
    ....
  67. ncbi Clinician validation of Poison Control Center (PCC) intentional exposure cases involving prescription opioids
    Meredith Y Smith
    Purdue Pharma L P, Stamford, Connecticut 06901 3431, USA
    Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse 32:465-78. 2006
    ..Interrater reliability among clinicians was good (weighted kappa range: 0.56-0.68). Results demonstrate the degree of compatibility between PCC and standard nosologic classifications...
  68. pmc Trends in prescribing and utilization of statins and other lipid lowering drugs across Europe 1997-2003
    T Walley
    Department of Pharmacology and Therapeutics, University of Liverpool, 70 Pembrooke Place, Liverpool L69 3GF, UK
    Br J Clin Pharmacol 60:543-51. 2005
    ..To describe trends in utilization and prescribing of statins and other lipid lowering drugs across Europe from data in routine administrative databases...
  69. ncbi The quality of pharmacologic care for vulnerable older patients
    Takahiro Higashi
    Division of General Internal Medicine, University of California, Los Angeles, and the Greater Los Angeles Veterans Affairs Healthcare System, Los Angeles, California 90095, USA
    Ann Intern Med 140:714-20. 2004
    ..To date, research has focused on inappropriate prescribing and policy efforts have aimed at access, but no comprehensive measurement of the quality of pharmacologic management using explicit criteria has been performed...
  70. pmc Multi-dose drug dispensing and inappropriate drug use: A nationwide register-based study of over 700,000 elderly
    Kristina Johnell
    Aging Research Center, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden
    Scand J Prim Health Care 26:86-91. 2008
    ..To investigate whether the use of multi-dose drug dispensing is associated with potentially inappropriate drug use (IDU)...
  71. pmc Geographic variation in the prescription of schedule II opioid analgesics among outpatients in the United States
    Lesley H Curtis
    Center for Clinical and Genetic Economics, Duke Clinical Research Institute, P O Box 17969, Durham, NC 27715, USA
    Health Serv Res 41:837-55. 2006
    ..To measure geographic variation in opioid use in a large, commercially insured, outpatient population in the United States...
  72. ncbi Long-term NSAID use in primary care: changes over a decade and NICE risk factors for gastrointestinal adverse events
    P W Thompson
    Poole Hospital NHS Trust, Poole, Dorset BH15 2JB, UK
    Rheumatology (Oxford) 44:1308-10. 2005
    ..To assess numbers at risk of gastrointestinal adverse events using the National Institute for Clinical Excellence (NICE) guidance on the use of cyclo-oxygenase (Cox) II selective drugs...
  73. pmc What is the scale of prescribing errors committed by junior doctors? A systematic review
    Sarah Ross
    Department of Medicine and Therapeutics, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, UK
    Br J Clin Pharmacol 67:629-40. 2009
    ..In order to inform the design of an educational intervention, a systematic review of the literature on prescribing errors made by junior doctors was undertaken...
  74. ncbi Prospective survey of antibiotic utilization in pediatric hospitalized patients to identify targets for improvement of prescription
    M Potocki
    Division of Infectious Diseases, University Children s Hospital of Zurich, Steinwiesstrasse 75, CH 8032 Zurich, Switzerland
    Infection 31:398-403. 2003
    ..Little is known about the general misuse of antibiotics in hospitalized children. We evaluated the utilization of antibiotics in a pediatric teaching hospital aiming to identify targets for improvement of prescription...
  75. ncbi Antithrombotic drug prescription in atrial fibrillation and its rationale among general practitioners, internists and cardiologists in The Netherlands--The EXAMINE-AF study. A questionnaire survey
    T Dinh
    Department of Cardiology, University Hospital Maastricht, Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Int J Clin Pract 61:24-31. 2007
    ..Factors for oral anticoagulation prescription are heart failure, physician specialty and contraindications. Availability of guidelines seems instrumental for application of appropriate antithrombotic treatment...
  76. pmc Inappropriate prescribing and adverse drug events in older people
    Hilary J Hamilton
    Department of Geriatric Medicine, Cork University Hospital, Cork, Ireland
    BMC Geriatr 9:5. 2009
    ..There is a role for IP screening tools in everyday clinical practice. These should enhance, not replace good clinical judgement, which in turn should be based on sound pharmacogeriatric training...
  77. pmc Prescribing for older people
    James C Milton
    Clinical Age Research Unit, Department of Clinical Gerontology, King s College Hospital Foundation Trust, London SE5 9PJ
    BMJ 336:606-9. 2008
  78. ncbi Use of antibiotics without medical prescription
    Dalton Espíndola Volpato
    Braz J Infect Dis 9:288-91. 2005
    ..The use of antibiotics should follow specific criteria; they are on top of the list of self-medication drugs in countries that do not control their commercialization...
  79. ncbi Nurse and pharmacist supplementary prescribing in the UK--a thematic review of the literature
    Richard Jason Cooper
    Division of Social Research in Medicines and Health, School of Pharmacy, The University of Nottingham, UK
    Health Policy 85:277-92. 2008
    ..The aim in this paper is to review, thematically, the literature on nurse and pharmacist SP, to inform further research, policy and education...
  80. pmc Electronic transfer of prescription-related information: comparing views of patients, general practitioners, and pharmacists
    Terry Porteous
    Department of General Practice and Primary Care, University of Aberdeen, Foresterhill Health Centre, Westburn Road, Aberdeen AB25 2AY
    Br J Gen Pract 53:204-9. 2003
    ..The National Health Service (NHS) intends to introduce a system of electronic transfer of prescription-related information between general practitioners (GPs) and community pharmacies. The NHS Plan describes how this will be achieved...
  81. pmc Teaching safe and effective prescribing in UK medical schools: a core curriculum for tomorrow's doctors
    Simon Maxwell
    British Pharmacological Society, UK
    Br J Clin Pharmacol 55:496-503. 2003
    ..In this document we expand on these broad statements, provide a view of how these learning objectives might be achieved, and identify the key elements of a core curriculum in prescribing and therapeutics...
  82. ncbi The role of family practice in different health care systems: a comparison of reasons for encounter, diagnoses, and interventions in primary care populations in the Netherlands, Japan, Poland, and the United States
    I M Okkes
    Academic Medical Center University of Amsterdam, Division of Public Health, Dept of Family Practice, Meibergdreef 15, 1105 AZ Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    J Fam Pract 51:72-3. 2002
  83. ncbi Reducing medication errors and increasing patient safety: case studies in clinical pharmacology
    David M Benjamin
    Department of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics, Tufts University School of Medicine, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
    J Clin Pharmacol 43:768-83. 2003
    ..After all, effective communication is best accomplished when it is clear and simple...
  84. ncbi A time-to-prescription-refill measure of antiretroviral adherence predicted changes in viral load in HIV
    Robert Grossberg
    Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA 19104 6021, USA
    J Clin Epidemiol 57:1107-10. 2004
    ..The goal of this study was to determine the validity and utility of a pharmacy-based time-to-refill measure of antiretroviral therapy adherence...
  85. ncbi Stimulant medication use, misuse, and abuse in an undergraduate and graduate student sample
    Barbara Prudhomme White
    School of Health and Human Services, University of New Hampshire, Durham 03824, USA
    J Am Coll Health 54:261-8. 2006
    ..The results point to various reasons for and methods of abusing and misusing stimulant medication that may direct future research, prevention, and intervention...
  86. doi Antihypertensive treatment after stroke and all-cause mortality--an analysis of the General Practitioner Research Database (GPRD)
    Andre Michael Toschke
    Department of Public Health Sciences, Division of Health and Social Care, King s College London, London, UK
    Cerebrovasc Dis 28:105-11. 2009
    ..The effect of antihypertensive treatment on survival and recurrence in an unselected sample of the general population, using the General Practice Research Database, was analysed...
  87. ncbi Pharmacist prescribing in the UK - a literature review of current practice and research
    A P Tonna
    School of Pharmacy, Faculty of Health and Social Care, The Robert Gordon University, Aberdeen, UK
    J Clin Pharm Ther 32:545-56. 2007
    ..To review the research literature to date on pharmacist prescribing in the United Kingdom (UK) and to explore the main areas of care and practice settings including any benefits and limitations...
  88. ncbi Antimicrobial agents are societal drugs: how should this influence prescribing?
    Paul Sarkar
    Department of GU Medicine, The Sandyford Initiative, 2 6 Sandyford Place, Glasgow G3 7NB, Scotland
    Drugs 66:893-901. 2006
    ..Many developing countries need improved access to more antimicrobials, preferably in the controlled environment of appropriate medical advice...
  89. doi Physician and patient characteristics associated with prescriptions and costs of drugs in the Lazio region of Italy
    Letizia Orzella
    Agency of Public Health, Lazio Region, Via S Costanza 53, 00198 Rome, Italy
    Health Policy 95:236-44. 2010
    ....
  90. doi Are private physicians more likely to veto generic substitution of prescribed pharmaceuticals?
    David Granlund
    The Swedish Retail Institute HUI and Umeå University, Department of Economics, Stockholm Umeå, Sweden
    Soc Sci Med 69:1643-50. 2009
    ..Also, the probability of a veto was found to increase as patients' copayments decreased. This might indicate moral hazard in insurance, though other explanations are plausible...
  91. doi [Relation between defined daily doses (DDD) and prescribed daily doses: a 3-month analysis of outpatient data from a statutory health insurance company]
    T Grimmsmann
    Medizinischer Dienst der Krankenversicherung Mecklenburg Vorpommern e V, Schwerin
    Gesundheitswesen 72:412-8. 2010
    ..Defined daily doses (DDD) are used to analyse drug utilisation. For frequently prescribed drug groups, we studied to what extent the DDD correspond to the average prescribed daily doses (PDD)...
  92. ncbi Measuring prescribing improvements in pragmatic trials of educational tools for general practitioners
    Malcolm Maclure
    School of Health Information Science, Faculty of Human and Social Development, University of Victoria, British Columbia BC, Canada
    Basic Clin Pharmacol Toxicol 98:243-52. 2006
    ..A decade of progress on methods for evaluating prescribing improvement programs with drug claims data has enabled planning of routine randomized pragmatic trials of education and policies in primary care in Canada...
  93. doi The relationship between variations in antipsychotic prescribing across nursing homes and short-term mortality: quality of care implications
    Susan E Bronskill
    Institute for Clinical Evaluative Sciences, Toronto, Ontario
    Med Care 47:1000-8. 2009
    ..Determining the extent to which variations in antipsychotic use are a symptom of facility-level quality problems as compared with a drug safety issue is important for selecting the correct interventions to effect change...
  94. ncbi Pharmacist-led medication review in patients over 65: a randomized, controlled trial in primary care
    J Krska
    School of Pharmacy, The Robert Gordon University, Aberdeen, UK Albyn Medical Practice, Aberdeen, UK
    Age Ageing 30:205-11. 2001
    ..regular medication review has been recommended for those over 75 and those on multiple drug therapy. Pharmacists are a potential source of assistance in reviewing medication. Evidence of the benefits of this process is needed...
  95. doi Over-the-counter sales of antibiotics from community pharmacies in Abu Dhabi
    Majd Dameh
    University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand
    Pharm World Sci 32:643-50. 2010
    ..The aim of this study is to investigate over-the-counter sale of antibiotics from community pharmacies in Abu Dhabi city, focusing on the extent, demographic and socioeconomic determinants of this practice...
  96. pmc Cyberpharmacies and the role of the US Food And Drug Administration
    J E Henney
    Commissioner of Food and Drugs, Food and Drug Administration, Rockville, Maryland 20857, USA
    J Med Internet Res 3:E3. 2001
    ..We discuss the advantages and risks of online drug sales, outline FDA's authority and enforcement activities in this area, and describe new initiatives we are taking to better respond to the regulatory challenges we face...
  97. ncbi Supplementary prescribing by pharmacists in England
    Rachel J Hobson
    Department of Pharmacy and Pharmacology, University of Bath and Swindon and Marlborough NHS Trust, England, United Kingdom
    Am J Health Syst Pharm 63:244-53. 2006
    ..The implementation of supplementary prescribing by pharmacists within primary care trusts (PCTs) and secondary care trusts (SCTs) in England was studied...
  98. doi Computer-related medication errors in neonatal intensive care units
    John Chuo
    Robert Wood Johnson Medical School, University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey, One Robert Wood Johnson Place, New Brunswick, NJ 08903, USA
    Clin Perinatol 35:119-39, ix. 2008
    ..The authors also propose a possible approach for evaluating technology that is intended to prevent iatrogenic mediation errors in the NICU...
  99. pmc Magnitude of potentially inappropriate prescribing in Germany among older patients with generalized anxiety disorder
    Ariel Berger
    Policy Analysis, Inc, Brookline, USA
    BMC Geriatr 9:31. 2009
    ..The actual extent of use of these agents in clinical practice is unknown, however...
  100. pmc Impact of the ALLHAT/JNC7 Dissemination Project on thiazide-type diuretic use
    Randall S Stafford
    Programon Prevention Outcomes and Practices, Stanford Prevention Research Center, Stanford University, Stanford, California, USA
    Arch Intern Med 170:851-8. 2010
    ....
  101. ncbi Prescribing medications in pediatrics: concerns regarding FDA approval and pharmacokinetics
    Emily Novak
    Yale University School of Nursing, New Haven, CT, USA
    Pediatr Nurs 33:64-70. 2007
    ....

Research Grants85

  1. CBPR with Immigrant Chinese with Diabetes
    Catherine A Chesla; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The proposed project aims to improve diabetes management in immigrant Chinese patients by partnering with the community to develop an efficacious diabetes behavioral intervention that incorporates cultural concerns. ..
  2. CBPR with Immigrant Chinese with Diabetes
    Catherine A Chesla; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The proposed project aims to improve diabetes management in immigrant Chinese patients by partnering with the community to develop an efficacious diabetes behavioral intervention that incorporates cultural concerns. ..
  3. CBPR with Immigrant Chinese with Diabetes
    Catherine Chesla; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The proposed project aims to improve diabetes management in immigrant Chinese patients by partnering with the community to develop an efficacious diabetes behavioral intervention that incorporates cultural concerns. ..
  4. Telemedicine for Smoking Cessation in Rural Primary Care
    Kimber Richter; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The potential health impact is large because the prevalence of smoking is high in rural areas, access to smoking cessation services is low, and new rules for Medicare reimbursement creates a strong potential for widespread adoption. ..
  5. Telemedicine for Smoking Cessation in Rural Primary Care
    Kimber P Richter; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The potential health impact is large because the prevalence of smoking is high in rural areas, access to smoking cessation services is low, and new rules for Medicare reimbursement creates a strong potential for widespread adoption. ..
  6. Drug Cost Containment Changes and Quality of Care for Mentally Ill Dual Enrollees
    Stephen B Soumerai; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..the plan formulary and can employ utilization management approaches such as prior authorization (PA) for any drug prescriptions. Because each state determined its own Medicaid coverage policies, dual beneficiaries faced a range of drug ..
  7. Telemedicine for Smoking Cessation in Rural Primary Care
    Kimber Richter; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The potential health impact is large because the prevalence of smoking is high in rural areas, access to smoking cessation services is low, and new rules for Medicare reimbursement creates a strong potential for widespread adoption. ..
  8. Drug Cost Containment Changes and Quality of Care for Mentally Ill Dual Enrollees
    Stephen Soumerai; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..the plan formulary and can employ utilization management approaches such as prior authorization (PA) for any drug prescriptions. Because each state determined its own Medicaid coverage policies, dual beneficiaries faced a range of drug ..
  9. CYLD as a negative regulator for MUC5AC in NTHi-induced otitis media
    Erika Szymanski; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Understanding how mucus production is controlled in the middle ear will lay the foundation for new drugs that decrease mucus production and make ear infections less harmful. ..
  10. Acne and group A strep: an unknown burden
    David Margolis; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  11. Enabling Electronic Prescribing and Enhanced Management of Controlled Medications
    Grant Carrow; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ....
  12. Rural Trial of Clinic Order Entry with Decision Support
    Matthew Samore; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The cost impact of the intervention will be measured to allow a comprehensive assessment of the value of this HIT. ..
  13. Evaluating Patient Information Prescriptions
    NANCY RODERER; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ....
  14. Isomeric HRT estrogen-DNA adducts: Structure and Repair
    Nicholas Geacintov; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..abstract_text> ..
  15. Isomeric HRT estrogen-DNA adducts: Structure and Repair
    Nicholas Geacintov; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....
  16. Isomeric HRT estrogen-DNA adducts: Structure and Repair
    Nicholas Geacintov; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ....
  17. Family Processes in Chinese Americans with Diabetes
    Catherine Chesla; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..This application addresses a National Institute of Nursing Research priority, to investigate cultural and ethnic considerations in health and illness. ..
  18. Acne and group A strep: an unknown burden
    David Margolis; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  19. Ultrasound Characterization of Otitis Media
    Arne Voie; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Otitis media accounts for the majority of all pediatric clinical visits and drug prescriptions. However, only a minority of these cases actually benefit from therapeutic intervention...
  20. Medication Use, Cormobidity and Outcomes in Aging Populations
    Robert Glynn; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..These studies are intended to advance methodologic strategies for evaluation of drug use and its effects in older people and to lay the foundation for interventions to improve prescribing in this population. ..
  21. Development, Implementation and Evaluation of Novel Strategies to Reduce Inapprop
    JOSHUA P contact METLAY; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  22. Impact of Medicare Part D on Racial Disparities in Diabetes Treatment and Outcome
    Julie Marie Donohue; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  23. Aerobic Exercise Intervention for Knee Osteoarthritis
    Kenton Kaufman; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Hypothesis: A effective exercise prescription for adults with degenerative joint disease is dependent on knee compartment involvement, CIA stage, BMI, and type of exercise prescribed. ..
  24. Prospective effects of psychosocial factors on bariatric surgical success
    Erin Martinez; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Findings will also inform behavioral interventions designed to optimize post-surgical outcome. ..
  25. Ambulatory Patient Safety of Clients in Treatment for Substance Abuse
    Bentson McFarland; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The proposed planning project will set the stage for interventions as well as methodology to determine whether they are successful. ..
  26. Developing Flexible EHR Plug-ins to Re-Engineer Clinical Care and Research Workfl
    Chunhua Weng; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  27. PREOPTIC AREA AND PHARMACOLOGIC SLEEP INDUCTION
    Paul Vezina; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ....
  28. A DIAGNOSTIC TEST TO ASSESS RISK ASSOCIATED WITH ANDROGEN THERAPY
    Meharvan Singh; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ....
  29. Safe & Effective Yoga Prescription for Older Adults: Biomechanical Considerations
    George Salem; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....
  30. Data Evaluation for Early Disease Outbreak Detection
    Kenneth Kleinman; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..emergency department visits, laboratory test requests and results, radiology tests, hospitalizations, drug prescriptions and drug dispensings...